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  • 1.
    Craftman, Åsa
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet Högskola.
    Marmstål Hammar, Lena
    Mälardalens högskola.
    von Strauss, Eva
    Hillerås, Pernilla
    Sophiahemmet Högskola.
    Westerbotn, Margareta
    Sophiahemmet Högskola.
    Unlicensed personnel administering medications to older persons living at home: a challenge for social and care services2015In: International Journal of Older People Nursing, ISSN 1748-3735, E-ISSN 1748-3743, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 201-210Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Administration of medication to care recipients is delegated to home-care assistants working in the municipal social care, alongside responsibility for providing personal assistance for older people. Home-care assistants have practical administration skills, but lack formal medical knowledge.

    AIM: The aim of this study was to explore how home-care assistants perceive administration of medication to older people living at home, as delegated to them in the context of social care.

    METHODS: Four focus groups consisting of 19 home-care assistants were conducted. Data were analysed using qualitative content analysis.

    RESULTS: According to home-care assistants, health and social care depends on delegation arrangements to function effectively, but in the first place it relieves a burden for district nurses. Even when the delegation had expired, administration of medication continued, placing the statutes of regulation in a subordinate position. There was low awareness among home-care assistants about the content of the statutes of delegation. Accepting delegation to administer medications has become an implicit prerequisite for social care work in the municipality.

    CONCLUSIONS: Accepting the delegation to administer medication was inevitable and routine. In practice, the regulating statute is made subordinate and consequently patient safety can be threatened. The organisation of health and social care relies on the delegation arrangement to meet the needs of a growing number of older home-care recipients.

    IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: This is a crucial task which management within both the healthcare professions and municipal social care needs to address, to bridge the gap between statutes and practice, to create arenas for mutual collaboration in the care recipients' best interest and to ensure patient safety.

  • 2.
    Craftman, Åsa
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet Högskola.
    Westerbotn, Margareta
    Sophiahemmet Högskola.
    von Strauss, Eva
    Hillerås, Pernilla
    Sophiahemmet Högskola.
    Marmstål Hammar, Lena
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Older people's experience of utilisation and administration of medicines in a health- and social care context2015In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 760-768Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: People living at home who lack ability to manage their medicine are entitled to assistance to improve adherence provided by a home care assistant employed by social care.

    AIM: The aim was to describe how older people with chronic diseases, living at home, experience the use and assistance of administration of medicines in the context of social care.

    DESIGN: A qualitative descriptive study.

    METHODS: Ten participants (age 65+) living at home were interviewed in the participants' own homes. Latent content analysis was used.

    FINDINGS: The assistance eases daily life with regard to practical matters and increases adherence to a medicine regimen. There were mixed feelings about being dependent on assistance; it interferes with self-sufficiency at a time of health transition. Participants were balancing empowerment and a dubious perception of the home care assistants' knowledge of medicine and safety. Physicians' and district nurses' professional knowledge was a safety guarantee for the medicine process.

    CONCLUSIONS: Assistance eases daily life and medicine regimen adherence. Dependence on assistance may affect self-sufficiency. Perceived safety varied relating to home care assistants' knowledge of medicine.

    RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: A well-functioning medicine assistance is crucial to enable older people to remain at home. A person-centred approach to health- and social care delivery is efficient and improve outcome for the recipient of care.

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