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  • 1.
    Ahlsén Gahns, Malin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Olsson, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Current and future shopping conditions in Sälen2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Going from having bought the most essential at the small shops close to home, better communications and an increasingly consumption oriented lifestyle has created a change in shopping behavior and has led to phenomenon such as shopping centres and more. These are constantly being built in Sweden: in the cities, outside the cities and more recently even in small cities -small cities as for one reason or another have access to a larger customer base which can have businesses to flourish economically.

    During the first decade of the 21st century, shopping centres have been established along the Swedish/Norwegian border. Since the Norwegian Krone is much stronger than the Swedish Krona Norwegians save a great deal of money on going to Sweden to shop. During the shopping trips to Sweden, it is mostly alcohol, meat, tobacco and candy that are being bought. However, other products such as clothing, technology, household appliances and more are also being purchased, all to save money on the trip. Together these cross border shoppers spent 11, 6 billion in Sweden during the year of 2010. This gives an average spending of approximately 10 900 SEK per cross border shopper on annual basis.

    Nordby, Töcksfors and Charlottenberg (small cities located in southwestern Sweden) are places characterized by Norwegian cross border shopping. Together, they generate billions every year and this only seems to increase. These places are relatively small in size but have prominent attributes such as proximity to the Norwegian border. Apart from these resorts and shopping centres, there are few or none similar places near the Norwegian border in the rest of Sweden. However, a place which is geographically well located and has a relatively large Norwegian and Swedish customer base is the ski resort of Sälen in west central of Sweden.

    Sälen is a village located near the Norwegian border, although fairly sparsely populated. The destination has annually about one million official guest nights, based on the 414 000 visitors who stay an average of about 4, 5 days.  Per visit, these tourists individually spend an average of 862 SEK on shopping at the destination.

    The expenditure of the mountain tourists together with the Norwegian border shoppers makes it very interesting to explore the opportunities for shopping development in terms of a shopping centre in the region of Sälen.

  • 2.
    Al Masharqah, Tareq
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Political Unrest and its effects in the destination image of Egyptian tourism product2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 3.
    Amcoff, Jan
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Möller, Peter
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Westholm, Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Dör byn när lanthandeln stänger?2011In: Plan, ISSN 0032-0560, no 3, 20-23 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 4. Amcoff, Jan
    et al.
    Westholm, Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Understanding Rural Change: Demography as a key to the future2007In: Futures: The journal of policy, planning and futures studies, ISSN 0016-3287, E-ISSN 1873-6378, Vol. 39, no 4, 363-379 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The last decades have seen a rapidly growing interest in foresight methodology. Methods have been developed in corporate and governmental communication exercises often labelled technology foresight. In reality, these foresights have often drifted into processes of social change, since technological change is hard to foresee beyond what is already in the pipe-line. Forecasting of social change, however, must be based on solid knowledge about the mechanisms of continuity and change. Virtually nothing can be said about the future without relating to the past; foresights and futures studies are about revealing the hidden pulse of history. Hence, the answer to forecasting the future is empirical research within the social sciences. Demographic change has been recognised as a key determinant for explaining social change. Population changes are fairly predictable and the age transition can explain a wide range of socio-economic changes. For rural futures, demographic change is a key issue, since age structure in rural areas is often uneven and also unstable due to migration patterns. A number of policy related questions as well as research challenges are raised as a consequence.

  • 5.
    Axelsson, Henrik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Kriminalitetens geografi: vardagsbrottslighetens spatiala fördelning i Borlänge2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The aim of this thesis is to describe and analyze the geographical distribution of everyday criminality in the town of Borlänge during the year 2002 and to analyze which measures to be taken in the physical social planning to decrease this everyday criminality there. The term everyday criminality is here to be understood as those categories of crime that appear most frequently in the records of reports to the police every year. Here two kinds of crime have been in focus, thefts from cars and office burglary. In fulfilling this aim two main questions have been answered. The first one is how the everyday criminality was distributed geographically in the town of Borlänge during the year 2002. The second one is which measures to be taken in the physical social planning to decrease this everyday criminality in the town of Borlänge. In order to answer the first question a spatial autocorrelation analysis, Local Moran LISA has been used. This method is based on the measurement Moran´s I and shows the spatial autocorrelation for every single location. To answer the second question three different theories of crime prevention through environmental design have been studied and applied in the analysis. These are Jane Jacobs’ ideas about ”the living city”, Oscar Newman´s ideas about ”defensible space” and Ronald V. Clarke´s theories about crime prevention. The major conclusions that can be drawn from this thesis are that the risk of being exposed to thefts from cars, during the analyzed time period, was highest in Centrum and Hagalund and their surroundings. The lowest risk of being exposed to this type of crime was found in Domnarvet and Islingby, during the year 2002. The highest risk of being a victim of the crime office burglary was found in Hagalund and its surroundings and in the single area of Kvarnsveden. The corresponding lowest risk was found in Lergärdet and its surroundings and in Norra Backa and Kupolen. The measures that should be taken in order to decrease these types of criminality can be divided into overall changes and place-specific changes. When it comes to the crime thefts from cars a more attractive central business district, a better view of parking lots from nearby buildings, dividing of larger parking lot zones into smaller ones, migration of hidden parking lots and stronger access control to parking lots where problems with this kind of crime have occurred have been suggested as overall changes. The corresponding place-specific changes are to remove vegetation that is blocking the view, better lighting and to put up signs with information about increased risk of exposure to crime at parking lots with the most problems. To decrease the amount of office burglaries overall changes as to create a better view of the area from nearby surroundings, move bigger office compartments or divide them into smaller units, rebuild characteristic buildings and increase security by strengthening the access control to offices with these kinds of problems could be useful. Finally there are possibilities to decrease office burglary by using place-specific measures as surveillance cameras combined with signs containing information about these, high fences and better lighting around the buildings where a higher risk of being exposed to this kind of criminality is present.

  • 6. Beland Lindahl, K
    et al.
    Westholm, Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Global trends affecting future Swedish forest use – outlook among key actors2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Beland Lindahl, Karin
    et al.
    Luleå universitet.
    Westholm, Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Transdisciplinarity in practice: aims, collaboration and integration in a Swedish research programme2014In: Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences, ISSN 1943-815X, E-ISSN 1943-8168, Vol. 11, no 3-4, 155-171 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the practice of crossdisciplinarity in the context of future-oriented sustainability studies. Much research into crossdisciplinarity has concentrated on programmatic and epistemological questions. In this study, we focus on research practice and efforts to realize transdisciplinary aims across a research programme. We use the Swedish Future Forests programme as a case study and explore its aims, forms of collaboration and level of conceptual integration. The study demonstrates that efficient integration requires organizational settings able to support the development of a common conceptual framework. To achieve this, the aims and forms of collaboration and the means of integration ought to be consistent. Far-reaching integration and short-term instrumental objectives may be difficult to combine because integration requires intellectual space, specific boundary settings and time. Short-term instrumental objectives may also hamper open and reflexive discussion of alternative pathways to sustainability and of how participating actors shape the research process. These insights may help researchers and participating actors to design research programmes that enable a realization of their transdisciplinary ambitions.

  • 8.
    Bohlin, Magnus
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Att förstå och upptäcka ett landskap2007In: Utveckla turistdestinationer, Uppsala: Uppsala Publishing House , 2007, 126-146 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Bohlin, Magnus
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    E-Guiden till Världsarvet Falun: Vad användarna tycker om en ny mackapär för vägvisning och interpretering av några valda världsarvsmiljöer sommaren 20042005Report (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Bohlin, Magnus
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Industrihistorien som resmål - nationella och internationella jämförelser2002In: Världsarvsseminariet i Falun, Falun, 2002Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Bohlin, Magnus
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Kulturlandskapet som råvara i turismens upplevelseindustri2009In: Astrid Lindgrens landskap : hur landskapets kulturarv förändras, förstås, förvaltas och förmedlas / [ed] Bohlin, Magnus, Vimmerby, 2009, Vol. 69, 143-154 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Bohlin, Magnus
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Recurring Events as a Case of Innovation Diffusion: An Analysis of Changes in the Market Area of Vättern Runt and Vasaloppet2002In: The 11th Nordic Symposium in Tourism and Hospitality Research, Göteborg, 2002Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Bohlin, Magnus
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Resande i folkbildning2005In: ... det frö ur vilket kunskap växer - Arbetsvandringar i kulturlandskapet / [ed] Nilsson, Staffan; Hofrén, Erik; Isacson, Maths, Falun: Dalarnas Museum , 2005, 155-164 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Bohlin, Magnus
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    The Effect of Travel Patterns on Information Needs and the Potential for Economic Development2002In: Seminar on individual motorized tourism, Borlänge, 2002Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Bohlin, Magnus
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Traveling to Events2000In: Evaluation of events: Scandinavian Experiences / [ed] Larsson Mossberg, Lena, New York: Cognizant Communication Corporation , 2000, 13-29 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Bohlin, Magnus
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Turism och regional utveckling - ett geografiskt perspektiv2000In: Det nya samhällets geografi / [ed] Berger, Sune, Uppsala: Uppsala publishing house , 2000, 292-310 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Bohlin, Magnus
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Vasaloppen 2004 - En studie av åkare och publik. Vasaloppet Öppetspår Tjejvasan Kortvasan Halvvasan2005Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Undersökningen är en uppföljning av en studie av Vasaloppet som gjordes 1992 vid Högskolan i Falun/Borlänge. Denna undersökning omfattar fem skidtävlingar (Vasaloppet, Öppetspår, Tjejvasan, Halvvasan och Kortvasan samt publiken på Vasaloppet och Kortvasan). Undersökningen har dels gjorts på plats i Mora (publikstudier)samt genom en webbaserad enkät med deltagare i de aktuella loppen. Att vasaloppsveckan 2004 attraherar ca 43.000 skidåkare avspeglas i att evenmaget vuxit från en omsättning strax under 40 miljoner kronor till ca 115 miljoner kronor drygt 10 år senare. Detta gäller de ekonomiska effekter som hamnar i de tre värdkommunerna för tvälingarna nämligen Malung, Älvdalen och Mora och i några av grannkommunerna. Vasaloppet ger också upphov till en betydande turism i form av träningsresor med övernattning. Sammantaget uppskattas att dessa förberedelser ger upphov till strax under 100.000 träningsdagar. Lejonparten av dessa äger rum i ett område med ytterändarna i Torsby, Harsa och Bruksvallarna. I stora delar bekräftar undersökningen 2004 det som framkom 1992. Allting har blivit betydeligt större men åkarnas starka intresse för motion och friluftsliv består oförändrat.

  • 18.
    Bohlin, Magnus
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Vasaloppsveckan: Assessing the development and impact of a major ski event in Sweden2005In: International Conference Assessing the impact of tourist events, Juan les Pins, 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with the development of a major Swedish ski event, which takes place in the first week of March every year. The main race is called Vasaloppet. It is named after a Swedish king who allegedly on his escape from the Danes in the early 1500 hundreds first travelled the 90 kilometre distance from the town of Mora to the small village of Sälen. Sälen is today the most significant alpine resort in Sweden with a total accommodation capacity of around 60,000 beds. The Vasaloppet race starts in Sälen and ends in Mora. In 1922 when the first Vasaloppet race took place the number of contestants were some 130 skiers. About 80 years later the number of races have grown to in all seven different ones and the total number of participants runs close to 45,000. In addition to this there are some 10,000 spectators coming to Mora to see Vasaloppet alone. In the year 1990 the entire competition had to be cancelled as a result of an unusually mild winter resulting in lack of snow. At that time no accurate estimates of the economic impact of the event were available and at the same time there were a great demand for estimates of the economic loss, which the region faced as a result of the event being called off. Thus, in the year 1992 a major study was undertaken by the author in order to assess the economic impact of the Vasaloppet ski race. In fact at that time the one competition from 1922 had developed into three different competitions, namely Vasaloppet, Öppet Spår and Tjejvasan. The first two are both 90 kilometres in distance but Tjejvasan, only open to female participation, runs over 30 kilometres. Then in 2004 there is a need for an updated study and now the Vasaloppet is in fact an event consisting of seven different races. The study from 2004 is based on a web survey. All participants which had a known e-mail address were contacted by e-mail and were asked to participate and were provided with a link to the website where the questionnaire was located. Foreign participants were asked to complete a questionnaire in English. The returns showed a slight bias, respondents being on average younger than non-respondents and those for which an e-mail address was missing. In order to compensate for this skewness the entire sample was weighted based on age. The response rate was fairly low, some 20% on average for the different races. A contributing factor seems to be that the questionnaire could only be reached by specifying the starting number as an entering code. Several skiers had forgotten their number and that have most likely deterred quite a few. Among the findings are that the impact in real terms appears linear and thus it has about tripled since 1992. Vasaloppet, which now is a full week of different races – Vasaloppsveckan –, clearly shows the potential attributable to recurring events. When an event is recurring it makes sense to view marketing as part of the investment for future returns and the benefits don not have to be captured in one moment, as is the case for events only taking place once in the same location. The races during the Vasaloppet week have different market areas and slightly different segments of skiers as well. Vasaloppet, the main race has grown to a considerable international presence, which runs close to 20%. The distance decay function in the market area almost starts at the border of Sweden. A significant finding of the 2004 study is that Vasaloppsveckan makes people travel away from home including overnight stay in order to get in shape for the race. It is estimated that training away from home amounts to a total of around 96,000 training days, which is perhaps slightly less in nights away from home but yet it represent a substantial value. The lion’s share of all this ski tourism is found in major resorts not to far away from Mora. Notably the resorts of Sälen, Idre and Funäsdalen are well represented. Thus if Vasaloppsveckan generates a total direct turnover of some 115 million SEK (12.8 million euro) training away from home will generate a turnover which could be estimated to be in the neighbourhood of 75% of the Vasaloppsveckan itself. The ski event also generates summer tourism in the area. The study has not made any measures of expenditures on skiing equipment etc which takes place in the home locations of the participants. Nonetheless the study shows that a well managed recurring event can turn into a significant business activity for the local economy concerned but also that an event can create considerable effects which are both trickle-down and trickle-up in nature.

  • 19.
    Bohlin, Magnus
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Väginformatik för turister: Utvecklingsmöjligheter för mobil turistinformation2002In: GeoInfo 2002, Borlänge, 2002Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Bohlin, Magnus
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Brandt, Daniel
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Creating tourist experiences by interpreting places using digital guides2014In: Journal of Heritage Tourism, ISSN 1743-873X, E-ISSN 1747-6631, Vol. 9, no 1, 1-17 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates the relationship between technology and narrative in digital guides for tourists in Sweden. The main finding shows that narratives in the guides are based on a naïve view of history. In several instances, content is based on odd stories and speculation. Recent social trends have led to the erosion of grand narratives and the emergence of multiple views of history. New digital guides must address these challenges in order to develop tourism products that are relevant to different market segments.

  • 21.
    Bohlin, Magnus
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Brandt, Daniel
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Creating Tourist experiences by interpreting places using GPS and multimedia technologies2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Bohlin, Magnus
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Brandt, Daniel
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Developing Mobile Tourist Information for Heritage Sites: The Case of AVesta Sweden2003In: TTRA Europe Conference “Urban Tourism – Mapping the Future”, Glasgow , 2003Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Bohlin, Magnus
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Brandt, Daniel
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Heritage interpretation in a digital format – Conveying the past in current and future media2007In: Tourism, Mobility and Technology, TTRA European Conference, Nice, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Bohlin, Magnus
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Brandt, Daniel
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Elbe, Jörgen
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Does the competition state undermine the long term sustainability of rural tourism?: The case of Sweden2014In: Proceedings from TTRA 2014 International Conference: Tourism and the New Global Economy / [ed] Marion Joppe, 2014, 171-188 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the contemporary competition state, many peripheral regions are in decline. Tourism is increasingly considered as a savior for regions lagging behind. The EU has launched several programs with the ambition to stimulate growth and employment in peripheral areas which are used in tourism development projects. In this paper a longitudinal analysis of changes in Swedish tourism guest nights with an attempt to assess the spatial changes that have taken place in the light of this new regional tourism policy are carried out. The aim is to investigate if tourism and tourism policy contributes to level out disparities between regions. The analysis is based on statistics on Swedish guest nights, on employees in the accommodation sector and on EU funds. Although there are exceptions, the main findings indicate that the potential for creating sustainable rural tourism growth through tourism policy seems to be much less than the popular discourse suggests.

  • 25.
    Bohlin, Magnus
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Brandt, Daniel
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Elbe, Jörgen
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Möjligheten att utveckla ett verktyg för att mäta besöksnäringens konkurrenskraft2013Report (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Bohlin, Magnus
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Brandt, Daniel
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Elbe, Jörgen
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    The Development of Swedish Tourism Public Policy 1930-20102014In: Offentlig Förvaltning. Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 2000-8058, E-ISSN 2001-3310, Vol. 18, no 1, 19-39 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, the development and changes in Swedish public policy relating to tourism from the 1930s to 2010 is described and interpreted from a political economy perspective. A case study, compiled from mainly secondary sources, is analyzed from a theoretical framework based on regulation theory. The purpose with this study is to increase the understanding of how the macro political economy context has influenced the policy-making in tourism in Sweden, but also to make a contribution to an area which seems to be quite neglected when it comes to research. The changes are analyzed according to the three periods denoted as pre-Fordism (mid-19th century-1930s), Fordism (1930s-1970s) and post-Fordism (1970s to present). It is observed how the general changes between these periods regarding aspects such as regulation and deregulation, and the degree of state involvement, have affected tourism policy making. The tourism policy making has changed from being insignificant, to a high degree of state involvement including planning, control and supervision, to a situation where the market rather than government regulation is considered as state of the art. 

  • 27.
    Bohlin, Magnus
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Brandt, Daniel
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Elbe, Jörgen
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Tourism as a vehicle for regional development in peripheral areas – myth or reality?: A longitudinal case study of Swedish regions2016In: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 24, no 10, 1788-1805 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the contemporary so-called ‘competition state era’, many rural and peripheral regions are in decline. Tourism is increasingly viewed as being able to alleviate and rejuvenate regions that are facing economic difficulties. The European Union has launched several programmes with the goal of stimulating growth and employment in peripheral areas. These programmes are often used to support tourism development projects. In this paper, a longitudinal analysis of spatial changes in Swedish tourism is conducted. The analysis is based on statistics regarding overnight stays in Swedish commercial accommodation facilities. The aim is to investigate if tourism and tourism policy contribute to the reduction in disparities between regions. Although there are exceptions, the main findings indicate that the potential for creating sustainable rural tourism growth through tourism policy seems to be much less than the popular discourse suggests. © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

  • 28.
    Bohlin, Magnus
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Böhn, Solveig
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Hållbar turismutveckling2007In: Utveckla turistdestinationer, Uppsala: Uppsala Publishing House , 2007, 73-86 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Bohlin, Magnus
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Elbe, Jörgen
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Utveckla turistdestinationer: Ett svenskt perspektiv2007 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Bohlin, Magnus
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Elbe, Jörgen
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Utveckling av turistdestinationer - en introduktion2007In: Utveckla turistdestinationer: Ett svenskt perspektiv, Uppsala: Uppsala Publishing House , 2007, 1, 11-27 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Bohlin, Magnus
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies. Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Håkansson, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Förutsättningarna för en utbyggd gränshandel i Sälen2012In: På gränsen – interaktion, attraktivitet och globalisering i Inre Skandinavien / [ed] Eva Olsson, Atle Hauge och Birgitta Ericsson, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press , 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Bohlin, Magnus
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Håkansson, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Underlag för gränshandel och köpcentrum i Sälen2011Report (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Boluk, Karla
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    A comparison and contrast of the montage of motives among social and lifestyle entrepreneurs2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Boluk, Karla
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    An investigation of the associated benefits from prioritizing the people through the Fair Hotels Scheme in Ireland2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Boluk, Karla
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Fair trade tourism case studies2012In: The Ethics of Tourism: Critical and Applied Perspectives / [ed] Lovelock, Brent; Lovelock, Kirsten, London: Routledge , 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Boluk, Karla
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Fair trade tourism South Africa: a pragmatic poverty reduction mechanism2011In: Tourism Planning and Development, ISSN 2156-8324, Vol. 8, no 3, 237-251 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The fundamental premise of social entrepreneurship is to use business knowledge to solve critical economic, social and environmental dilemmas facing a society. Social entrepreneurship is an emerging theme of inquiry in contemporary business, entrepreneurship, marketing and ethics literature. In effect, social entrepreneurs are concerned with making a “mission-related impact” which becomes their central concern. To date, there has been little attention given to the notion of social entrepreneurship in the discipline of tourism. Despite the lack of attention in tourism research there have been a number of significant social entrepreneurial contributions made to various communities in South Africa. Such contributions demonstrate the significance of change makers in the context of rural South Africa signifying progress in the country's new democracy. This paper is a consequence of two phases of field work in South Africa over a 10- month period. The paper discusses the motivational behaviour of six Fair Trade Tourism South Africa (FTTSA) entrepreneurs who have developed businesses with the intention of giving back to their South African communities. However, the study employed critical discourse analysis and in so doing it recognizes some of the inherent contradictions in informants' discourses based on their white privilege experienced during apartheid. Two aims focused on this exploration: 1) to seek information regarding entrepreneurial stimuli for involvement in social action, through FTTSA membership, and 2) to investigate FTTSA members' micro and macro discourses that inform their actions and behaviours.

  • 37.
    Boluk, Karla
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Fair trade tourism South Africa: consumer virtue or moral selving2011In: Journal of Ecotourism, ISSN 1472-4049, E-ISSN 1747-7638, Vol. 10, no 3, 235-249 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The academic focus on tourism impacts has raised questions regarding stakeholder responsibility. From a consumption perspective, many ethical consumers, by enacting their political and moral concerns through their consumer choice demonstrate their virtuous qualities and at the same time construct themselves as ethical. Ethical consumption and the consumption of Fairtrade, Fair Trade Tourism and Fair Trade Tourism South Africa (FTTSA) – which derived from Pro-Poor Tourism and ecotourism principles –, are embedded into a cultural context of global consumer capitalism. This macro discourse informs the way people think about the extent of their responsibility, what constitutes a fair exchange, and how they construct themselves as ethical consumers. Ethical consumption, although virtuous can then be described as a form of conspicuous consumption because consumption in its self is a hedonistic act especially when one uses ethical consumption as a mechanism to demonstrate one's ‘ethical self’. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with eleven FTTSA travellers in December–February of 2009 at two FTTSA businesses. The paper employed Critical Discourse Analysis to explore some of the tensions between consumer virtue and the hedonistic behaviours of the informants. The aim of this paper is to investigate the notion of moral selving in the context of ethical travel and in particular FTTSA. Results revealed that motivations for participation in ethical consumption and travel are varied and sometimes influenced by the appeal of moral selving.

  • 38.
    Boluk, Karla
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    In consideration of a new approach to tourism: a critical review of fair trade tourism2011In: Journal of Tourism and Peace Research, ISSN 1878-7754, Vol. 1, no 2, 27-37 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Tourism research has highlighted the negative consequences brought on by tourism development. As a way to address such impacts a proliferation of alternative approaches have emerged in the discourse projecting alternative ways to conduct and participate in tourism which provide greater benefits. A by-product of ecotourism and the Pro-Poor Tourism approach has applied fair trade principles to tourism. The aim of this paper is to explore the development and application of fair trade principles to the tourism industry by reviewing secondary data. The key research questions that this paper addresses are: What has been the impetus to identify and apply fair trade principles in the context of the tourism industry? What countries have gotten involved in Fair Trade Tourism? What are some of the implications, issues and concerns regarding the implementation of Fair Trade Tourism? The critical review of the Fair Trade Tourism concept identifies that tourism practitioners, academics and tourists must pause to reflect on this approach as a way to strive for better treatment of people and a way to eradicate poverty. As such, the author raises a number of key concerns regarding the rhetoric of fair trade and its various meanings, the implementation of fair trade as a poverty eradication mechanism, its context and effect.

  • 39.
    Boluk, Karla
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Revealing the discourses: white entrepreneurial motivation in black South Africa2011In: Tourism Planning and Development, ISSN 2156-8324, Vol. 8, no 2, 199-213 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The fundamental premise of social entrepreneurship is to use business knowledge to solve critical economic, social and environmental dilemmas facing a society. Social entrepreneurship is an emerging theme of inquiry in contemporary business, entrepreneurship, marketing and ethics literature. In effect, social entrepreneurs are concerned with making a “mission-related impact” which becomes their central concern. To date, there has been little attention given to the notion of social entrepreneurship in the discipline of tourism. Despite the lack of attention in tourism research there have been a number of significant social entrepreneurial contributions made to various communities in South Africa. Such contributions demonstrate the significance of change makers in the context of rural South Africa signifying progress in the country's new democracy. This paper is a consequence of two phases of field work in South Africa over a 10- month period. The paper discusses the motivational behaviour of six Fair Trade Tourism South Africa (FTTSA) entrepreneurs who have developed businesses with the intention of giving back to their South African communities. However, the study employed critical discourse analysis and in so doing it recognizes some of the inherent contradictions in informants' discourses based on their white privilege experienced during apartheid. Two aims focused on this exploration: 1) to seek information regarding entrepreneurial stimuli for involvement in social action, through FTTSA membership, and 2) to investigate FTTSA members' micro and macro discourses that inform their actions and behaviours.

  • 40.
    Boluk, Karla
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Tourism: Fair Trade in Tourism2013In: Tourism / [ed] P.Robinson, M.Lueck, S.Smith, Wallingford: CABI , 2013, 1Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Boluk, Karla
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Using CSR as a tool for development: an investigation of the Fair Hotels Scheme in Ireland2013In: Journal of Quality Assurance in Hospitality & Tourism, ISSN 1528-008X, E-ISSN 1528-0098, Vol. 14, no 1, 49-65 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores an opportunity for the accommodation sector in Ireland to engage in Corporate Social Responsibility. The aim of this article is to investigate the Fair Hotels Ireland scheme and explore its potential to create social cohesion which may then influence the economic and social progress in both theory and praxis. The research question that supports the aim of this study is: has the Fair Hotels Ireland scheme created value and influenced consumer purchasing? To respond to this research question ten interviews were carried out with Fair Hotel managers in Ireland. A content analysis was used to examine the data. The results indicated that hotel managers noticed an increase in business as a consequence of their CSR and becoming a Fair Hotel; and the scheme was described as creating value for their hotel and staff. However, the managers had not noticed a significant difference in the level of employee satisfaction. © 2013 Copyright Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

  • 42.
    Boluk, Karla
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography. Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Exploring the discourses used to sell heritage in Sweden2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Heritage tourism is a form of niche tourism which has emerged as an alternative to mass tourism. However the discourses used to market some heritage products generally appeal to an elite group in society who are demanding. Thus heritage tourism is marketed and packaged in a way to appeal to an exclusive group who are interested in tailor-made products that provide some entertainment value. The aim of this paper is to investigate the marketing strategies and goals for tourism development, from the perspective of two World Heritage Sites (WHS) in Sweden including the Great Copper Mountain in Falun and the Old Church Town in Luleå. Accordingly, the discourses used to sell heritage in the context of Sweden are discussed. A mixed-methods approach was used by the authors to carry out this investigation. The results of the analysis revealed that the heritage presented in the two cases are marketed as exclusive and as such, preclude the participation of some individuals. Furthermore, it was established that enhanced communication between WHS products and Sweden and other tourism products would improve visitation.

  • 43.
    Borgegård, Lars-Erik
    et al.
    Institutet för bostadsforskning (IBF).
    Fransson, Urban
    Institutet för byggforskning (IBF).
    Håkansson, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Tollefsen, Aina
    Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Att flytta till glesbygden1993Report (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Borgegård, Lars-Erik
    et al.
    Institutet för bostadsforskning (IBF).
    Håkansson, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Population and Housing Dynamics in a Metropolitan Region: The case of Stockholm1998Report (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Borgegård, Lars-Erik
    et al.
    Institutet för bostadsforskning (IBF).
    Håkansson, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Population Concentration and Dispersion in Sweden since the 1970s1997In: Population planning and policies / [ed] Borgegård, L-E., Findlay, A.M., Sondell, E., Umeå: Umeå Universitet , 1997Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Borgegård, Lars-Erik
    et al.
    Institutet för bostadsforskning (IBF).
    Håkansson, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Spridning och koncentration av befolkningen i Sveriges kommuner 1973-19921995In: Då, Nu och sedan: Geografiska uppsatser till minnet av Ingvar Jonsson / [ed] Ian Layton, Umeå: Umeå Universitet , 1995, 127-141 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Borgegård, Lars-Erik
    et al.
    Institutet för bostadsforskning (IBF).
    Håkansson, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Where is Sweden multi-Ethnic?: The geographical distribution of immigrants on municipality level 1960-19951998In: International conference  Housing in transition, Piran, Slovenia, Conference proceedings, 1998, 476-491 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Borgegård, Lars-Erik
    et al.
    Institutet för bostadsforskning (IBF).
    Håkansson, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Malmberg, Gunnar
    Umeå universitet, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Population redistribution in Sweden: long term trends and contemporary tendencies1995In: Geografiska Annaler. Series B, Human Geography, ISSN 0435-3684, E-ISSN 1468-0467, Vol. 77, no 1, 31-45 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Borgegård, Lars-Erik
    et al.
    Institutet för bostadsforskning (IBF).
    Håkansson, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Müller, Dieter
    Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Concentration and Dispersion of Immigrants in Sweden, 1973-19921998In: The Canadian Geographer / Le Géographe canadien, ISSN 0008-3658, E-ISSN 1541-0064, Vol. 44, no 1, 28-39 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 50.
    Borgegård, Lars-Erik
    et al.
    Institutet för bostadsforskning (IBF).
    Håkansson, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå universitet, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Hur förändras bosättningsmönstret när invandrarna blir fler?1995In: Invandrare & Minoriteter, no 5, 29-33 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
123456 1 - 50 of 272
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