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  • 1.
    Alvarez López, Laura
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    Jon-And, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese. Stockholms universitet.
    Lexical and morphosyntactic features of a lexically driven in-group code2017In: Journal of Pidgin and Creole languages ( Print), ISSN 0920-9034, E-ISSN 1569-9870, Vol. 32, no 1, 75-103 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present paper focuses on the speech of a rural Afro-Brazilian community called Cafundó, situated 150 km from São Paulo. In 1978, when linguistic data were collected, the community constituted approximately eighty individuals, descendants of two slave women who inherited their owners’ proprieties. According to earlier studies, when the inhabitants of Cafundó spoke in their supposed ‘African language,’ Cupópia, they used structures borrowed from Portuguese and a vocabulary of possible African origin. A lexical analysis shows that the etymologies match historical and demographical data, indicating that speakers of varieties of Kimbundu, Kikongo and Umbundu dominated in the community. Through a morphosyntactic analysis, specific features were found in the data, such as copula absence and variable agreement patterns. By showing that some of Cupópia’s specific grammatical features are not derived from the Portuguese spoken by the same speakers but are instead shared with more restructured varieties, this paper defends the hypothesis that this lexically driven in-group code is not simply a regional variety of Portuguese with a number of African-derived words.

  • 2.
    Edfeldt, Chatarina
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Challenging Normativity: Fan fiction writing on the Internet2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fandom culture is a subculture that have emerged and developed explosively on the internet during the last decades. Fans are engaged in a participatory culture and creating their own films, translations, fiction, fan art and role play. Their work is based on familiar popular culture creations like books, television-series, anime, manga stories and games. In this paper I will focus on fan fiction, one of these subculture genres.

    Previous studies have concluded that fan fiction activity on the internet, as a highly interactive and creative culture, have a very positive effect on participating individuals, concerning issues of identity formation as well as their development of language and social skills. In self created fan fiction communities the participants read, write, give constructive comments and tutor on one another’s stories. These stories can be engaged in filling gaps in the original story, explaining what happened before or after, developing or explaining original characters and much more. In these communities the participants have also developed an impressive new range of genres and concepts to describe and categorize their new texts.

    In my presentation I will focus my literary analysis mainly on two of these subgenres that focus directly on representations of gender and available subject positions in society.

    These subgenres are slash, same sex romantic pairings between two characters who are heterosexual in the original story, and gender-bender, where the original character changes sex. From a re-writing perspective fan fiction - where young people re-stage their favorite characters in new settings and plots - can be analyzed as an expression of testing out new subject positions within human relations, as well as trying out different sexual identities. Using an intersectional (gender, class, sexuality and ethnicity) research perspective I will discuss how their literary characters relate to the hetero-normative discourse which dictates identity construction in society.

  • 3.
    Edfeldt, Chatarina
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    “De ‘lésbicas’ a ‘nazi-feministas’: Política, ódio e contrafeminismo na era da Internet2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [pt]

    Denominar e difamar sempre foram estratégias correntes na resistência contra as mulheres que, tal como as Três Marias, se atrevem a levantar a voz no discurso público e a reivindicar direitos igualitários. A denominação, ao conotar especificidades identitárias como o aspecto físico e/ou a sexualidade, tem sido um veículo eficaz para exercer violência simbólica sobre as mulheres, envergonhando, intimidando e desacreditando-as, e para as remeter ao silêncio. Assim as mulheres transgressoras da primeira vaga eram consideradas "doentes histéricas" e "masculinizadas" e as da segunda vaga, como as Três Marias, “prostitutas” e “lésbicas ".

    Nesta intervenção, faço o levantamento de formas actuais dessa estratégia e da política de contrafeminismo, referindo o exemplo sueco atual para discutir um fenómeno global e transnacional recente, i.e., a prática de ódio nas redes sociais. De que modo a Internet permite que indivíduos e/ou grupos, com raízes nas ideologias de extrema-direita e invocando a liberdade de expressão, de novo ameacem e aterrorizem estas mulheres? Qual é a lógica discursiva desses grupos: denominar as feministas contemporâneas de “nazi-feministas”? Como lutar contra essa violenta expressão de ódio que, em última instância, pode constituir uma ameaça séria ao nosso sistema democrático?        

  • 4.
    Edfeldt, Chatarina
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    De “mulheres masculinizadas e histéricas” a “nazi-feministas”: Reflexão sobre o discurso de ódio e de contrafeminismo na Internet2017In: Cadernos de Literatura Comparada, ISSN 2183-2242, no 35Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Edfeldt, Chatarina
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Literature Crossing Borders: Gender and Circulation of Lusophone Literature into the Swedish Book Market2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent literary studies aspiring to revitalize the research area of World Literature have included a research scope that emphasize the importance of understanding how literature travels across borders, for example; what are the (uneven) geopolitical and materialistic (center and peripheries) conditions for one literature to be translated into, and to circulate in another literary system? One strand of these studies focuses on investigating the role of cultural and literary mediators, both on an institutional as well as on an individual level. Most of the paradigmatic studies in this field up to now have not fostered a gender-conscious perspective. My paper will consider some of these questions while researching how Lusophone literature (of the last two decades) has migrated through translation into the Swedish book market. The aim is to map out and examine this literary migration, as well as to provide some thoughts on its theoretical framework through the lens of gender.    

  • 6.
    Edfeldt, Chatarina
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    “My Father was Colonialism”: Gender and Transcultural Memory in Isabela Figueiredo’s Caderno de Memórias Coloniais2014In: List of Abstracts for Conference Transcultural Identity Constructions in a Changing World Dalarna University, Sweden, April 2-4, 2014, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2014, 7-8 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Various aspects of traumatic pasts of the Portuguese colonial experience, the colonial wars, and the Portuguese leaving Africa after the independence of Portugal’s former colonies in 1975 have been addressed in writings since 1980s. But, it is only very recently that the Portuguese generation born in Africa in the 1960s, as white colonisers, and then forced to leave their country in their teens have transformed their childhood memories and experiences of the colonial “collapse” into artistic expression. In her book, written in memoir form, Caderno de Memórias Coloniais, Isabela Figueiredo (2010) uses her childhood memories of the social landscapes of Mozambique and family relations to radically denounce racism, sexism and an unequal society. From a gender and postcolonial viewpoint, this paper will analyse Figueiredo’s memoirs as an expression of transcultural memory, defined as a cultural exchange remembered across nations and cultures, and as an individual memory representative of a collective experience. Following, in particular, how the text inscribes and represents symbolic and physical violence against native women incorporated in the colonial ideology of Lusotropicalism, I will argue, that Figueiredo’s text highlights how this ideology not only inscribed itself in African women’s bodies, but also entered into the little white colonial girl, described in the text. As a representation of transcultural memories, the text also shows the importance of the colonial experience and Africa, in the postcolonial Portuguese cultural and social identity of today.

  • 7.
    Edfeldt, Chatarina
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Portuguese Women Writers of the Early 20th Century as Transnational Literary and Cultural Mediators2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1905, the writer, publicist and cultural figure Ana de Castro Osório sent a copy of her book Às Mulheres Portuguesas (considered to be the first Portuguese Feminist Manifest) to a friend and colleague in Sweden with this dedication: “provando-lhe a minha admiração e eterna estima e denunciando ao seu espírito os grandes males do meu país”. The friend was Göran Björkman, a highly prominent figure within the Swedish cultural establishment; special advisor on the Romance languages to the Nobel Committee on literature; and a main translator of these languages into Swedish. The correspondence that took place between them (from 1900-1920) reveals a dialogue exchanging ideas on Portuguese literature and culture. This is one example of how a women writer from the early 20th century functioned as a transnational literary mediator promoting Portuguese culture across national borders. 

    Recent literary studies aspiring to revitalize the research areas of literary history and criticism have made a so-called “transcultural turn”: an attempt to move away from the narrow scope of conceptualizing literature and authors within a national framework, and to view literary production more like a global and transcultural network of cultural exchange. One way of broadening the scope of literary history and production is to investigate and recognize the importance of cultural and literary mediators in the process of how literature has travelled across borders.

    Portuguese women writers of the early 20th century, due to gender politics, encountered obstacles to being recognized in the national canon formation, and this also affected the possibility of their literature being translated into other languages. This paper will revisit the archives to consider the role of these writers as important cultural and literary mediators, with examples from the cultural exchange between Portugal and Sweden. The aim of the paper is twofold: to provide examples of how these women writers - as literary and cultural mediators - contributed to the shaping of Portuguese culture; and also to contribute to a theoretical discussion that, through the lens of gender, broadens the perspective and scope of literary history production in order to achieve inclusiveness.

  • 8.
    Edfeldt, Chatarina
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Sororidade transnacional como acto político: A recepção das Novas Cartas Portuguesas na Suécia2014In: Novas Cartas Portuguesas:: Entre Portugal e o Mundo / [ed] Ana Luísa Amaral & Marinela Freitas, Lisboa: Publicações Dom Quixote , 2014, 1, 365-420 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Edfeldt, Chatarina
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Transnational sisterhood and New Portuguese Letters: Politics and critical reception in Sweden2015In: New Portuguese Letters to the World: International Reception / [ed] Ana Luísa Amaral, Ana Paula Ferreira and Marinela Freitas, Bern: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2015, 1, 121-154 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Edfeldt, Chatarina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Fjordevik, Anneli
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, German.
    Inose, Hiroko
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Japanese.
    Fan Culture: The Use of Informal Learning Environments by Dalarna University Language Students2014In: NGL 2014: Next Generation Learning Conference: Conference Summary / [ed] Erik Brunnert Walfridsson,, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna , 2014, 17-17 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Learning outside the academic institution, or affinity-based informal learning, has been studied by various scholars (e.g., Paul Gee and Henry Jenkins). One place where this type of learning can occur is in online participatory fan culture activities, where fans create, for example, works of literature, films, and translations, as well as comment on one another’s work and teach one another.

    In Sweden, very little research on fan culture as a place for collaborative learning has been conducted and existing research has mainly focused on high-school students (Olin-Scheller); therefore, our examination of fan culture activities and learning processes among university students will serve as in important contribution. The general purpose of our project is to find out more about informal learning activities that exist among our own students so that we can then apply that knowledge to our teaching and pedagogical methods as university teachers. We are interested to see how the practitioners themselves experience informal learning activities and how they benefit from these.

    As such, a two-step project was designed: first, a questionnaire was distributed to all students of ten language departments at Dalarna University (2432 students). The questionnaire contained questions about the level of awareness of online fan activities and the degree of student participation in these activities. The second part of the project comprised qualitative interviews (in the autumn of 2013) of some of the students who responded to the survey. Here, we examine the kind of fan culture activities that they are consuming and the reasons for their participation. As well, we examine whether they think they have developed any language, cultural, or other skills and knowledge through the communities. In our paper we present the results of this study.

  • 11.
    Edfeldt, Chatarina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Semiao, Mario
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Ecos transnacionais das Novas Cartas Portuguesas: Recepção crítica da obra na imprensa sueca2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [pt]

    A obra Novas Cartas Portuguesas tem-se destacado como paradigmática no espaço da literatura de expressão feminista, a nível nacional Português e internacional, pela sua multifacetada e corajosa narrativa de uma reivindicação total de direitos humanos. Nesta obra, as três Marias, denunciam por um lado toda a política das relações sociais de poder e de normatividade da época e, por outro lado, exploram e destacam novos caminhos duma possível sexualidade feminina ainda não expressada explicitamente na sociedade. Neste sentido, reúnem-se às escritoras, por exemplo escandinavas, da onda transnacional ocidental de segunda geração de feministas, a reivindicar a liberdade sexual das mulheres.

    Neste processo, a narrativa das Novas Cartas Portuguesas ganha ainda mais impacto como precursora por abordar artisticamente um leque de questões teóricas feministas que, só posteriormente na década 80, seriam tratados na Academia. Outro mérito do livro, que se revela evidente com o tempo, é o seu carácter pós-moderno que inova o género literário. Ou seja, pela hibridez de géneros literários e um sujeito de enunciação não identificável.

    A tradução sueca da obra saiu em 1976 e aborda-se nesta comunicação um levantamento da recepção crítica da obra na imprensa sueca da época. Na sequência da caracterização da obra, esboçada em cima, analisaremos as recensões de imprensa com o objectivo de contextualizar a temática e o impacto das Novas Cartas Portuguesas na sociedade sueca da década 70. Além disso, coloca-se a obra em diálogo com algumas obras feministas da época nos Países Escandinavos.    

     

  • 12.
    Eriksson, Karin
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    O uso do pretérito perfeito e imperfeito em português como língua segunda na Universidade de Dalarna, Suécia.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study aims at studying the way students of Portuguese as a second language at the University of Dalarna in Sweden handle two of the past forms, that is, the preterite and the imperfect, in texts written freely and in what grammatical contexts the errors, if any, are committed. The study also takes into consideration to what extent the students use, or do not use, of adverbs of time and/or temporal expressions when constructing sentences/phrases with the preterite or the imperfect.

    In a summary way I present how the studies in Portuguese as a second language at the University of Dalarna are organized and I also, briefly, discuss the concept of "aspect". In the part about methodology is shown how the present study, which is partly quantitative, partly qualitative, is constructed. After a short discussion regarding some conceptual definitions, a short overview of the most important traits in some earlier studies about studying a second language is given and I also present some authors’ theses about the use of the preterite and the imperfect in Portuguese as a second language, as well as the use or non-use of adverbs of time.

    In part three of the study the results are presented; results which show that the students at the University of Dalarna handle the two forms in a skilful way but errors do occur. The majority of the errors are committed in the following contexts: a) the preterite: completed action in the past and b) the imperfect: frequency or habit. In the other two contexts studied, namely imperfect: past action of a certain duration and imperfect: two simultaneous actions, the amount of errors is very low.

    Regarding the use of adverbs of time, a tendency, however a bit vague, can be observed. The students who produce correct sentences with the preterite and the imperfect, show a more frequent use of temporal adverbs and expressions than those students who commit mistakes when using the above mentioned verb forms.

    The errors committed are discussed in the qualitative part of the essay, and in the fourth and last part of the essay I present some final comments.

  • 13.
    Farren, Robert
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    O objecto directo anafórico no português europeu: Um estudo variacionista e sincrónico sobre dados de fala dos anos 1970 a 19742017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [pt]

    Investigamos as formas do objecto directo anafórico de terceira pessoa no português europeu numa perspectiva variacionista e quantitativa, seguindo de perto o modelo metodológico laboviano da pesquisadora brasileira Maria Eugênia Duarte (1989). Como ponto de partida, apresentam-se cinco formas pronominais e nominais que se sabe existirem nas variedades mundiais do português: (i) o clítico acusativo, (ii) o objecto nulo, (iii) o pronome demonstrativo, (iv) o sintagma nominal pleno, e (v) o pronome lexical ou pronome atono em função acusativa. Quantificamos o uso dessas formas numa amostra de dados reais de língua falada. O clítico acusativo é a variante mais empregada. O objecto nulo averigua-se estar em emprego corrente. O pronome lexical não se encontra em uso. Comparamos essa situação com os resultados de estudos prévios do Brasil e da Angola. A variedade europeia parece a mais conservadora e a brasileira a mais sujeita à mudança linguística. O português angolano ocupa uma posição intermédia, embora mais aproximada à variedade europeia.

    Investigamos o condicionamento pelos factores sociais sexo, idade e nível de escolaridade. Os clíticos, os demonstrativos e dos sintagmas nominais registam um aumento na frequência de uso em proporção directa com o nível de escolaridade, enquanto a frequência do objecto nulo diminui marcadamente em proporção inversa à escolaridade. Sugerimos que esta situação seja devido à imposição de normas prescritivas no contexto da educação nacional.

  • 14.
    Fjordevik, Anneli
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, German.
    Inose, Hiroko
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Japanese.
    Edfeldt, Chatarina
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    What do they learn, why do they learn? A study on university students' participation in fan activities2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    At the Dalarna University (Sweden), which is specialized in online education, there has been a three-year research project called “Informal Learning Environment”, which explored the educational aspects of fan activities and possible ways to apply them in foreign language and literature courses. One part of the project was a study, conducted in two stages. First, an online questionnaire survey on the language student’s awareness about online fan activities, as well as their participation in those, was carried out. In the second stage, seven students that were actively participating in various fan activities were interviewed. The interviews examined the qualitative aspects of the participants’ involvement in fan communities with four different question areas: In what kind of fan activities do they participate?; Why do they participate, and what makes participation attractive to them?; What kind of knowledge and skills (such as language or cultural or other skills) do they think they have developed through participation?; and do they think it is possible to apply this mechanism of informal learning to the university courses? We also asked whether they see any connection between informal learning in the fan communities and their learning at university / college.During the project (which includes the actual application of some fan activities to the courses), various educational elements of fan activities have become clear. In this proposed paper we do the final analysis of the aforementioned study with a focus on the curiosity and playfulness that we could see in this informal learning. Based on the interviews, we will analyze the motivation / mechanism for the intensive learning processes that seem to take place outside the classroom.

  • 15.
    Gilsenan Nordin, Irene
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Edfeldt, Chatarina
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Hu, Lung-Lung
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Chinese.
    Jonsson, Herbert
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Japanese.
    Leblanc, André
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, French.
    Introduction: Transcultural Identity Constructions in a Changing World2016In: Transcultural Identity Constructions in a Changing World / [ed] Irene Gilsenan Nordin, Chatarina Edfeldt, Lung-Lung Hu, Herbert Jonsson, André Leblanc, Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2016, 11-20 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the phenomenon of transculturality has existed as long as human culture, the increased speed of movement and communication worldwide has made it impossible to ignore in any aspect of cultural studies. In a society where changes were slow and foreign influences were few, an illusion of culture as homogeneous and static may have been easy to uphold, but in today’s ever-increasing flux of cultural change, the perspective of transculturality is more satisfactory in understanding human identity constructions. Compared with concepts such as interculturality, multiculturality, or hybridity, which all may have some relevance for describing cultural encounters, but which often presuppose the notion of cultural essentialism, the concept of transculturality has the advantage of recognising change and diversity, rather than focusing on boundaries or differences.

  • 16.
    Gilsenan Nordin, Irene
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Edfeldt, ChatarinaDalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.Hu, Lung-LungDalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Chinese.Jonsson, HerbertDalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Japanese.Leblanc, AndréDalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, French.
    Transcultural Identity Constructions in a Changing World2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This volume takes a broad outlook on the concept of transculturality. Contributions from 19 authors and specialists, of almost as many diverse origins, grapple with this concept, each in their own way. How can transculturality be described? How can it help us understand our world? Many of the chapters deal with literary texts, others with the stories told in movies, drama, and visual art. There are texts about the complexity of the European Burqa-Ban debate, the negative aspects of Portuguese multiculturalism, or the border-crossing experiences of Filipino immigrants in Ireland. Several chapters examine stereotypes, the idea of movement, the dissolution of cultural borders, or the nature of bilingual writing. It is a unique contribution to the field, on a virtually global scale.

  • 17.
    Inose, Hiroko
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Japanese.
    Edfeldt, Chatarina
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Fjordevik, Anneli
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, German.
    Fan Culture as an Informal Learning Environment: Presentation of a NGL project2012In: NGL 2012 NEXT GENERATION LEARNING CONFERENCE February 21–23, 2012 Falun, Sweden : CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna , 2012, 105-112 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fan culture is a subculture that has developed explosively on the internet over the last decades. Fans are creating their own films, translations, fiction, fan art, blogs, role play and also various forms that are all based on familiar popular culture creations like TV-series, bestsellers, anime, manga stories and games. In our project, we analyze two of these subculture genres, fan fiction and scanlation.

    Amateurs, and sometimes professional writers, create new stories by adapting and developing existing storylines and characters from the original. In this way, a "network" of texts occurs, and writers step into an intertextual dialogue with established writers such as JK Rowling (Harry Potter) and Stephanie Meyer (Twilight). Literary reception and creation then merge into a rich reciprocal creative activity which includes comments and feedback from the participators in the community.

    The critical attitude of the fans regarding quality and the frustration at waiting for the official translation of manga books led to the development of scanlation, which is an amateur translation of manga distributed on the internet. 

    Today, young internet users get involved in conceptual discussions of intertextuality and narrative structures through fan activity. In the case of scanlation, the scanlators practice the skills and techniques of translating in an informal environment. This phenomenon of participatory culture has been observed by scholars and it is concluded that they contribute to the development of a student’s literacy and foreign language skills. Furthermore, there is no doubt that the fandom related to Japanese cultural products such as manga, anime and videogames is one of the strong motives for foreign students to start learning Japanese.

    This is something to take into pedagogical consideration when we develop web-based courses. Fan fiction and fan culture make it ​​possible to have an intensive transcultural dialogue between participators throughout the world and is of great interest when studying the interaction between formal and informal learning that puts the student in focus

  • 18.
    Jon-And, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese. Stockholms universitet.
    Tendências comuns na marcação de plural at variedades africanas and brasileiras do português2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Jon-And, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese. Stockholms universitet.
    Tendências universais na marcação de plural at variedades africanas and brasileiras do português2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Jon-And, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese. Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för spanska, portugisiska och latinamerikastudier.
    Variação, contato e mudança linguística em Moçambique e Cabo Verde: A concordância variável de número em sintagmas nominais do português2011Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates variable noun phrase number agreement (VNA) in two second language varieties of Portuguese, spoken in Maputo, Mozambique and in Mindelo, Cape Verde. Quantitative VARBRUL analysis is carried out based on recordings made in Maputo and Mindelo 2007 and 2008.

    Previous quantitative studies on VNA in varieties of Brazilian Portuguese (Guy, 1981; Lopes, 2001; Andrade, 2003) as well as on VNA in first and second language varieties of Portuguese from São Tomé (Baxter, 2004; Figueiredo, 2008, 2010) indicate contact between Portuguese and African languages as the main origin of this phenomenon. VNA in Brazilian Portuguese is, however, interpreted by Scherre (1988) and Naro & Scherre (1993, 2007) as the result of language internal drift.

    Varieties of Portuguese from Mozambique and Cape Verde are particularly interesting to contrast in order to investigate influences from African languages on VNA, as in Mozambique Bantu languages are first languages of the vast majority of Portuguese speakers, whereas in Cape Verde, practically all Portuguese speakers are first language speakers of Cape Verdean Creole, whose substrates are West African, and not Bantu, languages. Comparison is also made with previous studies from Brazil and São Tomé.

    The results of this study comment previously postulated explanations for VNA in Portuguese in various ways. The analysis of the variables onset age and age stratum indicates that VNA in the analyzed varieties is a phenomenon linked to the acquisition of Portuguese as a second language and/or language contact rather than the result of internal drift. The fact that all the compared varieties tend to mark plural on pre-head components contradicts Bantu transfer as an explanation for this pattern, and raises the need to also consider more general explanations based on language contact. The basic structural similarity between the compared varieties suggests the existence of a grammatical restructuring continuum.

  • 21.
    Jon-And, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese. Stockholms universitet.
    Aguilar, Elliot
    Modeling language change triggered by language shift2016In: The Evolution of Language: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference (EVOLANG11) / [ed] S.G. Roberts, C. Cuskley, L. McCrohon, L. Barceló-Coblijn, O. Fehér & T. Verhoef, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Jon-And, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese. Stockholms universitet.
    Aguilar, Elliot
    City University of New York.
    Modelling contact-induced language change in Angolan Portuguese2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we present a model for simulating language change in an expanding speech population using evolutionary game theory, in order to comment on earlier assumptions about linguistic transmission and change in language shift situations. It has largely been assumed that when a group shifts from one language to another, first generation second language (L2) speakers introduce the changes that are stabilized in the second generation of first language (L1) speakers (Fishman 1991: 9; Thomason and Kaufman 1988). Our empirical point of departure is the ongoing language shift from Bantu languages to Portuguese in Angola, which has occurred mainly after independence in 1974. We believe that a realistic model for linguistic innovation and spread needs to include transmission within generations as well as between them and should consider interaction between L1 and L2 varieties. Our computational model attempts to simulate the growth of the Portuguese speaking population in Angola since 1974, as well as the introduction and spread of a possibly contact related linguistic variant (using omission of preposition in locative phrases as an example). The population grows by recruitment of L2 speakers and birth of L1 speakers. For the linguistic feature the simulation starts with the original variant fixed. We add the probability of some individuals introducing the new variant and then allow individuals to interact and update their probabilities of using one variant or the other. By varying the weight for different kinds of interactions and population growth rates for L1 and L2 speakers, the simulation enables us to formalize hypotheses concerning the conditions required for the spread of the new linguistic variant. The outcomes of the simulations will later be compared to data from Cabinda in northern Angola that will be collected in June 2014.

    Preliminary results indicate that at least one of the following two conditions needs to be fulfilled for a variant introduced by L2 speakers to spread: (i) recruitment rate of L2 speakers exceeds birth rate for L1 speakers; (ii) L1 speakers are equally influenced by interactions with L2 and L1 speakers. If birth rate of L1 speakers exceeds recruitment rate for L2 speakers and L1 speakers are less influenced by interaction with L2 speakers than with L1 speakers, the new variant does not spread in the population.

  • 23.
    Jon-And, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese. Stockholms universitet.
    Parkvall, Mikael
    Stockholms universitet.
    Funcke, Alexander
    University of Pennsylvania.
    Word Length and word frequency in pidgins and creoles2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Jon-And, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese. Stockholms universitet.
    Álvarez, Laura
    Stockholms universtet.
    A Cupópia: características gramaticais and lexicais de uma afro-variedade do português no Brasi2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Jon-And, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese. Stockholms universitet.
    Álvarez, Laura
    Stockholms universitet.
    A linguagem do Cafundó: caracterização de uma afro-variedade do português2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Jon-And, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese. Stockholms universitet.
    Álvarez, Laura
    Stockholms universitet.
    Afro-Brazilian Cupópia: language contact, lexically-driven deliberate change and its grammatical outcomes2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Lentina, Alda Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    A catástrofe pós-colonial: ler António Lobo Antunes «à rebours»2014In: / [ed] Maria Graciete Besse et Mònica Güel, Paris, 2014, no 15Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [fr]

    Le roman As Naus (Le retour des Caravelles) d’António Lobo Antunes propose une révision du passé historique portugais, en offrant une relecture de la Révolution du 25 avril 1974 comme événement traumatique et catastrophique. En effet, sur fond de guerre et de décolonisation africaine, l’auteur nous transmet une vision dysphorique du contexte révolutionnaire portugais, ceci en adoptant le point de vue des « retornados », ex-colons fuyant l’Afrique, revenant vers la mère Patrie : le Portugal. Nous assistons ainsi à une « navigation à contre-courant », celle où les « héros de jadis », relégués aux marges de la société portugaise, se transforment en personnages nomadiques et « border-line ». Dans ces conditions, l’espace des marges représente « l’envers du décor » de la société portugaise, un monde sens dessus dessous, où règnent la sauvagerie et l’abjection. C’est à travers ces motifs apocalyptiques que l’auteur touche à l’un des fondements de l’identité portugaise, à savoir, celle d’une grande Nation au centre d’un Empire.

  • 28.
    Lentina, Alda Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    A "Outra História" de Agustina2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [pt]

    A escrita de Agustina Bessa-Luís está profundamente marcada pelo “trabalho intertextual”, uma forma de “contestação das grandes narrativas” ligada à “condição pós-moderna do saber” (Lyotard). Assim, a contínua relação de leitura/des-leitura crítica, ambivalente e paródica patente nos seus romances historiográficos, revela certos “conflitos de memória” (Pomian), denunciando ao mesmo tempo uma visão da História como “política do passado” (Hutcheon) “situada do lado da doxa” (Veyne) e cujo discurso reproduz uma ideologia do “mesmo”. Estes elementos constituem a base do questionamento e da “desconstrução” (Derrida) da imagem da Nação que nos propomos analisar na nossa comunicação.

  • 29.
    Lentina, Alda Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    A Quinta-Essência de Agustina Bessa-Luís : l’Asie portugaise2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [fr]

    Dans A Quinta Essência Agustina Bessa-Luís nous propose une lecture originale de l’Histoire portugaise postcoloniale, en réinvestissant les thèmes de l’interculturel et de la rencontre avec l’Autre. En effet, dans le contexte trouble d’avril 1974, le personnage de José Carlos Pessanha s’expatrie vers l’Orient, en particulier vers Macao, l’une des dernières colonies orientales de l’Empire colonial portugais. Or, la particularité de ce périple de redécouverte de l’Orient est qu’il fait coïncider la destinée d’un personnage en quête de soi avec celle d’un pays se questionnant encore sur sa propre identité. Ainsi, dans ce voyage à rebours dans l’Histoire luso-orientale, l’auteure dessine le visage d’une Nation-Empire tiraillée à la fois entre le désir d’incarner cette « supériorité génétique de l’Occident » et une fascination pour la culture de l’Autre, signe d’un « excès d’altérité » (B. de Sousa Santos) dans l’identité portugaise. Macao, terre de l’entre-deux et de la circulation interculturelle, sera le terrain propice et emblématique à l’expression de la position « ambivalente et hybride » (colonisateur/colonisé) du Portugal en Occident.

  • 30.
    Lentina, Alda Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Agustina Bessa-Luís et la "con-fusion des genres"2016In: Iberical, ISSN 2260-2534, Vol. 9, 103-112 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [fr]

    Résumé :

    Cette étude cherche à déconstruire l’idée selon laquelle, dans l’œuvre de l’auteure Agustina Bessa-Luís, une caractérisation forte des personnages féminins conduit nécessairement à un effacement et à une absence de figures masculines fortes, ceci afin de démontrer que, la zone d’ombre dans laquelle ces hommes s’inscrivent, est symptomatique de ce que l’auteure définit comme le « refus d’un destin » au masculin. En effet, en dépeignant des personnages masculins fuyants et « borderline », l’auteure révèle chez ses personnages de papier un trouble dans le genre, lié à une « désorientation » résolument queer.  

    Mots-clés : Subversion/déconstruction, identités de genre, l’un/l’autre, Dandysme, queer.

  • 31.
    Lentina, Alda Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Agustina Bessa-Luís ou une poétique du féminin: (Agustina Bessa-Luís or a female poetics)2015In: Estudios Románicos, ISSN 0210-4911, E-ISSN 1989-614X, Vol. 24, 19-32 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this work is to analyse some of the main elements that constitute the originality and singularity of the literary production of the Portuguese writer Agustina Bessa-Luís, in order to reveal it's connection with an « écriture-femme ». The analyse of some historiographical metafictions which, by defenition, have a close link with canonic historical texts, allows us to understand that her narratives tend to a certain form of unreading of those texts, creating other texts and images of the past, inherent to the construction of a "Herstory". This characteristic writing in Agustina Bessa-Luís narratives reveals a female poetics expressing the recognition of female experience and gives also back History, and Literature, to women.

  • 32.
    Lentina, Alda Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    As Novas Cartas Portuguesas ou uma nova cartografia do feminino2016In: Cadernos de Literatura Comparada, ISSN 1645-1112, Vol. 12, no 35, 279-294 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [pt]

    Se, nas Novas Cartas Portuguesas «a mulher continua, metafisicamente, a ser sinónimo de “carne” ou seja, “um corpo sem alma”, sendo, por isso, a antítese da razão inerente ao sexo masculino» (M. Mascarenhas Simosas), existe no entanto, por parte das autoras, uma vontade clara de problematizar e ultrapassar esta situação secular regressando a este corpo «that matters» (J. Butler). A multiplicidade das vozes e experiências femininas presentes na obra, delineia um projecto político que impõe a “materialidade” do corpo feminino ao «Escrever o corpo, falar do desejo feminino, [...], como se [...] fosse necessário [as mulheres] cartografar[em]-se [...]» (P. Morais Cunha) para dar “corpo” à sua voz. Transformado em motor e território da escrita, o corpo feminino faz «da escrita o corpus de um corpo “não monarquizado”» (H. Cixous) ligando o acto da escrita ao conceito de “escrita-mulher” (B. Didier). Assim, o que está em jogo é a passagem de uma “feminilidade informe” (J. Butler), cujo corpo foi “castrado e eufemizado” (G. Greer), a um “empowerment”, perturbante e transgressor. Este movimento questiona a visão de um eterno feminino imposto pela sociedade patriarcal e valorizado pelo regime salazarista. Ao falarem de um «corpo mutante» (E. Dorlin), auto-erótico e ciente dos seus desejos, capaz de experimentar e exprimir uma verdadeira libertação do corpo feminino, As Novas Cartas Portuguesas fazem da mulher o sujeito de um «corpo não [...] adormecido» (Maria Isabel Barreno e al), cuja presença e expressão «histeriza[m] o espaço social» (H. Cixous) provocando uma “r-evolução”.

  • 33.
    Lentina, Alda Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Breviário do Brasil de Agustina Bessa-Luís: uma Poética da Relação2017In: XXVI Congresso Internacional da ABRAPLIP “Ensino e pesquisa da literatura portuguesa no Brasil e no mundo”, realizado na Universidade Federal do Paraná (UFPR), em Curitiba (BRASIL), entre os dias 02 e 06 de outubro de 2017., 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [pt]

    Propomo-nos analisar o diário de viagem, Breviário do Brasil (1991), no qual a autora portuguesa, Agustina Bessa-Luís, explora as relações Luso-brasileiras. Uma relação que, segundo Anamaria Filizola, se constrói entre “ressentimento/fascínio” e “o que nos aproxima” e na qual a literatura desempenha um papel preponderante para “preencher os silêncios”, reativando a memória do passado e revelando um conhecimento partilhado. O nosso trabalho tentará abordar este diário de viagem à luz das ideias desenvolvidas por Edourad Glissant com o conceito de “poética da relação”, enquadrando-o também no que Gisele Sapiro e Pascale Casanova, entre outros, definem como uma “Literatura-mundo”.

  • 34.
    Lentina, Alda Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Cláudia Campos : images et états de femmes2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [fr]

    Dans cette étude, nous nous proposons d’aborder le roman de Cláudia de Campos, intitulé Elle (1898), traduction de lui/il en français, et dans lequel paradoxalement l’auteure semble plutôt s’intéresser aux multiples visages et destinées « d’elles au pluriel » qu’aux personnages masculins annoncés par le titre.  

    De manière remarquable, la romancière parachève ici une illustration des différentes possibilités d’existence offertes aux femmes au XIXème siècle. Ainsi, son roman pourrait servir d’illustration aux différents « états de femmes[1] » structurant l’identité féminine dans les romans de la culture occidentale comme l’a démontré Natalie Heinich. À travers différents personnages féminins, parfois antagoniques, tels que son personnage principal, Cléo, a Viscondessa de Mello, et les filles de la famille Guedes, entre autres, l’auteure révèle comment s’articulent les configurations féminines et comment se structurent les passages d’une position/état à l’autre dans la société. En définitive, elle met à nu ce que M. Foucault qualifie de « champs des possibilités stratégiques[2] » offerts aux femmes par et dans la société portugaise au XIXème siècle.

    Par ce biais, l’œuvre de C. de Campos pose les jalons d’un questionnement de l’identité féminine dans le Portugal fin-de-siècle, annonçant, d’ores et déjà, des voix féministes telles que celle d’Ana de Castro Osório qui proclame une décennie plus tard : “O homem português não está habituado a deparar-se no caminho da vida com as mulheres suas iguais pelas ilustrações, suas companheiras de trabalho, suas colegas na vida pública; por isso as desconhece, as despreza por vezes, as teme quasi sempre.” (1905)

    [1]Nathalie Heinich, Etats de femmes, L’identité féminine dans la fiction occidentale, Gallimard, Paris, 1996.

    [2]Voir dans Les mots et les choses et dans l’archéologie du savoir p. 47.

  • 35.
    Lentina, Alda Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Les figurations du féminin chez Agustina Bessa-Luís2015In: Audaces et défigurations. Lectures de la romancière portugaise Agustina Bessa-Luis / [ed] Sorbonne Nouvelle -CREPAL, Sorbonne Nouvelle -CREPAL: Presses Sorbonne Nouvelle, 2015, Vol. 3, 139-148 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [fr]

    L’œuvre d’Agustina Bessa-Luís est profondément marquée par le féminin, engageant pour cela un réel questionnement identitaire. Il nous importera ici d’analyser dans quelle mesure l’auteure déconstruit l’image des femmes, pour réévaluer les modèles de féminité qui, de tout temps, leur ont été imposés. Ainsi, certaines figures féminines révèlent une forte adhésion à l’« idéal normatif » (J. Butler), produit d’une société machiste et hétéronormative. Par « mimétisme » (Irigaray), ces femmes reproduisent une mascarade de la féminité, une « performativité » jouant sur la beauté, la discrétion et la passivité, les inscrivant à leur place historique en tant qu’« objet du désir » masculin. Toutefois, il s’avère que cette « féminité fabriquée » est bien souvent désarticulée et « défigurée », par des vecteurs de résistance, dont l’enjeu principal est justement le corps féminin. En effet, d’autres modalités de figuration du féminin, essentiellement transgressives, sont mises en place à travers l’excès, la laideur, la virilisation. Ces manifestations transgressives deviennent un mode de contestation des identités fixes, définies par l’ordre établi, tout en proposant une autre manière d’être au monde, celle où s’inscrit cette « indépendance unique du corps sans oppression » (cf. O Mosteiro).

  • 36.
    Lentina, Alda Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Literatura e Diáspora portuguesa em França: a história de um “entre-deux”2017In: Actas del IV Congreso Internacional SEEPLU – Cartografías del Portugués Cáceres, 11-13 noviembre 2015, Carceres (Spain), 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [pt]

    A “literatura da diáspora portuguesa”, representada por autores como Olga Gonçalves, Maria Graciete Besse, Carlos Batista, Brigitte Paulino-Neto e, ultimamente, José Luís Peixoto, despertou, até estes últimos anos, muito pouco interesse certamente por razões ligadas ao facto de tal Literatura ser produzida por escritores recorrentemente definidos como representantes do “outro estranho” “tanto no país onde vivem como em Portugal” (Ana Paula Coutinho Mendes). No entanto, é porque as suas obras revelam desde já “uma dupla pertença”, uma duplicidade, que estas são capazes “de questionar e de reexaminar a identidade nacional, cultural e literária”. Com efeito, é através de modos narrativos e de pontos de vista diferentes (femininos/masculinos) que estes escritores expressam ao mesmo tempo o sofrimento provocado pelo exílio e o sentimento que o acompanha, o de “ser o outro”. Assim, paradoxalmente, encontramos nestes dois temas o que parece estar irremediavelmente ligado à identidade « histórica » portuguesa, isto é, a de um povo cuja imagem jamais é definida como o da Epopeia das Descobertas mas como o do “entre-deux” e da hibridez. Finalmente, estas representações e configurações identitárias não deixam de lembrar a « posição semi-periférica » (Boaventura de Sousa Santos) de Portugal na Europa, quer dizer um país marcado por uma posição intermediária e subalterna (G. Spivak).

  • 37.
    Lentina, Alda Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Maria Graciete Besse: das margens do exílio à exiliência no feminino2017In: Exiliance au féminin dans le monde lusophone (XXe-XXIe siècles) / [ed] Maria Graciete Besse ; Maria Araújo da Silva ; Ana Paula Coutinho ; Fátima Outeirinho, Paris: Editions Hispaniques , 2017Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [pt]

    Ao explorar as Representações da Diáspora Portuguesa do Século XX e, nomeadamente, os destinos de alguns escritores portugueses que se exilaram no estrangeiro, Ana Paula Coutinho Mendes estabelece uma diferença entre “os casos de exílios impostos pelas circunstâncias” sociais, políticas e culturais, e os de “exílio deliberado, voluntário”, que causaram o abandono do país natal. É de notar que para ilustrar o caso de “exílio deliberado”, ou mais precisamente de “auto-exílio”, a investigadora menciona maioritariamente autoras ou artistas femininas, por exemplo Maria G. Besse, Maria Gabriela Llansol ou ainda Vieira da Silva. Esta distinção aponta para uma tomada em conta da “feminização do movimento de migração”, aspecto sobre o qual poucos estudos, até muito recentemente, se debruçaram, e, em segundo lugar, vem sublinhar uma especificidade de género no movimento migratório português, pondo em causa o androcentrismo das ciências sociais e humanas que eleva o homem (e as suas preocupações) a nível de referente universal nos movimentos de e/imigração. Pois, como escreve Mirjana Morokvasic a propósito da marginalização da experiência exílica feminina: “Birds of passage are also Women…”. Essa estudiosa acrescenta que para as mulheres “migration is a move from a more oppressive […] to a less oppressive environment”, um movimento que prefigura “a rejection, conscious or unconscious of traditional female roles […].”

    À luz destas afirmações sobre o tema do auto-exílio feminino e da sua possível correlação com a recusa dos papéis ou estereótipos impostos às mulheres, propomo-nos desenvolver uma análise da obra ficcional de Maria G. Besse, atentando sobre a maneira como esta espelha os motivos/preocupações/frustrações ligados à condição feminina em Portugal. Assim, esforçar-nos-emos por revelar como, numa espécie de imbricação entre vida e obra, o ciclo ficcional da escritora transpõe o auto-exílio vivido nas experiências exílicas das suas personagens femininas, revelando “um desejo indelével de emancipação” para “escapar ao determinismo social da genealogia feminina” e, através disso, a escolha de um “não-lugar”, de uma “outra maneira de ser”, próprios da Exiliência.

     

  • 38.
    Lentina, Alda Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Mário de Sá Carneiro et les autres au féminin2017In: Paris, Mário de Sá Carneiro et les autres, Paris: Éditions Hispaniques , 2017Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [fr]

    Nous nous proposons d’étudier la représentation des femmes dans les poésies réunies dans Poemas Completos et dans le recueil de nouvelles Céu em fogo de Mário de Sá Carneiro, ceci afin de démontrer que les figures du féminin qui s’y inscrivent font écho à l’évolution de la condition féminine surgissant dans les espaces intellectuels et artistiques parisiens de l’époque. En effet, bien que l’œuvre de l’auteur soit fortement marquée par une écriture liée à un « éternel féminin », dont Eve et Salomé seraient les principaux stéréotypes, nous nous demanderons si l’expression récurrente d’une sensualité et d’un érotisme féminins, exacerbés et transgressifs, ne s’accordent pas avec un tournant essentiel pour la condition féminine du début du XXe siècle et dont les prémisses sont annoncés par les œuvres de Valentine de Saint-Point : Manifeste de la femme futuriste et Manifeste futuriste de la luxure.

  • 39.
    Lentina, Alda Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Nouvelles Lettres Portugaises: Mariana Alcoforado et ses avatars hystériques, lesbiens et nymphomaniaques2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [fr]

    La publication, en 1972,  de Nouvelles Lettres Portugaises provoque une véritable « onde de choc » dans le Portugal salazariste, ceci en raison du thème qui traverse l’ouvrage de part en part : la « vie intime (sexuelle) des femmes». Or, en se centrant sur les expériences les plus intimes des femmes, l’œuvre des « Trois Marias » s’attaque de plein fouet aux « grands mythes de la tradition misogyne » et aux « différentes formes de violence imposées aux femmes ». C’est, sans nul doute, en ce point que réside l’aspect le plus scandaleux et le plus polémique dans un Portugal encore sous l’emprise du Salazarisme. Pour cela, « Les Trois Marias » s’inspirent et réinvestissent les lettres de la nonne, Mariana Alcoforado, isolée dans son couvent de Beja, des lettres qui adressent une longue plainte mélancolique à celui qui l’a abandonnée, le chevalier de Chamilly. La folle passion de Mariana sera ainsi glosée et dédoublée, à travers l’invention d’autres lettres écrites à six mains, et dans lesquelles une longue liste de Marianas, Anas, Maria-Anas clament un “exercice du corps-passion.” (NCP, p 45) libéré du joug masculin, mais surtout « la revendication obsessive du corps comme premier champs de bataille ou la révolte se manifeste.» En effet, dans ces textes, corps et excès sont les maîtres mots, ces thèmes permettent d’inscrire des corps féminins auto-érotiques, hystériques, lesbiens ou nymphomanes, submergés par la violence du désir, la jouissance ou, plus précisément, touchés par une forme de dérèglements des sens ou de folie. Ces corps féminins indisciplinés sont pris d’une folle envie de jouir, débordant ainsi, peu à peu, des quadrillages mis en place par ce que Michel Foucauld définissait comme les « disciplines », participant à produire des « corps dociles».

  • 40.
    Lentina, Alda Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Novas Cartas Portuguesas: a vagina dentata das Três Marias2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [pt]

    Quando, em 1972, as Três Marias publicam Novas Cartas Portuguesas, este acontecimento provoca uma verdadeira “onda de choque” (Lamas), devido ao tema que as atravessa, ou seja a “vida íntima (sexual) das mulheres” (ibidem). Isto foi razão suficiente para que as autoras fossem imediatamente censuradas pelo regime Salazarista e acusadas de “pornografia e ofensa à moral pública”. Assim, alguns anos mais tarde, Maria de L. Pintassilgo afirma que existe “um excesso que não enquadra na normalidade [que] reside no facto de que as fronteiras entre o erotismo e a pornografia são ultrapassadas”, ao que acrescenta que há “uma reivindicação obsessiva do corpo como primeiro campo de batalha onde a revolta se manifesta”. Propomo-nos desenvolver estas afirmações e explorar a vertente transgressiva do texto, atentando para o tratamento transgressivo e queer dado ao corpo da mulher. Assim, um dos primeiros aspectos transgressivos da obra consiste numa ruptura com as “convenções de representação dominantes” em matéria de erotismo ou de pornografia, isto é a passagem do “ob/scene” (obsceno) ao “on/scene” da sexualidade feminina e que podemos qualificar de “prática da desordem”. A outra transgressão será a descrição repetida e concreta do corpo feminino, em particular, de partes mais íntimas da anatomia feminina: o seu sexo – um novo território a ser visto e explorado pela mulher.

  • 41.
    Lentina, Alda Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Três mulheres com máscara de ferro de Agustina Bessa-Luís: feminismo e subversão2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [pt]

    Propomo-nos analisar, à luz das teorias de género e Queer, um texto inédito de Agustina Bessa-Luís intitulado Três mulheres com máscara de ferro. A particularidade deste curto texto, sem indicação de género, reside no facto da autora retomar três personagens femininas emblemáticas da sua obra, Quina, Ema e Fanny, transformadas nas estátuas das três graças da Antiguidade, e que, ao retirarem as máscaras e retomarem vida, instauram um diálogo a três. O nosso propósito será mostrar em que medida este texto marca uma manifestação clara, por parte da autora, de um “feminismo subversivo” – problematizando os papéis de género e ultrapassando, a esse nível, o que Isabel Pires de Lima considera ser “cristalizações do feminino”.

  • 42.
    Pruth, Alex
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    A conversão de D. José Brandão de Castro: a ação social de mediadores religiosos na Diocese de Propriá2004Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation looked for to study the charisma of the religious mediator us " Movements of Christianity of Liberation " in the Diocese Sergipana of Propriá, during the decade from sixty to eighty. Centering our debate in the understanding of the social action, we have as main subject to understand the " poor " influence in the adoption of actions on the part of the mediators, in that public's favor, mainly in Fazenda Betume conflicts (1974) and of Santana dos Frades (1979). The hypotheses, we became pregnant that the mediators as D. José Brandão de Castro and the nun Maria Joana Hermínia exercised an important influence in the construction of the identity of the movements as CEBs, MEB and CPT in the area. Such influence was motivated by a conversion of the mediator D. Brandão, constituted starting from a relationship maintained between him and the members of the movements and proportionate for the critics and demands done by the popular ones. They resulted in actions in favor of the rural ones, what characterized the Church of Propriá as allied of the involved in the conflicts and no mere middleman. Before the collected material, we made use of the Analysis of Content using the poor " term " as analysis category, complemented by interviews done to members of the mentioned movements. Esta dissertação buscou estudar o carisma do mediador religioso nos “Movimentos de Cristianismo de Libertação” na Diocese Sergipana de Propriá, durante a década de sessenta a oitenta. Centrando nosso debate na compreensão da ação social, temos como questão principal entender a influência dos “pobres” na adoção de ações por parte do mediador, em favor desse público, principalmente nos conflitos da Fazenda Betume (1974) e de Santana dos Frades (1979). Como hipóteses, concebemos que os mediadores como D. José Brandão de Castro e a freira Maria Joana Hermínia exerceram uma importante influência na construção da identidade dos movimentos como as CEBs, o MEB e a CPT na região. Tal influência foi motivada por uma conversão do mediador D. Brandão, constituída a partir de uma relação mantida entre ele e os membros dos movimentos e proporcionada pelas críticas e demandas feita pelos populares. Elas resultaram em ações em favor dos campesinos, o que caracterizou a Igreja de Propriá como aliada dos envolvidos nos conflitos e não mera intermediária. Ante o material coletado, fizemos uso da Análise de Conteúdo utilizando o termo “pobre” como categoria de análise, complementada por entrevistas feitas à membros dos movimentos citados.

  • 43.
    Pruth, Alex
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    A Dimensão intercultural no ensino de português para estrangeiros na Suécia: uma análise dos cursos de cultura baseados na web (EBW)2013In: II Jornadas Pedagógicas de Português: As variedades do Português no ensino de Português Língua Materna e Estrangeira / [ed] Romanska och Klassica Instituition -SU Folkuniversitete, 2013Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [pt]

    O propósito desta comunicação é discutir os possiveis caminhos que poderão nortear a construção de ementas e a seleção de material bibiográfico nos cursos oferecidos em português, para estudantes  suecos, pela Universidade de Dalarna. A questão principal é a de como desenvolver um curso que discuta a questão da identidade brasileira e de como estabelecer pontes de discussões que demonstrem ou exemplifiquem a realidade brasileira partindo do estudo dos clássicos das Ciências Sociais? Uma forma de propiciar tal análise é realizar um estudo sobre como o estudante percebe sua experiência em sala, mediante uma análise de cunho fenomenográfica. Para tanto, foi analisado o curso de Brasil Contemporâneo (PR1012), da Universidade de Dalarna (Pruth, 2013).  O curso é oferecido na modalidade EBW (educação baseada na web) e faz parte da graduação em Português (Português I), da Universidade de Dalarna, campus Falun. A metodologia utilizada partiu de uma análise das avaliações do curso feitas pelos estudantes, no ano de 2011-2012. Estas constituem-se de questionários respondidos pelos alunos e disponíveis ao professor, na plataforma Fronter. No questionário, os estudantes responderam questões relativas ao conteúdo, as aulas ministrada e a relação estabelecida entre o professor e os mesmos. As conclusões alcançadas e fundamentadas na análise do questionários  apontam para uma necessidade de uma sistematização do conteúdo e de uma melhor exposição do mesmo. Os estudantes suecos têm uma percepção primeira sobre a realidade brasileira e que, ao se defrontar com a literatura do curso, leva-os a reverem e a redefinirem a imagem que os mesmos tinham sobre o Brasil. Entretanto, os problemas relativos ao conteúdo acadêmco dos textos, apontam para a necessidade de desenvolvimento e formento de trabalhos em grupos que auxiliam os estudantes na aprendizagem.

    Palavras chaves: Curso à distancia, Brasil Contemporâneo, Universidades Suecas

  • 44.
    Pruth, Alex
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    A lideranca Pedagógica do Professor nos Cursos de Idioma à Distância2012In: Cadernos do Tempo Presente, ISSN 2179-2143, no 9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this presentation is to discuss how teacher’s leadership can be used as a teaching method in language course distance. The environments that offer online courses provide a wide field for discussion of the contact teacher and student. My intention is to contribute to debate on teacher’s leadership in online courses. In my earlier studies on leadership, I have had as objective to investigate how leadership can affect different social movement in Brazil that was active under the military dictatorship (1964-1985). By examining the three tip of legitimacy described by Weber (1964), I could make an overview of the tip of the leadership that was characterized by religious leaders. Thus, I examine how teacher leadership, as a vehicle for their message can use their educational leadership skills to get students to achieve learning outcomes in their course. This issue is part of the research project “Teaching Methods in web-based language teaching-mapping” and it´s financed by NGL-center from the Dalarna University.

  • 45.
    Pruth, Alex
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    A transcultural analysis of the construction of social movements’ identity in Brazil: the construction of identity within social movements such as the Christian Base Communities (CBCs), the Comissão Pastoral da Terra (CPT) and the Movimento de Educação Popular (MEB), in Brazil2014In: List of Abstracts for Conference Transcultural Identity Constructions in a Changing World Dalarna University, Sweden, April 2-4, 2014, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This presentation will analyze the construction of identity within social movements such as the Christian Base Communities (CBCs), the Comissão Pastoral da Terra (CPT) and the Movimento de Educação Popular (MEB), in Brazil. This analysis of identity uses a transcultural perspective. It is based on my master dissertation that discussed how two catholic leaders influenced the construction of identity within these movements. The movements were involved in many conflicts over land ownership in Propriá, Sergipe, from 1970 to 1985. The primary question in the dissertation was on the one hand how the charisma (Weber, 2000) of the religious leaders Maria Herminia Gogo and the bishop D. Brandão de Castro exerted influence on the construction of identity within these movements. On the other hand it discussed how the demand of the poor and their critique influenced the religious leaders´ position.  The collected material consisted of the letters, written texts, newspaper articles, and Bishop José Brandão’s diary in which he recounts his experience with the conflicts over land. I made use of the Analysis of Content (Bardin, 1977) and complemented with interviews with members of the mentioned movements. The conclusion was that the participation of the leaders in conflicts and the criticisms received lead to a redefinition of identity of religious leaders and movements.

  • 46.
    Pruth, Alex
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Problemas e Desafios na Implementação do Ensino Superior à Distância Sueco e Brasileiro:: notas para uma reflexão sociológica sobre a produção científica sueco-brasileira sobre o tema.2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 47.
    Pruth, Alex
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Teacher’s leadership in web-based language courses in Dalarna University, Sweden2012In: International conference “ICT for Language Learning”: Conference Proceedings, Florence, Italy: Libreriauniversitaria.it , 2012, 411-413 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this presentation is to discuss how teacher’s leadership can be used as a teaching method in web based language education. The environments that offer online courses provide a wide field for discussion on the contact between teacher and student. My intention is to contribute to the debate on teacher leadership in online courses. In my earlier studies on leadership, I have explored how some religious leaders affected different social movements in Brazil during the military dictatorship (1964-1985). Pruth (2004) by examining the three kinds of legitimacy described by Max Weber I aimed at seeing and analyzing how religious leaders used different teaching methods to explain their messages to ordinary citizens. Thus my research showed how educational leadership is a way to get people to reach their goals. I became interested in the subject teacher’s leadership whenI participated in a survey of the teaching methods of language courses in Dalarna University which is funded by the NGL Center of Dalarna University. In  this project, we have made interviews with the teachers, undertaken the course plans (in the language department at Dalarna University) and categorized the learning outcomes. A questionnaire was constructed based on the learning outcomes and then either sent out remotely to teachers or completed face to face through interviews. The answers provided to the questionnaires enabled the  project to identify many differences in how language teachers interact with their students but  also, the way of giving feedback, motivating and helping students, types of class activities and materials used. This made me aware of how teachers use their leadership or not in their teaching. My focus is to look at the relationship between teachers and students as an important part of the development and quality of online courses. The teacher's performance on campus is different from online courses. I want to understand how the contact between teachers and students in online courses develop and look at how students can make use of this contact and what influence the teacher's leadership has on the ability for the students to achieve the goals of their course

  • 48.
    Pruth, Alex
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Uma avaliacão fenomenográfica dos cursos suecos baseados na web2013In: Revista FACISA ON-LINE, ISSN 2238-8524, Vol. 1, no 1, 1-13 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss the evaluation of a higher education course offered by a Swedish university. The article is based on a review of the assessments made ​​by students in the years 2011-2012: the content of the course and the lessons, and the relationship between the teacher and the students. The course analyzed is Contemporary Brazil, at the University of Dalarna. The course is offered as part of the EBW (Web Based Education) and undergraduate Portuguese. The conclusions reached, based on the analysis of the questionnaires, indicate a need of systematization of the content and better exposure of the content to the students. The students, a majority of them not from Brazil, had a limited perception of the reality in Brazil before entering the course. When confronted with the course literature, the perception and image of Brazil was reviewed and redefined. However, the evaluations point at the need to develop and promote group works and discussions that helps the student to grasp and understand the course literature. This is an important challenge for web based education in Swedish higher education.

  • 49.
    Pruth, Alex
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Uma Comparação Fenomenográfica das Pesquisas Científicas sobre o Ensino de Sociologia na Rede Escolar Sueca e Pública Brasileira2013In: Revista Inter-Legere, ISSN 1982-1662, no 13, 284-297 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a survey of the theoretical and methodological perspectives on teacher training in the field of sociology in Brazil and social science in Sweden. The article presents a review of academic papers on the subject produced over the period 2006-2012. The focus of the analysis is the themes, theories and conclusions of master and doctoral thesis written in Swedish and Portuguese on the subject.

  • 50.
    Pruth, Alex
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Uma Comparação Fenomenográfica das Pesquisas Científicas sobre o Ensino de Sociologia na Rede Escolar Sueca e Pública Brasileira2013In: III Encontro Nacional sobre o Ensino de Sociologia na Educação Básica 31 de maio a 03 de junho de 2013, Fortaleza (CE): GT2- FORMAÇÃO DE PROFESSORES DE CIÊNCIAS SOCIAIS, UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO CEARÁ , 2013, 1-13 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is a study on the theoretical and methodological perspectives on teaching degree in Social Sciences in Brazil and Sweden. Prioritizing an analysis of the themes, theories and conclusions of the thesis written in English, Swedish and Portuguese on the subject, I present hypertext links a literature review on the topic, produced in the period 2006-2012.

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