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  • 17501.
    Öhrn, Kerstin
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Preventive and therapeutic approaches to inflammatory risk2008In: FDI Annual World Dental Congress, Stockholm, Sverige, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17502.
    Öhrn, Kerstin
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Tand- och munsjukdomar2006In: Munvård inom vård och omsorg / [ed] Öhrn, Kerstin, Studentlitteratur , 2006Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17503.
    Öhrn, Kerstin
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Tandhygienist idag och i framtiden2012Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 17504.
    Öhrn, Kerstin
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    The Concept Oral Health-Related Quality of Life2008In: International week 2008, Quality of life in different environment, Amsterdam, Inholland university, 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aims of dental hygiene treatment are health promotion and disease prevention. For a successful treatment it is necessary with patients´ adherence. It is consequently important to assess patients´ perspective of the treatment and its outcome. The research within dental hygiene and dentistry has traditionally focused on clinical outcomes neglecting patients´ experiences. Within medicine and nursing the concept of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) are increasingly incorporated as an outcome measure in studies. In dentistry and dental hygiene the concept oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) has been introduced and a growing number of studies have been conducted. This presentation will focus on the concepts HRQoL and OHRQoL. Different instruments to assess the concepts will be discussed and new research in the area will be presented.

  • 17505.
    Öhrn, Kerstin
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    The Role of Dental Hygienists in Oral Health Prevention2004In: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry, ISSN 1602-1622, E-ISSN 1757-9996, no 2:supplement 1, p. 277-281Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 17506.
    Öhrn, Kerstin
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    The role of the dental hygienist in oral health2004In: 1st European Conference on Preventive & Minimally Invasive Dentistry, Köpenhamn, Danmark, 2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 17507.
    Öhrn, Kerstin
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Using an Extended Theoryof Reasoned Action to Change Oral Hygiene Behavior and Gingival Outcomes2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17508.
    Öhrn, Kerstin
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Vision for The Dental Hygiene Profession - Research2007In: The 17th International Symposium on Dental Hygiene, Toronto, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17509.
    Öhrn, Kerstin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Edman, Kristina
    Uppsala universitet.
    Oral Impact on Daily Performance: association with clinical variables.2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17510.
    Öhrn, Kerstin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    Abrahamsson, Kajsa Henning
    Dental beliefs, patients´specific attitudes towards dentists and dental hygienists: a comparative study2008In: International Journal of Dental Hygiene, ISSN 1601-5029, E-ISSN 1601-5037, Vol. 6, p. 205-213Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 17511.
    Öhrn, Kerstin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Jönsson, Birgitta
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    A comparison of two questionnaires measuring oral health-related quality of life before and after dental hygiene treatment in patients with periodontal disease2012In: International Journal of Dental Hygiene, ISSN 1601-5029, E-ISSN 1601-5037, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 9-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the usefulness of two different questionnaires assessing oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) at the basic examination and after initial dental hygiene treatment (DHtx).

    Methods: A total of 42 patients referred for periodontal treatment completed the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) and the General Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) at the basic periodontal examination. They underwent DHtx and completed the questionnaires once again after the treatment.

    Results: No statistically significant differences could be found between the two assessments, neither for the total scores nor for any of the separate items of the OHIP-14 or the GOHAI. However, the GOHAI questionnaire seems to result in a greater variety in the responses indicating that the floor effect is not as pronounced as for the OHIP-14. Those who had rated their oral health as good reported significantly better OHRQoL on both questionnaires. The same pattern was found for patients who reported that they were satisfied with their teeth. After DHtx and necessary extractions, there was a statistically significant correlation between the number of teeth and the total scores on both questionnaires. No other statistically significant correlations with periodontal variables could be found.

    Conclusion: No statistically significant difference could be found after DHtx compared to before in regard to OHRQoL assessed with OHIP-14 and GOHAI. However, there was a greater variety in the responses with the GOHAI questionnaire; it may hereby be more useful for patients with periodontal disease.

  • 17512.
    Öhrn, Kerstin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Jönsson, Birgitta
    Comparison of OHIP-14 and GOHAI in patients with periodontal disease2007In: The 85th General Session of the International Association for Dental Research, New Orleans, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17513.
    Öhrn, Kerstin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Jönsson, Birgitta
    Oral health-related quality of life among patients with periodontal disease2006In: International Association of Dental Research Pan European Federation, Dublin, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is a multidimensional concept dealing with quality of life related specifically to health and disease. Dental research and practice have traditionally concentrated mostly on dental diagnoses assessed by professionals, disregarding patient experiences. However, lately instruments have been developed to measure oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). Objective: The objective with the present study was to measure patients' experiences of OHRQoL before and after dental hygiene treatment among patients with periodontal disease. Methods: A total of 44 patients referred to a specialist in periodontology, who underwent dental hygiene treatment participated. The questionnaire General Oral Health Assesment Index (GOHAI) was used. Results: No statistically significant differences could be found between the two measurements (before and after dental hygiene treatment). The psychosocial function was rated highest at both occasions. Patients who were younger were more dissatisfied with their teeth and rated their OHRQoL worse than older patients. There were no correlation between GOHAI and periodontal status. Conclusion: Dental hygiene treatment did not influenced on OHRQoL measured with GOHAI

  • 17514.
    Öhrn, Kerstin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Jönsson, Birgitta
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Oral health-related quality of life before and after dental hygiene treatment2010In: 88th General Session of the International Association for Dental Research adn 5th General Session of the Pan European Region of the IADR, Barcelona, Spanien, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17515.
    Öhrn, Kerstin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Jönsson, Birgitta
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Patient related outcomes of initial periodontal treatment2010In: 18th International Symposium on Dental Hygiene, Glasgow, Skottland, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17516.
    Öhrn, Kerstin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Jönsson, Birgitta
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Patient related outcomes of initial periodontal treatment2011In: 2nd North American/Global Dental Hygiene Research Conference, Washington, DC, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17517.
    Öhrn, Kerstin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Jönsson, Birgitta
    Patients' experiences of initial periodontal treatment2009In: 87th General Session and Exhibition of the IADR, Miami, USA, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Patients´ experiences of initial periodontal treatment Objective The objective of the present study was to assess the impact of periodontal disease on oral health-related quality of life before and after the initial periodontal treatment (information, instruction, scaling and root planning). Method Patients referred to a specialist clinic in periodontology were invited to participate. A total of 97 (86%) completed the UK oral health-related quality of life questionnaire (OHRQoL-UK) and a check list of questions on their rating and satisfaction with general and oral health before and after initial periodontal treament. Results The patients´ reported an overall improvement in their OHRQoL after the initial periodontal treatment. This was specifically true for the items: general health, well-being and breath odour. They were more satisfied with their general health and their teeth after the treatment. In addition, they rated their oral health higher. Conclusion Initial periodontal treatment improved OHRQoL and patients´ satisfaction with general and oral health, indicating that mechanical infection control is effective assessed by the patients.

  • 17518.
    Öhrn, Kerstin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Müller, Görel
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Verksamhetsförlagd utbildning - är den bra?2005In: Sveriges Tandhygienistförenings fortbildningsdagar, Örebro, 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17519.
    Öhrn, Kerstin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Müller, Görel
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Verksamhetsförlagd utbildning - är den bra?2005In: Högskolan Dalarnas forskningsdag, Falun, 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 17520.
    Öhrn, Kerstin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Olsson, Christina
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Research utilisation among Swedish dental hygienists2004In: International Journal of Dental Hygiene, ISSN 1601-5029, E-ISSN 1601-5037, no 2, p. 46-47Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 17521.
    Öhrn, Kerstin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Olsson, Christina
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Wallin, Lars
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Research utilization among dental hygienists in Sweden - a national survey2005In: International Journal of Dental Hygiene, ISSN 1601-5029, E-ISSN 1601-5037, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 104-111Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 17522.
    Öhrn, Kerstin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Olsson, Christina
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Wallin, Lars
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Research Utilization in Dental Hygiene2003In: 81st General Session of the International Association for Dental Research 2nd Pan European Federation of Oral Science, Göteborg, 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17523.
    Öhrn, Kerstin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Olsson, Christina
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Wallin, Lars
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Research Utilization in Dental Hygiene2003In: Journal of Dental Research, ISSN 0022-0345, E-ISSN 1544-0591, no (Spec Iss B) A-2401Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 17524.
    Öhrn, Kerstin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Olsson, Christina
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Wallin, Lars
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Tandhygienisters forskningsanvändning i den kliniska verksamheten2003In: Tandhygienisttidningen, ISSN 1102-6146, Vol. 23, no 2Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 17525.
    Öhrn, Kerstin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Sanz, Mariano
    Prevention and therapeutic approaches to gingival inflammation2009In: Journal of Clinical Periodontology, ISSN 0303-6979, E-ISSN 1600-051X, Vol. 36, p. 20-26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The most important preventive and therapeutic effort to reduce inflammation is to remove the dental plaque thoroughly. Oral self-care is thus of crucial importance to achieve and maintain oral health. There is a scarcity of scientific evidence on the most effective models for behavioural change aimed to improve oral hygiene. There is a need for randomized-controlled trials, based on behavioural sciences and performed with great methodological rigour, to investigate the usefulness of these proposed behavioural changes. Oral hygiene regimens for patients with natural teeth as well as dental implants should include brushing twice daily, inter-dental cleaning once daily and rinsing with efficient rinses as an adjunct to mechanical infection control. Power toothbrushes are preferable as they are more effective than manual toothbrushes. Inter-dental brushes seem to be most effective and useful for inter-dental cleaning. Scaling and root planing is effective in reducing inflammation and probing depths in patients with periodontitis.

  • 17526.
    Öhrn, Kerstin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Sjödén, P-O
    Experience of oral care in patients with haematological malignancies or head and neck cancer2003In: European Journal of Cancer Care, ISSN 0961-5423, E-ISSN 1365-2354, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 274-283Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 17527.
    Öhrn, Kerstin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Sjödén, P-O
    Patient experiences of oral care in cancer treatment2003In: Journal of Dental Research, ISSN 0022-0345, E-ISSN 1544-0591, Vol. Spec Iss CArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 17528.
    Öhrn, Kerstin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Sjödén, PO
    Wahlin, YB
    Elf, Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Oral Health and Quality of life among head and neck cancer or hematological malignancies2001In: Supportive Care in Cancer, ISSN 0941-4355, E-ISSN 1433-7339, Vol. 9, no 7, p. 528-38Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 17529.
    Öhrn, Kerstin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Svanberg, A
    Mucositis - cryotherapy as pain prevention2005In: 10th Nordic Forum for BMT Nurses, Uppsala, 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 17530.
    Öhrn, Kerstin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Svanberg, A
    Birgegård, G
    Oral Cryotherapy reduces oral complications after high dose chemotherapy: a randomized control trial2007In: 17th International symposium on Dental Hygiene, Toronto, Canada, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17531.
    Öhrn, Kerstin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Svanberg, A
    Birgegård, G
    Oral Cryotherapy to Prevent Mucositis2005In: Supportive Care in Cancer, ISSN 0941-4355, E-ISSN 1433-7339, Vol. 13, no 6Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 17532.
    Öhrn, Kerstin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Svanberg, A
    Birgegård, G
    The effect of oral cryotherapy on oral symptoms2007In: Supportive Care in Cancer, St Gallen, Schweiz, 2007, Vol. 15Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17533.
    Öhrn, Kerstin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Svanberg, Anncarin
    Birgegård, Gunnar
    Oral cryotherapy to prevent mucositis2006In: Högskolan Dalarnas forskningsdag, Borlänge, 2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 17534.
    Öhrn, Kerstin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Tishelman, Carol
    Oral problems and quality-of-life among patients with lung cancer2005In: 83rd General Session of the International Association for Dental Research, Baltimore, 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17535. Öhrn, Kerstin
    et al.
    Öhrn, Kerstin
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Les études d´hygiène dentaire2003In: Objectif Paro, no Avril, p. 21-22Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 17536.
    Öhrn, Petra
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Exclusive Magic: A Postmodern Analysis of Inclusion/Exclusion of the Other in the Harry Potter-series2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 17537.
    Öhrn, Ulrika
    Dalarna University, School of Education and Humanities, Educational Work.
    Estetiska lärprocesser och Skapande skola: Intervjustudie med verksamhetsledare, pedagoger och kulturarbetare2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien har varit att undersöka om en nationellt stödd satsning som Skapande skola-projekt integrerar estetiska lärprocesser i skolans verksamhet? Likaså är syftet att få en djupare insikt om vad estetiska lärprocesser är i skolans kontext.Studien bygger på intervjuer med verksamhetsledare, pedagoger och kulturarbetare som arbetat med Skapande skola-projekt i tre olika kommuner. Litteraturstudier belyser tidigare forskning om estetiska lärprocesser, där modest och radikal estetik är två begrepp som är centrala i studien. Det empiriska materialet består av nio intervjuer.Resultatet visar att Skapande skola-projekt kan integrera estetiska lärprocesser i skolan. Analysen genomfördes med en specifik analysmodell som prövades och utvecklades, i avsikt att visa hur Skapande skola-projekten positionerar sig i skolan. Resultatet problematiseras utifrån tidigare forskning och visar också att innebörden i begreppet estetiska lärprocesser är diffust och att tolkningen av begreppet omfattar både en modest och radikal syn på estetiken.Studien visar också ett antal viktiga faktorer för att möjliggöra en fortsatt utveckling i arbetet med att integrera estetiska lärprocesser i skolan. Dessa faktorer är ämnesövergripande arbete, tydliga målformuleringar utifrån lärandeperspektiv och tid för att planera och organisera arbetet. Dessutom ger nationellt initierade satsningar som Skapande skola ekonomiska förutsättningar i utvecklingsarbetet.

  • 17538.
    Öhrèn, Rasmus
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Construction.
    Tekniskt samråd: Studie av likvärdighet i utförandet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A new planning- and building act was applied the 2nd may 2011. The intention was to simplify the planning- and building process as the control of constructing where tightened. In the new act there has been introduced a deadline for the building permits of ten weeks. To be allowed to begin the constructing you will need a starting clearance. The clearance is preceded by a technical consultation.

    The purpose of this study was to survey if the technical consultation is performed equivalent between different municipalities in the county of Dalarna. Other purposes was:

     To create a basis for improvement regarding the technical consultation.

     Examine how to facilitate or improve the consultation.

     Illustrate why the technical consultation is so important in the building process.

     Clarify the differences in the new and the old act regarding the consultation.

    To understand what a technical consultation is and how it should be performed the work began with a literature study. A literature study was also performed to pick a method for the work. These studies resulted in a method based on the semi-structured interview form. A number of interviews were conducted in five building committees in Dalarnas County. To study the technical consultation in practice a visit during a consultation were conducted at Mora – Orsa and Falun municipalities.

    This thesis was delimited to examining how technical consultation is performed and works in various building committees in Dalarnas county. The work was delimited to only process opinions from building inspectors and a control manager.

    The results have been compiled and are reported in the results chapter. All respondents in this thesis have the opinion that complete documentation is essential to carry out a technical consultation. The developer should be well-informed and familiar with the project and an experienced developer could simplify the building process. A technical consultation is of great importance to ensure that the society’s conditions upholds. It is particularly important to hold a consultation when the developer is inexperienced.

  • 17539.
    Öijer, Ronya
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Tjäder, Evelina
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Hälso- och sjukvårdpersonals följsamhet till hygienföreskrifter avseende handhygien och faktorer som påverkar detta: En litteraturstudie2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande studie var att redogöra för hälso- och sjukvårdspersonalens följsamhet till hygienföreskrifter avseende handhygien och de faktorer som påverkar detta. Metod: Artiklar söktes via CINAHL, Pubmed och Scopus. Sökord som användes i olika kombinationer var: hand hygiene, adherence, hygiene guidelines, health care workers, compliance, hand disinfection, infection control, nursing, nurse och hand cleansing. Tretton vetenskapliga artiklar erhölls. Vidare gjordes en manuell sökning ifrån inkluderade artiklars referenslistor och genererade två artiklar som ingick i resultatet. Resultat: Resultatet visade att hälso- och sjukvårdspersonalens följsamhet till hygienföreskrifter avseende handhygien var låg. Vidare framkom av resultatet att det fanns sju kategorier av faktorer som påverkade följsamheten till hygienföreskrifterna. Dessa var: utbildning och kunskap, arbetsbelastning och tidsbrist, tillgänglighet, hudproblem och handskar. Slutsats: Följsamheten till hygienföreskrifter avseende handhygien är låg. Kontinuerlig utbildning i kombination med ökad tillgänglighet och minskad arbetsbelastning är de viktigaste förutsättningarna för att öka följsamheten till hygienföreskrifter gällande handhygien.

  • 17540.
    Ölund, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Education and Humanities, Social Anthropology.
    Minoritetselever i Sverige: En socialantropologisk studie av elever och lärares perspektiv, förhållningssätt och agerande med fokus på den mångkulturella skolan2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 17541.
    Önnerberg, Frida
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Forsén, Lina
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Vulnerability in Small Single Industry Towns in Sweden: A Case Study of Hofors Municipality2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Vulnerability in Small Single Industry Towns in Sweden - A Case Study of Hofors

    Municipality

    Svenska: Små och sårbara industriorter i Sverige - en fallstudie om Hofors Kommun

    Subject: Business Administration

    Keywords: Business Climate, Network, Collaboration, Single Industry Towns

    Background: There is a dependency situation between the industry and the municipality. This

    makes Hofors municipality vulnerable. The industry Ovako Steel is the biggest employer in the

    municipality and is therefore very important to Hofors. If a place have a good business climate it

    is easier for employment opportunities, good ideas and entrepreneurship to grow easily. There is

    a lot that a municipality can do in order to enhance the business climate.

    Purpose: The purpose of this research is to identify to what extent a good business climate can

    impact on the vulnerability situation for small single industry towns in Sweden.

    Method: Case study with semi-structured interviews and secondary data.

    Conclusion: Based on our empirical study a good business climate could be seen as a useful

    strategy for small and vulnerable single industry towns in Sweden. By developing a good

    business climate, the more attractive it is for entrepreneurs to start their businesses and broaden

    the business community. Municipalities with a good business climate is also a place where it

    easier to start new work opportunities in times of reductions in the industry.

    Being dependent on one industry does not have to imply only negative effects. In our empirical

    study of Hofors situation the collaboration between the network Entré Hofors and the industry

    Ovako Steel is reciprocally and positive. The general implication for Hofors and other small

    vulnerable single industry towns seems to be the importance of changing the attitudes towards

    entrepreneurship as well as the ability to create new work opportunities in times when the

    industry needs to cut down or the worst situation possible; closing down the whole industry.

  • 17542. Öresland, Stina
    et al.
    Määttä, Syliva
    Norberg, Astrid
    Jörgensen, MW
    Lützen, Kim
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Nurses as guests or professionals in home health care2008In: Nursing Ethics, ISSN 0969-7330, E-ISSN 1477-0989, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 371-83Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore and interpret the diverse subject of positions, or roles, that nurses construct when caring for patients in their own home. Ten interviews were analysed and interpreted using discourse analysis. The findings show that these nurses working in home care constructed two positions: ;guest' and ;professional'. They had to make a choice between these positions because it was impossible to be both at the same time. An ethics of care and an ethics of justice were present in these positions, both of which create diverse ethical appeals, that is, implicit demands to perform according to a guest or to a professional norm.

  • 17543. Örndahl, E.
    et al.
    Rönnback, J.
    van Groningen, Ernst
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Physics.
    An optical imaging study of 0.4 <= z <= 0.8 quasar host galaxies. I. Observations and reduction2003In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, ISSN 0004-6361, E-ISSN 1432-0746, Vol. 404, p. 883-899Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We have conducted an optical imaging study aimed at resolving the host galaxies of 79 radio-loud and radio-quiet quasars at z=0.4-0.8, extending the number of investigated objects in this redshift range by ~ 45%. Observations were performed mainly in the R band but also in V and I band using the Nordic Optical Telescope on La Palma. In this paper we discuss the sample composition and observations and the reduction techniques used. The quasars were selected in pairs of radio-loud and radio-quiet objects matched in the z-V plane in order to facilitate a statistical comparison. The radio-loud part of the sample contains comparable numbers of flat and steep radio spectrum sources which also are matched in redshift and V magnitude. Point spread function subtraction was performed using one-dimensional luminosity profiles both on the quasar image and on a field star, and subtracted images and luminosity profiles are shown for each quasar field. The detection rate is 60% for the radio-quiet host galaxies and 80% for radio-loud hosts. The host galaxies have magnitudes which make them brighter than an L* galaxy by a factor of 1.5-4 at the low end of the redshift range, which increases by 2-3 times towards the higher end of the redshift range. Both radio-quiet and radio-loud hosts follow the radio galaxy R-z Hubble relation well. Analysis and discussion of colours and morphology is presented in \citet{orn}. Based on observations made with the Nordic Optical Telescope, operated on the island of La Palma jointly by Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden, in the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias.

  • 17544.
    Örnevik, Helene
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Larm, Helena
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Vem är jag?: En litteraturstudie om barn till föräldrar med nedsatt föräldraförmåga2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att utifrån självbiografiska berättelser beskriva och förstå barns upplevelser av att växa upp med en förälder med bristande föräldraförmåga, samt vilken inverkan detta har på barnets självbild och självkänsla. Utifrån syftet har vi ställt oss dessa frågor: Hur påverkas barnen när föräldraförmågan brister? Upplever barnen skuld och skam? Hur påverkas barnen av skuld och skamkänslor och konsekvenserna av detta? Använder barnen strategier för att minska eventuella konsekvenser? Hur påverkas barnets självbild och självkänsla? Vi har valt att använda oss av kvalitativ textanalys. Med detta val fick vi en möjlighet att ingående granska några biografier som innehåller ett ämne som är både aktuellt, kontroversiellt och intressant. Studien är utförd i ett sociologiskt perspektiv och vi har använt oss av teorierna: socialisation, emotion, skuld och skam, stigmatisering, självkänsla, föräldraförmåga och barnuppfostran. Tidigare forskning visar vikten av föräldraförmåga i barns uppväxt för att barnen ska kunna utvecklas och hitta sin egen identitet. När föräldraförmågan brister är det viktigt att omgivningen uppmärksammar barn och deras problematik med förebyggande arbete. Resultatet visade att barnen till föräldrar med intellektuella funktionshinder eller psykiska sjukdomar hade många gemensamma problem och fick svårigheter i sin utveckling på grund av föräldrarnas oförmåga. Barnen upplevde både skuld och skam över sin situation och både föräldrarna och omgivningen kränkte barnen både fysiskt och psykiskt på grund av föräldrarnas funktionshinder. Barnen fick därför hitta på strategier i sina försök att lindra sin utsatthet. Detta medförde att de fick en negativ självbild och självkänsla och ökade även barnens utsatthet i samhället. Vår slutsats blir därför att samhället måste uppmärksamma barn till föräldrar med intellektuella funktionshinder eller psykiska sjukdomar i högre omfattning. Kunskapen måste ökas om barnens problematik och tidiga insatser bör ske för att barnen ska få möjlighet att utvecklas och få ett fullgott liv.

  • 17545.
    Östberg, Elisabeth
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Healingspells för Ghemit: En studie om onlineritualer2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 17546.
    Östberg, Elisabeth
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    Konsumtionsmönster i hemkunskapsböcker: En studie om konsumtionsmönster i hemkunskapsböcker från 1958, 1995 och 20162017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to shed light on the view of consumption patterns in course litterature of home economics. The material consists of three books distributed in 1958, 1995 and 2016 to show how consumers are created at different times in history. This is done by using a combination of discourse analysis and semiotic-didactic analysis and shows that the view on consumption have shifted over the years. In 1958 it was important to be a thrifty consumer for the sake of society, in 1995 it was more important to pay attention to the enviroment and get the paycheck to last all month and in 2016 it was even more important to take the environment in to account when consuming and be aware of all the individual needs, that might not be possible to fullfill, in the household.

  • 17547.
    Östberg, Elisabeth
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    Könsnormer i hemkunskapen genom tiderna: En litteraturstudie om elevernas fostran utifrån ett genusperspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 17548.
    Östberg, Emma
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Hedin, Emelie
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Trygghetens betydelse för barns utveckling i förskolan2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här studien är att undersöka på vilket sätt förskollärare anser att trygghet och anknytning har en påverkan på barns utveckling utifrån deras erfarenheter, hur förskollärarna arbetar med trygghet i verksamheten, hur de skapar en trygg miljö för barnen och hur förskollärarna tolkar begreppen trygghet och anknytning. I dagens samhälle är barngrupperna stora och personaltätheten låg vilket utmanar verksamheten i hur barnen ska få en så trygg miljö som möjligt när de vistas i förskolan. Metoden som använts i den här studien är kvalitativ intervju och vi valde att intervjua fyra förskollärare. Det resultat vi fick fram var att trygghet och anknytning har en betydelse för barns utveckling. En slutsats från intervjuerna är att förskollärarna anser att tryggheten är av stor vikt för barnen på förskolan för att de ska kunna utforska och lära genom de aktiviteter som erbjuds. Pedagogens roll i detta blir då viktig i arbetet med att skapa trygghet för barnen.

  • 17549.
    Östberg, Joakim
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Reklam i dagstidningar på surfplattor2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The recent decline in newspaper circulation requires newspaper publishers to shift their focus in the future. There are several reasons that there are less printed newspapers, since the 90's news on the Internet have increased, newspapers have become better at using the Internet as a news source and more sources have emerged. In recent years, the tablet has become common property, and many owners of these like to read their news on these devices. It requires that advertising can be adapted to tablets and accepted by readers at a higher rate if a transition from print to digital newspapers is to be possible. To make the advertising more accepted, it can be made more relevant to the reader by means of targeted advertising, and more informative through interactivity. If the readers welcomes advertisements and read them, ad buyers will want to advertise in the newspaper at a higher rate. Primarily, the paper magazine needs to develop to pay for their digital initiatives.

  • 17550.
    Östberg, Karin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Ståhle, Hanna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Omvårdnadsåtgärder vid sarkopeni: En litteraturöversikt2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Att beskriva omvårdnadsåtgärder som kan användas för äldre personer som har eller riskerar att utveckla sarkopeni. Metod: Studien genomfördes som en litteraturöversikt där artiklarna söktes i databaserna PubMed och Cinahl. Resultat: Åtgärderna som framgick av resultatet var att främja: fysisk aktivitet, kost och näringstillförsel och kombinationen fysisk aktivitet och näringstillförsel. Genom fysisk aktivitet och en god näringstillförsel kunde äldre med sarkopeni eller risk för sarkopeni förbättra fysiska funktioner och muskelstyrka. Slutsats: . En god nutrition med tillräckligt innehåll av protein är nödvändiga åtgärder vid sarkopeni. Äldre personer med sarkopeni fick god effekt av att börja träna trots att de redan vara nedsatta funktionsmässigt. Därför kan sjuksköterskan i mötet med patienten uppmuntra och informera om viktiga livsstilsförändringar som kan förebygga och förbättra de funktionsnedsättningar som sarkopeni innebär.

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