du.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
1 - 8 of 8
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • chicago-author-date
  • chicago-note-bibliography
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    Lindgren, Michael
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Materials Technology.
    An improved model for the longitudinal peak strain in the flange of a roll formed U-channel developed by FE-analyses2007In: Steel Research International, ISSN 1611-3683, E-ISSN 1869-344X, Vol. 78, no 1, p. 82-87Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today one can find cold roll forming (CRF) products in many applications, for example vehicles, furniture and in the building industry. Though CRF is a well known sheet metal process, it is still not entirely understood due to the geometrically complex forming. There are several computer aided engineering (CAE) programs on the market that can assist the tool maker when designing a new CRF machine. However, they are often based on simple formulas when predicting the stress and the strain in the strip. The main objective of this study is to improve formulas for the longitudinal peak membrane strain and the deformation length when a U-channel is formed. These are important since they can be used to determine the number of forming steps and the distance between them. A twolevel factorial design is done using the finite element analysis to investigate which parameters affect the peak strain and the deformation length. The parameters are then used to build models for the peak strain and the deformation length.

  • 2.
    Lindgren, Michael
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Materials Technology.
    Cold roll forming of a U-channel made of high strength steel2007In: Journal of Materials Processing Technology, ISSN 0924-0136, E-ISSN 1873-4774, Vol. 186, no 1-3, p. 77-81Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cold roll forming is a bending process where the bending occurs gradually in several forming steps from an undeformed strip to a finished profile. The process is very interesting for the sheet metal industry due to the high speed in which the profile can be produced. High strength steel has, in recent years, become more common in cold roll forming. These materials have advantages but also disadvantages that affect the design of the process. Simple models in literature [K.F. Chiang, Cold roll forming, ME Thesis, University of Auckland, August 1984] predict that the longitudinal peak membrane strain in the flange of a profile is independent of the material properties. However, Ingvarsson [L. Ingvarsson, F¨orenklad teori f¨or rullforming av element¨ar v-profil, j¨amf¨orelse mellan normalt och h¨ogh°allfast st°al, VAMP 15- rullforming 23 april 2001] compared mild and ultra high strength in a roll forming experiment and the conclusion was that the material properties will affect the finished profile. This paper is a fundamental study performed in order to understand the observation by Ingvarsson [L. Ingvarsson, F¨orenklad teori f¨or rullforming av element¨ar v-profil, j¨amf¨orelse mellan normalt och h¨ogh°allfast st°al, VAMP 15- rullforming 23 april 2001]. The objectives of this study are to investigate the change in the longitudinal peak membrane strain at the flange edge and the deformation length when the yield strength increases. These are important since they can be used to determine the number of forming steps and the distance between them when designing the cold roll forming machine. The result from the simulations show that the longitudinal peak membrane strain decreases and the deformation length increases when the yield strength is increased.

  • 3.
    Lindgren, Michael
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Materials Technology.
    Experimental and computational investigation of the roll forming process2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the first questions to consider when designing a new roll forming line is the number of forming steps required to produce a profile. The number depends on material properties, the cross-section geometry and tolerance requirements, but the tool designer also wants to minimize the number of forming steps in order to reduce the investment costs for the customer. There are several computer aided engineering systems on the market that can assist the tool designing process. These include more or less simple formulas to predict deformation during forming as well as the number of forming steps. In recent years it has also become possible to use finite element analysis for the design of roll forming processes. The objective of the work presented in this thesis was to answer the following question: How should the roll forming process be designed for complex geometries and/or high strength steels? The work approach included both literature studies as well as experimental and modelling work. The experimental part gave direct insight into the process and was also used to develop and validate models of the process. Starting with simple geometries and standard steels the work progressed to more complex profiles of variable depth and width, made of high strength steels. The results obtained are published in seven papers appended to this thesis. In the first study (see paper 1) a finite element model for investigating the roll forming of a U-profile was built. It was used to investigate the effect on longitudinal peak membrane strain and deformation length when yield strength increases, see paper 2 and 3. The simulations showed that the peak strain decreases whereas the deformation length increases when the yield strength increases. The studies described in paper 4 and 5 measured roll load, roll torque, springback and strain history during the U-profile forming process. The measurement results were used to validate the finite element model in paper 1. The results presented in paper 6 shows that the formability of stainless steel (e.g. AISI 301), that in the cold rolled condition has a large martensite fraction, can be substantially increased by heating the bending zone. The heated area will then become austenitic and ductile before the roll forming. Thanks to the phenomenon of strain induced martensite formation, the steel will regain the martensite content and its strength during the subsequent plastic straining. Finally, a new tooling concept for profiles with variable cross-sections is presented in paper 7. The overall conclusions of the present work are that today, it is possible to successfully develop profiles of complex geometries (3D roll forming) in high strength steels and that finite element simulation can be a useful tool in the design of the roll forming process.

  • 4.
    Lindgren, Michael
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Material Science.
    Bexell, Ulf
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Materials Technology.
    Wikström, Lars
    Roll forming of partially heated cold rolled stainless steel2009In: Journal of Materials Processing Technology, ISSN 0924-0136, E-ISSN 1873-4774, Vol. 209, no 7, p. 3117-3124Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today you will find roll formed details in many different products, for example buildings, household appliances and vehicles. The industry, in order to save weight, tends to use more and more high strength steel. The disadvantage with these materials is that they can be difficult to form due to reduced ductility. A way to increase the ductility in the forming areas is by partially heat the steel. It is shown that partial heating substantially increases the ductility of high strength steel and make it possible to roll form large bend angles. When roll forming, the material will work hardening almost to the as-received condition in the outer and inner radius of the roll formed profile. Furthermore, the heating power decides the bend angle obtained. Finally, the mechanical properties after heating and roll forming are discussed.

  • 5.
    Lindgren, Michael
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Materials Technology.
    Edberg, Jonas
    Lindgren, Lars-Erik
    Roll forming2015In: Handbook of Manufacturing Engineering and Technology, Springer-Verlag London Ltd , 2015, p. 285-307Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Roll forming is cost-effective compared to other sheet metal forming processes for uniform profiles. The process has during the last 10 years developed into forming of profiles with varying cross sections and is thereby becoming more flexible. The motion of the rolls can now be controlled with respect to many axes enabling a large variation in the profiles along the formed sheet, the so-called 3D roll forming or flexible roll forming technology. The roll forming process has also advantages compared to conventional forming for high-strength materials. Furthermore, computer tools supporting the design of the process have also been developed during the last 10 years. This is quite important when designing the forming of complex profiles. The chapter describes the roll forming process, particularly from the designer’s perspective. It gives the basic understanding of the process and how it is designed. Furthermore, modern computer design and simulation tools are discussed. © Springer-Verlag London 2015. All rights reserved.

  • 6. Lindgren, Michael
    et al.
    Ingmarsson, Lars-Olof
    3D roll-forming of hat-profile with variable depth and width2009In: Rollform09 1st International congress on roll forming, Bilbao, Spain, 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of roll-formed products in automotive, furniture, buildings etc. increases every year due to the low part-production cost and the complicated cross-sections that can be produced. The limitation with roll-forming until recent years is that one could only produce profiles with a constant cross-section in the longitudinal direction. About eight years ago ORTIC AB [1] developed a machine in which it was possible to produce profiles with a variable width (“3D roll-forming”) for the building industry. Experimental equipment was recently built for research and prototyping of profiles with variable cross-section in both width and depth for the automotive industry. The objective with the current study is to investigate the new tooling concept that makes it possible to roll-form hat-profiles, made of ultra high strength steel, with variable cross-section in depth and width. The result shows that it is possible to produce 3D roll-formed profiles with close tolerances.

  • 7.
    Michael, Lindgren
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Materials Technology.
    Experimental investigations of the roll load and roll torque when high strength steel is roll formed2007In: Journal of Materials Processing Technology, ISSN 0924-0136, E-ISSN 1873-4774, Vol. 191, no 1-3, p. 44-47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The cold roll forming process is a highly efficient process used to produce profiles for many applications, for example vehicles, buildings, domestic machines, etc. Therefore, its market share is increasing every year. Many of the above products are already today made of high strength steel and the usage of these materials will likely continue to increase. The objectives of this project are to find howthe roll load and roll torque are influenced by the yield strength of the material. Full-scale experiments have been performed. U-channels made of different materials from mild to ultra high strength steels have been formed. The roll torque is measured during the process using a torque sensor mounted between the tool and the power transmission. Used power is also calculated with help of the motor current. The roll load is measured with load cells mounted on both side of the roll forming tool. The experimental result will increase the understanding of the specific conditions for roll forming steels with increasing yield strength. The result can be used to support the roll machine designer to choose machine elements and power unit for these applications. Furthermore, the result can also be compared with finite element simulations in order to improve and validate simulation models.

  • 8. Wikström, Lars
    et al.
    Bexell, Ulf
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Materials Technology.
    Lindgren, Michael
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Materials Technology.
    Partial annealing of stainless steel before roll forming2007In: Stål 2007, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
1 - 8 of 8
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • chicago-author-date
  • chicago-note-bibliography
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf