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  • 1.
    Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Nationalekonomi.
    Elert, Niklas
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Nationalekonomi.
    When is Gibrat's law a law?2012Inngår i: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 41, nr 1, s. 133-147Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to investigate if the industry context matters for whether Gibrat’s law is rejected or not using a dataset that consists of all limited firms in five-digit NACE-industries in Sweden during 1998–2004. The results reject Gibrat’s law on an aggregate level, since small firms grow faster than large firms. However, Gibrat’s law is confirmed about as often as it is rejected when industry-specific regressions are estimated. It is also found that the industry context—e.g., minimum efficient scale, market concentration rate, and number of young firms in the industry—matters for whether Gibrat’s law is rejected or not.

  • 2.
    Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Nationalekonomi.
    Elert, Niklas
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Nationalekonomi.
    Lang, Åsa
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Företagsekonomi.
    Does Gibrat's Law Hold for Retailing?: Evidence from Sweden2012Inngår i: Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, ISSN 0969-6989, E-ISSN 1873-1384, Vol. 19, nr 5, s. 464-469Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Gibrat’s Law predicts that firm growth is a purely random effect and therefore should be independent of firm size. The purpose of this paper is to test Gibrat’s law within the retail industry, using a novel data-set comprising all surviving Swedish limited liability companies active at some point between 1998 and 2004. Very few studies have previously investigated whether Gibrat’s Law seems to hold for retailing, and they are based on highly aggregated data. Our results indicate that Gibrat´s Law can be rejected for a large majority of five-digit retail industries in Sweden, since small retail firms tend to grow faster than large ones.

  • 3.
    Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Nationalekonomi.
    Elert, Niklas
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Nationalekonomi.
    Rudholm, Niklas
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Nationalekonomi.
    Start-ups and firm in-migration: evidence from the Swedish wholesale industry2013Inngår i: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 51, nr 2, s. 471-494Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We use a data set covering 13,471 Swedish limited liability firms in the Swedish wholesale industries during 2000–2004 to ascertain the determinants of new start-ups and of in-migration of firms. Access to a large harbor, international airport or large railroad classification yard in the municipality nearly triples the number of start-ups and increases the expected number of in-migrating firms with 53 %. The presence of a university, many educated workers and low local taxes are also associated with more start-ups and firm in-migration.

  • 4.
    Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Nationalekonomi. HUI Research, Stockholm.
    Johansson, Dan
    Elert, Niklas
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Nationalekonomi. The Ratio Institute, Stockholm; Örebro Universitet.
    Economic Contribution of High-growth Firms: Do Policy Implications Depend on the Choice of Growth Indicator?2014Inngår i: Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, ISSN 1566-1679, E-ISSN 1573-7012, Vol. 14, nr 3, s. 337-365Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 5.
    Elert, Niklas
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Nationalekonomi.
    What determines entry? Evidence from Sweden2014Inngår i: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 53, nr 1, s. 55-92Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, I examined what conditions affected the entry of Swedish limited liability firms 2000–2008, while making a distinction between regular entrants and those that survive for at least 2 years. I used a dataset that makes it possible to trace entry geographically as well as in what industry it occurs down to the 5-digit NACE level. Results suggest that the conditions influencing regular entry were similar to those influencing surviving entry. Political variables, e.g., municipal tax rate and the ideology of local rule, were of limited importance. Meanwhile, municipalities with industries with high minimum efficient scale of production or high market concentration rates were considerably less likely to see new firm formation. Substantially, more entry occurred in municipalities with high-income and a well-educated population. The importance of the level of education appears stronger for surviving entrants than for regular entrants, pointing to the importance of human capital.

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