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  • 101.
    Aspers, Patrik
    Stockholms universitet.
    Om vetenskaplig realism1997In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 34, no 4, p. 73-80Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 102. Aspers, Patrik
    Sociologförbundet har ordet2009In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 46, no 4, p. 77-79Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 103.
    Aspers, Patrik
    Uppsala universitet.
    Sociologförbundet har ordet2011In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 48, no 1, p. 77-77Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 104.
    Aspers, Patrik
    Uppsala universitet.
    Sociologförbundet har ordet2010In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 47, no 2, p. 119-120Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 105.
    Aspers, Patrik
    Uppsala universitet.
    Sociologförbundet har ordet: Att tillsätta tjänster och fördela medel2011In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 48, no 2, p. 79-80Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 106.
    Aspers, Patrik
    Uppsala universitet.
    Sociologförbundet har ordet: Verksamhetsberättelse Sveriges Sociologförbunds styrelse 2010-20122012In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 49, no 1, p. 85-86Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 107.
    Asplund, Sofia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Lindgren, Sarah
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Krav, kontroll & socialt stöd: En kvalitativ studie om omsorgspersonals upplevelser av den psykosociala arbetsmiljön i hemtjänsten2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka upplevelsen av den psykosociala arbetsmiljön hos omsorgspersonal inom hemtjänsten, utifrån dimensionerna krav, kontroll och socialt stöd. Studien baseras på kvalitativ metod, där det empiriska materialet utgörs av åtta individuella intervjuer med omsorgspersonal inom hemtjänsten. Materialet har analyserats i relation till tidigare forskning samt Karasek och Theorells krav- och kontrollmodell. Vårt resultat visar att omsorgspersonalen upplever att de krav som arbetet ställer överlag är hanterbara, men att tids- och kunskapsbrist emellanåt skapar känslor av stress och otillräcklighet. Intervjupersonerna uppger att de saknar kompetens att bemöta och hantera de nya målgrupper brukare som tillkommit inom hemtjänsten, där man ser en ökning av yngre och psykiskt sjuka personer. Vidare framkommer att omsorgspersonalen har en viss kontroll, i form av handlingsutrymme, i sitt arbete. Främst genom att de har möjlighet att påverka innehållet i arbetet, genom att göra justeringar i arbetsbladen. Slutligen visar studien att det sociala stödet från arbetskamraterna anses viktigt för trivseln men också för möjligheten att diskutera och rådfråga i olika situationer. Gällande det sociala stödet från chefen framkommer vissa brister i närvaro, tydlighet och tillit. Även relationen till brukare ses som viktigt för trivseln på arbetsplatsen. I den sammanfattande diskussionen dras slutsatsen att den psykosociala arbetsmiljön inom hemtjänsten tycks pendla mellan olika idealtyper av arbeten, enligt Karasek och Theorells teori.

  • 108. Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Sociologförbundet har ordet: Sociologins roll i landsbygdsforskning2008In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 45, no 2, p. 87-88Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 109.
    Atkinson, Paul
    Cardiff University.
    Why do fieldwork?2006In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 43, no 2, p. 129-134Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 110. Austin, CA
    et al.
    McKee, Kevin
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Why did I fall? Older people’s perceptions of the cause of their fall predict outcomes at 6 month2009In: Age and Ageing, ISSN 0002-0729, E-ISSN 1468-2834, Vol. 38, no Suppl. 3, p. 41-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 111. Austin, CA
    et al.
    McKee, Kevin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Cheung Chung, M
    Posttraumatic stress disorder in older people after a fall2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 112.
    Axelson, Tomas
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Hansson, Ulf
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Sedelius, Thomas
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Stier, Jonas (Editor)
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies.
    Från privatsak till politisk kraft?: Borlänges interreligiösa råd och förväntningar på religion som resurs i lokalsamhället2018Report (Other academic)
  • 113.
    Ayoub, Maria
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Shawali, Shada
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Heder: En gråzon mellan makt, kön och kultur: En kvantitativ studie om socialarbetares upplevda kunskap och förståelse för hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish community and social services face major challenges regarding the management of honor-related violence and oppression. Lack of knowledge and an ambiguous understanding of violence affect the work of social services and may complicate the situation of vulnerable individuals. The main purpose of this study was to investigate social workers, within the section of children and family in a Swedish municipality, perceived knowledge and confidence in honor-related cases and the need for support in their work. The social workers’ views on honor-related violence and oppression were also investigated. The survey was based on a quantitative approach and questionnaires were used for data collection. The main results demonstrate that the social workers to some extent perceive themselves as having expertise in the field of honor. Nevertheless, they feel insecure in the work with honor-related cases. Furthermore, it appears that social workers are in need of specific support from the organization such as education and case supervision. Regarding the view of honor violence, a majority indicated that a gender perspective and a cultural perspective were important to understand the problem.

  • 114.
    Ayoub, Maria
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Udo, Camilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Randell, Eva
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Promoting social engagement for young adults living in social isolation: Social workers and health care professionals' perceptions of success factors2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Today the global number of young adults not in employment, education or training seem to increase. A large proportion of the group are unemployed and disengaged and have not been in contact with any authority. Thus, they are invisible to many community services and official agencies. The situation standing outside the society may have negative long-term health effects and statistics shows that more than a third of the target group after ten years still not work or study. Socially withdrawn youth is a complex phenomenon and very few young adults seek help, often due to their lack of motivation. For this reason, unemployed and inactive young people are often described as being a difficult group to support and engage. Further, there is currently limited evidence on the effects of interventions directed to socially withdrawn youth not in employment or education and the use of evidence-based practice has to be improved.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate social workers and health care professionals’ experiences of working with young adults living in social isolation, and to identify which interventions the professionals find most successful in supporting the young adults’ engagement in society.

    Methods: In this study a qualitative method was used. Ten semi-structured interviews were conducted that included thirteen employees from social services and outpatient psychiatric clinics in a Swedish county. Data were analyzed using thematic network analysis.

    Results: Analysis resulted in two general thematic networks: ”barriers of the transition into adulthood” and ”to manage complex needs”. Participants tended to associate the issues of young adults with difficulties related to transition into adulthood. Mental health problems, low self-esteem, school related problems and limited social networks also came out in the interviews as factors that characterized unemployed and disengaged socially withdrawn youths. Participants described that successful work to re-engage these young adults included an empowerment-oriented perspective with a focus on the individual strengths, integrated and coordinated interventions and a flexible working approach.

    Conclusion: Today the societal changes and the process of individualization place greater demands on individual resources and capabilities which might increase the risk of social exclusion. Participants indicated that the complex problems of socially isolated young adults and experiences of long-term disengagement may contribute to stable and persistent withdrawal from society. Early identification and support for youths at risk of social withdrawal, a holistic approach, multifaceted interventions and tailored and flexible activities is deemed crucial to help reintegrate these young people. Further investigation is required to examine the effects of interventions targeting socially withdrawn and inactive young adults.

     

  • 115.
    Aytar, Osman
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Mella, Orlando
    Uppsala universitet.
    Bortom skolframgång: En analys av PISA 2006 ur ett intersektionellt perspektiv2012In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 49, no 1, p. 45-65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Beyond school performance An analysis of PISA 2006 from an intersectional perspective

    One of the central questions in recent discussions about Swedish schools is which factors that influence school performance. Socio-economic background, gender, ethnicity, country of birth are some aspects that are mentioned in many international and national studies. Sweden is one of the participants in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) and the results of PISA since 2000 show deteriorated results for Sweden in reading performance, mathematics and science among 15-year-old students. In order to set school performance in a broader context we analyzed data for the Swedish part of PISA 2006, in which 57 countries participated (of which 30 OECD-countries), with multivariate methods from an intersectional perspective. Our analysis of PISA 2006 shows a complexity of different social, economic and cultural factors behind students’ school performance. This intersectional result is also strengthened by the results from PISA 2009, not analysed here. Further, our results show that students’ school performance vary with immigration status but that this variation increases by the factor of social inequality in the Swedish society.

  • 116.
    Azizi, Herash
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Momand, Wiqar
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Att få ut de nya svenskarna i arbete: - En kvalitativ studie om etableringshandläggarnas arbete2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The establishment reform came into force 2010 and the employment service was given the main responsibility for the establishment of the newly arrived. The purpose of the present study was to investigate how the officers at the labor market work on establishing new arrivals with residence permit. The problem statements was labor market officers work with establishment based on their professional role and legislation, the service officers practical work, establishment in general and getting new jobs for the newly arrived in the labor market. The study used a qualitative method and semi-structured interviews were conducted with five employment service officers. The theoretical framework consisted of empowerment. The results of the study show that the establishment reform has had both positive and negative impacts. Many newly arriveds have established themselves in society and entered the labor market. The results show further that there are still aspects to change in order to improve the establishment. The study shows that the establishment reform has had a positive impact on new arrivals in the labor market. The employment officers want to work with an individualized and empowerment-oriented approach, but the heavy workload is hindering their work.

  • 117.
    Backhans, Mona
    et al.
    Folkhälsoinstitutet.
    Leifman, Håkan
    SoRAD.
    Vem blir nykterist?: Om nykteristen som avvikare2001In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 38, no 1, p. 58-91Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Who becomes an abstainer? On the abstainer as deviant

    The principal aim of the study is to find out what the characteristics are of those consumers that later choose to abstain from alcohol. Both cross-sectional and panel data from the level-of-living surveys (LNU) conducted 1968, 1974, 1981 and 1991 are analysed. The results show that those becoming abstainers during the study period have a higher proportion of smokers than the long-term abstainers and, compared to the long-term abstainers and the drinkers, poorer mental health, a higher prevalence of use of minor tranquillizers and a sparser social network. In the beginning of the study period (1968-74) an association was also found between cardiovascular disease and later abstinence. Whereas (physical) health selection has become less obvious over time, the importance of negative psychosocial selection increases, especially for women. The findings underline the importance of distinguishing the new, selected abstainers - former drinkers - from long-term abstainers. This holds true especially in studies of the relationship between alcohol consumption on the one hand and mortality or morbidity on the other hand. It is likely that a majority of the long-term abstainers, of which some are lifetime abstainers, are part of a social context in which abstinence is not seen as deviant, whereas a large proportion of the new abstainers have a problematic life situation. The abstainers’ deviant position says something about the Swedish drinking culture in the last decades of the twentieth century. The fact that the psychosocial selection is so pronounced, and increases over time, reflects a social climate where an ever-decreasing number sees abstinence as an attractive choice.

  • 118.
    Backman, Erik
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    En teorispäckad sociologisk analys av fritid och sport – ett ambitiöst projekt: recension av boken Leisure, Sports & Society av Karl Spracklen2014In: Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, ISSN 1652-7224, no 14 novemberArticle, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I september 2014 bytte Leeds Metropolitan University, trots studentprotester, namn till Leeds Beckett University; universitetets första colleges låg i Beckett Park, vilken i sin tur fått namn efter bankiren och konservative parlamentsledamoten Ernest Beckett, 2nd Baron Grimthorpe (1856–1917), vars alma mater faktiskt var Trinity College, Cambridge. Leeds-studenternas motstånd hade sin grund i att namnändringen beräknades kosta en kvarts miljon pund, alltmedan inte minst universitetets idrottsanläggningar tillåtits förfalla. Vi vet inte hur universitetets personal ställde sig till namnförändringen, och särskilt nyfikna är vi ju på vad professorn i Leisure Studies (fritidsforskning, fritidsvetenskap) vid Leeds Beckett University, Karl Spracklen, tyckte om förändringen. Detta är dock blott "idle curiosity"; Spracklen är aktuell av ett helt annat, och viktigare, skäl, nämligen för sin bok Leisure, Sports & Society (Palgrave Macmillan). Spracklen, som är sociolog och vars forskningsintresse också inkluderar "metal music" (som sekreterare för International Society for Metal Music Studies och redaktör för Metal Music Studies) och "whiskey tourism" (som drivande i British Sociological Associations Alcohol Study Group) är en centralfigur inom det brittiska fritidsforskningsetablissemanget – han har bland annat varit ordförande i viktiga LSA, Leisure Studies Association från 2009 till 2013. Han har därtill en lång rad publikationer bakom sig, böcker, antologibidrag och vetenskapliga artiklar inom idrotts- och fritidsforskning i vid mening. Den nya boken ges här en grundlig recension av Erik Backman, som ju vet ett och annat om fritidsforskning, Spracklen bottnar teoretiskt i Habermas, i sig ovanligt bland brittiska forskare, men också i Marx, Weber och Bourdieu, bland andra, i sin utforskning av sambandet mellan fritid, fysisk aktivitet och sport ur ett tvärvetenskapligt perspektiv som innefattar idrottsvetenskap, sociologi, cultural studies, historia, filosofi och psykologi. Och vår recensent är imponerad över bredden, djupet och ambitionsnivån – även om det kan bli lite tjatigt från och till.

  • 119.
    Baggström, Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Carlsson Falk, Sofi
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Etnisk identitet i en föränderlig värld: Upplevelser av etnisk identitet hos unga vuxna med utländsk bakgrund2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to obtain an understanding of whether and how young adults, with foreign background, feel that their views of their ethnic identity have been affected by growing up in a society where they are both part of a majority and minority population. This study also seeks to examine whether and how their view of their ethnic identity has affected their relationship with their family. Qualitative methods were used in this study, in terms of one focus group interview and four individual interviews. The material has been analyzed based on sociological theories of ethnic identity. Based on the collected empirical data, and the analysis of the results, the conclusion is that the perception of ethnic identity depends highly on the situation. The majority of respondents express a sense of double identity, where they experienced two ethnic identifications. They then switch between these identities depending on what is most appropriate based on the current situation. Another conclusion is that the family seems to play a significant role in the individuals views of their ethnic identities.

  • 120. Barnes, S
    et al.
    Torrington, J
    Darton, R
    Holder, J
    Lewis, A
    McKee, Kevin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Netten, A
    Orrell, A
    Does the design of extra care housing meet the needs of the residents?: a focus group study2012In: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779, Vol. 32, no 7, p. 1193-1214Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study objective was to explore the views of residents and relatives concerning the physical design of extra-care housing. Five focus groups were conducted with residents in four extra-care schemes in England. One focus group was carried out with relatives of residents from a fifth scheme. Schemes were purposively sampled to represent size, type, and resident tenure. Data were analysed thematically using NVivo 8. Two over-arching themes emerged from the data: how the building supports the lifestyle and how the building design affects usability. Provision of activities and access to amenities were more restrictive for residents with disabilities. Independent living was compromised by building elements that did not take account of reduced physical ability. Other barriers to independence included poor kitchen design and problems doing laundry. Movement around the schemes was difficult and standards of space and storage provision were inadequate. The buildings were too hot, too brightly lit and poorly ventilated. Accessible external areas enabled residents to connect with the outside world. The study concluded that, while the design of extra-care housing meets the needs of residents who are relatively fit and healthy, those with physical frailties and/or cognitive impairment can find the building restrictive resulting in marginalisation. Design across the dependency spectrum is key in meeting the needs of residents. Inclusive, flexible design is required to benefit residents who are ageing in situ and have varying care needs.

  • 121.
    Barth, Elise
    Institutt for fredsforskning, Oslo.
    Når krig er bedre enn fred— kvinnelige soldater i Eritreas frigjøringskrig2003In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 40, no 4, p. 9-15Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 122.
    Bartholdsson, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    "Dare to share!": Bikt, moderskap och motstånd i Den stora mammabikten2015In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 52, no 2, p. 104p. 109-130Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ”Dare to share!”: Confession, motherhood and resistance in The great mother confession

    This article explore the meaning of confession in a commercial, secular event – The great mother confession (TGM). The event is understood as imbedded in a therapeutic culture where emotional disclosure, in the form of confessions, is a highly valued practice. In a web-based confession-blog that constitutes part of the TGM-concept, confessions serve to free mothers from supressing norms. The blog becomes an arena for a volatile community where burdening and ”forbidden” thoughts and emotions becomes generalised and disarmed, releasing mothers from guilt. When this function of the blog is questioned from a competing sub-discourse of the therapeutic, emphasising the disclosure of happiness, a struggle emerges over the authority to define the meanings of confession. TGM can be understood as having potential for serving as an arena for challenging norms, but even as norms are implicitly addressed the practice makes a halt at that point. Norms that are seemingly dissolved in responses to confessions are not questioned, only recognised, normalised and de-politicised.

  • 123.
    Bartholdsson, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Konsten att konstruera sanning: om barn, föräldrar och tid för samtal2004In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 41, no 2, p. 43-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It has been repeatedly argued by various Swedish experts and quoted in media, that parents only spend a few minutes in daily communication with their children. A quest for the source of this argument developed into an interest in both the phenomenon itself, and in the general understanding that adults of today are “poor” parents.

    The article has two aims, the first is to illustrate how this kind of “truth” is constructed and reproduced in arenas such as parents’ meetings and discussions in Swedish parliament, and the second to comment on the dominant Swedish discourse about poor parenthood, childhood and notions of risk. It is here argued that the statement about parents’ lack of time to talk with their children should be understood as a kind of contemporary urban legend/rumour that can both trigger and reproduce moral panic and strengthen adiscourse about weak parents. It is furthermore contended that a prerequisite for the acceptance of such rumours and moral panics as truth, is that they are coherent with an existing dominant discourse, in this case poor contact between parents and children.

  • 124.
    Bartholdsson, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Social Anthropology.
    Narrating anger: Conceptualisations and representations of children’s anger in programmes for social and emotional learning2014In: Power and Education, ISSN 1757-7438, E-ISSN 1757-7438, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 295-306Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 125.
    Bartholdsson, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Education and Humanities, Social Anthropology.
    Shaping the Pupil: Normalization and Benevolent Governing in Two Swedish Schools2012In: International Journal for Cross-Disciplinary Subjects in Education (IJCDSE), Special Issue, ISSN 2042-6364, Vol. 2, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 126.
    Basic, Goran
    Lunds universitet.
    Definitioner av våld i överlevandes berättelser efter kriget i Bosnien2015In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 52, no 4, p. 104p. 341-361Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Definitions of violence in stories of survivors from the Bosnian war

    Previous research on violence during the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina presents a one-sided picture of the phenomenon ”war violence.” Researchers have emphasized the importance of narratives but they have not focused on stories about war violence, nor have they analyzed the stories of war violence being a product of interpersonal interaction. This article tries to fill this knowledge gap by analyzing the narratives told by survivors of the war in northwestern Bosnia in the 1990s. The aim is to analyze how the survivors describe violence during the war, and also to analyze those discursive patterns that contribute in constructing the category ”war violence.” The construction of the category ”war violence” is made visible in the empirical material when the interviewees talk about (1) a new social order in the society, (2) human suffering, (3) sexual violence, and (4) human slaughter. All interviewees define war violence as morally reprehensible. In narratives on the phenomena ”war violence” a picture emerges which shows a disruption of the social order existing in the pre-war society. The violence practiced during the war is portrayed as organized and ritualized and this creates a picture that the violence practice became a norm in the society, rather than the exception. Narratives retelling violent situations, perpetrators of violence and subjected to violence do not only exist as a mental construction. The stories live their lives after the war, and thus have real consequences for individuals and society.

  • 127.
    Basic, Goran
    Sociologiska institutionen, Lunds Universitet.
    Förlåtelse, försoning och oförsonlighet i överlevandes berättelser efter kriget i Bosnien2013In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 50, no 1, p. 51-68Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Forgiveness, reconciliation and implacability in narratives of survivors after the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    In this article I analyze verbally portrayed experiences of 27 survivors from the 1990s’ war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. One aim of the article is to analyze markers for reconciliation and implacability, the second is to describe the terms for reconciliation which are actualized in those stories. The interactive dynamics, which occurred during the war, make the post-war reconciliation wartime associated. Narratives about reconciliation, implacability and terms for reconciliation, are not only formed in relation to the war as a whole but also in relation to one’s own and others’ wartime actions. The narratives about reconciliation become an arena in which we and them are played against each other in different ways – not least by rejecting the others’ acts during the war. In the interviewees stories implacability is predominant but reconciliation is presented as a possibility if certain conditions are met. These conditions are, for instance, justice for war victims, perpetrators’ recognition of crime and perpetrators’ emotional commitment (for example the display of remorse and shame).

  • 128.
    Bastholm, Caroline
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy and Environmental Technology.
    Using locally available components and local knowledge to build sustainable stand-alone power systems2013In: Symposium Small PV-Applications : rural electrification and commercial use ; Ulm, Germany, June 17th/18th, 2013, Regensburg: Ostbayerisches Technologie-Transfer-Institut eV (OTTI) , 2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to point out benefits as well as disadvantages associated with the use of locally available, not necessarily standardized, components in stand-alone electrical power systems at rural locations. Advantages and challenges arising when the direct involvement in design, construction and maintenance of the power system is reserved to people based in the area of implementation are discussed. The presented research is centered around one particular PV-diesel hybrid system in Tanzania; a case study in which technical and social aspects related to the particular power system are studied.

  • 129.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    Södertörns högskola; Stockholms universitet.
    Etniska hierarkier och (icke-)representation: Partikandidater med migrationsbakgrund vid svenska valet 20142018In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 55, no 2-3, p. 317-339Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ethnic hierarchies and (non)representation. Party candidates with migration background in the general election of 2014.

    This paper analyses the extent to which individuals with migration background were appointed and elected into different levels of public decision-making bodies in the latest Swedish general election (2014). Individuals of ”migration background” refers in this study to those born abroad or born in Sweden with two foreign-born parents. Data for this study is taken from Statistics Sweden’s register of candidates elected in municipal, county and national parliamentary elections in 2014, supplemented by information from other Statistics Sweden’s registers. The results demonstrate that: (a) individuals with a migration background are severely underrepresented in the Swedish decision-making bodies; (b) even in cases when individuals with a migration background are nominated on the party lists, they have less of a chance of being elected compared to native candidates. (c) The dominant ”resource theory” cannot explain the underrepresentation of the stigmatized migrant groups and their descendants, and finally; (d) the results indicate some support to the hypothesis about the importance of access to social networks in order to be nominated and elected.

  • 130.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    Södertörns högskola; Stockholms universitet.
    "Främlingen" bland svensk "Homo Academicus"2017In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 54, no 1, p. 91-110Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ”stranger” among Swedish ”Homo Academicvs”

    This paper is about individuals with immigrant background among the Swedish academic elite, i.e. those who have a PhD and work at Swedish universities. The aim of the study is to understand how factors other than academic qualifications, such as gender and a migrant background, may impact on the individual’s ability to get a job and pursue a successful career in Swedish higher education. The data used for this study is obtained from the Longitudinal Database of Education, Income and Occupation (LISA) administered by Statistics Sweden.When compared to the reference group (individuals born in Sweden with at least one Swedish-born parent), the results show that given the same work experience individuals born in Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa and South America are more likely to be unemployed. Among those who have a job, those

  • 131.
    Bengtsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Flisbäck, Marita
    Göteborgs universitet.
    När kallet ställs på sin spets: Pensionering ur ett existenssociologiskt perspektiv2016In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 53, no 2, p. 127-150Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When the calling is brought to a head: Retirement from an existential sociology perspective

    In this article we analyze how the meaning and value of work can emerge, be defined and redefined in relation to the coming of retirement, by focusing individuals with dedicated work approaches interpreted as a calling. By relying on an existential sociology framework we analyze the retirement process as an existential imperative, e.g. life phases or processes where questions on meaning and life quality become prominent. For the interviewees, the day of retirement becomes a sort of a road sign that – depending on the distance of time to the point of retirement – has intensified existential questions and the meaning of work. The article explores the defining dimensions of a calling as found in the interviewees dedicated work approaches. We address the types of problems and opportunities that arise when the interviewees are soon to retire and their associated strategies: listening to a calling on ”standby”; learning not to listen to one’s calling, listening to a calling from a private sphere and project the calling’s commitment to other activities.

  • 132.
    Bengtsson, Mattias
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Jacobsson, Kerstin
    University of Gothenburg.
    The institutionalization of a new social cleavage: Ideological influences, main reforms and social inequalityoutcomes of “the new work strategy”2018In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 55, no 2-3, p. 155-177Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this article is to analyse the ideological influences, main reforms and social inequality outcomes of “the new work strategy”, i.e. the former Swedish centre-right Alliance government’s work-first approach. By studying government bills and reports, official statistics, and research on welfare and labour market policies, discourses, policy measures and their outcomes have been analysed. The main conclusion is that Sweden, the former prototypical “social democratic” welfare state, has adopted a new institutional framework for social protection that we call a “work-first, consolidation state”. The reforms aimed at shrinking the welfare state were implemented by strengthening activation principles in social protection systems as well as a politics of lowering taxes, which has institutionalized a new social cleavage in Swedish society and resulted in a massive redistribution from the public sector to the private sector. We also discuss how the transformation of labour income taxes and social protection systems was legitimized by the Alliance’s discourse on “outsiderhood”, and one ideological influence is located in American discourses of the underclass.

  • 133.
    Bengtsson, Petter
    Stockholms universitet.
    Sociologförbundet har ordet: Sociologidagarna 2012 – 50-årsjubileum och ett nytt format för Sociologidagarna!2012In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 49, no 2, p. 167-168Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 134.
    Bengtsson, Tommy
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Scott, Kirk
    Lunds universitet.
    Varför äldras Sveriges befolkning? Vad kan vi och vad kan vi inte göra åt det?2005In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 42, no 3, p. 3-12Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 135.
    Benner, Mats
    Lunds universitet.
    Trygghet i utveckling2003In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 27-32Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 136.
    Berg, Karin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Kalliokoski, Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Från möjlighet till tvång?: Biståndshandläggarnas upplevelser av förändringar i tillämpningen av kvarboendeprincipen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of our study was to shad a light on case makers possibilities to apply the remain living principle based on its origin purpose and what they experience this lead to.

    We performed our study through qualitative approach and conducted six semi structured interviews with case makers who worked at least five years as case makers for older people according to Socialtjänstlagen. The result shows that the remain living principle is applied in a different way today than before, because of the organisations and the municipality´s guidelines and directives based on the municipality´s economy and resources are increasingly restricting the case makers discretion. Which according to the case makers leads to their professional judgment being disregarded and that the elderly does not always have a choice if they want to stay at home or not.

  • 137.
    Berg, Lars-Erik
    Institutionen för teknik och samhälle, Högskolan i Skövde.
    Att inte spänna kärran framför hästen: precisering av Meads ”rollövertagande”2010In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 47, no 2, p. 5-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Not to put the cart before the horse: clarification of Mead’s ”role taking”

    George Herbert Mead’s “role taking” is subject to many interpretations. Some dominant definitions restrict role taking to reflective people trying to understand each other and taking on each others' roles. Other definitions restrict role taking to the stage of a developed language. Against these two types of definitions I assert that Meads concept is explanatory, not merely descriptive, functionally as well as existentially. It has a value also on elementary levels of human development, where man is socially similar to other primates. Swedish sociologists have contributed fruitfully to straighten the debate. My intention is to clarify it further, and to explicate my own interpretation. Basic role taking is a non-reflective activity going on in any place where living entities influence each other with gestures in similar ways. In human beings it gives rise to conscious discursive reflectivity, and it coincides phylogenetically and ontogenetically with development of language, rather than being created by it. Role taking emanates from breaking automatic responsivity. It introduces distance and reflectivity and results in conscious social behavior, rather than being produced by such. In this way, role taking is a major step in the development of intelligence on earth.

  • 138.
    Berg, Lars-Erik
    Institutionen för teknik och samhälle, Högskolan i Skövde.
    Konsekvenser av rollövertagandet: ”I”, ”me” och individualiteten2011In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 48, no 2, p. 7-28Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Consequences of role taking: the ”I”, the ”me” and individuality

    This paper analyzes the tendency of taking the ”I” and the ”me” in G. H. Meads theory of role taking as two separate, qualitatively different parts of human personality, the ”I” being of individual origin, the ”me” of social. In the original Meadian sense role taking gives rise to both the ”I” and the ”me”. They are dialectically united rather than dualistically separated aspects. They refer to the joint functional power of the subject, finding itself as an object, mediated by the Other. As a consequence, the link between body and the social world becomes theoretically more stringent, as the body is given its place as a cognitive social object among others, this by contrast to interpretations where the body is left as an object mainly outside the human social experience and as a source of agency sui generis, a conception which is in opposition to Meads.

    The stress on the ”I”-phase, as related to body and concrete action in combination with its direct relation to the ”me”-phase, actualizes Mead as a forerunner in modern biologic/neurologic research on human perceptual, motivational and intentional capacity.Swedish Mead interpreters are critically analyzed. Interpretations of Charon, Giddens, Joas and Habermas are partly scrutinized.

    The author defines the conceptual pair in terms of activity, subjectivity, temporal relativity and distance.

  • 139.
    Berg, Lars-Erik
    Högskolan i Skövde.
    Minnesord: Vad vi bör minnas och förvalta efter Johan Asplund2018In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 55, no 4, p. 509-511Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 140.
    Berg, Lars-Erik
    Göteborgs universitet; Högskolan i Skövde.
    Om en konferens2004In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 41, no 4, p. 19-25Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 141.
    Berg, Lena
    Kista Ungdomsmottagning.
    Homosocialitetens kraft: hur unga män ”gör” maskulinitet i grupp och individuellt2007In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 44, no 2, p. 26-48Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The power of homosociality: how young men “do” masculinity in groups and individually

    Using young men’s narratives, about other men, friends, dates and girlfriends, this article discusses the following questions: Can the interpretation – the understanding of young men’s collective presentations of masculinity as a surface that hides a more complex masculinity – undermine how we interpret young men’s talk about and interaction with other men, as well as with women? Can this disassembling understanding have an impact on how young men interpret and relive the interactions with other men, as well as with women? Can this disassembling of the homosocially created masculinity from the more individually created masculinity shape secondary gains for the young men, such as e.g. a more flexible and stretchable arena of responsibility, as well as more flexible space of acting?

    Thomas Johansson, Professor of Social Work social work, states that if we only focus the homosocially created masculinity, this will reshape a less nuanced picture of young men’s way of doing masculinity (Johansson 2005). Thus, young men’s vulnerability and difficulties remain hidden. However, this disassembling of the homosocially created masculinity from the more individually based doings of masculinity could possibly also give secondary gains, such as e.g. a more flexible and stretchable field of responsibility, as well as more flexible space of acting.

    This article shows that using a fragmentised and situated masculinity, as a way of understanding the complexity and the ambivalence in young men’s project of doing masculinity, makes evident – on the one hand – the vulnerability in young men’s process of doing masculinity. On the other hand, however, this view also makes it possible for young men to avoid responsibility for their actions. Instead the situated context – e.g. if in a peer group or alone, and what kind of relations the young man has – will be significant for how the act will be interpreted.

    The empirical material consists of six individual interviews and one group interview with four men. The age span of the participants is 16 to 24 years old. The overall theme for the discussions is heterosexual practice and relations.

  • 142.
    Berg, Madelene
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Jensen, Ida
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Äldres delaktighet vid flytt till särskilt boende: En intervjustudie utifrån undersköterskors perspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study has aimed to highlight the nurses experience of elderly people´s participation and the possibility of influencing the establishment of action plans when moving to special housing. In the study, semi-structed interviews were conducted with eight nurses. Data were then analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The result demonstrated that communication and relationship as central starting points in the participation of the elderly. Furthermore, barriers to participation were revealed, such as lack of time, lack of commitment and approach in the profession. Finally, it was found that the working of nurses, where participation in action plan of the elderly, were heavily weighted, which is contrary to previous research.

  • 143. Berg, Martin
    Sociologförbundet har ordet2018In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 55, no 4, p. 525-526Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 144.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    KTH.
    Laestadius, Staffan
    KTH.
    Pyramider eller horisontella nät? Kreativitet, kompetensutveckling och prestationskrav i olika slags industriella produktionssystem1993In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 30, no 3, p. 30-46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Pyramids or horisontal nets? Creativity, competence and performance in different types of production systems

    In recent years, we have witnessed a marked increase in the international interest in industrial networks and in relations between manufacturers and suppliers. An important reason for this is the expansion of the Japanese automobile industry. This industry is organized into a huge structure of subcontractors, vertically related and dominated by demanding large-scale enterprises. An entirely different pattern can be found, especially in northern Italy, but also in southern Germany and in Denmark, where enterprises form horisontal networks. In these geographically dense areas, small and medium-sized firms both cooperate and compete intensely. The respective roles of suppliers and manufacturer are diffuse, social mobility is high and the development of new products rapid. Swedish research on working life has tended to focus on processes within firms and public administration. Industrial structure has largely been accepted as given, while its effects on competence and performance has been neglected areas of research. In this article a research project is presented, which aims at investigating the effects of industrial structure on the developmental potential of, and work conditions in, firms. Our intention is to study vertical pyramids, especially in the automobile industry, and horisontal networks in, for instance, the sailing-boat industry. A central problem concern the effects of different types of industry on creativity and scope for action in small and medium-sized companies.

  • 145.
    Berggren, Kalle
    Stockholms universitet.
    Vem är teori?: Ett normkritiskt pedagogiskt perspektiv på sociologisk teori2018In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 55, no 1, p. 75-91Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Who is theory? A norm-critical pedagogical perspective on sociological theory

    Sociological theory is a central part of the sociology discipline, and courses on sociological theory are found on all levels of university teaching in sociology at Swedish universities. However, while sociologists have successfully uncovered power structures in various domains of social life, we have been more reluctant to examine our own teaching practices. In particular, sociological theory has been pinpointed as an area where men’s dominance often perseveres. This is in stark contrast to international research on exclusion and inclusion in processes of canon formation, which shows how there have always been important sociological theorists who have not been white men, but that they have been more or less written out of history. Drawing on such international research on inclusion and exclusion in the construction of sociological theory, as well as on norm-critical pedagogy, and on a mapping of the curriculum at one of Sweden’s universities, this article identifies key aspects in the quest for a more inclusive curriculum.

  • 146.
    Berglund, Tomas
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Bengtsson, Mattiass
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Upplevelser av stress - att jämföra lön och kärriärmöjligheter med nära arbetskamrater2005In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 42, no 2, p. 23-45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, relations between social comparisons and experiences of stress are studied. The comparison referent is close workmates and the comparison attributes are salary and career opportunities. Different mediating processes have been extracted from theories of socialcomparisons, reference groups and inequity. The comparison processes are contextualised through social class, in accordance with the Erikson and Goldthorpe class scheme. Data were collected 2003 through a postal survey to employees in Sweden (n=32 86). To be in a situation with worse salary than close workmates are related to experiences of stress for employees in intermediate class positions, and this can be seen as a consequence of relative deprivation. Another result is that for employees in working class positions, a relationship is found between worse career opportunities and experiences of stress.

  • 147.
    Bergnehr, Disa
    Jönköpings universitet.
    Omsorg för dagen och fostran för en framtid: Irakiska mödrars strategier för att skapa tillhörighet i Sverige2017In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 54, no 1, p. 51-68Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Caring in the present and fostering for the future: Iraqi mothers’ reconstruction of belonging during resettlement in Sweden

    The present study explores Iraqi women’s mothering strategies for protecting, nurturing, and training their child, as well as how they use different approaches to (re)construct feelings of belonging during the process of resettlement. It is qualitative in design and based on individual interviews as well as focus groups discussions with a total of 27 women. Narrative method has inspired the analysis. The results show a child-centred motherhood with everyday practices aimed at creating a sense of safety and belonging for the child. Belonging to the family is central. The child’s societal and future belonging is connected to educational achievement, with prospects of employment and upward mobility. Accordingly, the mothers apply strategies aimed at promoting such a life trajectory. However, aspirations for belonging in the future can sometimes conflict with belonging at the present. In addition, striving to create belonging for the child can be in conflict with the parents’ sense of belonging.

  • 148.
    Bergquist, Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Petrilä Ekholm, Anne
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Förebyggande socialt arbete: Fullständiga betyg från grundskolan minskar risken förutanförskap2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The society today is challenged with many difficult issues, such as how to manage health

    and social care, and the unemployment that makes it difficult for young people to

    establish themselves in the labor market. The responsibility for welfare initiatives rests on

    county councils and municipalities. The children and adolecents who are having difficulty

    in achieving the goals in school are likely to end up in alienation.

    The purpose with this study was to investigate the latitude of special educateors and

    special teachers in their work with pupils at risk of alienation. The qualitative study was

    conducted with semistructured interviews. The material for the study was based on the

    experiences of special educators and special teachers, the answers was evaluated with

    thematic analysis. The analyzed material was linked to previous research, action theory

    and the ecological systems theory. Our conclusion was that the latitude is affected by

    creativity and knowledge as well as time and finances, but the most crucial factor is the

    will and commitment of management, those who have the power.

  • 149.
    Berner, Boel
    Linköpings universitet.
    De sociologiska utmaningarna: då och nu2014In: Det personliga är sociologiskt: 14 professorer om svensk sociologi / [ed] Gunnar Andersson, Thomas Brante, Christofer Edling, Sverre Wide, Sveriges Sociologförbund , 2014, , p. 280p. 131-143Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 150.
    Bertilsson, Margareta
    Köpenhamns universitet.
    In memoriam: Robert K. Merton (1910 - 2003)2003In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 104-108Article in journal (Other academic)
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