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  • 1. Gullö, Jan-Olof
    et al.
    Holgersson, Per-Henrik
    Johansson, Sören
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    The Future of Education in Music Production in a European Perspective: from Sophia to EQF2011In: The art of record production / [ed] Simon, Zagorski-Thomas, San Fransisco, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss important aspects of future higher education in music production, this based on three different music educational research projects relevant to education in music production. As a result of the Bologna Process, the European Parliament and the Council in 2008 adopted the European Qualifications Framework (EQF). The EQF has eight reference levels and the learning outcomes on these levels are depicted in three categories: Knowledge; Skills and Competence. To describe knowledge in categories is not a new idea. Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle (1999) describes five aspects of knowledge: Techne: Art; Episteme: Theoretical knowledge; Phronesis: Practical judgement (includes inquiry and reasoning); Sophia: Wisdom (a combination of intellect and knowledge); Nous: Intellect or intelligence (a form of perception like intuition). From three different studies (Gullö 2010; Holgersson 2011; Johansson, in progress) we present some of the results relevant to the purpose of this paper. In the first study (Gullö 2010) eleven professionals were interviewed, all music production teachers or active music producers. The main result was that the skills required for both music producers and music production teachers are varied and extensive. Psychology and leadership, music, technology, ethics, law and copyright, entrepreneurship and cultural timing are particularly relevant to music production. In the second study (Holgersson 2011) eight students were observed in one-to-one tuition on violin, classical guitar, saxophone and electric guitar. The results show that the students use three main approaches: adaptation, reflected navigation and indifference. These approaches vary and overlap. The different strategies used by the students are discussed in relation to apprenticeship in higher music education, and in relation to the consequences for students’ musical learning and knowledge development. The third study (Johansson in progress) is a case study of two ambitious and talented young musicians, one classical guitarist and one singer-songwriter, and their work to establish themselves in the music world. The results show that they both use media and information technologies to promote themselves, and that higher education not is enough for them to succeed in their careers. These three studies show that today's students need a different education than that traditionally is offered. Teaching strategies based on the master-apprentice model (the Sophia category) has historically been successful but the master-apprentice model is no longer an obvious choice in today’s education with the criteria’s set out in the EQF. In conclusion, we question teaching methods where students, perhaps more or less without reflection, follow their master's advice. Instead, we want to see new teaching methods developed, methods that well meets the needs of today's students. Such methods should in our perspective focus on developing the students’ knowledge, skills and competence, including Phronesis, a form of knowledge we think is very important for those who want to be successful in the future music industry.

  • 2. Gullö, Jan-Olof
    et al.
    Holgersson, Per-Henrik
    Johansson, Sören
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    What software tools for music listening and music production have to teach us about learning and literacy?2012In: Next Generation Learning Conference 2012 / [ed] Dougherty, Mark, Falun, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper results from three different studies of music education and music production are presented. The results are discussed in the perspective of a learning and literacy theory by James Paul Gee (2007). Today’s pupils and students, the so-called Millennials, are the first generation to grow up with computers, portable music and video devices, mobile phones and video games. Millennials are online, music is important for them, they download music a lot, legally or not, and many also produce music independently. Since the early 1990’s Music Production courses are taught in Swedish upper secondary schools. Since 1983 Music Production have been taught in Swedish higher education and today in total 19 Swedish higher education establishments have study programs or courses in Music Production. In three different studies we have observed and interviewed professionals, music students and teachers in upper secondary school and higher education. In the first study eleven professionals were interviewed, all music production teachers or active music producers. The results indicate that there are at least three areas where students of today show new musical abilities compared with earlier generations: rhythm and timing; knowledge about musical instruments and orchestration and repertoire knowledge. In the second study eight music undergraduate students were observed in one-to-one tuition. The results show that the students use three main approaches: adaptation, reflected navigation and indifference. These approaches vary and overlap. The different strategies used by the students were analysed in relation to apprenticeship in higher music education. The third study is a case study of two ambitious and talented young musicians and their work to establish themselves in the music world. The results show that they both use media and information technologies to promote themselves, and that higher education not is enough for them to succeed in their careers. In "What video games have to teach us about learning and literacy" James Paul Gee point out 32 different aspects concerning how important cognitive activities are developed when people, young or old, play videogames. These activities includes: how a sense of identity is developed, how meaning is developed, how a video game player evaluate and follow certain commands, the importance of role models, and in a broad sense, how the world perceived. In this paper we discuss how some of the aspects Gee point out also are relevant in other areas such as music education and when students work with music production software.

  • 3.
    Holgersson, Per-Henrik
    et al.
    Kungl. musikhögskolan.
    Gullö, Jan-Olof
    Södertörns högskola, Journalistik.
    Johansson, Sören
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    På konstnärlig eller vetenskaplig grund: Olika förutsättningar för studenters lärande2012In: NU2012 Gränstlöst lärande: Göteborg 17-19 oktober 2012 : konferenskatalog, Göteborg, 2012, p. 105-106Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4. Hultberg, Cecilia K
    et al.
    Johansson, Karin
    Holgersson, Per-Henrik
    Johansson, Sören
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Developing professionality: Young and established musicians' learning strategies2009In: The Reflective Conservatoire : Building Connections, London, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Johansson, Sören
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Från prövande till skyddande: en fallstudie av utvecklingen av direktströmmad musikfestival2015In: Vidgade vyer över musiken / [ed] Thomas Florén, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Från prövande till skyddande, en fallstudie av utvecklingen av direktströmmad musikfestival

     

    Medieteknologiska utvecklingen har medfört att det är enkelt att direktströmma musikers scenframträdanden, med ljud och bild över internet, för olika typer av aktörer. Samverkan med externa aktörer i produktionsprojekt som görs vid Högskolan Dalarna kan vara komplexa och samtidigt öka utbildningarnas användbarhet för studenterna. Detta paper beskriver en etnografiskt inspirerad fallstudie av studenters prövande att direktströmma musikers framföranden under en årligt återkommande musikfestival åren 2013-2015. En folkbildningsorganisation agerade beställare och var musikfestivalens arrangör i projektkurser där jag fungerade som lärare. Som bakgrund använder jag tidigare forskning om hur organisering av musik- och medieproduktion förändras när ny teknologi tas i bruk. Teoretisk ansats är inspirerad av Howard Becker Art Worlds ([1982];2008). Materialet består av videoklipp och minnesanteckningar från mina deltagande observationer av musikfestivalens genomförande. Resultatbeskrivningen är kronologisk uppdelad i tre års utveckling. Detta för att beskriva utvecklingen från studenternas prövande att direktströmma musikfestivalen till arrangörens fundering över att skydda rättigheterna och exemplifieras med offentligt publicerade videoklipp. År 2015 började arrangören fundera över rättigheterna att direktströmma musikfestivalen när journalister började göra det samma. I diskussionsdelen föreslår jag hur kunskapen kan användas i högre utbildning inom musik- och medieproduktion.

     

    Becker, H. ([1982]2008). Art Worlds. Los Angeles: University of California Press.

    Holt, F. (2011). ”Is music becoming more visual? Online video content in the music industry.” Visual Studies Vol. 26 (1), s. 50-61.

    Holt, F. (2010). ”The economy of live music in the digital age.” European Journal of Cultural Studies 13(2) s. 243-261.

  • 6.
    Johansson, Sören
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Gymnasieungdomars föreställningar om musiken som karriärväg.2006In: Musikvetenskap i dag, Växjö, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Johansson, Sören
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Gymnasieungdomars föreställningar om musiken som karriärväg.: Prel. resultat av förstudie.2007In: Musikvetenskap i dag., Stockholm, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Johansson, Sören
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Hörbara skillnader i unga musikers inspelningar av sina framföranden som ljudfiler mot videoklipp2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    HÖRBARA SKILLNADER I UNGA MUSIKERS INSPELNINGAR AV SINA FRAMFÖRANDEN SOM LJUDFILER MOT VIDEOKLIPP

    Sören Johansson, adjunkt, Högskolan Dalarna

    Genom att följa några unga musikers etableringsprocesser åren 2007-2011 har jag undersökt hur musikers arbetsliv förändrades när de tog ansvar som medieproducenter. Resultat om hörbara skillnader i musikernas inspelningar av sina framförande som ljudfiler mot deras videoklipp ligger till grund för presentation om hur musikers ageranden som medieproducenter kan diskuteras i högre musikutbildning. Utgångspunkten för vad som utgör musikers kärnverksamhet i praktiken är att de gör klingande framföranden som scenframträdanden och inspelningar. Materialet samlades genom fokusgruppintervjuer och etnografiskt inspirerade fallstudier när en klassisk musiker och populärmusiker började sprida inspelningar av sina framföranden som ljudfiler och videoklipp över internet via flera olika sociala medieplattformar. Samtidigt deltog musikerna i högre musikutbildning. Insamlingen avslutades när dagstidningar började använda musikernas videoklipp de spred via YouTube i samband med musikernas tillträden till viktiga scener. Intressanta resultat är att musikerna benämnde videoklippen på YouTube med det engelska ordet ”live” med olika betydelser, men inte med betydelsen direktsänt. Gemensamt var att serierna av videoklipp började med tydliga kopplingar till yrkesförebilder. Skillnader i musikernas användning av ordet ”live” var att klassiske musikern visade sig framföra kända kompositioner utan avbrott. Populärmusikern visade sig framföra egna sånger på kända scener. Hörbara skillnader mellan musikernas ljudfiler och videoklipp var att framföranden på ljudfilerna hade skett i akustiskt kontrollerade rum med pålagda imaginära rum till skillnad mot videoklippen som spelats in när framföranden skedde i konsertlokaler med videokamerornas mikrofoner. Min tolkning är att musikernas agerande som medieproducenter styrdes på förhand av kulturella konventioner. Detta kan användas för diskussion inom högre musikutbildning om hur unga musikers medvetenhet som medieproducenter kan ökas när de kombinerar verksamheterna som produktionstekniker och innehållsproducenter.

    Referenser

    Becker, H. ([1982]2008). Art Worlds. Los Angeles: University of California Press.

    Bruner, J (1991). ”The Narrative Construction of Reality” Critical Inquiry, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 1-21.

    Burlin, T. (2008). Det imaginära rummet: inspelningspraxis och produktion av konstmusikfonogram i Sverige 1925-1983. Diss. Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet.

    Gullö, J. (2010). Musikproduktion med föränderliga verktyg: en pedagogisk utmaning. Diss. Stockholm: Stockholms universitet, Centrum för musikpedagogisk forskning, 2010.

    Holt, S. (2011). ”Is music becoming more visual? Online video content in the music industry.” Visual Studies Vol. 26 (1), s. 50-61.

    Lundberg, D., Malm, K. & Ronström, O. (2000). Musik, medier, mångkultur: förändringar i svenska musiklandskap. Hedemora: Gidlund i samarbete med Riksbankens jubileumsfond.

    Ternhag, G. (2009). Vad är det jag hör?: analys av musikinspelningar. Göteborg: Ejeby.

  • 9.
    Johansson, Sören
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    ”Man behöver ju inte ens vara duktig”: Ungdomars föreställningar om musik som karriärväg, analys delstudie 1.2009In: Nordic Network of Research in Music Education, NNMPF, Örebro, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Johansson, Sören
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Musik som karriärväg.2008In: Nordic Network of Research in Music Education, NNMPF, Oslo, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Johansson, Sören
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Unga musikers ”lives” i skilda världar: Fallstudier av unga musikers agerande som medieproducenter under etableringprocesser åren 2007-20112013In: , 2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Johansson, Sören
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Videoobservation as a tool for instrumental teachers in music2015In: Formellt och informellt lärande med stöd av teknik, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this auto-etnographic case study was to use and develop the videoobservationprocess my supervisor professor Cecilia Hultberg (2000) used in her dissertation project as a tool in one-to-one tuition in playing drumkit. Hultberg made and used videorecordings of pianoplayers performances to understand their approaches to instructions in printed scores. The videoobservation process contributed to that unspoken dimensions i musicians practice became explicit when musician and researcher made comments on the musicians videorecorded performances. After a course were we, the ph.d students, analyzed each others videoobservations data which Hultberg tought, I wanted to develop the tool in my work as a instrumental teacher.

    Managing digital audiovisual material can be time-consuming. Therefore I also wanted to find a adequat way to handle technical equipment in a way wich not would steel lesson-time. The material was collected during year 2012-2014 and consist videoclips and head notes. I acted as instrumental teacher and three students from an educational programe for young musicians participated in this auto-ethnographic case study.

    The selection of students and technical equipment wich was used was chosen out of made convenience reasons. The technical equipment which was used was a computer located in the facility, my video camera, my mobile phone, my laptop and service for streaming videoclips online. Ethical considerations that were taken was that the students were informed that they at any time could stop videorecordings and that recordings would not be published without their aprovement. In the report there are no brands and no students name mentioned. The result describe the appropriate steps for the video observation process where the student's performances with oral comments were recorded with my laptop. The video recordings were played back with the same laptop, and commented by me as a teacher with the student during the lesson. The series of videorecorded performances from lessons was gathered in the computer and used for assessment of students learning. At the end of the course there were video recordings made from the situation when the student and I as a teacher discussed the learning. The tool helped to clarify audible and visual details from the young musicians' performances for teacher and student. My verbal instructions as a teacher could be minimized and the students tried several ways of musical expressions. My reflection as a teacher was that learning outcomes where not outspoken to the extent I imagined during lessons. Use of my laptop with software for video processing that came with the computer took a minimum time from lessons. The laptop with integrated microphone and camera were placed on chairs or tables. Adjustments for microphone and camera were done before recordings. The video observation process Hultberg used and wich was further developed in this case study can be used by prospective instrumental teachers. Suggestions for future research is to examine whether the video observation process can serve as tools when a teacher colleague acts as co-assessor of the students learning. 

    Hultberg, C. (2000). The printed score as a mediator of musical meaning: approaches to music notation in Western tonal tradition. Diss. Lund: Univ.. Malmö.

  • 13.
    Johansson, Sören
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Videoobservation som redskap för instrumentallärare2015In: Knowledge formation in and through music: Festschrift in honor of Cecilia K. Hultberg 2015 / [ed] Edited by Gullö, J-O & Holgersson, P-H., Stockholm: Royal College of Music , 2015, p. 115-122Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Johansson, Sören
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Värden unga musikers framföranden skapar enligt användning av deras videoklipp: Delresultat: Musik som karriär2014In: MIRAC 26-27 nov 2014 Stockholm / [ed] Thomas Florén, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Genom att följa några unga musikers etableringsprocesser åren 2007-2011 har jag undersökt hur musikers arbetsliv i Sverige förändrades när sociala medieplattformar för strömmad musik växte fram. Jag vill presentera och diskutera resultat om olika värden unga musikers framföranden skapade enligt regionala dagstidningars användning av musikernas videoklipp. Detta för att kunna lämna förslag till hur kunskapen kan bidra till fortsatt forskning och användas i utbildning av musiker. 

  • 15.
    Johansson, Sören
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Carlsson, Anita
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies.
    Uddgård, Hans
    Värdedrivet Lärande H.u AB.
    DAVA – Implementering av SURT på avdelningen Medier vid HDa2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Johansson, Sören
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Lefford, Nyssim
    Luleå Tekniska Universitet.
    The student’s view of the producer’s role: Analytical methods, interpreting content and practical project management2017In: The 12th Art of Record Production Conference: Mono: Stereo: Multi, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Johansson, Sören
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Mattsson, Hållbus Totte
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Fredriksson, Daniel
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production. Institutionen för kultur och medievetenskaper, Umeå Universitet.
    Rosenblad, Johanna
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Tydliggörande av hörbara förväntningar – asylsökande musiker möter ljudproduktionsstudenter2016Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 18.
    Lindgren, Charlotte
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, French.
    Berg, Lovisa
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Arabic.
    Charlotte Lindgren intervjuar Lovisa Berg om Supplemental Instructions (SI)2018Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 19.
    Lindgren, Charlotte
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, French.
    Berg, Lovisa
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Arabic.
    Lovisa Berg om grammatikundervisning: Charlotte Lindgren samtalar med Lovisa Berg om grammatikundervisning inför Grammatikdagen 20192019Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 20.
    Lindgren, Charlotte
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, French.
    Dodou, Katherina
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Charlotte Lindgren samtalar med Katherina Dodou om undersökning av litteraturstudier i ämnet engelska2019Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 21.
    Lindgren, Charlotte
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, French.
    Fjordevik, Anneli
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, German.
    NGL-projekt vid Högskolan Dalarna: 1. Anneli Fjordevik intervjuas av Charlotte Lindgren2016Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    NGL-projekt vid Högskolan Dalarna inom språkavdelningen som handlar om informella internetbaserade lärmiljöer.

  • 22.
    Lindgren, Charlotte
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, French.
    Mattsson, Olga
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Russian.
    NGL-projekt vid Högskolan Dalarna: 2. Olga Mattsson intervjuas av Charlotte Lindgren2016Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    NGL-projekt vid Högskolan Dalarna inom språkavdelningen som handlar om webbaserade digitala prov.

  • 23.
    Lindgren, Charlotte
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, French.
    Mikhaylov, Nikita
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Russian.
    Nikita Mikhaylov om grammatikundervisning: Charlotte Lindgren samtalar med Nikita Mikhaylov om grammatikundervisning i ryska inför Grammatikdagen 20192019Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 24.
    Lindgren, Charlotte
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, French.
    Oom Gardtman, Ulf
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Education.
    Charlotte Lindgren intervjuar Ulf Oom Gardtman om rapporten "Formativ feedback i högre utbildning – Inventering, förslag och organisatorisk implementering"2018Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 25.
    Lindgren, Charlotte
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, French.
    Rosenkvist, Wei Hing
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Chinese.
    Malmsten, Solveig
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish.
    Charlotte Lindgren intervjuar Wei Hing Rosenkvist och Solveig Malmsten inför Grammatikdagen 2017 vid Högskolan Dalarna2017Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 26.
    Lindgren, Charlotte
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, French.
    Saito, Rieko
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Japanese.
    NGL-projekt vid Högskolan Dalarna: 3. Rieko Saito intervjuas av Charlotte Lindgren2016Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    NGL-projekt vid Högskolan Dalarna inom språkavdelningen som handlar om pedagogiska metoder i nätbaserad språkundervisning.

  • 27.
    Lindgren, Charlotte
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, French.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Röstljud i onlinekurser: Charlotte Lindgren samtalar med Johnny Wingstedt om NGL-projektet som handlar om röstljudets estetiska potential i lärandesituationer online.2018Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 28.
    Lindgren, Charlotte
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, French.
    Ädel, Annelie
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Feedback på skrivuppgifter: Charlotte Lindgren samtalar med Annelie Ädel om en undersökning av feedback på skrivuppgifter vid Högskolan Dalarna2018Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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