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  • 101.
    Liljemid, Sandra
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Roberg, Michelle
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Processmetoden attraktivt arbete skapar förutsättningar för kollektivt lärande: Organisationer främjar - individen bär ansvaret2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today's organizations face significant challenges in being competitive with the outside world. Human resources are the organizations most important factor at all survive. For the business to be able to manage and utilize employee skills in the right way, it creates conditions and occasions where relationships can occur. This is something that is discussed in both research and literature as well as how organizations should be structured to encourage work on employees.

    This study is a contribution to be used in organizations to work to develop employees' collective learning about each other to strengthen relationics.

    Process method that has been used to create collective learning among employees is attractive work. Participants have been carrying out the method and observations have been made on how the participants have acted during the process.

    The result shows that to achieve a collective learning requires participants to show the commitment and willingness to learn about each other. Through dialogue creates the conditions to understand each other. That's when the understanding is on another as relations strengthened, and thus created relationic.

  • 102.
    Linderfyhr, Jessica
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Malm, Mikaela
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    She’s the Boss – HR och kvinnligt chefskap: Hur Human Resources kan arbeta för att främja kvinnorschefskarriärer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to surveys conducted by the organization

    Ledarna, there is a recurrent problem of

    recruiting young women to senior positions. The purpose of this essay is to investigate what

    may affect women's desire to seek a managerial position and to design a HR strategy that

    promotes and motivates women to seek executive positions.

    Young women feel doubtful about manager positions because of the feeling of lack of

    experience and difficulty identifying themselves with the stereotype manage standard. Aspects

    of the management that motivate are the ability to influence, make decisions and gain personal

    development. The fact that a manager has a high workload is something that is referred to as

    negative while the challenge in the manager position attracted the interviewees. Focusing on

    difficulty in balancing work and private/family life can be an overriding explanation that fewer

    women choose a managerial career. In many cases, the manager position offers an opportunity

    for flexible working hours, which benefits the balance between work and private life. A key

    factor in combining management positions with family and children is an equal distribution of

    household work and responsibility for the children. Several of the interviewees have gained

    their position through encouragement, something that was crucial for the manager position. In

    order to motivate young women into management positions, engagement is needed in which

    female executive subjects are discovered and encouraged to career.

    The work is based on a qualitative approach with semi structured interviews as a collection

    method. The results are analyzed based on the theoretical reference frame compiled within the

    focus area. Throughout the structure of the work, the thematic approaches are based on the

    questions: What is it that makes young women doubt about leadership? What can motivate

    young women to want to become a manager? How can work life as a manager be combined

    with privacy/family life? How can recruitment be improved to motivate young women to seek

    executive positions?

  • 103.
    Lindmark, Rebecka
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Vinberg, Joanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Mellanchefers upplevelser av psykosocial arbetsmiljö inom distributions- och logistikverksamhet – en pendling mellan hög aktivitet och låg stress?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The researchers' genuine interest in the psychosocial work environment with the relationship

    to middle managers’ has raised a deeper interest within the field and highlight key elements in

    form of demands, control and social support. Progress towards increased awareness of the

    psychosocial work when illness in today’s working life has increased and the Work

    Environment Authority's new regulations on organizational and social work are in the centre.

    In the same line as an increased awareness has taken place on the psychosocial work

    environment, we want to present a special focus to middle managers whom must be able to

    manage the demands both from the top and the down. The study has mainly been based on

    Robert Karasek and Töres Theorell’s demand/ control model.

    The aim is to examine middle managers’ experience with focus on the psychosocial working

    conditions in a private company in the distribution- and logistics operations. The method

    consisted of a qualitative approach in form of a case study in which semi-structured

    interviews have been the basis of eight respondents from the distribution centre The result

    shows that middle managers have a high degree of influence, the experience of work

    requirements vary, but in connection to the position requirements are reasonable. The social

    support is perceived as good in the workplace and is considered as an important and vital part

    in work.

    The conclusions reached are that the function managers have reasonable demands and they

    are experiencing a good level of control at work, but to have an excessive control at work can

    lead to negative stress. A balance of commuting between active jobs and low-stress jobs are

    considered to be an advantage in maintaining a good psychosocial work environment. This is

    to counteract the negative effects that may occur to be within each component during a long

    time. In the study, it was demonstrated that the company is considered to have a good

    psychosocial work environment and this shows a good example in today’s working life.

  • 104.
    Lindqvist, Martina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Magnusson, Jennifer
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Bristen på kvinnliga medarbetare inom brandmansyrket-Räddningstjänsten Dala Mitt2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Jämställdhet upplevs bland Räddningstjänsten Dala Mitts medarbetare vara av storbetydelse och det finns en stark önskan om att få in fler kvinnliga medarbetare.Trots detta har Räddningstjänsten Dala Mitt idag inte en enda heltidsbrandmansom är kvinna. Räddningstjänsten i Sverige har både fysiska och psykiska krav förvad som ska uppfyllas för att bli anställd som brandman. Alla dessa olika testersammanställs under rekryteringen och är av stor vikt för att få vidare anställning.Det test som visat sig vara svårast för kvinnor att klara av är rullbands-testet, detinnebär att den sökande ska gå i en hastighet av 5,6 km/h under sex minuter, dettakrävs för godkänt (Räddningstjänsten Dala Mitt, 2014). Syfte: Syftet är att undersökavarför det finns en brist på kvinnliga medarbetare inom RäddningstjänstenDala Mitt. Metod: Vi har valt att använda oss av en kvalitativ metod med semistruktureradeintervjuer. Den huvudsakliga empirin insamlades genom tio intervjuer.Teori: Teorin utgörs av följande områden: rekrytering, jämställdhet, kvinnligaoch manliga yrken, genus, samt diskriminering. Resultat/Analys: Resultatetpekar på att yttre faktorer så som samhällets normer, spelar en stor roll i varför detfinns så pass få kvinnliga brandmän inom Räddningstjänsten Dala Mitt. Intervjupersonernaupplever att anledningen till att det finns så pass få kvinnliga brandmäninom Räddningstjänsten Dala Mitt, beror på hur de marknadsför sig och hur attraktivade är som arbetsgivare. Det framkom även att flertalet av intervjupersonernatror att Räddningstjänsten Dala Mitt har få kvinnliga medarbetare på grund av attde få kvinnor som söker till yrket dras till storstäder, där räddningsstationerna ärstörre och ofta har bättre lön. Slutsats: Det finns en stor önskan om en mer jämställdarbetsplats. Det har även gjorts en del satsningar för att öka antalet kvinnor.Emellertid har dessa satsningar inte ännu lett till några större förändringar.

  • 105.
    Lindsköld, Terese
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Sparr, Johanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Föräldraledighetens påverkan av kvinnligt och manligt karriäravancemang: En kvalitativ studie om kvinnliga och manliga chefers upplevelse av att kombinera föräldraskap och chefskap på små och medelstora företag i Sverige2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The essay aims to examine how male and female managers experience the possibilities to combine parenting with their manager positions; as well as examining how patterns between their relationships to parental leave and career advancement can be explained based on gender studies. The result presents that parents holding a manager level position are experiencing difficulties with combining this with parenting, especially based on the high level of accessibility required at such position. Furthermore, the results states that the majority of managers who were interviewed regret their scope of parental leave taken and, in the case of a new position, would have taken a longer subsequent period of parental leave. The results also presented that the gender related pattern is attendant in terms of how the parental leave has been utilized; and what prerequisites women and men are considered essential in order to be able to combine managerial advancement with parenting. Gender related theories has been used to analyze and explain the gender related differences. The study was conducted with a qualitative research where ten semi structured interviews were conducted. Both genders were equally represented in the interviews, as a comparative perspective was implemented in the analysis of the empirical material. Previous research on large Swedish corporations, has shown that the financial aspect is one of the underlying factors for why employers are not promoting to facilitate parental leave. The results presented in this essay, can operate as a complement to the previous research; since this study has focused on small and medium-sized companies. Furthermore, this thesis can be used as a practical basis, which describes the financial, ethical, and structural considerations that may arise during recruitment, provision of skills, and organizational decisions in relationship to parental leave.

  • 106.
    Lissollas, Jessica
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Mans, Eva
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Generationsväxling i offentlig sektor: En kvalitativ studie om det kommunala arbetet medpensionsavgångar2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine how a medium-sized municipality can work strategically with problems concerning loss of skills and to be an attractive employer for future retirements. Furthermore, the study aims to, based on the results, prepare a draft HR strategy for the problems the impending retirement brings. To get answers to our research questions, we conducted a case study of the Municipality of Falun, and this made use of semi-structured interviews with four people in managerial positions and a variety communicator, and a focus group of four employees from the HR department. This gave us more perspective on the problem, which we believe strengthen the reliability of the results. In retrospect, we can see that a larger number of interviewees would have been preferable, in order to get more employees thoughts and opinions on the subject. However, this was not possible as managers in the municipality were difficult to contact.The results show that the perception of retirement is different when one of the respondents believe that there is nothing to worry about, while other respondents think it is a great challenge municipality has in front of him. The result also shows that the Municipality of Falun in the current situation is working strategically with a variety of measures to strengthen its employer brand externally such as diplomacy and talent management, as previous research indicates is a necessity for an organization's competitiveness and thus attract and retain employees. Regarding the transfer of skills shows the result that today there is an awareness of the risks of skill losses. However, conducted a limited effort to transfer critical skills, at least in order to manage the risk of loss of skills expected in the forthcoming generation change. Previous research in the field of retirements shows that the loss of key skills is the biggest threat.Our conclusion from this study is that Falun municipality are right on track to deal with the problems that are expected to arise, however, requires the municipality to raise awareness through communication and internal marketing as well as working together a common vision of retirements in all administrations. Furthermore, we believe that it is crucial to review the competencies in the organization and start acting so as not to lose important skills in and with the impending retirements. These are areas addressed in the draft HR strategy we have developed.

  • 107.
    Loveere, Cecilia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Hultman, Erika
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Det är kompetensen som avgör: En studie av rekryterares föreställningar i en mansdominerad bransch2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien syftar till att undersöka vilka föreställningar som kommer till uttryck då rekryterare inom stål- och verkstadsindustrin talar om jämställdhet, kompetens samt rekrytering. Syftet är också att kritiskt granska vilka konsekvenser dessa föreställningar kan få för rekryteringsprocessen. En hermeneutiskt ansats har valts, och sex semistrukturerade intervjuer med rekryterare inom stål- och verkstadsindustrin har genomförts. Av studien framgår att rekryterarna anser att jämställdhetsfrågor är viktiga att ta hänsyn till. Det framgår också att företagen, enligt rekryterarna, inte har någon uttalad definition på kompetens. Rekryterarna menar också att magkänsla spelar roll vid valet av kandidat. Studiens resultat visar också att rekryterarna har omedvetna könsstereotypa föreställningar. En konsekvens av detta skulle,enligt författarna, kunna bli att föreställningarna ligger till grund för rekryterarnas magkänsla som också skulle kunna påverka deras definition på kompetens. Detta skulle kunna leda till att bedömningen av en kandidat blir subjektiv, vilket innebär att kompetensen inte enbart är avgörande i en rekryteringsprocess.

  • 108.
    Lundström,, Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Mattsson, Julia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    På väg mot ett Attraktivt arbete: En kvalitativ studie huruvida arbetsgivaren respektive medarbetarna uppfattar Attraktivt arbete på ett transportföretag.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The problem formulation that underlies the study is whether the employer takes in consideration the variety views of individuals regarding the attractive work, in order to attract, but above all, to retain staff. The purpose is how the Attractive work is perceived from an employee and employer perspective, as well as the relationship between the two perspectives.

    The theory formation in which the study is based is the model Attractive work, where job satisfaction, work content and working conditions are the core. Furthermore, theories that highlight how the organization should work to be perceived as an attractive employer is concerned, thus creating the conditions for attracting and retaining skills. The study has an inductive approach and a qualitative method has been applied. The data has been obtained through interviews with the help of six employees and with an employer representative within the same organization. The interviews have touched on issues that capture, what, how and why the work is perceived as attractive and how attractiveness can increase.

    The result of the study is presented in an empirical analysis in which the respondents' words and actions have been interpreted. Empirical analysis answers what factors are crucial for all respondents to experience their work as attractive as well as how the attractiveness of the work can increase. Empirical analysis also captures the factors that employers and employees want to improve, and how the employer brand can be strengthened from inside and out.

    The conclusion of this study is that the concept of Attractive work is a complex concept that is individual-based and is therefore interpreted differently from employees to employees. It is therefore important for organizations that want a strong employer brand and are perceived as an attractive employer to identify what employees consider attractive and what challenges they seek in their daily work. Even as in this study, when the employees perceive their work as attractive, there are usually improvement measures to continue to increase the attractiveness of the employees. Therefore, it is important that the company works continuously with its attractiveness as well as its Employer value proposition, employee engagement, to live up to the promises promised to employees. The organization should also make the benefits visible that concern employees and these should be included in the organization Employer value proposition. The study has resulted in a concrete action plan, and further the possibilities for further research based on the results and conclusions of this study.

  • 109.
    Magnusson, Annika
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Ett första steg mot ett Employer Value Proposition för Förskollärare i Borlänge kommun: En studie av en kommuns möjligheter och dilemman vid applicering av Employer branding på förskolläraryrket2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Borlänge kommun upplever liksom många andra kommuner svårigheter att rekrytera förskollärare eftersom glappet mellan tillgång och efterfrågan blir allt större. Borlänge kommun vill börja arbeta med konceptet employer branding för att bli en attraktivare arbetsgivare. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka konceptet EVPs och metoden IPI-analys tillämplighet på förskolläraryrket i den kommunala sektorn samt att identifiera betydelsefulla EVP-relaterade attribut för att kunna attrahera och behålla förskollärare i Borlänge kommun. I den teoretiska referensramen presenteras tidigare forskning och teoretiska utgångspunkter för att skapa förståelse för employer branding och hur EVP-relaterade attribut kan identifieras. Studien har genomförts genom kvalitativa metoder där de tre perspektiven medarbetare, ledning och studenter undersökts. För att skapa en djupare förståelse för vilka attribut som är viktiga och deras betydelse har tre fokusgrupper och tre intervjuer genomförts. För att inte styra respondenterna utan istället komma åt deras "egna" tankar har öppna frågor använts. Resultatanalysen visar att närheten till det egna boendet är av stor vikt vid val av arbetsgivare. För att medarbetare ska välja att pendla krävs stora skillnader mellan arbetsgivarna vilket varken medarbetare eller studenter tror existerar i dagsläget. Vid identifieringen av EVP-relaterade attribut upptäcktes flera dilemman vilket gjorde det problematiskt att få fram ett tillräckligt attraktivt EVP. Trots problemen med vissa av de EVP-relaterade attributen ses konceptet EVP och metoden IPI-analys kunna bidra med viktiga kunskaper för hur organisationen/HR kan arbeta framöver för att bli en attraktivare arbetsgivare för nuvarande och potentiella medarbetare samt vad som skulle kunna bidra till utvecklandet av ett attraktivare EVP. Studien visar att det inte räcker med att kommunicera vad som är attraktivt idag utan att det behövs verkliga förändringar för att kunna utveckla ett tillräckligt attraktivt EVP som kan locka potentiella medarbetare att pendla. Slutsatserna är att konceptet EVP och metoden IPI-analys i detta fall anses ha viss tillämplighet för förskolläraryrket i den kommunala sektorn samt att då den kommunala kontexten ses ha stor påverkan vid appliceringen av konceptet employer brand/EVP så behövs mer forskning gällande vilka problem som kan uppstå och hur detta kan hanteras.

  • 110.
    Magnusson, Peter
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Lundmark, Malin
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Uppföljning och utvärdering av det balanserade styrkortet: Är balanserat styrkort ett värdeskapande och strategiskt instrument inom den kommunala verksamheten?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The need to steer economic development has always been great and as

    management model has the balanced scorecard has been popular since the mid-

    1990s, mainly in the private sector but also in the municipal sector. The

    introduction of the balanced scorecard has been primarily to organizations to see

    more than economic dimensions. The Balanced Scorecard was originally a

    measurement system, and today it works more as a strategic instrument. In our

    study is a case study to evaluate a municipality and how they make use of the

    balanced scorecard as a tool for strategic and value-adding work in municipal

    activities.

    In the local business is it important that the organization adapts the balanced

    scorecard, so it fits on the basis that it is a politically driven organization, with

    mandates, committees and administrations. In our study, we used a qualitative

    method with a deductive approach. In the study, we have gathered information

    through a case study where we interviewed 7 people in leading positions. In our

    analysis and results section, we came to the conclusion that the municipality does

    not use the balanced scorecard correctly. We also found that the balanced

    scorecard as a tool for value creation and strategic planning does not work in a

    favorable way. In our study, we see difficulties with the implementation of the

    balanced scorecard. If the municipality has invested in implementing the balanced

    scorecard at all levels of the business so the municipality would be able to use it on

    one of the activities more adequately. When the municipality is a politically driven

    organization, it is important that vision alive and changing based on the conditions

    that reflect the outside world and the municipality in general. Looking at a vivid

    vision, goals and business ideas, it's balanced scorecard in line with how a

    balanced scorecard should look like. The municipality has a strategic plan in terms

    of staff and employees at large. In the study, we have seen that the strategic plan is

    not followed up in a good way and for the business favorably, the municipality

    chooses the easy way out for evaluation.

    Employee participation to changes and ongoing human resources management

    feels nonexistent. However, as has been the vision of creating empowered and

    motivated employees. In our conclusion, we describe how we in our study look at

    the use of the balanced scorecard in municipal operations. We can also discern that

    a balanced scorecard as a tool for value creation and strategic work is good if it is

    used properly. In the study, we have concluded that the municipality we have

    chosen to study should not use the balanced scorecard when you have not created

    the tools and platforms required for employees, civil servants and politicians to

    evaluate, monitor and create a living scorecard change over time. The study

    reveals major shortcomings in the implementation, evaluation and follow-up

    possibilities, and the consequence of this is that the balanced scorecard is not

    - 4 -

    preferable in municipal operations as a strategic instrument for value creation and

    long-term planning.

  • 111.
    Martinsson Hansen, Antonia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Rosén, Elin
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Humankapital i statens tjänst: En fallstudie av Länsstyrelsen Dalarna2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study was based on an assignment from the County of Dalarna to examine the

    psychosocial work environment within the organization, with limitation to work load, work

    rate and goal clarity. The aim of the study was to create an understanding for the relationship

    between public sector as a context, psychosocial work environment and human capital.

    Furthermore, the aim was to design an action plan to the County of Dalarna to improve the

    psychosocial work environment within the organization. The theoretical base consisted of

    theories regarding public sector with focus supervisory and administrative authorities, and

    psychosocial work environment. A fundamental theory for the study was Job Demands-

    Resources Theory. Theories concerning human capital and knowledge intense co-workers

    were also used in the study.

    The study was qualitative, and individual interviews were conducted with six (6) co-workers.

    Two group interviews were also conducted with two (2) trade-union representatives

    respectively three (3) managers. The result and analysis showed that the co-workers

    experienced high work load and a low degree of goal clarity. Furthermore, individual and

    subjective views and experiences had an impact on the outcome. The conclusions were that

    there is a complex relationship between public sector, psychosocial work environment and

    human capital, and that there are different relationships on different levels within the

    psychosocial work environment.

    Taking account of the organization's resources and

    requirements has proven to be of importance for the psychosocial work environment and the

    work to improve it. Proposed measures were changed views on skills supply among others.

  • 112.
    Miltenburg, Sabrine
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Arbetsintroduktion - Upplevelser och möjligheter: En undersökning ur tre olika perspektiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Studies from America and Britain shows that the introduction processes focus too much on processes,policies and values and less on the new employees experiences when it comes to stress, supportfor establishing contacts with employees and unclear job descriptions (Klubnik 1987 & Andersson,N. R Cunningham-Snell, NA & Haigh, J., 1996).A qualitative case study has been conducted on AniCura Falu Animal Hospital. The study has beenperformed with the help of interviews and e-mail conversations. The purpose of the study is to explorewhether the earlier studies are consistent with the experiences of new employees on AniCuraFalu Animal hospital has about labor induction and its impact regarding stress, opportunities forsupport and work descriptions. Nine respondents with different responsibilities participated. Theresults of the case study confirmed that the empirical data were consistent with the studies. For example,did the new employees themselves responsible for getting to know its people and that theorganization had no strategy to cope with stress. Furthermore there was no feedback regarding theintroduction.The results will in this work be discussed and analyzed, and set against a relevant theoreticalframework around current topics of this study. The final product lands in an improvement proposalthat can form the basis for future introduction processes and future research.

  • 113.
    Murtokangas, Ville
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    En studie om egenföretagande HR och fast anställd HR2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 114.
    Nilsson, Linnéa
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Malmberg, Sara
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    "Bolagsverket är mer modernt än jag tänkte mig": Hur kan statliga myndigheter arbeta med Employer Branding för att attrahera Generation Y?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Employer branding is a relatively new concept that has begun to be used as a strategy in Human Resource Management. By developing an Employer Brand, organizations can attract and retain talented workers and thus ensure their survival. However, there is no research on how employer branding can be used in the public sector to attract the newest gen-eration in the labor market; Generation Y.

    Objective: The purpose of this study is to increase understanding for how governmental em-ployers can work with Employer Branding to attract Generation Y.

    Method: The study is based on qualitative method and a phenomenological and deductive re-search approach. Research design was in the form of a case study. Nine semi-structured inter-views were conducted with respondents from Swedish Companies Registration Office, four interviews with people who work with Employer Branding and five who belong to Generation Y.

    Theories: "Employer Branding Predictive Model"

    Conclusions: The study reveals that the governmental employer is attractive to Generation Y but could improve the external communication of its Employer Brand. Without an explicit tar-get group and a pronounced Employee Value Proposition, the external communication is un-clear which reduces the employer's attractiveness to potential employees. The attractiveness arises only when the individuals from Generation Y already are recruited into the organization.

  • 115.
    Nordgren, Håkan
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Aslan, Berivan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    "Den dag vi slutar bli bättre, slutar vi vara bra": Ledarskapets inverkan på medarbetares motivation till ständiga förbättringar2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Summary

    Purpose - The purpose of the study is to gain a deeper insight into the relationship between the leadership and the factors that contribute to the increased involvement of employees in the process of continual improvement. The study is aimed at a midsize industrial company that has implemented lean production.

    Design / methodology - Data was collected in a Swedish industrial company. A total of 7 interviews were conducted. In our study, we chose to make a qualitative case study.

    Findings - The results we reached are that employees take little part in the improvement process. Previous research shows that employees who are involved in the decisions are also more involved in the work.

    Method Criticism – The result reflect only subjective assessments and the variables studied are based on respondents' perceptions. Future research should include more objective measures.

    Practical implications - The study provides evidence that employee engagement and motivation in the process of improvement can be increased by making them more involved. Research shows that employees who receive information and participate in decisions feel more involved in the work.

    Knowledge Contribution - In the existing literature, it is claimed that leadership is an essential component for increasing employee engagement. Little, however, has been written about how leadership can motivate employees to continuous improvement in an organization who work in lean production.

    Keywords:

  • 116.
    Norelius, Isabell
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Andersson, Patricia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Vi vill, vi kan men hur?: Att använda sig av anpassade verktyg för cheferna inom vård och omsorg för att förmedla sitt ledarskap till sina medarbetare2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our purpose with this study is to highlight the tools that may be required for the unit managers that they should be able to convey their leadership to their employees. This is due to the employees of the municipality are not completely satisfied with the leadership of the municipality or its managers, as evidenced in the employee survey conducted in 2014 by the municipality. In the same employee survey revealed also that the sick leave among employees in the municipality can depend on leadership. Therefore we have chosen to examine a part of the municipal unit managers and how they see their own leadership, and what they can do to get their employees to feel better and prevent sickness. When the time was to examine all unit managers within the chosen municipality, was elected the health and care administration unit managers out for our own survey. The results of our survey precipitated itself so that unit managers require more time to devote themselves to its employees and administrative support necessary to facilitate the unit managers. If the unit managers will receive more time to spend with their employees, it can create strong psychological ties between them, allowing the trust from employees to the unit managers will be strengthened. When trust is strengthened dare employees turn to their unit managers to tell how they feel. By picking out the administrative tasks and instead give them to an assistant, unit managers get more time to spend with his staff and from this they could possibly get an overview of how the business works. The overview enables them to make better strategic decisions for their business and employees.

  • 117.
    Norling, Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Den psykosociala arbetsmiljöns friskfaktorer: En studie i chefers syn på arbetet med att främja den psykosociala arbetsmiljön2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 118.
    Olsson, Sofia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Att utvärder ett verktyg, Samtal om Att..: En studie om att kombinera medarbetarsamtal och Attraktivt Arbete2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Medarbetaren är en organisations viktigaste resurs och genom medarbetarsamtal kan

    medarbetarens olika intressen och förmågor tillvaratas. Syftet med denna studie är att i första

    hand utveckla ett verktyg utifrån modellen Attraktivt Arbete som kan ligga till grund för

    medarbetarsamtal. Vidare syftar studien till att utvärdera verktyget genom att undersöka, tolka

    och förstå intervjupersonernas upplevelser av verktyget i faktiska medarbetarsamtal.

    Modellen Attraktivt Arbete syftar till att visa på de kvalitéer som bidrar till att göra arbetet

    attraktivt för nuvarande och kommande medarbetare. Utifrån denna modell har verktyget

    ”Samtal om Att..” utvecklats och därefter utvärderats. För att uppfylla studiens syfte användes

    den kvalitativa metoden intervju, resultatet har sedan utvärderats. Utvärderingen visar att

    verktyget är bra nog för att kunna användas som grund vid medarbetarsamtal och att det

    uppfyller mål och syften

  • 119.
    Persson, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Anställningsbarheten hos nyutexaminerade ingenjörer i Indien: En kvalitativ studie hos Sandvik i Indien2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var dels att bedöma hur Sandvik som ett svenskt

    industriföretag uppfattar nyexaminerade indiska ingenjörernas anställningsbarhet.

    Syftet var även att undersöka om Sandvik står inför specifika

    kompetensförsörjningsproblem samt ge förslag till lösningar. Studien utgick ifrån

    ett abduktivt angreppsätt och en kvalitativ metod där sju semi-strukturerade

    intervjuer med chefer, ledare och HR-personal arbetandes på Sandvik

    genomfördes. Intervjuerna genomfördes på engelska via videolänk mellan Sverige

    och Indien. Bakgrunden för studien bestod i forskning, rapporter och studier som

    bland annat visade att svenska företag och organisationer med verksamhet i Indien

    efter förflyttning av produktion och eller expansion upplevde en avsaknad av

    utbildad och kompetent arbetskraft. Resultatet visade att Sandviks eftersökta

    kompetens överensstämmer med tidigare forskning över betydelsefulla

    kompetensfaktorer för en ingenjör medan den existerade och saknade kompetensen

    hos dagens nyutexaminerade ingenjörer tydde på att de nyutexaminerade

    ingenjörerna bland annat besatt goda teoretiska kunskaper men svagare praktiska

    kunskaper. Resultatet visade att Sandvik ändock såg de nyutexaminerade

    ingenjörerna som anställningsbara och besittande av system för att överbrygga

    kompetensgapen. Resultatet tyder dock på att Sandvik i Pune, Indien främsta

    utmaning i hänsyn till kompetens som verksamheten kräver består utav de

    nyutexaminerade ingenjörernas pålitlighet och lojalitet igenom att anställda kort

    efter nyanställning avslutar sina engagemang inom Sandvik. I empirin beskrivs det

    att Sandvik ej besitter något vedertaget system för att möta denna strategiska HRfråga.

    I resultatet visas även att generisk kompetens och sociala färdigheter är av

    stor betydelse i organisationens beskrivning över relevanta kompetensfaktorer. I

    slutsatserna presenteras idéer till närmare interaktion mellan Sandvik och

    akademin samt förbättrad karriärutveckling och planering som lösningar på

    situationen. Slutsatserna avslutas med konstaterandet om att Sandvik uppfattar

    studenterna som anställningsbara men en avslutande och öppen fråga består ändå

    av hur mycket introduktion och kompetensutveckling som är skäligt för att

    fortfarande definiera en nyutexaminerad ingenjör som anställningsbar. Sedermera

    ges förslag till vidare forskning.

  • 120.
    Perunovic, Anja
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Enges, Maja
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Psykosocial arbetsmiljö hos den mänskliga resursen: En sambandsstudie mellan prestation, motivation och stress i arbetslivet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to treat the relationship between the factors performance, motivation and stress together with how their effect on the individual takes place in worklife. The choice of purpose is based on an observation of a knowledge gap between the factors in relationship to each other. A quantitative approach has been applied to study the relationship amongst the three factors.

    This quantitative study is based on surveys that have been answered by employees from three companies in the real estate sector in Dalarna county. To find a link pattern between the factors, a statistical analysis has been used. Based on the survey, the answers show that the different factors are preceived to influence each other amongst the respondents. Where the effect of one factor affects other factors in the working life of the individual.

    In the theoretical frame of reference relevant research has been presented in order to create an understanding of performance, motivation and stress. Previous studies and theories are used to explain the different factors as well as their relationship to each other. Research in the theoretical frame of reference is compared to the studies empirical finding in order to analyze and discuss the material as well as the knowledge gap. The conclusion is that the factors interact with each other and that performance, motivation and stress together have an influence on the working life.

  • 121.
    Samuelsson, Patric
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Thodén, Amanda
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Organisatorisk tillit: En kvalitativ studie av en statlig myndighet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Trust as a concept is becoming increasingly important as an organizational governance instrument, the more knowledge-intensive the organization becomes. In the organization featured in this study, it appears that greater demands are being placed on the employee's knowledge. At the same time, the organization is often characterized by rules and guidelines that reflect forms of governance and control, which are perceived as limiting individual responsibility.

    The purpose of this study is to describe and analyze actions that affect the organizational trust of employees in a Swedish public-administration organization. In order to respond to the purpose of the study, a qualitative study consisting of seven semi-structured interviews with administrators has been conducted. The interviews have been analyzed thematically using internal policy documents and a theoretical lens within the concept of organizational trust.

    In this study, we have identified five areas that have shown to be significant factors in the perception of organizational trust by the administrators: workload, working methods and external controls, understanding, change, and communication. It has become apparent that a sense of self-determination exists, even though the work is often characterized by rules, guidelines and external controls. In the interviews a high level of organizational trust came across, something that appears to be linked to the bureaucratic structure and a perceived organizational support. However, the consequences of organizational trust are not always necessarily positive. Conclusions drawn are that the management needs to be adaptable based on the prevailing organizational culture and structure, so as not to break with the normative control logic, which can create organizational structural lock-in.

  • 122.
    Sandin, Sofia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Den offentliga sektorns adaptiva system: En kvalitativ studie om att skapa en levande medarbetarpolicy2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is a number of theories on policies, how they should be modelled and how the implement of policies should be modelled. However, the question is how and if policies are practiced by employees and management. My preunderstanding was that the observance of the employee policy was not followed within the bureaucratic public sector due to both the social structure and hierarchical construction as well as the governed work procedures could be restrictive to the self-organization. I wanted to make an understanding on why it can be difficult to model and implement an employee policy to observe and make improvement suggestions. By looking at the problem with the perspective of adaptive systems we can according Frederick (1998) get an explanation that social structures arises within an organization can be develoto ped. Complex adaptive systems develops an understanding of the organization as whole where all within the organization can be seen as various components which all together influences each other and forming a pattern in the developing of relationships. Over the time the relations will form a behaviour pattern (Frederick, 1998). The behavioral patterns , routines and work as it generates in is also what will form the organization's actual policy, and it is usually that it is not consistent with what was decided (Lipsky 1980). With that, I wanted to create an understanding of why problems can arise in implementing a staff policy and suggest improvements.

    A qualitative study was made within a public organization, in this case at the social service centre in a municipality in the middle of Sweden. The study was aimed to analyse the organization from the perspective of theories of adaptive system as I wanted to examine how the observance of the employee policy within a bureaucratic public sector reflected the employers’ behaviour. I wanted by my study compose a comprehension about the social structure, what it is, what influences it and employers’ tendency to follow the employee policy. And also what it means for employees to realize the organization's staff policy and vision. The questions that I have been looking at thru the study is: How does the social structures work within the organization? What factors enable and hinder that the employee policy are used in practice? And what changes are required to improve a higher degree of consistency between the organization's vision and motivate employees to live it?

    I have been able to determine that the policy within the organization is not being followed. By looking at the organization as a system where the social structures within the organization has the chance to appear makes it clear that the employee policy will not be followed. The bureaucratic organization's social structure, as seen through adaptive systems is divided into different social systems for the hierarchical organizational structure where management and employees do not influence each other's behavior. The lack of communication within the organization, where the information stops along the way on the way out to the employees, means that employees must interpret the decisions that have been developed. The work in the public sector needs to be reorganized, in which all employees influence each other's behavior patterns and form a social structure in which all striving towards the organization's goals and vision

  • 123.
    Schillberg, Frida
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Rekryteringsprocessen utifrån ett mångfaldsperspektiv: En kvalitativ studie hos Scania2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sveriges diskrimineringslag 2008:567, beskriver att arbetsgivare aktivt ska främja en jämn könsfördelning mellan sina medarbetare. Trots det beskriver Statistiska centralbyrån (2012a) att det råder en ojämn könsfördelning på Sveriges arbetsmarknad. Mot denna bakgrund genomfördes den här studien i syfte att undersöka Scanias mångfaldsarbete i sin rekryteringsprocess. Syftet med studien var även att undersöka vad projektet ”Battle of the numbers” bidragit till gällande mångfald och rekrytering. ”Battle of the numbers” var ett projekt för storföretag i Sverige som ville gå från ord till åtgärder när det gällde att få fler kvinnor till chefspositioner. Undersökningen genomfördes med kvalitativ intervjumetod. Fem respondenter intervjuades med stöd av semistrukturerade intervjuguider. Resultatet av studien visar att Scania har en väl genomarbetad rekryteringsprocess samt att medverkan i projektet har bidragit till flera åtgärder för organisationen. En tydlig åtgärd, som är en ambition, är att i rekryteringsprocessens slutfas alltid ha en manlig och en kvinnlig kandidat till chefspositioner. Detta för att bidra till ökat antal kvinnliga chefer inom Scania. För ytterligare kvalitetssäkring av rekryteringsprocessen visar analysen i studien att Scania bland annat kan skapa rekryteringsgrupper med mångfald, använda sig utav bilder som speglar den underrepresenterade i sina rekryteringsannonser samt tillämpa metoden positiv särbehandling

  • 124.
    Skoog, Emma
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Swahn, Emelie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Det attraktiva arbetet: En kvalitativ studie om vilka möjligheter och svagheter det finns i att attrahera och behålla socialsekreterare och förskolepedagoger i en kommun.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay has been to give an understanding of the possibilities and weaknesses in attract and retain social workers and preschool pedagogues in a smaller community in the middle of Sweden. Furthermore, the study contributes to the knowledge about what employees in a public-sector regard as attractive and less attractive in the workplace and how important it is to involve employees in the work with employer branding. To achieve this purpose, the method focus groups with the Attractive Work model have been used to find out what factors promote or under-mine the employer’s brand in attracting and retaining skilled employees. The pro-cess included two focus groups with three social workers versus five preschool ped-agogues. The results showed that the leadership has great significance for whether the work is regarded as attractive or not. Both focus groups indicated that the lead-ership is an important dimension in the well-being of work. The good leadership results in many dimensions being perceived as attractive and are showing that many dimensions and categories affect one another. The result also showed several other dimensions that promote an attractive work. These can be used to strengthen the employer's brand in such way as to maintain the good circumstances and highlight attractive dimensions in the recruitment work. From what was identified as attrac-tive in working life, a table has been created in which both improvement- and development proposals are presented, which the employer can use to create an attrac-tive workplace to be able to attract and retain workforce.

  • 125.
    Stelius Berggren, Emma
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Dahlberg, Lisa
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Kvinnors erfarenheter av avancemang: En kvalitativ studie om kvinnors väg uppför den hierarkiska stegen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It appears that Sweden is an equal country in comparison to other parts of the world, and that there are laws that protect workers against discrimination. Nevertheless, previous studies show that there are barriers specifically for women, which have a negative impact on advancement to higher hierarchical levels and that there are few women in senior leadership positions. The starting point of the study is to explore this problem further by also including what opportunities exist for women. This is done by interviewing female CEO’s in corporated companies and female managers in higher hierarchical levels within municipalities. The purpose of this study is to explore and compare what experiences women who have broken the glass ceiling have, concerned with the barriers and opportunities they encountered during their careers and to study the importance of different contexts for womens ability to make a managerial career. The method used is qualitative in which semistructured interviews were made containing open questions to obtain broader material about respondents experiences and to avoid directing them. According to the results, it appears that women create their own opportunities and that support from both partners and organizations is of great importance, as well as daring to take on challenges to advance to higher levels. The barriers expressed are an ancient female vision, a male networking and male jargon, that social norms affect and control expectations of women, and that a glass ceiling is created by society combined with the individual. The conclusion is that womens opportunities are created by themselves and that it is mainly the surrounding that creates barriers and that women must overlook these in order to reach the higher hierarchical levels.

  • 126.
    Strömberg, Linda
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Rosell, Marielle
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Att centralisera en myndighets HR-funktion: Framgångsfaktorer för en väl fungerande centraliserad HR-funktion och centraliseringens bidrag till ökad enhetlighet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 127.
    Sund, Nina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Larsson, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Wistrand, Nils
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Kinesiska affärsetableringar i Sverige: Kartläggning över områden som förbättrar chanserna att lyckas2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim and starting point: The aim of the Bachelor thesis is to examine and define the paramount knowledge Chinese businessmen need in order to succeed with their establishment in Sweden. The authors also seek to answer what incentives attract Chinese businessmen to come to Sweden, as well as how Chinese establishments in Sweden can be predicted to appear in the future.

    Results/conclusions: The study outlines key areas in which Chinese businessmen should have knowledge in order to succeed with their establishment in Sweden. The results also gives an indication on how Chinese business establishments in Sweden will appear in the future, into which areas the Chinese mainly invest/establish in, as well as why and how these are done. On the basis of this material the authors generate proposals for educational packages which among others can be sold to Chinese businessmen.

    Knowledge overview: Here relevant theory connected to the area of study is presented. The knowledge overview presents the Swedish in relation to the Chinese perspective in areas such as: culture, hierarchy, relations, Face, communication, HRM, education, CSR and labour law. The knowledge overview can itself contribute to fostering an understanding of differences between Sweden and China.

    Method: The area of research has been accessed by a combination of methods. The study is both deductive and explorative. The main channel of information and data collection are in-depth interviews which are used as a deductive starting point, an expert investigation and as a Grounded Theory. As a complement the authors have also conducted a delphi study in which an expert panel answered questions concerning the future of Chinese establishments in Sweden. The deductive and explorative parts have been analyzed individually and have each generated a conclusion. These conclusions have then been interwoven in a synthesis that highlights and creates new knowledge.

  • 128.
    Sundin, Elin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Rindestedt, Elin
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Attraktiv expatriering: Före, under och efter2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose and starting point: That based on a study with four organizations identify factors that are important to work with regarding expatriation and to use Mendenhall, Dunbar and Oddous model as inspiration to create a separate model with factors of value to an expatriation process.

     

    Research - Journey:            Based on the framework and the empirical results of the interviews identify four categories: importance of including family, mentoring and support, adaptation to culture and career planning. The empirical results and the reference frame is the base for analysis and conclusion.

     

    Conclusion                          The conclusion presents significant factors for the outcome of the study's purpose. These factors are then used in the model, which the authors created. The model shows how the need for the four categories depends on the planned length of expatriation.

     

    Method:                              The authors of the study base the study on a qualitative approach with in-depth interviews as a method. The empirical result is based on the material obtained through interviews with respondents from the four organizations.

  • 129.
    Svensson, Emelie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Isaksson, Josefine
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    ’’Rå men hjärtlig’’: En kvalitativ studie om kvinnor i ledande positioner på en mansdominerad arbetsplats2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our graduate study is based on how women in senior positions experience their prerequisites and conditions in a male-dominated organization. Furthermore, the survey aims at explaining how the organization is working with gender issues and gender equality. The interest in this subject is based on our own curiosity towards leadership. In addition, we wanted to get an understanding of what women in senior positions might experience with the assumption that they are in minority. The theoretical frame of reference consists of theories, concepts and previous research on gender and gender equality. Significant theories for the survey are Doing gender and Man as a norm. The majority of the theories were chosen before the empirical material was collected. Strategies women develop on male-dominated workplaces have been added after the data collection. A qualitative survey with semi-structured interviews was performed in a global industrial group in Sweden. Ten (10) women in senior positions from three (3) different business areas and different hierarchical levels participated. The results of the survey show that women in senior positions in a male-dominated workplace tend to face different types of resistance, because they are often judged based on the male norm. An organization can attribute gender to different stereotypical performances, which they themselves find difficult to detect because it is normalized in the context. It appears that the jargon can be very rough and a woman in a senior position is expected to withstand a little roughness. The result also shows that the women who feel accepted enjoy their workplace, that is also why being accepted is important.

  • 130.
    Sylvén, Annika
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Sex timmars arbetsdag: Hur påverkas personalens psykiska och fysiska hälsa?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In today's society, media is writing a lot about reduction of hours of work. Working for six hours but getting paid for eight hours workday is something that aroused many people's interest. In 1973, working hours were regulated to 40 hours per working week, since then no further statutory change has taken place. It therefore feels relevant to investigate how reduction of hours of work affects the mental and physical health of the individual in order for the staff and employers to understand the positive and negative aspects that it may lead to. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to survey the staff's impact of a reduction of hours of work, six hours working day, from workers perspective. Method: For this essay triangulation has been used as a method. Where quantitative data has been collected through an attitudes survey conducted through a survey. Qualitative data has been collected in addition to this survey through 13 telephone interviews. Other material has been collected through literature and scientific articles.

    Conclusion: The study shows that six hours workday tends to give the staff many positive gains in terms of improved quality of life by improving the respondents' health after six hours of working day. For this study, it is concluded that most respondents in this survey have a positive experience over six hours of working day.

  • 131.
    Vesterlund, Karolina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Cromsjö, My
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Bättre idag, sämre förr: En kvalitativ studie om avtalsformen förtroendearbetstid och desspåverkan på individen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the effects of the Swedish contract form “förtroendearbetstid” on the

    individual's well-being and balance between private and working life. The study also examines

    if managers experience the contract form different from other employees. A qualitative

    approach has been applied to provide a deeper understanding of the individual's experience of

    the contract form.

    Six individuals were interviewed with the contract form “förtroendearbetstid” in this study,

    three of them were managers. The result shows that all respondents today are positive about

    the contract form and think it creates flexibility and benefits their balance between private and

    working life. On the other hand, the study shows that boundaries between the private and

    working life has not always been simple, which in earlier periods resulted in stress and reduced

    recovery. The result shows no bigger difference between the two selection groups, except that

    the managers has major opportunity to control their working hours.

    An analysis was made based on different theories, for instance the job demands, control and

    support model (Karasek & Theorell, 1990) and work Life Balance theory (Greenhaus, Collins

    & Shaw, 2003). Something that has emerged as important to the individual with the contract

    form is social support and also which expectations the organization and colleagues have on the

    individual. The person's characteristics, personality and experience of the contract form has

    prove to be of great relevance to how the person manages and is affected by the contract form.

  • 132.
    Viklund, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Waldehag, Sanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Den psykosociala arbetsmiljöns konsekvenser: En undersökning om långtidssjukfrånvaro bland personal inom hemtjänst och vård- och omsorgsboende.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine what the high long-term absence due within Falu municipality's care management home care and special housing. It also aims to examine how this audience is experiencing the psychosocial work environment. In addition, the proposed improvements to be drawn from the survey results, any measures to Falu municipality are nursing management. The investigation is based on a hermeneutic of knowledge with a qualitative research. Eight semi-structured interviews with sick or previously sick nurses at Falu municipality's care management have been implemented. The survey shows that combinations of several stress factors in the psychosocial work environment has led six of the respondents suffered from negative stress and later chronic fatigue syndrome, in which this can be seen form the basis of their sick leave. Load factors that emerged in the survey, for example, heavy workload, lack of recovery, high staff turnover, lack of support from leaders and a perceived low influence in the organization. These load factors have evoked feelings of frustration, inadequacy and time pressure. Previous research also reports that deficiencies in factors such as these can cause negative stress and burnout. From the front originated load factors, improvement proposals for Falu municipality’s care management are presented.

  • 133.
    Walldén, Michaela
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Skoglund, Linn
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Betydelsen av en genomtänkt introduktion: En kvalitativ studie om den nyexaminerade sjuksköterskans första tid i arbetslivet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 134.
    Weiderstål, Daniel
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Källqvist, Marcuz
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Employer Branding idag: Attraktivitet genom sociala medier2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The use of social media has during the last couple of years increased and is now a

    major part of most of the organizations marketing strategies. But how does this fit

    with the Employer Branding strategies? And how does this affect the

    organizational attractiveness as an employer? These were two of the questions we

    wanted to examine and analyze. In order to answer these questions, we conducted

    interviews with six different companies divided into 3 subgroups. The intention of

    this was to get a wider perspective of how the implementation of social media in

    the Employer Branding could work. And could this change the recruitment

    process?

    What we could see afterwards is that more time is spent on taking references

    online through social media sites. Some say it is more honest than the traditional

    references that the candidate got to choose. Other conclusions that we could find

    was that it is important to use social media in todays market but it is crucial to use

    it in a proper way. Companies must form a strategy based on their Employee

    Value Proposition in order to reach the wanted receivers using social media. It is

    also important that the Employee Value Proposition is based on the companies’

    corporate values.

  • 135.
    Wernfeldt, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Rosengren, Ellinor
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Hälsofrämjande friskvårdsarbete: En fallstudie om friskvårdsarbete inom kommunal vård- och omsorgsförvaltning2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years the issue of a sustainable working life has become increasingly relevant. This implies that good working conditions will contribute to people being able to work until retirement. Health care has gone from being just a benefit to becoming an investment to promote health. Employee health and working environment is part of the human resources department´s overall efforts to retain staff. Physically demanding professions like care work is a major working environment problem which requires that organizations try to prevent that work-related illness occurs. The aim of this student thesis is to examine what conditions, from an employee perspective, organizations should take into consideration in order to create a successful work with health-promoting fitness activities within municipal health and care department. Further described the work is limited to staff in Ludvika municipality. Wellness can prevent illness but it can also enhance individual well-being and may thus constitute a successful strategy to create healthier workplaces. A combination of methods have been used for data collection, in the form of a quantitative questionnaire survey and a qualitative focus group interview. The results showed, among other things, that the majority of employees are positive to wellness at work and that it is a beneficial way to increase participation, even for those who are less physically active. Lack of time and social support are reasons why physical activity is reduced or absent. In addition to the employees who has an individual responsibility it is the managers, in consultation with the organization, who has overall responsibility to create favorable conditions for promoting health.

  • 136.
    Wigren, Maud
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Hållbart ledarskap: En studie av den psykosociala arbetsmiljön hos chefer. Är det någon som tänker på chefernas psykosociala arbetsmiljö?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the right conditions for conducting sustainable leadership and investigating how the managers of current company look at their psychosocial work environment.

    To investigate the purpose, a qualitative method has been used, where interviews formed the material for data collection. The interviews were conducted using a semi structured interview guide; the material was then transcribed to ease the analysis work.

    What does it mean for leaders to work with sustainable leadership? Through the leadership´s influence on motivation, dedication and achievement, it is of great importance for sustainability development efforts. In addition to their daily duties, a manager must that the staff is in place, attend meetings, take responsibility for employees having a good working environment. The demands of today´s managers and leaders are increasing, but do they have the knowledge they need to run a sustainable leadership?

    The results show that the managers of the organization I have visited to some extent work in a sustainable way, without being aware of it. Problem areas identified by respondents, however, are time shortages, stress, high workload and burnout.

  • 137.
    Wikström, Heléne
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Zakrisson, Lovisa
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Sjukfrånvaro och påverkansfaktorer: En fallstudie om sjukfrånvaro2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 138.
    Ybrahim, Rawan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Kränkande särbehandling i arbetslivet: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om hur kränkande särbehandling uppstår i organisationer med utredningsfokus2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate why victimization occurs in organizations and to create an understanding for how working groups perceive faktaundersökning (a Norwegian investigation method for victimization). The method used is a qualitative interview study in which three investigators and three clients of the investigation method faktaundersökning were individually interviewed. Three reports from the investigations has also been analysed and later used in the result. Four different cases in three different organizations has been investigated for this study in total. The study shows that all organizations had an insufficient working environment with multiple factors that were the underlying cause of the emerge of victimization, bullying and conflicts. These factors were later able to be categorized as; communication, leadership and roles, organizational structure and culture, policies, understanding and values. The study thus showed that the individuals who performed the negative interpersonal actions were the result of an insufficient organizational and social work environment. Furthermore, the study showed that the respondents experienced the faktaundersökning as dry, direct and hard to go through for both the different parties, but also the working groups and the organizations. The study showed that it is important that all parties are offered emotional support as soon as possible in order for the parties to feel fairly treated and thus become more willing to cooperate in the investigations. According to the respondents, trust and impartiality between investigators and the parties were an important aspect for the investigation to generate in such a true result as possible, where the right of reply plays a crucial role in the legal certainty of the investigation.

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