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  • 101.
    Astrakos, Alexander
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Kadergran, Robin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Articles from Google rarely contains high qualityinformation about rapid weight loss for martial artsperformers: Critical review of articles on rapid weight-loss in martial artsperformers2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of the study is to investigate the quality and credibility of the articles collected from Google - describing fast weight loss methods as well as diets for martial arts.

    Method

    The method started with five search phrases related to weight loss pre-competition at martial arts. The five phrases where applied to the Google search engine and for each phrase the first five search results were selected. Search results were analysed with content analysis criteria analysing Credibility, Accuracy, Reasonability and Support. Detailed descriptions of how these quality parameters were assessed can be found below in text

    Result

    The results from the study showed that the articles analysed in this study with content analysis criteria do not have the desired credibility because only 12 % of the articles are based on facts. The results also showed that 35 % of the authors claimed to be experts and 41 % of the websites associated with the articles have a responsible publisher. Furthermore the study showed that the articles have low accuracy because no article is peer reviewed and only 6 % of the authors use scientific structure in their articles. Some of the articles even included contradictions. The study showed that the web pages have a low reasonableness because 53 % of the articles and web pages have a partial message to promote their products and education. The study shows that web sites associated with the articles has more than 76 % support.

    Conclusion

    Martial art athletes should understand that not all of the rapid weight loss information that appears in Google search results is based on science or facts, most of the information is no more than opinions that lack reference. None of the articles in the study were previewed by peers and few articles were written by experts. This means that accuracy and credibility are low according to the study's criteria. In addition, many authors try to sell either their products or training through their articles, but this is not a standard indicator that makes the quality low.

  • 102.
    Atilgan, Josefine
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Vikström, Nicole
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Faktorer som påverkar sjuksköterskans hälsofrämjande åtgärder vid överviktsproblematik: Litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Overweight and obesity are a growing issue, from 1980 to 2014 have the global presence of overweight and obesity more than doubled. People with overweight and obesity have an increased risk of developing sequelae such as high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, even the risk of dying beforehand increases. Aim: The aim was to describe factors that affect the nurses’ health promotion to adult with overweight and obesity in primary and somatic care. Method: The study was conducted as a literature review where data was collected thru the databases CINAHL and Pubmed. The result was based on 14 articles with both quantitative and qualitative approach. Results: The results

    show five categories that affect the nurses health promotion: Lack of time and non-adapted equipment, Knowledge and skills, Attitudes of the nurses, Confidence in the conversation and own ability and The nurses own lifestyle.

    Conclusion: This literature review provides an understanding of what factors that affect the nurses’ work with health promotion towards patients with overweight or obesity. Nurses have good opportunities to work preventively with weight problems and they have a significant role in how patients with overweight and obesity are treated.

  • 103.
    Avelin, Pernilla
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Erlandsson, Kerstin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Hildingsson, Ingegerd
    Mid Sweden University.
    Davidsson-Bremborg, Anna
    Lund University.
    Rådestad, Ingela
    Sophiahemmet University College.
    Make the stillborn baby and the loss real for the sibling: parents' advice on how the siblings of a stillborn baby can be supported2012In: Journal of Perinatal Education, ISSN 1058-1243, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 90-98Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to investigate parents' advice to other parents on the basis of their own experiences of siblings' taking leave of a stillborn sister or brother. The study was a Web questionnaire study of 411 parents. The thematic content analysis resulted in two categories: "Make the stillborn baby and the loss real for the siblings" and "Take the siblings' resources and prerequisites into account." Parents' advised that siblings should see and hold the stillborn baby and, thus, be invited and included into the leave-taking process with respect to the siblings' feelings, resources, and prerequisites. Based on these findings, professional caregivers can usefully be proactive in their approach to facilitate and encourage the involvement of siblings.

  • 104.
    Avelin, Pernilla
    et al.
    Karolinska institutet.
    Erlandsson, Kerstin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Hildingsson, Ingegerd
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Rådestad, Inegla
    Sophiahemmet högskola.
    Swedish parents' experiences of parenthood and the need for support to siblings when a baby is stillborn2011In: Birth, ISSN 0730-7659, E-ISSN 1523-536X, Vol. 38, no 2, p. 150-158Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    It has been argued that having a stillborn baby in the family affects older siblings more than parents realize. The aim of this study was to describe parenthood and the needs of siblings after stillbirth from the parents' perspective.

    Methods:

    Six focus groups were held with 27 parents who had experienced a stillbirth and who had had children before the loss. The discussion concerned parents' support to the siblings, and the sibling's meeting, farewell, and memories of their little sister or brother. Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis.

    Results:

    The overall theme of the findings was parenthood in a balance between grief and everyday life. In the analysis, three categories emerged that described the construction of the theme: support in an acute situation, sharing the experiences within the family, and adjusting to the situation.

    Conclusions:

    The siblings' situation is characterized by having a parent who tries to maintain a balance between grief and everyday life. Parents are present and engaged in joint activities around the stillbirth together with the siblings of the stillborn baby. Although parents are aware of the sibling's situation, they feel that they are left somewhat alone in their parenthood after stillbirth and therefore need support and guidance from others.

  • 105.
    Avelin, Pernilla
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm.
    Gyllenswärd, Göran
    Psychotherapy and Grief Consultant, Stockholm.
    Erlandsson, Kerstin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Mälardalen University, Västerås.
    Rådestad, Ingela
    Sophiahemmet University College, Stockholm.
    Adolescents' experiences of having a stillborn half-sibling2013In: Death Studies, ISSN 0748-1187, E-ISSN 1091-7683, Vol. 38, no 9, p. 557-562Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although there is an increasing interest in siblings' experiences of loss and grief there is limited knowledge of adolescent's own perspectives, especially in a unique situation as after stillbirth in a reconstituted family. The authors interviewed 13 bereaved adolescents. They were sad that their family was not the same and expressed feelings of being inside family grief, yet outside, because they did not have full access in their reconstituted family. An implication of present findings is that it is important to include all the members of the family in the grieving process, even half-siblings of the deceased child.

  • 106. Avelin, Pernilla
    et al.
    Rådestad, Ingela
    Säflund, Karin
    Wredling, Regina
    Erlandsson, Kerstin
    Mälardalen University.
    Parental grief and relationships after the loss of a stillborn baby2012In: Midwifery, ISSN 0266-6138, E-ISSN 1532-3099, Vol. 29, no 6, p. 668-673Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 107.
    Avelin, Pernilla
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Rådestad, Ingela
    Sophiahemmet Univ Coll.
    Säflund, Karin
    Karolinska Inst.
    Wredling, Regina
    Karolinska Inst.
    Erlandsson, Kerstin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Parental grief and relationships after the loss of a stillborn baby2013In: Midwifery, ISSN 0266-6138, E-ISSN 1532-3099, Vol. 29, no 6, p. 668-73Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: to describe the grief of mothers and fathers and its influence on their relationships after the loss of a stillborn baby.

    Design: a postal questionnaire at three months, one year and two years after stillbirth.

    Setting: a study of mothers and fathers of babies stillborn during a one-year period in the Stockholm region of Sweden.

    Participants: 55 parents, 33 mothers and 22 fathers.

    Findings: mothers and fathers stated that they became closer after the loss, and that the feeling deepened over the course of the following year. The parents said that they began grieving immediately as a gradual process, both as individuals, and together as a couple. During this grieving process their expectations, expressions and personal and joint needs might have threatened their relationship as a couple, in that they individually felt alone at this time of withdrawal. While some mothers and fathers had similar grieving styles, the intensity and expression of grief varied, and the effects were profound and unique for each individual.

    Key conclusions: experiences following a loss are complex, with each partner attempting to come to terms with the loss and the resultant effect on the relationship with their partner.

    Implications for practice: anticipating and being able to acknowledge the different aspects of grief will enable professionals to implement more effective intervention in helping couples grieve both individually and together.

  • 108.
    Axelsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science.
    Tellström, Linda
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science.
    Mobil hälsa (m-hälsa) genom användning av mobiltelefon som intervention för barn med övervikt eller fetma.: En systematisk litteraturstudie.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    The presence of overweight and obesity among children is increasing in

    large parts of the world. Lack of physical activity is one of the causes of overweight and

    obesity. For children with obesity, small amounts of physical activity may have major

    positive health effects. There is a need to develop new effective strategies to increase the

    amount of physical activity among children with overweight or obesity. Mobile health

    (mHealth) is used as an umbrella term for health services transmitted by mobile devices

    and is defined as "medical or public health practice supported by mobile devices such as

    mobile phones, patient monitoring devices, personal digital assistants and other wireless

    devices." A potential strategy for influencing the amount of physical activity in children

    with overweight or obesity is mHealth through the use of mobile phones.

    Objective:

    To examine and describe what interventions with mHealth component

    through the use of mobile phones that evaluated physical activity or Body Mass Index

    (BMI) in children with overweight or obesity.

    Methods:

    A systematic literature study in which studies describing interventions with

    mHealth components for the target group of children 0-18 years of overweight or obesity

    were included. Search was conducted in three scientific databases.

    Results:

    The searches resulted in 649 studies, of which 16 met set inclusion criteria. In

    most studies, the mHealth component included the use of text messaging and in some

    studies the use of app. The function of the mHealth component was studied and divided

    into self-registration, communication, encouragement, education and reminder. The

    included studies reported different forms of BMI where two studies showed significant

    differences between the intervention and control group with the greatest reduction for

    the intervention group. Few studies reported objectively measured time in physical

    activity of moderate to high intensity.

    Conclusion:

    The most common intervention with mHealth component through the use

    of mobile phones among children with overweight or obesity was text messaging. In

    order to understand and compare how mHealth can be used, a framework for the

    description of these interventions would facilitate.

  • 109. Ayala, Ana
    et al.
    Christensson, Kyllike
    Velandia, Marianne
    Erlandsson, Kerstin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Karolinska Institutet.
    Fathers’ care of the newborn infant after caesarean section in Chile: a qualitative study2016In: Sexual & Reproductive HealthCare, ISSN 1877-5756, E-ISSN 1877-5764, Vol. 8, p. 75-81Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In Chilean hospitals the current model of care after caesarean section is to separate newborn infants from both parents. The care of newborn infants and the parents' experience immediately after caesarean section requires further exploration.

    Aim: To describe fathers' experiences and perceptions of being the primary caregiver to their newborn infant during the first 90 minutes after caesarean section in a public general maternity hospital setting in Santiago de Chile.

    Method: The questionnaire was one part of a larger research programme named: “Caregiving Models after Elective Caesarean Section – Parents' perceptions and effects on infants' wellbeing”. Four open ended questions were used to gather written text on the experiences and perceptions of 95 fathers who were the primary caregiver to their newborn infant. Ethical approval was obtained from the Ethics Committee, Scientific Assessment Metropolitan Health Service South East. Systematic text condensation according to Malterud's description was used for analysis of the written text.

    Findings: Two themes were identified: “understanding the first moment of life” and “shared responsibility for future family life” with each theme divided into six categories.

    Conclusion: This study concludes by arguing that in situations where the mother is unavailable or unable to provide basic care, the father should be supported to care for the newborn infant.

    Clinical implications: Parents should be made aware of the benefits of this caring model especially when mother and baby have been separated after birth.

  • 110. Ayala, Ana
    et al.
    Christensson, Kyllike
    Velandia, Marianne
    Erlandsson, Kerstin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Karolinska institutet.
    Mother’s experiences and perceptions of a continuous caring model with fathers after caesarean section: a qualitative study2015In: Women's Health Open Journal, ISSN 2380-3940, Vol. 1, no 3, p. 63-71Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In Chile, mothers and newborns are separated after caesarean sections. The caesarean

    section rate in Chile is approximately 40%. Once separated, newborns will miss out on

    the benefits of early contact unless a suitable model of early newborn contact after caesarean

    section is initiated.

    Aim: To describe mothers experiences and perceptions of a continuous parental model of newborn

    care after caesarean section during mother-infant separation.

    Methods: A questionnaire with 4 open ended questions to gather data on the experiences and

    perceptions of 95 mothers in the obstetric service of Sótero Del Rio Hospital in Chile between

    2009 and 2012. Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis.

    Results: One theme family friendly practice after caesarean section and four categories. Mothers

    described the benefits of this model of caring. The fathers presence was important to mother

    and baby. Mothers were reassured that the baby was not left alone with staff. It was important

    for the mothers to see that the father could love the baby as much as the mother. This model

    of care helped create ties between the father and newborn during the period of mother-infant

    separation and later with the mother.

    Conclusions: Family friendly practice after caesarean section was an important health care

    intervention for the whole family. This model could be stratified in the Chilean context in the

    case of complicated births and all caesarean sections.

    Clinical Implications: In the Chilean context, there is the potential to increase the number of

    parents who get to hold their baby immediately after birth and for as long as they like. When

    the mother and infant are separated after birth, parents can be informed about the benefits of

    this caring model. Further research using randomized control trials may support biological

    advantages.

  • 111.
    Back, Catharina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Kuoppa, Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Anknytning hos mödrar till prematura barn: En enkätstudie2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The attachment between mother and infant is vital for the newborn. A birth of preterm infant can be stressful for the mother and her attachment to her infant can be affected. It is unclear if the attachment process differs between primiparous and multiparous mothers.

    Objectiv

    e: The objective was to investigate whether there were any differences in the attachment process depending on the mother's parity and whether the degree of prematurity had an effect on the maternal attachment.

    Design / Methods:

    This was a longitudinal study, data was collected through questionnaires, at eight weeks post discharge and at six and 12 month after birth. The Maternal Postnatal Attachment Scale was used. The sample consisted of 493 mothers. Data was analysed with parametric and non-parametric statistics.

    Results:

    The results showed no statistically significant differences in the attachment process between primiparous and multiparous mothers of preterm infants. However, primiparous mothers had a significantly higher degree of satisfaction than multiparous mothers six and 12 months after birth, and multiparous mothers with very preterm infants had significantly lower attachment scores than multiparous mothers with moderately preterm infants.

    Conclusion / Clinical applicability:

    The attachment of primiparous and multiparous mothers of preterm infants did not differ over the first year. However, primiparous mothers had a higher degree of satisfaction with interaction six and 12 months after birth, and multiparous mothers of very preterm infants may have a higher risk for less optimal attachment. Hopefully, the results can help the midwife to support and develop secure attachment between multiparous mothers and their very preterm infants.

  • 112.
    Back, Mariann
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Anhörigas erfarenheter av kommunikation med vårdpersonal i palliativa vård2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In Sweden, the aging population is steadily increasing, and it will be necessary for healthcare professionals to have competence and education that can meet individual needs in palliative care and care in the final stages of life. Good and satisfactory communication between relatives and healthcare professionals will be required as family / relatives are a major resource in palliative care and care in the final stages of life.

    Purpose: The purpose of the study is to describe the family's needs and experiences of communication with healthcare professionals in palliative care.

    Method: A systematic literature study that included in its design qualitative, quantitative studies. The articles were searched in the PubMed. database. This resulted in 15 number of articles.

    Result: The results showed deficiencies regarding effective communication and information towards relatives of palliative patients.

    Conclusion: Relatives in the study articles do not feel that their care meets their wishes regarding communication and information. More training regarding communication and information regarding palliative care also in general departments in health care would be needed.

  • 113.
    Back, Therese
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Lindberg, Jennie
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Sjuksköterskans upplevelser och erfarenheter av vård i livetsslutskede på sjukhus: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: End of life care based on relieving suffering and improving the quality of life for the patient´s, which is the nurses basic responsibilities, which are part of the person centered care. Depending on the stage of the disease the patient is in, the helath care needs are affected. The nurse´s faces major challenges and has a definite role in nursing care in the final end of life.Aim: To compile the nurse's experiences about palliative care in hospitalsMethod: A literature review which compiles qualitative and quantitative articles from databases PubMed and CINAHL.Results: The result is based on scientific articles from various parts of the world. The authors have chosen to divide the results into main categories: Emotional responses in nurses, Time and resource shortages to support end-life patients, Impactable aspects of the health environment, Communication between nurses and patients and the need for knowledge and training in palliative care. Nurses experience mixed feelings and shared opinions about caring for patients in the end of life and meeting their needs at the end of life, which is due to the nurse's professional experienceConclusion: Nurses experience emotional responses, lack of time and resources, lack of education, and different levels of experience are factors that complicate their work of care at the end of life, which gave feelings of inadequacy. Nurses also felt that communication was difficult, which was mostly based on the fact that nurses felt insecure in their role in working with patients in the final stages of life while nurses with longer experience and those with higher knowledge had no difficulty in meeting these patients.

  • 114.
    Back Ågren, Jenny
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Möller, Elin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Patienters upplevelse av att vårdas på enkelrum - en litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Today, when new hospitals are being built, the design becomes mostly single

    rooms. The healthcare environment should support patients' health and well-being. That there

    is a link between health and the environment in which patients stay in is established in the

    concept of evidence-based design. When patients are hospitalized today, there are different

    types of hospital rooms. These are multibed rooms that accommodate two or more patients as

    well as single rooms, where only one patient is accommodated. This literature review

    examines the patient's experience of being cared for in a single room. Patient´s experience of

    the care is important for the nurse to be aware of and the person-centered care is the key to the

    experience.

    Purpose: To describe patients' experience of care in single rooms.

    Method:

    The study is a literature review based on eleven scientific articles from two

    continents. The articles were searched in the databases pubmed, cinahl and science direct,

    inclusion year were 2000-2018.

    Results: Reported on the purpose of the study and presented

    in four categories: social support, autonomy &controll, comfort and lonliness & isolation,

    which in turn has subcategories. The categories have been designed based on recurring

    concepts in the articles that underlie the results. The result shows both the advantages and

    disadvantages of the patient's experience of being cared for in single rooms.

    Conclusion:

    Patients' experience of care in single rooms is more complex than the design, and decoration

    of the room. It is also about the age and personalities of the patients. More research on this

    subject will be required before general directives to only introduce single rooms in

    construction of new hospitals.

  • 115.
    Backhans, Sandra
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Jansson, Madelene
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Vedertagna metoder som främjar viktnedgång hosvuxna med fetma och övervikt: - En litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Overweight and obesity is an increasing problem in the world. In

    today's society several factors contribute to the increase of overweight in the

    population, for instance an increase of fast food chains and a sedentary lifestyle.

    Overweight and obesity is a risk factor for several diseases such as cardiovascular

    diseases.

    Aim:

    To examine established methods that promote weight loss in overweight and

    obese adults.

    Method:

    The study was conducted as a literature review where 15 different

    articles were used to answer the purpose and research question of the study. The

    searches were made in the databases Cinahl and PubMed.

    Result:

    Weight loss is about changing lifestyle habits such as diet and physical

    activity. Other methods found to promote weight loss are stress management and

    technical tools which helped the individual to self-efficacy. Self-monitoring as

    writing down calorie intake and minutes of physical activity every day helped

    individuals to lose weight. Motivation and education about nutrition and exercise

    were factors which promoted individuals self-efficacy to lose weight.

    Conclusion:

    There are several methods that can help the individual to lose weight,

    to change lifestyle habits is an important basis. Even though overweight and

    obesity is a growing problem worldwide there is still little research about what the

    nurse can do to help those people and therefore more research is needed.

  • 116.
    Backlund, Karin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Hansen Lundqvist, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Sjuksköterskans inställning till och upplevelse av att ha anhöriga närvarande vid återupplivning: En litteraturöversikt2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Sjuksköterskor som vårdar akut sjuka patienter hamnar många gånger i

    situationer där närstående önskar närvara vid återupplivning. Det är en del av sjuksköterskans

    arbete att tillgodose såväl patient som anhörigas behov. För anhöriga som närvara under

    återupplivning kan det upplevas både traumatiskt och skrämmande även om anhöriga ofta vill

    närvara enligt flera studier.

    Syfte: Att genom en litteraturöversikt beskriva sjuksköterskans inställning till, och upplevelse

    av att ha patientens anhöriga närvarande vid återupplivningsförsök.

    Metod: Denna studie är en litteraturöversikt som omfattar 15 artiklar med både kvalitativ och

    kvantitativ ansats. Artikelsökningar genomfördes i databaserna PubMed och Cinahl samt

    manuellt.

    Huvudresultat: Studiens resultat redovisas under sju kategorier, Erfarenhet, Arbetsplatsens

    betydelse, Blödning och överlevnad, Personal som tar hand om anhöriga, Anhörigas

    förväntningar, Kommunikation och missförstånd, Stress eller motivation. Resultatet visade på

    en stor variation mellan positiva och negativa upplevelser och inställningar av att ha anhöriga

    närvarande vid återupplivning. Faktorer som påverkade kunde identifieras och handlade bland

    annat om sjuksköterskans erfarenhet och utbildningsnivå, tillgängliga resurser och riktlinjer

    på arbetsplatsen. Många sjuksköterskor upplevde även en oro över hur anhöriga skulle

    reagera.

    Slutsats: Resultatet visade att det fanns en stor variation i påverkande faktorer där negativa

    inställningar och upplevelser kunde kopplas till bland annat organisatoriska brister och oro för

    anhörigas psykiska mående. Anhörig närvaro upplevdes som positivt var när rätt resurser fanns

    att tillgå och bland sjuksköterskor som var vana att arbeta personcentrerat

  • 117.
    Backlund, Linnéa
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Båskman, Jennifer
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Döende patienters upplevelser av palliativ hemsjukvård En litteraturstudie2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to illuminate dying patients experiences of palliative home care.

    Method: The work was conducted as a literature review with 16 scientific articles, 12 of those had a qualitative approach and 4 had a quantitative approach. The data collection was  onducted in the databases CINAHL and PubMed. The same keyword were used in both.

    Main result: The results show that patients were generally satisfied with the care in their homes. By receiving care in the home they experienced a safety and it was valuable to have their next of a kin close. It was important for them to continue to live as normally as possible. The patients had the opportunity to finish projects and figure out feelings in relationships. Patients experience of good palliative care had its fundamental parts in self-determination and trust. The personnel in the palliative home care teams were experienced as professionals and skilled. At the end of life many existential questions occurred and a need for believes came through.

    Conclusion: The development of palliative home care is important because there is a wish for patients to be home at the end of life with support of competent personnel and with their next of a kin by their side.

  • 118.
    Backman, Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Forskning om friluftsliv i Norge: reproduktion av det nationella eller nyfikenhet på det globala?2017In: Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, ISSN 1652-7224Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 119.
    Backman, Erik
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Friluftsliv, idrott och skola i förändring2011In: Friluftssport och äventyrsidrott - utmaningar för lärare, ledare och miljö i en föränderlig värld / [ed] Sandell, Arnegård, Backman, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2011, p. 65-88Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 120.
    Backman, Erik
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Friluftsliv, idrott och skola i förändring.2011In: Presentation av paper vid SVEBI konferens i Karlstad, Sverige., 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion

    Samtida och senmoderna processer i form av globalisering, individualisering kommersialisering och medialisering påverkar samhället och därigenom även människors utövande av idrott och friluftsliv. Många friluftsaktiviteter tenderar att bli alltmer sportifierade och äventyrsinriktade. Denna utveckling påverkar möjligheterna att implementera friluftsundervisning med utgångspunkt i den nya läroplansreformens starka positionering av friluftsliv och utevistelse inom ämnet idrott och hälsa.

     

    Syfte & teoretisk ram

    Syftet med denna studie är att analyera och diskutera idrottslärares syn på hur friluftsundervisningen i grundskolans ämne idrott och hälsa påverkas av läroplansförändringar, idrottslärares friluftsutbildning samt nutida sportifierade och äventyrliga uttryck inom friluftsliv.   

     

    Metod

    Mot bakgrund av ett empiriskt material bestående av 12 intervjuer med idrottslärare i grundskolans senare år, utvalda ur det landsomfattande projektet Skola-Idrott-Hälsa, diskuteras hur ungdomars intresse för friluftsliv kan stimuleras genom skolans undervisning.

     

    Resultat

    Resultaten från studien bekräftar problemen i att förverkliga friluftslivets framskrivna position i styrdokument för idrott och hälsa och även friluftslivets svaga position som fritidssysselsättning bland ungdomar. Ett äventyrligt friluftsliv bestående av längre utomhusvistelser inkluderande övernattningar, matlagning och utmaningar framhålls som framtidens friluftsundervisning och ett sätt att möta ungdomars behov av stimulans. Resultaten bekräftar även tidigare studier av friluftsutbildning inom lärarutbildningen som svagt anpassad till idrottslärarstudenters kommande yrkeskontext.

     

    Diskussion

    I strävan att realisera en friluftsundervisning som engagerar ungdomar och samtidigt verkar inkluderande diskuteras olika perspektiv på äventyr, formuleringar inom kursplanen för idrott och hälsa, friluftsutbildningen för blivande idrottslärare samt gränsöverskridanden inom skolans kunskapsområden.

  • 121.
    Backman, Erik
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap.
    Friluftsorganisationernas roll och villkor2016In: Friluftslivet och politiken: Svenskt Friluftslivs friluftspolitiska program 2016 / [ed] Ulf Silvander, Bromma: Svenskt Friluftsliv , 2016, p. 78-87Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 122.
    Backman, Erik
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Idrottens gränstrakter. En explorativ studie om äventyrsidrott och friluftssport.2011In: Presentation av poster vid SVEBI konferens i Karlstad, Sverige., 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion

    Idrotten har alltid förändrats i förhållande till samhället i övrigt. Inte minst har det funnits ett dynamiskt samspel i dess ”gränstrakter” till delvis överlappande samhällsfenomen som sport, friluftsliv och naturturism. Två dagsaktuella och sammanlänkade tendenser i dessa gränstrakter som denna studie vill uppmärksamma handlar om friluftslivets sportifiering (traditionella friluftsaktiviteters transformering till tävling) och friluftslivets landskapsdekontextualisering (aktiviteternas frigörelse från landskapet).

    Syfte & teoretisk ram

    Studiens syfte är att öka kunskaperna om äventyrsidrott och friluftssport med särskild fokusering på frågor om sportifiering och landskapsdekontextualisering. Utifrån ett moderniseringsperspektiv har följande mer specifika frågor har studerats:

    1. Hur ser det svenska och internationella forskningsläget ut avseende ovan beskrivna fenomen?
    2. Hur ser svenska och internationella exempel ut avseende aktiviteter, platser och perspektiv inom friluftssport och äventyrsidrott?

    Metod

    Studiens syfte och frågor har besvarats genom en bred, konventionell litteratursökning bland internationella forskningstidskrifter (fråga 1) och genom explorativa litteraturstudier där text, foton och reklam är ger underlag för frågor om aktivitetstyp och typ av landskap/miljö (fråga 2).

    Resultat

    Resultatet visar att tendenser till sportifiering och friställning från landskapet är mycket påtagliga. En bred gråzon håller på att etableras i den konventionella idrottens gränstrakter till friluftslivet som innehåller en mängd nya aktiviteter och mycket dynamik. En i studien uppmärksammad tendens är att inom mer upplevelsebaserad kroppsövning med äventyrlig prägel är människans medvetenhet om den ”inre kroppen” lika stor, eller större, i jämförelse med den fysiska ”yttre kroppen”. En annan central tendens är skärningen mellan klimatdebatten och tidigare starkt naturanknutna aktiviteter som idag kan byggas upp inomhus. Ytterligare ett av studiens resultat är att frågor rörande tillgänglighet, inte minst för ungdomar i såväl formaliserade som icke-formaliserade lärandesammanhang, bör beaktas i relation till den ökade specialisering, certifiering och professionalisering som följer av friluftssporters utveckling. 

    Diskussion

    Den omförhandling som nu pågår om ideal, aktiviteter, platser och miljöer knutna till friluftstraditionen respektive sporttraditionen diskuteras, bland annat avseende:  

    a) konstruerade anläggningar och miljöer för aktiviteter som tidigare bedrivits i naturpräglade landskap.

    b) tillgänglighet till friluftsliv för ungdomar.

    c) traditionellt resp sportifierat friluftsliv och dess relation till livslång hälsa

    d) inkludering resp exkludering inom sportifierat friluftsliv

    e) fysisk planering och hållbar utveckling i relation till sportifierat friluftsliv

    f) tävling och naturmöten i relation till sportifierat friluftsliv.

  • 123.
    Backman, Erik
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Recension av Andkjær, Søren, Bentsen, Peter & Ejbye-Ernst, Niels (2009) ”Friluftsliv: Natur, samfund og pædagogik”: Ambitiöst om friluftsliv i Danmark – kanske alltför ambitiöst...2011In: www.idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652–7224, no 12 oktArticle, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Friluftsliv uppvisar ett uppsving som för många säkert är oväntat men som nog till stor del är i samklang med den skandinaviska tidsandan. Visserligen är det ett i huvudsak urbant fenomen, de senaste årens fokus på fysisk aktivitet, konditionsträning och fitness, aktiviteter som dessutom ofta äger rum inomhus i speciella kommersiellt drivna träningshallar – där är luften inte fri! – men trenden tar sig också uttryck i löpning eller joggning i urbana parkområden eller i lagom tuktad natur i anslutning till städer. Man kan tänka att steget inte skulle vara långt till verkliga naturupplevelser, och, som sagt, det finns ett uppsving. Det nymornade intresset för autentiska naturupplevelser kan säkert också bottna i en civilisationskritisk trend i det tidiga tredje millenniet, vars beståndsdelar spretar på ett sätt som gör det omöjligt att närmare skärskåda företeelsen i detta sammanhang. Istället konstaterar vi att forskningen varit kvick att fånga upp friluftsintresset, vilket inte minst märks i recensionsfloran på den här webbplatsen, som denna gång utvidgas med en recension av Friluftsliv: Natur, samfund og pædagogik av Peter Bentsen, Søren Andkjær och Niels Ejbye-Ernst (Munksgaard Danmark). Erik Backman, som disputerat i ämnet, har läst och recenserar, och han bjuder redaktörerna på många tips till förbättringar inför nästa upplaga av boken.

  • 124.
    Backman, Erik
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Recension av Sandell, Klas & Sörlin, Sverker (2008) (red) ”Friluftshistoria: Från «härdande friluftslif» till ekoturism och miljöpedagogik”: Genomarbetad antologi2011In: www.idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652–7224, no 26 janArticle, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I samband med att idrott och sport kommit att ta allt större utrymme på olika plan i samhällslivet så har friluftsliv, med dess tydliga samhörighet till många av idrottslivets kärnvärden, också fått förnyad aktualitet. Forumet har varit lite sen att uppmärksamma denna förändring, även om det inte är det enda skälet till att vi först nu recenserar en av nyckelböckerna i området (det handlat också om att friluftsforskarna i Norden står varandra ganska nära). Men som är det är med selektiv perception, när vi väl hade noterat en eller två nya böcker om friluftsliv så hittade vi bara fler och fler, avhandlingar och antologier. Snart kommer en ny temasida om friluftsliv i forumets mer om-sektion. Boken som nu blivit föremål för kritisk granskning är Klas Sandells och Sverker Sörlins antologi Friluftshistoria: Från «härdande friluftslif» till ekoturism och miljöpedagogik (Carlssons) i dess andra upplaga från 2008 – den första kom 2000. Den recenseras av en relativt nybakad doktor i friluftsliv, Erik Backman, vars avhandling recenseras i dessa spalter under våren. Som sagt, detta är en grundsten i den svenska friluftsforskningen, men vår recensent dristar sig att föra fram flera förslag till förbättringar inför kommande nya utgåvor.

  • 125.
    Backman, Erik
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Teaching trainee teachers about outdoor education2015In: Routledge International Handbook of Outdoor Studies / [ed] Humberstone, Barbara; Prince, Heather; Henderson, Karla A, London: Routledge , 2015, p. 121-130Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 126.
    Backman, Erik
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    What controls teaching of friluftsliv? Analysing a pedagogic discourse in Swedish PE2011In: Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, ISSN 1472-9679, E-ISSN 1754-0402, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 51-65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research indicates that outdoor teaching practices within a physical education (PE) context are controlled by several factors with the potential to weaken or strengthen PE teachers' communication of pedagogic messages. Drawing on 12 qualitative interviews with PE teachers in compulsory schools in Sweden, the findings in this study suggest that factors claimed to control teachers' pedagogic communication of friluftsliv (the Scandinavian equivalent to outdoor education) are based on the construction of a dominating pedagogic discourse for outdoor teaching in Swedish schools. Inspired by Basil Bernstein's theoretical concepts of the pedagogic device, the analysis of this discourse indicates that Swedish PE teachers and PE teacher education appear to reproduce friluftsliv as a teaching practice carried out in a remote wilderness setting involving specific equipment, financial resources and a certain amount of risk. In relation to these results, alternative ways to think of outdoor teaching in relation to the achievement of the national aims in Swedish PE are discussed.

  • 127.
    Backman, Erik
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Arnegård, JohanGymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH.Sandell, KlasKarlstad Universitet.
    Friluftssport och äventyrsidrott - utmaningar för lärare, ledare och miljö i en föränderlig värld2011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vandra, klättra eller paddla i naturpräglade landskap blir tävlingar i multisport. Samtidigt blir sådant som kiting och brädsporter upplevelseorienterade och tävlingskritiska.

    Aktiviteter friställs också alltmer från landskapet genom äventyrsbad och klätterväggar, skidåkning inomhus och forspaddlingsbanor med vattenpumpar.

    Håller friluftslivet och naturen – som i skidåkning på natursnö, skogsvandringar och paddling på forsens och havets villkor – att helt tappa sin betydelse?

    Eller är det i stället en nytändning för friluftslivets lekfullhet och en väg till nya naturmöten som vi ser i trendiga aktiviteter och uppbyggda miljöer?

    Boken vänder sig till blivande och verksamma idrottslärare, entreprenörer och ledare i idrott, friluftsliv, fritid och turism. Den kan dessutom med fördel rekommenderas som inspirerande läsning för den breda allmänheten med intresse för friluftslivets varierande möjligheter.

     

  • 128.
    Backman, Erik
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Arnegård, Johan
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Sandell, Klas
    Karlstad universitet.
    Outdoor adventure and lifestyle sports2012In: The 6th International Conferenceon Monitoring and Management of Visitorsin Recreational and Protected Areas: Outdoor Recreation in Change – Current Knowledge and Future Challenges. Stockholm, Sweden, August 21–24, 2012. Proceedings / [ed] Edited by Peter Fredman, Marie Stenseke, Hanna Liljendahl, Anders Mossing and Daniel Laven, 2012, p. 370-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent decades there has been an increasing dynamic interplay in the “borderlands” of sport between closely related phenomena like outdoor recreation and nature tourism (see e.g. Bale 2006, Fredman et al. 2008a and Wheaton 2007). Two trends within these “borderlands” are explored in this study: the sportification of traditional outdoor activities and the liberation of outdoor activities from the landscapes in which they were originally performed. From a perspective of modernization, the following questions are addressed:

     

    1.          What is the state of knowledge regarding trends within outdoor adventure- and lifestyle sports?

    2.          How are examples of activities, places and perspectives within outdoor adventure- and lifestyle sports expressed?

     

    To answer these questions, conventional literature studies of, firstly, academic journals and, secondly; magazines, photographs and commercials, have been conducted. The result shows that tendencies towards the sportification of outdoor adventure- and lifestyle sports (see e.g. Breivik 2010 and Wheaton 2004) and the liberation of these activities from their “original” landscape (see e.g. Daniel 2007 and Bottenburg & Salome 2010) are significant. Of importance from a practitioner perspective is that a “grey-zone” containing several new activities and dynamics is being established in the “borderlands” between sport and outdoor recreation (Sandell, Arnegård & Backman 2011). From an academic perspective, the identified intersection between the climate debate and the nature-related activities that can now be performed indoors is important (see e.g. Sandell 2011 and Sandell & Öhman 2010). Another result that indicates a need for further research is that issues of accessibility, especially for young people, should be considered in relation to the increasing certification and specialization that characterizes the development of outdoor activities (see e.g. Bäckström 2011, Fredman et al. 2008b, Lundvall 2011 and Odden 2008). The current renegotiation of ideals, activities, places and environments related to the traditions of outdoor recreation and sport is discussed, most notably regarding:

     

    a)         Constructions and environments for activities previously performed in “natural” landscapes.

    b)         Accessibility to outdoor adventure- and lifestyle sports for young people.

    c)          The health aspect of traditional and sportified outdoor activities.

    d)         Inclusion and exclusion in relation to outdoor adventure- and lifestyle sports.

    e)         Physical planning and sustainable development in relation to outdoor adventure- and lifestyle sports.

  • 129.
    Backman, Erik
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Arnegård, Johan
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH.
    Sandell, Klas
    Karlstads universitet.
    Slutsatser och framåtblick2011In: Friluftssport och äventyrsidrott - utmaningar för lärare, ledare och miljö i en föränderlig värld. / [ed] Sandell, Arnegård, Backman, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2011, p. 203-218Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 130.
    Backman, Erik
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Engström, Lars-Magnus
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Encounters with nature, outdoor recreation and physical exercise2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the past few decades, research into the social stratification in physical activity and sport has indicated that these practices are undisputedly correlated to possession of socioeconomic and cultural capital. Although sometimes claimed as socially equal, the practice of outdoor recreation appears to display the same pattern. However, recent studies of outdoor recreation-participants with low socioeconomic and cultural capital, indicate that the proportion also engaged in general physical activity is disproportionately high. Drawing on this finding, experiences of nature appears to be particularly important when striving for a life-long physically active lifestyle. The aim of this study is to further investigate the relation between the interest for outdoor recreation and the interest for physical activity.

    This study is part of a longitudinal Swedish study of habits regarding physical activity and sport during adolescence and adulthood. The individuals included in this study were first contacted in 1968 when they were 15 years old. The sample originally consisted of 2144 individuals, divided into 91 randomly selected school classes in Year 8 in four counties in Sweden. Since then, follow-up contact and information gathering have been conducted on six additional occasions, primarily via questionnaries sent by post. At the last collection, in 2007, a total of 1518 responses were recieved. By comparing groups in the mentioned empirical material, with various interests for outdoor recreation and/or physical activity, regarding variables such as: gender; social position; leisure habits; and previous experiences of sport and outdoor recreation; the relation between the interest for outdoor recreation and the interest for physical activity will be further explored.

    Through a multipel logistic regression analysis, preliminary results indicate that practice of physical activity and practice of outdoor recreation are related. Among outdoor recreation-participants with low socioeconomic and cultural capital, the proportion also engaged in physical activity appears to be disproportionally high. This finding motivates a further analysis of factors explaining the relation between the interest for physical activity and the interest for outdoor recreation. The results will be discussed in relation to the French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu’s concepts of habitus and taste.

  • 131.
    Backman, Erik
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Frölander, Håkan
    Stockholms universitet.
    Är det centrala innehållet tydligt nog? Idrottslärares upplevelser av konkretionen i Lgr112011In: Idrott & Hälsa, ISSN 1653-1124, Vol. 138, no 6, p. 20-23Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 132.
    Backman, Erik
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Håkan, Larsson
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    A Physical Education teacher should know - what? Empirical observations of learning objectives for future Physical Education teachers in Sweden2011In: Presentation av paper vid AARE Conference, Hobart, Tasmanien, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Physical Education (PE), as well as in several other school subjects, the content knowledge has been proven to be reproduced through strong subject traditions. In PE, this reproduction has promoted children who are already privileged in school and society. In this paper, explanations to the difficulties of influencing subject traditions in PE are searched within Physical Education Teacher Education (PETE). Learning objectives stipulated in curricula documents within teacher training courses at six Swedish PETE institutions have been investigated. The preliminary results of the study indicate that the learning objectives expressed appear to reproduce the dominance of (natural) scientific and behaviouristic traditions in PETE and a dualistic approach to PE teacher knowledge. These results will be discussed in relation to theories of teacher knowledge.  Exploring learning objectives within PETE may be of significance for the construction of PE knowledge at a school level and may also offer explanations to the promotion and marginalisation of children in PE teaching.

  • 133.
    Backman, Erik
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science. Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan.
    Larsson, Håkan
    Gymnastik- och idrotthögskolan, Stockholm.
    What should a physical education teacher know?: An analysis of learning outcomes for future physical education teachers in Sweden2016In: Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, ISSN 1740-8989, E-ISSN 1742-5786, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 185-200Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research indicates that Physical Education Teacher Education (PETE) has only limited impact on how physical education (PE) is taught in schools. This paper offers possible explanations for the difficulties of influencing subject traditions in PE through analysing PETE curriculum documents. The purpose is show how knowledge is expressed through learning outcomes in local curriculum documents at six PETE institutions in Sweden. Inspired by Fenstermacher’s ideas about teacher knowledge, our ambition is to discuss the potential educational consequences of the epistemological assumptions underlying specific learning outcomes. From the total number of 224 learning outcomes described in the curriculum documents, different types of knowledge were identified and clustered together into the following themes: Teaching PE, Interpreting curriculum documents, Physical movement skills, Science, Social health, Pedagogy, Critical inquiry, and Research methods. In most of the identified themes, learning outcomes are formulated with an integrated perspective on so called performance knowledge and propositional knowledge. However, particularly in the themes Science and Physical movement skills, two very influential themes, the concept of knowledge is limited and unilateral in relation to ideas of different forms of teacher knowledge. Drawing on the work of Tinning, we offer an explanation as to how teacher knowledge in the themes Science and Physical movement skills, emanating from behaviouristic and craft knowledge orientations, is formulated.

  • 134.
    Backman, Erik
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Larsson, Håkan
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Redelius, Karin
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Lundvall, Suzanne
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Thedin Jacobsson, Britta
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Nyberg, Marie
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Bedömningsstöd i idrott och hälsa: årskurs 7-92012Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 135.
    Backman, Erik
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Nyberg, Gunn
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Larsson, Håkan
    GIH, The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Moving beyond rigid orthodoxies in the teaching and assessment of movement in Swedish physical education teacher education: A student perspective2019In: European Physical Education Review, ISSN 1356-336X, E-ISSN 1741-2749Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to analyse and discuss physical education teacher education (PETE) students’ conceptions of teaching and assessment of movement capability as a part of content knowledge in aquatics, dance and ice-skating at a university in Sweden. The theoretical perspective involves Shulman’s concept of content knowledge, the further elaboration of content knowledge into common content knowledge, and the theoretical perspective underpinning movement capability. The sample consists of two groups with a total of seven PETE students who volunteered to take part in group interviews. Semi-structured interviews with the two groups were conducted on three occasions. Findings display that the students’ conceptions of movement capability seem to be focused around performance of movements. Further, the participants felt the messages to be unclear in terms of what they are to know regarding movement capability before entering PETE. There was also a contradiction in that the PETE students felt it to be obvious that they would ‘know’ certain movements, and at the same time they requested clear and distinct criteria when it came to the performance of movements. This study shows that expectations in terms of PETE students’ levels of movement content knowledge need to be further investigated and discussed. This study also highlights the importance of conceptualising what PETE students need to learn if they are to see the need to develop their movement capability on their own. Assessments of students’ reflections on what it means to master movements are discussed as an alternative to assessment of performance of movements.

  • 136.
    Backman, Erik
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Pearson, Phil
    University of Wollongong, Australien.
    Movement skills as content knowledge and/or as pedagogic content knowledge?: Identifying gaps in Australian PETE research.2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The discussion of what constitute subject matter knowledge in Physical Education Teacher Education (PETE) has been intense and ongoing, particularly in the US and in Australia. One central part of this discussion have concerned the movement and sporting practices that students meet during their education. While most PETE scholars agree on the value for PETE students to experience movement and sport practices during their education, there are different ideas about the extent and in what form these should be taught and as to whether, and in what form, these should be assessed. In Australia, the discussion of movement and sport practices in PETE has very much been focused on various adaptations of the Sport Education model, the Game Centered Approach and Teaching Games for Understanding. However, given the limitations of time and resources, the issue of whether to prioritize movement and sport practices seen as a form of knowledge in itself or as means for teaching pupils in, through and about movement, has only been slightly dealt with in research of Australian PETE. Inspired by Shulman’s division of different forms of teacher knowledge, and in particular subject matter knowledge and pedagogical content knowledge, we want to address gaps in the Australian research on movement and sport practices in PETE. Illuminating the local construction of dominant as well as marginalized research discourses might help identify issues in need of research. 

  • 137.
    Backström, Susanne
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Fagerlund, Angelica
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Patientens osagda ord Sjuksköterskans arbete med patienter som drabbats av afasi efter stroke – en litteraturöversikt2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the communication barriers and opportunities arising nurse may face in the nursing work with patients with aphasia following stroke.

    Method: The study is based on 15 qualitative scientific articles that have been analyzed and examined with Dalarna University's modified version of William Stoltz and Bahtsevani (2006). Articles were selected for inclusion and exclusion criteria to meet the study objective.

    Results: The result of the literature review is based on the main categories and subcategories. The study revealed that the diagnosis of the kind of aphasic patient suffered is important for nurses to know how he should respond to the patient for the best rehabilitation and patient-centered care, which also needed education and training on aphasia and the different aphasia resorts. Training in communication strategies is essential for nurses to more easily respond to the patient and not get caught up in the communication with the patient.

    Conclusions: The study shows that it is important that patients early received the correct diagnosis which promotes rehabilitation. Even the nurses have need of and training in communication and alternative communication as it showed that the nurses' communication was facilitated by the patient. It also emerged that it is important with patient centered care based on the patient's needs.

  • 138.
    Backström, Susanne
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Imhof, Mathilda
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Skolsköterskans erfarenheter av hälsosamtal med nyanlända elever på gymnasieskola.: En kvalitativ studie2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate and disclose the experiences that school nurses encounter, in regard to health consultations, with newly arrived foreign students. The study had a qualitative design and was composed of semi structured interviews with an applied inductive approach. In total, seven interviews were performed with separate school nurses from the counties of Västernorrland and Stockholm. The interview material was processed through a content analysis. The results from the study indicated a theme of "

    being more than a school nurse" was composed of three main constituents;

    "To be challenged in one´s profession as a school nurse in health consultations"

    "To be enriched in one's profession in regard to health consultations"

    "To be inadequate in the health consultations as a school nurse"

    Based on both positive and negative factors, all school nurses affirmed that the meeting with the newly arrived foreign students, in regard to health consultations, resulted in being more than a school nurse. Health consultations with the students involved different types of challenges that consisted of inadequate guidelines, knowledge, time and resources. In spite of the challenges posed by the findings in this report, the school nurses asserted that they inched forward.

    The school nurses argued that they were enriched in their role in relation to the health consultations, which resulted in a sense of satisfaction and a commitment of wanting to help and be there for these students on a deeper level.

    The nurses reported a feeling of being inadequate during the consultations with the students, which brought forth feelings of insecurity, frustration and helplessness with the nurses. They reported that even their professional disposition had been affected.

    All participants in this study agreed that current high school health consultation guidelines were inadequate and confirmed that they lacked some knowledge in regard to cultural differences. The participants also requested guidance in their work involving newly arrived foreign students.

  • 139. Bajracharya, Kiran
    et al.
    Sapkota, Sabitri
    Erlandsson, Kerstin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    News & events: A milestone of Midwifery in Nepal2014In: Journal of Asian Midwives (JAM), ISSN 2409-2290, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 2p. 2-4Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 140. Bakkman, L.
    et al.
    Sahlin, K.
    Holmberg, H-C.
    Tonkonogi, Michail
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Quantitative and qualitative adaptation of human skeletal muscle mitochondria to hypoxic compared to normoxic training at the same relative work rate2007In: Acta Physiologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6772, E-ISSN 1365-201X, Vol. 190, no 3, p. 243-251Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To investigate if training during hypoxia (H) improves the adaptation of muscle oxidative function compared with normoxic (N) training performed at the same relative intensity.

    Method: Eight untrained volunteers performed one-legged cycle training during 4 weeks in a low-pressure chamber. One leg was trained under N conditions and the other leg under hypobaric hypoxia (526 mmHg) at the same relative intensity as during N (65% of maximal power output, Wmax). Muscle biopsies were taken from vastus lateralis before and after the training period. Muscle samples were analysed for the activities of oxidative enzymes [citrate synthase (CS) and cytochrome c oxidase (COX)] and mitochondrial respiratory function.

    Results: W max increased with more than 30% over the training period during both N and H. CS activity increased significantly after training during N conditions (+20.8%, P < 0.05) but remained unchanged after H training (+4.5%, ns) with a significant difference between conditions (P < 0.05 H vs. N). COX activity was not significantly changed by training and was not different between exercise conditions [+14.6 (N) vs. -2.3% (H), ns]. Maximal ADP stimulated respiration (state 3) expressed per weight of muscle tended to increase after N (+31.2%, P < 0.08) but not after H training (+3.2%, ns). No changes were found in state four respiration, respiratory control index, P/O ratio, mitochondrial Ca2+ resistance and apparent Km for oxygen.

    Conclusion: The training-induced increase in muscle oxidative function observed during N was abolished during H. Altitude training may thus be disadvantageous for adaptation of muscle oxidative function.

  • 141.
    Balaile, Gunnel
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science.
    Laisser, Rose
    Ransjö-Arvidson, Anna-Berit
    Höjer, Bengt
    Poverty and devastation of intimate relations: Tanzanian women's experience of living with HIV/AIDS2007In: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care, ISSN 1055-3290, E-ISSN 1552-6917, Vol. 18, no 5, p. 6-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Tanzania, women of reproductive age constitute the largest group infected by HIV. This study aimed to explore the lived experiences related to health and sexuality of Tanzanian women who had known their positive serostatus for I year. In-depth interviews with 10 women were analyzed using a phenomeno-logical-hermeneutic approach and showed frustration and despair at not having resources to maintain daily life. The women needed regular medical treatment for themselves and for their HIV-positive children. Their sexual desires had declined or vanished, and they had come to view sexuality as a source of transmittable disease. For some women, casual sex was an option to solve urgent financial needs. Happiness was something for their children, not for them. Access to social support from the women's community would help prevent further HIV transmission and enhance survival so the children could grow up with at least one devoted parent.

  • 142. Bandak, Ghassan
    et al.
    Sang, Yingying
    Gasparini, Alessandro
    Chang, Alex R
    Ballew, Shoshana H
    Evans, Marie
    Ärnlöv, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science. Uppsala universitet.
    Lund, Lars H
    Inker, Lesley A
    Grams, Morgan E
    Hyperkalemia after initiating renin-angiotensin system blockade: The Stockholm creatinine measurements (SCREAM) project2017In: Journal of the American Heart Association: Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease, ISSN 2047-9980, E-ISSN 2047-9980, Vol. 6, no 7, article id e005428Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Concerns about hyperkalemia limit the use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-I) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), but guidelines conflict regarding potassium-monitoring protocols. We quantified hyperkalemia monitoring and risks after ACE-I/ARB initiation and developed and validated a hyperkalemia susceptibility score.

    METHODS AND RESULTS: We evaluated 69 426 new users of ACE-I/ARB therapy in the Stockholm Creatinine Measurements (SCREAM) project with medication initiation from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2010, and follow-up for 1 year thereafter. Three fourths (76%) of SCREAM patients had potassium checked within the first year. Potassium >5 and >5.5 mmol/L occurred in 5.6% and 1.7%, respectively. As a comparison, we propensity-matched new ACE-I/ARB users to 20 186 new β-blocker users in SCREAM: 64% had potassium checked. The occurrence of elevated potassium levels was similar between new β-blocker and ACE-I/ARB users without kidney disease; only at estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min per 1.73 m(2) were risks higher among ACE-I/ARB users. We developed a hyperkalemia susceptibility score that incorporated estimated glomerular filtration rate, baseline potassium level, sex, diabetes mellitus, heart failure, and the concomitant use of potassium-sparing diuretics in new ACE-I/ARB users; this score accurately predicted 1-year hyperkalemia risk in the SCREAM cohort (area under the curve, 0.845, 95% CI: 0.840-0.869) and in a validation cohort from the US-based Geisinger Health System (N=19 524; area under the curve, 0.818, 95% CI: 0.794-0.841), with good calibration.

    CONCLUSIONS: Hyperkalemia within the first year of ACE-I/ARB therapy was relatively uncommon among people with estimated glomerular filtration rate >60 mL/min per 1.73 m(2), but rates were much higher with lower estimated glomerular filtration rate. Use of the hyperkalemia susceptibility score may help guide laboratory monitoring and prescribing strategies.

  • 143.
    Banu, Afroza
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sexual Reproductive Perinatal Health.
    Parvin, Shahanaj
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sexual Reproductive Perinatal Health.
    "There Are Remaining Challenges in Bangladesh" A National Assessment Strategy Supports Reaching International Midwifery Standards Education: A focus group inquiry among midwifery faculty in Bangladesh2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Delivery by unskilled birth attendant is causing many maternal and neonatal deaths. Midwives can reduce maternal and neonatal deaths by providing skilled delivery care. To prepare skilled midwives a National Assessment Strategy for Midwifery Education Standards has been introduced.

    Aim: To describe midwifery faculty members’ perceptions of how to affirm quality midwifery education in Bangladesh using a national assessment strategy.

    Methods: A qualitative research design was chosen using a context-specific accreditation assessment tool, guided by the Global Standards for Midwifery Education. The participants were 33 midwifery teachers, and data were analyzed with content analysis.

    Results: The findings indicate that Bangladesh should be prepared to implement the Global Standards for Midwifery Education Accreditation Programmes. The assessment strategy has prepared the faculty for accreditation and paved the way through the development of standards in the tool, overcoming barriers, and using the possible facilitators.

    Conclusion: There are remaining challenges in Bangladesh regarding "moving midwifery". Midwifery teachers demand for separate faculty from nursing. Promotion system for careers development can be initiated. Updating teachers knowledge, having adequate number of teachers with competencies, and maintained collaboration between teaching and clinical practice organizations are important for "moving midwifery" in Bangladesh.

    Clinical application: The present study results can be useful for midwifery education and clinical practice improvement.

  • 144. Barber, Ryan M
    et al.
    Fullman, Nancy
    Sorensen, Reed J
    Bollyky, Thomas
    McKee, Martin
    Nolte, Ellen
    Abajobir, Amanuel Alemu
    Abete, Kalkidan Hassen
    Ärnlöv, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science. Karolinska institutet.
    Murray, Christopher J L
    Healthcare Access and Quality Index based on mortality from causes amenable to personal health care in 195 countries and territories, 1990–2015: a novel analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 20152017In: The Lancet, ISSN 0140-6736, E-ISSN 1474-547X, Vol. 390, no 10091, p. 231-266Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 145. Barenfeld, Emmelie
    et al.
    Dahlin-Ivanoff, Synneve
    Wallin, Lars
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Karolinska institutet; Göteborgs universitet.
    Gustafsson, Susanne
    Promoting aging migrants' capabilities: A randomized controlled trial concerning activities of daily living and self-rated health.2018In: AIMS public health, ISSN 2327-8994, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 173-188Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to evaluate the 6-month and 1-year effects of a person-centered group-based health-promoting intervention on independence in daily activities and self-rated health. The study was an RCT with follow-ups at 6 months and 1 year. A total of 131 independent living people (70+) who have migrated to Sweden from Finland or Western Balkan region were included. Participants were independent in activities of daily living and cognitively intact. They were randomized to an intervention group receiving four weekly group-meetings and a follow-up home visit, or a control group (no intervention). An overall chi-squared test was performed and the odds ratio calculated. A high proportion of the participants maintained independence in activities of daily living and improved or maintained self-rated health. However, no significant differences were found between the groups. The result indicates that the intervention was offered too early in the aging process to be able to detect effects. Methodological challenges were met during both the recruitment and implementation phases. In response to lessons learned, a multicenter design is recommended for future research in order to strengthen the findings. Furthermore, this study has contributed with experiences on both opportunities and challenges in terms of research with and about older people aging in the context of migration, as is discussed.

  • 146. Barenfeld, Emmelie
    et al.
    Gustafsson, Susanne
    Wallin, Lars
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Karolinska institutet; Göteborgs universitet.
    Dahlin-Ivanoff, Synneve
    Supporting decision-making by a health promotion programme: experiences of persons ageing in the context of migration.2017In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 12, no 1, article id 1337459Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is part of the Promoting Aging Migrants' Capabilities programme that applied person-centred group meetings and one individual home visit to prolong independence in daily activities among people ≥70 years who had migrated to Sweden from Finland or the Western Balkan region. With the purpose to understand programme outcomes, the study aimed to explore the participants' everyday experiences of using health-promoting messages exchanged during the programme. Using a grounded theory approach, 12 persons aged 70-83 years were interviewed six months to one year after their participation in the programme. The participants experienced how using health-promoting messages was a dynamic process of how to make decisions on taking action to satisfy health-related needs of oneself or others immediately or deferring action. Five sub-processes were also identified: gaining inner strength, meeting challenges in available resources, being attentive to what is worth knowing, approaching health risks, and identifying opportunities to advocate for others. The results suggest that the programme could develop personal skills to support older people who have migrated to overcome health-related challenges. They further demonstrate the importance of supporting their health literacy before personal resources hinder action, and call for research on programmes to overcome environmental barriers to health.

  • 147. Barenfeld, Emmelie
    et al.
    Gustafsson, Susanne
    Wallin, Lars
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Karolinska institutet.
    Dahlin-Ivanoff, Synneve
    Understanding the "black box" of a health-promotion program: keys to enable health among older persons aging in the context of migration2015In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 10, article id 29013Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the need to make health services more accessible to persons who have migrated has been identified, knowledge about health-promotion programs (HPPs) from the perspective of older persons born abroad is lacking. This study explores the design experiences and content implemented in an adapted version of a group-based HPP developed in a researcher-community partnership. Fourteen persons aged 70-83 years or older who had migrated to Sweden from Finland or the Balkan Peninsula were included. A grounded theory approach guided the data collection and analysis. The findings showed how participants and personnel jointly helped raise awareness. The participants experienced three key processes that could open doors to awareness: enabling community, providing opportunities to understand and be understood, and confirming human values and abilities. Depending on how the HPP content and design are being shaped by the group, the key processes could both inhibit or encourage opening doors to awareness. Therefore, this study provides key insights into how to enable health by deepening the understanding of how the exchange of health-promoting messages is experienced to be facilitated or hindered. This study adds to the scientific knowledge base of how the design and content of HPP may support and recognize the capabilities of persons aging in the context of migration.

  • 148. Barenfeld, Emmelie
    et al.
    Wallin, Lars
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Björk Brämberg, Elisabeth
    Moving from knowledge to action in partnership: A case study on program adaptation to support optimal aging in the context of migration2017In: Journal of Applied Gerontology, ISSN 0733-4648, E-ISSN 1552-4523Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This case study explored how a researcher-community partnership contributed to program adaptations when implementing person-centered group-based health promotion services to older people who have migrated to Sweden. The study was conducted over 3 years and various data sources were used: focus groups, individual interviews, documents, and archive material. Findings from different data sources and partners' perspectives were triangulated to an overall case description using an iterative process. Adaptations were shaped through a dynamic process, negotiating toward suitable solutions that culminated in actions taken to adapt or inhibit adaptations. The negotiations were driven by the interplay within and between three reasons to adapt. The partners' opportunities to influence the negotiation process depended on establishing common ground to shape adaptations. Practical implications are provided on how to move from knowledge to action when implementing person-centered group-based health promotion to support optimal aging in the context of migration.

  • 149.
    Barkegren, Hanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Sunesson, Minna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Att tävla eller inte tävla, det är frågan: En studie om varför unga längdskidåkare i Dalarna slutar tävla2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    This study aimed to investigate at what age young adolescence in Dalarna stops competing in cross-country skiing. Furthermore, to explore possible reasons to why they decide to stop competing.

    Method

    To answer the aim a mixed-method was applied. The data collection comprised a quantitative statistical study of when young adolescence from five different teams stopped competing. Additionally, 10 qualitative interviews were conducted with six young adolescence, three coaches and Dalarnas ski associations head of management training.

    Results

    The results show that most young adolescents in Dalarnas association stops competing when they reach the age of 12-13. Furthermore, the results suggest that there isn’t just one specific reason to why young adolescence in Dalarnas stops competing. Instead five reoccurring themes: performance, other sports, parents, interpersonal relationships and physical prerequisites were found.

    Conclusion

    The results show that the age where most young adolescents stops competing is 12-13 years. Additionally that here is no simple answer to why young adolescent in Dalarna stops competing. Instead the reasons why they decide to stop competing consists of many different factors. With background from the result a conclusion can be made that there is need of improvement, from the association as well as the teams, concerning how to make competition more attractive to youth in Dalarna. The two most common areas to talk about amongst the interview subjects were performance and interpersonal relationships. Therefore those two areas might be a good starting point in the process of keeping youth in competition context.

  • 150.
    Barker, Dean
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Nyberg, Gunn
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Bergentoft, Helen
    Göteborgs universitet.
    What would physical educators know about movement education? A review of literature, 2006-20162017In: Quest (National Association for Physical Education in Higher Education), ISSN 0033-6297, E-ISSN 1543-2750, Vol. 69, no 4, p. 419-435Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This review paper identifies the conceptual underpinnings of current movement research in Physical Education. Using a hermeneutic approach, four analogies for movement education are identified: the motor program analogy, the neurobiological systems analogy, the instinctive movement analogy, and the embodied exploration analogy. Three issues related to logical consistency and its relevance for movement education are raised. The first relates to tensions between the analogies and educational policy. The second concerns differences among the four analogies. The third issue relates to the appropriateness of specific analogies for dealing with certain movement contexts. In each case, strategies for improvement are considered. The paper is concluded with a brief summary along with reflections on issues that require further attention.

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