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  • 251.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Media and Communication Studies.
    Jesus på vita duken. Mel Gibson och andra regissörer projicerar Jesus på film2004In: Årsbok för kristen humanism och samhällssyn 2004, ISSN 1650-0113, Vol. UNDER SAMMA HIMMEL, no Sextiosjätte årgångenArticle in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det har gjort många filmatiseringar av Jesu liv under 1900-talet men ingen har haft samma exempellösa kommersiella framgång som Mel Gibsons senaste Jesusfilm, The Passion of the Christ från år 2004. Artikeln gör en jämförelse mellan en rad Jesusfilmer från olika epoker och sätter in dessa i sin samhällshistoriska kontext i en kritisk diskussion om vad som skiljer och förenar dessa tidigare filmatiseringar jämfört med Mel Gibsons film. Artikeln analyserar också respektive films kristologiska tendens.

  • 252.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Klimatförändringar på vita duken.: Passiviserande underhållning eller mobilisering.2009In: The 19th Nordic Conference for Media and Communication Research, NORDMEDIA 09 Body, Soul and Society, Karlstad, Sweden, 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vid en tillbakablick på de senaste 25 års spelfilmer kan man se hur ett växande klimathot funnits med som en berättelseingrediens i ett antal spelfilmer från Hollywood mainstreamfåra. (Axelson 2008). År 2004 kom katastroffilmen The Day after Tomorrow som gjordes till objekt för en brittisk publikstudie. I denna studie analyserar forskargruppen hur The Day After Tomorrow påverkade publikens tankar kring klimatförändringar (Lowe et al. 2006). Den irländske forskaren Pat Brereton har initierat ett projekt inom HERA (Humanities in the European Research Area) med ett forskningsfokus på hur medier och film bidragit till ett ekologiskt paradigm som enligt Brereton, långsamt växer sig allt starkare hos den europeiska allmänheten (Brereton 2008). I mitt paper vill jag diskutera Breretons hypotes om ett ökande ekologiskt sentiment under framväxt hos en europeisk allmänhet över tid och hur denna hypotes bör underkastas en kritisk diskussion utifrån ett receptionsperspektiv. Vad säger existerande publikorienterad receptionsforskning om på vilket sätt klimatförändringar gestaltade på film kan ha förmågan att beröra processer relaterade till människors teoretiska övertygelser om tillvaron, grundläggande värderingar samt en livsåskådningsmässig grundhållning (Lowe et al. 2006, Axelson 2008)?

  • 253.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Klimatförändringar på vita duken.: Passiviserande underhållning eller mobilisering? En argumentation för publikstudier om film och föreställningar om jordens framtid.2010In: Nordicom Information, ISSN 0349-5949, Vol. 32, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 254.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Kärleksmatrisen på vita duken – drömmar och desillusioner2009In: Kärlekens förändrade landskap. Teologi om samlevnad. / [ed] Gustafsson-Lundberg, Johanna, Stockholm: Verbum , 2009, p. 147-164Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 255.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Media and Communication Studies.
    "Mel Gibson's bible: Religion, popular culture, and The Passion of the Christ"2007In: Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, ISSN 0021-8294, E-ISSN 1468-5906, Vol. 46, no 1, p. 140-141Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 256.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Messias med rätt att döda: Om militanta kristusgestalter i Hollywood2005In: Film och religion: Livstolkning på vita duken / [ed] Sigurdson, Ola; Axelson, Tomas, Örebro: Cordia förlag , 2005, p. s 215 - 242Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 257.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Media and Communication Studies.
    Movies and meaning: studying audience, fiction film and existential matters2008In: Participations, ISSN 1749-8716, E-ISSN 1749-8716, Vol. 5, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In what ways and under what circumstances can a movie be a resource for individuals and their thoughts about existential matters? This central research question has been investigated using a both quantitative and qualitative approach. First, a questionnaire was distributed amongst 179 Swedish students to provide a preliminary overview of film habits. The questionnaire was also used as a tool for selecting respondents to individual interviews. Second, focus group and individual interviews were conducted, with viewers choosing their favourite movie of all time. In the study socio-cognitive theory and a schema-based theoretical tool is adopted to analyze how different viewers make use of movies as cultural products in an interplay between culture and cognition in three contexts; a socio-historic process, a socio-cultural interaction with the world and inner psychological processes. The viewers in the study seem to be inspired by movies as a mediated cultural resource, promoting the development of a personal moral framework with references to values deeply fostered by a humanistic tradition. It is argued that these findings support theories discussing individualised meaning making, developing ‘self-expression values’ and ‘altruistic individualism’ in contemporary western society.

  • 258.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Movies and the Enchanted Mind: Emotional Comprehension and Spiritual Meaning Making Among Young Adults in Contemporary Sweden2017In: Young - Nordic Journal of Youth Research, ISSN 1103-3088, E-ISSN 1741-3222, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 8-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The outcome of an empirical audience study in Sweden including questionnaires, focus groups and ten in-depth individual interviews discussing favorite films supports claims about viewers as active and playful (cf. Frampton 2006, Hoover 2006, Plantinga 2009). The soft side of mediatization processes is illustrated showing young adults experiencing enchantment through films (Jerslev 2006, Partridge 2008, Klinger 2008, Oliver & Hartmann 2010). The outcome is in line with a growing number of empirical case studies which support conclusions that both thinking and behavior are affected by film watching (Marsh 2007, Suckfüll 2010, Oliver & Hartmann 2010, Axelson 2014). The results of the interviews exploring specific scenes of idiosyncratic relevance support theories about fiction films as important sources for moral and spiritual reflection (Partridge 2004, Zillman 2005, Lynch 2007, Plantinga 2009).  The concept thick viewing is proposed for capturing these moments of film experience when profound and enchanted emotional interpretations take place.

  • 259.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Media and Communication Studies.
    Movies, Mind and Meaning: Studying Audience and Favourite Films2006In: Conference on Media, Religion and Culture, Sigtuna, Sweden, 2006Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Construction of identity and meaning is becoming increasingly important in both media studies and religion scholarship. (Lövheim, 2004) Meaning construction outside traditional religion has become more interesting for religious studies and what individuals in the audience do with all messages circulated through media in everyday life has attended increasing interest within media studies (Stout and Buddenbaum, 2001). Motion pictures, soap operas and advertising are all examples of media contents which generate ideas among its audience which to a various degree are used as resources within the construction of identity (Jansson, 2001). The investigation of what modern humankind’s world views look like and what components they are composed of, in this context seems to be an important topic of investigation (Holm and Björkqvist, 1996). The ways in which the development of media has effected the daily lives of individuals is interest as is the nature of the self and the ways in which the process of self-formation is affected by the profusion of mediated materials (Thompson, 1995). Film and religion are my interest within this larger frame. The topic is not exactly new but the combination of film and religion has during the last ten years resulted in a rapidly growing number of books by scholars interested in this field (Lyden, 2003). One growing focus is on the role that films can and do play within the emerging and developing valuesystem of people in the West today (Marsh, 2004). The British theologian Clive Marsh’s point of departure is very similar to my own. Viewers bring to a film life-experience, immediate concerns and worldviews and the exploration of this interplay between movies and the interpreting process of meaning making is the very focus in this paper. Theoretically, the semeiological model of Alf Linderman is combined with cultural cognitive approaches used by a number of Scandinavian media scholars developing perspectives in audience theory (Linderman, 1996, Höijer and Werner, 1998). 13 individuals, their favourite movie and what it means to them in their life My aim is to examine how individuals comprehend film and what the meaning process look like. In this paper I present the outcome of 13 interviews with young people about their favourite film. I suggest how it is possible to interpret how they interrelate film comprehension with their personal beliefs and their culturally constructed worldview from a sociocognitive point of view. Examples of films chosen range from Disneys Lion King (1994), sciencefiction and fantasy successes like The Matrix (1999) and Lord of the Rings (2001) or the next best movie ever according to www.IMdb.com The Shawshank Redemption (1994) as well as the Swedish blockbuster Så som i himmelen (2004), aka “As in Heaven”.

  • 260.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Människans behov av fiktion: Den rörliga bildens förmåga att beröra människan på djupet2011In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 2011 årgång 20, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    The article analyzes how people in late modern society charactarized by de-traditionalization and individualization, use moving images as a cultural resource for the construction of meaningful subjective world views. The article makes use of empirical data to illustrate and theoretically develop perspectives on how the audience uses fiction film in every-day life to elicit self-reflection and how film engagement is interconnected to spectator's creation of self images (Giddens 1991, Axelson 2008, Vaage 2009), but also how cinematic experiences could be a resource for the construction of more profound and long-lasting ideas of being part of a moral community (Brereton 2005, Jerslev 2006, Klinger 2008, Vaage 2009). Some empirical findings support a conclusion that moving images create a transitional space for the human mind helping the individual with an ongoing process ot transforming the self, dealing with who you actually are, and who you want to become (Axelson 2008, Vaage 2009). Other case studies show how the audience experience meaning in watching films, providing insights about meaning in life and general lessons of life value (Oliver & Hartmann 2010).

  • 261.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Media and Communication Studies.
    Narration, Visualization and Mind: Movies in everyday life as a resource for utopian self-reflection2010In: CMRC, The 7th International Conference on Media, Religion & Culture, Toronto, Canada, 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper is analyzing how people in late modern society characterized by de-traditionalization, use moving images as a cultural resource for the construction of meaningful subjective world views. As a theoretical concept with several dimensions, “sacralization of the self” (Woodhead & Heelas 2000: 344), is related to media theory. With a critical focus on ‘the self’, as a core aspect in contemporary media society Eric W. Rothenbuhler labels the individual self as one of “the sacred objects of modern culture” (Rothenbuhler 2006: 31). I want to emphasize the need for case studies in order to undertake a critical investigation about ‘the self’ and how consumption of fiction film is interconnected to spectator´s creation of self images, but also to understand how film engagement elicits self-reflection (Giddens 1991, Axelson 2008, Vaage 2009a). The paper make use of empirical data to illustrate and theoretically develop perspectives on how the audience uses fiction film in every-day life for the construction of the self, as well for the construction of more profound and long-lasting ideas of being part of a moral community (Brereton 2005, Jerslev 2006, Klinger 2008, Mikkola et al. 2007, Vaage 2009b). Some empirical findings support a conclusion that moving images creates a transitional space for the human mind, with the capacity of transporting the spectator from real life to fiction and back to real life again, helping the individual with an ongoing process of transforming the self, dealing with who you actually are, and who you want to become (Axelson 2008, Vaage 2009b).

  • 262.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Media and Communication Studies.
    Om militanta Kristusgestalter i Hollywood2006In: Kirke og kultur, ISSN 0023-186X, E-ISSN 1504-3002, Vol. Kunst og teologi, no nr 4, p. 463-479Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 263.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Palimpsestiskt tänkande: Fakta, fiktion och audiovisuell konstruktion av upplevd autenticitet2015In: En profil i profilen: Vänbok till Bo G Jansson / [ed] Catharina Nyström Höög, Charlotte Lindgren & Sverre Wide, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2015, p. 165-178Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 264.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Perceived values in contemporary Hollywood films: 309 young adults negotiating audiovisual representations of subjective life; virtues, flaws, desires & aspirations2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper I present empirical findings from an ongoing project, “Spectator Engagement in film and utopian self-reflexivity. Moving images and moved minds” (The Swedish Research Council, 2011 – 2013). During 2011, 30910 questionnaires is were sampled 2011, among from students in of education, nursing, social care as well asand media.  In open ended questions these young adults in their twenties  give gave examples of contemporary film of personal importance dealing with life issues.  and sSome movies, such as Pulp Fiction (1994),  Shawshank Redemption (1994), Avatar (2009), Gladiator (2000) and Amelie from Montmartre (2001), attract a collective interest.  such as Donnie Darko, Amelie from Montmartre and Pulp Fiction. Examples of therespondentsrespondent’s statements about the kind of struggles in life these and other films evoke are dealt with from different theoretical perspectives.

     

    The reported impact of specific movies is analyzed  throughanalyzed through theories about cognitive psychology (Plantinga 2011) as well as visual rethoricsrhetoric’s and the responding chord (Elmelund Kjeldsen 2008) where cognition and emotion are important aspects of the spectator’s’ relation to a film. Theseese analyszees of audiences responses of reading a film are put into the context of ‘the subjective turn’ in the sociology of religion as well as the changing conditions for the reflexive self in late modernity (Giddens 1991, McAdams 1993, Lynch 2007). Also how film viewing is able to elicit self-reflexive transformation processes (Bruun Vaage 2009, Plantinga 2009).

  • 265.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Playtime!: Recension av Hultkrantz, Catharina (2014). Playtime!: en studie av lärares syn på film som pedagogiskt hjälpmedel i historieämnet på gymnasiet. Lic.-avh. Umeå : Umeå universitet, 20142016In: Historielärarnas förenings årsskrift, ISSN 0439-2434, p. 208-210Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 266.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Religion och meningsskapande genom film2015In: Samtidsreligion: Sociologiska perspektiv / [ed] Mia Lövheim & Magdalena Nordin, Malmö: Gleerups , 2015, 1, p. 152-156Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 267.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Religion, populärkultur och demokrati: När filmer blir utgångspunkt för moralisk reflektion och samhällskritik2012In: KHS Årsbok 2012, ISSN 2001-7421Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 268.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Rum för eftertanke.: Likheter och skillnader mellan biografen och kyrkan som plats för existentiella frågor.2007In: Kirke og kultur, ISSN 0023-186X, E-ISSN 1504-3002, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    För den som reflekterar över de religiösa traditionernas försvagade roll och huruvida medier har kommit att ersätta kyrkor och församlingsliv så pekar mina resultat i riktning mot att konsumtion av spelfilm alldeles utmärkt kan innefatta gestaltningar av centrala existentiella frågor som hos individer förankrar föreställningar om livets mening, skuld och ansvar samt moraliska ideal att leva efter i sitt liv här och nu. Men när det gäller människans bearbetning av en dialogens relation till tillvaron som totalitet som den svenske religionspsykologen Hjalmar Sundén en gång uttryckte det, dvs relationen till verklighetens yttersta väsen tycks filmmediet inte utkonkurrera traditionell religion.

  • 269.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Rörliga bilder, självreflektion och moralisk mening2011In: Barn och religion / [ed] Gunner, Gunilla; Berglund, Jenny, Stockholm: Liber , 2011Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I ett drygt sekel har filmindustrin skapat rörliga bilder för underhållning och vi är idag mer än någonsin tidigare omgivna av berättelser i kortare och längre format som är bildbaserade. En skolklass i 7:an får i uppgift att beskriva sig själva i en lära-känna-varandra-övning. På ett A4-papper fick var och en göra fyra rutor där man skrev upp olika viktiga saker om sig själv. I en ruta skulle man uppge favoritfilm. I denna klass så skrev 20 elever av 27 filmen Avatar i sin presentationsruta. Två stycken 14-åriga flickor intervjuas i radio och reportern fråga varför berättelsen om Bella och vampyren Edvard är så bra. ”Han är perfekt. Hon är vanlig och han är perfekt!” När Sagan om konungens återkomst visades på bio vintern 2003, intervjuades unga människor i olika delar av världen om sin filmupplevelse. ”Jag gick ut från bion och kände glädje i hela kroppen. Samtidigt var jag ledsen, för nu var allt över och jag kommer inte kunna se fram emot nästa jul på samma sätt.” Bildteoretikern W. J. T. Mitchell gör gällande att vår kultur alltmer domineras av bilders budskap (2005). Teologen Sigurd Bergmann understryker detta och menar att villkoren för människans kunskap om världen förändras genom dominansen av ett ökande massmedierat flöde av bilder (2003). Seendet som kunskapsform blir allt viktigare i ett samhälle som långsamt genomgår en kulturell omställning till ett alltmer bildorienterat samhälle. Jag vill i detta kapitel reflektera över medievanor och hur barn och unga hanterar flödet av bilder och den växande mängden bildberättelser som unga väljer att se på bio, på TV, hyr eller köper som DVD, eller laddar ner och ser i hemmabiosoffan. Jag vill diskutera det djupa engagemanget i rörliga bilders berättelser som vi ser i vårt samhälle och som kommer till uttryck i de tre exemplen ovan med ett särskilt intresse för hur individer tar hjälp av bildberättelser för konstruktion av sin egen identitet och självuppfattning. I denna antologi som sammanställer en mångfald perspektiv på barn och religion, menar jag att det är av ett särskilt intresse att utveckla en djupare förståelse av på vilket sätt filmkonsumtion kan vara en resurs för barn och ungas moraliska självreflexivitet, d.v.s. hur filmberättelser kan bidra till barn och ungas moraliska identitet och kan förstärka en etisk dimension i ungas sökande efter en egen identitet. Mot slutet av kapitlet sätter jag in denna process av pågående självreflexivitet i en diskussion om religionen förändrade plats i samhället och den roll som rörliga bilder kan spela för konstruktionen av grundläggande värderingar.

  • 270.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Samtal om film i en framväxande bildepok2008In: Kultur och kyrka. På väg mot en kulturteologi / [ed] Larsson, Mikael, Stockholm: Verbum , 2008, p. 137-144Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 271.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Sofia Sjö: Spelar kön någon roll när man räddar världen?: Kvinnor, kvinnligheter och messiasmyter i SF-film.2010In: Temenos, ISSN 0497-1817, E-ISSN 2342-7256, Vol. 45, p. 133-135Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 272.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    The Dark Night of the Soul: Art Film, Bereavement and Unsatisfied Audience Responses2018In: Journal of Religion, Media and Digital Culture, ISSN 2165-9214, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 137-157Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Moving images are more and more in the centre of culture, providing individuals with stories by which reality is maintained and by which humans construct ordered micro-universes for themselves. There is a growing field of research evolving around the idea that culture and art could act as a catalyst for experiences of deeper meaning. In this article, a case study is described and analysed. A contemplative short art film was presented to a group of women as a possible asset for processing fundamental existential life issues. The women did not respond in line with expectations and their impressions of the short film were essentially negative, with expressions of impatience, irritation and even hostility towards the film’s appeal. Two problematic aspects of the film Night are outlined: (1) the meaning of the imagery used was too open and (2) as a piece of art, the film was not in tune with participants’ grieving processes.

  • 273.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    The soft side of mediatization: fiction as a symbolic inventory for vernacular meaning making challenging the 'banal' notion in mediatization theory2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract The outcome of a case study about contemporary viewing habits in a Swedish audience will support claims about viewers as active and playful (Höijer 1998, Hoover 2006, Plantinga 2009). In line with mediatization theory it is argued that spiritual meaning making is taking place through mediated experiences and supports perspectives that media has become the primary source of religious ideas (Lynch 2007, Hjarvard 2008, 2012). The soft side of mediatization processes is illustrated where results from in-depth interviews show how adults are developing moral and metaphysical ideas by reflecting on themes developed in fiction films (Zillman 2005, Partridge 2008, Oliver & Hartmann 2010).  Vernacular meaning making beyond institutionalized religion, embedded in everyday life, such as viewer’s dealing with fiction narratives such as Pulp Fiction, Love Actually or Gladiator, highlights the need for a more complex understanding of elevated enchantment experiences.  An overly cognitive understanding of these processes is challenged, questioning the ‘banal’ notion in mediatization theory (Hjarvard 2008, 2012, Lövheim 2011, Nybro Petersen 2012). Instead of sticking to the ‘banal’ notion adopted in the mediatization theoretical framework, indicating something predictable, trivial or even dull, the paper strongly argues for a less pejorative concept, giving a more adequate and nuanced description of the interplay between cognition and affects creating emotional response in the audience. The presentation contributes to a development of concepts which combines aesthetic, affective and cognitive components in an investigation of spectator’s moves from emotional evaluation of intra-text narration to extra-textual systems of beliefs and moral assessments (Marsh 2007, Johnston 2007, Axelson 2011). It calls for new ways of understanding audiovisual cinematic input as a form of ‘film thinking’, not equivalent to illustrated philosophy (Frampton 2006, Brodén & Noheden 2013), providing symbolic narratives stirring cognition, powered by affect. 

    Tomas Axelson, ThD

    Assistant Professor Religious Studies, School of Humanities & Media,

    Högskolan Dalarna University, Sweden

    Project: Spectator engagement in film and utopian self-reflexivity. Moving Images and Moved Minds. (The Swedish Research Council)

    http://www.du.se/sv/AVM/Personal/Tomas-Axelson

  • 274.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Thick viewing: emotional condensation and moments of narrative impact in fiction film2013In: INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON NARRATIVE JUNE 27-29 2013 : ABSTRACTS, 2013, p. 1-21Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Thick Viewing. Emotional condensation and moments of narrative impact in fiction film

    In an audience study empirical examples of narrative impact is presented when specific fiction film scenes condensate spectators’ emotional lives, identities, and beliefs. The outcome of conducted in-depth interviews with film viewers in Sweden 2012, discussing favorite films, will support theories about stories as a primary mean by which we make sense of our experience through time. It calls for a development of theories which in more detail explores spectator’s narrative competence when being absorbed by fiction. It challenges theories of fiction emotions and proposes a more complex analysis of the passionate viewer. A conclusion is that narrative impact is partly related to fiction emotions but most importantly when spectators are testing the narrative for a larger significance beyond the media, connecting diegetical fiction experiences with spectator’s profound aspirations in life and experienced conflicts of human existence in extra-diegetical world.

    Tomas Axelson

    Assistant Professor, Religious Studies

    School of Education and Humanities

    Högskolan Dalarna University, 791 88 Falun, Sweden

  • 275.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Thick viewing: empirical examples of condensed moments of narrative impact in fiction film developing theoretical concepts for intensified engagements2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract  In a case study about viewing habits in a Swedish audience I sampled 309 questionnaires; interviews with five focus group were conducted together with ten in-depth individual interviews discussing altogether fifteen favorite films exploring specific scenes of idiosyncratic relevance.  The outcome supports claims about viewers as active and playful (cf. Höijer 1998, Frampton 2006, Hoover 2006, Plantinga 2009). In line with mediatization theory I also argue that spiritual meaning making takes place through mediated experiences and I support theories about fiction films as important sources for moral and spiritual reflection (Partridge 2004, Zillman 2005, Lynch 2007, Plantinga 2009). What Hjarvard calls the soft side of mediatization processes (2008) is illustrated showing adults experiencing enchantment through favorite films (Jerslev 2006, Partridge 2008, Klinger 2008, Oliver & Hartmann 2010).  Vernacular meaning making embedded in everyday life and spectators dealing with fiction narratives such as Gladiator, Amelie from Montmartre or Avatar highlights the need for a more nuanced understanding of elevated cinematic experiences. The reported impact of specific movies is analyzed through theories where cognition and affect are central aspects of spectators’ engagements with a film (Tan 1996, Caroll 1999, Grodal 2009). Crucially important are theories of meaning-making where viewers’ detailed interpretation of specific scenes are embedded in high-level meaning-making where world view issues and spectators’ moral frameworks are activated (Zillman 2005, Andersson & Andersson 2005, Frampton 2006, Lynch 2007, Avila 2007, Axelson 2008, Plantinga 2009).  Also results from a growing body of empirical oriented research in film studies are relevant with an interest in what happens with the flesh and blood spectator exposed to filmic narratives (Jerslev 2006, Klinger 2008, Barker 2009, Suckfüll 2010, Oliver & Hartmann 2010). Analyzing the qualitative results of my case study, I want to challenge the claim that the viewer has to suspend higher order reflective cognitive structures in order to experience suture (Butler & Palesh 2004). What I find in my empirical examples is responses related to spectators’ highest levels of mental activity, all anchored in the sensual-emotional apparatus (Grodal 2009). My outcome is in line with a growing number of empirical case studies which support conclusions that both thinking and behavior are affected by film watching (Marsh 2007, Sückfull 2010, Oliver & Hartmann 2010, Axelson forthcoming). The presentation contributes to a development of concepts which combines aesthetic, affective and cognitive components in an investigation of spectator’s moves from emotional evaluation of intra-text narration to extra-textual assessments, testing the narrative for larger significance in idiosyncratic ways (Bordwell & Thompson 1997, Marsh 2007, Johnston 2007, Bruun Vaage 2009, Axelson 2011).

    There are a several profitable concepts suggested to embrace the complex interplay between affects, cognition and emotions when individuals respond to fictional narratives. Robert K. Johnston label it “deepening gaze” (2007: 307) and “transformative viewing” (2007: 305). Philosopher Mitch Avila proposes “high cognition” (2007: 228) and Casper Thybjerg ”higher meaning” (2008: 60). Torben Grodal talks about “feelings of deep meaning” (Grodal 2009: 149). With a nod to Clifford Geertz, Craig Detweiler adopts “thick description” (2007: 47) as do Kutter Callaway altering it to ”thick interpretations” (Callaway 2013: 203).  Frampton states it in a paradox; ”affective intelligence” (Frampton 2006: 166).

    As a result of the empirical investigation, inspired by Geertz, Detweiler & Callaway, I advocate thick viewing for capturing the viewing process of these specific moments of film experience when profound and intensified emotional interpretations take place.

    The author

    As a sociologist of religion, Tomas Axelsons research deals with people’s use of mediated narratives to make sense of reality in a society characterized by individualization, mediatization and pluralized world views.  He explores uses of fiction film as a resource in every day life and he is currently finishing his three year project funded by the Swedish Research Council: Spectator engagement in film and utopian self-reflexivity. Moving Images and Moved Minds.

    http://www.du.se/sv/AVM/Personal/Tomas-Axelson

    Bibliography

    • Axelson, T. (Forthcoming 2014). Den rörliga bildens förmåga att beröra.[1] Stockholm: Liber
    • Axelson, T. (In peer review). Vernacular Meaning Making. Examples of narrative impact in fiction film questioning the ’banal’ notion in mediatization theory. Nordicom Review. Nordicom Göteborg.
    • Axelson, T. (2011). Människans behov av fiktion. Den rörliga bildens förmåga att beröra människan på djupet.[2]Kulturella perspektiv. Volume 2. Article retrieved from

    www.kultmed.umu.se/digitalAssets/74/74304_axelson-22011.pdf

    • Axelson, Tomas (2010) “Narration, Visualization and Mind. Movies in everyday life as a resource for utopian self-reflection.” Paper presentation at CMRC, 7th Conference of Media, Religion & Culture in Toronto, Canada 9 – 13th August 2010.
    • Axelson, Tomas (2008) Movies and Meaning. Studying Audience, Favourite Films and Existential Matters. Particip@tions : Journal of Audience and Reception Studies. Volume 5, (1). Doctoral dissertation summary. ACTA UNIVERSITATIS UPSALIENSIS. Article retrieved from

    http://www.participations.org/Volume%205/Issue%201%20-%20special/5_01_axelson.htm

     [1] English translation: Moving Images and Moved Minds.

    [2] English translation: Our need for fiction. Deeply Moved by Moving Images. Cultural Perspectives.

  • 276.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Thick viewing: empirical examples of condensed moments of narrative impact in fiction film developing theoretical concepts of intensified engagement2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a case study about viewing habits in a Swedish audience I sampled 309 questionnaires; interviews with five focus group were conducted together with ten in-depth individual interviews discussing altogether fifteen favorite films exploring specific scenes of idiosyncratic relevance.  The outcome supports claims about viewers as active and playful (cf. Höijer 1998, Frampton 2006, Hoover 2006, Plantinga 2009). In line with mediatization theory I will also argue that spiritual meaning making takes place through mediated experiences and I support theories about fiction films as important sources for moral and spiritual reflection (Partridge 2004, Zillman 2005, Lynch 2007, Plantinga 2009). What Hjarvard calls the soft side of mediatization processes (2008) is illustrated showing adults experiencing enchantment through favorite films (Jerslev 2006, Partridge 2008, Klinger 2008, Oliver & Hartmann 2010).  Vernacular meaning making embedded in everyday life and spectators dealing with fiction narratives such as Gladiator, Amelie from Montmartre or Avatar highlights the need for a more nuanced understanding of elevated cinematic experiences. The reported impact of specific movies is analyzed through theories where cognition and affect are pivotal aspects of spectators’ engagements with a film (Tan 1996, Caroll 1999, Grodal 2009). Crucially important are theories of meaning-making where viewers’ detailed interpretation of specific scenes are embedded in high-level meaning-making where world view issues and spectators’ moral frameworks are activated (Zillman 2005, Andersson & Andersson 2005, Frampton 2006, Lynch 2007, Avila 2007, Axelson 2008, Plantinga 2009).  Also results from a growing body of empirical oriented research in film studies are relevant with an interest in what happens with the flesh and blood spectator exposed to filmic narratives (Jerslev 2006, Klinger 2008, Suckfüll 2010, Oliver & Hartmann 2010). Analyzing the qualitative results of my case study, I want to challenge the claim that the viewer has to suspend higher order reflective cognitive structures in order to experience suture (Butler & Palesh 2004). What I find in my empirical examples is responses related to spectators’ highest levels of mental activity, all anchored in the sensual-emotional apparatus (Grodal 2009). My outcome support a growing number of empirical case studies which support conclusions that both thinking and behavior are affected by film watching (Marsh 2007, Barker 2009, Sückfull 2010, Oliver & Hartmann 2010, Axelson forthcoming). The presentation contributes to a development of concepts which combines aesthetic, affective and cognitive components in an investigation of spectator’s moves from emotional evaluation of intra-text narration to extra-textual assessments, testing the narrative for larger significance in idiosyncratic ways (Bordwell & Thompson 1997, Marsh 2007, Johnston 2007, Bruun Vaage 2009, Axelson 2011).

    There are a several profitable concepts suggested to embrace the complex interplay between affects, cognition and emotions when individuals respond to fictional narratives. Robert K. Johnston label it “deepening gaze” (2007: 307) and “transformative viewing” (2007: 305). Philosopher Mitch Avila proposes “high cognition” (2007: 228) and Casper Thybjerg ”higher meaning” (2008: 60). Torben Grodal talks about “feelings of deep meaning” (Grodal 2009: 149). With a nod to Clifford Geertz, Craig Detweiler adopts “thick description” (2007: 47) as do Kutter Callaway altering it to ”thick interpretations” (Callaway 2013: 203).  Frampton states it in a paradox; ”affective intelligence” (Frampton 2006: 166).

    As a result of the empirical investigation, inspired by Geertz, Detweiler & Callaway, I advocate thick viewing for capturing the viewing process of these specific moments of film experience when profound and intensified emotional interpretations take place.

  • 277.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Varför berörs vi så starkt av musik som Kent och Bob Dylan eller filmer som Amelie och Avatar?2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 278.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Vernacular meaning making: Examples of narrative impact in fiction film questioning the 'banal' notion in mediatization of religion theory2015In: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 143-156Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The outcome of an audience study supports theories stating that stories are a primary means by which we make sense of our experiences over time. Empirical examples of narrative impact are presented in which specific fiction film scenes condense spectators' lives, identities and beliefs. One conclusion is that spectators test the emotional realism of the narative for greater significance, connecting diegetic fiction experiences with their extra-diegetic world in their quest for meaning, self and identity. The 'banal' notion of the mediatization of religion theory is questioned as unsatisfactory in the theoretical context of individualized meaning-making processes. As a semantically negatively charged concept, it is problematic when analyzing empirical examples of spectators' use of fictional narratives, especially when trying to characterize the idiosyncratic and complex interplay between spectators' fiction emotions and their testing of mediated narratives in an exercise to find moral significance in extra-filmic life. Instead vernacular meaning-making is proposed.

  • 279.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Vernacular Meaning Making: Examples of narrative impact in fiction film questioning the 'banal' notion in mediatization theory2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Vernacular Meaning Making. Examples of narrative impact in fiction film questioning the 'banal' notion in mediatization theory.

    The outcome of an audience study and conducted in-depth interviews with film viewers in Sweden 2012 discussing favorite films, will support theories about stories as a primary mean by which we make sense of our experience through time (Nussbaum 1983, Lynch 2007, Axelson 2011). Empirical examples of narrative impact is presented when specific fiction film scenes (Avatar, Amelie de Montmartre, Gladiator) condensate spectators’ emotional lives, identities, and beliefs. It calls for a development of theories which in more detail explores spectator’s narrative competence when being absorbed by fiction (Johnston 2007, Plantinga 2009, Oliver & Hartmann 2010).

    A conclusion is that narrative impact is partly related to fiction emotions but most importantly when spectators are testing the emotional realism of the narrative (Ang 1985) for a larger significance beyond the media, connecting diegetical fiction experiences with spectator’s extra-diegetical world through ‘thick viewing’ (Johnston 2007) or ‘high cognition’ (Avila 2007).

    In relation to individualized meaning making processes in secularized society, I argue that the notion ‘banal’ in mediatization theory (Hjarvard 2008; 2012, Petersen 2012), is unsatisfactory on a micro level. As a semantically charged concept it is problematic when analyzing empirical examples of spectators’ use of fiction narratives in a more profound way, trying to grasp the interplay between spectators’ fiction emotions and moral assessments of real life significance.

  • 280.
    Axelson, Tomas
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Hansson, Ulf
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Sedelius, Thomas
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Stier, Jonas (Editor)
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies.
    Från privatsak till politisk kraft?: Borlänges interreligiösa råd och förväntningar på religion som resurs i lokalsamhället2018Report (Other academic)
  • 281.
    Axelson, Tomas
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Sedelius, Thomas
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Den komplexa frågan kring religionens roll2018In: Dala-Demokraten, ISSN 1103-9183, no 7 febArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 282.
    Axelson, Tomas
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Sigurdson, Ola
    Film och religion. Livstolkning på vita duken2005Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    För många har biografmörkret kommit att bli en plats där verklighetens stora frågor bearbetas, ett privilegium som tidigare kyrkan gjorde anspråk på. Film utgör idag en väsentlig del av vårt samhälles kulturella landskap och formulerar mer eller mindre medvetet förändringar i vår gemensamma symbolvärld. Sättet att diskutera existentiella frågor hos filmen förändras från tid till tid och från kultur till kultur. Möjligheterna är många. I biosalongen, liksom i kyrkorummet, drömmer vi om andra sätt att vara människa på. Filmens stora genomslagskraft gör att vi behöver ta hjälp från olika perspektiv för att kunna kritiskt analysera och diskutera hur vi kan tolka våra liv på vita duken. I denna antologi möts teologi, filosofi, sociologi, psykologi, filmvetenskap och litteraturvetenskap för att erbjuda verktyg att undersöka vad som är en av vår tids mest angelägna andliga frågor: Vem skriver manus till mitt liv? Medverkande författare: Helen Andersson, Tomas Axelson, Lars Johansson, Maaret Koskinen, Maria Küchen, Göran Sahlberg, Ola Sigurdson och Astrid Söderbergh Widding. Tomas Axelson är religionssociolog och medielärare verksam vid Högskolan Dalarna. Ola Sigurdson är docent i systematisk teologi vid Göteborgs universitet.

  • 283.
    Axelson, Tomas
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Sigurdson, Ola
    Om frälsaren, filmstjärnan och samtidsmänniskan. Jesus på vita duken2005In: Film och religion: Livstolkning på vita duken / [ed] Axelson, Tomas, Örebro: Cordia förlag , 2005, p. s 119 - 150Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 284.
    Axelsson, Nico
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    Konsekvensutredning avseende reservdelshantering och underhållskunskap på gammal styrutrustning2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Äldre styrsystem från 80-talet som används för processtyrning inom industrin kan fortfarande fungera väl med avseende på hårdvaran. Dock finns det ett antal faktorer som ökar risken och osäkerheten att ha sådana äldre styrsystem i drift. Ändrings- och ombyggnadskompetens är en faktor. En annan är garantier för reservdelarna från leverantörerna av systemen. Även förvaringen av industrins egna reservdelar till systemen, samt hanteringen av dem, spelar in. Avdelningen Driftnära Underhåll på östra sidan, SSAB Borlänge, har hand om underhållet av flera äldre system som är i drift vid beläggningslinjerna. Där har riskerna och förnyelsebehoven av systemen anats sedan en längre tid tillbaka. Rapporten samlar fakta om de nämnda faktorerna och innehåller rekommendationer baserade på endast dessa fakta. Den ska fungera som underlag för de framtida reinvesteringsbehov som behöver göras redan idag och om några år. En rekommenderad rangordning baserad på hur akut situationen är för vart och ett av styrsystemen har utformats som en del i resultatet. Mest akut är det med två styrsystem som är i drift vid metalliseringslinje 1, här är behovet av en reinvestering störst. Fortsatt arbete kan innefatta fördjupning kring statusen på de äldre styrsystemens mjukvara. Det finns också mer hårdvara från fler äldre system att utreda status på.

  • 285.
    Axelsson, Sanna
    Dalarna University, School of Education and Humanities, Swedish.
    Hur "galen" får man vara?: Om elevers uppfattningar av lärande i litteratursamtal.2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med mitt examensarbete var att belysa elevers uppfattningar av lärande i litteratursamtal. Genom att synliggöra lärandet ville jag fördjupa förståelsen för litteratursamtalets roll i utvecklingen av elevers läsförmåga. Jag valde en fenomenografisk forskningsansats vilket gav vissa förutbestämda val av metoder. Datainsamlingen bestod av 13 ostrukturerade, kvalitativa intervjuer med elever i skolår 1. Eleverna valdes ut på grund av sin tidigare erfarenhet av litteratursamtal. Med hjälp av den fenomenografiska analysen kategoriserade jag datamaterialet och konstruerade fem beskrivningskategorier, vilka utgör mitt utfallsrum. Resultatet från min studie visar att elever har uppfattningen av att de genom litteratursamtal kan lära sig läsa, memorera text, förstå text, förstå verkligheten samt lära sig lära. Tidigare studier bekräftar elevernas uppfattningar av lärandets bredd, något som kan utnyttjas i skolan. Litteratursamtalet tränar alla de färdigheter och förmågor som krävs enligt de styrdokument som reglerar verksamheten. Eleverna lär sig att avkoda såväl som att tolka och värdera både text och verklighet. Dessutom lär de sig att reflektera över lärprocessen. Litteratursamtalet skapar helt enkelt möjligheter att utveckla elevers läsförmåga, något som är nödvändigt för att vända den negativa trenden och förbättra resultaten i svensk skola.

  • 286.
    Axiö, Lisa
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish as Second Language.
    Den västerländske mannens lärobok: En studie av texturvalet i två läroböcker i svenska som andraspråk2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie har sin utgångspunkt i en nyfikenhet om de grundläggande värden om jämställdhet mellan könen och människors lika värde som skolan ska gestalta och förmedla verkligen når våra elever via de läroböcker som finns tillgängliga på marknaden.

     

    De två senast utgivna läroböckerna i svenska som andraspråk, Sätt full fart och Svenska som andraspråk 1 hävdar båda att de följer Skolverkets riktlinjer för kursen Svenska som andraspråk 1. Följande studie bygger på en textanalys, uppdelad i en kvantitativ och en kvalitativ analys, av de nämnda läroböckerna för att undersöka vilken syn på etnicitet och genus som texturvalet förmedlar och hur det överensstämmer med skolans styrdokument.

     

    Undersökningen visar att texturvalet i de båda undersökta läroböckerna på en snedfördelning vad det gäller författarnas kön. I båda läroböckerna återfinns en klar majoritet manliga författare. Den kvantitativa analysen pekar även på att representationen av icke-västerlänska författare är nästintill obefintlig. Texternas innehåll ger en relativt bred bild av manligt och kvinnligt samt av västerländskt och icke-västerländskt men det blir tydligt att det som ses som norm i samhället, det vill säga det manligt och det västerländska, blir den självklara normen även i texterna. Så länge det inte uttryckligen finns något som visar på motsatsen blir tolkningen att det är mannen och västerlandet som är utgångspunkt i texterna. Det är denna norm som läroböckerna förmedlar, tvärt emot de styrdokument som skolans arbete ska vila på.

  • 287.
    Azmat, Asad
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, African studies.
    Factors Affecting the Nation Building process in Post-Apartheid South Africa: An assessment of the performance of ANC Governments2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the Nation Building process in South Africa after the demise of Apartheid era. It has primarily analysed, assessed and evaluated the performances of ANC Governments under Mandela, Mbeki and Zuma from the perspective of Nation Building process in the country. The study throws light on the different factors that have been affecting the Nation Building process in South Africa. This study explores a brief historical analysis by uncovering the conditions faced by the South African society during Apartheid era, ethnicity and race relations, how did apartheid programme the collective psyche of the people of the land, its implications in the Post-Apartheid phase of the country and the outcomes affecting the integration process of the segregated society. This work has highlighted the dream of the founding fathers in the Nation Building of South Africa, making of the constitution and its provisions supporting a consociational democratic culture favourable for the Nation Building process. At the same time the study also presents how ethnic struggle for domination in party politics affected the idea of Nation Building, Xhosa Zulu tussle, corruption, nepotism, injustice, inequalities, political repression, human rights abuses, police brutality, extra constitutional measures taken by law enforcing agencies and political institutes, disgruntled and dissatisfied masses all contributed in the creation of a chaotic environment not conducive for the Nation Building process.

  • 288.
    Baas, Ludvig
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    Mer än vandrande döda - Undersökning mytisk formula i The Walking Dead:: Universell tematik. Karaktärsrelatering. Känsloberöring genom våld.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen undersöker hur formulas från mytiska berättelser möjligen används i tv-serien

    The Walking Dead. Detta sker genom analys av tre mytiska formulas såsom: universell tematik, relaterbara karaktärer samt förmåga att väcka känslor. För att upptäcka om The Walking dead behandlar en universell mytisk tematik kommer dess karaktärers dimensioner samt funktioner analyseras och försättas i en tematisk frågeställning - för att se om frågeställningen innehåller universella eller mytiska inslag. Därutöver, för att få svar på hur publiken relaterar till karaktärerna i The Walking Dead används termen karaktärsrelatering (egen beteckning) - det vill säga hur åskådarna förhåller sig till fiktiva karaktärer och kan sympatisera, empatisera samt identifiera sig med dem. Mytens förmåga att väcka känslor undersöks utifrån The Walking Deads våldsanvändning med hjälp av känslobegreppen: utlösande företeelser, expressiva uttryck och responsagerande i samband med hur olika våldstyper: instrumentellt våld, impulsivt våld och rättfärdigat våld kan väcka känslor i åskådaren. Analysen och slutsatsen betonar att The Walking Dead använder en tematisk frågeställning som innehåller de universella begreppen rätt och fel länkad till det universella ämnesområdet överlevnad - vilket kombinerat bildar en mytisk frågeställning. Vidare visar det sig att våldet i The Walking Dead används som en beståndsdel som kan väcka känslor i åskådaren genom karaktärernas känslomässiga reaktioner. Därutöver påverkar dessutom karaktärernas våldsanvändning publikens förmåga att sympatisera, empatisera samt identifiera med karaktärerna, alternativt känna antipati eller motempati mot dem. Däremot om The Walking Dead enbart använder mytisk formula kan diskuteras vidare, då likande formula finns angivna i filmmanusböcker och på andra berättelsehåll.

  • 289.
    Backhouse, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Spanish.
    Los Principales Problemas Fonéticos y Fonológicos en la enseñanza del Español para Extranjeros2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [un]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the most common phonetic and phonological difficulties in the teaching of Spanish as a foreign language. The study has been based on the following questions: Which difficulties can teachers encounter when teaching phonetics and phonology? Which difficulties can students encounter when learning phonetics and phonology? How is phonetics and phonology taught? In order to be able to investigate the difficulties, a questionnaire has been handed out to five experienced teachers. The results of the questionnaires, together with the theory, has been analysed in the analysis. The outcome of the analysis shows that several difficulties can be detected in both the teaching and in the learning process. The results of the questionnaires also show us that the teachers mostly teach phonetics the same way: through repetition and imitation, the conductive method, and very few think outside of the box to encounter new methods.

  • 290.
    Bader, Katarina
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish.
    Att arbeta praktiskt utifrån teoretiska skrivdiskurser i skrivundervisningen: Med fokus på genrepedagogik och processkrivning i förhållande till svenskämnet i gymnasieskolan2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyses existing scientific articles and papers about the principles of genre pedagogy, process writing and how they are working in theory and pratice. Many studies have been made to see how genre pedagogy and process writing are working in Swedish schools. This thesis gives and overview over a selection of scientific papers and books, and discusses the usage, the possiblities and challenges of these methods in different contexts. It wants to find answers to the questions how writing is taught using these discourses and what teachers should be aware of when using each of the presented methods. The conclusion of this thesis is that teachers need deep knowledge, competence and awareness of critical elements in order to teach according to the chosen writing discourses.

  • 291.
    Bader, Katarina
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish.
    Tillämpning av genreskolans pedagogik i skrivundervisningen: Ett sätt att utveckla elevens språk, text- och skrivarbete ur ett lärarperspektiv2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie har utgångspunkten i mitt eget examensarbete 1, en genomförd litteraturstudie med titeln Att arbeta praktiskt utifrån teoretiska skrivdiskurser i skrivundervisningen (2018). l detta arbete kartläggs processkrivning och genrepedagogik. I litteraturstudien framkom vilka för- och nackdelar det finns i teorin när de används i undervisningen, hur lärare kan använda sig av skrivprocesser som verktyg, samt vilka effekter de bidrar till i elevernas textproduktion och vilka följder de kan ge om man som lärare inte har djupa förkunskaper i resp. diskurs.

    Det övergripande syftet med denna empiriska studie är att undersöka i vilket omfång ett fåtal svensklärare i gymnasieskolan har kunskaper om den teoretiska bakgrunden till genrepedagogiken, hur lärarna genomför sin undervisning med hjälp av denna metod och om metoden är deras didaktiska val. Syftet belyser om svårigheten att tolka och använda genre i undervisningen. Ambitionen är att ta reda på om svensklärare ser denna skrivmetod som ett verktyg för att gynna och avancera elevernas skrivutveckling genom att samla in data som talar om vilka delar av genrepedagogiken som svensklärare använder sig av, varifrån de inhämtar kunskap om genrepedagogik och hur de ser på begreppet genre i undervisningen. I den teoretiska genomgången klarläggs nationell och internationell forskning utifrån Sydneyskolans genrepedagogik. Studien är baserad på kvalitativ metod och datainsamlingen har genomförts genom intervjuer i skolors grupprum eller via högskolans Connect-plattform. Det som framkommer i resultatet är att en majoritet av informanterna uttalar sig positivt om skrivmetoder och att hälften av dem är beredda att skaffa sig mer kunskap om genrepedagogik. De som använder sig av genrepedagogiken, ser fördelar i metodens tydliga strukturer och modeller, men uttalar sig om vissa nackdelar att bruka denna skrivmetod. Svårigheter har visat sig vara tidsbristen att genomföra alla faser, stora och heterogena gruppsammansättningar som beror på elevernas olika kunskapsnivåer och grundkunskaper. Två förslag är att utveckla genrepedagogiken ytterligare för att förbättra möjligheterna för elever i stora och heterogena grupper och att informera svensklärare att fördjupa sig i genrekunskap och genreskolans pedagogik för att kunna effektivisera skrivundervisningen.

  • 292.
    Bakaldin, Mikael
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    Visuella kompromisser: Den visuella adaptionen av Watchmen 2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sedan Zack Snyders filmatisering av serietidningen

    Watchmen som länge har ansetts vara ofilmbar har filmen nu blivit hyllad för att vara väldigt visuellt trogen serietidningen. Därmed har det varit av intresse att undersöka denna visuella adaption och jämföra skillnader och likheter mellan filmen och serietidningen. Uppsatsen har fokuserad på bildformatet och dess påverkan på kompositionen i adaptionen för att det har visat sig vara en av de dominanta och primära skillnaderna mellan medierna. I samband med bildformat analyserar uppsatsen utvalda sekvens och bilder från film och serietidning utifrån kompositens element: linje, POV, kamerarörelse, Negativ yta, balans/symmetri, tredjedelsregeln och djup.

    Slutsatsen blev att fastän det finnas stora visuella likheter mellan film och serietidning så finns det fundamentala skillnader i de olika mediernas konventioner samt i de praktiska arbetsprocesserna som på många sätt tvingar filmen till kompromisser.

  • 293.
    Bakker, Barbara
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Arabic.
    Arabic dystopias in the 21st century: A study on 21st century Arabic dystopian fictionthrough the analysis of four works of Arabic dystopian narrative2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Dystopian fiction as intended in the Western literary tradition is a 20

    th century phenomenon on

    the Arabic literary scene. This relatively new genre has been experiencing an uplift since the

    beginning of the 21

    st century and many works that have been defined dystopias have been

    published and translated into English in the last 10 – 15 years. In order to find out their main

    features, Claeys’s categorization of literary dystopias is applied and a thematic analysis is

    carried out on four Arabic dystopian works of narrative, written by authors from different parts

    of the Arabic world. The analysis shows that 21

    st century Arabic dystopias are political

    dystopias, with totalitarianism as their main variation. Rather than on society, their focus is on

    the individual, and more specifically on personal freedom. The totalitarian constraints are

    mainly caused by religious fundamentalism and bureaucratic procedures. Surveillance and

    control over population are implemented by means of religious precepts and bureaucratic

    constructions, together with, in some instances, control over language and technological

    devices. Political totalitarianism regardless of a specific political ideology is identified as main

    theme. The thesis suggests that a Western-based classification framework is only partially

    suitable for Arabic dystopian fiction of the 21

    st century and that further research, including but

    not limited to a specific classification theory for Arabic dystopian fiction, is necessary to

    properly investigate this new literary trend in Arabic literature.

  • 294.
    Bakker, Barbara
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Arabic.
    Dystopian Trends in Modern Arabic Literature2018In: Al Jadid - A Review of Arab Culture and Arts, ISSN 1523-746X, Vol. 22, no 75, p. 6-8Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 295.
    Baldelli, Valentina
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, African studies.
    Nationalism and Identity in Zimbabwe: The cultural dimension as tools for the preservation of the authoritarian power.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to analyze the role of the cultural dimension in power production processes. Specifically, the research will look at the ways in which the nationalist discourse has influenced the definition of identity from the struggle for independence until the constitution of the one-party state in Zimbabwe.

    The objective of this thesis is to investigate the discursive national identity of power and dissenting subjects and the change over the time from a culture of resistance to elaborating ethical, political and identity conceptions witch have become functional in the legitimation of authoritarian power.So, the purpose is to investigate the existence of asupposed link between the power and the nation's identity representation. Then, through categories of analysis of postcolonial studies, I will analyze two novels in order to understand how subjects perceived and reformulated the nationalist discourse on identity. The data have

    led me to understand that nationalistic discourse on identity evolved during the time: during the struggle for independence  nationalism became a narrative strategy, functional to the re-appropriation of the symbolic and cultural system of those who were placed in a subordinate position in the colonial system; Furthermore, nationalism constituted a rhetorical resource for power even after the achievement of independence. During this period, the theme of national unity was central in nationalist discourse, as it became functional to marginalize any form of opposition to the project of achieving a one-party state. In this way, nationalistic discourse and its identity attribution function underwent an evolution, as by a culture of resistance it became a discursive strategy for the establishment and preservation of authoritarian power.

  • 296.
    Bandak, George
    Dalarna University, School of Education and Humanities, Comparative Literature.
    "Båda är vi fördömda - låt oss gå tillsammans!": Att läsa Brott och straff i en kristen teologisk kontext2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det huvudsakliga syftet med min uppsats var att läsa Brott och straff (1866) i en kristen teologisk kontext, där jag ville undersöka om de två trosinriktningarna i romanen förenades eller inte. Jag tog min utgångspunkt i att Raskolnikov gav uttryck för föreställningar inom Gud-är-död-teologin med betoning på Simone Weil och William Hamilton, och att Sonja gav uttryck för föreställningar inom den rysk-ortodoxa teologin.

    Vidare formulerade jag frågan: Kan man läsa Brott och straff som en egen gren inom kristen teologi? Jag tog hjälp av identitetsrekonstruktion som metod, med fokus på Ruard Ganzevoorts användning av termen.

    Resultatet är att man faktiskt kan läsa Brott och straff som en egen gren inom kristen teologi. Både Raskolnikov och Sonja har fått något i utbyte av varandra och sålunda rekonstruerat sina tidigare övertygelser och trosuppfattningar. Raskolnikovs identitet, som tidigare präglades av en övermänniskoteori och föreställningen om att Gud kanske inte finns, har påverkats av mötet med Sonja och övergett sina tidigare trosuppfattningar. Han har börjat tro. Sonja har också genomgått en förändring. Mötet med Raskolnikov har lett till att hon har börjat betrakta verkligheten med ett realistiskt synsätt. Hon har även kommit till insikt om att lidandet är ett ofrånkomligt faktum. Resultatet av den teologiska föreningen leder till en ny sorts teologi, som jag valt att kalla hoppets teologi. En teologi som förenar föreställningar från båda trosinriktningar. 

  • 297.
    Barcheus, Annika
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, French.
    Comment traduire la culture du café?: Une étude de deux polars suédois2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 298.
    Bartholdsson, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Education and Humanities, Social Anthropology.
    Barns och föräldrars samtalstid: om sanningar och moralisk panik2004In: Barn, ISSN 0800-1669, no 4, p. 53-76Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 299.
    Bartholdsson, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Education and Humanities, Social Anthropology.
    Constructing the Pupil: Normalization and Benevolent Governing in two Swedish Schools2012In: Canadian International Conference on Education, Guelph, Canada, 18-21 juni 2012, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This is about the socialization of school children and how normality is learned and managed in one pre-school class and one fifth grade class in the Swedish compulsory school. The Swedish school is, according to the National Curriculum based on democratic values and respect for the individual. In accordance with these values socialization of the pupil is, as the thesis argues, accomplished through 'benevolent government' by the teachers. To enable this, the pupil needs to learn how to be him or her 'self' according to norms about how the 'self' is to be expressed. The pupil also needs to learn how to balance multiple relations in school and the different aspects that constitutes the social person. Benevolent government is here used as a description of a certain kind of 'teacherhood' dependent on a certain kind of pupil. The pupil-subject that is constructed is a subordinated, self-inspecting, positive, empathic person who will approve of being governed by the teachers through the governing of themselves. The study is based on anthropological fieldwork during two years in these classes.

  • 300.
    Bartholdsson, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Education and Humanities, Social Anthropology.
    "Dare to share": the meanings of therapeutic biographies in The Great Mother Confession2012In: 9th International Conference Crossroads in Cultural Studies Paris, July 2-6 2012, 2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    "Dare to share " - the meanings of therapeutic biographies in The Great Mother Confession

    "Dare to share" is one of the catchy slogans presented on the website of the popular cultural event,  The Great Mother Confession. "To share" refers to the life improving, transformative powers ascribed to the act of "speaking out"  about ones feelings, and the construction of therapeutic biographies.

    The Great Mother Confession, was arranged in 2009 and 2010 by a Swedish newspaper group. It consisted of an all-day events each year with coaching and entertaining performances and a blog site for mothers public confessions. Based on material from ethnographic fieldwork conducted at the all-day arrangements and close readings of the confessional blogs, this paper aims to explore meaning-making aspects of (mother)confession through emic definitions of the meaning and function of the confessional act.  The confessions are also understood as comments on maternal norms.

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