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  • 101.
    Kaipainen, Ida
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Johansson, Jakob
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Kroppens form och utseende: betydelsen för utövare på gym2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this assignment was to examine what meaning the body’s shape and form has on an active person who works out in gym.

    Method

    We have used a survey as our method in this assignment to get the results. The people that we have asked to answer the survey are 51 individuals, between 18- 65 years old that lives in a medium-sized Swedish town. All of these women and men are regularly working out at a gym.

    Result

    The results of this survey have shown that those who has work outed for over two years, feels satisfied with their body shape in a wider perspective then those who have trained less then two years and that age do not play a big part of it. Men are in general more satisfied with their bodies than women are. Men also work out more hours per week then women.

    The result also shows that older people are more satisfied with their bodies then younger but the younger in a large perspective have become more or less satisfied with their bodies after they started working out. The younger generation put a lot more focus on how other people’s bodies look and how their own shape look.

    Another result this survey have had were that far from everybody who visited the gym feel at home there, but most of them have become more satisfied with themselves after they have gone to the gym more regularly, especially those who have done it over two years’ time.

    Conclusion

    Many but still far from everybody that work out at a gym feels at home there, however many who do work out regularly feel more satisfied with themselves. Age play a small part in it all, older people care far less about their body in comparison with the younger generations. Gender also seems to play a part of the comparison as men feels more satisfied with their bodies than women do. Men tends to have more and longer workout sessions at the gym.

  • 102.
    Karimyan, Harde
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Abouzeedan, Sara
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Användning av instruktioner, feedbackfrågeställningsteknik och träningsövningar blandungdomsfotbollstränare.: En fallstudie utifrån teorierna Teaching Games for Understandingoch Enhanced Guided Discovery2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are different theories that implement teaching soccer in different ways. Enhance

    Guided Discovery and Teaching Games for Understanding are two theories that have a more

    playing approach than the traditional coaching model which is more isolated. Studies have

    been showing that elite football players today have been doing less isolated exercises and

    more competition specific training.

    Aim

    The aim of this study was to look at soccer coaches for the younger ages 15-17 years and

    specifically look at their way to give instructions, feedback, question technique and how they

    choose exercises to develop their players.

    Method

    For this study, we chose observation and interview as data collecting methods, and compared

    the results to the different theories. Five coaches have been interviewed and observed once.

    Three coaches were from soccer academies, and two were volunteer coaches.

    Results

    The results showed that it has been a difference between the academy coaches and volunteer

    in the way they behaved during the observation, and how they answered the questions in the

    interview. The academy coaches tended to be more aware of what they where doing in both

    practical and verbal way.

    Conclusion

    The majority of coaches that was included in the study were implementing the theory TGfU

    in their teaching. They chose to do more

    competition specific exercises more than isolated

    exercises

    . The research did also show that the academy coaches were more aware of the

    theories and had it easier on implementing them in their teaching. Therefore, the conclusion

    of the study was that the coaches education is very important to develop soccer players, and

    that the clubs should focus on educating the coaches.

  • 103.
    Karlsson, Johannes
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Weiberth, Sara
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Koffeinets ergogena effekter på power i överkropp2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since 1962 Caffeine has been off and on the doping classification list, since 2004,

    it has been permitted as an ergogenic agent in sport. Several studies have shown

    positive ergogenic effects in endurance sports and in maximum strength

    capacity. The purpose of this study was to determine if caffeine has any

    ergogenic effect on power in the upper body. In this study, a double-blind,

    randomized cross-over design was used. Participants were randomly selected to

    start the intervention with either caffeine or placebo supplementation and then

    have the alternative supplementation before a second test, held after a 48 hour

    washout period. A supplementation method Caffeinated chewing gum was used

    as a supplementation method due to its faster uptake by the body. The distance

    that a 5 kg shot put could be launched from a sitting position was used as a

    measure of upper body power. The results showed a 1,7 % but trivial (ES = 0.13)

    difference in shot put lengths between the interventions, in favour of the caffeine

    3

    intervention. One of the reasons for the lack of a clear ergogenic effect is believed

    to be due to the non-homogenous group, in terms of training background, level of

    performance and the resulting low level of within-participant reliability. Because

    of this it is difficult to draw any conclusions regarding caffeine and its ergogenic

    effects on power in the upper body.

  • 104.
    Karlsson, Kalle
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Varför friskvård på arbetsplatsen är viktigt: Why health promotion in the workplace is important2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 105.
    Karlsson, Laban
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Åström, Marcus
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Bilateral muskelaktivering och effektutveckling: En observation av bilateral rörelse med armergometer2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives

    The objective of the study was to observe bilateral power production and muscle activation in

    the upper extremities. A bilateral exercise was observed to see if differences in muscle

    activation and power production was present in dominant and non-dominant extremities, and

    furthermore discuss the implications.

    Method

    Nine trained participants performed arm cycling on a modified arm ergometer so the

    movement became bilateral. During eight minutes of cycling with four levels of intensity

    (30W, 60W, 90W, 120W) where 50 RPM was strived for. 30 seconds of power production

    and EMG data were recorded for each intensity. A two-way independent ANOVA was

    conducted on the mean values of power production of the dominant and the non-dominant

    side.

    Results

    There was a significant difference in the dominant and non-dominant side F (3, 64) = 4.13, p

    = .046; with a medium effect size (partial eta squared = .0.61) p value set to .05. The nondominant

    side did the majority of the work. The posterior deltoids had a similar muscle

    activation, however the non-dominant activated more. The dominant finger flexors activated

    more than the non-dominant with large individual differences within the sample group.

    Conclusions

    This study found significant differences in power production in the dominant and the nondominant

    side of the upper extremities. The non-dominant side had a greater power

    production. The EMG-data showed great individual differences within muscle activation.

  • 106.
    Klockar, Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Elevers motivation till lärande och utvecklande av förmågan "allsidiga rörelser inom olika fysiska sammanhang"2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie har varit att undersöka möjligheterna till att öka elevernas motivation till att lära sig obekanta rörelser. Den praktiska undervisningen har varit inspirerad av Parkour och planeringen av den intervention som genomfördes har skett med inspiration av diverse teorier om lärande. Dessa teorier var Antonovskys KASAM-begrepp, Vygotskijs sociokulturella perspektiv på lärande, samt den dynamiska systemteorin. För att kunna undersöka elevers motivation så har interventionen genomförts på en högstadieskola i Mellansverige, där två klasser från årskurs 9 deltagit i undersökningen. Båda klasserna besvarade enkäter innan genomförd intervention, samt efter den genomförd intervention. Mellan de båda enkäterna så har eleverna i en klass, studiens experimentgrupp, genomgått undervisning tillsammans med en interventionspedagog (hädanefter hänvisad till genom förkortningen IP). Den andra gruppen, studiens kontrollgrupp, har genomgått undervisning med deras ordinarie pedagog (hädanefter hänvisad till genom förkortningen OP).

    Det visade sig genom sammanställningen av enkäterna, att en grupp kom att höja sin motivationsnivå för deltagande i undervisningen, medan den andra gruppen kom att sänka sin motivationsgrad för deltagande i undervisningen. Resultatet diskuterades ur olika synvinklar, där är en aspekt som framkommer som kan ha spelat en mer central roll än övriga delar i att det blev den förändring mellan grupperna som det blev.

  • 107.
    Klockar, Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Elevers motivation till lärande och utvecklande av förmågan ”allsidiga rörelser inom olika fysiska sammanhang”2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie har varit att undersöka möjligheterna till att öka elevernas motivation till att lära sig obekanta rörelser. Den praktiska undervisningen har varit inspirerad av Parkour och planeringen av den intervention som genomfördes har skett med inspiration av diverse teorier om lärande. Dessa teorier var Antonovskys KASAM-begrepp, Vygotskijs sociokulturella perspektiv på lärande, samt den dynamiska systemteorin. För att kunna undersöka elevers motivation så har interventionen genomförts på en högstadieskola i Mellansverige, där två klasser från årskurs 9 deltagit i undersökningen. Båda klasserna besvarade enkäter innan genomförd intervention, samt efter den genomförd intervention. Mellan de båda enkäterna så har eleverna i en klass, studiens experimentgrupp, genomgått undervisning tillsammans med en interventionspedagog (hädanefter hänvisad till genom förkortningen IP). Den andra gruppen, studiens kontrollgrupp, har genomgått undervisning med deras ordinarie pedagog (hädanefter hänvisad till genom förkortningen OP).Det visade sig genom sammanställningen av enkäterna, att en grupp kom att höja sin motivationsnivå för deltagande i undervisningen, medan den andra gruppen kom att sänka sin motivationsgrad för deltagande i undervisningen. Resultatet diskuterades ur olika synvinklar, där är en aspekt som framkommer som kan ha spelat en mer central roll än övriga delar i att det blev den förändring mellan grupperna som det blev.

  • 108.
    Knopf, Fredrik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies.
    Styrketräning och dess hälsoeffekter hos äldre2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 109.
    Kraepelien-Strid, Eva
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap.
    Nilsson, Johnny
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap.
    En studie av GIH-studenters erfarenheter av friluftsliv och naturmiljöaktiviteter före utbildning2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att med hjälp av en enkätmetod kartlägga blivande GIH-studenters erfarenhetsbakgrund avseende naturmiljöaktivitet, natursäkerhet och friluftsliv före utbildningen vid GIH.

    I denna enkätundersökning deltog 92 studenter som just påbörjat sina studier vid Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan (GIH) i Stockholm höstterminen 2007. Av hela studentpopulationen som deltog i undersökningen var 48 % män och 52 % kvinnor. Av hela populationen som besvarat enkäten var 48 studenter från Lärarprogrammet, 26 studenter från Hälsopedagogprogrammet och 18 studenter från Tränarprogrammet.

    Enkäten introducerade följande definitioner:

    Naturmiljöaktivitet – aktivitet som bedrivs i naturen t.ex. orientering, simning, skridskor eller längdskidåkning och där aktiviteten är det väsentliga.

    Friluftsliv – Aktivitet och vistelse i naturmiljö i syfte att erhålla naturupplevelser samt stimulans och rekreation av psykisk och/eller fysisk art, med eller utan inslag av prestation och utan krav på tävlingsprestation. I skolan bedrivs friluftsliv alternativt naturmiljöaktivitet inom begreppet "Friluftsdag".

    I enkätens inledning fick deltagarna i undersökningen svara på frågor om ålder, kön, skolbakgrund samt utbildningsort. Resterande tio frågor avsåg att kartlägga erfarenheterna av naturmiljöaktivitet och friluftsliv på fritid och i skolan (grundskola och gymnasium). Frågorna omfattade huvudsakligen kvantifierade svar men även kortfattade beskrivningar förekom som klassificerades i efterhand. Deltagarna fick även gradera sina upplevda kunskaper och färdigheter inom exempelvis olika naturmiljöaktiviteter, miljökunskap (ekologi) samt övernattning och matlagning utomhus. I den avslutande frågan kartlades deltagarnas simkunnighet.

    En majoritet (ca 70 %) av både manliga och kvinnliga studenter som påbörjar sin utbildning vid GIH har endast en viss eller endast en liten erfarenhet av naturmiljöaktiviteter. Studenter från landsbygden utmärker sig inte när det gäller stor erfarenhet av naturmiljöaktivitet och friluftsliv, frekvensen är lägre hos dem som bott/studerat på landet jämfört med stadsbor. I jämförelsen rörande förekomsten av naturmiljöaktivitet i skolan och på fritiden ligger tonvikten på naturmiljöaktivitet. Endast en begränsad del av svaren representerar aktiviteter som är typiska för friluftsliv med fokus på vistelse och upplevelse av naturen. Friluftsdagarnas innehåll verkar ha divergerat så mycket att även s.k. arenaidrotter som t.ex. friidrott förekommer under friluftsdagarna.

    Det är viktigt att lärare i skolan och organisationer som verkar för friluftsliv är medvetna om distinktionen mellan naturmiljöaktivitet och friluftsliv. Om enbart naturmiljöaktiviteten fokuseras finns det risk för att naturupplevelsen förflackas och friluftslivet inte blir något annat än fysisk aktivitet i naturen.

  • 110.
    Landqvist, Sofie
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Med fokus på glädje och gemenskap: En kvalitativ studie hur orienteringstränare motiverar sinaungdomar till fortsatt aktivitet inom idrotten2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study was to create an understanding of how orienteering coachesmotivate adolescents to continued participation within the sports club, this based on theexisting drop-out issue within sports clubs. The questions defining the study includes how thecoach describe motivation and their own knowledge regarding the issue and also how thesports club prevent drop-outs.By highlighting the work that the orienteering clubs conduct to keep the adolescents active inthe club, expectations were to help the clubs continued work. In order to answer the aim of thestudy interviews was used as data collection method. During the interviews a half structuredinterview guide was used for increasing the reliability. Four coaches from differentorienteering clubs in Dalarna represented the selection for this study.The results of the study shows that the orienteering coaches in Dalarna focus on joy,fellowship, individualization and knowledge to motivate the adolescents. Their knowledgeconcerning the drop-out problem range from good to limited while some coaches mean that itis not seen as a knowledge problem but a question about time and commitment. An idea liftedwas that all coaches had the tools to prevent drop-outs, but what really matters is thecommitment and encouragement given by the coach to influence further participation.In process to keep adolescents in the sports clubs it is also about getting the parents. In onesports club there is a thread through the adolescent section concerning the issue while inanother sports club there is no direct approach to how they work with it. An expresseddevelopment need concerning this has also emerged.The study showed that the coaches were commited to their work with the adolescents. Allcoaches felt that they had the knowlegde to motivate their adolescents but did not have thesame confidence regarding the drop-out issue. The coaches expresed a need for interventionsto get a better grip of the problem, both for themsleves and for the organization.

  • 111.
    Larsson, Claes
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Wallén Ljunggren, Oscar
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Skadeförebyggande träningsmetoder mot hamstringsskador inom svensk herrelitfotboll i jämförelse med rekommenderad evidensbaserad forskning2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this study was to describe the evidence-based research recommendations on injury prevention methods against hamstring injuries among Swedish men's elite team in football. The research-based recommendations was then to be compared with the way Swedish elite football teams work to prevent hamstrings injuries.

    Method

    First a literature search of PubMed and SPORTDiscuss was made to find the most evidence-based training methods to hamstring injuries. Then an Internet questionnaire regarding injury prevention training methods against hamstring injuries was sent to all Swedish elite football teams. The answers off the questionnaire was then compared with the research that had the most evidence based training methods to hamstring injuries.

    Results

    Research shows that the method with the most evidence is eccentric strength training. Flexibility, static stretch and core stability training is research methods that can be used to prevent hamstrings injuries but these methods lack a large validated research basis. 8 of 32 (25 %) teams answered the questionnaire. All teams indicated that they were working with injury prevention methods but the methods varied from the eccentric strength training to periodization and flexibility training. 2 of 8 teams indicated that they worked with eccentric strength training that is recommended by science as the most evidence-based training method.

    Conclusion

    The study shows that the teams partly work after what the research recommends as the most evidence-based training methods against hamstring injuries. However, the study lacks validity and further research is needed before definitive conclusions can be drawn.

  • 112.
    Larsson, David
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Zacco, Mille
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Integrationsarbete inom innebandyföreningar2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka om, och hur, innebandyföreningar i Sverige arbetar med integration av ungdomar med utländsk bakgrund.

    Metod

    Metoden som valts för studien är en kvalitativ textanalys av intervjuer. För att göra en studie av samhällsvetenskaplig karaktär och där individuella uppfattningar behandlas är en kvalitativ undersökning lämplig. Urvalet är begränsat till representanter från tre olika innebandyföreningar och sammanlagt har fem deltagare intervjuats.

    Resultat

    Ingen av de tre föreningarna arbetar aktivt med integration, varav en förening har planerat ett genomföra ett integrationsprojekt.

    Slutsatser

    De tre föreningarna arbetar inte med integrationsfrågor, men det krävs ytterligare studier för att besvara frågan hur det ser ut inom innebandy i ett större perspektiv. En möjlighet är att komplettera studien med en framtida enkätstudie, då nås fler personer i ett större geografiskt område.

  • 113.
    Larsson, Håkan
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science. Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, Stockholm.
    Aage Radmann. Huliganlandskapet. Medier, våld och maskuliniteter: Recension2014In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 35, no 2-3, p. 155-157Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 114.
    Larsson, Petter
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies.
    Motivationsprofilering hos deltagare i Vasaloppets vinterarrangemang: Likheter och skillnader i motivationen samt målinriktningen hos deltagare i Vasaloppets vinterarrangemang2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 115.
    Lehto, Robin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Att undersöka hur lärare kommunicerar syftet med lektioner och övningar till elever: En studie gjord i kursen Idrott och hälsa 1, på gymnasiet2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Based on a socio-cultural perspective on learning, the aim of this study is to examine if and how aims and learning objects are communicated by teachers to students in physical education (PE) practice at upper secondary school. A special focus has been on how the aims and learning outcomes have been expressed and communicated between teachers and students. The result shows that there is a wide variation between teachers and students and how the aims and learning outcomes are communicated during lessons. If there is a misunderstanding regarding the communication between teachers and students the outcomes will result in students having a hard time achieving the aims and goals within the subject.

  • 116.
    Lindblad, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Rygg/Ländryggsbesvär hos längdskidåkandejuniorer2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of back/lower back pain of the cross-country ski juniors 16-20 years, and to see if there were differences in the symptoms of back/lumbar between the sexes and between the various techniques, and to see if there was differences in training background. Method This study is based on a survey of mostly solid answer but even with a few open questions. Survey method was chosen to get a quick overview if there is trouble in the form of overload injuries in the cross-country high school students. The advantages of making use of the survey was that it could be done in a wide range and within a large geographical area. Results Of the 88 students who responded to the survey stated that 33 of them had trouble from the back/lumbar spine, it corresponds to 37.5% if we look at the gender balance when it comes to complaints from the back/lumbar as experiencing 37% of women and 38% of men trouble . There is therefore no difference between the sexes. Looking at whether there were differences in the perceived inconvenience of women and men in the various techniques so experienced 60% of women inconvenience of classical skiing compared to men where 67% experienced problems. Conclusion The study shows that 37.5% of the ski school students experience back / low back pain. The compilation of questionnaires and on experience from previous research shows that back / low back pain affects many young cross country skiers. You experience the most discomfort in classical cross country skiing.

  • 117.
    Lindgren, Charlotte
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Ridning - en förebyggande aktivitet och behandling mot depression2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 118.
    Lofvars, Janna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Mäns syn på kroppsuppfattning, träning, kost och hälsa i viktklassindelade idrotter.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte

    Syftet är att undersöka hur mäns kroppsuppfattning kan påverkas av att tävla inom idrotter med viktklassindelning och hur detta kan uttryckas i deras syn på träning, kost och hälsa.

    Skälet till det är att det inte finns så mycket studier om mäns attityder till kroppen inom viktklassidrotter trots att forskningen visat att både män och kvinnor är lika missnöjda med sin vikt och kropp. ((Furnham, Badmin & Sneade 2002, Davis & Cowels 1991, Lubans & Cliff 2011, Silvberstein et. al 1988)

    Metod

    Datainsamlingsmetoden var semistrukturerad intervjumetod med en induktiv ansats, där urvalet föll på män mellan 18-35 år som är aktivt tävlande inom antingen tyngdlyftning eller kampsport. Fem män deltog i studien varav en tävlade i Brasiliansk jiujitsu, en tävlade i mixed martial arts och tre deltagare tävlade i tyngdlyftning. Analysen utgick ifrån den kroppskulturmodell presenterad av Eichberg (1988) vilken delas in i tre delar: prestationsmodellen, hälsomodellen och kroppsupplevelsemodellen.

    resultat

    Intervjuerna resulterade i fem övergripande teman. Ett resultat visar på att deltagarna och deras uppfattningar om utseendeideal var svagt uppfattade, där utseendeidealet var ett resultat av påverkan från övriga samhället, snarare än att kroppsuppfattningen var ett resultat av idrottens viktfokus. Idrotten verkade snarare förmedla ett funktionellt ideal där fokus verkade vara att hitta en viktklass där deltagaren presterar som bäst från ett mer prestationsinriktat förhållande till sin vikt och kropp med ett funktionellt ideal.

    slutsatser

    Det verkade som att deltagarna inte vill låta sitt tävlande i en viktklassidrott styra synen på sin kroppsuppfattning, utan hålla viktreglering till en avgränsad del av sporten som ett nödvändigt ont med ett funktionellt ändamål. En annan slutsats var att deltagarnas uppfattningar om utseendeideal varierade och verkade snarare grundat på ett utseendeideal av samhället i stort än ett ideal uttalat av sporten i sig.

  • 119.
    Ludvigsson, Rikard
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Analys av avslutschanser inom svensk elitfotboll2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose:

    The purpose of the paper is to analyze attack sequences in 16 football matches, divided into eight matches in men's elite league, "herrallsvenskan" and eight matches in ladies’ elite league, "damallsvenskan" leading to the finishing attempts. The focus of the analysis is to determine which final attacking action is crucial for finishing, what area of the pitch the goal attempt or header comes from, at what time during the game the finishing happening and how long does it take to finish an attack and finally what the technique is used and what body part is involved in the finish is. Methods: The method used to get the necessary information was to study all selected matches via two different play services on the internet and draw the whole attack sequences that lead to a finish on a pitch template. The selection of football matches was performed by a semi-randomized procedure on damallsvenskan and herrallsvenskan from round 3, 4 and 5 in damallsvenskan and 7, 8 and 9 from herrallsvenskan. Results: The results show that in herrallsvenskan, the most common action to finish is to setup your teammate with short passes. Most finishes are done outside the penalty area but the most goals are scored inside the penalty area. Most finishes come at the end of each half of the game and that the inside kick is the most common way to finish. In damallsvenskan, the most common action is to setup your teammate with short passes. Most finishes are made in the penalty area and that is also where most goals are scored. Most finishes come at the end of the game and that the inside kick is the most common way to finish. Conclusion: Analyzing attack sequences is an effective way for coaches to get important data and information to make their own team better and to exploit the weaknesses of opponents. The study shows that Swedish teams will finish with the inside of the foot, that the finishing will be in the penalty area, that the most common action is to setup your teammate and to be strong at the end of the match. These results give coaches interesting information on how to attack I the most effective way.

  • 120.
    Lundberg, Jakob
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Bejmar, Jonatan
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Ingen signifikant skillnad gällande dynamisk och statisk distanshantering i varierande viktklasser för elitatleter inom MMA2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    MMA (mixed martial arts) has expanded globally as entertainment, training and competition in recent years. MMA is a sport where techniques such as punches, kicks, throws and joints are used to defeat the opponent in unarmed close combat. Standing techniques such as punches and kicks are of great importance in sports and coaches / athletes strive to develop efficient techniques. The study investigates how UFC athletes work with distance moves relative to each other in knockout or tech knockout matches, comparisons were also made between a heavier and an easier weight class to detect any differences in behavior. Data was collected through a match observation where a total of 50 matches from the MMA event were collected with reverse chronological order starting from fight night Johnson VS Reis. The results showed that there were differences between movement and non-occupation at KO / TKO, but also that they were not significant. The same conclusion was made for comparisons between the weight classes. When there was an individual move, it was most common for it to move forward and the most common movement between athletes was forwards. Handling of dynamic and static distances is likely to have impact on elite athletes within MMA, but the results show that the difference between athletes in different weight classes is not significant and is likely to be affected to an equal extent by individual athletes' skills.

  • 121.
    Lundqvist, Martin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies.
    Disponeringen av farten i Lidingöloppet: Hur kön och erfarenhet påverkar disponeringen av farten i Lidingöloppet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 122.
    Lundström, Elin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Kantojärvi, Frida
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Gruppträningsinstruktörers skapande av motivationvid gruppträningspass: En kvalitativ studie om hur och varför instruktion, feedback och övriga betydelsefulla faktorer förmedlas samt dess betydelse för att öka gruppdeltagarens motivation till fortsatt fysisk aktivitet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: An inactive lifestyle is a problem in today’s society, a problem that can contribute to negative health effects. Group fitness instructors have the possibility to affect the participants’ attitudes towards physical activity. This study therefor aims to examine how and why group fitness instructors choose to convey instructions and feedback, and which other factors are perceived as motivating for continued physical activity. Method: The study was conducted in the form of semi-structured interviews with ten participants from different fitness centers situated in the middle region of Sweden. The interviews were recorded, transcribed and thereafter analyzed by the interpretative phenomenological analysis methods. Results: Instructions were communicated mainly verbally or in a combination of verbally and visually. The majority were aware that learning is individual and that different techniques therefor should be used to create an understanding for the execution of an exercise. Feedback was communicated frequently and the majority meant that it should be adapted to the needs of each participant. Positive feedback was mainly used to inspire participants to additional performance, while constructive feedback mainly was used to correct improper execution. Other motivating factors that appeared to be important was to create an environment that help every participant to reach the goals of each session by act inspiring, create a holistic perspective and to involve the participants in their own development. Social interaction appeared to be an important factor, which was created by relationships. New finds consist of the discovery the majority of the instructors, after having given repeated constructive feedback to a participant on an exercise, would allow an incorrect execution to pass instead of solving the problem. Conclusion: The group fitness instructors seem to create a motivating environment, as is indicated by various factors. Recurring participants suggests that they experience the exercise as positive and that they are motivated to continue performing the physical activity in question. The group fitness instructors try to individualize their instructions and feedback, to get through to each individual. Furthermore they try to show alternative exercises, to give each participant the possibility of choosing a suitable level and thereby take part in their own development. The social interaction appeared to be an important factor in making participants return. The behavior of the group fitness instructors indicate that they are striving to create an environment that inspires continued physical activity.

  • 123.
    Lundström, Evelina
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    An observational analysis of the messagesconveyed in modern yoga: has the holistic essenceof yoga been maintained?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Yoga is fast becoming a mainstream activity in western cultures in the health, fitness and wellness industry.Modern yoga forms practiced today are however very different from the original forms of yoga, which originatedfrom India thousands of years ago. Modern yoga tends to focus more on the physical development, which is onlya portion of the philosophy behind yoga described by Patanjali in the work Yoga Sutras, where the eight stepsfor how to live a meaningful life are presented. The original goal of yoga is self-realization, a holistic perspectiveon wellbeing with a focus on both physical and mental aspects of wellbeing as well as the spiritual developmentof the self. These characteristics have given yoga its strength as a therapeutic activity throughout history.However, with the change in focus from ancient to modern yoga are these characteristics still promoted in theyoga that is practiced today?Aim of the studyThe aim of this qualitative study is to examine how yoga is promoted in today's modern society, specifically insocial media by instructors.MethodA total of 11 video clips of yoga lessons from the popular database YoutTube were observed and analyzedthrough a non-participant observational analysis. The video clips were randomly selected from the top viewed andliked clips according to a defined inclusion criteria applied to the search term ‘yoga lesson’. The video clips wereviewed several times and the transcribed material was then analyzed to identify key themes.ResultsThe results of the observational analysis revealed five themes representing how yoga is promoted in social mediaby instructors. The five themes were; (1) structure of the lesson, (2) mental factors, (3) the atmosphere, (4)terminology and lastly (5) individual differences. The result show that the body poses were the main focus in theyoga lessons, the breathing techniques were not explained clearly, the atmosphere and terminology used affectedthe way yoga was mediated by the instructors and individual differences were taken into consideration by themajority of instructors.ConclusionsThe result of this study indicates that yoga promoted by instructors in social media today is mostly for physicaldevelopment. The philosophy mediated differs from the original philosophy described by Patanjali in YogaSutras.

  • 124.
    Löfström, Håkan
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Sambandet mellan svenska elitlängdskidåkares kroppsvikt och tävlingsprestation2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose statement

    The purpose of the study is to examine if Swedish elite cross-country skiers body mass is

    correlated to the results on competitions.

    Method

    Twenty female and thirty male swedish elite cross-country skiers took part in the study. Body

    mass and body height were collected by a questionnaire which was sent to the skiers.

    Competition results was collected from a database. The swedish ski federation make capacity

    analysis from swedish FIS competitions and present them on the webpage www.skidtid.se.

    All data was analyzed to describe correlations between times and the individual body weight.

    Results

    Only weak correlation between swedish elite cross-country skiers bodyweight and race

    performance at finish, on flat course sections, downhill and uphill sections were found.

    Conclusions

    This study shows that elite cross-country skiers bodyweight is not the determinant factor for

    race performance.

  • 125.
    Melin, Roger
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Philosophy.
    Etikprofessorns idrottsfilosofiska bokslut2019In: Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, ISSN 1652-7224, article id 2019-04-03Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 126.
    Melin, Roger
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Philosophy.
    Instrumentalization of the body in sports2013In: Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, ISSN 1652-7224, Vol. nov 18Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to articulate an implicit conceptualization of the body of sport persons that exists besides the official holistic and health-based understanding of mind and body. Sport, besides being a guardian of positive values, also is also associated with an instrumentalization of the body consisting of a cluster of mutually interdependent conceptualizations of the body: Firstly, an optimization where athletes’ are focusing upon optimizing their bodies to perform sport performances. Secondly, an idea of perfectedness in that this optimization rests upon the idea of being as perfect as possible for doing specific sport related tasks. Thirdly, modifiability in that body in sport is understood as a “raw material” that can and ought to be “cultivated” for satisfying this perfectedness ideal in sport. Fourthly, control in that there is a need of constant surveillance of sportspersons’ bodies. Fifthly, a strict division between body and mind, where sportpersons are rational subjects who should use their mechanic bodies in trying to reach their aims. This implicit understanding of body is problematic in that (i) it, to some extent, resembles attitudes involved in anorexia nervousa, and that these attitudes, if not consciously discussed, are negative for the sport community itself as well as for the society at large. Furthermore, it might be that sports community, due to the idea of instrumentalization of body in sport, is strengthening negative attitudes towards people who do not live up to the ideal healthy body, for instance persons with obesity and overweight.

  • 127.
    Melin, Roger
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Philosophy.
    Technology and the Existential Element in Sport2018In: Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, ISSN 1652-7224, article id 2018-12-06Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 128.
    Mikaelsson, Glenn
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Nyanlända elevers förståelse för ämnet idrott och hälsa i årskurs 7–9: En enkätstudie med kvalitativa anspråk2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka nyanländas elevers förståelse för ämnet idrott och hälsa i grundskolans senare del, årkurs 7-9. Studien genomfördes med hjälp av 28 respondenter som svarade på en kvalitativ enkät med öppna frågor om hur de upplevde ämnet idrott och hälsa på grundskolan. Studien visade att respondenterna hade blandade erfarenheter av ämnet idrott och hälsa. Respondenternas svar visar att några upplevde det problematiskt med bedömningssituationen genom att kunskapskraven var otydliga eller att läraren inte hade förmedlat kunskapskraven för eleven. Andra respondenter menande på att vissa moment som genomfördes i ämnet var obegripliga och svåra att genomföra.

    I studien framkom även att respondenterna ser på ämnet idrott och hälsa som en positiv del i grundskolan men att ämnet används som ett verktyg för att bli av med extra energi för att prestera i skolans andra ämnen.

  • 129.
    Milosevic, Stefan
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Hedman, Jesper
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Stress i arbetslivet: Arbetsrelaterad stress på träningsanläggning samt kontorsmiljöer2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine the work-related stress among trainers and office workers through a survey that was constructed to address the research questions. Short-term stress can be explained as a primary physiological change in the body in form of secretion of adrenaline and norepinephrine, which enhances performances. There is also good evidence that physical activity can promote physical and mental health. If the body is exposed to short-term stress over a longer period, it has the opposite effect both mentally and physically. This study was built on a mixed method approach, with a mix of both quantitative and qualitative questions, which of most were quantitative. The survey was distributed to three different companies, with various work duties. Surveys were collected during two different times, with a significant amount the last time. It was thereby analyzed and coded into the program Excel (2016). Only considerable data was later presented to match the research questions. To conclude the results, 82 percent felt work-related stress, while 18 percent didn’t feel work-related stress. Many study participants often feel work-related stress, and more than half of the participants in the study do not know how to handle their work-related stress. The minority of participants however, feels a positive change in terms of achievement and well-being, which is the research area studied less between the negative and positive impact that stress may have. Work-related stress can further reflect today’s approach on stress and scientist have identified a need for further research on “eustress” (positive stress).

  • 130.
    Molin, Jennifer
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies.
    Idrottsliga integrationsprojekt för Somaliska kvinnor: - Ur idrottsledaren och organisatörens synvinkel2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 131. Monnier, Andreas
    et al.
    Larsson, Helena
    Nero, Håkan
    Djupsjöbacka, Mats
    Äng, Björn
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science. Karolinska institutet; Uppsala universitet.
    A longitudinal observational study of back pain incidence, risk factors and occupational physical activity in Swedish marine trainees2019In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 9, no 5, article id e025150Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the occurrence of low back pain (LBP) and LBP that limits work ability, to identify their potential early risks and to quantify occupational physical activity in Swedish Armed Forces (SwAF) marines during their basic 4 month marine training course.

    DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study with weekly follow-ups.

    PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-three SwAF marines entering the training course.

    OUTCOMES: Incident of LBP and its related effect on work-ability and associated early risks. Occupational physical activity, as monitored using accelerometers and self-reports.

    RESULTS: During the training course, 68% of the marines experienced at least one episode of LBP. This yielded a LBP and LBP limiting work ability incidence rate of 13.5 (95% CI 10.4 to 17.8) and 6.3 (95% CI 4.2 to 10.0) episodes per 1000 person-days, respectively. Previous back pain and shorter body height (≤1.80 m) emerged as independent risks for LBP (HR 2.5, 95% CI 1.4 to 4.3; HR 2.0, 95% CI 1.2 to 3.3, respectively), as well as for LBP that limited work ability (HR 3.6, 95% CI 1.4 to 8.9; HR 4.5, 95% CI 2.0 to 10.0, respectively). Furthermore, managing fewer than four pull-ups emerged as a risk for LBP (HR 1.9, 95% CI 1.2 to 3.0), while physical training of fewer than three sessions per week emerged as a risk for LBP that limited work ability (HR 3.0, 95% CI 1.2 to 7.4). More than 80% of the work time measured was spent performing low levels of ambulation, however, combat equipment (≥17.5 kg) was carried for more than half of the work time.

    CONCLUSIONS: Incidents of LBP are common in SwAF marines' early careers. The link between LBP and previous pain as well as low levels of exercise highlights the need for preventive actions early on in a marine's career. The role of body height on LBP needs further investigation, including its relationship with body-worn equipment, before it can effectively contribute to LBP prevention.

  • 132.
    Mujkic, Asia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Rantala, Robert
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    There is something about Mary… and Ted!: Training in mixed-sex groups makes you work harder. A study about the effort when training with the opposite sex.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In many sport associations, regardless of level, women and men rarely practice together. Previous studies indicate that work groups are generally more efficient when there is an even distribution between the sexes. Could that also be the case in sports? This study aims to investigate whether the sex composition of a training group affects the effort and performance of the participants. Eleven volunteers participated in the crossover study consisting of three different 150-meter sprint conditions; individually, single-sex group and mixed-sex group. Sprint times, heart rate and RPE were recorded during all three trials. The result of this study suggests that there might be practical benefits in regards to physical performance and effort to exercise in a training group consisting of both sexes instead of training only with the same-sex or individually. The understanding could be useful in areas such as; training optimisation for both athletes and in patient- and rehabilitation groups, increasing efficiency in work environments, in schools and sports clubs striving for both athletic success and gender equality.

  • 133.
    Mårtensson, Niclas
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Tejpning för att undvika akut smärta vidbenhinneinflammation2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    PurposeTo evaluate a new tapeing technique against the pain from acute and cronical pain from shinsplints and compare it against an already used techniqueMethodBefore the test all participant where examine by an physician to confirm that every person didsuffer from shin splints. If a person didn’t suffer from shin splint they where excluded fromthe study. The participants where divided into to groups where the first group received thenew tapeing technique and the other group received the other kinseological tapeing technique.Both group evaluated their pain after warming up and before the first running attempt, afterthe first running attempt, after receiving a tapeing technique and the second running attempt.To be able to know if all participants preform at equal levels at both running attempts, allparticipants where given a pulse watch to register both pulse and time.ResultsBoth tapeing techniques did lower the pain level. The new tapeing technique lowered the painwith 18 % on the right leg and 27 % on the left leg. The kinesological tapeing techniquelowered the pain with 37 % on the right leg and 36 % on the left leg. There where nosignificant differences between the two techniques.ConclusionsThe new tapeing technique seem to lower the pain levels but a bigger study group is needed toconfirm the results. The kinesological tapeing technique seem to have a bit better effect inlowering the pain levels. But too few participants participated in the study to be able to saythis for sure.

  • 134.
    Nilsson, Johnny
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap.
    Rapport GIH 2008-projektet: Kartläggning av idrottslärarstudenters bakgrundsfaktorer, fysiska prestationsnivå samt implementering av metoder för integrering av teori och praktik samt idrottslig kompetensutveckling i GIH-utbildningen2009Report (Other academic)
  • 135.
    Nilsson, Johnny
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science. The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, Stockholm.
    Cardinale, Daniele
    Running economy and blood lactate accumulation in elite football players with high and low maximal aerobic power2015In: LASE Journal of Sport Science, ISSN 1691-7669, E-ISSN 1691-9912, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 44-51Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose was to determine running economy and lactate threshold among a selection of male elite football players with high and low aerobic power. Forty male elite football players from the highest Swedish division (“Allsvenskan”) participated in the study. In a test of running economy (RE) and blood lactate accumulation the participants ran four minutes each at 10, 12, 14, and 16 km•h-1 at horizontal level with one minute rest in between each four minutes interval. After the last sub-maximal speed level the participants got two minutes of rest before test of maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max). Players that had a maximal oxygen uptake lower than the average for the total population of 57.0 mL O2•kg-1•minute-1 were assigned to the low aerobic power group (LAP) (n=17). The players that had a VO2max equal to or higher than 57.0 mL O2•kg-1•minute-1 were selected for the high aerobic power group (HAP) (n=23). The VO2max was significantly different between the HAP and LAP group. The average RE, measured as oxygen uptake at 12, 14 and 16km•h-1 was significantly lower but the blood lactate concentration was significantly higher at 14 and 16 km•h-1 for theLAP group compared with the HAP group.

  • 136.
    Nilsson, Johnny
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science. Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, Stockholm.
    Fredriksson, Mårten
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, Stockholm.
    Peak oxygen uptake and muscle power can be simultaneously improved with hybrid training2015In: LASE Journal of Sport Science, ISSN 1691-7669, E-ISSN 1691-9912, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 3-15Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 137.
    Nilsson, Johnny
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science. Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Laboratoriet för biomekanik och motorisk kontroll (BMC).
    Karlöf, Lars
    Jakobsen, Vidar
    A new device for measuring ski running surface force and pressure profiles2013In: Sports Engineering, ISSN 1369-7072, E-ISSN 1460-2687, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 55-59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The pressure/force acting between the running surface of a ski and the snow may indirectly change glide friction. Thus, measuring the pressure/force distribution may be important for a deeper understanding of glide in skiing. The present aim was to construct a device that allowed the pressure/force underneath the ski running surface (SRS) to be recorded. Pressure sensors were attached on top of a platform. Sheets of different materials were used to improve the interaction between the SRS and the sensors. Possible functions of the device are demonstrated in three applications that emphasized comparison of force distribution underneath skis selected for similarity, force distribution under both skis and a single ski as well as backward weight distribution. The results show that the device with the pressure sensors mapped pressure/force distribution underneath the skis in the applications presented, and the system can thus be a useful tool for further optimizing e.g., ski designs.

  • 138.
    Nilsson, Johnny
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science. Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, Stockholm.
    Rosdahl, Hans
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, Stockholm.
    Contribution of leg muscle forces to paddle force and kayak speed during maximal effort flat-water paddling2016In: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, ISSN 1555-0265, E-ISSN 1555-0273, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 22-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose was to investigate the contribution of leg-muscle-generated forces to paddle force and kayak speed during maximal-effort flat-water paddling. Five elite male kayakers at national and international level participated. The participants warmed up at progressively increasing speeds and then performed a maximal-effort, nonrestricted paddling sequence. This was followed after 5 min rest by a maximal-effort paddling sequence with the leg action restricted—the knee joints “locked.” Left- and right-side foot-bar and paddle forces were recorded with specially designed force devices. In addition, knee angular displacement of the right and left knees was recorded with electrogoniometric technique, and the kayak speed was calculated from GPS signals sampled at 5 Hz. The results showed that reduction in both push and pull foot-bar forces resulted in a reduction of 21% and 16% in mean paddle-stroke force and mean kayak speed, respectively. Thus, the contribution of foot-bar force from lower-limb action significantly contributes to kayakers’ paddling performance.

  • 139.
    Nilsson, Mattias
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    En böjd stavdesigns påverkan på stakfasens egenskaper2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose statement

    The purpose of the study is to examine how the pole plant and pole phase are affected by using a pole of curved, compared to straight, design for double poling at high speed on roller skis at a treadmill. The following research questions have been examined:

     Does a curved pole design result in a pole plant further forward?

     Does a curved pole design result in a change in the absolute length of the pole phase?

     Does a curved pole design result in a change in the relative length of the pole phase?

    Methodology

    Ten male cross country skiers (age 25,3 ± 5,1 years, height 182,1 ± 8,6 cm, BW 78 ± 6,5 kg) took part in the study. The test subjects performed a Vmax-test double poling on roller skis on a treadmill, with straight and curved poles. Movement data was collected and analysed to examine potential differences regarding pole plant, pole phase, recovery phase and total cycle time.

    Results

    A significant difference was found regarding the pole plant, as a curved pole design resulted in a pole plant further forward compared to a straight design. No significant difference was found related to the pole phase, recovery phase or total cycle time.

    Conclusion

    The study shows that the path of the pole tip is moved forward when using poles of a curved design. There is no change in the pole phase, the recovery phase or the total cycle time, thus the length of the pole phase, absolute as well as relative, is unaffected by pole design when double poling.

  • 140.
    Nyberg, Gunn
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science. Stockholms universitet.
    Att utveckla sin rörelseförmåga – exemplet house hop2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rörelse och rörelseaktiviteter är ett centralt innehåll i ämnet idrott och hälsa och syftet med ämnet är bland annat att eleverna skall få utveckla sin rörelseförmåga (Gy 11, Lgr 11). Vad detta innebär verkar dock, enligt forskning, tolkas av lärare på olika och motsägelsefulla sätt. Å ena sidan uppfattas rörelseförmåga som enbart ett medel för att vara fysiskt aktiv och det räcker att delta (vara fysiskt aktiv) för att få godkänt i ämnet. Rörelser och rörelseförmåga är inte föremål för något lärande eller pedagogisk idé, det är den fysiska aktiviteten, pulshöjningen och muskelstärkande aktiviteter som blir huvudtemat och som i sin tur förväntas främja elevers hälsosamma livsstilar. Å andra sidan, när lärare bedömer och betygsätter elever för högre betyg framskymtar andra kriterier för rörelseförmågan. Då verkar denna likställas med att vara ’bra på sport’ och det som bedöms är ’mätbara prestationer, ofta i form av idrottsliga resultat’(Redelius, 2007 s. 226). Det finns därmed ett behov av att undersöka vad rörelseförmåga kan innebära och hur en sådan förmåga (eller förmågor) kan tydliggöras, artikuleras och diskuteras som ett ämnesspecifikt kunskapsinnehåll i idrott och hälsa.

     

    Den studie som genomförts, och som ligger till grund för den här presentationen, är en Learning study där en specifik rörelse (house hop) valdes som lärandeobjekt. Studien genomfördes tillsammans med tre lärare i idrott och hälsa på gymnasiet och det övergripande syftet var att undersöka vad det innebär att kunna en specifik rörelse.

    Syftet med denna presentation är att visa hur en fenomenografisk analys av elevers olika sätt att erfara en rörelse kan bidra till en ökad förståelse av vad rörelseförmåga kan innebära och hur undervisning i rörelseförmåga kan främjas av att utgå från elevers olika sätt att kunna den rörelse som det är tänkt att eleverna skall lära sig. Den fenomenografiska analysen bidrar också med ett sätt att identifiera vilka aspekter av en rörelse som behöver urskiljas för att kunna rörelsen på ett så komplext sätt som möjligt.

     

     

  • 141.
    Nyberg, Gunn
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Barker, Dean
    Örebro Universitet.
    Larsson, Håkan
    GIH.
    Joy, fear and resignation: investigating emotions in physical education using a symbolic interactionist approach2019In: Sport, Education and Society, ISSN 1357-3322, E-ISSN 1470-1243Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Emotional dimensions of physical education have garnered attention from scholars in the last two decades. Many scholars claim that emotions significantly affect learning and that positive emotions such as joy and pleasure are necessary for continued participation in movement activities beyond the classroom. Much of the existing literature, however, is based on the idea that emotions comprise internal mental states that are retrospectively oriented. In the current paper, we work with alternative principles that can create new understandings of the affective dimensions of PE and specifically, movement learning. We draw on symbolic interactionist principles, framing emotions as multimodal communicative resources that are performed in social contexts. From this perspective, we demonstrate how emotions: (1) can be investigated as part of the production of broader sequences of pedagogical action and (2) relate to issues of knowledge, identity and authority. We present observational material generated with PE teacher education students as they develop movement capability. We focus on three interactional episodes in which fear, joy and resignation are performed by students interacting with either peers or an observing researcher. In each case, we demonstrate how emotions: affiliate or dis-affiliate the actor with the movement knowledge in focus, index an institutionally recognizable identity and influence the subsequent actions of the participants in the interactional sequence. The key thesis developed in the paper is that as symbolic resources, emotions have important consequences for actors within movement learning environments. The paper is concluded with reflections on the implications of the approach for practitioners along with a consideration of questions in need of further scientific attention.

  • 142.
    Nyberg, Gunn
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Larsson, Håkan
    Physical education teachers' content knowledge of movement capability2017In: Journal of teaching in physical education, ISSN 0273-5024, E-ISSN 1543-2769, Vol. 36, no 1, p. 61-69Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to explore physical education (PE) teachers' content knowledge of the emerging concept movement capability. Interviews with eight PE teachers were conducted, partly using a stimulated recall technique which involved watching and commenting on video recorded PE lessons. A phenomenographic analysis was used to outline the different ways of conceptualizing movement capability. Five different ways of conceptualizing movement capability were identified, which indicates the complexity of the concept movement capability. However, the result also provides a structure for developing a systematic and structured way of conceiving movement capability. In this study we have highlighted a multifaceted, nuanced and differentiated picture of movement capability to see moving as educationally valuable. We conclude by emphasizing that movement capability should not be restricted to only its constitutive parts as teachers' plan PE teaching, but should be approached as a whole. © 2017 Human Kinetics, Inc.

  • 143.
    Nyberg, Gunn
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Larsson, Håkan
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan.
    Rörelseförmåga i idrott och hälsa: En bok om rörelse, kunskap och lärande2016 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I ämnet idrott och hälsa ska eleverna få möjlighet att utveckla sin rörelseförmåga. Men vad är rörelseförmåga egentligen? Innebär det att vara framgångsrik i bollspel, att kunna springa fort eller att behärska en satstagning för en rotation i luften? Genom att ge en bild av vad rörelseförmåga kan vara, hur rörelseförmåga kan utvecklas och vad det kan betyda för elever att röra sig på olika sätt i olika sammanhang, bidrar Rörelseförmåga i idrott och hälsa med tankar och idéer om hur undervisning i ämnet kan utformas. Boken handlar också om hur vi kan utmana normer som påverkar elevers lärande, undervisningens innehåll samt våra föreställningar om vad som räknas som "bra i idrott". Författarna hoppas att boken ska kunna bidra med ett perspektivskifte som utmanar de (ofta outtalade och förgivettagna) kvalitetskrav som etablerade och formaliserade idrotter bär med sig till undervisningen i idrott och hälsa. Boken vänder sig främst till studerande som ska bli lärare i idrott och hälsa samt verksamma lärare, men också till andra som har intresse av undervisning i rörelse och rörelseförmåga

  • 144.
    Olsson, Daniel
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Vikten på stavspetsen påverkar dess rörelsebana vid dubbelstakning på rullskidor.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte

    Syftet med undersökningen är att genom en experimentell studie jämföra två stavspetsars, med olika vikt, inverkan på stavspetsens rörelsemönster under rullskidåkning i olika åkhastigheter på rullband vid dubbelstakning.

    Metod

    Tio elitaktiva manliga längdskidåkare deltog i studien där de under rullskidåkning på band filmades med ett rörelseanalyssystem som samlade in data rörande stavspetsens rörelsemönster i x-, y- och z-led. Två olika stavspetsar med olika vikt jämfördes under dubbelstakning vid två olika arbetsintensiteter.

    Resultat

    Då lätt stavspets används befinner sig punkten där stavspetsen är längst fram i rörelsecykeln både högre upp i förhållande till mattan och längre fram i förhållande till stavisättningen än då tung stavspets används. Detta oberoende av arbetsintensitet. Avståndet i x-led mellan stavspetsens isättning och skidans bindning är kortare när lätt stavspets används oavsett arbetsintensitet. Då lätt stavspets används befinner sig punkten där stavspetsen är längst bak i rörelsecykeln både högre upp i förhållande till mattan och längre bak i förhållande till stavsläppet än då tung stavspets används. Detta oberoende av arbetsintensitet. Punkten då stavspesten befinner sig högst upp i rörelsecykeln är högre upp för lätt stavspets än för tung. Även detta oberoende av arbetsintensitet. Då det gäller stavspetsens kontakttid med mattan visas ingen skillnad mellan lätt och tung stavspets oavsett arbetsintensitet.

    Slutsatser

    Tydliga skillnader mellan hur de två stavspetsarnas rörelsemönster ser ut vid rullskidåkning i olika arbetsinsatser hittades. I tävlingssammanhang används så lätt utrustning som möjligt inom elitlängdskidåkning. Den lätta stavspetsen i undersökningen överensstämmer mer med vikten hos den utrustning som används vid dessa aktiviteter än den tunga. Rörelsemönstret hos den lätta stavspetsen kan därmed även tänkas spegla rörelsemönstret vid skidåkning på snö bäst. När rörelseanalyser utförs borde detta tas i beaktning om målet är att efterlikna tävlingssituationen så mycket som möjligt.

  • 145.
    Pettersson, Louise
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies.
    Dansens påverkan på depression och serotonin2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 146.
    Pettersson, Madelene
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Kropps- eller skönhetstävling?: En jämförelsestudie mellan bikini fitness och traditionella skönhetstävlingar2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim The aim of this study is to compare bikini fitness with traditional beauty contest to seek to understand why bikini fitness has emerged as a subcategory within the bodybuilding forum.Research methodThe study is a qualitative document- and literature study, where documents in the form of rules and criteria for bikini fitness, has been compared to rules and criteria for beauty contests; and where earlier scientific research has been studied to form a foundation for the study. The study is based on a gender- and feminist perspective to form a foundation as to why bikini fitness has emerged and what bikini fitness may represent.ResultsThe results show that the criteria for bikini fitness resembles criteria used in other beauty oriented competitions. Both the criteria for bikini fitness and the criteria for beauty competitions require a beautiful face, an overall attractiveness and a certain amount of femininity.ConclusionBased on previous research of female bodybuilders, compared with the results of this study, one conclusion as to why bikini fitness has emerged as a widely popular subcategory in the bodybuilding forum, might be western society body ideals, the societal urge to preserve women in certain stereotyped and degrading fora, and the societal need to provide women a subcategory, even in a field where muscularity and traditional norm are challenged, that highlight primarily femininity as opposed to athletic skill, and the environmental urge to traditionally keep women subordinate to men.

  • 147.
    Prytz, Ester
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Effekten av koffeinoblat på sprintprestation hos vuxna2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 148.
    Ross, Olivia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Norgren, Ellenor
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Är arbetsmiljön lika “flashig” som titeln personlig tränare?: En studie om personliga tränare och deras psykosociala arbetsmiljö.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how personal trainers are experiencing their psychosocial work environment. Using the KASAM-theory we identify which factors contribute to the psychosocial work environment, and which factors that doesn’t. The methodology used in this study is a survey with a follow up interview. The survey contained 18 questions with closed answer options. The participants of the survey were personal trainers with the age of 18 years or above, residing in Sweden and with an employment in a wellness center. The survey was sent out by e-mail where participants also received a request to participate in an interview. Based on the results of the survey, the interview questions were created and three interviews were made. The results from the survey were compiled in figures and analyzed by the KASAM-theory. The interviews were also analyzed using the same theory. The results show that participants experience information and communication between them and manager, organization and management as a defective factor in the work environment. The conclusion of this study is that personal trainers experience their psychosocial work environment as very varied. There are different factors that have potential for development according to the KASAM-theory. The majority of participants state that they are motivated and committed to their work, which is an important part of experiencing comprehensiveness, manageability and meaningfulness.

  • 149. Röijezon, Ulrik
    et al.
    Løvoll, Grunde
    Henriksson, Anders
    Tonkonogi, Michail
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science.
    Lehto, Niklas
    An initial study on the coordination of rod and line hauling movements in distance fly casting2017In: Annals of Applied Sport Science, ISSN 2322-4479, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 61-72Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. The double haul is a unique feature of single-handed fly casting and is used in both fly fishing and fly casting competition. The movement behaviour during the double haul has not been investigated in previous research.

    Objectives. Describe the coordination of the rod and line hauling movements during distance fly casting.

    Methods. Elite fly casters performed distance casting with four different fly rod and fly line set-ups used in fly fishing and fly casting competition. Rod and hauling movements were measured with a 3D motion analysis system.

    Results. The rod and line hauling movements were coordinated in an order whereby peak translational speed of the rod occurs prior to the peak speed of the angular rotation of the rod, and the peak speed of the angular rotation of the rod occurs prior to the peak speed of the line haul. This was consistent for all cast sequences, i.e., the back and forward false casts and the delivery cast, and for all four equipment set-ups, i.e., a shooting-head line cast with a relatively stiff fly rod and a long-belly line cast with three different fly rods with different stiffness and action curves. Results also showed differences in movement coordination between cast sequences and rod and line set-ups.

    Conclusion. Among elite casters, single-handed fly casting with double haul is coordinated in an order of events whereby the peak speed occurs first for the translation of the rod, then for the rotation of the rod and finally for the line haul.

  • 150.
    Rössler, Barbara
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Outdoor education in Swedish compulsory schools: A case study2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to investigate and display the present position of outdoor education

    in Swedish compulsory schools. In doing so the focus lies on teachers’ and researchers’

    perspectives on the current situation and the influence of a teacher’s personal interest in the

    general process of implementing outdoor education as a teaching technique. Next to an

    intensive literary and national curriculum research, the inquiry draws on the concept of habitus,

    by Pierre Bourdieu, to analyze interview transcripts from qualitative interviews with four

    participants who implement outdoor education in their teaching practice. Findings suggest that

    there is a strong dependence between a teacher’s personal

    outdoor habitus and teachers

    teaching habitus

    when it comes to implementing outdoor education as constant teaching

    technique. Nevertheless, is it emphasized that there is neither a need to be an outdoor specialist,

    nor to change a teacher’s personal

    habitus towards an outdoor habitus by training, when aiming

    to work with pupils outdoors on a regular basis. In fact, it is discussed that it is more important

    to focus on the

    teaching habitus and provide future, as well as in-service, teachers with a

    practical training and useful toolbox for a proper implementation at school. Issues such as

    safety, feasibility, collaboration and the general circumstances at the respective school, seem to

    be key factors within this discussion aiming to identify the options and values of outdoor

    education for the whole curriculum. In this essay challenging and supporting factors, as well as

    potential initiatives for using outdoor education as a constant teaching technique in the future

    are discussed.

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