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  • 1.
    Bergqvist, Yngve
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science.
    Bergquist, Jonas
    In memory of Niklas Lindegardh2012In: Bioanalysis, ISSN 1757-6180, E-ISSN 1757-6199, Vol. 4, no 6, p. 751-751Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Blessborn, Daniel
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Chemical Engineering.
    Römsing, Susanne
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Chemistry.
    Bergqvist, Yngve
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science.
    Lindegardh, Niklas
    Assay for screening for six antimalarial drugs and one metabolite using dried blood spot sampling, sequential extraction and ion-trap detection2010In: Bioanalysis, ISSN 1757-6180, E-ISSN 1757-6199, Vol. 2, no 11, p. 1839-1847Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: More parasites are becoming resistant to antimalarial drugs, and in many areas a change in first-line drug treatment is necessary. The aim of the developed assay is to help determine drug use in these areas and also to be a complement to interviewing patients, which will increase reliability of surveys.

    Results: This assay detects quinine, mefloquine, sulfadoxine, pyrimethamine, lumefantrine, chloroquine and its metabolite desethylchloroquine in a 100-mu l dried blood spot. Most of the drugs also have long half-lives that make them detectable at least 7 days after administration. The drugs are extracted from the dried blood spot with sequential extraction (due to the big differences in physicochemical properties), solid-phase extraction is used as sample clean-up and separation is performed with gradient-LC with MS ion-trap detection.

    Conclusion: Detection limits (S/N > 5:1) at 50 ng/ml or better were achieved for all drugs except lumefantrine (200 ng/ml), and thus can be used to determine patient compliance. A major advantage of using the ion-trap MS it that it will be possible to go back into the data and look for other drugs as needed.

  • 3.
    Römsing, Susanne
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Chemistry.
    Lindegardh, Niklas
    Bergqvist, Yngve
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science.
    Determination of tafenoquine in dried blood spots and plasma using LC and fluorescence detection2011In: Bioanalysis, ISSN 1757-6180, E-ISSN 1757-6199, Vol. 3, no 16, p. 1847-1853Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The growing problem of parasites developing resistance to the traditional antimalarial drugs makes the development of new effective and safe drugs crucial. Tafenoquine is a new promising antimalarial drug for prophylaxis and treatment.

    Results: A bioanalytical method for the determination of tafenoquine in 100 mu l of capillary blood applied onto sampling paper and in 100 mu l of plasma has been developed and validated. The Whatman 31 ET Chr paper was treated with 0.6 mol/l tartaric acid to improve the extraction recovery and solid-phase extraction was used for cleanup procedure of the blood samples. Plasma samples were precipitated with methanol. Tafenoquine and internal standard were separated on a Zorbax SB-CN column by reversed-phase LC and detected with fluorescence detection at 262 and 470 nm. The within- and between-day variations were below 10 and 14%, respectively, over the range 50-200 nmol/l for capillary blood on sampling paper and below 6 and 10% for plasma samples. The LLOQ of the method was 50 nmol/l.

    Conclusion: The developed method has adequate sensitivity and is highly suitable for clinical studies in dried blood spots and plasma.

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