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  • 101.
    Bröms Axelsson, Tilda
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Skottheim, Josefine
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Valet mellan K2 och K3: Vad som kan förklara fastighetsbolagens val2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 102.
    Buden, Ivana
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Connett, Louise
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Consumer reactions to different forms of CSR communication2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    Companies around the world are making sizeable investments into CSR

    initiatives, but ensuring appropriate returns on these investments remains

    challenging. Therefore, it is of value to study the communication of corporate

    CSR efforts. The purpose of this study is to investigate how consumers react to

    rational versus emotional message strategies in CSR communication. Two

    categories of consumer reactions were considered: trust and purchase intention.

    Methods

    Qualitative research with four focus groups was conducted. Participants

    discussed three texts regarding a CSR project, utilising a rational, emotional and

    a hybrid rational-emotional message strategy respectively. The conversations

    focused on trust towards the communication and purchase intention.

    Results

    Trust - All of the respondents viewed the rational text over the emotional text as

    more trustworthy, but they most positively reacted to the combined strategy.

    Rational information was viewed as more reliable by many participants, with

    emotional cues adding value by better holding their attention.

    Purchase intention – Participants more positively reacted to the rational CSR

    communication strategy, compared to an emotional strategy. For approximately

    half of respondents, the hybrid strategy targeting both rational and emotional

    cues was the most successful in terms of purchase intention. Upon further

    analysis, it was identified that this division in respondents’ opinions may reflect a

    gender difference, where men portrayed the more task oriented and women the

    socially sensitive consumers.

    Conclusions

    The findings support previous research championing the use of rational strategies

    over emotional strategies in CSR communication. A number of managerial

    implications that can be used by companies in order to better communicate their

    CSR activities and increase returns on CSR-related investments are provided.

  • 103.
    Buic, Filip
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Österman, Fredric
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Den växande dagligvaruhandeln på internet: En fallstudie om MatHem i Sverige AB2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Customers demand in the online market for fast moving consumer goods (FMCG) has been increasing at a steady rate. The largest actors on a market are recognizing an increase in demand and are aware of the need to expand their sales channels. While, the smaller companies have created the market demand actively, they must also address the issue of customer loyalty and retention in order to not lose market shares when the market situation is changed by the larger actors. The new transformed competitive situation will force the companies to focus on the consumers through strategy and most importantly to establish customer loyalty.

    Aim

    The aim is to increase the knowledge of companies who entered a market early as well as how they keep their customers loyal when the competitive situation changes.

    Methodology

    To accomplish the aim a qualitative study of the company MatHem has been done, to reach a generalized conclusion. Literature and articles have been examined and an interview has been conducted in order to achieve a final conclusion.

    Conclusion

    The investigated company keeps their customers loyal by having a high overall quality. Which means that they have high quality products, well-functioning customer service, exceed customer expectations and a wide assortment. When the competitive situation changes, the company has no special strategies to keep their customers loyal because the company did not see the other actors as competitors. The company is the most expensive actor on the market, but differentiates itself with organic products to obtain loyal customers.

  • 104.
    Byström, Amanda
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Uppföljning av nya flexibla arbetssättet: En kvalitativ studie om användningen av aktivitetsbaserat arbetssätt i praktiken2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines actors who work according to the work concept "activity-based working" or abbreviated "ABW". This is due to a trend of “knowledge work” that has contributed to work tasks being diverse and requiring different types of work environments. ABW is a concept based on that employees choose a workplace in an environment suitable for ongoing type of work, instead of a personal allocated workplace to perform all types of work tasks. This study has been developed from previous research that shows that ABW has a clear vision of increasing efficiency in organizations, but lacks a clear strategy on how to follow up the use of the working method. The study aims to deepen the knowledge of the follow-up process of the ABW usage and to investigate why organizations implement these concepts. The analysis in this study shows the important function of ABW as a symbolic significance for achieving a cultural change amongst knowledge workers. A model is provided to suggest an explanation on how concepts such as the working method ABW are followed up within organizations.

  • 105.
    Bäckman, Emili
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Linné, AnnaCarin
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    RBAB: En studie om hur verkligt värde påverkar ett kommunalt förvaltningsbolags redovisning2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Undersöka hur redovisningen i kommunala fastighetsförvaltningsbolag i Rättvik kommer att påverkas om fastigheterna värderas till verkligt värde enligt IAS 40. Slutsatser: Vi anser att det kommunala fastighetsförvaltningsbolaget RBAB inte kommer påverkas positivt om bolagets fastigheter värderas till verkligt värde. Detta eftersom RBAB ser sin verksamhet som en ”going concern” där verksamheten vilar på grunden för en långsiktig bostadsförsörjning för allmännyttan. I RBAB är det viktigare att se till själva verksamheten av bolaget, att underhålla och förvalta fastigheterna står i fokus. Redovisningstekniskt är verkligt värde omständigt att hålla reda på. Det är onödigt att RBAB lägger ned tid och resurser på att redovisa efter världskonjunkturerna, genom årlig värdering. Uppskrivningarna hanteras via en uppskrivningsfond som hör till eget kapital på balansräkningen. Nedskrivningar ska belasta årets resultaträkning, nästa års avskrivningar bygger på det nya nedskrivna värdet. Metod: Den metod vi valde för att uppnå vårt syfte, är att göra en fallstudie, studera ett specifikt objekt, RBAB. Vi använder oss av Eisenhardts metod ”Process of Building Theory from Case Study Research” För insamling av data använder vi oss av intervjuer, som är öppen karaktär. Respondenterna är personer som ur olika vinklar är huvudpersoner inom RBAB. VD, ekonomichef samt revisor. Vi intervjuar även en mäklare i Rättvik för att få svar på frågan om det finns ett befintligt underlag för att kunna värdera förvaltningsfastigheter till verkligt värde. Teori: I vår förstudie studerar vi årsredovisningar. Vår referensram består av kommunala fastighetsförvaltningsbolag, värdering av fastigheter, diskussion om verkligt värde, IAS 40, redovisningstermer och redovisningskriterier.

  • 106.
    Bäckström, Jerker
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Söderlund, Daniel
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Kommunal marknadsföring- Competitive identity och institutionell problematik: En komparativ fallstudie om två svenska kommuner och deras marknadsföring2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a historical point of view there are established norms in the society that declares a municipality to only secure the public welfare that includes health care, education and social care. However the globalization and urbanization has created a competition over inhabitants. This development has led municipalities to increasingly engage in marketing to attract more residents. The study is conducted in a multiple case study design with two cases (municipalities). We examined the chosen cases in there marketing behavior by focusing on two concepts, competitive identity (CI) and institutional complexity (IP). The concept of CI contains a theoretical review of components in municipal marketing and IP describe the municipalities’ complex situation with different institutional demands. By analyzing this concepts against practical cases we intend to contribute to a wider understanding of municipal marketing and its actions in Sweden. We also present our own model in connection with the concept of CI that´s gives the field a nuanced perspective.

    The study’s result identify that the cases has specific target groups much like regular companies. The target groups vary depending on the municipality’s position on the market. By creating a CI the municipalities declares a desired image, much phenomenon’s that considered not to contribute will be excluded in the municipalities marketing. This portrays in different ways which is analyzed thoroughly. At the same time the contradiction is illustrated when the respondents of the municipalities states that all inhabitants will provide to the image. The study shows that a unitary view in how the manage the institutional complexity do not exist. The cases present different methods that they find appropriate.

  • 107.
    Böhn, Solveig
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Elbe, Jörgen
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    The Älvdalen Story: Marketing an inland destination in rural Sweden2001In: Tourism in Western Europe : a collection of case histories / [ed] Voase, Richard, Wallingford, UK: CABI Publishing, 2001, p. 149-165Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter takes the form of a narrative, because its subject matter, the development of tourism in a rural area in central Sweden, is inseparable from the entrepreneurial activity of one individual. The story is about how one man, over a period of 25 years, worked to develop tourism in A ¨ lvdalen, a small and relatively unknown area of Sweden. It begins in the 1960s and finishes when the supply-side of A ¨ lvdalen’s tourism industry was restructured at the end of the 1980s. The research undertaken to produce the chapter includes the use of written records that the man left behind after his death in the early 1990s, articles in newspapers, and interviews with people who worked closely with him, and also with other associates, one of whom is the author of this chapter.

  • 108.
    Candelmo, Amanda
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    INFLUENCER SOM MARKNADSFÖRARE: HUR TROVÄRDIGA ÄR DE?: En studie som undersöker hur influencer själva beskriver hur de kan skapa och bibehålla trovärdighet gentemot sina följare.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of the thesis is to analyze how influencer themselves describe how they do to create and maintain the credibility with their followers.

    Methodology: A qualitative study has been made with and an inductive approach. Data for the study has been collected from six semi-structured interview, literature, articles and web pages.

    Empirical foundation: The empirical data used in the thesis is the result of six interviews performed. The collected information from the interviews was used to carry out analysis and discussion with connection to the theoretical framework.

    Conclusions: The empirical data and the analysis and discussion sections have highlighted how influencers can create and maintain credibility with their followers. The analysis shows that influencers believe they can create and maintain credibility with the followers, but not control it. An interesting aspect is that influencers do not believe that paid partnerships impair their credibility, and can even to the contrary strengthen the credibility.

  • 109.
    Carlsson, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Hebert, Julia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Digitalisering: En studie om organisationers lärande och effektivitet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Digitalization has affected organizations and many work activities have changed as a result, there including how members of organizations share knowledge between each other. Knowledge is one of the most important resource in an organization whereof digital knowledge more easily can be accessed, utilized and spread to members of the organization. It is important to take charge of the knowledge already existing within the organization and share it between members of the organization as it can result in competitive advantages.

    The purpose of the study has been to develop an understanding of how knowledge sharing within organizations is affected by digitalization. To achieve the purpose of the study, a qualitative method was used and interviews were carried out with respondents in higher positions of a selected organization, within the construction industry. The conclusion indicates that digitalization has made knowledge more effective to share. Since knowledge is available in digital form it has contributed to better accessibility, where several members of the organization can utilize the knowledge at the same time. In addition, the knowledge can be shared more quickly and across geographical distances, which has led to that knowledge can be shared less costly and more time efficiently.

  • 110.
    Carsting, Robin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Einarsson, Johny
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Den lagstadgade hållbarhetsrapporten: Granskningsprocessen och dess krav ur ett revisionsperspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: The statutory sustainability report: The examination process and its requirements from an auditing perspective.Background & Problem: With the implementation of demands on sustainability reporting, according to Swedish law, the government intended to make the companies’ sustainability information more open and comparable. The law itself can be perceived as generic, and it leaves the interpretation to the users, which means that the examination requirements of the statutory sustainability report can be perceived as low.Purpose: The purpose of this essay is to establish an understanding for the statutory sustainability report and the examination process from an auditing perspective.Theoretical framework: The theory chapter, contains a review of our theoretical framework. The statutory sustainability report and standards are presented. Theories about the function of auditing, the examination process, standardization and institutional theory are also described.Methodology: This essay uses a qualitative method. The data collection consists of information gathered from four semi-structured interviews and constitute the empirical evidence in this essay. The empirical evidence is thematically analyzed and is evaluated against the theoretical framework.Empirical foundation: In the empirical chapter of this essay, the result from our interviews is presented, thus the respondents answers, thoughts and opinions. The result of the essay shows that the respondents for the most part have similar opinions, about the statutory sustainability report, but there are some differences.Conclusion: The essay shows there is no examination of the statutory sustainability report, but rather a control, this means that it has more of an improvement function and not an assurance function. That the comparability has had an increase, because of the legal requirements, can’t be shown in this essay. If that is going to happen, clearer guidelines need to be implemented, this also makes the examination requirements to be on a good level, even if the requirements could be perceived as insufficient.

  • 111.
    Chapman, Sandra
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Öyen, Camilla
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Kvinnors karriärmöjligheter inom detaljhandeln: En kvalitativ studie om kvinnors upplevelser att nå ledningspositioner2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the retail sector is the gender balance of employees considered equal, but when management positions are examined, it appears that men dominate these positions. Despite legislation to support an equal labor market and the fact that a change in the gender balance has taken place over the past ten years, it still appears that an underrepresentation of women in management positions remains. It also shows that women's working conditions include gender stereotypes regarding their leadership skills and ambition level, which in the long term can obstruct their career prospects and opportunities to achieve management positions.

    The purpose of this bachelor thesis is to understand women's experiences of reaching management positions that is traditionally occupied by men and the factors that affect women's career opportunities. Five interviews with women at the CEO's position in five retail companies in Sweden have been conducted in a qualitative study. The empirical data shows that these women raise their personalities and attributes as the main reasons for reaching their leadership positions. The result shows a gap between the theory that highlights the importance of networking to make women's careers possible, and empirical evidence that these women do not consider it an important factor. Theory and empirical evidence correspond when it comes to the relationship between the lack of female role models and the underrepresentation of women in management positions. The conclusion of this paper is that the women interviewed have not encountered any obstacles on their way to management positions in retail, but that there is awareness that gender stereotypes and prejudices affect women's career opportunities in retail.

  • 112.
    Chorr, Kumba
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    En studie av Högskolan Dalarnas studenters köpbeteenden och attityd till e-postreklam2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte:

    Studiens syfte är att klarlägga för om e-post är en effektiv marknadsföringskanal. I det sammanhanget vill jag se vilken roll konsumentens attityd har i avseende till konsumentens beslut till att köpa de produkter som marknadsförs.

    Referensram:

    Studiens referensram har jag illustrerat i en figur där jag har sammanställt Haq’s (2009) värdefaktorer informativ, relevant och irritation med trekomponentmodellens två komponenter kognition och affektion. Den tredje komponenten beteende har jag ersatt med komponenten upplevd kontroll över beteende från teorin om planerat beteende. Dessa ska tillsammans avgöra en individs attityd som slutligen resulterar i trekomponentmodellens sista element beteende.

    Metod:

    I min studie har jag tillämpat en kvantitativ metodologi i form av en enkätundersökning som har skickats ut till studenternas skolmejl. Frågeformuläret besvarades av totalt 189 studenter, men endast 181 stycken av dessa var analyseringsbara.l Svaren analyserades med hjälp av programvaran minitab och illustreras i form av tabeller och figurer.

    Resultat och slutsats:

    Resultaten indikerar att studenterna hade en negativ attityd till mottagande av e-postreklam och uppfattade dessa som bland annat påträngande samt irriterande. En negativ attityd till e-postreklam resulterade således varken i att studenterna kände ett behov av eller efter eget huvud valde att köpa de produkter som marknadsfördes. Studenterna visade sig istället undvika, filtrera bort eller även avregistrera sig från de reklam som inte väckte deras intresse. En del av respondenterna ansåg däremot att e-post var en bra marknadsföringskanal där de kunde ta del av erbjudanden på, men menade att detta endast gällde reklam som de själva prenumererat på eller ofta handlade hos.

  • 113.
    Corda, Daniele
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Murtokangas, Ville
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Causes of teachers’ turnover intentions in Swedish schools: A qualitative research2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the causes of teachers' turnover intentions in selected Swedish schools.

    Research methodology – This research took the form of a qualitative research. Semi-structured interviews were used to explore the causes of teachers' turnover intentions within the schools selected for this study. The sample was composed by 9 teachers that work in Säter. In order to provide a different yet meaningful perspective, a further interview with the Säter school department has been conducted.

    Results – Several of the results were coherent with the literature: elements such as motivations to teach, administrative support, workload, class size and collaboration were found to be related to teachers’ turnover intentions and therefore confirmed the previous studies. However, factors like salary, mentoring, autonomy, physical conditions and orderly environment were not found to have a connection with the respondents’ turnover intentions, hence constituting a result that did not confirm the literature.

    Originality – This thesis extended the previous research related to the causes of teachers’ turnover intentions by focusing on Sweden, which had not been investigated yet to that matter. The Swedish context appears particularly worth researching because of both the particularity of its decentralized educational system and the widespread turnover intentions of teachers.

  • 114.
    Dahlman, Johanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Hur påverkas konsumentens uppfattning om ett varumärke vid en rebranding?: en studie om ICAs rebranding från Euro Shopper till ICA Basic2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Konsumentens uppfattning till det nya varumärket förbättras i en positiv riktning jämfört med det gamla varumärket vid en rebranding. Det bör inte finnas någon koppling mellan konsumentens uppfattning och försäljningen av varumärket trots en rebranding. Hur framgångsrik en rebranding är bör påverkas av vilka konsumenter som särpräglar den enskilda butiken. Beroende på konsumentens kön kommer mottagligheten för rebrandingen att ha en inverkan på dennes uppfattning till det nya varumärket.

    Syfte: Syftet med uppsatsen är att förklara vad som kan förväntas hända med konsumentens uppfattning om ett varumärke vid en rebranding.

    Metod: Uppsatsen hade en kvalitativ ansats och var subjektivt grundad. Datainsamlingsverktyget som författaren använde sig av var enkäter och de utformades efter de femton propositionerna som sammanställdes i den teoretiska referensramen. Enkäterna samlades in i den valda ICA Kvantum butiken i Borlänge.

    Slutsats: I resultatanalysen framkom det att konsumenten hade en betydligt starkare uppfattning till det nya varumärket än till det gamla. Det innebär att en rebranding kan förbättra konsumentens uppfattning positivt. Det framkom även att det inte finns någon koppling mellan konsumentens uppfattning och försäljningen av varumärket. Det framkom också att ålder, kön och vart butiken är placerad kan spela en stor roll för om en rebranding lyckas eller misslyckas

  • 115.
    Dahlman, Johanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Engberg, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Part-time employment within the Swedish retail business: – A study of part-time employment from a management perspective2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research question: How has the presence of PT employees affected the role of managers in the Swedish food retail business?

    Research purpose: The purpose of this paper was to describe the change that accompanies part-time employment from a management perspective, and particularly, describe how the presence of part-time employment has influenced the role of the manager within the Swedish food retail business.

    Conceptual framework: The main focused in this chapter is directed towards the role of managers. The basis of the conceptual framework consist of the model developed by Mintzberg including the ten managerial roles and Quinn's eight leadership roles and how the presence of PT employments might affect these roles.

    Methodology: In this paper, the authors adopted a qualitative design and used narrative inquiry as a research strategy in order to gain a deep understanding of the context. Semi- structured interviews have been collected through a self-selection sampling and the total number of participants was ten.

    Conclusions: Based on the findings of this paper the presence of PT employees have not influenced and changed the role of managers. The changes that have influenced and caused the change of the role of the managers constitutes of the increased workload, the delegations of tasks and responsibilities, changed positions, the change of the organisational structure of the individual store, and the increased workforce.

  • 116.
    Danielsson, Pernilla
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Johansson, Hanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Rex – den nya redovisningsstandarden: Ett litet steg för konsulten men ett stort steg förredovisningsprofessionen?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Rex - the new accounting standard. Final assignment for bachelor’s degree in business administration.The purpose of the essay is to analyze the views of authorized accounting consultants on the new accounting standard Rex and if it can contribute to develop the profession towards an accounting profession.Data was collected through literature study and through a survey. Respondents to the questionnaires are authorized accounting consultants at the Srf consultants. The surveys were sent to 300 authorized accounting consultants, of which we received 45 responses. Data from the surveys has finally been processed by z-tests and hypothesis tests. We found through z-tests and hypothesis tests, that a significant part of the respondents believes that Rex develops the profession towards an accounting profession. Our results indicate that Rex contributes to the development of authorized accounting consultants into an accounting profession.Our essay contributes with knowledge of whether authorized accounting consultants can be considered a profession. Brundin Franksson and Eisersiö (2011) concluded that Reko was one step towards developing the occupational role to become a profession. The starting point was based on the previous accounting standard Reko. This study has been based on the accounting standard Rex. We came to the same conclusion as Brundin Franksson and Eisersiö. However, apart from the fact that we have examined different standards, the differences have been that we have had different respondents. The essay has contributed with knowledge that the profession may develop as a result of the new context. The essay has also contributed to filling knowledge closures about Rex, as we have previously found no research that has already dealt with the new standard. The contribution can be guaranteed even if the results are not representative of the entire population.

  • 117.
    Dannberg, Johanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Stenström, Hanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Hållbarhetsredovisning under utveckling2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainability reporting has been developed for a long time and GRI has been an important part of this development since GRI is the most widely used framework of companies worldwide in terms of sustainability reporting. GRI's guidelines have been updated over the years and in 2013 came the updated version G4. There, a materiality analysis was introduced, which meant that the companies would obtain their essential aspects both from the company's own opinions but also from the stakeholders. In 2016, the latest update of GRI's guidelines came out, which was named GRI Standard, with the goal of becoming the global standard for sustainability reporting. With this update, materiality now gained a greater focus. The fact that companies use the same guidelines may mean that they will adapt the accounts according to what is important for their business and based on expectations and requirements from their stakeholders, this will then promote differences in the accounts. The fact that companies follow detailed guidelines can also mean the opposite, that they report similar topics in their accounts. Sustainability reports, together with GRI, are under development and there are still significant uncertainties about what sustainability reports should contain when there is no systematics which can explain the variation in the content. The development gives greater scope for stakeholders to decide together with the companies' departments for accounting and information and thus participate in the development. Both GRI and accounting practice stand for the dilemma of being essential for stakeholders and at the same time adapting to a standard. This means a dilemma for the companies that they can handle in different ways.

    The purpose of this study is to analyze the development of two industries' sustainability reports, while at the same time increasing the importance of GRI. This is to understand the direction of sustainability reporting, if it becomes more standardized or more company-specific. The study consists of a mixed method in the form of a content analysis where two sectors' sustainability reports have been studied for the years 2015, 2016 and 2017.

    The study's results show that companies are becoming more standardized in the industry, but at the same time it shows that the companies include the stakeholders' opinions in order to produce what is essential, which contributes to differences in the sustainability reports. This study shows that GRI must be developed to become a standard because it is not possible to include stakeholder dialogues and at the same time report comparable and unambiguous information without stricter guidelines from GRI.

  • 118.
    Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics.
    Elert, Niklas
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics.
    Lang, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Does Gibrat's Law Hold for Retailing?: Evidence from Sweden2012In: Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, ISSN 0969-6989, E-ISSN 1873-1384, Vol. 19, no 5, p. 464-469Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Gibrat’s Law predicts that firm growth is a purely random effect and therefore should be independent of firm size. The purpose of this paper is to test Gibrat’s law within the retail industry, using a novel data-set comprising all surviving Swedish limited liability companies active at some point between 1998 and 2004. Very few studies have previously investigated whether Gibrat’s Law seems to hold for retailing, and they are based on highly aggregated data. Our results indicate that Gibrat´s Law can be rejected for a large majority of five-digit retail industries in Sweden, since small retail firms tend to grow faster than large ones.

  • 119.
    Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics.
    Grek, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Microdata Analysis.
    Hartwig, Fredrik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Rudholm, Niklas
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics.
    Betydelsen av internt genererat kapital för en långsiktigt hållbar företagstillväxt2017In: Perspektiv på kapitalförsörjning – en antologi om företagens finansiering och statens roll / [ed] Jörgen Lithander, Stockholm: Tillväxtanalys , 2017, 1, p. 31-49Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett företags expansion kan finansieras med internt genererat kapital eller med hjälp av extern finansiering. Vi undersöker här hur omsättningstillväxten och överlevnadssannolikheten påverkas av företagets internt uppbyggda kapital. Undersökningen baseras på data över alla Sveriges aktiebolag under perioden 1997–2010.

    Våra resultat indikerar att den initiala tillgången på internt uppbyggt kapital generellt sett inte är förknippad med en högre omsättningstillväxt eller ökade möjligheter att överleva på marknaden. Vi finner däremot att de företag som bygger upp interna medel innan de växer är mer sannolika att uppnå en långsiktigt hållbar tillväxt än de företag som växer innan de byggt upp ett internt kapital.

    Resultaten indikerar också att företag som har varit med om uppköp eller sammanslagningar har både högre tillväxt och bättre chanser att överleva på marknaden.

    Vi kan samtidigt konstatera att de skattade sambanden ofta är svaga trots det omfattande datamaterialet. Det tyder på att företagstillväxt i huvudsak är slumpmässig eller kan förklaras av variabler som är svåra att mäta och inkludera i kvantitativ analys. Detta bekräftas också av tidigare studier.

    Våra resultat implicerar att framtida studier bör fokusera mer på hur företagen växer än på vad som kan förklara hur mycket de växer vid en viss tidpunkt.

  • 120.
    Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics.
    Grek, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Microdata Analysis.
    Hartwig, Fredrik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Rudholm, Niklas
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics.
    Hur kapitalstrukturen påverkar den långsiktigt hållbara företagstillväxten2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det antas ofta att det finns ett ”kapitalförsörjningsgap” i ekonomin på grund av asymmetrisk information, vilket leder till att efterfrågan på externt kapital är större än utbudet. De politiska beslutsfattarna vill därför ofta öka tillgången på externt riskkapital genom olika selektiva statliga stödinsatser för att få fler växande företag.

    Klassiska teorier om företagstillväxt implicerar dock att det snarare är uppbyggnaden av företagets interna resurser som är av betydelse för att förklara företagens tillväxt och möjligheter att överleva på marknaden. Många företagare vill dessutom behålla kontrollen över sitt företag och kan därmed välja att inte växa med externt kapital, trots att de har tillväxtambitioner. Om detta stämmer är politiska beslut som ökar tillgången till internt kapital av större betydelse för företagens utveckling än politiska beslut som avser att öka tillgången på externt kapital.

    I denna rapport vill vi studera hur betydelsefullt det internt uppbyggda kapitalet har varit för tillväxt och överlevnad hos aktiebolag i Sverige under perioden 1997–2010. Våra resultat indikerar att:

    • Tillgången till internt kapital kan inte förklara den observerade företagstillväxten bland aktiebolag i Sverige under perioden 1997–2010.

    • Det interna kapitalet är inte relaterat till överlevnadssannolikheten för aktiebolag i Sverige under perioden 1997–2010.

    • Företag som växer efter att de har byggt upp internt kapital har större möjligheter att i framtiden kombinera hög tillväxt med hög lönsamhet jämfört med de företag som växer innan de har byggt upp internt kapital.

    Resultaten är delvis motstridiga. De företag som bygger upp ett internt kapital och sedan väljer att expandera har en högre sannolikhet att nå en långsiktigt hållbar position för tillväxt än de företag som växer innan de har byggt upp internt kapital. Detta talar för att uppbyggnaden av internt kapital är av betydelse. Våra regressionsresultat indikerar dock att det inte finns något starkt positivt samband mellan internt uppbyggt kapital och företagens framtida omsättningstillväxt eller möjligheter att överlevna på marknaden.

    Det finns ett antal möjliga förklaringar till våra resultat. Den första förklaringen är helt enkelt att det interna kapitalet inte är av betydelse för företagens framtida tillväxt och överlevnad. Den troliga förklaringen till detta är att vid jämvikt kommer företagarna att värdesätta en expansion med internt eller externt kapital på liknande sätt. Detta implicerar att det snarare är den totala mängden riskkapital som påverkar företagens tillväxt och överlevnad, och inte huruvida kapitalet genereras internt eller externt.

    En annan tolkning är att företagarna fortfarande föredrar att växa med internt uppbyggt kapital eftersom resultaten visar effekten på företagstillväxten och överlevnadssannolikheten, givet den initiala uppbyggnaden av internt kapital i företagen. Den initiala nivån av internt kapital har således ingen effekt på företagsutvecklingen, men en ökning av det interna kapitalet i förhållande till tillgången på externt kapital kan fortfarande leda till att fler företag vill expandera sin verksamhet.

    Många företagare i Sverige väljer också att inte växa trots att de har relativt god lönsamhetsutveckling. Detta kan betyda att vi inte observerar några samband mellan det internt uppbyggda kapitalet och företagens utveckling eftersom många företagare inte vill växa under de rådande institutionella förutsättningarna. Det finns med andra ord utelämnande variabler, till exempel olika tillväxtbarriärer (regelkrångel, strikt anställningsskydd, matchningsproblem, etc.), som kan förklara varför det interna kapitalet inte har någon observerad betydelse för tillväxten och företagens överlevnad i vår studie.

    Slutligen kan en möjlig förklaring vara att företagens tillväxt och överlevnad i mycket hög utsträckning är slumpmässig. Detta innebär att det blir svårt att förklara vad det är som påverkar företagens utveckling, vilket också implicerar att selektiva stödåtgärder för att få fler växande företag är dömda att misslyckas.

    Sammanfattningsvis kan vi konstatera att våra resultat inte ger något stöd för hypotesen att företag med tillgång till internt kapital växer snabbare och har en högre överlevnadssannolikhet än de företag som har tillgång till mindre internt uppbyggt kapital. Resultaten bygger på de rådande institutionella förutsättningarna i Sverige under perioden 1997–2010 och är avgränsade till att studera effekten av det initialt uppbyggda kapitalet i bolagen. Vi undersöker inte företagarnas preferenser, det vill säga om de föredrar mer internt kapital framför externt kapital när de ska expandera verksamheten, eller om en ökning av det internt uppbyggda kapitalet har en större tillväxteffekt än mer externt kapital.

  • 121.
    Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics. Department of Trade, Industry and Business, HUI Research.
    Hartwig, Fredrik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management. Department of Trade, Industry and Business, HUI Research.
    What determines the use of capital budgeting methods?: Evidence from Swedish listed companies2014In: Journal of Finance and Economics, ISSN 2328-7284, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 101-112Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This paper aims to extend and contribute to prior research on the association between company characteristics and choice of capital budgeting methods (CBMs). Design/methodology/approach: A multivariate regression analysis on questionnaire data from 2005 and 2008 is used to study which factors determine the choice of CBMs in Swedish listed companies. Findings: Our results supported hypotheses that Swedish listed companies have become more sophisticated over the years (or at least less unsophisticated) which indicates a closing of the theory-practice gap; that companies with greater leverage used payback more often; and that companies with stricter debt targets and less management ownership employed accounting rate of return more frequent. Moreover, larger companies used CBMs more often. Originality/value: The paper contributes to prior research within this field by being the first Swedish study to examine the association between use of CBMs and as many as twelve independent variables, including changes over time, by using multivariate regression analysis. The results are compared to a US and a continental European study.

  • 122.
    Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics.
    Lang, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Macuchova, Zuzana
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Rudholm, Niklas
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics.
    Firm growth in the Swedish retail and wholesale industries2013In: Service Industries Journal, ISSN 0264-2069, E-ISSN 1743-9507, Vol. 33, no 12, p. 1193-1205Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To identify the determinants of firm growth in the Swedish retail and wholesale industries during 2000–2004, we analyse a sample of 400 limited liability companies using quantile regression techniques. Firm growth was mainly found to depend upon time-invariant firm-specific effects, supporting Penrose's [1959. The theory of the growth of the firm (4th ed.). New York: Oxford University Press] suggestion that internal resources such as firm culture, brand loyalty, entrepreneurial skills, and so on are important determinants of firm growth.

  • 123.
    De Vos, Nele
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Generations and intention to leave current job: Belgian nurses in the workplace2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis aims to identify work-related factors making Belgian nurses consider leaving their job voluntary and to compare the work-related factors across different generations. The purpose of this master thesis has a descriptive nature of research. The research approach chosen is a deductive approach and the research design chosen is a quantitative research design. Cluster sampling in combination with simple random sampling was used as sampling technique. 128 nurses were surveyed from April to May 2016. Nurses who reported to leave the organization due to retirement reasons, temporary employment contract or maternity leave were excluded from the study as this study investigates the voluntary turnover intention. A total of 68 nurses were included in the study which indicates an overall response rate of 53 %.

    Numerous of the findings in this master thesis are consistent with previous studies on turnover intention of different generations in other western-countries than Belgium. The work-related factor workload was most often reported by Belgian nurses with no intention to leave their job. Belgian nurses with an intention to leave their job indicated most often the work-related factor (non-)financial benefits. The generation-specific findings indicated both similarities and differences between the work-related factors selected. It was observed that Baby Boomers with an intention to leave their job selected most often variables related to the work-related factors (non-)financial benefits, supportive organization and workload. The variable lack of recognition appeared among Baby Boomers with an intention and no intention to leave their job. Surprisingly was the often selected variables lack of direct and/clear feedback on performances and unsupportive supervisor among Baby Boomers with professional turnover intention.

    Further, it was observed that Generation Xers with an intention to leave their job selected most often variables related to the work-related factors supportive organization, communication, (non-)financial benefits, work content and workload. The variables inadequate opportunity for advancement/professional growth and imbalance work-life appeared among Generation Xers with an intention and no intention to leave their job. Generation Yers with an intention to leave their job selected most frequently variables related to the work-related factors (non-)financial benefits, workload and commitment. The variables inadequate salary and opportunities elsewhere appeared among nurses with an intention and no intention to leave their job. Surprisingly was the often selected variable inadequate salary among Generation Yers with professional turnover intention.

  • 124.
    Di Padova, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Johansson, Pontus
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    En studie om varumärkens betydelse i den svenska träindustrin: Fallet AB Karl Hedin2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 125.
    Dimkpa, Princewill
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Dimkpa, Collins
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Obstacles and Opportunities Foreign Graduates Meet In Dalarna Labour Market, Sweden2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Foreign graduates have been part of the success stories of many developed countries. This is as a result of their immeasurable deposit of ideas, knowledge, and innovation in the host country. Though the process of these foreign graduates penetrating and integrating into the labour market of the host country could be slow and rough as they encounter some obstacles on the way; they still strive to break through and be part of the country’s workforce because they foresee some opportunities therein. This research study is about the obstacles and opportunities foreign graduates meet in Dalarna labour market. The study investigated and identified the obstacles and opportunities foreign graduates meet in Dalarna labour market. For a thorough execution of this research, we collected primary data by handing questionnaires to 65 foreign graduates searching for jobs in Dalarna region and interviewed eight people, among which seven were foreign graduates and one of them was a staff at Arbestförmedlingen (Employment Agency) to give us a general view of the Dalarna labour market. We read previous research works and related articles to understand the topic in order to get an overview of the terminologies and concept to apply. This study concluded that language is a major obstacle foreign graduates meet in the Dalarna labour market. Other possible obstacles include culture, poor integration policies, lack of a placement bureau, lack of trust, limited opportunities, favoritism, lack of jobs, lack of references and experience. On the other hand factors like job availability, outgoing labour force and unskilled labour are possible opportunities foreign graduates meet in the Dalarna labour market. Furthermore flexible work time, good working atmosphere, experience, social security/welfare, good standard of living, family friendly region, higher wages, job security and cheap cost of living are also possible benefits that foreign graduates get in Dalarna.

  • 126.
    Dong, Anqi
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Jiang, Xuewei
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Investigating the factors that affect consumer loyalty among online shoppers in China: A survey of T-mall2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to find out which aspects of consumer loyalty factors derived

    from the existing literature are regarded as important by loyal Chinese online consumers, by

    using T-mall’s consumers as an example. In doing so, this thesis intends to generate a better

    understanding of consumer loyalty with regard to online shopping in the Chinese market.

    This research is a qualitative study that was conducted using a survey. The data that formed

    the basis of our analysis were gathered from responses to a questionnaire which was designed

    according to the theoretical framework. The questionnaires were posted on the Chinese

    website BaiduPostbar.

    Based on the results of our analysis, the most important aspects according to the loyal

    Chinese online consumers are “low prices”, “accuracy of the product’s description”,

    “consumer-written reviews”, “proper delivery” and the possibility to use a “third-party

    payment system”. The possibility to chat online with representatives from the retailer is

    regarded as the least important aspect affecting consumer loyalty of Chinese online shoppers.

  • 127.
    Dudokh, Dana
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    What factors affect the destination choice of Jordanian tourists? A panel data analysis2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates what factors affect the destination choice for Jordanian to 8 countries (Oman, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, Yemen, Egypt, Lebanon and Bahrain) using panel data analysis. Number of outbound tourists is represented as dependent variable, which is regressed over five explanatory variables using fixed effect model. The finding of this paper is that tourists from Jordan have weak demand for outbound tourism; Jordanian decision of traveling abroad is determined by the cost of traveling to different places and choosing the cheapest alternative.

  • 128.
    Dupáková, Barbora
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    The Impact of User Generated Content on Consumer Decision Making: Differences for decision making styles, age, and gender2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this thesis is to identify the influence of user generated content (UGC) on consumer decision making depending on age, gender and the decision making style of the consumer.

    Methods: This thesis is based on primary data using quantitative research design. In order to collect data an Internet-mediated questionnaire based survey was conducted with the descripto-explanatory nature of research.

    Results: The sample of 250 consumers offered an insight how UGC affects consumer decision making. UGC was found as more influential source for consumers than official corporate information. Moreover, the findings show that UGC influences the majority of consumers and their decision making. Consumers can find and be interested in new goods and services in UGC; search for negative and/or positive information in UGC based on which consumers can radically decide whether to purchase or not to purchase. Negative UGC influences consumers six times more often not to purchase goods and services in contrast to positive UGC which influences consumers to purchase goods and services two times more often. UGC was found to affect consumers after their purchase. They tend to return to UGC to search for more information. Consumer decision making also varies due to consumers´ age, gender and only one consumer decision making style which was possible to test. Younger consumers trust two times more UGC than older consumers. Older consumers prefer not to purchase goods and services almost tree time less often than younger consumers. Differences were found also in gender. Male consumers incline not to purchase four times more than female consumers after finding negative UGC. According to the findings perfectionists as a consumer decision making style identified in the sample search for UGC information more often than consumers who do not have characteristics of perfectionists.

    Conclusion: This thesis proved that UGC has an influence on consumer decision making and also the existence of differences based on gender, age and partly on one consumer decision making style. Thereby, the results of this thesis confirm findings of prior studies and underline the importance of awareness of UGC in the corporate world as well as the academic one. The relationship between consumer decision making should be also more researched from the consumer decision making perspective.

  • 129.
    Duvefelt, Hampus
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Rosén, Martin
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    I Stormens Öga: En kvalitativ studie inspirerad av grundad teori, om väntade förändringar inom elitidrottsföreningar2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Adapt or die.

    With the world around them constantly evolving, organizations are facing more pressure than ever before to develop the way they look at the process of change. This has led to the phenomena "organizational change" becoming popular amongst organizational researchers. Within this research, the perspective of the employee affected by the change is often referred to as important. One type of change that has remained relatively untouched by this research is expected change, meaning change where the employee is aware that change is coming but without knowledge of when or how these changes will occur.

    Within the realm of sports a type of organization can be found, the elite sporting association, that is forced to deal with expected change from time to time. This occurs when the sporting associations are relocated within the standardized divisional system found in Sweden, resulting in significant changes to the associations economic conditions. To manage this, these organizations are in a constant state of readiness; ready to, at a moments notice, conduct sweeping changes to its structure solely in response to the associations success within the division.

    The purpose of this essay is to create an understanding of how employees react to situations of divisional relocation and expected change. To achieve this purpose, the essay used the lack of previous research as a starting point and sought to, by use of the qualitative method Grounded Theory, produce a set of relevant questions on the matter, supported by the data. These questions were produced through four semi-structured interviews on two different elite sporting associations.

    The results indicated a widespread acceptance of expected change among the elite sporting associations employees. Findings of the study were grounded in the data extracted from participants of the study and was presented in a results model containing a core category and four sub-categories.

    Through its choice of method this essay provides a fresh take on a situation that could affect many organizations, both within the realm of sports and outside it.

  • 130.
    Dybdal Andersen, Anne
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Schreck, Leonie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Enhancing consumers' purchase intention by augmented reality: The relationship between augmented reality and Swedish millennials’ online purchase intention of shopping goods2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    The aim of the study is to test the relationship between augmented reality and the Swedish millennials’ purchase intention of shopping goods.

    Methods

    A survey was distributed online to Swedish millennials (born between the years of 1982 and 2000). Non-probability sampling was conducted in order to collect primary data by making use of convenience and snowball sampling. A total amount of 408 valid responses were collected which were analysed by correlation, linear regression and moderation regression analyses.

    Results

    The variables related to augmented reality (product perception, risk perception, augmented reality experience, hedonic experience and utilitarian experience) were found to be significantly related to the consumers’ purchase intention. The relationship between product perception and purchase intention was found to be moderated by the online experience with augmented reality. However, no proof was found that perceived risk when shopping online is moderated by using augmented reality.

    Conclusion

    Augmented reality can be used as a tool to enhance the consumers’ perception of the offered product and therewith raise the online purchase intention of Swedish millennials for shopping goods. The efficiency and informative aspects that augmented reality can provide are especially appreciated. Therefore, this study can recommend online retailers to introduce an augmented reality strategy in order to raise Swedish millennials’ purchase intention of shopping goods and therewith increase the sales numbers.

  • 131.
    Edbäck, Sofia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Martinsson, Sara
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Ekonomiska konsekvenser till följd av komponentredovisning: Identifiering och kategorisering2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 132.
    Edvinsson, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Vägen till en framgångsrik organisationsförändring: En kvalitativ studie om vad som lett fram till lyckade organisationsförändringar i små och medelstora företag2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 133.
    Ehrling, Martin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Karlsson, Marcus
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Faktorer på avdelningen som påverkar den kortvariga sjukfrånvaron: En fallstudie av tre avdelningar med olika storlek2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Sickness absence is a phenomenon on a rise in todays Sweden. This is costing

    large sums of money every year, but despite this, there is relatively little research in the field.

    The current research has its focus, for the most part, on long-term sickness absence. The

    authors behind this study have therefore identified a clear gap of research regarding the shortterm

    sickness absence.

    Aim: With this study, the aim is therefore to examine the size of the workplace along with the

    managers communication and interactions effect on the short-term sickness absence.

    Results: The results of the study are produced through a survey to the employees of three

    departments within a international production company and through three interviews

    performed with a HR-manager and two managers over the departments. The study resulted in

    the identification of five category codes; The size of the department, The managers

    communication and interaction, Absence culture, Assignments and Health.

    Conclusion: The primary conclusion that this study result in is that the size of the workplace

    affect the employees possibilities rather than affecting their tendency to have short-term

    sickness absence. The factor which instead is considered to affect the short-term sickness

    absence is how the manager communicates and integrates with the employees. Therefore, the

    focus should be aimed at this factor in attempts to either decrease or control the short-term

    sickness absence at the workplace.

  • 134.
    Ek, Jenz
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Busk Eriksson, Karolina
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Skatte- och sysselsättningseffekter till följd av ett större idrottsevenemang: Förväntade effekter på regionens näringsliv till följd av ett kommande Skid VM i Falun 20152013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To measure the tourist expenditure due to a major sporting event and to calculate the resulting tax and employment effects due to the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships in Falun 2015.

    Methodology: We have recruited a number of people who visited Svenska Skidspelen 2013 to keep a diary of their expenditures. We have used secondary data as well from a survey from Svenska Skidspelen 2012 and a report by HUI Research AB.

    Conclusion: We have used three different scenarios in our calculations. A low scenario where we anticipate 140 000 sold one day tickets which is the same amount that was sold during the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships in Falun 1993. A medium scenario where we anticipate 200 000 sold one day tickets which is the same number as the organizer anticipates. And finally a high scenario where we anticipate 270 000 sold tickets which is the same number of tickets as sold during the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships in Oslo 2011. Depending on the scenario the total tourist expenditure will be between 147 and 197 million SEK. This increase in turnover will result in the possible creation of 85 and 111 job opportunities in the short run. The aggregated taxes and fees will be between 27 and 36 million SEK.

  • 135.
    Ekehov, Camilla
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Om aktiekapitalet: - och dess innebörd för och påverkan på nyföretagandet i Sverige2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this paper has been to examine what consequences the decreased requirement of share capital has on the Swedish corporate market and mainly how this has affected the number of newly started corporations. To create this understanding I have completed a quantitative study on the number of newly started corporations in Sweden, and also a smaller comparison between previous studies and result that these kinds of actions has had on the corporate market in other European countries.

    The conclusions I have made is that the reduced share capital requirement in Sweden 2010 seems to have had a positive effect on the Swedish corporate market in total, and not only led to increased use of the company form "Limited company". It is, however, not possible to say that the increase only depends on this change, since other factors such as inflation and the recovery from a financial crisis also has an effect on the market. Throughout my research it clearly shows an increase of the total number of registered companies in Sweden when looking back the latest 20 years, while I at the same time can’t find any reason to believe that the number of bankruptcies has increased as a result of this reduction.

    The keywords that I have focused on are share capital, capital requirement, bankrupcty,

    entrepreneurship and start-up activity.

  • 136.
    Eklund, Tim
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Nilsson, Jenny
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Från identitet till varumärkesstrategi: En kvalitativ studie om varumärkesarbetet i Allsvenskan och Superettan2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Studies has shown that sports organizations have become increasingly commercialized and professionalized, which have led them to work in a manner like a company and a profitable business. Allsvenskan and Superettan in Swedish elite football for men is no exception. Between the leagues there is promotions and relegation, and reports shows that the financial conditions in Superettan is worse. To attract stakeholders and not being dependent on the sporting success, a sport organization should build a strong brand. Corporate social responsibility is considered to create legitimacy and a good reputation for companies that work with it. The question was if sports organizations actively work with their brand and if CSR is a part of it.

    In a case study conducted on French football organizations, it shows that it is possible for a specific brand building model and that the sport organizations identity and position lead to the brand strategy. Based on this, the purpose of the study was created to compare how sports organizations in Allsvenskan and Superettan work to strengthen their brand.

    Interviews were made with three sports organizations from Allsvenskan (Djurgårdens IF, Kalmar FF and IK Sirius FK) and three sports organizations from Superettan (AFC Eskilstuna, Halmstad BK and IFK Värnamo). The interviews were then analysed by a thematic analysis.

    The result of the study showed that there are similarities and differences between sports organizations in Allsvenskan and Superettan in their work to strengthen the brand. Sports organizations in the middle category regarding the number of employees appeared to be taking advantage of the Swedish elite football (SEF) than the larger and smaller sports organizations as the number of employees. Everyone had CSR work connected to their business.

    The result also showed that the model for brand equity is not to applied to Swedish sports organizations in Allsvenskan and the Superettan, because it was only Djurgårdens IF that made it full today. The model is not full filed and should be develop and link CSR as part of the identity of the brand building of a sports organization.

  • 137.
    Elbe, Jörgen
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    A model for analysing the development of public events2008In: International perspectives of festivals and events / [ed] Ali-Knight, Jane; Robertson, Martin; Fyall, Alan; Ladkin, Adele, London: Elsevier, 2008, p. 227-239Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 138.
    Elbe, Jörgen
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Att organisera orientering: en studie i den successiva utvecklingen av ett stort evenemang1999In: 8:e Nordiska forskarsymposiet i turism, Alta, Norge, 1999Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 139.
    Elbe, Jörgen
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Att sälja Småland: Destinationsmarknadsföring i nätverksperspektiv2003In: Svensk turismforskning - en tvärvetenskaplig antologi om turister, turistdestinationer och turismorgansationer, Östersund: ETOUR , 2003Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 140.
    Elbe, Jörgen
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Destination och identitet: om problemet att skapa en enhetlig destinationsmarknadsföring2000In: 9:e Nordiska forskarsymposiet i turism, Bornholm, Danmark, 2000Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 141.
    Elbe, Jörgen
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Distribution av destinationernas utbud2007In: Utveckla turistdestinationer: Ett svenskt perspektiv, Uppsala: Uppsala Publishing House , 2007, 1, p. 291-308Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 142.
    Elbe, Jörgen
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Evenemang och nätverksfunktion: En studie av produktionen av ett evenemang1998In: 7:e Nordiska forskarsymposiet i turism, Åre, 1998Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 143.
    Elbe, Jörgen
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Nya horisonter - turismutbildning i ett internationellt perspektiv1992In: ITR-rapport nr 1/92., Borlänge, 1992, p. 32-39Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 144.
    Elbe, Jörgen
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Samhälle och marknad2014Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi lever i ett marknadssamhälle. En stor del av våra liv kretsar kring marknadsutbyten. Vi får tillgång till varor och tjänster vi har behov av och eftertraktar på olika marknader. Vi söker och byter jobb på arbetsmarknaden, boende på bostadsmarknaden samt finansierar våra större inköp genom kapital från finansmarknaden. Det system av marknader som möjliggör fördelningen av resurser i samhället utgör en sådan naturlig del av våra liv att vi tar detta system för givet. Men marknadsekonomi har inte alltid varit det dominerande resursfördelningssystemet. Marknadssamhället har vuxit fram som en effekt av händelser och utvecklingslinjer i historien. Det har påverkats av idéer och kunskap som utvecklats om detta system, liksom idéerna har påverkats av dessa historiska händelser och utvecklingslinjer.

    I boken beskrivs och analyseras den historiska utvecklingen av marknadsekonomin från antiken fram till dagens globala marknadssamhälle. Parallellt med den historiska redogörelsen ges introduktioner till hur idéer, kunskap och perspektiv på marknadsekonomi, företag och marknadsföring utvecklats och förändrats under historiens gång. En ambition med boken är att sätta marknadsekonomin och teorierna och modellerna om denna i en samhällsvetenskaplig kontext. Boken är en utmärkt introduktion för studenter som studerar företagsekonomi eller andra ekonomivetenskaper, men den är även intressant för den som är mer allmänt intresserad av att lära mer om ekonomi och samhälle.

  • 145.
    Elbe, Jörgen
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Svenska turistprodukter på export: En studie i svenska turistföretags internationaliseringsprocesser2005Report (Other academic)
  • 146.
    Elbe, Jörgen
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Turismutveckling i ett nätverksperspektiv1997In: VITS höstkonferens, tema "Affärssamverkan och informationsteknik", Jönköping: Internationella Handelshögskolan , 1997Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 147.
    Elbe, Jörgen
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Utveckling av turistdestinationer genom samarbete2002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 148.
    Elbe, Jörgen
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Axelsson, B.
    Hallén, L.
    Mobilizing marginal resources for public events2007In: Event Management, ISSN 1525-9951, E-ISSN 1943-4308, Vol. 10, no 2-3, p. 175-183Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Marginal resources are important for organizers of public events. In the present context, marginal resources are defined as resources that providers can offer to events in periods when these resources cannot be put to productive use in their regular operations. Such marginal resources are often mobilized through networks of social relationships when the resource providers regard a connection to the public event as being valuable. The mobilization of marginal resources is analyzed using a network approach and by analyzing the motives of the participating resource providers. Cases involving two public events are presented in order to illustrate the mobilization and the development of patterns and routines over time. The cases indicate that resources are mainly mobilized through networking. Building and using the legitimacy of the event are important factors in this process. The actors providing resources are motivated by a mix of interests, but most of them have an idealistic interest in the event. The mobilized resources are combined in ways that create economy of scope and scale for the organizer. Over time, a recurring event benefits from experience and learned behavior among the actors involved. It seems to be easier to mobilize resources in a community where the actors, and clusters of actors, are well connected with each other. Copyright © 2007 Cognizant Comm. Corp.

  • 149.
    Elbe, Jörgen
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Axelsson, Björn
    Improved resource utilisation through entrepreneurial activities: The role of the tourist organisation interpreted by using a network perspective2000In: 3rd International Forum on the Sciences, Techniques and Art applied to Marketing, Madrid, 2000Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 150.
    Elbe, Jörgen
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Bohlin, Magnus
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Skid-VM i Falun - en utvärdering av effekter på samhälle och näringsliv1993Report (Other academic)
1234567 101 - 150 of 505
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