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  • 151.
    Kaartinen, Rebecca
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Löfkvist, Moa
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    ”Det var socialtjänstens fel och då är det mitt fel”: En kvalitativ studie av hur socionomer inom socialtjänstenupplever allmänhetens attityder och evidensbaseradpraktik.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis, we have examined how social workers experience their profession

    with consideration to public attitudes and evidence-based practice. The study

    consists of six qualitative interviews with professional social workers in different

    municipalities and units. We have used a thematic analysis called Framework.

    The studies result showed that many social workers have experienced negative

    attitudes about the profession described in the media and from the public. All the

    social workers had heard positive things about the profession from their

    surroundings and felt pride in their work. Knowledge of evidence-based practice

    was found to vary between the social workers, but was primarily considered to be

    a support in everyday work.

  • 152.
    Kargl, Anneli
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Ten, Elena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    DET HÄR ÄR ÄLDREOMSORGEN: Medias skildring av äldreomsorgen i två dagstidningar2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate how elderly care is portrayed in media. A content analysis with quantitative and qualitative approaches was made to answer the research questions. To ana-lyze and understand the results three theoretical perspectives were used: social constructivism, media logic and agenda theory. The study material was collected from two newspapers, one of which is published locally and the other at the national level, in order to gain a broader under-standing of the media's representation of elderly care and also to see the differences in various newspapers. We used the articles published during two separate months in 2015. Study results show three prominent themes in elderly care that are frequent in the media - the depiction is largely negative, with a focus on shortcomings. The portrayal is similar in both newspapers.

  • 153.
    Karlmats, Ann
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Larsson, Linda
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Samtal sent i livet: Samtalsstöd för äldre ur ett professionellt perspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine how professionals in care for older people experience older people´s needs of counselling in grievous life questions. A qualitative method has been chosen in the form of individual semi-structured interviews with six care workers in municipal care for older people. The theoretical bases which have been applied are social constructionism and Erik Homburger Erikson's theory: Stages of Psychosocial Development. The result of the study shows that older people in care for older people sometimes are in need of counselling. These needs are not always fulfilled today because of the care workers lack of time and expertise in facing grievous life questions. Counsellors in care for older people are presumed to increase because older people in the future will make more demands and also will find it more natural in life crisis to talk to a counsellor.

  • 154.
    Karlsson Bogg, Sara
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Toresbo, Emelie
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    ”Hur har din dag varit på nätet?”: Kuratorers erfarenheter av barn och ungdomars exponering på sociala medier2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aimed to investigate what counselors have for experience when it comes to children and

    young people's use of social media. Do they see any risks of being online?

    The study is based on a qualitative approach with individual semi-structured interviews that were

    conducted with counselors in primary- and secondary schools and youth counseling. The applied

    theoretical interpretative framework is a theory of John Suler, which can give us an explanation of

    why they on the internet act more uninhibited.

    The study results show us that there are risks associated with the use of social media in several

    aspects. To name a few, there are risks of being exposed to abuse, bullying and sexual harassment

    when you are online. In our opinion, the study's findings contribute to an increased knowledge of

    this phenomenon and give us deeper knowledge from a new perspective, the counselor.

  • 155.
    Karlsson, Evelina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Wester, Ann-Sofie
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    "För vi får det inte att fungera": Föräldrars upplevelse av kontakten med familjebehandlare när barnen har diagnosticerats inom det autistiska spektrumet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our aim with this study was to explore how parents of children diagnosed within the autism spectrum disorder (ASD) experienced the contact and support from the municipalities family therapist, an initiative provided by the social services and often executed by social workers. We wanted to investigate how parents experienced treatment from the family therapist, if they received constructive help and whether the family therapist had knowledge of the ASD. We have had a qualitative approach and conducted semi-structured interviews. The transcribed interviews have been interpreted with themes based on the theoretical framework that consists of the concept of alliance and support theory. Our result shows that the informants have had positive experiences in the meeting with family therapists. Most have received constructive help from family therapists who had knowledge about ASD and feel they have received good treatment. The result shows which factors contributed to a

    positive experience.

  • 156.
    Karlsson, Madeleine
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Olsen Huokko, Elina
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Stödsamtal: Skolkuratorers hantverk: En kvalitativ studie om stödsamtal och dess utformning2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine what counselling means to school counselors who work at lower secondary schools and how they use counselling in their practice. The collected data is based on qualitative interviews with six school counselors. The data was analyzed towards a theoretical framework consisting of perspectives of counselling, counselling skills as well as tools and methods which can be used in conversations. The data was also analyzed towards previous research. The result shows that counselling is seen as unclear, a non-treatment method and counselling apprehends as a handicraft. The counselling is flexible and the design can be adapted to the pupils needs and situation. It’s important with a structure in conversations, the alliance with the pupil and the school counselors approach in counselling. The result also shows that motivational interviewing is used and that the school counselors is using an integrated work procedure in counselling.

  • 157.
    Karlsson, Malin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Gustafsson, Katrin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Det räcker inte att laga bron över livsfloden, man måste även lära barnen att simma!: En kvalitativ studie för att få en djupare förståelse om socialarbetare upplever att barn som deltar i Trappan-insatsen får en känsla av sammanhang?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this qualitative study was to get a deeper understanding of social workers experience that children who participate in the Trappan-insatsen get a sense of coherence. To achieve an empirical material social workers who perform Trappan-samtal have been interviewed. The study shows that it is important that children get help and support to talk about the trauma they experienced. The support of the narrative, however, differ depending on the child's age, it is important to have a flexible approach as a Trappan-user. It appears that it is essential that parents give their consent to the children so they can talk about the violence. It also emerges that information to the children is an important part of understanding the process. The study shows that social workers feel that the children participating in the staircase mission get a sense of coherence.

  • 158.
    Karlström, Corina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Pieber, Hanna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Dövhet: Funktionshinder eller identitet?: Om kuratorernas förhållningssätt i stödarbete med döva klienter.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate the support work that counselors perform with deaf patients and the counselors' attitude toward the disability. The method used was semistructured interviews. The results show that support from the counselors is based on a sociocultural perspective - deaf people are regarded as an ethnic group with its own culture and language, but with variations in attitudes of the counselor. The attitude is affected by cultural norms and relates to which perspective the norm can be derived from. The results also show that the sociocultural perspective is overlooked by the medical aspect in contact with other organizations – the consequence is that the counselor's support efforts become secondary. The support of the counselor is also about softening the medical perspective for deaf patients - to provide assistance to self-help in order for the deaf person to manage as far as possible with owned resources.

  • 159. Kempen, GIJM
    et al.
    van Haastright, JCM
    McKee, Kevin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Delbaere, K
    Zijstra, GAR
    Socio-demographic, health-related and psychosocial correlates of fear of falling and avoidance of activity in community-living older persons who avoid activity due to fear of falling.2009In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 9, no 170Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 160.
    Kihlström, Jofen
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Managing the unmanageable: putting the Addiction Severity Index into context2011In: The 2011 Joint Nordic Confenece on Welfare and professionalism in Turbulent Times, Reykjavik, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 161.
    Kihlström, Maria
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Sjöholm, Roberta
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Biståndshandläggares arbete för att minska ensamhet och social isolering hos äldre: En intervjustudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate the care managers’ work to reduce loneliness and social isolation in older people. A qualitative exploratory design was used and the material for the study was collected through semi-structured interviews with six care managers. Through a thematic analysis, four main themes emerged: "what is loneliness and social isolation", "identification and information", "the importance of activities and the social context" and "the care manager and the older person". In summary, the interviewed care managers describe that loneliness and social isolation can be prevented and reduced through governmental interventions, but the most important factor is proximity to family and social networks. Moreover, the care managers describe that they can experience impotency, both in relation to the individual client and in relation to framework and lack of resources within their own operation. The impotency is discussed in relation to Lipsky's theory of street level bureaucrats. Despite the challenges that exist, the care managers agree on the importance and significance of their role in working to meet the individual’s needs.

  • 162.
    Kullberg, Christian
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Genus i samtal och bedömningar inom socialt arbete och andra hjälpande professioner2010In: Councelling : stödsamtal i socialt arbete / [ed] Larsson, Sam; Trygged, Sven, Stockholm: Gothia Förlag , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 163.
    Kullberg, Christian
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Inledning: Genus i socialt arbete2012In: Genus i socialt arbete / [ed] Christian Kullberg, Marcus Herz, Johannes Fäldt, Veronika Wallroth, Mikael Skillmark, Malmö: Liber , 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 164.
    Kullberg, Christian
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Paradigms, theories and methods in research on men´s violence in intimate relationships2013In: New tools in Welfare Research / [ed] Brunnberg, Elinor: Cedersund, Elisabet, Aarhus: Aarhus University Press/NSU Press , 2013Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 165.
    Kullberg, Christian
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Alexanderson, Karin
    Henriksen, Anna
    Oscarsson, Lars
    Petersén, Anna
    Vårdöverenskommelsen: Stimulansmedel till bättre vård och behandling av personer med tungt missbruk2009Report (Other academic)
  • 166.
    Kullberg, Christian
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Brunnberg, Elinor
    Using the vignette method to study the work of welfare professions: examples from social work2013In: New tools in Welfare Research / [ed] Brunnberg, Elinor; Cedersund, Elisabet, Aarhus: Aarhus University Press/NSU Press , 2013, p. 74-86Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 167.
    Kullberg, Christian
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Dag, Munir
    Fernström, Maria
    Discrimination of young women and men with physical disabilities: Enhancing the understanding of how to study "sensitive" or value-laden topics2011In: The 2011 Joint Nordic Conference on Welfare and professionalism in Turbulent Times, Reykjavik, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 168.
    Kullberg, Christian
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Fäldt, Johannes
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Genusskapande processer i det sociala arbetets praktik2012In: Genus i socialt arbete / [ed] Christian Kullberg, Marcus Herz, Johannes Fäldt, Veronika Wallroth, Mikael Skillmark ; Louise Ridell Ehinger och Mia Ljunggren, Malmö: Liber , 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 169.
    Kullberg, Christian
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Herz, Marcus
    Sammanfattning: Genus i socialt arbete2012In: Genus i socialt arbete / [ed] Christian Kullberg, Marcus Herz, Johannes Fäldt, Veronika Wallroth, Mikael Skillmark, Malmö: Liber , 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 170.
    Kullberg, Christian
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Herz, MarcusFäldt, JohannesDalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.Wallroth, VeronicaSkillmark, Mikael
    Genus i socialt arbete2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Boken belyser på ett systematiskt sätt hur genusdimensionen formar socialt arbete. Boken ger perspektiv på genusfrågan utifrån fyra delar av det sociala arbetet: det sociala arbetets problem- och verksamhetsområde, det sociala arbetets organisering, professionaliseringen av socialt arbete,samt det direkta arbetet med brukarna. Författarna diskuterar de utmaningar som det sociala arbetet står inför när det gäller att skapa utrymme för kritisk reflektion kring den egna praktiken och att praktiskt genomföra ett genusmedvetet socialt arbete.Boken kan läsas av både dem som är nybörjare på området och dem som är mer bevandrade i genusteori. Även om boken i första hand vänder sig till verksamma inom socialt arbete är innehållet relevant också för andra professioner som till exempel läkare, psykologer och sjuksköterskor.

  • 171.
    Kullberg, Christian
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Oscarsson, Lars
    Perspectives on Theory and Practice in Masters Education in Evaluation in relation to Social Work2009In: Annual Conference of the American Evaluation Association, Orlando, 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 172.
    Kullberg, Christian
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Skillmark, Mikael
    Herz, Marcus
    Fäldt, Johannes
    Genus och sociala problem2012In: Genus i socialt arbete / [ed] Christian Kullberg, Marcus Herz, Johannes Fäldt, Veronika Wallroth, Mikael Skillmark, Malmö: Liber , 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 173.
    Källberg, Emma
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Widell, Susanne
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Offrets sexualliv och förövarens skötsamhet: Hur offer och förövare konstrueras i våldtäktsdomar vid en svensk tingsrätt under mitten av 1990-talet och 20152017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2015, 5920 cases of sexual abuse were reported in Sweden, there are also hidden statistics of non reported cases. To be sexally asulted is an undermining of the human rights. The purpose of this study declare how victims and perpetrators are depicted in swedish sexual assault convictions from a socialconstuctionistic perspective as well as an intersectional perspective. The purpose is also to research if and if so, how these depictions have changed over time. This study is a qualitative literature analysis covering swedish sexual assault convictions, the method of analysis used was inspired by discourse analysis. The results show how the victim and perpetrator are depicted in different manners, because different aspects are highlighted for victim versus perpetrator. Aspects such as gender, social class and ethnicity are contributors to the process of this depiction. Support has also been found to show changes over time to how the victim are described, this means the depiction fluctuates with the particular context as well as over time.

  • 174.
    Larsen, Isabelle
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Thunell, Liza
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    ”De får det att funka utåt, men kan gå sönder inuti.”: Skolkuratorers arbete med ”duktiga flickor” på gymnasiet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this qualitative study was to examine features of ”good girls” in high school, which methods that is used in treatment with them and to explore the potential risks they may be facing, all from school counselors point of view. Six semistructured interviews were made with high school counselors employed in central Sweden. The results showed that ”good girls” is a group that strives for fulfillment of both their own and others expectations. They possess many strengths and have the ability to achieve much in life, but is also in need of support to get there. They tend to suffer from poor self-esteem, which is the main thing that the school counselors aim to strenghten in this group. The primary risk for ”good girls” is considered to be mental illness, which is a probable consequence of poor self-esteem and the search for confirmation from others to feel worthy.

  • 175.
    Larsson, Sanne
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Lorenz, Annika
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Bemötande av föräldrar inom missbruksbehandling: En kvalitativ intervjustudie angående behandlingspersonalens erfarenheter av stödbehov hos missbrukande föräldrar på institutionshem.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is a lack of knowledge concerning the importance of parenthood for people with substance abuse problems. The purpose of the study was to investigate how treatment workers' treatment of parents with substance abuse problems can be influenced by gender issues. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with six people working at a home for care or housing. The study shows that the parenting role of drug abusers is not taken into account, the clients are being seen primarily as addicts, second as women or men, and are last seen as parents. The results show that treatment staff find that mothers are considered to be more important for the child / children than fathers, which is due to stereotype gender norms. The fact that father's parenthood and relationship with the child / children are not consider as important is something that reflects on what support is requested and what kind of support that is available.

  • 176. Lennartsson, Carin
    et al.
    Agahi, Neda
    Shaw, Ben
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Loneliness, social isolation, and all-cause mortality in older women and men2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 177.
    Lennartsson, Carin
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet & Stockholms universitet.
    Rehnberg, Johan
    Karolinska Institutet & Stockholms universitet.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Social isolation and loneliness as risk factors for all-cause mortality in older women and men2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 178. Lewis, Alan
    et al.
    Torrington, Judith
    Barnes, Sarah
    Darton, Robin
    Holder, Jacquetta
    McKee, Kevin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Netton, Ann
    Orrell, Alison
    EVOLVE: a tool for evaluating the design of older people’s housing2010In: Housing, Care and Support, ISSN 1460-8790, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 36-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    EVOLVE is a tool for evaluating the design of housing for older people. It is used to assess how well a building contributes to the physical support and personal well-being of older people. Developed from research into extra care housing, it can be used for a variety of building types, including sheltered housing and individual private houses. The tool can be used by architects, housing providers, commissioners, researchers and individual tenants or home owners. EVOLVE can be used as a briefing document or an aid to design. It can provide a rational basis to the selection of proposals in a competitive procurement process. The EVOLVE tool can also be used to evaluate existing housing stock, including schemes where remodelling is under consideration.

  • 179.
    Liedgren, Pernilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work. Lunds universitet, Socialhögskolan.
    Att bli, att vara och att ha varit - om ingångar i och utgångar ur Jehovas vittnen i Sverige2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Summary

    To become, to be and to have been: about the  Jehovah’s Witnesses

    The Watchtower Bible and Tract Society, in the following text referred to as the Jehovah’s Witnesses or “the organisation”, is a worldwide Christian organisation with about 6.7 million members. The organisation has many times, without any success so far, proclaimed Armageddon when they expect Jehovah to return to Earth. They interpret the Bible in their own, often very literal way, and require their members to live according to these interpretations. Among the consequences of this, members are forbidden to vote, to do military service or to receive blood transfusions. Apart from attending the three weekly meetings, members are expected to be active in missionary work, known as “publishing”. If a member fails to do a certain number of hours’ publishing, he or she risks being deprived of active membership status

    Sweden in general is considered to be a society where the population is not very religious. The formerly state-governed Lutheran church has lost its influence and the vast majority of ordinary Swedes do not visit church on other occasions than weddings, funerals or christenings. Expressing one’s own religious values has become somewhat of a private matter where publicity is seldom appreciated, which is contrary to the practice of the Jehovah’s Witnesses. This is one of the reasons why the Jehovah’s Witnesses are commonly perceived by average Swedes as a “suspicious” religious organisation.

    The aim and methods of the study

    This dissertation seeks to describe and investigate the entering and leaving of a highly structured and hierarchical religious community, exemplified in this case by the Jehovah’s Witnesses. What are the thoughts and aspirations of someone who is considering becoming a Jehovah’s Witness? What are the priorities and what experiences seem important when a person is going through such a process? And when this person has finally reached his or her goal of becoming a member, is it the same motivation that makes him or her stay in the organisation for longer periods of time, possibly for the rest of their lives, or does it change during the process of entering, or does this motivation change its character during the transition from entering to being a regular member?

    Why do some of the members change their attitude to the Jehovah’s Witnesses from rejoicing to bitterness? And how does this process of exit manifest itself? In what way is it different from the process of entry?

    The respondents in this study were chosen from both active members of the Jehovah’s Witnesses in Sweden and those who have left the organisation for personal reasons. Repeated interviews with ten active members of the organisation have been conducted in the course of the study and compared to equal numbers of former members. The interviews have been semi-structured to deal with questions of how a person has come into contact with the organisation; how they retrospectively experienced the process of entry; the reasons for becoming a member. Questions have also been asked about life in the organisation. The group of “exiters” have also been asked about the experience of leaving, why they wanted to leave, and how this process was started and carried out.

    In addition to this I have analysed a four-year diary describing the time inside and the process of leaving the organisation. This has given me an extra psychological insight into the inner experience of someone who has gone through the whole process.

    The analysis has been done by categorising the content of the transcribed interviews. An attempt to outline a model of an entry and exit process has been made, based on ideas and interpretations presented in the interviews. The analysis of the diary has involved thorough reading, resulting in a division of it into four different parts, where each part has been given a certain key-word, signifying the author’s emotional state when writing it. A great deal of the information about the Jehovah’s Witnesses has been collected through discussion boards on the Internet, informal talks with members and ex-members, interviews with representatives of the organisations during visits to its different offices (Bethels), such as St. Petersburg, Russia, and Brooklyn, New York, USA.

    The context

    Each organisation evolves in its own context with its own norms, roles and stories that would not survive outside it. With this as a starting point, there is a chapter dedicated to the description of the organisation’s history, structure and activities. It has been stated that the organisation’s treatment of its critical members and the strategies for recruiting new members have evolved over the years of its history. At the beginning there was an openness allowing members to be critical. As the structure of the organisation has become more rigid and formalised, the treatment of internal critics has become much less tolerated and exclusion has become a frequent option.

    As a rule many new members have been attracted to the organisation when (1) the day of Armageddon has been pronounced to be approaching; (2) the members of the organisation have been persecuted or threatened with persecution; and (3) the organisation has discovered a “new market”.

    The processes for entering and exiting

    How the entering processes manifest themselves depends on whether the person has been brought up in the organisation or not. A person converting as an adult has to pass six phases before being considered a Jehovah’s Witness by the organisation. These are:

     Contact with the Jehovah’s Witnesses,

    • Studying the bible with members of the organisation,
    • Questioning,
    • Accepting,
    • Being active as publisher (spreading the belief),
    • Being baptised.

     For a person brought up in the organisation, the process to full membership is much shorter:

     

    • Upbringing in the organisation,
    • Taking a stand on the belief,
    • Being baptised.

    The exit process contains of seven phases:

     

    • Different levels of doubts,
    • Testing of doubts,
    • Turning points,
    • Different kinds of decisions,
    • Different steps in executing the decisions,
    • Floating, a period of emotional and cognitive consideration of membership and its experiences,
    • Realtive neutrality.

     

    The process in and the process out are both slow and are accompanied with anguish and doubts. When a person is going through the process in or out of the organisation he or she experiences criticism. This is when people around the adept question the decision to continue in the process. The result of the criticism depends on where in the process the person is. If he or she is at the beginning of the process, the criticism will probably make the person insecure and the process will slow down or stop. If the criticism is pronounced in a later phase, the process will probably speed up.

    The norms of the organisation affect the behaviour of the members. There are techniques for inclusion that both bind members to the organisation and shield them off from the surrounding society. Examples of techniques for inclusion are the “work situation” and “closed doors”. The work situation signifies that members who do as the organisation recommends – doing simple work – often end up in the same branch of industry as many other Jehovah’s Witnesses. This often means that the person has other witnesses as workmates. If the person is unemployed or moves to another town it is easy to find a new job through connections in the organisation.

    Doubts and exclusions can lead to problems since they entail a risk of losing one’s job. This can also result in problems getting a new job. Jehovah’s Witnesses are not supposed to talk to excluded members, which of course mean difficulties working together. “Closed doors” means that members who do as the organisation recommends – not pursuing higher education, not engaging in civil society, working with a manual or in other way simple job, putting much time into the organisation – will, after a long life in the organisation, have problems starting a new life outside the Jehovah’s Witnesses.

    The language used in the organisation shows the community among the members, thus the language is one of the most important symbols. A special way of thinking is created through the language. It binds members to the organisation and sometimes it can work as a way to get back into the normative world of the organisation.

    Randall Collins’s (1990, 2004) thoughts about “emotional energy” have enabled an understanding of the solidarity and unity in the organisation. This also gives an understanding of the way the members treat doubting and critical members. The members who want to exit have to open up the binding/screening off. A possible way to do that is through language, to become aware of the effect the language might have. Another way is to search for emotional energy in another situation.

    During the exit process, shame might be of some importance. When members become aware of the shame they feel, because they perceive they are “acting a belief”, the exit process might accelerate.

  • 180.
    Liedgren, Pernilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Att lämna en värld: Om utgångsprocesser ur Jehovas vittnen2009In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, no 3-4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    It is an everyday experience to realize that things do not turn out the as expected. But what if you realize that everything you have so far experienced as reality is illusion? This article is about former members of the Jehovah’s Witnesses who have had doubts about what they previously believed to be the Truth. The article also treats the exit process, from being a Jehovah’s Witness to becoming an ex-Jehovah’s Witness. The data consists of twenty qualitative interviews with ten Jehovah’s Witnesses and twenty qualitative interviews with ten former Jehovah’s Witnesses. The data also include a diary written during four years preceding an exit from the organization. The analysis was made through thematic concentration. Ontologically the analysis and the article are based on a constructionist view though it is mainly empirical with no further theoretical assessment. However, to be able to understand the results a contextual frame is sketched with two factors affecting members who make an exit. First there are tying factors that bind the person closer to the organization; these are closeness and friendship and confirmation. A secluding factor is something that secludes the member from the outside society; these factors are the work situation and »closed doors«. With high values on these factors the exit process will be more arduous. The results are presented through a process model in which different phases or steps in the exit process are described. The following steps in the process are: (1) different levels of doubts; (2) trying out doubts; (3) turning points; (4) different decisions; (5) different steps in execution; (6) floating; (7) relative neutrality. The process is defined as an altogether ambivalent and emotionally tough experience, but other parts of life may be affected as well, such as employment, social life, family life and career.

  • 181.
    Liedgren, Pernilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work. Lunds universitet.
    Entrees and exits, their mechanisms and processes in the Jehovah's Witnesses, a study in the Swedish contex'2006In: Leaving religion, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 182.
    Liedgren, Pernilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Exporting teaching styles2012In: Social work education, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Universities in the Global North teach social work in the Global South from time to time. This paper aims to describe and discuss such projects from a pedagogical aspect, with a focus on teaching styles. Nine interviews were conducted with Swedish teachers who had experience of teaching in Iraqi Kurdistan. The paper sketches their strategies they developed during their period of teaching social work abroad.The teachers had different ways of handling the teaching situation and the styles were divided into three major types. These styles are referred to hereas Co-traveller, Therapeutic and Socratic.

  • 183.
    Liedgren, Pernilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Förord2012In: Människors beteende : perspektiv inom socialt arbete / [ed] Parrish, Margarete; Nilsson, Björn, Stockholm: Liber, 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 184.
    Liedgren, Pernilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work. Ersta Sköndal Högskola.
    Interaktiv studiehandbok och mer material2010In: Förstå socialt arbete: Bengt Börjeson, Liber , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vad är socialt arbete? Ja, den här boken ska göra det lite svårare för dig att ge ett svar på den frågan! Åtminstone ett enkelt svar. För socialt arbete är så mycket och så varierande. Att vara socialarbetare är att ha en arbetsuppgift och ett ansvar som kan vara livsavgörande för den människa man samarbetar med. Just därför är det sociala arbetet ett så fascinerande professionsfält! Med boken följer eLabbet, som är ett webbaserat studiestöd. eLabbet för Förstå socialt arbete innehåller ca 115 instuderingsfrågor och ca 10 relevanta praktikfall. Här kan man träna på viktiga ord, begrepp och fakta och få omedelbar feedback. Här kan man också tillämpa sina kunskaper på verklighetsorienterade praktikfall. eLabbet innehåller dessutom interaktiva kunskapstester med slumpade testfrågor där man kan repetera sina kunskaper samt få läs- och länktips.  Aktiveringskod följer med boken. För mer information om eLabbet samt inloggning, gå till www.liber.se/elabbet.Läs mer Det sociala arbetet lämnar inte den professionella aktören, socialarbetaren oberörd. Vi förändras och utvecklas med arbetet, och vi genomgår professionella kriser. Att vara socialarbetare innebär en utmaning och det vi sätter på spel är den egna personen och den egna självuppfattningen. Det sociala arbetet spänner över stora kunskapsområden och en mängd arbetsuppgifter, som kan vara av mycket olika karaktär. Vi befinner oss i ett spänningsfält mellan de stora sociala perspektiven på samhället och det psykologiska djupseendet beträffande den enskilda människan. Förstå socialt arbete är en grundbok om socialt arbete, som det finns skäl att återvända till under hela utbildningstiden. Den teoretiska grundtonen gör boken intressant även för praktiskt verksamma socialarbetare. Om författarna Bengt Börjeson är professor i socialt arbete vid Ersta Sköndal högskola. Under sin mångåriga karriär har han även varit professor i socialt arbete vid universiteten i Umeå och Stockholm, samt rektor för Lärarhögskolan i Stockholm. Han har också under många år arbetat vid och varit chef för Barnbyn Skå. eLabbet är utvecklat av Pernilla Liedgren Dobronravoff, lektor i socialt arbete vid Ersta Sköndal högskola.

  • 185.
    Liedgren, Pernilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Minorities with different values at school: the case of Jehovah's Witnesses2018In: British Journal of Religious Education, ISSN 0141-6200, E-ISSN 1740-7931, Vol. 40, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Teachers in Swedish schools are to balance the values implemented by the law and at the same time try to respect the freedom of religion for the pupils. Aim of the study was to empirically investigate how teachers deal with pupils being Jehovah's Witnesses, a minority religion. Interviews with 11 informants who was members of Jehovah's Witnesses during the time in school (age 13 - 16) was conducted as well as interviews with two teachers as well as one school-psychologist and one school-counsellor. The study found that teachers often are lost in situation with children belonging to minority religion. Implications for practice are given.

  • 186.
    Liedgren, Pernilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Social work education as an export product: Example from Iraqi Kurdistan2010In: 12th UK Joint Social Work Education Conference with the 4th UK Social Work Research Conference: Shaping the future of social work, 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 187.
    Liedgren, Pernilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Strategies among young Jehovah's Witnesses in secondary school in Sweden2013In: Religion in Scandinavia, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is among the most secular countries in the world and Jehovah’s Witness is a fundamentalist Christian organization with an ambition to present its interpretation of the Bible as truth. Emerging adults in Jehovah’s Witness are expected to behave and believe according to rules and a view of life which distinguish them from the values and teachings of the Swedish school.  The aim of the paper is to present strategies and reflections among Jehovah’s Witnesses in Swedish secondary school to meet the expectations of the religious community, when these are in conflict with the values and teachings of the school. Interviews with eleven former Jehovah’s Witnesses, now adults, have been conducted in the tradition of grounded theory. Strategies found where; 1) to stand up for their belief; 2) double standard and 3) flight. The reflections concern what it is to be an authentic person and the social context.

  • 188.
    Liedgren, Pernilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Transfer of teaching styles: Teaching social work in Iraqi Kurdistan as a swede2015In: International Social Work, ISSN 0020-8728, E-ISSN 1461-7234, Vol. 58, no 1, p. 175-185Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Universities in the Global North teach social work in the Global South from time to time. This article aims to describe and discuss such projects from a pedagogical aspect, with a focus on teaching styles. Nine interviews were conducted with Swedish teachers who had experience of teaching in Iraqi Kurdistan. The article sketches their strategies they developed during their period of teaching social work abroad. The teachers had different ways of handling the teaching situation and the styles were divided into three major types. These styles are referred to here as Co-traveller, Therapeutic and Socratic.

  • 189.
    Liedgren, Pernilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work. Ersta Sköndal Högskola.
    Why the Jehovah's Witnesses are still growing2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 190.
    Liedgren, Pernilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Översyn magisterprogram i socialt arbete med inriktning evidensbaserat arbete med barn och unga2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport har som syfte att göra en översyn av magisterprogramet i evidensbaserat socialt arbetes första år. Intervjuer har genomförts med studenter, lärare samt representanter för arbetslivet (kommuner). I rapporten presenteras följande förlag; 1) Att avsluta fri-fart, fri-start upplägget och istället införa fast fart (25% alt. 50%)  takt för studierna. Kurserna kan fortfarande bestå av inspelade föreläsningar och ha en stor flexibilitet, inom terminsgränserna. 2) Att begränsa examinationerna till fem. 3) Att ha kvar distans/nätundervisningen och att uppmuntra kursansvariga att lägga in diskussionstrådar, chat, connectmöten och bjuda in studenter som bor nära studieorten att närvara vid streamade föreläsningar. 4) Att ge möjligheter till ett program. Att erbjuda magisterkurserna som fristående kurser som sedan vägs samman i en magisterexamen. 5) Att inrätta ett programråd där återkommande diskussioner förs kring socialarbetarnas utbildning, policyns implementering och vidarutveckling.

  • 191.
    Liedgren, Pernilla
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Andersson, Lars
    Ersta Sköndal högskola/ Ersta Sköndal University College.
    Strategies among young Jehovah’s Witnesses in compulsory school in Sweden, age 13-15, a case-study2013In: International Journal for the Study of New Religions, ISSN 2041-9511, E-ISSN 2041-952X, Vol. 4, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated how young teenagers, as members of a strong religious organization, dealt with the school situation and the encounter with mainstream culture taking place at school during the final years in Swedish primary school (age 13-15 years). The purpose was to explore possible strategies that members of a minority group, in this case the Jehovah’s Witnesses, developed in order to deal with a value system differing from that of the group. We interviewed eleven former members of the Jehovah’s Witnesses about their final years in compulsory Swedish communal school. The ages of the interviewees ranged between 24 and 46 years, and the interviewed group comprised six men and five women. Nine of the eleven interviewees had grown up in the countryside or in villages. All but two were ethnic Swedes. The time that had passed since leaving the movement ranged from quite recently to 20 years. The results revealed three strategies; Standing up for Your Beliefs, Escaping, and Living in Two Worlds. The first two strategies are based on a One-World View, and the third strategy, Living in Two Worlds, implies a Two-World View, accepting to a certain extent both the Jehovah’s Witnesses outlook as well as that of ordinary society. The strategy Standing up for Your Beliefs can be described as straightforward, outspoken, and bold; the youngsters did not show any doubts about their belief. The second subgroup showed an unshakeable faith, but suffered psychological stress since their intentions to live according to their belief led to insecurity in terms of how to behave, and also left them quite isolated. These people reported more absence from school. The youngsters using the strategy Living in Two Worlds appeared to possess the ability to sympathize with both world views, and were more adaptable in different situations.

  • 192.
    Liedgren, Pernilla
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Andersson, Lars
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Ersta Sköndal university college.
    Strategies among young Jehovah's Witnesses in primary school, age 13 - 152012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 193.
    Liedgren, Pernilla
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Andersson, Lars
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Ersta Sköndal university college.
    Strategies among young Jehovah's Witnesses in secondary school in Sweden2012In: Religion and Young to Middle Aged Adults, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is among the most secular countries in the world and Jehovah’s Witness is a fundamentalist Christian organization with an ambition to present its interpretation of the Bible as truth. Emerging adults in Jehovah’s Witness are expected to behave and believe according to rules and a view of life which distinguish them from the values and teachings of the Swedish school.  The aim of the paper is to present strategies and reflections among Jehovah’s Witnesses in Swedish secondary school to meet the expectations of the religious community, when these are in conflict with the values and teachings of the school. Interviews with eleven former Jehovah’s Witnesses, now adults, have been conducted in the tradition of grounded theory. Strategies found where; 1) to stand up for their belief; 2) double standard and 3) flight. The reflections concern what it is to be an authentic person and the social context.

  • 194.
    Liedgren, Pernilla
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Elvhage, Gudrun
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Expectations, attitudes and motives among future social workers in Sweden: students in social work2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The intended aim of this paperis to discuss motivation and personal traits among social work students andimplication to international social work. An enquiry was made to investigatethe motivation, values and expectation among first year social work students atfour universities in Sweden. There is previous evidence that education havedifficulties forming students values, and the effect follows that it isbecoming vital to attract and accept the best students for the profession. Oneof the investigated universities did have a different form of admission systemsince half of their students were accepted after a test and an interview. Thepresentation aims to present results from the survey as well as discuss how theresults of the Swedish social work students differed in between theuniversities and from international research of social work students.

  • 195.
    Liedgren, Pernilla
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Elvhage, Gudrun
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Knowledge support in communities for social workers in Sweden2012In: Empowerment in social work, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 196.
    Liedgren, Pernilla
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Elvhage, Gudrun
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Motiv, förutsättningar och värderingar hos socionomstudenter2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I nordiska sammanhang är det lite känt om socialarbetares attityder till arbetsvillkor och pågående sociala och politiska trender. Socialarbetare som yrkesgrupp kan betraktas som aktörer som praktiskt ska tolka och genomföra socialpolitik. Resultatet från en omfattande nordisk studie visade att socialarbetarnas attityder varierade inom olika specialiseringar inom kommunal socialtjänst. De socialarbetare som arbetade med ekonomisk hantering var mer missnöjda med sin arbetssituation och mer positiva till sanktioner och restriktioner mot klienter jämfört med kollegor inom andra verksamhetsområden. De är mer benägna att förklara fattigdom med hänvisning till enskilda brister. Vidare visar forskning att socialarbetare inte ser den nordiska modellen som att den underlättar för utsatta människor mer än andra välfärdssystem. Många socialarbetare menar att socialt arbete präglas av ekonomiska omständigheter och en byråkratisk administration. I vår studie diskuterar vi socionomstudenternas motiv och värderingar och jämför med vad uppdragsgivare eftertraktar av professionen. Är det, som några forskare pekar på, att uppdragsgivare, främst kommuner efterfrågar socionomer med framförallt kunskaper i juridik och som kan hantera byråkrati och inte det som vi ser i vår studie socionomstuderande med altruistiska motiv. I den meningen kan diskrepansen mellan ett rationellt kommunalt perspektiv och studenternas altruistiska motiv få konsekvenser.

    Ett frågeformulär utvecklades för studenterna och lämnades till dem i början av deras socionomutbildning. Studien genomfördes på fyra olika universitet och högskolor i Sverige och sammanlagt svarade 250 studenter på enkäten. Frågeformuläret som innehöll både fasta och öppna svarsalternativ har bearbetats med hjälp av statistikprogrammet SPSS och de öppna svaren har kategoriserats.

    Resultatet från den kvantitativa undersökningen av studenter på fyra olika socionomutbildningar i Sverige visar att studenters motivation och värderingar är relativt homogena mellan de fyra utbildningsorterna. Det skiljer sig åt när de gäller de mindre högskolorna när det gäller motiv. Ungefär en tredjedel av studenterna anger idealistiska motiv för sitt yrkesval. Lika många en tredjedel av studenterna uppvisar individualistiska motiv och värderingar medan en del av studenterna varken är idealistiska eller individualistiska utan anger att socionomyrkesvalet är ett yrkesval för att få ett arbete. När studenterna anger vilken professionell roll som de helst vill tillskriva sig som socionom anger de i första hand empatisk, kompetent och att bli en god lyssnare.

    I vår presentation diskuterar vi elevernas värderingar och förväntningar i förhållande till sin framtida professionella identitet som socionom samt deras personliga motiv för att välja utbildningen till socionom. Vi presenterar också hur resultatet av de svenska studenternas motiv skiljer sig från internationell forskning men diskuterar också hur socionomstudenter skiljer sig åt i ett nationellt perspektiv.

  • 197.
    Liedgren, Pernilla
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Elvhage, Gudrun
    Ehrenberg, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Kullberg, Christian
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    The use of decision support systems in social work: a scoping study literature review2016In: Journal of Evidence-Informed Social Work, ISSN 2376-1407, E-ISSN 2376-1415, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 1-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Decision support systems are known to be helpful for professionals in many medical professions. In social work, decision support systems have had modest use, accompanied by strong criticism from the profession but often by praise from political management. In this study the aim of the authors was to collect and report on the published evidence on decision support systems in social work. The conclusion of the authors is that a decision support system gives support to social workers in conducting a thorough investigation, but at the same time gives them the freedom to make autonomous decisions that might be the most helpful for and used by social workers. Their results also indicate that decision support systems focusing on atypical rather than typical cases are perceived as the most useful among experienced staff.

  • 198.
    Liedgren, Pernilla
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Kullberg, Christian
    Evidensbaserad praktik i svenskt socialt arbete: En forskningsöversikt och ett förslag till fortsatt forskning2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport presenterar en översikt av forskning om evidensbaserad praktik (EBP) i svenskt socialt arbete inom den kommunala socialtjänsten och andra verksamheter inom den svenska socialvården. Syftet är att beskriva forskningsläget om EBP i socialt arbete samt ge förslag till fortsatt forskning på området. I rapporten redovisas forskning om stöd, attityder och förhållningssätt till det evidensbaserade arbetet med fokus på organisation, chefer och första linjens socialarbetare. Resultaten visar att genomförandet av EBP i socialt arbete till stora delar styrts centralt av Socialstyrelsen. Den EBP-version som på detta sätt prioriterats och spridits skulle kunna kallas en guideline-modell. Forskning visar också att svenska socialarbetares anpassning till ett EBP-koncept enligt guideline-modell är relativt svagt. Trots det är socialarbetare liksom sina chefer överlag allmänt positiva till EBP, men det finns också en relativt stark oro för att den version av EBP som sprids av Socialstyrelsen är för rigorös för att passa praktiskt socialt arbete. Mot bakgrund av det fokus som forskningen haft och de kunskapsluckor som finns om socialarbetares förhållande till en reflekterande praktiker-modell avslutas rapporten med att ge ett förslag på framtida möjliga forskningsfrågor utifrån detta perspektiv.

  • 199.
    Lindhagen, Camilla
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Rönningen, Sandra
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Det som inte syns, finns inte: En kvalitativ studie om kunskap, heteronormativitet och diskriminering av HBT-personer på äldreboenden2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet var att studera vilka kunskaper enhetschefer och personal inom äldreomsorgen har om äldre personer med en annan sexuell läggning än den rådande heteronormativa. Syftet var även att förstå hur heteronormativitet ser ut inom äldreomsorgen samt att undersöka om diskriminering sker. I studien har en kvalitativ metod i form av fallstudie använts. Intervjuer med sex enhetschefer på äldreboenden har genomförts. Som teoretisk tolkningsram har heteronormativitet samt diskriminering använts. I studien framkommer att ett heteronormativt synsätt gentemot äldre heterosexuella, bisexuella och transpersoner (HBT-personer) finns samt att strukturell diskriminering råder. Enhetscheferna i studien har inte några specifika kunskaper om HBT-personer, deras livsstil, levnadsvillkor eller eventuell problem. Intervjupersonernas kunskap baseras på egna erfarenheter av HBT-personer i den privata sfären. Vidare framkommer att enhetscheferna anser att samhället är öppet för personer med en annan sexuell läggning än den rådande heteronormativa och av den anledningen behövs ingen vidare kunskap. I och med den öppna attityden i samhället menar enhetscheferna också att deras personal gör ett bra arbete med alla personer som bor på äldreboendena.

  • 200.
    Lindqvist, Malin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Strandberg, Linda
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Behandlingspersonalens perspektiv på bemötande: "Tron på individen"2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The treatment of clients within abuse and addiction care is extremely important for clients to want to receive support from those who perform care, and the meeting between councellor/therapist and client can be a first step in the right direction for the client. The purpose of this study was to examine how the staff treats adult clients with substance abuse or addiction. To answer the study's purpose and issues conducted the study with a qualitative approach. Materials Collection has been done through seven semi-structured interviews, and then analyzed by qualitative content analysis. Theoretical study of interpretation based on Goffman´s dramaturgical perspective.

    The results of the study show that the hospitality of substance abuse and addiction services should be characterized by knowledge-based and respectful attitude and signal the human warmth, and it should be based on an individualized treatment with the belief in the individual's own abilities. The result also showed the aggravating factors in the plea, namely the client's illness, denial, resistance, and the asymmetrical power relationship.

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