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  • 1.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Agonism på vita duken2022Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Baghdad in my Shadow (2019): A political thriller in a multireligious Europe. Gender Emancipation and Fundamentalism in a Fictive Iraqi Diaspora Community in London2022In: Journal of Religion, Media and Digital Culture, ISSN 2165-9214, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 149-170Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents the Swiss-Iraqi director Samir Jamal Aldin and his thriller Baghdad in My Shadow (2019) and puts it into a context of the re-negotiation of identities in a culturally diverse Europe. The director’s intention is presented as a wish to deal with taboo issues related to gay rights, women’s emancipation, and religious fundamentalism within an Iraqi community in contemporary London.

    The film is analysed with the help of (1) theories analysing tensions between liberal-secular and religious-fundamentalist standpoints, and (2) theories about film viewers’ engagement, amplifying audiences’ emotions and thoughts about complex societal issues.

    The film could be said to advocate a standpoint of dynamic secularism promoting individual rights. The article argues, furthermore, that Samir as a Swiss-Iraqi filmmaker encourages thick viewing through his thriller format and invites the audience to a deeper emotional and intellectual understanding of liberal principles, honour culture, and hybrid identity positions in contemporary Europe.

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  • 3.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Baghdad in my Shadow (2019): A political thriller in a multireligious Europe. Gender emancipation and fundamentalism in a fictive Iraqi diaspora community in London2021Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract 

    The new millennium's migration movements have created increasingly pluralistic European societies, displaying a high level of both religious and ethnic diversity (Castles et al. 2014, Pew Research Center 2017, Furseth et al. 2019, Illman, Martikainen & Nynäs 2018, Körs 2018, Axelson & Stier, 2020). Scholars from different fields describe how tensions in culturally diverse societies are played out and how different groups with religious and secular world views are sometimes in dialogue, sometimes in conflict (Lundby 2018, De Kadt 2018, Pratt 2018, Göndör 2017).

    Also, film directors get themselves engaged in these issues and try to capture how life looks in the age of migration (Castles, Haas & Miller 2014, Trifonova 2020). One of the more recent and interesting films on this topic was made by a Swiss-Iraqi director Samir Jamal Aldin. The director presented his film Baghdad in my Shadow (2019) at the international film festival in Locarno, Switzerland, in August 2019. In this fiction film, the director invites us to a group of people with a multicultural background, rooted in various geographical areas, embodying a mixed cultural heritage, including religious traditions of different kinds. In a thriller format, he describes a family story with roots in Saddam Hussain’s Iraq during the 1980s and the 1990s, loosely based on his own Iraqi background. 

    The aim is to analyse Baghdad in my Shadow (2019) through theoretical perspectives on the re-negotiation of identities and migrant experiences in contemporary, multi-religious Europe. The director address charged matters and discusses issues related to tensions between diverse identity positions within a migrant family in a minority community. He shows characters taking on liberal gay rights and female emancipative positions as well as characters leaning towards traditional gender roles anchored in socio-centric world views. He also shows generational tension between secularized Muslim identities in the elderly generation in struggle with young relatives attracted to conservative Salafism.

    The aim is furthermore to analyze audiovisual storytelling through theories on media as framing and amplifying complex issues in contemporary society, including religious affiliations. I will especially dwell on aspects on storytelling’s capacity to engage its audience through emotional engagement. Finally I will also tap in to the film’s capacity to stir up emotions in real-life dialogue between the director and the film’s audience, exemplified by situations taking place during the screening of the film at Malmö Arab Film Festival (MAFF) on 9th of October 2020.

  • 4.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Baghdad in my Shadow (2019): Film, migration och nya identiteter i ett multireligiöst Europa2022In: Den nya människan: Om mänsklighetens ständiga strävan att omskapa sig själv / [ed] Axelson, Tomas & Hylén, Torsten, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2022, 1, p. 151-174Chapter in book (Refereed)
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  • 5.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Book Review: Dissertation Linnea Jensdotter. Religion and politics in hybrid media spaces : An analysis of comments on news about The Green Party, The Christian Democrats and the Swedish Democrats on Facebook.2022In: Nordic Journal of Religion and Society, ISSN 0809-7291, E-ISSN 1890-7008, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 61-63Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Book Review for Linnea Jensdotter: Religion och politik i hybrida mediemiljöer. En analys av kommentarer till nyheter om Miljöpartiet, Kristdemokraterna och Sverigedemokraterna på Facebook. Diss. Uppsala : Uppsala universitet.2022In: Nordic Journal of Religion and Society, ISSN 0809-7291, E-ISSN 1890-7008, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 61-63Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Förord: Att besöka ett av världens svåraste konfliktområden - Jerusalem - och försöka tolka och förstå människors motstridiga berättelser2023In: Jerusalem - en väv av berättelser: Tio resenärers möten med en konfliktfylld plats / [ed] Gull Törnegren, Maria Deldén och Mikael Berg, Borlänge: Förlags AB Björnen , 2023, 1, p. 7-13Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 8.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Ja till yttrandefrihet innebär inte moralisk rätt att förödmjuka2022In: Dala-Demokraten, ISSN 1403-9303, article id 2022-04-29Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 9.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Muslimer på vita duken.: Från fientliga stereotyper till nyfikenhet och nyansrikedom2024In: Gudsbilder i förändring / [ed] Axelson, Tomas, Essunger, Maria, Nausner, Michael och Wigorts Yngvesson, Susanne, Stockholm: Verbum Akademisk, 2024Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Muslimer på film har en lång historia fylld av stereotypa klichéer utifrån ett i huvudsak fientligt och fördomsfullt berättande. Det finns dock tecken på att filmskildringar bryter ny mark och skapar nya berättelser och förändrade bilder av muslimsk religiositet (Alhassen2018, Petersen 2021b, Axelson 2022). Det huvudsakliga intresset i följande kapitel ägnas åt ett antal filmer som lagt stor möda på att inte trampa på i en upplöjd fåra av islamfientlighet. I denna del behandlas filmer som Cecil B. DeMilles skildring av Mose liv i The Ten Commandments (1956), Ridley Scotts hantering av korsfarartiden i Kingdom of Heaven (2005), den mauretanska regissören Abderrahmane Sissako och hans berättelse om jihadismens inbrytande i Timbuktu (2014) och slutligen den svenske regissören Tarik Salehs uppmärksammade film Boy from Heaven (2022) om konflikter mellan sekulära och religiösa makteliter i dagens Egypten. Kapitlet syftar ytterst sett till att lyfta fram filmberättande som bidrar till nyansrikedom i skildringar av muslimsk tro på film, dvs, filmer som bidrar till det som journalisten och medieforskaren Maytha Alhassen kallar cultural change, “to challenge hegemonic cultural narratives and hopefully also change behavior” (2018; 45).

  • 10.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Perceived ambivalence of Muslims in public space through a cinematic lens2022Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Perceived ambivalence of Muslims in public space through a cinematic lens 

     

    Research lately displays existing ambivalence towards the phenomenon of religion and increased diversity of convictions. Signs of heated worldview conflicts especially between political and religious discourses are more and more discussed among scholars related to gender equality, liberal rights, security, cultural heritage, and secularism. In media debates a general anti-religious secularistic discourse is detectable as well as a long tradition of anti-Arab sentiments in movies, expressed as hostile notions of Islam and Muslims as perceived threats to modern society and secular liberal values. Also, scriptwriters and directors are engaged in these topics. In this paper I want to discuss how religious and liberal-secular worldview conflicts are played lately in fictional formats such as tv-series like Kalifat (2020) or movies like Baghdad in My Shadow (2019) or Kingdom of Heaven (2005). Through audiovisual storytelling theories of mediatization can be illustrated as well as used as theoretical concepts for analysis of fiction as vehicle for amplification of emotions in contemporary society. The paper will relate to the overarching topic of how a public may apprehend Islam/Muslims in a stereotypical manner but also how fiction could be used to increase more nuanced imagery of Muslim positions. 

  • 11.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Pious protagonists: Using the screen to expand images of Muslim faith beyond the dichotomy of "good" and "bad"2023In: Media kultura komunikacja spolecna, ISSN 1734-3801, no 19, p. 9-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes how movies have been reproducing a pejorative and stereotypical storytelling regarding Muslims and Arabs for more than a century, mainly along a narrow-minded dichotomy between “bad” fanatic religious extremists or “good” non-religious secularized Muslims. The aim has moreover been to explore alternative storytelling combined with applying a model to discuss emotional engagement among movie goers. The conclusion is that mainstream movie culture is still indebted to stereotypical images of Islam/Muslims. But things are changing. More nuanced storytelling has been taking place lately, giving room for a broader spectrum of Muslim religious identity positions, including examples of religious wisdom and spiritual integrity, offering the audience imagery beyond the stereotypical “good” and “bad” dichotomy. Looking outside Hollywood and European mainstream films, new voices are heard, making way for a larger spectrum of positions.

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  • 12.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Religion och medier2022In: Sociologiska perspektiv på religion i Sverige / [ed] Mia Lövheim & Magdalena Nordin, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2022, 2, p. 155-175Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Religions and Emotions: Religious identities in fiction and emotional engagement2022Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Religious identities in fiction and emotional engagement 

    Media research lately displays existing ambivalence towards the phenomenon of religion. In media debates general anti-religious secularistic discourses are detectable as well as an antimuslim discourses. Fictional characters involved in religious activities are often depicted through stereotypical perceptions of religious identities and especially so characters of Muslim tradition. Scriptwriters and filmmakers who struggle to depict a wide range of Muslim identities in contemporary society must deal with a long tradition of anti-Arab sentiments in Hollywood movies, expressed as persisting notions of Muslims as perceived threats to modern society and liberal values, often in line with the infamous idea of a clash between civilizations. In this presentation I discuss how fiction formats are used to display a wider range of religious identities, through movies such as On God’s and Men (2010) or Baghdad in My Shadow (2019). Through audiovisual storytelling, theories of mediatization are illustrated, as well as used as theoretical concepts for analysis of fiction as a vehicle for amplification of emotions on heated topics. 

  • 14.
    Axelson, Tomas
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Deldén, Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Teacher Education, Educational Work.
    Axelson, Tomas (Editor)
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    “Disagreeing well together”: Konfliktorienterad tolerans i praktik och teori2021Report (Other academic)
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  • 15.
    Axelson, Tomas
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Hylén, TorstenDalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Den nya människan: Om mänsklighetens ständiga strävan att omskapa sig själv2022Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Bellhem, Wilma
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    ”Han kommer återigen att vilja veta vad jag har för tankar om Gud, och om jag då inte vet vad jag ska säga blir han bara oförskämd”: En dialogisk och kritisk hermeneutisk analys av religiösa inslag och Kafkas religiösa vacklan i Förvandlingen (1912)2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This literature study examines religious elements in Franz Kafka’s The Metamorphosis through the grid of Kafka’s diaries and letters. The purpose is to, based on a dialogic narrative analysis and critical hermeneutics, investigate whether there is any relationship between the religious elements in the novel and Kafka’s personal attitude to religion as described in his diaries and letters. The study opposes the essentialist understanding of Kafka as a prophet of Jewish religion and instead intends to present a more complex picture of The Metamorphosis and Kafka’s own attitude to religion where his writing was a method for him to make his world more understandable.

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  • 17.
    Deldén, Maria
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Teacher Education, Educational Work.
    Törnegren, Gull
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Inledning: Jerusalem: Möten, berättelser och platser som nycklar till lärande2023In: Jerusalem – en väv av berättelser: Tio resenärers möten med en konfliktfylld plats / [ed] Gull Törnegren, Maria Deldén och Mikael Berg, Borlänge: Förlags AB Björnen , 2023, p. 14-24Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 18.
    Frisk, Liselotte
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    The Narrative of Ma Anand Sheela: Charisma and institutionalization in the Osho movement2021In: Nova Religio, ISSN 1092-6690, E-ISSN 1541-8480, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 41-57Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Hylén, Torsten
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    En ny människa och en ny stat: Apokalyptiska föreställningar i Islamiska statens propaganda2022In: Den nya människan: Om mänsklighetens ständiga strävan att omskapa sig själv / [ed] Tomas Axelson och Torsten Hylén, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2022, p. 127-150Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien visar hur Islamiska statens (IS) propaganda under 2010-talets mitt var fylld av föreställningar om tidens slut. Ett av IS-kalifatets främsta syften var att bereda vägen för den yttersta tiden, och den enskilda människan uppmanades att välja vilken sida hon eller han ville stå på när Guds dom faller över världen. I artikeln lyfts IS tanke om den rättrogna muslimens främlingskap i världen fram: genom att ta ställning för det sanna islam och ”migrera” till kalifatet i både mental och fysisk mening, skulle främlingskapet upphävas och människans liv bli äkta.

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  • 20.
    Hylén, Torsten
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Muhammad och migrationen till Abessinien: Källor och metoder2022In: DIN: tidsskrift for religion og kultur, ISSN 1501-9934, E-ISSN 2387-6735, no 2, p. 103-132Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The question about how much we can know about Muhammad as an historical person has engaged historians of Islam for a long time and created fierce debate. In Swedish or other Nordic languages not much has been written about this research and the related debates. In the present study, I want to draw attention to some of the international research and point at some of the sources and methods used to understand the earliest history of Islam. I have chosen to analyse the tradition about Muhammad’s sending of his companions to Abyssinia to help them escape from the persecution of the non-Muslims there. Two types of sources are analysed. Some versions of the Abyssinian migration from various biographies about Muhammad are discussed. The earliest of these can be dated to the turn of the eighth century CE; about 70–80 years after the events described. During this time, the stories about the Prophet would probably have been shaped by the interests of the later community, and we cannot be sure that they relate a historical reality. Therefore, this material is supplemented in the present study, by a ḥadīth which only in passing refers to the Abyssinian migration, but which manifests a less flattering side of the relationship between the migrants and those Muslims who stayed in Mecca. Thus, it can be concluded that it confirms that the migration actually took place.

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  • 21.
    Hylén, Torsten
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    The First Muslims in Africa?: Sources and Methods regarding the Hijra to Abyssinia2022In: Africa as Method: A Handbook of Sources and Epistemologies / [ed] Karin Pallaver and Uoldelul Dirar, London: Springer, 2022Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    According to Muslim tradition, the Prophet Muḥammad sent some of his followers to Abyssinia to escape from the persecution that he and his community experienced in Mecca. This first hijra (Arabic for “emigration”) is the first recorded instance of Muslims in Africa, and has become a story of great importance for many African Muslims, even today. The tradition relates how the Negus (the king) of Abyssinia received the Muslim emigrants well. The story is related, or alluded to, in two categories of sources that claim to describe the life of Muḥammad: the biographies of his life, and some of the ḥadīths, i.e. legal traditions said to record his sayings and doings. Modern scholars have debated to what extent these sources can be used in the study of the history of the Prophet; their positions range from total scepticism to more or less uncritical acceptance of the sources. In this study, samples of sources regarding the migration to Abyssinia are investigated, one from each of the above-mentioned categories: a letter and an oral tradition describing the early work of the Prophet, purportedly transmitted by the traditionist ‘Urwa ibn al-Zubayr (d. 713), and a ḥadīth about tensions between the migrants to Abyssinia and those who remained in Mecca. The conclusion is that there is reason to believe that the Abyssinian migration actually took place, although details, such as the dealings between the migrants and the Negus, are probably later additions to the story.

  • 22.
    Hylén, Torsten
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    The Karbala Story and Early Shi'ite Identity2024Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper is a summary of some of the ideas from a book that will be published at Edinburgh University Press in 2025. As the time for this presentation was limited, I have skipped all the dense textual analyses that make up the core of the book, and just shared the main theoretical framework and some of the main conclusions.

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  • 23.
    Hylén, Torsten
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Three Times Karbalāʾ: Comparing Early Accounts of the Death of al-Ḥusayn2022Conference paper (Refereed)
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  • 24.
    Hylén, Torsten
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Vāqeʿeh-ye ʿĀshūrā: Taḥlīlī Sākhtār-gerāyāneh az “Derām-e Karbalā” be Gozāresh-e Ṭabarī2022 (ed. 2)Book (Other academic)
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    sammanfattning
  • 25.
    Hylén, Torsten
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Är religionen en biljardboll?2023In: Religion och livsfrågor, ISSN 0347-2159, Vol. 52, no 2, p. 4-5Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 26.
    Lundgren, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Sexualitet och kön.: En diskursanalys av två läromedel i religionskunskap för gymnasiet.2022Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to perform a discourse analysis to see how authors for textbooks in religious studies for upper secondary school may or may not create stereotypes in relation to gender and sexuality and whether the discourses work together for inclusion or exclusion. The study shows that stereotypical discourses about gender emerge in both books, but still show that teaching materials are changing. The sexual discourse presented that it is important with sex and the authors could both uses charged concepts in relation to sexuality presenting as good and bad without giving specific explanations. Here the power is given to those who are considered “good” at sex but not those who are considered “bad” at sex. The Western woman also stood above the foreign-born and the male discourse was as clear, even though the authors contributed with counter-discourses presenting a more balanced approach. The two books that was used for this study was written in different times, 2013 and 2020. This may explain why the discourses look different and it can also give an explanation to why the book that was written year 2020 had more counter-discourses where norm-critical approach was more visible. However, there were norms presented and groups that were outside these norms in both teaching materials. This includes, for example, those who are "outside" the biological sex but also transgender people.

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  • 27.
    Nilsson, Sanja
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Kids of Knutby: Living in and Leaving the Swedish Filadelfia Congregation2023 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book tells the story of the children and youth of the charismatic new religious commune Knutby Filadelfia in Sweden. It recounts the history of the congregation, which started out as a part of the Swedish Pentecostalmovement in 1921. In the 1990s, it developed into a new religion, when the congregations female pastor embraced the role of the Bride of Christ. The congregation became widely known in 2004 when one of its members was murdered by another member, the latter claiming to have been acting on orders from God. In 2018, the congregation dissolved after a few years of internal crisis. Sanja Nilsson provides rich empirical analysis of archival material and interviews with the congregations children and youth. The young informants personal perspectives on their own childhoods encompass narratives from their time inside the congregation, when they identified as members of a stigmatizedminority religion, aswell as from the time after the dissolution of the group, when they identified asdefectors from what they came to view as a sectarian milieu. This work offers a comprehensive insight into the Knutby Filadelfia congregation, a group, that although notoriously charted by the media, has been hitherto unexplored by academics. It adds to the growing field of studies concerned with childhoods within new religions and expounds the dynamics of the defection process from the rarely applied perspective of children and youth themselves.

  • 28.
    Nilsson, Sanja
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies. Gothenburg University.
    Kids of Knutby. Living in and Leaving the Swedish Knutby Filadelfia Congregation2024Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Nilsson, Sanja
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies. Gothenburg University.
    Kingdom Center: Christian Cowboys in the South of Sweden2023Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Nilsson, Sanja
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Frisk, Liselotte
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    The Plymouth Brethren Christian Church in Sweden: Child Rearing and Schooling2021In: The Journal of CESNUR, ISSN 2532-2990, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 135-160Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The authors have published another article, based on the same empirical material (Frisk and Nilsson 2018). This article will give an in-depth “thick description” of child rearing and schooling in the Plymouth Brethren Christian Church in Sweden. The first part of the article is based on interviews with children and young people in the group conducted in 2014 and 2015, and focuses on Brethren identity and socialization. The second part of the article discusses the Labora School, a non- confessional free school which was established by a group of Brethren parents and business owners in 2007. This part of the article also reflects the public debate about confessional and non-confessional free schools in Sweden. The Labora school has been criticized by both the Swedish Schools Inspectorate and the media. This section of the article is based mainly on official school inspection documents and media material. Since writing this article, the Labora School changed its name in 2019, to One School Global Nyby Campus, and is affiliated to One School Global, the Brethren schools worldwide (One School Global 2020). The third part of the article deals with parents’ and children’s experiences of the school, again using interview material.

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  • 31.
    Nilsson, Sanja
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Åkerbäck, Peter
    New Religious Movements and New Age Spirituality2024In: The Study of Religion in Sweden: Past, Present and Future / [ed] Henrik Bogdan & Göran Larsson, London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2024, p. 129-140Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Rodin, Therese
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    ”Du öppnade mina ögon som på en valp och du gjorde mig till människa”: Hur lärare formade elever till ’civiliserade människor’ i det forntida Babylonien2022In: Den nya människan: Om mänsklighetens ständiga strävan att omskapa sig själv / [ed] Tomas Axelson och Torsten Hylén, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2022, p. 13-40Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Selvén, Sebastian
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Before the Bible2022In: Journal of theological studies, ISSN 0022-5185, E-ISSN 1477-4607, Vol. 72, no 2, p. 929-932Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Sjöström Boholm, Veronica
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Religionskunskapsundervisning med spelfilm som pedagogiskt verktyg.: En kvalitativ fallstudie om fem religionskunskapslärares ämnesdidaktiska val i etikundervisningen i gymnasieskolan2022Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Spelfilm som medium är populärt och används allt oftare iundervisningssammanhang. Följande uppsats undersöker hur fem yrkesverksammagymnasielärare tillämpat spelfilm som pedagogiskt verktyg i etikundervisningen ireligionskunskap. Informanterna har valts ut utifrån sin profession ochämneserfarenhet.Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur religionskunskapslärare arbetar medetikundervisning i relation till spelfilm som pedagogiskt verktyg. Studienundersöker lärarnas ämnesdidaktiska val samt möjligheter och/eller begränsningarmed spelfilm i undervisningskontext. Följande forskningsfrågor ämnas besvaras.Varför väljer lärarna att tillämpa spelfilm i etikundervisningen och vilkakompetenser vill de att eleverna ska uppnå? Hur beskriver och motiverar lärarnasina arbetssätt med spelfilm i sin etikundervisning? Vad berättar lärarna om attanvända spelfilm i etikundervisningen utifrån både möjligheter och utmaningar?Empirin som studien grundar sig på har samlats in genom kvalitativ metod medsemistrukturerade kvalitativa forskningsintervjuer. Studiens resultat visar lärarnasolika arbetssätt vilka inkluderar etiska dilemman, muntliga och skriftligadiskussioner och övningar samt normativa teorier. Genom olika val av spelfilmarbetar lärarna både med etiska dilemman, etisk analys och som motivation tillelevernas förståelse och reflektion. Film kan, enligt lärarna, väcka känslor samtidigtsom det finns en distans till den fiktiva historien och rollkaraktärerna vilket beskrivssom en fördel eftersom eleverna då inte behöver utgå ifrån sig själva vilket skullekunna vara utlämnande.Utmaningar med spelfilm är att det kan vara tidskrävande både att visa film ocharbeta utifrån den men också att hitta lämpliga filmer eftersom det måste göras medeftertanke, enligt lärarna. Resultatet visar att lärarna arbetar med spelfilm sompedagogiskt verktyg både på lika och olika sätt. En önskvärd kompetens somframträder i alla lärarnas svar är att eleverna ska uppnå förståelse. Den teoretiskareferensramen som utgör grunden för analysen av studiens resultat utgår ifrån fyraeftersträvansvärda etiska kompetenser utifrån Christina Osbeck, Olof Franck,Annika Lilja och Karin Sporres forskning: moralisk känslighet, moraliskt omdöme,moralisk motivation och moraliskt genomförande. Ytterligare två önskvärdakompetenser kan identifieras i lärarnas utsagor utifrån uppsatsens teoretiskareferensram. Att inta en annan ståndpunkt samt att eleverna känner motivation.Dessa finns inte explicit i ämnesplanen för religionskunskap och skulle därmedkunna ses som en implicit etikutbildning.

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  • 35.
    Törnegren, Gull
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    I skuggan av en utopi: Judiska identitter och meningsskapande i en jerusalemitisk kvinnas liv2022In: Den nya människan: Om mänsklighetens ständiga strävan att omskapa sig själv / [ed] Axelson, Tomas & Torsten Hylén, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2022, 1, p. 99-124Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Törnegren, Gull
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Jerusalem – en väv av stora och små berättelser2023In: Jerusalem – en väv av berättelser: Tio resenärers möten med en konfliktfylld plats / [ed] Gull Törnegren, Maria Deldén och Mikael Berg, Borlänge: Förlags AB Björnen , 2023, p. 26-48Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 37.
    Törnegren, Gull
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Vem är du, vem är jag och hur kan jag värdera när våra världar möts?2023In: Acta Didactica Norden, E-ISSN 2535-8219, Vol. 17, no 2, article id 7Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 38.
    Törnegren, Gull
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Deldén, MariaDalarna University, School of Teacher Education, Educational Work.Berg, MikaelDalarna University, School of Teacher Education, Educational Work.
    Jerusalem – en väv av berättelser: Tio resenärers möten med en konfliktfylld plats2023Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under en vecka i augusti 2022 reste vi en grupp lärare och lärarstudenter från Högskolan Dalarna till Jerusalem, den stad som är en helig plats för tre av världens stora religioner: kristendom, judendom och islam och utgjort centrum för återkommande politiska konflikter. Det här är en bok om berättelsers kraft att forma och omforma människors liv.

    Vi visste från våra tidigare studier att berättelser har en unik potential att skapa identiteter, världsbilder, moraliska övertygelser och människors syn på varandra. När vi nu samlades i Jerusalem bar var och en av oss med sin egen berättelse om och relation till staden. Dessa bilder var något som vi alla var beredda att sätta på spel. Genom att gå på besök i andras berättelser tillät vi oss att erfara hur livet i staden framträder ur skiftande perspektiv. Vi utvecklade en alltmer mångfasetterad, motstridig men också nyanserad bild av platsen och dess människor.

    I denna essäsamling framträder tio olika bilder av den resa som vi företog tillsammans. Vi rör oss mellan bilder från gatulivet i Jerusalem, möten med armenisk-kristna palestinier, unga israeler som tagit avstånd från att tjänstgöra i armén och berättelser om de judiska kvarteren. Här finns reflektioner från besök vid stadens heliga platser och om att stå framför den mur som reser sig som en grå betongvägg vid infarten från Jerusalem till Betlehem. Genom dessa berättelser vill vi dela med oss av våra skiftande erfarenheter som vi menar kan bidra till en mångfasetterad undervisning i religion och historia.

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  • 39.
    Visuri, Ingela
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Completing the circle: How cognitive perspectives can revitalize the study of religion and education2021Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The history of education is intertwined with the history of psychology, and influential thinkers such as Johann Herbart, William James, John Dewey, Jean Piaget and Jerome Bruner employed psychological perspectives when developing their ideas on knowledge and learning. This connection however appears to be weak in contemporary studies on religion and education, despite the expansive progress seen in both psychology and the cognitive sciences. This paper introduces areas where cognitive perspectives can be useful in developing a broader understanding of religion and education. Such gains both pertain to the theoretical understanding of how to develop religious literacy among pupils and students, as well as didactic aspects of the work conducted in classrooms. The ideas presented in the paper are centered around ‘learning by doing’, the role of emotions in enhancing memory, narrative didactics, and how experiences support the understanding of others and may bridge between pupils with differing identities. By involving cognitive perspectives, we can complement the understanding of the ‘what’ and the ‘how’ with comprehension of ‘why’ certain topics and methods provide more profound insights and learning outcomes than others.

  • 40.
    Visuri, Ingela
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Döden i klassrummet: Nya villkor för mötet mellan ’sekulära’ och ’religiösa’ elever2021In: Den nya människan / [ed] Tomas Axelsson och Torsten Hylén, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2021, p. 179-190Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I detta kapitel utforskas krocken mellan reflekterade tankar och oreflekterade intuitioner om vad som händer med våra sinnen när vi dör. Syftet är att belysa samtal om döden som en konstruktiv mötesplats där elever med sekulär respektive religiös identitet kan mötas i religionskunskapsundervisningen, och begreppet *sekulär litteracitet* föreslås här som ett analytiskt komplement till *religiös litteracitet.* I den första delen av kapitlet presenteras tidigare kognitionsvetenskaplig religionsforskning om människans (o)förmåga att föreställa sig sinnenas upphörande efter döden. I den andra delen av kapitlet sammanförs den kognitionsvetenskapliga forskning som presenterats med en religionsdidaktisk diskussion kring varför och hur mänskliga intuitioner om sinnets fortlevnad efter döden kan tas till vara i religionskunskapsundervisningen.

  • 41.
    Visuri, Ingela
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Experience as a path towards supernatural beliefs: The role of occulture among younger generations2023Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this presentation, I will address a glitch that has been largely overlooked in the study of religious cognition; namely cross-generational differences in the attribution of non-ordinary powers. Contemporary popular culture is permeated by magical and occult narratives, and Christopher Partridge argues that such ”occulture” has become ordinary among younger generations. While occult narratives may not be labelled as spiritual or religious, they yet appear to function as existential anchors in secularized contexts. Empirical examples are provided from a study on supernatural and parasocial relations among young adults on the autism spectrum, who are using the term ”supernatural” to make sense of anomalous experiences. Such experiences moreover seem to provide a path towards non-empirical beliefs in a sample that grew up highly secularized Sweden. 

  • 42.
    Visuri, Ingela
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    How God Becomes Real: Kindling the Presence of Invisible Others, by Tanya Luhrmann.2021In: Journal for the Cognitive Science of Religion, ISSN 2049-7555, E-ISSN 2049-7563, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 123-126Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Visuri, Ingela
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Religious experience among young, autistic adults2022In: Autism and Religious Experience: Theory and Practice / [ed] Saša Horvat & Tanja Horvat, Zagreb: Grafomark , 2022, p. 101-121Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter takes its departure in interviews with 17 young adults (16-21 years old), who are all diagnosed with autism (type 1) and who describe themselves as religious and/or spiritual. According to the naturalness hypothesis of religion, supernatural beliefs are underpinned by an intuitive propensity for mentalization. But what about autistic individuals who find mentalization difficult? The aim was to explore how these individuals – who all struggle to grasp social communication in their everyday lives – come to form intimate relationships with invisible, supernatural beings. The findings suggest that the absence of physical bodies facilitates mentalization, as autistic individuals often are challenged in decoding non-verbal, embodied language. Instead, the participants describe interpretation of emotions as key to understanding what their supernatural partners have in mind. Another finding concerns the fact that most of the participants grew up in families with secular worldviews, and their path towards developing supernatural interpretations seems to be mediated through anomalous experiences, rather than social learning or philosophical reasoning. While the study does not reveal to what extent autistic individuals generally are attracted to invisible agency and magical narratives, it illustrates that supernatural dimensions are central for the participants in this study, and that such beliefs support them in making sense of unusual experiences and to cope with difficulties in their everyday lives.

  • 44.
    Visuri, Ingela
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    What happens after death?: Cognitive perspectives on secular complexity and religion education in Sweden2022Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is often described as a highly secularized country, but we know little of the actual worldviews among youths in Swedish classrooms. The overarching aim of the quantitative study presented in this paper is to investigate ambiguous positions concerning supernatural beliefs among young Swedes, and to consider educational implications of these. The results highlight a central conclusion in the cognitive science of religion, namely that self-declared beliefs are not always aligned with people’s actual thoughts and experiences. These results provide Swedish RE-teachers with interesting opportunities for creating a space where pupils with secular and religious self-images can meet for existential discussions; thus, allowing pupils to use their personal experiences to better understand peers with other worldviews. The term *secular literacy* is moreover introduced to highlight the necessity of studying both secularity and religiosity as complex constructs, to avoid reinforcing the notion of an “Us” and a “Them”.

  • 45.
    Visuri, Ingela
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Rimondini, Andreas
    Brulin, Joel Gruneaun
    Vad händer efter döden?: En religionsdidaktisk omförhandling utifrån unga ’sekulära’ svenskars ambivalens kring det övernaturliga2023In: Acta Didactica Norden, E-ISSN 2535-8219, Vol. 17, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 46.
    Visuri, Ingela
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Ståhle, Göran
    Södertörns Högskola.
    The psychology of religion: Experiential dimensions2022In: Bloomsbury Religion in North America: Theory and Method: The Basics / [ed] Bradley Herling, Bloomsbury Academic, 2022Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we will look into some commonly used methods and theories in the psychology of religion. This research field dates back to the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries, when scholars such as Stanley Hall and William James directed attention toward the role of religious experiences and their relation to human nature. Such experiences are focused on here, and as we will see, there are various ways of approaching the interaction between psychology, religion, culture, embodiment, and cognition. This article provides examples of both qualitative and quantitative methods commonly used in the field, and the pros and cons these bring about. We will also examine some prominent schools of thought that differ in their approach to religion and psychology: cultural psychology, clinical psychology, and the cognitive science of religion. While some of these scholars emphasize the role of culture, others center the role of internal, psychological processes. In some cases, the role of embodied practices and collective emotions are seen as crucial for the understanding of religiosity, and in other cases, individual traits are highlighted. This variety of approaches makes up a kaleidoscope of perspectives on the complex and fascinating ways in which religion and psychology interact, and how the outcome of such processes differs between various cultures and contexts.

  • 47.
    Wennbergen, Pontus
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Den ambivalenta YHVH Elohim: En kvalitativ queerteoretisk innehållsanalys av den judiska Shechinan2024Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study strives to make visible patriarchal and queer-theoretical qualities within Jewish mysticism. This through an investigation of the Shekinah’s relationship with God within the holy scripture - the Zohar. In the focus of the study, the textual source - the Song of Songs - has been used as a basis, where a passionate and loving relationship between God and his Shekinah emerges. The study will also present a broad investigation of the historical background to Jewish mysticism with a focus on the feminine aspect of God - the Shekinah. In order to make this relationship visible, a qualitative text analytical method has been used, with which text extracts have been collected and broken down and analyzed through a queertheoretical framework. The result and the analysis came to be able to demonstrate how King David can be seen as a symbol of femininity through the relationship that arises in Malkhut. Also, how the Shekinah can be seen acting "in disguise" to hide a homoerotic relationship within the Tree of Life. As well as how the gender aspect of the heavenly intercourse consolidates heteronormative relationships and roles, which at the same time demonstrates queer leakage in the form of norm violations.

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  • 48.
    Wide, Jessica
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Sociology.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    Axelson, Tomas (Editor)
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Religious Studies.
    En vision om barns jämlika hälsa, trygghet och lärande: Utvärdering av Borlänge kommuns utvecklingsarbete Tvärprofessionella team HTL Pilotskolor 2019-20212021Report (Other academic)
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