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  • 1.
    Jansson, Peter M.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    An Explorative Integration of Factors Causing Men's Violence against Women2017In: Journal of Psychology and Clinical Psychiatry, ISSN 2373-6445, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 2-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the great progress in individual disciplines studying men’s physical violence against women, the various disciplines have developed much different approaches that by themselves are insufficient for understanding the processes that lead to men’s violence against women. Moreover, they also tend to neglect the equally important issue of understanding why some men are not violent toward women. The aim of this work is to integrate former research on socially modifiable factors and therefore does not include theories relating genetics and neurochemistry that may also play an important role. It shows how the psychological approach within criminology can be integrated with the feminist masculinity perspective. The work illustrates that it is both theoretically and methodologically possible, through an integration of previous research, to make hypotheses about under which conditions men are likely to be violent against women, as well as make hypotheses about under what conditions men are unlikely to be violent against women. This study also emphasizes methodologically important non-dichotomous forms where both enabling and reactive conditions are mixed at various levels. Despite the methodological problems, an integrated perspective on men’s violence against women is the most promising way forward today.

  • 2.
    Jansson, Peter M.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    An explorative single case study of the therapist's perspectives on power, emotions and identity changes in cognitive behavior therapy against men's violence in Sweden2013In: Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracovensis. Studia Sociologica, ISSN 2081-6642, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 117-134Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study starts from Retzinger (1995), Retzinger & Scheff (2000) and Scheff & Retzinger's (2000, 2001), micro-sociological perspective on social bonds. The general aim is to test a new model of operationalized sub-indicators that allows for a simplified ability to analyze the relationship between power relations and the social bond between therapist and clients in cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for violent men. CBT-therapy often achieves positive effects by giving clients the knowledge and ability to talk about their problems instead of using aggression and drugs as defenses. The therapists make in this case many efforts to balance the relationship between them and the clients, but, there is still a tendency that therapy alienates them from each other and prevents the development of a solidarity social bond, which assuming that the theoretical premise is true, is the prerequisite for a client to build a positive self-image and become reintegrated into society.

  • 3.
    Jansson, Peter M.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Avhandlingspresentation; Våldets onda cirklar2018In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 95, no 1, p. 108-108Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Jansson, Peter M.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Behovet av tvärvetenskapliga kritiska socialarbetare ökar i en komplex omvärld2017In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 24, no 2Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 5.
    Jansson, Peter M.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Emotional consequences of violence in childhood2016In: Nutrition and nurture in infancy and childhood, Falun, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The intergenerational transmission of violence theory has until recently mostly considered the male child’s witnessing of violence between their parents and the learning of violence as the main causal factor behind men’s violence against women (Gover, Kaukinen & Fox 2008). New research considers the negative emotional consequences of child abuse where increased shame proneness generally has been related to both introvert self-injurious behaviors as drug use and extroversions as aggressions and violence against other men and women (Scheff & Retzinger 2001; Tangney, Stuevig Mashek, & Hastings 2011; Schoenleber & Berenbaum 2012).

    In order to explore the relationship between causal factors as; exposure to violence in childhood, the foundation of basic emotions, socialization, masculinity construction and violence,  10 men at a treatment center against violence has been interviewed about their childhood experiences, socialization, masculinities, emotions and  violence.

    Biographical individual interviews were used as data collection method and directed content analysis have been used as analysis method. Special interest has been devoted to the exploration of the interaction between the men’s childhood experiences, socialization, masculinity construction, emotions and their use of violence. Since violent men at a treatment center represent a vulnerable group, special ethical considerations was given to them to avoid the risk of further stigmatization of the group. All respondents has approved to the study and given their informed consent.

     The results indicate that the shame proneness varies among the men and corresponds with the severities of their childhood experiences. The men’s childhood experiences seem to be related to their propensity to bypass feelings of shame and their use of anger, aggressions and violence as substituting emotions and behaviors. The men that had personal experiences of violence in childhood were extremely sensitive to humiliations and reacted almost immediately with anger (i.e. bypassed shame) and violence. The men who had experienced violence in childhood had also often been exposed to an inappropriate socialization with less social control and support from their parents. This behavioral pattern seems to have influenced their school results and masculinity construction since their ability to use conventional social resources was impaired.  The men who not had experienced violence in childhood were not demonstrating the same extent of shame proneness as those men that personally had experienced violence in childhood but witnessed about a lack of social control and positive role-models.

    More research is needed in order to fully understand the relationship between exposure to violence in childhood and how it affects the emotional repertoire and reaction patterns as an adult. Still the results indicate support to the research that emphasizes the significance of negative childhood experiences to men’s violence as adults.

  • 6.
    Jansson, Peter M.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Emotioners betydelse för psykisk hälsa och ohälsa2017In: Mind: för psykisk hälsa, ISSN 2002-4282, Vol. 58, no 3, p. 30-35Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskningen visar entydigt att personer som utsatts för våld, kränkningar, övergrepp och förnedringar i barndomen är mer skambenägna än andra. Känsligheten är störst för händelser i vuxenlivet som påminner personen om att denne varit oälskad som barn.

  • 7.
    Jansson, Peter M.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Exploring pathways related to men’s violence: A qualitative exploration of the relationship between violent men’s violence and their masculinities, childhood, and emotions2018In: Deviant behavior, ISSN 0163-9625, E-ISSN 1521-0456Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explored new ways of finding knowledge about violent men’s pathways toward their status as violent criminals and the mechanisms that underlie their violent behavior. The empirical data were gathered through biographical interviews with 10 men sentenced to therapy against violence and drugs at a Swedish treatment center. The men who had experienced violence and childhood maltreatment tended to bypass shame with uncontrolled anger and violence when reliving childhood traumas. Conversely, men without extreme childhood experiences seemed to exhibit more controlled violence mechanisms. Two men who had experienced brutal physical school bullying might have been expected to bypass shame with immediate violence; however, these men described their violence as controlled, suggesting that they had learnt to take cognitive control over their bypass mechanisms in order to escape the bullying.

  • 8.
    Jansson, Peter M.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Unacknowledged shame in therapy as the primary obstacle to succesful rehabilitation for violent men: considering the therapist perspective2011In: 2011 Joint Nordic Conference on Wellfare and professionalism in Turbulent Times., Reykjavik Island, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Skam- och stigmatiseringsprocessers betydelse vid behandling av våldsverkande män. Peter Jansson, Högskolan Dalarna, Akad. för Hälsa och Samh.; Socialt arbete, 791 88 FALUN. I vålds- och missbruksbehandl. av unga män tas i varierande grad hänsyn till skam- och stigmatiseringprocessers betydelse för behandlingens resultat, trots att skammens betydelse för stigmatisering har stöd i forskning. Inställningen till klienten hos behandlande personal och behandlingsmetodernas tillämpning, kan innebära att klientens självbild som stigmatiserad förstärks, är oförändrad eller konstruktivt rekonstrueras. Med utgångspunkt i behandlade personals erfarenh. av tillämpningen av behandlingsmetoder och klienters erfarenh. av behandl. kan slutsatser dras om hur klientens stigma konstrueras. Syftet är att utveckla och testa hypoteser om skam- och stigmatiseringsprocessers betydelse vid behandling av våldsverkande män. - Har behandlingsmetoder av våldsverkande män skam- eller stolthetsskapande innehåll. Förstärks en stigmatiserad identitet eller rekonstrueras den konstruktivt? - Vilka exempel finns på stolthets- och skamskapande situationer hos klienterna? Data samlas in under två faser, fas 1 omfattar en pilotstudie, där ett urval av behandl. personal samt ett urval klienter intervjuas i avsikt att konkretisera de frågeställningar som studien omfattar. Den första hypotesgenererande fasen kompletteras i fas 2 med delt. observ. och intervjuer samt dokumentanalys. Datainsamlingsmetoderna är intervjuer med personal och klienter, dokumentanalys samt deltagande observ. av klientsamtal. Analysmetoderna är kvalitativa med tonvikt på diskurs- och innehållsanalys. De förväntade resultaten är att behandlingmetoder innefattande en förståelse av att klientens stigma påverkas av stolthets- respektive skamskapande behandling också leder till en konstruktiv rekonstruktion av klientens status som stigmatiserad. Behandlingsmetoder där personalen inte har denna kunskap motverkar en rekonstruktion av en stigmatiserad identitet.

  • 9.
    Jansson, Peter M.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work. Jönköping University.
    Våldets onda cirklar: En explorativ undersökning av mäns barndomsupplevelser, maskuliniteter, känslor, våld samt terapeutiska interventioner mot våld2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation’s objective is to explore the possibilities of an integrated research perspective on male violence and exemplify how such research can be conducted. The specific objective is to increase awareness of how men’s childhood experiences, socialization, masculinity and emotions are related to their violence against other men, against themselves and against women (Paper III and IV) and how therapeutic interventions against violence can be analyzed and developed in correspondence with this knowledge (Paper I and II).

    The research was conducted through qualitative studies. The data collection methods comprised a theoretical review (Paper I), group-interviews (Papers II and III) and interviews (Paper IV). Altogether, 25 men participated in the studies.

    Qualitative content analysis was used to analyze the group-interviews (Paper II and III) and biographical analysis wasused to when analyzing the mens life-histories (Paper IV). The findings showed that an integrative perspective can reduce the risk of ecological fallacies and develop the understanding of the complex interaction between the factors behind men’s violence. These findings may also contribute to the development of violence therapies. The theoretical review article (Study I) exemplifies how the theoretical and methodological driven research on social bonds can be adjusted to treatment against male violence. The applied study on a CBT-therapy (Study II) exemplifies how operationalized indicators of pride and shame can be used to determine the quality of the social bonds between therapist and client. The comparison between two groups of men in two opposite masculinity positions (Study III) shows that both groups are carrying ambivalent attitudes towards violence and violence against women. Nevertheless the group’s masculinity constructions and attitudes towards violence correspond with their access to economic, social, political and cultural resources. The biographical focused qualitative study of men in violence treatment (Study IV) shows that the men who have been subjected to severe violence in their childhood are more shame-prone and tend to bypass shame with aggressions and violence. The other men generally describe their violent reaction as controlled.

    The findings point to the general conclusion that the further development of the understanding of men’s violence, and the development of effective therapies against violence are depending on our ability to integrate research from different scientific perspectives.

  • 10.
    Jansson, Peter M.
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Kullberg, Christian
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Ambivalent attitudes towards equality and violence against women among men in a pro-feminist network2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    There is a great need for more knowledge on how a pro-feminist masculinity that challenges the normative hegemonic masculinity can be developed. To achieve this, it is important to gain more knowledge on how pro-feminist men relate to gender quality, violence in general and violence against women in particular, and when and why their reasoning points to ambivalence.The study was based on secondary analyzes of qualitative interviews done with five men active in a pro-feminist network in Sweden. The research questions applied spanned over several areas: socioeconomic status, masculinity construction and the men’s proximity to violence. Data analysis method used was content analysis, and as a means of increasing the reliability, member-check was used. The study was approved by the Regional Ethical Review Board.On a general level, the results show that the men’s masculine construction towards gender equality corresponded with their privileged position as regards to their socioeconomic status, as regards to educational level and job career. The men were positive to gender equality and opposed both men’s control of woman and violence against women. More in-depth analysis thus shows that the interviewed men acknowledged using some forms of less overt control over women and thus in some sense showed ambivalent attitude to gender equality. The men also, somewhat paradoxically, accepted some conventional forms of men’s violence.

    A conclusion from the study is that the conditions that the results highlights may pose problems for the development of gender equality and the ending of violence against women. This is because to make violence against women end all men, and particularly pro-feminist men, need to renounce all forms of violence and be aware of how gender equality can be weakened or strengthened by all different forms of gender interaction.

  • 11.
    Jansson, Peter M.
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Kullberg, Christian
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Violent men: Problems, Interventions and Change2011In: Safe Community Conference 2011, Falun, 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the project is twofold, on the one hand to study how Swedish men with different masculinity positions reflect and relate to violence in general in the other hand to study interventions to rehabilitate men with violence problems and these interventions potential to rehabilitate and change mens behaviour.

  • 12.
    Jansson, Peter M.
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Saxonberg, Steven
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology. Faculty of Social Studies, Masaryk University, Czech Republic.
    Are assymetrical power relations a hidden obstacle to successful rehabilitation of violent men?: An explorative study on the methodology to investigate shame2013In: Aggression and Violent Behavior, ISSN 1359-1789, E-ISSN 1873-6335, Vol. 18, no 6, p. 745-752Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study starts from Retzinger (1995), Retzinger and Scheff (2000) and Scheff and Retzinger's (2000, 2001) micro-sociological perspective on social bonds, with the general aim of constructing a model consisting of operationalized indicators that opens for a simplified ability to analyze the relationship between power relations and emotions in private and institutionalized meetings. Scheff & Retzinger have provided a comprehensive guide to how the state of the social bond can be decoded by the direct access to non-verbal data. But since this type of data is both difficult to obtain, difficult to analyze and time consuming, therapists need simplified methods that can provide insight into the state of social bonds. We also need a method that takes into account the issue of power relations — both power relations in society and power relations between the client and the therapist. The treatment of men with violence problems provides an example of how our model can be applied to therapeutic activity. The examination shows that it is possible to construct a model with operationalized indicators that facilitate visualization of the relationship between power and the quality of social bonds.

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