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  • 201.
    Espegren, Yanina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Carling, Kenneth
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Microdata Analysis.
    Olsmats, Carl
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Smart online grocery delivery and peri-urbanconsumers’ attitudes2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To explore consumers’ attitudes towards e-commerce, in particular online grocery shopping, and its delivery in non-dense areas for the purpose of designing smart last-mile solutions.

    Approach: The state-of-the-art of smart e-commerce delivery in dense areas was identified by a review of the literature. It was expected that this knowledge could be transferred to non-dense areas. This prediction was examined and explored further by making use of four focus groups recruited in a Swedish mid-sized town.

    Findings: Respondents were generally positive towards e-commerce, although mixed attitudes were found with regard to online grocery shopping. Further, the willingness to pay for flexible, smart and sustainable delivery was low, with a notable exception for local produce.

    Originality: The knowledge acquired and solution developed in dense areas is not readily transferred to non-dense areas. There is scope for developing new Business Models for the supply chain of local produce. For the prototype testing and roll-out of smart e-commerce delivery platforms, the online local produce market is recommended.

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  • 202.
    Espegren, Yanina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Panicker, Suresh
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Salesperson’s Personality, Motivation and Selling Performance: The Study of New Product Selling2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the highly competitive environment businesses invest big amounts of money

    into the new product development. New product success potentially depends on different

    factors among which salespeople play an important role. The aim of this paper is to explore

    the potential link between salespeople’s personality, motivation to sell new products and

    performance in selling new products. Based on the theoretical background of the Big Five

    personality dimensions, motivation and selling performance hypotheses were formulated and

    tested using statistical methods of correlation and regression analysis. The data was collected

    within one technologically intensive organization – ABB AB in Sweden using online web

    questionnaire and self-assessment measurements. Total investigation was conducted among

    organization’s salesforce. The findings confirm the importance of salesperson’s personality

    empirically showing that the latter significantly predicts both motivation and performance in

    selling new products. From all the Big Five Extraversion was confirmed to be the most

    important predictor of both motivation and performance in selling new products. Extraversion

    was found positively related with both motivation and performance in selling new products.

    Salespeople scoring high in Extraversion and especially possessing such characteristics as

    confident, energetic and sociable tend to be more motivated to sell new products and show

    higher performance results. Other personality dimensions such as Agreeableness,

    Conscientiousness, Neuroticism, and Openness to experience complexly approached are not

    proved to be significantly related neither with motivation nor performance in selling new

    products. The results are explained by the extreme importance of Extraversion in new product

    selling situation which analyzing in combination with the other personality dimensions

    suppresses the others. Finding regarding controlling for certain demographical characteristics

    of salespeople reveal that performance in selling new products is determined by selling

    experience. Salespeople’s age is not proved to be significantly related neither with motivation

    nor performance in selling new products. Findings regarding salespeople’s gender though

    proposing that males are more motivated to sell new products cannot be generalized due to the

    study limitations.

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  • 203.
    Ewertzh, Johanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Lagerstedt Karlsson, Ana
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Kvinnor i ledande positioner; en marginaliserad grupp: En studie om vägen till ett jämställt arbetsliv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The essay deals with women in leadership positions where they are a marginalized group. The

    study includes organizations in sports, construction, forestry and IT. The aim is to investigate

    if the different organizations give different conditions to their female leaders. The study is

    based on five qualitative semi-structured interviews with women in leadership positions. The

    results show that these women are breaking a pattern that has dominated various industries for

    a long time. They do not reflect the stereotype feminine, instead they show properties

    associated with good leadership, indicating that a leader can bring the whole group working

    toward common goals. The advantage of being a female leader, particularly where the group

    of women is small, is that she appears more and can thus make her voice heard. The females

    in the study have been offered their leadership position which demonstrates that organizations

    are working to promote equality. Despite the work towards equality, the study shows that

    women faces obstacles that can be associate with the norms around women and men, and

    leadership.

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  • 204.
    Fagerström, Arne
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle.
    Cunningham, Gary
    Högskolan i Gävle.
    Hartwig, Fredrik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management. Högskolan i Gävle.
    Sustainable Enterprise Theory, SET: A Starting Point for Reporting Sustainable Business Values2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 205.
    Fagerström, Arne
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle.
    Hartwig, Fredrik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Accounting for a sustainable use of resources and capital maintenance: a value-added approach2016In: The International Journal of Sustainability in Economic, Social and Cultural Context, ISSN 2325-1115, E-ISSN 2325-114X, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 35-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainability reporting to accompany traditional financial reports has momentum, but lack of consistency in preparing sustainability reports inhibits their usefulness. This paper presents a development guide for a consistent and auditable sustainability reporting model based on modified value-added reporting. Value added taken from traditional accounting reports is allocated to five dimensions of sustainability: financial, social, environmental, technological, and a residual value retained in the company. Sustainability indicators based on ratios of allocated amounts to the five dimensions are illustrated for a fictitious company. The underlying idea is that if there is an imbalance among the proportions of value added distributed among the dimensions of sustainability, the company’s long-term survival could be at stake.

  • 206.
    Fagerström, Arne
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle.
    Hartwig, Fredrik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Från hållbarhetsrapportering och bestyrkande till hållbarhetsredovisning och revision2016In: Balans : tidskrift för redovisning och revision, ISSN 0346-8208, Vol. Fördjupning, no 2, p. 1-4Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln syftar till att visa på en möjlig utveckling av systematisk redovisning av hållbarhet och dess indikatorer. En systematisk redovisning är en nödvändig grund för att revision av hållbarhetsindikatorer skall vara möjlig. Det skall finnas verifikationer och underlag som revisorn kan använda i arbetet med att finna revisionsbevis.

    Hållbarhetsredovisningen bör utformas så att den kan fungera som ett verktyg i företagets risk management. Risk management är ett samlingsnamn för de aktiviteter som på ett systematiskt sätt inventerar, analyserar och förebygger olika typer av risker i ett företags verksamhet. Om ett företag får problem med sin sociala/humana, miljömässiga och teknologiska hållbarhet kan företagets going concern vara i fara, och hållbarhetsredovisningen bör synliggöra dessa risker. I artikeln presenteras och analyseras en ny flerdimensionell redovisningsmodell som syftar till att fånga upp potentiella hållbarhetsrelaterade hot och risker mot verksamheten.

  • 207.
    Fagerström, Arne
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle.
    Hartwig, Fredrik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Reflektioner kring hållbarhetsredovisningspostulat och syftet med hållbarhetsredovisning2016In: Balans : tidskrift för redovisning och revision, ISSN 0346-8208, Vol. Fördjupning, no 3, p. 1-4Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hållbarhetsredovisning behöver på samma sätt som traditionell finansiell redovisning fast mark att stå på i form av vissa taget-för-givet antaganden, så kallade postulat, samt ett definierat mål, det vill säga vad hållbarhetsredovisning ska syfta till. I denna artikel visas på hur de klassiska postulaten kontinuitet, redovisningsenhet, redovisningsperiod och monetär enhet kan ligga till grund för modifierade hållbarhetsredovisningspostulat. Dessutom ges ett tentativt förslag på syftet med hållbarhetsredovisning.

  • 208.
    Fagerström, Arne
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle.
    Hartwig, Fredrik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management. Högskolan i Gävle.
    Så kan företagens redovisning och styrsystem underlätta implementeringen av hållbarhetsstrategier2017In: Balans : tidskrift för redovisning och revision, ISSN 0346-8208, Vol. Fördjupning, no 4, p. 1-4Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Allt fler företag har hållbarhet i sina strategiska mål. Att rapportera i enlighet med de nya lagkraven på hållbarhetsinformation är en bra början, men inte tillräckligt för att nå upp till de strategiska hållbarhetsmålen. Fokus bör också läggas på hur strategier om hållbarhet kan implementeras i företagets operativa processer med hjälp av företagets styrsystem. Annars riskerar hållbarhetsarbetet att fallera och endast bli en pappersprodukt.

  • 209.
    Fagerström, Arne
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle.
    Hartwig, Fredrik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Cunningham, Gary
    Högskolan i Gävle.
    Accounting and Auditing of Sustainability: Sustainable Indicator Accounting (SIA)2017In: Sustainability: The Journal of Record, ISSN 1937-0695, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 45-52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With sustainability reporting commonplace and mandatory in the E.U., a model to facilitate accumulation and assurance of sustainability information is needed. Currently, only limited assurance is possible, and comparability among reporting companies and over time is difficult if not impossible. Current standards of the U.S. Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB), while a good start, are not sufficiently broad. The current financial reporting framework, while not appropriate for sustainability, provides a basis for a sustainability accounting and auditing model by considering objectives, postulates, consolidation, and sustainability indicators for sustainability accounting. 

    The overall focus of sustainability accounting and assurance is risk assessment, which is based on sustainability from the perspective of all stakeholders—financial, social, environmental, and technological—and management of the risk.

    Assumptions of sustainability accounting are developed from postulates of financial accounting and include:

    • Continuity. Reports assume business continuity sufficient to meet sustainability objectives and requirements, including product disposal and environmental cleanup.
    • Entity. Includes all activities that affect sustainability of an organization’s activities, goods, and services including suppliers, transport, disposal and cleanup.
    • Period.  Reporting period covers product life cycle, from raw materials extraction through disposal and cleanup.
    • Measurement unit. Varies for each sustainability indicator.

    The reporting entity includes consolidated groups as well as disaggregation by product group, country, parts of the organization over which it has direct control and others over which it has indirect control such as suppliers, disposal organizations. The framework and model can be reviewed for independent assurance, and are comparable over time and among reporting entities.

  • 210.
    Fagerström, Arne
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle.
    Hartwig, Fredrik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Lindberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle.
    Redovisning av hållbart förädlingsvärde2016In: Balans : tidskrift för redovisning och revision, ISSN 0346-8208, Vol. Fördjupning, no 1, p. 1-4Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I artikeln föreslås en standardiserad hållbarhetsredovisningsmodell som utgår från data som redan finns tillgängligt i företagens befintliga redovisningssystem. En fördel med modellen är att den, till skillnad från hållbarhetsrapportering, utgår från hårda monetära data och är reviderbar. Modellen är standardiserad, dvs den tillåter inte cherrypicking, vilket underlättar jämförelser mellan företag och över tid. Modellen delas upp i de fyra olika hållbarhetsdimensionerna finansiell, social, miljömässig och teknologisk hållbarhet.

  • 211.
    Fahlén, Tom
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Införandet av IFRS 3: Vilken effekt på goodwill har det haft för svenska banker?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to review possible value changes on corporate goodwill due to the adoption of IFRS 3. In my study I have a quantitative method, annual accounts from four different companies in the Swedish bank industry have been reviewed. The study has a deductive approach.The annual accounts have been reviewed every other year within the period 1997 to 2017. The data has been summarized in tables for each company and for the joint industry. The tables were used to make the data become more transparent. Finally, the data has been used in a t-test. In the t-test the values from before and after the adoption was compared, to see if there is a connection between the adoption of IFRS 3 and increasing goodwill. The final result from the t-test indicated that only one out of the four reviewed companies showed a connection between increasing goodwill and the adoption of IFRS 3, thus, three of four companies showed no connection.The contribution from my study is an overview of how the general value change has been for Swedish banks due to the adoption of IFRS3, based on the reported values of goodwill.

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  • 212.
    Falk, Hector
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Lagerstedt, Markus
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Hotellens marknadsföring: En fråga om olika förhållningssätt2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research on the two actors’ hotels and online travel agencies has been concentrated around revenue management as well as consumer behavior regarding ratings related to online travel agencies. There is, however, a lack of research regarding hotels’ strategic marketing decision when joining online travel agencies.

    The purpose of this study is to explain how hotels approach their marketing strategies in relation to online travel agencies. Furthermore, the paper answers the question; what are the effects for hotels, when handing over part of their marketing to online travel agencies.

    The study applied a qualitative approach where five telephone interviews were conducted.

    The results indicate that the hotels in the study include online travel agencies in parts of their marketing strategies, and that in some regards can be positive but on the other hand, can lead to certain risks for the hotels.

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  • 213.
    Fittahe, Hasan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Does IFRS adoption impact the stock prices?: A comparative study2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose- The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact of IFRS adoption on stock prices in 5 countries which have adopted IFRS 2012 compared with the stock prices in 4 countries which have not adopted IFRS at all.

    Design/methodology/approach – The authors have collected numeric and secondary data from 45 firms from 9 countries to conduct the empirical study. Thus, the research strategy is quantitative, and the approach is deductive. Data analyzing is done by using a statistical program called STATA. The authors have used the Difference in Difference model.

    Findings and conclusion- The study has shown that the effect of IFRS adoption on stock prices is insignificant in the countries which have adopted IFRS 2012. The change in stock prices of the two groups of countries is insignificant. Stock prices have increased in some countries and at the time it has decreased in other countries regardless whether the countries mandated IFRS or not. The study has also found log profit and dividend per share have a significant impact on the stock prices. The study also has found log profit and dividend per share have decreased after compliance with IFRS.

    Paper type- Quantitative/Explanatory paper.

    Originality/Value-This study contributes to the field of the impact of IFRS adoption on the stock prices. The paper provides insight from an international perspective. IFRS adoption on stock prices in most of our sample countries have been studied for the first time.

  • 214.
    Fjellstedt, Hanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Fischer, Daniel
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    IFRS 9 Finansiella instrument: Vilken effekt den nya regleringen har på svenska banker efter införandet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The new regulation IFRS 9 has replaced IAS 39. The new regulation is subjective, forward-looking, compared with the old, objective model.

    Purpose: The purpose of our study was to investigate the effect IFRS 9 has on Swedish banks after the transition. Another aim is to study the effect of IFRS 9 on different bank sizes.

    Method: To achieve the purpose of the study, a quantitative method has been applied. Data has been obtained from annual reports for the year of 2018. The data consist of shareholders equity, balance sheet total and reported loan losses. Hypothesis testing has been done by using t-test

    Result and conclusion: The results can support a week significant positive effect on Tier 1 capital and capital adequacy ratio from large banks. No results could be found for Shareholders equity, Credit loss or Solidity.

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  • 215.
    Fjellström, Elin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Isborn, Ida
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Resultatpåverkan i K2-företag: Redovisningsval som ett medel för att påverka resultatet2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish regulatory framework for accounting does not give explicit guidance on how to implement the accounting standards, this allows for flexibility and partial judgements. Thus, as a result of inexplicit criteria and vague definitions on how to implement the accounting standards, accounting choices can be made in order to influence the financial statements in a selected direction within the framework of the regulation. This is defined as accrual-based earnings management. The purpose of this study is to try and understand how and why small firms using the Swedish accounting regulatory framework, K2 practice accrual-based earnings management. This is an attempt to increase the understanding of financial statements in terms of reliability and trustworthiness. Previous studies in the research field have mainly focused on the incentives behind earnings management. These studies have substantially used quantitative methods. Instead of focusing on the incentives behind earnings management this study investigates the impact firms want to achieve by creating specific accounting choices. Based on previous studies and theories we have identified three forms of impact: individual, marketable and civil. Using a qualitative method, we have performed interviews with external consultants working in accounting and auditing. Our study shows that accrual-based earnings management is practiced in small firms using the accounting regulatory framework K2. We find the motivation behind these decisions to accomplish individual impact to primarily be based in what is perceived to be best for the firm. Two examples of these decisions include accounting choices that are income-decreasing which results in paying less tax or choices that are income-increasing that enable a higher level of dividends. The study also indicates practice of accrual-based earnings management for marketable impact where the firm’s goal is to mediate an embellished picture of their finances to external financiers. In our sample, we have not found any indicators of civil impact. An example of civil impact would be when firms try to distort the picture of their financial strength in order to influence third parties such as suppliers, employers and authorities. The study also highlights the complexity of accounting. In the discussion about reliability and trustworthiness in earnings, it is necessary to involve other relevant parameters such as the consultants’ level of expertise, the entrepreneur’s awareness of accounting, cost consciousness in the client-consultant relationship and who the financial statements may concern. In addition to earnings management these parameters can also influence the decision of an accounting choice.

  • 216.
    Flärdh, Madeleine
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Sirsjö, Lisa
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Kvinnor i styrelser: Att lyckas i en mansdominerad värld2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Women have long been excluded from leadership positions, such as boards of directors, but the development towards an equal gender distribution is slowly progressing. The purpose of this paper is to create an understanding of how women in boards can contribute to the development of a more equal gender balance. By interviewing five female board members we have gained insights of their experiences of board work and gender roles. The women in our study have, through many years of board work in various forms and through extensive work experience, worked their way towards leading positions in different businesses and companies. Even though they don’t consider themselves being treated differently because of their gender some of the women can still experience expectations to do certain tasks just because they are women, that they need to toughen up or that they have to be better prepared and more capable than the male board members. They consider affirmative action to be the only way to make boards equal, but they emphasize that qualifications should be the determining factor of who gets the assignment. To succeed as a board member a basic knowledge of finances and leadership is required and also a certain degree of self-assurance and the courage to stand up for their opinions, according to the respondents. The requirements of corporate board members have increased in recent decades and it is required that the members, as individuals, have a high level of competence and that the board, as a whole, possesses a broad knowledge base. This development could have a positive effect on the gender balance since there are more women than men with a university education and since a heterogeneous group of people results in a wider range of knowledge. The women in the study have, through their positions, contributed to the breaking of norms and therefore make it easier for other women to follow in their tracks. There is no shortage of qualified women but the challenge is to identify and recognize these women and give them the same opportunity as men to reach senior positions.

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  • 217. Folbre, N.
    et al.
    Shaw, L. B.
    Stark, Agneta
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Introduction: Gender and aging2005In: Feminist Economics, ISSN 1354-5701, E-ISSN 1466-4372, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 3-5Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This volume focuses on gendered differences in the economic resources of the elderly and the individuals charged with meeting the day-to-day care needs of the elderly. Often the burden of care falls on women, who themselves have less access to care as they age. The introduction gives an overview of the public policy initiatives, social insurance and welfare programs, and family provisions for care that are thoroughly examined in the following contributions. The volume highlights both cross-national contrasts and common challenges to meeting the economic and care needs of the growing elderly population.

  • 218.
    Forsberg, Emma
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Leppänen, Margareta
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Reglerad miljöredovisning: Tillståndspliktiga företag i Dalarna 20132015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Companies that require permits under the Environmental Code are forcedto provide environmental information in the annual report. Previousstudies show that companies do not follow this rule entirely. We uselegitimacy theory and stakeholder theory to explain companies’ choice toreport or not report the environmental impact.Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine how well the permit businesses inDalarna, for the year 2013, follow the law of mandatory environmentaldisclosure and which factors influencing their applications of the law.Methods: The study is based mainly on quantitative method with elements ofqualitative method. We use a deductive approach to create fourhypotheses. They are revenue, industry, accounting firm and leverage.The selection is the licensed businesses in Dalarna. Each company canhave multiple units that require a license. Our sample, Dalarna, gets 209units of which 116 are units that belongs to large companies.Conclusion: Companies in Dalarna do not fulfill the law of mandatory environmentalreport entirely. Only 18 of the 116 large units meet all four points.However, it is 61.2 per cent of the large units who get three points. Wecan see a clear improvement in comparison with Ljungdahls study. In hisstudy there were almost 27 percent of the companies who reach threepoints. The factors that influence companies' application of the law in oursurvey is revenue, accountancy firm PwC and also industry affiliationsewage and waste. Of the four hypotheses we use there is one that's right,two that are rejected and one that we cannot with certainty determinewhether it should be retained or rejected.

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  • 219.
    Forsell, Susanne
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Nordin, Linda
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Karriärutveckling inom organisationer: En studie om hur organisationer i Dalarnas län arbetar med karriärutveckling för att behålla sina medarbetare2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study describes the change that career development has undergone. It has changed

    from being controlled by the organization, to being managed by the employee who can

    pursue different opportunities within the organization. For organizations, it is important

    to work on retaining their employees to stay competitive in the market.

    The purpose of this study is to examine how organizations in Dalarnas County work

    with career development to retain their employees. To answer this question, we gathered

    previous research on the subject, as well as conducted our own qualitative study. For our

    study, we interviewed respondents from five different organizations in Dalarnas County

    to examine how organizations work with career development.

    Our results showed that organizations have strategies to motivate their employees in

    order to retain them. They should continue to improve their strategies to become

    stronger and stay competitive in the market.

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  • 220.
    Fredriksson, Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Pettersson Eriksson, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Borlänge, Dalarnas köpstad no 1: Hur centrum, Kupolen och Norra Backa kan bindas samman för att tillsammans vinna köpkraften2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Thesis: The aim of our study is to identify how IKEA's external establishment at Norra Backa can affect Kupolen and the centre. This in order to provide suggestions on how these trade areas can be connected and create a whole to thereby gain the purchasing power. Method: In our study we used triangulation. That means we have used both a quantitative and a qualitative approach. The quantitative method based on a survey with 100 respondents. The qualitative method is based on interviews with the centre conductors of Borlänge, Laila G Prosén and Anna Timander. Theory: The theories we have used is STP, substitution effects and effects of overspill, important factors for an attractive market town, Town Centre Management, Urban Retail Product. Conclusion: We found how IKEA's establishment at Norra Backa may affect Kupolen and the center of Borlänge then we gave suggestions on how these trade areas can be connected.

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  • 221. Fölster, Stefan
    et al.
    Ahlström Söderling, Ragnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Fördel Dalarna: näringslivsutvecklingens nya mentala karta2003Report (Other academic)
  • 222.
    Gafori, Babak
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Ali, Salar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Företagens sponsring till Gefle IF: En kvalitativ studie som analyserar varför företag väljer att sponsra en Allsvensk fotbollsklubb2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sponsring är ett område som växer sig större och som blivit allt mer populärt att använda bland företag. Samtidigt är idrotten en attraktiv miljö att synas på då uppmärksamheten kring idrotten ständigt är stor vad gäller den stora idrottsliga scenen. Sponsring och idrott är därför intressant då företag spenderar mycket pengar för att få associeras med idrottsföreningar. Det är enkelt att förstå vad föreningen erhåller från företagen i form av ekonomiska bidrag. Däremot är det inte alls lika enkelt att se vad företagen erhåller. Sponsring ökar varje år trots att forskningen fortfarande menar på att de är svårt att se vad investeringen egentligen ger.

    Syftet med denna studie är att öka förståelsen för varför företag i Sverige väljer att sponsra en Allsvensk fotbollsklubb. Studien ska också svara på vad företagen har för mål och motiv med sin sponsring samt om de aktiverar sin sponsring. Studien har en kvalitativ formning där fokus riktas mot fyra utvalda företag. För att samla information har relevant litteratur samt intervjuer med företagens representanter genomförts. Sekundär- och primärdata har sedan sammanställs för analys och slutsats.

    I studien framkommer det att samtliga valda företag som sponsrar Gefle IF har främst tre anledningar till varför man vill sponsra föreningen. Dessa tre är association, exponering och samhällsansvar.

  • 223.
    Gahleitner, Hans-Peter
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Enhancing the distribution of Swedish tourism services on international markets: Possible export-ready criteria requisitioned by European tour operators2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper identifies subjects which are relevant for Swedish suppliers of tourism services before approaching foreign markets. Most suppliers are micro, small or medium sized companies and use intermediaries, such as tour operators, for internationalization. The research considers the opinion of British and German tour operators, which require some criteria beforehand in order to simplify both the initialization and the development of cooperation. Destination marketing organizations (DMOs) are hereby the go-betweens since they not only represent small-scale suppliers on international markets, but also initiate first encounters between suppliers and tour operators. Suppliers need to provide DMOs with accurate information in order to ensure the best possible representation. After initializing collaboration, business relationships are sought to develop in order to facilitate long-term cooperation. Proper preparation forms therefore the base for strengthening the competitiveness of Swedish tourism prior approaching international markets. The enhancement of distributing Swedish tourism services on foreign markets appeared to be a profitable way to enable further growth, which is strongly limited on the domestic market. Increasing the export share therefore secures and further facilitates tourism’s valuable contributions to the Swedish economy.

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  • 224.
    Gebert Persson, Sabine
    et al.
    Department of Business Studies, Uppsala University; CER, Department of Economic Sciences and Law, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall.
    Lundberg, Heléne
    CER, Department of Economic Sciences and Law, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall.
    Elbe, Jörgen
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    On the discursive contest of an international M&A relationship development process within financial services2014In: International Business Review, ISSN 0969-5931, E-ISSN 1873-6149, Vol. 23, no 6, p. 1064-1073Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The global liberalisation of national regulated financial services' sectors has opened up a wave of international mergers and acquisitions processes. To succeed with such processes, a positive relationship needs to be developed between involved parties. But actors within and outside involved companies in international mergers and acquisitions may have conflicting interests, not least because of national resistance to changes in domestic financial sectors. In order to study the discourse among such actors, this paper presents a theoretical view based on business relationships, highlighting the concept of legitimacy. The aim is to analyse how different actors communicate in and through the media, in order to legitimise their own actions or to delegitimise the actions of their opponents in the relationship development process. The empirical investigation is a longitudinal study of an acquisition process between two insurance companies from Sweden and South Africa. A discourse analysis shows that the relationship development process is not only a matter of rational arguments. It is rather a struggle between actors drawing on discourses that change over time, as a means to affect perceptions of legitimate behaviours to reach the preferred outcome.

  • 225.
    Gebert-Persson, Sabine
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Etablering av försäkringsverksamhet på utvecklingsmarknader (emerging markets)2008In: Nordisk Försäkringstidskrift (NFT), ISSN 2001-1741, Vol. 89, no 3, p. 221-229Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Flera försäkringsbolag har under åren expanderat genom att etablera verksamheter utomlands. I samband med att järnridån föll i början 1990-talet var det flera försäkringsbolag och banker som såg möjligheter med att gå in på dessa tidigare relativt oexploaterade marknader. Att gå in på en sk. emerging market, dvs. en marknad som är i snabb expansion, kan verka lockande och många gånger kan det även verka enkelt att etablera sig på denna typ av marknad men pga. att det är utvecklingsmarknader är det många faktorer som behöver vägas in. En av slutsatserna som drogs i en studie av tre försäkringsbolag som under samma period etablerade sig i Polen visade att en etablering ofta tar längre tid och kräver mer resurser än vad bolagen initialt förutspått. Några av förklaringarna till detta är icke-existerande distributionskanaler och att de institutionella ramarna starkt bidragit till att försvåra processen.

  • 226.
    Gebert-Persson, Sabine
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Camilla, Steinby
    Networks in a protected business context: Licenses as restraints and facilitators2006In: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062, Vol. 35, no 7, p. 870-881Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Taking the network approach developed in the Nordic countries as a point of departure (cf. Håkansson, H. and Snehota, I. (1989); Turnbull, P., Ford, D., and Cunningham, M. (1996)) this paper seeks to explore how firms and networks are affected by high involvement by governmental authorities. A special focus is given to the regulating instrument of licenses. In two case studies of protected industries, the pharmacy and insurance industry, we find that licenses are restrictions but also facilitators for relationships and networks. Licenses render firms a certain degree of acceptance, define roles and positions in the network, and affects efficiency. Thus, although licenses can be seen as a restriction for firms it also becomes evident that they facilitate firms' activities related to operating and/or entering new markets.

  • 227.
    Gebert-Persson, Sabine
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Káptalan-Nagy, Enikö
    Understanding legitimacy in the foreign market entry process2009In: International Journal of Business Environment, ISSN 1740-0597, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 453-467Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    From a network perspective, entering a foreign market is seen as establishing relationships across borders. In this article, however, it is argued that apart from and/or along with developing relationships, it is vital to consider how the entrant firm understands what is perceived as legitimate. The purpose, therefore, is to develop the research on foreign market entry processes by focusing on the entrant firm’s understanding of host country actors’ expectations on its behaviour, providing legitimacy to the entrant firm. It is proposed that the foreign market entry process is affected by the degree of internationalisation in the home market network, the structure of the host country network, and the coercive, as well as the normative pressures. One implication is that an entrant firm must understand the correspondence between its interpretations and the host country’s real expectations.

  • 228.
    Gebert-Persson, Sabine
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Lundberg, Heléne
    Andresen, Edith
    Interpartner legitimacy in regional strategic networks2011In: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062, Vol. 40, no 6, p. 1024-1031Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Our aim is to add to the knowledge on a network level, focusing on if, and how, interpartner legitimacy affects the success or failure of network formation and development processes. Existing network theories and research tend to focus on resource exchange rather than on how actors perceive each other in terms of being legitimate or not. The purpose of the article is to analyze the interpartner legitimacy's in?uence on the formation and development processes of regional strategic networks (RSNs) from a network level. Two Swedish cases are discussed in terms of pragmatic, moral and cognitive interpartner legitimacy. The cases and the following discussion illuminate that interpartner legitimacy is important to incorporate into the analytical model if we wish to understand the processes of negotiations on the rules and norms which set the possibilities for survival of multi-actor interactions.

  • 229.
    Gheliji, Elham
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Human Resource Management Strategies in Hospitality Industry: Employees’ competence, attitude, behavior and organizational operation (management perspective)2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The current study demonstrates human resource strategies in hospitality industry (Hotel segment) and its impact on employee competencies and skills. The human resource management enhances employee performance and their credibility to maximize overall firm goals in hotel segment. Employees with level of attitude and behavior provide best services and performances. In this regard, service managers need to support and improve their employees’ skills and competencies related to the organization structure and strategy. Therefore, it is necessary for organization to have strong human resource management strategies to optimize the employees’ competencies and performance which drives higher organizational productivity.

    The research question of this thesis is how managers perceive that human resource management strategies influence on employees’ skill and competence in the hotel segment of Gothenburg?

    The data collection indicates that different human resource strategies executed to sustain employee roles and responsibilities. Various human resource strategies should implement to achieve valuable outcomes contributing to employees’ satisfaction and organization performance. Training practices, recruitment and selection, compensation and incentive practices, performance management and job design are essential human resource strategies which are identified in this research study.

    The thesis applies qualitative approach. Empirical data are collected through structured interviews. Moreover, the interactive model is used to analyze the collected empirical data.

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  • 230. Gidhagen, Mikael
    et al.
    Gebert-Persson, Sabine
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Determinants of digitally instigated insurance relationships2011In: International Journal of Bank Marketing, ISSN 0265-2323, E-ISSN 1758-5937, Vol. 29, no 7, p. 517-534Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to develop a conceptual model for explaining insurance customers' intentions towards using the internet as a channel for communication and interaction with insurance companies by integrating Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) and trust. Design/methodology/approach – The paper seeks to conceptually develop an integrated framework for studying and measuring the perceptions of customers towards using the internet as a source of communication and interaction. The TAM model is taken as a point of departure where trust and trustworthiness, being essential in insurance relationships, have been included in the model. Trust is divided into perceived competence, perceived benevolence and perceived integrity, which in turn affect whether the customer will find the firm trustworthy or not. A second dimension that is developed in this paper is the disposition to trust, which is defined as a customer-related factor. This disposition to trust is in turn affected by the customer's internet knowledge and product knowledge. Findings – The paper contributes by developing the model for understanding and explaining factors that affect customers' attitudes and intentions towards on-line interactions. By emphasizing internet-, customer- and Ffrm-related factors, it would arguably be possible to explain factors that affect trust, and trustworthiness, as well as the customer's attitudes towards the organization and the communication and distribution channel while also integrating the customer-specific factors. Research limitations – The model developed in this paper is conceptual and needs to be tested empirically. Originality/value – The findings of this paper will serve as a basis for further research aiming at answering the research question on what factors affect customers' attitudes towards using the internet as an interface within the financial services sector. It also contributes to practices by identifying and defining factors that can affect trust in relationships as well as the choice of communication and distribution channels depending on customers' attitudes.

  • 231.
    Golkhari Baghini, Amir
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Small firms and social media Contributions: Contributions of using Facebook as a social media in promotion mix for small firms A single case study: Pizza Express2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The internet and development of internet-based application such as social media and digital technologies changed the way of marketing communication. The emergence of social media provides the opportunity for firms to communicate with their customers in a two ways and interactive communication. There is a need for companies to adapt their marketing communication strategies to the technology development. Therefore the purpose of this research is to explore the contributions of using Facebook as a social media platform in promotion mix for small firms in local market.

    In this research a single case study; Pizza Express as a Swedish small firm has been studied in 21 days. The researcher applied mixed model approach to collect data. In order to collecting quantitative data, Facebook insight has been applied and qualitative data has been collected by the author. It should be mentioned as the author is the small firm’s owner therefore all findings are valid and accurate. Also it should be considered that as this research is a single case study research so the findings cannot be generalized and applied for all cases.

    All the data has been analyzed by applying existed theories and the models to guide the research to answer research question. In this research, new communication model by Mangold and Faulds (2009) has been used to understand how Facebook can be applied in promotion mix then Murdough (2009) social media measurement process has been considered to choose the right metrics and tools for collecting data. Then Grönoors (2004) interaction and communication model helped the author to analysis the findings.

    The results of the research showed that the small firm by using Facebook as a social media platform in promotion mix can increase brand awareness and reputation, generate word-of-mouth communication, improves customer relationship by communicating with customers and resolving their problems and uncertainties. Also using Facebook provides a knowledge platform that helps the small firm to shape and design its products and services in a way to meet its customers’ satisfaction. In the other hand the results showed that using Facebook in order to have an immediate short-term transaction was not cost efficient. Also, as customers have the opportunity to express themselves, there is a risk for small firms if they generate negative word-of-mouth which jeopardizes small firms’ brand and reputation.

  • 232.
    Granqvist, Roland
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Altruism and Normative Economics2001Report (Other academic)
  • 233.
    Granqvist, Roland
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Cost-Benefit Analysis and Valuation of Health Care1998In: Value assumptions in economic theory / [ed] Grenholm, Carl-Henric; Helgesson, Gert, Uppsala: Uppsala University , 1998, p. 29-80Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 234.
    Granqvist, Roland
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Det ekonomiska välfärdsbegreppet2001In: Vår tids ekonomism, Umeå: Boréa bokförlag , 2001, p. 33-56Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 235.
    Granqvist, Roland
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Effektivitet i ekonomisk analys1993Book (Other academic)
  • 236.
    Granqvist, Roland
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Effektivitetsförluster av skatter: De vanliga måtten är irrelevanta och leder till systematiska överskattningar2006In: Tidskrift för politisk filosofi, ISSN 1402-2710, E-ISSN 2002-3383, Vol. årg. 10, no 3, p. 7-36Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 237.
    Granqvist, Roland
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Efficiency for Rational Fools?: The Pareto Principle and the Isolation Bias2000In: Efficiency, justice, and stability : ethical perspectives in economic analysis and practice / [ed] Grenholm, Carl-Henric; Helgesson, Gert, Uppsala: Uppsala University , 2000, p. 11-35Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 238.
    Granqvist, Roland
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Individuella preferenser för offentlig sjukvård2002In: Tidskrift för politisk filosofi, ISSN 1402-2710, E-ISSN 2002-3383, Vol. 2002, no 3, p. 33-57Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 239.
    Granqvist, Roland
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Prioriteringar inom sjukvården1998In: Etik och ekonomi / [ed] Grenholm, Carl-Henric; Helgesson, Gert, Uppsala: Uppsala University , 1998, p. 99-108Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 240.
    Granqvist, Roland
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Lind, Hans
    A note on the concept of excess burden2010In: Economic Analysis and Policy, ISSN 0313-5926, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 63-73Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 241.
    Granqvist, Roland
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Lind, Hans
    De vanliga måtten på skatters dödviktskostnad måste ifrågasättas2001In: Ekonomiska samfundets tidskrift, ISSN 0013-3183, E-ISSN 2323-1378, Vol. 54, no 1, p. 61-65Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 242.
    Granqvist, Roland
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Lind, Hans
    Excess Burden of an Income Tax: What do mainstream economists really measure?2005In: The Review of Radical Political Economics, ISSN 0486-6134, E-ISSN 1552-8502, Vol. 37, no 4, p. 453-470Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An income tax can have side effects like decreased labor supply and lower effort levels. These side effects are important to consider in the decision of whether to introduce the tax. The terms deadweight loss and excess burden are used by mainstream economists in this context. In this article, it is argued that according to the measures they use, an excess burden is registered, even if there are no actual side effects. The explanation is that they actually measure the difference between the situation with the income tax and a situation with a hypothetical lump sum tax. Because lump sum taxes are not realistic alternatives, for administrative and political reasons, the conventional measurements are irrelevant from a policy perspective.

  • 243.
    Granqvist, Roland
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Lind, Hans
    Inkomstskatters dödviktskostnad: Har nationalekonomer verkligen mätt det som är relevant?2000In: Ekonomiska samfundets tidskrift, ISSN 0013-3183, E-ISSN 2323-1378, Vol. 53, no 1, p. 71-78Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 244.
    Granqvist, Roland
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Lind, Hans
    Om definition och mätning av skatters dödviktskostnad2002In: Ekonomiska samfundets tidskrift, ISSN 0013-3183, E-ISSN 2323-1378, Vol. 55, no 2, p. 162-165Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 245.
    Granqvist, Roland
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Lind, Hans
    The Operationalisation of "Excess Burden": Why the efficiency loss of taxes might be considerably lower than economists commonly believe2001Report (Other academic)
  • 246.
    Grek, Åsa
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Microdata Analysis.
    Hartwig, Fredrik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Growing profitable or growing from profits: A commentManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 247.
    Grek, Åsa
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Microdata Analysis.
    Hartwig, Fredrik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Dougherty, Mark
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Microdata Analysis.
    Auxiliary variables for nonresponse adjustment in business surveysManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 248.
    Grek, Åsa
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Microdata Analysis.
    Hartwig, Fredrik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Dougherty, Mark
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Microdata Analysis.
    Determinants of debt leverage ratios in Swedish listed companiesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 249.
    Grenholm, William
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Sponsring av Skid-VM i Falun: En studie av regionala sponsorers vilja att delta isponsornätverket Beyond Skiing2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Major sporting events are largely dependent on the revenues that come from the sponsoringcompany. To the Ski World Championships in Falun in 2015 started the organization BeyondSkiing Foundation AB, a project in the form of a sponsorship network. The project was calledBeyond Skiing and the purpose was to try to attract from regional companies, municipalitiesand organizations to sponsor the World Ski Championships. The idea of the sponsorshipnetwork was to provide a value to the members that wanted to sponsor the World Ski Cup.The purpose of this study is to explain why a heterogenous group of sponsors scattered over alarge region wants to be a part of a regional sponsorship network. The sample consisted of themembers of Beyond Skiing. Futhermore the sample only focused on members located inDalarna, but outside Falun. The reason why I chose regional sponsors without directgeographic connection to Falun was that the link between their sponsorship of the World SkiChampionships can be pre-viewed as more complex compared with the sponsors from Falun,because smaller scale sponsorship tend to concern partnerships with sponsored entities withinthe same locality.Data for the study was collected through five qualitative telephone interviews. The resultindicates that the members of Beyond Skiing had clear commercial business objectives withits sponsorship and sponsoring only through goodwill was in this case of less importance. Thestudy has shown that the sponsorship network Beyond Skiing’s design and regionaldevelopment have been two contributing reasons why the sponsors wanted to sponsor theWorld Ski Cup. The members were particularly pleased with the network meetings thatBeyond Skiing Foundation provided to the members in the Beyond Skiing.

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  • 250.
    Gullberg, Tomas
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Johansson, Jerry
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    A hitch hook device for improved mobility for farm tractor with unpowered trailer2004In: Baltic Forestry, ISSN 1392-1355, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 89-94Article in journal (Refereed)
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