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  • 201.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Thavenius, J Den motsägelsefulla bildningen1996In: Tidskriften Folkhögskolan, no 5, p. 24-Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 202.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Theweleit, K Mansfantasier1996In: Tidskriften Folkhögskolan, no 8, p. 23-Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 203.
    Allard, Karin
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Wedin, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish as Second Language.
    Translanguaging and social justice: The case of education for immigrant persons who are deaf or hard of hearing2017In: New Perspectives on Translanguaging and Education / [ed] Paulsrud, BethAnne; Rosén, Jenny; Straszer, Boglárka; Wedin, Åsa, London: Multilingual Matters, 2017, p. 90-107Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 204.
    Allard, Matilda
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Jonsson, Oscar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Hållbarhetsredovisning i åkeribranschen: Regleringar i en kontroversiell bransch2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainability is a subject which has got a lot of attention during recent years. Demand for businesses to take responsibility for the environment are rising as customers want more information about how companies work with environmental sustainability. It is mandatory since the year 2017 for large companies to disclose this information but for small companies it is still optional. The transport industry has a heavy impact on the environment but is still necessary in modern society, which makes it an interesting industry to study. The purpose of the essay is to examine Swedish transport companies view on sustainability disclosure and how it compares to environmental regulations. The method used in this essay is a qualitative method with four semistructured personal interviews and ten structured telephone interviews.Key findings are that the companies that take part in this essay present sustainability to their customers through reports but not in the financial statement. Sustainability disclosure is not perceived as an issue, environmental regulations such as the new Euroclasses have higher affect on the companies. The most important stakeholders for the companies are the customers, which makes customer relationship valuable.

  • 205.
    Allwood, Carl Martin
    Lunds universitet.
    Barns minnesprestationer i rättsprocessen2005In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 42, no 4, p. 21-27Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 206.
    Alm, Erik
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Jacobsson, Emil
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Möjligheter och risker med sponsorsamarbeten: En studie om vad evenemang beaktar när de ingår sponsorsamarbeten2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine which possibilities and risks an event consider when

    they are entering a sponsorship agreement. The results show that the possibilities that were

    identified as the main part in a sponsorship agreement for the events included liquid assets or

    services. A second possibility that were identified is the sponsorship activation that the

    sponsor does which can create an additional value for the event towards their participants and

    spectators. A third possibility that was identified in this study was that the brand image

    transfer from the sponsor to the event makes it possible for the event to achieve image related

    advantages. A fourth possibility, which the events are not fully maximizing, is the opportunity

    that comes with co-branding outside the context of the events. The main reason for events to

    enter sponsorship agreements is not primarily to strengthen their brand image, other

    advantages that the event seeks are seen as the main reasons for the events to enter a

    sponsorship agreement. Therefore the events are not fully maximizing the opportunities that

    brand image transfer offers.

    The risks that events recognize in a sponsorship agreement primarily consist of image-related

    risks. A risk is that an undesired brand image transfer may transfer from the sponsor to the

    event and that the events has a hard time to effect any harmful activities that the sponsor may

    do outside of the sponsorship context, which can harm the event by negative associations.

    Events acknowledge the risks in a sponsorship agreements and one of the events in this study

    says that a sponsorship agreement consists of many risks but that they need to take some risks,

    because without any sponsors the event would be very dull. Despite the risks, the events are

    entering sponsorship agreements because the possibilities outweigh the risks they are taking.

    The events in our study was chosen because they are some of the biggest and most wellknown

    events in Sweden that occur at a yearly basis, and additionally because they were

    considered to have knowledge and experiences about the possibilities and risks that comes

    with agreeing sponsorship deals. Qualitative method was the methodological choice of this

    study and we used semi-structured interviews to collect data and to learn about the

    experiences that our respondents had in the area of which possibilities and risks events are

    considering when entering a sponsorship agreement.

  • 207.
    Almgren Almeria, Kristina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Eriksson, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Attraktivt arbete ur enhetschefers perspektiv: En kvalitativ studie genomförd i Falu kommun2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the 1990s, public organizations underwent several major changes that led to unit managers within the municipal activity increased responsibility and authority, making the unit manager role more complex. Reports indicate difficulties in recruiting and retaining managers. Therefore, it is important to examine how the Head of Unit's, work to develop a more attractive job role. An attractive role is created by giving employees good prospects in the job content, job satisfaction and working conditions. The manager’s positon includes three roles of which the employee role of the theory is not especially priority or made visible. The study aims to identify what makes the unit manager’s profession an attractive job, and how it can be developed. In the study, a qualitative research method has been used to achieve a deeper understanding of the Heads of Unit working situation. This has contributed to a hermeneutic approach being chosen, as we strive to get a better understanding of the phenomenon. The study was conducted in the municipality of Falun, where six heads of units in nursing management were interviewed. The result shows that unit managers are satisfied with their work situation and find their work attractive. Factors as diverse as, freedom, problem solving, social contacts, and portions of the recognition belong to the attractive factors. Heads of Unit describe, three development areas to increase the attractiveness. The first relates to the organization as a whole, where weaknesses exist in the communications and planning. Other development area is about the pace of work by personalizing the working groups as well as time for reflection and recuperation. The third development field the unit managers highlight, is the lack of recognition from the organization. Besides the Heads of Unit shortcomings, we have identified a development area to increase the attractiveness. Lack of colleagues to "bounce ideas" means that work is perceived as lonely. To counteract loneliness we can manage group guidance as an alternative, where reflection and feedback is included. The theory indicate that this also leads to increased self-esteem, commitment.

  • 208.
    Almquist, Ylva B
    et al.
    Stockholm University; Karolinska Institutet.
    Modin, Bitte
    Stockholm University; Karolinska Institutet.
    Popular peers and firstborn siblings are better off2017In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 54, no 4, p. 313-317Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ‘The apple doesn’t fall far from the tree’ is an idiom that ultimately is reflected in the reproduction of inequality patterns across generations. Representatives of the child’s own generation, such as siblings and peers, may however play a key role by either reinforcing or counteracting this reproduction. Based on a Stockholm cohort now approaching retirement, we explore whether the inheritance of parents’ misfortunes, here reflected through poverty, varies in strength depending on the cohort members’ position in the sibship or peer group.

  • 209.
    Almqvist, Johanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Hammerin, Malin
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Intern kontroll: En fallstudie på Trafikverket2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Internal control is something that’s grown more important for enterprises to keep in mind. The community is increasingly affected by the IT-development which demands a bigger degree of security. Enterprises needs to make sure that their systems are up to date and secure enough to keep it safe from unauthorized to take part of sensitive information. Internal control can exist in a major part of the work. If an enterprise have a goal for no harm or serious injury at work, internal control is necessary to reach that goal.

    The purpose for this essay is to examine how five different departments of Trafikverket practices internal control. How internal control is described. How the guidance from the managements is described and how it reaches the rest of the enterprise. This will lead to a proposal of improvement of the internal control at Trafikverket.

    We focus our frame of reference on the COSO-model and its five components. The components included in the COSO-model are control environment, risk valuation, control activities, information and communication and monitoring.

    The essay is a case-study of Trafikverket. We have chosen a qualitative method and interviewed five respondents from the different departments on Trafikverket. The respondents we interviewed works with internal control in their everyday work or have a god insight in the subject. We used a semi structured interview guide with questions based on the COSO framework.

    The results from our study shows that it exist big variations between how the departments work with internal control. It emerged that there are new guidelines for how the work should be done. This makes it necessary with education to implement the new ways to work. How the departments use the COSO-model varies. Some of them have incorporated the model in their new ways to work others have never heard of it.

    The conclusion of our study shows that the COSO-model and it´s components contribute to a functioning internal control. Implementing the components is important and the most important feature to good internal control is the corporate management. Education within the enterprise is the most effective way to inform the staff about the model and to implement it.

  • 210.
    Al-Nuaimi, Haneen
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Applikationer och spel i matematikundervisning: En fenomenografisk studie om digitala applikationer och spel i matematikundervisning2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här studien är att utifrån lärares svar i intervjuer undersöka lärares uppfattningar av användandet av digitala spel och applikationer samt på vilket sätt digitala spel och applikationer används i matematikundervisning. För att kunna svara på studiens syfte intervjuades några utbildade lärare som undervisar i olika åldersgrupper. Studien utgår från en fenomenografisk ansats. Studiens resultat visade att lärarna gav uttryck för varierande uppfattningar av digitala spel och applikationer. Lärarna gav uttryck för uppfattningar av digitala spel och applikationer som färdighetsträning, som läxa, som motiverande och engagerande samt som varierad undervisning. Lärarna säger att de i undervisning använder följande digitala spel och applikationer; Bingel, Kahoot, King of math samt Skolplus en eller två gånger per vecka.

  • 211.
    Al-Saady, Rahma
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Barlari, Yareska
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Det dolda våldet i nära relationer: En kvalitativ studie om hur kvinnor med olika bakgrund resonerar kring och förhåller sig till olika våldsformer.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Violence directed against women, most of which occurs in the form of violence in close relationships, is a reflection of uneven power structure between men and women. Thus violence against women is considered a power exercise, where women's rights and fundamental freedoms are subjected to violation. Violence may contain hidden forms, which occurs when these forms are not named or defined. These forms are rarely involved in physical violence and therefore they remain invisible.

    The purpose of this paper is to increase the knowledge about how women of different backgrounds resonate and define the hidden forms of violence, namely psychological, controlling and sexual violence. In addition, we want to investigate whether the socialization process can affect women's attitude towards the various forms of violence.

    The empirical material consists of individual interviews with six women with different backgrounds. Based on the radical phenomenon and family violence perspective, which constitutes central perspective for this paper, as well as the hermeneutic and thematic analysis method, we have analyzed the empirical data of the study.

    The results show that women's socialization relative to men can be influenced by both the social heritage and social learning. It also appears that the women in some respects have definitional difficulties in some forms of violence. In addition, it appears that women's attitude to different forms of violence is influenced by a number of factors, not least the social heritage, which is a recurring theme in the empirical material.

  • 212.
    Alsaloum, Sara
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Karim, Sandy
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Transkulturell omvårdnad: Sjuksköterskans upplevelse av att vårda patienter medolika kulturella bakgrunder2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim:The aim of this study was to describe how nurses perceive the care of patients withdifferent cultural backgrounds.

    Method:The study conducted as a literature review of 15 scientific articles with qualitative and quantitative approaches.

    Results:The results were presented in threecategories; the categories are communication challenges, challenges in professionalismand the challenge of meeting with relatives.

    Conclusion:It is challenging in many ways to care for patients with different cultural backgrounds. Nurses' lack of knowledge about different cultures and communication barriers in the care relationship can affect health negatively

  • 213.
    Alsarve, Jenny
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Boye, Katarina
    Stockholms universitet.
    Inte bara jämställdhet: Beslutet om föräldraledighet, moderskaps- och faderskapsidealoch idéer om barns bästa2012In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 49, no 2, p. 103-128Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    More than gender equality. Decisions on parental leave and ideals around motherhood, fatherhood and the best interest of the child

    On the basis of 40 semi-structured interviews, this study discusses decision making processes regarding parental leave among nascent first-time middle-class parents in Sweden. We analyze motives and ideas behind the couples’ plans and decisions and how decisions on parental leave were made. We furthermore show how the decision making processes can be discussed in relation to the institutional context. The results show that ideals and norms of gender equality are accompanied by gendered divisions of work and care and a partially traditional view on motherhood and fatherhood. Contrary to previous studies, we do not find a clear link between gender equal ideals and explicit negotiations. An equal division of parental leave is, in some couples, taken for granted to such an extent that the decision on how to divide the leave is taken implicitly rather than explicitly. Decisions on division of parental leave are not isolated processes. Rather, ideals and norms around motherhood, fatherhood, gender equality and not least what is ‘in the best interest of the child’ constitute part of the context in which these decision making processes take place.

  • 214.
    Alshemas, Rand
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Användning av IKT i matematikundervisning: En intervjustudie med matematiklärare 7-92017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att undersöka de IKT med fokus på digitala verktyg som lärare använder i matematikundervisning idag och vilka mål de har med att integrera digitala verktyg. I studien presenteras olika digitala verktyg som används i matematikundervisning, följt av en kort analys.

    Studiens genomfördes genom intervjuer med åtta lärare som undervisar matematik för elever (7-9) och gymnasiet (kurser i grundnivå (7-9)/introduktionsprogrammet). Intervjuerna skedde genom träff (muntliga intervjuer) eller genom mejl(datorstödda intervjuer).

    Studien lyfter fram lärarens roll i elevens lärande med och utan digitala verktyg. Lärarna som har deltagit i studien har olika erfarenheter, arbetssätt och olika syn på användning av digitala verktyg i matematikundervisning. Vissa lärare tycker att det är värdefullt att integrera digitala verktyg i matematikundervisning och att det kan motivera eleverna samt komplettera det som görs i klassrummet. Matematiklärare som väljer att integrera digitala verktyg i undervisningen gör det för att t.ex. att öka elevernas motivation, skapa ökad måluppfyllelse och underlätta lärarens arbete. Andra visar inte samma intresse för användning av digitala verktyg. De senare anser att matematikundervisning med digitala verktyg inte kan säkerställa elevernas förståelse av ämnets innehåll. Enligt dessa mattelärare är digitala verktyg endast ett komplement till den traditionella undervisningen.

  • 215.
    Alsing, Marie-Louise
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Digitala verktyg i bildundervisning: En kvalitativ fallstudie om hur bildlärare använder digitala verktyg i sin undervisning i grundskolans årskurser 7-92017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie handlar om hur bildlärare i grundskolans senare år arbetar med digitala verktyg i

    bildundervisningen. I studien deltar sex bildlärare som alla har lång erfarenhet från bildundervisning.

    Med intervjuer som underlag visade det sig att det finns digital teknik i samtliga skolor

    där de arbetar. Det som däremot är ett problem är den avsaknad av digital kompetensutveckling

    för dessa lärare. Det som jag imponeras av är att majoriteten av dessa bildlärare försöker

    på egen hand att undervisa digitalt. De svarar att de har tekniken men den varierar i antal

    och funktion. De gör så gott de kan med den teknik som finns. Detta innebär också att eleverna

    i dagens skola inte har en likvärdig utbildning i bildämnet. En del skolor är välutrustade,

    en del inte. Undervisningen varierar också beroende på bildlärarens digitala kompetens.

  • 216.
    Al-Soloh, Mohanad
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Microdata Analysis.
    Al-Isawi, Arkan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Microdata Analysis.
    Robustness in constructing a network of induced emissions based on GPS-tracking data2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The mobility of people, freight and information is fundamental to economic and social activities such as commuting, manufacturing, distributing consumer goods and supplying energy. There are two major problems that arise as a result of mobility. The first is economic cost and the second is environmental impact which is of increasing concern in sustainable development due to emission levels, particularly as a result of car use. This study focuses on constructing a network of induced emissions (NOIEs) by using three models and checking the robustness of NOIEs under varying parameters and models. The three models are Stead’s model, the NAEI model, and Oguchi’s model. This study uses the Swedish city of Borlänge as the case study.

    Calculating CO2 emissions by constructing the NOIEs using Stead’s model appears to give an underestimation when compared to results from a NOIEs which applies Oguchi’s model. Results when applying the NAEI model in constructing a NOIEs also give an underestimation compared to a NOIEs applying Oguchi’s model. Applying the NAEI model is, however, more accurate than applying Stead’s model in constructing a NOIEs.

    The outcomes of this study show that constructing a NOIEs is robust using Oguchi’s model. This model is preferable since it takes into account more important variables such as driving behavior and the length of the road segments which have a significant impact when estimating CO2 emissions.

  • 217.
    Alsterlund, Erica
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Vad ska vi göra med den psykosociala arbetsmiljön?: En undersökning av den psykosociala arbetsmiljön och hur vi kan arbeta för att förbättra den.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is based on a survey within a global organization. The purpose of the study is to

    elucidate and describe an HR department's experience of the psychosocial work environment.

    The starting point for this survey is that there are known factors that affect the psychosocial

    work environment. Furthermore, the study aimed to motivate the organization to work with

    the psychosocial work environment.

    The theory is that these factors are based on assumption that the psychosocial work

    environment is affected by excessive workload, lack of control, lack of recognition,

    community at work, role conflicts and conflicts of values (Åsberg, Grape, Nygren, Rohde,

    Wahlberg, & Währborg, 2010) (Thylefors, 2011). Skills and ability to influence the

    workplace are also important factors (Wreder, 2007). Knowledge, communication and good

    leadership is therefore the foundation for a viable psychosocial work environment.

    The survey is based on a deductive approach, in which participants initially putting a value of

    factors through a quantitative survey, for a few weeks later to discuss the factors of

    qualitative focus groups. The purpose of the survey was to obtain an anonymous individual

    estimation of the experience, while the purpose of the focus groups was to obtain deeper

    information about the experience and how employees perceive that the psychosocial work

    environment can be improved.

    The results were interpreted based on the theory and several factors had the potential to be

    improved. To conduct an adequate work environment, it is important to identify the factors

    and work with them in a way that the employees perceive current. Furthermore, it is

    important for the organisations to work with the psychosocial working from an organizational

    perspective, and not just primarily the individual perspective.

  • 218.
    Altgård, Anton
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Att Styra eller Bli Styrd: En Undersökning av Systemlegitimitet i Kina2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kinesiska myndigheter återkommer ständigt till problematiseringen av korruption i offentlig förvaltning, men utländska myndigheter pressar hellre den Kinesiska regeringen om det kinesiska politiska systemets brist på demokrati. Denna studie av inflödes- respektive utflödeslegitimitet hos unga personer på orterna Xiangyun och Midu följer upp på tidigare undersökningar av den äldre generationen på samma platser, samt undersöker vilken av ovanstående brister som kinesiska medborgare uppfattar som det största problemet i det kinesiska systemet. Resultatet visar på vissa generationsskillnader, men även på att befolkningen i stort föredrar ett teknokratiskt förhållningssätt till politiskt styre över det demokratiska alternativet.

  • 219.
    Alvesson, Mats
    et al.
    Företagsekonomiska Institutionen i Lund och Göteborg.
    Kärreman, Dan
    Företagsekonomiska Institutionen i Lund och Göteborg.
    Att synliggöra organisation eller ”Arne Weise har fan inte sålt nånting”. Löpsedelsmöte på Aftonpressen1995In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 32, no 3, p. 3-42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to illuminate certain cultural aspects of the work of an evening newspaper (working style, ways of thinking, assumptions about the business, its objectives, perceptions of the readership) as well as how communication in group situations contributes to the social construction of organizations in terms of objectives, meaning and style. The paper will also address the issues of play, emotions and pleasure on work. It is argued that a situational focus, when studying organizations and other social phenomena, provides a less constrained understanding of the object than predominant systemic approaches. The situation, as studied and discussed here, is a monthly meeting between managers and news bill editors of an evening newspaper where sales and the content of news bills are evaluated. It is concluded that, while the premise for the meeting (the casual relation between sales and news bill layout) guides the conversation, the meeting primarily operates as an emotional arena where excitement and pleasure are produced under game-like circumstances. This allows the participants to address, in a relaxed and friendly atmosphere, questions such as:

    Who are we? How do we look upon ourselves? Who are our customers? What ’needs’ shall we satisify? What is important and good? What is central? How do we work? How do we think about certain things?

    While some answers are provided and reinforced, the main outcome of the meeting is the possibility, however restricted, to pose these questions and play with them. Thus, the participants manage to establish a zone with considerable degrees of freedom; free from committments but not free from remainders of who they are or ought to be.

  • 220.
    Amanuel, Betiel
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Den (miss)lyckade svenska integrationspolitiken: En komparativ studie av den (gamla) integrationspolitiken och den (nya) integrationspolitiken2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka hur den svenska integrationspolitiken har varit uppbyggd och därmed söka bilda en förståelse till varför integrationen har misslyckats i Sverige. En komparativ studie har utförts av den gamla integrationspolitiken formulerad i proposition 1997/98:16 och den nya integrationspolitiken formulerad i skrivelsen 2008/09:24. Genom en diskursanalytisk metod undersöktes hur identitetskonstruktionerna ”invandrare” och ”svenskar” är konstruerade i dessa offentliga dokument. Detta för att se över hur detta har påverkatHögskolan Dalarna3integrationspolitiken. Genom att analysera identitetskonstruktionerna i de olika integrationsstrategierna kommer uppsatsen fram till att integrationspolitiken har misslyckats på grund av att det finns en polarisering mellan ”svenskar” och ”invandrare” i både propositionen och skrivelsen som förhindrar integration på lika villkor.

  • 221.
    Ambjörnsson, Fanny
    Stockholms universitet.
    Time to clean: On resistance and the temporality of cleaning2019In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 56, no 3-4, p. 275-288Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cleaning is a practice with low status. Most people single out cleaning as the least attractive of household chores and the people who clean as a profession are usually badly payed. This article is an attempt to discuss why these practices have such a bad reputation – in everyday life, in work, in popular culture and, not the least, in the feminist movement. Through ethnographic data primarily based on interviews, I investigate the historically imbedded meanings tied to practices of tidying up. Drawing on theories of queer temporality, I highlight what I want to call the temporality of cleaning – the repetitiveness and direction backwards and sideways instead of forward – as a possible answer. The circular practice of taking care of our physical remains remind us of our approaching death, rather than of progress, and thus generates feelings of anger and despair. But instead of ignoring or avoiding this reminder of another time, I argue for a feminist appraisal of the temporality of cleaning. In line with scholars within resistance studies who urge for a sensibility for the temporal aspects of everyday resistance, I propose that a feminist politics that puts cleaning at the center rather than in the margins would acknowledge our mutual dependency and co-living with the material world around us.

  • 222.
    Amcoff, Jan
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Möller, Peter
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Westholm, Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Dör byn när lanthandeln stänger?2011In: Plan, ISSN 0032-0560, no 3, p. 20-23Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 223. Amcoff, Jan
    et al.
    Westholm, Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Understanding Rural Change: Demography as a key to the future2007In: Futures: The journal of policy, planning and futures studies, ISSN 0016-3287, E-ISSN 1873-6378, Vol. 39, no 4, p. 363-379Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The last decades have seen a rapidly growing interest in foresight methodology. Methods have been developed in corporate and governmental communication exercises often labelled technology foresight. In reality, these foresights have often drifted into processes of social change, since technological change is hard to foresee beyond what is already in the pipe-line. Forecasting of social change, however, must be based on solid knowledge about the mechanisms of continuity and change. Virtually nothing can be said about the future without relating to the past; foresights and futures studies are about revealing the hidden pulse of history. Hence, the answer to forecasting the future is empirical research within the social sciences. Demographic change has been recognised as a key determinant for explaining social change. Population changes are fairly predictable and the age transition can explain a wide range of socio-economic changes. For rural futures, demographic change is a key issue, since age structure in rural areas is often uneven and also unstable due to migration patterns. A number of policy related questions as well as research challenges are raised as a consequence.

  • 224.
    Amcoff, Linda
    Dalarna University, School of Education and Humanities, Educational Work.
    Att uttrycka matematik: En observationsstudie av vilka uttrycksformer och matematiska aktiviteter som uppmuntras och används i förskolan2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att fördjupa kunskaperna om vilka matematiska aktiviteter ochuttrycksformer pedagogerna i förskolan använder sig av i planerade matematikaktiviteter.Utgångspunkt för undersökningen var uttrycksformerna som finns beskrivna i förskolansläroplan samt sex historiskt och kulturellt grundade matematiska aktiviteter.Syftet konkretiseras i följande frågeställningar: Vilka matematiska aktiviteter och vilka uttrycksformer uppmuntras och stöds avpedagogerna i planerade matematikaktiviteter? Vilka likheter och skillnader finns beroende på barnens ålder?För att få svar på dessa frågor genomfördes strukturerade observationer av planeradematematikaktiviteter på tre olika förskoleavdelningar. Barnens åldrar var 1-5 år och varjeavdelning observerades vid ett tillfälle under 45 minuter. Tekniker som användes vidgenomförandet av observationerna var papper, penna, kamera och videokamera.Studiens resultat visar att samtal och rörelse är de vanligast förekommande uttrycksformerna iplanerade matematikaktiviteter. Ingen pedagog använde sig av uttrycksformerna lek/drama ellerdans. Av de matematiska aktiviteterna var lokalisera och mäta de mest förekommande, följt avkonstruera hos de äldsta barnen.En slutsats som kan dras av studien är att det behövs en ökad medvetenhet och kunskap hospedagogerna om hur förskolan kan använda alla de uttrycksformer som beskrivs i Lpfö 98/2010för att stimulera och utveckla barnens matematiklärande.

  • 225.
    Amino, Kaoru
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Japanese.
    The subjectivity and Sentence Final Particles in the citation clause: Re-Construct their story in Japanese mass-media2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 226.
    Amnå, Erik
    Göteborg University.
    More Representation or More Participation?: Challenges in Swedish Democracy2003In: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, p. 102-126Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 227.
    Amores Lorenzo, Casandra
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    One-Year Master’s Degree in Tourism Destination Development Will it snow?: Sierra Nevada Ski Resort stakeholders’ perceptions of climate change2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Its strong dependency on weather conditions makes winter tourism especially vulnerable to

    climate change. Ski industry operators’ knowledge about the possible scale and effects of

    global warming is essential for adopting effective mitigation and adaptation measures. This

    study it’s focused in the ski resort located in Sierra Nevada, Spain, the southernmost ski

    resort in Europe. Using a qualitative approach, in-depth interviews were conducted. Although

    the findings generally indicate a good knowledge of climate change, the stakeholders

    perceive the issue as a global phenomenon. Stakeholders downplayed the scale of the

    phenomenon at regional scale. They did not perceive climate change as a real or immediate

    risk to the ski industry in Sierra Nevada. Consequently it was found a poor perceived need to

    adapt to the issue. Furthermore, no adaptation strategies were found directly linked to climate

    variability. Stakeholders identified technically produced snow as a business strategy to deal

    with the increasing demand and competitiveness. Adaptation to climate change in Sierra

    Nevada’s ski tourism was found reactive and autonomous. The main limits found to

    adaptation were the lack of accurate and region-specific information about climate change

    and the lack of cooperation and communication between the private and public sector.

  • 228.
    Anbary, Atefeh
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Nguyen, Linh
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Knowledge retention in Vietnam-based ManagementConsulting SMEs2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim:

    The overall aim of the thesis is to describe and understand how Vietnam-based

    management consulting SMEs retain organizational knowledge in cases of employees’ departure

    and further develop strategies for knowledge retention.

    Methodology:

    Qualitative research via semi-structured interviews in 2 Vietnam-based

    management consulting SMEs (1 medium-sized company and 1 small company) was conducted.

    Findings:

    Knowledge retention is still a rather new concept in the Vietnamese context,

    interestingly, however; some knowledge retention initiatives have been unconsciously

    implemented by Vietnam-based management consulting SMEs. Small-sized companies, which

    suffer more from resource scarcity in terms of human, finance, time, tend to be less active in

    knowledge retention than medium-size companies. More efforts have been put in retaining tacit

    knowledge by management consulting SMEs in Vietnam. Among the factors influencing

    knowledge retention, leadership is seen to be the key factor to decide the successful

    implementation of knowledge retention of Vietnam-based management consulting SMEs.

    Vietnamese culture is also found to have indirect impacts (either positive or negative) on

    knowledge retention through other factors (leadership, organizational culture, personal attitudes),

    however the effect of national culture on knowledge retention varies from firm to firm, largely

    depends on SMEs’ leadership.

    Practical implications:

    Considering the important roles of leaders in the implementation of

    knowledge retention, training on leadership skills is highly recommended. Furthermore, trainings

    on interpersonal skills and personal attitudes towards knowledge retention also need attention.

    On top of that, it is essential to build up an organizational culture that facilitates knowledge

    retention and provides appropriate organizational supports (affordable IT systems that suit

    SMEs’ needs, extrinsic together with intrinsic rewards). Last but not least, knowledge retention

    activities are recommended to be integrated into daily operations to cope with the issues related

    to time constraints faced by management consulting SMEs.

  • 229.
    Andersen, Liliana Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Hur språklärare beskriver att de arbetar för att motivera elever att lära sig ett modernt språk.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att ha kunskap om hur språklärare beskriver att arbeta för att motivera eleverna att lära sig ett modernt språk är en av de stora utmaningarna som lärare i moderna språk står inför idag i den svenska skolan.

    Syftet med denna undersökning är att få kunskap om hur språklärare beskriver att arbeta för att motivera eleverna att lära sig ett modernt språk på skolan. Vilka metoder eller strategier och aktiviteter beskriver språklärare att använda för att nå detta? Metoden som användes för den här studien är kvalitativa intervjuer och åtta erfarna språklärare som undervisar i moderna språk intervjuades.

    De intervjuade språklärarna beskriver olika metoder och strategier de använder för att motivera elever och göra språklektioner mer realistiska och givande för elever. Informanternas beskrivning om hur de arbetar för att motivera att lära sig ett modernt språk hos elever tyder på att de är positiva och engagerade i sina ämnen. Metoder och strategier som lärarna beskriver att de använder är de kontrastiva metoderna, kommunikativa metoder, grammatik-översättningsmetoderna och de metakognitiva strategierna. De intervjuade lärarna betonar att variationen i användningen av dessa metoder och strategier i klassrummet motiverar och behåller motivationen hos eleverna. För att lyckas med det utgår läraren från elevens behov och intresse.

  • 230.
    Anderson, Mats
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Mechanical Engineering.
    Artursson Wissa, Ulrika
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Avdic, Anders
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Oom Gardtman, Ulf
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Education.
    Skogbergs, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Formativ feedback i högre utbildning: Inventering, förslag och organisatorisk implementering2018Report (Other academic)
  • 231.
    Anderson, Mats
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Mechanical Engineering.
    Artursson Wissa, Ulrika
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Avdic, Anders
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Oom Gardtman, Ulf
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Education.
    Skogbergs, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Formativ feedback i högre utbildning: Inventering, förslag och organisatorisk implementering2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 232.
    Andersson, Alexandra
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Youth Policy of the European Union: Implementation of the EU Youth Strategy for the action to reduce early school leavers within two member states.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a case study with purpose to examine the implementation of the European Union Youth Strategy and the action of reducing early school leavers, which was put in force with the youth field of the European Union in 2010. The strategy contains of eight action fields, onwards only the field within education & training will be examined further in line with the strategy’s main objective to provide equal opportunities for young people in education. The theory of Normalization Process Theory focuses on policy implementation and how it becomes fully embedded within the intended society. Throughout the examination will be of how the implementation is supposed to work and how it actually is put into action within the two member states selected for this study, Sweden and Cyprus. The question to examine is to what degree has ‘the EU Youth Strategy’, and the fact of it being implemented within the member states, influenced the reduction of early school leavers. Through the method of comparative case study approach, materials were gattered throughout a variety of forms such as legislations, policies, evaluations, reports and many more. The analysis consists of the implementations of the action into the states, through what institutions and national legislations, as well as analysing the received grant from the European Union and what it has produced within the states. In conclusion, presenting the results of Sweden and Cyprus, both succeeding to reduce early school leavers, nevertheless, through different actions and interpretations of the strategy.

  • 233.
    Andersson, Anders
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Eriksson, Louise
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    ASPEKTER PÅ ERKÄNNANDE I ARBETSLIVET:: -en sociologisk undersökning av mäklares jakt på erkännande2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 234.
    Andersson, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Att tala spanska: En studie om muntlighetens roll i spanskundervisningen2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka muntlighetens roll och förutsättningar i spanska som modernt språk i årskurserna 7-9. Vilka slags muntliga övningar används, och hur gör lärare för att främja ett aktivt elevdeltagande i de muntliga aktiviteterna? En förberedande enkät har följts upp med lärarintervjuer. En av de intervjuade lärarna har också observerats på lektioner. Det framkommer att muntligheten i viss mån är eftersatt och en anledning till det tycks vara dess komplexitet och svårighet vid dokumentation, i jämförelse med skriftliga uppgifter. Det föreligger även en svårighet med att få eleverna att delta aktivt i de muntliga momenten. För detta ändamål tycks det sociala klimatet i gruppen vara avgörande. Att stöd tillhandahålls i olika former, till exempel genom lärarens målspråksanvändning och uppmuntran till eleven, visar sig också ha betydelse för elevens vilja och förmåga att tala spanska i klassrummet.

  • 235.
    Andersson, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Melandsö, Kajza
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Psykisk hälsa i skolan, ett förebyggande arbete: En enkätstudie över lärare i ämnet Idrott och hälsas uppfattning om arbetet med psykisk hälsa på lektionstid2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to study how Swedish teachers in Physical education work with mental health, their own perceived level of knowledge and how they wish to work.   A quantitative survey has been conducted via Facebook. In total 146 respondents participated in the survey. The results were analyzed with the theories KASAM and OCB role perception taken into account, and linked to previous research.   The result shows that teachers plan for mental health in the education quite rarely, but nevertheless talk about mental health relatively often outside of scheduled time. Most teachers consider themselves to have a fairly good knowledge of mental health. However, more than half of them perceive that the subject has been treated to a low degree during their own education. Most teachers want mental health to take a greater part in lessons. Several teachers suggest that mental health should become an own subject.

  • 236.
    Andersson, Annie
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Motivation i det matematiska klassrummet: Ett elevperspektiv – elevers syn på motivation inom matematikämnet2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här studien var att ta reda på hur elever i grundskolans årskurs 1-3 anser att undervisning inom matematik bör utformas för att skapa motivation. För att besvara studiens frågeställning har en kvalitativ undersökning i form av halvstrukturerade intervjuer genomförts. Resultaten analyserades med hjälp av en fenomenografisk analysmodell som resulterade i ett antal grupper där elevernas tankar kring ämnet organiseras. Sammanställningen av studiens resultat visar att eleverna lägger stor vikt vid faktorer så som uppgifter, klassrumsmiljön och hur läraren agerar när de talar om vad som skapar motivation inom matematikämnet.

  • 237.
    Andersson, Annika
    et al.
    Örebro Universitet.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Victim, Mother, or Untapped Resource? Discourse Analysis of the Construction of Women in ICT Policies2017In: Information Technologies & International Development, ISSN 1544-7529, Vol. 13, no 2017, p. 72-86Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes the construction of women in national ICT policies in South and Southeast Asia. The aim is to unravel the role ascribed to women in these policies and how this affects suggested measures. The research is based on critical discourse analysis and shows that women are mainly constructed as victims, mothers, or an untapped resource. We argue that if women are speciªcally targeted in policies, careful attention should be given to how they are portrayed. Our analysis also shows that in most cases the suggested solutions on how to include women in the ICT society only deal with the symptoms of gender inequality rather than the structures that prevent equal opportunities. We conclude by discussing implications for research and practice.

  • 238.
    Andersson, Annika
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Wiklund, Matilda
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems. Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Emerging Collaborative and Cooperative Practices in 1:1 Schools2016In: Technology, Pedagogy and Education, ISSN 1475-939X, E-ISSN 1747-5139, Vol. 25, no 4, p. 413-430Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we explore how laptops used in 1:1 classrooms affect cooperation and collaboration practices. Based on an observational time study we find that the most common activity in 1:1 classrooms is group work using the computer. We also found that despite what the concept 1:1 alludes about one student working with one computer, most laptop use takes on other forms such as two students working with one computer (1:2) or two students working together using two laptops (2:2). The findings reported in this paper about the various different collaboration arrangements have implications for both research and practice. Practice because teachers can arrange activities based on an awareness of the different student-laptop constellations that emerge when students are given a laptop. Research is likewise informed about the various group work constellations and can build on this knowledge for further analysis of the pros and cons with the different collaborative forms. 

  • 239.
    Andersson, Anton
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Edling, Christofer
    Lunds University.
    Rydgren, Jens
    Stockholm University.
    "In Sweden we shake hands" - but are we really2017In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 54, no 4, p. 377-381Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Motivated by a recent controversy over handshaking, a survey of the personal networks of young Swedes (n=2244) is used to describe greeting practices across social class, gender, immigrant background, and geographic location. While greeting practices in the sample are fairly uniform, there are also important differences. Handshaking is predominantly used by respondents with an immigrant background, men and women distinguish between greetings depending on the gender of the person they are greeting, and greeting practices differ between northern and southern Sweden as well as between rural and urban areas.

  • 240.
    Andersson, Anton
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Löf, Jakob
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    En kvalitativ studie om sportchefers förklaring till den höga omsättningen inom SHL och Hockeyallsvenskan i svensk elitishockey.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    End of signal has just passed. The team you work for has just won the championship, and you

    as sport director hailed as a hero based on your ability to build a successful team. The season

    after looks differently, you are painted as guilt and the association begins to lose patience.

    The pressure of external stakeholders grows and it ends with the association choosing to fire

    you. Another scenario is the feelings that the excessive workload will be your failure, which

    will let you resign from your service as sports director. Being a sports director in a

    performance-based world places high demands on you as an individual, both holding

    knowledge about Ice hockey, but also to handle for example economic and legal issues.

    Almost half of all sports directors have become unemployed or stopped themselves in recent

    seasons. It becomes clear that the role and the requirement image become complex. That

    reason makes it interesting to explain this problem.

    The study has been conducted by making

    qualitative interviews with the selection of sports directors in SHL and Hockeyallsvenskan in

    Swedish elite Hockey. SHL (Swedish Hockey League) is the highest league and

    Hockeyallsvenskan is the second highest league in Swedish Elite Hockey.

    The purpose of this study has been the sports leaders’ explanation for the high turnover in

    SHL and Hockeyallsvenskan in Swedish elite Hockey.

    The purpose of this study has developed two issues that will form the basis of the study:

    1. What are the factors behind the high turnover of the sports directors?

    2. Is the responsibility of the associations or the sports directors for the high turnover?

    The result of this study shows that there are combinations of different factors that are behind

    the high turnover of sports directors in Swedish Elite Hockey. One factor is the diffuse

    requirement picture from the association on what is expected of the sports director. The

    sports director’s role in the organization is not clear enough. This leads to a collision in which

    the associations have not identified the skills required in the role. Furthermore, there is a lack

    of continuity and long term relationships with the associations where confidence in the sports

    director immediately reduces in the event of non-sporting results. The result also shows that

    the impact of external factors, combined with excessive workload, leads to terminations in

    the profession. Finally, it may be noted that the role of sports director requires good

    competence in matters that are included in the role of a chief. The lack of competencies

    within the management leads to difficulties for the sports director to handle the issues that

    include tough decisions.

  • 241.
    Andersson, Björn
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Hugosson, Mårten
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Maberg, Hanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Företagsformens betydelse för nyföretagande: En jämförande studie mellan ekonomiska föreningar och aktiebolag2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka nyföretagares motivgrund för val av företagsform avseende formerna ekonomisk förening och aktiebolag. Syftet är också att söka belysa några av de skillnader i bemötande som finns gentemot företagare vilka bedriver sina verksamheter i formerna ekonomisk förening respektive aktiebolag. Bakgrunden till studien är en rådande uppfattning om att ekonomiska föreningar ibland inte bemöts och behandlas på samma sätt som andra företagsformer vid kontakt med intressenter. Många ekonomiska föreningar är verksamma inom den s.k. sociala ekonomin och då den sociala ekonomin i Sverige är en växande sektor, både vad gäller antal sysselsatta och omsättning, där den sistnämnda uppgår till ca 350 miljarder om året, är ämnet intressant att undersöka. 

    I studien genomfördes djupintervjuer med företagsrepresentanter från åtta ekonomiska föreningar samt sju aktiebolag samt ett företag med erfarenhet från bådadera. Respondenterna fick bl.a. besvara frågor med avseende på vilka motiv de haft för valet av företagsform, hur de upplevt bemötande från intressenter samt vilka för- och nackdelar de upplever sig ha fått av sitt val. 

    Från svaren framkommer att flera av de som driver ekonomiska föreningar gör detta för att de känner att det är bra alternativ om man vill driva företag tillsammans samt om man vill ha en, vad de uppfattar, mer demokratisk form för sitt företagande. Formen sågs också som ett hjälpmedel för att skapa delaktighet och ett bättre samarbete. Med formen ekonomisk förening kom även nackdelar som inte upplevdes hos aktiebolagens företrädare. De främsta nackdelar som framkom var att vissa intressenter, t.ex. banker och kreditinstitut bemöter ekonomiska föreningar med skepsis; det finns en osäkerhet kring vad formen medför och innebär. Det framkom även att viktiga intressenter och aktörer har en okunskap om ekonomiska föreningar vilket kan påverka bemötandet negativt. I vissa fall lämnar inte affärssystem och rutiner något utrymme för att hantera ekonomiska föreningar.

  • 242.
    Andersson, Calle
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Att föra in och använda elevers intressen i bildundervisningen2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här studien är att undersöka hur de intressen och erfarenheter som elever tillägnar sig utanför skolan förs in och används i bildundervisningen för att främja elevers bildkommunikativa kompetens och identitetsutveckling. De frågeställningar som studien är menad att besvara är Vilka konstformer ligger eleverna nära i deras vardag, och används dessa konstformer i bildundervisningen? och Hur ser eleverna på sina möjligheter att i bildundervisningen arbeta på ett identitetsutvecklande sätt? Studien visar hur de konstformer som eleverna tillägnar sig utanför skolan skiljer sig från de som lyfts fram i bildundervisningen. Studien visar även att elever ser sina möjligheter att uttrycka och utveckla identiteter i bildundervisningen som begränsade.

  • 243.
    Andersson, Caroline
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Den professionella yrkesrollen på kvinnojourer: En kvalitativ studie om hur den professionella yrkesrollen på kvinnojourer påverkar de anställda2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att ta reda på hur anställda på kvinnojourers välbefinnande påverkas av sitt arbete. Studien är avgränsad till att kartlägga vilka delar av yrket som upplevs som påfrestande och i förlängningen leder till påverkan i arbetstagarens privatliv. Studien tittar närmare på hur och när påverkan från arbetsuppgifter sprider sig in privatlivet, dels genom att arbetstagarna tvingas stanna kvar i stiliserade roller, dels genom arbetstagarnas egna relationer. Det är en kvalitativ studie där tre semistrukturerade intervjuer genomförts med fyra respondenter. Resultatet indikerar att gränserna mellan de anställdas privata och professionella liv suddas ut, att deras arbetslivserfarenheter påverkar deras privata relationer. Störst påverkan av arbetet upplever de som spenderar mest tid med att hjälpa och stötta de våldsutsatta kvinnorna. Resultatet indikerar även att arbetet på kvinnojourer ger något tillbaka till de anställda vilket leder till att deras arbete uppfattas som givande.

  • 244.
    Andersson, Catrin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Undervisa särbegåvade elever: Lärares förmåga att undervisa och stimulera särbegåvade elever i undervisningen2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien berör lärares förmåga att undervisa och stimulera särbegåvade elever i skolan.

    Studien har genomförts genom formella kvalitativa intervjuer med lärare i årskurs ett till tre på en

    skola i ett mindre samhälle. Efter intervjuer och litteraturstudier har det visat sig att mycket av

    lärarnas tid många gånger koncentreras till elever som har svårt att nå målen. I skolan försöker man

    på olika sätt individualisera undervisningen och uppgifterna genom att låta eleverna få arbeta ofta

    med problemlösningar, men också erbjuda eleverna andra läromedel från högre årskurser.

    Särbegåvade elever har efter olika tester, som visar var de ligger kunskapsmässigt, fått flytta upp en

    årskurs om det visat att kunskapsnivån är långt mycket högre än övriga klasskamrater. Vidare visar

    det sig att det inte finns tillräckligt med tid och resurser för att kunna vara behjälplig alla elever och

    ofta hamnar de särbegåvade eleverna i skymundan då svaga elever kräver stor del av lärarnas tid

    och planering.

  • 245.
    Andersson, Cecilia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Hatula, Mimmi
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Mäns våld mot kvinnor under graviditet: En litteraturstudie om våldets påverkan på kvinnans livssituation2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This literature review investigates how pregnant womens’ life situations are affected by mens’ violence. The data material consists of twelve articles which aims to present the womens’ own stories. The articles/studies have been analysed and categorised into four themes and subthemes, which represents the result of the literature review. The result has been discussed with the theory of gender power, radical feminism and the four levels of inequality for a greater understanding of the womens’ life situations. The discussion illustrates how social workers can be inspired to work with women, who are exposed to violence during pregnancy, with a perspective of empowerment. The literature review shows the importance for social workers to have an overall picture and understanding about how the womens’ home situation, ambivalence, self images and the difficultness with leaving creates a complex life situation where the women and their children are in need of support and help to be able to act on their own needs and increase their power.

  • 246.
    Andersson Cederholm, Erika
    et al.
    Institutionen för service management och tjänstevetenskap, Lunds universitet.
    Sjöholm, Carina
    Institutionen för service management och tjänstevetenskap, Lunds universitet.
    Att leva och sälja sin dröm: Livsstilsföretagaren mellan familjeliv, marknadoch politisk retorik2014In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 51, no 2, p. 137-156Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Living and selling a dream: Lifestyle entrepreneurship in the intersection between family, market and political rhetoric

    The article focuses on lifestyle entrepreneurship, characterised by a balancing work between personal lifestyle motives and economic motives. It builds on a qualitative study of business owners who have realized a life dream of starting a countryside business in the tourism and hospitality industry in Sweden. Through the notion of ”balancing work”, the analysis focuses on the tension between a personal life sphere and a market. In particular, the analysis highlights how the notion of ”the life dream” emerges as a narrative practice of self-realization, simultaneously as it is offered as an experience product. The analysis demonstrates how the entrepreneurs balance between personal stories of togetherness and marketing practices, between images of right and wrong commodification, and between constraining working conditions and a popular image of the successful entrepreneur, reinforced by a political discourse on rural entrepreneurship. It is concluded that balancing work between personal identities and economic practices is a practice of valuation, offering new insights into working conditions and markets situated in the intersection between markets and personal life spheres.

  • 247.
    Andersson, Christoffer
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Årsredovisningens relevans:: Privata aktiesparares attityder2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    International research has shown that annual reports are not an obvious source of information för private investors and their investment decisions. In Sweden there is a limited amount of empirical data that shows how this is represented in the swedish stock market. Because of this there is also a lack of empirical data that shows if there is a correlation betweeen the use of and opinion on the relevance of annual reports and the individuals background within economy or business

    A survey was made to gather answers to these questions using members of Sveriges Aktiesparares Riksförbund and the local branch Falun/Borlänge. The results show that annual reports neither can be categorized as important or unimportant withing this group. The respondants in this survey seem to prefer to use more than one source of information when it comes to investment decisions. The results indicate that annual reports can be considered a relatively important part of this bigger context as one of many sources of information. In addition to this, it seems that a person that either have a relevant education or occupational experience value annual reports as more important than those without this background.

  • 248.
    Andersson, Desirée
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Tallinjens relation till taluppfattning: En intervju- och observationsstudie över läraresuppfattning om tallinjens potential i matematikundervisning2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här examensarbetet fokuserar på tallinjens och taluppfattningens relation till varandra och hur den relationen har en viktig del i elevers matematiska utveckling. Forskning visar på att undervisning baserat på tallinjen har potential att skapa en bro mellan det abstrakta och konkreta i skolans matematikundervisning och på så vis hjälpa elever utveckla sin taluppfattning. En god taluppfattning är en viktig faktor för att elever ska kunna skapa en djup förståelse för matematik. Genom att utveckla elevers taluppfattning med hjälp av tallinjen som ett redskap får elever förutsättningar att skapa en god förståelse för tal och tals relation till varandra. En sådan förståelse ger en stabil grund för vidare matematisk utveckling och underlättar för elever att lära sig mer avancerad matematik under deras senare år i skolan. Forskning har visat att genom att inkludera tallinjen som ett naturligt redskap i matematikundervisningen får elever möjlighet att utveckla en mental tallinje, vilken hjälper eleverna att utveckla sin taluppfattning. Den här studien ämnar därför att genom intervjuer och observationer undersöka, utifrån ett lärarperspektiv, hur relationen mellan tallinjen och taluppfattningen tas i beaktning i matematikundervisning under elevernas första år i skolan.

  • 249.
    Andersson, Desirée
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Tallinjens relation till taluppfattning: En kvalitativ studie över lärares uppfattning om tallinjens potential i matematikundervisning.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här examensarbetet fokuserar på tallinjens och taluppfattningens relation till varandra och hur den relationen har en viktig del i elevers matematiska utveckling. Forskning visar på att undervisning baserat på tallinjen har potential att skapa en bro mellan det abstrakta och konkreta i skolans matematikundervisning och på så vis hjälpa elever utveckla sin taluppfattning. En god taluppfattning är en viktig faktor för att elever ska kunna skapa en djup förståelse för matematik. Genom att utveckla elevers taluppfattning, med hjälp av tallinjen som ett redskap, får elever förutsättningar att skapa en god förståelse för tal och tals relation till varandra. En sådan förståelse ger en stabil grund för vidare matematisk utveckling och underlättar för elever att lära sig mer avancerad matematik under deras senare år i skolan. Forskning har visat att genom att inkludera tallinjen som ett naturligt redskap i matematikundervisningen får elever möjlighet att utveckla en mental tallinje, vilken hjälper eleverna att utveckla sin taluppfattning. Den här studien har därför genom intervjuer och observationer undersökt, utifrån ett lärarperspektiv, hur relationen mellan tallinjen och taluppfattningen tas i beaktning i matematikundervisning under elevernas första år i skolan. Utifrån den inblick som de två deltagande grundskollärarna har gett framkommer det att tallinjen ges utrymme i elevernas matematikundervisning och att grundskollärarna anser att tallinjen har potential att på flera sätt agera som ett hjälpmedel för att eleverna ska få möjlighet att skapa en större förståelse för taluppfattning, men även för att skapa förutsättningar att förstå mer avancerad matematik senare i sin skolgång. Studiens resultat har visat på att grundskollärarna upplever att tallinjen har potential att utveckla elevers taluppfattning. Under de genomförda observationerna har det även noterats att undervisning genom tallinjen har förmågan att ge utrymme för utvecklandet av flera olika förmågor vilka är grunden för en grundläggande taluppfattning.

  • 250.
    Andersson, Ellinor
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Wessberger, Fredrika
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Dataskyddsförordningens påverkan på företags marknadsföringsarbete: Nya regler för företag som hanterar personuppgifter2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction

    : It has become increasingly difficult to protect personal data due to the rapidly evolving technological development. Personal data flow between countries to a large extent, which requires more coherent data protection within the European Union. In May 25th 2018, a new EU regulation will come into force. The regulation will apply in all EU member states and is called GDPR, the General Data Protection Regulation. The regulation will contribute to an increasingly rigorous handling and processing of personal data and hence strengthen the individual's integrity. How the change of law will affect business's marketing efforts is a matter that has emerged.

    Purpose:

    The purpose of this bachelor thesis is to gain knowledge of how companies adapt to the change that GDPR entails and whether changes need to be made in corporate marketing efforts due to GDPR.

    Method:

    The bachelor thesis is inductive and the empirical material is collected using qualitative interviews. A total of nine interviews have been conducted, three mail interviews and six telephone interviews. The companies that have participated in this study works with marketing and handles personal data.

    Results:

    The interviewed companies in the study do not believe that their marketing will be significantly affected. Some companies have and will change certain parts of the communication to the customer, such as changing member terms, clearing personal information, and changes in email and newsletters. In order to get GDPR compliant, most companies educate their employees and clean and enhance their registers.

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