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  • 201.
    Lundgren, Berit
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för språkstudier.
    Retoriken i den pedagogiska praktiken2008In: Sjätte nationella konferensen i svenska mned didaktisk inriktning / [ed] Anne Palmér, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet , 2008, 1, p. 70-82Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien, som redovisas, lyfter fram betydelsen av styrdokumentens och lokala arbetsplaners utformning samt lärares undervisning för att utveckla elevers kommunikativa förmåga uttryckt i förberett tal. I studien görs en retorisk analys av en elevtext, ett manus till ett förberett tal, från en sydafrikansk kontext. I manuset kan tre topos urskiljas, byggnader, samhälle/familj och kroppen, vilka utgör ramen för den retoriska analysen. Vidare visar analysen att eleven i sin text, My name is HIV, tydligt använder sig av retoriska grepp på ett övertygande, intressant och associativt sätt. Avslutningsvis för jag en didaktisk diskussion om undervisning i tal i en svensk kontext, där jag menar att ett kritiskt reflekterande över skrivande och i synnerhet tal måste övervägas.

  • 202.
    Löfgren Lyttbacka, Ann-Catrine
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Kvinnors våld mot barn: - utifrån professionellas erfarenheter2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports a qualitative study in which semi-structured interviews have been performed with professionals who are working close to mothers with violent behavior and their children. The purpose of the present study was to examine social workers’ perceptions regarding mothers´ violence toward children and what they experience as underlying causes to mothers violence. Three main categories have been identified;

    the extent and constitution of the violence, its underlying causes and the professional´s approach concerning mother´s violence. The results mainly indicate the importance for professionals to address and ask about violence when meeting clients, also when meeting mothers. Findings also indicate that there are several underlying factors to why a mother abuse her children.

  • 203.
    Löfvenmark, Jennifer
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Öberg, Catrin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    ”Det behöver bli bättre för att vi ska hålla i längden…”: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om socialsekreterares psykosociala arbetsmiljö2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To work as a social worker within investigations at social services specialized in children and

    young adults is assumed to be stressful with a high workload. Consequently, their working

    environment is often discussed. Therefore, the aim of this paper was to investigate what

    factors social workers, working under these circumstances, perceive as affecting their

    psychosocial working environment. This study was based on qualitative interviews and the

    result is analyzed with help of the demand- control- and support model.

    The result indicates that social support is an important component to consider in order for

    social workers to be healthy in their roles. The circumstances need to improve to prevent

    social workers from being exposed to stress and unhealthiness, and thereby improving their

    psychosocial working environment. Our conclusion from this study is that there is an

    imbalance between the requirements asked from social workers and the resources available.

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  • 204.
    Löppönen, Nina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Våhlberg, Rosita
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Tiden läker inte alla sår: En kvalitativ studie om kvinnors berättelser gällande konsekvenser av sexuella övergrepp.2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Girls who are sexually abused by their fathers are difficult to detect and thus difficult to help when the abuse is rarely revealed. This can lead to major consequences in adult life. The purpose of our study was to investigate what consequences women who have been subjected to sexual abuse by their father in childhood experience in adult life.Symbolic interactionism is used as theoretical point of departure and the empirical material is analyzed using thematic analysis. The study is a qualitative literature study based on five autobiographies/biographies. The result shows that women experience great social and emotional consequences that affect them in everyday life. Consequences that all women in the study experienced are shame, mental ill-health, self-destructiveness, need for confirmation and hate. The results further show that these consequences lead to vital behaviors.

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  • 205.
    Mahmutovic, Dzana
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Petersson, Amanda
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Vi ser samma tjejer gå på gatan nu som för fyra år sedan: En kvalitativ studie av aktörers arbete med sexuellt människohandlade kvinnor2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to explore how the social services, the police and voluntary organizations in the municipality of Gothenburg work with sexually trafficked women. The method that has been used is qualitative in form of semi-structured interviews. The theoretical starting point was empowerment. For the study, this meant that we had a basis in the limited opportunities of sexual trafficked women to exercise power over their lives, as their life is controlled by, for example, pimps and traffickers. The results of the study has shown that respondents work with both short- and long-term measures but that the work is characterized by restrictions and counterclaims. The results also showed the respondents feel that cooperation and the work of the police is crucial for success in the work with sexual trafficked women.

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  • 206.
    Mantell, Andy
    et al.
    University of Chichester, West Sussex, UK.
    Simpson, Grahame
    University of Sidney, Sidney, Australia.
    Jones, Kate
    Liverpool Hospital, Sidney, Australia.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Simonson, Pattie
    Royal Hospital for Neuro-disability, London, UK.
    Vungkhanching, Martha
    California State University, Fresno, USA.
    Social Work Practice with Traumatic Brain Injury: The Results of a Structured Review2012In: Brain Injury, ISSN 0269-9052, E-ISSN 1362-301X, Vol. 26, no 4-5, p. 459-460, article id 0313Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 207.
    Mantell, Andy
    et al.
    School of Health and Social Care, London South Bank University, London, UK.
    Simpson, Grahame Kenneth
    Brain Injury Rehabilitation Research Group, Ingham Institute of Applied Medical Research, Sydney, Australia; Liverpool Brain Injury Rehabilitation Unit, Liverpool Hospital, Sydney, Australia.
    Vungkhanching, Martha
    Department of Social Work Education, California State University, Fresno CA, USA.
    Jones, Kate Fiona
    Royal Rehab, Sydney NSW, Australia.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Simonson, Patti
    Licensed Social Worker in Private Practice, London, UK.
    Social work-generated evidence in traumatic brain injury from 1975 to 2014: A systematic scoping review2018In: Health & Social Care in the Community, ISSN 0966-0410, E-ISSN 1365-2524, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 433-448Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The International Network for Social Workers in Acquired Brain Injury (INSWABI) com-missioned a systematic scoping review to ascertain the social work-generated evidence base on people with traumatic brain injury (TBI) of working age. The review aimed to identify the output, impact and quality of publications authored by social workers on this topic. Study quality was evaluated through assessment frameworks drawn from the United Kingdom National Service Framework for Long- Term Conditions. In the 40- year period from 1975 to 2014, 115 items were published that met the search criteria (inter-vention studies, n = 10; observational studies, n = 52; literature reviews, n = 6; expert opinion or policy analysis, n = 39; and others, n = 8). The publications could be grouped into five major fields of practice: families, social inclusion, military, inequalities and psy-chological adjustment. There was a significant increase in the number of publications over each decade. Impact was demonstrated in that the great majority of publications had been cited at least once (80.6%, 103/115). Articles published in rehabilitation jour-nals were cited significantly more often than articles published in social work journals. A significant improvement in publication quality was observed across the four decades, with the majority of studies in the last decade rated as high quality.

  • 208. Matlabi, H
    et al.
    Parker, S
    McKee, Kevin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Tha contribution of home-based technology to older people's quality of life in extra care housing2011In: BMC Geriatrics, ISSN 1471-2318, E-ISSN 1471-2318, Vol. 11, article id 68Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: British government policy for older people focuses on a vision of active ageing and independent living. In the face of diminishing personal capacities, the use of appropriate home-based technology (HBT) devices could potentially meet a wide range of needs and consequently improve many aspects of older people's quality of life such as physical health, psychosocial well-being, social relationships, and their physical or living environment. This study aimed to examine the use of HBT devices and the correlation between use of such devices and quality of life among older people living in extra-care housing (ECH). 

    Methods: A structured questionnaire was administered for this study. Using purposive sampling 160 older people living in extra-care housing schemes were selected from 23 schemes in England. A face-to-face interview was conducted in each participant's living unit. In order to measure quality of life, the SEIQoL-Adapted and CASP-19 were used. 

    Results: Although most basic appliances and emergency call systems were used in the living units, communally provided facilities such as personal computers, washing machines, and assisted bathing equipment in the schemes were not well utilised. Multiple regression analysis adjusted for confounders including age, sex, marital status, living arrangement and mobility use indicated a coefficient of 1.17 with 95% CI (0.05, 2.29) and p = 0.04 [SEIQoL-Adapted] and 2.83 with 95% CI (1.17, 4.50) and p = 0.001 [CASP-19]. 

    Conclusions: The findings of the present study will be value to those who are developing new form of specialised housing for older people with functional limitations and, in particular, guiding investments in technological aids. The results of the present study also indicate that the home is an essential site for developing residential technologies.

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  • 209.
    Mattsson, Linnea
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Stenquist, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Skolans arbete med barn som far illa: En kvalitativ undersökning av skolpersonals förhållningssätt till barn som misstänks fara illa2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In their daily contact with children, teachers have a unique role in detecting child-maltreatment, as mandated reporters they are subject to a statutory personal and unconditional notification. Nevertheless, reporting abilities are generally low, and it is assumed that there are a large number of children who are maltreated.

    The purpose of our study was to investigate school staff’s knowledge and attitudes to act in an appropriate and constructive way if suspicion arises that a child is maltreated. A qualitative study using semi-structured interviews were conducted. The empirical data, evaluated through a thematic analysis and linked to previous research and theoretical perspectives and concepts within symbolic interactionism.

    Our conclusion is that there is a gap between how teachers act regarding maltreated children and how they are supposed to act according to skolverket.

    We have identified a lack of ability to identify maltreated children and a hierarchy where teachers can be prevented from completing their mandatory reporting.

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  • 210.
    Matérne, Marie
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Lundqvist, Lars-Olov
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Support Persons' Perceptions of Giving Vocational Rehabilitation Support to Clients With Acquired Brain Injury in Sweden2016In: Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation, ISSN 1536-710X, E-ISSN 1536-7118, Vol. 15, no 3-4, p. 351-369Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim is to explore the perception of being a support person for clients with acquired brain injury undergoing vocational rehabilitation. Nine support persons, identified by clients with brain injury, were interviewed. Interviews were analyzed using qualitative content analysis, resulting in three themes for assisting the client: (i) commitment; (ii) adaptation; and (iii) cooperation. Within each theme, multiple dimensions were identified, reflecting the complexity of vocational rehabilitation following acquired brain injury. Commitment built on social relations is linked to sustainability of support. The included support persons' role was especially valuable in contexts where adaptation and cooperation were required.

  • 211.
    McKee, Kevin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Factors associated with the willingness to care of informal carers of older people2011In: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, ISSN 1594-0667, E-ISSN 1720-8319, Vol. 23, no Suppl.1, p. 70-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 212.
    McKee, Kevin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Frailty falls and the Body Drop2011In: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, ISSN 1594-0667, E-ISSN 1720-8319, Vol. 23, no Suppl. 1, p. 80-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 213.
    McKee, Kevin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Austin, C
    Causal attributions following a fall and health outcomes at 6 months post-fall2009In: Psychology and Health, ISSN 0887-0446, E-ISSN 1476-8321, Vol. 24, no Suppl.1, p. 268-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. Falls in older people decrease quality of life and increase mortality. There is littleresearch on perceptions of the cause of a fall and their influence on health outcomes. Method.A survey (N¼196) of older people hospitalised after a fall recorded attributions for the causeof the fall. A follow-up survey at 6 months measured functional limitation, anxiety anddepression. Findings. of the participants, 44.3% saw their fall as due to their character, 15.6%due to their behaviour, and 40.1% due to external factors. A hopelessness explanatory stylewas found in 21.1% of participants. Perceiving age as the cause of the fall predicted (p5.06)higher levels of depression at 6 months, while having hopelessness explanatory stylesignificantly predicted higher functional limitation (p¼.001). Discussion. Causal attributionsof fall events impact on physical and mental health outcomes, offering a route forpsychological intervention to reframe the meaning attached to a fall.

  • 214.
    McKee, Kevin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Bien, B
    Wojszel, B
    Kofahl, C
    Krevers, B
    Melchiorre, M G
    Mnich, E
    Prouskas, C
    The willingness of informal carers of older people to continue caring: results of the EUROFAMCARE study2010In: Psychology and Health, ISSN 0887-0446, E-ISSN 1476-8321, Vol. 25, no Suppl. 1, p. 59-59Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: The willingness to continue in the caregiving role has been shown to be one of the most significant factors in the breakdown of family care of an older person. Willingness to care was considered in the EUROFAMCARE study, which examined the characteristics of caregiving in six European countries. Methods: Nearly 6000 informal carers of older people (n = 1000 in Germany, Italy, Sweden, Greece, Poland and the UK) were recruited using a shared sampling protocol and interviewed using a standardized questionnaire. Logistic regression procedures determined the best model of willingness to care in each country. Results: Between 29% and 14% of the variance in willingness to care was explained by the models. No single variable was significant in the models across all countries, but the negative impact of care was associated with low willingness in five countries, while being a son/daughter carer was associated with high willingness in four. The category of variables that explained the most variance in willingness to care was ‘caregiving circumstances and relationships’. Conclusions: If a carer's motivation for caregiving is to be maintained, support for carers must adequately address any negative impact of their role, and use a relationship-centred approach.

  • 215.
    McKee, Kevin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Psychological, health and social predictors of emotional and social loneliness in older people2012In: Psychology and Health, ISSN 0887-0446, E-ISSN 1476-8321, Vol. 27, no s1, p. 89-90Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 216.
    McKee, Kevin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Social exclusion and well-being in older adults in rural and urban communities.2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 217.
    McKee, Kevin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    The association between receipt of informal care and health in older people2011In: Psychology and Health, ISSN 0887-0446, E-ISSN 1476-8321, Vol. 26, no Suppl. 2, p. 173-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Older people as care-receivers are under-researched. We examined the health and well-being of older people with differing levels of care need and receipt. Methods: Community resident older people (N = 1250) from a single UK metropolitan area were randomly recruited, and completed a questionnaire on social exclusion via interview. Participants were categorised into one of the four groups: receiving informal care; receiving informal support; no receipt of informal care/support despite need and no receipt of informal care/support, no need. Findings: Associations (p < 0.001) between group membership and health status (F = 75.7), functional status (F = 159.1), well-being (F = 29.5) and loneliness (F = 28.9) indicated the ‘receiving care’ and ‘no receipt of care/support despite need’ groups had the poorest health profiles. Logistic regression determined primary predictors of group membership. Discussion: A significant group of older people receives no informal care/support despite frailty. Research is needed to determine why some older people do not receive informal care appropriate to their needs.

  • 218.
    McKee, Kevin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    The association between social exclusion and well-being in older adults from rural and urban areas2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 219.
    McKee, Kevin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Fagerberg, Johan
    Functional stupidity and social workers: a pilot study.2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 220.
    McKee, Kevin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Schüz, Benjamin
    University of Tasmania.
    Psychosocial factors in healthy ageing2015In: Psychology and Health, ISSN 0887-0446, E-ISSN 1476-8321, Vol. 30, no 6, p. 607-626Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 221.
    Modig, Charlotta
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    ”De vill ha LARO”: Missbrukshandläggares upplevelser av att arbeta medopiatberoende klienter2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Opiate addiction is a serious and difficult condition and drug mortality in Sweden is very

    high. The purpose of this study is to acquire knowledge and illustrate how staff working with

    drug addiction in social services in Dalarna look at their work with people with opiate

    addiction in relation to the fact that MAT lies with another operator. A qualitative study has

    been carried out where social workers who works with drug addiction from five different

    municipalities in Dalarna have been interviewed. The empirical data were analyzed in relation

    to previous research on the area and the theories of domains and professions. The conclusion

    of the study shows that the social workers in Dalarna experiencing some obstacles in their

    work with clients with opioid dependence since it is two operators involved. For example, the

    long queues to MAT and difficulties to get through forced addiction care were issues that may

    be a risk for clients lives.

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  • 222.
    Möller, Lovisa
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Gröhn, Victor
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Utvärdering av Rädda Barnens utbildning ”Det handlar om trygghet”: En kvantitativ studie om skolpersonals upplevelser av utbildningen samt sin yrkesinriktade självförmåga2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Children spend a lot of time in school, therefore school staff have a great opportunity to detect children who are abused at home because of violence. The aim of this study was to evaluate, through a quantitative approach, the extent to which Save the Children 's course "It’s about safety" has had some perceived effect on the group of school personnel who have participated in the course so far. The data collection method was questionnaires and the questions concerned the school staff's perceived competence regarding, among other things, completing reports of concern to the social service. The main results of the study shows that the course has had a positive effect on the school staff regarding perceived knowledge to handle situations related to violence against children. The results were analyzed on the basis of empowerment, self-efficacy and occupational self-efficacy.

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  • 223.
    Naseer, Mahwish
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Agerholm, Janne
    Fastbom, Johan
    Schön, Pär
    Ehrenberg, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Emergency department revisits among older adults: A prospective cohort study2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 224.
    Naseer, Mahwish
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work. Aging Research Center, Karolinska Institutet & Stockholm Universit.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work. Aging Research Center, Karolinska Institutet & Stockholm University.
    Fagerström, Cecilia
    Health related quality of life and emergency department visits in adults of age ≥ 66 years: a prospective cohort study.2018In: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, ISSN 1477-7525, E-ISSN 1477-7525, Vol. 16, no 1, article id 144Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Age increases the risk of emergency department [ED] visits. Health related quality of life (HRQoL) is often estimated as an outcome of ED visits, but it can be a risk factor of ED visits. This study aims to assess the association of HRQoL with time to first ED visit and/or frequent ED use in older adults during four-year period and if this association differs in 66-80 and 80+ age groups.

    METHODS: Data from the Swedish National Study on Aging and Care-Blekinge of wave 2007-2009 was used in combination with electronic health records on ED visits. The analytical sample included 673 participants of age 66 years and older with information on HRQoL. Cox proportional hazard model was used to assess the association between HRQoL and time to first ED visit. Logistic regression analysis was performed to estimate the association of HRQoL with frequent ED use.

    RESULTS: During the study period, 55.3% of older adults visited the ED and 28.8% had a frequent ED use. Poor physical HRQoL was independently associated with first ED visit both in total sample (p < 0.001) and in 66-80 (p < 0.001) and 80+ (p = 0.038) age groups. Poor mental HRQoL had no significant association with first ED visit and frequent ED use.

    CONCLUSION: Findings suggest that poor physical HRQoL is associated with time to first ED visit in older adults. Therefore, physical HRQoL should be considered while planning interventions on the reduction of ED utilisation in older adults. Explanatory factors of frequent ED use may differ in age groups. Further studies are needed to identify associated factors of frequent ED visits in 80+ group.

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  • 225.
    Naseer, Mahwish
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Fagerström, Cecilia
    Poor health related quality of life: A risk factor of emergency visits among older adults2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 226.
    Nasrudin, Michélle
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Söderlind, Malin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Ungdomar som prostituerar sig och hur socialtjänsten arbetar med dessa ungdomar: En kvalitativ enkätstudie om socialarbetarens förhållning och arbete med                                ungdomar som prostituerar sig2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to investigate how social services relates to and how they work with youth in prostitution. The study was conducted with a qualitative strategy where postal surveys have been used. The questionnaires were sent to twelve respondents in two major cities in Sweden, and respondents consisted of social workers that had experience of working with youth in prostitution. The study had a response rate of 50%, which means that of twelve respondents, six of them answered. The results showed that social workers worked in different ways with young people who prostitute themselves. Their work was about creating change and supporting youth through this change. Social workers supported the youth’s empowerment, their own self-empowerment, so they could change their life situation. Social workers attitude played an important role in helping youth.

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  • 227.
    Naéem, Sara
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Hedman, Jimmy
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    ‘’Hon blir ju en till i vår familj’’: Flyktingguiders upplevelser av projektet Flyktingguide2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this qualitative study, six refugee guides are interviewed as participants of the Refugee Guide project in the municipality of Falun. The study aims at seeing the importance of the project for the refugee guides and, from their perspective, suggesting ways to improve the project for increased integration. The results found in this study show that the refugee guides feel a sense of satisfaction, that they find that the Refugee Guide project contributes to long-term integration and that the project has development potential. Through the interviews, there was a picture of many successful meetings across the cultural borders where respondents expressed everything from gaining new social networks in the form of friends as well as the feeling of getting a whole new family member.

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  • 228. Nehlin, Christina
    et al.
    Nyberg, Fred
    Jess, Kari
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Brief intervention within primary care for at-risk gambling: a pilot study2016In: Journal of Gambling Studies, ISSN 1050-5350, E-ISSN 1573-3602, Vol. 32, no 4, p. 1327-1335Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies on interventions for at-risk gambling are scarce. This pilot study is the first step in a larger project aimed to develop methods to prevent more serious gambling problems. Drawing on experiences from the alcohol field, the brief intervention (BI) model was tested in a primary care setting. Primary care personnel was trained for 2 days. Patients were screened, and those with signs of problematic gambling were offered a return visit to discuss their gambling habits. Of the 537 screened, 34 (6.3 %) screened positive for problem gambling. Of those, 24 were at-risk gamblers whereof 19 agreed to participate. Six of those 19 took part in a 1-month follow-up. Important information for the planning of upcoming studies was collected from the pilot work. Given that the rate of at-risk gamblers was elevated in this setting we consider primary care a suitable arena for intervention. Staff training and support appeared essential, and questionnaires should be selected that are clear and well-presented so staff feel secure and comfortable with them. The BI model was found to be most suitable for patients already known to the caregiver. The number of participants who were willing to take part in the follow-up was low. To ensure power in future studies, a much larger number of screened patients is evidently necessary.

  • 229.
    Nilsen, Louise
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Sandström, Linnéa
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    "Lite får man räkna med": Socialsekreterares upplevelser av hot och trakasserier inom socialtjänsten med särskilt fokus på betydelsen av sociala medier.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate social workers experiences of threats and harassment in social services, focusing on the eventual importance of social media, as well as examine how threats and harassment are handled in the workplace. Six qualitative interviews were conducted with social workers in children- and family services. The empirical material, based on the social workers experiences, was evaluated through a thematic analysis and linked to previous research as well as chosen theoretical perspectives. Our conclusion is that threats and harassment occurs relatively often at the workplace, although the degree of severity in the threats varies. We found that social media has an impact but that it did not have a decisive role. The result also showed that most workplaces have written policys but that it varied in knowledge about these routines for staff and that routines are not always followed in practice.

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  • 230.
    Nilsson, Peter
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Are empathy and compassion bad for the professional social worker?2014In: Advances in Social Work, ISSN 1527-8565, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 294-305Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent studies have shown that social workers and other professional helpers who work with traumatized individuals run a risk of developing compassion fatigue or secondary traumatic stress. Some researchers have hypothesized that helpers do this as a result of feeling too much empathy or too much compassion for their clients, thereby implying that empathy and compassion may be bad for the professional social worker. This paper investigates these hypotheses. Based on a review of current research about empathy and compassion it is argued that these states are not the causes of compassion fatigue. Hence, it is argued that empathy and compassion are not bad for the professional social worker in the sense that too much of one or the other will lead to compassion fatigue.

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  • 231.
    Nilsson, Peter
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    On the suffering of compassion2011In: Philosophia (Ramat Gan), ISSN 0048-3893, E-ISSN 1574-9274, Vol. 39, no 1, p. 125-144Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Compassion is often described in terms of suffering. This paper investigates the nature of this suffering. It is argued that compassion involves suffering of a particular kind. To begin with a case is made for the negative claim that compassion does not involve an ordinary, or afflictive, suffering over something. Secondly, it is argued that the suffering of compassion is a suffering for someone else’s sake: If you feel compassion for another person, P, then you suffer over P:s suffering for P:s sake, and if that is all you do, then you are not affected with an afflictive suffering over something. The final section identifies and addresses a problem concerning self-pity, and a suggestion is made on how to specify the proposed account so as to cover both self-directed and other-directed compassion.

  • 232.
    Nord, Josefin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Haag, Ann-Louise
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Samhällsvåldets kontext- & karaktärsförändring: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish society has witnessed a change in recent years regarding the nature and context of community violence. There is a need for effective preventive measures, which in turn requires knowledge of the subject in question. The main purpose of this study was therefore to investigate what possible factors may be contributing to the escalation of community violence with focus on its changed character and context, with a definition at the macro level. The study was based on a qualitative approach with semi-structured interviews as a data collection method. The result shows that the causes of community violence´s context and character change are multifaceted. Several factors are important for the development of community violence. The factors the study highlights are the organization within the Swedish institution, changes in the criminal environment, drugs and the media. The results show that these factors interact with each other, where the organization of Sweden´s institutions has a major impact in how the other factors are expressed in society.

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  • 233.
    Nordin, Susanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    McKee, Kevin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Wijk, Helle
    Elf, Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Residential care facilities for older people: Describing the quality of the physical environment2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 234.
    Norlin, Jerry
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Karlsson, Tobias
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Omvårdnadspersonalens riskaversion kontra vårdtagares autonomi på demensboenden - Vad präglar verksamheten?2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Research within social work indicates that staff working in care for older people can act in a way that conflicts with the care-recipient’s right to autonomy in situations where there is a risk of harm. Purpose: The study’s aims were a) to investigate staff’s response to autonomy-promoting and risk-averse care situations and b) to use the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) to investigate which factors influence staff’s intentions to act in these situations. Method: A quantitative cross-sectional quasi-experimental design, with vignette-based surveys depicting three care situations differing in terms of autonomy-promoting or risk-averse staff behavior. Sample: Nursing staff (N = 62) recruited from five specialist dementia care homes. Results: Overall, staff ratings of the vignettes suggested risk-aversion is more common than autonomy-promotion, both among their colleagues and in their own behavior, while the TRA analyses indicated that subjective norms more than attitudes influence the behavioral intentions of staff.

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  • 235.
    Nugoz, Mia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Jansson, Stina
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Våld i ungas parrelationer: Hur socialarbetare arbetar med ett våld som sällan uppmärksammas.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to receive knowledge of how social workers work, and want to

    work, with dating violence among youth in couple relationships. Furthermore, the purpose is

    to highlight this problem area and lay a foundation for further research in the field of dating

    violence. The study is qualitative in nature and the method used is individual interviews with

    six social workers who work with young people in different fields of work in social services.

    All data has been analyzed based on a new institutional organizational theoretical perspective

    and discretion. The result of the study indicates that social workers do not work implicit with

    dating violence. Social workers who get in contact with youths who are exposed to, or

    exposes their partner to, dating violence does not separate dating violence from violence in

    adult relationships or violence against children. The social workers interviewed requests more

    organizational support when it comes to paying attention to dating violence as well as

    obtaining a greater knowledge on the subject.

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  • 236.
    Nyman, Erik
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Hallén, Mikaela
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Vikten av en hållbar arbetsmiljö.: En kvantitativ studie om socialarbetares arbetsmiljö utifrån Karasek och Theorells krav- kontroll- och stödmodell2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetsmiljön inom socialtjänsten har varit ett ämne som lyfts mycket i sociala medier den senaste tiden. Anledningen till detta beror på att socialtjänsten arbetsbelastningen har ökat och även arbetskraven, vilket leder till en stressfylld arbetsplats. Syftet med denna studien var att utifrån Karasek och Theorells (1990) krav- kontroll- och stödmodell undersöka hur socialarbetare upplever sin arbetsmiljö. Respondenterna till denna studie arbetar inom försörjningsstöds- och biståndsenheten i en mellanstor kommun i centrala Sverige. Studiens utgångspunkt var en kvantitativ ansats och datainsamlingen genomfördes genom en enkätundersökning. Respondenternas svar påvisade att de hade oförenliga krav på arbetsplatsen och relativt goda möjligheter till att kontrollera sina arbetsförhållande, vidare framkom det att respondenterna hade ett bra stöd från kollegor och ledning

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  • 237.
    Nyström, Malin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Pettersson, Carina
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    "Man sitter ensam i toppen och där blåser det!": En kvalitativ studie om enhetschefers psykosociala arbetsmiljö i relation till valet av uppsägning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The society is facing major challenges regarding sickness absence due to psychosocial work-related causes and increased workload as a result of austerity measures in different professions.

    This study intends to investigate the psychosocial work environment of the former unit managers and possible links with their own termination. The survey is based on a qualitative approach with a targeted selection. In addition, a snowball surgeon has been used to make contact with significant persons for the purpose of the study. Six individual interviews with former unit managers in a municipality have been carried out and a processing of the empirical material has been done through a thematic analysis using selected theories like the IMGD model as well "high demand - low control model".

    The results show that unit manager's duties has changed and that the ability to influence the assignment was inadequate. The study indicates that there is a connection between the psychosocial work environment and the unit manager's own termination.

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  • 238.
    Olsson, Helén
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Implementering av insatser: vad bör vi tänka på inför utvecklingsarbetet?2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 239.
    Olsson, Helén
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Implementeringsmodell / Att arbeta med implementering av nya arbetssätt2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 240.
    Olsson, Helén
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Sekretesslagstiftning i svensk socialförvaltning – vad kan man och får man göra?2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 241.
    Olsson, Helén
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Social risk - en inledande nationell överblick: Hur får vi ett arbete att bli varaktigt och hållbart2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 242.
    Olsson, Helén
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Socialt arbete: våld och genus2017In: Nio-fem : tidskrift om arbetsliv & profession, ISSN 2001-9688, no 1, p. 35-37Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 243.
    Olsson, Helén
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Socialtjänstens arbete med hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck: att verka i ett spänningsfält2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 244.
    Olsson, Helén
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Socialtjänstens arbete med hedersvåld: resultat från en intervjuundersökning som finansierats av Länsstyrelsen Dalarna2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 245.
    Olsson, Helén
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Socialtjänstens arbete med hedersvåld: resultat från en intervjuundersökning som finansierats av Länsstyrelsen Dalarna2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 246.
    Olsson, Helén
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Audulv, Åsa
    Strand, Susanne
    Kristiansen, Lisbeth
    Reducing or increasing violence in forensic care: a qualitative study of inpatient experiences2015In: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, ISSN 0883-9417, E-ISSN 1532-8228, Vol. 29, no 6, p. 393-400Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Semi-structured interviews with 13 forensic psychiatric inpatients that had decreased their assessed risk of violence were analyzed using interpretive description. The main contribution from this study is a detailed description of patients' own strategies to avoid violence. Participants described having an ongoing inner dialog in which they encouraged themselves, thereby increasing their self-esteem and trying to accept their current situation. An unsafe and overcrowded ward with uninterested and nonchalant staff increased the risk of aggressive behavior. In the process of decreasing violence, the patients and the forensic psychiatric nursing staff interacted to create and maintain a safe environment.

  • 247.
    Olsson, Helén
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Bergman, Ann
    Karlstads universitet.
    Socialtjänstens arbete med hedersvåld: Resultat från en intervjuundersökning2018Report (Other academic)
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  • 248.
    Olsson, Helén
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Porskrog Kristiansen, Lisbeth
    Mittuniversitet; Högskolan i Gävle.
    Violence Risk Assessment in Forensic Nurses’ Clinical Practice: Qualitative Interview Study2017In: Global Journal of Health Science, ISSN 1916-9736, E-ISSN 1916-9744, Vol. 9, no 12, p. 56-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The legislation of Swedish forensic psychiatric care states that the risk of further violence must beassessed before a patient is granted release from a forensic psychiatric hospital. The aim of the study was todescribe the experiences of forensic nurses with in-patient risk assessment processes, and their implication fordaily clinical forensic praxis.

    Method: Semi-structured interviews with staff who were involved in the patients risk assessment process. Theinterview texts were analyzed using qualitative latent content analysis.

    Discussion: The forensic nursing staff has to deal with many contradictory realities. The description was aboutbeing able to balance between supporting their work with an EBP approach of risk assessment while trying toestablish interpersonal relationships and to allow for positive meetings with the patient. The study indicated thatstaff used a multiple sources of knowledge in order to make credible and accurate risk assessments.

    Conclusions: If the risk assessment process are to be used in a legally secure manner, the staff must receive regularsupport from team leadership that can provide both guidance and training. Based on a holistic approach, the linkbetween the instinct of staff and their work with structured risk assessment must be founded on routines and solidplatforms.

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  • 249.
    Olsson, Helén
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Reducing violence in forensic care: how does it resemble the domains of a recovery-oriented care?2016In: Journal of Mental Health, ISSN 0963-8237, E-ISSN 1360-0567, Vol. 25, no 6, p. 506-511Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Forensic psychiatry is characterized by involuntary treatment and risk of violence. The concept of recovery is rarely in focus as the primary focus is on risk assessment, violence prevention and reducing coercion in care.

    Aim: To determine what resources forensic staff use to avoid or prevent violent situations, and to explore how these practices resemble the domains of recovery-oriented care.

    Method: Semi-structured interviews with staff who were identified by forensic patients as key workers in their recovery process. Interview texts were analyzed using interpretive content analysis.

    Results: Staff prevent violent situations using tacit knowledge and experience, and through a shared collegial responsibility. Staff safeguard patients, encourage patient participation, and provide staff consistency.

    Conclusions: The results have implications for forensic care as well as psychiatry regarding the process of making recovery a reality for patients in the forensic care setting.

  • 250.
    Olsson, Helén
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Strand, Susanne
    Asplund, Kenneth
    Kristiansen, Lisbeth
    Turning towards recovery in forensic psychiatric inpatients – a study based on staff experience2014In: Nordisk sygeplejeforskning, ISSN 1892-2678, E-ISSN 1892-2686, no 03Article in journal (Refereed)
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