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  • 1.
    Ahlstrand, Roland
    et al.
    Malmö Högskola.
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Corporate Social Responsibility in Connection with Business Closures and Downsizing: A Literature Review2017In: Contemporary Management Research, ISSN 1813-5498, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 53-78Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper was to review the research on corporate social responsibility (CSR) in connection with business closures and downsizing to identify gaps in our knowledge. The study consisted of a systematic review of 24 refereed articles. The review identified four themes in the literature on CSR in connection with business closure and downsizing, namely CSR, transition programs and the local community; CSR and business strategy; CSR, power and reputation; and lastly, other articles on CSR in connection with business closures and downsizing. The review revealed a lack of understanding of the reasons, outcomes and methodology of CSR development in connection with business closures and downsizing.

  • 2.
    Gummesson, Karl
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Safety training to reduce wood dust: a work method2015In: Proceedings of USE2015, 2015, p. 285-292Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Air contaminants remain a problem in SMEs (Karlsson et al., 2006). Research has shown that short-term exposure to air contaminants can cause health risks, and short-term exposure has received low attention compared to long-term measured mean values of different air contaminants. Yet peak exposures often explain a large part of the mean exposure. The aim of this paper is to develop a work method that can be used to control wood dust and improve the work environment of SMEs. The work method was developed by earlier research in the field of safety training and occupational health, but also through interviews with regional safety representatives in wood industries. The work method illustrates several steps, such as risk and control identification of short term exposure, safety training (creation and implementation), and evaluation of safety training, collaboration in safety training, adaptation and implementation of safety training. The work method can be used by safety representatives to control wood dust primarily through safety training, but also to create conditions for further studies on risks and safety in SMEs.

  • 3.
    Hansson, Magnus
    et al.
    Örebro Univeristet.
    Wigblad, Rune
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Plant closures, temporary workers and a management controlled setting: further evidence on the closedown effect2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Hedlund, Ann
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Ind Engineering, Management and Work Science.
    Arbetsmiljö vid hantering av skogsenergi: En redovisning av fallstudier2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Uttaget av skogsbränsle har ökat kraftigt i Sverige under senare år och tillkomsten av nya entreprenörer i denna nisch inom skogsbranschen ökar. Syftet med denna rapport är att öka kunskapen om förhållanden inom skogsenergiområdet avseende arbetsmiljö, ergonomi och arbetens attraktivitet. Detta har gjorts genom litteraturstudier, fallstudier och djupintervjuer. Litteraturstudien visar att kunskapen om risker i skogsenerginischen specifikt är begränsad. Det gäller såväl yrkeshygieniska, ergonomiska, psykosociala risker såväl som olycksfallsrisker. Specifikt har damm av olika typer, vibrationer, buller och exponering för kemikalier uppmärksammats. I denna studie har arbetsmiljöanalyser i form av fallstudier genomförts för processer kopplade till de olika sortimenten GROT(grenar och toppar), stubbar och klenskog innehållanden arbetsmoment för skördning, transport, sönderdelning och kvalitetskontroll. Många av arbetsmiljöproblemen som finns i skogsbranschen, t ex monotona arbetsställningar, vibrationer, stötar/slag, hand/armrörelser, finns också vid uttag av flis. Många arbetar ensamma, saknar rutiner för regelbundna kontakter och rastkoja. Ensamarbete sker delvis också i mörker och med långa avstånd till bebyggelse. Det finns ett antal specifika risker i arbetsmiljön vid hantering av flis, t ex flygande föremål och damm. Stubbrytning och sönderdelning, liksom längre tids lagring av råvaran är nya moment. Denna studie har t ex visat på trånga hytter med avsaknad av vibrationsdämpning, dålig ljudisolering och bristande hyttklimat. Kartläggning av arbetets attraktivitet visar att merparten av de intervjuade i denna studie tycker att arbetet är attraktivt. Det som främst bidrar till detta är friheten att styra sitt arbete under eget ansvar, att vara i skog och natur, få arbeta med maskiner samt upplevelsen av att ha en bra arbetsgivare som arbetar för att både verksamhet och de anställda ska få utvecklas. De fallstudier som genomförts är slumpmässigt utvalda inom ett begränsat geografiskt område. Denna studie ska ses som en översiktlig kartläggning av arbetsmiljöförhållanden inom skogsenerginischen där de framkomna resultaten ger indikationer på områden för fördjupade studier. Utifrån studiens resultat kan följande slutsatser dras: • Det finns brister avseende arbetsmiljön, varav några är generella för skogsbranschen och andra unika för skogsenerginischen. • Speciellt allvarliga risker är olycksfallsrisker; helkroppsvibrationer, stötar och slag; buller; ensamarbete; samt monotont och ensidigt arbete. • Det finns brister i kommunikationen mellan utförare av olika delprocesser. • Genom att införa fungerande systematiskt arbetsmiljöarbete kan säkerhetskulturen förbättras. • Det finns lokal kunskap om bra tekniska och organisatoriska lösningar, men den är inte spridd. • Merparten av de intervjuade i nischen tycker att arbetet är attraktivt, det som främst bidrar är friheten att styra sitt eget arbete och att vara utomhus, eget ansvar samt nuvarande arbetsgivare. • Hälften av intervjupersonerna, både de med VD-roll och anställda, uttrycker en oro kring att i framtiden kunna rekrytera kompetent personal. Förslag på fortsatt utvecklingsarbete är bland annat att studera arbetsmiljöförhållanden under andra årstider än hösten, fördjupade studier av vibrationer, slag och stötar samt hyttklimat. Det är också angeläget att utveckla ett fungerande systematiskt arbetsmiljöarbete och hitta former för skogsenerginischens speciella förutsättningar. En vidgad studie kring arbetenas attraktivitet bland presumtiv arbetskraft är ett annat angeläget område.

  • 5.
    Hedlund, Ann
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Gummesson, Karl
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Safety motivation at work: evaluation of changes from six interventions2016In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 82, p. 155-163Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Unsafe work environments can be both unhealthy for employees and costly for organizations. Safety motivation is essential to enhancing safety behaviors among employees. The objective is to evaluate whether six different interventions including safety training increase safety motivation. A validated questionnaire was used at two metal companies, two municipal agencies, one paper mill, and one plastic company. Statistical tests were used to compare the results at the factorial and item levels. In three cases, safety motivation changed significantly at the factorial level. There was a significant difference in each intervention at the item level. The outcomes indicate that the degree of participation, the number of occasions, the primary target group, and the decision maker of the intervention affect safety motivation.

  • 6.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Macuchova, Zuzana
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Rudholm, Niklas
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics.
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Willingness to commute long distance among job seekers in Dalarna, Sweden2013In: Journal of Transport Geography, ISSN 0966-6923, E-ISSN 1873-1236, Vol. 28, p. 49-55Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies on commuting behavior and willingness towards commuting have analyzed individuals who are active in the workforce and have largely focused on larger metropolitan regions. This paper presents results from a survey of unemployed job seekers in the county of Dalarna, Sweden and analyzes the differences in willingness towards long-distance commuting between individuals with different socio-economic situations and experiences of unemployment. The analysis is conducted through a linear probability model complemented with a logistic regression model. Conclusions are drawn on the socio-economic factors that influence the probability of an individual’s willingness to commute longer than 40 minutes. The analysis also takes interaction between different factors into account. The study concludes that the factors influencing the willingness to commute are gender, level of education, and the presence of children in the household. Furthermore, the interactions between age and length of unemployment, age and educational level, and age and gender are shown to be significant in the willingness to commute long distances.

  • 7.
    Lewer, John
    et al.
    University of Newcastle.
    Wigblad, Rune
    Strömstad Akademi.
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    A comparative analysis of consultation obligations on business over collective redundancies in Sweden and AustraliaManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Identitet och förlusten av arbetet: En studie av anställdas upplevelser och bearbetningsprocesser vid en produktionsnedläggning2012Report (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Partnership in turbulent times: a comparative analysis2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The context of radical company restructurings i.e. downsizing and/or plant closures is extreme for employees who are facing unemployment, and consequently, makes partnership between management and employee representatives more difficult, compared to when the company is operating normally. However, before the decision on downsizing and/or closure emerges two ideal typical partnership approaches can be identified; “early coordination” or “formal negotiation”. The paper addresses two extreme cases, from the manufacturing sector in Sweden, mirroring the ideal types in closedowns. Formal negotiation usually trigger rapid closedown patterns due to the top management decision. In cases when “early coordination” is adopted there are increased possibilities to mitigate the negative consequences and ease the pain caused to labor.  From a partnership perspective the central issue is how redundancies are handled and agreed upon (Dietz, 2004). We argue that “early coordination” during the restructuring facilitates proactive HRM strategies that focus on reconnecting employees to new employment on the local labor market. Coordination of actions means that management and employee representatives agree upon a closedown strategy in an early stage. Management need to seriously adopt social responsible approach where employees are considered as a primarily stakeholder in the process of closure. Employee representatives, on the other hand, need to accept flexibility measures in order to create a smooth restructuring.

    The result shows that the case with coordinated actions resulted in long advance notice, education, training, job search etc. It also resulted in a domestically “nearsourcing” of subcontractor, which resulted in that 83 percent of the permanent employees got a solution in the new operations that were ‘nearsourced’ or new jobs at the local labor market. Whilst the other case resulted in internationally “oursourcing” of production which in turn resulted in that only a few of the displaced workers where reconnected to new employment on the local labor market (approximately 20 %). Thus, in the latter case the outcome resulted in higher unemployment rate for the workforce, compared to the case with early coordination. The comparative analysis also revealed different patterns in the course of restructuring, such as resistance to change.

  • 10.
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science. Karlstads universitet.
    Partsrelationer vid nedläggningar av produktionsenheter2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Partssamverkan i nedläggningsprocesser2015In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 39-53Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Partssamverkan i omstruktureringar: en jämförelse analys mellan två idealtypiska mönster2013Report (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Rydell, Alexis
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Work environment investments: outcomes from three cases2019In: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, ISSN 1080-3548, E-ISSN 2376-9130, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 138-147Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Work environment investments are important in order to create a healthy and safe workplace. This article presents findings from a seven-step interventions process aimed at examining and following-up work environment investments in small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs), with a particular focus on air contaminants. Three different cases were analyzed and included in the study: (i) an educational center for welding; (ii) a paint station in furniture manufacturing; and (iii) a joinery in furniture manufacturing. The result shows that the work environment investments were highly appreciated by the employees and managers, but at the same time the investment could be optimized through markedly decreased exposure levels for the worker. Factors such as follow-ups of the investment, education and training in how to use the equipment, workers involvement in the process and leadership engagement are important in order to optimize work environment investments.

  • 14.
    Rydell, Alexis
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Hedlund, Ann
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Change in Managers’ Conceptions of Human Resources in Organisations: Outcomes of an Intervention2014In: International Journal of Business and Management, ISSN 1833-3850, E-ISSN 1833-8119, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 168-179Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Managers’ conceptions of the importance of human resources are essential for creating ‘attractive workplaces’. This paper examines an intervention method aimed at creating insight among managers in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) concerning the potential of human resources. The intervention method is called Focus Group Attractive Work (FGAW) and was conducted at eight enterprises in Sweden. Based on the analysis, it is concluded that the intervention method seems to be thought-provoking and to facilitate changes in managers’ conceptions of the importance of human resources, albeit to different degrees. 

  • 15.
    Rydell, Alexis
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Wigblad, Rune
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Company-level flexicurity during the restructuring process: a model2011In: Transfer - European Review of Labour and Research, ISSN 1024-2589, E-ISSN 1996-7284, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 547-562Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on the analysis of and suggestions for improving company-level flexicurity during the restructuring process, based on a best-practice case in Sweden. The parties involved in the restructuring process created company-level flexicurity through strategic corporate social responsibility (CSR) in exchange for increased numerical flexibility by means of temporary employ- ees. The high numerical flexibility was possible because the trade unions saw that top management was committed to strategic socially responsible behaviour in the restructuring process. Our pro- posal concerns the dissemination of a model for company-level flexicurity during the restructuring process which promotes: (1) improved strategic CSR in the restructuring process, (2) improved transition to new employment in the local labour market and (3) improved flexibility, which creates increased efficiency, competitiveness and rapid payback in the course of restructuring.

  • 16.
    Rydell, Alexis
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Wigblad, Rune
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    The Quest for CSR in Closedowns2012In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 143-160Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on analysis of and suggestions for Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) orienta- tion during the closedown process.The article addresses CSR considerations that adjust business strategies, which in turn change the Human Resource Management (HRM) focus. Our study fo- cuses on four best practice cases in Sweden, which are compared with three reported cases in the literature.All four best practice cases had a long notice period and socially responsible coordination of management and employees, which created adjusted corporate strategies.Three cases had the CSR orientation in the earliest stage, while the fourth case had this coordination during a later stage of the closedown process. We develop a model where we show that the scope for action increases if the CSR orientation and coordination of actions come early in the closedown process, due to the increased ability to adjust the business strategy and create a plan for outreach HRM activities and local community activities. 

  • 17.
    Rydell, Alexis
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Wigblad, Rune
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Towards Integration of Ethics, HRM and Strategic Management in Closedowns2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Wigblad, Rune
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    En svensk `flexicurity-modell´ i omstruktureringar2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det har framkommit i den vetenskapliga debatten att den danska flexicurity-modellen skapar en hög grad av rörlighet på arbetsmarknaden jämfört med den relativa inflexibilitet som finns i den svenska modellen. Scania-modellen 2005-2008 illustrerar att flexibiliteten i den svenska modellen kan öka genom en organisatorisk flexicurity. Vi analyserar förutsättningarna för en svensk flexicurity-modell för omstruktureringar. En svensk flexicurity-modell i omstruktureringar som bygger på proaktiva insatser från tre parter, har potential att skapa lika hög brygga som Scaniamodellen gav, d v s en 80-90 procent överbryggning av det som annars hade blivit arbetslöshetsöar.

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