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  • 1.
    Azmat, Asad
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, African studies.
    Factors Affecting the Nation Building process in Post-Apartheid South Africa: An assessment of the performance of ANC Governments2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the Nation Building process in South Africa after the demise of Apartheid era. It has primarily analysed, assessed and evaluated the performances of ANC Governments under Mandela, Mbeki and Zuma from the perspective of Nation Building process in the country. The study throws light on the different factors that have been affecting the Nation Building process in South Africa. This study explores a brief historical analysis by uncovering the conditions faced by the South African society during Apartheid era, ethnicity and race relations, how did apartheid programme the collective psyche of the people of the land, its implications in the Post-Apartheid phase of the country and the outcomes affecting the integration process of the segregated society. This work has highlighted the dream of the founding fathers in the Nation Building of South Africa, making of the constitution and its provisions supporting a consociational democratic culture favourable for the Nation Building process. At the same time the study also presents how ethnic struggle for domination in party politics affected the idea of Nation Building, Xhosa Zulu tussle, corruption, nepotism, injustice, inequalities, political repression, human rights abuses, police brutality, extra constitutional measures taken by law enforcing agencies and political institutes, disgruntled and dissatisfied masses all contributed in the creation of a chaotic environment not conducive for the Nation Building process.

  • 2.
    Baldelli, Valentina
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, African studies.
    Nationalism and Identity in Zimbabwe: The cultural dimension as tools for the preservation of the authoritarian power.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to analyze the role of the cultural dimension in power production processes. Specifically, the research will look at the ways in which the nationalist discourse has influenced the definition of identity from the struggle for independence until the constitution of the one-party state in Zimbabwe.

    The objective of this thesis is to investigate the discursive national identity of power and dissenting subjects and the change over the time from a culture of resistance to elaborating ethical, political and identity conceptions witch have become functional in the legitimation of authoritarian power.So, the purpose is to investigate the existence of asupposed link between the power and the nation's identity representation. Then, through categories of analysis of postcolonial studies, I will analyze two novels in order to understand how subjects perceived and reformulated the nationalist discourse on identity. The data have

    led me to understand that nationalistic discourse on identity evolved during the time: during the struggle for independence  nationalism became a narrative strategy, functional to the re-appropriation of the symbolic and cultural system of those who were placed in a subordinate position in the colonial system; Furthermore, nationalism constituted a rhetorical resource for power even after the achievement of independence. During this period, the theme of national unity was central in nationalist discourse, as it became functional to marginalize any form of opposition to the project of achieving a one-party state. In this way, nationalistic discourse and its identity attribution function underwent an evolution, as by a culture of resistance it became a discursive strategy for the establishment and preservation of authoritarian power.

  • 3.
    Biasiotto, Roberta
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, African studies.
    Fiction and Disease: Representation and Meaning of HIV/AIDS by Three South African Novels2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    South Africa is one of the most affected country by the HIV/AIDS epidemic worldwide. Literary responses gave voice to the impact and perception of HIV/AIDS epidemic. The present thesis is focused on the creative response to HIV/AIDS by a sample of three selected South African novels

    Welcome to Our Hillbrow, Beauty’s Gift, and The Reactive. By using an interdisciplinary approach, the representation and the experience of HIV/AIDS, and the meanings associated to the disease as described in the novels are analysed. Welcome to Our Hillbrow presents the prejudice and myths around HIV/AIDS, Beauty’s Gift is focused on female empowerment against risky masculinity, and The Reactive is a coming-of-age novel offering an introspective insight into HIV-positive status. Written in different times between 2001 and 2014, and by black authors of different generations, the novels are inscribed in the socio-cultural context of South Africa. With this sample of selected fiction, it is possible to observe a complex scenario on HIV/AIDS and a shift in the focus on HIV/AIDS perception: from stigma and mortality, to activism and prevention, to the individual co-existence with a manageable chronic condition. The novels showed the nuances of the meanings associated to HIV/AIDS, and their specific relation to the socio-cultural determinants of the disease (stigma, misinformation, rural-urban relation, gender power structure, accessibility to treatment). The present work intends to contribute to the understanding of HIV/AIDS by the perspective of creative voices which have the ability to disclose meaning and signification to the experience of suffering due to the disease.

  • 4.
    Cassano, Dora
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, African studies.
    The Biafra War: Cultural Memory in two novels of Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie and Chinelo Okparanta2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Recently new novels about the Biafra war have appeared, proving the ongoing impact of the Nigerian civil war on writers’ interest, and the importance of memory in our life. For all these reasons, I decided to write the present thesis on how memory function in a literary work. The objective is to analyse the literary representation of the Biafra war, with a special focus on individual and collective memory production through two fictional novels: Half of a Yellow Sun, by Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, and Under the Udala Trees, by Chinelo Okparanta.

    In analysing the literary representations of Biafra in the light of memory studies, I have identified two levels of memory: literary characters’ memory and writers’ memory. Focusing on the level of the memory of the characters, I explored what the characters remember about the Biafra war both when the war is over and when it is still in progress, and what strategies they use to remember or to forget painful memories of the war.  What emerged through this first level of analysis is how Adichie and Okparanta have offered narratives focused not only on accounts of the war, but also on feelings and emotions. Moreover, the strategies of remembering and of forgetting represent tools of survival, and they are not in a relationship of exclusion.

    Focusing on the level of writers’ memory, I explored the perspectives used by Adichie and Okparanta to narrate and remember the Biafra war: a perspective from below, focused on ordinary people and on their daily lives; a female perspective which represents a novelty in a literary landscape dominated by male writers; the danger of a single story and its risk to create hegemonic narratives; the fictional perspective as a way to enrich a historical event with suggestive details fruit of writers’ imagination; the Afropolitan perspective and the greater openness of mind of the new generation of African writers.

  • 5.
    Coletta, Veronica
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, African studies.
    Covering the South African Intention to Leave the International Criminal Court (ICC): A web content analysis of the debate between media arguments and possible bias2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is an initial attempt to analyze the media debate about the intention to withdraw from the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced last October 2016 by the South African government.

    The purpose is to examine media arguments raised and possible bias on three South African major news sites. Articles selected are analyzed through a web content analysis that allows to understand how the debate about the government’s intention was presented, examining the issue of unconstitutionality and the question of human rights emerged. In order to verify possible media bias, instead, several previous studies on the matter were considered, with particular attention to the one of Eberl, Boomgaarden and Wagner, used to apply a systematic analytical approach. Theories on media accountability and media ethics in South Africa constitute the theoretical framework of the research. The study is conducted by following an extensive review of secondary sources and a typical descriptive case study approach. What the Thesis means to show is that, in most cases, South African web sites have presented and discussed the government’s intention with a negative tone demonstrating media bias especially in the tonality used, often against, more or less openly, the country’s withdrawal.

  • 6.
    Conte, Francesca
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, African studies.
    From discovery to encounter: The new role of ethnographic museums.: The case study of the National Prehistoric and Ethnographic Museum‘L. Pigorini’.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since its creation, the ethnographic museums have aimed to represent the other cultures. The most recent trends in museology have encouraged the ethnographic museums to go beyond the discovery and to create a space of intercultural dialogue. This thesis analyses the impact of multiculturalism and postcolonialism on the temporary exhibitions organised at the National Prehistoric and Ethnographic

    Museum ‘L. Pigorini’. The study is conducted on the African heritage and in the selected period 1994-2014. The research is carried out pinpointing three main channels through which the two ideological orientations could penetrate in the museum practices. By the evaluation of the exhibitions, this study provides a new methodology for the understanding of the influences of the most recent trends in museology within the museum contexts.

  • 7.
    De Siati, Ester
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, African studies.
    The (Re)Creation of Second-Generation Eritreans’ Identity in Bologna, Italy2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is analysing the way in which second-generation Eritreans in Bologna re-construct their Eritrean identity. The originality of the thesis is the fact that this type of research has not been done in Bologna yet: Bologna is a multicultural city where its left-wing tradition has appreciated cultural differences differently from other cities in Italy, such as Milan.To reach the aim of the thesis I interviewed some second-generations Eritreans who were born and grew up in Italy. I also used some previous researches that have been conducted in Italy and abroad about the re-creation of second-generation Eritreans’ identity. The whole research is framed in a theoretical framework, which is composed by the definition of four concepts that are useful for the research; these concepts are: culture, identity, nation, and, diaspora.According to this study, there are many ways in which second-generation Eritreans shape their identity in Bologna. The main ways in which second-generation Eritreans shape their Eritrean identity in Bologna are: the encounter with other Eritreans, their parents’ roots, the language, and the holiday trips back to Eritrea.

  • 8.
    Dessì, Mattia
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, African studies.
    Africa’s Middle Class:: When Concepts Don’t Match Measurements2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When Concepts Don’t Match Measurements

  • 9.
    Elbreki, Reem
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, African studies.
    The Arab Spring impact on the phenonmenon of illegal migration in the Mediterranean2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In my study "How does the Arab Spring impact the phenomena of illegal migration in the Mediterranean?" I have illustrated my argument by citing historical and political facts, which occurred before the Arab Spring. I have shown how the issue of migration was, in the period preceeding the Arab spring, particularly in Libya. I have also shown how the collapse of the Libyan regime has affected southern Mediterranean countries, especially Italy. I have studied in depth the policies of the European Union especially those, which adhere to the Dublin treaty. Another part of my study is showing how the EU is trying to deal with the growing problem of migration. Through primary and secondary sources, this study examines the general phenomena of illegal migration and the macro phenomena between Italy and Libya.

  • 10.
    Gerges, Mina
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, African studies.
    The Comprehensiveness of Islam in al-Turabi Sudanese Islamic State2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to study the presentation and subsequent application of the comprehensiveness of Islam in the Sudanese Islamic state under the leadership of Hasan al-Turabi from the year 1989 until 1999. Several studies have analyzed the history of the Sudanese Islamic state, however, the originality of the current study is in utilizing the concept of the comprehensiveness of Islam as the theoretical lens to review the history of al-Turabi's Islamic state. The current study has used two different sets of research methods. Firstly, for an in-depth investigation of how the concept of the comprehensiveness of Islam was understood and presented in al-Turabi Islamic state, several relevant al-Turabi books were analyzed. The aim of this analysis was to study the comprehension and presentation of comprehensiveness of Islam concept by the al-Turabi -the head of the Sudanese Islamic state. Thereafter, a historical analysis was conducted in order to analyze the practical application of the comprehensiveness of Islam concept by the Hasan al-Turabi’s. The study results have shown that the comprehensiveness of Islam was understood by al-Turabi as a basic part of the Islamic message. Moreover, the Sudanese theologian has underlined that the comprehensiveness of Islam is an indication of the truthfulness of the Islamic message. The second part of the analysis illustrated the practical application of the comprehensiveness of Islam through three main projects enforced by al-Turabi’s regime. These projects were: A) the implementation of the sharia laws in Sudan; B) a large project of Islamisation and Arabisation of the Sudanese society; and C) the creation of the Popular Arab and Islamic Congress (PAIC) as an international front towards a global spread of Islam.

  • 11.
    Iacovelli, Gianpiero
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, African studies.
    The Ideology of Mental Illness in Ghana: A Discourse Analysis of Mental Health Laws (1972-2012)2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2012, Ghanaian government promulgated a new mental health law aimed at setting up a community-based health care system in order to solve several problems that are affecting mental health facilities and people with mental disorders. The new law was also thought to overcome the limitations of the previous law, which was promulgated in 1972.

    This study provides an analysis of the mental health laws promulgated by the government of Ghana from 1972 to 2012. Through the methodological tools offered by Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA), the aim of the thesis is to trace the ideological background of mental health laws and its changes over time. The analysis is particularly focused on themes such as the issue of public safety, the construction of the “mentally ill subject” and the conceptualisation of mental illness in the legal texts.

  • 12.
    Maéva Tsimba Poussogo, Aminata
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, African studies.
    Gabonese Cultural Identity between Tradition and Modernity: The evolution of Cultural Identity in multicultural Libreville, Gabon2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyses how Gabonese Cultural Identity is perceived by young adults within the city of Libreville, the capital of Gabon. My aim is to discuss on its origin, its meaning and its transformation within Gabonese society from the Pre-Colonial to the Post-Colonial period. I point out the role of French Colonisation and the use of Education and the French language as means to implement its policies among Gabonese population and spread French culture. I also highlight how Gabonese authorithies as an independent state deal with the issue of Cultural Identity.

    Berry’s concept of Acculturation will help us to understand what is happening when two cultures meet and the consequences of this process. I also emphasize the new technologies and social media as being part of the modern world, giving some examples of the relationship between Gabonese Cultural Identity, tradition and modernity.

    My research demonstrated through the interviews that there are many kinds of Gabonese Identities and that the multicultural society is composed of a diversity of communities. It can be argued that the new generation is more attached to modernity compared with the older generation who prefered tradition which is mostly linked to the past. Another important striking point was the adaptation of Gabonese Cultural Identity to other cultures and the use of new technologies for the promotion of their Gabonese cultural heritage.

  • 13.
    Paone, Gabriele
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, African studies.
    Rethinking child soldiers: Anthropological analysis of the main issues regarding the mainstream view of child soldiers 2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 14.
    Pasqualini, Arianna
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, African studies.
    Transcultural memories of German-Namibian history (1978-1990):: Micro-perspectives from the global autobiographies of Lucia Engombe and Stefanie Lahya Aukongo2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present thesis deals with the Namibian liberation struggle against the South African regime, by focusing on the relationship of solidarity between SWAPO and East Germany. It provides an original perspective of the German-Namibian history between 1978-1990, by using the life stories of Lucia Engombe and Stefanie Lahya Aukongo. They are Namibian women who, according to the pact of solidarity, lived on the brink between Namibia and East Germany, becoming in this way witnesses of the historical upheavals that have changed the global order. Then, this thesis makes use of

    Child No. 95. My German-African Odyssey – the autobiography of Lucia Engombe – and Kalungas Kind: meine unglaubliche Reise uns Leben – the autobiography of Stefanie Layha Aukongo – as sources to investigate the complexities of that period. The global lives of Lucia Engombe and Stefanie Lahya Aukongo allow the combination of macro and micro history and bring out new facets, which otherwise would remain in the shadow. Through the deconstruction of their life narratives, in fact, the big narrative of the global history become fraught with new meanings, bringing out the power of microhistories. This thesis shows how individual autobiographies can be meaningful to history, and how global history can be reconciled with micro-history through the story of global lives, which provide new and unprecedented points of view.

  • 15.
    Paulina Silva Duchi, Martha
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, African studies.
    African Diaspora in modern Ecuador:: Citizenship, Cultural Identity and Political Rights of Afro-Ecuadorians.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis examines the black population in contemporary Ecuador. In demographic terms, Ecuador is con-sidered the fourth largest country in South America, after Brazil, Colombia and Venezuela, with more nuclei of African descent. Therefore, the aim of this research is to explore how Afro-Ecuadorians, as a minority group, have constructed and continue to redefine their cultural identity in Ecuador, in order to understand whether and how it has been connected or is still connected to their African roots.

    From the legislative perspective, the research presents an analysis of the rights of the Afro-Ecuadorians in the Constitutional Charters, focusing both on the 1998 Constitution, which adopted multiculturalism as a fundamental principle of the nation, thus recognizing for the first time the collective rights of Afro-Ecuadorians. In addition, the Constitutional Charter of 2008, in which multiculturalism extends to the con-cept of interculturality, conceptualized as a pillar of the State of Ecuador. The new constitution penalizes discrimination and adopts laws that provide a wide range of cultural, economic, and political rights for mi-nority groups.

    Finally, the empirical part of this research was carried out during the fieldwork. My methods included partic-ipant observation, semi-structured individual interviews, and Focus Groups. My aim was to explore cultural identity, the perceptions, thoughts and feelings opinions of Afro – Ecuadorians in the province of Esmeraldas in Ecuador.

  • 16.
    Rauch, Lea
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, African studies.
    Humanitarian intervention: a problematic tool for a global Human Rights defence: The concept in theory and practice and the resulting dilemmas A case study of the NATO intervention in Libya in 20112016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The current Thesis sought to identify and analyse the concept of humanitarian intervention in theory and practice and the resulting legal, ethical and political dilemmas. Along with this objective the question is raised if these dilemmas are a reason why the concept of humanitarian intervention is so rarely used in world politics.

    Th  theoretical part, that contains the main statements of the existing research about  this topic, will be followed by    case study of the NATO intervention in Libya in 2011.

    While some dilemmas seem crucial from a theoretical point of view they turn out to be marginal in a concrete case. Furthermore, one comes to the conclusion that these dilemmas are not the main reason behind the rare use of the concept. The international community is rather reluctant when it comes to inference, as the intervening forces need to see an own strategic and geopolitical interest in the intervention. If this is not the case interventions for the protection of Human Rights are unlikely to be launched.

  • 17.
    Tamm, Janika
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, African studies.
    There is No Other Way: Economic self-reliance of South Sudanese women in Kakuma refugee camp in Kenya2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis examines the strategies used by the South Sudanese women in Kakuma refugee camp in Kenya to initiate and carry through income-generating activities. The purpose of this study is to explore the reasons why some South Sudanese women are economically self-reliant in Kakuma and to conclude with suggestions as to how these economic self-reliance strategies can be applied by the agencies working in Kakuma. In addition to the relevant secondary sources, the study is based on five weeks’ ethnographical research in Kakuma refugee camp. Throughout the thesis, I analyzed the influence of the cultural and legal context on the self-reliance of South Sudanese women, and the strategies which they have employed in order to achieve economical self-reliance. I have also explored the measures implemented by the agencies working in the refugee camp to promote economic self-reliance. Two main differences between the successful female South Sudanese entrepreneurs and other South Sudanese women were the experience of entrepreneurship environment and/or determination and dedication. The agencies lack sufficient manpower, funds and strategies to reach and support to the most vulnerable women who feel helpless in their situation and do not look actively for solutions. In order to improve the entrepreneurship mentality among the South Sudanese women, the main focus should be on ensuring that the most vulnerable women will be identified and recruited to provide long-term tailor-made support, trainings and mentors in order to empower and encourage the women to initiate the income generating activities. Promoting the economic self-reliance of the South Sudanese women would satisfy their basic needs and would benefit all the counterparts: the refugees and their families, Kenyan government and the agencies working with the refugees.

  • 18.
    Trovato, Giuseppe
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, African studies.
    China’s Involvement in Ethiopia’s Development: from the Beginning of the XXI Century up to the OBOR Project2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the diplomatic and commercial relationship between China

    and Ethiopia starting from the new millennium. In contrast to the predominant

    model in literature - which explains the Chinese interest in the African context as

    strictly motivated by the search of resources - the objective of this paper is to

    represent the importance of geopolitics and of the market in the Sino-Ethiopian

    relationship. So, after examining the recent history of the diplomatic relationship

    and after investigating the strong economic ties between the two countries

    (imports, exports, development aid and FDI), the thesis focuses on the OBOR project

    (One Belt, One Road) in the African continent and on the growing role that Ethiopia

    is playing in it. Ethiopia, starting from the early 2000s, has been able to start a

    rapid growth and this period of development has been closely linked to the

    intensification of the relationship with China. This thesis aims to shed light on the

    contribution that this strong link has brought to both countries and on some of the

    dynamics that it has configured - and that is about to embody- within the Sino-

    African context. To what extent is it possible to say that China has had a decisive

    impact on Ethiopia's recent growth?

  • 19.
    Vitulli, Maria Paola
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, African studies.
    «Racconti del vento»2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The current thesis sought to analyze Africa’s portray in history teaching to assess if, and to what extent, teaching materials and methods could have implications on the development of intercultural sensitivity. According to national regulations, indeed, the Italian school should develop sensitivity towards cultural difference. To reach the objective, I considered implicit messages in history textbooks and in teachers’ perceptions and methods.

    To define the features of Africa’s portray I referred to Said’s Orientalism; the pedagogical impact of the resulting portray was assessed within the frame of Bennett’s model (2004).

    Critical discourse analysis (Fairclough, 2010) allowed revealing implicit messages of textbooks, showing an overall ethnocentric image. A qualitative fieldwork based on interviews showed that teachers’ methods and perceptions were in line with ethnocentric stages of Bennett’s model.

    Because of these features, the study assessed that history teaching has a negative impact on the development of intercultural sensitivity due to implicit messages of materials/methods used.

    The study also highlighted a discrepancy between teachers’ goals and perceptions, aimed at reaching intercultural sensitivity, and an ethnocentric teaching. To explain this difference I assumed teachers might not be aware of hidden curricula. I also proposed a reorganization of Bennett’s model that could highlight better the potential difference between the abstract and concrete level and can thus be used as a blueprint for a critical discussion on the implications current sources and methods have; such a discussion would be a guide to adjust didactic for the promotion of intercultural sensitivity in concrete.

  • 20.
    von Seth, Martina
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, African studies.
    Democratisation and inequality in South Africa – the paradox: A case study of South Africa’s celebrated democratisation and stagnant inequality2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis sets out to scrutinise the paradox of South Africa’s successful democratic

    development and its stagnant inequality. Due to the country’s remarkable transition towards

    an inclusive democracy in the 1990s, and moreover with the incoherent human development,

    the country becomes unique in its region and therefore a suitable deviant case to study. The

    analysis will be built upon a theoretical framework focusing on the dominant party-system,

    social- and political trust and support along with the capabilities approach.

    ANC have dominated the political playing field since the first all-race election, however

    without achievements in inequality reduction and mediocre improvements regarding wellbeing.

    The research indicates an erosion in trust and support for the government. If ‘bad

    governance’ persist, accumulated dissatisfaction could lead to disillusion regarding the

    democracy as an ideal, hence undermining the South African democracy.

  • 21.
    Zaffini, Giulia
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, African studies.
    "Madame" and "Meticci" during Italian colonialism in Eritrea and its aftermath: an historiographical analysis2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 22.
    Zanelli, Gianluca
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, African studies.
    The Rwandan Genocide in Italian Media:the Cases of La Repubblica and La Stampa2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to analyse the representation of Rwandan genocide by the Italian newspapers

    La Repubblica

    and La Stampa, through the examination of the articles covering the event and

    the comparison of the two perspectives. The research is situated in the broader context of the

    process of construction of a collective European imaginary on Africa, that shaped a generally

    negative representation of the African continent in western thought and media. The research

    shows how

    La Repubblica and La Stampa, in line with the western media coverage, shared a

    nearly similar vision of the genocide as an explosion of a presumed long-standing tribal hatred,

    a perspective characterized by stereotypes and biased interpretations that prevented to

    investigate the complex causes behind the event.

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