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  • 201.
    Olsson, Helén
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Bergman, Ann
    Karlstads universitet.
    Socialtjänstens arbete med hedersvåld: Resultat från en intervjuundersökning2018Report (Other academic)
  • 202.
    Olsson, Helén
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Porskrog Kristiansen, Lisbeth
    Mittuniversitet; Högskolan i Gävle.
    Violence Risk Assessment in Forensic Nurses’ Clinical Practice: Qualitative Interview Study2017In: Global Journal of Health Science, ISSN 1916-9736, E-ISSN 1916-9744, Vol. 9, no 12, p. 56-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The legislation of Swedish forensic psychiatric care states that the risk of further violence must beassessed before a patient is granted release from a forensic psychiatric hospital. The aim of the study was todescribe the experiences of forensic nurses with in-patient risk assessment processes, and their implication fordaily clinical forensic praxis.

    Method: Semi-structured interviews with staff who were involved in the patients risk assessment process. Theinterview texts were analyzed using qualitative latent content analysis.

    Discussion: The forensic nursing staff has to deal with many contradictory realities. The description was aboutbeing able to balance between supporting their work with an EBP approach of risk assessment while trying toestablish interpersonal relationships and to allow for positive meetings with the patient. The study indicated thatstaff used a multiple sources of knowledge in order to make credible and accurate risk assessments.

    Conclusions: If the risk assessment process are to be used in a legally secure manner, the staff must receive regularsupport from team leadership that can provide both guidance and training. Based on a holistic approach, the linkbetween the instinct of staff and their work with structured risk assessment must be founded on routines and solidplatforms.

  • 203.
    Olsson, Helén
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Reducing violence in forensic care: how does it resemble the domains of a recovery-oriented care?2016In: Journal of Mental Health, ISSN 0963-8237, E-ISSN 1360-0567, Vol. 25, no 6, p. 506-511Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Forensic psychiatry is characterized by involuntary treatment and risk of violence. The concept of recovery is rarely in focus as the primary focus is on risk assessment, violence prevention and reducing coercion in care.

    Aim: To determine what resources forensic staff use to avoid or prevent violent situations, and to explore how these practices resemble the domains of recovery-oriented care.

    Method: Semi-structured interviews with staff who were identified by forensic patients as key workers in their recovery process. Interview texts were analyzed using interpretive content analysis.

    Results: Staff prevent violent situations using tacit knowledge and experience, and through a shared collegial responsibility. Staff safeguard patients, encourage patient participation, and provide staff consistency.

    Conclusions: The results have implications for forensic care as well as psychiatry regarding the process of making recovery a reality for patients in the forensic care setting.

  • 204.
    Olsson, Helén
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Strand, Susanne
    Asplund, Kenneth
    Kristiansen, Lisbeth
    Turning towards recovery in forensic psychiatric inpatients – a study based on staff experience2014In: Nordisk sygeplejeforskning, ISSN 1892-2678, E-ISSN 1892-2686, no 03Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 205.
    Olsson, Helén
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Strand, Susanne
    Kristiansen, Lisbeth
    Reaching a turning point--how patients in forensic care describe trajectories of recovery.2014In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 505-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, the duration of treatment is increasing for patients admitted to forensic psychiatric care. To reduce the length of stay, it is important for the forensic rehabilitation and recovery process to be effective and safe. Not much is known about how the process of recovery and transition begins and how it is described by the forensic patients. The purpose of this study was to explore how forensic patients with a history of high risk for violence experienced the turn towards recovery. A qualitative content analysis was used to analyse interviews with 10 patients who had decreased their assessed risk for violence on the risk assessment instrument HCR-20 and who were successfully managed a lower level of security. Three themes were identified: (i) the high-risk phase: facing intense negative emotions and feelings (ii) the turning point phase: reflecting on and approaching oneself and life in a new way (iii) the recovery phase: recognising, accepting and maturing. In the high-risk phase, chaotic and overwhelming feelings were experienced. The turning point phase was experienced as a sensitive stage, and it was marked by being forced to find a new, constructive way of being. The recovery phase was characterised by recognising personal circumstances in life, including accepting the need for structure, a feeling of maturity and a sense of responsibility for their own life. In order to ensure a successful recovery, the forensic nursing staff needs to recognise and support processes related to treatment motivation and turning points. Recommendations for best nursing practice are given accordingly.

  • 206.
    Olsson, Helén
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Strand, Susanne
    Kristiansen, Lisbeth
    Sjöling, Mats
    Asplund, Kenneth
    Decreased risk for violence in patients admitted to forensic care, measured with the HCR-20.2013In: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, ISSN 0883-9417, E-ISSN 1532-8228, Vol. 27, no 4, p. 191-7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: The aim of this study was to explore if patients admitted to forensic psychiatric care decreased their assessed risk for violence over time, to identify patients who decreased their assessed risk for violence exceptionally well (30% or more) on the clinical (C) and risk management (R) scales in the (HCR-20), and to compare them in terms of demographic data.

    METHODS: The HCR-20 risk assessment instrument was used to assess the risk for violence in 267 patients admitted to a Swedish forensic psychiatric clinic between 1997 and 2010. Their assessments at admission were compared with a second, and most recent, risk assessment.

    RESULTS: The risk for violence decreased over time. Demographic criteria had no impact on differences on decreased risk. Only two factors, namely gender and psychopathy showed a difference. Risk factors associated with stress and lack of personal support were the items that turned out to be the most difficult to reduce.

    CONCLUSION: The results show that risk prevention in forensic care does work and it is important to continue to work with risk management. The study highlights the importance of a careful analysis of the patient's risk for violence in order to work with the patient's specific risk factors to reduce the risk.

  • 207.
    Olsson, Sara
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Renhuvud, Carina
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Flyktingguide: En väg till integration?: Brukarutvärdering av projektet Flyktingguide i Falun2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this qualitative user evaluation participants in the project refugee guide, Falun, was interviewed about their experience of the project and how the project contributed to their integration into society and establishment on the labor market. The collection of empirical data has been made by six interviews. The results of the evaluation indicate that participants feel that they through the project had the opportunity to meet new people, practice the language and learn about each other's culture. The results also show that participants are satisfied with the project. Some participants expressed a desire to meet with several people at once while others don´t have that need. Furthermore, the interviews shows that establishment on labor market occurred through job placement and not through participation in the project. Integration proved to be a difficult concept to define, but the interviews show that the participants have a perception that it is about learning the Swedish language and culture.

  • 208.
    Perers, Linda
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Sputnes Mossberg, Hanna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    "Ofta blir Barnahus ett mellanstopp på väg till polisen": En kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares upplevelser av stödet från Barnahus2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine social worker’s experience of the staff support received from Barnahus. Recent research stated that social workers are suffering due to pressurised working environments, which can lead to difficulties with sick leave and a high staff turnover. Barnahus can be summarized as a place where concerned authorities are interoperating for the benefit of children who have been subject to violence or sexual abuse. They also offer support for social workers concerning the legal handling of said children. The study consists of semi-structured interviews with six social workers from different councils in mid Sweden. KASAM was used as the theoretical frame. Results showed that a majority of the participants were satisfied with the support. However, concerns about other authorities within Barnahus were raised. According to the participants these concerns need to be addressed in order to meet the needs of the children more effectively.

  • 209.
    Pers, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Nord, Carina
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Svaga flickor och starka pojkar? : En studie om det stöd som ges till unga kvinnor och män som utsätts för våldsbrott2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Socialarbetare kommer dagligen i kontakt med personer som befinner sig i en svår situation livet. En del av dessa människor är unga män och kvinnor som utsatts för brott och som kommer i kontakt med Stödcentrum för unga brottsoffer. Stödcentrum är en verksamhet som finns i ett trettiotal svenska städer och som möter dessa ungdomar. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka om socialarbetare gör någon skillnad på de insatser som ges beroende på om den hjälpsökande är en ung man eller kvinna. Studien är en totalundersökning som bygger på en sekundäranalys av verksamhetsstatistik. Resultatet visar att oavsett vilket brott den hjälpsökande blivit utsatt för så erhåller unga kvinnor, i jämförelse med män, mer tid och får oftare insatser som innebär känslomässigt stöd. För att förstå dessa skillnader har resultatet analyserats med hjälp av viktimologisk teori, genusteorin samt tidigare forskning på området.

  • 210.
    Persson, Carolina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Norström, Josefine
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Barn och unga med en nära anhörig som avlidit: Barn och ungas erfarenheter av att delta i stödgrupp2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this qualitative study, questionnaires were collected from children and adolescents who had

    participated in a support group in Dalarnas län for children and adolescents with a deceased

    close relative. The purpose of this study was to enhance knowledge of children and

    adolescents’ experiences of participating in support groups through their descriptions in

    qualitative questionnaires. Qualitative content analysis was conducted and three categories

    were identified; kinship, processing and the significance of structure. The result highlights the

    importance of having the opportunity to meet other children and adolescents in similar

    situations, and indicates that the participants Sense of coherence enhanced through the

    participation in the support group.

  • 211. Ramsten, C.
    et al.
    Martin, L.
    Dag, M.
    Marmstål Hammar, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    A balance of social inclusion and risks: Staff perceptions of information and communication technology in the daily life of young adults with mild to moderate intellectual disability in a social care context2019In: Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, ISSN 1741-1122, E-ISSN 1741-1130, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 171-179Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Information and communication technology (ICT) has increased in importance and facilitates participation in several life areas throughout society. However, young adults with mild to moderate intellectual disability make less use ICT than the general population. Disability services staff play a central role in supporting and enabling service users in daily life, and their perceptions of ICT are important to their role in service provision. The aim of the study is to describe staff perceptions of the role of ICT and how it affects daily life in young adults with mild to moderate intellectual disability living in residential homes. Focus group interviews and individual interviews were conducted with staff working in residential homes in which young adults with mild to moderate intellectual disability live. All materials were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using latent content analysis. Staff perceived ICT and, more specifically, the Internet as being supportive of both daily life and social relationships of these young adults, but they also viewed ICT as posing social risks. Perceptions of and support for ICT were related to staff perceptions about what is appropriate and manageable in relation to an individual resident's functioning level. Staff members also considered the views of parents about appropriate content when providing support. Staff in residential homes for young adults with mild to moderate intellectual disability use their implicit moral judgment about the use of ICT by residents. Their enablement of and support for ICT are not primarily based on the service user's wishes or interests. This finding implies a risk that the organization of a conflict-free service provision is a higher priority than service users' participation in social life.

  • 212.
    Randell, Eva
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work. Umeå Universitet.
    Living in the shadow of political decisions: Former refugees’ experiences of supporting newly arrived minors2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Living in the shadow of political decisions: Former refugees’ experiences of supporting newly arrived minors

    Background and aim: Steady streams of refugees and unaccompanied minors, of which the great majority are boys, come to Sweden, mostly from Afghanistan, Syria and Somalia. Among the arrivals, there are boys with traumatic experiences. It is a challenging task for the society to promote health, empowerment and integration of these minors. With the intention to support their integration in the society, the organisation Save the Children formed special meeting places for unaccompanied minors in 2018 in three municipalities in Sweden. There, the minors had the opportunity to engage in different activities. In addition, psychosocial support was offered. The leaders for the activities at these meeting places were recruited among former refugees who themselves had arrived in Sweden as unaccompanied minors. Research is sparse concerning how foreign-born leaders’ experience how it is to support the integration of the newly arrived minors. Thus, the aim of the study was to explore the perceptions of the meeting place leaders, also former refugees, when supporting newly arrived minors’ integration in society.

    Methods: This is a qualitative study in which interviews were conducted with leaders, also former refugees, at the meeting places for unaccompanied minors in municipalities. Data were analysed using network analysis.

    Results: Based on the preliminary analyses of the interviews, a thematic network was developed. Basic themes were identified, which in turn generated four organising themes and one global theme. The organising themes were ‘integrating together’, ‘keep going’, ‘living in no man’s land’ and ‘being proud helping others’. The four organising themes were then clustered into the global theme of ‘living in the shadow of political decisions’. Although they all expressed a frustration concerning the migration politics, they all perceived the helping role as very important and connected to positive emotions.

    Conclusion and implications: The findings show the massive impact from the national political decisions concerning the right to stay permanently or temporary, which affected the daily lives of the newly arrived at the meeting places and demanded an attitude of never-ending hope in leaders. Despite being forced to deal with difficult emotions - such as despair - the results underscored the important role of feeling proud to help others. Furthermore, the own experiences of being a refugee were valued and shared in meeting the unaccompanied minors. The integration process is generally complex, and further studies of what is helpful in the integration process are needed.

  • 213.
    Randell, Eva
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Janeslätt, Gunnel
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Disability and Habilitation, Uppsala University, SUF Resource center, Uppsala, Center for Clinical Research in Dalarna .
    Höglund, Berit
    Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Sexual and Reproductive Health, Akademiska Hospital, Sweden.
    How can an intervention with knowledge and care-taking prepare youth with ID for future decisions to parenthood?2019In: IASSID 2019, The world congress of the international association for the scientific study of intellectual and developmental disabilities, 2019, Glasgow, Scottland, 2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction

    There is limited knowledge about how young people with intellectual disability (ID) can be facilitated in their process of deciding about parenthood in future. This study aimed to explore an intervention using the Toolkit “Children – what does it involve? and the “Real Care Baby” (RCB) simulator among pupils with ID.

    Methods

    Pupils (n=15) with ID participated in an intervention with 12 educational sessions and a three-day caring session with the RCB simulator. Data were collected with individual in-depth interviews. Content analysis was used.

    Results

    Preliminary results showed that the intervention gave knowledge and experiences, which promoted insights in parenthood among these pupils. They described both basic and more specific needs of the child and the complexity of caring a child and being a responsible parent. Parent´s relationship was emphasised as well as to be an autonomously adult. Final results are pending.

    Implications

    By receiving adapted knowledge and experiences, pupils with ID became more suited to make informed decisions about parenthood in future.

  • 214.
    Randell, Eva
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Jerdén, Lars
    Öhman, Ann
    Starrin, Bengt
    Flacking, Renée
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Tough, sensitive and sincere: how adolescent boys manage masculinities and emotions2015In: International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, ISSN 0267-3843, E-ISSN 2164-4527, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 486-498Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to explore adolescent boys’ views of masculinity and emotion management and their potential effects on well-being. Interviews with 33 adolescent boys aged 16–17 years in Sweden were analysed using grounded theory. We found two main categories of masculine conceptions in adolescent boys: gender-normative masculinity with emphasis on group-based values, and non-gender-normative masculinity based on personal values. Gender-normative masculinity comprised two seemingly opposite emotional masculinity orientations, one towards toughness and the other towards sensitivity, both of which were highly influenced by contextual and situational group norms and demands, despite their expressions contrasting each other. Non-gender-normative masculinity included an orientation towards sincerity emphasising the personal values of the boys; emotions were expressed more independently of peer group norms. Our findings suggest that different masculinities and the expression of emotions are strongly intertwined and that managing emotions is vital for well-being.

  • 215.
    Renblad, Karin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, HHJ. Åldrande - livsvillkor och hälsa.
    Henning, Cecilia
    Högskolan i Jönköping, HHJ, Avd. för beteendevetenskap och socialt arbete.
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    Ersta Sköndal högskola.
    Framtidsverkstad som metod inom social planering och samhällsmotiverad forskning: Hur skapar vi ett åldrandevänligt samhälle?2009Report (Other academic)
  • 216.
    Renblad, Karin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, HHJ. Åldrande - livsvillkor och hälsa.
    Henning, Cecilia
    Högskolan i Jönköping, HHJ, Avd. för beteendevetenskap och socialt arbete.
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    Ersta Sköndal högskola.
    Future Workshop as a Method for Societally motivated Research and Social Planning2009In: Perspectives on Empowerment, Social Cohesion and Democracy: An international antology / [ed] Cecilia Henning & Karin Renblad, Jönköping: School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University , 2009, p. 185-211Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 217.
    Ronnheim, Fredrik
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Persson, Christoffer
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Sjukhuskuratorers erfarenheter av sympatistress: Inom den somatiska sektionen av hälso- och sjukvård2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate hospital social workers experiences of compassion fatigue as well as examine how they feel and think about their work situation based on KASAM. The purpose was also to understand the hospital social workers experiences of compassion fatigue in relation to the hospital social workers feelings and thoughts about their work situation based on KASAM. The method that was used is a qualitative interview in which six hospital social workers were separately interviewed.

    The study showed that several hospital social workers have experiences of compassion fatigue. The study also showed several indications that there were work situations where hospital social workers had some difficulties in feeling manageability, comprehensibility and meaningfulness. It also showed several indications that there were work situations where hospital social workers felt manageability, comprehensibility and meaningfulness.

    The study concluded that the hospital social workers are exposed to situations in their work that can lead to the development of symptoms for compassion fatigue.

  • 218.
    Roos, Stina
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Barnhemsplacerade barn i Ghana: Betydelsen av personalens bemötande2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to create knowledge and obtain an understanding of the importance of the staff’s attitude and their way of meeting the emotional needs of the children who were living at the orphanage. The study also aimed to investigate how and to what extent the children receive help from the staff to achieve self-fulfillment and reach their dreams.

    Qualitative method was used and four individual (semi-structured) interviews were conducted. The analysis was done based on previous research in the area and Maslows hierarchy of needs. The result shows that the staff believes it is of great importance that there should be someone who listens to the children. If there is someone who listens to the children, they get a chance to process any traumatic events they might have experienced and develop hope of reaching their dreams.

    The conclusion of the study is that the attitude of the staff is very important for the children's well-being and development.

  • 219.
    Rosenberg, David
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Återhämtning: Från idé till praktik2014In: Att leva med psykisk funktionsnedsättning: Livssituation och effektiva vård- och stödinsats / [ed] David Brunt och Lars Hansson, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2014, 2Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 220. Rosenberg, David
    et al.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Nyholm, Maria
    Grim, Katarina
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Svedberg, Petra
    Shared decision making in Swedish community mental health services - an evaluation of three self-reporting instruments.2017In: Journal of Mental Health, ISSN 0963-8237, E-ISSN 1360-0567, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 142-149Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Despite the potential impact of shared decision making on users satisfaction with care and quality in health care decisions, there is a lack of knowledge and skills regarding how to work with shared decision making among health care providers.

    AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of three instruments that measure varied dimensions of shared decision making, based on self-reports by clients, in a Swedish community mental health context.

    METHOD: The study sample consisted of 121 clients with experience of community mental health care, and involved in a wide range of decisions regarding both social support and treatment. The questionnaires were examined for face and content validity, internal consistency, test-retest reliability and construct validity.

    RESULTS: The instruments displayed good face and content validity, satisfactory internal consistency and a moderate to good level of stability in test-retest reliability with fair to moderate construct correlations, in a sample of clients with serious mental illness and experience of community mental health services in Sweden.

    CONCLUSIONS: The questionnaires are considered to be relevant to the decision making process, user-friendly and appropriate in a Swedish community mental health care context. They functioned well in settings where non-medical decisions, regarding social and support services, are the primary focus. The use of instruments that measure various dimensions of the self-reported experience of clients, can be a key factor in developing knowledge of how best to implement shared decision making in mental health services.

  • 221.
    Rubin, Liselotte
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Skolkuratorns roll i arbetet mot mobbning: En kvalitativ studie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine how school counselors experienced their work against bullying and how they actually work against bullying. The study was qualitative based on interviews with seven school counselors at different schools in two smaller municipalities.

    The results of the study showed that school counselors want to work more with the prevention of bullying than time allows. Their work is more about to go in and help where need and bullying problems already exist. There are no recommended programs and methods concerning how to combat bullying, so it is up to the school counselors to improvise and use a method to suit the individual student. There is a need to develop a program and method concept that corresponds to today’s problems.

  • 222.
    Rydström, Julia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Mångs Tengström, Magdalena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Kunskap om kultur – ett bidrag till en ökad medvetenhet om sig själv och andra: Socialsekreterares syn på betydelsen av kunskap om kultur i socialt arbete2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how social workers look at the importance of

    knowledge of culture in social work. A qualitative interview study was used in which five social workers were interviewed. The results were then analyzed based on previous research and culture as a theoretical framework. The study shows that social workers believe that knowledge of culture is of great importance in their practical social work. Knowledge of culture was seen as a contribute to a further understanding of different circumstances of the clients. Social workers were found to have different views on the extent of their knowledge

    of culture as some felt that their knowledge is sufficient to be able to perform good social

    work, while others thought that they are in need of more knowledge. The social workers own

    culture were seen by some as an important part in meeting with clients, while others were

    not at all aware of their own culture and its influence on their work.

  • 223.
    Samuelsson, Therese
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Sjödin, Viktoria
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Från ord till handling: En kvalitativ studie om värdegrund och socialt innehåll för äldre på särskilt boende2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research shows that many nursing home residents are disappointed with their level of social interaction and activity. Care of older people is argued to be underpinned by national core values such as supporting dignity and well-being, but it is not clear how such values influence nursing home staff practices or the social activities provided. Our study addressed this question.

    Five nursing homes, representing both private and public care providers, were sampled from two different municipalities. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with the homes’ respective heads of unit, transcribed, and thematically analysed.

    Our results indicate that the national values for care of older people were interpreted uniquely within each home. All heads of units emphasised the importance of person-centred care, yet similar social activities were offered by all homes, with a focus on group activities. We discuss our results with reference to activity theory and gerotranscendence.

  • 224.
    Sanchez, Denise
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Fogelquist Hedwall, Linda
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Arbetet för en ökad KASAM och integrering.: En kvalitativ studie om ett utbildnings- och aktiveringsprograms utformning av aktiviteter.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our purpose with the study was to investigate in what way the personal at a municipal education- and activity program worked to increase the three components; comprehensibility, manageability and meaningfulness in the participants sense of coherence (SOC). The method used was a qualitative interview study in which the personal at an education- and activity program was interviewed.

    The collected material was processed by a theoretical thematic analysis. By analyzing the result, six sub-themes were crystallized, with a starting point from our three predefined main themes were: comprehensibility, meaningfulness and manageability. The result showed that the staff for example worked with teaching language, motivational work and practical training. The staff stated that teaching language contributed to the participants sense of comprehensibility, motivational work contributed to a sense of meaningfulness and practical training contributed to a sense of manageability. The study showed that the program worked to increase all three components in the participants SOC, but the staff wished to work even more with the parts that increase the sense of meaningfulness.

  • 225.
    Sandbäck, Evelina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Selin, Jonna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sexual Reproductive Perinatal Health.
    "Det väcker fler etiska funderingar när det gäller äldre personer": En kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares upplevelser kring den etiska synen på äldre med alkoholmissbruk2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate how social workers looked at the possibility that their ethical view of elderly with alcohol abuse affects their assessments. We used semi structured interview, where we interviewed six social workers that works with addiction. The result showed that the social workers felt that the biggest difference between people over and under the age of 65 was the needs, which meant that the assessments of contribution differed. The result showed that the social workers resonated very much about LVM, since coercion in relation to older people created many ethical dilemmas. The personal values of the social workers did not affect the assessment themselves, but they were always there, both in private and working life. In order to avoid their own values affecting their assessments, this was frequently discussed between colleagues. The result showed that ageism is both in structure and jargon, but that there was no opportunity for ageism to influence the social security assessments.

  • 226.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    How men and women in recovery make meaning to severe mental illness2009In: Journal of Mental Health, ISSN 0963-8237, E-ISSN 1360-0567, Vol. 18, no 5, p. 433-440Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Creating a new meaning of the illness, changing values and expectations due to the illness are seen as important factors in recovery from mental illness.

    Aims: In this study, conducted in Sweden, male and female meaning making of severe mental illness is explored and how these meanings compass the recovery process.

    Method: Through 30 in-depth interviews male and female meaning of mental illness are explored through a grounded theory analysis. Results: In the process of making meaning illness reason emerged as the core category. But the reasons differed both in relation to gender and within the two genders. Four patterns of response were found in the analysis of the material. These four patterns influenced how the recovery process was encompassed. Three of the four groups were restructing the meaning of the illness in a more favorable way contributing to a redirection of life towards authenticity.

    Conclusions: The results underline a demand for further research on recovery achievements connected to meaning making and changes in attitude. One such area is to create a meaning in one’s life where gender is reconsidered in relation to the individual’s capacity and life situation.

  • 227.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Kvinnors och mäns återhämtning från psykisk ohälsa2009Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim with this thesis is to describe and analyze women’s and men’s recovery processes. More specifically, the aim is to determine what women and men with experience of mental illness describe as contributing to the personal recovery process. The point of departure for the studies was 30 in-depth interviews conducted with 15 men and 15 women. The selection of interview subjects was limited to individuals who had been treated in 24-hour psychiatric care and diagnosed as having schizophrenia, psychosis, a personality disorder, or a bipolar disorder.

     

    Four studies have been carried.  Study 1 was a baseline article that examined what people in recovery from mental illness outline as facilitating factors to their recovery. The results that emerged from that study indicated areas for further analysis to condense the understanding of the recovery process. In study 2 the similarities and the differences in recovery described by women and men were examined. In Study 3 women’s and men’s meaning-making with reference to severe mental illness facilitate the recovery process were studied. The forth study explored how peer-support contribute to women’s and men’s recovery from mental illness.

     

    The results emphasize recovery from mental illness as a social process in which relationships play a key role in creating new identities beside the mental illness. For a majority of the participants meeting peers facilitated the recovery process. The participants described how peer support meant an end to isolation and became an arena for identification, connection, and being important to others. Throughout these recovery processes the impact of gender has been emphasized. The results from this thesis provide new insight into gender as an important factor in understanding the recovery processes. The results from the four studies emphasize the mental patient, the psychiatric interventions and the individual recovery strategies as being influenced by gender constructions.

  • 228.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Psychosocial interventions; collaboration and shared decision-making?: A participatory research project to develop and implement shared decision-making in psychiatric services2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 229.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Recovery from mental illness, a gender perspective2010In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 557-564Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and research objectives: Recovery from mental illness is an individual process characterized by regaining a positive sense of self and developing a new meaning. Knowledge concerning differences between male and female recovery processes is, however, limited. The objective of this study was to determine gender diversity in what individuals described as decisive factors for their recovery.

     

    Subjects and methods:  In this qualitative study based on grounded theory 30 first-person accounts of recovery from mental illness are examined. After informed consent data were collected through in-depth interviews with people in recovery from psychosis, bipolar disorders or personality disorders.

     

    Results: The results show that in spite of structural gender inequalities, female gender norms seem to be an advantage in the recovery process. The female participants were focused on making sense and meaning in their recovery process, while the male participants were focused on control over symptoms and reinforcement of traditional roles such as occupation and independence. Another result showed psychiatric hospitalization to mainly contribute to male recovery processes.

     

    Conclusion: These results provide new insights into gender as an important factor in understanding recovery processes and in providing care to facilitate these processes.

  • 230.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Recovery in involuntary psychiatric care: is there a gender difference?2013In: Journal of Mental Health, ISSN 0963-8237, E-ISSN 1360-0567, Vol. 22, no 5, p. 420-427Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Research on recovery from mental illness and the influence of compulsory psychiatric institutional care has revealed the complexity of this concept. There is also limited knowledge regarding the impact of gender-role expectations in these contexts, and how such expectations may influence both the care and individuals’ recovery processes.

    Aim: To explore women’s and men’s perceptions of the impact of compulsory inpatient care on recovery from severe mental illness.

    Method: Grounded theory was used to analyse 30 first-person accounts of recovery from mental illness, elicited via interviews with individuals who had been compulsorily treated in hospital and diagnosed with a severe mental illness.

    Results: Inpatient care at an early stage was crucial for the informants’ recovery. However, there was ambivalence in their perceptions of the impact of compulsory inpatient care. The narratives confirmed gender differences as well as gender stereotypes.

    Conclusions: The results have implications for recovery research, in that they emphasise the importance of understanding recovery as a gender-influenced process.

  • 231.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    The power of identification: Peer support in recovery from mental illness2010In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 83-90Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: Peer support has been described as facilitating individuals’ recovery from mental illness and offer useful support, hope and encouragement. The aim of this study was to explore how individuals with experience of severe mental illness in Sweden perceived peer support facilitating their recovery.

    The results from the grounded theory analysis of 24 in depth interviews illustrated that despite diagnoses of severe mental illness, often described in terms of an inability to interact with other people, the identification when meeting others with similar experiences was powerful. The participants described how peer support meant an end to isolation and became an arena for identification, normalization, connection and being important to others. Involvement in the peer support group was related to time and recovery stage, the participants pay attention to their own achievements in relation to peers and their recovery progress, comparing their level of wellness with that of their peers.

  • 232.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    User and carer involvement in social work education: reasons for participation2016In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 154-163Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In many countries, user involvement in social work (SW) education is common practice, while in other countries, initiatives for inclusion are currently expanding. No matter how far the progress of user involvement in education has come, issues on clarity, sustainability and accountability need to be addressed. In this paper, users’ reasons for wanting to participate in SW education and the way they define their potential contribution are explored. These experiences can provide important information contributing to sustainable, meaningful, and accountable collaborations between users, university staff and students. Participants (n = 33) answered a questionnaire including demographic data and four open-ended questions about their expectations of participation in a SW programme at the University of Dalarna in Sweden. The results from the open-ended questions were analysed using qualitative content analysis. Results show that users’ main reasons for wanting to get involved were to contribute through sharing their lived experience of SW education, to help improve services and also to obtain respect for their own personal knowledge and experience. The respondents described themselves both as carriers of valuable knowledge and as accountable experts on the subject.

  • 233.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    User involvement in social work and education: a matter of participation?2016In: Journal of Evidence-Informed Social Work, ISSN 2376-1407, E-ISSN 2376-1415, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 21-33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The increase in user involvement in social work practice and education can be explained by incentives toward an evidence-based practice, such as those offered by legislation and from the user movement, and those related to professional development. Still, the clients' involvement in research and practice is highlighted as a gap that needs to be filled. The aim of the author in this article is to study the presence of user involvement in social work practice, research, and education, and the level of influence of users and carers within these activities. The results reflect an expanding user involvement in social work practice. Still, projects of user involvement in social work practice are often developed on an ad hoc and inconsistent basis, and knowledge about the effects of these efforts is still limited. User involvement is not to be understood as something that is self-evidently good. On the contrary, the results present a rather complex concept that is bound up with changing and contested understandings of the role of the social worker, academia, and the users themselves.

  • 234.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    et al.
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Denhov, Anne
    Research and Development Unit, Psychiatry, SLSO, Stockholm South, Sweden.
    Topor, Alain
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Social relationships as a decisive factor in recovering from severe mental illness2009In: International Journal of Social Psychiatry, ISSN 0020-7640, E-ISSN 1741-2854, Vol. 4, no 55, p. 336-347Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Recovery research often describes recovery from mental illness as a complex individual process. In this article a social perspective on recovery is developed.

    Aims: To ascertain which factors people regard as decisive to their own recovery and what makes them beneficial.

    Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted with 58 persons in Sweden who had recovered from severe mental illness. Interviews were qualitatively analyzed using grounded theory.

    Results: Three dimensions of contributing recovery factors were identified. Social relationships emerged as the core category throughout these dimensions.

    Conclusions: The results show that recovery processes are social processes in which social relationships play a key role.

  • 235.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    et al.
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Denhov, Anne
    Research and Development Unit, Psychiatry, SLSO, Stockholm South, Sweden.
    Topor, Alain
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Social relationships as a decisive factor in recovering from severe mental illness2009In: International Journal of Social Psychiatry, ISSN 0020-7640, E-ISSN 1741-2854, Vol. 4, no 55, p. 336-347Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Recovery research often describes recovery from mental illness as a complex individual process. In this article a social perspective on recovery is developed.

    Aims: To ascertain which factors people regard as decisive to their own recovery and what makes them beneficial.

    Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted with 58 persons in Sweden who had recovered from severe mental illness. Interviews were qualitatively analyzed using grounded theory.

    Results: Three dimensions of contributing recovery factors were identified. Social relationships emerged as the core category throughout these dimensions.

    Conclusions: The results show that recovery processes are social processes in which social relationships play a key role.

  • 236.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Rosenberg, David
    Department of Social Work, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden .
    Transplanting recovery?: Research and practice in the Nordic countries2013In: Journal of Mental Health, ISSN 0963-8237, E-ISSN 1360-0567, Vol. 22, no 6, p. 563-569Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The conceptual framework which describes recovery from mental illness is based primarily on studies conducted in English-speaking countries. Knowledge and development of recovery orientation within other cultures and mental health systems is still limited.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to compile, describe, and discuss the research on personal recovery and recovery-oriented practice within the psychiatric and social fields in the Nordic countries.   

    Method: A systematic literature review of Nordic research on recovery from mental illness.

     

    Results: The research literature is limited, and primarily replicates designs and confirms findings first presented in studies conducted in the USA and Great Britain.

    The majority of the studies are qualitative, and point to the importance of social relations, environmental factors, and peer support.

     

    Conclusions: There is a need to identify and describe factors in Nordic mental health systems that may influence the recovery process. A corresponding challenge will be to translate and further develop outcome indicators that can promote a recovery-oriented health system.

  • 237.
    Sinisalo, Johanna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    NÄR HUSSE SLÅR: En kvalitativ undersökning om socialtjänstens förutsättningar att inkludera sällskapsdjur i arbetet med våld i nära relation2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is a link between violence against animals and domestic violence. Research

    emphasizes the importance of professionals possessing knowledge about the link as

    part of preventing, identifying and counteracting domestic violence. The purpose of

    this paper was to examine the social services' organizational conditions in adopting a

    pet-inclusive approach in the work with domestic violence. With references to the

    human-animal bond and the theory of social support, I emphasized the gain found in

    an approach of this kind. As method for data collection, semi-structured interviews

    were held with six social workers active in the field of domestic violence, from six

    municipalities in the middle parts of Sweden. Qualitative content analysis was then

    conducted, and the results indicate that although some social workers strive to include

    animals, animals generally have low priority on the social services agenda. A more

    consistent and effective provision of support could be achieved through national

    guidelines.

  • 238.
    Stenvall, Johanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Örnlind, Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Den individuella återhämtningsprocessen från missbruk och kriminalitet: En kvalitativ studie av aktuella självbiografier2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Recovery is an individual process about creating hope, meaning and identity.

    Significant is access to supportive relationships and networks. This approach

    permeates and is the starting point for this study. The aim is to study the

    individual's recovery from abuse and crime.

    The recovery process was studied on the basis of seven current

    autobiographies, analyzed through thematic analysis, and linked to previous

    research and the theory The four columns of the individual recovery process. The

    columns includes redefinition of itself, the importance of support, dealing with

    symptoms and involvement in meaningful activity.

    The results show, in addition to the theory, that it is important for the

    autobiographer’s recovery to perform symbolic actions to show that a change has

    begun, and to end non-supporting relationships. The study shows that the

    autobiographer’s recovery from abuse and crime can be considered as a single

    process.

  • 239.
    Strand, Susanne
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Olsson, Helén
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Kristiansen, Lisbeth
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    To decrease the risk for violence for patients sentenced to forensic psychiatric care: personnel and patient´s views2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 240.
    Sundberg, Jenny
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Svensson, Emma
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Att hantera sin förälders missbruk: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om socialarbetares förståelse av copingstrategier hos barn till missbrukande föräldrar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to investigate the coping strategies that children use when dealing with their parents' addiction. A qualitative approach and method was used to answer the purpose. The collection of data was acquired through qualitative semi-structured interviews with six social workers with professional experience of meeting children with addicted parents. The material was thematically analyzed and then the theory of coping by Lazarus and Folkman (1984) was applied on the results. The conclusion of the study is that the children have different types of coping strategies when dealing with their parents' abuse. The coping strategies differ based on age and gender of the children.

  • 241.
    Talman, Lena
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Wilder, Jenny
    Stockholms universitet.
    Stier, Jonas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies.
    Christine, Gustafsson
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Staff members and managers’ views of the conditions for the participation of adults with profound intellectual disability or profound intellectual and multiple disabilities2019In: JARID: Journal of applied research in intellectual disabilities, ISSN 1360-2322, E-ISSN 1468-3148, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 143-151Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Participation is a central aspect of quality of life, and it is indicative of high‐quality outcomes for people with intellectual disabilities. However, participation is difficult to achieve for adults with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities.

    Aim

    To describe staff members’ perceptions of what participation means for adults with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities.

    Method

    Using a phenomenographic approach, 27 interviews were analysed resulting in variations in the conditions for participation.

    Results

    The interviews revealed conditions for participation at individual, staff and organisational levels.

    Conclusion

    Participation appears to be an un‐reflected phenomenon, and several conditions must be met to achieve it. The conditions are experienced being fundamental for adults within the target group to achieve any kind of participation. The staff members and managers’ perceptions of participation as conditional can make it more difficult for adults within the target group to achieve the Swedish disability policy goal of participation.

  • 242.
    Torrång, Elin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Welam, Kari
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    ”Det är jag som bestämmer om min barndom ska få hindra mig eller inte”.: En kvalitativ studie om anknytning och resiliens hos barn som vuxitupp i en miljö präglad av alkoholmissbruk och/eller psykisk sjukdom.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research about children who have grown up with parents with mental illness and/or abuse has largely focused on negative aspects. The aim of this study was to through four autobiographies, examine individual factors that can contribute to a positive development, in children who have grown up with any adult with mental illness and / or alcohol abuse. The questions of the study concerned which individual characteristics contributed to well-being in adulthood, if some of these are common between the authors and memories of childhood that can be related to attachment. The theoretical foundation of the study consisted of attachment theory and resilience, in order to investigate the importance of the attachment for the children and how resistance can be developed in these children according to theory and research. The results of the study showed the majority of individual and common factors among the authors and the memories that could be related to the connection. The results were analyzed by thematic analysis, which derived 4 themes: safety net, connection, individual character and strategies for survival.

  • 243.
    Turunen, Päivi
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Marusarz, Marika
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Framtidsutmaningar för alternativ omsorg i glesbygder2017In: Social omsorg i socialt arbete: Grunder och fördjupningar / [ed] Stina Johansson, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2017, 1, p. 217-237Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 244.
    Tägtgren, Ann-Sofie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Östberg, Kamilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    "Man gör det man kan, och finns där…": Hemtjänstpersonals upplevelser av den psykosociala arbetsmiljön2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to investigate how home care staff, working in a munici-pality with Sweden's highest rates of sick leave, experience their psychosocial work environment from the perspectives of role conflict, social support, stress of con-science and perceived obstacles and opportunities connected to their work. The method was qualitative semistructured individual interviews with five home care staff. The results showed that the respondents had experiences of role conflicts, lack of social support, and stress of conscience. Perceived barriers to a good psychosocial work environment where stress, lack of communication and information. Opportu-nities was perceived to be good communication, cooperation and time to nuture re-lationschip with the client. The study showed that respondents' perceptions of the psychosocial work environment was largely caused by the changes in old age care and home services. The study also showed that respondents are working under psy-chosocial conditions that can give the most adverse health effects.

  • 245.
    Törneman, Lena
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Frykberg, Mimmi
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    "Jag slåss med rosa handskar, men de är fan inte fluffiga": En kvalitativ studie om verksamheten Pink Gloves Boxing2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study has been to examine what importance the Pink Gloves Boxing club has had for individual participant’s life situation with regards to psychosocial health, as a contribution to social work in Borlänge county. Furthermore, the aim has been to examine which parts of Pink Gloves Boxing have contributed to a possible change in the participants’ psychosocial life situation.

    Because of the aim to catch participants’ subjective experience of Pink Gloves Boxing, the material has been collected through semi-structured interviews with six participants. Through a thematic analysis of the material we found central themes and subthemes, which have formed the basis of the outcome. To analyze the result we have applied theories of empowerment and gender.

    All of the informants speak of better physique and increased mental health through their participation in Pink Gloves Boxing. Developed capacity of how to handle stress, aggression control and group affiliation are examples of the virtues of participation, as emphasized by informants. Positive components that emerged are the role of trainers, the cohesion of the group, the form of the exercise and the club’s arrangements, such as only female participants and group discussions.

  • 246.
    Udo, Camilla
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Forsman, Henrietta
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Jensfelt, Marcus
    Flink, Maria
    Perceptions of knowledge, research use and evidence-based practice among Swedish medical social workers – a qualitative study2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and aim: With the intention to do more good than harm, it is important to rely on practice that is rooted in evidence-based guidelines so that clients are given the exact care they need. Thus, from a client safety perspective, the social worker needs to apply evidence-based practice (EBP). Learning more about the medical social workers’ perceptions of EBP has the potential to contribute to an increased understanding of how best available knowledge can be implemented in medical social work settings to provide high quality and safe practice to clients. Therefore the aim of this study was to explore medical social workers’ perceptions of evidence-based practice (EBP), including factors relevant for the successful implementation of evidence into medical social work practice.

    Methods: This is a qualitative study. Eight focus group interviews were conducted that included 27 medical social workers. Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis.

    Results: Analysis resulted in two categories: “knowledge in practice” and “challenges in relation to the implementation of EBP” and four subcategories: “practice based on research evidence or experience”, “obtaining new evidence of practice”, “research and the social work context”, and “barriers and facilitating factors”. Participants tended to perceive EBP as theoretical and positivistic while perceiving their own knowledge as eclectic and experience-based. Although they perceived the relevance of research findings to their practice, they expressed a need for support to translate research into policy and practice. They also reported that studies about their specific work were scarce.

    Conclusion and implications: The facilitating factors suggested by the medical social workers which concerned, e.g., a specially designated person responsible for supporting the increased use of research findings, support for prioritization of time, increased opportunities for the sharing of knowledge, and time for consultations, need to be considered when promoting the implementation of EBP within medical social work settings. The medical social workers’ suggestion for the facilitation of knowledge exchange needs further investigation.

  • 247.
    Udo, Camilla
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Forsman, Henrietta
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Jensfelt, Marcus
    Karolinska University Hospital.
    Flink, Maria
    Karolinska University Hospital; Karolinska Institutet.
    Research use and evidence-based practice among Swedish medical social workers: a qualitative study2019In: Clinical social work journal, ISSN 0091-1674, E-ISSN 1573-3343, Vol. 47, no 3, p. 258-265Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 248.
    Vethanayagam, Natalie
    et al.
    Barnsley Hospital, Barnsley, United Kingdom.
    Orrell, Alison
    Bangor University, School of Social Sciences, Bangor, United Kingdom.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    McKee, Kevin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Orme, Susan
    Barnsley Hospital, Barnsley, United Kingdom.
    Parker, Stuart G
    Newcastle University, Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle, United Kingdom.
    Gilhooly, Mary
    Brunel University London, Department of Clinical Sciences, London, United Kingdom.
    Understanding help-seeking in older people with urinary incontinence: An interview study2017In: Health & Social Care in the Community, ISSN 0966-0410, E-ISSN 1365-2524, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 1061-1069Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI) increases with age and can negatively affect quality of life.  However, relatively few older people with UI seek treatment.  The aim of this study was to explore the views of older people with UI on the process of seeking help.

    Older people with UI were recruited to the study from three continence services in the north of England: a geriatrician-led hospital outpatient clinic (n=18), a community based nurse-led service (n=22) and a consultant gynaecologist-led service specialising in surgical treatment (n=10). Participants took part in semi-structured interviews, which were transcribed and underwent thematic content analysis.

    Three main themes emerged: Being brushed aside, in which participants expressed the feeling that general practitioners did not prioritise or recognise their concerns; Putting up with it, in which participants delayed seeking help for their UI due to various reasons including embarrassment, the development of coping mechanisms, perceiving UI as a normal part of the ageing process, or being unaware that help was available; and Something has to be done, in which help-seeking was prompted by the recognition that their UI was a serious problem, whether as a result of experiencing UI in public, the remark of a relative, the belief that they had a serious illness, or the detection of UI during comprehensive geriatric assessment.

    Greater awareness that UI is a treatable condition and not a normal part of ageing is needed in the population and amongst health professionals. Comprehensive geriatric assessment appeared an important trigger for referral and treatment in our participants.  Screening questions by health care professionals could be a means to identify, assess and treat older people with UI.

  • 249.
    Walizadah, Hermia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Jansson, Kalle
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Skolans arbete med hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck: En kvalitativ studie om hur skolpersonalen arbetar med elever som är utsatta för hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The school must work to detect, prevent and provide protection in case of emergency situations to students who are exposed to honor-related violence and oppression. The research about how schools should work with honor-related violence and oppression is lacking. The aim of the study was to investigate how school staff work with students who are subjected to honor-related violence and oppression. The study is based on six qualitive interviews with school staff: principals, school counselors and teachers. The result showed that the schools are working to create relations with students and their parents, the schools have an action plan, offering counselling from the school counselor and the school staff is organizing boy groups where they discuss masculine standards, girl groups where the school staff strengthens the girls by talking about women’s rights and parent groups where the school staff supports the parents in their parenting roles. We can see differences in the work based on the school staff's own interest and knowledge.

  • 250.
    Wallström, Caroline
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Ensamkommande ungdomars behov: En kvalitativ intervjustudie som kartlägger ensamkommande ungdomarnas fysiska och psykiska mående utifrån boendepersonalens uppfattningar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study has been to identify how the work is conducted in five municipal homes for care and accommodation for unaccompanied refugee youths. Five qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with six respondents who work as staff in the youth accommodation for unaccompanied refugee youths. The results were analyzed based on Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. The results showed a spread among the youths where some had difficulties with the most basic needs such as eating and sleeping, while other young people had worked their way up in the hierarchy and were on the top of the stairs working for self-actualization.

23456 201 - 250 of 253
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