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  • 101.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke högskola.
    Tolerance: An introduction to the concept, the research and the anthology2017In: Mechanisms of tolerance: An anthology / [ed] Erik Lundberg, Stockholm: Forum för levande historia , 2017, p. 7-29Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 102.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke högskola.
    Tolerans: En introduktion till begreppet, forskningen och antologin2017In: Toleransens mekanismer: en antologi. Stockholm, Forum för levande historia. / [ed] Lundberg, Erik, Stockholm: Forum för levande historia , 2017, p. 7-29Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 103.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke högskola.
    Toleransens mekanismer: En antologi2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 104.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Toward a New Social Contract? The Participation of Civil Society in Swedish Welfare Policymaking, 1958–20122017In: VOLUNTAS - International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, ISSN 0957-8765, E-ISSN 1573-7888, p. 1-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In contribution to current debates on the changing roles and responsibilities of civil society in welfare state arrangements, I examined the participation of various types of civil society organizations in national welfare policymaking in Sweden between 1958 and 2012. Drawing upon an extensive dataset of over 1400 civil society, state, and for-profit organizations, I tested three claims related to the role and responsibility of civil society in the governance of welfare: the changing balance between corporatist and welfare organizations, the shift from voice to service, and another shift from nonprofit organizations to FPOs. My results revealed weak but emerging trends aligned with changing patterns of corporatism and the marketization of Sweden’s welfare system. However, support for any shift from voice to service remains uncertain.

  • 105.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Ut ur manegen: civilsamhället och kommittéväsendet 1964-20092011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 106.
    Lundberg, Erik
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke högskola.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    Myndigheten för ungdoms- och civilsamhällesfrågor (MUCF).
    A school of tolerance?: Participation in associations and youth tolerance2017In: Mechanisms of tolerance: an anthology / [ed] Erik Lundberg, Stockholm: Forum för levande historia , 2017, p. 322-342Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 107.
    Lundberg, Erik
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke högskola.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    MUCF - Myndigheten för ungdoms- och civilsamhällesfrågor.
    En skola i tolerans?: Föreningsengagemanget och ungdomars tolerans2017In: Toleransens mekanismer: En antologi / [ed] Lundberg, Erik, Stockholm: Forum för levande historia , 2017, p. 313-332Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 108.
    Lundberg, Erik
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke Högskola.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    The development of tolerance among the young2017In: Mechanisms of tolerance: an anthology / [ed] Erik Lundberg, Stockholm: The Living History Forum , 2017, p. 123-148Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 109.
    Lundberg, Erik
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke högskola.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    MUCF- Myndigheten för ungdoms- och civilsamhällesfrågor.
    Utvecklingen av tolerans bland unga2017In: Toleransens mekanismer: en antologi / [ed] Lundberg, Erik, Stockholm: Forum för levande historia , 2017, p. 119-143Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 110.
    Lundberg, Erik
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Amnå, Erik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Brundin, Pia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Bozzini, Emanuela
    Department of Sociology and Social Research, University of Trento, Italy.
    European civil societies and the promotion of integration, Leading practices from Sweden, Great Britain, the Netherlands and Italy2011In: Social Rights, Active Citizenship and Governance in the European Union / [ed] Boje, P. Thomas, Potucek Martin, Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft , 2011Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter describes how European civil societies promote integration in the EU by comparing leading practices from various NGOs in Sweden, Great Britain, the Netherlands and Italy. The chapter concludes that NGOs are active in areas where governments are weak, or, according to the NGOs, do not meet the expected requirements. All NGOs studied here are more or less dependent on public funds, and a lack of funds impedes their ability to access and connect with EU decision-makers and administrative staff. Small NGOs and similar networks in particular have difficulties meeting and influencing politicians and the administrative staff within the EU. It is therefore of utmost importance that policy-makers in the EU create more participatory opportunities for various NGOs, which would simultaneously strengthen the organisation’s legitimacy and relevance. It is worth nothing that the NGOs studied here articulate surprisingly few national variations with regard to the preconditions underlying their work. European policy-making institutions may therefore consider the diversity of European civil societies.

  • 111.
    Lundberg, Erik
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hysing, Erik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    The Value of Participation: Exploring the Role of Public Consultations from the Vantage Point of Interest Groups2016In: Scandinavian Political Studies, ISSN 0080-6757, E-ISSN 1467-9477, Vol. 39, no 1, p. 1-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Consulting interest groups is commonplace in the preparation of policies by democratic governments. It is often assumed that interest groups participate in consultations primarily for the purpose of influencing policy. This article goes beyond this simplified claim and empirically explores the role of consultations from the vantage point of interest groups. Drawing on the Swedish formalized referral process known as the 'remiss procedure' the article shows that interest groups not only participate in consultations in order to effectively change the policy proposal under consideration, but they also use the output of the process in other venues for policy influence, such as direct political contacts and opinion making, and to establish themselves, or maintain their status as legitimate actors in the eyes of the government. In addition, the remiss procedure appears to be intertwined with the groups' own 'internal life', promoting the development and anchorage of policy positions within the organizations. These insights are important for further understanding the promises, as well as the perils, of public consultation.

  • 112.
    Lundberg, Erik
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Sedelius, Thomas
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    National Linkages and Ambiguous EU Approaches among European Civil Society Organisations2014In: Journal of Contemporary European Research, ISSN 1815-347X, E-ISSN 1815-347X, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 322-336Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 113.
    Lundgren, Giuliana C
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Fernelius, Felicia
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Can France really stop them?: A study grounded on the realist perspective about the French foreign policy towards Syria as the root cause of the Phenomenon of French Foreign Fighters2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the Syrian conflict the number of European Foreign Fighters has increased exponentially and has become an ever-growing concern for European policymakers. This phenomenon presents host of major security challenges for European policymakers and governments. Among European countries, France provides the highest number of citizens who have gone to Syria to fight against Assad´s regime. The French authorities have estimated that by mid-2014, over 700 French citizens have left France and travelled to Syria to fight. Historically France has had a relationship with Syria which started with its role as a border-drawing colonial power. Grounded in a framework of realism, that emphasizes nation-states as the primary actor within the international system, the analysis concentrates on the role of France´s foreign policy on the Syria as push factor for terrorism and radicalization. This paper attempts to determinate a specific correlation between the policy that France has been conducting towards Syria between 2000 and 2015, and the phenomenon of French Foreign Fighters. Findings suggest that France´s foreign policy towards Syria is the main root cause of the French Foreign Fighters phenomenon.

  • 114.
    Lundgren, Mats
    Dalarna University, School of Education and Humanities, Education.
    Hälso- och sjukvårdens Utvecklingscentrum Dalarna (HUD). : Framväxt, organisation, verksamhet och framtid. - En utvärderande studie2005Report (Other academic)
  • 115.
    MUHRBECK, JOHANNA
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    HUMAN SECURITY AND NATIONAL SECURITY IN NIGERIA: BOKO HARAM AND THE NIGERIAN STATE - A CASE STUDY2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this case study is to examine the relationship between human security and national security in the contemporary case of Boko Haram and the Nigerian state. Qualitative content analysis of official and cultural documents is used to survey the security scenario in Nigeria. The research shows that the Nigerian population is facing double sources of threat; non-state actor Boko Haram threatens human security across Nigeria whilst Nigerian state agents fight Boko Haram at the expense of human security. The results confirm the main preconditions suggested by the Welsh School; security threats are best understood at the intrastate level, and the state as a source of threat rather than the provider of security. Human insecurity seems to be Boko Haram’s method to achieve its national objective, and Boko Haram gaining control over territory in northern Nigeria certifies that national security is a function of human security. This supports the Welsh School’s understanding of security.

  • 116.
    Månsson, Alexander
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Venezuela – The Downfall of a Pacted Democracy: A case study of democracy in Venezuela in the 20th century2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This case study examines Venezuelan democracy in the 20th century, with specific focus on the democratic regime originating in the pact of Punto Fijo during the transition to democracy in 1958. The aim of the study is to examine its downfall and try to determine its cause. The study uses both structural and agency-based theories to try to explain the breakdown, namely transition theory, consolidation theory as well as the resource curse thesis.

    Venezuela’s democratic development is then described, including specific focus on the oil economy and the parties that initiated the pact, from the early 20th century to 1993, when the first president from outside of the pact was elected.

    The analysis shows two major determinants in explaining the breakdown. Firstly an economy too reliant on extensive oil revenues, which could not handle the downturn in oil prices of the 1980s. Secondly a party system that limited political participation to voting, hindered the forming of organizations and ignored demands of decentralization. Conclusively the study points to the risks associated with state control of natural resources and with party elites gaining too much power.

  • 117.
    Nagi, Sara
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Illiberal Post-Materialism: A study on changing emancipative and secular values amongst youth in Sweden2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper looks at changing emancipative and secular values amongst those under 29 in Sweden. The aims of this paper are to explore the relationship between globalization, post-materialism and changing values. This is done through a cross-sectional design with case study elements. The survey data is collected from the World Value Surveys and the study uses theories on post-materialism and globalization to try to explain the causes for the shift in values and the importance of cultural insecurity. The case of Sweden is used as it is extreme in terms of post-materialism. The political landscape in Sweden is described, and the dominance of post-materialist values in society. Spearmans rho correlation is used to test the relationships between the variables chosen to represent economic and cultural insecurity, and emancipative and secular values. The results show that cultural insecurity has a greater effect on emancipative and secular values than economic insecurity and that those who were more insecure held lower emancipative values, but higher secular values. This, it was argued, is due to post-materialism being multi-dimensional and able to create illiberal values in the face of cultural insecurity. The correlations were however weak, and further research is needed to understand the shift in values better.

  • 118.
    Nilsson, Sebastian
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Full fart mot ”fort-Europa”?: En diskursanalys av EU:s migrationspolitiska utveckling tidsperioden 1999-20142015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att utifrån ett konstruktivistiskt förhållningsätt

    undersöka hur EU:s migrationspolitik utvecklats och förändrats under tidsperioden

    1999-2014. Uppsatsskrivaren gör således inget anspråk på att förklara hela EU:s

    migrationspolitik utifrån något helhetsperspektiv, utan väljer att enbart belysa en

    aspekt eller ”utsnitt” av det undersökta problemområdet. Med den textanalytiska

    metoden diskursanalys lyckas jag kartlägga tre diskurser i det för uppsatsen

    strategiskt utvalda material som består av EU:s flerårsprogram inom området

    ”Frihet, säkerhet och rättvisa” samt den utredningstext som producerades efter

    båttragedin utanför den italienska ön Lampedusa 2013. Genom att dela upp

    analysen i årskronologisk ordning skildras hur diskursernas utrymme och innehåll

    förändrats under den undersökta tidsperioden. Uppsatsens teoretiska ramverk

    utgörs av Köpenhamnsskolans säkerhetiseringsteori samt av en kombination av

    universalistiska principer och konceptet ”human rightisation”. Det teoretiska

    ramverket fungerar som studiens analytiska linser vilket sedermera

    operationaliseras och sammanfogas med diskursanalysens metodologiska

    utgångspunkter i ett analytiskt ramverk. Utifrån den empiriska analysen dras

    sedan uppsatsens huvudsakliga slutsats som beskriver ett EU vars

    migrationspolitik gått mot att bli alltmer säkerhetsorienterad och negativ mot

    migranter, med mindre fokus på universalism och mänskliga rättigheter, och med

    en tydligare unionscentrerad partikularism.

  • 119.
    Nordkvist, Simone
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Den svenska landsbygden och EU:s strukturfonder: En fallstudie av Älvdalens kommun2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish rural municipalities has since the end of the eighteenth century experienced an constant population decline, with an much higher intensity than in many other Western countries. Many observers have concluded that is a consequence of the Swedish government’s disinterest in rural development. With the European Union accession of Sweden in year 1995 more attention was given to the issue, when the Swedish rural policy became interwoven into the EU’s Regional policy and its structural funds. This was a door-opener for the rural municipalities into a unique financial aid opportunity. The aim of this essay is to provide empirical contributions to the understanding of how Älvdalen municipality as a representative case of a Swedish rural municipality works with the EU’s structural funds. In order to expand our understanding, the essay draws upon the ideal types of government and governance. The method of this study is a qualitative case study and the material for the study consists of 8 interviews with central people in the policy process. The empirical investigation shows that due to the resource and competence deficiency that exists in the municipality, they hold a disadvantaged position in the policy process. Furthermore exercises the national level still a crucial role in the policy process.

  • 120.
    Novoa Gutierrez, Laura Viviana
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Commissions of Truth in Latin America: from the Genocide of Guatemala to the internal armed conflict in Colombia2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Truth Commissions are an extrajudicial mechanism of transitional justice

    through which the aim is to satisfy the victims' demand for the truth. In Latin

    America, more than five Commissions have been carried out, one of the most

    important ones -given the results in its final report and difficulties that had to be

    overcome- the Commission for Historical Clarification of Guatemala (in Spanish

    Comisión para el Esclarecimiento Histórico de Guatemala and its abbreviation

    CEH). Therefore, the CEH is an illustrative case of the successes and failures of

    these mechanisms, especially to give light to the Colombian case whose

    Commission for the Clarification of Truth is operating (in Spanish Comisión para el

    Esclarecimiento de la Verdad de Colombia and its abbreviation CEV).

    In this text a comparison between the two commissions is made, in order to

    determine which the coincidences are, but also what makes both processes

    different from each other.

  • 121.
    Ohde, Sven
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Medborgare, försäkringstagare eller kund?: En studie om New Public Management hos Försäkringskassan2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    New Public Management (NPM) is an umbrella term over a number of processes for management and steering of the public sector. In Sweden NPM was implemented stepwised in the public administration during the 1980s and forward. This paper aims to study the implementation of NPM in the Swedish public administration. The research object of this paper is the Swedish authority Försäkringskassan and the purpose is to examine their implementation of processes of management and steering that can be traced to NPM and whether the administrators believes that the processes has an effect of their relationship to the citizens. Försäkringskassan is one of the largest authoritys in Sweden whit approximately 13500 employees and is one of Swedens most important welfare producers. Through a qualitative study consisting of document studies and interviews examined the research problem. The interviews were conducted in one of Försäkringskassans office in a city in Sweden. The respondents of the interviews were administrators of parental insurance. The document studies presented that Försäkringskassan is an authority that carried out several major reorganizations since year 2003. From 2003 Försäkringskassan has worked with a balanced scorecard, performance management, performance measurement and they had also standardized the law application. The scorecard has since become increasingly detailed for group units as well as individual units. In 2013 Försäkringskassan replaced the balanced scorecard whit a new management structure called LEAN. Something that has become more prominent from 2003 and forward is the way to describe the citizens as customers. In the interviews the respondents testified about the increase of the performance management and the performance measurement, they also mentioned that the authority renamed the citizens to customers and that the authority became more flexible. Although the administrators testify that the use of the customer concept is problematic they don’t think it affects their relationship to the citizens.

  • 122.
    Ohrzen, Johan
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Samuelsson, Elisabeth
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Valet vi inte bryr oss om: En demokratistudie rörande svensk kvällspress rapportering kring Europaparlamentsvalet 20092014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats handlar om media och dess roll i ett demokratiskt samhälle med det uttalade syftet att kartlägga rapporteringen gällande EU-valet 2009 och förklara hur rapporteringen ser ut utifrån ett demokratiskt aktörsperspektiv. Vi har granskat två kvällstidningar i en kvantitativ undersökning och kategoriserat in resultaten i ett demokratiteoretiskt ramverk. Vår studie visar att det blivit en koncentration av journalistikdriven rapportering där politiker och medborgare sällan får uttrycka sina ståndpunkter.

  • 123.
    Olsander, Isa
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    ÅTTA NYANSER AV ROSA?: Riksdagspartiernas anpassning efter Feministiskt initiativ efter Europaparlamentsvalet 2014.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen har som syfte att undersöka förändringen i användningen av begrepp kopplade till partiet Feministiskt initiativ mellan riksdagsvalet år 2010 och år 2014 hos de sittande riksdagspartierna. Utifrån detta syftar uppsatsen även till att undersöka huruvida det går att utläsa mönster i den eventuella förändringen med utgångspunkt i deras placering i det politiska spektrumet. Studiens primärkällor är valmanifest, valaffischer samt almedalstalen från de nuvarande sittande riksdagspartierna.

    Dessa källor har bearbetats utifrån en kvantitativ deskriptiv innehållsanalys (almedalstal samt valmanifest), deskriptiv kvalitativ innehållsanalys (valaffischerna) samt en kvalitativ innehållsanalys (valmanifesten). Resultaten från dessa analyser har studerats utifrån Bonnie Meguids teori kring etablerade partiers möjlighet att påverka framgången hos nischade partier, samt Anthony Down’s teori som syftar till att förklara varför partier väljer att vara flexibla gentemot åsikts-strömningar, även om åsikten tidigare inte varit en fokusfråga hos partiet.

    Slutsatserna visar att det finns en påverkan på alla nuvarande sittande riksdagspartier utom Moderaterna, och att det inte går att utläsa något mönster på partiernas anpassning till Feministiskt initiativ utifrån politisk färg. Majoriteten av de undersökta partierna har valt ett följsamt förhållningssätt till Feministiskt initiativ, vilket innebär att de valt att anamma de frågor som Feministiskt initiativ lyfter.

  • 124. Palmgren, Emilia
    France’s and the UK’s Responses to the Libya Crisis2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims at analysing the 2011 Libyan crisis and France’s and the UK’s response to it.

    The research questions formulated in this study is:

    1) Should the principle of responsibility to

    protect override state sovereignty? 2) Did the principle of responsibility to protect violate

    Libya’s sovereignty? 3) How did France and the UK perceive the situation in Libya and how

    did they respond to it?

    The theoretical framework consists of two theories to help answer the

    questions formulated; the principle of responsibility to protect and neoclassical realism. The

    theories are later connected to humanitarian intervention, security concerns and the security

    dilemma. In the analytical framework, I will attempt to understand how France and the UK

    interpreted the situation in Libya, what they thought was a suitable response to the crisis and

    how they responded to it. The conclusion of this study is that the intervention in Libya can be

    divided into two different interventions: the protection of civilians and the regime change.

    The first part of the intervention did not violate Libya’s sovereignty as it was rightfully

    justified with the responsibility to protect principle but the second part of the intervention was

    violating Libya’s sovereignty as a regime change cannot be justified by the principle, which

    makes the research question very complex. Related to responsibility to protect and

    sovereignty the study will debate if the principle of responsibility should override state

    sovereignty.

  • 125.
    Parkhouse, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Asyl- och migrationspolitik: väktare av den svenska modellen2016In: Svensk politik och EU: Hur svensk politik har förändrats av medlemskapet i EU / [ed] Daniel Silander och Mats Öhlén, Stockholm: Santérus Förlag, 2016Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 126.
    Parkhouse, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Asylum- and Migration Policies: Enabling Inclusive Growth in the EU?2019In: Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth: Political Entrepreneurship for a Prosperous Europe / [ed] Karlsson, C., Silander, D. & Pircher, B., UK: Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2019Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 127.
    Parkhouse, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Dags att ta EU:s existentiella problem på allvar2014Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 128.
    Parkhouse, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Political Science. Åbo Akademi University, Department of Political Science, Political Science.
    Does speed matter?: the impact of the EU membership incentive on rule adoption in minority language rights protection2013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna avhandling tar sin utgångspunkt i ett ifrågasättande av effektiviteten i EU:s konditionalitetspolitik avseende minoritetsrättigheter. Baserat på den rationalistiska teoretiska modellen, External Incentives Model of Governance, syftar denna hypotesprövande avhandling till att förklara om tidsavståndet på det potentiella EU medlemskapet påverkar lagstiftningsnivån avseende minoritetsspråksrättigheter. Mätningen av nivån på lagstiftningen avseende minoritetsspråksrättigheter begränsas till att omfatta icke-diskriminering, användning av minoritetsspråk i officiella sammanhang samt minoriteters språkliga rättigheter i utbildningen. Metodologiskt används ett jämförande angreppssätt både avseende tidsramen för studien, som sträcker sig mellan 2003 och 2010, men även avseende urvalet av stater. På basis av det \"mest lika systemet\" kategoriseras staterna i tre grupper efter deras olika tidsavstånd från det potentiella EU medlemskapet. Hypotesen som prövas är följande: ju kortare tidsavstånd till det potentiella EU medlemskapet desto större sannolikhet att staternas lagstiftningsnivå inom de tre områden som studeras har utvecklats till en hög nivå. Studien visar att hypotesen endast bekräftas delvis. Resultaten avseende icke-diskriminering visar att sambandet mellan tidsavståndet och nivån på lagstiftningen har ökat markant under den undersökta tidsperioden. Detta samband har endast stärkts mellan kategorin av stater som ligger tidsmässigt längst bort ett potentiellt EU medlemskap och de två kategorier som ligger närmare respektive närmast ett potentiellt EU medlemskap. Resultaten avseende användning av minoritetsspråk i officiella sammanhang och minoriteters språkliga rättigheter i utbildningen visar inget respektive nästan inget samband mellan tidsavståndet och utvecklingen på lagstiftningen mellan 2003 och 2010.

  • 129.
    Parkhouse, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Hållbar integration nödvändig för framtida samhällsutmaningar2014Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 130.
    Parkhouse, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Lost in Time? A Comparative Analysis of the Impact of the EU Membership Incentive on Non-discrimination Legislation2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 131.
    Parkhouse, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Lost in Time? The Impact of Temporality in EU governance2016In: Europe's New Dividing Lines, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 132.
    Parkhouse, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Nej, vi bör inte höja trösklarna för arbetskraftsinvandring och asylsökande – utan snabba på integrationen2018In: Dalarnas Tidningar, ISSN 1103-9256, , p. 1article id 2018-09-05Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 133.
    Parkhouse, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Political entrepreneurship and the development of labour market integration in rural Sweden: the case of Dalarna2019In: Democracy at the Crossroads: European Changes and Challenges, 2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 134.
    Parkhouse, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Strömblad, Per
    Exploring Preconditions for Political Entrepreneurship and Integration in European Societies2018In: Governance and Political Entrepreneurship in Europe: Promoting Growth and Welfare in Times of Crisis / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Charlotte Silander, Daniel Silander, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 135.
    Perman, Karin
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy and Environmental Technology.
    Energy use as a political problem2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 136.
    Perman, Karin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy and Environmental Technology.
    Hedlund, Gun
    Örebro universitet.
    Politik, expertis och boende: Energieffektivisering i fallet jakobsgårdarna, Borlänge kommun2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett övergripande politiskt problem, från EU till Borlänge kommun, är den höga energiförbrukningen inom fastighets- och bostadssektorn, och precis som i många andra stadsdelsutvecklingsprojekt är tanken att via en fysisk förändring av området Jakobsgårdarna kan bostadsbolaget Tunabyggen även bidra till en social utveckling. Syftet med denna fallstudie är att undersöka hinder och möjligheter som kan uppstå i ett lokalt stadsutvecklingsprojekt med en ambition att energieffektivisera, med fokus på en minskad energianvändning vid uppvärmning av flerfamiljhus. Valda metoder är intervjuer, observationer av projektmöten, studier av offentliga handlingar, hemsidor och dokument från EU, regering, riksdag, och Borlänge kommun, under perioden januari 2009- juni 2012.

    För Tunabyggen har främjande faktorer i ett energieffektiviseringsarbete varit att delta i och själv skapa stödjande lokala nätverk. Den vaga formella politiska styrningen via ägardirektiv och politiker i bolagens styrelser ger ett stort handlingsutrymme för tjänstemännen i bolagen och förvaltningen och samverkansidealets beroende av god personkemi och varaktiga relationer skapar en sårbarhet.  Ytterligare en hindrande faktor i energieffektiviseringsarbetet är ett avbrott i kontinuiteten av både projektets och bolagets ledning, vilket delvis kan vara en effekt av att arbeta i projektform och en stor tilltro till externa experter. Ett annat dilemma är hur man lyckas säkerställa generationsväxling och kunskapsöverföring när det gäller drift och byggnation av ett bostadsområde.

    För att hantera energieffektiviseringsmålen och en begränsad budget diskuteras rivning av fastigheter, men bland annat kommunens aktuella bostadsbrist talar mot det. Denna målkonflikt leder i sin tur till att fokus riktas mot lagen om allmännyttiga kommunala bostadsaktiebolag  och revideringen från 1 januari 2011. Kommunernas handlingsutrymme att delfinansiera bolagens verksamhet omöjliggörs och försvårar en lokalt aktiv bostadspolitik.  Som en effekt framstår den nationella policyn om det offentligas ansvar att leda utvecklingen som svårlöst när det gäller energieffektivisering av de kommunala bolagens flerfamiljshus.

  • 137.
    Persson, Erika
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Kommunpolitikers inflytande över beslutsunderlag: En studie där 5 fritidspolitiker från Söderhamns barn- och utbildningsnämnd berättar2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen har som syfte att undersöka relationen mellan förvaltningen och politiken vad gäller beslutsfattande på kommunal nivå. Mer precist handlar studien om att få en djupare förståelse om på vilket sätt fritidspolitiker i Söderhamns barn- och utbildningsnämnd själva ser på sin roll gentemot tjänstemännen i beslutsprocessen. Studien genomfördes med hjälp av kvalitativa semi-strukturerade intervjuer och de skedde med fritidspolitiker i Söderhamns barn- och utbildningsnämnd. Den teoretiska utgångspunkten utgick från medborgarnas representanter och förbindelsen mellan politiker och tjänstemän. Erfa-rapporten från 2013 om hur samarbete organiseras mellan politiker och tjänstemän var betydande i denna studie. I denna rapport belyses det tre dilemman som kan råda mellan politiker och tjänstemän, rapporten gavs även en teoretisk inramning vilket blev centralt för denna studie. Rolldilemman, relationsdilemman och helhetsdilemman används för att analysera resultaten från intervjuerna. Studien visar att fritidspolitikerna i Söderhamns barn- och utbildningsnämnd såg sig själva som beslutsfattare medan tjänstemännen är de som genomför besluten. För att kunna uppfylla den politiska rollen och dess förpliktelser krävdes tjänstemännens expertis. Fritidspolitikernas roll gentemot tjänstemännen i beslutsprocessen bygger på att kunna lita och ha förtroende för dem. I studien framkom fritidspolitikernas upplevelser om hur en relation gentemot tjänstemännen i en beslutsprocess bör förefalla. Fritidspolitikernas kommunikation gentemot tjänstemän ansågs inte som otydlig utan som bra, den otydlighet som kunde förekomma kunde ses utifrån ett medborgareperspektiv.

  • 138.
    Raunio, Tapio
    et al.
    University of Tampere.
    Sedelius, Thomas
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Decision-Making in Foreign and Security Policies and EU Affairs2019In: Semi-Presidential Policy-Making in Europe: Executive Coordination and Political Leadership, Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, p. 127-150Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter investigates leadership in foreign and security policy and European Union (EU) affairs, examining decision-making and division of labor between the president and the prime minister. In order to grasp the complexity of intra-executive policy coordination in these areas, it highlights the interdependence between foreign and EU policies. The chapter shows that intra-executive coordination is most developed in foreign and security policy and that Finland, Lithuania, and Romania normally manage to speak with one voice in external relations. It also provides evidence of constitutional rules about jurisdictions bending in favor of presidents. This applies particularly to representation in the European Council.

  • 139.
    Raunio, Tapio
    et al.
    University of Tampere.
    Sedelius, Thomas
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Formal Coordination Mechanisms2019In: Semi-Presidential Policy-Making in Europe: Executive Coordination and Political Leadership, Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, p. 79-91Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter examines formal intra-executive coordination mechanisms such as joint meetings between the president and the prime minister, joint councils or ministerial committees, and administrative coordination between the offices of the president and the prime minister. It uncovers the status and legal basis of such instruments and explores how they have evolved in Finland, Lithuania, and Romania since the 1990s. It shows strong and systematic variation between the three countries, with Finland displaying a high level of formal coordination. In Lithuania and Romania, on the other hand, such coordination mechanisms are considerably weaker and more dependent on individual office-holders.

  • 140.
    Raunio, Tapio
    et al.
    University of Tampere.
    Sedelius, Thomas
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Informal Avenues of Influence2019In: Semi-Presidential Policy-Making in Europe: Executive Coordination and Political Leadership, Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, p. 93-126Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter focuses on the actual coordination and decision-making between the president and the prime minister. The analysis covers agenda-setting initiatives, public opinion and party system dynamics, and the way formal prerogatives are interpreted into praxis, as well as how the key actors approach coordination where there is no explicit constitutional or judicial guidance. The findings confirm that lack of written rules or otherwise strong norms guiding intra-executive coordination opens the door for presidential activism (Lithuania and particularly Romania), whereas under stronger coordination mechanisms, presidents are in turn more constrained and constructively involved in decision-making (Finland).

  • 141.
    Raunio, Tapio
    et al.
    University of Tampere.
    Sedelius, Thomas
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Institutions, Coordination, and Leadership2019In: Semi-Presidential Policy-Making in Europe: Executive Coordination and Political Leadership, Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, p. 19-44Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter contains the theoretical framework the study in this book is based on. Embedded in institutional theory and building on four strands of literature—semi-presidentialism, public administration, political leadership, and foreign policy analysis—it highlights the role of institutions in facilitating successful policy-making. It outlines key concepts and findings from institutional theory before moving more specifically to the incentives that presidents and prime ministers have for engaging in intra-executive cooperation. The specific challenges related to leadership in foreign and security policy, including European Union affairs, are emphasized. The chapter identifies various intra-executive coordination mechanisms and puts forward a theoretical framework for the subsequent empirical chapters.

  • 142.
    Raunio, Tapio
    et al.
    Tampere University.
    Sedelius, Thomas
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Presidents and Cabinets: Coordinating Executive Leadership in Premier-Presidential Regimes2019In: Political Studies Review, ISSN 1478-9299, E-ISSN 1478-9302Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A key factor of semi-presidential regimes is power-sharing mechanisms between president and government. Influenced by Shugart and Carey’s seminal work on premier-presidential regimes, this article addresses intra-executive dynamics in light of recent scholarship on the risks and consequences associated with conflict and cooperation between the president and the cabinet. Through an in-depth comparison of three premier-presidential systems with broadly similar constitutional designs, Finland, Lithuania, and Romania, it forces us to reconsider how coordination mechanisms and political context shape presidential influence. Absent of a working constitutional division of labour and established modes of intra-executive coordination, presidents are more likely to use alternative channels of influence – such as the strategy of ‘going public’ or direct contacts with political parties, the legislature, or civil society stakeholders – and to intervene in questions falling under the competence of the government. Lack of institutionalized coordination also benefits the presidents as they hold the initiative regarding cooperation between the two executives.  

  • 143. Raunio, Tapio
    et al.
    Sedelius, Thomas
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Semi-Presidential Policy-Making in Europe: Executive Coordination and Political Leadeship2020Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book explores how power-sharing between the president and the prime minister works in semi-presidential regimes. In contrast to much of the existing comparative work on semi-presidentialism, the book emphasizes the role of institutional coordination at the most concrete level of executive policy-making, and asks how institutional coordination between the president and prime minister influences presidential activism and the balance of power within the executive. The authors develop a tentative framework embedded in institutionalism and based on four strands of research – semi-presidentialism, public administration, political leadership, and foreign policy analysis – which is subsequently applied to the cases of Lithuania, Romania and Finland. Given the political challenges facing many semi-presidential countries, the study ultimately seeks to identify institutional solutions that facilitate power-sharing and successful policy-making.

  • 144.
    Raunio, Tapio
    et al.
    University of Tampere.
    Sedelius, Thomas
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Shifting Power-Centers of Semi-Presidentialism: Exploring Executive Coordination in Lithuania2019In: Government and Opposition, ISSN 0017-257X, E-ISSN 1477-7053, Vol. 54, no 4, p. 637-660Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite more than two decades of research on semi-presidential regimes, we still know very little about the actual coordination between the president and the prime minister. Through an in-depth analysis of Lithuanian semi-presidentialism, this article underscores the importance of institutional design on intra-executive balance of power. Drawing primarily on interviews with top-level civil servants and office-holders, it argues that in the absence of written rules or other strong norms guiding intra-executive coordination, presidents enjoy more discretion in designing their own modes of operation. Coordination depends on the initiative of the president, with ad hoc practices further weakening the position of the prime minister. While Lithuanian semi-presidentialism has functioned smoothly, the personality-centred politics commonly found in Central and East European countries create favourable conditions for presidential activism.

  • 145.
    Raunio, Tapio
    et al.
    Tampere University.
    Sedelius, Thomas
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    The Semi-Presidential Cases in Comparative Context2019In: Semi-Presidential Policy-Making in Europe: Executive Coordination and Political Leadership, Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, p. 45-77Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter sets Finland, Lithuania, and Romania in a comparative context of semi-presidentialism in Europe. It justifies the selection of cases by including them in a broader set of semi-presidential regimes and uses this comparison to provide a range of basic and institutional data for setting the stage for the subsequent chapters on executive coordination. It provides key indicators on semi-presidential subtypes (premier-presidentialism and president-parliamentarism): level of democracy, presidential power, intra-executive conflict, and cohabitation. Drawing on public opinion surveys, it also assesses general levels of institutional trust with an emphasis on public support for the presidency.

  • 146.
    Rocklind, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Feministas: Ett nätverk för förändring eller ett luftslott på den feministiska politiska arenan?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 147.
    Rosén, Jenny
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Händerna genom muren2005In: Vi skulle få leva här : om muren i Palestina / [ed] Ursula Berge, Fredrik Johansson , Andreas Malm, Jesper Weithz, Stockholm: Agora , 2005, p. 167-170Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 148.
    Roulston, Stephen
    et al.
    Ulster University.
    Hansson, Ulf
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Kicking the can down the road? Educational solutions to the challenges of divided societies: a Northern Ireland case study2019In: Discourse. Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, ISSN 0159-6306, E-ISSN 1469-3739Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is considerable literature concerning the impact of education in divided societies. Some seek to defend separate schools, often for different faith groups, while others stress the benefits of school integration on social cohesiveness. Contact theory has been employed in efforts in many countries to address social discord. Northern Ireland is a deeply divided multicultural society with a largely separate system of education for its two main communities. There is also a small but growing Integrated schools sector, where the communities learn together and where contact is maintained. A more recent intervention in Northern Ireland is that of Shared Education where separate schools are retained but shared classes and other opportunities for sharing are offered. This paper examines these models of educational provision and evaluates them in light of political developments. This is of particular importance as the structure of education is key to social cohesion for the people in Northern Ireland, as well as in other jurisdictions across the world contemplating educational solutions for divided societies. 

  • 149. Roulston, Stephen
    et al.
    Hansson, Ulf
    Ulster University.
    Cook, Sally
    McKenzie, Paul
    If you are not one of them you feel out of place: understanding divisions in a Northern Irish town2017In: Children's Geographies, ISSN 1473-3285, E-ISSN 1473-3277, Vol. 15, no 4, p. 452-465Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines and reflects on the use of Global Positioning System (GPS) tracking devices as a method to understand and analyse young people?s everyday movement in Northern Ireland, a divided society emerging from conflict. The paper also seeks to contribute to the extensive body of literature which already exists on young people?s geographies and movements within the Northern Ireland context. We highlight how the use of GPS together with more traditional methods gives us considerable insights of movements of young people in Northern Ireland and sheds light on the communal divisions in one town in Northern Ireland, Coleraine. We argue that the use of a GPS methodology significantly adds to the understanding of young people?s movements and geographies, particularly in a post-conflict context where notions of place and territory have particular significance.

  • 150.
    Sabet, Amr
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    A metahistory of the clash of civilisations2012In: Cambridge Review of International Affairs, ISSN 0955-7571, E-ISSN 1474-449X, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 489-491Article, book review (Other academic)
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