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  • 1. Edfeldt, Chatarina
    Até que a Vida Vos Separe: Percursos de Construção de Género no Matrimónio Burguês num conto de Nélida Piñon2008In: Mulheres que escrevem mulheres que lêem: Repensar a Literatura pelo Gènero / [ed] Edfeldt, Chatarina; Galhardo Couto, Anabela, Lissabon: 101 Noites , 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Edfeldt, Chatarina
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    “De ‘lésbicas’ a ‘nazi-feministas’: Política, ódio e contrafeminismo na era da Internet2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [pt]

    Denominar e difamar sempre foram estratégias correntes na resistência contra as mulheres que, tal como as Três Marias, se atrevem a levantar a voz no discurso público e a reivindicar direitos igualitários. A denominação, ao conotar especificidades identitárias como o aspecto físico e/ou a sexualidade, tem sido um veículo eficaz para exercer violência simbólica sobre as mulheres, envergonhando, intimidando e desacreditando-as, e para as remeter ao silêncio. Assim as mulheres transgressoras da primeira vaga eram consideradas "doentes histéricas" e "masculinizadas" e as da segunda vaga, como as Três Marias, “prostitutas” e “lésbicas ".

    Nesta intervenção, faço o levantamento de formas actuais dessa estratégia e da política de contrafeminismo, referindo o exemplo sueco atual para discutir um fenómeno global e transnacional recente, i.e., a prática de ódio nas redes sociais. De que modo a Internet permite que indivíduos e/ou grupos, com raízes nas ideologias de extrema-direita e invocando a liberdade de expressão, de novo ameacem e aterrorizem estas mulheres? Qual é a lógica discursiva desses grupos: denominar as feministas contemporâneas de “nazi-feministas”? Como lutar contra essa violenta expressão de ódio que, em última instância, pode constituir uma ameaça séria ao nosso sistema democrático?        

  • 3.
    Edfeldt, Chatarina
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    De “mulheres masculinizadas e histéricas” a “nazi-feministas”: Reflexão sobre o discurso de ódio e de contrafeminismo na Internet2017In: Cadernos de Literatura Comparada, ISSN 2183-2242, no 35Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4. Edfeldt, Chatarina
    Den "andra" feministen: representationen av feministiska kvinnliga författare i den portugisiska litteraturhistorieskrivningen under 1900-talet2005In: Limitation and liberation: women writers and the politics of genre / [ed] Johansson, Åsa, Uppsala: Centrum för genusvetenskap, Uppsala universitet , 2005Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Edfeldt, Chatarina
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Gender and the Circulation of African Lusophone Literature into the Portuguese Literary System2018In: World Literatures:: Exploring the Cosmopolitan-Vernacular Exchange / [ed] Stefan Helgesson, Annika Mörte Alling, Yvonne Lindqvist, Helena Wulff, Stockholm: Stockholm University Press , 2018, 1, p. 369-382Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this chapter is to map out the importance of gender as a mediating category in the circulation of literature, by the example of the migration of Mozambican literature (written in Portuguese) into the contemporary Portuguese book market. As such, it outlines some possible theoretical, methodological and gender political starting points for examining how the contemporary Portuguese literary system conceptualizes and incorporates Mozambican literature into an imagined literary lusophone community. By addressing different parts of this journey, with special attention to literacy and the accessibility to subjective and literary agency, both in writing and in the commodification processes, it shows examples of how a gender analysis can contribute to a deeper understanding of literature’s migration process.

  • 6.
    Edfeldt, Chatarina
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Literature Crossing Borders: Gender and Circulation of Lusophone Literature into the Swedish Book Market2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent literary studies aspiring to revitalize the research area of World Literature have included a research scope that emphasize the importance of understanding how literature travels across borders, for example; what are the (uneven) geopolitical and materialistic (center and peripheries) conditions for one literature to be translated into, and to circulate in another literary system? One strand of these studies focuses on investigating the role of cultural and literary mediators, both on an institutional as well as on an individual level. Most of the paradigmatic studies in this field up to now have not fostered a gender-conscious perspective. My paper will consider some of these questions while researching how Lusophone literature (of the last two decades) has migrated through translation into the Swedish book market. The aim is to map out and examine this literary migration, as well as to provide some thoughts on its theoretical framework through the lens of gender.    

  • 7. Edfeldt, Chatarina
    Mulheres que escrevem mulheres que lêem: Repensar a literatura pelo género2008Book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Edfeldt, Chatarina
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    “My Father was Colonialism”: Gender and Transcultural Memory in Isabela Figueiredo’s Caderno de Memórias Coloniais2014In: List of Abstracts for Conference Transcultural Identity Constructions in a Changing World Dalarna University, Sweden, April 2-4, 2014, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2014, p. 7-8Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Various aspects of traumatic pasts of the Portuguese colonial experience, the colonial wars, and the Portuguese leaving Africa after the independence of Portugal’s former colonies in 1975 have been addressed in writings since 1980s. But, it is only very recently that the Portuguese generation born in Africa in the 1960s, as white colonisers, and then forced to leave their country in their teens have transformed their childhood memories and experiences of the colonial “collapse” into artistic expression. In her book, written in memoir form, Caderno de Memórias Coloniais, Isabela Figueiredo (2010) uses her childhood memories of the social landscapes of Mozambique and family relations to radically denounce racism, sexism and an unequal society. From a gender and postcolonial viewpoint, this paper will analyse Figueiredo’s memoirs as an expression of transcultural memory, defined as a cultural exchange remembered across nations and cultures, and as an individual memory representative of a collective experience. Following, in particular, how the text inscribes and represents symbolic and physical violence against native women incorporated in the colonial ideology of Lusotropicalism, I will argue, that Figueiredo’s text highlights how this ideology not only inscribed itself in African women’s bodies, but also entered into the little white colonial girl, described in the text. As a representation of transcultural memories, the text also shows the importance of the colonial experience and Africa, in the postcolonial Portuguese cultural and social identity of today.

  • 9.
    Edfeldt, Chatarina
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Portuguese Women Writers of the Early 20th Century as Transnational Literary and Cultural Mediators2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1905, the writer, publicist and cultural figure Ana de Castro Osório sent a copy of her book Às Mulheres Portuguesas (considered to be the first Portuguese Feminist Manifest) to a friend and colleague in Sweden with this dedication: “provando-lhe a minha admiração e eterna estima e denunciando ao seu espírito os grandes males do meu país”. The friend was Göran Björkman, a highly prominent figure within the Swedish cultural establishment; special advisor on the Romance languages to the Nobel Committee on literature; and a main translator of these languages into Swedish. The correspondence that took place between them (from 1900-1920) reveals a dialogue exchanging ideas on Portuguese literature and culture. This is one example of how a women writer from the early 20th century functioned as a transnational literary mediator promoting Portuguese culture across national borders. 

    Recent literary studies aspiring to revitalize the research areas of literary history and criticism have made a so-called “transcultural turn”: an attempt to move away from the narrow scope of conceptualizing literature and authors within a national framework, and to view literary production more like a global and transcultural network of cultural exchange. One way of broadening the scope of literary history and production is to investigate and recognize the importance of cultural and literary mediators in the process of how literature has travelled across borders.

    Portuguese women writers of the early 20th century, due to gender politics, encountered obstacles to being recognized in the national canon formation, and this also affected the possibility of their literature being translated into other languages. This paper will revisit the archives to consider the role of these writers as important cultural and literary mediators, with examples from the cultural exchange between Portugal and Sweden. The aim of the paper is twofold: to provide examples of how these women writers - as literary and cultural mediators - contributed to the shaping of Portuguese culture; and also to contribute to a theoretical discussion that, through the lens of gender, broadens the perspective and scope of literary history production in order to achieve inclusiveness.

  • 10.
    Edfeldt, Chatarina
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    (Re)Pensando a literatura-mundo sob a perspectiva das políticas de inclusão: Uma análise da Antologia Mundos em Português 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [pt]

    Na segunda metade do século vinte, a Historiografia Literária entrou numa crise profunda por ser considerada um género ideologicamente (nacionalista e normativo) datado. Uma das críticas mais importantes vinha das perspectivas de género, queer e pós-colonial, que evidenciam a contingência do “valor literário”, tradicionalmente operando por trás das formações canónicas e da organização discursiva da HL. Recentemente, uma aspiração de revitalizar as áreas da história da literatura e da Literatura-Mundo (World Literature), tem se desenvolvido na Literatura Comparada. Principalmente, isto é alcançado quando se deixa de compreender as obras literárias exclusivamente num quadro nacional, em favor de um maior enquadramento global. Igualmente, alguns investigador@s têm se interessado por uma “mundialização” da literatura lusófona sugerindo, por exemplo, que todas as literaturas (nacionais) escritas em Português beneficiam ao serem estudadas de uma forma comparativa, em uma rede global e intercultural.

    Na sequência de um projecto de “Literatura-mundo Comparada” publicou-se em 2018 a primeira parte de uma antologia: “Mundos em Português”. A antologia, com mais de 1500 páginas, reune trechos de textos literários escritos em Português de vários tempos, e de autor@s de todas as áreas geográficas lusófonas. Organizada por temas literários a organização discursiva da antologia tem toda a potencialidade de resultar em uma desmontagem de dicotomias tradicionais (e.g. de género ou literatura do centro/margens).

    Em foco nesta comunicação está uma leitura da perspectiva interseccional (queer, género, etnicidade) sobre as questões de representatividade e de política da inclusão nesta nova Antologia, considerada como um representante de uma (nova?) forma de historiografia literária enquadrada na “Literatura-mundo”.

  • 11.
    Edfeldt, Chatarina
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Sororidade transnacional como acto político: A recepção das Novas Cartas Portuguesas na Suécia2014In: Novas Cartas Portuguesas:: Entre Portugal e o Mundo / [ed] Ana Luísa Amaral & Marinela Freitas, Lisboa: Publicações Dom Quixote , 2014, 1, p. 365-420Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Edfeldt, Chatarina
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Transnational sisterhood and New Portuguese Letters: Politics and critical reception in Sweden2015In: New Portuguese Letters to the World: International Reception / [ed] Ana Luísa Amaral, Ana Paula Ferreira and Marinela Freitas, Bern: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2015, 1, p. 121-154Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 13. Edfeldt, Chatarina
    Uma história ignorada: a autoria feminina e o discurso da história literária portuguesa do século XX2006In: Género y géneros: escritura y escritoras iberoamericanas / [ed] Löfquist, Eva; Encinar, Angeles, Madrid, 2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Edfeldt, Chatarina
    Institutionen för spanska, portugisiska och latinamerikastudier, Stockholms universitet, .
    Uma história na História: representações da autoria feminina na história da literatura portuguesa do século XX2005Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to examine discursive aspects and practices concerning recognition of literature written by women in 20th century Portuguese literary history. It endeavours to reveal and identify organizational elements along with author representations that, in a historical perspective, lead to marginalization of women writers. The research material consists of narrative literary histories and Encyclopaedias of authors and literature, which have assumed the task of summarizing and retelling the literary development of 20th century Portuguese literature. In order to deconstruct the dominant historiographical discourse and to reinterpret the marginalization of women writers, the theoretical and methodological frameworks of this dissertation are taken from the fields of Discourse Analysis and Gender Studies. The combination of these theoretical perspectives provides tools for analysing the questions of power and ideology inherent in the construction of a traditional literary history discourse. Furthermore, this theoretical framework allows us to understand the contingency and historicity of knowledge established in a historiographical discourse. The main part of this study consists of a qualitative analysis of representations of women writers along with a discursive analysis of the construction of literary history. The conclusion emphasises five observed discursive strategies, which lead to a reduced narrative history for literature written by women. They could be summarized as follows. Female authorships are conceptualized in a separate strand as “women writers”. Female authorships before 1950 are in literary, socio-political, terms not contextualized. They are not conceptualized within the main lines of historical narratives (literary movements, schools etc.), the female tradition as such is not contextualized, and moreover, the political expression of female authors is reduced. Apart from this result this study gives an increased understanding of the different ways in which hegemony in historical discourses opposes representations of “the other”.

  • 15. Edfeldt, Chatarina
    Uma história na História: Representações da autoria feminina na história da literatura portuguesa do século XX2006Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine discursive aspects and practices concerning recognition of literature written by women in 20th century Portuguese literary history. It endeavours to reveal and identify organizational elements along with author representations that, in a historical perspective, lead to marginalization of women writers. The research material consists of narrative literary histories and Encyclopaedias of authors and literature, which have assumed the task of summarizing and retelling the literary development of 20th century Portuguese literature. In order to deconstruct the dominant historiographical discourse and to reinterpret the marginalization of women writers, the theoretical and methodological frameworks of this dissertation are taken from the fields of Discourse Analysis and Gender Studies. The combination of these theoretical perspectives provides tools for analysing the questions of power and ideology inherent in the construction of a traditional literary history discourse. Furthermore, this theoretical framework allows us to understand the contingency and historicity of knowledge established in a historiographical discourse. The main part of this study consists of a qualitative analysis of representations of women writers along with a discursive analysis of the construction of literary history. The conclusion emphasises five observed discursive strategies, which lead to a reduced narrative history for literature written by women. They could be summarized as follows. Female authorships are conceptualized in a separate strand as “women writers”. Female authorships before 1950 are in literary, socio-political, terms not contextualized. They are not conceptualized within the main lines of historical narratives (literary movements, schools etc.), the female tradition as such is not contextualized, and moreover, the political expression of female authors is reduced. Apart from this result this study gives an increased understanding of the different ways in which hegemony in historical discourses opposes representations of “the other”.

  • 16. Edfeldt, Chatarina
    et al.
    Alvarez Lopes, Laura
    The Role of Language in the Construction of Gender and Ethnic-Religious Identities in Brazil-Candomble Communities2007In: Language and Religious Identity: Women in Discourse, Oxford: Palgrave McMillan , 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Edfeldt, Chatarina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Couto, Anabela Galhardo
    Ficção de slash na internete como espaço heterotópico e de resistência queer2018In: Cadernos de Literatura Comparada: Intersexualidades em Questão, ISSN 2183-2242, no 39, p. 183-199Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Slash Fiction on the Internet as Heterotopic Space and Queer Resistance

    This article focuses on some subgenres of fan fiction and explores how they challenge fixed gendered, sexual and subject positions prevalent in the normative society. One particularly strong strand among these subgenres is slash (same pairing): the sexual or romantic pairing of two same-sex characters who in the original story are heterosexual. Drawing on the concept of rewriting we analyze a corpus of slash texts in Portuguese (from Brazil and Portugal), published on the online communities "Archive of Our Own" and "Spirit Fanfics e Histórias". These fan stories rework and reinvent narratives of heteronormativity through placing their favorite characters into alternative settings, and thereby exploring the means of being queer in terms of individual agency and power. By rewriting their favorite narratives (canonical and popular) and favorite characters, fan-writers inscribe them into new situations and subjectivities that challenge the discourses of heteronormativity, thus configuring the elements for a queer heterotopia.

  • 18.
    Edfeldt, Chatarina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Fjordevik, Anneli
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, German.
    Inose, Hiroko
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Japanese.
    Fan Culture: The Use of Informal Learning Environments by Dalarna University Language Students2014In: NGL 2014: Next Generation Learning Conference: Conference Summary / [ed] Erik Brunnert Walfridsson,, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna , 2014, p. 17-17Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Learning outside the academic institution, or affinity-based informal learning, has been studied by various scholars (e.g., Paul Gee and Henry Jenkins). One place where this type of learning can occur is in online participatory fan culture activities, where fans create, for example, works of literature, films, and translations, as well as comment on one another’s work and teach one another.

    In Sweden, very little research on fan culture as a place for collaborative learning has been conducted and existing research has mainly focused on high-school students (Olin-Scheller); therefore, our examination of fan culture activities and learning processes among university students will serve as in important contribution. The general purpose of our project is to find out more about informal learning activities that exist among our own students so that we can then apply that knowledge to our teaching and pedagogical methods as university teachers. We are interested to see how the practitioners themselves experience informal learning activities and how they benefit from these.

    As such, a two-step project was designed: first, a questionnaire was distributed to all students of ten language departments at Dalarna University (2432 students). The questionnaire contained questions about the level of awareness of online fan activities and the degree of student participation in these activities. The second part of the project comprised qualitative interviews (in the autumn of 2013) of some of the students who responded to the survey. Here, we examine the kind of fan culture activities that they are consuming and the reasons for their participation. As well, we examine whether they think they have developed any language, cultural, or other skills and knowledge through the communities. In our paper we present the results of this study.

  • 19.
    Edfeldt, Chatarina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Galhardo Couto, Anabela
    Ficção de fãs (fan fiction) na internete como espaço de resistência: Uma Utopia Queer2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [pt]

    Partindo do contexto da “fandom culture”, esta comunicação incide a atenção nos subgéneros de ficção de fãs,“fan fiction”, que se concentram em contestar géneros sexuais fixos e posições de sujeito disponíveis na sociedade normativa. A partir do conceito de re-escrita, analisa-se um corpus de textos de ficção de fãs em Português (do Brasil e Portugal), publicados na  página “Archive of Our Own”. Estas ficções reelaboram e reinventam clássicas narrativas de heteronormatividade, colocando as suas personagens favoritas em cenários alternativos, desta forma explorando o que significa ser queer, em termos de agência individual e de poder.

    A “Fandom culture” é uma subcultura transnacional que se tem desenvolvido explosivamente na internet, durante as últimas décadas. Estudos anteriores concluíram que a atividade transcultural de ficção de fãs conduzida na internet, representa uma cultura altamente interactiva, que além de funcionar como uma escola de escrita criativa (com “beta readers” e “feedback” dos outros fãs), também influencia positivamente a formação de identidades, habilidades sociais e aprendizagens culturais. Uma vertente, particularmente forte, entre os subgenéros de ficção de fãs é, precisamente, o “slash” (same pairing): o emparelhamento sexual ou romântico  entre dois personagens do mesmo sexo  que na história original são heterossexuais.

    Ao reelaborar as narrativas canónicas favoritas e os seus personagens preferidos, os escritores/fãs inscrevem-nos em novos situações e subjectividades que desafiam os discursos de heteronormatividade, deste modo configurando os elementos para uma utopia queer.

  • 20.
    Edfeldt, Chatarina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Semiao, Mario
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Ecos transnacionais das Novas Cartas Portuguesas: Recepção crítica da obra na imprensa sueca2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [pt]

    A obra Novas Cartas Portuguesas tem-se destacado como paradigmática no espaço da literatura de expressão feminista, a nível nacional Português e internacional, pela sua multifacetada e corajosa narrativa de uma reivindicação total de direitos humanos. Nesta obra, as três Marias, denunciam por um lado toda a política das relações sociais de poder e de normatividade da época e, por outro lado, exploram e destacam novos caminhos duma possível sexualidade feminina ainda não expressada explicitamente na sociedade. Neste sentido, reúnem-se às escritoras, por exemplo escandinavas, da onda transnacional ocidental de segunda geração de feministas, a reivindicar a liberdade sexual das mulheres.

    Neste processo, a narrativa das Novas Cartas Portuguesas ganha ainda mais impacto como precursora por abordar artisticamente um leque de questões teóricas feministas que, só posteriormente na década 80, seriam tratados na Academia. Outro mérito do livro, que se revela evidente com o tempo, é o seu carácter pós-moderno que inova o género literário. Ou seja, pela hibridez de géneros literários e um sujeito de enunciação não identificável.

    A tradução sueca da obra saiu em 1976 e aborda-se nesta comunicação um levantamento da recepção crítica da obra na imprensa sueca da época. Na sequência da caracterização da obra, esboçada em cima, analisaremos as recensões de imprensa com o objectivo de contextualizar a temática e o impacto das Novas Cartas Portuguesas na sociedade sueca da década 70. Além disso, coloca-se a obra em diálogo com algumas obras feministas da época nos Países Escandinavos.    

     

  • 21.
    Fjordevik, Anneli
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, German.
    Inose, Hiroko
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Japanese.
    Edfeldt, Chatarina
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    What do they learn, why do they learn? A study on university students' participation in fan activities2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    At the Dalarna University (Sweden), which is specialized in online education, there has been a three-year research project called “Informal Learning Environment”, which explored the educational aspects of fan activities and possible ways to apply them in foreign language and literature courses. One part of the project was a study, conducted in two stages. First, an online questionnaire survey on the language student’s awareness about online fan activities, as well as their participation in those, was carried out. In the second stage, seven students that were actively participating in various fan activities were interviewed. The interviews examined the qualitative aspects of the participants’ involvement in fan communities with four different question areas: In what kind of fan activities do they participate?; Why do they participate, and what makes participation attractive to them?; What kind of knowledge and skills (such as language or cultural or other skills) do they think they have developed through participation?; and do they think it is possible to apply this mechanism of informal learning to the university courses? We also asked whether they see any connection between informal learning in the fan communities and their learning at university / college.During the project (which includes the actual application of some fan activities to the courses), various educational elements of fan activities have become clear. In this proposed paper we do the final analysis of the aforementioned study with a focus on the curiosity and playfulness that we could see in this informal learning. Based on the interviews, we will analyze the motivation / mechanism for the intensive learning processes that seem to take place outside the classroom.

  • 22.
    Gilsenan Nordin, Irene
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Edfeldt, Chatarina
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Hu, Lung-Lung
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Chinese.
    Jonsson, Herbert
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Japanese.
    Leblanc, André
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, French.
    Introduction: Transcultural Identity Constructions in a Changing World2016In: Transcultural Identity Constructions in a Changing World / [ed] Irene Gilsenan Nordin, Chatarina Edfeldt, Lung-Lung Hu, Herbert Jonsson, André Leblanc, Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2016, p. 11-20Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the phenomenon of transculturality has existed as long as human culture, the increased speed of movement and communication worldwide has made it impossible to ignore in any aspect of cultural studies. In a society where changes were slow and foreign influences were few, an illusion of culture as homogeneous and static may have been easy to uphold, but in today’s ever-increasing flux of cultural change, the perspective of transculturality is more satisfactory in understanding human identity constructions. Compared with concepts such as interculturality, multiculturality, or hybridity, which all may have some relevance for describing cultural encounters, but which often presuppose the notion of cultural essentialism, the concept of transculturality has the advantage of recognising change and diversity, rather than focusing on boundaries or differences.

  • 23.
    Gilsenan Nordin, Irene
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Edfeldt, ChatarinaDalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.Hu, Lung-LungDalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Chinese.Jonsson, HerbertDalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Japanese.Leblanc, AndréDalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, French.
    Transcultural Identity Constructions in a Changing World2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This volume takes a broad outlook on the concept of transculturality. Contributions from 19 authors and specialists, of almost as many diverse origins, grapple with this concept, each in their own way. How can transculturality be described? How can it help us understand our world? Many of the chapters deal with literary texts, others with the stories told in movies, drama, and visual art. There are texts about the complexity of the European Burqa-Ban debate, the negative aspects of Portuguese multiculturalism, or the border-crossing experiences of Filipino immigrants in Ireland. Several chapters examine stereotypes, the idea of movement, the dissolution of cultural borders, or the nature of bilingual writing. It is a unique contribution to the field, on a virtually global scale.

  • 24.
    Inose, Hiroko
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Japanese.
    Edfeldt, Chatarina
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Fjordevik, Anneli
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, German.
    Fan Culture as an Informal Learning Environment: Presentation of a NGL project2012In: NGL 2012 NEXT GENERATION LEARNING CONFERENCE February 21–23, 2012 Falun, Sweden : CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna , 2012, p. 105-112Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fan culture is a subculture that has developed explosively on the internet over the last decades. Fans are creating their own films, translations, fiction, fan art, blogs, role play and also various forms that are all based on familiar popular culture creations like TV-series, bestsellers, anime, manga stories and games. In our project, we analyze two of these subculture genres, fan fiction and scanlation.

    Amateurs, and sometimes professional writers, create new stories by adapting and developing existing storylines and characters from the original. In this way, a "network" of texts occurs, and writers step into an intertextual dialogue with established writers such as JK Rowling (Harry Potter) and Stephanie Meyer (Twilight). Literary reception and creation then merge into a rich reciprocal creative activity which includes comments and feedback from the participators in the community.

    The critical attitude of the fans regarding quality and the frustration at waiting for the official translation of manga books led to the development of scanlation, which is an amateur translation of manga distributed on the internet. 

    Today, young internet users get involved in conceptual discussions of intertextuality and narrative structures through fan activity. In the case of scanlation, the scanlators practice the skills and techniques of translating in an informal environment. This phenomenon of participatory culture has been observed by scholars and it is concluded that they contribute to the development of a student’s literacy and foreign language skills. Furthermore, there is no doubt that the fandom related to Japanese cultural products such as manga, anime and videogames is one of the strong motives for foreign students to start learning Japanese.

    This is something to take into pedagogical consideration when we develop web-based courses. Fan fiction and fan culture make it ​​possible to have an intensive transcultural dialogue between participators throughout the world and is of great interest when studying the interaction between formal and informal learning that puts the student in focus

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