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  • 201. Burholt, Vanessa
    et al.
    Winter, Bethan
    Aartsen, Marja
    Constantinou, Costas
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    de Jong Gierveld, Jenny
    van Regenmortel, Sophie
    Waldegrave, Charles
    An evidence review of exclusion from social relations: From genes to the environment2017Report (Other academic)
  • 202.
    Burns, Tom R.
    Department of Sociology, Uppsala University/Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University.
    The sustainability revolution: A societal paradigm shift - ethos, innovation, government transformation2011In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 48, no 3, p. 93-108Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Sustainability revolution: A societal paradigm shift – ethos, innovation, governance transformation

    This paper identifies several key mechanisms that underlie major paradigm shifts. After identifying four such mechanisms, the article focuses on one type of transformation which has a prominent place in the sustainability revolution that the article argues is now taking place. The transformation is piecemeal, incremental, diffuse – in earlier writings referred to as ”organic”. This is a more encompassing notion than grassroots, since the innovation and transformation processes may be launched and developed at multiple levels through diverse mechanisms of discovery and development. Major features of the sustainability revolution are identified and comparisons made to the industrial revolution.

  • 203.
    Bäck, Cecilia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Ericson Lindmark, Leni
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    "Att peka med hela handen": En studie om omsorgspersonals upplevelser av makt och kommunikation.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a report of the National Board of health and welfare they statethat the chief's role in the health care profession, plays a major role in, among other things, their psychosocial work environment and that communication is carrying for the prerequisite to achieve this. In this paper a qualitative study has been made of how protective services workers feel that their work environment is affected by the power situation in relation to the head. This data has been analyzed based on theories of power, communication and sense of context (SOC). The results show that informants feel that the manager's way of communicating is important partly for sense of context (SOC) of their work, but also that it is dependent on communication for power visible or not.

  • 204.
    Bäcklund, Erica
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Olsson, Elin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    "Det krävs 12 wienerbröd": Biståndshandläggares upplevelse av möjligheten till självbestämmande för personer med demenssjukdom2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate how care managers find it possible to assure the self-determination of older people with dementia. The study employed a cross-sectional survey design with semi-structured interviews of six purposively sampled care managers. Through a thematic analysis, two main themes emerged,

    the work role’s everyday routine and a long process. The main themes containeds sub-themes which further elaborated the care managers’ experience. The results of the study were interpreted from the perspective of Lipsky’s theory of street-level bureaucrats. Assuring self-determination was experienced by the care managers as time-consuming, challenging and problematic. While the path to self-determination was tortuous and varied, the care managers found similar ways to act in order to achieve self-determination. Despite the impression of the work as complex and difficult it was experienced as an exciting and satisfying job.

  • 205.
    Bäck-Wiklund, Margareta
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Bergsten, Birgitta
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Moderna fäder mellan tradition och relation1996In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 48-70Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Modern fathers - between tradition and relation

    Research on families simultaneously shows change and instability and duration and stability. Research on men as fathers bears the same contradiction, showing a man, who has got both traditional and more family and relation oriented characteristics. By asking men and women to tell about their life plans, their experiences of family life, gender and equality, we have tried to get hold of changes between ideal and gender identity, within the family context. The results show that the family with the focus on the children dominates the life plan of men and of women. We also find great similarities between the sexes in what they tell as about their family project. Differences appear, however, in what men and women tell us about what they do in their everyday family praxis. In the conflict between traditional roles, equality and every day praxis, men and women create routines which are effective, but also producing ambivalence in the conception of one self as parent, sex partner and equal partner of a married couple.

  • 206.
    Börjesson, Mats
    et al.
    Barn- och ungdomsvetenskapliga institutionen, Stockholms universitet.
    Palmblad, Eva
    Socialhögskolan, Lunds universitet..
    Styrning och ideologiska dilemman i Skolverkets skolutveckling: exemplet ANDT-undervisning2013In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 50, no 2, p. 93-115Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Governing and ideological dilemmas in drug education

    Drug education (ANT) in Swedish schools has a history over decades. Here, the pedagogical approaches fluctuated between transfer of solid knowledge from the teacher to the pupil, and working with values and have a more pupil-driven teaching – a classic dichotomy. Rhetoric about the school’s way of teaching has thus always been ambivalent and subject to reexamination. The study analyses various textual material on ANT education. As a methodological tool Billigs concept Ideological dilemmas is used, which is a fruitful way to identify the rhetorical building blocks of (school) politics, but also to analyse political talk in more detail. The article analyses the ideological dilemmas under three dichotomies: Knowledge vs. values, teacher control vs. learner control, and prevention vs. promotion. Throughout we can see this question of how teaching could be successful, given the tension between authority and democracy. The article concludes by relating this basic ideological dilemma in a wider discursive context of governance in our time. 

  • 207. Börjesson, Mikael
    Sociala kartor över utbildningslandskapet: Installationsföreläsning, professuren i utbildningssociologi vid Uppsala universitet, 11 november 20152016In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 53, no 4, p. 421-437Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 208. Cardell, David
    Pop-sportens fält2008In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 45, no 2, p. 76-80Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 209.
    Carle, Jan
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Debatt: Den nya gymnasieskolan – sociologins framtid?2015In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 52, no 1, p. 104p. 81-84Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 210.
    Carleheden, Mikael
    Lunds universitet.
    Alternativ eller rekonstruktion: Om Habermas kritik av Marx1994In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 79-91Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Alternative or Reconstruction? - On Haberm as criticism of Marx

    Should we understand Habermas’ works in social theory and politics as an alternative to or a reconstruction of Marx? I try in this article to present the possible arguments for both standpoints. It is shown that if we take our point of departure in Habermas’ distinction between ”labour” and ”interaction”, we must treat his writings as an alternative to Marx. If we, however, start out with his distinction between ”life world” and ”system”, then we must understand them as a reconstruction. In the first case it becomes clear that the concepts ”labour” and ”interaction” are opposites and can be used to ground opposite social scientific paradigms, but in the second case it becomes just as clear that Habermas’ criticism of the system’s colonisation of the life world is modelled after Marx’ criticism of political economy. Taken together, Habermas two forms of criticism of Marx leads him to transfer the Marxian form of criticism of modem society from the capitalistic economy to the paternalistic social state. That is, Habermas doesn’t locate reification in the capitalistic mode of production. In society of today reification is the product of the social state.

  • 211.
    Carleheden, Mikael
    Örebro universitet.
    Debatt: Därför behövs Sociologisk Forskning2001In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 38, no 3-4, p. 202-205Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 212. Carleheden, Mikael
    Sociologförbundet har ordet2006In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 43, no 3, p. 89-90Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 213. Carleheden, Mikael
    Sociologförbundet har ordet2007In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 44, no 4, p. 85-86Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 214.
    Carleheden, Mikael
    Ordförande för Sveriges Sociologförbund.
    Sociologförbundet har ordet: Om vetenskapliga allmänningar2009In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 46, no 2, p. 79-80Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 215.
    Carlson, Per
    Stockholms universitet.
    Självskattad hälsa och vådliga beteenden i transitionens Ryssland2000In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 37, no 1, p. 150-179Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper it is hypothesised that individuals’ ability to cope with the Russian transition is socially structured and will give rise to health differences and differences in ‘risk behaviours’. Since self-rated health and mortality represent different dimensions of public health and since risk behaviours have been closely related to mortality, we wanted to examine whether (poor) self-rated health on the one hand and risk behaviours on the other can be attributed to different causes. The Taganrog household survey was conducted in the form of face-to face interviews and included 1009 individuals and their families.The survey was carried out January to December 1998. To estimate health differences and differences in risk behaviours between groups, logistic regressions were performed. In Taganrog between 1993/94 and 1998, changes in public health, (here self-rated health), seem to have been much more dramatic than changes in smoking and different in direction than changes in heavy alcohol consumption. Moreover, self-rated ‘poor’ health was more common among those whose economic situation was worse 1998 than ten years before. However, having a poorer economy during the period 1988-1998, does not seem to have affected drinking or smoking habits significantly. In general, self-rated health seems to be more closely related to three indicators of economic circumstances. Risk behaviours are certainly im portant for the poor state of public healthin Russia, but may be not closely connected to the economic aspects of the transition.

  • 216.
    Carlson, Per
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Mäkinen, Ilkka
    Stockholms universitet.
    Vågerö, Denny
    Stockholms universitet.
    Självmord, mord och kultur. En jämförelse av tio länder i Europa1994In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 31, no 4, p. 78-89Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Suicide, homicide and culture. A comparison of ten european countries

    The present study investigates the way in which the homicide and suicide rates of ten European countries are related to each other. Is there empirical support for a psychoanalytically based hypothesis of a reverse relationship between homicide and suicide? Or are certain cultural values and patterns more important for such links? Rank correlations and regressions of age-standardised suicide and homicide rates, for men and women in the European countries were conducted. Similar analyses in relation to values as defined by World Values Survey were also performed. There was a slight tendency for countries with high homicide rates to have low suicide rates, and vice versa (among men). For women, however, the relationship was found to be positive and stronger throughout. Countries with high female homicide rates often also had high female suicide rates. The cultural values which could be associated most closely with suicide and homicide rates were religiously and sexually coloured moral attitudes. Suicide rates were lower in countries where God plays a greater role in peoples’ consciousness. Countries where attitudes to abortion, euthanasia, divorce etc were negative, usually also had lower suicide rates for both sexes. The relationship between homicide rates and these attitudes was, for men, the opposite. In countries with a strong belief in God and low religious and sexual tolerance the male but not the female risk of being murdered is higher than in countries with a weaker belief in God. The hypothetical relation between homicide and suicide rates, suggested by psychoanalytically inspired theories, seems to be more readily explained by cultural patterns, in particular a complex of attitudes towards religious and sexual matters.

  • 217.
    Carlsson, Bo
    Malmö högskola.
    Idrottens normativa förändringsprocesser2005In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 42, no 1, p. 11-16Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 218.
    Carnö, Camilla
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Renklint, Kristin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Sundkvist, Linda Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Sker en avhumanisering av flyktingar?: En studie över medierapportering om flyktingar i svensk dags- och kvällspress2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to contribute with increased knowledge of the report of refugees in daily and evening newspapers, to find out in what extent refugees are being ascribed attributes which could indicate a possible dehumanization or infrahumanization. Further this study analyzes possible change in the agenda setting’s description of refugees during 2015-2016. The aim is responded with a qualitative content analysis. The study’s empiric material consists of 645 articles from the largest national daily and evening newspapers with different political orientations to get a nationwide context and a representative figure of what is described in the agenda. The months researched were randomized. The result indicates two themes occurring in the media’s description of refugees. These are indicators of humanization in 10% of the articles and indicators of possible dehumanization or infrahumanization in 88% in 2015 and 86% in 2016. No apparent differences appear in the description of refugees during 2015-2016.

  • 219.
    Carstensen, Gunilla
    Uppsala universitet.
    Dancing with discourse: female PhD-students understandings and strategies when dealing with experiences of sexual harassment2002In: Women, work and health III International Congress, Stockholm,, 2002Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 220.
    Carstensen, Gunilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    En föreställning om föreställningar: En genuskritisk sociologisk granskning av reccemottagningen på civilingenjörsprogrammet vid Uppsala universitet2011Report (Other academic)
  • 221.
    Carstensen, Gunilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Gråzoner och sexuella trakasserier: Reflektioner kring gränsdragningar och jämställdhet i arbetslivet2012In: Privat på jobbet: Diskussioner om etik, lag och normer kring sexköp och porrkonsumtion kopplat till statlig tjänst / [ed] Susanne Wigorts Yngvesson, Stockholm: KRUS , 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 222.
    Carstensen, Gunilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Initiation into engineering: stability and change in gender orders2013In: International Journal of Gender, Science and Technology, ISSN 2040-0748, E-ISSN 2040-0748, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 127-148Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines processes of doing gender during the initiation of students into engineering programs at university level in Sweden. The article draws on interviews with students, focusing on their understandings of gender. The aim is to explore difficulties with and challenges to traditional gender roles in an academic male dominated arena, by using theories of doing and undoing gender. The empirical material reveals the initiation period or ‘reception’ as a phenomenon both reinforcing and challenging traditional orders. The attempts to challenge norms meet resistance, revealing two paradoxes and one dilemma. In the first paradox the formal purpose of the reception (inclusion) is partly at odds with its informal consequence (exclusion of deviations). The second paradox concerns the contradictory effects of the reception. Even though the reception ensures participation of women, it reinforces existing hierarchies including gender inequality. This results in a dilemma, since in order to protect individual safety, there is a taboo on harassing women which then reproduces stable gender stereotypes. So while harassment taints the respect senior students must earn during the reception, the fact that female students exist in the engineering field challenges the established order and opens the way for change.

  • 223.
    Carstensen, Gunilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Sexual harassment reconsidered: The forgotten grey zone2016In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 267-280Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 224.
    Carstensen, Gunilla
    Uppsala universitet.
    Sexuella trakasserier finns nog i en annan värld: Konstruktioner av ett (o)giltigt problem i akademin2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this dissertation is how gender, heterosexuality and sexual harassment are constructed in an academic setting, based on in-depth interviews with 15 female PhD-students on how they talk about, understand and interpret experiences of gender and sexual harassment in academia. In the first part of the analysis, the informants’ own descriptions of their academic contexts are studied. The second part of the analysis addresses the question of how gender is produced, constructed, created through meanings of being a researcher. The analysis shows that an individualising perspective reproduces two sets of assumptions simultaneously: the assumption of equality between women and men, and the assumption of gender difference. The third part of the analysis focuses on sexual harassment. At a level of principle, sexual harassment is constructed as both defined by subjective standards, and on the other hand objective standards, just like the Swedish official definition on sexual harassment. When the women are talking about their own experiences of sexualization in academia, sexual harassment as a frame of reference is made invalid through following frames of interpretation: for example, notions of the female harassed victim, notions of the male harasser, alcohol, the level of violence/coercion, frequency and notions of the legitimate victim. When all these frames for interpretation are considered together, the space for drawing a boundary and naming something as sexual harassment seems to be minimal. The informants’ use of sexual harassment as a concept is partly informed by the assumed gender neutrality of the professional order and partly by what are culturally expected interactions between women and men. Finally, the contextual analysis shows that due to a double meaning of the Swedish gender equality discourse, sexual harassment tends to become “everything” and “nothing” at the same time. This opens up for invalidations of sexual harassment as a valid problem in the academic setting.

  • 225.
    Carstensen, Gunilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Tradition and equality in engineering: an analysis of initiation rites, male dominance and change in academia2013In: GEXcel Work in Progress Report Vol XVIII: Proceedings from GEXcel Themes 11-12: conference of workshops 20-21 October 2011, Örebro University: CFS Report Series , 2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 226.
    Carstensen, Gunilla
    Uppsala universitet.
    "Tror du Dolly Parton skulle kunna göra karriär på universitetet?": Könsnormer och könssymbolik i akademin1997In: Könssorter(ing) : forskning om kön och makt: festskrift till professor Eva Lundgren, Uppsala: Sociologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet , 1997Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 227.
    Carstensen, Gunilla
    Uppsala universitet.
    Äntligen hemma?: Kvinnliga forskares skapande av kön och tillhörighet i akademin genom kläder2006In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 228.
    Carstensen, Gunilla
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Bondestam, Fredrik
    Från sexuella trakasserier till könskränkande processer: Om kön, utsatthet och normalitetens våld2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses a set of written stories and interviews with ten women at Uppsala university, who have experienced some form of sexual harassment during their time as undergraduates, postgraduates, researchers or professors. The point of departure was to demarcate experiences of sexual harassment in order to be able to suggest relevant, preventative measures. However, when reading the informants written stories, as well as the transcribed interviews, it gradually became clear that their descriptions of different incidents and situations of violence are not clearly demarcated from so called non-violent situations. A central part of the analysis deals with the way the informants discuss different strategies to manage potentially abusive situations or actual violations. These strategies – denying, neutralising, avoiding, compensating, taking responsibility, and making formal complaints – are characterised by powerlessness. All in all, the narratives of the informants consist of circumstantial accounts on the “violence of normality”, that is subtle feelings of uneasiness, vulnerability and experiences of undefined pressure. The results from this study indicate that the urge to demarcate and define every single aspect of violence in the organisation in terms of sexual harassment seems counterproductive.

  • 229.
    Carstensen, Gunilla
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Dahlberg, Leif
    KTH.
    Court Interpreting as Emotional Work: A Pilot Study in Swedish Law Courts2017In: No Foundations: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Law and Justice, ISSN 1797-2264, no 14, p. 45-64Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 230.
    Carstensen, Gunilla
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Frank, Amanda
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Wide, Jessica
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Leva som man lär?: En studie av spänningsfältet mellan genusvetande och genusgörande2016In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 54, no 4, p. 397-419Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Practice as you preach? Gender scholars’ reflections on practising gender theory

    Being a gender scholar – to what extent is it possible to practice as you preach? This study investigates how gender scholars relate to using and practicing theoretical knowledge on gender.Ten in-depth interviews are conducted with gender scholars at Swedish universities. A semi-structured interview guide, based on ambitions, possibilities and obstacles regarding using theoretical knowledge in practice, is used. The results indicate that being a gender scholar is a highly reflective project, since it involves turning your gender theoretical gaze towards yourself. Practicing as you preach seems to be interpreted as undoing gender. Attempts to undo gender are said to be hindered by gender normative structures rendering gender scholar women and gender scholar men different possibilities to practice the undoing of gender. The analysis show that gender scholars perform a balancing act by adding some expressions for the opposite gender to their everyday doings and their physical appearance, thus combining a doing with an undoing of gender. The pace and force of change in these doings and undoings are rather small. Nevertheless, small as they may be, these steps are interpreted as part of a strategy to change gender normative structures, making possible yet other and freer gender performances.

  • 231.
    Cassegård, Carl
    Sociologiska institutionen, Göteborgs universitet.
    Lek och empowerment: de alternativa rummens roll i sociala rörelser2010In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 47, no 3, p. 49-72Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Play and empowerment: the role of alternative spaces in social movements

    The article examines the role played by alternative space in social movements and argues that it plays a crucial role in counter-acting feelings of powerlessness and facilitating the empowerment of subaltern groups. Alternative space is defined – using Benjamin’s notions ofshock, nature and history – as constituted by forms of interaction in which society is made to appear as history. To facilitate empowerment, alternative space must, firstly, provide a place for subaltern groups in which they are no longer subordinated; secondly, instill hope that social change is possible and encourage such change; and, thirdly, expand or consolidate alternative space itself. These tasks can easily enter into conflict with each other, since they sometimes appear to require alternative space to adopt more ”abstract” forms of interaction in which aspects of the social situation are bracketed and sometimes more ”concrete”ones in which such aspects are again given attention. In order to study how movements may relate to this difficulty, the article looks at three contemporary Japanese social movements with NAM, New Start / New Start Kansai and the General Freeter Union as central organizations. Only the third successfully combines the three tasks, in large measure through its skillful use of the play-element.

  • 232.
    Cassegård, Carl
    Lunds universitet.
    Livsvärldens rationalisering och studiet av partikularism1997In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 34, no 3, p. 59-78Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Particularism and the reationalization of the lifeworld

    A phenomenon that has attracted increasing attention during the last decades is particularism (e.g. ethnic identification, nationalism). I belive that Habermas’ theory of the rationalization of the lifeworld can be made fruitful for the study of this phenomenon. The concept of the ”rationalization of the lifeworld”, however,needs to be differentiated in order to grasp the ambivalent character of modern particularism, which is both rational and irrational. It is rational in the sense that it is often supported by conscious reasons; it is irrational in the sense that these reasons do not claim validity outside of the particular group. I therefore propose that the concept of ”the rationalization of the lifeworld” be divided in two: critical rationalization and generalization. Critical rationalization means an increase in people's ability to critizice beliefs and that justifications therefore have to be made more explicit. Generalization means that justifications are made more generally acceptable. These two kinds of rationalization are not always parallell. They are separate processes, and modern particularism is, I believe, the result of a divergence of critical rationalization and generalization. This differentiation of the conceptof rationalization is therefore a necessary first step in order to turn Habermas’ theory into a theory of particularism. It also has the advantage of more clearly bringing into light some features of his view of reification.

  • 233.
    Castles, Stephen
    Oxford universitet.
    Migration i en tid av globalisering2003In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 19-26Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 234.
    Cederberg, Christina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Kjellgren, Erika
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    "Många ser det omöjliga istället för det som är möjligt.": En kvalitativ intervjustudie om framgångsfaktorer för ett vård- och omsorgsboende2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our understanding of what factors contribute to the success of human service organisations is limited. Social workers often occupy leadership roles in such organisations, and so research is needed on how leadership influences success. This study explored how staff at a care home for older people perceive factors important for creating success, and the function of leadership. A case study design was adopted employing a qualitative approach, with data collected using semi-structured interviews. A care home identified as something out of the ordinary was chosen as the field site and three care staff and the care home manager selected as participants. A qualitative analysis indicated that a work environment characterized by solidarity generated resilience and satisfaction among staff. A focus on the residents, an innovative work approach and a visible, honest and accommodating manager were factors perceived as vital for creating success.

  • 235.
    Cederlöf, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Man, Isabelle
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    "Men shit, hur fan har vi kunnat glömma bort det?": Falu kommuns socialtjänsts arbete gällande prostitution2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine whether and how the social services in the municipality of Falun is managing social work related to prostitution. It is a qualitative study based on three focus group interviews conducted in parts of the social services organization in the municipality of Falun. The empirical data collected was analyzed from an intersectional perspective.

    Several distinct findings emerged from the study. Social work against prostitution does not exist in the social services organization in the municipality of Falun. The organization possesses no procedures or guidelines for this kind of work, and no preventive work or cooperation with other organizations is carried out.

    It also emerged, that several social work officers had a stereotype image of who a potential sex- seller could be. This fact may influence who would be able to get any support from social services regarding to this social problem.

  • 236.
    Charmaz, Kathy
    Sonoma State University.
    Tensions in qualitative research2007In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 44, no 3, p. 76-85Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 237. Cheung Chung, M
    et al.
    McKee, Kevin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Austin, C
    Barkby, H
    Brown, H
    Cash, S
    Ellingford, J
    Hanger, L
    Pais, T
    Posttraumatic stress disorder in older people after a fall2009In: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, ISSN 0885-6230, E-ISSN 1099-1166, Vol. 24, no 9, p. 955-964Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 238.
    Choura, Sofia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Zakholi, Karin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Kampen tillbaka: En kvalitativ studie om kriminellas återintegrering2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to get a clearer knowledge about why it is difficult to return to a status as normal after served prison sentence by Scheff's stamping theory, Goffman's stigma theory and Hirschi's social band theory. The issues that the study concerns are about the struggles back into society.The study is based on a qualitative method to gain a more in-depth picture of the purpose and questions of the study. We have chosen to interview four respondents, of which three spokesmen are from KRIS and one spokesman from X-Cons. The interviews in the study are a major source of information.The results found in this study show that all four respondents stated that returning to work, family life and friends can be problematic, there are any obstacles to start dating. The self-image of the former criminal is not good during prison, they begin to see themselves as criminal with a criminal identity. After serving prison time, the former criminals change their mindset, which may even change their self-image to something positive. For a former criminal, it is common to "pass" as normal by concealing their true identity. The social ties to their children, relatives and friends tend to be good while social ties to peers and employers tend to be problematic. As a former criminal, it is common to engage in completing their grades and vocational education, but it is unusual to study at college and start business. It is rare for former criminals to engage in hobby associations and sports clubs, they often choose to work out at a gym and take part in non-profit associations. It is common for the former criminal to think that laws and regulations are good because without them society would not have worked.

  • 239.
    Cigéhn, Göran
    Umeå universitet.
    Klassidentitet vid seklets slut1999In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 121-139Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Class identity at the end of the century

    There has been a long term decline in working class identity in Sweden since the fifties, but now, in the late nineties, there has been a strong shift upwards. This can be seen in two Swedish survey data sets from 1993 and 1997. Data also show a widening gap between classes regarding class identity and other class related beliefs and opinions. These findings can be interpreted as an increasing class polarization concerning ideological orientations. Former strong associations between class and such orientations have become even stronger. Class voting has weakened in absolute terms (i.e. using the Alford index) when comparing the working and middle classes. However, if you control for class identity there is a remarkably strong class voting tendency when using odds ratios as a measure of relative class voting. Class voting is also highly dependent on class origin. Workers with working class origin and working class identity have a very pronounced tendency to support socialist parties compared to their middle class opposites. Such a comparison gives an unusually high score on the Alford index. The idea of ”the death of class” can find no support in these findings, on the contrary the class society seems to hold a real firm grasp of its citizens.

  • 240.
    Coniavitis, Thomas
    Panteion universitet, Aten.
    Sociologin i Grekland: från 1907 fram till Metaxas-diktaturen (1936–1940) och andra världskriget2012In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 49, no 1, p. 66-79Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sociology in Greece from 1907 to the Metaxas dictatorship (1936–40) and the Second World War

    This paper focuses on pre-conditions for sociology to develop and the subject matters of emerging sociology in Greece. Pre-conditions were at hand but without continuity, and the opportunity for sociology to develop was lost. Sociology is said to have started in 1907 with the book The Social Question by Georgos Skliros. He presented sociology and Marxism as identical and deals with Greek society and (among other things) the language issue, all of which triggered off a vibrant debate. Sociological associations and journals were started. However, the initially reformist perspective of social science was gradually replaced by an approach that was more socio-philosophical, influenced by classical sociology, German sociology in particular. This turn was associated with the institutionalization of sociology at the universities during the 1920’s. The Metaxas dictatorship in 1936 put a stop to any further development of sociology for a long time.

  • 241.
    Connell, Raewyn
    University of Sydney.
    Periphery and metropole in the history of sociology2010In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 47, no 1, p. 72-86Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 242.
    Cvetkovic, Anita
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Öljarstrand, Anneli
    Örebro universitet.
    Humorforskning i svenska organisationer och arbetslivssammanhang: en litteraturöversikt2015In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 52, no 4, p. 104p. 363-394Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on humor in Swedish organizational and working life contexts: a literature review

    The objective of this study was to provide a more coherent picture of research on humor in Swedish organizational and working life contexts, where even non-strictly organizational studies were included due to their high relevance in the research area. A systematic review of the literature published during the last 15 years was used to summarize an obviously undeveloped research area in Sweden. Published peer-reviewed articles that primarily examine humor were analyzed. Seventeen representative articles have been found and systematically reviewed and compared focusing on four questions: purposes and contexts of the studies, theoretical approaches, methods and main results. The analysis identifies four focal points that describe current state of humor research in Sweden: 1) positive function of humor appears to be a predominant research issue while humor’s subversive function, power relations and negative functions are less represented, 2) limited comparative studies of different contexts 3) biased theoretical approaches and limited studies of theory developing approach 4) overrepresented qualitative research approach. The above issues were discussed in relation to relevant international humor research.

  • 243. Dag, Munir
    et al.
    Kullberg, Christian
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Can they work it out and do they get any satisfaction?: Young Swedish physically disabled men’s and women’s work involvement and job satisfaction2010In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 287-303Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 244.
    Dahl, Göran
    Lunds universitet.
    Heidegger, Spengler och autentisk fascism2006In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 43, no 1, p. 21-31Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is an attempt to make our understanding of fascism more comprehensive. By focusing Heideggers short texts from 1933 and relating them to his other writings it is shown that he hoped that the German National Socialism would be much more radical than it really was. Thus, we can see him as an example of ”authentic fascism” which came in conflict with Realfascismus.

  • 245.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Social Work. Karolinska Institutet.
    Correlates and predictors of loneliness in old age: Evidence from Sweden and England2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    It is important to identify factors associated with loneliness in older people if effective policies and strategies to prevent and reduce loneliness are to be developed. In this presentation two studies that identify factors associated with loneliness in old age are reported. Strengths and weaknesses of the studies, which differ in design and focus, shed light on issues of importance for future studies on loneliness.

    The first study was based on data from two waves of SWEOLD, a Swedish longitudinal national survey study (N=613). It aimed to examine the extent to which older people (70+) report feelings of loneliness with a focus on changes in loneliness over time, and on factors predicting loneliness in women and men, respectively. This study showed that older people moved in and out of loneliness over time, but there was a general increase in loneliness as they aged. It also identified gender differences in both incidence and risk factors.

    The second study was based on data from the Barnsley Social Exclusion in Old Age Study, an English cross-sectional community survey (N=1255), and aimed to identify risk factors for social and emotional loneliness in older people (65+). This study identified different, as well as shared, risk factors for social and emotional loneliness, thereby providing further empirical support for the conceptual separation of emotional and social loneliness.

    Taken together, these studies demonstrate the importance of: 1) longitudinal research in order to determine risk factors for loneliness; 2) considering women and men separately; and 3) looking at social and emotional loneliness separately. These approaches in combination will aid the development of effective interventions to reduce loneliness in the older population and to ensure those interventions are targeted at the appropriate groups.

  • 246.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    De äldre och ensamheten2013In: Äldre i Centrum, ISSN 1653-3585, no 1, p. 46-46Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 247.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Older people’s perspectives on the causes of social exclusion2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 248.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Risk för ensamhet2013In: Äldre i Centrum, ISSN 1653-3585, no 3, p. 20-21Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 249.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Social exclusion and care receipt in old age2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 250.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Äldreomsorg i utveckling mot välfärdspluralism2013In: Socialgerontologi / [ed] Lars Andersson, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2013, 2, p. 221-248Chapter in book (Other academic)
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