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  • 201.
    Liedgren, Pernilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Förord2012In: Människors beteende : perspektiv inom socialt arbete / [ed] Parrish, Margarete; Nilsson, Björn, Stockholm: Liber, 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 202.
    Liedgren, Pernilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work. Ersta Sköndal Högskola.
    Interaktiv studiehandbok och mer material2010In: Förstå socialt arbete: Bengt Börjeson, Liber , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vad är socialt arbete? Ja, den här boken ska göra det lite svårare för dig att ge ett svar på den frågan! Åtminstone ett enkelt svar. För socialt arbete är så mycket och så varierande. Att vara socialarbetare är att ha en arbetsuppgift och ett ansvar som kan vara livsavgörande för den människa man samarbetar med. Just därför är det sociala arbetet ett så fascinerande professionsfält! Med boken följer eLabbet, som är ett webbaserat studiestöd. eLabbet för Förstå socialt arbete innehåller ca 115 instuderingsfrågor och ca 10 relevanta praktikfall. Här kan man träna på viktiga ord, begrepp och fakta och få omedelbar feedback. Här kan man också tillämpa sina kunskaper på verklighetsorienterade praktikfall. eLabbet innehåller dessutom interaktiva kunskapstester med slumpade testfrågor där man kan repetera sina kunskaper samt få läs- och länktips.  Aktiveringskod följer med boken. För mer information om eLabbet samt inloggning, gå till www.liber.se/elabbet.Läs mer Det sociala arbetet lämnar inte den professionella aktören, socialarbetaren oberörd. Vi förändras och utvecklas med arbetet, och vi genomgår professionella kriser. Att vara socialarbetare innebär en utmaning och det vi sätter på spel är den egna personen och den egna självuppfattningen. Det sociala arbetet spänner över stora kunskapsområden och en mängd arbetsuppgifter, som kan vara av mycket olika karaktär. Vi befinner oss i ett spänningsfält mellan de stora sociala perspektiven på samhället och det psykologiska djupseendet beträffande den enskilda människan. Förstå socialt arbete är en grundbok om socialt arbete, som det finns skäl att återvända till under hela utbildningstiden. Den teoretiska grundtonen gör boken intressant även för praktiskt verksamma socialarbetare. Om författarna Bengt Börjeson är professor i socialt arbete vid Ersta Sköndal högskola. Under sin mångåriga karriär har han även varit professor i socialt arbete vid universiteten i Umeå och Stockholm, samt rektor för Lärarhögskolan i Stockholm. Han har också under många år arbetat vid och varit chef för Barnbyn Skå. eLabbet är utvecklat av Pernilla Liedgren Dobronravoff, lektor i socialt arbete vid Ersta Sköndal högskola.

  • 203.
    Liedgren, Pernilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Minorities with different values at school: the case of Jehovah's Witnesses2018In: British Journal of Religious Education, ISSN 0141-6200, E-ISSN 1740-7931, Vol. 40, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Teachers in Swedish schools are to balance the values implemented by the law and at the same time try to respect the freedom of religion for the pupils. Aim of the study was to empirically investigate how teachers deal with pupils being Jehovah's Witnesses, a minority religion. Interviews with 11 informants who was members of Jehovah's Witnesses during the time in school (age 13 - 16) was conducted as well as interviews with two teachers as well as one school-psychologist and one school-counsellor. The study found that teachers often are lost in situation with children belonging to minority religion. Implications for practice are given.

  • 204.
    Liedgren, Pernilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Social work education as an export product: Example from Iraqi Kurdistan2010In: 12th UK Joint Social Work Education Conference with the 4th UK Social Work Research Conference: Shaping the future of social work, 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 205.
    Liedgren, Pernilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Strategies among young Jehovah's Witnesses in secondary school in Sweden2013In: Religion in Scandinavia, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is among the most secular countries in the world and Jehovah’s Witness is a fundamentalist Christian organization with an ambition to present its interpretation of the Bible as truth. Emerging adults in Jehovah’s Witness are expected to behave and believe according to rules and a view of life which distinguish them from the values and teachings of the Swedish school.  The aim of the paper is to present strategies and reflections among Jehovah’s Witnesses in Swedish secondary school to meet the expectations of the religious community, when these are in conflict with the values and teachings of the school. Interviews with eleven former Jehovah’s Witnesses, now adults, have been conducted in the tradition of grounded theory. Strategies found where; 1) to stand up for their belief; 2) double standard and 3) flight. The reflections concern what it is to be an authentic person and the social context.

  • 206.
    Liedgren, Pernilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Transfer of teaching styles: Teaching social work in Iraqi Kurdistan as a swede2015In: International Social Work, ISSN 0020-8728, E-ISSN 1461-7234, Vol. 58, no 1, p. 175-185Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Universities in the Global North teach social work in the Global South from time to time. This article aims to describe and discuss such projects from a pedagogical aspect, with a focus on teaching styles. Nine interviews were conducted with Swedish teachers who had experience of teaching in Iraqi Kurdistan. The article sketches their strategies they developed during their period of teaching social work abroad. The teachers had different ways of handling the teaching situation and the styles were divided into three major types. These styles are referred to here as Co-traveller, Therapeutic and Socratic.

  • 207.
    Liedgren, Pernilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work. Ersta Sköndal Högskola.
    Why the Jehovah's Witnesses are still growing2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 208.
    Liedgren, Pernilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Översyn magisterprogram i socialt arbete med inriktning evidensbaserat arbete med barn och unga2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport har som syfte att göra en översyn av magisterprogramet i evidensbaserat socialt arbetes första år. Intervjuer har genomförts med studenter, lärare samt representanter för arbetslivet (kommuner). I rapporten presenteras följande förlag; 1) Att avsluta fri-fart, fri-start upplägget och istället införa fast fart (25% alt. 50%)  takt för studierna. Kurserna kan fortfarande bestå av inspelade föreläsningar och ha en stor flexibilitet, inom terminsgränserna. 2) Att begränsa examinationerna till fem. 3) Att ha kvar distans/nätundervisningen och att uppmuntra kursansvariga att lägga in diskussionstrådar, chat, connectmöten och bjuda in studenter som bor nära studieorten att närvara vid streamade föreläsningar. 4) Att ge möjligheter till ett program. Att erbjuda magisterkurserna som fristående kurser som sedan vägs samman i en magisterexamen. 5) Att inrätta ett programråd där återkommande diskussioner förs kring socialarbetarnas utbildning, policyns implementering och vidarutveckling.

  • 209.
    Liedgren, Pernilla
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Andersson, Lars
    Ersta Sköndal högskola/ Ersta Sköndal University College.
    Strategies among young Jehovah’s Witnesses in compulsory school in Sweden, age 13-15, a case-study2013In: International Journal for the Study of New Religions, ISSN 2041-9511, E-ISSN 2041-952X, Vol. 4, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated how young teenagers, as members of a strong religious organization, dealt with the school situation and the encounter with mainstream culture taking place at school during the final years in Swedish primary school (age 13-15 years). The purpose was to explore possible strategies that members of a minority group, in this case the Jehovah’s Witnesses, developed in order to deal with a value system differing from that of the group. We interviewed eleven former members of the Jehovah’s Witnesses about their final years in compulsory Swedish communal school. The ages of the interviewees ranged between 24 and 46 years, and the interviewed group comprised six men and five women. Nine of the eleven interviewees had grown up in the countryside or in villages. All but two were ethnic Swedes. The time that had passed since leaving the movement ranged from quite recently to 20 years. The results revealed three strategies; Standing up for Your Beliefs, Escaping, and Living in Two Worlds. The first two strategies are based on a One-World View, and the third strategy, Living in Two Worlds, implies a Two-World View, accepting to a certain extent both the Jehovah’s Witnesses outlook as well as that of ordinary society. The strategy Standing up for Your Beliefs can be described as straightforward, outspoken, and bold; the youngsters did not show any doubts about their belief. The second subgroup showed an unshakeable faith, but suffered psychological stress since their intentions to live according to their belief led to insecurity in terms of how to behave, and also left them quite isolated. These people reported more absence from school. The youngsters using the strategy Living in Two Worlds appeared to possess the ability to sympathize with both world views, and were more adaptable in different situations.

  • 210.
    Liedgren, Pernilla
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Andersson, Lars
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Ersta Sköndal university college.
    Strategies among young Jehovah's Witnesses in primary school, age 13 - 152012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 211.
    Liedgren, Pernilla
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Andersson, Lars
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Ersta Sköndal university college.
    Strategies among young Jehovah's Witnesses in secondary school in Sweden2012In: Religion and Young to Middle Aged Adults, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is among the most secular countries in the world and Jehovah’s Witness is a fundamentalist Christian organization with an ambition to present its interpretation of the Bible as truth. Emerging adults in Jehovah’s Witness are expected to behave and believe according to rules and a view of life which distinguish them from the values and teachings of the Swedish school.  The aim of the paper is to present strategies and reflections among Jehovah’s Witnesses in Swedish secondary school to meet the expectations of the religious community, when these are in conflict with the values and teachings of the school. Interviews with eleven former Jehovah’s Witnesses, now adults, have been conducted in the tradition of grounded theory. Strategies found where; 1) to stand up for their belief; 2) double standard and 3) flight. The reflections concern what it is to be an authentic person and the social context.

  • 212.
    Liedgren, Pernilla
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Elvhage, Gudrun
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Expectations, attitudes and motives among future social workers in Sweden: students in social work2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The intended aim of this paperis to discuss motivation and personal traits among social work students andimplication to international social work. An enquiry was made to investigatethe motivation, values and expectation among first year social work students atfour universities in Sweden. There is previous evidence that education havedifficulties forming students values, and the effect follows that it isbecoming vital to attract and accept the best students for the profession. Oneof the investigated universities did have a different form of admission systemsince half of their students were accepted after a test and an interview. Thepresentation aims to present results from the survey as well as discuss how theresults of the Swedish social work students differed in between theuniversities and from international research of social work students.

  • 213.
    Liedgren, Pernilla
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Elvhage, Gudrun
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Knowledge support in communities for social workers in Sweden2012In: Empowerment in social work, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 214.
    Liedgren, Pernilla
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Elvhage, Gudrun
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Motiv, förutsättningar och värderingar hos socionomstudenter2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I nordiska sammanhang är det lite känt om socialarbetares attityder till arbetsvillkor och pågående sociala och politiska trender. Socialarbetare som yrkesgrupp kan betraktas som aktörer som praktiskt ska tolka och genomföra socialpolitik. Resultatet från en omfattande nordisk studie visade att socialarbetarnas attityder varierade inom olika specialiseringar inom kommunal socialtjänst. De socialarbetare som arbetade med ekonomisk hantering var mer missnöjda med sin arbetssituation och mer positiva till sanktioner och restriktioner mot klienter jämfört med kollegor inom andra verksamhetsområden. De är mer benägna att förklara fattigdom med hänvisning till enskilda brister. Vidare visar forskning att socialarbetare inte ser den nordiska modellen som att den underlättar för utsatta människor mer än andra välfärdssystem. Många socialarbetare menar att socialt arbete präglas av ekonomiska omständigheter och en byråkratisk administration. I vår studie diskuterar vi socionomstudenternas motiv och värderingar och jämför med vad uppdragsgivare eftertraktar av professionen. Är det, som några forskare pekar på, att uppdragsgivare, främst kommuner efterfrågar socionomer med framförallt kunskaper i juridik och som kan hantera byråkrati och inte det som vi ser i vår studie socionomstuderande med altruistiska motiv. I den meningen kan diskrepansen mellan ett rationellt kommunalt perspektiv och studenternas altruistiska motiv få konsekvenser.

    Ett frågeformulär utvecklades för studenterna och lämnades till dem i början av deras socionomutbildning. Studien genomfördes på fyra olika universitet och högskolor i Sverige och sammanlagt svarade 250 studenter på enkäten. Frågeformuläret som innehöll både fasta och öppna svarsalternativ har bearbetats med hjälp av statistikprogrammet SPSS och de öppna svaren har kategoriserats.

    Resultatet från den kvantitativa undersökningen av studenter på fyra olika socionomutbildningar i Sverige visar att studenters motivation och värderingar är relativt homogena mellan de fyra utbildningsorterna. Det skiljer sig åt när de gäller de mindre högskolorna när det gäller motiv. Ungefär en tredjedel av studenterna anger idealistiska motiv för sitt yrkesval. Lika många en tredjedel av studenterna uppvisar individualistiska motiv och värderingar medan en del av studenterna varken är idealistiska eller individualistiska utan anger att socionomyrkesvalet är ett yrkesval för att få ett arbete. När studenterna anger vilken professionell roll som de helst vill tillskriva sig som socionom anger de i första hand empatisk, kompetent och att bli en god lyssnare.

    I vår presentation diskuterar vi elevernas värderingar och förväntningar i förhållande till sin framtida professionella identitet som socionom samt deras personliga motiv för att välja utbildningen till socionom. Vi presenterar också hur resultatet av de svenska studenternas motiv skiljer sig från internationell forskning men diskuterar också hur socionomstudenter skiljer sig åt i ett nationellt perspektiv.

  • 215.
    Liedgren, Pernilla
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Elvhage, Gudrun
    Ehrenberg, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Kullberg, Christian
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    The use of decision support systems in social work: a scoping study literature review2016In: Journal of Evidence-Informed Social Work, ISSN 2376-1407, E-ISSN 2376-1415, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 1-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Decision support systems are known to be helpful for professionals in many medical professions. In social work, decision support systems have had modest use, accompanied by strong criticism from the profession but often by praise from political management. In this study the aim of the authors was to collect and report on the published evidence on decision support systems in social work. The conclusion of the authors is that a decision support system gives support to social workers in conducting a thorough investigation, but at the same time gives them the freedom to make autonomous decisions that might be the most helpful for and used by social workers. Their results also indicate that decision support systems focusing on atypical rather than typical cases are perceived as the most useful among experienced staff.

  • 216.
    Liedgren, Pernilla
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Kullberg, Christian
    Evidensbaserad praktik i svenskt socialt arbete: En forskningsöversikt och ett förslag till fortsatt forskning2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport presenterar en översikt av forskning om evidensbaserad praktik (EBP) i svenskt socialt arbete inom den kommunala socialtjänsten och andra verksamheter inom den svenska socialvården. Syftet är att beskriva forskningsläget om EBP i socialt arbete samt ge förslag till fortsatt forskning på området. I rapporten redovisas forskning om stöd, attityder och förhållningssätt till det evidensbaserade arbetet med fokus på organisation, chefer och första linjens socialarbetare. Resultaten visar att genomförandet av EBP i socialt arbete till stora delar styrts centralt av Socialstyrelsen. Den EBP-version som på detta sätt prioriterats och spridits skulle kunna kallas en guideline-modell. Forskning visar också att svenska socialarbetares anpassning till ett EBP-koncept enligt guideline-modell är relativt svagt. Trots det är socialarbetare liksom sina chefer överlag allmänt positiva till EBP, men det finns också en relativt stark oro för att den version av EBP som sprids av Socialstyrelsen är för rigorös för att passa praktiskt socialt arbete. Mot bakgrund av det fokus som forskningen haft och de kunskapsluckor som finns om socialarbetares förhållande till en reflekterande praktiker-modell avslutas rapporten med att ge ett förslag på framtida möjliga forskningsfrågor utifrån detta perspektiv.

  • 217.
    Lindemo, Mikael
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Nääs, Pontus
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Möjligheter för integration genom idrott: En kvalitativ studie kring barn och ungdomars integrationsmöjligheter genom idrottsdeltagande2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate whether professionals believe that sport can lead to integration for children and young people with a foreign background and what opportunities and barriers exist for this. We have used a qualitative method in the form of interviews with informants who work in parallel with sports and integration. The starting point of the study has been Diaz integration theory, which has inspired our interview guide and defined the study's view on the concept of integration. The results of the study show that sport can promote integration and that it is the relationships that the participants associate with each other that contribute to this. The result also indicates that social work with integration can be inspired by the sport's way of creating arenas where people can meet.

  • 218.
    Lindhagen, Camilla
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Rönningen, Sandra
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Det som inte syns, finns inte: En kvalitativ studie om kunskap, heteronormativitet och diskriminering av HBT-personer på äldreboenden2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet var att studera vilka kunskaper enhetschefer och personal inom äldreomsorgen har om äldre personer med en annan sexuell läggning än den rådande heteronormativa. Syftet var även att förstå hur heteronormativitet ser ut inom äldreomsorgen samt att undersöka om diskriminering sker. I studien har en kvalitativ metod i form av fallstudie använts. Intervjuer med sex enhetschefer på äldreboenden har genomförts. Som teoretisk tolkningsram har heteronormativitet samt diskriminering använts. I studien framkommer att ett heteronormativt synsätt gentemot äldre heterosexuella, bisexuella och transpersoner (HBT-personer) finns samt att strukturell diskriminering råder. Enhetscheferna i studien har inte några specifika kunskaper om HBT-personer, deras livsstil, levnadsvillkor eller eventuell problem. Intervjupersonernas kunskap baseras på egna erfarenheter av HBT-personer i den privata sfären. Vidare framkommer att enhetscheferna anser att samhället är öppet för personer med en annan sexuell läggning än den rådande heteronormativa och av den anledningen behövs ingen vidare kunskap. I och med den öppna attityden i samhället menar enhetscheferna också att deras personal gör ett bra arbete med alla personer som bor på äldreboendena.

  • 219.
    Lindqvist, Malin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Strandberg, Linda
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Behandlingspersonalens perspektiv på bemötande: "Tron på individen"2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The treatment of clients within abuse and addiction care is extremely important for clients to want to receive support from those who perform care, and the meeting between councellor/therapist and client can be a first step in the right direction for the client. The purpose of this study was to examine how the staff treats adult clients with substance abuse or addiction. To answer the study's purpose and issues conducted the study with a qualitative approach. Materials Collection has been done through seven semi-structured interviews, and then analyzed by qualitative content analysis. Theoretical study of interpretation based on Goffman´s dramaturgical perspective.

    The results of the study show that the hospitality of substance abuse and addiction services should be characterized by knowledge-based and respectful attitude and signal the human warmth, and it should be based on an individualized treatment with the belief in the individual's own abilities. The result also showed the aggravating factors in the plea, namely the client's illness, denial, resistance, and the asymmetrical power relationship.

  • 220.
    Lindqvist, Malin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Strandberg, Linda
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Behandlingspersonalens perspektiv på bemötande: "Tron på individen"2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The treatment of clients within abuse and addiction care is extremely important for clients to want to receive support from those who perform care, and the meeting between councellor/therapist and client can be a first step in the right direction for the client. The purpose of this study was to examine how the staff treats adult clients with substance abuse or addiction. To answer the study's purpose and issues conducted the study with a qualitative approach. Materials Collection has been done through seven semi-structured interviews, and then analyzed by qualitative content analysis. Theoretical study of interpretation based on Goffman´s dramaturgical perspective.

    The results of the study show that the hospitality of substance abuse and addiction services should be characterized by knowledge-based and respectful attitude and signal the human warmth, and it should be based on an individualized treatment with the belief in the individual's own abilities. The result also showed the aggravating factors in the plea, namely the client's illness, denial, resistance, and the asymmetrical power relationship.

  • 221.
    Loman, Kerstin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Tidén, Carolinne
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Maskrosbarn: En litteraturstudie om barn i riskzon2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to gain a deeper understanding of how society better can support and protect children who grow up under challenging and unfavorable circumstances. This study is based on six autobiographies which have been selected based on certain criteria. These autobiographies have been compiled based on a qualitative content analysis and a number of topics have been identified. Based on the purpose of the study and its framing of questions theories of risk and protective factors, Sense Of Coherense, shame, resilience and attachment theory has been chosen. Existing research indicates that children at risk and social child care are a somewhat neglected research area. The result of this study highlights a number of deficiencies both within the social welfare system and the society as a whole. There is a large need for continuous appreciation and clarification of the support that these children can expect.

  • 222.
    Lundblad, Cassandra
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Gustafsson, Malin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Anhörigperspektivet på äldre med beteendemässiga och psykiska symtom vid demens: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe and analyse relative’s involvement and experience of the care in a nursing home for a next of kin who was an older person with behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia, and how the role as a relative changed after the elderly’s move from their own home to a nursing home. We conducted five qualitative interviews with relatives related to elderly residing at a nursing home. The results showed that the role as a relative changed after their related elderly’s move to nursing home. The majority of the respondents had previously acted as a caretaker in the home and after their related elderly’s move to nursing home they described mixed feelings of relief and loneliness. The results showed that the respondents had a positive experience of the care and felt involved in the care of their related elderly residing in the nursing home.

  • 223.
    Lundell, Jonna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Eriksson, Malin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Är samverkan a och o?: En kvalitativ studie om samverkans betydelse i det förebyggande sociala arbetet med att öka ungdomars närvaro i skolan.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to increase the knowledge of the preventive social work with adolescents and examine if cooperation in the preventive work contributes to increase attendance at school among adolescents. A qualitative approach has been used, where interviews with six representatives from school and social services has been done.

    The result shows that a preventive social work by increase attendance at school among adolescents is performed. Though it appears that lack of time and personal resources contributes to the preventive social work is not made in the extent as the representatives would wish. They agree that preventive work is important in the work with increase attendance at school among adolescents. The result also shows that cooperation is of great importance on the preventive social work as it benefits the adolescents if different social authorities cooperative. Cooperation contribute to achieved a comprehensive view of the adolescent and that the adolescents who risk to develop absenteeism can be intercepted in time.

  • 224.
    Löfgren Lyttbacka, Ann-Catrine
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Kvinnors våld mot barn: - utifrån professionellas erfarenheter2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports a qualitative study in which semi-structured interviews have been performed with professionals who are working close to mothers with violent behavior and their children. The purpose of the present study was to examine social workers’ perceptions regarding mothers´ violence toward children and what they experience as underlying causes to mothers violence. Three main categories have been identified;

    the extent and constitution of the violence, its underlying causes and the professional´s approach concerning mother´s violence. The results mainly indicate the importance for professionals to address and ask about violence when meeting clients, also when meeting mothers. Findings also indicate that there are several underlying factors to why a mother abuse her children.

  • 225.
    Löfvenmark, Jennifer
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Öberg, Catrin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    ”Det behöver bli bättre för att vi ska hålla i längden…”: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om socialsekreterares psykosociala arbetsmiljö2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To work as a social worker within investigations at social services specialized in children and

    young adults is assumed to be stressful with a high workload. Consequently, their working

    environment is often discussed. Therefore, the aim of this paper was to investigate what

    factors social workers, working under these circumstances, perceive as affecting their

    psychosocial working environment. This study was based on qualitative interviews and the

    result is analyzed with help of the demand- control- and support model.

    The result indicates that social support is an important component to consider in order for

    social workers to be healthy in their roles. The circumstances need to improve to prevent

    social workers from being exposed to stress and unhealthiness, and thereby improving their

    psychosocial working environment. Our conclusion from this study is that there is an

    imbalance between the requirements asked from social workers and the resources available.

  • 226.
    Löppönen, Nina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Våhlberg, Rosita
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Tiden läker inte alla sår: En kvalitativ studie om kvinnors berättelser gällande konsekvenser av sexuella övergrepp.2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Girls who are sexually abused by their fathers are difficult to detect and thus difficult to help when the abuse is rarely revealed. This can lead to major consequences in adult life. The purpose of our study was to investigate what consequences women who have been subjected to sexual abuse by their father in childhood experience in adult life.Symbolic interactionism is used as theoretical point of departure and the empirical material is analyzed using thematic analysis. The study is a qualitative literature study based on five autobiographies/biographies. The result shows that women experience great social and emotional consequences that affect them in everyday life. Consequences that all women in the study experienced are shame, mental ill-health, self-destructiveness, need for confirmation and hate. The results further show that these consequences lead to vital behaviors.

  • 227.
    Lövgren, Malin
    et al.
    Department of Health Care Sciences, Palliative Research Centre, Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kreicbergs, Ulrika
    Department of Health Care Sciences, Palliative Research Centre, Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Udo, Camilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Family talk intervention in paediatric oncology: a pilot study protocol2019In: BMJ Paediatrics Open, ISSN 2399-9772, Vol. 3, no 1, article id e000417Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: There is evidence that families with a child diagnosed with cancer need psychosocial support throughout the illness trajectory. Unfortunately, there is little research into psychosocial interventions for such families, especially interventions where the entire family is involved. The aim of this pilot study is therefore to evaluate a psychosocial intervention, the family talk intervention(FTI), in paediatric oncology in terms of study feasibility and potential effects.

    Methods and analysis: This pretest/post-test intervention pilot study is based on families with a child diagnosed with cancer. All families that include at least one child aged 6–19 years (ill child and/or sibling) at one of the six paediatric oncology centres in Sweden between September 2018 and September 2019 will be asked about participation. The intervention consists of six meetings with the family (part of the family or the entire family), led by two interventionists. The core elements in the interventionare to support the families in talking about the illness and related subjects, support the parents in understandingthe needs of their children and how to support them and support the families in identifying their strengths and howto use them best. Mixed methods are used to evaluatethe intervention (web-based questionnaires, interviews, field notes and observations). Self-reported data from all family members are collected at baseline, directly after the intervention and 6 months later. Study outcomes are family communication, knowledge about the illness, resilience, quality of life and grief.

    Ethics and dissemination: The study has been approved by the Regional Ethical Review Board in Stockholm (Dnr 2018/250-31/2 and 2018/1852–32). Data are processed in coded form, accessible only to the research team and stored at Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College in a secure server.

    Trial registration: ClinicalTrials. gov IdentifierNCT03650530, registered in August 2018.

  • 228.
    Lövgren, Malin
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke högskola.
    Melin-Johansson, Christina
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke Högskola.
    Udo, Camilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work. Ersta Sköndal Bräcke Högskola; Ctr Clin Res Dalarna.
    Sveen, Josefin
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke högskola.
    Telling the truth to dying children — end-of-life communication with families2019In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 108, no 11, p. 2111-2112Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Communicating a terminal prognosis is challenging for patients, families and healthcare professionals. However, positive effects have been reported when children are told about their diagnosis and prognosis, including fewer symptoms of anxiety and depression and enhanced adherence to treatment (1). When research about prognostic communication was first published in the 1950s and 1960s, it recommended protecting children from bad news. By the late 1960s, a more open approach was recommended and by the late 1980s the advice was to always tell children. There has been a growing awareness of the complexity of prognostic disclosure and the need to balance often competing factors, such as hope and patient and family considerations, on a case-to-case basis (2).

  • 229. Lüdecke, Daniel
    et al.
    Bien, Barbara
    McKee, Kevin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Krevers, Barbro
    Mestheneos, Elizabeth
    Di Rosa, Mirko
    von dem Knesebeck, Olaf
    Kofahl, Christopher
    For better or worse: Factors predicting outcomes of family care of older people over a one-year period. A six-country European study2018In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 13, no 4, article id e0195294Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: Demographic change has led to an increase of older people in need of long-term care in nearly all European countries. Informal carers primarily provide the care and support needed by dependent people. The supply and willingness of individuals to act as carers are critical to sustain informal care resources as part of the home health care provision. This paper describes a longitudinal study of informal care in six European countries and reports analyses that determine those factors predicting the outcomes of family care over a one-year period.

    METHODS: Analyses are based on data from the EUROFAMCARE project, a longitudinal survey study of family carers of older people with baseline data collection in 2004 and follow-up data collection a year later in six European countries (Germany, Greece, Italy, Poland, Sweden, and the United Kingdom), N = 3,348. Descriptive statistics of the sample characteristics are reported. Binary logistic random-intercept regressions were computed, predicting the outcome of change of the care dyad's status at follow-up.

    RESULTS: Where care is provided by a more distant family member or by a friend or neighbour, the care-recipient is significantly more likely to be cared for by someone else (OR 1.62) or to be in residential care (OR 3.37) after one year. The same holds true if the care-recipient has memory problems with a dementia diagnosis (OR 1.79/OR 1.84). Higher dependency (OR 1.22) and behavioural problems (OR 1.76) in the care-recipient also lead to a change of care dyad status. Country of residence explained a relatively small amount of variance (8%) in whether a care-recipient was cared for by someone else after one year, but explained a substantial amount of variance (52%) in whether a care-recipient was in residential care. Particularly in Sweden, care-recipients are much more likely to be cared for by another family or professional carer or to be in residential care, whereas in Greece the status of the care dyad is much less likely to change.

    DISCUSSION: The majority of family carers continued to provide care to their respective older relatives over a one-year period, despite often high levels of functional, cognitive and behavioural problems in the care-recipient. Those family carers could benefit most from appropriate support. The carer/care-recipient relationship plays an important role in whether or not a family care dyad remains intact over a one-year period. The support of health and social care services should be particularly targeted toward those care dyads where there is no partner or spouse acting as carer, or no extended family network that might absorb the caring role when required. Distant relatives, friends or acquaintances who are acting as carers might need substantial intervention if their caregiving role is to be maintained.

  • 230.
    Mahmutovic, Dzana
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Petersson, Amanda
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Vi ser samma tjejer gå på gatan nu som för fyra år sedan: En kvalitativ studie av aktörers arbete med sexuellt människohandlade kvinnor2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to explore how the social services, the police and voluntary organizations in the municipality of Gothenburg work with sexually trafficked women. The method that has been used is qualitative in form of semi-structured interviews. The theoretical starting point was empowerment. For the study, this meant that we had a basis in the limited opportunities of sexual trafficked women to exercise power over their lives, as their life is controlled by, for example, pimps and traffickers. The results of the study has shown that respondents work with both short- and long-term measures but that the work is characterized by restrictions and counterclaims. The results also showed the respondents feel that cooperation and the work of the police is crucial for success in the work with sexual trafficked women.

  • 231.
    Marmstål Hammar, Lena
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Williams, C
    Meranius, Summer
    McKee, Kevin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Extended support to increase quality of life in spouse caregivers of older persons with dementia. A pilot study2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 232.
    Marmstål Hammar, Lena
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Karolinska Insitute, Mälardalen University.
    Williams, Christine L
    Florida Atlantic University, USA.
    Meranius, Martina Summer
    Mälardalen University.
    McKee, Kevin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Being 'alone' striving for belonging and adaption in a new reality: The experiences of spouse carers of persons with dementia2019In: Dementia, ISSN 1471-3012, E-ISSN 1741-2684, article id 1471301219879343Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and aim: Spouse carers of a person with dementia report feeling lonely and trapped in their role, lacking support and having no time to take care of their own health. In Sweden, the support available for family carers is not specialised to meet the needs of spouse carers of people with dementia. The aim of the study described in this paper was to explore spouse carers’ experiences of caring for a partner with dementia, their everyday life as a couple and their support needs.

    Methods: Nine spouse carers of a partner with dementia living at home were recruited through a memory clinic and a dementia organisation. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with the participants, focusing on their experiences of providing care, their support needs in relation to their caring situation, their personal well-being and their marital relationship. The interviews were transcribed and underwent qualitative content analysis.

    Results: The analysis resulted in one overall theme Being   ‘alone’   striving   for   belonging   and adaption  in  a  new  reality, synthesized from four sub-themes: (1) Being  in  an  unknown  country; (2) Longing  for a  place  for  me  and  us; (3) Being  a  carer  first  and  a  person  second; and (4) Being  alone  in  a relationship.

    Conclusions: The training of care professionals regarding the unique needs of spouse carers of people with dementia needs improvement, with education, in particular, focusing on their need to be considered as a person separate from being a carer and on the significance of the couple’s relationship for their mutual well-being.

  • 233. Matlabi, H
    et al.
    Parker, S
    McKee, Kevin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Tha contribution of home-based technology to older people's quality of life in extra care housing2011In: BMC Geriatrics, ISSN 1471-2318, E-ISSN 1471-2318, Vol. 11, article id 68Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: British government policy for older people focuses on a vision of active ageing and independent living. In the face of diminishing personal capacities, the use of appropriate home-based technology (HBT) devices could potentially meet a wide range of needs and consequently improve many aspects of older people's quality of life such as physical health, psychosocial well-being, social relationships, and their physical or living environment. This study aimed to examine the use of HBT devices and the correlation between use of such devices and quality of life among older people living in extra-care housing (ECH). 

    Methods: A structured questionnaire was administered for this study. Using purposive sampling 160 older people living in extra-care housing schemes were selected from 23 schemes in England. A face-to-face interview was conducted in each participant's living unit. In order to measure quality of life, the SEIQoL-Adapted and CASP-19 were used. 

    Results: Although most basic appliances and emergency call systems were used in the living units, communally provided facilities such as personal computers, washing machines, and assisted bathing equipment in the schemes were not well utilised. Multiple regression analysis adjusted for confounders including age, sex, marital status, living arrangement and mobility use indicated a coefficient of 1.17 with 95% CI (0.05, 2.29) and p = 0.04 [SEIQoL-Adapted] and 2.83 with 95% CI (1.17, 4.50) and p = 0.001 [CASP-19]. 

    Conclusions: The findings of the present study will be value to those who are developing new form of specialised housing for older people with functional limitations and, in particular, guiding investments in technological aids. The results of the present study also indicate that the home is an essential site for developing residential technologies.

  • 234. Matlabi, H.
    et al.
    Parker, S.G.
    McKee, Kevin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Experiences of extra care housing residents aged fifty-five an over with home-based technology2012In: Social behavior and personality, ISSN 0301-2212, E-ISSN 1179-6391, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 293-300Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Technological interventions could help older people live independently. In this study with 160 people aged 55 and over who were living in extra care housing in England we aimed to explore awareness of, access to, attitudes towards availability, and use of home-based technological (HBT) devices, and factors that influence the use of devices. A quantitatively designed and structured questionnaire was developed for this study. The majority of new HBT devices were not available in living units or schemes. Moreover, most basic appliances and emergency call systems were used in the living units. We found that in order to increase the use of technological devices among the elderly, their perceptions, capabilities, attitudes, and needs should be assessed in the designing, planning, and supplying process.

  • 235.
    Mattsson, Linnea
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Stenquist, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Skolans arbete med barn som far illa: En kvalitativ undersökning av skolpersonals förhållningssätt till barn som misstänks fara illa2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In their daily contact with children, teachers have a unique role in detecting child-maltreatment, as mandated reporters they are subject to a statutory personal and unconditional notification. Nevertheless, reporting abilities are generally low, and it is assumed that there are a large number of children who are maltreated.

    The purpose of our study was to investigate school staff’s knowledge and attitudes to act in an appropriate and constructive way if suspicion arises that a child is maltreated. A qualitative study using semi-structured interviews were conducted. The empirical data, evaluated through a thematic analysis and linked to previous research and theoretical perspectives and concepts within symbolic interactionism.

    Our conclusion is that there is a gap between how teachers act regarding maltreated children and how they are supposed to act according to skolverket.

    We have identified a lack of ability to identify maltreated children and a hierarchy where teachers can be prevented from completing their mandatory reporting.

  • 236. McCaig, Colin
    et al.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Dissemination2010In: Practical Research and Evaluation: A Start-to-Finish Guide for Practitioners / [ed] Dahlberg, Lena; McCaig, Colin, London: SAGE , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 237. McCaig, Colin
    et al.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Writing a research proposal or brief2010In: Practical Research and Evaluation : A Start-to-Finish Guide for Practitioners / [ed] Dahlberg, Lena; McCaig, Colin, London: SAGE , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 238.
    McKee, Kevin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Factors associated with the willingness to care of informal carers of older people2011In: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, ISSN 1594-0667, E-ISSN 1720-8319, Vol. 23, no Suppl.1, p. 70-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 239.
    McKee, Kevin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Frailty falls and the Body Drop2011In: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, ISSN 1594-0667, E-ISSN 1720-8319, Vol. 23, no Suppl. 1, p. 80-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 240.
    McKee, Kevin
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    FUTURAGE: A road map for European ageing research2011Report (Other academic)
  • 241.
    McKee, Kevin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Austin, C
    Causal attributions following a fall and health outcomes at 6 months post-fall2009In: Psychology and Health, ISSN 0887-0446, E-ISSN 1476-8321, Vol. 24, no Suppl.1, p. 268-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. Falls in older people decrease quality of life and increase mortality. There is littleresearch on perceptions of the cause of a fall and their influence on health outcomes. Method.A survey (N¼196) of older people hospitalised after a fall recorded attributions for the causeof the fall. A follow-up survey at 6 months measured functional limitation, anxiety anddepression. Findings. of the participants, 44.3% saw their fall as due to their character, 15.6%due to their behaviour, and 40.1% due to external factors. A hopelessness explanatory stylewas found in 21.1% of participants. Perceiving age as the cause of the fall predicted (p5.06)higher levels of depression at 6 months, while having hopelessness explanatory stylesignificantly predicted higher functional limitation (p¼.001). Discussion. Causal attributionsof fall events impact on physical and mental health outcomes, offering a route forpsychological intervention to reframe the meaning attached to a fall.

  • 242.
    McKee, Kevin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Bien, B
    Wojszel, B
    Kofahl, C
    Krevers, B
    Melchiorre, M G
    Mnich, E
    Prouskas, C
    The willingness of informal carers of older people to continue caring: results of the EUROFAMCARE study2010In: Psychology and Health, ISSN 0887-0446, E-ISSN 1476-8321, Vol. 25, no Suppl. 1, p. 59-59Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: The willingness to continue in the caregiving role has been shown to be one of the most significant factors in the breakdown of family care of an older person. Willingness to care was considered in the EUROFAMCARE study, which examined the characteristics of caregiving in six European countries. Methods: Nearly 6000 informal carers of older people (n = 1000 in Germany, Italy, Sweden, Greece, Poland and the UK) were recruited using a shared sampling protocol and interviewed using a standardized questionnaire. Logistic regression procedures determined the best model of willingness to care in each country. Results: Between 29% and 14% of the variance in willingness to care was explained by the models. No single variable was significant in the models across all countries, but the negative impact of care was associated with low willingness in five countries, while being a son/daughter carer was associated with high willingness in four. The category of variables that explained the most variance in willingness to care was ‘caregiving circumstances and relationships’. Conclusions: If a carer's motivation for caregiving is to be maintained, support for carers must adequately address any negative impact of their role, and use a relationship-centred approach.

  • 243.
    McKee, Kevin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Psychological, health and social predictors of emotional and social loneliness in older people2012In: Psychology and Health, ISSN 0887-0446, E-ISSN 1476-8321, Vol. 27, no s1, p. 89-90Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 244.
    McKee, Kevin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Social exclusion and well-being in older adults in rural and urban communities.2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 245.
    McKee, Kevin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    The association between receipt of informal care and health in older people2011In: Psychology and Health, ISSN 0887-0446, E-ISSN 1476-8321, Vol. 26, no Suppl. 2, p. 173-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Older people as care-receivers are under-researched. We examined the health and well-being of older people with differing levels of care need and receipt. Methods: Community resident older people (N = 1250) from a single UK metropolitan area were randomly recruited, and completed a questionnaire on social exclusion via interview. Participants were categorised into one of the four groups: receiving informal care; receiving informal support; no receipt of informal care/support despite need and no receipt of informal care/support, no need. Findings: Associations (p < 0.001) between group membership and health status (F = 75.7), functional status (F = 159.1), well-being (F = 29.5) and loneliness (F = 28.9) indicated the ‘receiving care’ and ‘no receipt of care/support despite need’ groups had the poorest health profiles. Logistic regression determined primary predictors of group membership. Discussion: A significant group of older people receives no informal care/support despite frailty. Research is needed to determine why some older people do not receive informal care appropriate to their needs.

  • 246.
    McKee, Kevin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    The association between social exclusion and well-being in older adults from rural and urban areas2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 247.
    McKee, Kevin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Fagerberg, Johan
    Functional stupidity and social workers: a pilot study.2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 248.
    McKee, Kevin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Kostela, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work. Stockholm University; Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Five years from now: Correlates of older people’s expectation of future quality of life2014In: Age Well - Challenges for Individuals and Society: Program 22nd Nordic Congress of Gerontology Gothenburg 25-28 May, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Few studies have explored older people’s expected future quality of life (QoL), despite evidence that perceptions of one’s future influence healthy ageing. Research on this topic should embrace a range of potential influences, including perceptions of one’s neighbourhood and region. This study examined expected QoL in a random sample of the population of Dalarna, a Swedish region. A self-completion questionnaire assessed demographic characteristics, current neighbourhood and regional evaluations, self-evaluations, expectations for the future, and current and expected QoL.  In total, 786 people aged ≥ 65 years participated. Current QoL was favourably evaluated, and while expected QoL also received a positive assessment, the mean value for expected QoL was notably lower than that for current QoL (t(755)=24.06, p<.05). Indeed, only 3.6% (n=27) of participants rated their expected QoL higher than their current QoL. A sequential multiple regression model explained 44% of the variance in older people’s expected QoL. Nine IVs were significant (p<.05) in the final model of expected QoL: current QoL (1% unique variance explained), age (1%), education level (1%), Regional Development Beliefs (1%), Perceived Regional Status (2%), self-reported health (3%), social influence (1%), Expected Regional Opportunity (3%) and expected change in housing need (1%). Our findings establish the significance of an older person’s perception of their locality for their expected future QoL. Policies that focus only on individual and relational factors for the promotion of healthy ageing are overlooking the potential contribution of an older person’s connection to their neighbourhood and region.

  • 249.
    McKee, Kevin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Kostela, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work. Karolinska Institutet/Stockholm University.
    Five years from now: Correlates of older people’s expectation of future quality of life2015In: Research on Aging, ISSN 0164-0275, E-ISSN 1552-7573, Vol. 37, no 1, p. 18-40Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Few studies have explored older people’s expected future quality of life (QoL), despite evidence that perceptions of one’s future influence healthy ageing. Research on this topic should embrace a range of potential influences, including perceptions of one’s neighbourhood and region. This study examined expected QoL in a random sample of the population of Dalarna, a Swedish region. A self-completion questionnaire assessed demographic characteristics, current neighbourhood and regional evaluations, self-evaluations, expectations for the future, and current and expected QoL. In total, 786 people aged ≥ 65 years participated. A sequential multiple regression model explained 44% of the variance in older people’s expected QoL, with self-reported health (sr2=.03), Expected Regional Opportunity (sr2=.03), and Perceived Regional Status (sr2=.02) having the strongest associations with expected QoL. Research on the importance of one’s neighbourhood to QoL in older people should encompass people’s perceptions of their region, to better inform social policy for healthy ageing.

  • 250.
    McKee, Kevin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Nordin, Susanna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Elf, Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Developmentand initial validation of the Staff Perception Of Residential care Environments (SPORE) instrument2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Staff perceptions of the health care environment influence the delivery of person-centred care.  Little research has examined staff perceptions of health care environments, in part because of a lack of validated instruments.  This study reports the development and initial validation of the Staff Perception Of Residential care Environments (SPORE) instrument for use in residential care facilities for older people (RCFs).

    Items developed in a British project on the design of care environments were translated and adapted for the Swedish care context as SPORE (24 items, 5 sub-scales).  In a study of the physical environment and quality of care, 200 staff recruited from 20 RCFs sampled from across Sweden completed a questionnaire containing SPORE, the Person-centred Care Assessment Tool (PCAT), the Person-centred Climate Questionnaire – staff version (PCQ-S), and the Sheffield Care Environment Assessment Matrix –Sweden (SCEAM-S).

    All SPORE sub-scales were normally distributed with good internal consistency reliability (Cronbach αs=.85-.88). Correlations between SPORE and PCAT sub-scales ranged from .301-.503, and between SPORE and PCQ-S sub-scales from .353-.557.  RCF-level analyses (N=20) indicated that scores on SCEAM overall environment quality correlated significantly with all SPORE sub-scales (range=.496-.700).  The SCEAM Comfort sub-scale was correlated with all SPORE sub-scales (range=.509-.721), while the SCEAM Privacy sub-scale was correlated (r=.428) with the SPORE Staff Facilities sub-scale.  The SPORE Working and Caring for Residents sub-scale was correlated with SCEAM cognitive support (r=.502) and physical support (r=.566) sub-scales.

    The SPORE instrument demonstrated good psychometric properties and its sub-scales an excellent range of associations with staff perceptions of person-centred care and with objective assessments of the physical environment.  Further validation is required, but the SPORE instrument has potential for understanding how staff perceptions of the RCF environment relate to the delivery of person-centred care.

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