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  • 201.
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College.
    Jeppsson Grassman, Eva
    National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life, Linköping University.
    Helpful citizens and caring families: Patterns of informal help and caregiving in Sweden in a 17-year perspective2012In: International Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 1369-6866, E-ISSN 1468-2397, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 422-432Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reports on an analysis of informal help and caregiving in Sweden with, for the first time, a focus on patterns of change over 17 years regarding scope, type of caregivers and the recipients of help. The discussion is based on results from a national survey repeated four times between 1992 and 2009. In the 1990s, the figures were stable, but from the late 1990s to 2009, there seems to have been a dramatic increase in the extent of informal help giving. Concerning types of helpers, the patterns implied involvement not only from family members, but also from other types of helpers. Two interpretative perspectives were used in the analysis: the first from recent welfare state changes and the substitution argument; the second from the present debate on civil society and its possible and changing role. These perspectives represent two partly complementary approaches to the understanding of the dynamics of informal involvement in contemporary Swedish society.

  • 202.
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, HHJ, Institutet för gerontologi.
    Jeppsson Grassman, Eva
    National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life (NISAL), Linköping University, Sweden.
    Links between informal caregiving and volunteering in Sweden: a 17-year perspective2013In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 205-219Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses informal caregiving and volunteering in organizations over 17 years in Sweden, with a focus on links between these two forms of unpaid activities. The discussion is based on results from a national survey that was repeated four times in the period 1992–2009. Links were found between the different types of activities. In all four studies a substantial group of the population was involved both in informal caregiving and volunteering. This group of ‘active citizens’ are commonly also engaged in informal social networks. This ‘double active’ group had increased over time and they provide a substantial amount of hours of involvement. Patterns outlined in this article demonstrate that unpaid activities represent a multifaceted phenomenon, and that the boundaries between informal caregiving and volunteering as forms of engagement may be more fluid than has previously been acknowledged. The results challenge the literature in which informal caregiving is viewed as a major obstacle to volunteering. At the same time, however, informal caregiving in general was found to be increasing. There might be reasons to be cautious about the possible risk that too much pressure on citizens for informal caregiving might jeopardize the type of double involvement that is outlined in this article.

  • 203.
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Enheten för forskning om det civila samhället.
    Jeppsson Grassman, Eva
    Äldres engagemang i civilsamhället: roller och profiler2011In: Tredje åldern: sociala aspekter och medborgarskap / [ed] Kerstin Gynnerstedt & Maria Wolmesjö, Malmö: Gleerups utbildning , 2011, p. 81-96Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 204.
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Enheten för forskning om det civila samhället.
    Renblad, Karin
    Henning, Cecilia
    Future Workshop as a Method to Create an Aging-friendly Community2009In: Perspectives on empowerment, social cohesion and democracy: an international anthology / [ed] Cecilia Henning & Karin Renblad, Jönköping: School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University , 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 205.
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Enheten för forskning om det civila samhället.
    Sjögren, Jessica
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Enheten för forskning om det civila samhället.
    Kompetens nord och syd - utbildningar för arbetslösa försörjningsstödstagare i Stockholms stad: en studie av ett samverkansprojekt mellan socialtjänsten och utbildningssamordnare2006Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 206.
    Jernberg, Michaela
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Bäck, Matilda
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Lärarprofessionens arbetssituation - gränslös eller hållbar?: En kvalitativ studie om grundskollärares arbetssituation och ledarskapets betydelse för den psykosociala arbetsmiljöupplevelsen.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our common interest in the work environment founded the idea of this study, our bachelor degree project, which

    aims at describing the teachers' work situation with a focus on psychosocial work environment and working conditions and the importance of leadership for the individual work environment experience.

    The theoretical frame of reference

    focuses on the psychosocial work environment and addresses areas such as leadership, job-demand-control-support model, work-related stress, communication and teachers' working conditions.

    The method

    is of a qualitative nature, in which six semistructured interviews were conducted with five teachers and one principal, all of whom are employed in elementary school.

    The result

    shows that teachers experience a high level of administrative burden that needs to be reduced in order for the work situation to be considered manageable and contribute to a sustainable working life. The teachers who considered themselves having a reasonable workload have access to support, something that those who find themselves having a too heavy workload are missing. A thematisation of the key areas that could be read from the respondents' answers was established: workload, the need for support and leadership, the view of leadership, and the role of teacher and the educational task. Then the result was analyzed using the theoretical reference frame.

    The conclusions

    we can draw from the study are that there are three variables that are crucial for teachers' experiences regarding their own work environment: time, support and communication. If these variables are present in the business, the staff tend to feel better, but if these variables are completely absent, they tend to have the opposite effect, an unmotivated and unattended staff. Leaders in the school system should thus work continuously and structured with these three variables to counteract the negative trend of sick leave and redundancies among teachers in the Swedish school.

  • 207.
    Johansen, Peter
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Morelius, Micael
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Är tillhörighet viktigt för en poolanställd? : Vad anser arbetsgivaren, facket och medarbetaren?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In our study it appears that both employers and the union find surprisingly similar on many issues. They have a common understanding of belonging, to the employee in the pool may have a better working environment and that there should be increased opportunities for the mobility of personnel in the organization. Based on this consensus on so many important factors, it may seem strange that the cooperation between these parties do not work better than it does. The employees also agree that the pool's work situation must be improved. They feel like compartment that when an employee is converted, it would have its origin where it worked best but they also stresses the risk of redundancy in the workplace. If redundancy would be a reality requires that workplaces have not locked schedules (work) without the use of business custom schedules (organization). In this work we will find out how the staff group feeling / experiencing their employment. To increase the pre-understanding of this phenomenon we will make use of relevant literature and previous research in the area.

    The problem today is that no one seems really pleased with how the pool looks like today. Municipal want a "membership" of the pool employee, while the employer believes that the pool's affiliation is staffing the unit. We will among other things examine how the employees themselves see their work situation

  • 208.
    Johansson, Lisa
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Eriksson, Hanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Attrahera och behålla personal: En studie om attraktivitet på Högskolan Dalarna2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Several researchers write about the importance of being an attractive employer, which today is more important than ever, especially when the competition for staff increases. By creating an attractive employer brand, the chances of attracting and retaining competent staff increase (Ehrenborg & Höglund, 2016). Previous research shows that several factors are important to consider in the work towards creating a strong employer brand, factors such as motivation and internal marketing (Grönroos, 1996; Lievens, 2007). In the following study, the University of Dalarna's attractiveness as an employer is examined from an employee perspective, with the aim of finding attractive offers for retaining and attracting employees. The study is a method combination based mainly on a qualitative method with quantitative elements and has been conducted in the form of interviews and a questionnaire survey with adjuncts at Dalarna University. The study reveals attractive attributes such as flexible working hours, opportunity for development and safe relationships, as well as less attractive attributes such as payroll and trustworthy leadership. In addition, the study discusses selected theory and empirical evidence that ultimately emerges in several proposals for how the Dalarna University can continue their work with the employer brand in the sense of being an attractive employer.

  • 209.
    Johansson, Madelaine
    Linköpings universitet.
    Barriärer och broar. Kommunikativa villkor i det svenska miljömålsarbetet2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1999, the Swedish Parliament introduced a new management by objectives (MBO) approach to sustainable development politics with the adoption of 15 national environmental quality objectives, ambitious objectives that are to be achieved within 20 years. Overall responsibility for implementing and evaluating the environmental objectives at the national level is assigned to central agencies but also for business and the public. This dissertation analyses the communicative conditions within the environmental objectives implementation process. The analysis in this study has a social system theoretical approach.

    The system with National Environmental Quality Objectives has both pros and cons. The National Environmental Quality Objectives has been difficult to communicate in established organisations as well as different sector agencies and departments. A challenge for the future is to adjust information and communication to a differentiated society on purpose to get resonance and understanding about the efforts needed to fulfil the National Environmental Objective’s achievement.

  • 210.
    Johansson, Michaela
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Lindblå, Johanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    När chefen kränker eller mobbar: Att förstå och lösa relationer med faktaundersökningsmetoden2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims at examining how social relations at work are affected when it is the responsible manager who perform bullying or abusive treatment. The study also aims at examining how the investigation method handles these problems. This is a Norwegian investigation method that Falu kommun uses. Semi-structured interviews were conducted within Falu kommun with six participants, five of whom are managers and one of them is the supervisor of the method. The managers are higher than the first line managers and possess managerial experience. The method's supervisor leads the work with the investigation method in Falu kommun.

    In the analysis and result of the study four themes was identified. These themes are;

    Offensive manipulation and bullying, destructive leadership, the investigation method and the location of the HR function. From each one of these topics, the essential opinions from the interviews were brought up and the discussion based on these themes led to seven conclusions. These included, among other things, the consequences of bullying, abusive discrimination and destructive leadership, how to counteract and work against it, and the strengths and weaknesses of the investigation method. We also found that the imbalance of power between manager and employee is a great part of the problem as the imbalance cause a sense of helplessness for the employee. This is also the main difference in being exposed by a manager compared to a co-worker, something that appears to be a key finding is the survey.

  • 211.
    Johansson, Sören
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Unga musikers ”lives” i skilda världar: Fallstudier av unga musikers agerande som medieproducenter under etableringprocesser åren 2007-20112013In: , 2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 212.
    Jonsson Hofberg, Lisa
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Kompetensbrist: En kvalitativ studie om SSAB:s brist på automationspersonal2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to describe and analyse the labour shortage of automation employees at SSAB in Borlänge. Furthermore, the essay refers to contribute to theoretical knowledge in competence, employer branding, strategies and collaboration with schools. In order to achieve this purpose eight semi-structured interviews were conducted with employees at SSAB. The result showed that there are several contributing factors to the labour shortage. One reason can be connected to the closure of the education of electrical engineers that previously existed at Dalarna University. Furthermore, the results show that demand for automation employees is higher than the supply, as several industrial companies in Dalarna are facing the same problem. That SSAB has not worked proactively with attracting candidates can also have resulted in today’s lack of competence. This may be because of the HR department at the company has been undermanned, which has led to lack of strategic processes. The result also shows that employer brand on external and internal level is important for attracting candidates with the right skills. Collaborating with schools is important to create an early interest for the industry as an employer, which is something that SSAB could develop through better marketing of internships and various collaborations.

  • 213.
    Junker, Jakob
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Junker, Jonatan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Friskvårdsatsningar-fysiska hälsan: En kvantitativ och en kvalitativ undersökning i landstinget Gävleborg.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Friskvården inom organisationer har under de senaste åren blivit en högst aktuell fråga och allt fler organisationer runt om i landet väljer att satsa på friskvård. Landstinget Gävleborg har under de senaste åren gjort stora satsningar på friskvård genom att bland annat delta i olika motionsevenemang som StafettVasan. Syfte: Att undersöka hur personalen som representerat landstinget Gävleborg i StafettVasan upplever sin subjektiva hälsa och välbefinnande samt att ta reda på om StafettVasan som hälsofrämjande åtgärd varit en bra investering för landstinget Gävleborg. Resultat: Resultatet visade att landstinget Gävleborg friskvårdssatsningar har haft en stor påverkan för personalen i positiv riktning. Nästan alla har på ett eller annat sätt upplevt att deras deltagande har medfört många bra effekter som bättre gemenskap och motivation till träning vilket även visat resultat på arbetsplatsen. Slutsatser: Landstinget Gävleborg friskvårdssatsningar lönar sig för personalens subjektiva hälsa och deras välbefinnande.

  • 214.
    Kareliusson, Susanne
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Krantz, Lisa
    Psykosocial arbetsmiljö och sjukfrånvaro: En studie om arbetsmiljöfaktorer som påverkar sjukfrånvaron i en global organisation2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 215.
    Karlsson, Amanda
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Networks as a Result of Sport Events: Exploring Relationships and Motivation within the BeyondSkiing Foundation2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Events today are partly seen as a tourism strategy, a way of attracting more visitors to aspecific region. By offering visitors leisure and social opportunities, an event can raiseawareness and increase the appeal of a city, region or country through additional exposure.Event effects can be short and long-term, and if successful they can affect society in aneconomic, social and environmental in a positive context. Researchers suggest that eventeffects should be evaluated, although much academic focus lies on economic effect studies.However, since the success of events highly depend on stakeholder cooperation and thecreation of sustainable relationships, this study will focus on examining the nature of anetwork that was created as a result of the event World Ski Championships in Falun 2015. Anumber of qualitative semi-structured interviews were performed with the members of thisnetwork, the Beyond Skiing Foundation. The results show that a number of internal andexternal relationships were created amongst the members. The relationships were categorizedas business-oriented relationships, relationships for sharing knowledge/experience, andrelationships to maintain communication. The public interviewees, such as municipalitiestended to create external relationships with local companies and organisations, while privatecompanies created internal relationships with other Beyond Skiing members. The mainmotives for joining the Beyond Skiing network were exposure, business opportunities and theability to contribution to the region. Most interviewees were positive towards a continuing ofthe network, after the event was over, although the meanings differed a lot concerning whichconstellation the network would form and for which purpose. It is concluded from thefindings in this study that Beyond Skiing as a network composes of a number of relationshipsof different characteristics and comprises of members that have an extended pool ofknowledge about network and their benefits. Therefore Beyond Skiing has a great potential interms of competitive advantage in relation to other regional networks in Dalarna.

  • 216.
    Karlsson, Elin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Ottosson, Hanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Personalpolicy – En kreativ process!2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose:

    The purpose of this study is to explore the impact of the documents on

    personnel policy and personnel manuals in a medium-sized company in Sweden. It

    is also of interest to see how these documents are designed and how they are

    implemented in the organization.

    Method:

    The research approach is a qualitative method triangulation. A case study

    with semistructured interviews and a text study of policy documents and personnel

    manuals from the organization in question. An abductive approach has been applied

    as we have drawn conclusions from our results to apply to the group, but also based

    on literature theory in order to apply these to the study object. A hermeneutic

    perspective has been applied during the completed text analysis, to see the material

    both in parts and as a whole.

    Empirics:

    The data collection was carried out by means of five interviews, in which

    respondents represented five separate operations within the concern. Respondents

    have different roles within the organization, and all of them have a personnel

    responsibility.

    Conclusion:

    Only a well-worked document does not contribute to efficiency.

    Factors such as leadership and organizational culture also need to be included in the

    equation for the policy to contribute value to the organization.

  • 217.
    Karlsson, Eva
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Förslag till system för rapportering av järnvägens säkerhetsrelaterade händelser2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det svenska järnvägsområdet är sedan 1990-talet under stark omdaning med en ökad marknadsmedvetenhet, förändrad lagstiftning och harmonisering av Europas järnvägssystem. Järnvägsstyrelsen är en relativt ny myndighet som tillkommit som ett resultat av dessa förändringar. Järnvägsstyrelsens uppgift är huvudsakligen att tillse att järnvägsmarknaden är effektiv med likvärdiga villkor och en sund konkurrens men även att järnvägsmarknaden har hög säkerhet för medborgarna och näringslivet. Införande av EU-lagstiftning såsom andra järnvägspaketet är exempel på pågående förändringar inom järnvägsområdets säkerhetshantering där Järnvägsstyrelsens roll som säkerhetsmyndighet stärks och renodlas. Förändringarna innebär bland annat att Järnvägsstyrelsen skall sluta utreda orsaken till olyckor och tillbud. Säkerhetsmyndighetens uppgift är att övervaka säkerheten i järnvägssystemen och om säkerhetsmyndigheten utreder orsaker till inträffade olyckor och tillbud kan en jävsituation uppstå. Ytterligare förändring som föreslås innebär att Järnvägsstyrelsen skall beskriva den nationella säkerhetsnivån i en årlig rapport som skall lämnas till EU och regeringen. För detta behöver mer information om inträffade säkerhetsrelaterade händelser samlas in. Nämnda förändringar, som troligtvis kommer att införas i svensk rätt under 2007, är upphovet till denna rapport eftersom de påverkar Järnvägsstyrelsens organisation och arbetssätt. Behovet av att utreda inträffade olyckor och tillbud förändras när den lagliga grunden för uppdraget upphör att gälla. Mer information om inträffade händelser behöver samlas in och detta påverkar inte bara Järnvägsstyrelsen utan även verksamhetsutövarna genom att de får ökade krav att tillhandahålla uppgifter om inträffade händelser. I verksamhetsplanen för 2006 har Järnvägsstyrelsen fastställt att Järnvägsstyrelsens bärande idé är riskbaserad tillsyn vilket också har stor påverkan på utvecklingen av nya arbetsmetoder. De frågeställningar som behandlas i rapporten och som återknyter till ovanstående resonemang är: 1. Hur påverkar de nya kraven Järnvägsstyrelsens organisation och arbetssätt, med fokus på olycksutredningarna? 2. Hur skall Järnvägsstyrelsen arbeta med riskbaserad tillsyn – vilken påverkan får det på organisation och arbetsmetoder? 3. Vilken information skall Järnvägsstyrelsen samla in? 4. Hur skall insamling ske? Denna rapport lämnar förslag på nya och förändrade processer, bl.a. skapande av en analysprocess och intern samordning av Järnvägsstyrelsens tillsynsaktiviteter. I utredningen föreslås även utbildning i riskanalys för att bidra till utvecklingen av ett riskbaserat arbetssätt. Efter inventering av Järnvägsstyrelsens informationsbehov, kartläggning av några verksamhetsutövares befintliga organisation och system för rapportering av inträffade händelser, analyseras Järnvägsstyrelsens samverkanssituation för att utröna vilken relation Järnvässtyrelsen har till verksamhetsutövarna i detta sammanhang. Rapporten avslutas med en systembeskrivning för ett informationssystem med uppgifter om inträffade händelser. I systembeskrivningen förs även ett resonemang kring alternativa rapporteringssätt och här finns öppenhet för olika tekniska lösningar.

  • 218.
    Karlsson, Frida
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Pharo, Stian
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Det är alltid bäst innan förändring: En studie om motivation vid förändring, individens upplevelse & ledares påverkan2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Changes are common in organizations and unfortunately, research shows that many change initiatives fail. Change efforts that focus on the individuals’ motivation are more successful in the sense that the staff are happy and that work does not suffer. The purpose of this study was to examine how leaders can work to ensure the motivation of employees through an organizational change. With a qualitative perspective and deduction, we have studied what influences and promotes employee motivation in the context of organizational change.

    The survey was conducted as a case study in two departments of a large company in Gästrikland, Sweden with the intention of examining the specific change of shift form the company went through at the time. The procedure for collecting data was in the form of a process that through participation and discussion, aims to examine what motivates employees during organizational change. The analysis of the results shows that individuals' basic needs at work, to some extent, has not been met. Some of the staff have through various form of expressions, shown that they are unmotivated and that they feel a resistance to the change. The opposition consists of a variety of emotions, including; shock, worry and confusion that arises because of uncertainty and lack of control regarding the individual's work situation. The emotions inhibit motivation and individuals’ can experience a feeling that the basic needs of the work are not met, even though they may be.

    The study also shows that, by inviting employees to participate in the change process at an early stage and by open and honest communication and information regarding the change, leaders can influence the resistance and promote employees' motivation during change. This causes the individual to feels in control of their situation which in turn affects the experience of the basic needs. Leaders also need to be aware that individuals’ experience change in their own way and that their need for support varies because of this.

  • 219.
    Karlsson, Josefina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Nilsson, Jessica
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Attraktivt arbete i offentlig sektor bland enhetschefer inom vård och omsorg2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    HR function's role in an organization is to safeguard the human resource and ensure that good working conditions are achieved. This is to attract, recruit, retain and develop skills (Kira 2003). In recent years, working conditions and working conditions attracted the attention of local authorities in Sweden, among other heads of units in the elderly. Working conditions and above all the high staff turnover among these, has led to a problem that was one of the valets important issues in 2014. The aim of this study is to describe the working conditions of unit managers in smaller municipalities in Sweden, the social sector and highlight how these could be improved. We have used Orsa kommun in this study. The results of the survey showed that the employment situation of heads of unit is overpowering when the work structure it poor and the level of stress is high. Unit managers themselves would benefit from an assistant and a job description to reduce the load and the structure of the work. Our conclusion is that municipalities in Sweden should work to create better working conditions for home directors and work to ease the workload. Our proposal to Orsa kommun is to take the help of our action plan and to employ assistants to heads of unit as well as create job descriptions. Further research on the subject could enlighten the importance of mentoring in the public sector within the municipalities in Sweden and the organizational structure to create more attractive work conditions.

  • 220.
    Katajisalo, Emelie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Årebrand, Caroline
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Skillnad mellan ideal och verklighet: En jämförelse av uppfattningen om attraktivt arbete mellan sjuksköterskor och deras arbetsgivare i en kommunal verksamhet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The background that forms the basis of this study is an expected shortage of nurses nationwide and earlier research that implies that public sector organizations generally are perceived as less attractive organizations. This study intend to obtain knowledge about which factors nurses perceive as attractive in a public sector organization. The aim of this study is to compare nurses and their managers perceptions of which factors that are important to attract and retain nurses, and further if these perceptions differ from each other.   Previous research have shown that there is a wide range of factors that are important to attract and retain nurses. The important factors are for example work environment, leadership, autonomy, appreciation and opportunity for development. Studies that previously been comparing the perceptions of nurses and their employers have not considered work environment as a factor, and they have been carried out mainly in a hospital environment. The present study is made in a public sector and the starting point is how the individual comprehend its reality.   The study has a phenomenological approach and uses an qualitative method on basis that the data collection has been done through semi structured interviews. The research have focused on two groups of candidates: nurses and representatives of the employer.  Factors that have shown to be important for nurses in a public sector is for example work climate, colleagues and salary. The nurse perceptions does in most parts correspond with the employers perception. Contradictions is found in how the profession is valued, the significance of salary and also the opportunity for development and autonomy. There is a clear need for appraisal and understanding for the care that is given by the nurses from the leaders and politicians in the organization. For the public sector healthcare that is two factors that should be focused on to attract and retain nurses.

  • 221.
    Kauppinen, Veronica
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    The existing research on sport- and wellness tourism: A meta-review2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the past years, there have been an escalation in interest on vacations that are more active and tourism surrounding fitness and exercise is a growing aspect in the tourism industry. Fitness and exercise is mentioned by some researchers to be a part of sport tourism and wellness tourism, however, how much research have been done to investigate this topic?

    The aim of this thesis is to look deeper into the topics of sport- and wellness tourism in order to get a better understanding and a clearer picture of what kind of research that exists in order to confront the claims of both Priestly (1995) and Gibson (1998). In addition to this, see what research have been done in sport- and wellness tourism directly connected to exercise and fitness

  • 222.
    Kauppinen, Veronica
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    The existing research on sport- and wellness tourism: A meta-review2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the past years, there have been an escalation in interest on vacations that are more active and tourism surrounding fitness and exercise is a growing aspect in the tourism industry. Fitness and exercise is mentioned by some researchers to be a part of sport tourism and wellness tourism, however, how much research have been done to investigate this topic?

    The aim of this thesis is to look deeper into the topics of sport- and wellness tourism in order to get a better understanding and a clearer picture of what kind of research that exists in order to confront the claims of both Priestly (1995) and Gibson (1998). In addition to this, see what research have been done in sport- and wellness tourism directly connected to exercise and fitness

  • 223.
    Kažemėkaitė, Ingrida
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    The World Heritage Status: Implications for Destination Development: The case of the World Heritage site Curonian Spit, Lithuania2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Cultural Heritage of a destination is very important to determine, particularly when it’s aiming to become a tourist destination. To develop tourism more rapidly many locations are eager to get the nomination of The World Heritage site, and when a destination becomes the World Heritage site status more regulations and limitations will be applied to a site by UNESCO. The main problem is that in some cases are identified a lack of the focus on the systematic long – term management plans for sustainable destination development.

    In this study, a particular attention is given to the case of the Curonian Spit – nominated to the World Heritage List by UNESCO in 2000. The study takes into the consideration the lack of guidelines for heritage conservation and heritage tourism. It focuses on the detailed analysis of the processes concerning the Curonian Spit World Heritage management. Furthermore, the main Curonian Spit tourism identities which worldwide are recognized.

    The paper aims to identify how the World Heritage status affects tourism destination development in Curonian Spit. The inductive approach helps to identify main managerial patterns and major stakeholders’ knowledge connected to the site’s CP managerial weaknesses and strengths.

    The results show that there are several major problems regarding tourism development in Curonian Spit that were identified through semi - structured interviews and content analysis. Hence, current study outlines the status of the current relationship between heritage and tourism, management goals and examines tourism management on the Curonian Spit.

    Existing problems are the absence of appropriate national legislation, lack of managerial institutions competence regarding World Heritage and tourism management together and none existing cooperation between managerial institutions and the local stakeholders.

    Nowadays, Curonian Spit is more attractive for international tourism market, but it cannot be proven that this is UNESCO title’s outcome. On the topic of Curonian Spit, no managerial changes were identified before and after UNESCO but gathered information provided clear managerial organization’s viewpoint on the Curonian Spit management effectiveness. No long – term goals are made because according to the Lithuania’s National laws report it should include only one-year transportation, infrastructure, and management plans.

     Gathered data approve theoretical assumptions that heritage and tourism can be managed together and provide beneficial outcomes; however managerial competencies and goals are overlapping with each other.

    It is recognized that in tourism development the Curonian Spit is not growing from the infrastructure perspective. The municipality interested in further expansion of the tourism activities on the territory of the Curonian Spit and in the expansion of the physical infrastructure. However, the development should proceed in accordance with the needs of local nature and landscape.

    Growing visitors’ number leads to an assumption that Curonian Spit as the resort is sustainably managed, however, the main solution that should be considered regarding heritage tourism development in the Curonian Spit is that Lithuania’s governmental municipality’s legal systems should be rewritten with considerations regarding sustainable location development.

    All gathered data leaves the room for further investigations, such as providing more specific examples how system law is compatible or incompatible with heritage and tourism development goals. It is possible to investigate a correlation between several factors: such as local business and managerial institutions or eco - tourism development in WHS etc., however, due to the specific goals of the case, results and findings can be generalized just to a certain degree. It is believed that this study and data is valid and can lie down as research gap filler that was mentioned in the literature review, however, gathered data is relevant just for Curonian Spit case.

    In conclusion, this thesis identifies that World Heritage status in Curonian Spit case does not affect tourism development, but explains that Lithuanian Governmental laws and stakeholders lack of communication are main difficulties regarding destination development and makes way for future studies.

  • 224.
    Kiiskinen, Jenny
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet; Malmö högskola.
    Saveljeff, Sigrid
    Linköpings universitet; Malmö högskola.
    Att dansa i otakt med väljarna: Socialdemokraternas och Moderaternas strategiska bemötande av Sverigedemokraterna2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The strategic approaches towards radical right-wing populist parties (RRP-parties) are in special focus for the thesis. The aim of the thesis is reconstruction and analysis of the content of the established parties’ strategic approaches towards parties that are seen as challenging central principles of liberal democracy, such as pluralism and tolerance, and who´s presence are creating a democratic dilemma. The aim has been operationalized within a Swedish context with focus on the strategic approaches used by the Social Democratic party and the Conservative party towards the Sweden Democrats, a Swedish RRP-party. The methodological framework is built upon a qualitative perspective with focus on interviews with representatives for the two established parties and the Sweden Democrats. The empirical material has been analyzed with the PSO-theory (PositionSalience and Owner-ship theory) as point of departure. The theory shows how strategic approaches used by the established parties are related to 1)the specific political issue raised by the RRP-party and 2) the degree of threat posed by the challenging RRP-party towards the established parties. 

    The results generated from the thesis show that the content of the strategic approaches from the established parties towards the Sweden Democrats have changed since the election 2006, from a common dissmissive strategy to a strategic approach marked by tendencies of divergence (the Social Democratic party) and vauge tendencies of convergence (the Conservative party). The thesis also shows that the specific issue politicized by the Sweden Democrats, i.e. the immigration- and refugee issue, is central to the way the content of the strategic approaches used by the two established parties has been shaped. The thesis indicates that the presence of RRP-parties have caused a situation where the democratic dilemma have become subordinated to a strategic dilemma. The established parties need to relate to the goals they are striving towards through the strategic approach of the RRP-party (such as maximation of votes) at the same time as they relate to the strongly value-charged political issue monopolized by the RRP-party.

  • 225.
    Klaassen, Stephanie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Should I stay, or should I go?: The motivations, experiences and attitudes of Högskolan Dalarna students towards sojourning2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Student travel in Europe has become a major phenomenon in the past 25 years. Annually Dalarna University gives students the opportunity of spending part of their studies at one of the partner universities abroad. Despite the support from the International Office, financial support from the government as well as the fact that international experiences have become an important attribute of young academics and future employment, the university has experienced a low demand of applicants. Thus, Dalarna University has made it their mission to promote so-called sojourning (the time of their studies that students spend at a university abroad) among their students, especially Swedish students. This thesis has the purpose of studying the motives, experiences and attitudes of Swedish students towards sojourning.

    The findings of this research, which were collected through semi-structured interviews with staff of Dalarna University as well as with 14 students, have shown connections between the results and previous literature. For example, the interviews with the sojourners have demonstrated that more than half of the interviewees have decided to participate in the Erasmus programmes in order of receiving a change of environment. Furthermore, a majority of students agree their time abroad has had an effect on their personal development in terms of confidence and independence. Finally, the interviews have given the author an insight on issues that were perceived by the student during the process of planning the sojourn, such as a lack of communication and information before, during and after the time spent abroad.

  • 226.
    Klaiber, Thomas
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    The impact of cross-border collaboration on destination competitiveness: Are cross-border destinations the next big thing in rural tourism? The case of the SITE region2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 227.
    Klang, Victoria
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Aufrecht, Josefine
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Engagemang – konsten att skapa attraktivitet iarbetslivet: En kvalitativ studie om hur en kommun kan arbeta för attminska personalomsättning bland socialsekreterare2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay has been to find out how a commune can work with commitment as

    a part of the attractive work in order to reduce staff turnover among social workers.

    Furthermore, the essay refers to contribute the theoretical knowledge in the field. In order to

    achieve this purpose ten semistructured interviews were conducted, of which eight were with

    socialworkers and two with unit managers of the social workers in the commune studied. The

    result showed that the definition of engagement also includes the feeling of caring and

    wanting to do more than you’re expected to. The result also showed that the social workers

    engagement are affected of work features, the organization, the leadership and the team of

    colleagues. Another result show that theese contents can not be statically prioritized, but

    instead should be put in relation to to the group and the individual's current needs. Based on

    what was identified as the current needs of the social workers, a result was also a number of

    development proposals for how the commune and unit managers for social security workers

    can work to create engagement.

  • 228.
    Klimplová, Lenka
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management. Masaryk University, Czech Republic.
    Active matching: Strategic support of labour market counselling2013Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The poster presents the project "Active Matching: Strategic Support of Labour Market Counselling" which aims to identify, compare and evaluate a tool (method) for monitoring, analysis and prognosis of skills and qualification needs in regional labour markets in the Czech Republic and in Sweden.

    Furthermore, the project aims to innovate the tool using the best from both of the models (the Czech one and the Swedish one) and to test functionality and applicability of the innovated tool in conditions of a regional labour market in the Czech Republic.

    200 employers in the Czech regional labour market will be interviewed and asked about demanded skills for different occupations in short-term (up to one year) as well as in long-term (3 years) perspective. Then, interviewing and the matching process will be evaluated.

    Once the applicability has been assessed, we want to draw recommendations for implementation of the innovated tool in a Czech labour market counselling practice and for a more effective matching process. We assume that thorough knowledge of contents of skills requested by employers is one of the key preconditions for improvement of labour market counselling and for effective matching of the unemployed to job vacancies.

  • 229.
    Klingberg, Monique
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Larsson, Sandra
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Sex timmars arbetsdag –ett modigt beslut: För att bli en attraktiv arbetsgivare2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study examines how the employees job satisfaction has changed after a work reduction.

    This occurred in terms of changing the amount of working hours where the employees went

    from eight-hour work day to six-hour work day while maintaining full-time pay at a small

    private service company. The aim is to investigate how this type of work reduction is related

    to employees job satisfaction and thereby increase the understanding of the two phenomena. It

    appears that employees job satisfaction has changed since the reduction of working hours.

    Regarding the individual factors at the workplace some factors has declined while some

    factors has increased. In the discussion it appears that there is a risk of illness that can affect

    the employees due to lack of support, lack of control and increased demands. The current risk

    of illness can be seen as acceptable, given to the varying workload which means that

    employees during periods get time for recovery. Despite the circumstances prevailing high

    global job satisfaction, which in turn should mean that the theories that have been used,

    contains some shortcomings as regard to variations in workload is not taken. The resultsbased

    analysis revealed three themes which were seen appropriate for employees and their job

    satisfaction. These themes consisted of changes in relationships, changes in work and changes

    in rewards. The theoretical framework for the study includes the expectation theory, twofactor

    theory of the demand- control- support- model as well as the efforts- rewardimbalance-

    model. Data was collected using four semi-structured interviews where the

    respondents consisted of employees in the selected case. The study is designed for qualitative

    method and a phenomenological approach. The study has been designed in the form of a case

    study.

  • 230.
    Kolesnikova, Alexandra
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Tolstonoh, Kateryna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Destination image in dark tourism: Tour operators and visitors perception of Chernobyl2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study on destination image is highly important for the destination developmentand increase of the overall tourism flows. It is formed by several actors, such astourists and Tour Operators. There is a scant research conducted on the investigationof destination image specifically within dark tourism. This concept is relatively newand undiscovered. The authors attempt to fulfill the existing gap in the investigationon the present phenomena by studying destination image of Chernobyl ExclusionZone as a new dark tourism site from two different perspectives and try to place itin the overall tourism development strategy for Ukraine.The qualitative research method was chosen for this study. The empirical datawas gathered through conduction of in-depth interviews with the major TourOperators and the content analysis of visitors’ blogs was performed. The resultsshow that both parties see Chernobyl as a dark tourism destination includingattractions of such kind as toxic and Post-Soviet. However, during the discussion ofthe results and relevant destination formation literature some inconsistency wasdetermined in the Tour Operators image projection. The further researched showedthat the connection of destination Chernobyl to the tourism branch of Ukraine is notfound sufficient and even negatively impacting the development of specified site.

  • 231.
    Koopman, Nico
    University of Stellenbosch.
    Trinitarian Anthropology, Ubuntu and Human Rights2003In: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, p. 194-206Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 232.
    Kořenková, Pavla
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Attitudes towards natural area tourism: main motivational factors and environmental awareness: An example of students of Palacký University in Olomouc, Czech Republic2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates the relationship between travel motivation to natural areas measured by a Recreation Experience Preference (REP) scale and environmental awareness measured by the New Environmental Paradigm (NEP) scale. The primary data for the research were gained from a quantitative online survey focusing on students of the University Palacký in Olomouc, Czech Republic. The thesis handles the definition of nature tourism, presents basic approaches to investigation of travel motivation, research on travel motivation in the Czech Republic, a brief overview of the nature potential for tourism in the Czech Republic and also the relationship between the environment and tourism. Factor analysis was the key method for data analysis. Through this method factors for individual scales were created and these factors were further used as new variables. It was found that internal motivation exceeds external motives and that higher environmental awareness of respondents is related to higher motivation to nature tourism.

  • 233.
    Kuru, Robin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Knijnenburg, Sam
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Triangeldrama i trepartsförhållandet: En kvalitativ studie om konsultchefers hälsofrämjande ledarskap i bemanningsbranschen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to create an increased understanding of consultant managers' perceptions about the consequences of the tripartite relationship between consultant, consultant manager and client on the health-promoting leadership. The study has a hermeneutic approach with an abductive research approach. The empirical material was collected through eight semistructured interviews with consulting managers from a staffing company. The result of the study shows difficulties in the tripartite relationship due to the distance leadership between the consultant and the consultant manager and the shared work environment responsibility that exists between the staffing company and the client. The consultants have difficulty in determining what is and what’s not work-related. Furthermore, the consultants lack organizational support for carrying out health-promoting leadership. The conclusion is that the tripartite relationship creates a distance leadership in the form of physical and psychosocial distance that can affect the consultant's health. Health-promoting leadership in a tripartite relationship requires the consultant manager to delegate the responsibility for health to the consultant. This is done by the consultant manager motivating the consultant to eat healthy and engage in other health promotion activities. The conclusion is also that there are conflicting requirements in the tripartite relationship, which means that the consulting manager can’t work with the health-promoting leadership that they want. Lack of time and resources in the form of money means that the staffing agency's profitability and the customer's wishes are prioritized at the expense of the consultant's health. The limitations of the health promotion leadership are also built on the fact that the concept of health is difficult to measure with economic terms. Hence only the consultant's health is measured by sickness absence. As a result, most measures to promote a consultant's health take place through reactive measures when illness has already occurred.

  • 234.
    Lagerberg, Patrice
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    HR-funktionens hantering av arbetsplatskonflikter på individnivå2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 235.
    Lappalainen, Mariette
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Sundlöf, Johanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Gränsdragning mellan arbete & fritid: Närvaro i sin frånvaro2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our purpose in this study is intending to describe the significance of the boundless work gets the manager's role, based on the changes taking place in today's working life and how the boundaries between work and leisure are handled. We chose to carry out our study in the form of interviews, where we interviewed six employees within a public organization in Dalarna, Sweden. The results we obtained were analyzed based on previous research and theories that we have taken part of. The results of our study show that managers are directly or indirectly affected by the changes taking place in the workplace and that it´s also something that affects the way managers manage the boundaries between work and leisure. The study results also show that managers mean that these changes contributes to change their way of acting in the role of manager and that makes different demands on their skills. The results also show that the requirements of the work must be reasonable; in order to create a balance between work and private life, and that primarily it is not the quantitative factors in relation to the work that creates a sense of limitlessness. With quantitative factors we mean those factors traditionally described as more specific work factors such as job design, working time, availability or the number of tasks to perform. Instead illustrates the result of an emotional feeling of stress may arise in relation to the personal experience of a delicate situation at work or when their skills are not sufficient in performance, and that can create a blurred line between work and leisure.

  • 236.
    Larsson, Josefine
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Nygren, Frida
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    The Role of Social Media when Deciding on a Destination: Comparison of tourism students at Dalarna University & Bournemouth University2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Students are an important part of the tourism market; however, they are often neglected in tourism research. Even though social media is commonly used amongst students, its effect on their information search and choice of destination is still unknown. This thesis has researched the role of social media in the decision-making process and its use as a tool to assist the choice of destination. An interview with the Global PR and Social Media manager at VisitSweden will be conducted to provide useful information from a manager’s perspective on social media marketing and the questionnaire questions. The method used was a quantitative method where the questionnaire was sent out to the chosen populations of tourism students at Dalarna University and Bournemouth University. The sample groups consist of the students who answered the questionnaire. The data collected from the two populations was analyzed and compared to identify differences between them and what generalizations could be made. The result from this research displayed that social media is used as a tool to assist in choosing a destination. Social media is not used to the same extent that the literature mentioned, as other sources proved to have a larger role when choosing a destination. The two sample groups share similarities, however differences can be found, limiting the researchers’ ability to generalize for both populations of tourism students.

  • 237.
    Larsson, Robert
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Stier, Jonas
    Mälardalens högskola, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Åkerlind, Ingemar
    Mälardalens högskola, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Sandmark, Hélène
    Mälardalens högskola, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Implementing health-promoting leadership in municipal organizations: managers' experiences with a leadership program2015In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 93-114Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to analyze how line and middle managers experience and describe barriers and enablers in the implementation of a health-promoting leadership program in municipal organizations. A qualitative case study design was applied to examine the leadership program in a case involving implementation of an organizational health intervention. Data were mainly collected using semi-structured interviews with line and middle managers participating in the leadership program. Interviews with senior managers, notes from meetings/workshops, and written action plans were used as complementary data. The interview data were analyzed using a thematic analysis, and the complementary data using a summative content analysis. The findings show that the interviewed line and middle managers experienced this leadership program as a new approach in leadership training because it is based primarily on employee participation. Involvement and commitment of the employees was considered a crucial enabler in the implementation of the leadership program. Other enablers identified include action plans with specific goals, earlier experiences of organizational change, and integration of the program content into regular routines and structures. The line and middle managers described several barriers in the implementation process, and they described various organizational conditions, such as high workload, lack of senior management support, politically initiated projects, and organizational change, as challenges that limited the opportunities to be drivers of change. Taken together, these barriers interfered with the leadership program and its implementation. The study contributes to the understanding of how organizational-level health interventions are implemented in public sector workplaces.

  • 238.
    Laspa, Vasiliki
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Couchsurfing: An understanding of the hosts’ willingness to offer accommodation free of charge to relative strangers2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the research was to get a better understanding of why one might be a couch surfing host. The focus of this study is the general concept of the Couchsurfing platform which has created the possibility for travelers from all over the world, to offer or to request (or both) hospitality free of charge. As a part of a qualitative study, online interviews were held with six hosts located in different countries around the world. The findings of the data gathered while conducting the research, give an insight of how people choose their potential guests, how they negotiate trust along with what is the that they gain out of sharing the privacy of their homes with ‘strangers’.

  • 239.
    Lewer, John
    et al.
    University of Newcastle.
    Wigblad, Rune
    Strömstad Akademi.
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    A comparative analysis of consultation obligations on business over collective redundancies in Sweden and AustraliaManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 240.
    Lilja, Andreas
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    The influences of using visual communication to the people withmobility impairments in tourism: By information and promotion2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies found out that people with disabilities (PWD) do not travel like the peoplewithout disabilities due to lack in information and promotion towards the PWD. Visualcommunication is a concept the tourist destinations use to make the destinations more real tothe visitors by using pictures and videos, which is a concept Swedish websites and disabilityfriendlywebsites in Sweden are missing towards PWD. This research limited to the peoplewith mobility impairments (PWMI) in Swedish disability organizations (HSO).This research examined the influence of the visual communication in two ways: Firstly asimproved information by pictures and videos to the PWMI. Secondly as promotion towardsthe PWMI by using PWMI in the pictures and videos.An online survey with questionnaire was sent to PWMI in different organizations in Sweden,in total were there 212 valid questionnaires collected from the PWMI.The main results found out that PWMI used Internet the most for finding information to thetrips, then it would make sense to improve information on the Internet. Further the researchrevealed visual communication on the Internet would relieve the information search a lot forthe PWMI in all tourism sectors, accommodation the most. Since the information weredifficult to find in all sectors. Therefore, the majority of the PWMI had to look how adaptedthe destinations were and had to call / e-mail to have sufficient information about thedestinations. Improved information with visual communication would also influence thePWMI to travel more.The PWMI perceived the marketing towards the PWMI as very poor in all the tourismsectors. By promoting PWMI in the pictures and videos, the majority of the PWMI would domore tourism activities. The research found out activities as: guided tours, nature activities,sun and sea trips, city sightseeing and adventurous activities interesting for the PWMI. Theseactivities should the PWMI perform in the promotions towards the PWMI.This approach would influence the PWMI feeling more welcome to the destination and also totravel more by feeling more welcome to the destinations.

  • 241.
    Liljemid, Sandra
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Roberg, Michelle
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Processmetoden attraktivt arbete skapar förutsättningar för kollektivt lärande: Organisationer främjar - individen bär ansvaret2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today's organizations face significant challenges in being competitive with the outside world. Human resources are the organizations most important factor at all survive. For the business to be able to manage and utilize employee skills in the right way, it creates conditions and occasions where relationships can occur. This is something that is discussed in both research and literature as well as how organizations should be structured to encourage work on employees.

    This study is a contribution to be used in organizations to work to develop employees' collective learning about each other to strengthen relationics.

    Process method that has been used to create collective learning among employees is attractive work. Participants have been carrying out the method and observations have been made on how the participants have acted during the process.

    The result shows that to achieve a collective learning requires participants to show the commitment and willingness to learn about each other. Through dialogue creates the conditions to understand each other. That's when the understanding is on another as relations strengthened, and thus created relationic.

  • 242.
    Linderfyhr, Jessica
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Malm, Mikaela
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    She’s the Boss – HR och kvinnligt chefskap: Hur Human Resources kan arbeta för att främja kvinnorschefskarriärer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to surveys conducted by the organization

    Ledarna, there is a recurrent problem of

    recruiting young women to senior positions. The purpose of this essay is to investigate what

    may affect women's desire to seek a managerial position and to design a HR strategy that

    promotes and motivates women to seek executive positions.

    Young women feel doubtful about manager positions because of the feeling of lack of

    experience and difficulty identifying themselves with the stereotype manage standard. Aspects

    of the management that motivate are the ability to influence, make decisions and gain personal

    development. The fact that a manager has a high workload is something that is referred to as

    negative while the challenge in the manager position attracted the interviewees. Focusing on

    difficulty in balancing work and private/family life can be an overriding explanation that fewer

    women choose a managerial career. In many cases, the manager position offers an opportunity

    for flexible working hours, which benefits the balance between work and private life. A key

    factor in combining management positions with family and children is an equal distribution of

    household work and responsibility for the children. Several of the interviewees have gained

    their position through encouragement, something that was crucial for the manager position. In

    order to motivate young women into management positions, engagement is needed in which

    female executive subjects are discovered and encouraged to career.

    The work is based on a qualitative approach with semi structured interviews as a collection

    method. The results are analyzed based on the theoretical reference frame compiled within the

    focus area. Throughout the structure of the work, the thematic approaches are based on the

    questions: What is it that makes young women doubt about leadership? What can motivate

    young women to want to become a manager? How can work life as a manager be combined

    with privacy/family life? How can recruitment be improved to motivate young women to seek

    executive positions?

  • 243.
    Lindmark, Rebecka
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Vinberg, Joanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Mellanchefers upplevelser av psykosocial arbetsmiljö inom distributions- och logistikverksamhet – en pendling mellan hög aktivitet och låg stress?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The researchers' genuine interest in the psychosocial work environment with the relationship

    to middle managers’ has raised a deeper interest within the field and highlight key elements in

    form of demands, control and social support. Progress towards increased awareness of the

    psychosocial work when illness in today’s working life has increased and the Work

    Environment Authority's new regulations on organizational and social work are in the centre.

    In the same line as an increased awareness has taken place on the psychosocial work

    environment, we want to present a special focus to middle managers whom must be able to

    manage the demands both from the top and the down. The study has mainly been based on

    Robert Karasek and Töres Theorell’s demand/ control model.

    The aim is to examine middle managers’ experience with focus on the psychosocial working

    conditions in a private company in the distribution- and logistics operations. The method

    consisted of a qualitative approach in form of a case study in which semi-structured

    interviews have been the basis of eight respondents from the distribution centre The result

    shows that middle managers have a high degree of influence, the experience of work

    requirements vary, but in connection to the position requirements are reasonable. The social

    support is perceived as good in the workplace and is considered as an important and vital part

    in work.

    The conclusions reached are that the function managers have reasonable demands and they

    are experiencing a good level of control at work, but to have an excessive control at work can

    lead to negative stress. A balance of commuting between active jobs and low-stress jobs are

    considered to be an advantage in maintaining a good psychosocial work environment. This is

    to counteract the negative effects that may occur to be within each component during a long

    time. In the study, it was demonstrated that the company is considered to have a good

    psychosocial work environment and this shows a good example in today’s working life.

  • 244.
    Lindqvist, Martina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Magnusson, Jennifer
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Bristen på kvinnliga medarbetare inom brandmansyrket-Räddningstjänsten Dala Mitt2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Jämställdhet upplevs bland Räddningstjänsten Dala Mitts medarbetare vara av storbetydelse och det finns en stark önskan om att få in fler kvinnliga medarbetare.Trots detta har Räddningstjänsten Dala Mitt idag inte en enda heltidsbrandmansom är kvinna. Räddningstjänsten i Sverige har både fysiska och psykiska krav förvad som ska uppfyllas för att bli anställd som brandman. Alla dessa olika testersammanställs under rekryteringen och är av stor vikt för att få vidare anställning.Det test som visat sig vara svårast för kvinnor att klara av är rullbands-testet, detinnebär att den sökande ska gå i en hastighet av 5,6 km/h under sex minuter, dettakrävs för godkänt (Räddningstjänsten Dala Mitt, 2014). Syfte: Syftet är att undersökavarför det finns en brist på kvinnliga medarbetare inom RäddningstjänstenDala Mitt. Metod: Vi har valt att använda oss av en kvalitativ metod med semistruktureradeintervjuer. Den huvudsakliga empirin insamlades genom tio intervjuer.Teori: Teorin utgörs av följande områden: rekrytering, jämställdhet, kvinnligaoch manliga yrken, genus, samt diskriminering. Resultat/Analys: Resultatetpekar på att yttre faktorer så som samhällets normer, spelar en stor roll i varför detfinns så pass få kvinnliga brandmän inom Räddningstjänsten Dala Mitt. Intervjupersonernaupplever att anledningen till att det finns så pass få kvinnliga brandmäninom Räddningstjänsten Dala Mitt, beror på hur de marknadsför sig och hur attraktivade är som arbetsgivare. Det framkom även att flertalet av intervjupersonernatror att Räddningstjänsten Dala Mitt har få kvinnliga medarbetare på grund av attde få kvinnor som söker till yrket dras till storstäder, där räddningsstationerna ärstörre och ofta har bättre lön. Slutsats: Det finns en stor önskan om en mer jämställdarbetsplats. Det har även gjorts en del satsningar för att öka antalet kvinnor.Emellertid har dessa satsningar inte ännu lett till några större förändringar.

  • 245.
    Lindsköld, Terese
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Sparr, Johanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Föräldraledighetens påverkan av kvinnligt och manligt karriäravancemang: En kvalitativ studie om kvinnliga och manliga chefers upplevelse av att kombinera föräldraskap och chefskap på små och medelstora företag i Sverige2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The essay aims to examine how male and female managers experience the possibilities to combine parenting with their manager positions; as well as examining how patterns between their relationships to parental leave and career advancement can be explained based on gender studies. The result presents that parents holding a manager level position are experiencing difficulties with combining this with parenting, especially based on the high level of accessibility required at such position. Furthermore, the results states that the majority of managers who were interviewed regret their scope of parental leave taken and, in the case of a new position, would have taken a longer subsequent period of parental leave. The results also presented that the gender related pattern is attendant in terms of how the parental leave has been utilized; and what prerequisites women and men are considered essential in order to be able to combine managerial advancement with parenting. Gender related theories has been used to analyze and explain the gender related differences. The study was conducted with a qualitative research where ten semi structured interviews were conducted. Both genders were equally represented in the interviews, as a comparative perspective was implemented in the analysis of the empirical material. Previous research on large Swedish corporations, has shown that the financial aspect is one of the underlying factors for why employers are not promoting to facilitate parental leave. The results presented in this essay, can operate as a complement to the previous research; since this study has focused on small and medium-sized companies. Furthermore, this thesis can be used as a practical basis, which describes the financial, ethical, and structural considerations that may arise during recruitment, provision of skills, and organizational decisions in relationship to parental leave.

  • 246.
    Lissollas, Jessica
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Mans, Eva
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Generationsväxling i offentlig sektor: En kvalitativ studie om det kommunala arbetet medpensionsavgångar2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine how a medium-sized municipality can work strategically with problems concerning loss of skills and to be an attractive employer for future retirements. Furthermore, the study aims to, based on the results, prepare a draft HR strategy for the problems the impending retirement brings. To get answers to our research questions, we conducted a case study of the Municipality of Falun, and this made use of semi-structured interviews with four people in managerial positions and a variety communicator, and a focus group of four employees from the HR department. This gave us more perspective on the problem, which we believe strengthen the reliability of the results. In retrospect, we can see that a larger number of interviewees would have been preferable, in order to get more employees thoughts and opinions on the subject. However, this was not possible as managers in the municipality were difficult to contact.The results show that the perception of retirement is different when one of the respondents believe that there is nothing to worry about, while other respondents think it is a great challenge municipality has in front of him. The result also shows that the Municipality of Falun in the current situation is working strategically with a variety of measures to strengthen its employer brand externally such as diplomacy and talent management, as previous research indicates is a necessity for an organization's competitiveness and thus attract and retain employees. Regarding the transfer of skills shows the result that today there is an awareness of the risks of skill losses. However, conducted a limited effort to transfer critical skills, at least in order to manage the risk of loss of skills expected in the forthcoming generation change. Previous research in the field of retirements shows that the loss of key skills is the biggest threat.Our conclusion from this study is that Falun municipality are right on track to deal with the problems that are expected to arise, however, requires the municipality to raise awareness through communication and internal marketing as well as working together a common vision of retirements in all administrations. Furthermore, we believe that it is crucial to review the competencies in the organization and start acting so as not to lose important skills in and with the impending retirements. These are areas addressed in the draft HR strategy we have developed.

  • 247.
    Liu, Chang
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Ning, Haoyuan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Destination image in Bejing, China: Exploring the differences in destination branding towards international and domestic tourists2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 248.
    Liu, Heran
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    A study of perceived image of Stockholm amongChinese students2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is exploring tourism destination perceived image of Stockholm amongChinese students. This paper could offer some academic value for future studies on thedestination image of Stockholm. Besides, this paper may be useful for marketers topromote Stockholm toward Chinese youth/students travel market. Cognitive imageand affective image characteristics were examined.This thesis used quantitative method to analyze the destination image among Chinesestudents. The questionnaire survey was used to investigate cognitive image andaffective image among Chinese students who studying in Stockholm University. Ingeneral, respondents had a positive image of Stockholm. They focused on what to seeand to do as well as the social environment of Stockholm. Happy/ laid back are theitems that reflects the respondents‘ feelings about staying in Stockholm, which is arelax place that makes tourists have a chance to feel the stress free lifestyle. They alsoenjoy the beautiful scenery, friendly local people atmosphere, the cultural attractions,local architectures, good outdoor air condition and water condition of Stockholm aswell. In their opinions, those mentioned attributes were important to constructing thedestination image of Stockholm.

  • 249.
    Loveere, Cecilia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Hultman, Erika
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Det är kompetensen som avgör: En studie av rekryterares föreställningar i en mansdominerad bransch2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien syftar till att undersöka vilka föreställningar som kommer till uttryck då rekryterare inom stål- och verkstadsindustrin talar om jämställdhet, kompetens samt rekrytering. Syftet är också att kritiskt granska vilka konsekvenser dessa föreställningar kan få för rekryteringsprocessen. En hermeneutiskt ansats har valts, och sex semistrukturerade intervjuer med rekryterare inom stål- och verkstadsindustrin har genomförts. Av studien framgår att rekryterarna anser att jämställdhetsfrågor är viktiga att ta hänsyn till. Det framgår också att företagen, enligt rekryterarna, inte har någon uttalad definition på kompetens. Rekryterarna menar också att magkänsla spelar roll vid valet av kandidat. Studiens resultat visar också att rekryterarna har omedvetna könsstereotypa föreställningar. En konsekvens av detta skulle,enligt författarna, kunna bli att föreställningarna ligger till grund för rekryterarnas magkänsla som också skulle kunna påverka deras definition på kompetens. Detta skulle kunna leda till att bedömningen av en kandidat blir subjektiv, vilket innebär att kompetensen inte enbart är avgörande i en rekryteringsprocess.

  • 250.
    Lu, Wang
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Li, Jianzhou
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Investigation on the Influences of TV & Movies on Tourism Image of Destination: Case study of Hengdian World Studios2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate the influences of movie and TV on tourism image of destination. This research has taken Hengdian World Studio as an example. The researchers have used the methods of case study and in-depth interview analysis. The participants in interview include tourists, citizens and tour guides in Hengdian World Studios.Integrating analysisof case study and interview, the researchercame to the conclusion that TV and movie indeed exert great influences on tourism image of the destination and the influences includeboth positive and negative aspects. In positive aspect, TV and movies,as important media platforms,can greatly and quickly spread the influences and enable more audiences to start paying attention to the destination. Furthermore, TV and movies can also help to directly increase number of visitors to the destination. Gradually, through shaping symbolic values in TV and movies, theycan also turn more audience to visitors andalsoenable Hengdian to develop into a famous brand in movie and TVtourismindustry.More audiencescan transformtheir virtual feelings they had in TV or movies into actual experiencesthrough visiting the destinationand participating in activitiesor games in the destination.

    First, it can continuously contribute to local tourism industrial development. Moreover, italso extendsthe influences and reshapesthetourismimage of Hengdian as famous film studios. Hengdian World Studios also finds its way to becomean ideal destination for more audiences. However, withincreasing numbers of visitorscoming to Hengdianand moviesto be filmed within the studios, it may also cause the problemsmisread of local culture, separationbetween virtuality in TV and movie and realityof thedestination, and other problems inenvironment pollutionor overload, etc.These negative impacts will not leave good impressions on tourists. Thus, in the long run, it will not sustain a good imageof the destination.Itis of vital importanceto make joint efforts to have more supervision and regulationon tourism management withinthe 3

    studiosin the purposes of continuouslydelivering goodservices to visitors and reshapingthe tourismimage of Hengdian World Studios.

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