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  • 17401.
    Winge, Emmelie
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    UNDERVISA OM LIVSFRÅGOR: Livsfrågornas roll i skolan2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie har varit att undersöka hur yrkesverksamma lärare i samhällsorienterade ämnen mellan årskurserna 6-9, ser på begreppet livsfrågor samt hur undervisning bedrivs rörande livsfrågor. Undersökningsmetoderna för studien var en enkät som skickades ut till 68 stycken lärare, varav 21 stycken deltog i undersökningen samt intervjuer med tre verksamma lärare. Resultatet visade att de flesta lärarna ansåg att livsfrågor är ett brett begrepp som kan innefatta personliga frågor till mera öppna frågor som berör mer på en gruppnivå i samhället och som kanske är mer beroende av vilken kontext man lever i. Begreppet är starkt knutet enligt de flesta i studien till etik och moral, moraliska ideal, människosyn, värderingar och att försöka förstå hur andra människor lever och tänker. Vad som även blev synligt var att undervisning i ämnet inte sker separat utan blir en del i andra delar inom religionskunskap, men även att livsfrågor inte bara är något som rör bara religionskunskapsämnet utan även de andra samhällsorienterande ämnena. Diskussion är det främsta verktyget lärarna använde sig av i undervisning rörande livsfrågor, men populärkultur är även något man använder sig av liksom läroböcker och internetsidor avsedda för SO-undervisning. En slutsats kan vara att livsfrågor är inget som man undervisar om separat, då undervisningen bör ha ett mål, något att bedöma vilket blir svårt om eleverna enbart ska utgå från sina egna livsfrågor. Därför menar några lärare i studien att livsfrågor blir som en röd tråd som går igenom alla de samhällsorienterande ämnena för att olika synsätt ska bli synliga.

  • 17402.
    Winge, Susanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Auditor’s obligation to report suspicious economic crimes: - How auditors in Sweden perceive and manage this duty2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Auditors obligation to report suspicious crime – and how auditors perceive and

    manage this duty

    Level: Master level

    Author: Susanna Winge

    Supervisor: Fredrik Hartwig

    Date: 2015-05-25

    Background

    The purpose of auditors has developed during the years, from ‘detecting crime’ to ‘ensure a

    true and fair view’. Still, the ambitions of the politics were that auditors should be able to

    prevent economic crimes, and also avoid accounting scandals. On January 1st 1999, it was

    stated by law that auditors had an obligation to report clients if they suspected that any

    crime has been committed within a company. According to the literature, auditors do not

    have the right competencies to interpret what is a crime or just inaccuracies. Auditors do

    also have an obligation to keep silence, towards their clients, which are described as a

    cornerstone in their business. Earlier studies have indicated that auditors rather relate to

    their confidentiality, because of their low knowledge regarding economic crimes.

    Purpose

    The purpose of this study is find out ‘How do auditors in Sweden perceive and manage

    their obligation to report suspicious crime?’

    Method

    I have performed a qualitative study, where my primary data are sampled by nine, semistructured

    interviews with auditors in Dalarna. The interviews were performed face-to-face,

    and the questions were designed along the secondary data, in purpose to answer my

    research questions and purpose. My secondary data consists of literature, Swedish laws and

    propositions.

    Result and conclusions

    The result of this study shows that auditors do not make decision whether to reporting or

    not. Despite it is the auditors obligation, it is the lawyers within their organizations that take

    the decision if a report should be established or not. The respondents in my study consider

    themselves to have the competencies and knowledge to discover errors, and therefore, they

    do not need to posses the legal knowledge. My respondents think this is a difficult

    obligation, but do not think the responsibility should be on someone else

    Suggestions for future research

    All respondents who participated in this study works at larger agencies, and have access to

    competent lawyers within their organisations. I think this has affected my result, and

    therefore I suggest a further study with auditors on smaller agencies, who not have their

    own lawyers employed.

    It would also be interesting to investigate stakeholder’s perspective and expectations about

    auditor’s duty to report suspicious crimes, and perhaps even irregularities. It would also be

    interesting to investigate why auditors do not acquire the competencies needed to establish

    reports of economic crimes.

    Contribution of the thesis

    The contribution of this paper is that auditors do not need to posses the knowledge about

    how to manage their obligation to report, because they have legally competent people

    (lawyers) within their organization, who are responsible in these matters. Auditors perceive

    this obligation as difficult, and leave the decision-making to legally competent people.

  • 17403.
    Wingkvist, Carl-Fredrik
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, German.
    Wladimir Kaminers literarische Welt: Eine Analyse des Buches Militärmusik von Wladimir Kaminer2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses the narrative style in Wladimir Kaminer´s novel Militärmusik. The focus of the analysis is on the fictionality of the text and the narrator´s perspective. The study also examines how humour is created in the text and the author's selection of topics.

  • 17404.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Kungl. Musikhögskolan; Royal College of Music in Stockholm.
    Alternativa startpunkter1999In: Språk, Musik, Undervisning: Olika startpunkter / [ed] Tore West, KMH Förlaget , 1999, 1, p. 9-18Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17405.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Kungl. Musikhögskolan / Royal College of Music in Stockholm.
    Analyzing narrative functions of music in film and other multimodal expressions2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17406. Wingstedt, Johnny
    Do we learn music from playing computer games?2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17407.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Exploring knowledge of music in multimodal narrative settings2013In: Multimodalities: Book of abstracts, 2013, p. 14-14Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Music, used for narrative purposes in multimodal settings such as film, television and computer games is becoming one of the largest sources of musical experience in contemporary society. Although typically experienced on an unconscious and unreflected level, this kind of music actively contributes narrative meaning in multimodal interplay with other representational modes such as moving image, speech and sound effects. It seems that by engaging in social activities such as watching movies and playing computer games, we learn how to make sense of such musical functions, gaining knowledge necessary for interpreting stories multimodally told (Wingstedt, Brändström & Berg, 2010). A study was performed to make available for observation representations of knowledge, what could be described as ‘evidence of learning‘ of musical narrative functions (Wingstedt, 2008; Wingstedt, Brändström & Berg, 2008). A software tool (REMUPP) was designed, where seven musical parameters (semiotic resources of music) could modify musical expression in real time. Twenty-three participants, 12-13 years old, were given the task of designing music to fit different 3D-animated visual settings. They also answered a questionnaire giving information about their musical training and media habits. After each session they were interviewed in a stimulated recall situation, where they commented on their achieved musical expressions. Numerical data from the software was used to analyse textual aspects of the musical expressions, actualising ideational and interpersonal meanings. This was combined with analyses of the interviews and results of the questionnaires. The results indicated clearly expressed knowledge of culturally available musical narrative conventions. Combining analyses of the verbal expressions with the musical expressions contributed to a fuller and more nuanced account of the participants’ expressed musical knowledge. The results showed strong correlations to factors such as the participants’ musical backgrounds and habits of playing computer games and watching movies – highlighting the impact of the increasing availability of narrative media on our attitudes and knowledge.

  • 17408.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Expressing values and attitudes in the advertising jingle through the interplay of music, voice and lyrics2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17409.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Royal College of Music in Stockholm.
    Film music and interactivity1998In: From Awareness to Action, Proceedings from “Stockholm, Hey Listen!”, 1998Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17410.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    From Phonograph Records to Movies: The recontextualization of pre-existing music into film soundtracks2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17411.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Functions of narrative media music: a multimodal and social semiotic perspective2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 17412.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Funktionell analys av musik i film och andra multimodalt berättande gestaltningar2012In: På tal om musikproduktion. Elva bidrag till ett nytt kunskapsområde / [ed] Ternhag, Gunnar; Wingstedt, Johnny, Göteborg: Bo Ejeby Förlag , 2012, p. 160-181Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17413.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Ideational meaning potentials of narrative media music2012In: 6th International Conference on Multimodality: Abstracts, 2012, p. 130-130Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The question of musical meaning has been controversial and much debated over the years, especially music’s ability to express any kind of ‘content’ or ideational meaning. Wingstedt (2005, 2008) and Wingstedt et al. (2010) have discussed how narrative media music (music in film, computer games etc) can be categorized into six basic narrative functions: the informative, descriptive, emotive, guiding, rhetorical and temporal functions. These can in turn be put in relation to Halliday’s three metafunctions of communicational meaning (ideational, interpersonal, textual). This paper/presentation will discuss how narrative media music can express ideational meanings in defined narrative contexts, in interaction with other modes such as moving image, speech and sound design. The ideational metafunction is the content dimension of communication, representing what goes on in the world, ‘who does what, with or to whom and where’ (Kress et al, 2001:9). In multimodal narrative settings, music will typically contribute ideational meaning by informative and descriptive functions. In performing informative functions, music will often make use of culturally known and recognizable features expressed through different genres or specific musical compositions or performances. Typical examples are how music is used to establish cultural settings, as when playing ‘French music’ when a filmic narrative cuts to a location set in Paris – or using musical style to convey certain time periods or to indicate social events or status. The descriptive functions of narrative media music are akin to programme music, a type of art music attempting to render an extra-musical setting or narrative. This includes setting out to metaphorically describe attributes of physical atmosphere or environment, such as ‘the ocean’, ‘the pastoral’ or ‘the city’ – or by mimetically expressing physical movement, a technique that, when emphasized, is known as Mickey Mousing. Also, expressing mental processes or ‘observed emotions’ (rather than ‘experienced’), can be seen as descriptive functions of music. Musical narrative tools such as the use of leitmotifs (a recurring motif associated with characters, places or ideas of the narrative) will function on both an informative and descriptive level, symbolically representing a specific phenomenon and at the same time describing its attributes. The dramaturgical position of the music as being either diegetic (part of the spatio-temporal world of the story) or non-diegetic will also affect how ideational meaning is manifested. The different functions will be illustrated by using examples from various film scenes.

  • 17414.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    'If You Have Nothing To Say – Sing It!': On the Interplay of Music, Voice and Lyrics in the Advertising Jingle2017In: Music as Multimodal Discourse: Semiotics, Power and Protest / [ed] Lyndon C.S. Way and Simon McKerrell, London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2017, 1, p. 135-158Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 17415.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    “If you’ve got nothing to say – sing it!”: On the interplay of music, voice and lyrics in the advertising jingle2014In: CADAAD 5: Abstract Book / [ed] Alexandra Fodor, Tamás Eitler, Judit Pethő-Szirmai, Kata Vadai, Beatrix Molnár, Budapest: Eötvös Loránd University , 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the early days of radio, music has been used to sell goods and establish brand identities (Taylor, 2012). From this, the practice of the advertising jingle has developed. Van Leeuwen (2005:106) states that “discourses consist of a version of social practice plus ideas about it and attitudes to it”. This presentation discusses and exemplifies how ideas and attitudes are expressed by combining music, voice and language in the advertising jingle. In examining discursive aspects of the jingle, different (or additional) factors must be taken into consideration compared with just looking at the spoken word. In combing words and music, each mode individually bears meaning but meaning also emerges from the interweaving of the modes involved (Wingstedt 2008, 2010).

    On a structural level, music will contribute means for time-based constructions different from what is usually found in ‘speech alone’. First, it makes possible repetition of chosen expressions such as product name, slogans or connotative keywords. Furthermore, musical meter, period, rhythm and phrasing provide frameworks for selected language components to achieve salience. An important feature for building brand identity is also how music can be made highly recognizable, often by means of melody.

    Interpersonally, pitch level or direction regulates aspects of engagement, attitude and energy, and connect directly to verbal content, making music perform what van Leeuwen (2005) calls “sound acts”. Metrical regularities or irregularities creates or breaks expectations, which involves and activates the listener. Advantage is also taken of music’s strong ability to express emotions and moods.

    Instrumentation, how music “dress up” (or down), and also musical genres, come with cultural or subcultural associations to attitudes, values and ideologies. Central to the sound of the jingle is the projection of the human voice, which carries both verbal, musical and other sound-specific qualities, as described by van Leeuwen (1999) and Machin (2010). All this, together with musical expression styles and production techniques, are used as means for establishing the “image” of a brand, based on how music can convey discourses on social status or authenticity. In the presentation, recordings are analysed and compared to illustrate how social practices, ideas and attitudes come together in music, voice and language.

  • 17416.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Making music mean: on functions of, and knowledge about, narrative music in multimedia2008Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 17417.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Media music as text: multimodality, metafunctions and narrative music2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17418.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Metafunktioner, dieges och interaktivitet2012In: På tal om musikproduktion. Elva bidrag till ett nytt kunskapsområde / [ed] Ternhag, Gunnar; Wingstedt, Johnny, Göteborg: Bo Ejeby Förlag , 2012, p. 182-196Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17419.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Music as a carrier of values, attitudes and ideologies in advertising: a multimodal discourse analysis2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17420.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Musical meaning in film: an intermedial perspective2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17421.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Musik som medel för att uttrycka värderingar, attityder och ideologier2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17422.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Narrative functions of film music in a relational perspective2004In: Sound worlds to discover : proceedings, ISME 2004, 26th International Society for Music Education World Conference, 11-16 July 2004, Tenerife, Spain, International Society for Music Education , 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17423.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Kungl. Musikhögskolan; Royal College of Music in Stockholm.
    Narrative media music: functions and knowledge2010In: Music, Education and Innovation: Festschrift for Sture Brändström / [ed] Cecilia Ferm Thorgersen & Sidsel Karlsen, Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2010, 1, p. 53-66Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 17424.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Kungl. Musikhögskolan/Royal College of Music in Stockholm.
    Narrative media music: functions and knowledge2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17425.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Narrative music: towards an understanding of musical narrative functions in multimedia2005Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 17426. Wingstedt, Johnny
    REMUPP: A tool for investigating musical narrative functions2006In: Proceedings of the Audio Mosty Conference : a Conference on Sound in Games, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17427.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Resources of mediated voice quality in providing a sense of presence in online learning situations.2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17428.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Tecken på lärande om musikens berättande funktioner i multimodala kontexter2015In: Abstracts Mirac 2015 / [ed] Thomas Florén, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17429.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    The Aesthetic Potential of Vocal Sound in Online Learning Situations2018In: Multimodality and Aesthetics / [ed] Elise Seip Tønnessen & Frida Forsgren, London and New York: Routledge, 2018, 1, p. 186-200Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 17430.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    The potential of sound to provide a sense of presence in online learning situations2014In: Next Generation Learning Conference, NGL 2014, March 19–20 2014, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden: Book of Abstract, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2014, p. 53-53Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In contemporary society, important activities of our daily lives are increasingly audiovisually mediated such as in film, television, games, advertising etc. In these activities, principles for storytelling and communication are used, building on socially developed conventions (Wingstedt, 2008). The voice (dialogue or voice over) in audiovisual modes of communication is often used as a resource for contributing a sense of presence, engagement, identification and immersion. This paper presents the design and preliminary results of a pilot study, where the purpose was to investigate how narrative principles for audiovisual storytelling can be applied to online learning environments. Focus is primarily on how resources for mediating the human voice can contribute to a sense of presence and immersion in the learning situation. Theories of Multimodality (Kress, 2010) and Social semiotics (van Leeuwen, 1999, 2005, and others) are used as a point of departure. In using Halliday’s (1978) three metafunctions of communication as a model – describing communicational meaning as being ideational (content), interpersonal (interaction) and textual (structure) – this study focuses on how interpersonal meaning is realized through the mode of sound.  Empirical data was collected in two kinds of online learning situations: 1) Japanese language lessons, performed in real time, and; 2) recorded lectures in the course Analysis of music productions (in the Music- and sound design programme). As one important purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the validity of the research method, it was decided to include these two disparate but common forms of online teaching/learning. In all, 16 lessons were evaluated. Half of the lessons were carried on “as usual”, using standard technical solutions for sound production and transmission. The other half of the lessons were “produced”, where aspects such as frequency range, sound level, noise, pitch and proximity were treated using professional audio technology and methods. The preferred sound ideal was not necessarily ”naturalism” but rather the heightened sense of ”hyper realism” often heard in film, where the voice sound is used to achieve a sense of immersion, continuity and presence. Each of the 16 lessons was followed by an online survey, where the students rated different communicational aspects of the session. In all, 147 individual surveys were collected. The preliminary results of these surveys will be presented, and an evaluation of different aspects of the research methodology will be discussed. 

  • 17431.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Berg, Jan
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Liljedahl, Mats
    Lindberg, Stefan
    REMUPP: An interface for evaluation of relations between musical parameters and perceived properties2005In: ACE '05 Proceedings of the 2005 ACM SIGCHI International Conference on Advances in computer entertainment technology / [ed] S. Zhou, Z. Ying & L.S. Ping, New York: ACM , 2005, p. 346-349Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    New media offers new roles, functions and challenges to music, calling for new methods and tools for music research. To meet these increasingly important challenges. REMUPP, a new software tool for the investigation of relations between music and perceived properties or characteristies, was designed. The ideas behind REMUPP and the technology used to realize it is deseribed. In order to test the sensitivity and validity of REMUPP. a simple experiment aimed to examine some properties of music was carried out. 38 subjects were listening to music and instructed to indicate their priority for different aspects of the music (musical parameters) while they actively controlled these aspects. The results show that REMUPP is able to bring out significant differences between the musical parameters, and that these differences correspond well with findings by others.

  • 17432.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production. Department of music and media, Luleå University of Technology.
    Brändström, Sture
    Berg, Jan
    Making meaning of media music: expressions of knowledge about musical narrative functionsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 17433.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Royal College of Music, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Brändström, Sture
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Berg, Jan
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Narrative music, visuals and meaning in film2010In: Visual Communication, ISSN 1470-3572, E-ISSN 1741-3214, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 193-210Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Narrative media music, music used for narrative purposes in multimedia such as film, television or computer games, is becoming one of the largest sources of musical experience in our daily lives. Though typically experienced on an unconscious and unreflected level, this kind of music actively contributes narrative meaning in multimodal interplay with image, speech and sound effects. Often, what we (think we) see is to a large degree determined by what we hear. Using Halliday’s (1978) metafunctions of communication as a starting point, two short film scenes (from Jaws and The Secret of My Success) are examined, with a focus on the intermodal relationships of music and image. The examples illustrate how musical and visual expressions combine to form multimodal statements where the whole is certainly different than the sum of the parts.

  • 17434.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Royal college of music, Sweden.
    Brändström, Sture
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Berg, Jan
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Young adolescents’ usage of narrative functions of media music by manipulation of musical expression2008In: Psychology of Music, ISSN 0305-7356, E-ISSN 1741-3087, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 193-214Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates usage and knowledge of musical narrative functions in contemporary multimedia. A group of young adolescents were given the task of adapting musical expression, using the non-verbal research tool REMUPP, to fit different visual scenes shown on a computer screen. This was accomplished by manipulating seven musical parameters: instrumentation, tempo, harmonic complexity, rhythmic complexity, register, articulation and reverb. They also answered a questionnaire giving information about their musical training and media habits. Numerical data from the manipulation of the musical parameters were analysed to search for tendencies within the group with regard to the musical expression in relation to the different visual scenes shown. The results showed a large degree of in-group consensus regarding narrative functions of music, indicating knowledge about musical narrative codes and conventions. Also, the results were clearly influenced by factors such as the participants' musical training, gender and habits of music listening, playing computer games and watching movies — highlighting the complexity of learning and pointing to the impact of the increasing availability of narrative media on our attitudes and knowledge.

  • 17435.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Florén, Thomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Ickeverbal kommunikation i studio2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17436.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Florén, Thomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Music Producers, Knowledge and Multimodal Communication in the Recording Studio2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This short paper presents and discusses an ongoing pilot project studying communication and collaboration between producers and singers in the recording studio. From a knowledge perspective, it is assumed that ’the formal, the informal and the tacit are embedded in and inseparable from the ongoing interaction of the participants’ (Heath, Luff & Knoblauch, 2004). It is therefore necessary to, in addition to the verbal/vocal, also examine multimodal and embodied means of social interaction – such as gesture, facial expression and gaze. In this, the specific conditions established by the mediated setting of studio communication via ’talkback’ systems and soundproofed glass windows are considered. Furthermore, the communicative use of artifacts, tools and technology needs to be studied, in order to get a deeper understanding of how creative and collaborative work is organized in the studio. This includes how the musical sound (live or recorded) and related technologies are used for interactional purposes besides mere artistic expression.

     

    The study of the activities in the studio is, on a micro level, being performed using multi-camera documentation and multimodal interaction analysis. On a macro level, in-depth interviews and stimulated recall sessions, focusing on the role of the producer, are used for getting the participants’ perspective on how they view their own role regarding e.g. situational, institutional, strategic and knowledge-related matters. Preliminary results touch on issues concerning how power relations, agency, status and (often tacit) knowledge are negotiated. The joint workflow of collaborative and creative processes, as well as communicative resources, choices, and strategies are illuminated. The continued plan for this project is to include a larger variety of proficiency and professional levels, and musical genres. Given the increase in studies on contemporary media societies, such as consumer habits, media cultures and technologies, more research is correspondingly called for on issues concerning collaborative media production processes.

     

    References

    Heath, C., Luff, P. & Knoblauch, H. (2004). Tools, technologies and organizational interaction: The emergence of "workplace studies." In D. Grant, C. Hardy, C. Oswick & L. Putman (Eds), The Handbook of Organizational Discourse (pp. 337-359). London: Sage. 

  • 17437.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    et al.
    Sonic studio, Interactive Institute, Acusticum 4, SE-941 28 Piteå, Sweden, School of Music, Luleå University of Technlogy.
    Liljedahl, Mats
    Sonic studio, Interactive Institute, Acusticum 4, SE-941 28 Piteå, Sweden.
    Lindberg, Stefan
    Sonic studio, Interactive Institute, Acusticum 4, SE-941 28 Piteå, Sweden.
    Berg, Jan
    Sonic studio, Interactive Institute, Acusticum 4, SE-941 28 Piteå, Sweden, School of Music, Luleå University of Technlogy.
    REMUPP - an interactive tool for investigating musical properties and relations2005In: Proceedings of the 2005 International Conference on New Interfaces for Musical Expression (NIME05), Vancouver, BC, Canada / [ed] S. Fels & T. Blaine, 2005, p. 232-235Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A typical experiment design within the field of music psychology is playing music to a test subject who listens and reacts - most often by verbal means. One limitation of this kind of test is the inherent difficulty of measuring an emotional reaction in a laboratory setting. This paper describes the design, functions and possible uses of the software tool REMUPP (Relations between musical parameters and perceived properties), designed for investigating various aspects of musical experience. REMUPP allows for non-verbal examination of selected musical parameters (such as tonality, tempo, timbre, articulation, volume, register etc.) in a musical context. The musical control is put into the hands of the subject, introducing an element of creativity and enhancing the sense of immersion. Information acquired with REMUPP can be output as numerical data for statistical analysis, but the tool is also suited for the use with more qualitatively oriented methods.

  • 17438.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Lindeborg, Ronny
    Kungl. Musikhögskolan, Royal College of Music in Stockholm.
    Using music to design the Jympa group training experience2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17439. Winkel, Per
    et al.
    Jakobsen, Janus Christian
    Hilden, Jørgen
    Jensen, Gorm
    Kjøller, Erik
    Sajadieh, Ahmad
    Kastrup, Jens
    Kolmos, Hans Jørn
    Ärnlöv, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science. Karolinska institutet.
    Gluud, Christian
    Prognostic value of routinely available data in patients with stable coronary heart disease. A 10-year follow-up of patients sampled at random times during their disease course2018In: Open heart, E-ISSN 2053-3624, Vol. 5, no 2, article id 000808Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective To characterise the long-term prognosis of patients with stable coronary artery heart disease by means of ‘standard predictors’ defined as demographic, clinical and biochemical quantities routinely available in general practices and ascertained at an interview not prompted by renewed cardiac complaints.Methods This is an observational study based on data from 2199 Copenhagen placebo patients from the ‘clarithromycin for patients with stable coronary heart disease’ trial of patients with stable coronary heart disease. In the trial, we compared the effects of 14 days of clarithromycin treatment versus placebo. The predictors were based on the interview forms and blood samples collected at entry, along with demographic information from hospital files.We studied ‘standard predictors’ of a composite outcome (myocardial infarction, unstable angina, cerebrovascular disease or all-cause death) and of all-cause death. Using Cox regression, we compared predictions of status at 3, 6 and 9 years without and with the use of ‘standard predictors’ and used receiver operating characteristic statistic.Results Few ‘standard predictors’ were associated (p<0.01) with the composite outcome or with all-cause death. When no ‘standard predictors’ were included, 63.2% of the model-based predictions of the composite outcome and 79.9% of death predictions were correct. Including all ‘standard predictors’ in the model increased the figures to 68.4% and 83.4%, respectively. C indices were low, except when all-cause death was assessed as a single outcome where C was 0.79.Conclusion ‘Standard predictors’ routinely available in general practices contribute only modestly to risk assessment in consecutively sampled patients with stable coronary heart disease as ascertained at a contact not prompted by renewed cardiac complaints. Novel biomarkers may improve the assessment.Trial registration number NCT00121550.

  • 17440. Winkler, Jirí
    et al.
    Klimplová, Lenka
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social and Political Studies.
    Nová sociální rizika na trhu práce: problémy a (nebo) politická agenda?: New Social Risks in the Labor Market: Problems and (or) Political Agenda?2010In: Nová sociální rizika na trhu práce a potreby reformy ceské verejné politiky / [ed] Klimplova, Lenka; Winkler, Jirí, Brno: Masarykova univerzita , 2010, p. 5-7Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17441. Winkler, Jirí
    et al.
    Klimplová, Lenka
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social and Political Studies.
    Vrbková, Klára
    Proc jsou zamestnavatelé (ne)spokojení s cinností úradu práce?: Why Are Employers (Dis)Satisfied with Employment Office's Activities?2008In: Sociálne a politické analýzy, ISSN 1337-5555, Vol. II, no 1, p. 39-71Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 17442. Winkler, Jirí
    et al.
    Klimplová, Lenka
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social and Political Studies.
    Žižlavský, Martin
    Hodnocení programu z hlediska partnerství a adekvátního plánování: Programme evaluation from partnership and adequate planning point of view2005In: Úcelové programy na lokálních trzích práce. Jejich význam, potrebnost a realizace, Brno: Masarykova univerzita , 2005, p. 208-217Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [un]

    The chapter evaluates selected local programs in the Czech labor market in terms of their technical preparedness and in terms of development of local partnerships between stakeholders of the programs. It also discusses diffusion and imitation as mechanisms for transfer of programs from other national contexts into the Czech labor market. It also deals with an importance of the European Structural Funds for the development of those local projects.

  • 17443. Winkler, Jirí
    et al.
    Klimplová, Lenka
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Žižlavský, Martin
    Úcelové programy na lokálních trzích práce. Jejich význam, potrebnost a realizace: Specific local employment programmes. Their meaning, needs and realization2005Book (Other academic)
  • 17444.
    Winkler, Katja
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, German.
    Kultur erlesen: Eine Literaturstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 17445.
    Winkler, Katja
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish as Second Language.
    Modersmål – Hinder eller resurs: En kvalitativ studie om SVA – lärares nyttjande av elevernas modersmål2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim:

    The paper at hand has two aims. The first aim is the investigation of how teachers of Swedish as a second language (SVA) perceive and experience the use of students’ native language in SVA- class. The second aim is to study the strategies used for the inclusion of students’ native languages in the Swedish language classroom. For this purpose, three research questions are posed. The first question examines if teachers of SVA experience any advantages of including students’ native languages in their teaching. The second question takes a closer look at what challenges and/ or limitations may occur when students’ native languages are included in SVA-class and the third question investigates what strategies for the inclusion of native languages are used by both teachers and students of SVA.

    Design/methodology/approach:

    Empirical study made with the help of personal interviews of five SVA-teachers in high school respectively secondary high school. The answers given in the interview are analysed and qualitatively presented. The results found are discussed and compared with recent literature and research papers in the field of second language acquisition and Swedish as a second language (SVA).

    Findings:

    The results of the study show that teachers see considerable advantages of including students’ native languages in SVA-class and show a generally positive attitude towards the use of the former for educational purposes. Nevertheless, the balancing of the native language used in casual conversations in class or for educational purposes is seen as a challenge by the teachers taking part in this study. Furthermore, the author of this paper found that most of the teachers interviewed do not have any concrete strategies for utilizing the resource, which students’ native languages present, in a tangible way.

  • 17446.
    Winqvist, Louise
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Olsson, Linda
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Faktorer som påverkar patienters attityder till livsstilsförändring efter hjärtinfarkt: En litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Myocardial infarction is a common disorder in which lifestyle affects risk. With

    lifestyle changes within physical activity, diets, tobacco use and alcohol

    consumption a great amount of myocardial infarction can be prevented. Patients´

    attitudes can be crucial in the process of lifestyle change.

    Aim

    The aim of the study was to describe the factors that influence patients´ attitudes to

    potential lifestyle change after myocardial infarction.

    Method

    The study is designed as a literature review based on 14 scientific articles with

    qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods.

    Results

    Ten factors emerged that separately or together affected patients´ attitudes to

    lifestyle change. The factors were fear, awareness, support, self-discipline, own

    priorities, physical obstacles, perspective of time, experience collected from the

    entourage, desire to return to past physical capacity and conception of life.

    Conclusion

    The participants’ attitudes were clearly affected by the emerged factors. A

    participant who had support, awareness, desire to return to past physical capacity

    and had self-discipline had increased motivation to implement lifestyle change

    after myocardial infarction. In contrast physical obstacles and perspective of time

    affected the attitude negatively to implement lifestyle change. Fear, own priorities

    and conception of life could affect attitudes to lifestyle change in both positive and

    negative direction.

  • 17447.
    Winqvist, Martin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Gävert, Alexander
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Är vi svenskar nu?: En kvalitativ studie om före detta ensamkommandeflyktingbarns syn på den egna kulturella identiteteni förhållande till den svenska kulturens dominans2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to seek a deeper understanding of how former unaccompanied refugees look at their situation in Sweden; how they describe their own sense of belonging, how they view participation in Swedish society and how they perceive "the Swedish culture". To answer the purpose of the study we have used a qualitative method in the form of semi structured interviews. During these interviews questions were raised based on three themes: KASAM (sense of context), cultural meetings and social interaction. The result showed that there are several reasons why cultural integration is difficult to achieve, that the respondents are to a small extent cultural-integrated and that the theories that exist about cultural integration cannot accurately be used to identify different types of integration.

  • 17448.
    Winterås, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Lindberg Rosth, Kerstin
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Ofrivillig hypotermi under den perioperativa vården: Inadvertent hypothermia in the perioperativ care2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstract Syftet med denna studie var att påvisa effekter av ofrivillig hypotermi samt beskriva anestesisjuksköterskans omvårdnadsåtgärder för att belysa vilka förebyggande faktorer som bibehåller normotermi i den perioperativa vården. Metod: Studien genomfördes som en litteraturöversikt. Artiklarna har sökts via Cinahl och Medline. Studiens resultat baserades på sjutton vetenskapliga artiklar med kvantitativ ansats, dessa grupperades under olika teman. Resultatet redovisas i följande huvudteman fysiologiska effekter, komplikationer, perioperativa teamet, aktiv uppvärmning, administrering av intravenösa vätskor, miljön i operationssalen samt riktlinjer för bibehållande av normotermi. Ofrivillig hypotermi i samband med ett kirurgiskt ingrepp ökade risken för komplikationer i form av ökad infektionsbenägenhet, påverkan på koagulationen med ökad blödningsrisk och hjärtpåverkan med risk för myocardischemi. Hypotermi påverkade också läkemedelsmetabolismen. Dessa effekter av ofrivillig hypotermi under den perioperativa vården orsakade patienten onödigt lidande, förlängd sjukhus vistelse och ökade kostnader för samhället. Slutsats: Anestesisjuksköterskans mest framgångsrika omvårdnadsåtgärder i den perioperativa fasen för att bibehålla normotermi var att använda aktiv uppvärmning, (värmetäcke) vätskevärmare och förhöjd rumstemperatur i operationssalen. Därigenom minskade värmeförlusten via strålning från patientens hud till omgivande miljö. Dessa omvårdnadsåtgärder förutsätter gott samarbete och ska vara självklara i det perioperativa teamet.

  • 17449. Winther, C
    et al.
    Wallin, Lars
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Estabrooks, C
    Lavis, J
    Profetto McGrath, J
    Scott Findlay, S
    Mapping the field of knowledge utilization: A work in progress2004In: Nordic Workshop on bibliometrics, informetrics and research policy, Åbo, Finland, 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17450.
    Wirebratt, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Gymnasieelevers inställning till skönlitteratur: En jämförelse mellan läsning på fritiden och iundervisningen2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna undersökning syftade till att genom en kvantitativ undersökning ta reda på hur elevers inställning till skönlitteratur i svenskämnet ser ut, med fokus på eventuella skillnader och likheter i den läsning som ingår i svenskämnet och den läsning eleverna ägnar sig åt på sin fritid. Undersökningen syftade även till att genom en jämförelse av enkätsvaren med tidigare forskning om gymnasieungdomars läsning försöka finna en förklaring till den inställning som framkommer i den kvantitativa undersökningen. Texter som behandlar skönlitterär läsning ur ett genusperspektiv har valts bort och fokus har istället lagts på elevers fritidsläsning. Forskningen visar att såväl elever som texter innehar olika repertoarer, och dessa repertoarer kan antingen samspela eller kollidera. Vid ett samspel mellan dessa repertoarer uppskattar eleven oftast texten, medan han eller hon vid en kollision oftast avvisar den. Undersökningens enkätsvar stämmer väl överens med denna forskning. Min undersökning visar att eleverna förefaller se olika syften med läsningen i undervisningssammanhang och på fritiden. Enligt den tidigare forskningen påverkar detta hur eleverna läser texten. En efferent läsning är dominerande i skolsammanhang och försvårar ett känslomässigt och personligt förhållningssätt till texten – något som i sin tur försvårar utvecklandet och byggandet av föreställningsvärldar under läsningen. I en diskussion pekas även på skillnader mellan ämnesplanen för svenska i Lpf94 och Gy11. Vissa skillnader har visat sig och min tolkning av dessa skillnader är att de innebär en förbättring av synen på skönlitteratur i undervisningen; fokus har flyttats från att texten ska ge eleverna lust till läsning till att eleverna ska finna lust till läsning i samspel med texten.

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