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  • 101.
    Bergman Bruhn, Åsa
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Lindahl, Cecilia
    RISE.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Safety climate assessment in the equine sector – a study of Swedish riding schools and trotting stables2021Conference paper (Refereed)
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  • 102.
    Bergman Bruhn, Åsa
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Lindahl, Cecilia
    RISE.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    The double-sided nature of lifestyle-oriented work in the Swedish equine industry2021Conference paper (Refereed)
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  • 103.
    Bergman Bruhn, Åsa
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Lindahl, Cecilia
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    With the stable as a workplace – about attractive, healthy and sustainable employments in the Swedish equine sector2022In: Conference Proceedings of the 51st NES Conference: Work Well - Ergonomics in an unpredictable world, 2022Conference paper (Refereed)
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  • 104.
    Bergman Bruhn, Åsa
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Lindahl, Cecilia
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Motivational factors for occupational safety and health improvements: A mixed-method study within the Swedish equine sector2023In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 159, article id 106035Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 105.
    Bergman Bruhn, Åsa
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Lindahl, Cecilia
    Med stallet som arbetsplats: om attraktivt arbete i hästnäringen2020In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, E-ISSN 2002-343X, Vol. 26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Tidigare studier har visat att det finns både utmaningar och brister gällande arbetsmiljö och arbetsförhållanden inom hästnäringen. Syftet med den här artikeln är att identifiera hur anställda i hästnäringen upplever sitt nuvarande arbete och vilka faktorer de anser vara viktiga för att ett arbete ska upplevas som attraktivt, samt att undersöka skillnader mellan det nuvarande arbetet och anställdas idealbild av ett attraktivt arbete. Studien baseras på en enkätundersökning med sammantaget 150 svar från anställda i travstall och ridskolor. I artikeln diskuteras utmaningar och möjligheter för att skapa attraktiva arbeten i hästnäringen.

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  • 106.
    Bergman, Sandra
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Olofsson, Elin
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Sjuknärvaro vid hemarbete: En kvalitativ studie om arbetstagares upplevelse av sjuknärvaro vid hemarbete2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the restrictions imposed by Covid-19-pandemic, work from home (WFH) became a new method of working for many employees in Sweden. The research we have found describes that sickness absence in organizations is decreasing, but the prevalence of sickness presenteeism is still unknown, which created the interest for our study. Research on sickness presenteeism focuses on the traditional physical workplace and not WFH, which is now an established method in Sweden as a result of the Covid-19-pandemic. This study aims to understand how workers experience sickness presenteeism when working from home and how the perceived quality of work affects the decision to choose such presenteeism. A survey was sent out to all workers in an organization in the private sector, which provides both products and services and eight respondents were interviewed in semi-structured interviews. All the interviews were then thematized and analyzed, leading to the results of this study. The results show that sickness presenteeism in WFH occurs to a high degree, and is perceived by workers as common due to the accessibility of the working method. The choice to work with sickness presenteeism is made especially when employees experience high workload, loyalty to colleagues and employers and from economic aspects. Employees feel that sickness presenteeism has a negative effect on efficiency as they do not work at the same pace, and need to take more breaks to cope with working from home while sick. By working on quality of work and meeting employees' needs to experience good quality of work,the authors of this study argue that sickness presenteeism can be prevented.

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  • 107.
    Bergman, Sarah
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Blomgren, Camilla
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Kvinnornas status i en machokultur: En kvalitativ undersökning inom byggbranschen.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In previous interview with the trade union Byggnads, it emerged that the construction industry is characterized by a culture called macho culture. The work environment is characterized by greed, tough working climate, and sexist or gender discriminating language. Byggnads, together with the Byggcheferna, started a campaign 2015 called the "Stop macho culture". In which they argue that the construction industry is one of Sweden's least-equalized industry and that more women are needed but also that the macho culture must be removed completely. Therefore, in this study we have chosen to investigate the exact macho culture and women's status in the construction industry by interviewing both supervisors and employees to arrive at a result. The result found that a macho culture exists when abusive as well as sexist and gender discriminating words occur every day. However, this does not irritate employees or supervisors in any way as they point out that this is the way the construction industry works. Interviewers also consider that women in the workplace are positive, none of the interviewees sees any obstacles in the sex but rather that the woman must have interests that are more male. The conclusions we have come to are that education is what is required and missing, education for both the protection officer, the supervisor and the employees. This to build awareness that women are needed in the industry and that they can do the same work as men can.

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  • 108.
    Bergnér, Linda
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Jakobsson, Tove
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Privata företag utan HR- funktion: Studie över hantering och syn på HR- uppgifter2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 109.
    Bergsten, Sara
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Webrell, Linnea
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Minoriteten och majoriteten möter genusnormen: En kvalitativ studie om att arbeta som manlig och kvinnlighantverkare i en mansdominerad byggbransch2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research shows that the construction industry is one of the world's most male-dominated industries where gender equality is difficult to achieve. This study is a bachelor ́s thesis in the program Personnel and work at Dalarna University and the study aims to analyze men's and women's experience of working in a male-dominated construction industry from a gender perspective. With this study, we want to present both men's and women's perspectives of working in an industry that according to previous research is perceived as tough where macho culture occurs. There is a lot of research that describes women's perspectives based on norms and gender in the construction industry, but not as extensive research on men's experiences around this. The main areas that include the study are work environment, gender equality, social relations, and gender norms. Eight respondents, four women and four men from different construction companies have been interviewed through a qualitative research method. The respondents have participated in semi-structured interviews through physical and digital meetings. The answers have then been compiled, thematized and analyzed with the help of a thematic analysis. The results show that both men and women welcome an equal construction industry which, through education, generational shifts, awareness, and work environment management, is gradually expected to increase the female workforce in the Swedish construction industry.

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  • 110.
    Bergström, Filippa
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Fröberg, Emelie
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    ”Jag älskar mitt jobb, men…”: En kvalitativ studie om svenska sjuksköterskors psykosociala arbetsmiljö ur ett kall-perspektiv2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The staff shortage of nurses in Sweden has received attention in the media and is a critical issue that has a major impact on healthcare. Despite this, the profession is seen as a vocation as caring for people is important to nurses and is the main driving force why people choose this profession. The image of the profession that is painted in society is often in negative terms,which does not facilitate the management of the staff shortage. Many times the dark image of the profession is connected to poor care for the society as a consequence of a lack of psychosocial work environment and high workload. Less research exists on the combination of theories of vocational professions and work environment. This essay will therefore examine the demand-control-support model as a background to the understanding of nurses’ psychosocial work environment in relation to the vocational profession. The essay is made with a qualitative approach and semi-structured interviews. The results show that nurses enjoy their duties as caring for others is something they are passionate about. On the other hand, stressful situations and dissatisfaction arise when the nurses are understaffed, and the workload increases. HR works with personnel issues including work environment issues, and therefore that perspective as a background can contribute to the understanding of organizations’ prerequisites for work environment and the problem of staff shortages. It is clear that organizations must work preventively with work environment and have access to sufficient resources and social support, which are crucial for well-being of healthcare personnel in the workplace. Getting employees to want to stay within organizations is more valuable than recruiting new ones. 

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  • 111.
    Bergström, Sara
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Kinnvall, Ann-Sofi
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Kunskapsöverföring- att leda rätt: Ledarens roll vid kunskapsöverföring i en organisation2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A report by Svensk Näringsliv (2010) describes that entities already today and in the near

    future are facing the greatest amount of retirements in Swedish history. A major challenge the

    companies will face is the retirements of people born during the 1940s; their retirement

    enables companies face major challenges, particularly the successful implementation of a

    successful generation. The people who retire during his working life developed a knowledge

    that many organizations are founded upon. A large part of this knowledge must be transferred

    to organizations to continue to be effective on the market. The purpose of this study was to

    gain a deeper understanding of the importance of leadership regarding knowledge transfer in

    an organization, and to provide practical tools to managers and employees in order to avoid

    losing valuable knowledge in a generation.

    The industrial Company LEAX's have identified a problem in the transfer key knowledge due

    to the change of generation. Their desire was to get help with practical tools, how to think and

    act to mitigate the knowledge gap that may arise. To investigate this, and fulfill the purpose of

    this study, interviews were conducted with four production managers, four employees who

    are expected to share knowledge and three employees are expected to embrace knowledge.

    Before the interviews were conducted, we did get knowledge in the subject mentioned above

    by reading some the theory of knowledge, knowledge management and leadership. We started

    in our theory section to sort out the concept knowledge since the concept of knowledge has a

    broad significance and can be defined differently depending whether it is an individual or

    organizational. Nonaka and Takeuchi (1995) makes a simplified picture of knowledge as an

    iceberg, where the explicit knowledge is termed as the top. Clearly visible above the surface

    of the water, it is easy to discover and absorb. Hidden under water is an invisible knowledge

    that is difficult to detect, called implicit or tacit knowledge. This knowledge forms a huge part

    of the iceberg, and thus becomes important to preserve. To understand what knowledge

    means, organizations need to identify what kind of knowledge that needs to be transmitted for

    the transfer of knowledge to be successful (Jonsson, 2012). But even though organizations do

    this, the management also needs to understand that knowledge is a strategic matter that can be

    seen as a process that involves employees. In this study, we have investigated how leaders can

    create motivation, commitment and resources for employees to want to participate and

    contribute to knowledge transfer. To try to understand how knowledge is transmitted in an

    organization, we have used the Nonaka and Takeuchi (1995) SECI model. The model is based

    on the interaction between the tacit and explicit knowledge, which occurs in four processes.

    We have developed these processes to a custom model that includes institutional,

    organizational and cognitive factors. Based on these factors, we have created practical

    suggestions on how leaders together with employees can plan the transfer of knowledge.

    These practical proposals will benefit both individual and organizational development, and

    helps to mitigate the brain drain in the generation change. One of the practical examples we

    designed is a skill profile, which is a tool for organizations to identify the knowledge of the

    employees, which makes knowledge visible. Knowledge that may be lost. Competence profile

    together with our model can be applied to similar companies, but also organizations working

    in other industries. As this competence profile was developed for the requirements contained

    in the relevant company, it is possible to adapt for other activities.

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  • 112.
    Berndtsson, R.
    et al.
    Lund Univ, Water Resources Engn, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden.;Lund Univ, Ctr Middle Eastern Studies, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Becker, P.
    Lund Univ, Risk Management & Societal Safety, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden.;North West Univ, Unit Environm Sci & Management, ZA-2520 Potchefstroom, South Africa..
    Persson, A.
    Lund Univ, GIS Ctr, Phys Geog & Ecosyst Sci, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Aspegren, H.
    Lund Univ, Water & Environm Engn, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden.;VA SYD, SE-22100 Malmo, Sweden..
    Haghighatafshar, S.
    Lund Univ, Water & Environm Engn, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Jonsson, K.
    Lund Univ, Water & Environm Engn, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Larsson, R.
    Lund Univ, Water Resources Engn, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Mobini, S.
    Lund Univ, Water Resources Engn, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Mottaghi, M.
    Lund Univ, Water & Environm Engn, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden.;VA SYD, SE-22100 Malmo, Sweden.;Lund Univ, Architecture & Built Environm, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Nilsson, J.
    Malmo Univ, Fac Culture & Soc, SE-20506 Malmo, Sweden..
    Nordström, Jonas
    Lund Univ, AgriFood, Econ Ctr, SE-22007 Lund, Sweden..
    Pilesjo, P.
    Lund Univ, Ctr Middle Eastern Studies, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden.;Lund Univ, GIS Ctr, Phys Geog & Ecosyst Sci, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Scholz, M.
    Lund Univ, Water Resources Engn, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden.;Univ Johannesburg, Dept Civil Engn Sci, POB 524, Johannesburg, South Africa.;Univ Salford, Directorate Civil Engn, Manchester M5 4WT, England..
    Sternudd, C.
    Lund Univ, Architecture & Built Environm, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Sorensen, J.
    Lund Univ, Water Resources Engn, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Tussupova, K.
    Lund Univ, Water Resources Engn, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden.;Lund Univ, Ctr Middle Eastern Studies, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden.;Karaganda State Med Univ, Ctr Transfer Technol, Karaganda 100004, Kazakhstan..
    Drivers of changing urban flood risk: A framework for action2019In: Journal of Environmental Management, ISSN 0301-4797, E-ISSN 1095-8630, Vol. 240, p. 47-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on drivers for changing urban flood risk. We suggest a framework for guiding climate change adaptation action concerning flood risk and manageability in cities. The identified key drivers of changing flood hazard and vulnerability are used to provide an overview of each driver's impact on flood risk and manageability at the city level. We find that identified drivers for urban flood risk can be grouped in three different priority areas with different time horizon. The first group has high impact but is manageable at city level. Typical drivers in this group are related to the physical environment such as decreasing permeability and unresponsive engineering. The second group of drivers is represented by public awareness and individual willingness to participate and urbanization and urban sprawl. These drivers may be important and are manageable for the cities and they involve both short-term and long-term measures. The third group of drivers is related to policy and long-term changes. This group is represented by economic growth and increasing values at risk, climate change, and increasing complexity of society. They have all high impact but low manageability. Managing these drivers needs to be done in a longer time perspective, e.g., by developing long-term policies and exchange of ideas.

  • 113.
    Bernsand, Carl-Olof
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Bilder av gruvarbetaryrket2017Report (Other academic)
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  • 114.
    Björk, Emelie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Johansson, Sandra
    Betydande attribut för att attrahera och behålla specialistsjuksköterskor: En kvalitativ studie om Region Dalarna2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this Bachelor ́s thesis is to highlight which attributes who are significant in Region Dalarnas work to attract and retain specialist nurses within the operations. The theoretical frame of reference form the basic for previous research in the areas of Employer Brand and Employer Value Proposition (EVP). Furthermore, the theoretical frame has analyzed previous research for the study's identified themes: Leadership, Wage Policy and Skills supply/Skills development.

    The study has a qualitative approach where eight semistructured interviews were conducted with previously or currented employed specialist nurces within Region Dalarna. The results shows that Region Dalarna ́s main significant attributes for attracting and retaining specialist nurses are the three themes mentioned above which has been idenified by the present study.

    As a contribution to the practitioner community, Region Dalarna can suggest paying attention to the results of the study to delvelope the work for attracting and retaining specialist nurses in the operations. The present study can also be seen as a contribution to previous research.

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  • 115.
    Björklund, Amanda
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Edling, Emma
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Ledarskapsträdet: Attraktiva faktorer i enhetschefers arbete för kommunalt anställda2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this research is to examine what factors that appears to be attractive in the work as a unit manager. In order to achieve this purpose, a qualitative research method was chosen, using semi-structured interviews with a sample consisting of unit managers and human resource consultants. The results generated in this research aims to improve the understanding of what factors that appears as attractive in the work as a unit manager. Furthermore, the research also aims to contribute to the understanding of what areas that needs to be developed in order to create an improved and healthier work-environment for unit managers. The results in this study shows that the factors that appears as attractive can be divided into three categories; prerequisites, impact and meaningfulness. This is highlighted in for example the size of the work-group, the level of independence inhabited and stimulation, which appears as factors crucial for the attractiveness in the role as a unit manager. The reason why this study is of vital importance is because understanding the factors that appears as attractive in the work as a unit manager can be crucial in maintaining the unit managers in the workplace.

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  • 116.
    Björklund Bergström, Julia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Strömberg, Karin
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Stödjande funktioner: smörjmedlet som gör attmaskineriet ska fungera: En undersökning av HRs roll vid intern kommunikation2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Intresset för att studera intern kommunikation startade när vi själva insåg områdets komplexitet och utmaningar. Fascinationen över att kommunikation, som är ständigt förekommande i alla typer av sammanhang, kan vara så svårt att hantera bidrog till utformandet av studiens syfte och frågeställningar. Studien syftar till att undersöka hur en myndighet använder HR och den kompetens som HR besitter samt huruvida den interna kommunikationen fungerar som en integrerad funktion mellan ledning och chefer. Studien utgår från en kvalitativ ansats där fokus riktas mot respondenternas egna upplevelser och tolkningar.Studiens empiriska material är insamlat på en statlig myndighet genom fyra semistrukturerade intervjuer samt en minifokusgruppsintervju med tre medarbetare. Respondenterna representeras av chefer och medarbetare från myndighetens kommunikationsavdelning samt HR-funktion. Resultatet visar att intern kommunikation definieras som något som sker inom den egna organisationen och beskrivs som både det viktigaste och samtidigt det svåraste att förhålla sig till och hantera. Vidare visar studien att en önskvärd intern kommunikation präglas av ett öppet klimat, möjlighet till medarbetarinflytande samt ett mer uttalat samarbete mellan myndighetens HR- och kommunikationsavdelning. Tidigare forskning har framförallt fokuserats till intern kommunikation vid förändring, något som även inkluderats i studien då den undersökta myndigheten genomgår en övergripande organisationsförändring där samverkan mellan stödfunktionerna kommer öka. Resultatet påvisar att en av de utmaningar som intern kommunikation bidrar till utgörs av att skapa en gemensam förståelse för situationer och problem då olika befattningar och roller utgår från differentierade perspektiv.Nyckelord:

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  • 117.
    Björklund, Emma
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Bruér, Charlotte
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Ledarskap för att främja hälsa hos medarbetare: En fallstudie om hälsoarbete på linjechefsnivå2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The author’s common interest for healthy employees, brought reasonto study how line managers can manage and develop this withsupport from HR. Previous research highlights that knowledge ofhow health is promoted is missing. Line managers have a key role inworking with contributors´ health. The aim of the study is toinvestigate how managers are working for the well-being ofemployees and which aid dedicated to line managers from the HRfunction, and how support and the work with employees’ health canbe developed. This study also investigates the approach on healthfrom each party. The method consisted of a case study, includingdata collection through depth interview with HR and focus groupinterview with heads of unit. The result of the HR interview showedoverwhelming support in individual conversations, but lack ofresources for the support function. HR requested additional resourcesand more health promotion work instead of rehabilitation. Heads ofunit are working with a wellness initiative for healthy contributors.Development points were found in increased support, developedwellness options, increased participation and performance appraisalswith a focus on the individual’s health status. The findings showthat heads of units are working with participation, attendance andhealth care but want more focus on the individual’s health status. HRneeds resources in order to support the heads of units in their healthcare. A common approach is missing between HR and heads of unitin their work for health promotion. Education, approach and supportshould be developed on the basis of the organization’s overallcontext.

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  • 118.
    Björklund, Emma
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Nordström, Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    “Jag tror generellt att jag som man har det något mer förspänt”: En kvalitativ studie om manliga sjuksköterskor inom den svenska sjukvården ur ett genusperspektiv2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor's thesis focuses on male nurses on the Swedish labour market. The nursing profession is gender-segregated and approximately 10 percent of the workforce consists of men. This is a problem since the profession is in need of labour and recruiting both men and women would make it easier to meet the labour demands. There is significantly more research on women in male-dominated professions compared to research on men in female-dominated professions, and relatively few studies have been conducted in Sweden in this field of research. Therefore the aim of this study is to gain a greater understanding from a gender perspective of male nurses experiences of working in a female-dominated profession, as well as how gender norms construct the choice of profession. The study has a qualitative approach and is inspired by empirical phenomenology. Eight semi-structured interviews with male nurses have been done and analysed through thematic analysis. The theoretical framework is based on gender theories and theories related to minority groups. The study also presents previous research relevant to the purpose and research questions of this study. The study reveals that male nurses primarily experience advantages in their minority situation, but also how they encounter stereotypical perceptions related to their gender and professional role. The study demonstrates that common motivations for men choosing the nursing profession include the social aspect of the job, a desire to help others, and gaining insight into the profession for example through work in caregiving professions, as the profession is often presented from a negative point of view. The results indicate a segregation within the profession, where men tend to follow the masculine norm in the nursing profession by becoming ambulance nurses. The theoretical framework and gender perspective contribute to a greater understanding of the findings in this study and the importance of being aware of how the social status of minority groups affects the workplace experience. Furthermore, the study contributes to understanding how gender and gender norms impact women and men in the labour market, as well as the importance of working with a gender perspective.

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  • 119.
    Blank, Therese
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Kovler, Sofia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Pension - investeringen som glöms bort: En studie av pensionsmedvetenheten i ett tjänsteproducerandeföretag2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study contains an analysis on pensions and pension knowledge with alignment on

    occupational pension in a Swedish service producing company. The survey shows that a

    complexity and knowledge insecurity takes place on the Swedish retirement area and the

    interest for the subject is low. This study aims to identify the terms that have an affection on

    that area and analyzes the subject from a HR-perspective in the research company. Both

    qualitative and quantitative methods are used in this study shaped as web-based survey and

    focus group interview for higher reliability and validity. The theoretical referred framework in

    this survey is based on summon situation analysis of the Swedish pension area, definition of

    the occupational pension and the terms which can affect the pension, for instance the diversity

    and equality in working life. These terms are later compared to the empirical data for analysis

    and discussion to the theoretical aspects in the referred framework. HR–s departmental role in

    relationship to pension knowledge is examined in this survey and so is the question about

    connection between the retirement during a certain retirement age and the individual pension

    knowledge. This is later discussed in the discussion section of this survey in a relationship to

    the empirical result and the theoretical referred background of this study.

    This survey ends with a conclusion about HR–s role as a pension–communicator and a

    suggestion to future investigations on the pension area including focus on a broader HR–field.

    A proactive improvement proposal is presented for the research company with focus on

    promoting and spreading the pension knowledge in the organization.

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  • 120.
    Blidberg, Camilla
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Hansson, Jeanette
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Kvinnligt, manligt eller macho?: En undersökning av två branscher i samma organisation som upp-visar kvinnodominans respektive mansdominans2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based on research into the work of gender and equality in two different professions within the same organization. The Swedish labor market is gender segregated and is the labor market to be examined closer stands the internal gender segregation. This means that women and men with the same occupation and sometimes the same employer perform different tasks. According to previous research, women's share of labor has increased significantly since 1960, and this has led to a major step towards increased gender equality. Women and men have chosen different professions that resulted in a gender segregated labor market. A contributory reason why the Swedish labor market is still highly gender segregated is the description of professions and industries such as "typically female" and "typically male".

    The starting point for this study is to develop more research on the importance of the Swedish gender-based labor market. The purpose of the study is thus to investigate two different professions that exhibit women dominance and men dominance within one and the same organization.

    Previous research shows that differences in traditions, attitudes and values are related to gender patterns. This makes women dominate the home care services and men in the technical activities. These gender patterns are of great importance to the working environment, as it affects all parts of our society. The study has been conducted with qualitative interviews from a hermeneutic perspective. Interviews have been conducted with people with different positions from the emergency services, health and social care (home care service), and the staff manager.

    The study has been analyzed with qualitative interviews from a hermeneutic perspective. Interviews have been conducted with people with different positions from the emergency services, healthcare and home care services and the responsible human resource manager.

    The results from the interviews have been analyzed based on the theoretical reference frame-work. In this study we have come to the conclusion that the male-dominated occupational field has gone further in the work of gender equality, for example, new dressing rooms for women. And some of the firemen's partners are against female firefighters.

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  • 121.
    Blidberg Seppälä, Cecilia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Nojonen, Emilia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Belöningar, förmåner och arbetsgivarens attraktivitet: En komparativ studie med två IT-företag2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    How can organizations retain and attract employees by rewards and benefits? And how can we as human resource managers contribute? This is what the study is about which was performed by a method combination where interviews and a survey was done. The purpose of this study is to identify which rewards and benefits are available in two IT-companies and explore which of them attracts employees in the IT-industry. Three issues were designed, where the purpose was to find out which rewards and benefits are available at the two companies, examine the companies’ similarities and differences and see how these rewards and benefits affect the employer´s attractiveness. The theoretical reference consists theories about rewards and benefits, motivation and employer attractiveness. The study led to discussion, improvement proposals and conclusions with the help of relevant theories in the area. The two IT-companies have similar rewards and benefits and a conclusion is made that these affect employer attractiveness. Because of this conclusion it is important that human resource managers and management understand the importance of the affect that they have on attractivity.

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  • 122.
    Blom, Tiina
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Den organisatoriska och sociala arbetsmiljön i en kommun: En kvalitativ studie om kunskap och delaktighet i arbetsmiljöarbete, främst gällande ohälsosam arbetsbelastning utifrån AFS 2015:42018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based on the Swedish work environment authority statute book about organisational and social work environment, AFS 2015:4 provisions, that has been developed to promote a good work environment and prevent risks of ill health. Because of the increasing numbers of work-related ill health due to stress and mental strain, the focus in this study was unhealthy workloads and if there is knowledge in the municipality about preventing and dealing with these risks.

    The aim was to examine how the municipality practically work with the provision within three organizational levels and how the employees perceive their psychosocial work environment. There were also focus on investigating how employees participate in the above environment work.

    The study was based on a hermeneutic perspective with a qualitative approach through semi-structured interviews. One group interview consisting two employees representing the HR department and two individual interviews at the managerial level. At the employee level, two group interviews were held with three employees from the departments headed by the managers.

    The outcome of the study shows that good results can be obtained in the psychosocial work environment when all organizational levels integrates these issues in their systematic work environment and establish routines to prevent and dealing with unhealthy workload. The study confirms that social support, knowledge, communication and employee participation are important factors for a healthy psychosocial work environment. The discussion shows the importance of taking time for preventing ill health and suggestions about using the demand/control/support-model as a tool for analysing and reflect over the employee workload.

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  • 123.
    Blum, Jutta
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Exploring the work experience of seasonal leisure-service workers in a holiday park2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research explores the experiences that seasonal leisure-service worker have while working in the holiday park if Leksand Resort AB. This is regarded as an important topic, as certain experiences as for example satisfaction or motivation, can be a strong influence on the quality of the services provided as well as an indicator if workers will return in later seasons. Additional, Hickman and Mayer (2003) stated that not enough research has been conducted about the personnel side of holiday park work.

    Therefore, two qualitative methods of data collection were implemented in form of semi structured in-depth interviews, as well as observations. While the interviews allowed the researcher an insight into personal opinions and experiences of the workers, to further explore the phenomenon of leisure-service worker experiences, the observations provided data on changes within the company, comparing work-conditions, co-worker relationships, and management contact in 2017 with those that the interviewees mentioned in the interviews from 2016.

    The findings show that co-worker relationships were perceived as the most important part for having a good experience at work. Also, several negative influences on the employee experience that employees from 2016 expressed were taken care of by the company in 2017. Still, employees do not feel as if the Management has big interest in their well being. This misunderstanding, can possibly explained by the communication difficulties that some employees expressed.

    The focus of this research was not to explore all experiences at Leksand Resort AB, but rather the experiences of a limited number with particular attention on attitudes, and feelings of these workers. For future research it is recommended to regard all divisions of the company, as well as Management.

    The research is a valuable addition to research within this field as the employee satisfaction is often being measured with surveys in a quantitative matter, to representatively explore levels of satisfaction (or dissatisfaction). This thesis on the other hand applies semi structured in-depth interviews, to gain understanding of motives and attitudes, and to understand the details that matter to employees.

  • 124.
    Bobba, Srinivas
    Dalarna University, School of Information and Engineering.
    The Impact of the COVID-19 Lockdown on the Urban Air Quality: A Machine Learning Approach.2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ‘‘SARS-CoV-2’’ which is responsible for the current pandemic of COVID-19 disease was first reported from Wuhan, China, on 31 December 2019. Since then, to prevent its propagation around the world, a set of rapid and strict countermeasures have been taken. While most of the researchers around the world initiated their studies on the Covid-19 lockdown effect on air quality and concluded pollution reduction, the most reliable methods that can be used to find out the reduction of the pollutants in the air are still in debate. In this study, we performed an analysis on how Covid-19 lockdown procedures impacted the air quality in selected cities i.e. New Delhi, Diepkloof, Wuhan, and London around the world. The results show that the air quality index (AQI) improved by 43% in New Delhi,18% in Wuhan,15% in Diepkloof, and 12% in London during the initial lockdown from the 19th of March 2020 to 31st May 2020 compared to that of four-year pre-lockdown. Furthermore, the concentrations of four main pollutants, i.e., NO2, CO, SO2, and PM2.5 were analyzed before and during the lockdown in India. The quantification of pollution drop is supported by statistical measurements like the AVOVA Test and the Permutation Test. Overall, 58%, 61%,18% and 55% decrease is observed in NO2, CO,SO2, and PM2.5 concentrations, respectively. To check if the change in weather has played any role in pollution level reduction or not we analyzed how weather factors are correlated with pollutants using a correlation matrix. Finally, machine learning regression models are constructed to assess the lockdown impact on air quality in India by incorporating weather data. Gradient Boosting is performed well in the Prediction of drop-in PM2.5 concentration on individual cities in India. By comparing the feature importance ranking by regression models supported by correlation factors with PM2.5.This study concludes that COVID-19 lockdown has a significant effect on the natural environment and air quality improvement.

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  • 125.
    Boberg, Lisa
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Att attrahera det lilla i det stora: Segmentering utifrån kompetensområde för att differentiera en organisations globala employer brand2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The roaring 20’s has not yet arrived and though the tech industry is currently going through layoffs research shows that long term people with the right skill will still be hard to come by. To attract and retain organisations more and more look to employer branding. But can a global centralised employer brand be effectful in attracting new employees outside the core competence areas of the organisation? That was the key question of this study and to answer it empirical data was collected through semiconstructed interviews with seven respondents across four competence areas outside the organisations core and then thematically analysed. The result highlights the challenges and opportunities that comes with an organisation having a global centralised employer brand and outlines that segmentation through competence area could add a competitive advantage to attract people into, for the organisation, new competence areas. 

  • 126.
    Bohlin, Magnus
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Brandt, Daniel
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Creating tourist experiences by interpreting places using digital guides2014In: Journal of Heritage Tourism, ISSN 1743-873X, E-ISSN 1747-6631, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 1-17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates the relationship between technology and narrative in digital guides for tourists in Sweden. The main finding shows that narratives in the guides are based on a naïve view of history. In several instances, content is based on odd stories and speculation. Recent social trends have led to the erosion of grand narratives and the emergence of multiple views of history. New digital guides must address these challenges in order to develop tourism products that are relevant to different market segments.

  • 127.
    Bohlin, Magnus
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Brandt, Daniel
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Elbe, Jörgen
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Does the competition state undermine the long term sustainability of rural tourism?: The case of Sweden2014In: Proceedings from TTRA 2014 International Conference: Tourism and the New Global Economy / [ed] Marion Joppe, 2014, p. 171-188Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the contemporary competition state, many peripheral regions are in decline. Tourism is increasingly considered as a savior for regions lagging behind. The EU has launched several programs with the ambition to stimulate growth and employment in peripheral areas which are used in tourism development projects. In this paper a longitudinal analysis of changes in Swedish tourism guest nights with an attempt to assess the spatial changes that have taken place in the light of this new regional tourism policy are carried out. The aim is to investigate if tourism and tourism policy contributes to level out disparities between regions. The analysis is based on statistics on Swedish guest nights, on employees in the accommodation sector and on EU funds. Although there are exceptions, the main findings indicate that the potential for creating sustainable rural tourism growth through tourism policy seems to be much less than the popular discourse suggests.

  • 128.
    Bohlin, Magnus
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Elbe, Jörgen
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Samhällets roll i besöksnäringens utveckling2011Report (Other academic)
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    Samhällets roll i besöksnäringens utveckling
  • 129.
    Bohn, Dorothee
    et al.
    Umeå Universitet.
    de Bernardi, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    A Labour Regime Perspective on Workforce Formation in Nordic Tourism: Exploring National Tourism Policy and Strategy Documents2020In: Tourism Employment in Nordic Countries: Trends, Practices, and Opportunities / [ed] Andreas Walmsley, Kajsa Åberg, Petra Blinnikka, Gunnar Thór Jóhannesson, Palgrave Macmillan, 2020, p. 349-373Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter adopts a public policy perspective to tourism workforce formation in Finland, Norway and Sweden. The qualitative content analysis of national tourism strategy, planning and policy documents reveals that aspired labour regimes are predominantly characterised by mobility, flexibility and segmentation. While these practices ensure a competitive operational environment, satisfy seasonal employee demand and provide means for states to integrate immigrants into the labour market, negative societal consequences including precariousness, low-quality employment and inequality arise as well. Although all examined documents advocate sustainable production and consumption for Nordic tourism, workforce is essentially not included in sustainability discourses and initiatives.

  • 130.
    Bohn, Dorothee
    et al.
    Umeå Universitet.
    de Bernardi, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Tourism Studies.
    Celebrating 30 years louder than hell: exploring commercial and social ‘Host Event Zone’ developments of the heavy metal festival Wacken Open Air2022In: Annals of Leisure Research, ISSN 1174-5398, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 116-137Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although respective research has proliferated, little attention has been given to the processual nature of festivals. By drawing upon the concept of host event zones, we examine how different spectators perceive the development of the heavy metal festival Wacken Open Air (WOA) with respect to the dynamics between the festival as a temporary place in which visitors enjoy spectacle and ritual, a commercial site and the everyday living space of local inhabitants. WOA has grown in 30 years from an initiative by a few friends for devoted metal fans into an internationally renowned music mega-event. WOA represents a consumption mediated ‘peaceful utopia’ where festivalgoers find social meaningfulness in neo-tribes. However, the accelerating mainstream appeal of Wacken Open Air for a non-metal fan audience, which significantly spurt by the media, challenges both regular attendees’ experience of this idealized space and the relationship between the host community and the festival.

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  • 131.
    Bohn, Dorothee
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi.
    de Bernardi, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    The different shades of snow: an analysis of winter tourism in European regional planning and policy documents2019In: Winter tourism: trends and challenges / [ed] Ulrike Pröbstl-Haider, Harold Richins, Stefan Tuerk, Wallingford: CABI Publishing, 2019, p. 47-63Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 132.
    Bohn, Dorothee
    et al.
    Multidimensional Tourism Institute, University of Lapland.
    de Bernardi, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    The role of workforce and labour in Nordic tourism strategies2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 133.
    Bolognese, Lena
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Blåns, Caroline
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Att behålla första linjens chefer inom den offentliga sektorn: En studie om första linjens chefers arbetssituation2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the work situation for first-line managers' at Ludvika municipality. In this paper we have chosen to start from two issues:  ● How do first-line managers experience their work situation at Ludvika municipality?  ● What can be done to improve the first-line manager's future work situation?  To achieve the aim of the study, several methods has been used in which a quantitative method and a qualitative method are combined. The results of the study show that lack of support and resources, as well as too many employees, affect the first-line managers in their daily work by lack of time for work environment management and business development. Most of the firstline managers at Ludvika municipality work in an unsustainable work situation of too high demands together with too little support, which creates a lack of control over the work situation. According to Karasek's Job demand - control - support model, there is an increased risk of ill health among the municipality's first line managers.

  • 134.
    Bondor, Ioana
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Rural tourism development in Romania between 1989-2020: Case study: Maramures County in Romania2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis, the way in which rural tourism developed, since the fall of communism inRomania in 1989 until 2020 is explored. The strategies in form of development plans,programs and legislation adopted by Romania, the changes stakeholders in the public andin the private sector went through in order to adapt the rural tourism sector to capitalism andhow this are reflected in evolution of tourism accommodation and tourists numbers areanalysed on a macro level for the whole of Romania and then at a micro level by usingMaramures County, as a study case. However, the focus and the core aim of this study isrural tourism development in Maramures county, one of the representative traditionalregions of the country. Here, the rural tourism development is analysed based on a generalframework then semi-structured interviews are employed as the main method for datacollection. The results of the analysis show the perception that different stakeholders haveregarding how tourism developed in their area and under what conditions. Overall, based onthe analysis results, it can be concluded that in Maramures tourism development is notsatisfactory, but progress has been made, especially since the infrastructure in mostcommunes is or has been modernized.

  • 135.
    Boström, Erik
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Ebberstein, Rebecka
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Generationsanpassad Employer branding?: Uppfattningar om attraktiva faktorer hos arbetsgivare enligt millennials2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study was based on a need to increase the knowledge regarding what the Millennial generation consider constitutes an attractive employer. To be specific, the purpose was to examine the generation’s opinions about attractive factors in employers. Previous research and theory of attractiveness, employer branding and generations for example were used for the base as well as analysis. In order to answer the purpose a quantitative method was used in the shape of a survey distributed to a total of 152 construction engineering students that were Millennials, divided into two universities. The survey resulted in a total of 72 participants.

    The result showed that the highest valued factors were to work in a happy and fun environment, to have good relationships with colleagues, opportunity to learn new skills, to gain careerenhancing experience, to work in an exciting environment and that the organization produces high-quality products and services. A categorization of these revealed that all the highest valued factors were other than economic aspects of the employer brand, in fact the majority were psychological.

    Furthermore, possible differences in estimations were examined based on work experience and gender. The result showed, among other things, that the group with shorter work experience valued the majority of the most important factors higher while women valued all of them higher. This study’s result also demonstrated that none of the examined factors were valued remarkably low, which could indicate that an employer also should pay attention to other factors than the ones the participants regarded as the most important.

  • 136.
    Botman, H Russel
    University of Stellenbosch.
    Human Dignity and Economic Globalization2003In: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, p. 20-34Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 137.
    Brandt, Nadja
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Järlesand, Christoffer
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Attraktivitet och dess arbete inom IT-branschen i Sverige: En kvalitativ studie om attraktivitet inom IT-branschen2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The skills shortage that prevails within the IT industry makes it difficult for organizations to attract the skills that are sought after. To find out what is considered attractive and how organizations can work with this study will, based on aim of the study, examine which factors are considered attractive according to the professional group of system and software developers and how organizations and the HR function work with the concept of attractiveness. Based on the empirical phenomenology, how the world and the connection between a specific phenomenon is experienced by the individual, eight qualitative interviews were conducted to be able to answer the aim of the study.The result revealed five themes that contained attractive factors according to system and software developers, which are headwork and development opportunities, hybrid and flexible work, organizational management and culture, salary and the workplace. The result also shows that organizations and the HR function work with attractiveness through organizational culture, marketing the organization and its image via various events, individually tailored solutions for employees as well as social media and LinkedIn to attract potential employees.

  • 138.
    Brehmer, Jana
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Promoting authenticity in theme parks: Content analysis of selected theme park home pages2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis aims to identify the role of authenticity in the promotion of theme parks. The apparent contradiction of theme parks and authenticity makes this research field so essential to investigate. Theme parks are usually criticised for being fake and banal places where nothing is real or authentic. In fact, the trend goes forward to tourists that search for authentic experiences due to the always desire of singularity, originality, combined with self-realisation in a safe environment. That most of touristic places and destination are constructed and that the assessment of authenticity depends more on the observer than on the observation itself often remains disregarded. That is why, much literature is already dealing with assessment of authenticity as a construct of subjective hopes, views and expectations. The theoretical part treats this assessment and brings it in the context of theme parks. To provide a knowledge base for the analysis, the literature review reveals, that theme parks serve the trend of authenticity due to the chance to escape the daily routine and a predictability of services.

    Expanding the current literature, a qualitative approach is used to analyse how authenticity is advertised by theme park suppliers on their home pages. A content analysis using the three different types of authenticity according to Wang (1999) as main categories is conducted.

    The study concludes, that mainly objectivist and constructivist authenticity is promoted by the operators, triggering visitors with essential and intersectoral tourism focuses like escape from every day’s life and making unusual experiences. Suppliers play with the hyper-realistic contradiction of a theme park, imitating the outside world same as creating a border to it. On the home pages, common marketing methods like

    storytelling and electronic word-of-mouth are combined with authenticity. Synonyms for authenticity, like "real" or "genuine" can be identified. Even cultural differences between the different continents are noticeable.

    However, as a qualitative approach is conducted, the study does not aim for high representativeness but for a deep understanding of a limited number of theme parks. It contributes to the after date very limited amount of academic literature about authenticity promotion. Furthermore, the study can be seen as in inspiration for other theme park and touristic entertainment suppliers. However, it is recommended that future researches use quantitative methods to build numerical relations and the ability for generalisation.

  • 139.
    Brehmer, Jana
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Tourism Studies. MidSweden University, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism, ETOUR.
    Heldt, Tobias
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Tourism Studies.
    Understanding challenges in studying visitor’s compliance to recreational funding models: Lessons learnt from a study of cross-country skiers in Sweden2023Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is the first research output coming out from a newly launched project on Recreational mobility and trails in mountain destinations: Understanding Behavioural insights and New technology in relation to funding systems for high quality trails in a Swedish context, funded by the Swedish KK-foundation. The overall purpose is to analyse prerequisites for funding and management of trails as part of developing nature-based tourist destinations. This specific study looks at the challenge of understanding the consumer behaviour of tourists when it comes to the decision to contribute to trail funding by buying a trail pass and to understand if and how context of resort ownership, other visitors’ behaviour and the social norm, matters for the decision. With a quantitative approach and 346 filled in surveys we are sharing lessons learnt hwo to measure actual behaviour towards criticial questions.

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    Understanding challenges in studying visitor’s compliance to recreational funding models: lessons learnt from a study of cross-country skiers in Sweden
  • 140.
    Brissman, Linn
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Jannesson, Carina
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Kompetens eller utstrålning?: Rekryteringsprocess i kommunal förvaltning, en blandning av objektivitet och subjektivitet i en dynamisk process2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is thus to see how the recruitment process is made in the context of public administration and what kind of aspects that can affect the implementation and outcome of the recruitment process. To this study qualitative method has been used. A case study has been combined with interviews and a vignette to explore the respondent’s approaches and experiences of recruitment. A total of seven people who all work with recruitment have been interviewed. The theoretical starting points that underpin this study reflect areas of recruitment and selection, subjectivity, sustainability, public sector management, leadership and organizational culture. The results of this study has been analysed by a content analysis that focuses on patternmaking to get a greater understanding of the answers given by the respondents. This study shows that there are several crucial factors that can interrupt and affect the recruitment process in the context of public administration and therefore important to take in consideration. For instance is subjectivity a factor that’s always present and therefore inevitable. No matter how much work the respondents put in to making the process of recruitment objective and competence- based, subjective factors like personal charismas and first impressions still takes in consideration in the overall evaluation of the candidate. This factor also has a lot to do with the competence, knowledge and experience that the recruiting managers possess. The study also shows the importance of the HR-function as a key role in the organization both to support the recruiting managers and for the development of sustainability in recruitment as well as in the whole organization.

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  • 141. Broeders, Antonia
    Living in a World Heritage City: Impact of heritage management and tourism development on the local community of Bath2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Local communities that live in World Heritage sites can be effected in many ways by the World Heritage status of their city. This study focuses on the impact the local community in Bath experiences. Bath is a city in England that is listed as whole on the World Heritage List. A document analysis and in-depth interviews where preformed to get insight in the impact World Heritage designation and tourism development have on the social and economical structure of the local community. In the case of Bath the World Heritage status has lead to an increase in housing prices and less available housing and office space. The majority of Bath falls under the protection of UNESCO and therefore developments are restricted, time consuming and expensive. The development of tourism has lead to an increase in visitors which is causing congestion and health issues. Many locals work in the tourism industry which is found to be a low income industry and are therefore unable to effort housing in Bath. Due to the lack of office space and building space there are not many other industries besides tourism which could lead to Bath becoming a mono-industry. The quality of life for the local community in Bath has decreased, there are little job opportunities outside of the tourism industry, there is little housing available and the pollution has exceed EU levels. If Bath does not make some changes they are at risk of, just as happened to some other World Heritage cities, crowed out as a result of their World Heritage status and tourism development.

  • 142.
    Bromée Kjell, Terése
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Karlsson, Emelie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Effekter och förändringar av ledarutveckling2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En kommun ställs ofta inför en mängd olika utmaningar, som ställer krav påorganisationen, ledarna och medarbetarna. Hur ska kommunen bäst ta sig an dessautmaningar som samhället och omvärlden ställer för att kunna vara i framkant i sinorganisation och ständigt utveckla den? Att utveckla sina ledare som har en central roll iorganisationen kan vara ett taktiskt val av strategi för att nå målen som sätts upp iorganisationen. Alla frågor som rör kompetens, erfarenhet, utbildning och personlighetär centrala begrepp för att utveckla ledare (Day, Fleenor, Atwater, Sturm & McKee,2014). Syftet med föreliggande undersökning är att studera om ledarutvecklingen harbidragit med några förändringar eller effekter i kommunen. Genom att ha läst in sig påolika teorier, bland annat om ledarskap, kompetensutveckling och effekter av utvecklinghar en djupare förståelse ägt rum. Metoden i undersökningen är kvalitativ, därsemistrukturerade djupintervjuer har genomförts med åtta chefer som har genomgåttledarutvecklingen. Resultatet visar att efter genomförd ledarutveckling reflekterarcheferna mer över sitt ledarskap, de identifierar styrkor och utvecklingsområden vilketbidrar till kompetensutveckling för individen och för organisationen. De synligaeffekterna av kompetensutvecklingen beskrev cheferna att de fått genom en helhetssynoch en större förståelse för andra. Det skapades även en trygghet i sin ledarroll där deinsåg vikten av samverkan. Undersökningen kan bidra med att ge en bild av hur effektiven ledarutveckling kan vara. Genom att exempelvis skapa en öppenhet i organisationenoch ha tid för reflektion. Avslutningsvis framläggs några förslag på vad kommunen kanarbeta vidare med som exempelvis att fokusera mer på samverkan och skapatvärsektionella grupper. Även kommer några förslag på vidare forskning inom området.

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  • 143.
    Brunk, Nanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Norling, Sara
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Välbefinnande och positiva känslor i arbetslivet: En balansakt som kräver samspel2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine what gives employees wellbeing and positive

    emotions at work. The study was conducted through interviews with six employees, at four

    banking- and insurance offices in the middle of Sweden. The results were analyzed with the

    help of previous research and theories.

    The result shows that what creates positive emotions and well-being to a large degree are

    relationships, both with colleagues and customers. Positive emotions can have a very high

    ability to spread among colleagues, customers and the organization. It also showed that it is

    important that there is a balance between work life and private life and the demands and

    control at work. Being able to study wellbeing at work from an interaction perspective, which

    integrates both the individual and the organization also proved to be important to work with

    these issues.

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  • 144.
    Brunnstedt, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Liljeqvist, Linda
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Friskfaktorer på en enhet: Identifiera & fortsatt bevara2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a qualitative study with the purpose to identify health factors within a unit of Stockholm’s city and examine what is necessary for a continued preservation. Furthermore, the aim is to investigate what support is required for the preservation and the HR function's role in this aspect. The work unit is, in the aspect of sickness absence, a wellbeing group who is facing changes in work labor and goal setting due to a recent government shift.

    A query tool was used to produce the eight most important dimensions of the attractive work and a discussion was held around these under a focus group interview with the employees of the work unit. The results showed that the most important dimensions were, among other things, working hours and relationships.

    Furthermore, it was shown that a balance between work-life and private-life is of great importance to employee’s health and well-being. In order to continue to preserve the good work, the empirical data showed that the relationship within the group and the leader was a key factor and that the HR function, the personnel strategy department, only contributes an administrative and guiding role in the issue of support.

    The study’s conclusions include the following: that the preservation of health factors require existence to be comprehensible, manageable, and meaningful. But the study also concluded that employees need reasonable requirements in relation to their scope for manoeuver. A further conclusion is the need for a change in leadership behavior in subsequent stages when the group will possibly enter in a new phase of maturity due to changing circumstances.

    The authors also conclude that health factors are partly based on the individual’s life situation, but the balance between work-life and private-life is certainly important for most people. The HR function, the personnel strategy department, has an informative and administrative role in the issue of support and the authors believe that there is logic to this role. In terms of the size of the organization, it’s easier to turn psychosocial issues to occupational health services or a psychologist group and labor law assistance or information from the HR function.

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  • 145.
    Burell, Björn
    et al.
    LOs Datautskott.
    Ranhagen, Ulf
    VBB.
    Människa och teknik i samspel: Karossverkstaden Saab Trollhättan1987Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 146.
    Byléhn, Elsie-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Medarbetarundersökningens roll i chefernas arbetsmiljöarbete: En kvalitativ studie hos Trafikverket2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The employee is entitled to a safe work environment according to Swedish legislation.  Good working conditions are a key factor to create healthy and attractive work places. Employee survey is a method used to investigate the work environment in the process “Systematiskt arbetsmiljöarbete”. The employee survey can also be used to measure employees’ views on a wide range of work-related topics in order to achieve organizational success.

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the importance of the employee survey for the continuous work environment process done by managers.  The study also investigated how the managers’ worked with the result of the employee survey and how they worked with the continuous work environment process. The study was carried out on a function with three organizational levels and contains 12 interviews with managers on all three levels.

    The findings of the study show that the result of the employee survey is used as a basis for discussion both in the management teams and in dialogue with employees in the work environment process. The result of the employee survey is also used to ensure that measures taken within the work environment process are well accepted. The result also shows that managers on the lowest organizational level use other tools when investigating the work environment.

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  • 147.
    Bäck Jonsson, Lisa
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Andersson, Linnea
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Vi ses på Teams!: En kvalitativ studie om hur nyanställda upplevt introduktion vid hemarbete2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is based on a qualitative interview survey within three organizations. We have interviewed three managers and five newcomers. In the spring of 2020, the Covid-19 virus spread and created a global pandemic, and the authorities recommended teleworking. Organizations' operations have continued and in the new circumstances, organizations have implemented the introduction from home. The challenge with telework is how to adapt already existing introductory processes to digital communication.

    The purpose of the study has been to develop an understanding of newcomer's experience of belonging and learning in a broad perspective during introduction when teleworking, and to survey how managers have controlled the introduction.

    The results show that managers used both formal and informal introduction processes. The physical distance has made it difficult to belong and learn during the introduction. Mentorship, small working groups, and daily stand-up meetings are highlighted as success factors. Therefore, our conclusion based on the result is that formal introduction processes are preferable as the newcomers’ experiences higher socialization and learning.

    The lack of spontaneous social interaction and camera use has affected the experience of isolation. Our conclusion is that the newcomers’ sense of belonging is reduced during introduction when teleworking. The use of group introductions has facilitated the newcomer’s sense of belonging to the working group.

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  • 148.
    Böhme, Steffi
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Factors influencing tourism sustainability: The case of the World Heritage Falun Great Copper Mountain2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis focuses on identifying hindrances of achieving a sustainable tourism development on a base of a World Heritage Site. Using a case study of the World Heritage Site Falun Great Copper Mountain, the thesis assesses the situational context by using qualitative methods. Five semi- structured interviews with influential stakeholders were conducted to get an inside view of the current situation and to identify site-specific issues. The thesis identifies a number of factors that determine the successful implementation of measures leading towards sustainable tourism in the long-run; the most important being the lack of clear guidelines for the whole destination and no holistic planning approach within the municipality. The thesis concludes that despite the increased pressures towards establishment of sustainable tourism, the concept remains challenging to operationalize for the World Heritage Site without frameworks and tools from UNESCO.

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  • 149. Börnfelt, Per-Ola
    et al.
    Arvidsson, Markus
    Axelsson, Jonas
    Ahlstrand, Roland
    Institutionen för Individ och samhälle (IS), Malmö Högskola.
    Whistleblowing in the light of loyalty and transparency2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the paper is to raise questions about loyalty, whistleblowing and transparency in public organisations. In the first part we present the picture of a new form of loyalty in working life. A so called rational loyalty is replacing the traditional autocratic loyalty due to development in society and the legal framework, as presented by Wim Vandekerckhove (2006: 124-134). This development is supporting acts of whistleblowing. However, in the paper we argue that the picture is much more complex and whistleblowing is often hindered in practise in spite of developments in organisational policies and law. Therefore, we would also like to discuss if increased organisational transparency can promote more ethical behaviour and whistleblowing in public organisations. In the second part of the paper we discuss the prerequisites for rational loyalty in the Swedish public sector. We present different kinds of loyalty forms, which can be seen as counterforces to rational loyalty, whistleblowing and transparency at workplaces in the public sector.

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  • 150.
    Büki, Josefin
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Ledarskapsstilar hos kvinnliga idrottsledare: En kvalitativ intervjustudie ur ett ledarskapsperspektiv2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of the thesis is to examine and understand the leadership styles by women in sports, both in female- and male dominated sports.

    Theory: The theoretical framework includes the situational leadership theory, as well as the authoritarian, democratic, transactional, transformational, authentic, charismatic, and bureaucratic leadership styles.

    Method: A qualitative research methodology and approach were employed in this study, using an abductive approach based on existing theories and previous research. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with seven participants, and the interview data was analyzed thematically. The empirical findings were then connected to the theoretical framework of leadership styles.

    Conclusion: The findings suggest that nearly all respondents employ some form of situational leadership, adapting their leadership style based on the group and the situation. Additionally, tendencies towards democratic, authoritarian, transformational, authentic, charismatic, and bureaucratic leadership styles were identified, while the transactional leadership style was not found among any of the respondents. Many of the participants reported few significant differences in their leadership compared to their male colleagues, although some points were raised regarding both advantages and disadvantages. Children were found to confide more in female leaders, and girls were observed to listen better to a certain extent.

    Contribution of the thesis: This thesis contributes to knowledge and insights into how female leaders exercise their leadership in sports. It also provides important information about female leadership in youth sports as experienced by female youth leaders.

    Suggestions for future research: Suggestions for further research include comparing the similarities and differences in leadership styles between men and women in sports, as well as exploring leadership styles in the sports industry and the business sector.

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