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  • 1.
    Farsari, Ioanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    A social representations theory approach to destination collaboration2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2. Farsari, Ioanna
    A Soft Approach to Decision Support Systems for Sustainable Tourism Policy Making With the Use of Mental Models2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of information and communication technologies in tourism has been a rapidly expanding field. However, most of the relevant applications relate to the transaction processing systems than decision support systems, which are designed to handle procedural tasks, such as airline and hotel reservation systems or destination management systems. These computer tools are of little support in decision situations involving uncertain, unknown or conflicting information while computerised systems to support sustainable tourism policy making are rather absent. Different decision support approaches are explored to identify the one that better matches sustainable tourism policy making needs. Sustainable tourism policy making is perceived as a complex domain involving various issues which have to be managed simultaneously with often competing goals. It is argued here that soft decision support systems, based on knowledge capturing and representation in the form of mental models could have an important contribution to the improvement of sustainable tourism policies.  A cognitive mapping method to elicit, analyse and represent the mental models that policy makers in Greece hold for sustainable tourism policies is presented. Findings are discussed to reveal the complexity of the domain being investigated and highlight the contribution of mental models to the development of a decision support system to assist policy making for sustainable tourism.

  • 3.
    Farsari, Ioanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    A structural approach to social representations of destination collaboration in Idre, Sweden2018In: Annals of Tourism Research, ISSN 0160-7383, E-ISSN 1873-7722, Vol. 71, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Collaboration is a social activity shaped by interactions. Taking a structural approach in social representations theory, the present research used a cognitive mapping method to analyse and compare the mental models of actors regarding collaborations in Idre, Sweden. Tourism actors share a core system in their representations which develops around packaging and selling of the tourism product to an international market, indicative of a hegemonic representation. Issues of quality, shared responsibility, trust, inclusivity and power were also revealed and should be taken into account in planning tourism and collaborations in the area. Findings indicate that actors hold multiple representations of collaboration, which reflects the social complexity apparent in the tourism destination, and the evolutionary character of social representations. 

  • 4.
    Farsari, Ioanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    An analytical framework of tourism education in an era of complexity and sustainability: evidence from Sweden2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 5. Farsari, Ioanna
    Analysing Policy Makers Cognitive Maps for Sustainable Tourism Policies in Hersonissos Crete2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Systems approaches to tourism studies have long been developed to denote the need for a holistic thinking in developing and managing tourism. However, during the last few years emphasis is being placed on the study of sustainable tourism in a complex systems approach to denote the need for understanding the complexity and non-linearities involved. Cognitive maps have been well examined in organisational learning, strategy formulation and policy analysis to structure and manage complex problems. However, their use in sustainable tourism studies is a rather unexplored field. In the present research cognitive maps of policy makers in Hersonissos, a tourist destination in Crete, Greece, were analysed to identify key issues in policies for sustainable tourism and explore their relationships. Subsequently, their emergent properties in terms of content and structure were compared across individual maps. Analysis and comparisons revealed perceived interrelatedness of policies, similarities and differences as to the key issues, relationships and perceived complexity of the domain investigated. Policy issues are interwoven into a net rather than following simple linear chains with a single outcome, with differences in their construal as perceived by different individuals. This suggests that policy formulation should consider potential nets instead of fragmenting policies. The whole analysis was based on both the structure and the content of the concepts with an emphasis being placed on the construal of the maps. In this way policies were examined and analysed as nets of interlinked issues contributing to the examination of sustainable tourism policy in a complex systems perspective illustrative of values and different pathways to achieve it.

  • 6.
    Farsari, Ioanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Complexity Research in Leisure and Tourism: Developing Joint Research Agendas2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Farsari, Ioanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Development of Indicators for Fulufjället National Park Visitor Strategy2018Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 8. Farsari, Ioanna
    GIS based support for sustainable tourism planning and policy making2003Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of information systems has long been introduced in the tourism industry resulting in a number of changes in the supply and the demand chain of the tourist product. However, their potential in tourism planning and policy making has rather been neglected. Information systems to assist decision making are even less apparent in the case of managing established popular destination, which are related to a mass form of tourism development, towards a more sustainable form of development. This paper addresses these shortcomings, arguing that information systems could contribute to various aspects of sustainable tourism. A category of information systems is the Geographical Information Systems (GIS) which are capable of handling geographical data. The potential of GIS to form the base of a decision support system for policy and decision making in sustainable tourism is explored. A literature review is performed on the topic of GIS applications in tourism as well as on GIS- based decision support literature to identify the capabilities and the shortcomings. In this way, issues of designing a decision support system for sustainable tourism as well as issues of further research are highlighted.

  • 9.
    Farsari, Ioanna
    Technical Educational Institute of Crete, Greece.
    Mental Models in Decision Support and Knowledge Sharing for Sustainable Tourism Policy Making2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of information and communication technologies in tourism has been a rapidly expanding field. However, most of the relevant applications relate to the transaction processing systems than decision support systems, which are designed to handle procedural tasks, such as airline and hotel reservation systems or destination management systems. These computer tools are of little support in decision situations involving uncertain, unknown or conflicting information while computerised systems to support sustainable tourism policy making are rather absent. Different decision support approaches are explored to identify the one that better matches sustainable tourism policy making needs. Research findings indicate that sustainable tourism policy making is a complex domain involving various issues which have to be managed simultaneously with often competing goals. It is argued here that soft decision support systems, based on knowledge capturing and representation in the form of mental models could have an important contribution to the improvement of sustainable tourism policies. Mental models have long being used in psychology, artificial intelligence and computer science to represent complex domains. Cognitive  mapping to elicit, analyse and represent policy makers’ mental models is discussed and findings from a previous research are discussed to reveal the complexity of sustainable tourism policies and highlight the role of cognitive maps to aid tourism policy making.

  • 10. Farsari, Ioanna
    Policy and Implementation Issues of Sustainable Tourism in the Mediterranean2003Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although Mediterranean is one of the world’s leading destinations, integrative studies on implementational aspects of sustainable tourism in the region have been scarce. One of the reasons is that sustainable tourism has been traditionally considered as the opposite of mass tourism which is the dominant form in Mediterranean coasts. This study attempts to assemble and conceptualize practices and policies used or proposed in different Mediterranean destinations with a focus on mass tourism. Issues which appear of importance to policy makers in the Mediterranean are discussed to explore relevance with the concept of sustainable tourism. In this way shortcomings as well as interrelations between different strategies are identified. The ultimate aim is to contribute to the establishment of a framework for sustainable tourism policies.

  • 11.
    Farsari, Ioanna
    Technical Educational Institute of Crete, Greece.
    The Development of a Conceptual Model to Support Sustainable Tourism Policy in North Mediterranean Destinations2012In: Journal of Hospitality Marketing & Management, ISSN 1936-8623, E-ISSN 1936-8631, Vol. 21, no 7, p. 710-738Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable tourism is a malleable concept that needs to be operationalized for successful implementation. Policies based on firm conceptualizations are needed in order to put sustainable tourism into practice. The present research develops a conceptual model to support sustainable tourism policy making. It brings together, into a single model, knowledge from diverse literature sources and structures it as a system of interrelated components using a holistic, adaptive, and complex systems' approach. In building the model it is the interrelationships of the elements that shape it and underline its contribution as something more than a listing of policy considerations. This comprehensive representation of interrelationships should help policy makers to navigate through the complexities of sustainable tourism and to make more knowledgeable decisions.

  • 12.
    Farsari, Ioanna
    Technical Educational Institute of Crete, Greece.
    The Development of a Conceptual Model to Support Sustainable Tourism Policy Making in North Mediterranean Destinations2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable tourism is a malleable concept which needs to be operationalised for successful implementation. Policies based on firm conceptualisations are needed in order to put sustainable tourism into practice. The present research develops a conceptual model to support sustainable tourism policy making.  It brings together into a single model knowledge from diverse sources and structures it as a system of interrelated components using a systemic, holistic approach. A wide array of topics of tourism literature were retrieved and reviewed. These included policies undertaken in north Mediterranean countries, policy recommendations, principles and the discourse on sustainable tourism, tourism impacts and other specific issues revealed during the research process. Literature findings, treated as data, were coded and inductively analysed to identify themes and patterns and to classify them into categories, followed by interpretation to organise them into hierarchical constructs. No hypothesis or external analytical frameworks were imposed on them. Induction and interpretation followed an iterative process, during which initial categories found in the data were progressively refined and integrated to result in a hierarchical classification. In building the model it is the interrelationships of the elements that shape it and underline its contribution as something more than a listing of policy considerations. This comprehensive representation of interrelationships should help policy makers to navigate through the complexities of sustainable tourism and to make more knowledgeable decisions.

  • 13.
    Farsari, Ioanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Tourism actors’ social representations of collaborations in Idre, Sweden: a cognitive mapping method2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The aim of the research is to examine tourism actors’ perceptions of collaborations in Idre, Sweden, and reveal differences and similarities in the way that individual actors value the outcomes of collaborations, in what they consider as important in collaborations and how collaborations in the area take place.  This is examined with cognitive mapping taking a social representations theory approach.

    Theoretical perspective

    Social representations developed by Moscovichi are about a cognitive system at the social level allowing the members of a community to share a common understanding of things communicate and act cohesively (Nicolini 1999). Social representations in tourism have been used so far mainly in examining attitudes of host communities towards tourism. Social representations in the study of tourism place emphasis on the social construction of tourism allowing more power to the members of the community and thus enabling sustainable development (Moscardo, 2011).

    Cognitive mapping offers a method to elicit and analyse perceptions an individual holds about a particular domain. Comparisons between cognitive maps can reveal similarities and differences in the way the domain under investigation is constructed and understood while the analysis of the cognitive maps can reveal values and central constructs in individual cognition. These characteristics make cognitive maps particularly attractive in examining social representations. Surprisingly however, hardly any study has attempted to do so.

    Design/methodology/approach

    Using a key informants sampling technique together with snowballing, the study identified eight tourism actors in the area covering several types of tourism stakeholders. A cognitive mapping method based on SODA (Eden and Ackermann, 2001; Farsari, Butler and Szivas, 2010) approach using semi-structured interviews was used to study perceptions of tourism actors in Idre, Sweden, about collaborations. Data were analysed using Decision Explorer’s analytical tools. Value, hieset, potency, domain, centrality and cluster analysis were used to analyse cognitive maps and reveal goals, key issues and clusters in the perceptions of tourism stakeholders about collaborations in Idre. Consequently, the individual maps were compared against these findings to reveal similarities and differences in the perceptions of tourism actors.

    Expected Findings/Discussion

    This is still a work in progress. Results are expected to reveal key issues in collaborations between tourism actors in Idre, as well as similarities and differences in the way actors construct their perceptions of collaborations. This comparison will allow revealing well established notions in collaborations in the area as well as differences and gaps that might hinder them. Results are discussed in light of representations theory to highlight whether there is some consensus in the understanding of collaborations in the area.

    Conclusion/Contribution/Originality

    Practical implications include the identification of important aspects in actors’ collaborations. In this way collaborations might be strengthened enhancing sustainable tourism development in the area. Theoretical contribution of the research emanates from the studying of social representations in collaborations and moreover using a cognitive mapping method. Hardly any study has used cognitive mapping to examine social representations. This research aims at exploring the use of a specific cognitive mapping method to this direction and thus potentially  offer the ground for more research in the area. Very importantly, with this method, findings are not only based on the content but also on the way actors structure their perceptions allowing a more thorough understanding and studying of them.

  • 14.
    Farsari, Ioanna
    Technological Educational Institute of Crete, Greece.
    Tourism in the Green Economy: Background Report2012Report (Other academic)
  • 15. Farsari, Ioanna
    Διεθνείς και ελληνικές εμπειρίες σχεδιασμού2009In: Εναλλακτικές και Ειδικές Μορφές Τουρισμού: Σχεδιασμός, Μάνατζμεντ & Μάρκετινγκ / [ed] Μ. Σωτηριάδης και Ι. Φαρσάρη, Athens: Interbooks , 2009, 1st, p. 106-126Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16. Farsari, Ioanna
    Εννοιολογικές προσεγγίσεις2009In: Εναλλακτικές και Ειδικές Μορφές Τουρισμού: Σχεδιασμός, Μάνατζμεντ & Μάρκετινγκ / [ed] Μ. Σωτηριάδης και Ι. Φαρσάρη, Athens: Interbooks , 2009, 1st, p. 37-54Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Farsari, Ioanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Τουριστική πολική και διακυβέρνηση για μία βιώσιμη τουριστική ανάπτυξη: Σύγχρονες προσεγγίσεις: Tourism Policy for Sustainable Tourism Development2017In: Τουρισμός, τουριστική ανάπτυξη: συμβολές ελλήνων επιστημόνων / [ed] Λυτρας Π. και Τσάρτας Π., Αθηνα: Ekdoseis Kapon, Athen, 2017, p. 153-179Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18. Farsari, Ioanna
    et al.
    Butler, Richard
    Prastacos, Poulicos
    Sustainable Tourism Policy for Mediterranean Mass Tourism Destinations: Issues and Interrelationships2007In: International Journal of Tourism Policy, ISSN 1750-4090, E-ISSN 1750-4104, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 58-78Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable tourism and related policies have been an understudied topic within a Mediterranean context despite an increasing number of studies published during the last few years on Mediterranean tourism. This paper explores policies for sustainable tourism development and potential interrelationships between policy considerations. Such policies have been characterised as ad hoc and incremental, lacking a clear orientation towards sustainable development, and the complex relationships underpinning them have rarely been considered in decision-making for sustainable tourism. The paper highlights the need to understand and improve tourism policies in the world’s leading destination.

  • 19. Farsari, Ioanna
    et al.
    Butler, Richard
    Szivas, Edith
    Complexity in Policies: A Cognitive Mapping Approach2011In: Annals of Tourism Research, ISSN 0160-7383, E-ISSN 1873-7722, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 1110-1134Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper discusses a study of policies for sustainable tourism developed at all four policy making levels in Greece using a complex systems approach. Complexity was examined between policy issues i.e. the elements constituting policy considerations. The mental models of policy makers were elicited, built and analyzed by applying appropriately developed cognitive mapping methods to reveal key policy considerations, valued outcomes and perceptions of complexity. Individual map analysis and comparisons of policy making at each level revealed greater structural differences than similarities. These findings indicate a complex domain with various ramifications perceived in different ways by individual policy makers. Despite structural differences, policies at all levels in Greece contained a clear focus on the economic sustainability of tourism, reflecting a rather parochial perspective on sustainable tourism.

  • 20. Farsari, Ioanna
    et al.
    Butler, Richard
    Szivas, Edith
    The Use of Cognitive Mapping in Analysing Sustainable Tourism Policy: Methodological Implications2010In: Tourism Recreation Resarch, ISSN 0250-8281, E-ISSN 2320-0308, Vol. 35, no 2, p. 145-160Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a growing body of literature arguing for the need to examine sustainable tourism and policies for sustainable tourism within complexity theory. Methods which are particularly developed to study complex problems are needed in order to move from conceptualization and theory to understanding and operationalization of the complexity underpinning policies for sustainable tourism. This paper discusses the development of a cognitive mapping method to study sustainable tourism policy as a complex problem which has to be viewed holistically, with ethical implications, and with means and goals being intermingled in adaptive routes. A variation of SODA (Strategic Options Development and Analysis) approach to cognitive mapping is proposed and the decisions the researcher has to make regarding the method of elicitation, the coding and the analysis of the cognitive maps are discussed. This method is particularly useful to study complexity between policy issues as perceived by policy-makers and to build models in the form of cognitive maps. The method discussed here provides rich qualitative information capable of revealing goals, key policy considerations, and their interrelatedness in a holistic context. Complexity may be examined and structured, and policies can be studied as a set of interrelated policy issues. In this way, policies for sustainable tourism can be improved on the basis of knowledge and complexity management.

  • 21. Farsari, Ioanna
    et al.
    Chrysoulakis, Nektarios
    Kmarianakis, Yiannis
    Diamantakis, Manolis
    Prastacos, Poulicos
    Combining satellite and socioeconomic data for Land Use Models estimation2004Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Land use is an important explanatory variable in urban growth models, which explore the way various factors (e.g. geographic, economic, demographic etc.) interact to simulate growth dynamics. A serious and recurring problem for modelling urban systems has been the lack of spatially detailed data. Remote sensing and Geographical Information Systems have the potential to support such models, by providing data and analytical tools for the study of urban environments. High spatial resolution sensors such as the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) allow the estimation of land covers using either supervised or unsupervised classification techniques. Moreover, the accuracy of the classification can be improved by incorporating ancillary data in the classification scheme. In this study, spatial data from various sources are combined to develop statistical models relating land use to population density, distance from the center of the city, a land use mix index and monetary land values. The work emphasizes spatial relationships between various geographic, land-use, and demographic variables characterizing fine zones across and around regions. It derives and combines land use data for the Heraklion (Greece) region from ASTER images, cartographic maps and Greek National Statistical Service census of population data. The statistical techniques applied for explaining the variability of land use are ordinary and logistic regression. Land use mix appears to be a significant predictive factor whereas the explanatory power of population increases as the grid cell categorization with respect to land use becomes finer.

  • 22.
    Farsari, Ioanna
    et al.
    Technical Educational Institute of Crete, Greece.
    Mavrothalassiti, Anastasia
    Climbing Tourists’ Environmental Attitudes: Evidence from Kalymnos Island, Greece2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Kalymnos Island lagged in tourism development noticed in other Aegean islands. It was not before the 1997 that the first climbing routes were engraved. During the last decade, Kalymnos has become a popular worldwide climbing destination with more than 1200 routes in 77 climbing fields. Several commentators argue on the potential of climbing tourism for the sustainable development of the island. Climbing tourism is a niche market of adventurous tourism. Adventure tourists tend to value the environment of the destinations visited. However, little empirical research on the topic exists while no one has examined climbing tourism in Kalymnos. The present research aims to understand environmental attitudes of climbing tourists in Kalymnos and examine whether climbers are indeed aligned to alternative tourism. The New Ecological Paradigm Scale has been a widely used instrument to measure environmental attitudes and the endorsement of an ecological worldview.

  • 23. Farsari, Ioanna
    et al.
    Prastacos, Poulicos
    Conceptualising tourism policies in north Mediterranean mass destinations2004In: Tourism Today, ISSN 1450-0906, Vol. 4, p. 89-102Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 24. Farsari, Ioanna
    et al.
    Prastacos, Poulicos
    GIS applications in the planning and management of tourism2004In: A Companion to Tourism / [ed] A. Lew, M. Hall and A. Williams, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2004, 1st, p. 596-607Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Tourism is a spatial phenomenon which involves tourist generating markets, the destination and the movement of tourists from one to another. Although geographic Information Systems (GIS) are widely used in spatial analysis, thir use in tourism planning is limited. In this chapter the potential of GIS in tourism planning is discussed with a special focus on sustainable tourism development of destinations. A thorough literature review is used to reveal trends and patterns in the use of GIS in tourism planning on the base of GIS’ functions. The aim is to reveal the potential from the use of GIS in tourism planning as well as to identify and opportunities for tourism research.

  • 25. Farsari, Ioanna
    et al.
    Prastacos, Poulicos
    Sustainable Tourism Indicators for Mediterranean Established Destinations.2001In: Tourism Today, ISSN 1450-0906, Vol. 1, p. 103-121Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 26. Farsari, Ioanna
    et al.
    Prastacos, Poulicos
    Sustainable Tourism Indicators: Pilot Estimation for the Municipality of Hersonissos2000Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The topic of the present research is the pilot estimation of sustainable tourism indicators for the Municipality of Hersonissos in Crete. Indicators definition is based on the principles of sustainable development. Data sources, their format and functionality as well as limitations imposed by them regarding indicators estimation, are elements of this research. Moreover, indicators were examined in terms of their functionality, resulting in certain cases, in the definition of surrogate indicators in order to compensate the lack of data and complement their meaning respecting the needs of the application area.

  • 27. Farsari, Ioanna
    et al.
    Prastacos, Poulicos
    Towards a framework for Establishing policy goals for sustainable tourism in Mediterranean Popular destinations2003In: Sustainable Planning and Development / [ed] E. Beriatos, C.A. Brebbia, H. Coccossis and A. Kungolos, UK: WIT Press, 2003, 1st, p. 441-451Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 28. Farsari, Ioanna
    et al.
    Prastacos, Poulicos
    Manioudakis, Nikos
    Δημογραφικά και Κοινωνικά Χαρακτηριστικά της Αγοράς Εργασίας στις Περιφέρειες της Ελλάδας2005In: Χώρος και Πληθυσμός: Αναλυτικές Προσεγγίσεις. / [ed] Β. Κοτζαμάνης και Β. Παππάς, Βολος: Πανεπιστημιακές Εκδόσεις Θεσσαλίας , 2005, p. 195-210Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29. Farsari, Ioanna
    et al.
    Soteriades, Marios
    Εισαγωγή2009In: Εναλλακτικές και Ειδικές Μορφές Τουρισμού: Σχεδιασμός, Μάνατζμεντ & Μάρκετινγκ / [ed] Μ. Σωτηριάδης και Ι. Φαρσάρη, Athens: Interbooks , 2009, 1st, p. 23-34Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 30. Farsari, Ioanna
    et al.
    Soteriades, Marios
    Εναλλακτικές και Ειδικές Μορφές Τουρισμού: Σχεδιασμός, Μάνατζμεντ & Μάρκετινγκ2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 31. Farsari, Ioanna
    et al.
    Soteriades, Marios
    Το μέλλον και οι προοπτικές των ΕΕΜΤ: Κρίσιμοι παράγοντες επιτυχίας2009In: Εναλλακτικές και Ειδικές Μορφές Τουρισμού: Σχεδιασμός, Μάνατζμεντ & Μάρκετινγκ / [ed] Μ. Σωτηριάδης και Ι. Φαρσάρη, Athens: Interbooks , 2009, 1st, p. 373-390Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Farsari, Ioanna
    et al.
    Technical Educational Institute of Crete, Greece.
    Tomai, Eleni
    Christos, Athanassopoulos
    Developing a new method for decision support in tourism: the bridging of cognitive maps and ontologies2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cognitive mapping has been a well known method for the elicitation, representation and analysis of implicit knowledge. Ontologies on the other hand have come into focus during the last decade to formalise, make explicit and machine-readable implicit knowledge. Nevertheless very few studies have examined the joint use of these two methods to improve knowledge sharing. The present research explores the development of a new method which uses cognitive mapping for the development of an ontology to support sustainable tourism policy making based on spontaneous argumentations and the natural language of policy makers. Results are encouraging and open a vast field of research in operationalising implicit knowledge, like the one that policy makers hold. Potential applications in the tourism field could involve e-tourism applications, destination management systems and travel planning tools for tourists.

  • 33.
    Laryea, Rueben
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Microdata Analysis.
    Farsari, Ioanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Nyberg, Roger G.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    A Decision Tool Approach to Sensitivity Analysis in a Risk Classification Model2018In: Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A Decision Analytical tool capable of handling numerically imprecise data for decision making is used in this paper to analyze the risk of the effect of data alteration in the ranking positions of country alternatives for food price volatility. Unguided decision making processes would lead to non-optimal decisions with it’s dire consequences on the resources of organizations. The paper is thus guided by the use of an accurate risk classification model to implement uncertainty and imprecision which are essential part of real life decision making processes with computer based tools to overcome the problem of possibilities uncertain and imprecise input data of criteria and alternatives. A ranking of the alternatives is conducted after imprecision is considered in the input data and a further analysis is carried out to determine which criteria is sensitive enough to alter the position of a country in the rankings.

  • 34.
    Nordström, Carin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Farsari, Ioanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Zhao, Xiaoyun
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Microdata Analysis.
    Ramsay, Sarah
    Working with Swedes2018Book (Other academic)
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