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  • 151.
    Håkansson, Johan
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik. Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Lagin, Madelen
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Företagsekonomi.
    Strategic alliances in a town centre: Stakeholders' perceived importance of the property owners2014Ingår i: International Review of Retail Distribution & Consumer Research, ISSN 0959-3969, E-ISSN 1466-4402Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In order for town centres to manage increased competition in retailing, cooperation between stakeholders in a strategic alliance has become more important. Typical stakeholders in such a strategic alliance are retailers, local authorities, and property owners. The importance of retailers and local authorities is well researched. However, the property owners’ importance is not. The aim of this article is to uncover the perceived importance of property owners in a strategic alliance. This is a case study of a medium-sized town in which semi-structured interviews with different stakeholders were conducted. In the chosen town there is a town centre management alliance at work. The case studied shows a fragmented property owner market with no dominant property owner. Our study shows that the perception of the role of the property owner is crucial for town centre development. However, many property owners do not recognise their own significance for the town centre development. The main reasons for this opinion are that they do not consider themselves to have enough resources or the capability to influence the town development.

  • 152.
    Håkansson, Johan
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Lagin, Madelen
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Företagsekonomi.
    Strategic alliances in a town centre: Stakeholder’s perceptions of property owner’s role2013Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In order for town centres to manage increased competition in retailing, co-operation between stakeholders in a strategic alliance has become more important. A typical set of stakeholders in a strategic alliance for strengthening retailingare retailers, local authorities and property owners. The roles of retailer’sand local authorities’ are well researched. However, the role of property owners is not. The aim of this paper seeks to unfold the role of property owners in a strategic alliance. This is a case study of a medium-sized town in which semi-structured interviews with different stakeholders were conducted. In the chosen town there is a TCM alliance co-operation at work. The above mentioned stakeholders are possible members in an alliance. The case studied shows a fragmented property owner market with no dominant property owner, as it is in many medium-sized towns. Our study shows that many stakeholders look at the role of property owners as crucial for town centre development. However, property owners do not see that they can significantly contribute to or benefit from the development.The main reasons for this opinion are that they consider themselves as not having enough resources or the capability to influence the town development.

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  • 153.
    Håkansson, Johan
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Mikrodataanalys.
    Lagin, Madelen
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Företagsekonomi.
    Wennström, Johanna
    Town centre cooperation: Changing perception of property owners2017Ingår i: International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, ISSN 0959-0552, E-ISSN 1758-6690, Vol. 45, nr 11, s. 1200-1212Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate if, and how, different stakeholders perceive property owners (PO) have changed their activities in a town centre after increased competition, and if this has led to a different perception of the PO' stakeholder group. Design/methodology/approach – A comparative follow-up case study is conducted through semi-structured interviews on changes in the town centre management (TCM) stakeholders' perceptions of the role, benefit, and contribution of PO. The interviews are carried out before and after the establishment of a big-box retailer, which makes it possible to analyse possible changes in the perceptions in relation to the overall role of the PO when retail competition increases. Findings – A limited number of PO and local authorities have started working more strategically and proactively by creating a time-restricted alliance that goes beyond the work of the TCM organisation. Although the activities of the PO have increased, this is not fully understood by everyone in the town centre, especially the retailers. Research limitations/implications – In comparison with other studies, this study clearly indicates that the property owner plays a key strategic role in enabling town centre development. This role is broader than what the original TCM literature suggests and is based on the aspects of resource coordination and distribution. Practical implications – In order to create the opportunity to develop a town centre in the long run, it is of strategic importance that the PO are in agreement with the development plans. In addition, it is necessary to consider those members who should be part of the strategic alliance. Originality/value – By conducting a comparative follow-up case study, the authors are able to contribute with a deeper understanding of how stakeholders' perceptions change over time. The authors extend the current literature by showing that the PO are a key stakeholder due to their organisational resources and their ability to facilitate town centre development. © 2017 Emerald Publishing Limited.

  • 154.
    Håkansson, Johan
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik. Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Macuchova, Zuzana
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Rudholm, Niklas
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Nationalekonomi. HUI Research.
    Firm migration in the Swedish wholesale trade sector2013Ingår i: International Review of Retail Distribution & Consumer Research, ISSN 0959-3969, E-ISSN 1466-4402, Vol. 23, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the determinants of firm migration in the Swedish wholesale trade sector using a unique dataset covering over 10,000 Swedish wholesale trade firms during the years 2000 to 2004. The results indicate that there are negative correlations between profits, firm age, and firm size and the probability of firm migration. There is a positive correlation between firm growth in the previous year and firm migration, indicating that growth opportunities that cannot be realized at the present location are an important motivation for migration.

  • 155.
    Håkansson, Johan
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi. Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    Macuchova, Zuzana
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Rudholm, Niklas
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Nationalekonomi. HUI Research.
    Predicting entry of Swedish wholesale firms into local markets2013Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Applying microeconomic theory, we develop a forecasting model for firm entry into local markets and test this model using data from the Swedish wholesale industry. The empirical analysis is based on directly estimating the profit function of wholesale firms. As in previous entry studies, profits are assumed to depend on firm- and location-specific factors,and the profit equation is estimated using panel data econometric techniques. Using the residuals from the profit equation estimations, we identify local markets in Sweden where firm profits are abnormally high given the level of all independent variables included in the profit function. From microeconomic theory, we then know that these local markets should have higher net entry than other markets, all else being equal, and we investigate this in a second step,also using a panel data econometric model. The results of estimating the net-entry equation indicate that four of five estimated models have more net entry in high-return municipalities, but the estimated parameter is only statistically significant at conventional levels in one of our estimated models.

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  • 156.
    Håkansson, Johan
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik. Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Macuchova, Zuzana
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Rudholm, Niklas
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Nationalekonomi. HUI Research.
    Predicting entry of Swedish wholesale firms into local markets2014Ingår i: International Review of Retail Distribution & Consumer Research, ISSN 0959-3969, E-ISSN 1466-4402Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Applying microeconomic theory, we develop a forecasting model for firm entry into local markets and test this model using data from the Swedish wholesale industry. The empirical analysis is based on directly estimating the profit function of wholesale firms. Profits are assumed to depend on firm- and location-specific factors, and the profit equation is estimated using panel data econometric techniques. Using the residuals from the profit equation estimations, we identify local markets in Sweden where firm profits are abnormally high given the level of all independent variables included in the profit function. From microeconomic theory, we then know that these local markets should have higher net entry than other markets, all else being equal, and we investigate this in a second step, also using a panel data econometric model. The results of estimating the net-entry equation indicate that 19 out of 30 estimated models have more net entry in high-return municipalities, but the estimated parameter is only statistically significant at conventional levels in one of our estimated models, and then with an unexpected negative sign.

  • 157.
    Håkansson, Johan
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Magnusson, Marie
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Skulle Storytelling kunna användas för att påverka bostadsområdens rykten?2010Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 158.
    Håkansson, Johan
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Stjernström, Olof
    Weissglas, Gösta
    Risk- och sårbarhetsaspekter i planeringsprocessen vid järnvägsinvesteringar: -Exemplet Botniabanan2001Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    I studien har planeringsprocessen vid infrastrukturinvestering analyserats. Särskild tonvikt har legat på hur Beredskapshänsyn (BIS) har tas i planeringsprocessen. Studieobjektet är Botniabanan. Att planera för och bygga en helt ny järnvägssträckning har långtgående konsekvenser för samhället; ekonomiskt, tekniskt, socialt och ekologiskt. Det är då väsentligt att risk- och sårbarhetsfrågor behandlas systematiskt i ett tidigt skede innan bansträckningar läggs fast. I studien presenteras ett analyssystem, där olika typer av risker och hot, från mikro- till makronivå, systematiseras och ställs mot varandra. Några resultat är: -I den nuvarande planeringsprocessen beaktas risk- och sårbarhetsaspekterna i huvudsak när korridorvalen redan gjorts, dvs relativt sent i planeringsprocessen. En betydande del av sårbarhetsplaneringen går därmed ut på att anpassa dessa risk- och sårbarhetsaspekterna i detaljplanering. - Ändrade prioriteringar leder till förändrad fokusering över tiden, vilket i hög grad påverkar meso- och makrofaktorer som t ex banans dragning. Tung och omfattande godstrafik istället för omfattande passagerartrafik förutsågs exempelvis inte när de ursprungliga planerna drogs upp. Detta betyder att det finns en uppenbar risk att den ekonomiska, sociala och ekologiska betydelse man förutsagt att banan ska få inte uppnås.

  • 159.
    Håkansson, Johan
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik. Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Trumberg, Anders
    Örebro Universitet.
    Stayers and movers: Understanding the sorting dynamics that cause socio-economic residential segregation2016Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Although many argue that residential segregation is related to selective migration, certainly in Sweden, this view has recently been somewhat challenged when a broader demographic analysis, the so-called demographic conveyer approach, has been used to study the segregation process. However, the number of studies and cases using the demographic conveyer approach to study segregation is limited. In this paper, we apply an elaborated demographic conveyer approach in a new context to describe and analyse the underlying sorting dynamics that over time cause residential segregation. To do so, we follow the individual’s socio-economic carriers, between 1990 and 2008 in three neighbourhoods that have become socio-economically weak. We compare the career outcomes of stayers, in-migrants and out-migrants, and by doing so, we draw conclusions about the underlying dynamics that cause socio-economic segregation. The analysis is conducted in a medium-sized Swedish city which has rapidly become highly segregated since the early 1990s, making it possible to basically follow the evolution of the current segregated situation. Our main conclusion is that the segregation process is due to migration, however, not to internal migration, but rather external immigration. The degree of segregation is highly related to institutional circumstances, since immigrants basically settle in dwellings owned by the public housing company. In our case, the public housing apartments are highly concentrated to the studied area. We also find a general improvement in socio-economic situations regarding both educational levels and unemployment levels for in-migrants, out-migrants and stayers. However, the relationship between the inflows and outflows changes essentially from a situation when the inflows improved the population’s socio-economic status to a situation where the reverse is true. This is accentuated when income is taken into account. The paper also shows that individuals moving away from a segregated neighbourhood, who do not end up in similar neighbourhoods in the city, have better socio-economic carriers than those who stay in one of the three neighbourhoods during the period.

  • 160.
    Jia, Tao
    et al.
    Wuhan University.
    Carling, Kenneth
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Statistik.
    Håkansson, Johan
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Trips and their CO2 emissions induced by a shopping center2013Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Most previous studies have focused on entire trips in a geographic region, while a few of them addressed trips induced by a city landmark. Therefore paper explores trips and their CO2 emissions induced by a shopping center from a time-space perspective and their usage in relocation planning. This is conducted by the means of a case study in the city of Borlänge in mid-Sweden where trips to the city’s largest shopping mall in its center are examined. We use GPS tracking data of car trips that end and start at the shopping center. Thereafter, (1) we analyze the traffic emission patterns from a time-space perspective where temporal patterns reveal an hourly-based traffic emission dynamics and where spatial patterns uncover a heterogeneous distribution of traffic emissions in spatial areas and individual street segments. Further, (2) this study reports that most of the observed trips follow an optimal route in terms of CO2 emissions. In this respect, (3) we evaluate how well placed the current shopping center is through a comparison with two competing locations. We conclude that the two suggested locations, which are close to the current shopping center, do not show a significant improvement in term of CO2 emissions.

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  • 161.
    Jia, Tao
    et al.
    Wuhan University.
    Håkansson, Johan
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik. Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    To what extent are CO2 emissions from intra-urban shopping trips by cars affected by drivers’ travel behaviour and store location?2016Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Transportation is seen as one of the major sources of CO2 pollutants nowadays. The impact of increased transport in retailing should not be underestimated. Most previous studies have focused on transportation and underlying trips, in general, while very few studies have addressed the specific affects that, for instance, intra-city shopping trips generate. Furthermore, most of the existing methods used to estimate emission are based on macro-data designed to generate national or regional inventory projections. There is a lack of studies using micro-data based methods that are able to distinguish between driver behaviour and the locational effects induced by shopping trips, which is an important precondition for energy efficient urban planning. The aim of this study is to implement a micro-data method to estimate and compare CO2 emission induced by intra-urban car travelling to a retail destination of durable goods (DG), and non-durable goods (NDG). We estimate the emissions from aspects of travel behaviour and store location. The study is conducted by means of a case study in the city of Borlänge, where GPS tracking data on intra-urban car travel is collected from 250 households. We find that a behavioural change during a trip towards a CO2 optimal travelling by car has the potential to decrease emission to 36% (DG), and to 25% (NDG) of the emissions induced by car-travelling shopping trips today. There is also a potential of reducing CO2 emissions induced by intra-urban shopping trips due to poor location by 54%, and if the consumer selected the closest of 8 existing stores, the CO2 emissions would be reduced by 37% of the current emission induced by NDG shopping trips.

  • 162.
    Jonsson, Marina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Geografi.
    Hur anpassar sig lantbruk till storstadsnära områden?: – En studie av olika jordbruk i de norra delarna av Stockholms län2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det

    storstadsnära

    lantbruket

    är

    påtaglig

    i

    Stockholms

    närområde,

    men

    även

    längre

    ut

    landsbygden

    i

    Stockholms

    län.

    Samtidigt

    som

    städerna

    växer

    och

    tar

    jordbruksmark

    i

    anspråk

    ökar

    befolkningen

    och

    fler

    munnar

    måste

    mättas.

    Dock

    har

    jordbruket

    nära

    storstaden

    fått

    konkurrens

    av

    kommunernas

    bygglovsansvariga

    och

    måste

    vara

    väldigt

    innovativa

    för

    att

    kunna

    fortsätta

    med

    sitt

    värv.

    Det

    finns

    också

    en

    stor

    marknad

    för

    den

    eller

    de

    som

    kan

    hitta

    nya

    vägar

    för

    att

    försörja

    sin

    familj

    och

    lantbruket

    om

    man

    bara

    är

    tillräckligt

    uppfinningsrik.

    Fem

    lantbrukare

    i

    tre

    kommuner

    i

    de

    norra

    delarna

    av

    Stockholms

    län

    har

    intervjuats

    om

    hur

    de

    upplever

    sin

    situation

    i

    storstadens

    närhet.

    Spridningsbilden

    har

    varit

    allt

    från

    norra

    delarna

    av

    Norrtälje

    som

    är

    en

    landsbygdskommun

    till

    Vallentunas

    och

    Upplands

    Väsbys

    kommuner

    som

    räknas

    till

    storstadskommuner.

    Fenomenet

    storstadsnära

    lantbruk

    är

    inte

    något

    unikt

    i

    Sverige

    utan

    finns

    över

    stora

    delar

    av

    främst

    den

    industrialiserade

    världen.

    Befolkningen

    urbaniseras

    alltmer

    och

    städerna

    måste

    växa

    för

    att

    klara

    av

    den

    ökande

    befolkningen,

    därav

    att

    man

    måste

    ta

    jordbruksmark

    i

    anspråk.

    Samtidigt

    finns

    det

    fortfarande

    lantbruk

    som

    försöker

    överleva

    i

    det

    storstadsnära

    området

    och

    för

    att

    göra

    det

    bör

    lantbrukaren

    vara

    en

    entreprenör

    med

    många

    strängar

    sin

    lyra

    och

    vara

    lyhörd

    för

    vad

    som

    kan

    vara

    företagsekonomiskt

    gångbart

    i

    just

    det

    området

    som

    lantbrukaren

    befinner

    sig.

    Många

    lantbrukare

    försöker

    ta

    tillvara

    de

    möjligheter

    som

    finns

    gården

    genom

    dess

    läge

    i

    landskapet

    och

    närhet

    till

    storstaden.

    Allt

    från

    att

    arbeta

    med

    kommunens

    snöröjning

    och

    grönytor

    till

    att

    hyra

    ut

    för

    lantbruket

    tomma

    lokaler

    eller

    satsa

    att

    producera

    matprodukter

    för

    potentiella

    kunder

    i

    det

    storstadsnära

    området.

  • 163.
    Jung, Da ok
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    An analysis of the aspects attracting medical tourists: a case study in Seoul, South Korea2012Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Many countries recognized the potential of medicaltourism as an alternative source of economic growth. Especially after theeconomic crisis many Asian countries joined medical tourism in hopes to escapethe severe financial difficulty. However, yet only few countries have managedto become a famous medical tourism destination. With growing number ofcompetitors, newly joined countries of medical tourism, face the difficulty inintroducing them self as attractive medical tourism destination. South Koreaas a new medical tourism destination, should consider what to offer to themedical tourists to attract them. The aim of the thesis was to investigate aspects influencing the participationof medical tourists to discover how South Korea could develop anattractive medical tourism destination. After examining the casestudy and results from the text analysis, researcher reached to the conclusionthat quality, cost and accessibility to treatment are the major reasons toparticipate in medical tourism. Also in the fierce competition, it is importantto develop differentiated offers from other destinations. Therefore, Koreashould concentrate on specialized treatments and ICT system to become anattractive medical tourism destination.

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  • 164. Keskitalo, E. Carina H.
    et al.
    Schilar, Hannelene
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Turismvetenskap.
    Deconstructing the indigenous in tourism: The production of indigeneity in tourism-oriented labelling and handicraft/souvenir development in Northern Europe2019Ingår i: Current Issues in Tourism, ISSN 1368-3500, E-ISSN 1747-7603, s. 1-17Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In literature on tourism in northern or ‘Arctic’ areas and on regions and places in northern areas, terms such as ‘indigenous’ and ‘non-indigenous’ are often used to distinguish people and places from each other. The aim of this paper is to deconstruct the ‘indigenous’/‘non-indigenous’ categories as well as the geographical categories to which they are linked, using examples from tourism in northern Fennoscandia and northwest Russia, selected as areas with circumstances that vary greatly both locally and regionally. Specific focus is on the construction of labels and restrictions of use, particularly regarding handicrafts/souvenirs as a specific object of indigeneity to separate it from other objects. The study reviews the processes in tourism for constructing, labelling, and valuing – and thereby also exerting power upon – specific conceptions, and thereby also on the contesting of such processes amongst broader, but often unacknowledged, local groups.

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  • 165.
    Ketabi, Mohamed Fouad
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Turismvetenskap.
    The perceived destination images by Swedish tourists with their visit on Cyprus2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2016 Cyprus received 3,2 million international tourists. The island is considered as the 40th

    most popular destination in the world, while if counted per capita of local population Cyprus

    has a 6th place worldwide. There are some 200,000 tourists from Sweden travelling to the

    island annually. Swedish citizens, in a similar fashion with the rest of Nordic countries enjoy

    a similar consumer behavior and high purchasing power. Understanding how Swedish tourists

    perceive image of Cyprus helps to nuance the view of visitors coming from Nordic countries

    onto the destination. The visit experience plays an important role to reduce the destination

    image stereotyping, which caused by different information sources that may lead to a change

    in destination image after visitation. Positive destination image leads to satisfaction and revisit

    intentions. This thesis investigates in detail how Swedish’ tourists perceive the

    destination images during their visit on Cyprus. The researcher followed semi-structured

    qualitative research method with the use of in-depth interviews to collect empirical data with

    respondents who have visited Cyprus. Destination image theory is utilized to support the

    theoretical ground for the thesis, while a textual content analysis was used as a tool for

    analyzing the interviews. Adopting the qualitative research approach provided the opportunity

    to capture the holistic components of Cyprus destination images while Cyprus touristic’

    attributes were identified and ranked based on their functionality and psychological

    dimensions. Conducting this research provided the researcher the chance to test the theoretical

    destination image formation and the interrelationship among the destination image different

    components. Cyprus images after visiting the destination differ from the pre-visit stage as

    images were modified after visiting the destination. Swedish tourists upon their visit

    perceived the images of Cyprus in positive and negative ways. Cyprus Tourism Organization

    can benefit Cyprus by considering the negative notions found in this research and try to solve

    these problems or minimize their effects as possible.

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  • 166.
    Kostela, Johan
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle. Dalarnas Forskningsråd.
    Jansson, Johanna
    Dalarnas Forskningsråd.
    Naarttijärvi, Per
    Leksands kommun.
    Varför flytta?: En studie av in- och utflyttning för kommunerna i Region Siljan2008Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Demografiskt sett ligger regionen före övriga Sverige när det gäller antalet personer i arbetsför ålder som snart ska gå i ålderspension, detta innebär att behovet av nyrekrytering av arbetskraft kommer att uppstå inom en nära framtid. Detta är positivt ur synvinkeln att regionen kan komma att få ett försprång gentemot andra när det gäller att hantera problematiken. Det negativa är att man snabbare ställs inför utmaningen att få tillräckligt många att arbeta med offentlig service samt att skapa möjligheter för näringslivet att rekrytera arbetskraft så att man även i fortsättningen kan vara konkurrenskraftiga. Kommunernas befolkning är av stor vikt, både för att kunna planera service och tjänster och för att kunna få en hållbar ekonomi i kommunerna. I stort sett alla Sveriges kommuner har ett önskemål om att kunna öka sin befolkning, och därigenom sitt skatteunderlag. Verkligheten ser dock ut på ett annat sätt. Ett antal stora orter ökar i befolkning, samtidigt som de flesta kommunerna minskar sin. Födelsenettot är historiskt sett lågt och den nationella ökning av befolkning som sker, sker framförallt i storstäderna och drivs på med hjälp av invandring. Denna bild ger kommunerna en hel del att tänka på för att på sikt kunna lösa servicen till medborgarna, både ekonomiskt och med tanke på en minskad befolkning i arbetsför ålder.

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  • 167.
    Kostela, Johan
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle. Dalarnas Forskningsråd.
    Lagerström, Sven
    Region Dalarnas livsmiljöenkät 2008–2009: Bidrag till analysen2010Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur har människor det i Dalarna? Vad tycker de om boende, miljö, offentlig service, kollektivtrafik etc? Vilka frågor vill de att politiken ska syssla med? Vad tror de om Dalarnas och sin egen framtid? Under 2000-talet har tre stora regionala undersökningar gjorts som handlat om människors livssituation. Länsstyrelsen gjorde år 2000 en studie av flyttningar och flyttare och år 2002 en boendeundersökning. År 2005 gjorde Region Dalarna tillsammans med Temo en Pejling med fokus på hur människor i Dalarna såg på sin livssituation. Som en fortsättning på det arbetet skickade Region Dalarna i slutet av 2008 ut en enkät till ett urval av Dalarnas befolkning med frågor kring hur man upplevde sin livsmiljö. Målet med enkätundersökningen var att studera och lyfta fram befolkningens syn på viktiga faktorer i det kommunala och regionala utvecklingsarbetet. Resultatet kan i viss mån spegla förändringar sedan tidigare undersökningar i Dalarna och kan också till en del jämföras med liknande undersökningar i andra delar av landet. Kollektivtrafik, serviceutbud, arbetspendling, hälsoläge osv. finns det naturligtvis redan en hel del kunskap om. Men hur ser människors behov, önskemål och attityder ut i förhållande till det man upplever sig ha tillgång till? Hur varierar detta med t.ex. ålder, kön, ekonomiska resurser och typ av bostadsort? Hur ser det ut just i Dalarna, och i Dalarnas kommuner? Svaren på sådana frågor kan vara en viktig del av underlaget för fortsatt regionalt och kommunalt utvecklingsarbete.

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  • 168.
    Kostela, Johan
    et al.
    Dalarnas Forskningsråd.
    Myrholm, Magnus
    Dalarnas Forskningsråd.
    Herlitz, Claes
    Dalarnas Forskningsråd.
    Äldre och yngre - en befolkning i balans?: Scenarier för Dalarnas befolkningsutveckling till år 2050.2006Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 169. Kupiszewski, Marek
    et al.
    Borgegård, Lars-Erik
    Fransson, Urban
    Håkansson, Johan
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Durham, Helen
    Rees, Philip
    Internal migration and regional population dynamics in Europe: Sweden case study2001Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 170.
    Landré, Martin
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Transport and tourism: a weak symbiosis. An introduction to the special issue2011Ingår i: European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research, ISSN 1567-7133, E-ISSN 1567-7141, nr 3, s. 276-280Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    “Tourism’s very existence depends on transport. Still, researchers in transportation and logistics do not show much interest in tourism whereas travel and tourism researchers pay more attention to accessibility than to transport.” These were the opening sentences of the call for papers for the TTRA European Chapter Conference “Transport and Tourism: Challenges, Issues and Conflicts” held in Rotterdam and Breda, The Netherlands from 22 to 24 April 2009.

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  • 171. Lucarelli, Andrea
    et al.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    The dialogical relationship between spatial planning and place branding: conceptualizing regionalization discourses in Sweden2019Ingår i: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, s. 1-18Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to offer an empirically grounded conceptualization of the dialogical relationship between spatial planning and place branding in the context of regionalization. The analysis displays the discursive nature of such relationship by highlighting the intertwining of spatial planning with place branding as strategic actions devoted to, and included in, regional development processes. The analysis is based on two cases in Sweden. The first is linked to the emergence of the brand ‘Stockholm, the Capital of Scandinavia’, and the other is linked to the emergence of the brand ‘Swedish Lapland’. By combining data collected longitudinally, these cases represent two contrasting examples of dialogical relationships that materialize through two distinct yet somehow similar strategic processes of regionalization. Based on the two cases, the paper presents and discusses an empirically driven, albeit conceptual, model that highlights the dialogical relationship of regionalization as regional strategic policy and points out its spatial and political evolutionary features.

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  • 172.
    Lundmark, Mats
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Thulemark, Maria
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    In-migration to tourism labour markets: A study on migration to Malung-Sälen and Älvdalen2012Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 173.
    Macuchova, Zuzana
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Mikrodataanalys.
    Brandt, Daniel
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Vinterturismens utveckling 2012-2017: En kartläggning av gästnätternas fördelning och utveckling på kommunnivå i Dalarnas län2017Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 174.
    Malmberg, Gunnar
    et al.
    Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Håkansson, Johan
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Pendling och flyttning över sundet? Konsekvenser av Öresundsbron: Bilagsband til SBI-rapport 3151999Ingår i: Boligmarkedet i Öresundsregionen, Köpenhamn: Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut (SBI) , 1999Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 175.
    Martinius, Mirthe
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Turismvetenskap.
    Dark tourism, dark emotions?: Visitors' emotions provoked at Holocaust memorial museum Anne Frank House in Amsterdam2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to identify the emotional response of visitors during their visit at the dark tourism site, Holocaust memorial museum the Anne Frank House in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. This thesis is based on primary data using quantitative and qualitative research design. In order to collect quantitative data a self-completion questionnaire was administered on-site and a probability sampling method was used in which participants of the questionnaire were selected by a simple random sample sampling technique (Bryman, 2012). Additionally, qualitative data was collected by means of participant observations of two different techniques inside and outside the museum (Bryman, 2012). Both conducted in April 2016. Study findings are drawn from 314 questionnaires measuring emotional response, at four different locations within the memorial museum, leading to a 90% confidence level. Jotted notes of the observed participants were included to find out what triggered the emotional response of visitors. Findings of the measured emotions through the questionnaire as experienced strongest are interest, compassion, admiration and sadness. Additionally, participants who responded to the open question with any additional strong felt emotion, the most frequent mentioned categorized emotions were "spiritual", "inspirational" and "loss of sense". The retrieved observational data show sharing emotions may create a feeling of fellowship with others, individuals fused in a single entity. Besides, participant copy behaviour of the shared emotion was observed of which the emotions ranged from excitement, sadness and a feeling of being lost. Consequently, findings revealed visitors being confronted with death and suffering experience overall positive emotions during their visit. The emotional response investigated at dark tourism sites has just begun and therefore no consistency has been identified with previous results of tourism studies yet. A lack of empirical approaches to identify emotions in a dark tourism context was found. Therefore the data retrieved can be used for future studies. However, there might be a consistency with Fredrickson’s broaden-and-built theory and the undoing hypothesis. Lastly, the findings contribute to previous research identified "emotional involvement" as important motive to visit the Anne Frank House, the specific emotions experienced by the visitors on site could be compared in order to develop marketing campaigns and improve site management to retain and promote the site accordingly.

  • 176. Mattsson, Karin Tillberg
    et al.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Immigrant entrepreneurs and potentials for path creating tourism development in rural Sweden2019Ingår i: Tourism Planning & Development, ISSN 2156-8316, E-ISSN 2156-8324, s. 1-20Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the potential of immigrant tourism entrepreneurs to contribute to tourism development and to the goals of regional tourism policy through the creation of new paths of development. Based on qualitative interviews in the county of Gävleborg in Sweden, the paper contributes to understanding the role of immigrant entrepreneurs in the context of public tourism development efforts in a rural region characterized by primary resource based and manufacturing industries. The findings suggest that the strategies and agencies of several immigrant entrepreneurs are in line with the public regional development efforts to achieve new touristic products, growth of foreign visitor numbers and increased co-operation among tourism stakeholders. The paper also highlights the barriers faced by the immigrant entrepreneurs and regional tourism development actors in their efforts to increase professionalization and co-operation among local stakeholders. Finally, we argue that if the potential for immigrant tourism entrepreneurs to contribute with external networks and new knowledge for tourism development should be realised, public efforts to stimulate networking between tourism firms and with other business sectors need to be stable and long term.

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  • 177.
    Meng, Xiangli
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Statistik.
    Carling, Kenneth
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Statistik.
    Håkansson, Johan
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik. Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Rebreyend, Pascal
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Datateknik.
    On administrative borders and accessibility to public services:: The case of hospitals in Sweden.2014Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    An administrative border might hinder the optimal allocation of a given set of resources by restricting the flow of goods, services, and people. In this paper we address the question: Do administrative borders lead to poor accessibility to public service such as hospitals? In answering the question, we have examined the case of Sweden and its regional borders. We have used detailed data on the Swedish road network, its hospitals, and its geo-coded population. We have assessed the population’s spatial accessibility to Swedish hospitals by computing the inhabitants’ distance to the nearest hospital. We have also elaborated several scenarios ranging from strongly confining regional borders to no confinements of borders and recomputed the accessibility. Our findings imply that administrative borders are only marginally worsening the accessibility.

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  • 178.
    Meng, Xiangli
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Statistik.
    Rebreyend, Pascal
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Datateknik.
    On transforming a road network database to a graph for localization purpose2016Ingår i: International Journal of Web Services Research, ISSN 1545-7362, E-ISSN 1546-5004, Vol. 13, nr 2, s. 46-55Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The problems of finding best facility locations require complete and accurate road networks with the corresponding population data in a specific area. However the data obtained from road network databases usually do not fit in this usage. In this paper we propose a procedure of converting the road network database to a road graph which could be used for localization problems. Several challenging problems exist in the transformation process which are commonly met also in other data bases. The procedure of dealing with those challenges are proposed. The data come from the National road data base in Sweden. The graph derived is cleaned, and reduced to a suitable level for localization problems. The residential points are also processed in ordered to match the graph. The reduction of the graph is done maintaining the accuracy of distance measures in the network.

  • 179.
    Mihaescu, Oana
    et al.
    University of Cincinnati, College of Design, Architecture, Art, and Planning, School of Planning.
    vom Hofe, Rainer
    University of Cincinnati, College of Design, Architecture, Art, and Planning, School of Planning.
    The Impact of Brownfields on Residential Property Values in Cincinnati, Ohio: A Spatial Hedonic Approach2012Ingår i: Journal of Regional Analysis and Policy, ISSN 1090-4999, Vol. 42, nr 3, s. 223-236Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper empirically assesses the impact brownfield sites have on market values ofsingle-family residential properties. Using three different hedonic model specifications, OrdinaryLeast Squares and Spatial Autoregressive and Spatial Error Models, this study showsthat properties located less than 1,000 feet from a brownfield site experience a significant depreciationin property values. As expected, spatial dependence among real estate propertyvalues is present, meaning that the two spatial hedonic model specifications are superior tothe Ordinary Least Squares specification. The study contributes to the relevant real estate andurban economics literature by determining the negative impact brownfield sites have on thevalue of single-family residential properties in our study region in Cincinnati, Ohio, by explicitlyaccounting for the phenomenon of spatial dependence in the dependent variable and byaddressing the declining influence of brownfield sites on property values in a nonlinearrelationship.

  • 180.
    Mårald, Erland
    et al.
    Umeå universitet.
    Westholm, Erik
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Changing approaches to the future in Swedish forestry, 1850-20102016Ingår i: Nature and Culture, ISSN 1558-6073, E-ISSN 1558-5468, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 1-21Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the changing construction of the future in Swedish forestry since 1850. The framework is based on three concepts: (1) knowability, addressing changing views of knowledge; (2) governability, addressing changing views of the ability to steer the future; and (3) temporality, referring to varying ways of relating to time. The results reveal that until the 1980s, trust in science-based forestry triggered other knowledge-based activities, such as education, surveys, and field trials. The future was seen as predictable and forecasts were expected to support increased forest production. In the 1970s, the environmental debate about the forest incorporated a pluralistic futures agenda. High-production forestry using intensive management methods was questioned. Futures studies shifted focus from predictions to scenarios, highlighting a less predictable future open to human agency. Paradoxically, with increased knowledge of forest ecology and forest markets with improved modeling techniques, the future horizon shifted to one of risks and uncertainties. 

  • 181.
    Möller, Peter
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Kunskap som verktyg för förändring2011Ingår i: Vem bygger landet? Om unga och vuxna i den regionala utvecklingen / [ed] Möller, Peter, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag , 2011Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 182.
    Möller, Peter
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Migration patterns among young adults in areas with a dominant tourism industry2009Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 183.
    Möller, Peter
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Turism i rurala områden: en möjlighet att attrahera unga invånare?2011Ingår i: Vem bygger landet? Om unga och vuxna i den regionala utvecklingen / [ed] Möller, Peter, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag , 2011Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 184.
    Möller, Peter
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Unga vuxna i Sälen2012Ingår i: På gränsen: Interaktion, attraktivitet och globalisering i Inre Skandinavien, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2012, s. 215-228Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 185.
    Möller, Peter
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Vem bygger landet?: Om unga och vuxna i den regionala utvecklingen2011Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 186.
    Möller, Peter
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Young Adult Transition in a Tourism Dominated Rural Area2012Ingår i: Tourism Planning & Development, ISSN 2156-8316, Vol. 9, nr 4, s. 429-440Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Rural peripheral areas generally have an ageing and declining population, few possibilities for education, limited labour market opportunities, and a net loss of young adults. However, some peripheral rural areas hosting large-scale tourism industry has faced a different development. But despite the fact that the loss of young adults is important for the development of these areas, the adult transition in a tourism context has not been so well addressed. In this paper the adult transition in Sälen, a large-scale winter tourism destination, is explored. The analysis is based on life history interviews with focus on how young adults experience the ability to make a living (year-round) in the tourism-dominated area. The way in which they perceive their current and possible future life in Sälen is important when they make decisions about how and where to shape their futures. The findings imply that the flows of people passing through Sälen, as tourists and young seasonal workers, are important both socially and economically for the young adult inhabitants, which in turn contributes to a more secure adult transition and to Sälen's attractiveness among young adults.

  • 187.
    Möller, Peter
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi. Örebro universitet.
    Young adults in rural tourism areas2016Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines how tourism affects conditions for young adults in rural areas. Such a study lies at the intersection of research about tourism impacts, adult transition, and rural areas. The aim is to examine how largescale tourism affects the opportunities for young adults living in rural areas; their perception of place and the perceived opportunities and obstacles that tourism provides.

    The thesis utilizes a mixed method approach. A quantitative study based on micro-data on individuals identifies the patterns and magnitudes of the mechanisms by which tourism affects population change among young adults. Interview methods are used in the case study area, Sälen, to investigate these mechanisms in depth. Finally, the rural–urban dichotomy is explored in a conceptual study that asks how tourism affects the perception of a local village as either rural or urban. Young inhabitants in rural areas are rarely considered in tourism research; therefore, the main contribution of this thesis is that it illuminates how tourism affects conditions for young adults in rural areas.

    The thesis reveals a substantial impact on the adult transition, mainly due to easier access to the labor market and a good supply of jobs during the high season. Further, the large number of people passing through creates flows of opportunities to make friends, get a job, or just meet people. All of these factors contribute to high mobility in these places, and to the perception of them as places where things happen. The high mobility in Sälen implies that fixed migrant categories (such as stayers and leavers) are largely insufficient. The tourism environment creates a space that is always under construction and continually producing new social relations mainly perceived as opportunities. Conceptualizing this as a modern rurality is a way to move beyond the often implicit notions of urban as modern and rural as traditional.

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  • 188.
    Möller, Peter
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Young adults’ perceptions of and affective bonds to a rural tourism community2016Ingår i: Fennia, ISSN 0015-0010, Vol. 194, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Many rural areas, in Sweden and worldwide, experience population decline where the young leave for education and work in urban areas. Employment has declined in several rural industries, such as agriculture, forestry, and fishing, while growing in other industries are often located in urban areas. Politicians and organizations have put much hope in tourism as a tool of rural development, but can tourism help reverse the rural out-migration trend among young adults? This paper explores how tourism affects young inhabitants’ perceptions of and affective bonds to a rural area in Sweden, the ski resort of Sälen. Students from the 1993–1995 elementary school graduating classes were interviewed about their migration history, childhood, and view of and ties to Sälen. The respondents experience that tourism contributes to a more vital community incorporating influences from elsewhere, but without eliminating the positive aspects of rural life. The regular flow of people – tourists, seasonal workers, and entrepreneurs – passing through Sälen presents opportunities to extend one’s social network that are widely appreciated by respondents. The high in and out mobility constitutes a key part of Sälen’s character. Contributions from tourism – such as employment, entertainment, leisure, and opportunities to forge new social relationships – are available during the adult transition, the life phase when rural areas are often perceived as least attractive. Even though out-migration occurs in Sälen, and some respondents still find Sälen too small, tourism has clearly increased the available opportunities and contributed significantly to making Sälen more attractive to young adults.

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  • 189.
    Möller, Peter
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Amcoff, J.
    Tourism’s localised population effect in the rural areas of Sweden2018Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, ISSN 1502-2250, E-ISSN 1502-2269, nr 1, s. 39-55Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines how population change among young adults in rural areas is affected when tourism is the dominant industry. The relation between tourism and population change is often implicitly assumed but has not been well examined on a broader societal level. Existing studies have indicated that the effect of tourism on population change is limited in geographical range, and therefore a fine geographical resolution is useful. This analysis is based on yearly information on each individual who resided in Sweden in any year between 1990 and 2010, with 100-metre grid cells as the finest geographical resolution. Since young adults constitute a large part of all migration that takes place, they are the focus of this study. The findings show that the net population change among young adults is clearly more positive in tourism-dominated areas (TDAs) than in non-TDAs, and this becomes more significant the more remote the areas. Further, there is a better gender balance and a younger population in TDAs. Stayers and return migrants can partly explain the positive population change in TDAs, but as shown in previous research, there is a higher turnover of population in TDAs, and in-migration seems to be the key to positive population change.

  • 190.
    Möller, Peter
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Thulemark, Maria
    Vivid city or sleepy village?: Young people in an urban tourism destination in rural Sweden2011Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 191.
    Möller, Peter
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Thulemark, Maria
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Engström, Christina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Urbanity and Rurality in a Tourism Context: Exploring the myth of Vivid Cities and Sleepy Villages2014Ingår i: Rural Tourism: An International Perspective / [ed] Katherine Dashper, Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2014, s. 22-40Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 192.
    Mörner, Cecilia
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    The Legacy of Mining: Visual Representations and Narrative Constructions of a Swedish Heritage Tourist Destination2011Ingår i: Tourism, Culture & Communication, ISSN 1098-304X, E-ISSN 1943-4146, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 1-15Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the marketing and management efforts that have been undertaken to make the Falun World Heritage Site a successful tourist destination in terms of hegemonic, visual representations and narrative constructions. Visual representation is assumed to be a vital aspect of the construction of narratives used to promote tourist destinations. The idea of a narrative as something that constructs sites as comprehensible places through visual representation can be used to illuminate the logic of heritage tourism and branding destinations. The paper argues that representations of a heritage site that are closely related to hegemonic ideas of the site’s history are not necessarily the most profitable ones. If the heritage site is to contribute to local development and tourism, it is essential to understand what the representations of heritage communicate. Using the Falun World Heritage Site as a case study, the article aims to show how the attraction of a site can be hindered by hegemonic assumptions of its history, and therefore of its most interesting and valuable aspects. Analyses of Falun’s marketing, as well as the site itself, show that the constructed hegemonic narratives about the Falun Mine primarily concern men, masculinity and nationalism. Visitors are offered an opportunity to take part through narratives of the Swedish Great Power Period, as constructed and experienced by male geniuses and male mineworkers. These are the stories that correspond to the hegemonic view of those who manage and market the site.

  • 193.
    Nashawati, Salah
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Turismvetenskap.
    Tourism Experience in Cashless Society: Investigating links between credit card purchase and satisfactionThe case of FIS Cross Country World Cup -Sweden2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The encouragement of governments to turn its systems toward cashless societies will likely

    lead to an emergence of new touristic experiences. The impacts of cashlessness will affect the

    creation of the purchasing experience in the tourist mind. Sweden is one of the fastest growing

    economies toward a cashless society, hence, this study will explore the tourist experience in a

    cashless society and its impacts on the tourist experience by applying hypothesis basing on

    rational choice theory. The study is based on a survey of data collected via on-site sampling

    during the Swedish Skiing games: Cross Country World Cup, that is held in Falun, Sweden

    between 15th-18th of March in 2018.

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  • 194.
    Nguyen, Tommy
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Turismvetenskap.
    Rasmussen, David
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Turismvetenskap.
    Analyzing motivational factors which may influence seasonal retention: A case study on Kolmården Zoo Park & Leksand Resort2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Unveiling the factors which drive the seasonal workforce in a family-park tourism destination setting through interviews with previous workers of those destinations, and to understand the challenges of working seasonally opposed to working full-time.

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  • 195.
    Niedomysl, Thomas
    et al.
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Borgegård, Lars-Erik
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Fransson, Urban
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Håkansson, Johan
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Municipalities in Competition: Swedish experience on migration and attractivity2002Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 196.
    Nordström, Carin
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Företagsekonomi.
    Hur ser företagande kvinnor på företagandet?2017Ingår i: Genus och företagande / [ed] P. Rytkönen & M. Bonow, Stockholm: Svenska Sällskapet för Antropologi och Geografi , 2017, s. 145-158Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Företagare och entreprenörer är de som står för den regionala utvecklingen och under flera år har mycket forskning gjorts på de som kanske startar företag, som en del i den globala entreprenörskapsrapporten GEM – Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (Reynolds et al. 2002). Mycket tid har lagts på att studera vilka det är som kanske startar företag och vilka faktorer som avgör om man faktiskt startar eller inte. Enligt rapporterna är det flest män som startar och driver företag i Sverige och i världen. F.d. Näringslivsministern Maud Olofsson 1 (C) ville ta reda på hur man kunde motivera kvinnor att bli företagare och minska på hindren. Därför utsåg hon 2007 Nutek, på uppdrag från regeringen, att studera detta med fokus på att främja kvinnliga företagare (Tillväxtverket 2015a). Mellan 2011–2014 tilldelades även Tillväxtverket 65 miljoner årligen av regeringen, för att fortsätta arbetet kring att främja kvinnliga företagare där uppdraget präglades av att ta fram en strategi för ett företagsfrämjande på lika villkor samt skapa tillväxt, konkurrenskraft och förnyelse genom att få fler företagande kvinnor (Tillväxtverket 2015a). Under perioden 2008–2014 har Tillväxtverket även haft ett ambassadörsprogram för att väcka intresse kring att starta företag och ambassadörerna har t.ex. besökt skolor, nätverk, företagsmässor, haft personliga möten med kvinnor som funderat på att starta företag (Tillväxtverket 2015a). Syftet med det här kapitlet är att lyfta vad som behövs för att få fler kvinnor att våga satsa, samt om det finns tillväxtpotential och vad som då krävs. I det här kapitlet kommer fyra företagande kvinnor att lyftas upp samt fem kvinnliga ambassadörer om hur de ser på att driva företag och hur de ser på sitt företag och framtiden. Förhoppningsvis kan deras berättelser sporra även andra att våga starta företag.

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  • 197.
    Nordström, Carin
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Företagsekonomi.
    Farsari, Ioanna
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Turismvetenskap.
    Zhao, Xiaoyun
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Mikrodataanalys.
    Ramsay, Sarah
    Working with Swedes2018Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 198.
    Olsen, Julia
    et al.
    Nord Universitet, Bodø, Norway.
    Nenasheva, Marina
    NARFU, Nothern Arctic Federal University, Arkhangelsk, Russia.
    Wigger, Karin Andrea
    Nord Universitet, Bodø, Norway.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Turismvetenskap.
    Cruise tourism development in the Arkhangelsk region, Russian Arctic: Stakeholder perspectives on sustainability of tourism practices2019Ingår i: In search of Arctic marine sustainability: Arctic maritime businesses and resilience of the marine environment / [ed] Eva Pongrácz, Victor Pavlov & Niko Hänninen, Springer, 2019Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Arkhangelsk region is a strategic area for cruise tourism development in the Russian European Arctic. The region offers its visitors a large number of unique natural, cultural, and historical sites. These attract both domestic and foreign cruise lines that provide an opportunity for their clients to explore coastal settlements and the region’s remote areas. However, it can be said that despite the variety of existing national and regional institutional arrangements, as well as the industry’s managerial practices, the sustainable development of marine tourism in the region is highly reliant on local stakeholders, such as local authorities, travel companies, and local providers of hosting/tourism activities. In order to obtain a better understanding of the sustainability of the current development practices, this chapter uses the findings from qualitative interviews conducted in the Arkhangelsk region to examine how cruise tourism in the Solovetsky archipelago, Arkhangelsk region, is managed locally and regionally. Our study emphasizes the need to implement a communication model based on the cooperation and engagement of all relevant stakeholders as a platform to address sustainability issues inherent in the growth of cruise tourism. The study thus helps to address the problems associated with cruise tourism development in the Arctic and to deepen the discussion related to the peculiarities of tourism destination development in the Russian European Arctic.

  • 199.
    Palmqvist, Jenny
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Geografi.
    En jämförelse mellan agroforesty och permakultur som jordbrukssystem: -   En fältstudie kring skillnader och likheter mellan systemen i Sverige och Rwanda.2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Tillsammans med en växande världsbefolkning som ska födas och de klimatutmaningar världen befinner sig inför, blir det på alla fronter viktigt att titta på vad som kan göras för att möta dessa utmaningar. Utmaningarna och dess problem är inte ett enskilt och inte heller dess lösningar. De som granskas i denna empiriska studie är två jordbrukssystem; permakultur och agroforestry som beskrivs som hållbara på flera sätt. Syftet är att åskådliggöra vilka likheter och skillnader finns i de småskaliga jordbruken mellan två helt olika länder, som Sverige och Rwanda. – Vilka likheter och skillnader finns mellan Sverige och Rwanda, gällande grödor & konsumtion, näring och bekämpningsmedel? Studien baseras i huvudsak på intervjuer som är genomförda i Rwanda och i Sverige. Som komplement har GIS-använts för att kartera jordbruksmarken i Rwanda. Fältstudien i Rwanda har skett i samarbete med den ideella organisation Vi-skogen.

    I Agroforestry finns ingen given mall eller modell som är ett måste, bortsätt från ett integrerat odlande med inslag av buskar och träd. Trädens ekosystemtjänster integrerade i jordbruket bidrar till exempel med sin vattenhållande förmåga, ökad -bilogisk mångfald, kollagring i marken, jordförbättring; struktur och genomsläpplighet och ökad trygghet i avkastning med förbättrad livsmedelproduktion är några av alla de fördelar som följer i ett integrerat jordbruk. De är också en viktig parameter i att minska avverkning till brännved och träden används även som foder till djur. Permakultur innebär att utformningen av hållbara jordbrukssystem och människors livsmiljöer skall eftersträva att efterlikna naturens mönster. Permakultur uppmuntrar människor att utforma, bygga och designa för självförsörjning i allt från mat till boende. Den etiska grunden för metoden är att ta hand om människor, ta hand om jorden och jämnt fördela överskott från resurser.

    Det finns flera skillnader i såväl systemen som skillnader länderna emellan, några av de resultat som kan presenteras är att trots stora natur- och kulturskillnader, förekomsten av samma grödor: baljväxter, potatis och vete. Skillnaden är större i vad som konsumeras än vad som odlas, även om det går att hitta likheter. En slutsats som kan göras är att inkomst påverkar konsumtionsmönster och i vilken grad jordbrukaren är självförsörjande. Det vill säga; de socioekonomiska skillnaderna mellan länderna spelar större roll än naturförhållandena. Användandet av bekämpningsmedel och gödning är den största skillnaden mellan permakultur och agroforestry i det studerade fallen.

  • 200.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Arctic Tourism: Realities & Possibilities2014Ingår i: Arctic Yearbook 2014: Scholarly Articles, Section II: Regional Economy & Properity / [ed] Dr. Lassi Heininen, Arctic Portal , 2014, s. 1-17Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses human capital in the Arctic in relation to tourism. More specifically, with an ever-increasing number oftourists recognizing the attractiveness of the Arctic, tour companies are increasingly recognizing the opportunities. The media(typically southern media) sells the image, either before or after the tourists arrive, and communities are often left to deal with therepercussions – whether those are social, economic, environmental, or the like. Many of the repercussions are negative; however,even when perceived as positive they can create tensions within small communities and showcase a variety of capacity issues.This paper focuses on the realities and possibilities of tourism in the Arctic. It offers an up-to-date descriptive overview of tourismnumbers and valuations. In addition, ‘realities’ also focuses on the current suite of challenges and ‘possibilities’ addresses criticalquestions that need to be asked as tourism grows. We are in an uncertain age and academic critique of the Arctic tourismphenomenon is growing as quickly as the numbers. This paper is almost fully circumpolar in outlook, written by individuals fromthose jurisdictions, and aims to intersect with other sectors active in the Arctic.

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