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  • 2251.
    Bromée Kjell, Terése
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Karlsson, Emelie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Effekter och förändringar av ledarutveckling2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En kommun ställs ofta inför en mängd olika utmaningar, som ställer krav påorganisationen, ledarna och medarbetarna. Hur ska kommunen bäst ta sig an dessautmaningar som samhället och omvärlden ställer för att kunna vara i framkant i sinorganisation och ständigt utveckla den? Att utveckla sina ledare som har en central roll iorganisationen kan vara ett taktiskt val av strategi för att nå målen som sätts upp iorganisationen. Alla frågor som rör kompetens, erfarenhet, utbildning och personlighetär centrala begrepp för att utveckla ledare (Day, Fleenor, Atwater, Sturm & McKee,2014). Syftet med föreliggande undersökning är att studera om ledarutvecklingen harbidragit med några förändringar eller effekter i kommunen. Genom att ha läst in sig påolika teorier, bland annat om ledarskap, kompetensutveckling och effekter av utvecklinghar en djupare förståelse ägt rum. Metoden i undersökningen är kvalitativ, därsemistrukturerade djupintervjuer har genomförts med åtta chefer som har genomgåttledarutvecklingen. Resultatet visar att efter genomförd ledarutveckling reflekterarcheferna mer över sitt ledarskap, de identifierar styrkor och utvecklingsområden vilketbidrar till kompetensutveckling för individen och för organisationen. De synligaeffekterna av kompetensutvecklingen beskrev cheferna att de fått genom en helhetssynoch en större förståelse för andra. Det skapades även en trygghet i sin ledarroll där deinsåg vikten av samverkan. Undersökningen kan bidra med att ge en bild av hur effektiven ledarutveckling kan vara. Genom att exempelvis skapa en öppenhet i organisationenoch ha tid för reflektion. Avslutningsvis framläggs några förslag på vad kommunen kanarbeta vidare med som exempelvis att fokusera mer på samverkan och skapatvärsektionella grupper. Även kommer några förslag på vidare forskning inom området.

  • 2252.
    Broo, Emil
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    Spider-Man, den moderna superhjälten: En komparativ analys av de två filmserier som gjorts om superhjälten Spider-Man under 2000-talet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats har som syfte att analysera de två filmserierna om superhjälten Spider-Man

    som hittills gjorts i Hollywood och i superhjältegenren. De jämförs och olika element som

    berättelser, karaktärer, ton och stil ställs mot varandra, diskuteras och analyseras samt vad

    de har för slags betydelse i filmerna och hur det också påverkar karaktären och historien.

    Serietidningarna som filmerna är baserade på tas också med i analysen då de också

    påverkar historien, karaktärerna och filmernas ton och stil, bland annat tas element från

    serietidningen upp som filmskaparna tagit med i filmerna och hur det kommer sig

    diskuteras. Litteratur och fan-analyser lyfts fram för att stärka analysen samt kommentarer

    och intervjuer från filmskaparna som visar de val dem gjort för att gestalta karaktären

    Spider-Man och den värld som han befinner sig i.

    Mitt resultat är att båda filmskaparna försöker gestalta karaktären på ett rättvist sätt genom

    att gestalta karaktärens personlighet rätt men också den värld som kretsar omkring honom

    men det görs på två väldigt olika tillvägagångssätt. Både när det gäller det narrativa

    berättandet och tonen och stilen på filmerna. Men det finns också en del likheter i filmerna,

    bland annat att de båda tar med element från serietidningarna för att tillfredsställa fansen

    till Spider-Man. Samtidigt har de båda filmerna olika toner och stilar i sitt berättande som

    förändrats genom åren.

  • 2253.
    Brorson, Amelia
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    Från vita duken till svarta tavlan.: Filmproduktion som uttrycksform i högstadiet.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Utgångspunkten i den här uppsatsen har varit att lyfta fram ungdomars reflektioner kring hur

    de uttrycker sig via film, i en diskussion där ett vuxenperspektiv generellt är framträdande i

    många andra studier om ungdomars mediepraktiker. Uppsatsen undersöker hur dagens

    högstadieelever använder film som en kommunikationsform, samt deras idéer kring hur detta

    skulle kunna användas som ett hjälpmedel inom skolan. Studien som ligger till grund för de

    teman som diskuteras utgörs av sex reflexiva intervjuer med högstadieelever från en skola i

    södra Sverige. Materialet från dessa samtal har genomgått en kvalitativ analys där

    gemensamma ämnen redovisas och analyseras.

    Att ungdomar idag har ett väldigt avslappnat och naturligt förhållningssätt till att

    uttrycka sig via film leder till intressanta och nytänkande användningsområden att redogöra

    för. Utöver mediets roll i elevernas vardag presenteras deras förslag på flertalet kreativa

    funktioner för det inom högstadiet. Resultatet av att välja ungdomarnas perspektiv på hur de

    använder film blir en utgångspunkt där mediet beskrivs som en tillgång och ett hjälpmedel.

    Ett uppfriskande och positivt synsätt som har fått inspirera uppsatsen angreppssätt av ämnet.

  • 2254.
    Brorson, Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies.
    Doulors erfarenheter av sitt arbete med somaliska invandrarkvinnor En intervjustudie2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2255.
    Brorson, Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Doulors erfarenheter av sitt arbete med somaliska invandrarkvinnor: En intervjustudie2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Doulor/kulturtolkar är kvinnor som ska ge sina kvinnliga landsmän stöd och hjälp i

    kontakten med den svenska hälso- och sjukvården. I Örebro läns landsting

    startades ett projekt med doulor/kulturtolkar under 2013. Syftet med denna studie

    är att utforska dessa doulors erfarenheter av sitt arbete och vilken information de

    anser är relevant för invandrarkvinnor som ska besöka en barnmorska i

    primärvården. Metoden har varit kvalitativ med individuella intervjuer med fem

    doulor i Örebro. Resultatet visade att invandrarkvinnor önskar stöd och

    information dels i form av hjälp att förstå språket och information i samband med

    besök i vården t.ex. på vårdcentral, dels i form av en djupare förklaring av

    innebörden i informationen. Doulornas uppgift har varit att förklara på ett sätt så

    att invandrakvinnorna förstår. Invandrarkvinnorna har också sökt stöd hos

    doulorna när de har haft oro angående kvinnlig könsstympning, och för att få veta

    vad cellprovtagning är. Slutsatsen är att denna studie visar överensstämmelse i

    hög grad med tidigare forskning inom området.

  • 2256.
    Brorsson, Anna Lena
    Karolinska institutet.
    Diabetes during childhood and adolescence: studies of insulin treatment, patient-reported outcomes, and evaluation of an empowerment-based education2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a lack of studies demonstrating positive effects on glycaemic control and HRQoL in children and adolescents starting CSII treatment. Guidelines recommend measuring perceived HRQoL routinely. It is important to have questionnaires, not overly comprehensive or timeconsuming, to measure HRQoL in children and adolescents as well as their parents. Structured and person-centred education has been emphasized as a key to successful selfmanagement. Guided Self-Determination-Young (GSD-Y) is a person-centred communication and reflection method. The overall aim of this thesis was to increase the knowledge regarding glycaemic control, type of treatment, HRQoL, and a theory-based education among youth with type 1 diabetes.

    Study I was a retrospective case-control study comparing children and adolescents starting CSII (n=216), with a control group treated with MDI (n=215). Children and adolescents who had started CSII showed improvement in glycaemic control, measured as HbA1c, during the first six months. For boys, this improvement could be identified throughout the first year.

    In Study II, 197 parents and their children with type 1 diabetes completed the proxy and child versions of the questionnaires Check your Health and DISABKIDS to test the psychometric properties of Check your Health by proxy. The test of the reliability and validity of this questionnaire showed acceptable psychometric properties.

    Study III, an RCT evaluating a GSD-Y education, included 71 adolescents starting CSII and their parents. The intervention group (n=37) attended seven group education sessions, lasting for about two hours each, using the GSD-Y method. The participants were followed for six months. The GSD-Y method showed a positive effect on glycaemic control, especially for participants with an HbA1c above 63 mmol/mol (n=48) at inclusion (p= 0.037); furthermore, readiness to change increased (p=0.037). A correlation was identified between HbA1c and goal achievement (rs=-0.475, p=0.001), and readiness to change (rs=-0.487, p=0.001).

    In Study IV, 13 adolescents were interviewed after the intervention with GSD-Y. From the qualitative analysis, two categories emerged: the importance of context, and growing in power through the group process. An overarching theme that emerged from the interviews was the importance of expert and referent power in growing awareness of the importance of self-management, as well as mitigating the loneliness of diabetes. Further, the findings showed that it is valuable for adolescents to meet other young people in the same situation, and to share their experiences from living with diabetes.

    In conclusion the four studies showed, treatment with CSII may initially result in improved HbA1c. Group education with the GSD-Y method, for adolescents and their parents, has the potential to further improve HbA1c, mitigate the loneliness of diabetes, and contribute to conscious reflection about self-management. The Check your Health questionnaire by proxy has shown acceptable psychometric characteristics, and may be useful in both studies and clinical settings.

  • 2257.
    Brorsson, Anna Lena
    et al.
    Department of Women's and Children's Health, Karolinska Institute and Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Leksell, Janeth
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Viklund, Gunnel
    Department of Women's and Children's Health, Karolinska Institute and Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lindholm Olinder, Anna
    Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    A multicentre randomized controlled trial of an empowerment-inspired intervention for adolescents starting continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion: a study protocol2013In: BMC Pediatrics, ISSN 1471-2431, E-ISSN 1471-2431, Vol. 13, article id 212Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. Continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) treatment among children with type 1 diabetes is increasing in Sweden. However, studies evaluating glycaemic control in children using CSII show inconsistent results. Omitting bolus insulin doses using CSII may cause reduced glycaemic control among adolescents. The distribution of responsibility for diabetes self-management between children and parents is often unclear and needs clarification. There is much published support for continued parental involvement and shared diabetes management during adolescence. Guided Self-Determination (GSD) is an empowerment-based, person-centred, reflection and problem solving method intended to guide the patient to become self-sufficient and develop life skills for managing difficulties in diabetes self-management. This method has been adapted for adolescents and parents as Guided Self-Determination-Young (GSD-Y). This study aims to evaluate the effect of an intervention with GSD-Y in groups of adolescents starting on insulin pumps and their parents on diabetes-related family conflicts, perceived health and quality of life (QoL), and metabolic control. Here, we describe the protocol and plans for study enrolment.

    Methods. This study is designed as a randomized, controlled, prospective, multicentre study. Eighty patients between 12-18 years of age who are planning to start CSII will be included. All adolescents and their parents will receive standard insulin pump training. The education intervention will be conducted when CSII is to be started and at four appointments in the first 4 months after starting CSII. The primary outcome is haemoglobin A1c levels. Secondary outcomes are perceived health and QoL, frequency of blood glucose self-monitoring and bolus doses, and usage of carbohydrate counting. The following instruments will be used to evaluate perceived health and QoL: Disabkids, 'Check your health', the Diabetes Family Conflict Scale and the Swedish Diabetes Empowerment Scale. Outcomes will be evaluated within and between groups by comparing data at baseline, and at 6 and 12 months after starting treatment.

    Results and discussion. In this study, we will assess the effect of starting an insulin pump together with the model of Guided Self-Determination to determine whether this approach leads to retention of improved glycaemic control, QoL, responsibility distribution and reduced diabetes-related conflicts in the family.

    Trial registration: Current controlled trials: ISRCTN22444034

  • 2258.
    Brorsson, Anna Lena
    et al.
    Karolinska institutet.
    Lindholm Olinder, Anna
    Viklund, Gunnel
    Granström, Therese
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Uppsala University.
    Leksell, Janeth
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Uppsala University.
    Adolescents’ perceptions of participation in group education using the Guided Self-Determination-Young method: a qualitative study2017In: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care, ISSN 2052-4897, Vol. 5, no 1, article id e000432Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective Guided Self-Determination (GSD) is a person-centered communication and reflection method. Education in groups may have a greater impact than the content of the education, and constructive communication between parents and adolescents has been shown to be of importance. The purpose of this study was to describe adolescents’ perceptions of participation in group education with the Guided Self-Determination-Young (GSD-Y) method, together with parents, in connection with the introduction of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion.

    Research design and methods In the present qualitative interview study, 13 adolescents with type 1 diabetes were included after completing a GSD-Y group education program in connection with the introduction of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion at three hospitals located in central Sweden. The adolescents were interviewed individually, and qualitative content analysis was applied to the interview transcripts.

    Results Two categories that emerged from the analysis were the importance of context and growing in power through the group process. An overarching theme that emerged from the interviews was the importance of expert and referent power in growing awareness of the importance of self-management as well as mitigating the loneliness of diabetes.

    Conclusions GSD-Y has, in various ways, mitigated experiences of loneliness and contributed to conscious reflection about self-management in the group (referent power) together with the group leader (expert power). Overall, this highlights the benefits of group education, and the GSD method emphasizes the person-centered approach.

  • 2259.
    Brorsson, Anna Lena
    et al.
    Karolinska institutet.
    Lindholm Olinder, Anna
    Wikblad, Karin
    Viklund, Gunnel
    Parent's perception of their children's health, quality of life and burden of diabetes: testing reliability and validity of 'Check your Health' by proxy.2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 497-504Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: To test the validity and reliability of the 'Check your Health by proxy' instrument in parents to children with diabetes aged 8-17 years.

    METHODS: One hundred and ninety-one caregivers and their children, aged 8-17 years, were included. All completed the 'Check your Health' questionnaire measuring quality of life and burden of diabetes, DISABKIDS self- or proxy version, and 45 completed the same questionnaires 2 weeks later.

    RESULTS: Test-retest reliability on the 'Check your Health' questionnaire by proxy was moderate to strong (r = 0.48-0.74), p < 0.002). Convergent validity was weak to moderate (r = 0.15-0.49, p < 0.05). The instrument showed acceptable discriminant validity. Parents reported lower scores than the children on emotional health and social relations and higher scores on physical and emotional burden and higher burden on quality of life. Poorer social relationships and quality of life were associated with higher reported disease severity. The diabetes burden domain of the questionnaire correlated to perceived severity of diabetes and to perceived health. Discriminant validity showed that poorer social relationships and quality of life were associated with higher severity of the disease. The diabetes burden domain of 'Check your Health' by proxy showed discriminant validity on perceived severity of diabetes.

    CONCLUSIONS: The instrument 'Check your Health' by proxy showed acceptable psychometric characteristics in parents to young people (8-17 years of age) with diabetes. We also concluded that parents reported that their children had lower health and higher burden of diabetes than the children did, and it correlated to reported disease severity.

  • 2260.
    Brorsson, Anna Lena
    et al.
    Karolinska institutet.
    Viklund, Gunnel
    Örtqvist, Eva
    Lindholm Olinder, Anna
    Does treatment with an insulin pump improve glycaemic control in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes? A retrospective case-control study.2015In: Pediatric Diabetes, ISSN 1399-543X, E-ISSN 1399-5448, Vol. 16, no 7, p. 546-53Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate long-term effects on glycaemic control, ketoacidosis, serious hypoglycaemic events, insulin requirements, and body mass index standard deviation scores (BMI-SDS) in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes starting on continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) compared with children and adolescents treated with multiple daily injections (MDI).

    METHODS: This retrospective case-control study compares 216 patients starting CSII with a control group on MDI (n = 215), matched for glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), sex, and age during a 2-yr period. Variables collected were gender, age, HbA1c, insulin requirement, BMI, BMI-SDS, ketoacidosis, and serious hypoglycaemic events.

    RESULTS: In the CSII group there was an improvement in HbA1c after 6 and 12 months compared with the MDI group. For boys and girls separately the same effect was detected after 6 months, but only for boys after 12 months. The incidence of ketoacidosis was higher in the CSII group compared with the MDI group (2.8 vs. 0.5/100 person-yr). The incidences of severe hypoglycaemic episodes per 100 person-yr were three in the CSII group and six in the MDI group (p < 0.05). After 6, 12, and 24 months, the insulin requirement was higher in the MDI group.

    CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that treatment with CSII resulted in an improvement in HbA1c levels up to 1 yr and decreased the number of severe hypoglycaemic events, but the frequency of ketoacidosis increased. The major challenge is to identify methods to maintain the HbA1c improvement, especially among older children and teenagers, and reduce the frequency of ketoacidosis.

  • 2261.
    Brorsson, Sofia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Andersson, Niklas
    Herö, Johan
    Lundgren, Lina
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Increasing Activation of the Gluteus Medius using a New Training Device2012In: Journal of Sport and Health Research, ISSN 1989-6239, Vol. 4, no 3, p. 311-320Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The gluteus medius (GM) is a strong abductor and medial rotator of the thigh, and plays an important role in stabilizing the pelvis and controlling the knees during athletic activities.Weakness in the GM can have adverse effects onperformance and increase the risk of lower extremityinjuries. The aim of this study was to validate a newtraining device by comparing the activation of theGM when performing a squat with and without thedevice. Methods: Thirty-two female athletes (mean age 20 ± 3) performed body weight squats on and offthe device, while surface electromyography wasrecorded bilaterally on the GM. Results: All testsubjects were able to perform the squat and toactivate the GM. The activation of the GM was significantly higher when using the new device than when performing squats on the floor (Z=-4.9,P<0.001). Correlation tests between a complete sequence of three squats and one selected repetition revealed that activation was consistent throughout theexercise (right GM: rs=0.93, P<0.001, left GM:rp=0.92, P<0.001). No differences in activation were found between the right and left GM when squatting on the device. Conclusion: The newly developed training device increases muscle activity in the GM during squats. Moreover, the results showed thatsquatting on the device activates the left and rightside of the body equally, and that the GM was activated during the whole hip flexion exercise. This information and the new training device can be usedin training programs to improve stabilization of the pelvis and lower extremities during dynamic exercises.

  • 2262.
    Brorsson, Sofia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Boustedt, Cecilia
    Nordenskiöld, Ulla
    A grip force over 104 Newton is associated to less activity limitations and pain in women with hand ostheoarthritis2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2263.
    Brorsson, Sofia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Bremander, Ann
    Lunds universitet.
    Qualitative differences in the muscle activity in the forearm flexor and extensor muscles in healthy men and women in different ages2012In: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, ISSN 0003-4967, E-ISSN 1468-2060, Vol. 71, no s3, p. 755-755Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2264.
    Brorsson, Sofia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Carlsson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science.
    Carlsson, Magnus
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science.
    A new electronic grip force measurement device for hand evaluation2013In: Abstracts of the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology EULAR. June 12-15, 2013. Madrid, Spain, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Hand grip force is a good indicator of general muscle strength and can also be used to predict multiple outcomes such as changes in activities of daily living (ADL), disability, mortality and general upper extremity strength. Hand grip force is often measured as the amount of static grip force a subject can produce when measured with a hydraulic dynamometer such as the Jamar or with an electronic device such as the Grippit. The Grippit device measures an average grip force, a peak grip force and force over a set time period. Grippit has shown good reliability for healthy subjects. Grippit, which was developed over 20 years ago in Gothenburg, Sweden is no longer manufactured. Therefore, the need for anewly developed and modernized measurement instrument for use in evaluating hand rehabilitation has arisen.

    Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the test-retest reliability of the newly developed instrument GRIP-it and to describe and validate the relationship between grip force measurements from GRIP-it and the original Grippit device.

    Methods: Healthy controls (n=43) were included in the study. Two devices were used to evaluate grip force (Newton, N), (i) GRIP-it a newly developed device and (ii) Grippit. Both instruments were used to measure mean and maximal force over 10 seconds.

    Results: GRIP-it displayed a mean measurement error of -1.7 ± 0.5% and the corresponding error for Grippit was -1.6 ± 1.9%. All subjects completed the grip force tests and the results for three attempts for each hand. The test-retest reliability was excellent for both pieces of equipment, with ICCs ranging from 0.963 to 0.947 (CI 95% between 0.103 and 0.041) for GRIP-it and from 0.979 to 0.968 (CI 95% between 0.087 and 0.042) for Grippit.

    Relationships between Grippit and GRIP-it

    There was a significant difference between the measured values derived from Grippit and GRIP-it for both the dominant hand (P < 0.001) and the non-dominant hand (P < 0.01). Grippit gives in general a higher grip force measurement than GRIP-it which is also indicated by the slope (β1) of the regression lines that deviates from 1. However, there were no substantial differences in the grip force when comparing the measurements for the dominant hand with the non-dominant hand for either Grippit (P = 0.071) or GRIP-it (P = 0.404). Based on these non-significant differences between hands and the fact that the model estimates for the intercept (β0) and the slope (β1) are contained within the confidence intervals of the model estimates for the opposite hand, a combined model was derived. The linear regression analysis, with grip force measurements for both hands included, gives: GRIP-it = 49.0 + 0.779 · Grippit. This explains 89.6% of the variance in grip force analyzed by GRIP-it (P < 0.001) see Figure 2. To enable an estimation of grip force measured by Grippit based on GRIP-it values a regression analysis with Grippit as dependent variable gives: Grippit = -18.1 + 1.15 · GRIP-it, which explains 89.6% of the variance in grip force analyzed by Grippit (P < 0.001).

    Conclusions: This study showed that GRIP-it has excellent test-retest reliability. Measurements of grip force with GRIP-it are strongly related to those from the original Grippit. The newly developed GRIP-it shows great potential for use in the assessment of hand function and the evaluation of hand rehabilitation.

  • 2265.
    Brorsson, Sofia
    et al.
    PRODEA Research Group, Halmstad University, Halmstad.
    Hilliges, Marita
    PRODEA Research Group, Halmstad University, Halmstad.
    Sollerman, Christer
    Department of Hand Surgery, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Göteborg, ; R & D Center, Spenshults Hospital of Rheumatic Diseases.
    Nilsdotter, Anna
    R & D Center, Spenshults Hospital of Rheumatic Diseases ; Department of Research and Education, Halmstad County Hospital, Halmstad, Sweden.
    A six-week hand exercise programme improves strength and hand function in patients with rheumatoid arthritis2009In: Journal of rehabilitation medicine, ISSN 1651-2081, Vol. 41, no 5, p. 338-42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of hand exercise in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, and to compare the results with healthy controls.

    METHODS: Forty women (20 patients with rheumatoid arthritis and 20 healthy controls) performed a hand exercise programme. The results were evaluated after 6 and 12 weeks with hand force measurements (with a finger extension force measurement device (EX-it) and finger flexion force measurement with Grippit). Hand function was evaluated with the Grip Ability Test (GAT) and with patient relevant questionnaires (Disability of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) and Short Form-36). Ultrasound measurements were performed on m. extensor digitorum communis for analysis of the muscle response to the exercise programme.

    RESULTS: The extension and flexion force improved in both groups after 6 weeks (p < 0.01). Hand function (GAT) also improved in both groups (p < 0.01). The rheumatoid arthritis group showed improvement in the results of the DASH questionnaire (p < 0.05). The cross-sectional area of the extensor digitorum communis increased significantly in both groups measured with ultrasound.

    CONCLUSION: A significant improvement in hand force and hand function in patients with rheumatoid arthritis was seen after 6 weeks of hand training; the improvement was even more pronounced after 12 weeks. Hand exercise is thus an effective intervention for rheumatoid arthritis patients, leading to better strength and function.

  • 2266.
    Brorsson, Sofia
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Nilsdotter, Anna
    Pedersen, Eja
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Bremander, Ann
    Lunds universitet.
    Thorstensson, Carina
    Lunds universitet.
    The relationship between finger flexion and extension force in healthy women and women with rheumatoid arthritis2012In: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1650-1977, E-ISSN 1651-2081, ISSN 1650-1977, Vol. 44, no 7, p. 605-608Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE:

    Balance between flexor and extensor muscle activity is essential for optimal function. The purpose of this pilot study was to compare the relationship between maximum finger flexion force and maximum finger extension force in women with rheumatoid arthritis and healthy women.

    METHODS:

    Twenty healthy women (median age 61 years) and 20 women with rheumatoid arthritis (median age 59.5 years, median disease duration 16.5 years) were included in the study. Finger extension force was measured with an electronic device, EX-it, and finger flexion force using Grippit. The Grip Ability Test and the score from the patient-reported outcome Disability Arm Shoulder and Hand were used to evaluate activity limitations.

    RESULTS:

    Patients with rheumatoid arthritis showed significantly decreased hand function compared with healthy controls. A correlation was found between extension force and flexion force in the healthy group (r = 0.65, p = 0.002),but not in the rheumatoid arthritis group (r = 0.25, p = 0.289).

    CONCLUSION:

    Impaired hand function appears to influence the relationship between maximum finger flexion and extension force. This study showed a difference in the relationship between maximum finger flexion and extension force in healthy controls and those with rheumatoid arthritis.

  • 2267.
    Brorsson, Sofia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science. School of Business and Engineering, Department of Exercise Physiology, Biomechanics and Health, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Nilsdotter, Anna
    Department of Research and Education, Halmstad County Hospital, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Thorstensson, Carina
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden ; Department of Medicine, Solna, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bremander, Ann
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund, Section of Rheumatology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden 7 Research and Development Center, Spenshult, Oskarstrom, Sweden.
    Differences in muscle activity during hand dexterity tasks between women with arthritis and a healthy reference group2014In: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, ISSN 1471-2474, E-ISSN 1471-2474, Vol. 15, article id 154Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. Impaired hand function is common in patients with arthritis and it affects performance of daily activities; thus, hand exercises are recommended. There is little information on the extent to which the disease affects activation of the flexor and extensor muscles during these hand-dexterity tasks. The purpose of this study was to compare muscle activation during such tasks in subjects with arthritis and in a healthy reference group.

    Methods. Muscle activation was measured in m. extensor digitorium communis (EDC) and in m. flexor carpi radialis (FCR) with surface electromyography (EMG) in women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA, n = 20), hand osteoarthritis (HOA, n = 16) and in a healthy reference group (n = 20) during the performance of four daily activity tasks and four hand exercises. Maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) was measured to enable intermuscular comparisons, and muscle activation is presented as %MVIC.

    Results. The arthritis group used a higher %MVIC than the reference group in both FCR and EDC when cutting with a pair of scissors, pulling up a zipper and—for the EDC—also when writing with a pen and using a key (p < 0.02). The exercise “rolling dough with flat hands” required the lowest %MVIC and may be less effective in improving muscle strength.

    Conclusions. Women with arthritis tend to use higher levels of muscle activation in daily tasks than healthy women, and wrist extensors and flexors appear to be equally affected. It is important that hand training programs reflect real-life situations and focus also on extensor strength.

  • 2268.
    Brorsson, Sofia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Nilsdotter, Anna
    Department of Research and Education, Halmstad Central Hospital.
    Thorstensson, Carina
    Lunds universitet.
    Bremander, Ann
    Lunds universitet.
    Hand flexor and extensor muscle activity in daily activities and hand exercises in women with rheumatoid arthritis or hand osteoarthritis2012In: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, ISSN 0003-4967, E-ISSN 1468-2060, Vol. 71, no s3, p. 754-754Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2269.
    Brorsson, Sofia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Parker, James
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Olsson, Charlotte
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Grip force and muscle activity are associated with kinematics in the golf swing2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2270.
    Brorsson, Sofia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Petersson, Johan
    Riggberger, Kenneth
    Olsson, Charlotte
    Unilateral Strength Training With Maximal Velocity Improves Lower Body Power Outcome And Movement Velocity2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2271.
    Brorsson, Sofia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Thorstensson, C.
    Nilsdotter, A.
    Bremander, A.
    Two different sets of hand exercises: improved grip strength after eight weeks in patients with arthritis2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 2272.
    Brosius, Anders
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Markus, Sara
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Patienters upplevelse av bedsiderapportering: En litteraturöversikt2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To compile the current studies on patients' experience and perception of bedside report in hospital care.

    Methods: The literature review was based on 16 scientific articles, eight qualitative, seven quantitative and one mixed methods. The articles were searched through databases Cinahl and PubMed and analyzed using content analysis, five themes were created based on the analysis.

    Results: Five themes were created based on the result: treatment and communication, expenditure of time, participation, safe and secure care and confidential information.

    Patients were generally positive to the method and felt that they were involved in their care. They stated that the transfer of information between nurse and patient was an important aspect that contributed to a sense of participation and safe care. Lack of time during the bedside reporting and that the nurses used an incomprehensible language were deficiencies raised by the patients related to the method.

    Conclusion: It is important that the nurses strive to create a balance of power in the relationship with the patient. This can be achieved by giving time and to adapt the language to the unique patient. This literature review can provide an understanding of how patients can experience bedside report and the factors that promote and inhibit participation. The result can be used as a guide in the introduction of the method in clinical practice.

  • 2273.
    Brosius, Isabelle
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Construction.
    Utfackningsväggar i trä: En tid- och kostnadsjämförelse mellan prefabricerade och platsbyggda byggmetoder2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To win procurements today, it is important that you as an entrepreneur choose the most effective resource and production methods. That already in the calculation stage, decide how high degree of prefabrication the project should have, is favorable to promptly adapt the workplace in order to get the best output.

    In Mora, Skanska has a block workshop that among other things manufactures curtain walls. Skanska has expressed a desire for a study of the differences in time and cost between their precast curtain walls and site-built curtain walls in order to see for which construction projects it may be appropriate to make use of their precast curtain walls.

    The purpose of this project is to facilitate the choice of production method for the manufacture of curtain walls, depending on the construction project's requirements regarding:

    • If the project has a short or long timetable.
    • How many square meters of curtain-wall the project needs.
    • Distance to block workshop.

    The work is defined to include construction projects that have a bearing frame with lightweight curtain walls of wood. The production methods studied for building curtain walls in wood is prefabrication and site-built.

    The production cost has defined to only conclude the cost of the work and the expenses of the workplace, no costs for the materials that are built-in are included. The cost of the built-in materials is assumed in this work to be the same whether the curtain walls are site built or prefabricated.

    With unit times from the block workshop, has a production time for prefabrication of curtain walls been calculated. For the site-built curtain wall, unit times from Nybyggnadslistan 1999 has been retrieved and used to calculate a manufacturing time for building the wall in place. A cost benefit analysis has been done comparing the different manufacturing cost. The cost benefit analysis show the amount of wall area required to choose prefabricated over place built at the highest profit.

    The result shows that to manufacture and mount one square meter of prefabricated curtain wall takes 0,135 hours less time than that place build the same amount. Time on site is reduced by 0,578 hours per square meter when using precast curtain walls.

    The result also shows that the cost to manufacture one square meter of curtain-wall is 32.77 SEK lower than that place build the same amount of curtain-wall. The thing that pulls up the cost of precast curtain walls is the transport. A fully loaded truck with 370 m² of wall can be transported 43 Swedish miles before profitability ceiling is reached.

    The time at the construction place, is getting shorter when using prefabricated curtain walls, leading to reduced costs in the workplace.

    For a construction project located at a distance of 30 Swedish miles from block workshop, is it profitable to choose prefabricated curtain walls, if the object needs 256 m² or more square meters of wall. For construction projects that require a smaller number of square meters of curtain walls, it is more profitable to use the site-built curtain walls. Especially if the construction project is located at a far distance from the block workshop.

    Important conclusions from this thesis are:

    • Shorter production time for precast curtain walls, which results in a lower production cost.
    • The time on the construction site is reduced by the use of precast curtain walls.
    • For long trips, a larger number of square meters precast curtain walls is needed to make the use of prefab to be profitable.
    • The use of precast curtain walls means less need for storage of materials on the construction site.
  • 2274.
    Broström, Britt
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Ernstsson, Marianne
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Postoperativ smärta: Metoder för bedömning och omvårdnadsåtgärder: En litteraturöversikt2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Postoperative pain is often undertreated. There are several

    reasons why it is important with good pain relief after surgery. Ease of the

    acute pain but also to prevent complications and long lasting pain.

    Aim: To describe the nurse´s assessment and nursing care of postoperative

    pain in adults.

    Methods: Literature review based on 16 articles, published between 2010-

    2016. The articles were found in the databases PubMed, CINAHL and Web

    of Science.

    Results: The nurse´s attitude and time for creating a relationship with the

    patient, is a prerequisite for correct pain assessment. Apart from

    administration of analgesics, there is nursing care that can relieve pain,

    which the nurse can use, for example change position or give information.

    Conclusion: There are many factors that influence the nurse´s pain

    assessment, where the patient´s participation and the nurse´s attitude are

    important components. Also nursing care can ease pain.

  • 2275.
    Broström, Gustav
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Musikaliska kännetecken i Max Martins produktioner2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats undersöker olika musikaliskt hörbara kännetecken som är specifika i Max

    Martins produktioner. Musikaliska kännetecken refererar till hörbara kännetecken i den här

    uppsatsen och kommer att beröra formen på verket, tonart, rytm, frasindelningar, sångens

    dynamik, melodin och känslan som artisten framför i sången. Först analyseras tre

    produktioner producerade och skrivna av Max Martin och sedan jämförs de med tre stycken

    produktioner som är producerade och skrivna av andra producenter och låtskrivare. Analysen

    sker genom en så kallad ljudhändelsebeskrivning för att få fram material som går att jämföras

    och det sker med hjälp av den komparativa metoden. I resultatet går det tydligt att se

    musikaliskt hörbara kännetecken som är specifika i Max Martins produktioner. Det går även

    att se vilka musikaliskt hörbara kännetecken som är gemensamma för alla inspelningar som

    har analyserats i uppsatsen.

  • 2276.
    Broström, Matilda
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Spanish.
    Aprendizaje de palabras: Un estudio sobre las estrategias que usan los alumnos en el curso 9 para aprender nuevas palabras en español como lengua extranjera2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
  • 2277.
    Brottare, Emelie
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Närståendes och vårdpersonals erfarenheter av kommunikation i den palliativa vården – En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract:

    It often means a grievous grief for relatives when a beloved person's life is coming to an end, which also means that the life you have collectively shared is coming to an end. In accordance with person-centered care, health care professionals should work for a partnership between relatives, the patient and the healthcare professional. In palliative care, relatives often take a major responsibility for the patient's care, while at the same time they are in crisis and they also have a need for support and information. Care interventions to the patient are often based on the needs that the relative´s communicated. In order to carry out a person-centered care, it is therefore important to make clear what experiences the relatives and the health professionals have of communication in palliative care.

    Aim:

    The aim was to compile studies describing how communication is experienced by relatives and healthcare professionals in palliative care.

    Methods:

    A literature review based on 15 scientific articles, all of which were collected in the CINAHL database. The articles were of qualitative and quantitative design.

    Results:

    It has positive significance for the patient and the relative´s that initially already at a breakpoint communication include relative´s. Structured communication models between related and health professionals favored the dialog between them. It was considered difficult to structure how communication shall be performed, when communication takes place at an individual level.

    Conclusions:

    There were differences of the quality of communication depending on whether the healthcare professional worked in specialized palliative care. When relative´s felt insecure and anxious, it affected the patients. Health professionals experienced differences in what the patient wanted for arrangements and what the relative´s mediated that the patient needed.

  • 2278.
    Bruhn, Tommy
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Att genomskåda illusionen: En fallstudie kring inverkan av musikalisk och ljudteknisk träning på den subjektiva uppfattningen av två audiella illusioner2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 2279.
    Brulin, Göran
    Arbetslivsinstitutet; KTH.
    Räddas välfärdsstaten med klasskamp?2004In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 41, no 1, p. 11-18Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 2280.
    Brulin, Göran
    et al.
    KTH.
    Bäckström, Henrik
    KTH.
    En svensk arbetslinje för det tjugoförsta seklet2006In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 43, no 2, p. 97-128Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish model for full employment is under reconstruction. Increasing unemployment rates and sick-leaves is challenging traditional Swedish labour market policies. At the same time new institutions and actors have entered the labour market. Nowadays, half the Swedish workforce is covered by collective agreements on how to manage redundancies due to structural changes at workplaces. In the future these new institutions will influence the role of traditional actors such as the governmental Labour Market Board and the Employment services offices. Neo-classical economists have recommended lower levels of unemployment insurances and social security to manage the problems. Contrary to these economists we argue that the solutions put forward by new collective agreements, institutions and actors show that the Swedish model can be developed. In the article this new institutional infrastructure of insurances, temporary work agencies, security funds and collective agreements that has emerged during the last decade is described. If the heavily centralistic labour market policy could be replaced by new efforts of different actors on local and regional level the Swedish labour market model could be filled with a new content in line with the demands from a modern working life.

  • 2281.
    Brun Sundblad, Gunilla
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap.
    Mechbach, Jane
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap.
    Lundvall, Suzanne
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap.
    Nilsson, Johnny
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap.
    Orka hela vägen: Upplevd hälsa, idrotts- och träningsbakgrund bland studenter på en fysiskt inriktad yrkesutbildning.  Lärarstudenter GIH 2008 delrapport 1: 20092010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Ett sammanfattande porträtt av den nyantagna lärarstudenten vid GIH med utgångspunkt från enkätsvaren ger vid handen en bild av en person, som är ca 21 år gammal, född i Sverige och uppvuxen i en medelstor stad i Mellansverige. Studenten trivdes mycket bra i skolan och var som elev något över medel med MVG i idrott och hälsa.

    Valet av yrkesutbildning grundade sig på ett stort intresse för idrott, samt en önskan att få jobba med barn och ungdom. Studievalet hade för många påverkats av en tidigare idrotts-lärare, kompisar och familj. En bra lärare i idrott och hälsa är enligt studenten positiv, engagerad, rättvis, bestämd och kunnig.

    Lärarstudenten ser sig behärska bollspel väl. Störst kunskap och färdighet uppges i fot-boll och alpin skidåkning. Minst kunskap och färdighet skattades i softboll, baseboll, bergsklättring, långfärdsskridskoåkning och i konsten att kunna valla skidor. Många ser sig ha god kunskap om sambandet mellan hälsa, livsstil och miljö, men mindre god om hur en idrottsaktivitet har betydelse för kulturarvet, samband mellan miljö och männi-skans hälsa i ett historiskt och nutidsperspektiv samt i ergonomi.

    På sin fritid går lärarstudenten ofta på idrottsevenemang, café, tittar på TV och video eller umgås med vänner och familj. Lärarstudenten går sällan på bio och nästan aldrig på tea-ter, museum eller vernissager. "Vad är vernissage?" undrar en student.

    Hälsan, både fysiskt och psykiskt, skattas som tillfredsställande och man känner ofta hopp, glädje och meningsfullhet. Emellertid finner man sig även ofta stressad på grund av tidsbrist och alla krav. Många kvinnliga studenter (41%) rapporterade ryggont och många, både kvinnor och män, beskrev att de har besvär från en skadad fotled eller knä. De flesta lärarstudenterna är regelbundet fysiskt aktiva och de finner att mängden motion delvis är tillfredsställande.

    Förväntningarna är höga på utbildningen både att den är mångsidig och kommer att ge ökad kunskap inom olika områden. Under studietiden förväntar man sig att utvecklas och förbättra sin egen fysiska status och hälsa. En student uttrycker det med orden: "Mitt nya liv startar idag". Den sammanfattande bilden av lärarstudenten på GIH liknar den som tidigare har redovisats av Meckbach och Wedman i en liknande studie från maj 2005. Deras studie genomfördes på studenter efter ett års studier på GIH (Meckbach & Wed-man, 2007).

  • 2282.
    Brunk, Nanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Norling, Sara
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Välbefinnande och positiva känslor i arbetslivet: En balansakt som kräver samspel2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine what gives employees wellbeing and positive

    emotions at work. The study was conducted through interviews with six employees, at four

    banking- and insurance offices in the middle of Sweden. The results were analyzed with the

    help of previous research and theories.

    The result shows that what creates positive emotions and well-being to a large degree are

    relationships, both with colleagues and customers. Positive emotions can have a very high

    ability to spread among colleagues, customers and the organization. It also showed that it is

    important that there is a balance between work life and private life and the demands and

    control at work. Being able to study wellbeing at work from an interaction perspective, which

    integrates both the individual and the organization also proved to be important to work with

    these issues.

  • 2283.
    Brunnert Walfridsson, Erik
    Dalarna University.
    NGL2014 Next Generation Learning Conference: Conference summary2014Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 2284.
    Brunnstedt, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Liljeqvist, Linda
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Friskfaktorer på en enhet: Identifiera & fortsatt bevara2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a qualitative study with the purpose to identify health factors within a unit of Stockholm’s city and examine what is necessary for a continued preservation. Furthermore, the aim is to investigate what support is required for the preservation and the HR function's role in this aspect. The work unit is, in the aspect of sickness absence, a wellbeing group who is facing changes in work labor and goal setting due to a recent government shift.

    A query tool was used to produce the eight most important dimensions of the attractive work and a discussion was held around these under a focus group interview with the employees of the work unit. The results showed that the most important dimensions were, among other things, working hours and relationships.

    Furthermore, it was shown that a balance between work-life and private-life is of great importance to employee’s health and well-being. In order to continue to preserve the good work, the empirical data showed that the relationship within the group and the leader was a key factor and that the HR function, the personnel strategy department, only contributes an administrative and guiding role in the issue of support.

    The study’s conclusions include the following: that the preservation of health factors require existence to be comprehensible, manageable, and meaningful. But the study also concluded that employees need reasonable requirements in relation to their scope for manoeuver. A further conclusion is the need for a change in leadership behavior in subsequent stages when the group will possibly enter in a new phase of maturity due to changing circumstances.

    The authors also conclude that health factors are partly based on the individual’s life situation, but the balance between work-life and private-life is certainly important for most people. The HR function, the personnel strategy department, has an informative and administrative role in the issue of support and the authors believe that there is logic to this role. In terms of the size of the organization, it’s easier to turn psychosocial issues to occupational health services or a psychologist group and labor law assistance or information from the HR function.

  • 2285.
    Bruno, Linnéa
    Sociologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Pedagoger i det sociala uppdragets gränstrakter: Att hantera familjerättsliga processer, hot och våld2012In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 49, no 3, p. 189-210Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Pedagogues in the borderland of their social task: dealing with family law proceedings, threats and violence

    Drawing upon an explorative study of family law proceedings from a school perspective, the aim of this paper is to examine the school staff’s strategies for solving or coping with problematic situations in this context. Gendered conflicts between adults and violence are extreme cases for pedagogues in school and preschool. How do the staff cope with their own and the children’s vulnerability? Based upon interviews with 22 informants, the staff’s strategies are outlined and discussed in relation to organizational and professional circumstances and intersecting social relations of power. An analytical construction of six types of proactive and reactive strategies, ranging from distance keeping to normalization of own exposure, is utilized in the analysis. Findings suggest that the staff’s strategies to handle challenging events in this context vary with the parent’s gender, class position and ethnicity. Further, it is argued that creating a sense of safety and promoting learning among the children may be obstructed by lack of support from the school’s organization, demands on staff to perform customer oriented attitudes towards parents and lack of clarity concerning the limits of the social task. Conflicts between the organization and profession on the one hand and the educational and the social task on the other hand, are thus illuminated. In conclusion, a further aim of this article is to contribute to broader discussions on men’s violence against women and children – in families as well as in workplaces and in the intersection between these two areas. 

  • 2286.
    Brus, Peter
    Dalarna University, School of Education and Humanities, History.
    Christopher-gillet i Långshyttan: en studie av en förening i bruksortsmiljö åren 1944-19542006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att ta reda på vad Christopher-gillet i Långshyttan var för en slags förening samt vad de gjorde? Tiden som denna undersökning rör är 1944-1954. De tre frågeställningarna är: 1. Vilket syfte hade Christopher-gillet? 2. Vilka och hur många var medlemmar? 3. Vad ingick i Christopher-gillets verksamhet? Resultatet är att Christopher-gillet var i det närmaste en sällskapförening, termen sällskapsförening kommer ifrån Sören Larssons bok Förening och gemenskap. Det källmaterial som användes var Christopher-gillets medlemsmatrikel och mötesprotokoll åren 1944-1954. Christopher-gillets egen tidning Husby-rocken är även den använd som källmaterial.

  • 2287.
    Bruset, F
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics.
    Hagberg Andersson, M
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics.
    Konsumentöverskott på Peace & Love-festivalen: En jämförande undersökning av betalningsvilja och konsumentöverskott på Peace & Love-festivalen 2011 och 20162018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to estimate willingness to pay and consumer surplus

    for the Peace & Love festival 2016 and then compare it to an earlier study of

    willingness to pay and consumer surplus for the Peace & Love festival 2011. The

    study of the festival year 2011 is written by Dahlqvist and Laham (2016). The

    study of the festival year 2016 is done by means of a regression analysis. The

    analysis is built on data from a survey conducted during the festival. The visitors

    self-reported total budget, which is the dependent variable, is treated as their

    maximum willingness-to-pay. The independent variable gender was found not to

    be statistically significant,

    ceteris paribus, while income has a positive effect on

    the total budget by an average of 281 SEK per income group of 10 000 SEK

    (monthly and before taxes). Furthermore, it was found that a tourist spends in

    average 652 SEK more than a non-tourist. Moreover, if the respondents paid the

    ticket themselves it affects the total budget negatively by an average of 1 695 SEK

    while the number of days they spent at the festival increases the total budget by an

    average of 413 SEK for each day. Lastly each additional year of age decreases the

    total budget with 17 SEK, on average. When the ratio between an independent

    variable and a dependent variable is described, every other independent variable is

    presumed to be held constant,

    ceteris paribus. Visitors average willingness to pay

    was estimated at 2 223 SEK per visitor and 31 122 000 SEK for all 14 000 visitors.

    Average consumption was estimated at 2 444 SEK per visitor and 34 211 965 SEK

    for all visitors. Additionally, the consumer surplus is estimated at -221 SEK per

    visitor and for all visitors the consumer surplus is estimated at -3 089 965 SEK,

    which means a change of -130 percent from the year 2011 when the estimated

    consumer surplus was around 37 million SEK.

  • 2288.
    Brusk, Madeleine
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Magnusson, Madelene
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Företags potentiella manipulation av tillväxttakt i goodwillnedskrivningstestet: En kvantitativ studie av svenska och finska börsnoterade företag2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background and problem: With the new standard IAS 36, companies have to estimate the long-term growth rate in the goodwill impairment test. This presents an opportunity to manipulate the growth rate and thereby avoid or implement goodwill impairment.

    Problem: How do the selected variables affect potential manipulation of estimated growth rate?

    Purpose: The purpose of the study is to explain what influences companies to report too high or too low growth rates in the goodwill impairment test.

    Method: This study is based on a quantitative method where the sample consists of all Swedish and Finnish listed companies with goodwill. Based on existing knowledge we have formulated four hypotheses that have been tested against empirical data.

    Results and Conclusion: The results of this study show no significant correlation between the dependent variable manipulation and the independent variables size, leverage, industry and accounting oversight. The descriptive statistics show that almost half of the companies manipulate the growth rate.

  • 2289.
    Brusquini, Jakob
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Bokföringsprogram som digital lärresurs: En studie om möjligheter och utmaningar för lärare2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En utgångspunkt för det här examensarbetet har varit Skolverkets krav på ökad digitalisering i skolan. I studien undersöktes hur lärare uppfattar eventuella möjligheter och utmaningar med att använda bokföringsprogram som digital lärresurs, inom ämnet Företagsekonomi. Syftet med studien var att få mer kunskap om bokföringsprogram som digital lärresurs. Studiens resultat består av uppfattningar ifrån fyra olika lärare och har samlats in genom samtalsintervjuer. Olika möjligheter och utmaningar identifierades och kategoriserades.

    Studien visar att lärare uppfattar följande möjligheter med bokföringsprogram som digital lärresurs; verklighetsanknytning, helhetsförståelse för redovisning, variationsrik undervisning, digital kompetens samt aktivitet och engagemang bland eleverna. En slutsats är att bokföringsprogram som digital lärresurs möjliggör två delmoment för ett erfarenhetsbaserat-lärande, nämligen ett aktivt experimenterande och konkret erfarenhet.

    Studien visar att lärare uppfattar följande utmaningar med bokföringsprogram som digital lärresurs; uppstartsprocessen, att undvika förvirring, att hantera automatiska funktioner samt att ha tillräckliga kunskaper. En slutsats är att lärarens roll är viktig för att nämnda möjligheter ska uppnås. Lärarna i studien anser att innan bokföringsprogram används som digital lärresurs, bör elever få erfarenhet och kunskap inom bokföring, med hjälp av andra lärresurser. En slutsats är att bokföringsprogram möjliggör en förlängd lärandeprocess för eleverna, men att det kräver tid och utrymme.

  • 2290.
    Brändholm., Amanda
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Neuropsykiatriska diagnosers funktion i skolan: En kvalitativ studie om neuropsykiatriska diagnoser i skolan.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Enligt skolans läroplan ska alla elever ha rätt till en likvärdig utbildning. Det bestämdes år

    1998 när reformen ”En skola för alla” (SFS 1985:1100) kom. Syftet med studien är att

    undersöka hur pedagoger upplever förekomsten av neuropsykiatriska diagnoser i skolan, och

    hur de hanterar och använder sig av diagnoser i sitt arbete att stödja elever genom sin

    skolgång. Med hjälp av gruppintervjuer med 30 pedagoger studeras informanternas

    upplevelse utifrån frågeställningen Vad har diagnostisering av neuropsykiatriska diagnoser

    av elever för inverkan för pedagogerna i skolan, och hur påverkar det dem eventuellt i

    arbetet?

    Det empiriska materialet analyseras med hjälp av den rationella valhandlingsteorin, eller

    rational chocie som teorin heter på engelska. Resultatet ifrån studien visar att diagnosen utgör

    ett hjälpmedel för lärarna att erhålla mer hjälp, och ett hjälpmedel för att stödja eleverna i att

    nå målen som anges i läroplanen (2011).

    På grund av upplevelsen av bristande resurser inom skolan så är det enligt informanterna svårt

    att få hjälp och stöd till elever som inte klarar de kraven som ställs i skolan. Lärarna handlar

    rationellt utifrån önskan att få bra resurser för att hjälpa eleverna. Genom diagnostisering

    erhåller pedagogerna fördelar i form av mer resurser som består av stöd ifrån barn och

    ungdomspsykiatrin (BUP) eller habiliteringen, där med också kunskap och hjälp ifrån BUP

    eller habiliteringen. Samt mer tid då pedagogerna avlastas när andra professioner också

    kopplas in. Enligt informanterna se minskar en diagnos kraven ifrån omgivningen, genom att

    diagnosen skapar en förklaring på elevens problematik, vilket gör att omgivningen får en

    förklaring till elevens svårigheter.

  • 2291.
    Brändström, Sara
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Olika chans beroende på födelsemånad: En kvantitativ undersökning av relative age effect på svenska längdskidgymnasier2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    The purpose of this study was to investigate if relative age effect occurs at Swedish cross-country ski schools and if there were a differences in the presence among boys and girls, and between Riksidrottsgymnasier (Country-wide sport academy) and Nationell Idrottsutbildning (National sport academy).

    Method

    To answer the aim, statistical data were analyzed using a Pearson Chi2-test. The analysis has been done by examining birth month, sex and education among students at Swedish cross-country ski schools between 2010-2015.

    Results

    The result shows that there is a significant evidence of relative age effect at Swedish cross-country ski schools (p= <0,05). When the results were partial between Riksidrottsgymnasier and Nationell Idrottsutbildning, the relative age effect was only seen at Riksidrottsgymnasierna. There were no significant evidence for relative age effect when boys and girls where analyzed separately.

    Conclusion

    The results show that relative age effect appears on Swedish cross-country ski schools; however, there were some varies between analyzed variables. Strongest evidence for relative age effect was seen at Riksidrottsgymnaiserna.

    Further research is needed to get a overview of the consequences of relative age effect at cross-country ski schools, and the consequences it has in Swedish cross-country skiing overall, both for younger and older skiers.

  • 2292.
    Brändström, Sture
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Liljas, Juvas Marianne
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    von Wachenfeldt, Thomas
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Musikfolkhögskolans utbildningsideologier2012In: Resultatdialog 2012, Stockholm: Vetenskapsrådet , 2012, p. 63-79Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna artikel redogörs för två delstudier i projektet Musikfolkhögskolans utbildningsideologier. Dels behandlas utbildningsideologier bland svenska folkmusiker under 1920-talet (von Wachenfeldt, Brändström & Liljas, 2012a) och dels ges en bild av hur undervisningen av folkmusiker kan gestalta sig i en samtidskontext (von Wachenfeldt, Brändström & Liljas, 2012b).I projektet som helhet anknyts till ett ideologibegrepp som utvecklats av Sven-Erik Liedman. Han menar att det för varje tid fnns två identiferbara grundformer av ideologi: manifesta och latenta (1997; 2006). Manifesta ide-ologier avser explicita och medvetet formulerade utsagor med ideologiskt innehåll som binder samman verklighetspåståenden, värderingar och nor-mer. Latenta eller frusna ideologier är sådant som fnns under ytan och som tas för givet av fältets aktörer.

  • 2293.
    Brännlund, Annica
    et al.
    Umeå University.
    Edlund, Jonas
    Umeå University.
    Education: Family resources help girls more than boys when it comes to mental-health problems2017In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 54, no 4, p. 329-334Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research has established that school performance relates: (i) negatively with poor mental health during childhood and (ii) positively with family socioeconomic resources. In this article, we examine the potentially moderating effects of family resources on the relationship between school performance and poor mental health, using register data covering all children born in Sweden in 1990. The dependent variable is graduation from upper secondary school. We perform separate analyses for girls and boys. Our results indicate that compensatory effects of the socioeconomic resources of the family on the risk of graduation failure among those with poor mental health is more pronounced among girls compared to boys.

  • 2294.
    Brännlund, Stig
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Electrical Engineering.
    Implementering av felprediktering och frekvenshopp i ett 2,4 GHz radiosystem2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Maxicap AB är ett företag som utvecklar och tillverkar elektronisk utrustning för bland annat olika mätuppgifter. Målet med detta examensjobb var att undersöka och implementera en stabil trådlös dataöverföringsmetod med den utrustning som Maxicap ville använda. Detta skulle åstadkommas/testas genom att sända temperatursensorvärden trådlöst med Nordic Semiconductor’s sändtagare (eng. transceiver) styrda av Atmel’s mikrokontrollers. Arbetet fokuserade på att få till denna stabila trådlösa överföring genom att implementera frekvenshoppning och datapaketskontroll på datatrafiken inom det fria 2,4 GHz ISM-bandet. All den C-kod som utvecklades i detta arbete är skriven för att vara lättanpassad till flera olika modeller av mikrokontrollers inom Atmel’s produktserie samt att kunna användas till andra liknande projekt. Koden är väldokumenterad med kommentarer vid varje funktionsblock som beskriver vad funktionerna gör och hur de skall användas. Arbetet resulterade i två fungerande prototyper. En enhet känner av temperaturen i luften och skickar sedan detta temperaturvärde trådlöst till enhet nummer två. Detta värde samt några inställningsvärden för mottagaren visas sedan på den enhetens display.

  • 2295.
    Brännström, Emma
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Lundqvist, Nathalie
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Att tänka jämställdhet är en sak, att göra jämställdhet är en annan: En kvalitativ studie om hur biståndshandläggare beaktar jämställdhet i utredningar2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The aim with this study is to analyze how Swedish social services interpret men's and women's needs and whether it is possible to discern any pattern in the social services investigations. The following questions are of importance: how men and women are described in the assistance investigations and if there are any differences between men and women in assistance investigations. The analysis is based on a qualitative text analysis of twenty assistance investigations. The investigations have been studied gradually and interesting patterns emerged which were analyzed by the theory of gender. The results are multifaceted and demonstrate on the one hand that men and women receive the help they apply for and the assessment of their needs is conducted in an equitable way. On the other hand, the study demonstrates that there is a difference in how men and women are described in the investigations.

  • 2296.
    Brännström, Linnéa
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Nygårdh, Veronica
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Avskaffandet av revisionsplikten i Sverige: Vilka faktorer ligger bakom mikroföretagens numera frivilliga val av revision?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In November 2010, Swedish micro-enterprises were given the opportunity to either

    resign or ask for audit due to the abolishment of audit requirement for these companies.

    The Government's intention with the removal of the audit requirement for microenterprises

    was to make them more competitive and adapted to the international

    business environment (SOU 2008: 32). The fact that Sweden joined the other EU

    member states that had chosen to make a voluntary audit as late as 2010 makes this a

    highly topical subject. Against this background the purpose of the study is to provide

    explanations and thereby a better understanding of what affects the Swedish microenterprises

    demand for voluntary audit. Existing research on Swedish companies in this

    area are completely lacking or insufficient, and therefore, our study provides the

    necessary knowledge contribution in one, for the Swedish business sector, important

    issues. The method selected holds a quantitative approach, to achieve our purpose a

    comprehensive survey of all limited companies in Sweden were implemented. The

    study is based on companies' financial information that were collected from Business

    Retriever with the financial year of 2013. Based on previous research that has taken

    place in foreign markets and business economics we formulated three hypotheses which

    were tested against empirical data. Our study investigated which variables that can

    explain the choice of audit in the companies which is not required to be audited. The

    results of the study show – in accordance with the first two hypotheses – that a

    company's size as well as a company's leverage has a significant positive impact on the

    micro-enterprises demand for a voluntary audit. Further micro-enterprises operating in

    the manufacturing industry to a significantly less extent chooses voluntary audit. The

    results are contradicting with the expected result and is therefore rejected.

  • 2297. Brännström, Mattias
    et al.
    Westin, Jerker
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Computer Engineering.
    Classification of structural timber by decision trees: a comparison to the certified method2009In: Forest products journal, ISSN 0015-7473, Vol. 59, no 3, p. 53-61Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This work is an example of how to adapt a classification method, in this case a classification tree, to the present standardized method for the development of settings for strength grading machines. Data from commercially available industrial strength grading equipment were used on a large sample (approximately 1440 pieces) of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L. Karsten)) in various sawn dimensions. The equipment is a multisensor scanning device combining planar X-ray and resonance frequency measurement. Destructive testing was done according to European standard EN408. The goal was to make the classification, based on machine data, as close as possible to the optimum grading, which was done according to standard. Two different approaches for classification by cost-sensitive decision trees were applied to the data and compared to classification accredited according to EN14081. Classification accuracy increased from 64% correctly classified to 73%, and a reduction from 33% False Negative to 23% was achieved. False Positive increased from 3% to 4%. The outcome was an increase in value for the producer by 0.9%–2.1% at 2007 average price level. The improvement came mainly from an in-yield increase in C30 by 10%.

  • 2298.
    Brännvall, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Olika versioner – olika känslor?: - en studie om personers upplevelser av en låt gestaltad i två olika versioner.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien ligger inom ramen för Ljud- och musikproduktion. Arbetet har bestått i att skapa ett

    musikaliskt klingande verk i form av en låt, och sedan utforma den i två olika versioner.

    Intentionen med dessa versioner var att se hur lyssnaren upplever samma låt i dess två olika

    gestaltningar, om de upplever dem på olika sätt, och i så fall på vilka sätt, och vad de upplever

    skiljer dem åt. Syftet grundas i att ta reda på om lyssnaren upplever det klingande verket på

    samma sätt som låtskaparen avsett att förmedla med produktionen, samt ytterligare ett syfte

    var att undersöka uppfattningen om musikens relation till sångtexten. Grunden för arbetet

    ligger i att forska genom design, att gestalta musikproduktionen som en fallstudie, där en

    fokusgruppsdiskussion ägde rum. Respondenterna fick då svara på frågor om vilka känslor de

    upplevde av musiken och sångtexten, sedan ingå en diskussion med varandra. Deltagarna

    resonerade i många fall väldigt lika, jag blev delvis förvånad över hur de ibland använde till

    viss del samma ord som varit utgångspunkt vid musikskapandet. Det framfördes också

    synpunkter och reflektioner som i viss mån tillförde nya perspektiv med avseende på

    uppfattningen om musikens uttryck.

  • 2299.
    Bråth, Tobias
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Japanese.
    Analyzing the Translation of Japanese Humor2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine the translation of Japanese humor. The goal is to determine how approximate the translation of a comedic work can be to the original and through what strategies. This is accomplished by analyzing seven different verbal jokes in Japanese to their subtitled English translations. First the jokes are transcribed, then a comparison of the similarity between the source joke to the target joke using the knowledge resources from The General Theory of Verbal Humor is attempted. Then the two texts are analyzed line by line to determine which of Peter Newmark’s translation procedures can be identified. The analyzation of the jokes using the General Theory of Verbal Humor showed that similarities in all five of the six knowledge resources can often be achieved. Similarity in the knowledge resource language may need to be sacrificed for a more natural sounding text. The usage of translation procedures proves to be enough to achieve a close approximate between the source joke and the target joke, however the over usage of reductions may prove problematic.

  • 2300.
    Bröchner, Annika
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish as Second Language.
    Genrepedagogik och ämnet svenska som andraspråkinom den gymnasiala vuxenutbildningen2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här studien undersöks relationen mellan genrepedagogiken, styrdokument och läromedelmed upplägg enligt genrepedagogiken i kurserna svenska som andraspråk inom den gymnasialavuxenutbildningen. Den teoretiska bakgrunden till genrepedagogiken presenteras meddess för- och nackdelar. Ämnesplanerna och de nationella proven i svenska som andraspråkstuderas för att se om det finns belägg för att använda genrepedagogik inom denna skolform. Istudien framkommer att ordet genrepedagogik inte nämns i styrdokumenten men att det gessignaler som liksom i de nationella proven antyder att modellen med explicit undervisning omgenrer med fördel kan användas. Det finns dock kritik mot genrepedagogik och det finns nästanenbart forskning om genrepedagogik i grundskolan. Utbudet av läromedel för svenskasom andraspråk med genrepedagogikupplägg är än så länge magert.

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