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  • 1.
    Ahlstrand, Roland
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Gautié, Jerome
    Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, France .
    Labour–management relations and employee involvement in lean production systems in different national contexts: A comparison of French and Swedish aerospace companies2023In: Economic and Industrial Democracy, ISSN 0143-831X, E-ISSN 1461-7099, Vol. 44, no 4, p. 1027-1051Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Existing research has found heterogeneity in the implementation of Lean and its outcomes in terms of employee involvement across countries. This article explores the potential role of labour–management relations. It relies on in-depth company case studies carried out in the aerospace industry in France and Sweden. The study finds significant variations in employee involvement – higher in the Swedish than in the French cases. Managerial orientations did play a role, as the ‘technocratic’ form of Lean in France echoed a more unilateral top-down conception of management, while Swedish managers appeared more receptive to the ‘involvement-enhancing’ paradigm. But the attitudes and behaviours of unions were also a crucial factor, as Swedish unions were very effective in impinging on the implementation of Lean at workplace level, while their French counterparts, often divided, adopted a more defensive stance, lacking expertise and implication in the promotion of high-involvement work organisations.

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  • 2.
    Ahlstrand, Roland
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Gautié, Jérôme
    Labour-Management Relations and Employee Involvement in Lean Production Systems in Different National Contexts: A comparison of French and Swedish Aerospace Companies2022Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Ahlstrand, Roland
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Hobbins, Jennifer
    MacKenzie, Robert
    McLachlan, Chris
    O'Brien, Martin
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Stuart, Mark
    Variation in the nature of occupational communities and their role in the navigation of post-redundancy transitions in the Swedish, British and Australian steel industries2023Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Ahlstrand, Roland
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Robert, MacKenzie
    Karlstad University, Sweden.
    McLachlan, Chris
    Cranfield University, UK.
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Hobbins, Jennifer
    Swedish Defence University.
    Stuart, Mark
    Leeds University, UK.
    Restructuring Regimes in and between Two Crisis: the case of Sweden and the UK2021Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Ahlstrand, Roland
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Lokala partsrelationer och organisatorisk flexibilitet: omställningar inom hotellbranschen under covid-19-krisen 2020–20212023Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie fokuserar på de lokala partsrelationernas betydelse för utvecklingen av den organisatoriska flexibiliteten under en större hotellkoncerns omställningar under covid-19-krisen 2020–2021. Studien bygger på 26 semistrukturerade intervjuer med representanter för arbetsgivarorganisationer och fackliga organisationer på branschnivå, samt chefer och fackliga företrädare på koncern- och hotellnivå. Intervjuerna transkriberades och tematiserades med hjälp av NVivo 12. I ljuset av en dramatisk nedgång i kundunderlaget mer än halverades antalet anställda: tillsvidareanställda sades upp och kontrakten för tillfälligt anställda blev inte förlängda. Vid sidan av ”tillfälligt anställda” tillkom en ny form av numerisk flexibilitet, korttidspermitterade, baserad på lagen om stöd vid korttidsarbete från 2013. Samtidigt genomfördes omfattande organisationsförändringar: avdelningar slogs samman, antalet chefer reducerades och i stort sett samtliga yrkestitlar förändrades. Anställda skulle arbeta i ”service team”, chefer skulle vara ”service lead” och andra, t ex receptionister, kockar, bartenders och städare, skulle tituleras ”hosts”. De fackliga organisationerna menade att denna form av funktionell flexibilitet, att ”alla skulle kunna allt”, ledde till ett allt stressigare jobb och var ett hot mot yrkesstoltheten. 

    I syfte att analysera de lokala partsrelationernas betydelse för utvecklingen av den organisatoriska flexibiliteten tar vi avstamp i tidigare forskning om lokala partsrelationer. Den tidigare forskningen har till stor del handlat om parternas förhållningssätt till varandra när de arbetat för att nå lösningar och resultat i olika avseenden, hur intressen och maktresurser mobiliseras, förhandlingsstrategier och den fackliga organiseringens betydelse för den fackliga styrkan. Det finns begränsat med forskning om de lokala partsrelationers roll när det gäller organisationsförändringar med bäring på organisatorisk flexibilitet. I den här artikeln fokuserar vi på de lokala parternas betydelse för utvecklingen av den organisatoriska flexibiliteten med hänsyn tagen till de institutionella förutsättningar som rådde under pandemin

  • 6.
    Arvidsson, Gustav
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Moreau, Vendela
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Den upplevda känslan av tillhörighet hos nyanställda vid digital onboarding: En kvalitativ studie om hur känslan av tillhörighet påverkas hos nyanställda vid digital onboarding2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Onboarding of new employees is the process that involves integrating new employees into the organization to increase the organization's productivity. Through onboarding the organization can, among other things, instruct newly hired employees their new tasks, educate them about the organization's norms and values and helping the employees to become part of the working group and the organization. The use of digital onboarding took off at the start of the Covid-19 pandemic in 2019 and came to affect how organizations handled their onboarding in the future. As the use of digital onboarding is relatively a new phenomenon that has gained momentum since the start of the pandemic, knowledge is needed about how digital onboarding can contribute to new employees experiencing the feeling of belonging. The purpose of the study is therefore to gain a deeper understanding on how new employees’ sense of belonging is affected during digital onboarding. The study's chosen method is qualitative method and it has been inspired by a phenomenological approach. Eight semi-structured interviews were held with respondents from the selected organization. The empirical material has been analyzed with inspiration from a phenomenological analysis method and has been carried out in five steps. The result show that information, feedback, a present manager and the opportunity for digital relationship building can contribute to newly hired employees experiencing the feeling of belonging during digital onboarding.The result indicates how organizations can create better conditions for new employees during digital onboarding.

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  • 7.
    Bergman Bruhn, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science. Karlstads universitet.
    Att jobba i skärningspunkten mellan arbete och fritid: Den dubbelsidiga karaktären av livsstilsinriktat arbete inom den svenska hästnäringen: Egenskaper och konsekvenser för anställdas hälsa och välbefinnande2023Conference paper (Refereed)
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  • 8.
    Bergman Bruhn, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science. Karlstads universitet.
    "Leadership by chance": om hållbart ledarskap inom den svenska hästnäringen2021Conference paper (Refereed)
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  • 9.
    Bergman Bruhn, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science. Karlstad universitet.
    Motivation till arbetsmiljöförbättringar: en mixad metod studie inom den svenska hästnäringen2022Conference paper (Other academic)
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  • 10.
    Bergman Bruhn, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science. Karlstad universitet.
    The double-sided nature of lifestyle-oriented work within the Swedish equine sector: Characteristics and consequences for employee health and well-being2023Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis considers the nature of lifestyle-oriented work, i.e. making a livelihood based on leisure interest or personal lifestyle, and focuses on the perspective of employees within the Swedish equine sector. The purpose was to gain an increased understanding of the characteristics of lifestyle-oriented work and the consequences for health and well-being. 

    The thesis has a case study research design with two embedded units, riding schools and trotting stables, and a mixed methodological approach based on questionnaires and interviews. 

    The findings show that employees experienced their work as both important and attractive with loyalty, relations, and stimulation being important factors for work attractiveness (Paper I). The employees found their work meaningful and worked primarily to achieve self-realization and quality of life. Person–environment fit, task significance, and occupational culture emerged as important factors for meaningfulness. However, the work had an inherent duality as the same factors both promoted and challenged the experiences of work attractiveness and meaningfulness (Paper II). The safety climate was found to be relatively good, despite some risk acceptance (Paper III), although the results indicated shortcomings regarding occupational health and safety management (OHSM) (Papers III and IV). Moreover, motivation, management, occupational culture, and resources affect both participation and compliance in OHSM (Paper IV).

    Lifestyle-oriented work within the equine sector can be described as double-sided, i.e. both satisfying and demanding. The work is characterized by attraction, meaningfulness, prosocial behavior, and a strong occupational culture but also an acceptance of challenging working conditions, overwork and deficient conditions for OHSM. A systematic OHSM, where both health-promoting factors and risk factors are considered, is necessary to enhance employee health and well-being and to create attractive and sustainable employment.

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  • 11.
    Bergman Bruhn, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    The Double-Sided Nature of Meaningful Work: Promoting and Challenging Factors within the Swedish Equine Sector2022In: Challenges, ISSN 2078-1547, E-ISSN 2078-1547, Vol. 13, no 1, article id 13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: Meaningful work is related to a range of positive outcomes, but also negative effects. Research regarding meaningful work and lifestyle-oriented work; i.e., when making a livelihood based on a leisure interest and personal lifestyle, is deficient. The aim of this qualitative study is therefore to explore factors that promote and challenge meaningful work in a lifestyle-oriented setting. The study focuses on the perspective of employees within the Swedish equine sector, and is based on individual interviews. The results show that person–environment fit, task significance, and occupational culture seem to be important factors in the promotion of meaningful work. In addition, the analysis also illustrates how the nature of meaningful work has an inherent duality, constructed by a balancing act between doing good for oneself and for others. The tension is reinforced by the fact that the same factors can both promote meaningful work and challenge meaningfulness. This study shows that meaningful work not only comes with satisfaction, enjoyment, and fulfillment, but also an acceptance of challenging working conditions, which may lead to sacrifices and exhaustion.The double-sided nature of meaningful work can therefore affect the employees’ well-being, and challenge the willingness and ability to remain in the occupation.

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  • 12.
    Bergman Bruhn, Åsa
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science. Karlstads universitet.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Lindahl, Cecilia
    RISE.
    Variation at work as a strategy for enabling sustainable employment in the Swedish equine sector2023Conference paper (Refereed)
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  • 13.
    Bergman Bruhn, Åsa
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Lindahl, Cecilia
    RISE.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Safety climate assessment in the equine sector – a study of Swedish riding schools and trotting stables2021Conference paper (Refereed)
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  • 14.
    Bergman Bruhn, Åsa
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Lindahl, Cecilia
    RISE.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    The double-sided nature of lifestyle-oriented work in the Swedish equine industry2021Conference paper (Refereed)
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  • 15.
    Bergman Bruhn, Åsa
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Lindahl, Cecilia
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    With the stable as a workplace – about attractive, healthy and sustainable employments in the Swedish equine sector2022In: Conference Proceedings of the 51st NES Conference: Work Well - Ergonomics in an unpredictable world, 2022Conference paper (Refereed)
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  • 16.
    Bergman Bruhn, Åsa
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Lindahl, Cecilia
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Motivational factors for occupational safety and health improvements: A mixed-method study within the Swedish equine sector2023In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 159, article id 106035Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 17. Cregård, Anna
    et al.
    Forsberg, TinaDalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.Berntson, Erik
    Samspel i kommunal administration: Lagspel, dragkamp eller hierarki?2023Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 18. Cregård, Anna
    et al.
    Forsberg, Tina
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Berntson, Erik
    Samspel mellan linjechefer och stödfunktioner2023In: Samspel i kommunal administration: Lagspel, dragkamp eller hierarki? / [ed] Cregård, Forsberg och Berntson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2023Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19. Cregård, Anna
    et al.
    Forsberg, Tina
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Berntson, Erik
    Härenstam, Annika
    Samspel inom kommunal administration: sammanfattande konklusioner2023In: Samspel i kommunal administration: Lagspel, dragkamp eller hierarki? / [ed] Cregård, Forsberg och Berntson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2023Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Ehliasson, Kent
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Forsberg, Tina
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Byråkrati eller profession? Erfarenheter från ledning och styrning före, under och efter pandemin inom en region2023Conference paper (Refereed)
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  • 21.
    Forsberg, Tina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Cregård, Anna
    Spänningar mellan chefs- och HR- arbete i en genusmärkt kommunal praktik2023In: Samspel i kommunal administration: Lagspel, dragkamp eller hierarki? / [ed] Cregård, Forsberg och Berntson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2023Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Forsberg, Tina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Härenstam, Annika
    Stockholm University; University of Gothenburg.
    Shaping Management in Gendered Work: A Comparative Study in the Swedish Public Sector2022In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 2001-7405, E-ISSN 2001-7413, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 89-112Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 23.
    Gustavsson, Catharina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Welfare, Medical Science. Uppsala universitet.
    Nordqvist, Maria
    Uppsala universitet.
    Bergman Bruhn, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Bröms, Kristina
    Uppsala universitet.
    Jerdén, Lars
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Welfare, Medical Science. Uppsala universitet.
    Kallings, Lena V.
    Uppsala universitet ; GIH.
    Wallin, Lars
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Welfare, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Process evaluation of an implementation intervention to facilitate the use of the Swedish Physical Activity on Prescription in primary healthcare2023In: BMC Health Services Research, E-ISSN 1472-6963, Vol. 23, no 1, article id 996Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background The Swedish Physical Activity on Prescription (PAP-S) is a method for healthcare to promote physical activity for prevention and treatment of health disorders. Despite scientific support and education campaigns, the use has been low. The aim of this study was to perform a process evaluation of an implementation intervention targeting the use of the PAP-S method in primary healthcare (PHC). Specifically, we wanted to evaluate feasibility of the implementation intervention, and its effect on the implementation process and the outcome (number of PAP-S prescriptions).

    Methods This was a longitudinal study using the Medical Research Council guidance for process evaluation of a 9-month implementation intervention among healthcare staff at three PHC centres in Sweden. Data was collected by: participatory observations of the implementation process; questionnaires to the staff before, after and 6 months after the implementation intervention; interviews after the implementation intervention; and number of PAP-S prescriptions.

    Results During the implementation intervention, the workplaces’ readiness-to-change and the healthcare staff’s confidence in using the PAP-S method were favourably influenced, as was the number of PAP-S prescriptions. After the implementation intervention, the number of PAP-S prescriptions decreased to about the same number as before the implementation intervention, at two out of three PHC centres. Four of the six implementation strategies appeared to impact on the implementation process: external facilitation; leadership engagement by a committed workplace management; local PAP-S coordinator taking a leading role and acting as local champion; educational outreach concerning how to use the PAP-S method.

    Conclusion The implementation intervention was not sufficient to produce sustained change of the healthcare staff’s behaviour, nor did it achieve favourable long-term outcome on the number of PAP-S prescriptions. The healthcare staffs’ sparse knowledge of the PAP-S method prior to the implementation intervention hampered the implementation. More hands-on education in how to use the PAP-S method introduced early in the implementation process is imperative for successful implementation of the PAP-S method. The findings also suggest that committed workplace management and local PAP-S coordinators, taking leading roles and acting as local champions, need to be firmly established at the PHC centres before the external facilitator withdraws.

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  • 24.
    Harkén, Hanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Milasten, Jenny
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    ”Om inte vi tar hand om varandra, vem ska då ta hand om oss?”: En kvalitativ studie om upplevelsen av den psykosociala arbetsmiljön inom klientyrket kriminalvårdare2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Prior research has shown the complex nature of the correctional service profession which involves tremendous emotional demands and poses a risk of inducing stress. This shows evidence of social support being an important factor. Furthermore, additional research has demonstrated an increased risk of correctional officers being subjected to threats and violence. Due to the majority of prior studies being conducted abroad, there are very few Swedish studies from the correctional services pertaining to employees' work environment. Additionally, there is a lack of prior research investigating the psychosocial work environment in light of the core values of the profession being interpersonal connections. As of lately, the correctional service has garnered attention due to the increasing need for more personnel as a result of high staff turnover and an increased volume of inmates. The purpose is to create a deeper understanding of the psychosocial work environment within the client-based profession of correctional officers. To gain a better understanding of this, the Human Service Organization is a point of origin for the study that highlights the interaction between the caregiver and the client as the core of the profession. To capture and understand the psychosocial work environment, the study utilizes support from the demand- control- support model. This graduation thesis is a qualitative study with an empirical, phenomenological approach where eight respondents participated in semi-structured interviews. The correctional service profession may be described as rather unpredictable because of its client focused approach. The unpredictable nature of the work creates a stress-inducing work environment due to the lack of situational control for employees. As a result of the strenuous work environment and more challenging clients, new work methods must be designed by the correctional service to accommodate these new demands and support a decrease in staff turnover. The results show that many employees lack the abilities and competencies needed in client services focused on interpersonal connections and to withstand the emotional demands of a client-based services job. Due to the inherently strict nature of the correctional service profession and the emphasis it puts on routines and rules, the profession is unpredictable, and the workers lack a sense of control. Despite this, the profession is described by the correctional officers as meaningful because of the role they play in their client’s journey to reintegrating and re-adjusting to society after serving their sentence.

  • 25.
    Holgersson, Frida
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Ruth, Annika
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    ”Det kanske inte uttryckligen kommuniceras att det här är systematiskt”: En kvalitativ studie om upplevelsen av kommunikation och information av systematiskt arbetsmiljöarbete i en kommunal verksamhet2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The basis for creating safe and healthy workplaces is systematic work environment and good basic knowledge is required for it to work well. The systematic work environment includes all work environment conditions and annual follow-up, work environment policy, routines, cooperation, task allocation, knowledge, investigation, risk assessment and measures. There is a knowledge gap in how work environment information is communicated for good health and safety at workplaces and more research is needed on managers' and employees' knowledge of the work environment. Previous research also shows that municipalities' systematic work environment does not work satisfactorily. This study aims to gain understanding of how HR, managers, coworker, trade union and politicians experience the communication and information about the systematic work environment in a municipal organization. A qualitative method has been used through ten interviews. The empirical work has been analyzed based on an inductive thematic analysis. The results shows that there is no routine for how the systematic work environment should be communicated and informed but there are routines for how the municipality should work with the systematic work environment through an annual cycle. The knowledge of the systematic work environment is variable among themselves, managers and colleagues. The municipality has forums to communicate and inform about the systematic work environment and education for some occupational groups in systematic work environment. The conclusion is that although there is a way of working, routines, forums and education deficiencies and lack of clarity became apparent in communication and information of the systematic work environment at different levels.

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  • 26.
    Lindahl, Cecilia
    et al.
    Department of Agriculture and Food, RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Bergman Bruhn, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Occupational Safety Climate in the Swedish Equine Sector2022In: Animals, E-ISSN 2076-2615, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 438-438Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish equine sector is considered a high-risk work environment, with relatively high injury rates and high severity of injuries. General safety research has identified a correlation between the safety performance and safety culture, but little is known about the intricacies of the safety culture in the Swedish equine sector, especially concerning managers’ and employees’ perceptions of their work environment. The safety climate assessment is recognised as an effective tool for identifying potential problems in the workplace, thus enhancing safety behaviour and decreasing the frequency and severity of injuries. The aim was to evaluate the safety climate at riding schools and trotting stables through the Nordic Safety Climate Questionnaire (NOSACQ-50) diagnostic tool, and to get a better understanding of the workers’ perceptions regarding safety and safety management at their workplace through complementary interviews. The results showed that the safety climate was generally positive and that employees were aware of the risks relating to their work. Riding schools commonly had routines in place for risk assessment and work environment management, but such routines were often lacking at trotting stables, indicating inadequate prioritisation of safety by the management. The main area that should be targeted to improve safety in the sector is employees’ prioritisation and non-acceptance of risks. Proactive instead of reactive safety management should be promoted, where safety is an integral part of daily work and all employees are encouraged to identify factors contributing to occupational injuries and develop strategies for injury prevention.

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  • 27.
    Lindahl, Cecilia
    et al.
    RISE.
    Bergman Bruhn, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Bendroth, Margareta
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Improving work environment and safety within the Swedish equine sector through novel methods and tools2021Conference paper (Refereed)
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  • 28.
    Lundkvist, Hans
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Bergman Bruhn, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Stay with me: forskarstödd samverkan för att bibehålla, attrahera och rekrytera personal2022Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studiens syfte var att öka kunskapen om hur sjuksköterskor inom kommunal hälso- och sjukvård upplever sitt arbete genom att identifiera vilka faktorer (attribut) som anses viktiga för att arbetet ska upplevas som attraktivt på lång sikt. Ett andra syfte var mer metodologiskt att visa ett exempel på förändringsarbete med avsikt att uppnå det första syftet.

    Samverkan och den metod som tillämpades bygger på deltagande aktionsforskning vilken kan ses som en experimentell forskningsmetod för interventioner, utveckling och förändring med huvudsakligt syftet att producera ny kunskap tillsammans med praktiken. Studien omfattar ett antal, delvis parallella insatser. De fyra huvudsakliga stegen var förankring, mätning, kunskapsväxling och uppföljning.

    Förankring genomfördes genom fysiska träffar mellan Högskolan Dalarnas projektgrupp och en ledningsgrupp i Avesta kommun bestående av förvaltningschef även resultatenhetschef för Vård och Omsorg, Medicinskt ansvarig sjuksköterska, enhetschef för Sjuksköterskeenheten/hemsjukvården och en HR konsult. Nästa steg innebar insamling av data dels via enkäten Attraktivt arbete och dels genom intervjuer med sjuksköterskorna. Kunskapsväxling genomfördes genom två workshopar med personalen där resultat från mätningarna diskuterades. Uppföljning genomfördes regelbundet med projektets ledningsgrupp.

    Resultaten visar på totalt åtta faktorer som betydelsefulla för arbetets attraktivitet och viljan att stanna kvar. Fyra av dessa faktorer; relationer, eftertraktad, lojalitet och fysisk arbetsmiljö, var förhållandevis välfungerande i det nuvarande arbetet och benämndes som framgångsfaktorer för ett attraktivt arbete. Övriga fyra faktorer; arbetstid, arbetstakt, stimulans och adekvat utrustning, var mindre välfungerande i det nuvarande arbetet och benämndes därför som mindre välfungerande faktorer för ett attraktivt arbete. Metoden har visat sig vara lämplig för förändringsarbete i en kommunal verksamhet.

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  • 29. MacKenzie, Robert
    et al.
    McLachlan, Chris
    Ahlstrand, Roland
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Hobbins, Jennifer
    Stuart, Mark
    O'Brien, Martin
    Post-redundancy Transitions and Sustainable Working Lives2022Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 30.
    McLachlan, Chris
    et al.
    Cranfield University, UK.
    MacKenzie, Robert
    Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Ahlstrand, Roland
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Hobbins, Jennifer
    Swedish Defence University.
    Stuart, Mark
    Leeds University, UK.
    Collectivism after collectivism: Varying orientations to collectivism in the wake of steel industry restructuring in the UK and Sweden2021Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 31. McLachlan, Chris
    et al.
    MacKenzie, Robert
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Ahlstrand, Roland
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Hobbins, Jennifer
    O'Brien, Martin
    Frino, Betty
    Restructuring, policy and practice: an international comparison of approaches2022In: International Human Resource Management: The Transformation of Work in a Global Perspective / [ed] Martinez Lucio, Miguel & MacKenzie, Robert, London: Sage Publications, 2022, p. 254-274Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Moström Åberg, Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Contextual Preconditions to Foster Transformative Learning: A Recursive Process, Activity, and Core Elements2023In: Journal of Transformative Education, ISSN 1541-3446, E-ISSN 1552-7840, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 167-189Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The need of being able to foster transformative learning (TL) has increased due to the demands for continuous development in today’s work life. Previous research has proposed six core elements to foster TL; however, in these a process perspective is missing. By using an adaptive approach and inspired by action research, drawing on teachers’ experiences, the aim of this article is to deepen the understanding of how teachers can create contextual preconditions to foster TL. The empirical data was based on teachers’ narratives, interviews with students, and observations from a university course. This article contributes by proposing a framework for contextual preconditions to foster TL by extending the six core elements with a recursive process and activity. To foster TL, the importance of continuously adapting the preconditions to the needs of each specific educational situation is emphasized.

  • 33.
    Moström Åberg, Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science. Mälardalens högskola, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Epistemology of practice and its consequences in practice: Educating for knowing-in-action in working life2021Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Education and competence development are of increased interest in today’s society and organizations, to increase the wellbeing, lifelong learning, and mobility of the labor force, and contribute to companies’ global competition. As a consequence, formal and informal education is growing. However, there are dilemmas when developing professional competence e.g. bridging the gap between theory and practice, trying to increase employability in higher education, and the degradation of professionals’ knowledge. These dilemmas can partly be due to epistemology and the difficulty to act in accordance with one’s epistemology. Previous research has presented Technical Rationality (TR) as the cause of the problems and an epistemology of practice as an alternative approach. 

    The aim of this thesis is to contribute to a deeper understanding of a holistic epistemology, i.e. what an epistemology of practice is, and its consequences for the view of professional competence and educational design in different contexts. Beyond this, the aim is also to analyze the quality of learning needed to reassess one’s epistemology. The theoretical framework is based on Schön’s work on epistemology of practice, the competence of a professional i.e. knowing-in-action, and educational design i.e. the reflective practicum. Mezirow’s theory of Transformative Learning (TL) is used to analyze the quality of learning. 

    The four included studies are used as examples of different educational situations in different contexts; in Studies Ι and ΙΙΙ how managers in a research intervention learn to become enabling managers, in Study ΙΙ, how pupils in a vocational school are learning to minimize work environment risks in their future work, and in Study ΙV how HR students learn to foster collective learning within organizations. 

    The results show the importance of being aware of one’s epistemology, and to act according to it. From an epistemology of practice approach, the overall conclusion is that adding practice is not enough, it is important to balance theory, practice, and reflection to enable knowing-in-action. The role of the teacher/supervisor to handle both theory, practice and reflection using reflection-in/on-action and coaching strategies such as joint experimentation, follow me and hall of mirrors to enable knowing-in-action is emphasized. The design of an education needs to be adapted to the participants’ former experiences and access to work practice. To enable reassessment of epistemology, TL is proposed, since a quality of learning which enables deep learning is needed. 

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  • 34.
    Moström Åberg, Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Ledarskapsutveckling i kommuner.2021Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Moström Åberg, Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Researching your own knowing-in-action: methods and dilemmas.2022Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Moström Åberg, Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Thulemark, Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Human Geography.
    Synen på kompetens inom besöksnäringen – går det att anta ett holistiskt perspektiv?2022Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Palm, Kristina
    et al.
    Arbetsvetenskap vid Karlstad universitet.
    Vänje, Annika
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Att skapa ett inkluderande arbetsliv: En forskningsöversikt2022Report (Other academic)
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  • 38.
    Rydell, Alexis
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Storman, Elin
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Job retention schemes and its effect on working conditions: The case of the hospitality sector in Sweden2023Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Rydell, Alexis
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Storman, Elin
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Short-time Work, Redundancies, and Changing Work Environment: The Hospitality Sector During COVID-192023In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 13, no S10, p. 97-117Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on the restructurings that took place within the hospitality sector during the economic downturn caused by the pandemic. The aim of this article is to examine how STW (short-time work) schemes and redundancies affected the psychosocial work environment. The data material consists primarily of 36 interviews with employees and managers from three hotels in Sweden that implemented STW schemes, where some employees were also made redundant. The results show that during the rather long period of government restrictions, radical shifts in hotel occupancy rates, and implemented STW schemes, the work environment changed in terms of employees’ perceptions of job (in)security; workload and work extension; time and financial structures; and workplace relations. Further, the results illustrate how hotel employees’ perceptions of the psychosocial work environment shifted over the course of the pandemic.

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  • 40. Sjöberg Forssberg, Karin
    et al.
    Vänje, Annika
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science. Division for Ergonomics, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm.
    Parding, Karolina
    Bringing in gender perspectives on systematic occupational safety and health management2022In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 152, p. 105776-105776, article id 105776Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article suggests that theories of gender should be considered central concerning the future development of systematic occupational safety and health management in theory and practice. Despite extensive research and legislation, there are still considerable shortcomings in working conditions which indicates difficulties in the implementation of systematic occupational safety and health management. In this article, we address the need for critical analysis that complements more traditional research focusing on health or management. The overall aim is to examine and explain systematic occupational safety and health management in gender-segregated work environments in Sweden, based on theories of doing gender in work organisations. A qualitative methodological approach is used, which includes thematically analysed interviews with inspectors and managers at the Swedish Work Environment Authority. By using a gender-critical analysis several examples of how gendered norms and values complicate and constrain systematic occupational safety and health management are identified. The results pinpoint that these norms and values indirectly contribute to circumscribe essential preconditions for systematic occupational safety and health management procedures and risk leading to difficulties in creating safe and healthy work cultures.

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  • 41.
    Storman, Elin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Att förflyttas utanför lönearbetets gränser: en studie om ofrivillig arbetsförlust i hotellsektorn under pandemin2023Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vad händer när en anställd förflyttats utanför lönearbetets gränser, det vill säga från att varai en anställning till att ofrivilligt bli av med arbetet? Vi närmar oss frågan genom att fokusera på arbetsförlusters individuella konsekvenser samt omställningsstödets betydelse för övergången till ny sysselsättning. Studien bygger på 28 semistrukturerade intervjuer med uppsagda inom hotellsektorn under Covid-19 pandemin, samt 18 intervjuer med chefer, representanter från omställningsorganisationer, arbetstagar- och arbetsgivarorganisationer. Analysen är pågående och resultat kommer att presenteras på konferensen.

    De preliminära resultaten visar dock att uppsägningarna, i kombination med användning av korttidspermitteringar (inledningsvis i pandemin var även uppsagda under uppsägningstid korttidspermitterade inom hotellsektorn), bidrog till ett abrupt avslut av anställningen. Avslutet med få arbetsdagar under uppsägningstiden skapade en utmanande situation vilket medförde en snabb omställning till en vardag som arbetssökande. Konsekvenser som uppstod för de uppsagda inkluderade försämrad ekonomi, hälsa och välmående samt oro inför framtiden. Uppsägningarna upplevdes dock inte enbart negativt utan också, för vissa uppsagda, bidrog till möjligheter genom till exempel aktiv karriärplanering i form av utbildning eller nytt arbete. De uppsagdas ekonomiska situation och livssituation inverkade på hur konsekvenserna upplevts.

    De preliminära resultaten visar också en diskrepans mellan objektiv och subjektiv kompetens där det externa stödet varit viktigt i att översätta kompetensen från en kontext till en annan vilket varit en bidragande faktor till att överbrygga friktionsarbetslöshet. Avslutningsvis indikerar resultaten olika typer av barriärer i tillgången till omställningsstödet som erbjudits via omställningsorganisationerna och hur stödet upplevts har skiljt sig åt mellan de uppsagda.

  • 42.
    Storman, Elin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science. Karlstad universitet.
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Consequences of job loss and the role of transition support: Experiences from the Swedish hospitality sector during the pandemic2023Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Storman, Elin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Korttidsarbete, uppsägningar och förändrad arbetsmiljö i hotellnäringen under pandemin2022Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 44.
    Vänje, Annika
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Kvinnor som förändringsagenter?: Om den framtida ideala arbetsmiljön vid ett byggföretag2022In: Framtidens arbetsliv: Arbetsvillkor och arbetsmiljö / [ed] Palm, Kristina & Ivarsson, Lars, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2022, 1, p. 189-216Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Vänje, Annika
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Holgersson, Charlotte
    Kungl tekniska högskolan.
    Gullvåg Holter, Oystein
    University of Oslo, Norway.
    Lindgren, Monica
    Kungl tekniska högskolan.
    Packendorff, Johann
    Kungl tekniska högskolan.
    Snickare, Lotta
    Kungl tekniska högskolan.
    Wahl, Anna
    Kungl tekniska högskolan.
    Williamson, Sue
    UNSW Canberra, Australia.
    Men in focus: exploring homosocial cultures and sexual harassment in organizations2023In: Marginalized gender identities: how can intellectual activism transform work and organization?, Stellenbosch, Cape Town, South Africa, 2023Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Vänje, Annika
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Sjöberg Forssberg, Karin
    Kungl tekniska högskolan.
    Genusmedvetet arbetsmiljöarbete: lärande nätverk för kommunal sektor2021Report (Other academic)
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