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  • 201.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Israel, J /Hermansson, H-E Det nya klassamhället1997In: Tidskriften Folkhögskolan, no 6, p. 23-Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 202.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Joe Humphreys Foul Play: What’s Wrong with Sports2010In: Idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652-7224Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 203.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Johannisson, K Kroppens tunna skal1998In: Tidskriften Folkhögskolan, no 1, p. 22-Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 204.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Lena Andersson i nyliberalismens garn2016In: Dalademokraten, ISSN 1103-9183, no 13 majArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 205.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Liedman, S-E I skuggan av framtiden1998In: Tidskriften Folkhögskolan, no 3, p. 21-Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 206.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Making Sense of Sports: Fifth Edition Ellis Cashmore Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge2012In: Idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652-7224Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 207.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Marcel Fournier (2013) Émile Durkheim: A biography2013In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 50, no 3/4, p. 353-355Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 208.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Marcel Fournier (2013) Émile Durkheim: A biography. Polity Press: Recension2013In: Sociologisk Forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, no 3-4, p. 353-355Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 209.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Max Weber och kroppens sociologi2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about the social body in sociology, represented by the classical sociologist Max Weber. Traditional sociology has not taken the body into account. The body has been considered to belong to the realm of the natural sciences. Sociology has seen the body merely as an instrument or a tool for social action. The mind/body dichotomy, homo duplex, prevails in sociology. The purpose of this investigation is to show that Weber does not totally neglect the social body. I claim that the body is “absent but present” in Weber’s texts. The above-mentioned view that the body is ignored by sociology must, in other words, be modified. I claim that Weber’s texts imply a conception, although rudimentary, of the social body. This conception co-exists, however, with Weber’s tendency to see the body as a natural object. This is in accordance with the general picture of the way sociology treats the body. To examine the question of the social body I turn to philosophy. I believe that some philosophers have been interested in viewing the body as a social rather than a natural object. Plato, René Descartes, Friedrich Nietzsche, Immanuel Kant and finally Maurice Merleau-Ponty have all tried to come to terms with the relationship between the mind and the body. The above-mentioned philosophers, with the exception of Kant, are all therefore concerned with the body as more than simply a biological organism. They try to reconcile the dualistic difference between body and mind. They are, however, mainly concerned with finding a philosophical answer to how mankind can attain knowledge about the object. They are concerned with epistemology and ontology. Sociology, on the other hand, is more concrete and its corresponding concepts are “subject” and “structure”. Sociology fills these concepts with a more non-epistemological and ontological content. He has been described as a subjective sociologist or a micro sociologist, but I claim that this does not give the whole picture. Weber also sees individual intentions and purposes as determined by objective and structural constraints. I divide the works of Weber into two parts. I have named the subjectivist approach “the empowered individual”. Here Weber works at the level of the individual subject. He focuses on the subject’s own experience. The ethically shaped, and therefore systematically self-controlled, body becomes a vehicle for being in the world. The body is subjected to the governing ascetic ethic. The feelings and desires of the body become rationalised into a method and a system. In this way a far-reaching rational discipline is created, a so called “ethical conduct of life is created”. In the writings of Weber the “conduct in life” is described by the concept “habitus”. However, Weber is classical in the sense that he considers habitus as a mental attitude. Other works by Weber include a discussion of the constraining structural surroundings, but Weber prefers to use the concept “life orders” rather than “structures”. Weber describes a number of different life orders which he says form the specific cultural habits adopted by individuals in society. Life orders are the disciplinary apparatus that organize the mind and the body of the individuals. Weber asserts that as a consequence of the power of the life order, a specific everyday habitus of the body and mind is created, i.e. a aesthetic lifestyle.

  • 210.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Michael Heinrich, Introduktion till de tre volymerna av Marx Kapitalet.2014In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 51, no 2, p. 169-171Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 211.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Mikael Holmqvist, Djursholm: Sveriges ledarsamhälle. Stockholm: Atlantis, 20152016In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 53, no 3, p. 323-325Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 212.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Peter Craig & Paul Beedie (red) Sport Sociology: Second Edition2014In: Idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652-7224, no 140116Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 213.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Radkau, Joachim (2009) Max Weber. A biography. Polity Press2011In: Sociologisk Forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 48, no 1, p. 71-72Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 214.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Reformism och revolution hänger ihop!2017In: Dalademokraten, ISSN 1103-9183, no 22 janArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 215.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Rob Beamish & Ian Ritchie Fastest, Highest, Strongest: A Critique of High-Performance Sport. 2008In: Idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652–7224Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 216.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Simskola om klass, kön och kolonialisering2017In: Dalademokraten, ISSN 1103-9183, no 11 janArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 217.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Socialdemokratin måste se rött igen2016In: Dalademokraten, ISSN 1103-9183, no 29 novArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 218.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Stephen Wagg et al Key Concepts in Sports Studies London: Sage Publications 20092010In: Idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652-7224Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 219.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Sverker Lindström Det stora sveket: Den olympiska rörelsen i diktaturens tjänst.2008In: Idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652-7224Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 220.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Thavenius, J Den motsägelsefulla bildningen1996In: Tidskriften Folkhögskolan, no 5, p. 24-Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 221.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Theweleit, K Mansfantasier1996In: Tidskriften Folkhögskolan, no 8, p. 23-Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 222.
    Allard, Karin
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Wedin, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish as Second Language.
    Translanguaging and social justice: The case of education for immigrant persons who are deaf or hard of hearing2017In: New Perspectives on Translanguaging and Education / [ed] Paulsrud, BethAnne; Rosén, Jenny; Straszer, Boglárka; Wedin, Åsa, London: Multilingual Matters, 2017, p. 90-107Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 223.
    Allard, Matilda
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Jonsson, Oscar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Hållbarhetsredovisning i åkeribranschen: Regleringar i en kontroversiell bransch2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainability is a subject which has got a lot of attention during recent years. Demand for businesses to take responsibility for the environment are rising as customers want more information about how companies work with environmental sustainability. It is mandatory since the year 2017 for large companies to disclose this information but for small companies it is still optional. The transport industry has a heavy impact on the environment but is still necessary in modern society, which makes it an interesting industry to study. The purpose of the essay is to examine Swedish transport companies view on sustainability disclosure and how it compares to environmental regulations. The method used in this essay is a qualitative method with four semistructured personal interviews and ten structured telephone interviews.Key findings are that the companies that take part in this essay present sustainability to their customers through reports but not in the financial statement. Sustainability disclosure is not perceived as an issue, environmental regulations such as the new Euroclasses have higher affect on the companies. The most important stakeholders for the companies are the customers, which makes customer relationship valuable.

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  • 224.
    Allwood, Carl Martin
    Lunds universitet.
    Barns minnesprestationer i rättsprocessen2005In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 42, no 4, p. 21-27Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 225.
    Alm, Erik
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Jacobsson, Emil
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Möjligheter och risker med sponsorsamarbeten: En studie om vad evenemang beaktar när de ingår sponsorsamarbeten2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine which possibilities and risks an event consider when

    they are entering a sponsorship agreement. The results show that the possibilities that were

    identified as the main part in a sponsorship agreement for the events included liquid assets or

    services. A second possibility that were identified is the sponsorship activation that the

    sponsor does which can create an additional value for the event towards their participants and

    spectators. A third possibility that was identified in this study was that the brand image

    transfer from the sponsor to the event makes it possible for the event to achieve image related

    advantages. A fourth possibility, which the events are not fully maximizing, is the opportunity

    that comes with co-branding outside the context of the events. The main reason for events to

    enter sponsorship agreements is not primarily to strengthen their brand image, other

    advantages that the event seeks are seen as the main reasons for the events to enter a

    sponsorship agreement. Therefore the events are not fully maximizing the opportunities that

    brand image transfer offers.

    The risks that events recognize in a sponsorship agreement primarily consist of image-related

    risks. A risk is that an undesired brand image transfer may transfer from the sponsor to the

    event and that the events has a hard time to effect any harmful activities that the sponsor may

    do outside of the sponsorship context, which can harm the event by negative associations.

    Events acknowledge the risks in a sponsorship agreements and one of the events in this study

    says that a sponsorship agreement consists of many risks but that they need to take some risks,

    because without any sponsors the event would be very dull. Despite the risks, the events are

    entering sponsorship agreements because the possibilities outweigh the risks they are taking.

    The events in our study was chosen because they are some of the biggest and most wellknown

    events in Sweden that occur at a yearly basis, and additionally because they were

    considered to have knowledge and experiences about the possibilities and risks that comes

    with agreeing sponsorship deals. Qualitative method was the methodological choice of this

    study and we used semi-structured interviews to collect data and to learn about the

    experiences that our respondents had in the area of which possibilities and risks events are

    considering when entering a sponsorship agreement.

  • 226.
    Alm, Johanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Östling, Charlotte
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Barnen - framtida bidragstagare?: - Socialsekreterares syn på det förebyggande arbetet med barnfamiljer inom ekonomiskt bistånd2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to examine how social workers at the unit for financial assistance look at the preventive work with families receiving financial assistance, to prevent the children from becoming beneficiaries themselves in the future. The study was based on a qualitative approach, where semi-structured interviews was used as method for data collection. Thematic analysis was used to analyse the collected material. The result of the study shows that the social workers believe that the preventive work should focus on the parents, by assisting them to as soon as possible reach self-sufficiency and support them to be good role models for their children. Further, the result show that the social workers wish to work more preventive, but that a reorganization in the municipality is required to enable an effective preventive work.

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  • 227.
    Almgren Almeria, Kristina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Eriksson, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Attraktivt arbete ur enhetschefers perspektiv: En kvalitativ studie genomförd i Falu kommun2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the 1990s, public organizations underwent several major changes that led to unit managers within the municipal activity increased responsibility and authority, making the unit manager role more complex. Reports indicate difficulties in recruiting and retaining managers. Therefore, it is important to examine how the Head of Unit's, work to develop a more attractive job role. An attractive role is created by giving employees good prospects in the job content, job satisfaction and working conditions. The manager’s positon includes three roles of which the employee role of the theory is not especially priority or made visible. The study aims to identify what makes the unit manager’s profession an attractive job, and how it can be developed. In the study, a qualitative research method has been used to achieve a deeper understanding of the Heads of Unit working situation. This has contributed to a hermeneutic approach being chosen, as we strive to get a better understanding of the phenomenon. The study was conducted in the municipality of Falun, where six heads of units in nursing management were interviewed. The result shows that unit managers are satisfied with their work situation and find their work attractive. Factors as diverse as, freedom, problem solving, social contacts, and portions of the recognition belong to the attractive factors. Heads of Unit describe, three development areas to increase the attractiveness. The first relates to the organization as a whole, where weaknesses exist in the communications and planning. Other development area is about the pace of work by personalizing the working groups as well as time for reflection and recuperation. The third development field the unit managers highlight, is the lack of recognition from the organization. Besides the Heads of Unit shortcomings, we have identified a development area to increase the attractiveness. Lack of colleagues to "bounce ideas" means that work is perceived as lonely. To counteract loneliness we can manage group guidance as an alternative, where reflection and feedback is included. The theory indicate that this also leads to increased self-esteem, commitment.

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  • 228.
    Almquist, Ylva B
    et al.
    Stockholm University; Karolinska Institutet.
    Modin, Bitte
    Stockholm University; Karolinska Institutet.
    Popular peers and firstborn siblings are better off2017In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 54, no 4, p. 313-317Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ‘The apple doesn’t fall far from the tree’ is an idiom that ultimately is reflected in the reproduction of inequality patterns across generations. Representatives of the child’s own generation, such as siblings and peers, may however play a key role by either reinforcing or counteracting this reproduction. Based on a Stockholm cohort now approaching retirement, we explore whether the inheritance of parents’ misfortunes, here reflected through poverty, varies in strength depending on the cohort members’ position in the sibship or peer group.

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  • 229.
    Almqvist, Johanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Hammerin, Malin
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Intern kontroll: En fallstudie på Trafikverket2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Internal control is something that’s grown more important for enterprises to keep in mind. The community is increasingly affected by the IT-development which demands a bigger degree of security. Enterprises needs to make sure that their systems are up to date and secure enough to keep it safe from unauthorized to take part of sensitive information. Internal control can exist in a major part of the work. If an enterprise have a goal for no harm or serious injury at work, internal control is necessary to reach that goal.

    The purpose for this essay is to examine how five different departments of Trafikverket practices internal control. How internal control is described. How the guidance from the managements is described and how it reaches the rest of the enterprise. This will lead to a proposal of improvement of the internal control at Trafikverket.

    We focus our frame of reference on the COSO-model and its five components. The components included in the COSO-model are control environment, risk valuation, control activities, information and communication and monitoring.

    The essay is a case-study of Trafikverket. We have chosen a qualitative method and interviewed five respondents from the different departments on Trafikverket. The respondents we interviewed works with internal control in their everyday work or have a god insight in the subject. We used a semi structured interview guide with questions based on the COSO framework.

    The results from our study shows that it exist big variations between how the departments work with internal control. It emerged that there are new guidelines for how the work should be done. This makes it necessary with education to implement the new ways to work. How the departments use the COSO-model varies. Some of them have incorporated the model in their new ways to work others have never heard of it.

    The conclusion of our study shows that the COSO-model and it´s components contribute to a functioning internal control. Implementing the components is important and the most important feature to good internal control is the corporate management. Education within the enterprise is the most effective way to inform the staff about the model and to implement it.

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  • 230.
    Al-Nuaimi, Haneen
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Applikationer och spel i matematikundervisning: En fenomenografisk studie om digitala applikationer och spel i matematikundervisning2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här studien är att utifrån lärares svar i intervjuer undersöka lärares uppfattningar av användandet av digitala spel och applikationer samt på vilket sätt digitala spel och applikationer används i matematikundervisning. För att kunna svara på studiens syfte intervjuades några utbildade lärare som undervisar i olika åldersgrupper. Studien utgår från en fenomenografisk ansats. Studiens resultat visade att lärarna gav uttryck för varierande uppfattningar av digitala spel och applikationer. Lärarna gav uttryck för uppfattningar av digitala spel och applikationer som färdighetsträning, som läxa, som motiverande och engagerande samt som varierad undervisning. Lärarna säger att de i undervisning använder följande digitala spel och applikationer; Bingel, Kahoot, King of math samt Skolplus en eller två gånger per vecka.

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  • 231.
    Al-Nuaimi, Haneen
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Applikationer och spel i matematikundervisning: En fenomenografisk studie om digitala applikationer och spel i matematikundervisning2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här studien är att utifrån lärares svar i intervjuer undersöka lärares uppfattningar av användandet av digitala spel och applikationer samt på vilket sätt digitala spel och applikationer används i matematikundervisning. För att kunna svara på studiens syfte intervjuades några utbildade lärare som undervisar i olika åldersgrupper. Studien utgår från en fenomenografisk ansats. Studiens resultat visade att lärarna gav uttryck för varierande uppfattningar av digitala spel och applikationer. Lärarna gav uttryck för uppfattningar av digitala spel och applikationer som färdighetsträning, som läxa, som motiverande och engagerande samt som varierad undervisning. Lärarna säger att de i undervisning använder följande digitala spel och applikationer; Bingel, Kahoot, King of math samt Skolplus en eller två gånger per vecka

  • 232.
    Al-Saady, Rahma
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Barlari, Yareska
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Det dolda våldet i nära relationer: En kvalitativ studie om hur kvinnor med olika bakgrund resonerar kring och förhåller sig till olika våldsformer.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Violence directed against women, most of which occurs in the form of violence in close relationships, is a reflection of uneven power structure between men and women. Thus violence against women is considered a power exercise, where women's rights and fundamental freedoms are subjected to violation. Violence may contain hidden forms, which occurs when these forms are not named or defined. These forms are rarely involved in physical violence and therefore they remain invisible.

    The purpose of this paper is to increase the knowledge about how women of different backgrounds resonate and define the hidden forms of violence, namely psychological, controlling and sexual violence. In addition, we want to investigate whether the socialization process can affect women's attitude towards the various forms of violence.

    The empirical material consists of individual interviews with six women with different backgrounds. Based on the radical phenomenon and family violence perspective, which constitutes central perspective for this paper, as well as the hermeneutic and thematic analysis method, we have analyzed the empirical data of the study.

    The results show that women's socialization relative to men can be influenced by both the social heritage and social learning. It also appears that the women in some respects have definitional difficulties in some forms of violence. In addition, it appears that women's attitude to different forms of violence is influenced by a number of factors, not least the social heritage, which is a recurring theme in the empirical material.

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  • 233.
    Alsaloum, Sara
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Karim, Sandy
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Transkulturell omvårdnad: Sjuksköterskans upplevelse av att vårda patienter medolika kulturella bakgrunder2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim:The aim of this study was to describe how nurses perceive the care of patients withdifferent cultural backgrounds.

    Method:The study conducted as a literature review of 15 scientific articles with qualitative and quantitative approaches.

    Results:The results were presented in threecategories; the categories are communication challenges, challenges in professionalismand the challenge of meeting with relatives.

    Conclusion:It is challenging in many ways to care for patients with different cultural backgrounds. Nurses' lack of knowledge about different cultures and communication barriers in the care relationship can affect health negatively

  • 234.
    Alsarve, Jenny
    Örebro universitet.
    Caitlyn Collins, Making motherhood work. How women manage careers and caregiving. Princeton University Press, 20192020In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 57, no 1, p. 83-85Article, book review (Refereed)
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  • 235.
    Alsarve, Jenny
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Boye, Katarina
    Stockholms universitet.
    Inte bara jämställdhet: Beslutet om föräldraledighet, moderskaps- och faderskapsidealoch idéer om barns bästa2012In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 49, no 2, p. 103-128Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    More than gender equality. Decisions on parental leave and ideals around motherhood, fatherhood and the best interest of the child

    On the basis of 40 semi-structured interviews, this study discusses decision making processes regarding parental leave among nascent first-time middle-class parents in Sweden. We analyze motives and ideas behind the couples’ plans and decisions and how decisions on parental leave were made. We furthermore show how the decision making processes can be discussed in relation to the institutional context. The results show that ideals and norms of gender equality are accompanied by gendered divisions of work and care and a partially traditional view on motherhood and fatherhood. Contrary to previous studies, we do not find a clear link between gender equal ideals and explicit negotiations. An equal division of parental leave is, in some couples, taken for granted to such an extent that the decision on how to divide the leave is taken implicitly rather than explicitly. Decisions on division of parental leave are not isolated processes. Rather, ideals and norms around motherhood, fatherhood, gender equality and not least what is ‘in the best interest of the child’ constitute part of the context in which these decision making processes take place.

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  • 236.
    Alshemas, Rand
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Användning av IKT i matematikundervisning: En intervjustudie med matematiklärare 7-92017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att undersöka de IKT med fokus på digitala verktyg som lärare använder i matematikundervisning idag och vilka mål de har med att integrera digitala verktyg. I studien presenteras olika digitala verktyg som används i matematikundervisning, följt av en kort analys.

    Studiens genomfördes genom intervjuer med åtta lärare som undervisar matematik för elever (7-9) och gymnasiet (kurser i grundnivå (7-9)/introduktionsprogrammet). Intervjuerna skedde genom träff (muntliga intervjuer) eller genom mejl(datorstödda intervjuer).

    Studien lyfter fram lärarens roll i elevens lärande med och utan digitala verktyg. Lärarna som har deltagit i studien har olika erfarenheter, arbetssätt och olika syn på användning av digitala verktyg i matematikundervisning. Vissa lärare tycker att det är värdefullt att integrera digitala verktyg i matematikundervisning och att det kan motivera eleverna samt komplettera det som görs i klassrummet. Matematiklärare som väljer att integrera digitala verktyg i undervisningen gör det för att t.ex. att öka elevernas motivation, skapa ökad måluppfyllelse och underlätta lärarens arbete. Andra visar inte samma intresse för användning av digitala verktyg. De senare anser att matematikundervisning med digitala verktyg inte kan säkerställa elevernas förståelse av ämnets innehåll. Enligt dessa mattelärare är digitala verktyg endast ett komplement till den traditionella undervisningen.

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  • 237.
    Alsing, Marie-Louise
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Digitala verktyg i bildundervisning: En kvalitativ fallstudie om hur bildlärare använder digitala verktyg i sin undervisning i grundskolans årskurser 7-92017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie handlar om hur bildlärare i grundskolans senare år arbetar med digitala verktyg i

    bildundervisningen. I studien deltar sex bildlärare som alla har lång erfarenhet från bildundervisning.

    Med intervjuer som underlag visade det sig att det finns digital teknik i samtliga skolor

    där de arbetar. Det som däremot är ett problem är den avsaknad av digital kompetensutveckling

    för dessa lärare. Det som jag imponeras av är att majoriteten av dessa bildlärare försöker

    på egen hand att undervisa digitalt. De svarar att de har tekniken men den varierar i antal

    och funktion. De gör så gott de kan med den teknik som finns. Detta innebär också att eleverna

    i dagens skola inte har en likvärdig utbildning i bildämnet. En del skolor är välutrustade,

    en del inte. Undervisningen varierar också beroende på bildlärarens digitala kompetens.

  • 238.
    Al-Soloh, Mohanad
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Microdata Analysis.
    Al-Isawi, Arkan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Microdata Analysis.
    Robustness in constructing a network of induced emissions based on GPS-tracking data2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The mobility of people, freight and information is fundamental to economic and social activities such as commuting, manufacturing, distributing consumer goods and supplying energy. There are two major problems that arise as a result of mobility. The first is economic cost and the second is environmental impact which is of increasing concern in sustainable development due to emission levels, particularly as a result of car use. This study focuses on constructing a network of induced emissions (NOIEs) by using three models and checking the robustness of NOIEs under varying parameters and models. The three models are Stead’s model, the NAEI model, and Oguchi’s model. This study uses the Swedish city of Borlänge as the case study.

    Calculating CO2 emissions by constructing the NOIEs using Stead’s model appears to give an underestimation when compared to results from a NOIEs which applies Oguchi’s model. Results when applying the NAEI model in constructing a NOIEs also give an underestimation compared to a NOIEs applying Oguchi’s model. Applying the NAEI model is, however, more accurate than applying Stead’s model in constructing a NOIEs.

    The outcomes of this study show that constructing a NOIEs is robust using Oguchi’s model. This model is preferable since it takes into account more important variables such as driving behavior and the length of the road segments which have a significant impact when estimating CO2 emissions.

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  • 239.
    Alsterlund, Erica
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Vad ska vi göra med den psykosociala arbetsmiljön?: En undersökning av den psykosociala arbetsmiljön och hur vi kan arbeta för att förbättra den.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is based on a survey within a global organization. The purpose of the study is to

    elucidate and describe an HR department's experience of the psychosocial work environment.

    The starting point for this survey is that there are known factors that affect the psychosocial

    work environment. Furthermore, the study aimed to motivate the organization to work with

    the psychosocial work environment.

    The theory is that these factors are based on assumption that the psychosocial work

    environment is affected by excessive workload, lack of control, lack of recognition,

    community at work, role conflicts and conflicts of values (Åsberg, Grape, Nygren, Rohde,

    Wahlberg, & Währborg, 2010) (Thylefors, 2011). Skills and ability to influence the

    workplace are also important factors (Wreder, 2007). Knowledge, communication and good

    leadership is therefore the foundation for a viable psychosocial work environment.

    The survey is based on a deductive approach, in which participants initially putting a value of

    factors through a quantitative survey, for a few weeks later to discuss the factors of

    qualitative focus groups. The purpose of the survey was to obtain an anonymous individual

    estimation of the experience, while the purpose of the focus groups was to obtain deeper

    information about the experience and how employees perceive that the psychosocial work

    environment can be improved.

    The results were interpreted based on the theory and several factors had the potential to be

    improved. To conduct an adequate work environment, it is important to identify the factors

    and work with them in a way that the employees perceive current. Furthermore, it is

    important for the organisations to work with the psychosocial working from an organizational

    perspective, and not just primarily the individual perspective.

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  • 240.
    Altgård, Anton
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Att Styra eller Bli Styrd: En Undersökning av Systemlegitimitet i Kina2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kinesiska myndigheter återkommer ständigt till problematiseringen av korruption i offentlig förvaltning, men utländska myndigheter pressar hellre den Kinesiska regeringen om det kinesiska politiska systemets brist på demokrati. Denna studie av inflödes- respektive utflödeslegitimitet hos unga personer på orterna Xiangyun och Midu följer upp på tidigare undersökningar av den äldre generationen på samma platser, samt undersöker vilken av ovanstående brister som kinesiska medborgare uppfattar som det största problemet i det kinesiska systemet. Resultatet visar på vissa generationsskillnader, men även på att befolkningen i stort föredrar ett teknokratiskt förhållningssätt till politiskt styre över det demokratiska alternativet.

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  • 241.
    Alvesson, Mats
    et al.
    Företagsekonomiska Institutionen i Lund och Göteborg.
    Kärreman, Dan
    Företagsekonomiska Institutionen i Lund och Göteborg.
    Att synliggöra organisation eller ”Arne Weise har fan inte sålt nånting”. Löpsedelsmöte på Aftonpressen1995In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 32, no 3, p. 3-42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to illuminate certain cultural aspects of the work of an evening newspaper (working style, ways of thinking, assumptions about the business, its objectives, perceptions of the readership) as well as how communication in group situations contributes to the social construction of organizations in terms of objectives, meaning and style. The paper will also address the issues of play, emotions and pleasure on work. It is argued that a situational focus, when studying organizations and other social phenomena, provides a less constrained understanding of the object than predominant systemic approaches. The situation, as studied and discussed here, is a monthly meeting between managers and news bill editors of an evening newspaper where sales and the content of news bills are evaluated. It is concluded that, while the premise for the meeting (the casual relation between sales and news bill layout) guides the conversation, the meeting primarily operates as an emotional arena where excitement and pleasure are produced under game-like circumstances. This allows the participants to address, in a relaxed and friendly atmosphere, questions such as:

    Who are we? How do we look upon ourselves? Who are our customers? What ’needs’ shall we satisify? What is important and good? What is central? How do we work? How do we think about certain things?

    While some answers are provided and reinforced, the main outcome of the meeting is the possibility, however restricted, to pose these questions and play with them. Thus, the participants manage to establish a zone with considerable degrees of freedom; free from committments but not free from remainders of who they are or ought to be.

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  • 242.
    Amanuel, Betiel
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Den (miss)lyckade svenska integrationspolitiken: En komparativ studie av den (gamla) integrationspolitiken och den (nya) integrationspolitiken2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka hur den svenska integrationspolitiken har varit uppbyggd och därmed söka bilda en förståelse till varför integrationen har misslyckats i Sverige. En komparativ studie har utförts av den gamla integrationspolitiken formulerad i proposition 1997/98:16 och den nya integrationspolitiken formulerad i skrivelsen 2008/09:24. Genom en diskursanalytisk metod undersöktes hur identitetskonstruktionerna ”invandrare” och ”svenskar” är konstruerade i dessa offentliga dokument. Detta för att se över hur detta har påverkatHögskolan Dalarna3integrationspolitiken. Genom att analysera identitetskonstruktionerna i de olika integrationsstrategierna kommer uppsatsen fram till att integrationspolitiken har misslyckats på grund av att det finns en polarisering mellan ”svenskar” och ”invandrare” i både propositionen och skrivelsen som förhindrar integration på lika villkor.

  • 243.
    Ambjörnsson, Fanny
    Stockholms universitet.
    Time to clean: On resistance and the temporality of cleaning2019In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 56, no 3-4, p. 275-288Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cleaning is a practice with low status. Most people single out cleaning as the least attractive of household chores and the people who clean as a profession are usually badly payed. This article is an attempt to discuss why these practices have such a bad reputation – in everyday life, in work, in popular culture and, not the least, in the feminist movement. Through ethnographic data primarily based on interviews, I investigate the historically imbedded meanings tied to practices of tidying up. Drawing on theories of queer temporality, I highlight what I want to call the temporality of cleaning – the repetitiveness and direction backwards and sideways instead of forward – as a possible answer. The circular practice of taking care of our physical remains remind us of our approaching death, rather than of progress, and thus generates feelings of anger and despair. But instead of ignoring or avoiding this reminder of another time, I argue for a feminist appraisal of the temporality of cleaning. In line with scholars within resistance studies who urge for a sensibility for the temporal aspects of everyday resistance, I propose that a feminist politics that puts cleaning at the center rather than in the margins would acknowledge our mutual dependency and co-living with the material world around us.

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  • 244.
    Amcoff, Jan
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Möller, Peter
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Westholm, Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Dör byn när lanthandeln stänger?2011In: Plan, ISSN 0032-0560, no 3, p. 20-23Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 245. Amcoff, Jan
    et al.
    Westholm, Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Understanding Rural Change: Demography as a key to the future2007In: Futures: The journal of policy, planning and futures studies, ISSN 0016-3287, E-ISSN 1873-6378, Vol. 39, no 4, p. 363-379Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The last decades have seen a rapidly growing interest in foresight methodology. Methods have been developed in corporate and governmental communication exercises often labelled technology foresight. In reality, these foresights have often drifted into processes of social change, since technological change is hard to foresee beyond what is already in the pipe-line. Forecasting of social change, however, must be based on solid knowledge about the mechanisms of continuity and change. Virtually nothing can be said about the future without relating to the past; foresights and futures studies are about revealing the hidden pulse of history. Hence, the answer to forecasting the future is empirical research within the social sciences. Demographic change has been recognised as a key determinant for explaining social change. Population changes are fairly predictable and the age transition can explain a wide range of socio-economic changes. For rural futures, demographic change is a key issue, since age structure in rural areas is often uneven and also unstable due to migration patterns. A number of policy related questions as well as research challenges are raised as a consequence.

  • 246.
    Amcoff, Linda
    Dalarna University, School of Education and Humanities, Educational Work.
    Att uttrycka matematik: En observationsstudie av vilka uttrycksformer och matematiska aktiviteter som uppmuntras och används i förskolan2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att fördjupa kunskaperna om vilka matematiska aktiviteter ochuttrycksformer pedagogerna i förskolan använder sig av i planerade matematikaktiviteter.Utgångspunkt för undersökningen var uttrycksformerna som finns beskrivna i förskolansläroplan samt sex historiskt och kulturellt grundade matematiska aktiviteter.Syftet konkretiseras i följande frågeställningar: Vilka matematiska aktiviteter och vilka uttrycksformer uppmuntras och stöds avpedagogerna i planerade matematikaktiviteter? Vilka likheter och skillnader finns beroende på barnens ålder?För att få svar på dessa frågor genomfördes strukturerade observationer av planeradematematikaktiviteter på tre olika förskoleavdelningar. Barnens åldrar var 1-5 år och varjeavdelning observerades vid ett tillfälle under 45 minuter. Tekniker som användes vidgenomförandet av observationerna var papper, penna, kamera och videokamera.Studiens resultat visar att samtal och rörelse är de vanligast förekommande uttrycksformerna iplanerade matematikaktiviteter. Ingen pedagog använde sig av uttrycksformerna lek/drama ellerdans. Av de matematiska aktiviteterna var lokalisera och mäta de mest förekommande, följt avkonstruera hos de äldsta barnen.En slutsats som kan dras av studien är att det behövs en ökad medvetenhet och kunskap hospedagogerna om hur förskolan kan använda alla de uttrycksformer som beskrivs i Lpfö 98/2010för att stimulera och utveckla barnens matematiklärande.

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  • 247.
    Amino, Kaoru
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Japanese.
    The subjectivity and Sentence Final Particles in the citation clause: Re-Construct their story in Japanese mass-media2012Conference paper (Refereed)
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  • 248.
    Ammya, Hanna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Lärares arbete med ett muntligt kommunikativt klassrum: En empirisk studie om hur lärare kan stötta elever i matematikundervisning så att de får möjlighet att muntligt kommunicera i matematiska sammanhang.2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 249.
    Ammya, Hanna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Lärarstrategier och stöttning i matematikundervisning: Empirisk studie om hur lärare kan stötta klassrumskommunikation med målet att utveckla elevers resonemangsförmåga2020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this degree thesis the reader will take part of different strategies mathematic teachers in grades 4-6 use to support pupils to develop mathematical reasoning. The aim of this study is through a qualitative method, emphasise what four different teachers in grades 4–6 use to support classroom communication, with the goal of developing pupils’ mathemathical reasoning ability. The resultanalys from this empirical study show that groupwork in different forms, exploratory questions and stories that capture the pupil's interest are strong strategies used for pupils to participate in classroom communication. Furthermore, the result also show what the teachers themselves think they can contribute to support the pupils' oral work with mathematical reasoning. The teachers´ awerness of Socio-mathematical norm, inclusion, variation and leadership are points that the studied teachers consider to be the most important benefits they can contribute with to support an increased classroom communication.

  • 250.
    Amnå, Erik
    Göteborg University.
    More Representation or More Participation?: Challenges in Swedish Democracy2003In: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, p. 102-126Chapter in book (Other academic)
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