du.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
1 - 11 of 11
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • chicago-author-date
  • chicago-note-bibliography
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the 'Create feeds' function.
  • 1.
    Ahnberg Åsenius, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies.
    Kostela, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies.
    Messing, Jan
    Metallindustrin i Sverige 2007-20112013Report (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Bjerre, Bo
    et al.
    Trafikverket.
    Kostela, Johan
    Dalarnas forskningsråd.
    Selén, Jan
    Statistiska Centralbyrån.
    Positive health-care effects of an alcohol ignition interlock programme among driving while impaired (DWI) offenders2007In: Addiction, ISSN 0965-2140, E-ISSN 1360-0443, Vol. 102, no 11, 1771-1781 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: To compare the costs of hospital care and sick leave/disability pensions between two groups of driving while impaired (DWI) offenders: participants in an alcohol ignition interlock programme (AIIP) and controls with revoked licences, but with no comparable opportunity to participate in an AIIP. Setting: As an alternative to licence revocation DWI offenders can participate in a voluntary 2-year AIIP permitting the offender to drive under strict regulations entailing regular medical check-ups. The participants are forced to alter their alcohol habits and those who cannot demonstrate sobriety are dismissed from the programme. Participants: are liable for all costs themselves. Design: Quasi-experimental, with a non-equivalent control group used for comparison; intent-to-treat design. Based on the number of occasions/days in hospital and on sick leave/disability pension, the health-care costs for public insurance have been calculated. Finding: Average total health-care costs were 25% lower among AIIP participants (1156 individuals) than among controls (815 individuals) during the 2-year treatment period. This corresponds to over €1000 (SEK9610) less annual costs per average participant. For those who complete the 2-year programme the cost reduction was more pronounced; 37% during the treatment and 20% during the post-treatment period. Conclusions: The positive health-care effects were due apparently to reduced alcohol consumption. The social benefit of being allowed to drive while in the AIIP may also have contributed. The reduction in health-care costs was significant only during the 2-year treatment period, but among those who completed the entire AIIP sustained effects were also observed in the post-treatment period. The effects were comparable to those of regular alcoholism treatment programmes. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)(journal abstract)

  • 3.
    Kostela, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies. Dalarnas forskningsråd.
    Utveckling av kontaktmannaskap: Utvärdering av ett utvecklingsprojekt inom Kompetensstegen i Bollnäs kommun2009Report (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Kostela, Johan
    et al.
    Dalarnas forskningsråd.
    Bjerre, Bo
    Trafikverket.
    Primary prevention of drink driving by the large-scale use of alcolocks in commercial vehicles2008In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, ISSN 0001-4575, E-ISSN 1879-2057, Vol. 40, no 4, 1294-1299 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Alcolocks are commercial breath test devices that prevent a motor vehicle from starting when a driver's blood alcohol concentration (BAC) is elevated. This report is an evaluation of the experiences and BAC data from the first use of alcolocks in commercial vehicles as a primary prevention strategy. In most applications, the alcolock is imposed only after an impaired driving conviction. This study, implemented in Sweden, estimates drink driving on a large scale in a variety of commercial vehicles.

    Officials from 118 companies were interviewed representing 3689 alcolock-equipped vehicles used by 9614 professional drivers, an 80% compliance rate. In a contrast group of 230 transport businesses without alcolocks the interview compliance rate was 57%. Survey results probed motivation for and experience with alcolocks. Analysis of BAC test patterns showed alcohol consumption among employees through prevalence estimates of drink-driving attempts at the rate of BAC ≥ the legal limit 0.020%.

    Before alcolock installation, 64% of the employers suspected alcohol problems among their employees and their motive for installing alcolocks (cost averaged 1700 €/vehicle) was to improve the transport quality. Several companies had technical problems with the alcolocks; but 98% recommended that other companies install alcolocks.

    Among 600, heavy vehicles, 0.19% of all starts were prevented by elevated BAC; most during weekends and mornings. Daytime Saturday and Sunday mornings 0.72% of the drivers had elevated BAC.

    Conclusions

    The prevalence of drink driving among professional drivers is probably similar to that among drivers in general. Alcolocks would improve the safety margin and reduce public risk. Provided that the entire fleet of trucks, buses, and taxis in Sweden had installed alcolocks that would correspond to about half a million drink driving trips being prevented every year.

  • 5.
    Kostela, Johan
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Elmgren, Maja
    Uppsala universitet.
    Hansson, Per
    Uppsala universitet.
    Almgren, Mats
    Uppsala universitet.
    Electrochemical properties of an amphiphilic viologen in differently charged micelles2002In: Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, ISSN 0022-0728, Vol. 536, no 1-2, 97-107 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The electrochemical properties of N-tetradecyl-N′-methylviologen (TMV) in differently charged micelles were studied with a glassy carbon electrode using electrochemical techniques. The redox potential varied depending on the charge of the surrounding surfactants. When the viologen was situated in cationic micelles the redox potential for the 2+/1+ reaction was more positive than when situated in negatively charged micelles. The non-ionic micelles destabilised the 2+-state most showing the highest redox potentials. From studies of several different cationic micelles it was concluded that the most important parameter for the redox potential was the surface charge density. A calculation based on a simple model confirmed this. Other interactions also influenced the stability of the redox states. Adsorption, desorption and reorganisation of the surfactants at the electrode surface caused capacitive currents. To control the nonfaradaic current, differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) was used in addition to cyclic voltammetry.

  • 6.
    Kostela, Johan
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies. Dalarnas forskningsråd.
    Tydén, Thomas
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies. Dalarnas forskningsråd.
    FoU i kommuner, landsting och regioner: Delrapport tre från IKA-projektet2010Report (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Kostela, Johan
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies. Dalarnas forskningsråd.
    Tydén, Thomas
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies. Dalarnas forskningsråd.
    Varför sjukskrivs det så olika? Sjukskrivningsmönster vid Dalarnas vårdcentraler.2006Report (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Kostela, Johan
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies. Dalarnas forskningsråd.
    Welin, Bengt
    Konsekvensanalyser av service. Servicefrågan i den kommunala planeringsprocessen2011Report (Other academic)
  • 9.
    McKee, Kevin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Kostela, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies.
    Five years from now: expectation of future quality of life in older people2013In: Psychology and Health, ISSN 0887-0446, E-ISSN 1476-8321, Vol. 28, no s1, 268-268 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 10.
    McKee, Kevin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Kostela, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work. Karolinska Institutet/Stockholm University.
    Five years from now: Correlates of older people’s expectation of future quality of life2015In: Research on Aging, ISSN 0164-0275, E-ISSN 1552-7573, Vol. 37, no 1, 18-40 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Few studies have explored older people’s expected future quality of life (QoL), despite evidence that perceptions of one’s future influence healthy ageing. Research on this topic should embrace a range of potential influences, including perceptions of one’s neighbourhood and region. This study examined expected QoL in a random sample of the population of Dalarna, a Swedish region. A self-completion questionnaire assessed demographic characteristics, current neighbourhood and regional evaluations, self-evaluations, expectations for the future, and current and expected QoL. In total, 786 people aged ≥ 65 years participated. A sequential multiple regression model explained 44% of the variance in older people’s expected QoL, with self-reported health (sr2=.03), Expected Regional Opportunity (sr2=.03), and Perceived Regional Status (sr2=.02) having the strongest associations with expected QoL. Research on the importance of one’s neighbourhood to QoL in older people should encompass people’s perceptions of their region, to better inform social policy for healthy ageing.

  • 11.
    McKee, Kevin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Kostela, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work. Stockholm University; Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Five years from now: Correlates of older people’s expectation of future quality of life2014In: Age Well - Challenges for Individuals and Society: Program 22nd Nordic Congress of Gerontology Gothenburg 25-28 May, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Few studies have explored older people’s expected future quality of life (QoL), despite evidence that perceptions of one’s future influence healthy ageing. Research on this topic should embrace a range of potential influences, including perceptions of one’s neighbourhood and region. This study examined expected QoL in a random sample of the population of Dalarna, a Swedish region. A self-completion questionnaire assessed demographic characteristics, current neighbourhood and regional evaluations, self-evaluations, expectations for the future, and current and expected QoL.  In total, 786 people aged ≥ 65 years participated. Current QoL was favourably evaluated, and while expected QoL also received a positive assessment, the mean value for expected QoL was notably lower than that for current QoL (t(755)=24.06, p<.05). Indeed, only 3.6% (n=27) of participants rated their expected QoL higher than their current QoL. A sequential multiple regression model explained 44% of the variance in older people’s expected QoL. Nine IVs were significant (p<.05) in the final model of expected QoL: current QoL (1% unique variance explained), age (1%), education level (1%), Regional Development Beliefs (1%), Perceived Regional Status (2%), self-reported health (3%), social influence (1%), Expected Regional Opportunity (3%) and expected change in housing need (1%). Our findings establish the significance of an older person’s perception of their locality for their expected future QoL. Policies that focus only on individual and relational factors for the promotion of healthy ageing are overlooking the potential contribution of an older person’s connection to their neighbourhood and region.

1 - 11 of 11
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • chicago-author-date
  • chicago-note-bibliography
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf