du.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
1234567 101 - 150 of 2480
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • chicago-author-date
  • chicago-note-bibliography
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 101.
    Arnesson, Jesper
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Enberg, Anton
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Resultatinriktad idrott – ett problem för längdskidsporten: En studie om avhopp inom längdskidåkning2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    The aim of the study is to examine the dropout from cross-country skiing after high school and how elite associations with connection to university, attractive cities and support to elite athletes can prevent it.

    Design

    This study has a qualitative orientation where totally nine persons was interviewed. The study had four different target audiences which where dropouts, coaches from Dala Sports Academy, representatives from Falun and Borlange community and the Swedish ski association. Questions about dropout have been answered by all participants in the study but the questions about elite associations on senior levels were only answered by coaches, representatives of the communities and the Swedish ski association.

    Results

    All participants showed that bad results, interests beside the sport and that the conditions and support gets smaller at senior level was reasons for dropout. The dropouts also showed that lack of motivation was a reason for leaving cross-country skiing. The coaches, communities and the Swedish ski association intended that the enviroment in Falun and Borlange was good for running an elite association on senior level for cross-country skiing. They also provided that the economical part is important for an elite association on senior level.

    Conclusions

    The main reason for dropout in cross-country skiing is when the sport gets to serious and the focus only is on results. This leads to lack of motivation if the athletes don’t get the results they want. Only the best skiers can today participate in elite associations on senior level. To give more athletes an opportunity to train and compete in a high level as a senior the clubs can be more active with sponsorship so the resources expands.

  • 102.
    Aronsson, Andreas
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Riskfaktorer för självmord bland män över 65 år och självmordspreventiva omvårdnadsinsatser2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Självmord är ett folkhälsoproblem bland äldre världen över. I takt med en globalt ökad medellivslängd och en större population äldre individer förväntas antalet självmord bland äldre öka. Män över 65 år genomför cirka 5-6 gånger fler självmord än kvinnor i samma ålder. Syfte: Att kartlägga de orsaker som ligger till grund för att män över 65 år begår självmord, samt beskriva preventiva omvårdnadsinsatser. Metod: Studien genomfördes som en litteraturstudie, sökningar gjordes i Pubmed, Cinahl och Medline. Totalt inkluderades 27 artiklar. Resultat: Riskfaktorer för självmord hos äldre män var depression, förluster, fysisk funktionsnedsättning, misstro mot sjukvården samt att de var beslutsamma och använde våldsamma metoder. Självmordsprevention bör ske med gemensamma insatser i vården och i socialsektorn. Utbildning av vårdpersonal leder till ökat självförtroende, ökad kunskap och mer kompetens att identifiera individer i riskzonen. Utbildning leder även till förändrade attityder och förhållningssätt hos vårdpersonal vilket leder till mindre risk för känsla av förlorad autonomi hos patienten. Slutsats: Utbildning av vårdpersonal är av stor vikt för att förmedla kunskaper och förmågor att bemöta självmordsbenägna individer och för att påverka de attityder som råder i samhället. Ju tidigare insatser som görs för hälsa och välmående desto bättre, vilket indirekt ger självmordsprevention på köpet.

  • 103.
    Aronsson, Jennifer
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Grandin, Simone
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Långvarig smärta efter cancerbehandling - En litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Cancer is increasing among the population, which can lead to an increased number of complications as chronic pain, not only from the cancer treatment but from the disease itself. Patients have also been found to feel that their pain problems are not taken seriously by the healthcare professionals. The nurses should work to relieve any suffering which is caused by pain. Suffering is a unique experience that is different for everyone. As suffering may be due to the overall life situation, the nurses need a greater understanding of the situation in order to fulfill their responsibilities. Aim: The aim of this literature review was to compile research on chronic pain after cancer treatment. Method: An integrative literature review with 11 included articles. Result: Two main themes were identified; daily life and quality of life, and six subthemes regarding how the chronic pain influences and impacts the following; physical activities, daily activities, the professional life, drug use, general wellbeing, and sex life. Conclusion: Many patients experienced a negative impact on their daily life in both mental, physical and social dimensions. Patients felt that work, physical activity and daily tasks were limited due to the chronic pain. This varied in all aspects depending on the type of cancer and which treatment the patients received.

  • 104. Arouca, Aline B
    et al.
    Santaliestra-Pasías, Alba M
    Moreno, Luis A
    Marcos, Ascensión
    Widhalm, Kurt
    Molnár, Dénes
    Manios, Yannis
    Gottrand, Frederic
    Forsner, Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Umeå universitet.
    Michels, Nathalie
    Diet as a moderator in the association of sedentary behaviors with inflammatory biomarkers among adolescents in the HELENA study2018In: European Journal of Nutrition, ISSN 1436-6207, E-ISSN 1436-6215Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: To assess if a healthy diet might attenuate the positive sedentary-inflammation relation, whereas an unhealthy diet may increase the effect of sedentary behaviors on inflammatory biomarkers.

    METHODS: In 618 adolescents (13-17 years) of the European HELENA study, data were available on body composition, a set of inflammation markers, and food intake assessed by a self-administered computerized 24 h dietary recall for 2 days. A 9-point Mediterranean diet score and an antioxidant-rich diet z-score were used as dietary indices and tested as moderators. A set of low-grade inflammatory characteristics was used as outcome: several cytokines in an inflammatory ratio (IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α, TGFβ-1), C-reactive protein, three cell-adhesion molecules (sVCAM-1, sICAM-1, sE-selectin), three cardiovascular risk markers (GGT, ALT, homocysteine) and three immune cell types (white blood cells, lymphocytes, CD3). Sedentary behaviors were self-reported and analyzed as total screen time. Multiple linear regression analyses tested moderation by diet in the sedentary behaviors-inflammation association adjusted for age, sex, country, adiposity (sum of six skinfolds), parental education, and socio-economic status.

    RESULTS: Both diet scores, Mediterranean and antioxidant-rich diet, were significant protective moderators in the effect of sedentary behaviors on alanine-transaminase enzyme (P = 0.014; P = 0.027), and on the pro/anti-inflammatory cytokine ratio (P = 0.001; P = 0.004), but not on other inflammatory parameters.

    CONCLUSION: A higher adherence to the Mediterranean diet or an antioxidant-rich diet may attenuate the onset of oxidative stress signs associated by sedentary behaviors, whereas a poor diet seems to increase inflammation.

  • 105.
    Artikulova, Gulnara
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Martinez Vasquez, Susan
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Strategier och hjälpmedel som kan förbättra munhälsan hos äldre personer inom äldreomsorg: En litteraturöversikt2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet är att belysa vilka strategier och hjälpmedel som kan förbättra

    munhälsan hos äldre personer inom äldreomsorg. Metod: En

    litteraturöversiktsstudie baserad på befintlig kunskap. Studien innefattade 15

    artiklar med såväl kvalitativ som kvantitativ ansats och söktes i databaserna Cinahl

    och Pubmed. Resultat: Resultatet visade att de strategier som framkom till följd av

    bearbetning av de femton valda vetenskapliga artiklar i denna studie var

    munvårdsutbildning till vårdgivarna, uppföljning av befintliga rutiner samt

    införandet av nya rutiner och anpassad kommunikation. Dessa strategier visade sig

    vara mycket effektiva för förbättrad munhälsa hos vårdtagarna inom äldreomsorg.

    I studien beskrivs även effekter av användning av hjälpmedel som elektrisk

    tandborste och munvårdskort. Konklusion: Resultatet visade att bland annat

    munvårdsutbildning ger ett bättre munvårdsresultat.

  • 106.
    Arvidsson, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Ivarsson, Thérèse
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Sjuksköterskans känslor och upplevelser av att tvångsvårda patienter inom psykiatrisk vård- En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    In psychiatric care, coercion is a reality that can affect the patient's self-determination, which can lead to ethical dilemmas for nurses in different areas of work and in threats and violence. The demands are high on the nurses to be able to create trust and confidence in the patient. And to show empathy and understanding when a conflict arises. Clear guidelines and laws exist to support compulsion and forced measures.

    Aim:

    aim of this literature review is to investigate the nurse's feelings and experiences of compulsive care and to perform forced measures in psychiatric care. Method: The study was conducted as a literature review. The articles were searched within the databases Cinahl, Pubmed and PsycINFO. A total of 15 qualitative scientific articles were selected. Result: The result showed that the nurse's have mixed feelings and experiences of forced measures. Feelings like stress, fear, anxiety and insufficiency. The nurses associate these feelings as insufficient knowledge and experience and threatening and violent situations. Forced measures often contributed to negative feelings as well as ethical dilemmas of the nurse. Conclusion: This literature review shows that nurses experienced insufficient knowledge about the treatment and management of threats and violence, as well as alternative treatment methods for forced measures. The nurse was often faced with ethical dilemmas that may damage the therapeutic relationship.

  • 107.
    Arvidsson, Madelene
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Sellström, Sandra
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Sjuksköterskans stöd till personer med psykiska funktionsnedsättningar i utövandet av fysisk aktivitet och dess hälsoeffekter Litteraturstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It has been researched a lot of physical activity beneficial effects on the human

    body physically. Previously, there has been a natural part of treatment in psychiatry, which

    made the authors curious about how it can be highlighted in the care of people with mental

    disabilities.

    Aim: The purpose of this study was to describe the health benefits of physical activity for

    people with mental disabilities and nurse support through tutoring.

    Methodology: During the compilation of the results revealed that nurses can provide

    support through the Motivational Interviewing (MI) was of central importance. When the

    patient heard and build up their goals to be measurable with trained medical staff, but also

    through support of patient self-education and knowledge of the physical activity's positive

    impact on mental health.

    Conclusion: The nurse's approach to support and motivate people with mental disabilities to

    exercise physical activity was found to be several. Then it was important to the ruled and

    knew the different ways to motivate people with mental disabilities. Other important

    approaches were good care relationship, individualized exercise programs, and support and

    training in the health benefits that physical activity gave.

  • 108.
    Arvidsson, Malin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Jansson, Susanne
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Stress hos sjuksköterskor och utövandet av personcentrerad vård: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Working person-centered is an important part of the profession as a nurse, not least because the nurse's ethical rules suggest that, but also because every person is unique, and that care should therefore be adapted to each individual. As part of this degree project, the person-centered care and the work environment in hospitals has been overlooked for how the person centered care is affected by the nurse's experience of stress.

    Aim: The aim is to describe how stress in the nurse's work environment affects the personcentered care of patients in hospitals.

    Methods: The degree project was conducted as a literature review based on 17 scientific articles with publication between 2009 and 2018. The database used was Cinahl.

    Results: The results show that despite a stressful working environment for the nurse, the emotional part does not affect the patient's care. However practical care may cause damage, which in turn can affect patient safety. The result also shows that management has a major responsibility in setting up guidelines for person-centered care, as well as preventing burnout of the nurse and patient safety.

    Conclusion: There is a clear link between the working environment and the psychologist's nurse, despite this, the nurses do not receive the opportunity to participate in decisions made by the management. More studies need to be done about the work environment and the impact on the nurse in terms of stress and burnout. The concept of person-centered care is wide and extensive, therefore, clear guidelines for the practice of person-centered care need to be made in practice to ensure the results of how the work environment affects person-centered care.

  • 109.
    Arwidson, Helena
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Pettersson, Rose-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Patientens upplevelse av att leva med Multipel Skleros och hur sjuksköterskan kan stödja dessa patienter.: En litteraturöversikt2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att belysa patientens upplevelse av att

    leva med Multipel Skleros, samt hur sjuksköterskan kan stödja dessa patienter.

    Metod: Studien genomfördes som en litteraturöversikt och artiklarna söktes i

    databaserna CINAHL och PubMed. Vi hittade 14 artiklar som utgjorde grund för

    resultatet. 6 kvantitativa och 8 kvalitativa artiklar. Resultat: Sjukdomen MS

    upplevdes av patienterna som en förlust av sin friska identitet. En rädsla och oro

    inför framtiden. Trötthet var det som ofta påverkade det dagliga livet. Patienterna

    ville ha mer information om sjukdomen och en bra kommunikation med

    sjuksköterskan. Slutsats: Att leva med MS gav stora förändringar psykiskt och

    fysiskt. Trötthet gav minskad energi att klara vardagen. Patienterna kände skuld,

    nedstämdhet och oro. Informationen och kunskapen från sjuksköterskan var

    bristfällig.

  • 110.
    Askling, Carl
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Laboratoriet för biomekanik och motorisk kontroll (BMC).
    Nilsson, Johnny
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Laboratoriet för biomekanik och motorisk kontroll (BMC).
    Thorstensson, Alf
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Laboratoriet för biomekanik och motorisk kontroll (BMC).
    A new hamstring test to complement the common clinical examination before return to sport after injury2010In: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, ISSN 0942-2056, E-ISSN 1433-7347, Vol. 18, no 12, p. 1788-1803Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: The aim was to introduce and evaluate the reliability and validity of an active hamstring flexibility test as a complement to common clinical examination when determining safe return to sport after hamstring injury.

    METHODS: Eleven healthy subjects (28 years) were tested on repeated occasions, and 11 athletes (21 years) with MRI-verified acute hamstring strain were tested when common clinical examination revealed no signs of remaining injury, i.e. there was no differences between the legs in palpation pain, manual strength tests, and passive straight leg raise. Flexibility, i.e. highest range of motion of three consecutive trials, was calculated from electrogoniometer data during active ballistic hip flexions and conventional passive slow hip-flexions in a supine position. A VAS-scale (0-100) was used to estimate experience of insecurity during active tests.

    RESULTS: No significant test-retest differences were observed. Intra-class correlation coefficients ranged 0.94-0.99 and coefficients of variation 1.52-4.53%. Active flexibility was greater (23%) than passive flexibility. In the athletes, the injured leg showed smaller (8%) active, but not passive, flexibility than the uninjured leg. Average insecurity estimation was 52 (range 28-98) for the injured and 0 for the uninjured leg, respectively.

    CONCLUSION: The new test showed high reliability and construct validity; furthermore, it seems to be sensitive enough to detect differences both in active flexibility and in insecurity after acute hamstring strains at a point in time when the commonly used clinical examination fails to reveal injury signs. Thus, the test could be a complement to the common clinical examination before the final decision to return to sport is made.

  • 111.
    Assarsson, Hannes
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Skillnader och likheter i fartstrategi hos manliga- och kvinnliga- samt unga- och gamla skidlöpare i Vasaloppet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 112.
    Astrakos, Alexander
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Kadergran, Robin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Articles from Google rarely contains high qualityinformation about rapid weight loss for martial artsperformers: Critical review of articles on rapid weight-loss in martial artsperformers2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of the study is to investigate the quality and credibility of the articles collected from Google - describing fast weight loss methods as well as diets for martial arts.

    Method

    The method started with five search phrases related to weight loss pre-competition at martial arts. The five phrases where applied to the Google search engine and for each phrase the first five search results were selected. Search results were analysed with content analysis criteria analysing Credibility, Accuracy, Reasonability and Support. Detailed descriptions of how these quality parameters were assessed can be found below in text

    Result

    The results from the study showed that the articles analysed in this study with content analysis criteria do not have the desired credibility because only 12 % of the articles are based on facts. The results also showed that 35 % of the authors claimed to be experts and 41 % of the websites associated with the articles have a responsible publisher. Furthermore the study showed that the articles have low accuracy because no article is peer reviewed and only 6 % of the authors use scientific structure in their articles. Some of the articles even included contradictions. The study showed that the web pages have a low reasonableness because 53 % of the articles and web pages have a partial message to promote their products and education. The study shows that web sites associated with the articles has more than 76 % support.

    Conclusion

    Martial art athletes should understand that not all of the rapid weight loss information that appears in Google search results is based on science or facts, most of the information is no more than opinions that lack reference. None of the articles in the study were previewed by peers and few articles were written by experts. This means that accuracy and credibility are low according to the study's criteria. In addition, many authors try to sell either their products or training through their articles, but this is not a standard indicator that makes the quality low.

  • 113.
    Atilgan, Josefine
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Vikström, Nicole
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Faktorer som påverkar sjuksköterskans hälsofrämjande åtgärder vid överviktsproblematik: Litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Overweight and obesity are a growing issue, from 1980 to 2014 have the global presence of overweight and obesity more than doubled. People with overweight and obesity have an increased risk of developing sequelae such as high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, even the risk of dying beforehand increases. Aim: The aim was to describe factors that affect the nurses’ health promotion to adult with overweight and obesity in primary and somatic care. Method: The study was conducted as a literature review where data was collected thru the databases CINAHL and Pubmed. The result was based on 14 articles with both quantitative and qualitative approach. Results: The results

    show five categories that affect the nurses health promotion: Lack of time and non-adapted equipment, Knowledge and skills, Attitudes of the nurses, Confidence in the conversation and own ability and The nurses own lifestyle.

    Conclusion: This literature review provides an understanding of what factors that affect the nurses’ work with health promotion towards patients with overweight or obesity. Nurses have good opportunities to work preventively with weight problems and they have a significant role in how patients with overweight and obesity are treated.

  • 114. Atuhairwe, Susan
    et al.
    Byamugisha, Josaphat
    Klingberg-Allvin, Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Karolinska institutet.
    Cleeve, Amanda
    Hanson, Claudia
    Tumwesigye, Nazarius Mbona
    Kakaire, Othman
    Danielsson, Kristina Gemzell
    Evaluating the safety, effectiveness and acceptability of treatment of incomplete second-trimester abortion using misoprostol provided by midwives compared with physicians: study protocol for a randomized controlled equivalence trial2019In: Trials, ISSN 1745-6215, E-ISSN 1745-6215, Vol. 20, no 1, article id 376Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: A large proportion of abortion-related mortality and morbidity occurs in the second trimester of pregnancy. The Uganda Ministry of Health policy restricts management of second-trimester incomplete abortion to physicians who are few and unequally distributed, with most practicing in urban regions. Unsafe and outdated methods like sharp curettage are frequently used. Medical management of second-trimester post-abortion care by midwives offers an advantage given the difficulty in providing surgical management in low-income settings and current health worker shortages. The study aims to assess the safety, effectiveness and acceptability of treatment of incomplete second-trimester abortion using misoprostol provided by midwives compared with physicians.

    METHODS: A randomized controlled equivalence trial implemented at eight hospitals and health centers in Central Uganda will include 1192 eligible women with incomplete abortion of uterine size > 12 weeks up to 18 weeks. Each participant will be randomly assigned to undergo a clinical assessment and treatment by either a midwife (intervention arm) or a physician (control arm). Enrolled participants will receive 400 μg misoprostol administered sublingually every 3 h up to five doses within 24 h at the health facility until a complete abortion is confirmed. Women who do not achieve complete abortion within 24 h will undergo surgical uterine evacuation. Pre discharge, participants will receive contraceptive counseling and information on what to expect in terms of side effects and signs of complications, with follow-up 14 days later to assess secondary outcomes. Analyses will be by intention to treat. Background characteristics and outcomes will be presented using descriptive statistics. Differences between groups will be analyzed using risk difference (95% confidence interval) and equivalence established if this lies between the predefined range of - 5% and + 5%. Chi-square tests will be used for comparison of outcome and t tests used to compare mean values. P ≤ 0.05 will be considered statistically significant.

    DISCUSSION: Our study will provide evidence to inform national and international policies, standard care guidelines and training program curricula on treatment of second-trimester incomplete abortion for improved access.

    TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03622073 . Registered on 9 August 2018.

  • 115.
    Avelin, Pernilla
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Erlandsson, Kerstin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Hildingsson, Ingegerd
    Mid Sweden University.
    Davidsson-Bremborg, Anna
    Lund University.
    Rådestad, Ingela
    Sophiahemmet University College.
    Make the stillborn baby and the loss real for the sibling: parents' advice on how the siblings of a stillborn baby can be supported2012In: Journal of Perinatal Education, ISSN 1058-1243, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 90-98Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to investigate parents' advice to other parents on the basis of their own experiences of siblings' taking leave of a stillborn sister or brother. The study was a Web questionnaire study of 411 parents. The thematic content analysis resulted in two categories: "Make the stillborn baby and the loss real for the siblings" and "Take the siblings' resources and prerequisites into account." Parents' advised that siblings should see and hold the stillborn baby and, thus, be invited and included into the leave-taking process with respect to the siblings' feelings, resources, and prerequisites. Based on these findings, professional caregivers can usefully be proactive in their approach to facilitate and encourage the involvement of siblings.

  • 116.
    Avelin, Pernilla
    et al.
    Karolinska institutet.
    Erlandsson, Kerstin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Hildingsson, Ingegerd
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Rådestad, Inegla
    Sophiahemmet högskola.
    Swedish parents' experiences of parenthood and the need for support to siblings when a baby is stillborn2011In: Birth, ISSN 0730-7659, E-ISSN 1523-536X, Vol. 38, no 2, p. 150-158Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    It has been argued that having a stillborn baby in the family affects older siblings more than parents realize. The aim of this study was to describe parenthood and the needs of siblings after stillbirth from the parents' perspective.

    Methods:

    Six focus groups were held with 27 parents who had experienced a stillbirth and who had had children before the loss. The discussion concerned parents' support to the siblings, and the sibling's meeting, farewell, and memories of their little sister or brother. Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis.

    Results:

    The overall theme of the findings was parenthood in a balance between grief and everyday life. In the analysis, three categories emerged that described the construction of the theme: support in an acute situation, sharing the experiences within the family, and adjusting to the situation.

    Conclusions:

    The siblings' situation is characterized by having a parent who tries to maintain a balance between grief and everyday life. Parents are present and engaged in joint activities around the stillbirth together with the siblings of the stillborn baby. Although parents are aware of the sibling's situation, they feel that they are left somewhat alone in their parenthood after stillbirth and therefore need support and guidance from others.

  • 117.
    Avelin, Pernilla
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm.
    Gyllenswärd, Göran
    Psychotherapy and Grief Consultant, Stockholm.
    Erlandsson, Kerstin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Mälardalen University, Västerås.
    Rådestad, Ingela
    Sophiahemmet University College, Stockholm.
    Adolescents' experiences of having a stillborn half-sibling2013In: Death Studies, ISSN 0748-1187, E-ISSN 1091-7683, Vol. 38, no 9, p. 557-562Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although there is an increasing interest in siblings' experiences of loss and grief there is limited knowledge of adolescent's own perspectives, especially in a unique situation as after stillbirth in a reconstituted family. The authors interviewed 13 bereaved adolescents. They were sad that their family was not the same and expressed feelings of being inside family grief, yet outside, because they did not have full access in their reconstituted family. An implication of present findings is that it is important to include all the members of the family in the grieving process, even half-siblings of the deceased child.

  • 118. Avelin, Pernilla
    et al.
    Rådestad, Ingela
    Säflund, Karin
    Wredling, Regina
    Erlandsson, Kerstin
    Mälardalen University.
    Parental grief and relationships after the loss of a stillborn baby2012In: Midwifery, ISSN 0266-6138, E-ISSN 1532-3099, Vol. 29, no 6, p. 668-673Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 119.
    Avelin, Pernilla
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Rådestad, Ingela
    Sophiahemmet Univ Coll.
    Säflund, Karin
    Karolinska Inst.
    Wredling, Regina
    Karolinska Inst.
    Erlandsson, Kerstin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Parental grief and relationships after the loss of a stillborn baby2013In: Midwifery, ISSN 0266-6138, E-ISSN 1532-3099, Vol. 29, no 6, p. 668-73Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: to describe the grief of mothers and fathers and its influence on their relationships after the loss of a stillborn baby.

    Design: a postal questionnaire at three months, one year and two years after stillbirth.

    Setting: a study of mothers and fathers of babies stillborn during a one-year period in the Stockholm region of Sweden.

    Participants: 55 parents, 33 mothers and 22 fathers.

    Findings: mothers and fathers stated that they became closer after the loss, and that the feeling deepened over the course of the following year. The parents said that they began grieving immediately as a gradual process, both as individuals, and together as a couple. During this grieving process their expectations, expressions and personal and joint needs might have threatened their relationship as a couple, in that they individually felt alone at this time of withdrawal. While some mothers and fathers had similar grieving styles, the intensity and expression of grief varied, and the effects were profound and unique for each individual.

    Key conclusions: experiences following a loss are complex, with each partner attempting to come to terms with the loss and the resultant effect on the relationship with their partner.

    Implications for practice: anticipating and being able to acknowledge the different aspects of grief will enable professionals to implement more effective intervention in helping couples grieve both individually and together.

  • 120.
    Axelsson, Elin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Lans, Hanna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Riskfaktorer för suicid bland ungdomar: En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Close to 800 000 people die by suicide every year worldwide, and that makes suicide a global public health problem. Nearly one-third of all suicides occurs among young people, and suicide is the second leading cause of death globally among adolescents and young adults. It is important to identify individuals with an increased risk of committing suicide in order to reduce the death number due to suicide, which can be done by paying attention to risk factors for suicide.

    Aim: The aim of this literature review is to describe risk factors for suicide among adolescents.

    Method: This study is a literature review where 13 articles have been included in the result. The search for articles was performed in the databases PsycInfo and Cinahl.

    Results: The result showed a wide range of different risk factors for suicide among adolescents. Five categories could be distinguished and these were social situation, mental illness, abuse, substance use and sexual minority. Subcategories were added to these categories. Mental health and social situation among adolescents turned out to be two of the main risk factors for suicide.

    Conclusion: Various risk factors for suicide among adolescents appeared in this literature review. In order to work with suicide prevention the nurse must have knowledge of risk factors for suicide. Furthermore, it is also important that the nurse has a person-centered approach to the patient. In this way, suicide among adolescents can be identified, assessed and prevented.

  • 121.
    Axelsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science.
    Tellström, Linda
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science.
    Mobil hälsa (m-hälsa) genom användning av mobiltelefon som intervention för barn med övervikt eller fetma.: En systematisk litteraturstudie.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    The presence of overweight and obesity among children is increasing in

    large parts of the world. Lack of physical activity is one of the causes of overweight and

    obesity. For children with obesity, small amounts of physical activity may have major

    positive health effects. There is a need to develop new effective strategies to increase the

    amount of physical activity among children with overweight or obesity. Mobile health

    (mHealth) is used as an umbrella term for health services transmitted by mobile devices

    and is defined as "medical or public health practice supported by mobile devices such as

    mobile phones, patient monitoring devices, personal digital assistants and other wireless

    devices." A potential strategy for influencing the amount of physical activity in children

    with overweight or obesity is mHealth through the use of mobile phones.

    Objective:

    To examine and describe what interventions with mHealth component

    through the use of mobile phones that evaluated physical activity or Body Mass Index

    (BMI) in children with overweight or obesity.

    Methods:

    A systematic literature study in which studies describing interventions with

    mHealth components for the target group of children 0-18 years of overweight or obesity

    were included. Search was conducted in three scientific databases.

    Results:

    The searches resulted in 649 studies, of which 16 met set inclusion criteria. In

    most studies, the mHealth component included the use of text messaging and in some

    studies the use of app. The function of the mHealth component was studied and divided

    into self-registration, communication, encouragement, education and reminder. The

    included studies reported different forms of BMI where two studies showed significant

    differences between the intervention and control group with the greatest reduction for

    the intervention group. Few studies reported objectively measured time in physical

    activity of moderate to high intensity.

    Conclusion:

    The most common intervention with mHealth component through the use

    of mobile phones among children with overweight or obesity was text messaging. In

    order to understand and compare how mHealth can be used, a framework for the

    description of these interventions would facilitate.

  • 122. Ayala, Ana
    et al.
    Christensson, Kyllike
    Velandia, Marianne
    Erlandsson, Kerstin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Karolinska Institutet.
    Fathers’ care of the newborn infant after caesarean section in Chile: a qualitative study2016In: Sexual & Reproductive HealthCare, ISSN 1877-5756, E-ISSN 1877-5764, Vol. 8, p. 75-81Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In Chilean hospitals the current model of care after caesarean section is to separate newborn infants from both parents. The care of newborn infants and the parents' experience immediately after caesarean section requires further exploration.

    Aim: To describe fathers' experiences and perceptions of being the primary caregiver to their newborn infant during the first 90 minutes after caesarean section in a public general maternity hospital setting in Santiago de Chile.

    Method: The questionnaire was one part of a larger research programme named: “Caregiving Models after Elective Caesarean Section – Parents' perceptions and effects on infants' wellbeing”. Four open ended questions were used to gather written text on the experiences and perceptions of 95 fathers who were the primary caregiver to their newborn infant. Ethical approval was obtained from the Ethics Committee, Scientific Assessment Metropolitan Health Service South East. Systematic text condensation according to Malterud's description was used for analysis of the written text.

    Findings: Two themes were identified: “understanding the first moment of life” and “shared responsibility for future family life” with each theme divided into six categories.

    Conclusion: This study concludes by arguing that in situations where the mother is unavailable or unable to provide basic care, the father should be supported to care for the newborn infant.

    Clinical implications: Parents should be made aware of the benefits of this caring model especially when mother and baby have been separated after birth.

  • 123. Ayala, Ana
    et al.
    Christensson, Kyllike
    Velandia, Marianne
    Erlandsson, Kerstin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Karolinska institutet.
    Mother’s experiences and perceptions of a continuous caring model with fathers after caesarean section: a qualitative study2015In: Women's Health Open Journal, ISSN 2380-3940, Vol. 1, no 3, p. 63-71Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In Chile, mothers and newborns are separated after caesarean sections. The caesarean

    section rate in Chile is approximately 40%. Once separated, newborns will miss out on

    the benefits of early contact unless a suitable model of early newborn contact after caesarean

    section is initiated.

    Aim: To describe mothers experiences and perceptions of a continuous parental model of newborn

    care after caesarean section during mother-infant separation.

    Methods: A questionnaire with 4 open ended questions to gather data on the experiences and

    perceptions of 95 mothers in the obstetric service of Sótero Del Rio Hospital in Chile between

    2009 and 2012. Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis.

    Results: One theme family friendly practice after caesarean section and four categories. Mothers

    described the benefits of this model of caring. The fathers presence was important to mother

    and baby. Mothers were reassured that the baby was not left alone with staff. It was important

    for the mothers to see that the father could love the baby as much as the mother. This model

    of care helped create ties between the father and newborn during the period of mother-infant

    separation and later with the mother.

    Conclusions: Family friendly practice after caesarean section was an important health care

    intervention for the whole family. This model could be stratified in the Chilean context in the

    case of complicated births and all caesarean sections.

    Clinical Implications: In the Chilean context, there is the potential to increase the number of

    parents who get to hold their baby immediately after birth and for as long as they like. When

    the mother and infant are separated after birth, parents can be informed about the benefits of

    this caring model. Further research using randomized control trials may support biological

    advantages.

  • 124.
    Back, Catharina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Kuoppa, Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Anknytning hos mödrar till prematura barn: En enkätstudie2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The attachment between mother and infant is vital for the newborn. A birth of preterm infant can be stressful for the mother and her attachment to her infant can be affected. It is unclear if the attachment process differs between primiparous and multiparous mothers.

    Objectiv

    e: The objective was to investigate whether there were any differences in the attachment process depending on the mother's parity and whether the degree of prematurity had an effect on the maternal attachment.

    Design / Methods:

    This was a longitudinal study, data was collected through questionnaires, at eight weeks post discharge and at six and 12 month after birth. The Maternal Postnatal Attachment Scale was used. The sample consisted of 493 mothers. Data was analysed with parametric and non-parametric statistics.

    Results:

    The results showed no statistically significant differences in the attachment process between primiparous and multiparous mothers of preterm infants. However, primiparous mothers had a significantly higher degree of satisfaction than multiparous mothers six and 12 months after birth, and multiparous mothers with very preterm infants had significantly lower attachment scores than multiparous mothers with moderately preterm infants.

    Conclusion / Clinical applicability:

    The attachment of primiparous and multiparous mothers of preterm infants did not differ over the first year. However, primiparous mothers had a higher degree of satisfaction with interaction six and 12 months after birth, and multiparous mothers of very preterm infants may have a higher risk for less optimal attachment. Hopefully, the results can help the midwife to support and develop secure attachment between multiparous mothers and their very preterm infants.

  • 125.
    Back, Mariann
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Anhörigas erfarenheter av kommunikation med vårdpersonal i palliativa vård2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In Sweden, the aging population is steadily increasing, and it will be necessary for healthcare professionals to have competence and education that can meet individual needs in palliative care and care in the final stages of life. Good and satisfactory communication between relatives and healthcare professionals will be required as family / relatives are a major resource in palliative care and care in the final stages of life.

    Purpose: The purpose of the study is to describe the family's needs and experiences of communication with healthcare professionals in palliative care.

    Method: A systematic literature study that included in its design qualitative, quantitative studies. The articles were searched in the PubMed. database. This resulted in 15 number of articles.

    Result: The results showed deficiencies regarding effective communication and information towards relatives of palliative patients.

    Conclusion: Relatives in the study articles do not feel that their care meets their wishes regarding communication and information. More training regarding communication and information regarding palliative care also in general departments in health care would be needed.

  • 126.
    Back, Marina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Westlund Björkén, Elina
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Att belysa patienters erfarenheter av information om sin egenvård vid diabetes typ 22019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that causes insulin deficiency to cause increased blood sugar levels in the body. Diabetes is increasing rapidly around the world. The increase is associated with increased population, age, changed diet and lifestyle, and increased overweight. Type 2 diabetes should be treated primarily by trying to reduce insulin resistance in the tissues. Self-care is mainly to try to eat healthier, exercise and stop smoking.

    Aim: The aim is to clarify patient’s experiences of information about their self-care in type 2 diabetes.

    Methods: This work is a literature study. For the literature search, the scientific databases were PubMed and Cinahl, where they have used high quality.

    Results: Obstacles with the information about self-care could be due to the age of the patient, if there were other diseases, fears, insecurity and lack of insight. Opportunities with the information on self-care were the patient's desire to learn more about diabetes in depth through the health care system and to take the initiative to search for information on your own and to get knowledge that provided greater insight into the importance of self-care.

    Conclusion: The result shows that patients see more obstacles than opportunities regarding information about self-care. It is important that patients receive information about self-care, but primarily that the patient understands the information and receives support and motivation to be able to change the lifestyle.

  • 127.
    Back, Therese
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Lindberg, Jennie
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Sjuksköterskans upplevelser och erfarenheter av vård i livetsslutskede på sjukhus: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: End of life care based on relieving suffering and improving the quality of life for the patient´s, which is the nurses basic responsibilities, which are part of the person centered care. Depending on the stage of the disease the patient is in, the helath care needs are affected. The nurse´s faces major challenges and has a definite role in nursing care in the final end of life.Aim: To compile the nurse's experiences about palliative care in hospitalsMethod: A literature review which compiles qualitative and quantitative articles from databases PubMed and CINAHL.Results: The result is based on scientific articles from various parts of the world. The authors have chosen to divide the results into main categories: Emotional responses in nurses, Time and resource shortages to support end-life patients, Impactable aspects of the health environment, Communication between nurses and patients and the need for knowledge and training in palliative care. Nurses experience mixed feelings and shared opinions about caring for patients in the end of life and meeting their needs at the end of life, which is due to the nurse's professional experienceConclusion: Nurses experience emotional responses, lack of time and resources, lack of education, and different levels of experience are factors that complicate their work of care at the end of life, which gave feelings of inadequacy. Nurses also felt that communication was difficult, which was mostly based on the fact that nurses felt insecure in their role in working with patients in the final stages of life while nurses with longer experience and those with higher knowledge had no difficulty in meeting these patients.

  • 128.
    Back Ågren, Jenny
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Möller, Elin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Patienters upplevelse av att vårdas på enkelrum - en litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Today, when new hospitals are being built, the design becomes mostly single

    rooms. The healthcare environment should support patients' health and well-being. That there

    is a link between health and the environment in which patients stay in is established in the

    concept of evidence-based design. When patients are hospitalized today, there are different

    types of hospital rooms. These are multibed rooms that accommodate two or more patients as

    well as single rooms, where only one patient is accommodated. This literature review

    examines the patient's experience of being cared for in a single room. Patient´s experience of

    the care is important for the nurse to be aware of and the person-centered care is the key to the

    experience.

    Purpose: To describe patients' experience of care in single rooms.

    Method:

    The study is a literature review based on eleven scientific articles from two

    continents. The articles were searched in the databases pubmed, cinahl and science direct,

    inclusion year were 2000-2018.

    Results: Reported on the purpose of the study and presented

    in four categories: social support, autonomy &controll, comfort and lonliness & isolation,

    which in turn has subcategories. The categories have been designed based on recurring

    concepts in the articles that underlie the results. The result shows both the advantages and

    disadvantages of the patient's experience of being cared for in single rooms.

    Conclusion:

    Patients' experience of care in single rooms is more complex than the design, and decoration

    of the room. It is also about the age and personalities of the patients. More research on this

    subject will be required before general directives to only introduce single rooms in

    construction of new hospitals.

  • 129.
    Backhans, Sandra
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Jansson, Madelene
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Vedertagna metoder som främjar viktnedgång hosvuxna med fetma och övervikt: - En litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Overweight and obesity is an increasing problem in the world. In

    today's society several factors contribute to the increase of overweight in the

    population, for instance an increase of fast food chains and a sedentary lifestyle.

    Overweight and obesity is a risk factor for several diseases such as cardiovascular

    diseases.

    Aim:

    To examine established methods that promote weight loss in overweight and

    obese adults.

    Method:

    The study was conducted as a literature review where 15 different

    articles were used to answer the purpose and research question of the study. The

    searches were made in the databases Cinahl and PubMed.

    Result:

    Weight loss is about changing lifestyle habits such as diet and physical

    activity. Other methods found to promote weight loss are stress management and

    technical tools which helped the individual to self-efficacy. Self-monitoring as

    writing down calorie intake and minutes of physical activity every day helped

    individuals to lose weight. Motivation and education about nutrition and exercise

    were factors which promoted individuals self-efficacy to lose weight.

    Conclusion:

    There are several methods that can help the individual to lose weight,

    to change lifestyle habits is an important basis. Even though overweight and

    obesity is a growing problem worldwide there is still little research about what the

    nurse can do to help those people and therefore more research is needed.

  • 130.
    Backlund, Karin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Hansen Lundqvist, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Sjuksköterskans inställning till och upplevelse av att ha anhöriga närvarande vid återupplivning: En litteraturöversikt2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Sjuksköterskor som vårdar akut sjuka patienter hamnar många gånger i

    situationer där närstående önskar närvara vid återupplivning. Det är en del av sjuksköterskans

    arbete att tillgodose såväl patient som anhörigas behov. För anhöriga som närvara under

    återupplivning kan det upplevas både traumatiskt och skrämmande även om anhöriga ofta vill

    närvara enligt flera studier.

    Syfte: Att genom en litteraturöversikt beskriva sjuksköterskans inställning till, och upplevelse

    av att ha patientens anhöriga närvarande vid återupplivningsförsök.

    Metod: Denna studie är en litteraturöversikt som omfattar 15 artiklar med både kvalitativ och

    kvantitativ ansats. Artikelsökningar genomfördes i databaserna PubMed och Cinahl samt

    manuellt.

    Huvudresultat: Studiens resultat redovisas under sju kategorier, Erfarenhet, Arbetsplatsens

    betydelse, Blödning och överlevnad, Personal som tar hand om anhöriga, Anhörigas

    förväntningar, Kommunikation och missförstånd, Stress eller motivation. Resultatet visade på

    en stor variation mellan positiva och negativa upplevelser och inställningar av att ha anhöriga

    närvarande vid återupplivning. Faktorer som påverkade kunde identifieras och handlade bland

    annat om sjuksköterskans erfarenhet och utbildningsnivå, tillgängliga resurser och riktlinjer

    på arbetsplatsen. Många sjuksköterskor upplevde även en oro över hur anhöriga skulle

    reagera.

    Slutsats: Resultatet visade att det fanns en stor variation i påverkande faktorer där negativa

    inställningar och upplevelser kunde kopplas till bland annat organisatoriska brister och oro för

    anhörigas psykiska mående. Anhörig närvaro upplevdes som positivt var när rätt resurser fanns

    att tillgå och bland sjuksköterskor som var vana att arbeta personcentrerat

  • 131.
    Backlund, Linnéa
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Båskman, Jennifer
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Döende patienters upplevelser av palliativ hemsjukvård En litteraturstudie2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to illuminate dying patients experiences of palliative home care.

    Method: The work was conducted as a literature review with 16 scientific articles, 12 of those had a qualitative approach and 4 had a quantitative approach. The data collection was  onducted in the databases CINAHL and PubMed. The same keyword were used in both.

    Main result: The results show that patients were generally satisfied with the care in their homes. By receiving care in the home they experienced a safety and it was valuable to have their next of a kin close. It was important for them to continue to live as normally as possible. The patients had the opportunity to finish projects and figure out feelings in relationships. Patients experience of good palliative care had its fundamental parts in self-determination and trust. The personnel in the palliative home care teams were experienced as professionals and skilled. At the end of life many existential questions occurred and a need for believes came through.

    Conclusion: The development of palliative home care is important because there is a wish for patients to be home at the end of life with support of competent personnel and with their next of a kin by their side.

  • 132.
    Backman, Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Forskning om friluftsliv i Norge: reproduktion av det nationella eller nyfikenhet på det globala?2017In: Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, ISSN 1652-7224Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 133.
    Backman, Erik
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Friluftsliv, idrott och skola i förändring2011In: Friluftssport och äventyrsidrott - utmaningar för lärare, ledare och miljö i en föränderlig värld / [ed] Sandell, Arnegård, Backman, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2011, p. 65-88Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 134.
    Backman, Erik
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Friluftsliv, idrott och skola i förändring.2011In: Presentation av paper vid SVEBI konferens i Karlstad, Sverige., 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion

    Samtida och senmoderna processer i form av globalisering, individualisering kommersialisering och medialisering påverkar samhället och därigenom även människors utövande av idrott och friluftsliv. Många friluftsaktiviteter tenderar att bli alltmer sportifierade och äventyrsinriktade. Denna utveckling påverkar möjligheterna att implementera friluftsundervisning med utgångspunkt i den nya läroplansreformens starka positionering av friluftsliv och utevistelse inom ämnet idrott och hälsa.

     

    Syfte & teoretisk ram

    Syftet med denna studie är att analyera och diskutera idrottslärares syn på hur friluftsundervisningen i grundskolans ämne idrott och hälsa påverkas av läroplansförändringar, idrottslärares friluftsutbildning samt nutida sportifierade och äventyrliga uttryck inom friluftsliv.   

     

    Metod

    Mot bakgrund av ett empiriskt material bestående av 12 intervjuer med idrottslärare i grundskolans senare år, utvalda ur det landsomfattande projektet Skola-Idrott-Hälsa, diskuteras hur ungdomars intresse för friluftsliv kan stimuleras genom skolans undervisning.

     

    Resultat

    Resultaten från studien bekräftar problemen i att förverkliga friluftslivets framskrivna position i styrdokument för idrott och hälsa och även friluftslivets svaga position som fritidssysselsättning bland ungdomar. Ett äventyrligt friluftsliv bestående av längre utomhusvistelser inkluderande övernattningar, matlagning och utmaningar framhålls som framtidens friluftsundervisning och ett sätt att möta ungdomars behov av stimulans. Resultaten bekräftar även tidigare studier av friluftsutbildning inom lärarutbildningen som svagt anpassad till idrottslärarstudenters kommande yrkeskontext.

     

    Diskussion

    I strävan att realisera en friluftsundervisning som engagerar ungdomar och samtidigt verkar inkluderande diskuteras olika perspektiv på äventyr, formuleringar inom kursplanen för idrott och hälsa, friluftsutbildningen för blivande idrottslärare samt gränsöverskridanden inom skolans kunskapsområden.

  • 135.
    Backman, Erik
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap.
    Friluftsorganisationernas roll och villkor2016In: Friluftslivet och politiken: Svenskt Friluftslivs friluftspolitiska program 2016 / [ed] Ulf Silvander, Bromma: Svenskt Friluftsliv , 2016, p. 78-87Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 136.
    Backman, Erik
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Idrottens gränstrakter. En explorativ studie om äventyrsidrott och friluftssport.2011In: Presentation av poster vid SVEBI konferens i Karlstad, Sverige., 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion

    Idrotten har alltid förändrats i förhållande till samhället i övrigt. Inte minst har det funnits ett dynamiskt samspel i dess ”gränstrakter” till delvis överlappande samhällsfenomen som sport, friluftsliv och naturturism. Två dagsaktuella och sammanlänkade tendenser i dessa gränstrakter som denna studie vill uppmärksamma handlar om friluftslivets sportifiering (traditionella friluftsaktiviteters transformering till tävling) och friluftslivets landskapsdekontextualisering (aktiviteternas frigörelse från landskapet).

    Syfte & teoretisk ram

    Studiens syfte är att öka kunskaperna om äventyrsidrott och friluftssport med särskild fokusering på frågor om sportifiering och landskapsdekontextualisering. Utifrån ett moderniseringsperspektiv har följande mer specifika frågor har studerats:

    1. Hur ser det svenska och internationella forskningsläget ut avseende ovan beskrivna fenomen?
    2. Hur ser svenska och internationella exempel ut avseende aktiviteter, platser och perspektiv inom friluftssport och äventyrsidrott?

    Metod

    Studiens syfte och frågor har besvarats genom en bred, konventionell litteratursökning bland internationella forskningstidskrifter (fråga 1) och genom explorativa litteraturstudier där text, foton och reklam är ger underlag för frågor om aktivitetstyp och typ av landskap/miljö (fråga 2).

    Resultat

    Resultatet visar att tendenser till sportifiering och friställning från landskapet är mycket påtagliga. En bred gråzon håller på att etableras i den konventionella idrottens gränstrakter till friluftslivet som innehåller en mängd nya aktiviteter och mycket dynamik. En i studien uppmärksammad tendens är att inom mer upplevelsebaserad kroppsövning med äventyrlig prägel är människans medvetenhet om den ”inre kroppen” lika stor, eller större, i jämförelse med den fysiska ”yttre kroppen”. En annan central tendens är skärningen mellan klimatdebatten och tidigare starkt naturanknutna aktiviteter som idag kan byggas upp inomhus. Ytterligare ett av studiens resultat är att frågor rörande tillgänglighet, inte minst för ungdomar i såväl formaliserade som icke-formaliserade lärandesammanhang, bör beaktas i relation till den ökade specialisering, certifiering och professionalisering som följer av friluftssporters utveckling. 

    Diskussion

    Den omförhandling som nu pågår om ideal, aktiviteter, platser och miljöer knutna till friluftstraditionen respektive sporttraditionen diskuteras, bland annat avseende:  

    a) konstruerade anläggningar och miljöer för aktiviteter som tidigare bedrivits i naturpräglade landskap.

    b) tillgänglighet till friluftsliv för ungdomar.

    c) traditionellt resp sportifierat friluftsliv och dess relation till livslång hälsa

    d) inkludering resp exkludering inom sportifierat friluftsliv

    e) fysisk planering och hållbar utveckling i relation till sportifierat friluftsliv

    f) tävling och naturmöten i relation till sportifierat friluftsliv.

  • 137.
    Backman, Erik
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Recension av Andkjær, Søren, Bentsen, Peter & Ejbye-Ernst, Niels (2009) ”Friluftsliv: Natur, samfund og pædagogik”: Ambitiöst om friluftsliv i Danmark – kanske alltför ambitiöst...2011In: www.idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652–7224, no 12 oktArticle, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Friluftsliv uppvisar ett uppsving som för många säkert är oväntat men som nog till stor del är i samklang med den skandinaviska tidsandan. Visserligen är det ett i huvudsak urbant fenomen, de senaste årens fokus på fysisk aktivitet, konditionsträning och fitness, aktiviteter som dessutom ofta äger rum inomhus i speciella kommersiellt drivna träningshallar – där är luften inte fri! – men trenden tar sig också uttryck i löpning eller joggning i urbana parkområden eller i lagom tuktad natur i anslutning till städer. Man kan tänka att steget inte skulle vara långt till verkliga naturupplevelser, och, som sagt, det finns ett uppsving. Det nymornade intresset för autentiska naturupplevelser kan säkert också bottna i en civilisationskritisk trend i det tidiga tredje millenniet, vars beståndsdelar spretar på ett sätt som gör det omöjligt att närmare skärskåda företeelsen i detta sammanhang. Istället konstaterar vi att forskningen varit kvick att fånga upp friluftsintresset, vilket inte minst märks i recensionsfloran på den här webbplatsen, som denna gång utvidgas med en recension av Friluftsliv: Natur, samfund og pædagogik av Peter Bentsen, Søren Andkjær och Niels Ejbye-Ernst (Munksgaard Danmark). Erik Backman, som disputerat i ämnet, har läst och recenserar, och han bjuder redaktörerna på många tips till förbättringar inför nästa upplaga av boken.

  • 138.
    Backman, Erik
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Recension av Sandell, Klas & Sörlin, Sverker (2008) (red) ”Friluftshistoria: Från «härdande friluftslif» till ekoturism och miljöpedagogik”: Genomarbetad antologi2011In: www.idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652–7224, no 26 janArticle, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I samband med att idrott och sport kommit att ta allt större utrymme på olika plan i samhällslivet så har friluftsliv, med dess tydliga samhörighet till många av idrottslivets kärnvärden, också fått förnyad aktualitet. Forumet har varit lite sen att uppmärksamma denna förändring, även om det inte är det enda skälet till att vi först nu recenserar en av nyckelböckerna i området (det handlat också om att friluftsforskarna i Norden står varandra ganska nära). Men som är det är med selektiv perception, när vi väl hade noterat en eller två nya böcker om friluftsliv så hittade vi bara fler och fler, avhandlingar och antologier. Snart kommer en ny temasida om friluftsliv i forumets mer om-sektion. Boken som nu blivit föremål för kritisk granskning är Klas Sandells och Sverker Sörlins antologi Friluftshistoria: Från «härdande friluftslif» till ekoturism och miljöpedagogik (Carlssons) i dess andra upplaga från 2008 – den första kom 2000. Den recenseras av en relativt nybakad doktor i friluftsliv, Erik Backman, vars avhandling recenseras i dessa spalter under våren. Som sagt, detta är en grundsten i den svenska friluftsforskningen, men vår recensent dristar sig att föra fram flera förslag till förbättringar inför kommande nya utgåvor.

  • 139.
    Backman, Erik
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Teaching trainee teachers about outdoor education2015In: Routledge International Handbook of Outdoor Studies / [ed] Humberstone, Barbara; Prince, Heather; Henderson, Karla A, London: Routledge , 2015, p. 121-130Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 140.
    Backman, Erik
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    What controls teaching of friluftsliv? Analysing a pedagogic discourse in Swedish PE2011In: Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, ISSN 1472-9679, E-ISSN 1754-0402, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 51-65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research indicates that outdoor teaching practices within a physical education (PE) context are controlled by several factors with the potential to weaken or strengthen PE teachers' communication of pedagogic messages. Drawing on 12 qualitative interviews with PE teachers in compulsory schools in Sweden, the findings in this study suggest that factors claimed to control teachers' pedagogic communication of friluftsliv (the Scandinavian equivalent to outdoor education) are based on the construction of a dominating pedagogic discourse for outdoor teaching in Swedish schools. Inspired by Basil Bernstein's theoretical concepts of the pedagogic device, the analysis of this discourse indicates that Swedish PE teachers and PE teacher education appear to reproduce friluftsliv as a teaching practice carried out in a remote wilderness setting involving specific equipment, financial resources and a certain amount of risk. In relation to these results, alternative ways to think of outdoor teaching in relation to the achievement of the national aims in Swedish PE are discussed.

  • 141.
    Backman, Erik
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Arnegård, JohanGymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH.Sandell, KlasKarlstad Universitet.
    Friluftssport och äventyrsidrott - utmaningar för lärare, ledare och miljö i en föränderlig värld2011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vandra, klättra eller paddla i naturpräglade landskap blir tävlingar i multisport. Samtidigt blir sådant som kiting och brädsporter upplevelseorienterade och tävlingskritiska.

    Aktiviteter friställs också alltmer från landskapet genom äventyrsbad och klätterväggar, skidåkning inomhus och forspaddlingsbanor med vattenpumpar.

    Håller friluftslivet och naturen – som i skidåkning på natursnö, skogsvandringar och paddling på forsens och havets villkor – att helt tappa sin betydelse?

    Eller är det i stället en nytändning för friluftslivets lekfullhet och en väg till nya naturmöten som vi ser i trendiga aktiviteter och uppbyggda miljöer?

    Boken vänder sig till blivande och verksamma idrottslärare, entreprenörer och ledare i idrott, friluftsliv, fritid och turism. Den kan dessutom med fördel rekommenderas som inspirerande läsning för den breda allmänheten med intresse för friluftslivets varierande möjligheter.

     

  • 142.
    Backman, Erik
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Arnegård, Johan
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Sandell, Klas
    Karlstad universitet.
    Outdoor adventure and lifestyle sports2012In: The 6th International Conferenceon Monitoring and Management of Visitorsin Recreational and Protected Areas: Outdoor Recreation in Change – Current Knowledge and Future Challenges. Stockholm, Sweden, August 21–24, 2012. Proceedings / [ed] Edited by Peter Fredman, Marie Stenseke, Hanna Liljendahl, Anders Mossing and Daniel Laven, 2012, p. 370-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent decades there has been an increasing dynamic interplay in the “borderlands” of sport between closely related phenomena like outdoor recreation and nature tourism (see e.g. Bale 2006, Fredman et al. 2008a and Wheaton 2007). Two trends within these “borderlands” are explored in this study: the sportification of traditional outdoor activities and the liberation of outdoor activities from the landscapes in which they were originally performed. From a perspective of modernization, the following questions are addressed:

     

    1.          What is the state of knowledge regarding trends within outdoor adventure- and lifestyle sports?

    2.          How are examples of activities, places and perspectives within outdoor adventure- and lifestyle sports expressed?

     

    To answer these questions, conventional literature studies of, firstly, academic journals and, secondly; magazines, photographs and commercials, have been conducted. The result shows that tendencies towards the sportification of outdoor adventure- and lifestyle sports (see e.g. Breivik 2010 and Wheaton 2004) and the liberation of these activities from their “original” landscape (see e.g. Daniel 2007 and Bottenburg & Salome 2010) are significant. Of importance from a practitioner perspective is that a “grey-zone” containing several new activities and dynamics is being established in the “borderlands” between sport and outdoor recreation (Sandell, Arnegård & Backman 2011). From an academic perspective, the identified intersection between the climate debate and the nature-related activities that can now be performed indoors is important (see e.g. Sandell 2011 and Sandell & Öhman 2010). Another result that indicates a need for further research is that issues of accessibility, especially for young people, should be considered in relation to the increasing certification and specialization that characterizes the development of outdoor activities (see e.g. Bäckström 2011, Fredman et al. 2008b, Lundvall 2011 and Odden 2008). The current renegotiation of ideals, activities, places and environments related to the traditions of outdoor recreation and sport is discussed, most notably regarding:

     

    a)         Constructions and environments for activities previously performed in “natural” landscapes.

    b)         Accessibility to outdoor adventure- and lifestyle sports for young people.

    c)          The health aspect of traditional and sportified outdoor activities.

    d)         Inclusion and exclusion in relation to outdoor adventure- and lifestyle sports.

    e)         Physical planning and sustainable development in relation to outdoor adventure- and lifestyle sports.

  • 143.
    Backman, Erik
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Arnegård, Johan
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH.
    Sandell, Klas
    Karlstads universitet.
    Slutsatser och framåtblick2011In: Friluftssport och äventyrsidrott - utmaningar för lärare, ledare och miljö i en föränderlig värld. / [ed] Sandell, Arnegård, Backman, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2011, p. 203-218Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 144.
    Backman, Erik
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Engström, Lars-Magnus
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Encounters with nature, outdoor recreation and physical exercise2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the past few decades, research into the social stratification in physical activity and sport has indicated that these practices are undisputedly correlated to possession of socioeconomic and cultural capital. Although sometimes claimed as socially equal, the practice of outdoor recreation appears to display the same pattern. However, recent studies of outdoor recreation-participants with low socioeconomic and cultural capital, indicate that the proportion also engaged in general physical activity is disproportionately high. Drawing on this finding, experiences of nature appears to be particularly important when striving for a life-long physically active lifestyle. The aim of this study is to further investigate the relation between the interest for outdoor recreation and the interest for physical activity.

    This study is part of a longitudinal Swedish study of habits regarding physical activity and sport during adolescence and adulthood. The individuals included in this study were first contacted in 1968 when they were 15 years old. The sample originally consisted of 2144 individuals, divided into 91 randomly selected school classes in Year 8 in four counties in Sweden. Since then, follow-up contact and information gathering have been conducted on six additional occasions, primarily via questionnaries sent by post. At the last collection, in 2007, a total of 1518 responses were recieved. By comparing groups in the mentioned empirical material, with various interests for outdoor recreation and/or physical activity, regarding variables such as: gender; social position; leisure habits; and previous experiences of sport and outdoor recreation; the relation between the interest for outdoor recreation and the interest for physical activity will be further explored.

    Through a multipel logistic regression analysis, preliminary results indicate that practice of physical activity and practice of outdoor recreation are related. Among outdoor recreation-participants with low socioeconomic and cultural capital, the proportion also engaged in physical activity appears to be disproportionally high. This finding motivates a further analysis of factors explaining the relation between the interest for physical activity and the interest for outdoor recreation. The results will be discussed in relation to the French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu’s concepts of habitus and taste.

  • 145.
    Backman, Erik
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Frölander, Håkan
    Stockholms universitet.
    Är det centrala innehållet tydligt nog? Idrottslärares upplevelser av konkretionen i Lgr112011In: Idrott & Hälsa, ISSN 1653-1124, Vol. 138, no 6, p. 20-23Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 146.
    Backman, Erik
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Håkan, Larsson
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    A Physical Education teacher should know - what? Empirical observations of learning objectives for future Physical Education teachers in Sweden2011In: Presentation av paper vid AARE Conference, Hobart, Tasmanien, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Physical Education (PE), as well as in several other school subjects, the content knowledge has been proven to be reproduced through strong subject traditions. In PE, this reproduction has promoted children who are already privileged in school and society. In this paper, explanations to the difficulties of influencing subject traditions in PE are searched within Physical Education Teacher Education (PETE). Learning objectives stipulated in curricula documents within teacher training courses at six Swedish PETE institutions have been investigated. The preliminary results of the study indicate that the learning objectives expressed appear to reproduce the dominance of (natural) scientific and behaviouristic traditions in PETE and a dualistic approach to PE teacher knowledge. These results will be discussed in relation to theories of teacher knowledge.  Exploring learning objectives within PETE may be of significance for the construction of PE knowledge at a school level and may also offer explanations to the promotion and marginalisation of children in PE teaching.

  • 147.
    Backman, Erik
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science. Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan.
    Larsson, Håkan
    Gymnastik- och idrotthögskolan, Stockholm.
    What should a physical education teacher know?: An analysis of learning outcomes for future physical education teachers in Sweden2016In: Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, ISSN 1740-8989, E-ISSN 1742-5786, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 185-200Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research indicates that Physical Education Teacher Education (PETE) has only limited impact on how physical education (PE) is taught in schools. This paper offers possible explanations for the difficulties of influencing subject traditions in PE through analysing PETE curriculum documents. The purpose is show how knowledge is expressed through learning outcomes in local curriculum documents at six PETE institutions in Sweden. Inspired by Fenstermacher’s ideas about teacher knowledge, our ambition is to discuss the potential educational consequences of the epistemological assumptions underlying specific learning outcomes. From the total number of 224 learning outcomes described in the curriculum documents, different types of knowledge were identified and clustered together into the following themes: Teaching PE, Interpreting curriculum documents, Physical movement skills, Science, Social health, Pedagogy, Critical inquiry, and Research methods. In most of the identified themes, learning outcomes are formulated with an integrated perspective on so called performance knowledge and propositional knowledge. However, particularly in the themes Science and Physical movement skills, two very influential themes, the concept of knowledge is limited and unilateral in relation to ideas of different forms of teacher knowledge. Drawing on the work of Tinning, we offer an explanation as to how teacher knowledge in the themes Science and Physical movement skills, emanating from behaviouristic and craft knowledge orientations, is formulated.

  • 148.
    Backman, Erik
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Larsson, Håkan
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Redelius, Karin
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Lundvall, Suzanne
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Thedin Jacobsson, Britta
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Nyberg, Marie
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Bedömningsstöd i idrott och hälsa: årskurs 7-92012Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 149.
    Backman, Erik
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Nyberg, Gunn
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Larsson, Håkan
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan GIH Stockholm.
    Moving beyond rigid orthodoxies in the teaching and assessment of movement in Swedish physical education teacher education: A student perspective2019In: European Physical Education Review, ISSN 1356-336X, E-ISSN 1741-2749, p. 1-17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to analyse and discuss physical education teacher education (PETE) students’ conceptions of teaching and assessment of movement capability as a part of content knowledge in aquatics, dance and ice-skating at a university in Sweden. The theoretical perspective involves Shulman’s concept of content knowledge, the further elaboration of content knowledge into common content knowledge, and the theoretical perspective underpinning movement capability. The sample consists of two groups with a total of seven PETE students who volunteered to take part in group interviews. Semi-structured interviews with the two groups were conducted on three occasions. Findings display that the students’ conceptions of movement capability seem to be focused around performance of movements. Further, the participants felt the messages to be unclear in terms of what they are to know regarding movement capability before entering PETE. There was also a contradiction in that the PETE students felt it to be obvious that they would ‘know’ certain movements, and at the same time they requested clear and distinct criteria when it came to the performance of movements. This study shows that expectations in terms of PETEstudents’ levels of movement content knowledge need to be further investigated and discussed.

    This study also highlights the importance of conceptualising what PETE students need to learn if they are to see the need to develop their movement capability on their own. Assessments of students’ reflections on what it means to master movements are discussed as an alternative to assessment of performance of movements.

  • 150.
    Backman, Erik
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Nyberg, Gunn
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Tolgfors, Björn
    Örebro universitet.
    Quennerstedt, Mikael
    Örebro universitet.
    Transitions from Physical Education Teacher Education to teaching practices in Physical Education2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research display mixed results regarding the impact that teacher education have on teaching practices in schools. While some studies indicate weak influence of teacher education, others display that some content and perspectives in teacher education seem to find their expressions in school practice. Despite the lack of research about the impact of physical education teacher education (PETE), a few existing studies display the same twofold result as for teacher education in general. In this study, we have chosen a certain content, assessment of learning (AFL) in order to investigate the influence that PETE can have for newly qualified teachers (NQT) in physical education (PE). The aim of the project is twofold. Firstly, inspired by Bernstein’s theory of the pedagogic device, the aim is to investigate how AFL is constructed in university courses, re-contextualised in practicum courses, and realised in teaching practice in school PE. Secondly, and inspired by Ball’s theory of performativity, the aim is to analyse fabrications of AFL in the transitions from PETE to PE teaching practice. The design of the project is to follow a total of 10 PETE students recruited from two different PETE universities in Sweden to study how their understanding and teaching practice of AFL is transformed from PETE to PE. Empirical material will be gathered from recordings of seminars, observations for teaching, stimulated-recall-interviews, and participation in social media.

1234567 101 - 150 of 2480
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • chicago-author-date
  • chicago-note-bibliography
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf