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  • 101.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Forskning om relationen mellan det civila och offentliga samhället2011In: Perspektiv på offentlig verksamhet i utveckling: tolv kapitel om demokrati, styrning och effektivitet / [ed] Ann-Sofie Hellberg, Martin Karlsson, Hannu Larsson, Erik Lundberg, Monika Persson, Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2011, p. 71-80Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här kapitlet presenterar en forskningsbakgrund över hur svensksamhällsvetenskaplig forskning har studerat det svenska organisationslivetfrån mitten av 1900-talet till idag. Tillbakablicken illustrerar att begreppetcivilsamhället kan kasta nytt ljus över relationen mellan det civila ochoffentliga samhället och problematisera den samverkan som vi idag ser tarform inom offentlig förvaltning.

  • 102.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Fostering tolerance and social trust, and preventing value conflicts among young persons: How does school context play a role?2019In: Nordic education in a democratically troublesome time: Threats and opportunities / [ed] Erik Amnå, Örebro universitet , 2019, , p. 2Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 103.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Injured But Not Yet Dead: A Bottom-Up Perspective on the Swedish Governmental Commissions2015In: International Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 0190-0692, E-ISSN 1532-4265, Vol. 38, no 5, p. 346-354Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes the recurrent “erosion thesis” in the governance literature, arguing that bureaucratic or procedural public-sector institutions have come to play a less significant role in public-policy formation. Evidence from the Swedish policy-making institutions referred to as “governmental commissions” and adoption of the perspective of interest organizations support the claim. Using various theories of institutional change, I show that increased government control has reduced the influence of governmental commissions on policy, but not eliminated the belief held by interest organizations that the commissions are legitimate institutions.

  • 104.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Inviting the strong?: Exploring factors that determine access for civil society organisations to the policy process: the Swedish case2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 105.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Is Bureaucratic Policy-Making Eroding Institutions?: A Bottom-up Perspective on the Swedish Governmental Commissions2017In: International Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 0190-0692, E-ISSN 1532-4265Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes the recurrent “erosion thesis” in the governance literature  arguing  that  bureaucratic  or  procedural government institutions have come to play a less significant role in the formation of  public  policy.  This  article  supports  these  claims  by  drawing evidence  from  the  Swedish  and  neo-corporatist  policy-making institutions  referred  to  as  the ‘governmental  commissions’  and  the perspective  of  interest  organizations.  Using  various  theories  on institutional change I show that increasing government steering has reduced  the  role  of  the  governmental  commissions  in  influencing policy, but has not eliminated interest organizations’ belief that they are  legitimate  institutions.  The  resulting  article concludes  that although the governmental commissions have eroded, the capability of the state to steer or govern society has not necessarily declined.

  • 106.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke högskola.
    Mechanisms of tolerance: an anthology2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 107.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    New defenders of the welfare state?: The restructuring of the Swedish welfare state and the role of civil society organisations in the policy process2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on the changing level of participation of civil society organisations in the policy process between 1964 and 2009 and its implication for the role civil society organisation in the Swedish welfare state. Drawing on data from the remiss-procedure, one of the most understudied aspects of the Swedish policy making process, the article demonstrates that the role of civil society organisations has been reduced. In addition, the article draws attention to an ongoing shift from conflict and member benefit oriented organisations to consensus and public benefit oriented organisations. The findings implies that civil society organisations functioning as arenas for deliberation and mediators of individual interests have gradually been losing ground in relation to the state, while organisations taking direct welfare responsibility have increased. These findings are put in the context of the changes in the coordination and implementation of the welfare state; and indicate that the welfare state is now less dependent on the interest groups and old social movements that expanded the welfare state, and more dependent on service organisations that can contribute towards upholding it.

  • 108.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Rules, norms and resources: implications for the Europeanization of civil society organizations2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 109.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    School, friends, or a matter of personality? A multidimensional approach to exploring sources of tolerance among students2018In: NorDiNa: Nordic Studies in Science Education, ISSN 1504-4556, E-ISSN 1894-1257, no 2, p. 155-173Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The school is often emphasized as the societal institution with a universal mandate for promoting democratic values such as tolerance among the younger generation. This study explores the role of a positive school context for tolerance among Swedish students between 14 and 20 years old, simultaneously taking into account competing explanations such as social networks and personal traits. Results show that factors at the school level are associated with tolerance. However, socioeconomic factors and social networks tend to play a more important role. The study concludes by drawing attention to the role of schools as inclusive communities for students from different ethnical and social backgrounds.

  • 110.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    The development and foundations of social trust among adolescents2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 111.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Stier, Jonas (Editor)
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies.
    Till demokratins försvar?: Det lokala civilsamhället om Nordiska motståndsrörelsens närvaro i Ludvika2019Report (Other academic)
  • 112.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke högskola.
    Tolerance: An introduction to the concept, the research and the anthology2017In: Mechanisms of tolerance: An anthology / [ed] Erik Lundberg, Stockholm: Forum för levande historia , 2017, p. 7-29Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 113.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke högskola.
    Tolerans: En introduktion till begreppet, forskningen och antologin2017In: Toleransens mekanismer: en antologi. Stockholm, Forum för levande historia. / [ed] Lundberg, Erik, Stockholm: Forum för levande historia , 2017, p. 7-29Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 114.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke högskola.
    Toleransens mekanismer: En antologi2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 115.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Toward a New Social Contract? The Participation of Civil Society in Swedish Welfare Policymaking, 1958–20122017In: VOLUNTAS - International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, ISSN 0957-8765, E-ISSN 1573-7888, p. 1-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In contribution to current debates on the changing roles and responsibilities of civil society in welfare state arrangements, I examined the participation of various types of civil society organizations in national welfare policymaking in Sweden between 1958 and 2012. Drawing upon an extensive dataset of over 1400 civil society, state, and for-profit organizations, I tested three claims related to the role and responsibility of civil society in the governance of welfare: the changing balance between corporatist and welfare organizations, the shift from voice to service, and another shift from nonprofit organizations to FPOs. My results revealed weak but emerging trends aligned with changing patterns of corporatism and the marketization of Sweden’s welfare system. However, support for any shift from voice to service remains uncertain.

  • 116.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Ut ur manegen: civilsamhället och kommittéväsendet 1964-20092011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 117.
    Lundberg, Erik
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke högskola.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    Myndigheten för ungdoms- och civilsamhällesfrågor (MUCF).
    A school of tolerance?: Participation in associations and youth tolerance2017In: Mechanisms of tolerance: an anthology / [ed] Erik Lundberg, Stockholm: Forum för levande historia , 2017, p. 322-342Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 118.
    Lundberg, Erik
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke högskola.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    MUCF - Myndigheten för ungdoms- och civilsamhällesfrågor.
    En skola i tolerans?: Föreningsengagemanget och ungdomars tolerans2017In: Toleransens mekanismer: En antologi / [ed] Lundberg, Erik, Stockholm: Forum för levande historia , 2017, p. 313-332Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 119.
    Lundberg, Erik
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke Högskola.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    The development of tolerance among the young2017In: Mechanisms of tolerance: an anthology / [ed] Erik Lundberg, Stockholm: The Living History Forum , 2017, p. 123-148Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 120.
    Lundberg, Erik
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke högskola.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    MUCF- Myndigheten för ungdoms- och civilsamhällesfrågor.
    Utvecklingen av tolerans bland unga2017In: Toleransens mekanismer: en antologi / [ed] Lundberg, Erik, Stockholm: Forum för levande historia , 2017, p. 119-143Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 121.
    Lundberg, Erik
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Amnå, Erik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Brundin, Pia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Bozzini, Emanuela
    Department of Sociology and Social Research, University of Trento, Italy.
    European civil societies and the promotion of integration, Leading practices from Sweden, Great Britain, the Netherlands and Italy2011In: Social Rights, Active Citizenship and Governance in the European Union / [ed] Boje, P. Thomas, Potucek Martin, Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft , 2011Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter describes how European civil societies promote integration in the EU by comparing leading practices from various NGOs in Sweden, Great Britain, the Netherlands and Italy. The chapter concludes that NGOs are active in areas where governments are weak, or, according to the NGOs, do not meet the expected requirements. All NGOs studied here are more or less dependent on public funds, and a lack of funds impedes their ability to access and connect with EU decision-makers and administrative staff. Small NGOs and similar networks in particular have difficulties meeting and influencing politicians and the administrative staff within the EU. It is therefore of utmost importance that policy-makers in the EU create more participatory opportunities for various NGOs, which would simultaneously strengthen the organisation’s legitimacy and relevance. It is worth nothing that the NGOs studied here articulate surprisingly few national variations with regard to the preconditions underlying their work. European policy-making institutions may therefore consider the diversity of European civil societies.

  • 122.
    Lundberg, Erik
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Stier, Jonas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies.
    Hur kan högerextremism bemötas och vem ska agera till demokratins försvar?2019In: Dalarnas Tidningar (DT), article id 2019-03-13Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 123.
    Lundberg, Erik
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Stier, Jonas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies.
    Vem ska agera till demokratins försvar?2019In: Dalademokraten, ISSN 1103-9183, article id 2019-03-09Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 124.
    Lundberg, Erik
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hysing, Erik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    The Value of Participation: Exploring the Role of Public Consultations from the Vantage Point of Interest Groups2016In: Scandinavian Political Studies, ISSN 0080-6757, E-ISSN 1467-9477, Vol. 39, no 1, p. 1-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Consulting interest groups is commonplace in the preparation of policies by democratic governments. It is often assumed that interest groups participate in consultations primarily for the purpose of influencing policy. This article goes beyond this simplified claim and empirically explores the role of consultations from the vantage point of interest groups. Drawing on the Swedish formalized referral process known as the 'remiss procedure' the article shows that interest groups not only participate in consultations in order to effectively change the policy proposal under consideration, but they also use the output of the process in other venues for policy influence, such as direct political contacts and opinion making, and to establish themselves, or maintain their status as legitimate actors in the eyes of the government. In addition, the remiss procedure appears to be intertwined with the groups' own 'internal life', promoting the development and anchorage of policy positions within the organizations. These insights are important for further understanding the promises, as well as the perils, of public consultation.

  • 125.
    Lundberg, Erik
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Sedelius, Thomas
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    National Linkages and Ambiguous EU Approaches among European Civil Society Organisations2014In: Journal of Contemporary European Research, ISSN 1815-347X, E-ISSN 1815-347X, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 322-336Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 126.
    Lundgren, Giuliana C
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Fernelius, Felicia
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Can France really stop them?: A study grounded on the realist perspective about the French foreign policy towards Syria as the root cause of the Phenomenon of French Foreign Fighters2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the Syrian conflict the number of European Foreign Fighters has increased exponentially and has become an ever-growing concern for European policymakers. This phenomenon presents host of major security challenges for European policymakers and governments. Among European countries, France provides the highest number of citizens who have gone to Syria to fight against Assad´s regime. The French authorities have estimated that by mid-2014, over 700 French citizens have left France and travelled to Syria to fight. Historically France has had a relationship with Syria which started with its role as a border-drawing colonial power. Grounded in a framework of realism, that emphasizes nation-states as the primary actor within the international system, the analysis concentrates on the role of France´s foreign policy on the Syria as push factor for terrorism and radicalization. This paper attempts to determinate a specific correlation between the policy that France has been conducting towards Syria between 2000 and 2015, and the phenomenon of French Foreign Fighters. Findings suggest that France´s foreign policy towards Syria is the main root cause of the French Foreign Fighters phenomenon.

  • 127.
    Lundgren, Mats
    Dalarna University, School of Education and Humanities, Education.
    Hälso- och sjukvårdens Utvecklingscentrum Dalarna (HUD). : Framväxt, organisation, verksamhet och framtid. - En utvärderande studie2005Report (Other academic)
  • 128.
    MUHRBECK, JOHANNA
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    HUMAN SECURITY AND NATIONAL SECURITY IN NIGERIA: BOKO HARAM AND THE NIGERIAN STATE - A CASE STUDY2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this case study is to examine the relationship between human security and national security in the contemporary case of Boko Haram and the Nigerian state. Qualitative content analysis of official and cultural documents is used to survey the security scenario in Nigeria. The research shows that the Nigerian population is facing double sources of threat; non-state actor Boko Haram threatens human security across Nigeria whilst Nigerian state agents fight Boko Haram at the expense of human security. The results confirm the main preconditions suggested by the Welsh School; security threats are best understood at the intrastate level, and the state as a source of threat rather than the provider of security. Human insecurity seems to be Boko Haram’s method to achieve its national objective, and Boko Haram gaining control over territory in northern Nigeria certifies that national security is a function of human security. This supports the Welsh School’s understanding of security.

  • 129.
    Månsson, Alexander
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Venezuela – The Downfall of a Pacted Democracy: A case study of democracy in Venezuela in the 20th century2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This case study examines Venezuelan democracy in the 20th century, with specific focus on the democratic regime originating in the pact of Punto Fijo during the transition to democracy in 1958. The aim of the study is to examine its downfall and try to determine its cause. The study uses both structural and agency-based theories to try to explain the breakdown, namely transition theory, consolidation theory as well as the resource curse thesis.

    Venezuela’s democratic development is then described, including specific focus on the oil economy and the parties that initiated the pact, from the early 20th century to 1993, when the first president from outside of the pact was elected.

    The analysis shows two major determinants in explaining the breakdown. Firstly an economy too reliant on extensive oil revenues, which could not handle the downturn in oil prices of the 1980s. Secondly a party system that limited political participation to voting, hindered the forming of organizations and ignored demands of decentralization. Conclusively the study points to the risks associated with state control of natural resources and with party elites gaining too much power.

  • 130.
    Nagi, Sara
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Illiberal Post-Materialism: A study on changing emancipative and secular values amongst youth in Sweden2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper looks at changing emancipative and secular values amongst those under 29 in Sweden. The aims of this paper are to explore the relationship between globalization, post-materialism and changing values. This is done through a cross-sectional design with case study elements. The survey data is collected from the World Value Surveys and the study uses theories on post-materialism and globalization to try to explain the causes for the shift in values and the importance of cultural insecurity. The case of Sweden is used as it is extreme in terms of post-materialism. The political landscape in Sweden is described, and the dominance of post-materialist values in society. Spearmans rho correlation is used to test the relationships between the variables chosen to represent economic and cultural insecurity, and emancipative and secular values. The results show that cultural insecurity has a greater effect on emancipative and secular values than economic insecurity and that those who were more insecure held lower emancipative values, but higher secular values. This, it was argued, is due to post-materialism being multi-dimensional and able to create illiberal values in the face of cultural insecurity. The correlations were however weak, and further research is needed to understand the shift in values better.

  • 131.
    Nerhagen, Lena
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Transportekonomi, TEK.
    Management by good intentions and best wishes: on sustainability, tourism and transport investment planning in Sweden2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish government, despite a possible value conflict with the ambitious Swedish climate mitigation objectives, has stated that tourism development is an important basis for economic growth, not least in rural areas. This paper explores how the Swedish policy making system, and ambitious environmental and traffic safety objectives, influence transport investment planning at the regional level. Our point of reference for evaluating the system is the work with good regulatory policy advocated by the OECD and used by the EU. The main finding is that the Swedish government and parliament lack a strategic “whole-of-government approach” to sustainable transport development. There are many principles and objectives with good intentions established at the national level that are incompatible in practice. The conflicts that follow are handed down to lower government levels to solve with best wishes. The problem with this type of management is the “tragedy of the commons.” Without clear guidance, individuals (and administrations) acting independently and rationally based on self-interests are likely to behave contrary to the best interests of the whole group (society).

    Making choices based on a more holistic assessment of impacts and benefits and costs could help to prevent this kind of outcome. However, from the data collected it appears that many investments are undertaken without being assessed due to the lack of government instructions on regulatory impact assessment. Other investments are undertaken despite having a negative net benefit. One reason for this is specific instructions given by the government that points to certain investments. Another reason seems to be the Vision Zero policy established by the parliament. In recent years this policy has been a strong driver of improvements of the road system. Seen from an environmental perspective, the unwanted consequence of the priorities made is that state roads become faster and safer and thereby a more attractive alternative to other travel modes. Seen from a regional development and tourism perspective, this may have diverted resources away from investments that would have yielded a greater benefit to the tourism industry in “rural” areas.

  • 132.
    Nerhagen, Lena
    et al.
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Transportekonomi, TEK.
    Fors, Heather Congdon
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Hansson, Lisa
    Högskolen i Molde, Norge.
    Hammes, Johanna Jussila
    Konjunkturinstitutet.
    Pyddoke, Roger
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Transportekonomi, TEK.
    Politiska krav och tjänstemäns roll för analys av och beslut om styrmedel: Sammanfattande slutrapport2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable development implies that society’s limited resources should be used efficiently, taking into account the various impacts on society – social, economic and environmental. To achieve established societal goals efficiently, various aspects have to be accounted for in the design of policy measures. Within the EU a Regulatory Impact Assessment, where a cost-benefit analysis is included, needs to accompany all major regulatory initiatives. According to research and different policy assessment, Sweden lacks an established praxis regarding this type of analysis in the area of environmental policy but also in the field of energy and transport. The purpose of this project is to investigate how Sweden uses this type of information in the negotiations that take place within the EU regarding policy proposals but also investigate the reasons for use or non-use. The focus is on what role the organization and the bureaucrats play for the collection of this type of information.

    The overall conclusion that can be drawn from the three sub-studies included in the project, as well as the discussion at the closing seminar, is that this is not an established way of working in the Swedish government system. This can be explained by lack of competence, an established mistrust, management by objectives and lack of an institutional framework for when and how this type of broader impact assessment is to be conducted. At the closing seminar, the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency presented that it is now working on a guide to help officials to analyze at an early stage whether there is a need for regulation by society, to initiate the work by asking the question “What is the problem?”. We think that this is a step in the right direction, but we also see that the economists working out in government are often alone or very few and may therefore need different forms of support to develop the work on this kind of, often complex, analysis.

  • 133.
    Nerhagen, Lena
    et al.
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Transportekonomi, TEK.
    Forsstedt, Sara
    Transportstyrelsen.
    Regulating transport: The possible role of regulatory impact assessment in Swedish transport planningManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    By performing RIA, the risk of imposing a proposal that is inefficient or leads to sub-optimization is reduced. In the EU this approach to regulatory policy making was introduced in 2002 and it is a crucial component of the Better Regulation Agenda. However the practical implementation of this approach in Member States is varied; Sweden has not implemented the full RIA process. Currently there is a focus on the reduction of administrative burdens for businesses. This paper describes the present use of RIA and CBA in the Swedish planning context and discusses the reasons for and the consequences of current practices. Using the Swedish transport regulator as a case study, the paper considers the following aspects; i) the Swedish planning context and existing requirements regarding the use of RIA, ii) current focus of research regarding CBA for infrastructure investments in the Swedish transport sector and the need for greater focus on issues concerning regulation, iii) the difficulty to quantify and place monetary values on effects, which also increases when unique, complex and uncertain situations are assessed and iv) the need for the alignment of incentives at all levels and across agencies.

  • 134.
    Nerhagen, Lena
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute VTI.
    Forsstedt, Sara
    Swedish Transport Agency.
    Should Regulatory Impact Assessment Have a Role in Sweden’s Transport Planning?2019Report (Other academic)
  • 135.
    Nerhagen, Lena
    et al.
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Transportekonomi Borlänge, TEK-B.
    Pyddoke, Roger
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Transportekonomi Stockholm, TEK-S.
    Jussila Hammes, Johanna
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Transportekonomi Stockholm, TEK-S.
    Response to a social dilemma: an analysis of the choice between an economic and an environmental optimum in a policy making context2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Many countries have begun to require benefit-cost analysis as a way of informing key regulatory decisions. However, its actual use seem to be limited, especially in the area of environmental, health, and safety regulation. Reasons for this seem to be lack of knowledge and experience among decision makers and that established quality objectives prevent the use of this type of analysis and deliberation. We present the results from an experiment designed to investigate choice behavior in a public sector context. Students with different academic majors were asked to act as decision makers. There were two choice situations: one in a municipality deciding on an action plan and one in a government agency having to propose a national limit value. In both settings, the outcome that would pass a benefit-cost test would not achieve a natural state of the environment, hence a social dilemma choice situation. We find that a majority of the respondents prefer outcomes that can be considered environmental “optimum” but that there is a difference depending on academic major. The choice context also influences the response behavior and so does the information about an international standard. The latter increases the likelihood to accept alternatives that imply higher costs.

  • 136.
    Nilsson, Sebastian
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Full fart mot ”fort-Europa”?: En diskursanalys av EU:s migrationspolitiska utveckling tidsperioden 1999-20142015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att utifrån ett konstruktivistiskt förhållningsätt

    undersöka hur EU:s migrationspolitik utvecklats och förändrats under tidsperioden

    1999-2014. Uppsatsskrivaren gör således inget anspråk på att förklara hela EU:s

    migrationspolitik utifrån något helhetsperspektiv, utan väljer att enbart belysa en

    aspekt eller ”utsnitt” av det undersökta problemområdet. Med den textanalytiska

    metoden diskursanalys lyckas jag kartlägga tre diskurser i det för uppsatsen

    strategiskt utvalda material som består av EU:s flerårsprogram inom området

    ”Frihet, säkerhet och rättvisa” samt den utredningstext som producerades efter

    båttragedin utanför den italienska ön Lampedusa 2013. Genom att dela upp

    analysen i årskronologisk ordning skildras hur diskursernas utrymme och innehåll

    förändrats under den undersökta tidsperioden. Uppsatsens teoretiska ramverk

    utgörs av Köpenhamnsskolans säkerhetiseringsteori samt av en kombination av

    universalistiska principer och konceptet ”human rightisation”. Det teoretiska

    ramverket fungerar som studiens analytiska linser vilket sedermera

    operationaliseras och sammanfogas med diskursanalysens metodologiska

    utgångspunkter i ett analytiskt ramverk. Utifrån den empiriska analysen dras

    sedan uppsatsens huvudsakliga slutsats som beskriver ett EU vars

    migrationspolitik gått mot att bli alltmer säkerhetsorienterad och negativ mot

    migranter, med mindre fokus på universalism och mänskliga rättigheter, och med

    en tydligare unionscentrerad partikularism.

  • 137.
    Nilsson, Tove
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Ju fler kockar desto bättre soppa?: När governance sätts på prov2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen handlar om hur governance sätts på prov vid krissituationer. I detta arbete tas krissituationerna branden i Västmanland 2014 och branden i Hälsingland, Dalarna och Jämtland 2018 upp som exempel på krissituationer i Sverige. Eftersom governance är ett stort begrepp har tre huvudsakliga dilemman valts ut för att visa på problemen med governance styrsättet i en krissituation. Dessa dilemman är det decentraliserade styrsättet, avvägning av anpassning och förtroendet mellan aktörerna. Utifrån dessa tre, analyseras de problem som fanns i arbetet med bränderna för att förklara hur governance styrsättet påverkar krisberedskapen. I de flesta fall denna studie har tagit upp påverkas krisberedskapen negativt av governance styrsättet, genom att aktörerna har svårt att samverka, informera varandra och ta snabba beslut om hur arbetet ska gå till. Det finns även brister i hur besluten har tagits innan branden och det relativt svaga ramverk som finns som aktörerna skall hålla sig till. Detta gör att governance påverkar krisberedskapen negativt då det inte finns den tydlighet och det yttersta ansvaret inte går att identifiera lika lätt som vid en tydlig styrktur med klara nivåer. Därför anses det i denna studie som viktigt för den svenska krisberedskapen att utvecklas till att bli mer tydlig i hur insatser skall utföras och vem som är ansvarig för hur arbetet utförs.

  • 138.
    Nordkvist, Simone
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Den svenska landsbygden och EU:s strukturfonder: En fallstudie av Älvdalens kommun2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish rural municipalities has since the end of the eighteenth century experienced an constant population decline, with an much higher intensity than in many other Western countries. Many observers have concluded that is a consequence of the Swedish government’s disinterest in rural development. With the European Union accession of Sweden in year 1995 more attention was given to the issue, when the Swedish rural policy became interwoven into the EU’s Regional policy and its structural funds. This was a door-opener for the rural municipalities into a unique financial aid opportunity. The aim of this essay is to provide empirical contributions to the understanding of how Älvdalen municipality as a representative case of a Swedish rural municipality works with the EU’s structural funds. In order to expand our understanding, the essay draws upon the ideal types of government and governance. The method of this study is a qualitative case study and the material for the study consists of 8 interviews with central people in the policy process. The empirical investigation shows that due to the resource and competence deficiency that exists in the municipality, they hold a disadvantaged position in the policy process. Furthermore exercises the national level still a crucial role in the policy process.

  • 139.
    Novoa Gutierrez, Laura Viviana
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Commissions of Truth in Latin America: from the Genocide of Guatemala to the internal armed conflict in Colombia2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Truth Commissions are an extrajudicial mechanism of transitional justice

    through which the aim is to satisfy the victims' demand for the truth. In Latin

    America, more than five Commissions have been carried out, one of the most

    important ones -given the results in its final report and difficulties that had to be

    overcome- the Commission for Historical Clarification of Guatemala (in Spanish

    Comisión para el Esclarecimiento Histórico de Guatemala and its abbreviation

    CEH). Therefore, the CEH is an illustrative case of the successes and failures of

    these mechanisms, especially to give light to the Colombian case whose

    Commission for the Clarification of Truth is operating (in Spanish Comisión para el

    Esclarecimiento de la Verdad de Colombia and its abbreviation CEV).

    In this text a comparison between the two commissions is made, in order to

    determine which the coincidences are, but also what makes both processes

    different from each other.

  • 140.
    Ohde, Sven
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Medborgare, försäkringstagare eller kund?: En studie om New Public Management hos Försäkringskassan2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    New Public Management (NPM) is an umbrella term over a number of processes for management and steering of the public sector. In Sweden NPM was implemented stepwised in the public administration during the 1980s and forward. This paper aims to study the implementation of NPM in the Swedish public administration. The research object of this paper is the Swedish authority Försäkringskassan and the purpose is to examine their implementation of processes of management and steering that can be traced to NPM and whether the administrators believes that the processes has an effect of their relationship to the citizens. Försäkringskassan is one of the largest authoritys in Sweden whit approximately 13500 employees and is one of Swedens most important welfare producers. Through a qualitative study consisting of document studies and interviews examined the research problem. The interviews were conducted in one of Försäkringskassans office in a city in Sweden. The respondents of the interviews were administrators of parental insurance. The document studies presented that Försäkringskassan is an authority that carried out several major reorganizations since year 2003. From 2003 Försäkringskassan has worked with a balanced scorecard, performance management, performance measurement and they had also standardized the law application. The scorecard has since become increasingly detailed for group units as well as individual units. In 2013 Försäkringskassan replaced the balanced scorecard whit a new management structure called LEAN. Something that has become more prominent from 2003 and forward is the way to describe the citizens as customers. In the interviews the respondents testified about the increase of the performance management and the performance measurement, they also mentioned that the authority renamed the citizens to customers and that the authority became more flexible. Although the administrators testify that the use of the customer concept is problematic they don’t think it affects their relationship to the citizens.

  • 141.
    Ohrzen, Johan
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Samuelsson, Elisabeth
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Valet vi inte bryr oss om: En demokratistudie rörande svensk kvällspress rapportering kring Europaparlamentsvalet 20092014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats handlar om media och dess roll i ett demokratiskt samhälle med det uttalade syftet att kartlägga rapporteringen gällande EU-valet 2009 och förklara hur rapporteringen ser ut utifrån ett demokratiskt aktörsperspektiv. Vi har granskat två kvällstidningar i en kvantitativ undersökning och kategoriserat in resultaten i ett demokratiteoretiskt ramverk. Vår studie visar att det blivit en koncentration av journalistikdriven rapportering där politiker och medborgare sällan får uttrycka sina ståndpunkter.

  • 142.
    Olsander, Isa
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    ÅTTA NYANSER AV ROSA?: Riksdagspartiernas anpassning efter Feministiskt initiativ efter Europaparlamentsvalet 2014.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen har som syfte att undersöka förändringen i användningen av begrepp kopplade till partiet Feministiskt initiativ mellan riksdagsvalet år 2010 och år 2014 hos de sittande riksdagspartierna. Utifrån detta syftar uppsatsen även till att undersöka huruvida det går att utläsa mönster i den eventuella förändringen med utgångspunkt i deras placering i det politiska spektrumet. Studiens primärkällor är valmanifest, valaffischer samt almedalstalen från de nuvarande sittande riksdagspartierna.

    Dessa källor har bearbetats utifrån en kvantitativ deskriptiv innehållsanalys (almedalstal samt valmanifest), deskriptiv kvalitativ innehållsanalys (valaffischerna) samt en kvalitativ innehållsanalys (valmanifesten). Resultaten från dessa analyser har studerats utifrån Bonnie Meguids teori kring etablerade partiers möjlighet att påverka framgången hos nischade partier, samt Anthony Down’s teori som syftar till att förklara varför partier väljer att vara flexibla gentemot åsikts-strömningar, även om åsikten tidigare inte varit en fokusfråga hos partiet.

    Slutsatserna visar att det finns en påverkan på alla nuvarande sittande riksdagspartier utom Moderaterna, och att det inte går att utläsa något mönster på partiernas anpassning till Feministiskt initiativ utifrån politisk färg. Majoriteten av de undersökta partierna har valt ett följsamt förhållningssätt till Feministiskt initiativ, vilket innebär att de valt att anamma de frågor som Feministiskt initiativ lyfter.

  • 143. Palmgren, Emilia
    France’s and the UK’s Responses to the Libya Crisis2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims at analysing the 2011 Libyan crisis and France’s and the UK’s response to it.

    The research questions formulated in this study is:

    1) Should the principle of responsibility to

    protect override state sovereignty? 2) Did the principle of responsibility to protect violate

    Libya’s sovereignty? 3) How did France and the UK perceive the situation in Libya and how

    did they respond to it?

    The theoretical framework consists of two theories to help answer the

    questions formulated; the principle of responsibility to protect and neoclassical realism. The

    theories are later connected to humanitarian intervention, security concerns and the security

    dilemma. In the analytical framework, I will attempt to understand how France and the UK

    interpreted the situation in Libya, what they thought was a suitable response to the crisis and

    how they responded to it. The conclusion of this study is that the intervention in Libya can be

    divided into two different interventions: the protection of civilians and the regime change.

    The first part of the intervention did not violate Libya’s sovereignty as it was rightfully

    justified with the responsibility to protect principle but the second part of the intervention was

    violating Libya’s sovereignty as a regime change cannot be justified by the principle, which

    makes the research question very complex. Related to responsibility to protect and

    sovereignty the study will debate if the principle of responsibility should override state

    sovereignty.

  • 144.
    Parkhouse, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Asyl- och migrationspolitik: väktare av den svenska modellen2016In: Svensk politik och EU: Hur svensk politik har förändrats av medlemskapet i EU / [ed] Daniel Silander och Mats Öhlén, Stockholm: Santérus Förlag, 2016Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 145.
    Parkhouse, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Asylum- and Migration Policies: Enabling Inclusive Growth in the EU?2019In: Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth: Political Entrepreneurship for a Prosperous Europe / [ed] Karlsson, C., Silander, D. & Pircher, B., UK: Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2019Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 146.
    Parkhouse, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Dags att ta EU:s existentiella problem på allvar2014Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 147.
    Parkhouse, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Political Science. Åbo Akademi University, Department of Political Science, Political Science.
    Does speed matter?: the impact of the EU membership incentive on rule adoption in minority language rights protection2013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna avhandling tar sin utgångspunkt i ett ifrågasättande av effektiviteten i EU:s konditionalitetspolitik avseende minoritetsrättigheter. Baserat på den rationalistiska teoretiska modellen, External Incentives Model of Governance, syftar denna hypotesprövande avhandling till att förklara om tidsavståndet på det potentiella EU medlemskapet påverkar lagstiftningsnivån avseende minoritetsspråksrättigheter. Mätningen av nivån på lagstiftningen avseende minoritetsspråksrättigheter begränsas till att omfatta icke-diskriminering, användning av minoritetsspråk i officiella sammanhang samt minoriteters språkliga rättigheter i utbildningen. Metodologiskt används ett jämförande angreppssätt både avseende tidsramen för studien, som sträcker sig mellan 2003 och 2010, men även avseende urvalet av stater. På basis av det \"mest lika systemet\" kategoriseras staterna i tre grupper efter deras olika tidsavstånd från det potentiella EU medlemskapet. Hypotesen som prövas är följande: ju kortare tidsavstånd till det potentiella EU medlemskapet desto större sannolikhet att staternas lagstiftningsnivå inom de tre områden som studeras har utvecklats till en hög nivå. Studien visar att hypotesen endast bekräftas delvis. Resultaten avseende icke-diskriminering visar att sambandet mellan tidsavståndet och nivån på lagstiftningen har ökat markant under den undersökta tidsperioden. Detta samband har endast stärkts mellan kategorin av stater som ligger tidsmässigt längst bort ett potentiellt EU medlemskap och de två kategorier som ligger närmare respektive närmast ett potentiellt EU medlemskap. Resultaten avseende användning av minoritetsspråk i officiella sammanhang och minoriteters språkliga rättigheter i utbildningen visar inget respektive nästan inget samband mellan tidsavståndet och utvecklingen på lagstiftningen mellan 2003 och 2010.

  • 148.
    Parkhouse, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Hållbar integration nödvändig för framtida samhällsutmaningar2014Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 149.
    Parkhouse, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Lost in Time? A Comparative Analysis of the Impact of the EU Membership Incentive on Non-discrimination Legislation2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 150.
    Parkhouse, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Lost in Time? The Impact of Temporality in EU governance2016In: Europe's New Dividing Lines, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
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