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  • 151.
    Grönoset, Petra
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Hampgård, Emma
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    ”Hör jag inget så förväntar jag mig att allt är som det ska”: en studie om distansledarskapets utmaningar gällande att säkerställa den psykosociala arbetsmiljön: En kvalitativ studie hos Trafikverket2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to deepen the understanding of the challenges of distance leadership in preventing and managing psychosocial illness at the Swedish Transport Administration. In order to achieve the purpose, a qualitative choice of method with semistructured interviews has been used as a data collection method where interviews have been conducted with both managers and employees. The study contributes to highlighting important factors that can be crucial for managers in order to detect and manage psychosocial illness. The result shows that relationships, communication and a high frequency of interaction are crucial for the manager's preventive work regarding the psychosocial work environment. The result also shows that physical presence is not necessary for whether the manager is perceived as present, instead, it becomes important that the managers are psychosocially present in their interactions.

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  • 152.
    Gummesson, Karl
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Effective measures to decrease air contaminants through risk and control visualization: a study of the effective use of QR codes to facilitate safety training2016In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 82, p. 120-128Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Woodworking industries still consists of wood dust problems. Young workers are especially vulnerable to safety risks. To reduce risks, it is important to change attitudes and increase knowledge about safety. Safety training have shown to establish positive attitudes towards safety among employees. The aim of current study is to analyze the effect of QR codes that link to Picture Mix EXposure (PIMEX) videos by analyzing attitudes to this safety training method and safety in student responses. Safety training videos were used in upper secondary school handicraft programs to demonstrate wood dust risks and methods to decrease exposure to wood dust. A preliminary study was conducted to investigate improvement of safety training in two schools in preparation for the main study that investigated a safety training method in three schools. In the preliminary study the PIMEX method was first used in which students were filmed while wood dust exposure was measured and subsequently displayed on a computer screen in real time. Before and after the filming, teachers, students, and researchers together analyzed wood dust risks and effective measures to reduce exposure to them. For the main study, QR codes linked to PIMEX videos were attached at wood processing machines. Subsequent interviews showed that this safety training method enables students in an early stage of their life to learn about risks and safety measures to control wood dust exposure. The new combination of methods can create awareness, change attitudes and motivation among students to work more frequently to reduce wood dust. 

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  • 153.
    Gummesson, Karl
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Short-term variation in occupational exposure to air contaminants2015In: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, ISSN 1545-9624, E-ISSN 1545-9632, Vol. 12, no 5, p. 294-301Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many industrial workers are exposed to air contaminants. A significant proportion of this exposure is found to occur as short peaks, a fact that has received limited attention in the literature. The present study focuses on short-term variation in air contaminant exposure measured at the level of seconds, linking exposure peaks to typical work situations in selected Swedish industries. The video exposure monitoring method was used to characterize this variation. Ten different videos were analyzed, from recordings varying in length between 15 and 34 minutes. Cumulative exposure for sampling intervals ranked from high to low, relative to the total exposure was calculated as a function of time. Measures of exposure variation included geometric standard deviation and maximum exposure divided by arithmetic mean. The results show that the characteristics of the variation differ between industrial situations. Samples from the stone, wood, and pharmaceutical industries generated the highest variation, implying that exposure peaks of short duration explain a large proportion of the total exposure. It can be concluded that video monitoring of exposure, combined with calculation of exposure variation as percentage of time accounting for given percentages of exposure, can help to reduce exposure to air contaminants in industrial situations by introducing more targeted control measures.

  • 154.
    Gummesson, Karl
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Safety training to reduce wood dust: a work method2015In: Proceedings of USE2015, 2015, p. 285-292Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Air contaminants remain a problem in SMEs (Karlsson et al., 2006). Research has shown that short-term exposure to air contaminants can cause health risks, and short-term exposure has received low attention compared to long-term measured mean values of different air contaminants. Yet peak exposures often explain a large part of the mean exposure. The aim of this paper is to develop a work method that can be used to control wood dust and improve the work environment of SMEs. The work method was developed by earlier research in the field of safety training and occupational health, but also through interviews with regional safety representatives in wood industries. The work method illustrates several steps, such as risk and control identification of short term exposure, safety training (creation and implementation), and evaluation of safety training, collaboration in safety training, adaptation and implementation of safety training. The work method can be used by safety representatives to control wood dust primarily through safety training, but also to create conditions for further studies on risks and safety in SMEs.

  • 155.
    Gustafsson, Amanda
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Lindholm, Emilia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    "Flexibelt arbete är bra men…": En kvalitativ studie om flexibelt arbete och gränsdragningsstrategier utifrån ett chefsperspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how managers experience flexible work and how they use work balance strategies to be able to handle the balance between work and private life. The study is based on questions regarding how managers experience flexible work, how high demand-low control and balance affects managers health, how the relationship between work and private life looks like and what work balance strategies that are being used. The study shows that the managers have positive experiences with flexible work but that there are difficulties with how the flexibility should be handled. Furthermore, the results of the study show that the managers would like to have a certain balance between work and private time which they get with set limits. However, some managers lack these limits. The results also show that the managers require support from their managers, employers and work environment and that they appreciate a supporting and open work environment where they are allowed to discuss their work situation and how they handle flexible work.

    A qualitative method was chosen for the study which was done as a semistructured interviews with six managers who were chosen because of their flexible work. The answers from the interviews were analysed and compared with relevant theories and earlier studies in the subject.

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  • 156.
    Gustafsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Norling, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    HR-funktionens förändrade roll: En studie om linjechefers uppfattning av HR-funktionen i Falu och Avesta kommun2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Traditionally, HR work has not been considered sufficiently effective and value creating because of its main focus on administrative tasks. For HR work to become more strategic the function has to organize in a way that meet the new needs (Boglind et al, 2013). We believe that the success of the HR function depends on their relationships to leaders and line managers. The purpose of this essay is to examine how line managers perceive the changing role of the HR function and what kind of support they expect from them. We also want to investigate whether the perception of the HR function is related to how it’s organized. The survey is based on a multiple case study conducted in Falu and Avesta municipality. A total of thirteen in-depth interviews were conducted where five respondents represented the HR departments and eight respondents represented the line managers. Falun municipality began implementing an HR transformation at the turn of 2013/2014. Avesta municipality has an HR function divided into two teams and hasn’t performed an HR transformation.

    Our empirical data reveals that line managers in both municipalities have a rather vague idea of the HR function and its organization. Despite structural differences between the municipalities line managers in both organizations demand something more. All respondents in Avesta municipality agree to a lack of consensus regarding the duties of the HR function, due to an absence of a distinct strategy. The line managers of Avesta requests a more fundamental and strategic HR management. Empirical data from Falun municipality reveals that line managers and HR respondents disagree on whether there is a consensus regarding the tasks of the HR function. Although several line managers in Falun mentions that the HR function have improved from the transformation, they still prefer close relations to a specific HR person over contacting the HR call center.

    Although the studied HR functions differ in size and structure, we observe many similarities. We therefore conclude that the difficulties described by line managers isn’t related to the structure of the HR function, but instead relates to an imbalance in the immanent duality of the HR work that emerge from a more strategic focus. We believe that the HR function in both municipalities should have a consistent and continuous dialogue with line managers to maximize the exchange of value. In conclusion we suggest that the municipalities should focus on identifying the aspects of HR work that is most valuable and unique to their organization and build their strategies from these.

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  • 157.
    Guðmundsdóttir, Sunna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Kammerland, Emeli
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Assessing Staff Turnover: A View from Hotel Workers in Reykjavík: Causes and Impacts2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Staff turnover is an endemic issue in the hospitality industry, worldwide. Voluntary staff

    turnover has been the focus of many studies in the past decades and many researchers have

    constantly intended to connect a number of variables to it. This study deals with a human

    perspective of staff turnover and the aim was to add to the understanding of staff turnover

    within the hospitality industry. This was achieved by conducting in-depth interviews with

    hotel workers in three and four-star hotels in Reykjavík, Iceland. The causes and impacts of

    the turnover was examined with qualitative method. Investigation of the factors influencing

    employees’ intention to leave their current organization and the impact staff turnover causes

    to the remaining staff was carried out. The results revealed that professional advancement is a

    critical predictor for the employees to leave, along with factors such as work content,

    personal reasons, organizational factors and the nature of the tourism industry. Furthermore,

    the impact staff turnover causes on the staff are factors such as social connections, increased

    responsibilities and time and energy consumption.

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  • 158.
    Güclü, Arda
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Alexandersson, Oscar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Världens bästa arbete: Attraktivt arbete enligt generation Z2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Generation Z, is the next working generation that’s about to enter the labor market. What do they expect from today's corporations and business? What do they see as an attractive workplace and what motivates them? What do companies need to do to attract and keep them? These are some interesting questions we wanted to analyze and examine. To answer these questions, we carried out seven semi-structured interviews with students from the Stockholm School of Economics. We wanted to ask students from Generation Z to examine people with many options when it comes to choosing a work.

    In conclusion we could see that our participants want a workplace where the organization worked with social and environmental questions. The company needs to have good morals and values for the participants to be willing to work there. This was seen as a demand from our students from the study. Other things they evaluated was relations with colleagues and bosses. The salary needed to be equal to the effort put into the work. The workers don’t want to be underpaid. The work also need to be meaningful and interesting, where the students feel valuable for the company or that they contribute to the welfare of society or the world as a whole.

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  • 159.
    Hagarová, Dominika
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    The relationships between tourism stakeholders within the destination: A case study of the rural destination Zuberec, Slovakia2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In order to increase the development of tourism destination and provide successful marketing and management, destination management organizations are generally accepted as the leaders. Although their role in tourism destinations is significant, the created cooperation is not always successful. Seeing that a lot of different actors are involved in tourism destinations, in order to create a cooperation between them it is first necessary to understand their expectations and relations. Majority of previous researches focus on formal interactions between stakeholders whereas less is written about their connections to interpersonal relations that can have an important role in the cooperation creation.

    For the purpose of better understand the role of relations between stakeholders in a destination, this research investigates approaches of stakeholders from rural destination Zuberec located in Slovakia. It explores why the created cooperation was not effective from the stakeholders point of view as there was a low involvement of local stakeholders. First of all the key stakeholders in the destination were identified and thereafter six in depth interviews were conducted. The research investigated that the destination faces several problems that constrain from cooperation and that the interpersonal relationships between tourism actors also play a significant role. The research also showed that cooperation is desired by several stakeholders and its lack has an influence on the destination's development. Identification of weaknesses and strengths of relationships between stakeholders throughout the research could be a useful tool for the strategy creation in future planning and development of destination.

  • 160.
    Hahnelind, Sofia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Larsson, Frida
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Anställningsintervjun som urvalsmetod: Hur bedöms arbetssökande?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 161.
    Han, Mengjie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Microdata Analysis.
    Heuristic optimization of the p-median problem and population re-distribution2013Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis contributes to the heuristic optimization of the p-median problem and Swedish population redistribution.  

    The p-median model is the most representative model in the location analysis. When facilities are located to a population geographically distributed in Q demand points, the p-median model systematically considers all the demand points such that each demand point will have an effect on the decision of the location. However, a series of questions arise. How do we measure the distances? Does the number of facilities to be located have a strong impact on the result? What scale of the network is suitable? How good is our solution? We have scrutinized a lot of issues like those. The reason why we are interested in those questions is that there are a lot of uncertainties in the solutions. We cannot guarantee our solution is good enough for making decisions. The technique of heuristic optimization is formulated in the thesis.  

    Swedish population redistribution is examined by a spatio-temporal covariance model. A descriptive analysis is not always enough to describe the moving effects from the neighbouring population. A correlation or a covariance analysis is more explicit to show the tendencies. Similarly, the optimization technique of the parameter estimation is required and is executed in the frame of statistical modeling. 

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  • 162.
    Han, Mengjie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    Håkansson, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Rebreyend, Pascal
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Computer Engineering.
    How does data quality in a network affect heuristic solutions?2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    To have good data quality with high complexity is often seen to be important. Intuition says that the higher accuracy and complexity the data have the better the analytic solutions becomes if it is possible to handle the increasing computing time. However, for most of the practical computational problems, high complexity data means that computational times become too long or that heuristics used to solve the problem have difficulties to reach good solutions. This is even further stressed when the size of the combinatorial problem increases. Consequently, we often need a simplified data to deal with complex combinatorial problems. In this study we stress the question of how the complexity and accuracy in a network affect the quality of the heuristic solutions for different sizes of the combinatorial problem. We evaluate this question by applying the commonly used

    p-median model, which is used to find optimal locations in a network of p supply points that serve n demand points. To evaluate this, we vary both the accuracy (the number of nodes) of the network and the size of the combinatorial problem (p).

    The investigation is conducted by the means of a case study in a region in Sweden with an asymmetrically distributed population (15,000 weighted demand points), Dalecarlia. To locate 5 to 50 supply points we use the national transport administrations official road network (NVDB). The road network consists of 1.5 million nodes. To find the optimal location we start with 500 candidate nodes in the network and increase the number of candidate nodes in steps up to 67,000 (which is aggregated from the 1.5 million nodes). To find the optimal solution we use a simulated annealing algorithm with adaptive tuning of the temperature. The results show that there is a limited

    improvement in the optimal solutions when the accuracy in the road network increase and the combinatorial problem (low

    p) is simple. When the combinatorial problem is complex (large p) the improvements of increasing the accuracy in the road network are much larger. The results also show that choice of the best accuracy of the network depends on the complexity of the combinatorial (varying p) problem.

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    How does data quality in a network affect heuristic solutions?
  • 163.
    Hannu, Emma
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Stålberg, Denise
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Personlighetsbedömning i samband med rekrytering: En studie om bemanningsbranschens personlighetsbedömning vid en rekrytering2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It's been long known that employees are of existential importance to an

    organization's survival. Thus, recruitment is one of the most important functions

    within HR to attract the right competence to the organization, as a failed

    recruitment usually leads to wasted time and expensive recruitment processes.

    Something that has come to play a growing role in the selection and evaluation of

    new employees is a candidate's personality. Research shows that personality traits

    play a big role when it comes to future job performance, and ability to make the

    right judgements of people are therefore essential. Theories about the perception of

    personality, competence, competency-based recruitment and selection, assessment

    methods and personality assessment are reviewed and used to analyze the results

    of this study.

    The aim of this qualitative study was to increase understanding of how recruiters

    assess a candidate's personality in a recruitment process within temporary work

    agencies. Temporary work agencies are companies which constantly works with

    recruitment and hiring of personnel, which is why a proactive work with staffing is

    needed to create a competitive advantage in the market. Prior to this case study

    three of the largest swedish temporary work agencies were contacted of whom two

    recruiters on each company participated in semi-structured interviews.

    Personality was generally considered as something important which all recruiters

    added great significance during the whole process, from the design of the

    requirements specification to the final assessment. Both tests, interview and

    references were a part of the personality assessment. The importance of always

    making an overall assessment of the candidate was emphasized and therefore

    difficult to weigh for example formal competences versus personal characteristics.

    The result shows that the temporary work agencies work with personality

    assessment when recruiting are based on structured methods of assessment. Their

    solid and proactive work with recruitment live up to the claim that the staff is an

    organization's most important resource and the importance of understanding the

    meaning of the personality significance of the expression ”right person in the right

    place”.

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  • 164.
    Hansson, Amanda
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Pettersson, Erika
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Förändring vid implementering: En kvalitativ studie om medarbetares upplevelser och reaktioner vid förändring2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The starting point for this study was to study employee experiences during organizational change, as previous research shows that a large part of all change initiatives failed. Hence, the purpose of this study is to identify factors that affect the employees' experience during chang and how these affect the outcome. The study was conducted at a department in a organization located in Sweden, which at the time of the study recently implemented the IT system Workplace. In order to answer the study's purpose and questions, a qualitative method was used in which the collection of material took place through eight semi-structured interviews. Two employees from the project group were interviewed with the aim of getting information about the implementation process of the system and six employees in the department were interviewed in order to get information linked to their experience of the implementation of Workplace. The results of the interviews were analyzed using the theoretical frame of reference and on this basis we have identified important factors that affect employees' experience in the event of changes and their outcome, and these factors will thus be important to take into account for the possibility of a successful change. The identified factors include employees' understanding of the change and the possibility of participation and information. Another important factor is good change leadership that communicates, supports and assists employees with sufficient resources during the change. In conclusion, the study shows that understanding of the change is the most important factor, hence a model has been created in order to describe how organizations through communication can create an understanding among the employees for why change takes place and how it benefits the organization and the employee in order to create a more successful change.

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  • 165.
    Hansson, Magnus
    et al.
    Örebro Univeristet.
    Wigblad, Rune
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Plant closures, temporary workers and a management controlled setting: further evidence on the closedown effect2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 166.
    Hansson, Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Morell, Frida
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Strategiskt arbetsmiljöarbete: En förutsättning för ett hållbart arbetsliv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based on an assignment from an organization whose intention is based on their request to review their organizational and social work environment. The aim of the study has been to increase the understanding of key components of the organizational and social work environment in order to enable a sustainable working life. We therefor chose a quantitative approach where 251 questionnaires were sent to the entire production unit. The method has enabled a general and wide-ranging aspect of the organizational and social work environment in the workplace.

    Research related to the psychosocial work environment, where our focus has been on the

    organizational and social aspect, we mainly base our analysis on the Job Demand - Resources model. An essential part of working life is that there is a balance between the job demands and resources that are provided in order to increase health and wellbeing to achieve a high performing organization.

    The result has been analysed on the basis of the theoretical framework and shows that the organization investigated is lacking in several of these components that are necessary to enable a sustainable work life where there is balance. There are areas such as leadership, heavy workload, recovery and victimization that has shown weaknesses. Research related to organizational and social work environment clearly states that there is a link between employee health and well-being and the organization's financial results. Due to this, our work environment should be a fully integrated part of the business. We have therefore proposed a number of activities for the organization to work with in order to improve the work environment and thus the health and well-being of employees which will directly affect the organization's success.

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  • 167.
    Hansson, Nina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Mazzarello, Therese
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Coachande ledarskap: En utvärdering av genomförd ledarutveckling inom Borlängekommun2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a thesis in Personal- och Arbetslivsprogrammet at Dalarna University with thepurpose of evaluating an education initiative in Borlänge kommun. The educationCoaching Leadership is an initiative for the managers in the organization to exercisegood leadership and the education also serves as an incentive for managers. Eightbusiness managers and one from the HR staff have completed the training. Out of thetotal 9 participants in the training, six of them took part in this evaluation. Based on thethesis aim and questions we wanted to explore participants' attitudes to the education,and what skills and abilities they have acquired on the basis of educational goals andcontent. To obtain results, a semi-structured interview methodology was used, this inorder to get answers to predefined questions while the participants would have theopportunity to give an as broad picture as possible.The result of this evaluation demonstrates that the participants are in favor of trainingand they've got the tools, knowledge and ability to apply coaching in their job role,which was included in the educational goals. For the CL-education to promote theorganization's development potential, the participants mentions that it takes time totrain and that employees must have the knowledge of the organization's educationaldirection.

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  • 168.
    Harrysson, Terece
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Petré, Erika
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Att lyfta upp till ytan: En kvalitativ studie om chefers uppfattning av informella nätverk2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att ta reda på åtta chefers uppfattningar av informella nätverk och hur de kommer till uttryck i det dagliga arbetet. En kvalitativ metod har använts för att genomföra undersökningen och det empiriska materialet inhämtades med hjälp av semistrukturerade intervjuer. Resultaten visade att uppfattningen av informella nätverk både kan vara mycket positiva och problemfyllda beroende på situation. Kontexten är avgörande för hur chefen uppfattar nätverket. Flertalet av chefernas strategier för att hantera nätverket fångar upp det som sker i det informella nätverket och placerar det i en formell kontext.

  • 169.
    Hay, Nicole
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Photographic Representation of Culture & Identity in Destination Marketing Material: A case study of Jamaica2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 170.
    Hedberg, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Lindblom, Moa
    Kompetens vs personlighet: ” Om man ser sig själv som fördomsfri tror jag att det kan vara farligt, om man inte pratar om sådant som skulle kunna vara diskriminerande så är det också farligt”2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Diskriminering i rekryteringsprocessen har visat sig vara särskilt komplext och är

    många gånger ett dolt problem på grund av att den inleds med en typ av sållning,

    där både uttalade och outtalade normer och värderingar styr processen. En

    arbetsgivare skall verka för lika möjligheter vid rekrytering och skall inte använda

    sig av obefogade och diskriminerande anställningskrav, exempel på obefogade krav

    kan vara medborgarskap, kroppslig längd eller svensk utbildning. Vi som skrivit

    detta examensarbete har ett stort intresse för rekrytering och har i detta

    examensarbete fördjupat oss inom diskriminering i rekryteringsprocessen.

    Syfte:

    Syftet är att undersöka om det finns skillnader att utläsa mellan privata företag och

    offentliga organisationer i arbetet mot diskriminering i rekryteringsprocessen.

    Vidare skall detta arbete bidra till att se hur offentliga organisationer och privata

    företag arbetar för att motverka diskriminering i rekryteringsprocessen, vad de kan

    identifiera för svårigheter med detta samt på vilket sätt arbetet för att motverka

    diskriminering i rekryteringsprocessen kommer till uttryck på de olika

    arbetsplatserna.

  • 171.
    Hedlund, Ann
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    The attractiveness of the work is affected when production of handcrafted log houses moves indoors2006In: Silva Fennica, ISSN 0037-5330, E-ISSN 2242-4075, Vol. 40, no 3, p. 545-558Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Viewed from a historical perspective, a shift has occurred within the forestry and wood sector towards indoor work. In Sweden, the production of handcrafted log houses has now also begun to move indoors. With a point of departure in development processes within the log house sector involving working indoors, education, work attractiveness, between 2001-2005, the aim of this study was to compare indoor work with outdoor work, based on log house builders' experience of working on handcrafted log houses. Methods used in the interactive development project involving apprentices, experienced log house builders and researchers, were participation with continuous documentation of experiences and opinions; questions; interviews; and measurement of the work environment. The Attractive Work Model has been used in order to analyse perceptions and values. The changes, 15 out of 22 areas, were perceived both negatively and positively. Therefore, it can not be said that working on traditional, handcrafted log houses becomes more attractive if it is moved indoors. The majority wanted to work both outdoors and indoors, while most of the others only wanted to work outdoors. The results indicate that there is scope for developing more attractive work indoors by utilising experiences from log house builders and closely related activities such as the forestry and wood sector. Changes made within one area of work attractiveness affect other areas. Further research is needed both with regard to comparisons between indoor and outdoor work and regarding the interaction between the areas that are identified in the Attractive Work Model.

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  • 172.
    Hedlund, Ann
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Drivers’ opinions concerning working conditions in forest fuel production2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Forest fuel production is a sub-branch in forestry that has increased during the last decade, both in Sweden and in other parts of the European Union (EU). Forestry is a risky branch and knowledge about working environment conditions in forest fuel production is limited. The aim of this study is to raise knowledge about drivers’ opinions concerning working conditions in forest fuel production. A questionnaire was answered by 34 drivers. The drivers experience their work as risky. They use personal protective equipment to different degrees in their daily work. Cut damage and slipping are the most common accidents and incidents. Most of the drivers experience the mental and the physical workload as low or moderate. Regarding the findings in this study, two main work environmental issues can be raised: The drivers experience major problems outside the cabin compared to inside, which increases the risk that they stay in the cabin during most of the workday. The new work tasks within forest fuel production may increase the fact that forestry is one of the most risky branches.

  • 173.
    Hedlund, Ann
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Fällstrand Larsson, Nina
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Stark, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Studenters, anställdas och företags syn på arbete: En pilotstudie av Turism/Besöksnäring, Material, Energi & Miljö samt IT & Media2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport redovisar resultaten från ett pilotprojekt om studenters, anställdas och företagsrepresentanters syn på arbete. Rapporten dokumenterar insamlad data, redovisar genomförda inledande analyser, samt ger förslag till fortsatt forskning och samverkan. Syftet med studien är ökad kunskap om synen på arbete inom profilområdena Turism/Besöksnäring, Material, Energi & Miljö samt IT & Media. Därtill förväntas diskussioner kring resultatens användbarhet kunna ge underlag för utvecklingsprojekt för ökad attraktivitet.

    Studien har genomförts i form av fallstudier på fem företag inom respektive profilområde i Dalarna. Därtill har en enkätundersökning genomförts bland studenter vid Högskolan Dalarna inom motsvarande utbildningsområden på 21 olika utbildningsprogram. Statistiska beräkningar och begreppsanalyser har genomförts på insamlat material.

    I rapporten redovisas studenters, anställdas och företagsrepresentanters syn på arbete fördelat på de olika profilområdena. Därtill görs jämförelser mellan de olika grupperna.

    Slutsatser från studien är:

    • Studenter ser arbete inom deras utbildningsområde som i hög grad attraktiva.
    • Anställdas syn på vad som är viktigt för att göra ett arbete attraktivt är likartad oavsett profilområde, där relationer och ledarskap är viktigast.
    • Nuvarande arbete anses som attraktivast av anställda inom Turism/Besöksnäring, därefter kommer Energi & Miljö följt av IT & Media och Material.
    • Erfarenhet och kompetens gör arbetskraften attraktiv enligt arbetsgivarrepresentanter, även personliga egenskaper är av betydelse.
    • Studenter ser arbete som viktigare än vad anställda gör.
    • För samtliga profilområden finns skillnader mellan vad studenter förväntar sig att arbetet innehåller och vad anställda upplever att arbetet innebär.
    • Sammantaget tycker studenter att arbete inom respektive utbildningsområde är attraktivare än vad anställda tycker om nuvarande arbete.

    Baserat på erfarenheter från denna pilotstudie ges följande förslag på idéer till fortsatt forskning och samverkan. En studie som i sin omfattning är representativ för de olika profilområdena för att stärka pilotstudiens resultat och indikationer. Utifrån behov göra olika analyser på den empiri som är tillgänglig från denna studie. Ett projekt som följer studenter ut i arbetslivet. Samarbetsprojekt mellan forskare, lärare och företag i syfte att förbättra förutsättningarna för ökad samstämmighet mellan utbildning och arbete. Skapa utbildningstillfällen på temana ledarskap och relationer.

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  • 174.
    Hedlund, Ann
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Implementation of Video Monitoring In Aluminium Industry2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to evaluate results and experiences from development of new technology, a training program and implementation of strategies for the use of a video exposure monitoring method, PIMEX.

    Starting point of this study is an increased incidence of asthma among workers in the aluminium industry. Exposure peaks of fumes are supposed to play an important role. PIMEX makes it possible to link used work practice, use of control technology, and so forth to peaks. Nine companies participated in the project, which was divided into three parts, development of PIMEX technology, production of training material, and training in use of equipment and related strategies.

    The use of the video exposure monitoring method PIMEX offers prerequisites supporting workers participation in safety activities. The experiences from the project reveal the importance of good timing of primary training, technology development, technical support, and follow up training. In spite of a delay of delivery of the new technology, representatives from the participating companies declared that the experiences showed that PIMEX gave an important contribution for effective control of hazards in the companies. Eight out of nine smelters used the PIMEX method as a part of a strategy for control of workers exposure to fumes in potrooms. Possibilities to conduct effective control measures were identified.

    This article describes experiences from implementation of a, for this branch, new method supporting workers participation for workplace improvements.

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  • 175.
    Hedlund, Ann
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Är dagens arbeten attraktiva?: Värderingar hos 1440 anställda2010In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, no 4, p. 31-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Utifrån problematiken med att rekrytera kompetent arbetskraft är det intressant att studera vad som gör arbeten attraktiva. Här presenteras de första resultaten av vad anställda från några arbetsplatser tycker om arbete med utgångspunkt i modellen av Attraktivt Arbete. Både vad som är viktigt för att ett arbete ska vara attraktivt och synen på nuvarande arbeten redovisas. Hur viktigt är det att vara förtrogen med sitt arbete? Hur viktiga är arbetskamraterna?

  • 176.
    Hedlund, Ann
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Gummesson, Karl
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Safety motivation at work: evaluation of changes from six interventions2016In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 82, p. 155-163Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Unsafe work environments can be both unhealthy for employees and costly for organizations. Safety motivation is essential to enhancing safety behaviors among employees. The objective is to evaluate whether six different interventions including safety training increase safety motivation. A validated questionnaire was used at two metal companies, two municipal agencies, one paper mill, and one plastic company. Statistical tests were used to compare the results at the factorial and item levels. In three cases, safety motivation changed significantly at the factorial level. There was a significant difference in each intervention at the item level. The outcomes indicate that the degree of participation, the number of occasions, the primary target group, and the decision maker of the intervention affect safety motivation.

  • 177.
    Hedlund, Camilla
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Sahlander, Helena
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Etableringslotsens roll i Borlänge2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 178.
    Hedlund, Maria
    Prifloat AB.
    Studentenkät 2014: Dagens och morgondagens studenter vid Högskolan Dalarna2015Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 179.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Hay Walters, Nicole
    School of Hospitality and Tourism Management, College of Business and Management,.
    Still a white paradise?: Photographic representations of Jamaica as a tourism destination2016In: Tourism, Culture & Communication, ISSN 1098-304X, E-ISSN 1943-4146, Vol. 16, no 1/2, p. 59-74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Visual images, from travel brochures and television commercials to internet advertisements, represent a powerful element of tourist destination marketing. This article seeks to understand how destination marketing represents people and places through visual images while examining the role of tourism discourse in the construction of cultural meanings and identity. Using Jamaica as a case study, the researchers explore the issue of contemporary touristic images. A combination of content and discourse analysis was used to examine images included in printed marketing materials and on the DMO’s website drawing upon postcolonial theory as a critical and contextual perspective that provides an interpretation of the meanings that are conveyed by these representations. The main findings indicate that decades after the end of colonialism in Jamaica, marketers perpetuate the presentation of paradisal destination images using visual representations. It is argued that colonial tropes and practices of “Othering” remain fundamental to the meaning and rationale of seeing Jamaica and the travel experience. However, this study also identified strategies that could be further explored in an effort to counteract colonial discourse, as the use of culture and local folkways opens up avenues for the (re)evaluation and (re)representation of Jamaica and the holiday experience

  • 180.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Macuchova, Zuzana
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Rudholm, Niklas
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics.
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Willingness to commute long distance among job seekers in Dalarna, Sweden2013In: Journal of Transport Geography, ISSN 0966-6923, E-ISSN 1873-1236, Vol. 28, p. 49-55Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies on commuting behavior and willingness towards commuting have analyzed individuals who are active in the workforce and have largely focused on larger metropolitan regions. This paper presents results from a survey of unemployed job seekers in the county of Dalarna, Sweden and analyzes the differences in willingness towards long-distance commuting between individuals with different socio-economic situations and experiences of unemployment. The analysis is conducted through a linear probability model complemented with a logistic regression model. Conclusions are drawn on the socio-economic factors that influence the probability of an individual’s willingness to commute longer than 40 minutes. The analysis also takes interaction between different factors into account. The study concludes that the factors influencing the willingness to commute are gender, level of education, and the presence of children in the household. Furthermore, the interactions between age and length of unemployment, age and educational level, and age and gender are shown to be significant in the willingness to commute long distances.

  • 181.
    Heldt, Tobias
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics.
    Economic impact analysis of a horse event: Landsmót 2016 - The National Icelandic Horse Competition2018In: Human-horse relationships in work and play: Interspecies encounters in business, tourism and beyond, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding the demand and the economic impact for an event is crucial knowledge not only for the event managers and host organization but also for public planners of the region where the event takes place.

    The present study measures the direct economic spending of visitors to the event Landsmot Hestamanna, The National Icelandic horse competition, which hosted in Hólar in mid June2016. The study is based on data from 404 respondents answering an on-site survey within the event arena. The key variables for the LM economic impact analysis consist of total number of visitors divided by visitor type and the average spending of the different types.

    Following the recommended approach by Sun et al. (2010) segmenting visitors by loding type the preliminary findings indicate a total for the Economic impact of Landsmót 2016 to 159,7 MISK. However, there are uncertainties regarding total number of visitors to the event as well as the division of visitors in lodging type. Moreover, the study finds that international tourists spend on average approximately 30 percentages more compared to national visitors.

  • 182.
    Heldt, Tobias
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics.
    Klerby, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics.
    Peace, love and well-being: Volunteering at the Peace & Love festival in Borlänge, Sweden2014In: Event Volunteering: International Perspectives on the Volunteering Experience at Events / [ed] Smith, K. A., Lockstone-Binney, L., Holmes, K. and Baum, T., Routledge, 2014Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on research on how volunteering contributes to people’s subjective well‐being, this study uses the case of the Peace & Love festival in Borlänge, Sweden, the largest music and societal cohesion city festival in Sweden, to suggest an individual, organizational, and societal cost-benefit model, including intangible values such as subjective well-being and social capital. Previous studies on the festival’s audience correlated an individual’s subjective well‐being and their voluntary engagements. Does this relationship hold for the volunteers?

     

    The festival calls for about 6,000 volunteers. Their contribution, in traditional economic terms, is about SEK 18 million (€2.1 million), corresponding to about 20 percent of the festival’s net turnover. Volunteers seem to be necessary to make ends meet financially. Volunteer motives, ranging from rational choice to pure altruism, are addressed. For a teenager, the weekly pass is quite expensive: as a result, some people only volunteer to get festival access. Such participants usually require more supervision than altruistic volunteers. However, the societal return may be large for this group considering the amount of young, first-time volunteers introduced to civil engagement. The festival volunteers report an average subjective well-being of 8.2 compared to the festival visitors averaging 7.6 on a scale 0–10, where 10 is the maximum, implying positive effects on the intangible values.

  • 183.
    Heldt, Tobias
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics.
    Macuchova, Zuzana
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Microdata Analysis.
    Alnyme, Omar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    National and regional economic effects of the horse industry in Sweden Estimations from a BI-model for 2016: Estimations from a BI-model for 20162018In: Human-horse relationships in work and play: Interspecies encounters inbusiness, tourism and beyond, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the first results from a newly developed BI (business intelligence) model for the Swedish horse industry. Compared to previous studies of the impact from the horse industry we are able to present both figures for the national level as well as a decomposition to regional levels.

    The size of the horse industry in Sweden for 2016, is measured departing from the expenditure approach, i.e. summing the final use of horse related goods and services. One implication of the approach is that results are comparable with overall GDP figures for a country and with other subsectors of an economy, e.g. the tourism industry or the car producing industry. The model has two main inputs. Firstly, estimates of the geographical position of all Sweden’s 355.500 horses of different type and use, based on JBVs statistics and postal codes from horse associations. Secondly, estimates of the horse owner’s consumption pattern related to their leisure or professional use. Other horse related activities like riding schools, education, race tracks, betting etc. is treated separately, measured and added to the overall calculation.

    The preliminary results indicate that the horse industry in Sweden amounts to somewhere in the interval of 26-32 Billion SEK corresponding to approximately 0,5-0,6 percentage of Swedish GDP. Looking at regional variations, the region of Skåne has most horses and consistently also the region with largest share of the horse industry.

  • 184.
    Heldt, Tobias
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics.
    Robertson, Kerstin
    VTI.
    Wikberg, Åsa
    VTI.
    Hållbara turistresor: En fallstudie av destinationerna Kiruna, Åre, Sälen och Vimmerby2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In conjunction with development of destinations and transport systems, tourist demands andrequirements are essential in determining measures and changes that may lead to more sustainabletravel. Different options for travel to and from destinations are of great importance, but also thegeographical accessibility to various visit points within destinations. Good accessibility within adestination without a private car may also influence the modal choice for the trip to and from thedestination.This study analysed the requirements of different categories of tourists for transport, their travelpatterns and their preferences regarding travel to, from and within four Swedish destinations: Kiruna,Åre, Sälen and Vimmerby. The aim was to develop knowledge about factors that may affect thesustainability of tourist travel. The empirical material for the analysis was collected throughquestionnaires distributed to visitors on-site in the destinations.The results show that tourism differs and has different economic potential for different destinations.Both travel patterns (such as mode choice) and economic power (measured as guest nightconsumption) are highly variable between different categories of tourists, destinations and seasons.A key conclusion from the study is that tourists want access to many different visit points withindestinations. The physical structure of destinations, i.e. the location of accommodation and visitpoints, has great significance for the accessibility and need for travel within destinations. The physicalstructure of the destination and the availability of alternative modes of transport are therefore bothimportant for increasing the sustainability of tourist travel. This means that knowledge about thegeographical accessibility for tourists is important for planning and development of sustainabledestinations and tourist travel, as is knowledge about tourists’ behaviour and preferences.

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  • 185.
    Hell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Roos, Klara
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Att främja ett ackomodativt lärande utifrån ettandragogiskt perspektiv: I en offentlig organisation2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An experience of limited knowledge regarding adult individuals’ road to knowledge was thepremise for this study. Today’s educations are often based on lectures, which above all leadsto assimilative learning, in other words superficial learning where the individual lacks anunderstanding of the knowledge. Pedagogy is a concept that, to a wide extent, is used whenlearning is the goal, no matter who is learning. A curriculum based on pedagogy, however,aims to teach children, and can often be found inappropriate when teaching adults. Andragogyis the concept of adult learning, based on the idea that adults are independent individuals, whothemselves need to take the step towards learning something new. The andragogy modelpresents the conditions required when an adult individual is to retain new knowledge on adeeper lever –achieve full comprehension. This level of learning is called accommodativelearning.The purpose of this examination was to establish, whether the process-managers of theManagement-program at Landstinget Dalarna based their leadership and curriculum onandragogy, in order to appropriate an accommodative learning within Landstinget Dalarna’sManagement-program, or not.This was a deductive case study, in which the qualitative method of observation was used tocollect data. The process-managers of the Management-program were observed and filmedwith a video camera during one of the four parts of an introductory level course.Two areas that have been examined theoretically are leadership and curriculum, as they areassumed to influence learning in adults both collectively and individually. The processmanagerstook, to a wide extent, each adult individual’s needs into consideration, inaccordance with the andragogy model. They promoted –through their leadership andcurriculum– a great environment, according the participants the opportunity to appropriate anaccommodative learning. Their approach to teaching is based on the idea that all humanshave, in addition to feelings and relationships, the same basic needs. They use a curriculumwhere the participants are involved, have the opportunity to exchange experiences, and reflecton these experiences, which is what the andragogy model, to achieve an accommodativelearning, advocates.

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  • 186.
    Hellman, Jasmine
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Lundgren, Jennifer
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Lojalitetsprogram inom klädbranschen: En kvantitativ studie om lojalitetsprogram inom klädbranschen ur konsumenternas perspektiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today there is high competition in retail industry, there are many companies on the market competing for the same customers. For companies, it’s about keeping their customers and build strong relationships with them. One way to work with relationship marketing is to use loyalty programs where loyal customers are identified and rewarded. Many companies are using loyalty programs and it is especially common amongst apparel retailing. A common problem is that many loyalty programs are similar and therefore reduces their effectiveness in creating loyal customers. This study focus on what consumers appreciate in a loyalty program in the apparel retailing and how loyalty programs affect consumers.

    The purpose with this study is to identify which benefits in a loyalty program in apparel retailing that consumers’ value and to see if loyalty programs has a positive impact on consumers.

    The theories in this study is about the term customer loyalty, the relationship between attitude and behavior, benefits in loyalty programs, the buying decision process and word-of-mouth.

    The study was accomplished through a quantitative method by using web-based surveys. The survey was distributed to selected programs at Dalarna University, and 123 students participated in the survey.

    Conclusions that can be drawn from the study are that the consumers in this study primarily appreciate the economic benefits such as discounts, promotions, bonuses and gifts. Loyalty programs inspire the consumers to purchases, affect their evaluation of the alternative companies where they can make their purchase, and affect their post-purchase behavior. Most consumers are willing to spread positive word-of-mouth by recommending loyalty programs to others.

  • 187.
    Hellström, Amanda
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Wiklund, Frida
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Det omorganiserade personalarbetet: Linjechefernas uppfattning av en centraliserad HR-funktion2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate and analyze how line managers perceive a centralized HR function, as previous research shows that an HR transformation can pose challenges. It has previously been found that the interaction between line managers and the HR function is influenced by the reorganization and the operators must take on new roles and acquire new knowledge. Earlier research also highlights that what seems to be effective at an overall level is not always perceived as effective for the line managers and thus the line managers' views need to be considered. The study contributes to highlighting development opportunities and the hope has been that HR centers within a public organization should be able to use the results to generate appropriate support. The study has been carried out within Falu commune which has recently undergone an HR transformation. To achieve the purpose, a qualitative case study with eight semi-structured interviews has been conducted. The results of the interviews have then been analyzed based on previous research in the subject in order to understand what the empiricism says in relation to theory.

    The result shows that a centralized HR function creates a greater strength for the organization, because the HR specialists can exchange knowledge with each other. The HR transformation, however, entails new approaches to managing personnel issues and the line managers lack the personal contact. The personal contact does not necessarily mean that there is an HR employee out in the administrations. The new shared service organization, which means that the line managers should be able to apply for a more specialized support from different HR functions, leads to the line managers having many different HR managers in different cases. The respondents agree that this is one of the back sides to the HR transformation and asks for contact with a specific HR employee. The line managers' employment period is important for how the reorganization is perceived. The line managers who participated in the HR transformation lack a HR employee on site to a greater extent. For the HR function to gain an understanding of the work of the line managers, they need to be more present in the organization. However, unlike previous research, it seems that there is a clear division of labor and the line managers see personnel responsibility as positive. To sum up, the line managers perceive the centralized HR function as positive, the HR employees are knowledgeable and supportive in all staff matters. However, there are development opportunities to consider in order for the HR transformation to create value and efficiency for both line managers and for the HR function.

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  • 188.
    Henaien, Moncef
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Sinha, Shalvi
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    International conference site selection criteria: And a case study of Stockholm as an international conference city2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to identify the destination site selection criteria for internationalconferences from the perspectives of the three main players of the conference industry,conference buyers (organizers and delegates) and suppliers. Additionally, the researchidentifies the strengths and weaknesses of the congress cities of Stockholm and Vienna.Through a comparison with Vienna, the top city for hosting international conferences, a roadmap for Stockholm has been designed, to strengthen its congress tourism opportunities, thus,obtaining a higher status as an international congress city. This qualitative research hascombined both primary and secondary data methods, through semi-standardized expertinterviews and secondary studies respectively, to fulfil the study’s aim. The data have beenanalysed by applying the techniques of qualitative content analysis; the secondary dataadopting an inductive approach according to Mayring (2003) while the expert interviewsusing a deductive approach according to Meuser & Nagel (2009). The conclusions of thesecondary data have been further compared and contrasted with the outcomes of the primarydata, to propose fresh discoveries, clarifications, and concepts related to the site selectioncriteria for international conferences, and for the congress tourism industry of Stockholm. Theresearch discusses the discoveries of the site selection criteria, the implications of thestrengths and weaknesses of Stockholm in comparison to Vienna, recommendations forStockholm via a road map, and future research areas in detail. The findings andrecommendation, not only provide specific steps and inceptions that Stockholm as aninternational conference city can apply, but also propose findings, which can aid conferencebuyers and suppliers to cooperate, to strengthen their marketing strategies and developsuccessful international conferences and destinations to help achieve a greater competitiveadvantage.

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  • 189.
    Hernemark, Veronika
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Ubaidi Karlsson, Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Comparative Analysis of Destination Image: Example from Visit Dalarna’s Webpage and User Generated Content2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social media is a relatively recent destination marketing tool that can shape destination images (DI). Mostly, DI are formed by destination marketing organisations (DMO), although through social media users’ images another extent of DI is formed. This research examines the projected and perceived DI, established through DMO content and user generated content (UGC) in the study area of Dalarna, Sweden. As projected DI may differ from perceived in an organisational view compared to social media’s users view of a destination, the attributes and characteristics of the images are of interest. A background through social media and the UGC utilisation by DMOs provided a framework for the research.

    Followingly, the research aims to display the DI from the projected and perceived content from DMO and UGC, and their respectively cognitive and affective dimensions towards the destination. To be able to fulfil the aim a qualitative visual content analysis was used to compare the data from the DMO Visit Dalarna and UGC from #VisitDalarna. The results suggest more cognitive than affective dimensions present in the DIs. Additionally, the DMO displayed a more varied DI than UGC, since they almost exclusively were concentrated on one category. In conclusion, the perceived DI has an influence on the information search process, as well as the perceived DI is influenced by the projected DI, and together the two DI create an comprehensive DI.

  • 190.
    Hladkikh, Volha
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Branding of a Private Tourism Business in Sweden towards Foreign Markets: The Case of Främby Udde Resort in Falun, Sweden2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The research investigates branding of a private tourism business in Sweden towards foreign markets based on the example of Främby Udde resort in Falun. The main concepts are brand image and brand identity in tourism. The study examines how the brand identity created on the website of Främby Udde aligns with the actual brand image that the visitors acquire after they experience their stay. Content analysis of the website and of guest reviews is used to explore the brand identity and brand image of the resort. Analysis of the results provides feedback on how Främby Udde aligns its brand identity with the existing brand image and gives suggestions on how to improve branding of the resort towards foreign markets.

  • 191.
    Hofverberg, David
    Prifloat AB.
    Studentenkät 2016: Högskolan Dalarna2016Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 192.
    Hofverberg, David
    Prifloat Consulting AB.
    Studentenkät 2018: Högskolan Dalarna2018Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 193.
    Hofverberg, David
    et al.
    Prifloat AB.
    Hedlund, Maria
    Prifloat AB.
    Samuelsson, Thomas
    Prifloat AB.
    Studentenkät 2012: Dagens och morgondagens studenter vid Högskolan Dalarna. En undersökning med fokus på skillnader mellan studenter som studerar vid campus och de som studerar nätbaserat2013Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 194.
    Holmberg, Johanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Olsson, Sanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Konsten att attrahera på framtidens arbetsmarknad: En studie i arbetsgivares attraktivitet inom IT-branschen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The increasing digitalisation of our society is making it harder for the IT industry to attract and recruit employees. One of the biggest assets a company has is its employer brand. This makes “employer branding” one of the most important matters for companies in the IT industry (Backhaus & Tikoo, 2004). The companies’ “employer branding” work leads to the opportunity to attract new employees with unique “value propositions” which can be adjusted to specific individuals with the help of benefits and other offers (Chambers, Foulon, Handfield-Jones, Hankin & Michaels, 2007). The IT businesses’ abilities to attract and keep their employees are more important than ever. Despite this, there's barely any research regarding whether companies are meeting the demands employees have regarding attractive employers or not.  The purpose of this study is to analyse how three different IT companies work to become attractive employers, and also what employees in those three companies are looking for in an attractive employer. In the following study, three interviews have been done, where representatives from three different companies have been interviewed to find out what companies within the IT business do to become attractive employers. After that, a survey was distributed to examine which factors employees in the three companies value regarding attractive employers. The analysis showed that the companies’ focus on building strong bonds between the employees and offering great skill development matches well with what employees look for in their employers, as well with what makes them stay within the company. Furthermore, the analysis also shows that there are some differences between what companies focus on in their work with becoming attractive and what employees wish for. For example, the companies’ main focus lays on offering benefits, even though employees don´t value benefits as an important factor in the matter of what makes an employer attractive. The differences and the similarities are then discussed to reach a conclusion regarding what companies need to do in order to raise their attractivity.

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  • 195.
    Holm-Gottfrid, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Kunskapande - att bli medveten om det som ”sitter i väggarna”: Fallstudie om upplevda möjligheter och hinder för lärande på en kuratorsenhet.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 196.
    Holmström, Inger
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Stier, JonasDalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies.Tillgren, PerMälardalens högskola.Östlund, GunnelMälardalens högskola.
    Samproduktionens retorik och praktik: inom området hälsa och välfärd2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 197.
    Husmann, Ann-Christin
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Brand Identity in Horse-based Tourism: A Case Study of Iceland2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the area of tourism destination branding, so far research has focused more on the demand-side perspective meaning the brand image. Over the last years researchers also emphasize the supply-side perspective that is the brand identity, however up to date few papers have been published. Hence, this study focuses on brand identity in tourism by making use of Icelandic horse-based tourism as a case study. As such, the emphasis is placed on the communicated brand identities of Icelandic horse-based tourism providers and the main messages and elements found within their promotion material. A content analysis of the supplier's websites is used and based on it can be said that more than one communicated brand identities exists. Moreover, throughout the promotional material distributed to potential customers, some of the brand identities are communicated not only differently but occasionally stand in conflict to each other, whereas the main messages the materials strive to deliver only display few variations. As such in general this study contributes to brand identity research in tourism while more particularly to tourism analysis of Iceland.

  • 198.
    Hussein Martinez, Juan
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Kolobov, Kirill
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    The effects of managing multinational based staff: The case study of the ski resort Romme Alpin, Sweden Degree2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Managers operating within the multinational environments face the challenge of dealing with a group formed by local and international employees with different backgrounds and experiences. The success of the management relies within the managerial skills of the group leader. In the case of Sweden, the political and economic stability of the country in addition to opened borders with its policies and regulations, created the multinationalism within the local population. Consequently it has affected the local labor market. This paper aims to investigate from the managerial point of view the positive and negative aspects of managing multinational based staff for the service delivery based on the ski resort Romme Alpin, Dalarna, Sweden. It was previously researched the importance of recruiting, maintaining and improving the working labor, as well as importance of human resource performance in service delivery affecting competitive advantage of the organization. Therefore, authors are focused to contribute the knowledge in creation and management of the multinational based staff. SERVQUAL model and its five dimensions were used to analyze from the managerial point of view the quality of service delivered by the multinational employees. Thus the INSQPLUS model were used as a tool to present the service delivery gap and analyze the internal characteristics of multinational teams and their effects for the service delivery. The qualitative method throughout in-depth semi-structured interviews was used in this research, in order to investigate manager’s perceptions about the effects of multinational environments for the quality of service delivery. From the conducted interviews it was observed that personal characteristics of the international employees differ from the domestic workers. Apart the economic benefits that are entailed from immigration of the labor force, service mindedness within the international employees was marked throughout the research. However, some challenges and obstacles might be seen within the employment of multinational based staff, which can influence the manager's decision and reject the international worker. Therefore the adequate management of the employees is essential for the service delivery and is researched throughout this paper involving multinational environment.

  • 199.
    Höjer, Victor
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Köhler, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    En arbetsplats för alla: Praktiskt mångfaldsarbete inom Trafikverket2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 200.
    Idrén, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Mååg, Anna Mååg
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Flexibilitetens frammarsch, en studie om den intermittenta anställningen2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Flexible working conditions is used extensively in organizations today as a way to

    create flexibility for the employer. Recently we’ve been reading in the newspapers

    that this approach is a growing problem and the EU has warned Sweden twice that

    abuse of these forms of employment must be stopped. The Government has recently

    submitted a proposed rule change to reduce the possibility of stacking one temporary

    contract after another. Borlänge kommun makes themselves more flexible with the

    intermittent employments. This study aims to examine why infrequent employments,

    such as the intermittent employment is used and preferred by Borlänge kommun and

    how it’s perceived by affected employees in the organization. The questions related,

    besides why the intermittent employment is used by the organization and how its

    perceived by those involved, also includes the management of intermittent

    employment and how the organization is handling work contracts. The background

    information on the employment law implications gives the reader an insight into how

    the regulatory framework works surrounding the topic. The theory section highlights

    the main theories about flexibility and its different shapes and perspectives. For the

    study a qualitative approach is used. A case study with semi-structured interviews was

    performed. The respondents were employees involved in the staffing of intermittent

    employees and also members of the staff with an intermittent employment. The

    results show that the employment and contracts is correctly handled by labour law

    regulations. This study shows that Borlänge kommun uses intermittent employments

    extensively, with its 1 320 intermittently employees. If this is abuse, or not, is not

    clear from the result. The authors discuss, however, if that is the case. The

    intermittent employment is used mainly because of the great needs. This is because

    society is changing and the average age is increasing, both by those using the services

    and the employees. All respondents perceive the intermittent employment as most

    flexible for the employees. Respondents working in the staffing department say that

    they are not flexible enough. The intermittent employees’ working today does not

    cover the great need. Borlänge kommun think that the flexibility should benefit them

    more and is currently trying to become more flexible. The employees were generally

    satisfied with their work situation. Some tendencies of insecurity and uncertainty

    could be inferred from the intermittent employees answers. The author’s conclusions

    are that flexibility and the intermittent employment contracts mainly benefit the

    employer and the employees who actively choose this type of work, such as students.

    This kind of employment affects, however, the society and those who need a secure

    lifestyle. The necessary permanent contracts are becoming fewer and replaced by

    precarious and flexible employment conditions.

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