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  • 1.
    Aallos, Saana
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Härkönen, Tanja
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Customer value creation in technology based restaurant experiences: Case study in the mobile application restaurant: Pincho’s2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the restaurant industry, there is a growing interest in applying technology as part of the service process. However, the constant development of technological innovations does not always meet the demand and therefore it would be important to empirically study how the technology based dining experiences are perceived by the customer. Accordingly, collecting information on how the service quality is perceived when technology is playing a major role during the restaurant experience is important, since such research has not been conducted before. Hereby, the aim of this research paper is to examine restaurant experiences from the customer point of view, in which the role of service personnel is reduced due to implementation of a mobile application. In order to achieve this aim, the objective is to identify what creates value for the customers in a mobile application generated dining experience. Thus, following research questions were stated: How does the customers perceive the service quality in a mobile application generated dining experience? and What are the advantages and disadvantages for the customer to use mobile application for the service delivery during the dining experience?

    The research used explanatory sequential mixed methods. Primarily, the researchers performed collection and analysis of quantitative data. Additionally, to get a profound interpretation of the research topic, qualitative data was gathered and analyzed. Thereafter, the qualitative data was used for explaining the quantitative findings more in detail. For the sake of this, the research questions were divided correspondingly one for each method. Findings from the descriptive quantitative analysis, indicated that the use of mobile application for the service delivery was mostly positively perceived. Additionally, discourse analysis was conducted from 812 Pincho’s associated TripAdvisor online reviews. The review findings provided more detailed opinions of the customers’ experiences in their own words and brought up possible advantages and disadvantages.

    The research findings can provide a small contribution to the knowledge of technology based restaurant experiences. However, as the researchers collected only a small amount of primary data, the validity of the results is limited. Additionally, using online reviews is a highly subjective method and consequently has its shortcomings. Therefore, in order to gain thorough understanding of mobile application generated dining experiences, the phenomenon should be further examined in a larger scale. Together with this, it would be intriguing to conduct a questionnaire based survey in all the Pincho’s restaurants and more specifically examine overall satisfaction of the customers.

  • 2.
    Aarvaag, Evalinda
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Lindroth, Linda
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Konflikter, ogräs eller frön?: Arbetsplatskonflikter utifrån ett ledarskapsperspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The authors' joint commitment conflicts produced the idea to study highly-regarded leaders' perspective on workplace conflicts and their constructive resolution. Basically there was a curiosity about how such leaders resolve conflicts so effectively.

    Workplace conflicts are a major part of a leader´s time at work. While probably unavoidable, how conflicts are handled is crucial for the growth and development of an organization and its employees. There has been practical conflict management research from a leadership perspective, but the studies have had a quantitative focus. This study aims to examine the various ways respected managers address and resolve workplace conflicts. The study seeks to answer the following questions: What kinds of workplace conflict exist in an organization? What are the critical factors in conflicts? How are conflicts viewed constructive/destructive? What is a leader's role when managing/resolving workplace conflict? What abilities and qualities have leaders who manage conflict effectively?

    The study is based on a qualitative approach using semi-structured interviews. The material was thematic and coded. Results were analysed using the theoretical framework. The empirical data was analysed using Rahims (2002) theory of conflict management. Building on the results, the model which has been developed will be presented at the study’s conclusion.

    The study's analysis reveals that leaders who deal with conflicts constructively mastered the three main areas of concern, depending on the situation. These are people-oriented, task-oriented, and learning- and culture-oriented. The study's results also revealed that evasive and/or dominant leadership in particular creates barrier store solving conflict.

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  • 3.
    Abrahams, J P
    University of the Western Cape.
    Sentiment and the Spread of A Human Rights Culture2003In: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, p. 274-287Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 4.
    Ackermann, Denise M
    University of Stellenbosch.
    Freedom of Religion and the Equality and Dignity of Women: A Christian Feminist Perspective2003In: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, p. 180-193Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 5.
    Adamsson, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Karlsson, Yvonne
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Arbetslivsinriktad rehabilitering: Rehabiliteringsprocessen utifrån ett medarbetarperspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today's society, the demands at work have increased and the employees are at the disposal

    of the organizations success. The working environment today can be perceived as a hot topic,

    and on this basis it may also appear that rehabilitation regarding return to work should be

    given a greater focus. It appears that it is a lack in rehabilitation at present moment, therefore

    greater efforts should occur to develop routines, working relationships and working

    techniques with the individual in focus. This study was conducted in a profit-producing

    company in Sweden and the purpose of the study is to get the company's vision and guidance

    documents regarding their rehabilitation process. Furthermore, the purpose is to describe how

    the individual experiences their rehabilitation process. This in order to finally compare these,

    to see how well the rehabilitation process works and how it is perceived by its employees. In

    conclusion, the purpose is to contribute to the company with possible improvement

    suggestions regarding the individual perspective in the rehabilitation process.

    This study is based on a qualitative method, where we have interviewed a person who holds

    rehabilitation responsibility for the company in question. In addition, interviews have been

    made with six employees who have gone through a rehabilitation process at the company. The

    result of this study has been analyzed based on the theoretical reference framework of this

    study. The empirical result showed that the individual in vocational rehabilitation is

    influenced by several factors at the workplace. The factors that we could discern in this study

    are how the approach takes place between employers and employees, partly through support

    and communication, but also how the rehabilitation work is experienced. The study also

    shows that the working conditions for the individual are important through job satisfaction

    and the work adjustment that has taken place during their rehabilitation. Another factor of

    influence for return to work are how much the individual has participate in their process and

    the importance of being able to influence in decisions. These factors are important in

    rehabilitation situations in order to generate a successful return to work.

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  • 6.
    Adie, Bailey Ashton
    et al.
    Solent University.
    de Bernardi, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    ‘Oh my god what is happening?’: historic second home communities and post-disaster nostalgia2023In: Journal of Heritage Tourism, ISSN 1743-873X, E-ISSN 1747-6631, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 337-348Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nostalgia is an important concept in the study of heritage tourism, especially as a push factor, but less attention is devoted to how nostalgia influences place attachment and vice versa, especially in relation to both individual and collective community experiences. While place attachment has been discussed in the context of second homes, nostalgia has received little attention, with none directed specifically at historic second home communities or those which had recently experienced a disaster. Therefore, this paper presents an analysis of semi-structured interviews conducted among second homeowners in Ocean Beach, New York, which is a century-old second home community with a rich local heritage that was hit by Hurricane Sandy in 2012. The findings show that the respondents display different aspects of nostalgia, in particular endo- and meso- nostalgia. This work conceptualizes meso-nostalgia as an umbrella term for the previously discussed nostalgias which focus on the gray area between personal and collective memories. The findings also show the respondents’ deep connection to the second home landscape, but there was a marked difference between respondents with inherited second homes and those who had purchased them wherein inherited homeowners’ nostalgia was closer to those of permanent residents in previous studies.

  • 7.
    Ahlstrand, Roland
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Digitalisering och arbetskvalitet: Två kvalitativa fallstudier inom svensk tillverkningsindustri2020In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, E-ISSN 2002-343X, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 90-108Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vilken betydelse har digitaliseringen för anställdas arbetskvalitet? I denna studie av två tillverkningsföretag inom svensk flygindustri visas hur detta är beroende av ledningens val av innovationsstrategi. I det ena företaget var strategin att genom digital teknik involvera flera kategorier av anställda i gemensamt beslutsfattande om konstruktioner och arbetsinstruktioner, vilket samtidigt både begränsade deras möjligheter att fatta beslut om det egna arbetet och ökade arbetstakten. I det andra företaget var strategin att genom digital teknik endast involvera en viss kategori av anställda i mer övergripande frågor, varvid en annan kategori av anställda inte bara uteslöts, utan också fick mindre beslutsutrymme när det gällde det egna arbetet.

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  • 8.
    Ahlstrand, Roland
    Malmö universitet.
    Integrative Strategy, Competitiveness and Employment: a Case Study of the Transition at the Swedish Truck Manufacturing Company Scania During the Economic Downturn in 2008-20102015In: Economic and Industrial Democracy, ISSN 0143-831X, E-ISSN 1461-7099, Vol. 36, no 3, p. 457-477Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to investigate how and why the truck manufacturer Scania adapted to the economic downturn between 2008 and 2010 in the manner it did. First, Scania signed a crisis agreement on fewer working hours and lower wages, and, later, it signed an agreement stipulating fewer working hours, but without wage reductions. Both of these agreements were combined with investments in competence development and education as well as with the decision not to give notice to the employees, which was uncommon among Swedish companies. It is claimed that the company wanted to strengthen the competitiveness by integrating the unions and the employees even more in the business. An important prerequisite was the company’s Flexibility Agreement, which allowed the company not to give temporary employees new contracts and to let temporary employees leave the company as soon as their maximum employment period of six months expired.

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  • 9.
    Ahlstrand, Roland
    et al.
    Malmö högskola.
    Arvidson, Markus
    Axelsson, Jonas
    Protest, tystnad och partiskhet: Replik på en teori om lojalitet och whistleblowing2017In: Norsk sosiologisk tidsskrift, E-ISSN 2535-2512, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 257-265Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 10.
    Ahlstrand, Roland
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Gautié, Jerome
    Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, France .
    Labour–management relations and employee involvement in lean production systems in different national contexts: A comparison of French and Swedish aerospace companies2023In: Economic and Industrial Democracy, ISSN 0143-831X, E-ISSN 1461-7099, Vol. 44, no 4, p. 1027-1051Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Existing research has found heterogeneity in the implementation of Lean and its outcomes in terms of employee involvement across countries. This article explores the potential role of labour–management relations. It relies on in-depth company case studies carried out in the aerospace industry in France and Sweden. The study finds significant variations in employee involvement – higher in the Swedish than in the French cases. Managerial orientations did play a role, as the ‘technocratic’ form of Lean in France echoed a more unilateral top-down conception of management, while Swedish managers appeared more receptive to the ‘involvement-enhancing’ paradigm. But the attitudes and behaviours of unions were also a crucial factor, as Swedish unions were very effective in impinging on the implementation of Lean at workplace level, while their French counterparts, often divided, adopted a more defensive stance, lacking expertise and implication in the promotion of high-involvement work organisations.

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  • 11.
    Ahlstrand, Roland
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Gautié, Jérôme
    Labour-Management Relations and Employee Involvement in Lean Production Systems in Different National Contexts: A comparison of French and Swedish Aerospace Companies2022Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Ahlstrand, Roland
    et al.
    Institutionen för Individ och samhälle (IS), Malmö University.
    Gautié, Jérôme
    Wright, Sally
    Green, Anne
    Innovation and job quality in the aeronautic industry: Results from qualitative case studies2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper focuses on the interactions between innovations (of all kinds) and job quality (in a wide sense, covering work and employment conditions, including job status, compensation, training and career opportunities) in the aeronautic industry. It draws on empirical evidence – industry survey and company case studies – from France, Sweden and the UK. Aeronautics has introduced important innovations in the past decade. For example, computer assisted devices (from computer aided engineering and design, Model Based Definition (MBD), i.e. the use of 3D drawings, to computer numeric control machines) have impacted the work of both engineers, technicians and operators. The new generation of process innovations (i.e. digitalization) include, among others, the introduction of cobots and robots, and virtual augmented reality devices. Aeronautics is indeed a front runner of the “factory of the future” or “industry 4.0”, which may have important consequences in terms of both job quantity and quality – notably in terms of education requirements, competence development, and individual task discretion/autonomy. Organisational innovations have also played an important role, such as the implementation of lean manufacturing and its derivatives, introduced more recently than in the automotive industry, with some specificities. Increasing pressure on all the segments of the supply chain has been witnessed in many firms and their subcontractors, in connection with some of the technical devices mentioned previously, and in a context of increasing competition, and in some cases to important changes in the governance of firms. But the reverse causality – i.e. from JQ to innovation – is also a key issue. Some firms are innovating by introducing new forms of organisations to improve some dimensions of job quality as a mean to foster the innovation capacity of the firm “from the bottom up”, with experiments such as “liberated company”. As in other industries, some big companies are trying to emulate the “start-up spirit”.

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  • 13.
    Ahlstrand, Roland
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Hobbins, Jennifer
    MacKenzie, Robert
    McLachlan, Chris
    O'Brien, Martin
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Stuart, Mark
    Variation in the nature of occupational communities and their role in the navigation of post-redundancy transitions in the Swedish, British and Australian steel industries2023Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Ahlstrand, Roland
    et al.
    Malmö Högskola.
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Corporate Social Responsibility in Connection with Business Closures and Downsizing: A Literature Review2017In: Contemporary Management Research, ISSN 1813-5498, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 53-78Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper was to review the research on corporate social responsibility (CSR) in connection with business closures and downsizing to identify gaps in our knowledge. The study consisted of a systematic review of 24 refereed articles. The review identified four themes in the literature on CSR in connection with business closure and downsizing, namely CSR, transition programs and the local community; CSR and business strategy; CSR, power and reputation; and lastly, other articles on CSR in connection with business closures and downsizing. The review revealed a lack of understanding of the reasons, outcomes and methodology of CSR development in connection with business closures and downsizing.

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  • 15.
    Ahlstrand, Roland
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Lokala partsrelationer och organisatorisk flexibilitet: omställningar inom hotellbranschen under covid-19-krisen 2020–20212023Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie fokuserar på de lokala partsrelationernas betydelse för utvecklingen av den organisatoriska flexibiliteten under en större hotellkoncerns omställningar under covid-19-krisen 2020–2021. Studien bygger på 26 semistrukturerade intervjuer med representanter för arbetsgivarorganisationer och fackliga organisationer på branschnivå, samt chefer och fackliga företrädare på koncern- och hotellnivå. Intervjuerna transkriberades och tematiserades med hjälp av NVivo 12. I ljuset av en dramatisk nedgång i kundunderlaget mer än halverades antalet anställda: tillsvidareanställda sades upp och kontrakten för tillfälligt anställda blev inte förlängda. Vid sidan av ”tillfälligt anställda” tillkom en ny form av numerisk flexibilitet, korttidspermitterade, baserad på lagen om stöd vid korttidsarbete från 2013. Samtidigt genomfördes omfattande organisationsförändringar: avdelningar slogs samman, antalet chefer reducerades och i stort sett samtliga yrkestitlar förändrades. Anställda skulle arbeta i ”service team”, chefer skulle vara ”service lead” och andra, t ex receptionister, kockar, bartenders och städare, skulle tituleras ”hosts”. De fackliga organisationerna menade att denna form av funktionell flexibilitet, att ”alla skulle kunna allt”, ledde till ett allt stressigare jobb och var ett hot mot yrkesstoltheten. 

    I syfte att analysera de lokala partsrelationernas betydelse för utvecklingen av den organisatoriska flexibiliteten tar vi avstamp i tidigare forskning om lokala partsrelationer. Den tidigare forskningen har till stor del handlat om parternas förhållningssätt till varandra när de arbetat för att nå lösningar och resultat i olika avseenden, hur intressen och maktresurser mobiliseras, förhandlingsstrategier och den fackliga organiseringens betydelse för den fackliga styrkan. Det finns begränsat med forskning om de lokala partsrelationers roll när det gäller organisationsförändringar med bäring på organisatorisk flexibilitet. I den här artikeln fokuserar vi på de lokala parternas betydelse för utvecklingen av den organisatoriska flexibiliteten med hänsyn tagen till de institutionella förutsättningar som rådde under pandemin

  • 16. Ahnberg, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Lundgren, Mats
    Dalarna University, School of Education and Humanities, Education.
    Messing, Jan
    von Schantz Lundgren, Ina
    Dalarna University, School of Education and Humanities, Education.
    Följeforskning som företeelse och följeforskarrollen som konkret praktik2010In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, E-ISSN 2002-343X, Vol. Nr 16, no 3, p. 55-66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Med utgångspunkt i fyra följeforskningsprocesser, där vi själva medverkat, diskuterar vi följeforskning som företeelse och rollen som följeforskare. Vår artikel ska ses som ett empiriskt exempel i anslutning till den debatt som Göran Brulin, Karin Sjöberg och Lennart Svensson initierade genom artikeln ”Gemensam kunskapsbildning för regional tillväxt”.

  • 17.
    Aho, Mikaela
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Vad är attraktivt arbete för personalen på ett vård-, och omsorgsföretag?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A common problem in the geriatric care is that it is difficult to recruit staff with the right

    qualifications. The number of unqualified increases in the industry despite a striving to have

    more people who are qualified. Research shows that the need for qualified people in the

    industry is increasing and the number of people studying to be nurses decreases. To attract

    employees requires that the company is considered to be attractive from the employees' point

    of view and also from a prospective employee's point of view. To study the problem, this

    survey has been made on one of the leading companies in the industry and the intention was

    to study whether the employees' view of attractive work was consistent with what their

    managers thought that their employees considered as attractive work.

    The survey was made on four different units through a questionnaire that employees have

    responded and the unit’s managers have been interviewed. The results of the survey showed

    that the manager’s view of attractive work was consistent with the employees' view of

    attractive work to a certain extent. Regional manager and assistant regional manager had a

    deeper understanding of what parts fail to appear as attractive employers

  • 18.
    Alam, Moudud
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    Carling, Kenneth
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    Nääs, Ola
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    Sommarjobb, arbetslivserfarenhet och framtida arbetsinkomst2015In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, E-ISSN 2002-343X, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 26-40Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    De flesta kommuner erbjuder sommarjobb till gymnasieungdomar. Vi har undersökt om denna arbetslivserfarenhet påverkar flickors framtida arbetsinkomster. Vi följde 1 447 flickor i fem till tolv år efter avslutat gymnasium. Flickorna hade under sitt första gymnasieår ansökt och slumpmässigt tilldelats sommarjobb av Falu kommun. Effekten av sommarjobbserfarenheten var positiv och betydande för dem.

  • 19.
    Alam, Moudud
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    Carling, Kenneth
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    Nääs, Ola
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    The program and treatment effect of summer jobs on girls’ post-schooling incomes2015In: Evaluation review, ISSN 0193-841X, E-ISSN 1552-3926, Vol. 39, no 3, p. 339-359Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Public programs offering summer jobs to smooth the transition from school to work is commonplace. However, the empirical support for summer jobs is limited. This article exploits the availability of registered individual information and random allocation to summer jobs to provide empirical evidence on this issue. 

    Objectives: To identify the effect of summer job programs on the post-schooling incomes of the intended participants. Also to identify the effect of sophomore girls' high school work experience on their post-schooling incomes. 

    Research design: In this article, 1,447 sophomore girls from 1997 to 2003 are followed 5-12 years after graduation. They all applied to Falun municipality's (Sweden) summer job program, and about 25% of them were randomly allotted a job. The random allocation to a summer job is used to identify the causal effect of sophomore girls' high school income on their post-schooling incomes. 

    Subjects: All the 1,447 sophomore girls who applied to Falun municipality's summer job program during 1997-2003. 

    Measures: Annual post-schooling income is used as an outcome measure. The work experience of girls in high school is also measured in terms of total income while in high school. 

    Results: The program led to a substantially larger accumulation of income during high school as well as 19% higher post-schooling incomes. The high school income led to a post-schooling income elasticity of 0.37 which is, however, potentially heterogeneous with regard to academic ability. 

    Conclusions: Both the program effect and the causal effect of high school income on post-schooling incomes were substantial and statistically significant.

  • 20.
    Alam, Moudud
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    Carling, Kenneth
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    Nääs, Ola
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    The program and treatment effect of summer jobs on girls’ post-schooling incomes2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Public programs (of disputed effect) offering summer jobs or work while in high school to smooth the transition from school to work is commonplace. In this paper, 1447 girls in their first grade of high school between 1997-2003 and randomly allotted summer jobs via a program in Falun (Sweden) are followed 5-12 years after graduation. The program led to a substantially larger accumulation of income while in high school. The causal effect of the high school income on post-schooling incomes was substantial and statistically significant. The implied elasticity of 0.4 is however potentially inflated dueto heterogeneous effects.

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  • 21.
    Albardonido Leonardsson, MaFe
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Heydari, Ali Reza
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Påverkan av post-COVID hybridarbetsmodell på anställdas arbetslivsbalans2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This study aims to increase understanding of the impact of the hybridwork model on employees´ work-life balance in the post-COVID-19 era, while also identifying the advantages and disadvantages associated with this workmodel.

    Design/Methodology/Approach: A qualitative empirical study was conducted using semi-structured interviews analysed through thematic analysis with an inductive approach. The search terms included phrases related to the hybrid workmodel, work-life balance, work from home, work from the office, employees, and post COVID-19. Thorough screening of titles, abstracts, and full texts was performed to select studies that met the inclusion criteria.  

    Findings: The hybrid work model enhances employees´ work-life balance, encompassing various themes, including flexibility, the work environment, economic advantages, social interaction and communication, technological role, and challenges/boundaries between work and private life. Additionally, advantages and disadvantages were considered in this study. While these themes offer benefits such as flexible time and reduced absences from work and travel expenses, they also present disadvantages such as a lack of ergonomic furniture when working at home, weakened bonds between colleagues, concerns about maintaining a strong organizational culture, and potential decreases in collaboration and cohesiveness in team performance.  

    Research Limitations/Implications: This study is limited to ten (10) employees working in white-collar jobs in Sweden, and further research should include bluecollar workers and increase the number of respondents to gain deeper insights and understanding into the impact of the hybrid work model on employees´ work-life balance. Furthermore, the study solely focuses on the perspective and experiences of employees, and it could be beneficial to consider both the viewpoints of employers and employees in future research.

    Originality/Value: This study contributes to existing organizational policies and regulations by providing insights into how organizations can improve their support for employees to achieve a healthy balance between work and private life. By highlighting both the advantages and disadvantages associated with this workmodel in the post-COVID-19 era, organizations can better understand the importance of their role as employers in balancing employees' work life balance in the current hybrid work environment.  

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  • 22.
    Alemyr, Martin
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Shutdown of the local official Tourist Information Centre. How does it affect the local businesses?: A case study of Idre, Sweden.2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the end of the summer 2020, the local Tourist Information Centre (TIC) in the rural tourism destination Idre, Sweden, was shut down. The regional DMO Visit Dalarna took this decision as a way of saving money and go toward another kind of tourist information system where the tourists need to find other ways to obtain tourist information. But the TIC does not only play a certain role for the tourists, but also for the local tourism businesses. This research aims to investigate how the shutdown of the local TIC in Idre has affected the local tourism businesses. Through semi-structured interviews, 10 businesses with varying characteristics in and around Idre have been able to talk freely about how they have experienced the TIC’s shutdown and what role the TIC played for the businesses. They were also able to talk about how they feel about the new tourist information system, developed by the DMO Visit Dalarna, that consists of more web-based tourist information, a call centre and Info Points. The interviews have been transcribed, coded and understood through thematic analyse. The result revealed that The TIC plays an important role for the businesses both directly and indirectly through its effects on the destination development and the tourists, which in turn affects the businesses. Though, it is possible to distinguish a pattern where the TIC in general had more functions for the smaller businesses than the bigger ones. This research contributes to DMO’s and municipalities about the effects of designing a new tourist information system where there is an absence of a local TIC. If a new tourism information system is created without involving tourism businesses in the decisions, there is a risk of decreasing trust and partnership between the businesses and the DMO.

  • 23.
    Alfredsson, Linda
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Lissollas, Lina
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Attrahera och Behålla Sjuksköterskor: I en Offentlig Verksamhet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 24.
    Algodin Paulic, Linda
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social and Political Studies.
    Litteratursamtalets roll i samhällskunskap: Forskning och teorier om litteratursamtal i samhällskunskapsundervisningen2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna litteraturstudie är att utifrån befintlig forskning undersöka hur litteratursamtal som metod kan användas i samhällskunskapsundervisningen i årskurs 7-9. Frågeställningarna som används i litteraturstudien är:

     Vad säger forskning om att använda litteratursamtal som didaktisk metod? Mycket forskning finns inom språkämnesforskningen: vad kan samhällskunskapen lära sig av denna forskning?

     Vilka för-och nackdelar finns det med litteratursamtal enligt forskningen?

    Tillvägagångssättet för att uppfylla syftet och besvara frågeställningarna är en systematisk litteraturstudie eller en så kallad kunskapsöversikt. Översikten visar att litteratursamtalet har övervägande positiva effekter på inlärningen. Men även att det finns en övertro till litteratursamtal som metod. I diskussionen jämförs och analyseras den funna forskningens slutsatser kring litteratursamtalens fördelar och nackdelar på elevernas lärande i en samhällskunskapskontext. Studien visar att det finns ett behov att undersöka litteratursamtalets effekter på undervisningen mer genomgående.

  • 25.
    Ali, Fatima
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Persson, Hanna
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Hälsofrämjande arbete i ideella organisationer: Hur ideella ridskolor arbetar med att skapa en hälsofrämjande arbetsplats2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how non-profit organizations work in Sweden towards a health-promoting workplace as few studies in health-promoting work are carried out in non-profit organizations. The study focuses on non-profit riding schools in Dalarna. Sick leave in Sweden in 2017 amounted to SEK 62 billion, where mental illness was the basis for almost half of the amount. Previous research has shown that the work environment affects employees' mental health. Therefore, well-being in the workplace is of great importance due to its role in creating a health-promoting workplace. A health-promoting organization has positive effects on both the individual and the organization and prevents sick leave. The theoretical frame of reference for the study is based on previous research in the subject of health-promoting workplaces. The empirical study is based on five semi-structured interviews conducted via Zoom and telephone due to the Covid-19 pandemic. The results show factors that are prerequisites for health promotion work. One of the factors is education, partly in health-promoting work as the results have shown that some respondents are not familiar with the concept of health-promoting work and that work takes different places in the non-profit riding schools. Leadership training is also important. Another factor is resources where time, support and finances are included. The results show that the time is often not enough to work to promote health and that the support from the board is often lacking. However, finances are also an obstacle and therefore it can be difficult to bring in extra resources. The results also point to participation and cohesion as well as communication as important factors in the health promotion work. Lack of communication has been shown to be the cause of conflicts, communication has also been shown to be the solution to conflicts. For the development of health-promoting work in non-profit riding schools, the results point to a need for knowledge in health-promoting work and also in leadership. The need also clarifies the Board's responsibility for its role as an employer.

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  • 26.
    Alijani, Hamid
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    The determinants of visitor spending: The case study of Nordic World Ski Championships in Falun- Sweden2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sporting events, which are part of broader tourism industry, bring a range of benefits to the hostcities and regions. These benefits include increase in business activity, job creation,infrastructure development and publicity. Cities and regions spend huge amount of money tohost sporting events. A number of researchers have attempted to investigate the determinants ofvisitors spending at sporting events. However, the factors that influence the visitors spendingappear to be case specific. This study examines the determinants of visitors spending at NordicWorld Ski Championships, Falun 2015. The results suggest that income, number of days spent atthe event and being foreigner are the main determinants of the spending. The results also showthat education, marital status, gender, party size, distance traveled and satisfaction level have nosignificant impact on visitors spending.

  • 27.
    Alm, Frida
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Ängman, Ulrika
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Utvecklande ledarskap i kommunal verksamhet: En komparativ fallstudie om kommunala chefers förståelse för ledarskap efter genomförd ledarskapsutbildning2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Organizations annually invest significant amounts of money in leadership training, according to previous research. The leadership training UL is one of Sweden´s most established. It is of interest to study how the objectives of the education are met by its participants. This study is a bachelor´s thesis in the Human Resources and Labour Relations Programme at Dalarna University. The purpose of this study is to examine the understanding of one's own leadership in relation to UL's objectives between respondents who completed the education in 2020 and 2022. The study's starting point is based on an employee perspective, but the results are also of interest from an employer perspective. The interpretation of this qualitative empirical study is based on the limited previous research that exists around one of Sweden's most established leadership educations. Eight interviews with managers in municipal operations form the basis for the study's data collection. The respondents' answers have then been compiled via a thematic analysis. The results show that the understanding of one's own leadership in relation to UL's objectives differs between respondents who completed the training in 2020 and 2022, respectively. In one group, several respondents only reproduce what should be done hypothetically, while most of the other group are involved in the detailed implementation of actual actions and situations. The respondent groups could not be separated as to the significance of the reflection, however, lack of time in the daily work was reproduced jointly by the respondents as an obstacle to the execution and prioritization of the reflection. The marked difference between the groups was found in the use of self-insight to develop their own leadership. One group actively described how they used self-insight and awareness about it, something that could not be identified in the other group that only reproduced presumed answers in the form of what should be done or overall answers about how the leader in general should act.

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  • 28.
    Almgren Almeria, Kristina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Eriksson, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Attraktivt arbete ur enhetschefers perspektiv: En kvalitativ studie genomförd i Falu kommun2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the 1990s, public organizations underwent several major changes that led to unit managers within the municipal activity increased responsibility and authority, making the unit manager role more complex. Reports indicate difficulties in recruiting and retaining managers. Therefore, it is important to examine how the Head of Unit's, work to develop a more attractive job role. An attractive role is created by giving employees good prospects in the job content, job satisfaction and working conditions. The manager’s positon includes three roles of which the employee role of the theory is not especially priority or made visible. The study aims to identify what makes the unit manager’s profession an attractive job, and how it can be developed. In the study, a qualitative research method has been used to achieve a deeper understanding of the Heads of Unit working situation. This has contributed to a hermeneutic approach being chosen, as we strive to get a better understanding of the phenomenon. The study was conducted in the municipality of Falun, where six heads of units in nursing management were interviewed. The result shows that unit managers are satisfied with their work situation and find their work attractive. Factors as diverse as, freedom, problem solving, social contacts, and portions of the recognition belong to the attractive factors. Heads of Unit describe, three development areas to increase the attractiveness. The first relates to the organization as a whole, where weaknesses exist in the communications and planning. Other development area is about the pace of work by personalizing the working groups as well as time for reflection and recuperation. The third development field the unit managers highlight, is the lack of recognition from the organization. Besides the Heads of Unit shortcomings, we have identified a development area to increase the attractiveness. Lack of colleagues to "bounce ideas" means that work is perceived as lonely. To counteract loneliness we can manage group guidance as an alternative, where reflection and feedback is included. The theory indicate that this also leads to increased self-esteem, commitment.

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  • 29.
    Alnyme, Omar
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Tourism Studies.
    Heldt, Tobias
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Tourism Studies.
    Brandt, Daniel
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Human Geography.
    Behind the Miranda tool: A technical report on a decision support tool for tourism and travel investments2022Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report provides a brief explanation of the MIRANDA tool and its links to the D.U.GIS platform. The report also presents system components and data sources used within the MIRANDA tool.

    The starting point for the development of the MIRANDA tool has been the call for better understanding of the scale and scope of tourism at the local and regional levels. The purpose of the MIRANDA project was to develop a micro-based decision support to be used by public planners for more efficient and sustainable decisions regarding infrastructure investments in connection with destination development.

    This report gives a brief introduction to the project before starting out with an overview of the MIRANDA-tool’s software architecture. This is followed by a description of the Coding languages, a section giving information on the Class libraries, as well as the type of data used. Following this are two sections describing APIs and the system model, before a final section concludes by giving an outlook for future development options for the MIRANDA tool.

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  • 30.
    Alsaloum, Sara
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Karim, Sandy
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Transkulturell omvårdnad: Sjuksköterskans upplevelse av att vårda patienter medolika kulturella bakgrunder2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim:The aim of this study was to describe how nurses perceive the care of patients withdifferent cultural backgrounds.

    Method:The study conducted as a literature review of 15 scientific articles with qualitative and quantitative approaches.

    Results:The results were presented in threecategories; the categories are communication challenges, challenges in professionalismand the challenge of meeting with relatives.

    Conclusion:It is challenging in many ways to care for patients with different cultural backgrounds. Nurses' lack of knowledge about different cultures and communication barriers in the care relationship can affect health negatively

  • 31.
    Alsina Folch, Mar
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Segmentation and travel trends of French tourists in COVID-19 times: The case of Costa Daurada (Catalunya, Spain)2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The COVID-19 pandemic has had and is still having an impact on the tourism industry fromwhich destinations and business want to recover, especially those areas highly dependent onthis economic sector.The current thesis aims to determine the travel intentions of the French population to the regionof Costa Daurada in the summer season of 2021, considering their demographic characteristicsand their engagement with the expected global travel trends identified after the COVID-19outbreak, since it had an impact on travel behaviour around the globe.Using a quantitative approach, valid data from 398 French people were collected using anonline survey. Their travel intentions for the summer season 2021 regarding the Costa Dauradaand their engagement with the expected global travel trends identified after the COVID-19outbreak were analysed by developing t-tests, ANOVA tests and linear regression with SPSS.The results allowed identifying sociodemographic characteristics that relate to the intention totravel to Costa Daurada among the French population: age and a previous visit to thedestination. Age had a statistically significant positive weak relationship with the intention totravel to Costa Daurada in the upcoming summer season of 2021 and people who visitedpreviously the destination were more interested in going again. Also, it was found thatengagement with the expected travel trends had a statistically significant positive weakrelationship with the intention to travel to Costa Daurada in the upcoming summer season of2021. On one hand, engaging with eco-tourism was identified to have a statistically significantpositive weak relationship with the intention to travel to Costa Daurada in the upcomingsummer season of 2021 by itself. On the other hand, avoiding organized trips showed astatistically significant negative weak relationship with the intention to travel to Costa Dauradain the upcoming summer season of 2021 by itself.The findings could benefit destination and business marketers to adapt and promote thefacilities and activities that are more attractive to the French tourists that showed more interestin travelling to Costa Daurada. Business and policymakers from Costa Daurada could focus onthe target segments that can facilitate a recovery in the tourism industry, transforming theintention to travel there into real trips to the destination. Also, it broadens the previous researchon segmentation combined with tourists’ intention to travel after crises and disasters, buildingon the literature body that examines the travel trends that appeared with the COVID-19 andchecking if the main expected ones were also visible in the French market.

  • 32.
    Al-Soloh, Mohanad
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Microdata Analysis.
    Al-Isawi, Arkan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Microdata Analysis.
    Robustness in constructing a network of induced emissions based on GPS-tracking data2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The mobility of people, freight and information is fundamental to economic and social activities such as commuting, manufacturing, distributing consumer goods and supplying energy. There are two major problems that arise as a result of mobility. The first is economic cost and the second is environmental impact which is of increasing concern in sustainable development due to emission levels, particularly as a result of car use. This study focuses on constructing a network of induced emissions (NOIEs) by using three models and checking the robustness of NOIEs under varying parameters and models. The three models are Stead’s model, the NAEI model, and Oguchi’s model. This study uses the Swedish city of Borlänge as the case study.

    Calculating CO2 emissions by constructing the NOIEs using Stead’s model appears to give an underestimation when compared to results from a NOIEs which applies Oguchi’s model. Results when applying the NAEI model in constructing a NOIEs also give an underestimation compared to a NOIEs applying Oguchi’s model. Applying the NAEI model is, however, more accurate than applying Stead’s model in constructing a NOIEs.

    The outcomes of this study show that constructing a NOIEs is robust using Oguchi’s model. This model is preferable since it takes into account more important variables such as driving behavior and the length of the road segments which have a significant impact when estimating CO2 emissions.

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  • 33.
    Alsterlund, Erica
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Vad ska vi göra med den psykosociala arbetsmiljön?: En undersökning av den psykosociala arbetsmiljön och hur vi kan arbeta för att förbättra den.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is based on a survey within a global organization. The purpose of the study is to

    elucidate and describe an HR department's experience of the psychosocial work environment.

    The starting point for this survey is that there are known factors that affect the psychosocial

    work environment. Furthermore, the study aimed to motivate the organization to work with

    the psychosocial work environment.

    The theory is that these factors are based on assumption that the psychosocial work

    environment is affected by excessive workload, lack of control, lack of recognition,

    community at work, role conflicts and conflicts of values (Åsberg, Grape, Nygren, Rohde,

    Wahlberg, & Währborg, 2010) (Thylefors, 2011). Skills and ability to influence the

    workplace are also important factors (Wreder, 2007). Knowledge, communication and good

    leadership is therefore the foundation for a viable psychosocial work environment.

    The survey is based on a deductive approach, in which participants initially putting a value of

    factors through a quantitative survey, for a few weeks later to discuss the factors of

    qualitative focus groups. The purpose of the survey was to obtain an anonymous individual

    estimation of the experience, while the purpose of the focus groups was to obtain deeper

    information about the experience and how employees perceive that the psychosocial work

    environment can be improved.

    The results were interpreted based on the theory and several factors had the potential to be

    improved. To conduct an adequate work environment, it is important to identify the factors

    and work with them in a way that the employees perceive current. Furthermore, it is

    important for the organisations to work with the psychosocial working from an organizational

    perspective, and not just primarily the individual perspective.

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  • 34.
    Amnå, Erik
    Göteborg University.
    More Representation or More Participation?: Challenges in Swedish Democracy2003In: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, p. 102-126Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 35. Amore, Alberto
    et al.
    de Bernardi, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Arvanitis, Pavlos
    The impacts of Airbnb in Athens, Lisbon and Milan: a rent gap theory perspective2022In: Current Issues in Tourism, ISSN 1368-3500, E-ISSN 1747-7603, Vol. 25, no 20, p. 3329-3342Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The 2007–2008 Global Financial Crisis profoundly impacted the housing markets, particularly of the so-called PIGS countries. Main cities in Portugal, Italy and Greece have seen a sharp decrease in house prices and rent value since 2010. At the same time, the rise of Airbnb has contributed to the reframing of housing market demand in cities, with an increase of temporary lettings in prime urban tourist areas. Understandably, this has direct implications for local residents, with renters’ displacement, tourism gentrification and raising cases of tourismphobia. This article provides insights from three cities – Athens, Lisbon and Milan – to show how the dynamics in the housing market and the boost of Airbnb over the last decade are steadily changing the urban populations of the aforementioned cities. This research builds upon the rent gap theory and the Luke’s’ Power Theory to illustrate how Airbnb is fostering a new form of urban displacement at a faster rate than traditional housing gentrification, with the renting of prime residential areas to tourists.

  • 36.
    Amores Lorenzo, Casandra
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    One-Year Master’s Degree in Tourism Destination Development Will it snow?: Sierra Nevada Ski Resort stakeholders’ perceptions of climate change2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Its strong dependency on weather conditions makes winter tourism especially vulnerable to

    climate change. Ski industry operators’ knowledge about the possible scale and effects of

    global warming is essential for adopting effective mitigation and adaptation measures. This

    study it’s focused in the ski resort located in Sierra Nevada, Spain, the southernmost ski

    resort in Europe. Using a qualitative approach, in-depth interviews were conducted. Although

    the findings generally indicate a good knowledge of climate change, the stakeholders

    perceive the issue as a global phenomenon. Stakeholders downplayed the scale of the

    phenomenon at regional scale. They did not perceive climate change as a real or immediate

    risk to the ski industry in Sierra Nevada. Consequently it was found a poor perceived need to

    adapt to the issue. Furthermore, no adaptation strategies were found directly linked to climate

    variability. Stakeholders identified technically produced snow as a business strategy to deal

    with the increasing demand and competitiveness. Adaptation to climate change in Sierra

    Nevada’s ski tourism was found reactive and autonomous. The main limits found to

    adaptation were the lack of accurate and region-specific information about climate change

    and the lack of cooperation and communication between the private and public sector.

  • 37.
    Ander, Bodil
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Hälsofrämjande arbete som mål och medel: En kvalitativ studie ur ett chefsperspektiv2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are different ways and reasons for working to create a health-promoting workplace in organizations. However, there are many positive benefits of working with health promotion both to benefit the individual’s and the organization’s development. Since there has been a high proportion of sick leave, it is now becoming relevant to see if that curve can be reversed by working with health promotion. The managers have an important role as a leader in influencing their employees in this work. The purpose of the study is therefore to investigate managers experience of how they work to create a health-promoting workplace. The theoretical frame of reference is based on previous research on health promotion and is based on action theory, managership and leadership. The empirical study is collected through interviews with seven managers, the interviews were semi-structured and conducted through video calls due to the Covid-19 pandemic. The result was then analyzed with the theoretical frame of reference using a thematic analysis. The study's conclusion is that the work with health promotion can be used both as a goal and as a means in the organization, and that the health promotion work and the goals of the business are worked in constant relationship with each other. It is what kind of challenges the managers experiences in the workplace, that controls how they work with health promotion.

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  • 38.
    Andersson, Emilie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Hedback, Lisa
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    ” Brist på sjuksköterskor finns det egentligen inte, det är bara brist på attraktiva arbetsgivare”: En studie om att behålla sjuksköterskor i en offentlig sektor2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: This study is based on how seven nurses experience their work situation in relation to attractive work and what makes them motivated to stay in their workplace. For many years, the department has had a good reputation and there has been low staff turnover among the nurses. The last three to five years, the trend has begun to turn around and staff turnover has started to increase. This means that the knowledge-intensive department faces the challenge of succeeding in retaining its workforce in order to not risk losing the experience, knowledge and expertise the patients need in their care. This is a topical issue when the Swedish healthcare system is faced with challenges in retaining nurses. At the same time, savings in healthcare are increasing the cost of hired labor. The forecasts show that the population is increasing and living longer and at the same time large retirements are taking place. This creates an unsustainable situation where the experience that exists has to be preserved, which means that organizations need to work to become attractive employers in order to be able to maintain nurses.

    Purpose: To investigate which factors that nurses at a care ward in Dalarna experience important in order to stay in their workplace.

    Method: We have moved within the hermeneutic interpretation theory where the direction goes towards interpreting, studying and understanding. In order to investigate the background to individuals choosing to stay in a workplace, we chose a qualitative approach. Qualitative research is presented as contextual because the research is understood in its context in order to increase the understanding of the phenomenon under investigation.

    Result: What emerged from this study is that colleagues are an important motivating factor to stay in the workplace. Most of the nurses who participated in the study feel that everyone's efforts in the department are important. Good cooperation between colleagues contributes to security in the role and a feeling that experiences are valued. Although nurses appreciate working in teams, something that is significant in healthcare, it appears that they want to be recognized for their achievements on an individual level. They are specialists in their profession and feel that the skills development given at the workplace makes them want to stay. At the same time, they want better working conditions in the form of flexible working hours and wages that reflect their performance. They also want a management that is visible in the day-to-day operations and it is appreciated when the management implements improvement proposals that benefit the working conditions.

    Discussion: It`s not possible to ignore the challenges facing the department. The reflections from the nurses regarding the desire to remain in the workplace were affected by the current situation and the challenges they experienced in their working conditions, which also affects the factors that are considered attractive.

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  • 39.
    Andersson, Hanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Bengtsson, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    ”Att vara rättvis är inte samma sak som att behandla alla likadant”: en studie om Talent Management: En kvalitativ studie om Talent Management inom svenska verkstadsindustrier2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to form a greater understanding how Talent Management is implemented in Swedish engineering industries. Focusing on how the engineering industries define both the concepts of Talent Management and Talent. The result shows that the participating organizations have diverse definitions for both concepts, however, there are similarities found in all organizations definitions. Furthermore, the result states that organizations rarely work with Talent Management based on only one approach and practice, instead the working methods often extend over several approaches. To explain the differences for the definitions, an extensive application to previous research was applied. Several theories on the different perspectives on practices are used in the study. The study was conducted using qualitative research, which consisted of six semi-structured interviews with Talent Management-coworkers from Swedish engineering industries. The results from the interviews were compared with previous research and after analysis, several topics were presented in the discussion and conclusion. The research confirmed previous determined factors as well as additional ones. Organizations' management of employees with Talent Management, strongly depends on the organizations' own unique cultures and values, which essentially confirms previous research in the subject. Through this, the results of this study complement the previous research but now in Swedish context. Furthermore, the study can also be used as a basis for the practicing community within the Talent Management area to face current competitive advantages, challenges, and priorities for engineering industries.

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  • 40.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Gunnarsson, Kristina
    Uppsala universitet, Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine .
    Hedlund, Ann
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Young people’s attitudes to attractive work, during and after upper secondary school2017In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 55-68Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 41.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Gunnarsson, Kristina
    Arbets- och miljömedicin Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper Uppsala Universitet.
    Hedlund, Ann
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Young peoples’ entrance to the workplace: Introduction to occupational health and safety2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Negative outcomes of a poor work environment are more frequent among young workers. The aim of the current study was to study former pupils’ conditions concerning occupational health and safety by investigating the workplaces’, safety climate, the degree of implementation of SWEM and the their introduction programs.

    Four branches were included in the study: Industrial, Restaurant, Transport and Handicraft, specialising in wood. Semi-structured dialogues were undertaken with 15 employers at companies in which former pupils were employed. They also answered a questionnaire about SWEM. Former pupils and experienced employees were upon the same occasion asked to fill in a questionnaire about safety climate at the workplace.

    Workplace introduction programs varied and were strongly linked to company size. Most of the former pupils and experienced employees rated the safety climate at their company as high, or good. Employers in three of the branches rated the SWEM implemented at their workplaces to be effective.

    The Industry companies, which had the largest workplaces, gave the most systematic and workplace introduction for new employees. There are no results from this study explaining the fact that young workers have a higher risk for workplace accidents.

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  • 42.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Gunnarsson, Kristina
    Uppsala University.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Role of headmasters, teachers and supervisors in knowledge transfer about occupational health and safety to pupils in vocational education2015In: SH@W Safety and Health at Work, ISSN 2093-7911, E-ISSN 2093-7997, Vol. 6, no 4, p. 317-323Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Young people are at an increased risk for illness in working life. The authorities stipulate certain goals for training in occupational health and safety (OHS) in vocational schools. A previous study concluded that pupils in vocational education had limited knowledge in the prevention of health risks at work. The aim of the current study, therefore, was to study how OHS training is organized in school and in workplace-based learning (WPL).

     

    Method The study design featured a qualitative approach, which included interviews with 12 headmasters, 20 teachers, and 20 supervisors at companies in which the pupils had their WPL. The study was conducted at 10 upper secondary schools, located in Central Sweden, that were graduating pupils in four vocational programs.

     

    Result The interviews with headmasters, teachers, and supervisors indicate a staggered picture of how pupils are prepared for safe work. The headmasters generally give teachers the responsibility for how goals should be reached. Teaching is very much based on risk factors that are present in the workshops and on teachers’ own experiences and knowledge. The teaching during WPL also lacks the systematic training in OHS as well as in the traditional classroom environment.

     

    Conclusion Teachers and supervisors did not plan the training in OHS in accordance with the provisions of systematic work environment management. Instead, the teachers based the training on their own experiences. Most of the supervisors did not get information from the schools as to what should be included when introducing OHS issues in WPL.

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  • 43.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Gunnarsson, Kristina
    Arbets och miljömedicin Uppsala universitet.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Moström Åberg, Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Knowledge and Experiences of Risks among Pupils in Vocational Education2014In: SH@W Safety and Health at Work, ISSN 2093-7911, E-ISSN 2093-7997, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 140-146Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 44.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Hedlund, Ann
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Branschråd inom Focus InnoWents profilområden: Turism/besöksnäring, Materialutveckling, Energi & Miljö, samt IT & Media2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport har skrivits på uppdrag av Focus InnoWent och är baserad på samtal med representanter för profilområdena Turism/besöksnäring, Materialutveckling, Energi & Miljö samt IT & Media vid Högskolan Dalarna. Syftena är att kartlägga aktuella branschrådskontakter inom respektive profilområde och att fånga upp respektive profilområdes önskade behov av nya projekt med inriktning mot området Attraktivt Arbete. Andra nätverk och näringslivskontakter har också dokumenterats. Undersökningen har genomfört i form av samtal utgående från en samtalsmall. Följande områden har berörts – branschråd, andra nätverk, alumni och Attraktivt Arbete. Arbetet har sammanfattats i några rekommendationer inom samma områden.

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  • 45.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Gunnarsson, Kristina
    Uppsala University.
    What pupils in vocational schools learn about risk at work2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Negative health effects because of poor work environment is more common among young workers compared to older. One explanation might be that younger ones have a low awareness of risk, a lack of safety training, and inadequate introductions to the work. A study has been made focusing on the pupils in vocational schools knowledge and experiences about potential work environment risks in their future work. Questionnaires were distributed to 239 pupils in ten Swedish upper secondary schools’ graduating classes in four vocational programs focusing on basic knowledge about health risks at work as well as the work environment legislation. The programs were the Industrial Technology Program, the Restaurant Management and Food Program, the Transport Program, and the Handicraft Program (in which students specialize in wood). The results from the questionnaires were followed up with focus group discussions. The results showed that the pupils in general had limited knowledge that employers must, by law, conduct risk analyses and prevent risks. It was common that they mentioned themselves as the main responsible to work safe and was not clear about the employers’ duty to arrange for safe work. Pupils in all programs mentioned acute risk as the biggest risk at work. It was concluded that a systematic approach to pupils’ training in work environment is lacking. The results indicates a clear gap between what knowledge the pupils are offered and what’s intended by laws as well as state-of-the-art in occupational health risk research.

  • 46.
    Andersson, Linnéa
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Att motivera överlevare: EN STUDIE OM VAD SOM SKAPAR ARBETSMOTIVATION HOS MEDARBETARE SOM ÖVERLEVT EN NEDSKÄRNING.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 47.
    Andersson, Malin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Reine, Lisa
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    ”Ska jag jobba med en ny, gud vad jobbigt. Dom kan ju ingenting”: En undersökning om socialisationsprocesser för nyanställda2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Recruitment needs in Swedish health care are the basis of this study. The requirements are

    increasing according to SKL (2015) and the lack of staff leads to competition for labour

    among organisations. Better knowledge and understanding of human socialisation would help

    to solve the problem, with a focus in the workplace in order to facilitate the organisation's

    management to retain staff.

    Further research is needed regarding managerial support and colleague relationships, and the

    impact they have on the socialisation of new employees. The aim of this study is to examine

    how a company in the health care sector works with the socialisation of new employees by

    focusing on social relationships and managerial support.

    Research involving the socialisation of new employees highlights colleagues as a tool to gain

    access to important resources, for example: tacit knowledge. Managers need to be present and

    give feedback, organisational culture influences as part of the organisation's personality.

    The study consists of abductive and qualitative interviews, with focus on individual

    interpretation and experience of their socialisation within the company. Eleven interviews

    were conducted, with four managers and seven new employees participating in the study.

    The result of the interviews have been analysed using a theoretical framework. We have

    concluded that manager awareness of what the individual goes through, during their

    socialisation process, affects the managerial support given to the new employees. Colleagues

    are important resources and not just a tool for new employees, without also needing to take on

    a large responsibility for individuals introduced to the social environment in the workplace.

    However, the new employees also need to be open and active in order to receive support from

    their colleagues. For the staff to share the organisational culture, they need to be involved in

    the changes and common purposes, which permeate the entire operation. To achieve the

    successful assimilation of a new employee into such an environment requires a company to be

    fully aware of the social development structure within its own organisation. Working closely

    with the Human Resources' department, playing a large part in the success of the socialization

    process.

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  • 48.
    Andersson, Mikaela
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    "Ibland kan ju blickarna säga en del": En kvalitativ studie om amning i offentlig miljö2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown that breastfeeding in public environment is not completely accepted, neither in Sweden nor internationally. Therefore, women feel restricted. Research indicates that the female body is sexualized and the woman is seen as an object. However, it is possible to change the norm concerning public breastfeeding, it’s done by people questioning, being educated about but also being exposed to breastfeeding. The aim of the study is to examine women's perceptions of breastfeeding in public space, their potential strategies and which societal changes they find are needed for safe breastfeeding in the public. This qualitative study is based on five semi-structured interviews with women who have experiences of breastfeeding in public environment. Thematic analysis method and abductive analytic strategy was used. The analysis is informed by feminist theories on gender and public space. The results indicate women’s perceived fear of receiving unwanted attention, gazes and insecurity. To be able to breastfeed in the public, the women created safety strategies such as covering up, planning and creating “an own private room”. The analysis shows that the women see both themselves and society as responsible for change and that normalization is required.

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  • 49.
    Andersson, Rickard
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Johansson, Anette
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    ”Man blir så himla effektiv men det där spontana i korridoren finns ju inte”: En kvalitativ studie om chefers upplevelse av att ofrivilligt behöva arbeta på distans2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the spring of 2020, large parts of our society and the labor market in general changed. A new virus had been discovered in China which could be transmitted between humans. The virus was named SARS-coronavirus-2 and the official name is Covid-19. Based on the Swedish Public Health Agency's recommendations, employers urged their employees to work from home to the greatest extent possible. Conducting the daily work has in this way created new challenges for both the employer and employees. As limitations have been seen of working remotely from a managerial perspective, the purpose of this study will therefore be to investigate how managers experience working involuntary remotely, during the current pandemic, with a focus on the positive and negative effects of teleworking. The study is based on eight qualitative interviews with managers at Region Dalarna who have switched to working remotely in connection with the pandemic. The material collected from the interviews has been compared with the previous research based on established themes, which then resulted in a results analysis. The results show that working from distance is complex and that many different factors affect managers' experiences and that there are both positive and negative sides to this form of work. Efficiency is perceived to increase in teleworking at the same time as it brings with it the majority of negative effects such as an increased work pace, reduced social interaction and a lack of informal meeting arenas. The study can help to raise awareness of the positive and negative effects of telework which can be problematised and create discussion.

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  • 50.
    Andersson, Sofia
    Dalarna University, School of Teacher Education.
    ”Jämställdhet finns ju liksom där i bakhuvudet hela tiden”: En inblick i hur lärare väljer texter ämnade för läsförståelseutveckling ur ett genus- och jämställdhetsperspektiv samt hur texterna underlättar lärares arbete med att presentera normutmanade könsrepresentationer2023Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur kön och genus framställs i nyare läromedel ämnade för läsförståelseutveckling i ämnet svenska. För att få en djupare förståelse för vikten av jämställdhet- och genusmedvetenhet har också två lärare intervjuats. Studien har genomförts med en kvalitativ ansats i både text- och innehållsanalysen. Den teoretiska utgångspunkten i studien är Hirdmans genusteori, som legat som grund för analys av det insamlade materialet. Den tidigare forskningen som presenteras i arbetet belyser att det funnits ett intresse i att undersöka genus och jämställdhet i skolans läromedel, men att det saknas studier på läromedel ämnade för läsförståelseutveckling. I bakgrunden presenteras resultat från de senaste PIRLS-mätningarna, vilka påvisar att pojkar presterar sämre än flickor samtidigt som den tidigare forskningen visar att representationen av pojkar och män i läromedelstexter varit övervägande majoritetsbärande. Resultatet av lärarintervjuerna visar att vilka aspekter som tas i beaktande vid val av läsförståelsetexter skiljer sig åt även om det hos de båda lärarna finns en medvetenhet om värdegrundens skrivningar om genus- och jämställdhet. I analysen av de tre läroböckerna ämnade för läsförståelseutveckling i svenskämnet framkommer det ett blandat resultat, där Hirdmans teoretiska antaganden både bekräftas och utmanas.

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