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  • 1. Ciccarese, Lorenzo
    et al.
    Mattsson, Anders
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Forest and Wood Technology.
    Pettenella, Davide
    Ecosystem services from forest restoration: thinking ahead2012In: New forests, ISSN 0169-4286, E-ISSN 1573-5095, Vol. 43, no 5-6, p. 543-560Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Global deforestation and forest degradation have led to massive loss of biodiversity and decline of ecosystem services. Against this prospect, it is important not only to protect, but also to restore forest ecosystems. The paper analyzes the current and future role of the restoration of forests and degraded lands starting with the definition of various techniques, scales and objectives of forest restoration. Three key motivations for and targets of forest restoration are then discussed: forest biodiversity protection, biomass production, climate change mitigation and adaptation. The paper also briefly discusses three tools of increasing relevance for supporting forest restoration policies: the development of forest nursery techniques and the improvement of quality of forest reproductive material, the use of standard and certification tools, and financing of restoration investments, including projects aimed at reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation. We conclude by making some final remarks on the future challenges of forest restoration policies.

  • 2. Fedderwitz, F.
    et al.
    Björklund, N.
    Anngren, R.
    Lindström, Anders
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Forest and Wood Technology.
    Nordlander, G.
    Can methyl jasmonate treatment of conifer seedlings be used as a tool to stop height growth in nursery forest trees?2019In: New forests, ISSN 0169-4286, E-ISSN 1573-5095Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Stattin, Eva
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Forest and Wood Technology.
    Verhoef, Nathalie
    Balk, Peter
    van Wordragen, Monique
    Lindström, Anders
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Forest and Wood Technology.
    Development of a molecular test to determine the vitality status of Norway spruce (Picea abies) seedlings during frozen storage2012In: New forests, ISSN 0169-4286, E-ISSN 1573-5095, Vol. 43, no 5-6, p. 665-678Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In boreal forest regions, a great portion of forest tree seedlings are stored indoors in late autumn to prevent seedlings from outdoor winter damage. For seedlings to be able to survive in storage it is crucial that they store well and can cope with the dark and cold storage environment. The aim of this study was to search for genes that can determine the vitality status of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) seedlings during frozen storage. Furthermore, the sensitivity of the ColdNSure (TM) test, a gene activity test that predicts storability was assessed. The storability of seedlings was tested biweekly by evaluating damage with the gene activity test and the electrolyte leakage test after freezing seedlings to -25 A degrees C (the SELdiff-25 method). In parallel, seedlings were frozen stored at -3 A degrees C. According to both methods, seedlings were considered storable from week 41. This also corresponded to the post storage results determined at the end of the storage period. In order to identify vitality indicators, Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) was performed on bud samples collected during storage. Comparing physiological post storage data to gene analysis data revealed numerous vitality related genes. To validate the results, a second trial was performed. In this trial, gene activity was better in predicting seedling storability than the conventional freezing test; this indicates a high sensitivity level of this molecular assay. For multiple indicators a clear switch between damaged and vital seedlings was observed. A collection of indicators will be used in the future development of a commercial vitality test.

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