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  • 1.
    Ahlstrand, Roland
    et al.
    Malmö Högskola.
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Corporate Social Responsibility in Connection with Business Closures and Downsizing: A Literature Review2017In: Contemporary Management Research, ISSN 1813-5498, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 53-78Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper was to review the research on corporate social responsibility (CSR) in connection with business closures and downsizing to identify gaps in our knowledge. The study consisted of a systematic review of 24 refereed articles. The review identified four themes in the literature on CSR in connection with business closure and downsizing, namely CSR, transition programs and the local community; CSR and business strategy; CSR, power and reputation; and lastly, other articles on CSR in connection with business closures and downsizing. The review revealed a lack of understanding of the reasons, outcomes and methodology of CSR development in connection with business closures and downsizing.

  • 2.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Arbetsmiljöarbete kan skapa engagemang2004In: 50:e Nordiska Arbetsmiljömötet, Reykjavik, Island, 2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Controlling the occupational exposure of hand lay-up workers to styrene by the choice of ventilation, polyester and work practices1995Report (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Methods for motivation to an integrated, functioning and continuos work environment2005In: Ergonomics as a tool in future development and value creation : proceedings : NES2005 in Oslo - Norway, Nordic Ergonomics Society 37th Annual Conference, 10-12 October 2005 / [ed] Veierstedt, Bo; Fostervold, Knut Inge; Gould, Kristian S., Oslo, 2005, p. 171-174Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Åtgärder mot styrenexponering vid laminering i stora formar Utvärdering av dukförsedd ram1993Report (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Andersson, Björn
    Klusell, Lars
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    OR-processen: En arbetsmetod för bättre arbetsmiljö genom Ordning & Reda2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under 2005 och 2006 har Tema Arbetsliv inom Högskolan Dalarna genomfört ett tillämpat forskningsprojekt inom ramen för projektet ”Attraktivt Arbete”. Projektet har haft arbetsnamnet OR - 2005 och har genomförts med syfte att pröva hur en arbetsmetod för ”ordning och reda”, en metod som utvecklats för verkstadsindustrin, kan anpassas för annan verksamhet. Tio företag/organisationer har medverkat i projektet. Processarbetet hos dessa har genomförts under perioden april till november 2005. Sammanlagt har ca 65 personer aktivt medverkat i projektet. Det totala antalet personer som berörts, direkt och indirekt av processarbetet uppgår till drygt 300 personer. Resultaten visar att metoden och arbetssättet är generellt och kan användas inom många olikartade verksamheter. Den skillnad som finns, och som metodens arbetssätt stöder, är de områden och faktorer som berörs av processen inom olika branscher. Samtliga medverkande företag/organisationer har kunnat använda metoden och även uppnått en bättre ordning & reda i sitt arbetssätt och/eller sin fysiska arbetsmiljö (lokaler och verktyg). Flera av företagen/organisationerna har även beskrivit att OR-processen förbättrar det dagliga arbetet som nu löper mer effektivt efter att processen genomförts. En viktig framgångsfaktor i OR-processen ligger i det att beslutade rutiner utgår från vad man på arbetsplatsen kan vara överens om. En annan viktig framgångsfaktor bygger på det engagemang som växer ur mätningen av framåtskridandet. Detta är även en av metodens styrkor – att resultatet av processen är kopplats till engagemanget hos chef och medarbetare. OR-processen kan i sig inte beskrivas som en metod för att specifikt hantera arbetsmiljöfrågor men det visar sig att många av de rutiner som tagits upp och som man på arbetsplatserna kommit överens om ligger inom arbetsmiljöområdet. OR-processen är lätt att använda, ger tydliga och snabba resultat som uppskattas av såväl ledning som medarbetare. Nyttan uppväger väl den insats som behövs i form av tid och engagemang.

  • 7.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Gunnarsson, Kristina
    Uppsala universitet, Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine .
    Hedlund, Ann
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Young people’s attitudes to attractive work, during and after upper secondary school2017In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 55-68Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Gunnarsson, Kristina
    Arbets- och miljömedicin Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper Uppsala Universitet.
    Hedlund, Ann
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Young peoples’ entrance to the workplace: Introduction to occupational health and safety2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Negative outcomes of a poor work environment are more frequent among young workers. The aim of the current study was to study former pupils’ conditions concerning occupational health and safety by investigating the workplaces’, safety climate, the degree of implementation of SWEM and the their introduction programs.

    Four branches were included in the study: Industrial, Restaurant, Transport and Handicraft, specialising in wood. Semi-structured dialogues were undertaken with 15 employers at companies in which former pupils were employed. They also answered a questionnaire about SWEM. Former pupils and experienced employees were upon the same occasion asked to fill in a questionnaire about safety climate at the workplace.

    Workplace introduction programs varied and were strongly linked to company size. Most of the former pupils and experienced employees rated the safety climate at their company as high, or good. Employers in three of the branches rated the SWEM implemented at their workplaces to be effective.

    The Industry companies, which had the largest workplaces, gave the most systematic and workplace introduction for new employees. There are no results from this study explaining the fact that young workers have a higher risk for workplace accidents.

  • 9.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Gunnarsson, Kristina
    Uppsala University.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Role of headmasters, teachers and supervisors in knowledge transfer about occupational health and safety to pupils in vocational education2015In: SH@W Safety and Health at Work, ISSN 2093-7911, E-ISSN 2093-7997, Vol. 6, no 4, p. 317-323Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Young people are at an increased risk for illness in working life. The authorities stipulate certain goals for training in occupational health and safety (OHS) in vocational schools. A previous study concluded that pupils in vocational education had limited knowledge in the prevention of health risks at work. The aim of the current study, therefore, was to study how OHS training is organized in school and in workplace-based learning (WPL).

     

    Method The study design featured a qualitative approach, which included interviews with 12 headmasters, 20 teachers, and 20 supervisors at companies in which the pupils had their WPL. The study was conducted at 10 upper secondary schools, located in Central Sweden, that were graduating pupils in four vocational programs.

     

    Result The interviews with headmasters, teachers, and supervisors indicate a staggered picture of how pupils are prepared for safe work. The headmasters generally give teachers the responsibility for how goals should be reached. Teaching is very much based on risk factors that are present in the workshops and on teachers’ own experiences and knowledge. The teaching during WPL also lacks the systematic training in OHS as well as in the traditional classroom environment.

     

    Conclusion Teachers and supervisors did not plan the training in OHS in accordance with the provisions of systematic work environment management. Instead, the teachers based the training on their own experiences. Most of the supervisors did not get information from the schools as to what should be included when introducing OHS issues in WPL.

  • 10.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Gunnarsson, Kristina
    Arbets och miljömedicin Uppsala universitet.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Moström Åberg, Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Knowledge and Experiences of Risks among Pupils in Vocational Education2014In: SH@W Safety and Health at Work, ISSN 2093-7911, E-ISSN 2093-7997, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 140-146Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Hedlund, Ann
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Arbetsmiljö vid service- och reparation av skogsbränslemaskiner2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att ta fram underlag till en arbetsmiljöchecklista för service och reparationsarbete av skogsbränslemaskiner. Däri ingår maskiner för skördning, transport och sönderdelning av sortimenten GROT (grenar och toppar), stubbar respektive klenskog. En avgränsning har gjorts till service och reparationsarbete som görs ute i fält. Tjugotre riktade fallstudier har genomförts i Mellansverige med fokus på service- och reparationsarbete som skett ute i fält. Arbetsmiljöfaktorer har observerats och dokumenterats med foto, samtal har förts med förare och servicemän, och mätningar av buller och damm har genomförts. Vid samtal med förare har efterfrågats hur ofta service och reparationsarbete genomförs, vem som gör det, vilka moment som ingår samt var det vanligtvis utförs. Servicearbete ingår i förarens arbetsuppgifter och förekommer med olika intervall. Vissa arbetsmoment utförs dagligen, såsom byte av huggstål, smörjning av krannipplar och renblåsning av container. Andra sker med längre intervall, såsom byte av oljor och filter. I studien har tillvägagångssätt och arbetsmiljörisker vid omfattande, respektive mindre, service- ochreparationsarbete identifierats. Service- och reparationsarbete är ofta tungt och smutsigt.Arbetsmiljörisker samt goda exempel på lösningar för olika typer av maskiner har sammanställts.Baserat på studiens empiriska resultat, genomförda litteraturstudier och analyser harcheckpunkter som bör ingå i en arbetsmiljöchecklista identifierats. Identifierade checkpunkternahar grupperats utifrån målgrupp och typ av arbetsmoment med syftet att vara praktisktanvändbara. Målgrupperna är maskintillverkare/ägare som modifierar maskiner, respektiveservicemän och förare. Framtagna checkpunkter utgör en grund till en checklista för arbete medservice- och reparationsarbete av skogsbränslemaskiner.

  • 12.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Hedlund, Ann
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Branschråd inom Focus InnoWents profilområden: Turism/besöksnäring, Materialutveckling, Energi & Miljö, samt IT & Media2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport har skrivits på uppdrag av Focus InnoWent och är baserad på samtal med representanter för profilområdena Turism/besöksnäring, Materialutveckling, Energi & Miljö samt IT & Media vid Högskolan Dalarna. Syftena är att kartlägga aktuella branschrådskontakter inom respektive profilområde och att fånga upp respektive profilområdes önskade behov av nya projekt med inriktning mot området Attraktivt Arbete. Andra nätverk och näringslivskontakter har också dokumenterats. Undersökningen har genomfört i form av samtal utgående från en samtalsmall. Följande områden har berörts – branschråd, andra nätverk, alumni och Attraktivt Arbete. Arbetet har sammanfattats i några rekommendationer inom samma områden.

  • 13.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Hedlund, Ann
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Ökad förståelse bland företagsledare för nyttan av utvecklingsinsatser inom arbetsmiljöområdet2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning Föreliggande rapport avser en delstudie inom projektet Attraktiv Konkurrenskraft (AKK) Syftet med detta arbete är att utvärdera fem metoder som kan ”väcka insikt” om nyttan av att starta utvecklingsaktiviteter för att bättre ta tillvara de mänskliga resurserna i arbetet. Baserat på detta ska en metod väljas för fördjupade studier. Drivkrafterna för att skapa bra arbetsmiljöer är många. Den primära kan sägas vara den humanitära drivkraften. Förutom de överväganden som ligger till grund för arbetsmiljölagstiftning och avtal mellan arbetsmarknadens parter finns alltså goda skäl för företagare att prioritera arbetsmiljöarbete. Den fråga som berörs i detta arbete är i vad mån det är möjligt att genom enkla insatser påverka en arbetsmiljöansvarig chefs benägenhet att gå till beslut om att genomföra insatser för att utveckla förutsättningarna för att bättre nyttja de mänskliga resurserna i organisationen. Målet är att chefen bestämmer sig för att påbörja en beslutsprocess om utvecklingsaktiviteter för att ta tillvara de mänskliga resurserna i arbetet vilket ökar förutsättningarna att rekrytera, behålla och engagera kompetent personal. Som resultat av förstudien har fem olika insiktsmetoder utvecklats och anpassats. Dessa metoder har kallats GAP-analys, Fokusgrupper Attraktivt Arbete, Visit, Riskanalys och Scenario. De tio företagen som deltog hade mellan 11 och 39 anställda, och deras verksamheter var inom områdena tillverkning, reparation och underhåll. Resultat från användning av metoderna visar att alla metoderna uppfyller kriterierna att vara enkla att förstå och snabba att genomföra. Fokusgrupper, Visit och Riskanalys ger konkret vägledning för fortsatt utvecklingsarbete. Fokusgrupper ger ett brett underlag för en fortsättning som bygger på dialog, en djupare analys på individnivå samt har psykiska och sociala dimensioner. Därmed sågs Fokusgrupper som den mest intressanta metoden att gå vidare med. Denna studie indikerar att det finns möjlighet att påverka ledare att ta beslut om aktiviteter för att utveckla den mänskliga resursen. Det finns därmed anledning att ytterligare studera ett antal företag där en och samma metod används. Valet har fallit på Fokusgrupper, även om andra metoder skulle vara tänkbara. Abstract This report concerns a sub-study of the project attractive competitiveness (AKK). The aim of the work is to evaluate five methods that are supposed to” raise awereness” about the advantages of initiating activities to better utilize human resources at work. Based on that shall one method be elected for depend studies. The driving forces for creation of good work environments are many. The primary can be said to be the humanitarian driving force. Except for the considerations that are behind the work environment legislations and agreements between social partners is therefore good reasons for entrepreneurs to give priority to work environment work. The focus of this study is to which extent it is possible by a limited input influence the liability of a manager with responsibilities for the work environment to take decisions to start a process aimed at improving the use of the human resources in the company. The goal is that the manager decides to start such a process which also is supposed to recruit, retain and engage competent staff. In the sub-study have five insight methods been developed or adapted. Those methods have been named gap-analysis, focus groups attractive work, visit, risk analysis, and scenario. The ten participating companies employed between eleven and thirty-nine persons. The companies represented different branches as production, repair work and maintenance. The results from the test of the methods shows that they all meet the criteria’s to be simple to understand and quick to carry through. Focus groups attractive work, visit, and risk analysis gives substantial guidance for further development work. Focus groups attractive work gives a broad base for a continuation built on a dialogue, a deeper analyses of individual level as well as mental and social dimensions. Of that reason chosen for deepened studies. This study indicates that there are possibilities to influence managers to decide about activities aimed at better use of human resources. There are therefore reasons to make further studies in a number of companies where the elected method is used.

  • 14.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Hägg, Göran M
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Arbetsmiljöarbete i Sverige 2004: En kunskapssammanställning över strategier, metoder och arbetssätt för arbetsmiljöarbete2006Report (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Laring, Jonas
    Åteg, Mattias
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Arbetsmiljöfrågans väg: samverkan mellan kundföretag och företagshälsovård2006Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Inom ramen för Tema SMARTA vid Arbetslivsinstitutet har ett delprojekt genomförts som utgår från frågan ”Hur kan och bör arbetsmiljöarbete bedrivas och integreras i organisationers verksamheter?”. Syftet är dels att analysera beslutsprocesser i arbetsmiljöfrågor i ett perspektiv av företagens kundrelation till ett företagshälsovårdsföretag (FHV-företag), dels att analysera hur en expertfunktion inom FHV – i det här fallet ergonomer – arbetar, särskilt avseende samverkan med kunden, metoder och verktyg. En bas för studien är genomgången av tidigare forskning inom området. Utöver detta baseras studien på intervjuer med FHV-företagens kunder och med ergonomer yrkesverksamma inom FHV, både interna och externa, samt med fristående ergonomikonsulter. Intervjuerna har berört beslutsprocesser, prioriteringar, initiativ och strukturer för ett förebyggande arbetsmiljöarbete samt systematiskt arbetsmiljöarbete. De har genomförts med kontaktpersoner på företag som är kunder till ett FHV-företag samt med ergonomer inom FHV som har intervjuats om vilka arbetssätt de väljer samt vilka metoder och verktyg de använder. Resultaten visar att beslutsprocessen är komplex och prioriteringar sker i många steg. I sitt arbete med arbetsmiljöfrågor vill företagen ofta själva prova att lösa olika problem, och gör också sådana försök, innan man tar kontakt med sitt FHVföretag. Alla yrkeskategorier inom FHV-företaget anlitas men oftast en i taget, snarare än som ett samlat team. Företagen litar på FHV-företagens rekommendationer, men genomför till stor del åtgärderna på egen hand och utan att utvärdera resultaten. Många ergonomer fungerar som experter och som i sina uppdrag använder få eller enstaka metoder samt analyserar och levererar lösningar. Relationen mellan FHV-företaget och kunden bygger i liten omfattning på arbetsformer som innehåller dialog och en metodik som innebär ett gemensamt problemlösningsarbete.

  • 16.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rosén, G
    Takmonterat lågimpulsdon ger sänkt exponering för gasformiga luftföroreningar1993Report (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rosén, G
    Rask, L
    Mätning av luftföroreningar i realtid. Inventering av mätinstrument lämpliga för PIMEX-metoden1991Report (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Arbetsmiljöarbete kan skapa engagemang2004In: Nordiska arbetsmiljömötet (50 : 2004 : Reykjavik), Reykjavik, 2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Arbetsmiljöarbete som utvecklingsmotor: Erfarenheter från regional utveckling i Dalarna2005Report (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Pimex: a developed visualisation tool for occupational hygiene2005In: IOHA 6th International Conference, Pilansberg, South Africa, 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    PIMEX involves the combination of real-time monitoring instruments with video of the worker’s activities. In the1980s the idea was developed and tested in Sweden and is now an established method used by practitioners in different countries. The goal was to develop easy-to-use, usercentered risk communication tools that should provide the user with the information needed to reduce the risks in their working life. PIMEX can now play an important role in getting the message across about hazards and risks in the workplace. The PIMEX method has been used in the following areas: • Direct intervention at workplaces to motivate and engage worker • Task analysis for understanding and controlling exposure • Production of training material • Occupational hygiene research For direct intervention, PIMEX has some important advantages. By watching recorded material, the personnel involved develop a better understanding of the connection between the situation at the workplace and the exposure that arises. This knowledge is considerably more difficult to communicate when the monitoring results are presented in reports, tables or figures. Presentation is made even easier by the fact that the results can be viewed simultaneously as the measurements are being made. This makes it possible to use the viewer’s curiosity, knowledge that supports motivation for participation in work environment development. Occupational hygienist etc. can get detailed information on exposure by the use of task analysis. That information can provide a very important basis for remedial measures. Production of training material is an area of use that makes it possible to spread the knowledge gained at one workplace to a larger circle. The medium can be video, CD or DVD. One such example on a training material is “Hazard Prevention and Control in the Work Environment: Airborne Dust” based on a WHO document. The course material was tested and evaluated in South Africa 2003. As a tool for research, PIMEX provides many opportunities. The wealth of information that is found in a picture, combined with the monitoring data from different instruments, can provide the basis for research on such topics as the connection between production parameters and exposure.

  • 21.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Video exposure monitoring for transfer of knowledge in chemical hazards to small enterprises2014In: Small Enterprise Research: The Journal of SEAANZ, ISSN 1321-5906, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 223-228Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Fällstrand Larsson, Nina
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    A study visit to a vitual company2012In: NGL 2012  Next Generation Learning Conference: Conference proceedings, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna , 2012, p. 69-74Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    To integrate study visits to different workplaces in higher education implies important benefits for the course quality. The study visit gives the students a better understanding for the real situations they will meet in working life. However for practical and economical reasons is that not always possible. The purpose of this project is to create a virtual company that shall replace the real one for study visits. The goal is to create a realistic picture and that intended use of it can come as close as possible to a real study visit. It is also important to facilitate linking theory and practice. The virtual company is built up by pictures, videos and text. All material is made available on a web page and when entering the students will meet a layout of the company. From that position is it possible to walk around and look at videos from different workstations. Besides that can they also listen to interviews with managers and representatives of staff as well as reading reports concerning productivity and the work environment. The focus of the study visit is work sciences, therefore the material also include some visualized information about work hazards. On the web page there are also a number of tasks for the students to carry out. Until the autumn 2011, 132 students at Dalarna University have visited and produced reports from the virtual company. They were studying in programs for mechanical engineering, production technicians and human resource management. An evaluation among some ten students showed that the study visit to the virtual company is flexible in time and effective, but that students wish to have even more detailed information about the company. Experiences from four years of use in a number of classes show that the concept is worth further development. Furthermore with production of new material the concept is likely to be applicable for other purposes.

  • 23.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Gunnarsson, Kristina
    Uppsala University.
    What pupils in vocational schools learn about risk at work2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Negative health effects because of poor work environment is more common among young workers compared to older. One explanation might be that younger ones have a low awareness of risk, a lack of safety training, and inadequate introductions to the work. A study has been made focusing on the pupils in vocational schools knowledge and experiences about potential work environment risks in their future work. Questionnaires were distributed to 239 pupils in ten Swedish upper secondary schools’ graduating classes in four vocational programs focusing on basic knowledge about health risks at work as well as the work environment legislation. The programs were the Industrial Technology Program, the Restaurant Management and Food Program, the Transport Program, and the Handicraft Program (in which students specialize in wood). The results from the questionnaires were followed up with focus group discussions. The results showed that the pupils in general had limited knowledge that employers must, by law, conduct risk analyses and prevent risks. It was common that they mentioned themselves as the main responsible to work safe and was not clear about the employers’ duty to arrange for safe work. Pupils in all programs mentioned acute risk as the biggest risk at work. It was concluded that a systematic approach to pupils’ training in work environment is lacking. The results indicates a clear gap between what knowledge the pupils are offered and what’s intended by laws as well as state-of-the-art in occupational health risk research.

  • 24.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Hedlund, Ann
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    PIMEX 2008 for the aluminium industry. Visualised training material and manual.2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    PIMEX in the aluminiumindustry. It is not always self-evident what should be done to minimize the elements that create problems in the work environment. Which initiatives are most effective in improving the air quality? How can we decrease noise and vibration? How should we work in order to decrease the risk of strain injuries? Often is it possible to significantly reduce these risks without bigger investments, simply by making these hazards visible. The PIMEX-method does this clearly by simultaneously filming and monitoring the workplace so that such hazards – air pollutants, for example – can be traced. PIMEX has shown itself to be an effective tool for implementing work environment improvements.

  • 25.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Klusell, Lars
    FöretagSAM: En jämförelse av två modeller för implementering av systematiskt arbetsmiljöarbete på mindre tillverkningsföretag2006Report (Other academic)
  • 26. Backström, Tomas
    et al.
    Isaksson, Kerstin
    Wilhelmson, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Moström Åberg, Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Åteg, Mattias
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Önnered, Loe
    Regisserad kompetensutveckling2008In: Nordisk arbetslivsforskningskonferens, Växjö, 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Backström, Tomas
    et al.
    School for Innovation, Design and Technology, Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Köping Olsson, Bengt
    School for Innovation, Design and Technology, Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Wilhelmson, Lena
    Department of Education, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Moström Åberg, Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Åteg, Mattias
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    The manager´s directing task2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The manager has great influence over the talks in the workplace. A manager as uses

    the appropriate tools can help employees become more democratic in meetings and

    more receptive to what colleagues are saying. This in turn leads to increased learning

    and better working environment for employees. This is shown in a project with

    twenty managers from different businesses. From the public sector participated

    county council, state administration and municipal activity. From private industry

    participated small service companies, banking, automobile, and an additional

    manufacturing industry. The managers had during a year to participate in eight

    workshops with different themes related to communication and collaboration,

    conducted by researchers from Mälardalen University, Dalarna University and

    Stockholm University (Sweden). The employees were requested to answer

    questionnaires before and after this year, to study the extent to which they have been

    influenced by the fact that managers attended the training.

    The results show that the working groups not only become more competent,

    employees have also been more attached to their work group and working groups

    have also become more involved in decisions regarding their work and workplaces.

    Results point at the importance of the manager to support integrated autonomy among

    the employees who then become responsible and empowered actors.

    The ideal that this project seeks is called integrated autonomy. This means that the

    actor at the same time should be both independent and belonging. Employees and

    work groups, should as far as possible, be permitted and develop competence to

    decide how the work should be carried out. The employees belonging enables the

    decision to be made within the framework of the practices, the culture and the

    objectives that the group and the organization has developed. Belonging is both a

    support to staff and ensures that the action is strongly influenced by the organization.

    The manager task is about providing conditions for interaction and to influence the

    emergence of collective competence and coordination in tune with a changing

    environment. This way of working, we describe as the managers' directing task.

  • 28.
    Backström, Tomas
    et al.
    School for Innovation, Design and Technology, Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Moström Åberg, Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Köping Olsson, Bengt
    School for Innovation, Design and Technology, Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Wilhelmson, Lena
    Department of Education, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Åteg, Mattias
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Manager's task to support integrated autonomy at the workplace: Results from an intervention2013In: International Journal of Business and Management, ISSN 1833-3850, E-ISSN 1833-8119, Vol. 8, no 22, p. 20-31Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A new managerial task arises in today’s working life: to provide conditions for and influence interaction between actors and thus to enable the emergence of organizing structure in tune with a changing environment. We call this the enabling managerial task. The goal of this paper is to study whether training first line managers in the enabling managerial task could lead to changes in the work for the subordinates. This paper presents results from questionnaires answered by the subordinates of the managers before and after the training. The training was organized as a learning network and consisted of eight workshops carried out over a period of one year (September 2009–June 2010), where the managers met with each other and the researchers once a month. Each workshop consisted of three parts, during three and a half hours. The first hour was devoted to joint reflection on a task that had been undertaken since the last workshop; some results were presented from the employee pre-assessments, followed by relevant theory and illuminating practices, finally the managers created new tasks for themselves to undertake during the following month. The subordinates’ answers show positive change in all of the seventeen scales used to assess it. The improvements are significant in scales measuring the relationship between the manager and the employees, as well as in those measuring interaction between employees. It is concluded that the result was a success for all managers that had the possibility of using the training in their management work.

  • 29.
    Backström, Tomas
    et al.
    School for Innovation, Design and Technology, Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Wilhelmson, Lena
    Department of Education, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Åteg, Mattias
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Köping Olsson, Bengt
    School for Innovation, Design and Technology, Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Moström Åberg, Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    The role of manager in the post-industrial work system.2011In: Studies in Industrial Renewal: Coping with Changing Contexts / [ed] In E. Segelod, K. Berglund, E. Bjurström, E. Dahlquist, L. Hallén & U. Johanson (Eds.),, Västerås: Mälardalen university press , 2011, 1, p. 215-227Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Bernsand, Carl-Olof
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Bilder av gruvarbetaryrket2017Report (Other academic)
  • 31. Björing, Gunnar
    et al.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Backström, Tomas
    Hultengren, May
    Nilsson, Tommy
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Arbetsmiljön i träindustrin1998Report (Other academic)
  • 32. Bornberger-Dankvardt, Sten
    et al.
    Ohlson, Carl-Göran
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Arbetsmiljöarbete i småföretag: samlad kunskap samt behov av forskning och utvecklingsinsatser2005Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande rapport behandlar specifikt behov av och möjligheter för arbetsmiljöarbete i småföretag och är ett delarbete i tema SMARTA. SMARTA – strategier, metoder och arbetssätt för fungerande arbetsmiljöarbete – ingår i Arbetslivsinstitutets temaverksamhet. SMARTA ska bidra till ett hållbart arbetsliv på arbetsplatser där arbetsmiljöarbetet ses som en resurs för både arbetsplatsen och individen. För arbetsplatsen kan det handla om konkurrenskraft, lönsamhet samt attraktivitet och för individen om hälsa, välbefinnande, kreativitet och förnyelseförmåga. SMARTA tar ett helhetsperspektiv på arbetsmiljöarbete inom olika regioner och branscher. Temat sammanställer inledningsvis kunskapsläget och ger exempel på hur arbetsmiljöarbete kan bedrivas och vidareutvecklas. Ambitionen för FoU-projekt i tema SMARTA är att besvara frågor som: • Hur bör arbetsmiljöarbete integreras i organisationers kärnverksamhet? • Hur bör arbetsmiljöarbete bedrivas? • Hur bör interna och externa aktörer agera för att få till stånd ett hållbart och fungerande arbetsmiljöarbete? Rapporten vänder sig till praktiker och forskare som är intresserade av att få en översiktsbild över arbetsmiljösituationen i småföretag och förutsättningar som krävs för fungerande arbetsmiljöarbete.

  • 33.
    Byléhn, Elsie-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Medarbetarundersökningens roll i chefernas arbetsmiljöarbete: En kvalitativ studie hos Trafikverket2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The employee is entitled to a safe work environment according to Swedish legislation.  Good working conditions are a key factor to create healthy and attractive work places. Employee survey is a method used to investigate the work environment in the process “Systematiskt arbetsmiljöarbete”. The employee survey can also be used to measure employees’ views on a wide range of work-related topics in order to achieve organizational success.

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the importance of the employee survey for the continuous work environment process done by managers.  The study also investigated how the managers’ worked with the result of the employee survey and how they worked with the continuous work environment process. The study was carried out on a function with three organizational levels and contains 12 interviews with managers on all three levels.

    The findings of the study show that the result of the employee survey is used as a basis for discussion both in the management teams and in dialogue with employees in the work environment process. The result of the employee survey is also used to ensure that measures taken within the work environment process are well accepted. The result also shows that managers on the lowest organizational level use other tools when investigating the work environment.

  • 34. Byström, Lars-Erik
    et al.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Digital video for improved training and risk communication in occupational hygiene [Poster]2005In: IOHA 6th International Conference, Pilansberg, South Africa, 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Video technology has been utilized for the production of training films focusing on occupational hygiene topics for at least two decades. These films have mainly been produced in a traditional way with some basic story told, illustrated with video pictures and accompanied by a speaker voice. The introduction video exposure monitoring technologies as PIMEX have made it possible to develop the use of video by adding additional information to the video picture about, at the same time occurring exposure to e.g. air contaminants. This technology has meant an important advance what concerns improved understanding of the link between occupational exposure and the situation in the work place and worker behaviour. The improved possibility to involve the worker and supervisors in the search for effective control measures is perhaps the most important characteristic. This technology is now used in several countries and the experiences from its use prompts for continued development and widened use. The development of video technology, especially digital video and the possibilities to do professional editing in standard computers implies a fantastic possibility and challenge for the occupational hygienist. Digital video cameras, computers with video editing as standard and possibilities to produce ready products on built in CD or DVD burners are now common products on the consumer market which implies that the price level has gone down drastically. With those tools is it therefore possible now to produce advanced reports and especially effective, visualized training materials. This way of using the technology is already in use in different countries for production of exposure study reports as CD-ROMs including text as well as video illustrations. At the Swedish Institute for Working Life has training videos using visualization methods as PIMEX been produced for many years. In recent year has this production been developed in many ways to make a wider and more effective distribution of knowledge possible? One example is the production of an extensive training material focusing on control of occupational exposure to dust. This product is also produced in html-code, which means that it can be used in most standard computers and that it is prepared for distribution on Internet. The duplication of such a product is not expensive and the possibility to distribute via Internet makes a wide knowledge spread possible. Other examples have focused on hazard control in wood industry and the organisation of a systematic work environment management system. The today available technology based on digital video and computer technology has made it possible for non-professional video producers to produce and distribute training material which are much more effective to get the message across. This possibility may be compared to the introduction of word processing technology which today makes it possible for any hygienist to write professionally looking reports. It is now time for occupational hygienists to utilize the new possibilities for production of effective training tools.

  • 35.
    Daniels, Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science. Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies.
    Inspirationsbenchmarking för förbättrad verksamhet för ABB Components i Ludvika2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 36.
    Gummesson, Karl
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Effective measures to decrease air contaminants through risk and control visualization: a study of the effective use of QR codes to facilitate safety training2016In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 82, p. 120-128Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Woodworking industries still consists of wood dust problems. Young workers are especially vulnerable to safety risks. To reduce risks, it is important to change attitudes and increase knowledge about safety. Safety training have shown to establish positive attitudes towards safety among employees. The aim of current study is to analyze the effect of QR codes that link to Picture Mix EXposure (PIMEX) videos by analyzing attitudes to this safety training method and safety in student responses. Safety training videos were used in upper secondary school handicraft programs to demonstrate wood dust risks and methods to decrease exposure to wood dust. A preliminary study was conducted to investigate improvement of safety training in two schools in preparation for the main study that investigated a safety training method in three schools. In the preliminary study the PIMEX method was first used in which students were filmed while wood dust exposure was measured and subsequently displayed on a computer screen in real time. Before and after the filming, teachers, students, and researchers together analyzed wood dust risks and effective measures to reduce exposure to them. For the main study, QR codes linked to PIMEX videos were attached at wood processing machines. Subsequent interviews showed that this safety training method enables students in an early stage of their life to learn about risks and safety measures to control wood dust exposure. The new combination of methods can create awareness, change attitudes and motivation among students to work more frequently to reduce wood dust. 

  • 37.
    Gummesson, Karl
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Short-term variation in occupational exposure to air contaminants2015In: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, ISSN 1545-9624, E-ISSN 1545-9632, Vol. 12, no 5, p. 294-301Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many industrial workers are exposed to air contaminants. A significant proportion of this exposure is found to occur as short peaks, a fact that has received limited attention in the literature. The present study focuses on short-term variation in air contaminant exposure measured at the level of seconds, linking exposure peaks to typical work situations in selected Swedish industries. The video exposure monitoring method was used to characterize this variation. Ten different videos were analyzed, from recordings varying in length between 15 and 34 minutes. Cumulative exposure for sampling intervals ranked from high to low, relative to the total exposure was calculated as a function of time. Measures of exposure variation included geometric standard deviation and maximum exposure divided by arithmetic mean. The results show that the characteristics of the variation differ between industrial situations. Samples from the stone, wood, and pharmaceutical industries generated the highest variation, implying that exposure peaks of short duration explain a large proportion of the total exposure. It can be concluded that video monitoring of exposure, combined with calculation of exposure variation as percentage of time accounting for given percentages of exposure, can help to reduce exposure to air contaminants in industrial situations by introducing more targeted control measures.

  • 38.
    Gummesson, Karl
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Safety training to reduce wood dust: a work method2015In: Proceedings of USE2015, 2015, p. 285-292Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Air contaminants remain a problem in SMEs (Karlsson et al., 2006). Research has shown that short-term exposure to air contaminants can cause health risks, and short-term exposure has received low attention compared to long-term measured mean values of different air contaminants. Yet peak exposures often explain a large part of the mean exposure. The aim of this paper is to develop a work method that can be used to control wood dust and improve the work environment of SMEs. The work method was developed by earlier research in the field of safety training and occupational health, but also through interviews with regional safety representatives in wood industries. The work method illustrates several steps, such as risk and control identification of short term exposure, safety training (creation and implementation), and evaluation of safety training, collaboration in safety training, adaptation and implementation of safety training. The work method can be used by safety representatives to control wood dust primarily through safety training, but also to create conditions for further studies on risks and safety in SMEs.

  • 39. Gunnarsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Josefsson, Malin
    Swedish entrepreneurs’ use of occupational health ervices2011In: AAOHN Journal, ISSN 1938-2448, Vol. 59, no 10, p. 437-445Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Small-scale enterprises are less often covered by occupational health services and have insufficient awareness about health and risks in the work environment. This study investigated how Swedish entrepreneurs in small-scale enterprises use occupational health services. The study used a questionnaire sent in two waves, 5 years apart. At baseline, 496 entrepreneurs responded, and 251 participated 5 years later. The questionnaire included items about affiliation with and use of occupational health services, physical and psychosocial work environments, work environment management, sources of work environment information, and membership in professional networks. Only 3% of entrepreneurs without employees and 19% of entrepreneurs with employees were affiliated with an occupational health service. Entrepreneurs affiliated with occupational health services were more active in work environment management and gathering information about the work environment. The occupational health services most used were health examinations, health care, and ergonomic risk assessments. Affiliation with occupational health services was 6% at both measurements, 4% at baseline, and 10% 5 years later.

  • 40. Gunnarsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Arbetsmiljö och arbetsmiljöarbete i mindre tillverkningsföretag i Dalarna: En genomgång av förutsättningar för ett systematiskt arbetsmiljöarbete på mindre arbetsplatser2004Report (Other academic)
  • 41. Gunnarsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Ind Engineering, Management and Work Science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Systematic work environment management: experiences from implementation in Swedish small-scale enterprises2010In: Industrial Health, ISSN 0019-8366, E-ISSN 1880-8026, Vol. 48, no 2, p. 185-196Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Small-scale enterprises face difficulties in fulfilling the regulations for organising Systematic Work Environment Management. This study compared three groups of small-scale manufacturing enterprises with and without support for implementing the provision. Two implementation methods, supervised and network method, were used. The third group worked according to their own ideas. Twenty-three enterprises participated. The effects of the implementation were evaluated after one year by semi-structured dialogue with the manager and safety representative. Each enterprise was classified on compliance with ten demands concerning the provision. The work environment was estimated by the WEST-method. Impact of the implementation on daily work was also studied. At the follow-up, the enterprises in the supervised method reported slightly more improvements in the fulfilment of the demands in the provision than the enterprises in the network method and the enterprises working on their own did. The effect of the project reached the employees faster in the enterprises with the supervised method. In general, the work environment improved to some extent in all enterprises. Extensive support to small-scale enterprises in terms of advise and networking aimed to fulfil the regulations of Systematic Work Environment Management had limited effect especially considering the cost of applying these methods.

  • 42.
    Hansson, Magnus
    et al.
    Örebro Univeristet.
    Wigblad, Rune
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Plant closures, temporary workers and a management controlled setting: further evidence on the closedown effect2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Hedlund, Ann
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Activities for improved attractiveness in the woodworking industry2007In: 5:th Seminar on Worklife Development, Vesilahti, Finland, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Hedlund, Ann
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Attractive work in progress2008In: 6:th Seminar on Worklife Development, Garpenberg, Sweden, 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Hedlund, Ann
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Attraktivitetens dynamik - studier av förändringar av arbetets attraktivitet2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    This thesis takes a point of departure in the problems to recruit and retain personnel in woodworking companies. Companies, actors of society and researchers started with the ambition to create work which people, especially young ones, would like to have and where employees want to stay. The research has been carried out within the att…-project in collaboration between Dalarna University and National Institute for Working Life. The primary purpose was to create deeper understanding of characteristics of attractive work. A distinction has been made between on the one hand what makes work attractive, and on the other hand changes of the attractiveness. The empirical problem with recruitment was a starting point, followed by an interaction between theory and empiricism. The relation to practioners can be described as interactive with usefulness in focus. Questionnaires, group discussions and interviews, as well as informal conversations, have been used in five separate studies. The attractiveness of work depends on the individual’s estimation of the totality of work based upon her/his life situation. Characteristic for attractive work is that it is dynamic and comparative. Positive factors of work are related to other employments or to the idea of attractive work. A model of attractive work which represents an overall picture regarding what makes work attractive contains about 80 qualities in 22 dimensions. One finding is that changes in one dimension influences other dimensions. Another finding is that changed estimations of work depends both on changed valuation of the importance of different aspects of work, and on changed conception of the aspects. It is not enough to do a single effort aimed at retaining and recruiting personnel since the attractiveness of work is dynamic and comparisons are made with other employments. Companies must continuously do efforts for more attractive work. Existing attractive qualities that are hidden from applicants can be displayed. Other qualities can be realized and added to. Knowledge about what makes work attractive and about the dynamic of the attractiveness is valuable to create more attractive work.

  • 46.
    Hedlund, Ann
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Från elev till verksam timmerman - en utvecklingsprocess: Utbildning, yrkeserfarenhet och arbetets attraktivitet2006Book (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Hedlund, Ann
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Fysisk arbetsmiljö vid nätbaserad undervisning: En kartläggning vid Högskolan Dalarna2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport är en redovisning av ett arbete kring fysisk arbetsmiljö för lärare vid nätbaserad undervisning. Brister avseende den fysiska arbetsmiljön är identifierade fördelat på de tre områdena kontor, föreläsningssal och inspelningsmiljö. Även andra arbetsmiljöfaktorer som identifierats under arbetets gång är noterade. Önskemålet är att läraren i största möjliga mån ska slippa behöva tänka på tekniska förutsättningar. Förslag på lösningar ges för såväl föreläsningssal, inspelningsmiljö och kontorsrum. Utvecklingsmöjligheterna är många och genom att åtgärda bristerna i enlighet med föreslagna åtgärder samt att sprida framgångsfaktorer kan en förbättrad arbetsmiljö för lärare vid nätbaserad undervisning erhållas. Ett behov av en övergripande strategi för hur Högskolan Dalarna ska arbeta för att förbättra arbetsmiljön för lärare som arbetar med nätbaserad undervisning har identifierats, liksom att en samordnande person med ansvar för såväl fysisk, som psykisk och social arbetsmiljö vid nätbaserad undervisning utses.

  • 48.
    Hedlund, Ann
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Moving loghouse production indoors influence the experience of the work attractiveness2005In: Fourth Seminar on Worklife Development, Bjurfors, Sverige, 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Hedlund, Ann
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Practical experiences from use of the Attractive Work model2004In: Third Seminar on WorkLife Development, Imatra, Finland, 2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Hedlund, Ann
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    The attractiveness of the work is affected when production of handcrafted log houses moves indoors2006In: Silva Fennica, ISSN 0037-5330, E-ISSN 2242-4075, Vol. 40, no 3, p. 545-558Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Viewed from a historical perspective, a shift has occurred within the forestry and wood sector towards indoor work. In Sweden, the production of handcrafted log houses has now also begun to move indoors. With a point of departure in development processes within the log house sector involving working indoors, education, work attractiveness, between 2001-2005, the aim of this study was to compare indoor work with outdoor work, based on log house builders' experience of working on handcrafted log houses. Methods used in the interactive development project involving apprentices, experienced log house builders and researchers, were participation with continuous documentation of experiences and opinions; questions; interviews; and measurement of the work environment. The Attractive Work Model has been used in order to analyse perceptions and values. The changes, 15 out of 22 areas, were perceived both negatively and positively. Therefore, it can not be said that working on traditional, handcrafted log houses becomes more attractive if it is moved indoors. The majority wanted to work both outdoors and indoors, while most of the others only wanted to work outdoors. The results indicate that there is scope for developing more attractive work indoors by utilising experiences from log house builders and closely related activities such as the forestry and wood sector. Changes made within one area of work attractiveness affect other areas. Further research is needed both with regard to comparisons between indoor and outdoor work and regarding the interaction between the areas that are identified in the Attractive Work Model.

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