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  • 1.
    Adie, Bailey Ashton
    et al.
    Solent University.
    de Bernardi, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    ‘Oh my god what is happening?’: historic second home communities and post-disaster nostalgia2023In: Journal of Heritage Tourism, ISSN 1743-873X, E-ISSN 1747-6631, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 337-348Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nostalgia is an important concept in the study of heritage tourism, especially as a push factor, but less attention is devoted to how nostalgia influences place attachment and vice versa, especially in relation to both individual and collective community experiences. While place attachment has been discussed in the context of second homes, nostalgia has received little attention, with none directed specifically at historic second home communities or those which had recently experienced a disaster. Therefore, this paper presents an analysis of semi-structured interviews conducted among second homeowners in Ocean Beach, New York, which is a century-old second home community with a rich local heritage that was hit by Hurricane Sandy in 2012. The findings show that the respondents display different aspects of nostalgia, in particular endo- and meso- nostalgia. This work conceptualizes meso-nostalgia as an umbrella term for the previously discussed nostalgias which focus on the gray area between personal and collective memories. The findings also show the respondents’ deep connection to the second home landscape, but there was a marked difference between respondents with inherited second homes and those who had purchased them wherein inherited homeowners’ nostalgia was closer to those of permanent residents in previous studies.

  • 2. Adie, Bailey Ashton
    et al.
    de Bernardi, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Tourism Studies. Mid-Sweden University.
    Amore, Alberto
    Reframing rurality: the impact of Airbnb on second-home communities in Wales and Sweden2022In: Peer-to-peer Accommodation and Community Resilience: Implications for Sustainable Development / [ed] Anna Farmaki, Dimitri Ioannides, Stella Kladou, CABI Publishing, 2022, p. 81-93Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 3. Amore, Alberto
    et al.
    de Bernardi, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Arvanitis, Pavlos
    The impacts of Airbnb in Athens, Lisbon and Milan: a rent gap theory perspective2022In: Current Issues in Tourism, ISSN 1368-3500, E-ISSN 1747-7603, Vol. 25, no 20, p. 3329-3342Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The 2007–2008 Global Financial Crisis profoundly impacted the housing markets, particularly of the so-called PIGS countries. Main cities in Portugal, Italy and Greece have seen a sharp decrease in house prices and rent value since 2010. At the same time, the rise of Airbnb has contributed to the reframing of housing market demand in cities, with an increase of temporary lettings in prime urban tourist areas. Understandably, this has direct implications for local residents, with renters’ displacement, tourism gentrification and raising cases of tourismphobia. This article provides insights from three cities – Athens, Lisbon and Milan – to show how the dynamics in the housing market and the boost of Airbnb over the last decade are steadily changing the urban populations of the aforementioned cities. This research builds upon the rent gap theory and the Luke’s’ Power Theory to illustrate how Airbnb is fostering a new form of urban displacement at a faster rate than traditional housing gentrification, with the renting of prime residential areas to tourists.

  • 4.
    Bohn, Dorothee
    et al.
    Umeå Universitet.
    de Bernardi, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    A Labour Regime Perspective on Workforce Formation in Nordic Tourism: Exploring National Tourism Policy and Strategy Documents2020In: Tourism Employment in Nordic Countries: Trends, Practices, and Opportunities / [ed] Andreas Walmsley, Kajsa Åberg, Petra Blinnikka, Gunnar Thór Jóhannesson, Palgrave Macmillan, 2020, p. 349-373Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter adopts a public policy perspective to tourism workforce formation in Finland, Norway and Sweden. The qualitative content analysis of national tourism strategy, planning and policy documents reveals that aspired labour regimes are predominantly characterised by mobility, flexibility and segmentation. While these practices ensure a competitive operational environment, satisfy seasonal employee demand and provide means for states to integrate immigrants into the labour market, negative societal consequences including precariousness, low-quality employment and inequality arise as well. Although all examined documents advocate sustainable production and consumption for Nordic tourism, workforce is essentially not included in sustainability discourses and initiatives.

  • 5.
    Bohn, Dorothee
    et al.
    Umeå Universitet.
    de Bernardi, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Tourism Studies.
    Celebrating 30 years louder than hell: exploring commercial and social ‘Host Event Zone’ developments of the heavy metal festival Wacken Open Air2022In: Annals of Leisure Research, ISSN 1174-5398, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 116-137Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although respective research has proliferated, little attention has been given to the processual nature of festivals. By drawing upon the concept of host event zones, we examine how different spectators perceive the development of the heavy metal festival Wacken Open Air (WOA) with respect to the dynamics between the festival as a temporary place in which visitors enjoy spectacle and ritual, a commercial site and the everyday living space of local inhabitants. WOA has grown in 30 years from an initiative by a few friends for devoted metal fans into an internationally renowned music mega-event. WOA represents a consumption mediated ‘peaceful utopia’ where festivalgoers find social meaningfulness in neo-tribes. However, the accelerating mainstream appeal of Wacken Open Air for a non-metal fan audience, which significantly spurt by the media, challenges both regular attendees’ experience of this idealized space and the relationship between the host community and the festival.

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  • 6.
    Bohn, Dorothee
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi.
    de Bernardi, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    The different shades of snow: an analysis of winter tourism in European regional planning and policy documents2019In: Winter tourism: trends and challenges / [ed] Ulrike Pröbstl-Haider, Harold Richins, Stefan Tuerk, Wallingford: CABI Publishing, 2019, p. 47-63Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Bohn, Dorothee
    et al.
    Multidimensional Tourism Institute, University of Lapland.
    de Bernardi, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    The role of workforce and labour in Nordic tourism strategies2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 8.
    de Bernardi, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies. Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Lapland, Rovaniemi, Finland.
    A critical realist appraisal of authenticity in tourism: the case of the Sámi2019In: Journal of Critical Realism, ISSN 1476-7430, E-ISSN 1572-5138, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 437-452Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 9.
    de Bernardi, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies. Multidimensional Tourism Institute (MTI), University of Lapland.
    Authenticity as a compromise: a critical discourse analysis of Sámi tourism websites2019In: Journal of Heritage Tourism, ISSN 1743-873X, E-ISSN 1747-6631, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 249-262Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Authenticity is considered a very important means to attract tourists. Different enterprises and destinations compete for visitors and authenticity is an important factor for visitors’ travel decisions. Within the context of indigenous and cultural tourism, several studies have criticized the way in which indigenous and local populations are portrayed in order to attract tourists, since they often involve colonial images and descriptions that are no longer corresponding to the contemporary situation. This study presents an alternative perspective on the discussion on tourism marketing in relation to authenticity. Through critical discourse analysis and retroduction, this study has analysed the websites of Sámi tourism companies from Sweden. The discussion put forward in this study is not a generalizing picture of how the Sámi peoples choose to market themselves, but it problematizes how these particular enterprises relate to issues of authenticity in the representation of cultural heritage. This paper also presents a new approach to authenticity seen as a compromise. The results of this study present one side of a multifaceted discussion on the struggle between different discourses on representations and authenticity that are often the main channel to reach and attract potential visitors.

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  • 10.
    de Bernardi, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Collaboration and social capital in rural areas: Tourism as driving force for resilience2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 11.
    de Bernardi, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies. Multidimensional Tourism Institute - University of Lapland.
    Destination competitiveness, the environment and sustainability challenges and cases2017In: Anatolia: An International Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Research, ISSN 1303-2917, E-ISSN 2156-6909, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 296-298Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 12.
    de Bernardi, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    New approaches to heritage tourism research: a review of two recent volumes2019In: Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change, ISSN 1476-6825, E-ISSN 1747-7654, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 239-245Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 13.
    de Bernardi, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Reflections on the hegemonic exclusion of critical realism from academic settings: alone in a room full of people2018In: Journal of Critical Realism, ISSN 1476-7430, E-ISSN 1572-5138, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 374-389Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, I discuss my personal experience of the issues that can arise when adopting critical realism in academic contexts dominated by irrealist (positivist, phenomenological and post-structuralist) methodological approaches. I draw inspiration for my analysis from the concept of Gramscian hegemony and the concept of ‘authenticity’. These concepts are related because hegemonic processes prevent individuals from freely expressing themselves. In my case, academic hegemony has resulted in social pressure to sacrifice my authentic critical realist self in order to achieve academic success. I also discuss groupthink dynamics, suggesting that they are a mechanism by which hegemony–and denial of individual authenticity–can be achieved. This paper is meant to be a theoretical and reflexive discussion, which could be the starting point for empirical studies investigating the situation of a critical realist in a hegemonic academic context. 

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  • 14.
    de Bernardi, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Strengthening tourism scholarship for sustainable development: the role of critical realism2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The number of incoming tourists in the world rises every year (World Bank, 2016), and this has an impact on the goals for the 2030 Agenda especially regarding climate change, sustainability of ecosystems and the availability of water (UN, 2016). Despite the internal and external controversies surrounding tourism scholarship, it is a field that has much potential to contribute to the achievement of the goals of the 2030 Agenda. In tourism research, there are still well-established and strong divisions between quantitative and qualitative research. The quantitative approach usually relies on positivism, while the qualitative approach increasingly commits to phenomenological, hermeneutic, postmodernist and constructivist positions. Furthermore, research underpinned by these assumptions often does not clearly state nor discuss epistemological or ontological issues, taking the previously mentioned positions for granted almost as they were the accepted norm.

    In this paper, I review the latest 200 articles that have been published in each of the three top tourism and hospitality journals. I comment specifically on their epistemological and ontological assumptions. I then use this review as the basis for a philosophical discussion in which I argue that critical realism can underlabour for tourism scholarship. That is, it can provide tourism scholarship with an ontology and epistemology that will allow it to effectively discover and tackle the issues that are connected to overcrowding and unsustainable destination development to ensure that the goals of the 2030 Agenda are met.

    References:

    UN. (2016). Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development .:. Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform. Retrieved April 5, 2018, from https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/post2015/transformingourworld

    World Bank (2016). International tourism , number of arrivals. Retrieved April 5, 2018, from https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/ST.INT.ARVL

  • 15.
    de Bernardi, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies. Multidimensional Tourism Institute - University of Lapland.
    Sámi Indigenous Tourism Empowerment in the Nordic Countries through Labelling Systems: Strengthening Ethnic Enterprises and Activities2017In: Tourism and Ethnodevelopment: Inclusion, Empowerment and Self-determination / [ed] Ismar Borges de Lima, Victor T. King, Routledge, 2017, p. 200-212Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 16.
    de Bernardi, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Tourism Studies. University of Lapland, Rovaniemi, Finland; Mid-Sweden University, Östersund.
    Sámi tourism in marketing material: a multimodal discourse analysis2022In: Acta Borealia, ISSN 0800-3831, E-ISSN 1503-111X, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 115-137Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study of tourism marketing communication is an important aspect that contributes to the understanding of how destinations and locals are portrayed. Through the so-called circle of representation, images can spread from tourism marketing to other media, such as tourism photography. Marketing material in the form of 118 brochures, 3000 Instagram posts and a guidebook portraying the Sámi population mostly in Swedish Lapland, but also in Finnish Lapland as well as Finnmark, Norway, have been collected and analyzed. The focus is on pictorial and textual elements and eight previously conceptualized themes have been used to guide the analysis. The focus was on the portrayal of the Sámi Indigenous population. The materials were collected through a direct qualitative content analysis and analyzed through a multimodal discourse analysis. The results show that there is still a tendency to portray the Sámi based on exoticism. This can spread to different media channels, but there are also discrepancies that hint at a gradual change in how Indigenous populations such as the Sámi are presented. The results of this study show the potential for the use of social media channels such as Instagram for Indigenous entrepreneurs and destination management organizations to educate, attract and entice potential visitors. © 2022 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

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  • 17.
    de Bernardi, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    The authentic tourism academic, a compromise?2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 18.
    de Bernardi, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Tourism Studies.
    The connection between nature and Sámi identity: The role of ecotourism2022In: Routledge Handbook of Ecotourism, Taylor and Francis , 2022, p. 144-156Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    de Bernardi, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies. Multidimensional Tourism Institute, University of Lapland.
    "The question of authenticity in Sámi tourism: the role(s) of labels"2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Authenticity is discussed and considered relevant in a number of different tourism enterprises. Authenticity has had a strong, but debated conceptual role in tourism, while from a heritage management perspective it has been conceptualised according to more practical implications. In this paper, authenticity is mainly related to the information advertised in marketing and to the potential role of a new authenticity conceptualisation based on compromise. The discussion also considers the possible effects on Sámi tourism and Sámi heritage. Sámi tourism companies are involved in issues concerning authenticity, but from a slightly different perspective than the ones usually advanced in research. Sámi cultural heritage has been a relevant attraction for several decades and many issues have been identified with the use of Sámi culture in Nordic tourism. One of the biggest problems is the fact that the Sámi are an indigenous population composed of different groups with different languages and cultural aspects. The Sámi have to balance their culture’s connection to the past and the lively contemporary cultural manifestations in a way that is attractive to the tourists. In this regard, it is relevant to discuss the role of labels and certification in Sámi tourism enterprises and the potential upsides and downsides of adopting labelling schemes to different aspects of Sámi cultural heritage.  

     

    This paper is concerned with one aspect of a doctoral project and it focuses on the potential role of authenticity and labels. This study will present some of the labels that are in use in the context of Sámi tourism. Furthermore, the paper focuses on a cultural label created by Sámi entrepreneurs in Sweden, which will now be taken into consideration in a newly financed European NPA (Northern Periphery and Arctic programme) called ARCTISEN. Cultural labels are conceptualised as a potential way to sustain, promote and protect cultures such as Sámi culture, which have been subjected to the negative sides of tourism promotion and visitation. The paper will also outline current movements from Sámi institutions to promote the growth of different kinds of labels. The main goal is to present how authenticity and labels have a strong potential for different aspects of Sámi heritage involved in the tourism industry.

  • 20.
    de Bernardi, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Tourism policy, project financing and tourism flows: the case of Sweden and Italy2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 21.
    de Bernardi, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies. Multidimensional Tourism Institute - University of Lapland.
    Tourism, Public Transport and Sustainable Mobility2018In: Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, ISSN 1447-6770, Vol. 36, p. 119-120Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 22.
    de Bernardi, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Tourism Studies. Mid-Sweden University, Östersund.
    Values, emancipation, and the role of knowledge in tourism education. A critical realist perspective2022In: Journal of Teaching in Travel & Tourism, ISSN 1531-3220, E-ISSN 1531-3239, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 36-49Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Values are important in education and their role in university studies is central in tourism teaching as well. How values are communicated to students is an important aspect of our axiological approach. In order to promote a fruitful approach to values in the students, this conceptual paper discusses the role of theoretical knowledge in achieving empowerment for the students based on the tenets of critical realism and on Gramsci’s philosophy. As students acquire disciplinary theoretical knowledge, they also develop the tools to make ethical evaluations. Knowledge is meant as the best possible understanding that we have of the world at the moment and it is always possible to achieve a better explanation of a phenomenon. Through an approach based on theoretical knowledge integrated with other creative ways to teach, the students can develop an ethical sensitivity and a flexible set of skills for both the workplace and academia. © 2021 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

  • 23.
    de Bernardi, Cecilia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Tourism Studies.
    Edelheim, J.
    Crossley, É.
    The Role of Catteries and Boarding Kennels In Enabling Tourist Mobility2022In: Tourism, Culture & Communication, ISSN 1098-304X, E-ISSN 1943-4146, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 387-392Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Pets are increasingly being recognized as family members, leaving their owners with difficult decisions about how to care for them during periods of travel. Tourists can either travel with their pets, leave them in the care of family or friends, or use a paid service provided by an animal boarding facility or “pet hotel.” We empirically explore the latter option and theorize pet hotels as enablers of tourist mobility in tourist-generating regions. User-generated content (UGC) consisting of textual pet owner reviews on Google Reviews and Facebook from boarding kennels and catteries across six countries are analyzed using qualitative content analysis. We identify three key themes revealing what users of these services emphasize in their reviews: first, catteries and boarding kennel enable pet owners to travel; second, these facilities alleviate tourists’ feelings of guilt or worry; third, pets are imagined to be enjoying their own holidays while at the facilities. This research note sheds light on a growing cultural phenomenon relating to tourism among a globally mobile population for whom pets substitute or extend their human families. © 2022 Cognizant, LLC.

  • 24.
    de Bernardi, Cecilia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Representations and National Marketing: the Case of Indigenous Peoples in Nordic and Russian DMOs’ webpages2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Human Geography.
    de Bernardi, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Tourism Studies.
    Visual representations of indigenous tourism places in social media2021In: Tourism, Culture & Communication, ISSN 1098-304X, E-ISSN 1943-4146, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 95-108Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focused the analysis on social media representations of Sapmi using the hashtags #visit-sapmi and #visitsapmi, which nuance official, top-down versions of the place communicated in other contexts, but simultaneously are more focused on visitors and their experiences. The results show that the making of the Sapmi region as a place and a tourism destination through social media content is an ongoing process of interpretation and reinterpretation of what indigenous Sami culture is and how it connects to specific localities. Future research should look at the broader understanding of places that can be accessed through social media analysis. The main argument is that visual communication is a very important tool when constructing the brand of a destination. Considering the growing role of social media, the process of place-making through visual communication is explored in the case of the destination VisitSapmi, as it is coconstructed in online user generated content (UGC). From a theoretical viewpoint, we discuss the social construction of places and destinations as well as the production of meaning through coconstruction of images and brands in tourism contexts. The focus is on how places are created, branded, and made meaningful by visualizing the place in a framework of tourism experiences, in this case specifically examined through indigenous tourism. We use a content analysis of texts, photographs, and narratives communicated on social media platforms. Regardless of negotiated brand management's efforts at official marketing, branding, and tourism planning, the evolution of Sapmi as a place to visit in social media has its own logic, full of contradictions and plausible interpretations, related to the uncontrollable and bottom-up processes of UGC.

  • 26.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Tourism Studies.
    de Bernardi, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Tourism Studies.
    Revitalising Swedish countryside through food: Local food events in Dalarna2021In: E-Cul-Tours: Enhancing Networks in Heritage Tourism / [ed] Gronau, W. Bonadei, R. Kastenholz, E. and A. Pashkevich, Rome: Tab edizioni , 2021Chapter in book (Refereed)
1 - 26 of 26
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