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  • 101.
    Han, Mengjie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics. HUI Research.
    Håkansson, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems. Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography. HUI Research, Stockholm.
    Rönnegård, Lars
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics. HUI Research, Stockholm.
    To what extent do neighbouring populations affect local population growth over time?2016In: Population, Space and Place, ISSN 1544-8444, E-ISSN 1544-8452, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 68-83Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study covers a period when society changed from a pre-industrial agricultural society to a post-industrial service-producing society. Parallel with this social transformation, major population changes took place. In this study, we analyse to what extent local population change is affected by neighbouring populations. To do this, we focused on the last 190 years of local population change that redistributed population in Sweden. We used literature to identify several different processes in the population redistribution. The different processes implied different spatial dependencies between local population change and the surrounding populations. The analysis is based on an unchanged historical parish division, and we used an index of local spatial correlation to describe different types of spatial dependencies that influenced the redistribution of the population. To control inherent time dependencies, we introduced a non-separable spatial-temporal correlation model into the analysis of population redistribution. Hereby, several different spatial dependencies could be simultaneously observed over time. The main conclusions are that while local population changes have been highly dependent on neighbouring populations in the 19th century, this spatial dependence became insignificant already when two parishes are separated by 5 km in the late 20th century. It is argued that the only process that significantly redistributed the population at the end of the 20th century is the immigration to Sweden.

  • 102.
    Hauge, Atle
    et al.
    Östlandsforskning.
    Thulemark, Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Florida i fjällen2012In: På gränsen: Interaktion, attraktivitet och globalisering i inre Skandinavien / [ed] Eva Olsson, Atle Hauge och Birgitta Ericsson, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2012, p. 169-180Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 103.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Att tillaga en region: Den regionala maten i representationer och praktik: exemplet Skärgårdssmak2003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    The connection between specific foods and specific places has, over the course of the past decade or so, come to constitute an important instrument in regional development strategies. The objective of this thesis is to study how regions are created and communicated in discourses on regional food and to examine how representations of regions are interpreted, given meaning and materialised in social practice. The thesis strives to understand regional food and regional food projects through a case study of a regional development project entitled ‘Skärgårdssmak’ (A taste of archipelago) in order to examine how and why food is used as an instrument in regional branding and regional development initiatives. ‘Skärgårdssmak’ is a project that has been implemented across the entire Swedish-Finnish archipelago region, including Åland. This is a ‘new’ region that has been defined in the context of the Interreg program for cross-border development within the European Union. The project has the ambition to create and market a regional identity and also to stimulate and develop small-scale business enterprises in the area. This has been approached through regional branding and the place-marketing of foodstuffs produced in the area as well as through the projection of a so-called regional ‘taste’, where associations to nature and authenticity form an integral part. The empirical material has been gained through interviews conducted with representatives from the project administration and with small-scale food producers and restaurant owners operating in the archipelago. Additional empirical material includes; official documents, information documents, marketing material, cookbooks and a television program. In the analysis a discourse of the archipelago’s regional identity is identified and examined. Interviews with entrepreneurs in the archipelago show that representations of the region influence, to at least some respect, the practice of the entrepreneurs and the way in which consumption products can be developed. In the thesis it is argued that the use of the concept of regional food, as is the case with all spatial representations, can be problematic. The use of the concept of ‘taste’ associates the region, as well as the producers and consumers of regional foodstuffs, with an exclusive and excluding regional identity.

  • 104.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Förutsättningar för företagande och lokal utveckling: En intervjustudie med restauranger och livsmedelsproducenter i skärgården2003Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport bygger på en intervjustudie med företagare i skärgården mellan Stockholm och Åbo. Syftet är att undersöka förutsättningarna för företagande inom livsmedeslproduktion och restaurangnäring i skärgården samt dessa företags bidrag till områdets utveckling.

  • 105.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Landsbygder som matregioner: Hur platser blir produkter2008In: Ska hela Sverige leva?, Stockholm: Forskningsrådet Formas , 2008, p. 311-322Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 106.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Litteraturens landskap: Från Astrid Lindgrens ideallandskap till vandringen i deckardrottningens fotspår2007In: Astrid Lindgrens landskap : Ett symposium om hur landskapets kulturarv förändras, förstås, förvaltas och förmedlas, Vimmerby, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 107.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Platsen som idé och turistprodukt: image som resurs och begränsning för turismutveckling2007In: Utveckla destinationer / [ed] Bohlin, Magnus; Elbe, Jörgen, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2007, p. 149-161Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 108.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Platsmarknadsföring, regional image och jakten på attraktivitet2008In: Regionalpolitikens geografi : regional tillväxt i teori och praktik / [ed] Molina, Irene; Andersson, Frida; Ek, Richard, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 109.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Regional profilering och varumärkesbyggande: Motiv och strategier i landsbygdsregioner2007In: Konferensrapport, Centrum för regionalvetenskap, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 110.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Regionen för finsmakare: Regional profilering och varumärkesbyggande i skärgården2005In: Mat: genealogi och gestaltning, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2005Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 111.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    The sporting and heritage festival of Landsmot in Iceland: Identity expressions and performances of nation, gender and rurality2018In: Power, construction and meaning in festivals / [ed] Alan Clarke & Allan Jeppson, New York: Routledge, 2018Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter analyses the performances of nation, gender and rurality in the sporting and heritage festival of Landsmót in Iceland. Events and festivals celebrating national identity or the uniqueness of the culture and traditions of a specific region of place may be interpreted as arenas where identities of both people and places are staged and performed. Sports and cultural events may enhance and play with identities, such as the co-construction of gender identities and national identities as part of the event itself. These co-constructions and expressions of identity discourses as part of events and festivals are not least reinforced with the impact of social media and the posting of images by many other actors than the organisers or managers of the event.

  • 112.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Trying to be Attractive: Image Building and Identity Formation in Small Industrial Municipalities in Sweden2008In: Place Branding and Public Diplomacy, ISSN 1751-8040, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 102-114Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Efforts of creating and communicating positive images constitute a considerable part of contemporary regional development strategies. The use of different marketing practices has become a popular way to promote attractiveness for tourists, business and in-migrants in growth regions as well as in peripheral and economically vulnerable regions across Europe. In this article I explore the employment of different place marketing strategies as a development tool in specific local contexts. The study aims at understanding the role of place marketing in the process of image building in municipalities with experiences of negative economic development and unfavourable images. The empirical material used consists of a case study with six small industrial municipalities in the Swedish Bergslagen region. Strategies of image building are described and analysed by using a conceptual model of different cultural economy approaches to development. The case study indicates that place marketing in a broader sense should not only be looked upon as a matter of selling the municipality to outsiders such as tourists and potential in-migrants. In some types of municipalities, place marketing efforts are rather a matter of adding new aspects to, or entirely changing the place brand. An important target group is in this case the inhabitants of the region. By selling itself to ‘insiders’ the municipalities are trying to create a discourse of attractiveness.

  • 113.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Trying to Be Attractive: Image Building and Identity Formation in Small Swedish Industrial Municipalities2007In: Association of American Geographers, Annual Meeting, San Francisco, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Efforts of creating and communicating positive images constitute a considerable part of contemporary regional development strategies. The use of place marketing has become a popular way to promote attractiveness for tourists, business and in-migrants in growth regions as well as in peripheral and economically vulnerable regions across Europe. In this article I explore the employment of place marketing as a development tool in specific local contexts. The study aims at understanding the role of place marketing in municipalities with experiences of negative development. The empirical material used consists of a case study with six small industrial municipalities in the Swedish Bergslagen region. Strategies of image building and place marketing are described and analysed by using a conceptual model of different cultural economy approaches to development. The case study indicates that place marketing should not only be looked upon as a matter of selling the municipality to outsiders such as tourists and potential in-migrants. In some types of municipalities, place marketing is rather a matter of building new images and selling itself to ‘insiders’ by creating a discourse of attractiveness.

  • 114.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Hay Walters, Nicole
    School of Hospitality and Tourism Management, College of Business and Management,.
    Still a white paradise?: Photographic representations of Jamaica as a tourism destination2016In: Tourism, Culture & Communication, ISSN 1098-304X, E-ISSN 1943-4146, Vol. 16, no 1/2, p. 59-74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Visual images, from travel brochures and television commercials to internet advertisements, represent a powerful element of tourist destination marketing. This article seeks to understand how destination marketing represents people and places through visual images while examining the role of tourism discourse in the construction of cultural meanings and identity. Using Jamaica as a case study, the researchers explore the issue of contemporary touristic images. A combination of content and discourse analysis was used to examine images included in printed marketing materials and on the DMO’s website drawing upon postcolonial theory as a critical and contextual perspective that provides an interpretation of the meanings that are conveyed by these representations. The main findings indicate that decades after the end of colonialism in Jamaica, marketers perpetuate the presentation of paradisal destination images using visual representations. It is argued that colonial tropes and practices of “Othering” remain fundamental to the meaning and rationale of seeing Jamaica and the travel experience. However, this study also identified strategies that could be further explored in an effort to counteract colonial discourse, as the use of culture and local folkways opens up avenues for the (re)evaluation and (re)representation of Jamaica and the holiday experience

  • 115.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Håkansson, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Isacsson, Gunnar
    Regionförstoring och regionförminskning?: Individers räckhåll – platsbundenhet, rörlighet och kön2010In: Rörlighet, pendling och regionförstoring för bättre kompetensförsörjning, sysselsättning och hållbar tillväxt: Resultatredovisningar från 15 FoU-projekt inom VINNOVAs DYNAMO-program, Stockholm, 2010, p. 20-25Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 116.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Håkansson, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Möller, Peter
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Westholm, Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    En väg till utveckling?: Betydelsen av väginvesteringar för regional utveckling - exemplet Falun-Borlänge2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport behandlar förutsättningar för regionala utvecklingseffekter av en väginvestering. Projektet är en inledande studie kring effekterna av vägen mellan Falun och Borlänge som öppnades för trafik 2005. Projektet är finansierat av Vägverket. Projektet avser att besvara två huvudsakliga frågeställningar: Vilka samhälleliga effekter får en ny väg mellan två städer som ligger inom samma lokala arbetsmarknad? Kan betydelsen för en region av en väginvestering påverkas genom medvetet arbete från regionens aktörer för att utnyttja dess potential? I vår studie går vi bortom själva tidsvinsten och fördjupar oss i hur utbytet mellan de två kommunerna ser ut och förändras. Vi vill också komma åt orsakerna till dessa förändringar. Det är intressant för oss hur aktörernas perspektiv och förväntningar omvandlas till beslut kring resande, byggande, kollektivtrafiksatsningar osv. Betydelsen av den nya vägen avgörs till stor del av hur regionens aktörer ser på den och agerar för att ta vara på dess potential. Studien kan ses som en förstudie. Avsikten har varit att studera utbytet mellan orterna innan vägens färdigställande och att kartlägga synen på regionens potential, vägens betydelse hos företrädare för näringslivsorganisationer, större arbetsgivare, politiker, m fl. Frågorna måste besvaras genom flera olika delstudier med skilda perspektiv. Vi har arbetat med intervjuer med beslutsfattare i den berörda regionen, vi har studerat pendlingsrörelser, analyserat kollektivtrafikens utveckling och vi har försökt att sätta in vägen i ett regionalpolitiskt utvecklingsperspektiv. Fokus i studien ligger på institutionella förhållanden och begrepp och processer i regional utveckling.

  • 117.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Macuchova, Zuzana
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Rudholm, Niklas
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics.
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Willingness to commute long distance among job seekers in Dalarna, Sweden2013In: Journal of Transport Geography, ISSN 0966-6923, E-ISSN 1873-1236, Vol. 28, p. 49-55Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies on commuting behavior and willingness towards commuting have analyzed individuals who are active in the workforce and have largely focused on larger metropolitan regions. This paper presents results from a survey of unemployed job seekers in the county of Dalarna, Sweden and analyzes the differences in willingness towards long-distance commuting between individuals with different socio-economic situations and experiences of unemployment. The analysis is conducted through a linear probability model complemented with a logistic regression model. Conclusions are drawn on the socio-economic factors that influence the probability of an individual’s willingness to commute longer than 40 minutes. The analysis also takes interaction between different factors into account. The study concludes that the factors influencing the willingness to commute are gender, level of education, and the presence of children in the household. Furthermore, the interactions between age and length of unemployment, age and educational level, and age and gender are shown to be significant in the willingness to commute long distances.

  • 118.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Maureira, Teresa
    Uppsala Universitet, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Performing identity and culture in Indigenous tourism: a study of Indigenous communities in Québec, Canada2015In: Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change, ISSN 1476-6825, E-ISSN 1747-7654, Vol. 30, no 12, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to analyze the ways in which Indigenous tourism affects representations of identity and culture, and how tourism practices are described, negotiated and related to development in Indigenous communities. This aim is met through a study, including interviews and observations in Québec, Canada, where Indigenous tourism has received increased attention and economic importance in recent years. Tourism is put forward as positive for economic as well as social and cultural development, through alternative income opportunities and the revalorization of traditions and cultural practices. Individuals from four different ethnic nations were involved in the study: Innu (formerly known as Montagnais), Cree (Eeyou), Wôbanaki (Abénakis) and Hurons (Wendat). From the interviews conducted for this study, we find that Indigenous tourism influences the ways in which individuals see themselves, and how they perceive their identity and culture. Through the production of Indigenous tourism products, the notion of authenticity is challenged, and performed in ways that benefit contemporary life within the communities. But these performances may also reproduce or challenge traditional Indigenous identities, and fuel tensions and conflicts between different groups within the communities.

  • 119.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Heritage tourism and inherited institutional structures: the case of Falun Great Copper Mountain2011In: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, ISSN 1502-2250, E-ISSN 1502-2269, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 54-75Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on the local resource that a mine represents and analyses the role of stakeholders and institutions during the development of heritage tourism. The paper aims to examine the role of stakeholders and their interpretation of heritage in the management process in the case of the Great Copper Mountain World Heritage Site in Falun, Sweden. The paper focuses on local strategies for developing heritage tourism in which concepts of institutions and path dependency in terms of inherited social and economic structures can shed light on more general local development processes. The empirical material consists of interviews, official documents and marketing material. While the goal of many of the interviewed stakeholders is to promote tourism development, a common view is often lacking in terms of what the tourist product is or how the role of the World Heritage Site can be interpreted with regard to tourism activities. There are also sceptical voices regarding the development of activities and attractions devoted to entertainment without educational purposes. The marketing texts focus on the landscape and the 17th century system of production, which further supports the view that the preservation of the remnants from this period will be prioritised in contemporary management policies. The present paper interprets this concept as an indication of the strength of the institutions and ideas that promote the importance of education and historical facts related to mining communicated by former mining-related stakeholders as well as by heritage organisations, including UNESCO.

  • 120.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Mine as a resource for regional development: mining and cultural tourism institutions and landscapes in Falun and Kiruna2006In: Conference ”World heritage – current research questions”, Falun, 16-17 November, 2006Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A mine is not only a site for the production of minerals. The industrial landscape surrounding the mine with the large slag heaps and typical buildings and environments have for hundreds of years been a symbol of production processes, profitable business and hard work. The very same landscape is now interpreted and given quite different meaning depending on the role of the mine in place specific contexts and a global system of production and consumption processes. In the mines of Falun and Kiruna the industrial landscapes are used and given meaning in different ways. One of the reasons for this is that the mine in Falun has been closed since 1992 and the mine in Kiruna is still in use. The landscape as a symbol for the history of the mining and its surrounding activities in Falun are now developed for different types of experience-related activities. The mine in Falun is also classified as a world heritage by UNESCO which gives the mine a special status as an important cultural heritage site. In Kiruna the industrial landscape of the mine is not primarily a landscape of experiences and cultural preservation. The mining company, Luossavaara-Kiirunavaara AB (LKAB) is planning to expand the production with enormous consequences for the town of Kiruna and its cultural heritage. At the same time the industrial landscape of the Kiruna mine is also a potential resource for experiences both in terms of the historical mining town with its old church but also the spectacular mountains of waste stones and the sound of the ongoing production under ground.

  • 121.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Mines and places in transition: The production and consumption of industrial landscapes in Falun and Kiruna2006In: Världsarvskonferens - forskning om världsarvet, Falun, 2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 122.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Mines and places in transition: The production and consumption of industrial landscapes in Falun and Kiruna.2007In: Session: Geographies of Cultural Industries and Tourism, Bergen, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays a mine is seeing not only as a site for the production of minerals. The very same landscape is now also interpreted and given quite different meaning depending on the role of the mine in place specific contexts and a global system of production and consumption processes. Depending on this perspective there are two localities of Falun and Kiruna where the industrial landscapes are used and given meaning in different ways. In Kiruna the iron ore production in response to the external markets demand is expanding. It is a reality that the central parts of the city will be relocated in order to avoid the risk of damage due to the operations in the mine. The latter way of using the natural resource is looked upon as a traditional and thus of an unquestionable matter. Transition to the post-industrial society in Europe made it clear that even mines should be given a different role or face. The transition from one type of industrial production system to more consumer-oriented and highly of a cultural/historical importance is one the way in Falun. Are these ways of seeing the mine contradict with each other? How do they contribute to the overall economic development in these two localities? Our project aims to examine the similarities/differences between the two production systems in order to get deeper understanding of processes that generate regional growth.

  • 123.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Tourism development in the Russian Arctic: Reproducing or challenging the hegemonic masculinities of the frontier2018In: Tourism, Culture & Communication, ISSN 1098-304X, E-ISSN 1943-4146, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 67-80Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The image of the Arctic can be understood as a part of a larger discourse of the north as an uncivilized, untamed frontier, not suitable or accessible for modern, urban people, but a place for strong adventurers, hunters, and explorers. In this study, we seek to understand how hegemonic masculinities of the north both inform and are challenged by tourism and its representations and practices in the Russian Arctic, in particular the Nenets Autonomous District (NAD). The study is based on the analysis of data collected during several field trips to the region during the period of 2012-2013 and 2014, including semistructured interviews with key stakeholders and observations of tourism practices, as well as content analysis of promotional images of selected tourism companies. Tourism in the NAD is typically adventure based: snowmobile safaris, fishing, hunting, and white-water rafting. There are also different types of indigenous tourism, such as living with reindeer herders for a period of time. The tourism industry covered herein consisted of microfirms and small businesses. The entrepreneurs were all middle-aged Russian men and the tourists were predominantly male middle class Russians from metropolitan regions, traveling as groups of friends or colleagues. The results show that despite the willingness of the tourism entrepreneurs to broaden their customer groups and offerings, the products reproduce the destination as a playground for (male) "hook and bullet" tourists. However, there are also examples of how tourism may challenge or reconstruct the understandings of typically masculine or feminine duties or roles in some specific local contexts.

  • 124.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    World Heritage and tourism innovation: institutional frameworks and local adaptation2014In: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 22, no 8, p. 1625-1640Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The interest in heritage as a tool for destination development has recently been substantial in Sweden, especially when it comes to receiving World Heritage (WH) status. The possibility of using the WH brand in developing tourism products and marketing destinations has great potential for many heritage destinations. The aim of this paper is to discuss innovation processes within heritage tourism. The focus is on the role of WH status as a factor influencing innovative practices at different Swedish WH sites. This study uses qualitative methods, such as interviews and analysis of written material from five selected Swedish WH sites, with in-depth analysis of the Great Copper Mountain in Falun. To what extent does WH status change the preconditions for tourism development at WH destinations? What is the role of institutional frameworks in this process? This paper will show how WH may facilitate tourism innovation mainly through developing new products and marketing strategies, but also by institutional innovations concerning new forms of collaboration and networks.

  • 125.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography. Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography. Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Hinnerth, Andreas
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography. Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    The quest for snow: Adaptation strategies of alpine skiing destinations in Sweden2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The impact of climate change is considered one of the major challenges that the winter sport tourism industry faces today. Sälen, one of the major skiing destinations in Sweden, is situated in the southernmost part of the Swedish mountain range and is therefore one of the most vulnerable destinations when it comes to the effects of climate change. The aim of this paper is to examine and discuss adaptation strategies to climate change that have been implemented in Sälen, with a special focus on increased snowmaking. We discuss snowmaking in relation to alternative adaptation strategies such as increased summer tourism, and relate the adaptation strategies encountered in Sälen to how destinations in the Austrian Alps, which have warmer temperatures, have approached the situation. Those that we interpret as adaptation strategies are mainly focused on maintaining the mass touristic character of winter sports destinations and even extending the production of downhill skiing. These strategies of adaptation and development demand continued intensive snowmaking and an even accentuated quest for snow. However, Sälen is trying to overcome its dependence on downhill skiing as its sole and dominant activity. The strategy of developing summer tourism is problematic, however, not least in relation to the parallel advance in increased snowmaking. 

  • 126.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Pettersson, Katarina
    Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet, SLU Ultuna.
    Performing gender and rurality in Swedish farm tourism2015In: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, ISSN 1502-2250, E-ISSN 1502-2269, Vol. 15, no 1-2, p. 138-151Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The diversification of farming towards more service-intensive businesses enables innovation and competitiveness within the farming sector. However, running a hospitality and tourism business significantly differs from farming and requires different competencies. It entails face-to-face customer relationships and creating experiences based on the identity of the place and the entrepreneurs. By inviting in guests/customers, the farm is transformed from primarily an agricultural production place to one that produces experiences and services. This paper aims to analyse and discuss how women engaged in farm tourism perform rural and gender identities by producing experiences and services, and how these performances may reproduce or challenge traditional rural and gender identities. The study is based on interviews with women in the two regions Dalarna and Uppland who run tourism businesses on working farms. The interviews show that the entrepreneurs must cope with tensions and conflicts between agricultural production and tourism at the farms in terms of not only practical work and duties, but also how gendered farming identities are performed.

  • 127.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Pettersson, Katarina
    Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Women tourism entrepreneurs: Doing gender on farms in Sweden2014In: Gender in Management, ISSN 1754-2413, E-ISSN 1754-2421, Vol. 29, no 8, p. 487-504Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 128.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Thulemark, Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Förutsättningar för pendling i sårbara arbetsmarknadsregioner2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Regionförstoring är ett begrepp som under senare tid blivit allt mer populärt inom såväl forskning som politik och planering. Regionförstoring genom ökad rörlighet på arbetsmarknaden har identifierats som ett medel för att åstadkomma regional tillväxt inom den regionala utvecklingspolitiken. Då förutsättningarna för regionförstoring avgörs i individers möjlighet att pendla undersöker vi i denna rapport förutsättningar för pendling bland anställda vid två företag i en arbetsmarknadsregion som betecknas som en sårbar industriregion. Denna typ av region kan ha särskilt mycket att vinna på en ökad pendling då utbudet på arbetsmarknaden är begränsat. Samtidigt är det viktigt att förstå de individuella förutsättningarna i varje lokal kontext för att få kunskap om de faktiska möjligheterna till pendling och arbetsresor. Rapporten syftar till att undersöka hur förutsättningarna för pendling skiljer sig åt för individer i en sårbar region. De aspekter som vi särskilt fokuserar på är betydelsen av utbildningsnivå och kön för benägenheten att pendla. Det empiriska materialet som ligger till grund för resultaten är dels en enkätundersökning och dels intervjuer, både enskilda och i fokusgrupper, med anställda på företagen Spendrups bryggeri AB och ABB Power Systems.

  • 129.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Thulemark, Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Inflyttning till fjälldestinationer: exempel från Idre och Sälen2012In: På gränsen: Interaktion, attraktivitet och globalisering i inre Skandinavien / [ed] Eva Olsson, Atle Hauge och Birgitta Ericsson, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2012, p. 183-194Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 130.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Thulemark, Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Duncan, Tara
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Career paths and mobility in the Swedish hospitality sector.2017In: Tourism Geographies, ISSN 1461-6688, E-ISSN 1470-1340, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 29-48Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How career paths are interpreted and conceptualised by hospitality workers and industry representatives remains underexplored in current literature. In this paper, we highlight and discuss sector-specific and contextual factors that influence the possibility of establishing a career within the Swedish hospitality sector. The paper uses interviews with hotel managers, who describe and discuss motivations and choices made throughout their own careers and interviews with young (former) seasonal hospitality workers who describe and reflect on their future plans and work-life experience. Additional data are derived through observations at national seminars and meetings for representatives from the Swedish tourism and hospitality industry, where issues of competence and careers were discussed. The findings indicate that the shaping of career paths within the hospitality sector is influenced by two normative and discursively produced ‘truths’ about career paths in the hospitality sector: the importance of internal knowledge transfer and the importance of high mobility. These narratives impose expectations on individuals to be mobile, to change jobs frequently and to work their way from the bottom-up within the industry, and are based on a presumption of a diversified and dense local hospitality labour market. However, since the conditions are different due to contextual, geographical features of labour market size and structure, attractiveness of places, etc., these expectations are difficult to fulfil in places other than in larger urban areas. These normative assumptions of what a successful hospitality career is also have consequences for the development of the hospitality sector as external influences of competence from other sectors and higher education are not seen as valuable, which makes the sector self-contained and not open to external, potentially innovative knowledge.

  • 131.
    Heldt, Tobias
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Skoterturismen och utvecklingen i Funäsdalsfjällen: En uppföljning av projektet "Hållbar utveckling i Funäsdalsfjällen"2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektet ”Hållbar utveckling i Funäsdalsfjällen” pågick under 1999-2001 och har både nationellt och internationellt omskrivits som ett lyckosamt och banbrytande projekt med målsättning att utveckla skoterturism i den svenska fjällvärlden utan att konflikter och störningar uppstår som kan försämra förutsättningarna för andra turismgrenar i området. Syftet med denna rapport är att redovisa resultaten från en uppföljningsstudie av projektet ”Hållbar utveckling i Funäsdals¬fjällen”. Projektets olika delmål har följts upp dels via en enkätstudie riktad till ett urval av skoter- och turskidåkare som besökt Funäsdalsfjällen, dels via ett antal djupintervjuer med företrädare för de olika lokala intressegrupperna. Dessutom har skoterturismens effekter på den lokala ekonomin specialstuderas inom ramen för ett examensarbete. Vi bedömer att projektet har varit lyckat och uppfyllt de målsättningar som satts upp för projektets verksamhet på kort sikt. En viktig förklaring till detta har varit projektets utgångspunkt i konsensusbeslut. Från intervjustudien blir det tydligt att de olika grupperna av aktörer och intressenter har olika syn på hur utvecklingen i Funäsdalsfjällen ska se ut på lång sikt. Vissa vill exempelvis fortsätta att utveckla skoterturismen medan andra anser att gränsen för skoteråkningens påverkan i området är nådd. För fortsatt hållbar utveckling i området är det sannolikt mycket viktigt att alla intressegrupper fortsätter att delta i arbetet med att utveckla Funäsdalfjällen.

  • 132.
    Hortlund, Per
    et al.
    HUI Research.
    Mihaescu, Oana
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography. HUI Research.
    The impact of price changes on volume sales of alcoholic beverages in Sweden, 2006-20132016Report (Other academic)
  • 133.
    Hortlund, Per
    et al.
    HUI Research.
    Mihaescu, Oana
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography. HUI Research.
    The impact of price changes on volume sales of alcoholic beverages in Sweden, 2006-20132015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We evaluate whether price elasticities on registered alcohol have changed in the last ten years in Sweden, in particular with regard to the investigation by Asplund et al (2007). We also investigate the fiscal effects of such changes. According to our estimates, price elasticities have increased, and these increases may have substantial effects on estimated changes in tax revenues when commodity tax rates are changed. In particular, commodity tax rates on spirits may have reached “Laffer territory” where tax increases may actually lower tax revenues.

  • 134.
    Håkansson, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Befolkningens fördelning på olika geografiska nivåer i Sverige mellan 1810 och 19901999Report (Other academic)
  • 135.
    Håkansson, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Changing Population Distribution in Sweden: Long Term Trends and Contemporary Tendencies2000Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: The aim of the thesis is to describe and analyse the population redistribution in Sweden at different geographical levels from the beginning of the 19th century to the end of the 20th century. The analysis is approached in three different ways. First, the redistribution at different geographical levels is analysed (papers I and II). Second, the changing accessibility between people (interpersonal accessibility) is analysed from the beginning of the 19th century to the end of the 20th century (paper II). Third, the impacts of fertility, mortality, internal migration, international migration and geographical variations in age composition on population distribution are analysed for the last decades (papers I, III and IV). Measurements of concentration have been used in order to analyse the changing population distribution. For the analysis of changing interpersonal accessibility the average population within the daily reach has been calculated for different times. In order to analyse the impacts of fertility, mortality, migration and geographical variations in age composition the actual redistribution of the population is compared with the redistribution generated by a number of counterfactual scenarios. To analyse the impact of international migration the changing distribution of the population in different immigrant groups is compared to the distribution of the Swedish population. Some conclusions drawn from the thesis are: 1. There is no overall trend in the population redistribution towards either concentration or dispersion. The redistribution pattern depends on the time perspective and the geographical level chosen. The population has been both concentrated and dispersed since the beginning of the 19th century. This applies to all investigated geographical levels. In the five identified phases of the redistribution the most common pattern is that concentration and dispersion of the population exist simultaneously on different geographical levels. The total effect of the redistribution between 1810 and 1990 is that today the population is more dispersed at macro-regional level, while it is more concentrated at local and regional level. 2. Based on assumptions about the daily reach, an average person today has access to about 100 times more people locally compared with the beginning of the 19th century. The most important process for the increased accessibility has been the redistribution of the population. The process that has had the least impact is the assumed increase in daily reach. However the importance of the investigated processes changes over time. Since 1950 the increasing reach has been the most important process. However, the rate by which interpersonal accessibility increases has slowed down since 1950. 3. The main demographic factor behind the redistribution since 1970 is the geographical differences in age composition and its effects on the natural population change. It is demonstrated that this factor lies behind the trend towards increasing concentration in Sweden, while the impact of migration affects the fluctuations from this trend to a greater extent. 4. The study shows that immigration concentrates the population, while the internal migration during the 1970s and periodically during the 1980s dispersed the population. However during the 1990s the internal migration has had a concentrating effect on the spatial distribution of the population.

  • 136.
    Håkansson, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Concentration and Dispersion of the population at different geographical levels within a sparsely populated Macro region: The case of Gävleborg county since the 1960s2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The redistribution of population in Western Economies has undergone a couple of main phases during recent decades with a strong urbanisation process during the 60s and thereafter a counterurbanisation phase. However depending on the spatial level of analysis the interpretation of the outcome is different with regard to the concentration or dispersion of population.  The Swedish experience involves concentration at regional level and dispersion at local level during the first phase and then dispersion on regional and local level during the second phase. Recently a third phase could be recognised with concentration of population to some attractive regions, the Metropolitan areas and university town regions. However, attention must be paid to deviations from the national pattern within macro regions differences in the concentration/dispersion continuum with regard to distance from major urban centres and to central or peripheral location in the country.  The aim of this paper is to describe and analyse the geographical redistribution of the population in one region in Sweden - Gävleborg County - since 1960.To measure the redistribution Hoover index is used.  In this paper a general conceptual framework of concentration and dispersion of population at different geographical levels is presented. The empirical analysis results in a spatial model of population redistribution in Gävleborg region at different geographical levels1960-97.

    There are a number of research themes in the field of population redistribution. One approach is focused on changes in the urban system. Other themes are concentrated on urban interactions such as suburbanisation and counterurbanisation (Berry 1977, Hall & Hay 1980). A further approach is measuring concentration and dispersion at different geographical levels (e.g. Vining & Strauss 1977, Nucci & Long 1995, Håkansson 2000). This paper discusses changing urban system using different geographical levels in order to measure the concentration and dispersion of the population over time. In order to contextualize different processes affecting the redistribution over time a model that capture several concentration and dispersion processes in one framework will be presented. 

  • 137.
    Håkansson, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Dalarnas befolkning i längre tidsperspektiv2005In: Dalarnas Tidningar, ISSN 1103-9256Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Länet fortsätter att tappa folk, men när man läser befolkningssiffrorna är det viktigt att förstå att de består av två helt skilda delar. Det ena är skillnaden mellan döda och födda. Det andra är skillnaden mellan inflyttning och utflyttning. För att förstå det senaste årets utveckling är det viktigt att sätta in den i ett längre tidsperspektiv.

  • 138.
    Håkansson, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    De äldres regionala flyttningar i Sverige2004In: Äldrelandskapet : Äldres boende och flyttningar / [ed] Fransson, Urban, Uppsala: Institutet för bostads- och urbanforskning , 2004, p. 61-78Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien behandlar äldres regionala flyttningsmönster i Sverige samt hur detta har förändrats mellan 1978 och 1998.

  • 139.
    Håkansson, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Falun-Borlänge växer för långsamt2005In: DalaDemokraten, ISSN 1103-9183Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Så har denårliga befolkningsstatistiken för Sveriges län och kommuner kommit. Dalatidningarna hade en kommentar som gick i moll. Länet fortsätter att tappa folk. När man läser dessa siffror är det emellertid viktigt att förstå att de består av två helt skilda delar. Det ena är skillnaden mellan döda och födda. Det andra är skillnaden mellan inflyttning och utflyttning.

  • 140.
    Håkansson, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Impact of Migration, Natural population Change and Age composition on the Redistribution of the Population in Sweden2000In: CyberGeo: European Journal of Geography, ISSN 1278-3366, E-ISSN 1278-3366, p. article 123-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 141.
    Håkansson, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Mobility as a Vulnarability factor1994In: Planning a High resilience society / [ed] Gösta Weissglas, Umeå: Umeå Universitet , 1994, p. 231-248Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 142.
    Håkansson, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Var växte befolkningen?: Sverige under 200 år2005In: Befolkningen spelar roll!, Umeå: Umeå Universitet , 2005, Vol. 2002Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln belyser dels hur den moderna befolkningsomfördelningen påberkas av olika demografiska komponenter och vilken betydelse ålkdersstrukturen har för den regionala befolkningsutvecklingen. Artikeln belyser också den moderna befolkningsomfördelningen i ett historiskt perspektiv. Detta sker med hjälp av analyser av tillgänglighet, koncentration och spridning.

  • 143.
    Håkansson, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Visualisering av regionförstoring med GIS2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 144.
    Håkansson, Johan
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Borgegård, Lars-Erik
    Institutet för bostadsforskning (IBF).
    Population redistribution in Sweden since the 60s in a regional context2000Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 145.
    Håkansson, Johan
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Borgegård, Lars-Erik
    Institutet för bostadsforskning (IBF).
    Regional polarisering av befolkningen1995In: Välfärdsbulletinen, no 5, p. 29-33Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 146.
    Håkansson, Johan
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Carling, Kenneth
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    Han, Mengjie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    Does euclidian distance work when location models are applied in rural areas?2010Report (Other academic)
  • 147.
    Håkansson, Johan
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Gustavsson, Eva
    Vilken image har miljonprogrammets bostadsområden i medelstora städer?2012Report (Other academic)
  • 148.
    Håkansson, Johan
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Regionförstoring i tvillingstaden: Institutionella effekter av en väginvestering mellan två huvudorter2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 149.
    Håkansson, Johan
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Isacsson, Gunnar
    VTI-Borlänge.
    How does employment density influence individuals’ wages?: A micro data approach.2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We estimate the effect of employment density on wages in Sweden in a large geocoded data set on individuals and workplaces. Employment density is measured in four circular zones around each individual’s place of living. The data contains a rich set of control variables that we use in an instrumental variables framework. Results show a relatively strong but rather local positive effect of employment density on wages. Beyond 5 kilometers the effect becomes negative. This might indicate that the effect of agglomeration economies falls faster with distance than the effects of congestion.

  • 150.
    Håkansson, Johan
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems. Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Isacsson, Gunnar
    VTI.
    Is the spatial scope of agglomeration economies on wages the same across the wage earnings distribution?2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate the spatial scope of employment density across the wage distribution within four distance bands around each individual’s place of work. Observable and unobservable individual and workplace characteristics are controlled for. Remaining endogeneity in the wage model framework is assessed with an IV approach. Results indicate a positive effect of employment density on wages within 5 kilometres. The effect is negative beyond 50 kilometres. The spatial scope of employment density is larger at the higher end of the wage distribution but the effect closest to the establishment seems larger at the lower end of the wage distribution.

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