du.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
355356357358359360361 17851 - 17900 of 18584
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • chicago-author-date
  • chicago-note-bibliography
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 17851.
    Yoxsimer Paulsrud, BethAnne
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, English.
    “Teaching in English? What do you expect? English-medium CLIL in the Swedish upper-secondary school”2010In: CLIL in Subject-integrated Curriculum Seminar 2010 and CLILL Research Workshop Program, Vaasa, Finland, 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 17852.
    Yoxsimer Paulsrud, BethAnne
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, English.
    “Teaching in English? What do you expect? Defining goals and expectations of CLIL in the Swedish upper-secondary school”2011In: 16th World Congress of Applied Linguistics (AILA2011): Harmony in diversity: language, culture, society, Beijing, China, 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Language and subject-integrated teaching, often referred to as CLIL (Content and Language Integrated Learning), but even sometimes as language immersion or bilingual education, has increased in Swedish schools in recent years. In the last survey conducted by The Swedish National Agency for Education in 2000, it was found that there was some form of teaching in other languages than Swedish––everything from the entire teaching of a subject in a foreign language to occasional theme days or projects in various languages––in at least 20% of Swedish upper secondary schools. However, there are not actually any current figures on the number of schools offering CLIL instruction; and, as the term CLIL includes schools with very different degrees of integration of language and subject studies, the true amount of teaching in another language is difficult to estimate. CLIL thus remains a broad concept that has not been defined clearly in the Swedish school system. Additionally, recent research in Sweden has indicated that the schools offering CLIL lack clearly defined goals, especially in regards to language acquisition. The Swedish National Agency for Education suggests that the target is a not fully bilingual student, but rather students with “functional competence in the target language.” Although the agency has called for greater documentation by schools to monitor the progress made by students as well as the methods used in teaching and learning, Swedish schools offering CLIL generally lack a thorough description of practice and an evaluation of results. Furthermore, the various stakeholders in CLIL education (students, parents, teachers, and administrators) each have their own objectives and goals, but how these are followed up at school (such as through teaching and evaluation methods) and if these are achieved is not clear. The author’s present research is concerned with the identification of the extent and scope of CLIL in English language medium upper-secondary schools in Sweden today as well as the identification of existing goals and objectives of said form of education. The proposed presentation will present the first results of the study: the extent and scope of CLIL in upper-secondary schools today, with a focus on how the schools are presenting CLIL to potential students and how—and if—they are formulating their specific goals in regards to English language proficiency. How is the educational option being presented by and to the potential stakeholders? Why is English being offered as the medium of instruction? How is CLIL defined by and for the stakeholders? This data will be collected during the academic year 2010-2011, and will be followed by a deeper investigation of the CLIL classroom in the subsequent two years. Educational ethnographical methods will be used to map CLIL in practice and to relate this practice to the previously identified goals and expectations.

  • 17853.
    Yoxsimer Paulsrud, BethAnne
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Translanguaging in the English-medium Content Classroom: Perspectives and practices from two upper secondary schools in Sweden2014In: THINK CLIL 2014: 9th International Conference, 28-30th August, 2014, Ca’ Foscari University of Venice, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this paper is on language alternation in upper secondary schools offering English-medium CLIL in Sweden. With neither national guidelines nor in-service training for CLIL available in the Swedish context, teachers must create their own policies for language use, that may be either implicit or explicit. The use of Swedish (L1) and English (L2) in content lessons in two schools was studied over the course of one academic year; and methods included participant observations of content lessons and interviews with teachers and students. The aim was to understand differences in perspectives and practices in the two contexts.

     

    Language use was analyzed through the lens of translanguaging, which, unlike code-switching, does not focus on languages as codes. Instead, translanguaging focuses on the speakers in a context and how they use all their linguistic resources for both language development and content learning (Lewis 2008). Translanguaging may afford greater understanding of content matter, greater competence in students’ weaker language, and a better integration of fluent and weaker speakers in the classroom discourse (Baker 2011). The present investigation of CLIL lessons in the two schools is a study of actual language practices and the participants’ experience of the practices. The intention is to shed light on how translanguaging may allow students access to the content material.

     

    The results indicate that the de facto local language policies in the two schools differ considerably; and stakeholders likewise have divergent discourses on the place of translanguaging in the content lesson. At one school, the focus is on how Swedish and English may be used together to facilitate content learning. At the second school, the focus is on how much English and Swedish are used in the classroom. In conclusion, practices and perspectives may differ according to perceptions of the affordances translanguaging offers in CLIL lessons.

     

    References

    Baker, C. (2011). Foundations of bilingual education and bilingualism (5th Ed.). North York, Ontario: Multilingual Matters.

    Lewis, W. G. (2008). Current challenges in bilingual education in Wales. AILA Review, 21(1), 69-86.

  • 17854.
    Yoxsimer Paulsrud, BethAnne
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English. Institutionen för språkdidaktik, Stockholm universitet.
    “We don’t want to be rude, but we think people should speak English.” Swedish upper secondary school students talk about CLIL2013In: UME 2013 International Conference on Urban Multilingualism & Education Ghent 6-8 March, 2013, p. 52-53Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines one aspect of Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) in Swedish schools, namely the student perspective. The main aim is to investigate why students choose the CLIL option, what they expect to happen in the CLIL classroom, and how they experience the CLIL instruction once their programs commence.

    The population of the study comprises students from two schools in two mid-sized cities, all studying either a Natural Science or a Social Science program taught mostly in English. During one academic year (2011-2012), 22 students were interviewed individually, in pairs, or in groups of three. The informants were aged 15-18 years old and represented all three grades.  Semi-structured interviews focused on the students’ expectations of and experiences with CLIL and afforded a complement to classroom observations taking place concurrently. The interviews offer a glimpse at information not necessarily observable in the classroom observations, illuminating the match and/or mismatch between intention and reality by shedding light on the relationship between what the students say about their goals with CLIL and how they actually act upon these stated expressions.

    The interview data has been analysed thematically and reveals the students’ thoughts on their own English language proficiency, on their own and their teachers’ language usage, on the influence of peers and parents on school choice, and on the expectations of the perceived benefits of an English-medium education. Preliminary results indicate, among other things, that many students think that English is already a natural part of their everyday life both in and out of school and that the program of study (Natural or Social Sciences) is more important than the medium of instruction. All expressed clear opinions on English language usage in the CLIL classroom. The results will be illustrated in the presentation with examples of student voices.

  • 17855.
    Yoxsimer Paulsrud, BethAnne
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English. Institutionen för språkdidaktik, Stockholms universitet.
    "Welcome to the next step in your future!" : An Appraisal Analysis of School Marketing Texts: Poster2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This poster presents one part of the current PhD project entitled “Policy, Purpose, Practice: Defining English-medium Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) in the Swedish Upper Secondary School.” The project includes an investigation of the development of CLIL in the Swedish context in light of language policy and the role of the English language, as well as an investigation of classroom discourse in relation to the implicit and explicit goals expressed by the stakeholders. Additionally, the reasons why English is being offered as the medium of instruction as well as how the option is being presented by and to the stakeholders are of interest. In an open market for upper secondary education, Swedish schools, including those offering CLIL, tend to “sell” their programs in a persuasive manner, using websites, brochures, and advertising in the local media to attract pupils. These marketing texts may be used to create a certain identity of a CLIL pupil as well as to establish a position as a stakeholder in the CLIL community.

    The current study investigates several websites presenting Swedish schools offering CLIL, with an analysis exploring what is being offered and to whom as well as how written text is used together with images. In this study, Appraisal Analysis, with a focus on how the three systems of Attitude, Engagement and Graduation express meaning, is the main tool for analysing the websites. Appraisal Analysis, stemming from the interpersonal metafunction in the systemic functional linguistics approach, is useful for exploring how evaluative language is used in the texts presented online to potential and intended stakeholders. In this poster presentation, some of the early results of this study will be presented, although the analysis is still a work in progress. With a focus on Attitude, the preliminary analysis indicates that number of instances of positive judgement and appreciation is high, while instances of affect are mostly absent. These results may not be surprising, but the preliminary analysis has raised several questions about the use of Appraisal Analysis for this investigation of school marketing texts, including the following:

    • What can Appraisal Analysis of school websites actually tell us?
    • Is there an evaluation pattern in marketing texts for Swedish schools offering CLIL?
    • What can this analysis say about the sociocultural context of schools offering CLIL in Sweden?

    More results, as well as consideration of the questions raised from the analysis, will be presented in the poster session. Discussion and feedback from summer school participants will be welcome.

  • 17856.
    Yoxsimer Paulsrud, BethAnne
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, English.
    “Welcome to the next step in your future!” Defining English-medium Content and Language Integrated Learning in the Swedish Upper Secondary School2011In: National Forum for English Studies 2011, Umeå, Sweden, 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this research project is the extent and scope of CLIL (Content and Language Integrated Learning) in English-medium upper secondary schools in Sweden. The aim is to investigate how the four stakeholders (students, parents, teachers, and school administrators) in the schools offering CLIL define their educational goals as well as how these goals are assessed, what methods are identified as tools to reach the goals, and how achievement of the goals is measured. The objective is not only to map the present situation of CLIL in Sweden, but also to describe current practices within CLIL and to explain its development in Sweden. The three parts of this study (survey, goals and expectations, and practice) are being addressed separately but concurrently. Quantitative and qualitative methods are used and include surveys, interviews, questionnaires, observations, and analysis of school homepages and recruiting material. The first part of the study involves mapping CLIL in Sweden today as well as analysing the development of CLIL in the Swedish context, with a focus on purpose and policy. How is the educational option being presented by and to the potential stakeholders? Why is English being offered as the medium of instruction? How is CLIL defined by and for the stakeholders? The second part of the study will involve educational ethnography research, with a focus on practice. What is happening in a lesson with CLIL and why? How does the practice in the classroom relate to the stated goals? The third part of the study will involve assessing the attainment of goals and meeting of expectations, with a focus on how practice addresses these. This study is expected to produce conclusions about the observed state of CLIL as well as about what the next step for CLIL in the Swedish context may be.

  • 17857.
    Yoxsimer Paulsrud, BethAnne
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, English.
    "Welcome to the next step in your future!" Presenting Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) to Swedish Stakeholders2011In: Forum för textforskning, Uppsala, Sweden, 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    "Welcome to the next step in your future!" Presenting Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) to Swedish Stakeholders The working title of my PhD project is “Welcome to the next step in your future! Defining English-medium Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) in the Swedish Upper Secondary School.” The focus is on the extent and scope of CLIL in Sweden. The aim is to investigate how the four stakeholders (pupils, parents, teachers, and school administrators) in the schools offering CLIL define their educational goals as well as how these goals are assessed, what methods are identified as tools to reach the goals, and how achievement of the goals is measured. Part of the investigation into how the schools define their goals is how the educational option is presented by and to the stakeholders. Schools use websites, brochures, and advertising in the local media to attract pupils. In an open market for upper secondary education, the schools by necessity need to “sell” their education in a persuasive manner. Thus, they may use the websites to create a certain identity of a CLIL pupil as well as establish a position as a stakeholder in a certain community. Both the reasons why English is being offered as the medium of instruction and how the option is being presented are of interest. This spring, six websites presenting Swedish schools offering CLIL will be analysed to explore what is being offered and to whom as well as how written text is used together with images. While consideration of the interpersonal metafunction in particular is useful in exploring how meaning in the web texts is construed, I am especially interested in how Appraisal Analysis can be applied to explore how evaluative language is used in the texts presented online to potential and intended stakeholders. How the three systems of attitude, engagement and graduation express meaning will be analysed, with a focus on attitude. While this analysis has only recently commenced, preliminary results are expected by June for the workshop in Uppsala. I plan to present this part of my research and hope to receive feedback on my analysis, especially on coding issues. As I plan to use the Appraisal Analysis model for my continued research in my investigation of classroom discourse in CLIL lessons (school year 2011-2012), I also hope the workshop will offer an opportunity to engage in a discussion about using the framework for verbal exchanges as well as the challenges of applying the model to large amounts of text. BethAnne Yoxsimer Paulsrud PhD Student, Dept. of Language Education, Stockholm University

  • 17858.
    Yoxsimer Paulsrud, BethAnne
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English. Institutionen för språkdidaktik, Stockholm universitet.
    “You don’t really want to speak Swenglish, do you?”: Translanguaging Strategies in a Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) Classroom2013In: Applied Linguistics Perspectives on Content and Language Integrated Learning ALP-CLIL: June 5-8, 2013 Universidad Autónoma de Madrid Miraflores de la Sierra, Spain: Book of Abstracts, 2013, p. 78-78Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses the language usage at one Swedish upper secondary school offering content and language integrated learning (CLIL), with a focus on how language choices are made by both teachers and students during the lessons. The translanguaging strategies used in the classroom were studied over the course of one academic year (2011-2012). Data collection included audio recordings, participant observations, field notes and artefacts as well as semi-structured interviews with both individuals and focus groups. The results included in this presentation focus on one maths and physics teacher who has developed and currently implements translanguaging strategies in his teaching of students (ages 15-16) in their first year of a program of study in natural sciences. During his lessons, language usage was noted, indicating the language being used (i.e. Swedish or English), the activity being conducted, the modality (reading, writing, listening, speaking), and the actors in the specific activity. Preliminary results indicate that the students generally take their language cues from the teacher and do not usually switch languages unless he does, that Swedish is used nearly exclusively for all social interaction in the classroom, and that both students and the teacher find it useful to have maths and physics textbooks in both English and Swedish. The interview with the teacher provided insight into how he has developed his strategies using multiple language resources over his nearly 15 years of CLIL experience. The presentation will include examples from classroom interaction as well as teacher and student perspectives from the interviews. The results are part of a current doctoral research project addressing CLIL in the Swedish context and thus this paper will be presented in relation to the larger investigation.

  • 17859.
    Yoxsimer Paulsrud, BethAnne
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, English.
    Markus, Marcia
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, English.
    Undervisning på engelska: Svårigheter? Ja...men ännu fler möjligheter!2009In: Undervisning på engelska i svensk högre utbildning, Stockholm, 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 17860.
    Yoxsimer Paulsrud, BethAnne
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, English.
    Qwarnström, Loretta
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, English.
    The Language Café: Intercultural Communication in Process2011In: Language, Identity, Intercultural Communication, London UK, 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Language Café: Intercultural communication in process The Language Café, originally a Lingua 1 project supported by the European Union, builds on the existing café culture in Europe, with a focus on an informal, social setting, encouraging wider participation in language learning within the community. The café offers an accessible learning situation characterised by the participants’ active, voluntary engagement and is based on their own experiences and needs as language learners. The transnational environment provides the potential for border-crossings between the different nationalities, religions, and languages represented by the individuals in the groups. The café concept itself is anchored in second and foreign language learning theories, especially those with a focus on sociocultural and intercultural communicative aspects, including Kramsch, Hyland, MacIntyre, Lantolf, Byram, and Risager. The cafés provide a place for spontaneous, informal interaction, which motivates the individual to actively participate in the process of language learning. Thus, motivation has proven to be an important aspect of communication in a multilingual environment. In our paper, we will describe the background of The Language Café project, including information about the partners involved, the planning of the cafés, the development of material, the execution of the café concept, and the assessment of the cafés developed. Feedback from café participants illuminates the many challenges that arise due to the multilingual, multigenerational, and multicultural background of the individuals. The interaction of the participants while practicing a second language will be illustrated in the presentation through audio recordings. Moreover, we will offer analyses of communicative strategies and processes in light of relevant intercultural communication research.

  • 17861.
    Yoxsimer Paulsrud, BethAnne
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Reath Warren, Anne
    Stockholm University.
    Toth, Jeanette
    Stockholm University.
    Perspectives on translanguaging in school contexts in Sweden2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As a pedagogy, translanguaging affirms bilingual student identity; and as a theoretical concept, translanguaging facilitates the understanding of how bilinguals “construct deeper understandings and make sense of their bilingual worlds” (García, 2009:45). Previous research on translanguaging in the classroom has included studies of bilingual students entering a majority language context (e.g. García 2012, in the US), students studying an official minority language in an immersion context (e.g. Lewis 2008, in Wales), and students in complementary schools developing a minority language (e.g. Blackledge & Creese, 2010, in the UK).

     

    This workshop explores translanguaging in three different multilingual educational settings in Sweden and relates them to previous research on translanguaging in bi/multilingual school contexts (e.g. Lewis 2008, García, 2012, Blackledge & Creese, 2010). The first two settings are in English medium programmes at primary and upper secondary schools, and the third is in subject support in L1 and L2 for recently arrived immigrant students.

     

    The workshop includes four presentations and a discussion slot. Brief summaries follow below.

     

    1. Translanguaging: Affordance or constraint? The first presentation explores the practice of translanguaging in two upper secondary schools offering English-medium instruction. Language alternation in the schools is experienced as either an affordance or a constraint, depending on the views of the stakeholders. Translanguaging is seen as a constraint when the focus is on how much English used, rather than the function of each language. Viewed as an affordance, however, translanguaging resists language hierarchy, allowing for both Swedish and English to maintain a status as a language of learning.
    2. Translanguaging in English-medium instruction: A case study in a Swedish-English primary school 

    The second presentation discusses how the use of both Swedish and English is used to scaffold students' understanding in subjects taught by an English-speaking teacher in Sweden. Classroom language practices and learner perspectives from observations and interviews with students are presented and analysed. Preliminary findings indicate that student-directed translanguaging and peer collaboration in the primary classroom provide a scaffold for emergent bilinguals learning English to access subject content taught through the target language.

    1. Translanguaging in subject support for newly arrived immigrant students

    The third presentation examines how translanguaging is used to scaffold recently arrived students’ understanding of subject matter and the Swedish language, through “Subject Support in L1 and L2” (studiehandledning på modersmål). The ways in which Swedish and the mother tongue are used together in a maths lesson and in a writing unit in Swedish are presented and analysed. It is argued that use of both languages offers opportunities for development both of subject knowledge and multiliteracy.

    1. Translanguaging and language ideologies in Sweden

    The fourth presentation explores the prerequisites for using translanguaging as pedagogy in Swedish school contexts by tracing the nature of the current language ideologies in Sweden. Starting from previous research and theoretical discussions in the paradigm of translanguaging (e.g. Garcia & Homonoff Woodley 2015, Leung & Street 2012, Hyltenstam & Milani 2012, Oakes 2001), the educational settings in the previous presentations of this workshop are scrutinized and discussed with consideration to issues of ideology and language policy.

     

    Through these presentations, we hope to inform, inspire and create a space for discussion on translanguaging as both pedagogy and theory in the Swedish context and beyond, as well as to make visible the language resources that exist in the investigated contexts. Our presentations thus contribute both to the general field of educational research in Sweden as well as to the field of translanguaging as an object of study.

     

    References

    Blackledge, A. & Creese, A. (2010). Multilingualism. A critical perspective. London: Continuum.

    García, O. (2009). Bilingual education in the 21st Century: A global perspective. Malden, MA and Oxford:

            Basil/Blackwell.

    García, O. (2012). Theorizing translanguaging for educators. In C. Celic & K. Seltzer,

          Translanguaging: A CUNY-NYSIEB guide for educators, 1-6.

    Garcia, O. & Homonoff Woodley, H. (2015). Bilingual Education. In B. Bigelow and J. Ennser-Kananen (ed.),      The Routledge Handbook of Educational Linguistics. New York: Routledge

          handbooks. 132–144.

    Hyltenstam, K. & Milani, T.M. (2012). Flerspråkighetens sociopolitiska och sociokulturella ramar. In K. Hyltenstam, M. Axelsson and I. Lindberg (ed.), Flerspråkighet – en forskningsöversikt.

          Stockholm: Vetenskapsrådet. 17–134.

    Leung, C. & Street, B. (2012). English. A Changing Medium for Education. New Perspectives on Language and

          Education: 26. Bristol: Multilingual Matters/Channel View Publications.

    Lewis, W. G. (2008). Current challenges in bilingual education in Wales. AILA Review, 21(1), 69-86.

    Oakes, L. (2001). Language and National Identity: Comparing France and Sweden. Amsterdam: John

          Benjamins.

     

     

  • 17862.
    Yoxsimer Paulsrud, BethAnne
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Sandberg, Ylva
    Stockholms universitet.
    Language choice and language use in CLIL content lessons: Studies from the Swedish Upper Secondary School2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17863.
    Yribarren, Pedro
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Environmental Engineering.
    Evaluation and simulation of a combined system based on heat pump, solar collectors and borehole storage2002Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The combination of solar collectors with heat pumps and any kind of ground storage offers further possibilities to reduce the electricity demand in buildings significantly compared to standard heat pump systems. On one hand the solar collector enables to deliver higher temperatures to the evaporator of the heat pump and to generate the ground storage much faster, on the other handthe solar heat can be used directly although this requires more advanced system designs and control strategies. In this thesis work the system combination mentioned above has been analysed in two different ways. First, measured data from a system placed in the garden at SERC have been evaluated and second, system simulation with the program TRNSYS have been carried out analysing different designs and configurations for single components in the system. For the evaluation of the measured data files were created that enable to run the whole procedure automatically and to create diagrams for the most important values at the same time. The analysis of the test system at SERC showed that the coefficients of performance of the heat pump for different source and load temperatures do not correspond with the curves from the heat pump company. The simulation work was concentrated mainly on the analysis of the borehole model, further calculations included different system designs for the combination of different solar collectors with a heat pump and borehole storage. In both parts the influence of different parameters on the system performance was analysed regarding as well as energetic values as the temperatures in the ground storage. The advantage of this system combination and the possibilities to increase the system performance were emphasised although it became obvious that further investigations are necessary to open up the whole potential.

  • 17864. Ytterberg, Charlotte
    et al.
    Kristensen, Hanne Kaae
    Tistad, Malin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science. Karolinska Institutet.
    von Koch, Lena
    Factors related to met needs for rehabilitation 6 years after stroke2020In: PLoS ONE, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 15, no 1, article id e0227867Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: Research on stroke rehabilitation mainly concerns the first year of recovery, and there is a lack of knowledge regarding long-term rehabilitation needs and associated factors.

    AIM: The aim was to explore the perceived needs for rehabilitation services of people six years after stroke and factors associated with having rehabilitation services needs met.

    METHODS: The study was a 6-year follow up of a prospective study on the rehabilitation process after stroke. Data on perceived needs for rehabilitation, personal factors, disease specific factors, and patient-reported disability were collected through face-to-face interviews in the participants' homes. Logistic regression models were created to explore associations between having rehabilitation services needs met in 11 problem areas (dependent variable) and the independent variables: involvement in decisions regarding care and treatment, sex, age, sense of coherence, self-defined level of private financing, stroke severity, frequency of social everyday activities, perceived impact of stroke, and life satisfaction.

    RESULTS: The 121 participants had a mean age of 63 years at stroke onset and 58% were men. In all problem areas the majority (53-88%) reported having needs met at six years after stroke, however 47% reported unmet needs regarding fatigue and 45% regarding mobility. A lower perceived impact on participation was found to be associated with having rehabilitation services needs met in seven problem areas: mobility, falls, pain, fatigue, concentration, memory, and sight. The strongest association for having needs met was found for the independent variable, involvement in care and treatment, within the three problem areas mobility, falls, and speaking.

    CONCLUSION: In a long-term perspective, there were several modifiable factors associated with having rehabilitation services needs met. The most prominent were perceived involvement in care and treatment, and perceived participation. These factors had a stronger association with having rehabilitation services needs met than disease specific factors six years after stroke.

  • 17865.
    Yttring, Maya
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    “I’m always a girl”: Studying Veronica Roth’s Divergent as a Bildungsroman from a Feminist Perspective2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 17866.
    Yu, Chunling
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Chinese.
    中瑞跨文化企业中的文化差异及其影响: 瑞跨文化企业中的文化差异及其影响・・吉利沃尔沃案例2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the development of China's economy, more and more Chinese enterprises start to internationalize themselves by actively involved in international operation. Mergers and acquisitions have become the main entry modes for the Chinese companies to go abroad. However, there are a considerable number of mergers and acquisitions enterprises experienced operational difficulties, one of the main reasons is that they have not prepared to cope with the problems that bring about from the cultural differences.The purpose of this thesis is to identify the influences of cultural differences between Swedish and Chinese culture on the operation of Sino-Sweden acquisitions , in the hope that the study result can provide implications to practitioners in dealing with cultural differences in an acquisition. Hofstede’s cultural dimensions are adopted as the main theoretical framework. In this thesis, Geely Volvo acquisition is used as a case to investigate the influences that cultural differences could bring about to the acquired enterprise. Qualitative research method is adopted, and semi-structured interview is the primary mean of collecting first-hand data. Six Swedish Geely Volvo employees are interviewed; conclusions are drawn based on the data collected.

    Although cultural differences have brought many difficulties and problems to Swedish employees in terms of daily operation and communication the study found that cultural differences also have a positive side,mainly lies on the mutual learning from each other, that is to say, they learn a lot of good things from their partner, getting new inspiration and new ideas. However, the positive influence of the cultural differences needs further investigation by scholars in this area.

    Keywords: Hofstede, Cross - enterprise mergers and acquisitions, Cross - cultural differences ,

    Cultural difference influence

  • 17867.
    Yu, Jiaxuan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics.
    Factors affecting tourists’ length of stay in Rome2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis documents the design and result of a study on tourists’ length of stay in

    Rome, as a function of age, season and several other factors. Two models are tested. An OLS

    model is developed to examine relation between number of nights stayed in Rome and 15

    factors. A binary logit model is developed and estimated to examine the assumed relationship

    between the probability of staying longer than one week and the same 15 factors. Survey data

    of Rome visitors collected by the Pragma and Doxa consulting firms are used in the analysis.

    The results indicate that travelling by car and remote travel are important for staying longer

    in Rome. Moreover, season, employment status, whether repeated visit, shopping

    opportunities, good tourist information, package holiday and type of accommodation also

    play a role for length of stay.

  • 17868. Yu, Z.
    et al.
    Song, William Wei
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Zheng, X.
    Chen, D.
    Combining trust propagation and topic-level user interest expansion in recommender systems2016In: International Journal of Web Services Research, ISSN 1545-7362, E-ISSN 1546-5004, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 1-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the development of E-commerce and Internet, items are becoming more and more, which brings a so called information overload problem that it is hard for users to find the items they would be interested in. Recommender systems emerge to response to this problem through discovering user interest based on their rating information automatically. But the rating information is usually sparse compared to all the possible ratings between users and items. Therefore, it is hard to find out user interest, which is the most important part in recommender systems. In this paper, we propose a recommendation method TT-Rec that employs trust propagation and topic-level user interest expansion to predict user interest. TT-Rec uses a reputation-based method to weight users' influence on other users when propagating trust. TT-Rec also considers discovering user interest by expanding user interest in topic level. In the evaluation, we use three metrics MAE, Coverage and F1 to evaluate TT-Rec through comparative experiments. The experiment results show that TT-Rec recommendation method has a good performance. 

  • 17869.
    Yu, Zukun
    et al.
    Zhejiang University.
    Song, William Wei
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Zheng, Xiaolin
    Zhejiang University.
    Chen, Deren
    Zhejiang University.
    A Recommender System Model Combining Trust with Topic Maps2013In: World Wide Web: Internet and Web Information Systems: APWeb 2013, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recommender Systems (RS) aim to suggest users with items that they might like based on users' opinion on items. In practice, information about the users' opinion on items is usually sparse compared to the vast information about users and items. Therefore it is hard to analyze and justify users' favorites, particularly those of cold start users. In this paper, we propose a trust model based on the user trust network, which is composed of the trust relationships among users. We also introduce the widely used conceptual model Topic Map, with which we try to classify items into topics for Recommender analysis. We novelly combine trust relations among users with Topic Maps to resolve the sparsity problem and cold start problem. The evaluation shows our model and method can achieve a good recommendation effect.

  • 17870. Yuan, Lu
    et al.
    Hajifathalian, Kaveh
    Ezzati, Majid
    Woodward, Mark
    Rimm, Eric B
    Selmer, Randi
    Strand, Björn
    Fang, X
    Ärnlöv, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science. Uppsala universitet.
    Goodarz, Danaei
    Metabolic mediators of the effects of body-mass index, overweight, and obesity on coronary heart disease and stroke: a pooled analysis of 97 prospective cohorts with 1·8 million participants2014In: The Lancet, ISSN 0140-6736, E-ISSN 1474-547X, Vol. 383, no 9921, p. 970-983Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Body-mass index (BMI) and diabetes have increased worldwide, whereas global average blood pressure and cholesterol have decreased or remained unchanged in the past three decades. We quantified how much of the effects of BMI on coronary heart disease and stroke are mediated through blood pressure, cholesterol, and glucose, and how much is independent of these factors.

    METHODS: We pooled data from 97 prospective cohort studies that collectively enrolled 1·8 million participants between 1948 and 2005, and that included 57 161 coronary heart disease and 31 093 stroke events. For each cohort we excluded participants who were younger than 18 years, had a BMI of lower than 20 kg/m(2), or who had a history of coronary heart disease or stroke. We estimated the hazard ratio (HR) of BMI on coronary heart disease and stroke with and without adjustment for all possible combinations of blood pressure, cholesterol, and glucose. We pooled HRs with a random-effects model and calculated the attenuation of excess risk after adjustment for mediators.

    FINDINGS: The HR for each 5 kg/m(2) higher BMI was 1·27 (95% CI 1·23-1·31) for coronary heart disease and 1·18 (1·14-1·22) for stroke after adjustment for confounders. Additional adjustment for the three metabolic risk factors reduced the HRs to 1·15 (1·12-1·18) for coronary heart disease and 1·04 (1·01-1·08) for stroke, suggesting that 46% (95% CI 42-50) of the excess risk of BMI for coronary heart disease and 76% (65-91) for stroke is mediated by these factors. Blood pressure was the most important mediator, accounting for 31% (28-35) of the excess risk for coronary heart disease and 65% (56-75) for stroke. The percentage excess risks mediated by these three mediators did not differ significantly between Asian and western cohorts (North America, western Europe, Australia, and New Zealand). Both overweight (BMI ≥25 to <30 kg/m(2)) and obesity (BMI ≥30 kg/m(2)) were associated with a significantly increased risk of coronary heart disease and stroke, compared with normal weight (BMI ≥20 to <25 kg/m(2)), with 50% (44-58) of the excess risk of overweight and 44% (41-48) of the excess risk of obesity for coronary heart disease mediated by the selected three mediators. The percentages for stroke were 98% (69-155) for overweight and 69% (64-77) for obesity.

    INTERPRETATION: Interventions that reduce high blood pressure, cholesterol, and glucose might address about half of excess risk of coronary heart disease and three-quarters of excess risk of stroke associated with high BMI. Maintenance of optimum bodyweight is needed for the full benefits.

    FUNDING: US National Institute of Health, UK Medical Research Council, National Institute for Health Research Comprehensive Biomedical Research Centre at Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, Lown Scholars in Residence Program on cardiovascular disease prevention, and Harvard Global Health Institute Doctoral Research Grant.

  • 17871. Yuan, Y
    et al.
    Ouyang, L
    Sun, L
    Cao, X
    Xiang, B
    Zhang, Xingxing
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy Technology.
    Effect of connection mode and mass flux on the energy output of a PVT hot water system2017In: Solar Energy, ISSN 0038-092X, E-ISSN 1471-1257, Vol. 158, p. 285-294Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 17872. Yuhan, Z.
    et al.
    Jinshun, W.
    Mu, L.
    Zhang, Xingxing
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy Technology.
    Lining, Z.
    Weiya, Z.
    Weijie, Z.
    Jun, W.
    Liang, X.
    Yixuan, W.
    Research on Operation Strategy of Solar Assisted Air Source Heat Pump System2019In: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 2019, Vol. 56, no 1, article id 012028Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17873.
    Yui, Kiyomitsui
    Kobe University.
    Japanese animation and glocalization of sociology2010In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 47, no 4, p. 44-50Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 17874.
    Yveborg, Zandra
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic/Arts Technology.
    Isaksson, Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic/Arts Technology.
    Kundnytta med JDF-flöde2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Examensarbetet har gjorts utifrån Företaget AB där kundnyttan med JDF har utretts. Rapporten presenterar de för- och nackdelar med JDF-flöde som framkommit under projektets gång. Man kan välja att utnyttja JDF på olika sätt. I rapporten har tre hypoteser ställts mot varandra där utnyttjandegraden av JDF kontra för- och nackdelar för kunder och tryckeri presenterats.

  • 17875.
    Yvell, Karin
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Materials Technology. KTH, Materialvetenskap.
    Experimental Studies of Deformation Structures in Stainless Steels using EBSD2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis, the focus has been the study of deformation structures in stainless steels by using electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD). Via increased knowledge of the evolution of the substructure during deformation, the design and control of the manufacturing process can be improved.

    A relation was found between the active deformation mechanisms, the evolution of low angle boundaries (LABs) and the strain hardening rate. When deformation twinning was an active deformation mechanism in an austenitic stainless steel with lower stacking fault energy (SFE), the strain hardening rate was maintained up to large strains due to formation of LABs. The deformation twin boundaries acted as new obstacles for dislocation slip which in turn increased the formation of LABs even further. During deformation by slip in an austenitic stainless steel with a higher SFE, the strain hardening rate instead decreased when LABs were formed. A high value of SFE promotes dislocation cross slip which in turn increases annihilation of dislocations leading to a minor increase in LAB formation.

    Deformation structures formed in surface grains during in situ tensile tests were found to develop at lower strains than in bulk grains obtained from interrupted conventional tensile tests. This behavior is consistent with the fact that dislocations sources and deformation twinning operate at approximately half the stress on a free surface as compared to the bulk.

    The deformation structures were quantified by measuring size distributions for entities bounded by LABs and high angle boundaries (HABs). The size distributions were found to be well described by bimodal lognormal distribution functions. The average size for the distribution of small grains and subgrains correlated well with the mean free distance of dislocation slip and to the strain hardening.

  • 17876.
    Yvell, Karin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Materials Technology. KTH, Materialvetenskap.
    Engberg, Göran
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Materials Technology.
    Deformation structures in a duplex stainless steel2018In: Materials Science Forum, ISSN 0255-5476, E-ISSN 1662-9752, Vol. 941, p. 176-181Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The evolution of the deformation structure with strain has been studied using electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD). Samples from interrupted uniaxial tensile tests and from a cyclic tension/compression test were investigated. The evolution of low angle boundaries (LABs) was studied using boundary maps and by measuring the LAB density. From calculations of local misorientations, smaller orientation changes in the substructure can be illustrated. The different orientations developed with strain within a grain, due to operation of different slip systems in different parts of the grain, were studied using a misorientation profile showing substantial orientation changes after a true strain of 0.24. The texture evolution with increasing strain was followed by using inverse pole figures (IPFs). The observed substructure development in the ferritic and austenitic phases could be successfully correlated with the stress-strain curve from a tensile test. LABs were first observed in the different phases when the strain hardening rate changed in appearance indicating that cross slip started to operate as a significant dislocation recovery mechanism. The evolution of the deformation structure is concluded to occur in a similar manner in the austenitic and ferritic phases but with different texture evolution for the two phases.

  • 17877.
    Yvell, Karin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Materials Technology.
    Engberg, Göran
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Materials Technology.
    Microstructure evolution in an austenitic stainless steel during wire rolling2013In: Materials Science Forum, ISSN 0255-5476, E-ISSN 1662-9752, Vol. 753, p. 407-410Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Material characterization is of great importance for example to improve and further develop physically based models for predicting the microstructural evolution in steels during and after hot deformation. The aim of this study was to characterize the microstructure evolution during wire rod rolling of an austenitic stainless steel of type AISI 304L in a wire rod block, consisting of eight pairs of rolls, using electron backscatter diffraction. The investigation showed that the grain size in the center of the bar decreases during the first four passes. The grain size decrease from 6.5 Όm after the first roll pass down to 2 Όm, and only small changes was measured in the overall grain size during the last four passes. The subgrain size adopts an almost constant size of 0.9 Όm from the second until the fifth roll pass. During the first 3 passes almost no recrystallization is observed and strain accumulates. Partial recrystallization then starts and for the last 3 passes the recrystallization is almost complete and the texture is nearly random. © (2013) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland.

  • 17878.
    Yvell, Karin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Materials Technology.
    Grehk, T. M.
    Engberg, Göran
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Materials Technology.
    Microstructure characterization of 316L deformed at high strain rates using EBSD2016In: Materials Characterization, ISSN 1044-5803, E-ISSN 1873-4189, Vol. 122, p. 14-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Specimens from split Hopkinson pressure bar experiments, at strain rates between ~ 1000–9000 s− 1 at room temperature and 500 °C, have been studied using electron backscatter diffraction. No significant differences in the microstructures were observed at different strain rates, but were observed for different strains and temperatures. Size distribution for subgrains with boundary misorientations > 2° can be described as a bimodal lognormal area distribution. The distributions were found to change due to deformation. Part of the distribution describing the large subgrains decreased while the distribution for the small subgrains increased. This is in accordance with deformation being heterogeneous and successively spreading into the undeformed part of individual grains. The variation of the average size for the small subgrain distribution varies with strain but not with strain rate in the tested interval. The mean free distance for dislocation slip, interpreted here as the average size of the distribution of small subgrains, displays a variation with plastic strain which is in accordance with the different stages in the stress-strain curves. The rate of deformation hardening in the linear hardening range is accurately calculated using the variation of the small subgrain size with strain.

  • 17879.
    Yvell, Karin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Materials Technology.
    Grehk, T. M.
    Hedström, P.
    Borgenstam, A.
    Engberg, Göran
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Materials Technology.
    EBSD analysis of surface and bulk microstructure evolution during interrupted tensile testing of a Fe-19Cr-12Ni alloy2018In: Materials Characterization, ISSN 1044-5803, E-ISSN 1873-4189, Vol. 141, p. 8-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract The microstructure evolution in both surface and bulk grains in a pure Fe-19Cr-12Ni alloy has been analyzed using electron backscatter diffraction after tensile testing interrupted at different strains. Surface grains were studied during in situ tensile testing performed in a scanning electron microscope, whereas bulk grains were studied after conventional tensile testing. The evolution of the deformation structure in surface and bulk grains displays a strong resemblance but the strain needed to obtain a similar deformation structure is lower in the case of surface grains. Both slip and twinning are observed to be important deformation mechanisms, whereas deformation-induced martensite formation is of minor importance. Since the stacking fault energy (SFE) is low, 17mJ/m2, dynamic recovery by cross slip of un-dissociated dislocations is unfavorable. This reduces the annihilation of dislocations which in turn leads to a significant increase of low angle boundaries with increasing strain. The low SFE also favors formation of deformation twins which reduces the slip distance, leading to a hardening similar to the Hall-Petch relation. The combination of a low ability for cross-slip and a reduced slip distance caused by twinning is concluded to be the main reason for maintaining a high strain-hardening rate up to strains close to necking.

  • 17880.
    Yvell, Karin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Materials Technology.
    Grehk, T. M.
    Hedström, P.
    Borgenstam, A.
    Engberg, Göran
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Materials Technology.
    Microstructure development in a high-nickel austenitic stainless steel using EBSD during in situ tensile deformation2018In: Materials Characterization, ISSN 1044-5803, E-ISSN 1873-4189, Vol. 135, no Supplement C, p. 228-237Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Plastic deformation of surface grains has been observed by electron backscatter diffraction technique during in situ tensile testing of a high-nickel austenitic stainless steel. The evolution of low- and high-angle boundaries as well as the orientation changes within individual grains has been studied. The number of low-angle boundaries and their respective misorientation increases with increasing strain and some of them also evolve into high-angle boundaries leading to grain fragmentation. The annealing twin boundaries successively lose their integrity with increasing strain. The changes in individual grains are characterized by an increasing spread of orientations and by grains moving towards more stable orientations with 〈111〉 or 〈001〉 parallel to the tensile direction. No deformation twins were observed and deformation was assumed to be caused by dislocation slip only.

  • 17881.
    Yvell, Karin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Materials Technology.
    Lindgren, Michael
    Bexell, Ulf
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Materials Technology.
    A microstructural investigation of roll formed austenitic stainless steel2013In: Sheet metal 2013: Key engineering metals, 2013, Vol. 549, p. 364-371Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to high production rates and the possibility to form complex geometries roll forming has become an increasingly popular forming process for sheet metal. Increasing quantities of high strength steels are used today but can be difficult to form due to their low ductility. One way to partly overcome this problem is to heat the steel in the forming area thus locally increasing the ductility. In the present study partially heated cold rolled high strength AISI 301 type austenitic stainless steel was investigated using electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD), and the results were compared to microhardness measurements. The results show that partial heating will give an almost complete reverse martensite transformation, i.e. martensite (alpha') transforms to austenite (gamma), close to the surfaces and grain growth in the middle of the steel sheet. The extension of the heat affected zone can be determined using either microhardness or EBSD measurements. Both these measurements can be used to determine the position of the neutral layer after roll forming. The hardness measurement cannot distinguish between microstructural features but the results are in good agreement with the EBSD results for volume fraction of alpha'-martensite. A major advantage of using EBSD is the possibility to characterize and follow the microstructural development when heating and roll forming.

  • 17882.
    Z Ager, Emily
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sexual Reproductive Perinatal Health.
    Helsing, Emma
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sexual Reproductive Perinatal Health.
    Sexualitet, självbild och kropp: En kvalitativ metasyntes om hur kvinnor förhåller sig till det heteronormativa samhällets förväntningar2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Sexuality is important in a person's life. In our society there are norms and expectations that we all are expected to adapt to; these can affect sexuality and sexual health. To describe how women relate to their sexuality, self-image and body from a heteronormative society can give midwives a deeper understanding of women´s living conditions. Aim: To describe how women relate to their sexuality, self-image and body based on norms of society. Method: Meta-synthesis including qualitative data from 25 articles were included in the result. The analysis was done by meta-ethnography. Result: The women adapted and were flexible based on prevailing norms of society by redistributing power in the relationship, coping with lack of education and taboos, adapting to existing gender roles, and striving to fulfill ideals. These are presented as the four main categories in the result. Conclusion: Women shape their sexuality, self-image and body based on social norms and prevailing power structures. They adapt and are flexible, which affect their self-image and sexual health. The self-image and sexual health are characterized by a limited power to shape their own lives. Women need awareness of this situation in order to have the power to protect equality in their own lives and to promote equality in society. Clinical implication: Midwives as a professional group can support women of all ages to embrace their sexuality and see the beauty of their bodies. Inclusion of midwives in school sexual education; In conversation about lust, body acceptance and consent, could help improve sexual health for young women. When the midwife in her daily work meets women, who try to comply with social norms and expectations in different ways, this meta-synthesis can help in reflection on the midwifery's values about gender equality and the treatment of women in different life situations.

  • 17883.
    Zadik, Tove
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science.
    Sterner, Kathy
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science.
    Exploring midwives’ experiences, attitudes and perceptions in relation to unsafe abortion and post abortion care: - a qualitative study with midwives in Kampala, Uganda.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In the East African region abortion complications causes significant morbidity and mortality, impairing women´s and girls’ health and well-being. Health care provider shortages, physicians in particular, non-availability of safe and effective medicines and technology, and the fact that few midwives and nurses are trained in post abortion care (PAC), result in limited health care access. Stigma and legal repercussions further obstruct access to care and contributes to hesitance among health care providers to provide such care. Previous studies concerning women´s access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) care in Uganda have revealed several barriers to health care access and limited quality of care. Aim: Exploring midwives´ experiences, attitudes and perceptions in relation to unsafe abortion and their experience of providing PAC. Method: In depth interviews were conducted with twelve midwives at Mulago Referall hospital, Uganda by using a semi- structured interview guide. The transcribed material was then developed through qualitative content analysis using a manifest approach. Result: The analysis resulted in two main categories: 1) stigma and social norms related to women´s sexuality and abortion and 2) quality of post abortion care. The result showed that unintended pregnancies, FP and abortions generally are viewed badly in Uganda and are highly stigmatized. The quality of PAC is perceived reduced due to lack of equipment, high work load and stigma surrounding abortions.

    Conclusion: Unsafe abortions are viewed negatively and is seen as a consequence to stigma surrounding FP and unplanned pregnancies, which is mainly affecting young unmarried women. Midwives experienced reduced quality of PAC due to limited resources. The study also shows that new knowledge and education about PAC can help reduce midwives prejudice towards abortion seeking women and broaden their views.

  • 17884.
    Zaffini, Giulia
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, African studies.
    "Madame" and "Meticci" during Italian colonialism in Eritrea and its aftermath: an historiographical analysis2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 17885.
    Zager, Merle
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Rättvik – This is where it happens!?: Enhancing stakeholder collaboration for rural tourismdevelopment with the help of nearby mega sport events2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The presented study investigates how rural tourism destinations can benefit from a mega sport event that is hosted in a city nearby. This is done by examining the case study of Camp Norway, an initiative of the municipality of Rättvik, which was hosted during the FIS Nordic Ski World Championship in Falun 2015. For this purpose semi-structured interviews were conducted with several key stakeholders and members of the steering committee of the project. The research aimed to answer what the concept was actually about, what the stakeholders expected, how they collaborated and how they evaluate the project. It was explored that a main intention of the project was to bring the tourism stakeholders of the municipality together and thus enhance their collaboration for the future. Although the expectations concerning visitor numbers and economic benefits were too high and have not been met, the overall concept evaluation is still very positive. This is due to the fact that the actors have recognised the importance of close stakeholder collaborations especially in the rural tourism industry and have successfully established a common ground for future projects in Rättvik. The case of Camp Norway can be taken as an example also for other rural tourism destinations, how to improve local stakeholder collaboration by innovatively benefitting from nearby events.

  • 17886.
    Zakrisson, Ann-Britt
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Engfeldt, Peter
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Hägglund, Doris
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Odencrants, Sigrid
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Hasselgren, Mikael
    Centre for Assessment of Medical Technology in Örebro, Sweden ; Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Family Medicine and Clinical Epidemiology, Uppsala University, Sweden ; Primary Care Research Unit, County Council in Värmland, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Arne, Mats
    Centre for Assessment of Medical Technology in Örebro, Sweden ; Primary Care Research Unit, County Council in Värmland, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Theander, Kersti
    epartment of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Family Medicine and Clinical Epidemiology, Uppsala University, Sweden ; Primary Care Research Unit, County Council in Värmland, Karlstad, Sweden ; Department of Nursing, Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Nurse-led multidisciplinary programme for patients with COPD in primary health care: a controlled trial2011In: Primary Care Respiratory Journal, ISSN 1471-4418, E-ISSN 1475-1534, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 427-433Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM:To investigate the effects of a nurse-led multidisciplinary programme (NMP) of pulmonary rehabilitation in primary health care with regard to functional capacity, quality of life (QoL), and exacerbations among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

    METHOD:A 1-year longitudinal study with a quasi-experimental design was undertaken in patients with COPD, 49 in the intervention group and 54 in the control group. Functional capacity was assessed using the 6-minute walking test, and quality of life (QoL) was assessed using the Clinical COPD Questionnaire. Exacerbations were calculated by examination of patient records.

    RESULTS:No significant differences were found between the groups in functional capacity and QoL after 1 year. The exacerbations decreased in the intervention group (n = -0.2) and increased in the control group (n = 0.3) during the year after NMP. The mean difference of change in exacerbation frequency between the groups was statistically significant after one year (p=0.009).

    CONCLUSIONS:The NMP in primary care produced a significant reduction in exacerbation frequency, but functional capacity and QoL were unchanged. More and larger studies are needed to evaluate potential benefits in functional capacity and QoL.

  • 17887.
    Zakrisson, Ann-Britt
    et al.
    Family Medicine Research Centre, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Hägglund, Doris
    Family Medicine Research Centre, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    The asthma/COPD nurses’ experience of educating patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in primary health care2010In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 147-155Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The number of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is increasing. These patients need nursing care, including education in self-care, which has a positive effect on their physical and psychoemotional well-being. The aim of this study was to describe the experiences of asthma/COPD nurses' in primary health care (PHC) of educating patients with COPD. A descriptive, qualitative study was conducted, with interviews of 12 asthma/COPD nurses. The data were analysed using qualitative content analysis. The findings are presented in two themes: Theme 1, receiving support results in a feeling of security, which enables the development of patient education; and Theme 2, a lack of support results in a feeling of insecurity, which makes it difficult to develop patient education. The asthma/COPD nurses were individual orientated with individualization of care, but the patient's mood, the varying support of those around and the nurses' varying degrees of security affected the education. The conclusion is that the asthma/COPD nurses' experience of patient education fluctuated between insecurity and security. The nurses' feeling of insecurity in their patient education can be strengthened through support from colleagues and by increased knowledge in promoting the learning of others. Collaborative teamwork with a well-functioning asthma/COPD clinic in PHC can facilitate and improve patient services; these initiatives can enable the asthma/COPD nurses to reach their full potential.

  • 17888.
    Zakrisson, Emma
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Computer Engineering.
    En granskning av personuppgifters flöde genom Falu kommuns gymnasiala Vuxenutbildning i enlighet med General Data Protection Regulation, GDPR2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    On May 25, 2018, the EU's new data protection regulation will come into force throughout the EU. The English name of this regulation is the Data Protection Regulation which is shortened GDPR. The purpose of the new data protection regulation is to ensure people's right to protection of their personal data, which will strengthen personal integrity in an increasingly digitized world. This will be done by establishing rules for the free flow of personal data within the EU. The Data Protection Regulation will place high demands on organizations that have to undergo major change efforts to comply with the regulatory requirements.

    One of the aims of this study has been to investigate whether the operation of the adult education within the municipality of Falun is sustainable in view of the requirements of the new data protection regulation. With this as a starting point, a review of the handling of personal data has been identified. One of the study's issues has been to identify critical points in the adult education activities where personal data incidents could occur. In the study, mixed techniques have been used to gather the necessary information in relation to the questions. Literature studies have been conducted in the field of data protection regulation and information security in general. In addition, gathering of empirical data has been done through oral and written interviews with selected key persons in the organization. Based on this information, a mapping and analysis has been made, which has resulted in an evaluation of the organizations processes in which personal data are handled. With that as a starting point, the questions have been as critical points have been identified and recommended working methods have been presented.

    The study's results show that the municipality of Falun has begun adaptation work to meet the requirements of the new data protection regulation. However, the work has started so late that you still have a lot of work left to implement in the organization. The Data Protection Regulation was adopted on April 27, 2016, which means that in practice they have had at least two years to prepare. For Falun municipality to meet the new requirements of the Data Protection Regulation, key factors are the management's commitment and understanding, as well as the implementation of custom education for all staff in the organization. The study also shows that the adaptation to the new data protection regulation is a continuous work, which should be achieved systematically over time.

    In the environmental surveillance of other municipalities, many have begun their work with an adaptation to the new data protection regulation. These are, like the municipality of Falun, far from fully prepared for the data protection regulation to enter into force on May 25, 2018.

  • 17889. Zalakeviciute, R.
    et al.
    Rybarczyk, Yves
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Microdata Analysis. Intelligent and Interactive Systems Lab (SI2 Lab) Universidad de Las Americas (UDLA), Ecuador.
    Granda-Albuja, M. G.
    Diaz Suarez, M. V.
    Alexandrino, K.
    Chemical characterization of urban PM10 in the Tropical Andes2019In: Atmospheric Pollution Research, ISSN 1309-1042, E-ISSN 1309-1042, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 343-356Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Complex inhalable particles have become one of the main causes to trigger health problems worldwide. While the level of concern depends on the chemical composition of these particles, some regions are poorly studied, particularly, the Andes. In this work, the chemical characterization of atmospheric PM10 filter samples, collected between January and October of 2017, was carried out for the first time in the world's highest capital, Quito, Ecuador. This study investigates PM10 relation with meteorological variables and criteria pollutants. Average PM10 concentrations ranged from 24.9 μg m−3 to 26.2 μg m−3, with some alarming peaks during the episodes of fires and New Year's celebration. The major elements at study sites were Ca, Na, S, Mg, P, K, Fe, Si and Al, while the major water-soluble ion was SO42−. Meteorology plays an important role at this complex terrain city. Factor analysis showed natural dust and soil resuspension as the main source of particulate matter. Moreover, two less urbanized sites showed evidence of industrial activities or airport emissions, while the central city site showed a very strong signal of traffic-related pollution. These results are compared with representative cities around the world. As is the case in developing countries, low-quality diesel fuel is recognized for emitting large amounts of heavy metals, resulting in higher levels of those tracers in traffic flow areas. This work demonstrates the problems facing a midsize city, such as the lack of stricter regulations and, thus compromised air quality. This may imply serious respiratory and cardiovascular health effects.

  • 17890.
    Zambianchi, Riccardo
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies.
    Le Chemin de Fer from Djibouti to Addis Ababa: French Imperalism and Franco-Ethiopian relations in the Horn of Africa2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 17891.
    Zamorano Llena, Carmen
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    A Brave Old Age: Changes in the Irish Family Trope in Jennifer Johnston’s Later Fiction2016In: Literary Creativity and the Older Woman Writer: A Collection of Essays / [ed] Casado Gual, Núria, Emma Domínguez Rué, and Brian Worsfold, Oxford: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2016, p. 129-149Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 17892.
    Zamorano Llena, Carmen
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    A cosmopolitan conceptualisation of place and new topographies of identity in Hari Kunzru’s Gods Without Men2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17893.
    Zamorano Llena, Carmen
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    A cosmopolitan conceptualisation of place and new topographies of identity in Hari Kunzru’s Gods Without Men2016In: Transnational Literature, ISSN 1836-4845, E-ISSN 1836-4845, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 17894.
    Zamorano Llena, Carmen
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    A Cosmopolitan Re-Vision of the Metaphor of ‘Home’ as Nation in Caryl Phillips’s A Distant Shore2013In: The Stockholm 2013 Metaphor Festival: Table of Contents, 2013, p. 86-86Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17895.
    Zamorano Llena, Carmen
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Against the Fear of Complexity: (Re)envisioning the Alterity of the Muslim Migrant in Elif Shafak's Honour2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17896.
    Zamorano Llena, Carmen
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    ‘Burning from the inside out’ : Cosmopolitanisation and the Deterritorialisation of Identity in Colum McCann’s Let the Great World Spin and David Mitchell’s The Thousand Autumns of Jacob de Zoet2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17897.
    Zamorano Llena, Carmen
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    “Carving up the visible and the invisible”: Ethical and Aesthetic Engagement with De-racialising the Muslim Migrant in Elif Shafak’s Honour2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17898.
    Zamorano Llena, Carmen
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Crossing the Borders of the Heimat: The Role of Migration Narratives in a Cosmopolitan Re-Vision of the Metaphor of ‘Home’ as Nation in Caryl Phillips’s A Distant Shore2019In: Narratives Crossing Borders / [ed] Herbert Jonsson, et al., 2019Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 17899.
    Zamorano Llena, Carmen
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    ‘Extreme old age, you know. Not to be recommended’: Challenging the Discourse of Successful Ageing in Jennifer Johnston’s Later Fiction2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17900.
    Zamorano Llena, Carmen
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Fictions of Migration in Contemporary Ireland and Britain2019Book (Refereed)
355356357358359360361 17851 - 17900 of 18584
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • chicago-author-date
  • chicago-note-bibliography
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf