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  • 251. Annerberg, A
    et al.
    Lindegårdh, Niklas
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Chemical Engineering.
    Blessborn, Daniel
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Chemical Engineering.
    Bergqvist, Yngve
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Chemical Engineering.
    White, N
    A bioanalytical method using automated solid-phase extraction and LC-UV for the simultaneous determination of lumefantrine and its desbutyl metabolite in plasma2004In: PBA, Florens, Italien, 2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 252.
    Annisius, Daniel Chandrachur
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Managing Seasonality in Tourism: Challenges and Opportunities for the Tourism Industry in Húsavík, Iceland2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Seasonality is a common phenomenon in the tourism industry around the world. Húsavík, a town on the northern coast of Iceland, has experienced tremendous growth in tourism in recent years and is sometimes recognised as the „Whale Watching Capital of Europe‟. However, Húsavík faces extreme seasonality with high demand mainly during the summer months and limited or no demand at other times of the year. As is emphasised in the tourism literature and widely in practice, seasonality is frequently seen as a problem for the tourism industry which has to be tackled. Academic research has never before been done on seasonality in Húsavík and the aim of this thesis is to understand the nature of seasonality within the tourism industry in Húsavík and discover potential ways to reduce seasonality in Húsavík tourism. In order to fulfil the aim, qualitative semi-structured interviews were undertaken with six tourism managers in Húsavík to investigate their perceptions of seasonality and if and how it could be managed. The results confirmed that the peripheral location of the destination stimulates seasonality and it poses major economic challenges for tourism businesses in Húsavík. Managers would prefer a longer tourism season. Several recommendations were provided for how to reduce seasonality such as develop other attractions than whale watching, improve accessibility, focus marketing on seasons outside the summer, and offer winter packages for foreign and domestic tourists.

  • 253.
    Antonsson, Victoria
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Enberg, Terese
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Arbetsmiljö: Med fokus ur ett könsperspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To achieve a good work environment, the employer and the employee jointly cooperate under the Work Environment Act. This study has been performed in an industrial company with a view to examining the working environment and occupational injuries differs between men and women. In order to achieve a credible and reliable result, three different methods were used, such as interviews, participant observation and information from the company's IA system. The result shows that there are equally large differences between women and men today as it did a few years ago. Something else that was discovered was that there are many unreported when it comes to reporting the safety conversations, incidents and accidents in the company's IA sys-tem. After analyzing the collected empirical material was concluded that women do not get injuries easily than men, but it depends on the culture, norms and values in the industry. The company is working in the right way in terms of safety, equipment, ergonomics and more, still short right up to the employees. Culture, norms and values affect both working conditions and working environment, and for the success of their work environment, the company must be able to turn this around.

  • 254.
    Anåker, Sara
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Bergqvist, Thomas
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    När behövs HR?: En kvalitativ studie om när HR-funktionen kan behövas inom organisationer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study has the purpose of examining if there is an answer to the question

    When is HR needed? The material in this study is based on five semi-structured interviews and two group interviews with people which are working with HR-related duties within small and medium-sized organizations in Dalarna county. The theoretical frame of reference in this study discusses the following areas: HR/HRM, strategic HRM, HR in small and medium-sized organizations, leadership, communication and Employer Brand. The reasoning behind choosing several different areas is that the main area of the study looks to be relatively unexplored, thus is the theoretical frame of reference shaped out of areas which are considered to have an impact on the question When is HR needed? The result of this study shows that there probably is no concrete answer to this question. What the results do show is that there are several areas which have an impact on the question and which are recurrent with all the interviewed organizations. These are: economics, communication, support from outside the company, stress on managers with a particular focus on labor law, and the organizations’ capacity to attract workforce. The result of the study has ultimately been compiled into a model which has the purpose of functioning as a form of checklist that organizations can use to help them appraise if they should consider establishing an HR-function.

  • 255.
    Apollonio, Marco
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Henriksson, Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Social and economic evaluation of a rural tourism event: The case of Rättvik’s Classic Car Week, Sweden2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on the evaluation of a rural event, both from a social perspective evaluating the event and the tourist and visitors it attracts and from an economic perspective. Given the modern situation of rural destinations and its shifting economy, the importance of turning towards event tourism becomes paramount. The research presents the case of the Classic Car Week, a rural festival held during week 31 in Rättvik, in the region of Dalarna, Sweden. The study is based on surveys collected during the 2016 edition. The authors analyzed the data and extrapolated statistical information to gather knowledge on the average visitor and its interests. The social focused tourism and event section of the research revolves around Crompton’s instrument of motivator measurement to establish the pull factors which attract visitors to the event. This is done by analyzing their expectation, satisfaction and decision-making. The economic analysis of the study presents the calculations made by the authors on the total estimat accomodation expenses based on guest nights in Rättvik (35000) during week leading up to the event and during CCW, week 30 and 31. A estimated max and minimum senario was made were the calculated max accomodation expenses was 7 031 793 SEK while the minimum was estimated to 4 714 177 SEK. Similarly, a max and min scenario was also calculated on the estimated total daily expenses, resulting in a max approximation of 7 087 107 and a min of 4 746 521. Together the estimated max and min accommodation and daily expenses was summed to create a max and min scenario of the total spending in the area. With a max scenario of 14 118 900 SEK and a minimum scenario of 9 460 698 SEK. Illustrating a part of the economical impact that he municipality receives as a direct result of the event.

  • 256.
    Appelgren, Linnéa
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Oldhammer, Elina
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Barnbok om AST – Autismspektrumtillstånd: Processen bakom skapandet av en informativ barnbok2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today you can read a lot about Autism spectrum disorder, but most of the

    literature is for the people that already have the diagnosis or the people around

    them and some of the books come from people who have the diagnosis

    themselves. What we think is missing on the market today is a book for children

    who meet people with ASD in everyday life. Therefore we created a children’s

    book about ASD. We believe it’s important for children without knowledge to

    understand their classmates with ASD. In an educational way they should be

    able to read and understand what it means to have ASD.

    A background study was made to gain a better understanding of ASD and how

    to write a children’s book. A survey was also made to find out people’s general

    perception and knowledge about ASD. After the background study we designed

    a children’s book for children in the age of 7–9 years.

    To test our bookprototype we met class 3A and 3B of Hälsinggårdsskolan in

    Falun. They got to read the book and afterwards they answered questions about

    what they learned and thought about the book.

    The test of our bookprototype showed that the audience appreciated the book

    and that they learned and had a better understanding of people with ASD.

  • 257.
    Aprille, Marcello
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy and Environmental Technology.
    Simulation Study of an Innovative Solar Absorption Refrigeration System2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The awareness of the environmental problem along with an ever increasing demand for comfort cooling and refrigeration has brought a strong interest in new concepts of refrigeration technologies. By combining solar energy and absorption cooling, solar absorption refrigeration can offer a sound alternative to electrically driven vapour compression refrigeration. In this work, a simulation study of an innovative solar absorption refrigeration system is conducted. The system is intended for refrigeration at 5°C in warm and hot climates (South Europe and North Africa) and is composed of: medium temperature collector, single effect water ammonia absorption chiller and ice-encapsulated cold thermal storage. This configuration is justified by the high temperature difference between the chilled refrigerant temperature, about –5 °C, and the ambient temperature, which could exceed 30 °C. In these conditions, the absorption chiller must be driven by a medium temperature collector. Moreover, the proposed chiller can be air-cooled, thus not making use of a bulky and expensive heat rejection system. Several simulations are conducted in order to investigate the system behaviour at different values of solar fraction and at three different locations: Rome, Tunis and Cairo. Also, two different medium temperature collectors are compared, a Fresnel linear reflector and a parabolic trough. The simulations are made with TRNSYS. User-defined TRNSYS types are made in order to characterise the absorption chiller and the cold thermal storage. The absorption chiller type makes use of performance data made available by the manufacturer and the cold storage type is modelled like a stack of uniform temperature layers of ice capsules surrounded by refrigerant. The mathematical model makes use of experimental equations, derived from literature, in order to represent the heat exchanged between refrigerant and ice capsules during ice to water and water to ice phase transition. The simulations have revealed a strong impact of the adopted control strategy on the system overall performance. Due to limitations in the maximum reachable solar loop fluid temperature, 300 °C, and the minimum reachable refrigerant temperature, -20 °C, two major problems are encountered: chiller part-load functioning, which occurs any time refrigerant temperature approaches –20° C, and loss of available solar radiation, which occurs anytime the collector mirrors are set out of focus in order to maintain the solar loop fluid temperature below 300 ° C. According to the simulation results, with a chiller rate capacity of 13 kW and a load peak power of about 6 kW the system has proved to work with reasonable values of collector area and storage volume at 100% SF and at any of the selected locations. About 70 m2 of Fresnel collector area and 4 m3 of storage tank are necessary to cover the load year round. The parabolic trough would require less area, about 40 m2, but would cost more on the basis of the projected costs of the two solutions. Savings in both solar field area and cold storage volume are possible when using an auxiliary heater series connected to the collector in the solar loop. At 90% solar fraction, the system would require 70% of the collector area and 50% of the storage volume as calculated for 100% solar fraction. A simple economic analysis shows that the here presented concept has a good economical potential when compared to an equivalent PV-electrical vapour compression solution. The overall system performance is higher with a PV based system, due to the high electrical COP of vapour compression chiller. However, the collector-absorption solution is more economical due to the cost of the solar field, which is lower than the cost of PV panels in its PV based counterpart.

  • 258.
    Araujo Lopes, Duarte
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy and Environmental Technology.
    Evaluation of two solar cooling systems (Absorption and Adsorption) in a Commercial Building2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work presents an experimental study about the influence of operation conditions on the performance parameters of two solar cooling machines, one using adsorption technology (FROST) and the other absorption technology (ROTARTICA). The study was made in cooperation with PROTECMA, an Environmental and Energy Company located at Gijón, Spain. PROTECMA is a business partner of PROFACTOR, an Austrian company which together with CNAM (Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers) and INDUTHERM Ingeniería e Instalaciones have developed an adsorption chiller prototype (FROST), under the auspices of the research project SOCOLD. FROST is a cost effective small sized (5 kW) solar cooling system for food conservation based on adsorption technology working jointly with a new high temperature (120°C) solar Compound Parabolic Collectors (CPC). ROTARTICA is also a small sized (4.5 kW) solar cooling system for air-conditioning (AC) based on absorption technology. The cooling machines were installed in the commercial building of the Meat Asociación of Asturias, a partnership of PROTECMA, at the village of Noreña, Spain. The thesis includes a state of the art of thermally driven cooling technologies as well as an explanation of the FROST and ROTARTICA technologies. In spite of all the operative limitations imposed to the practical work, it was possible to obtain a few experimental results with FROST machine, which are presented and discussed. Finally, and in accordance with some of the technical problems detected, several tasks for future work developments are proposed.

  • 259.
    Areflykt, Lucas
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics.
    Nilsson, Fredrik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics.
    Löne – och sysselsättningseffekter genererade av återinförandet av ROT-avdraget 2008: En undersökning av svenska aktiebolag med Difference-in-Difference metod2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to analyze the possible wage and employment effects generated by the reintroduction of the ROT-deduction in 2008. The reintroduction was seen as a permanent measure, and the aim was to counteract undeclared work and to stimulate and increase the building in Sweden. With this paper, we want to evaluate the wage and employment effects that the ROT-deduction contributed to in Swedish construction companies, more specifically limited companies in the ROT industry. A difference-in-difference method will be used to analyze data collected from limited companies in Sweden, aggregated to industry level. Aggregation is made for our results to be directly comparable to previous studies, and to not exclude the effect caused by new companies in the ROT-industry that may have started due to the reform. The difference-in-difference method involves that a treated group consisting of the construction industries affected by the introduction of the ROT-deduction is compared to a control group consisting of other industries before and after the reform. Our results show that the average wage per employee is not affected by the reform, while the reform has increased the average number of employees in the ROT-industry.

  • 260.
    Arguello, Nicolay
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy Technology.
    Iñiguez, Enric
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy Technology.
    Renewable Energy Emergency Microgrid Optimization in Ludvika2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the community of Ludvika, a Renewable Energy Emergency Microgrid (REEM) has been defined to provide back-up power during crisis situations. An Energy Storage System (ESS) was designed to support the main loads of the Microgrid in the first working hours. Additionally, the ESS will start-up the hydro power station, which will replace the power supply from the battery after the set-up period. However, the necessity of understanding the operation of the major components, such as the photovoltaic (PV) system and the ESS, of the REEM in normal conditions is imperative.

    This study analyses a variety of scenarios to evaluate how the renewable energy of an isolated system can be managed. Alternatives for increasing self-consumption of PV power and reduce feed-in power in the REEM are investigated. All the solutions consider the complete system design and an additional economic analysis for supporting the decision-making. The results show that selling the energy to the grid is the best economic solution, followed by the distribution of energy. However, the difference of 0.5 % in the total net present cost (TNPC) makes the distribution system, including the ESS, an option to be considered. In the upcoming years, changes on the amount of energy produced by the PV system or increasing the battery capacity usage in normal operation can become more feasible.

  • 261.
    Argårds, Andreas
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Mechanical Engineering.
    Kartläggning av ytjämnheten efter kallvalsning för olika kallvalsade kvalitéer samt trimvalsningens påverkan på ytjämnheten2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med detta arbete är att kartlägga ytjämnheten på stålbanden efter kallvalsning samt hur den erhålla ytjämnheten påverkas av trimvalsningen. Detta för att undersöka om det är möjligt att minska ner användandet av någon valsyta i Tandemverket vid SSAB Borlänge. Genom att mäta ytjämnheten på stålband av olika kallvalsade kvalitéer efter kallvalsning och trimvalsning, mäta ytråheten på texturerade valsar före och efter användning samt genomföra test med nya ytkombinationer har ett antal resultat genererats. Två test där Docol 200 band som skulle levereras med bandyta 23 valsades med en grövre yta i Tandem (valsyta 48 istället för 34) än vad som är brukligt och sedan trimvalsades med ordinarie valsyta visade att det är möjligt att klara kraven på Ra-värde för bandyta 23 även på band som kallvalsats med en grövre valsyta än i vanliga fall. Dock är det inte säkerställt att kraven för yta 23 alltid kan uppnås på band kallvalsade med grövre valsyta. Trimvalsning med valsyta 57 i den kontinuerliga glödgningslinjen har ingen betydande påverkan på ytjämnheten för Docol 600 & 800 DP, dock påverkar den ytan för Docol 200 eftersom att dessa band har mindre spridning i Ra-värde efter trimvalsning jämfört med innan. Trimvalsning med valsyta 57 höjer toppantalet på bandens yta. Band av en högre hållfasthetsklass får lägre Ra-värde jämfört mot mjukare stålsorter. Band med stor tjockleksreduktion i Tandem får lägre Ra-värde, detta gäller speciellt Docol 200 där trenden är tydligast. Ra-värdet på de texturerade valsarna i Tandem sjunker mycket i början när de används, test har visat att redan under kalibreringen kan Ra-värdet minska med 0,8 µm – 1,3 µm.

  • 262.
    Argårds, Mattias
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Construction.
    Analys av lägenhetsskiljande bjälklag: Fallstudie av produktion av flerbostadshus i Sälenfjällen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In construction of apartments several parameters determines the choice of production method. Costs and production time for the various operations are two important parts , As early as the planning stage it is important to have a clear picture of the different solutions' and its prerequisites to simplify the choice of production method.

    For new construction projects in Sälenfjällen the tight production times makes it important to know whether any solution could involve considerable delays in production time. On the other hand faster construction methods may also lead to higher costs.

    The thesis has been limited to four different floor constructions which are Finjas “Combi bjälklag”, “plattbärlag”, cross laminated timber and Dala cements “Daladekk”. The calculation has been linked to a reference building in Sälenfjällen and a supposed new production of four similar buildings.

    With the help of the structural design calculations were carried out to estimate the costs each approach brings, it also performed one simple analysis of the time spent.

    The result shows that it is best economical to build with "plattbärlag", followed by cross laminated timber. At the same time plattbärlaget and its construction has a risk for delayed production times, which mean it may be advantageous to chose the solution with cross laminated timber.

  • 263.
    Arnberg, Jerker
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Electrical Engineering.
    Zigbee för längre avstånd2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I dag går utvecklingen av trådlösa nätverk snabbt framåt. Zigbee är en helt ny teknik som bygger på IEEE 802-15-4 standarden. Zigbee utvecklades av the Zigbee Alliance som består av en rad stora elektronikföretag. Zigbee är en teknik som inriktar sig på låg energiförbrukning och låg kostnad. Tekniken är tänkt att användas för att ställa in och läsa av sensorer av olika slag. Denna rapport är ett resultat av ett examensarbete som går ut på att utreda om Zigbee tekniken kan användas för lite längre avstånd. Arbetet resulterade i två demoapplikationer för ett enkel zigbee system, och färdigskriven kod för en möjlighet att använda Zigbee för länge avstånd.

  • 264.
    Arnestål, Ronja
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Grafisk identitet –Phan Antik2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    he company Phan Antik is dealing with antiques from the Middle Ages until the mid 19th century, mainly original furniture. The business owner is well established in the industry, has good knowledge of the area and good customer contacts, which is important in order to succeed. However, Phan Antik lacks a graphic identity and the need for it is available to reach more customers. At present, customers are mainly players in the wholesale sector and in the future, the company wants to reach out to more private individuals in both Sweden and internationally, via website and social media. A graphical identity is needed to create a coherent unified image of the company outward.This report addresses the issues:•       How should the company do to communicate with a graphic identity to its current and prospective customers?•       How can the time period Phan Antik deal with in the graphic identity? Was there any characteristic for the period of the Middle Ages to the 19th century? Special fonts or colors used?•       How should the graphic identity be applied to material?Through literature studies, fact-finding, analysis and interviews, a result was obtained that led to a graphic identity.A graphic identity containing a graphic profile with logo, corporate brand, fonts and colors was created on the basis of knowledge. The graphic identity was then applied practically on printed matter and on a web page mockup.

  • 265.
    Aronsson, Linda
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Negativa förändringar på en arbetsplats: En studie i hur man hanterar införandet av en organisationsförändring som inte gillas av medarbetarna2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The background to the study is based on a demonstration by Union representatives, in Borlänge in 2013. They were demonstrating against changes in working hours in the social sector in Borlänge municipality. One of the affected groups were employees of dementia the accommodation Hessegården. The protesters were not satisfied with the decision because they considered that the working hours would be worse for them.

    The aim of the study was to find out how employees and their work is affected by such a decision and highlight the aspects which may hinder or help for this issue.

    Method: I chose to carry out the study through a case study and using a qualitative method and hence the use of interviews, semi-structured interviews from some of the employees at Hessegården. Data and theory gathered through literature and previous research.

    The results showed that the majority of people did not like the change in working hours and that they felt that their work has become a bit more difficult and stressful after the introduction of the change. It was also mixed views on how the information about the change to and how the boss handled the situation.

    Conclusion: the interviews and the study showed that employees were negatively affected by the introduction of the new working hours. Both at their workplace, in their work, and in his spare time in his everyday life. Family and friends were affected by it were working more shifts and the residents were affected by stress and insecurity in their everyday lives.

  • 266.
    Arpi Ekblom, Björn
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Göransson, Ulla
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Standardisation of the Selling Process in Franchising: A Take on Sales Funnel Management2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses the two opposing extremes of standardisation in franchising and the

    dynamics of sales in search of a juncture point in order to reduce franchisees’ uncertainties in

    sales and improve sales performance. A conceptual framework is developed based on both

    theory and practice in order to investigate the sales process of a specific franchise network. The

    research is conducted over a period of six weeks in form of a customised sales report

    considering the sales funnel concept and performance indicators along the sales process. The

    received quantitative data is analysed through descriptive statistics and logistic regressions in

    respect to what variations in the sales process can be discovered and what practices yield higher

    performance. The results indicate an advantage of a prioritisation guideline regarding the

    activities and choices to make as a salesperson over strict standardisation. Defining the sales

    funnel plus engaging in the process of monitoring sales in itself has proven to be a way of

    reducing uncertainty as the franchisor and franchisees alike inherently gain a greater

    understanding of the process. The extended knowledge gained from this research allowed for

    both practical as well as theoretical implications and expands the knowledge on standardisation

    of sales and the appropriateness of the sales funnel and its management for dealing with the

    dilemma between standardisation and flexibility of sales in franchising contexts.

  • 267.
    Arping, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Reimer, Klara
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    “I det här yrket behöver man vara tolerant”: En triangulering om sjuksköterskors erfarenheter avsexuella trakasserier och organisatoriskt arbete.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The interest in conducting the study was raised in the autumn of 2017 when the

    #metoo

    movement spread on social media and a large number of individuals witnessed their

    vulnerability to sexual harassment at their workplaces. The movement certifies sexual

    harassment in a number of industries, where our interest was raised to investigate the nurse's

    experiences of sexual harassment.

    Past studies that constitute the research front are focused on the individual and the individual

    consequences of sexual harassment. The knowledge gap that was identified was how

    organizations are affected by the occurrence of sexual harassment as well as how they can carry

    out preventive and remedial work on the issue. The purpose of the study is therefore to highlight

    the occurrence and the consequences of sexual harassment. One purpose is to explain how the

    organization works with issues related to sexual harassment. To answer the purpose of the study

    theories describing the definition of the concept of sexual harassment, individual- and

    organization effects, power, culture of silence, organizational culture and employer

    responsibility is all brought up.

    The data collection of the study is based on a triangulation using a quantitative web-based

    survey as well as qualitative semi-structured interviews. A demarcation has been made to

    female nurses employed in an organization in central Sweden.

    The results of the study shows that sexual harassment occurs at the workplace and that there is

    a culture of silence about the subject where the asked employees do not know where to turn to

    tell their experiences. Employees also show great unknowledge about the organization's policy,

    action plan and what support they are entitled to receive. The results of the collected data have

    been analyzed using the theoretical reference framework and concentrated on four main areas

    that are also discussed. The main areas are where to drawn boundaries, culture of silence,

    organizational culture and organizational work.

  • 268.
    Arsianovich-Klaiber, Katsiaryna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    There is no “bad” publicity: The case study of Kazakhstan and Borat the movie2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 269.
    Artursson Wissa, Ulrika
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    En beskrivning av manuellt test: Svagheter och styrkor med och utan stöd av ett testverktyg2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Test is an area in system development. Test can be performed manually or automated. Test activities can be supported by Word documents and Excel sheets for documenting and executing test cases and as well for follow up, but there are also new test tools designed to support and facilitate the testing process and the activities of the test. This study has described manual test and identified strengths and weaknesses of manual testing with a testing tool called Microsoft Test Manager (MTM) and of manual testing using test cases and test log templates developed by the testers at Sogeti. The result that emerged from the problem and strength analysis and the analysis of literature studies and firsthand experiences (in terms of creating, documenting and executing test cases) addresses the issue of the following weaknesses and strengths. Strengths of the test tool is that it contains needed functionality all in one place and it is available when needed without having to open up other programs which saves many steps of activity. Strengths with test without the support of test tools is mainly that it is easy to learn and gives a good overview, easy to format text as desired and flexible to changes during execution of a test case. Weaknesses in test with the support of test tools include that it is difficult to get a good overview of the entire test case, that it is not possible to format the text in the test steps. It is as well not possible to modify the test steps during execution. It is also difficult to use some of the test design techniques of TMap, for example a checklist, when using the test tool MTM. Weaknesses with test without the support of the testing tool MTM is that the tester gets many more steps of activities to do compared to doing the same activities with the support of the testing tool MTM. There is more to remember because the documents the tester use are not directly linked. Altogether the strengths of the test tool stands out when it comes to supporting the testing process.

  • 270.
    Artursson Wissa, Ulrika
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Avdic, Anders
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Flexible study pace, mental disabilities and e-Learning: Perceived problems and opportunities2017In: Proceedings of 16th European Conference on e-Learning, Porto, Portugal, October 26-27 2017. / [ed] Anabela Mesquita & Paula Peres, Reading, UK, 2017, p. 527-534Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Flexible study pace distant courses provide opportunities for students with disabilities to attend courses in higher educations as opposed to campus courses with fixed schedules. At least that is what we believe. This study investigates how mentally disabled students perceive taking distant courses with flexible pace and also how their teachers perceive opportunities and challenges. Flexible pace means here distant courses where students can start when they like and keep the pace they prefer. The courses in question are part of a two year program of eService Development at Dalarna University in Sweden. The program was launched in 2006 and admits ca 50-80 students each semester. Many of the students are unable to take campus courses of various reasons such as living far from universities, working daytime, etc. We sent out questionnaires to students with disabilities and to teachers asking them semi structured questions about perceived challenges and opportunities regarding the studies. The students had mental disabilities such as Dyslexia, ADHD, Asperger syndrome, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, and Social Phobia. The answers have been analyzed qualitatively by categorizing the answers firstly in groups of challenges and opportunities and further on in sub categories. Our finding shows that the flexible aspect is especially important to students as it gives them the opportunity to adjust their studying practices to their disabilities. Our conclusions are that the flexible study pace approach (FreeStartFreePace) is suitable for students with nonlinear work. It is also useful for students with mental disabilities who could have a problem adapting to schedules and conforming procedures.

  • 271.
    Arvidsson, Maria
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Perander, Julia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Gerillakampanjer – karakteristika och reklambyråns arbetssätt: En djupintervjuundersökning med särskilt fokus på visuella gerillakampanjer2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to identify the advertising agencies considered characteristics of guerrilla campaigns and agencies' working process on guerrilla campaigns, with the particular focus on the visual guerrilla campaigns, using semi-structured interviews.Five semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted. Respondents were selected strategically.The results showed distinct characteristics of guerrilla campaigns. Based on these, the following definition were conducted: a guerrilla campaign is characterised by the lack of bought media exposure, a creative, often situational and environmentally adapted design, that without assistance from other sales promotions produce high interest or attention relative to the utilized budget, in order to create a deeper relationship with the recipient.The working methods of a visual guerrilla campaign and a regular guerrilla campaign do not differ remarkably from a traditional campaign. The study also showed that the spread of a guerrilla campaign was important for its effectiveness.

  • 272.
    Arvidsson, Sara
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics.
    Bagdadi, Omar
    Nilsson, Jan-Erik
    Intelligenta försäkringar för person- och lastbilar2006Report (Other academic)
  • 273.
    Arvidsson, Sara
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics.
    Nilsson, Jan-Eric
    Smarta försäkringar ger färre trafikolyckor2006In: Ekonomisk debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, no 6, p. 6-17Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    För att uppnå högt ställda trafiksäkerhetsmål måste trafikanterna förmås att sänka hastigheten. Artikeln argumenterar för att smarta försäkringspremier som belönar dem som kör trafiksäkert kan bli ett viktigt instrument för detta ändamål. Försäkringsbolagen blir därmed samhällets agenter i kampen för att successivt minska antalet olyckor.

  • 274.
    Ashraf, Ali Junaid
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Electrical Engineering.
    DC Motor Speed Control via Fuzzy / Pole Placement / PI Controller2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents a new way of control engineering. Dc motor speed controlled by three controllers PID, pole placement and Fuzzy controller and discusses the advantages and disadvantages of each controller for different conditions under loaded and unloaded scenarios using software Matlab. The brushless series wound Dc motor is very popular in industrial application and control systems because of the high torque density, high efficiency and small size. First suitable equations are developed for DC motor. PID controller is developed and tuned in order to get faster step response. The simulation results of PID controller provide very good results and the controller is further tuned in order to decrease its overshoot error which is common in PID controllers. Further it is purposed that in industrial environment these controllers are better than others controllers as PID controllers are easy to tuned and cheap. Pole placement controller is the best example of control engineering. An addition of integrator reduced the noise disturbances in pole placement controller and this makes it a good choice for industrial applications. The fuzzy controller is introduce with a DC chopper to make the DC motor speed control smooth and almost no steady state error is observed. Another advantage is achieved in fuzzy controller that the simulations of three different controllers are compared and concluded from the results that Fuzzy controller outperforms to PID controller in terms of steady state error and smooth step response. While Pole placement controller have no comparison in terms of controls because designer can change the step response according to nature of control systems, so this controller provide wide range of control over a system. Poles location change the step response in a sense that if poles are near to origin then step response of motor is fast. Finally a GUI of these three controllers are developed which allow the user to select any controller and change its parameters according to the situation.

  • 275.
    Asiimwe, Edgar Napoleon
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Opinions of social web users on privacy and online DAM2010In: Journal of Digital Asset Management, ISSN 1743-6540, Vol. 6, no 6, p. 312-318Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The web today hosts thousands of web user profiles. These profiles contain information, which is sensitive – a reason why the information is protected from illegal use by privacy policies. This kind of information is at times referred to as online digital assets. Online digital assets are either hosted on private or government websites and online systems depending on where users are registered. There is a possibility that after death or impairment of a user, the confidentiality of online digital assets may be compromised due to absence of ownership and weak legal policies. This may result into privacy infringement of the owner, that is, the deceased or the impaired as well as other people related to the affected user such as those that have had sensitive conversations with him or her. Using Facebook as a case study, this research examined social web users’ opinions on privacy and online digital assets management (DAM) after death or impairment of a user. The study used an online questionnaire to collect opinions from 22 Facebook users. Results show that the majority of respondents consider privacy and online DAM to be important issues. On the other hand, other Facebook users think that privacy in social networking websites is a mere illusion. There are also users who are not familiar with the concept of DAM and do not have any means of managing their assets in case of impairment or death.

  • 276.
    Asiimwe, Edgar Napoleon
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems. Örebro University.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro university.
    E-waste management in East African community2012In: Handbook of Research on E-Government in Emerging Economies: Adoption, E-Participation, and Legal Frameworks / [ed] Kelvin Joseph Bwalya; Saul F.C. Zulu, IGI Global, 2012, p. 307-327Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 277.
    Asiimwe, Edgar Napoleon
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems. Örebro university.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro universitet.
    MLCMS actual use, perceived use, and experiences of use2015In: ijEDict - International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology, ISSN 1814-0556, E-ISSN 1814-0556, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 101-121, article id 1931Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mobile learning involves use of mobile devices to participate in learning activities. Most elearning activities are available to participants through learning systems such as learning content management systems (LCMS). Due to certain challenges, LCMS are not equally accessible on all mobile devices. This study investigates actual use, perceived usefulness and user experiences of LCMS use on mobile phones at Makerere University in Uganda. The study identifies challenges pertaining to use and discusses how to improve LCMS use on mobile phones. Such solutions are a cornerstone in enabling and improving mobile learning. Data was collected by means of focus group discussions, an online survey designed based on the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), and LCMS log files of user activities. Data was collected from two courses where Moodle was used as a learning platform. The results indicate positive attitudes towards use of LCMS on phones but also huge challenges whichare content related and technical in nature.

  • 278.
    Asiimwe, Edgar Napoleon
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems. Örebro university.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro university.
    On mobile learning with Learning Content Management Systems: a contemporary literature review2014In: Mobile as a Mainstream – Towards Future Challenges in Mobile Learning: 13th World Conference on Mobile and Contextual Learning, mLearn 2014, Istanbul, Turkey, November 3-5, 2014, Proceedings / [ed] Marco Kalz, Yasemin Bayyurt & Marcus Specht, 2014, p. 131-145Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Learning Content Management Systems (LCMS) are important tools for organizing learning material and communication. Increasingly mobile technologies are used for internet access; particularly important in developing countries where broadband is scarce. Mobile LCMS introduce specific challenges, which are yet not fully addressed. This paper reviews the literature on mobile LCMS for the purpose of identifying current research focus, research gaps, and future research directions regarding how to bridge the gaps and leverage CMS technology to support “mobile learning”. The concept matrix method is used to collect and analyze literature. Five prominent research areas are found; Use, access, design and infrastructure; communication and collaboration; engagement and knowledge development; content and service delivery; and implementation experiences and evaluation. A major gap identified is that research does neither clearly nor thoroughly address the intersection between learning and technology. Adjusting technologies to learning contexts and environments is a key area for future research.

  • 279.
    Asiimwe, Edgar Napoleon
    et al.
    Örebro University.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro University.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Practices and challenges in an emerging m-learning environment2017In: ijEDict - International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology, ISSN 1814-0556, E-ISSN 1814-0556, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 103-122Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study reports an interpretative case study investigating practices and challenges in an emerging m-learning environment at Makerere University in Uganda. The research was part of the MobiClass pilot project. Data was collected by means of observations and interviews with teachers and various m-learning support staff, including teacher trainers, systems administrators and a software developer. The Framework for Rational Analysis of Mobile Education (FRAME) is used as an analytic framework. The research focuses on how learning content management systems (LCMS) are implemented and used for m-learning purposes. We observed teacher training and m-learning content development practices and found that teacher skills for developing educational content, institutional m-learning policies and training programs are crucial success factors. The main finding is the importance of the support staff; it takes a long time to implement new technology and change teaching practices, support staff is needed to manage, inspire and support student and teachers.

  • 280.
    Asiimwe, Edgar Napoleon
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems. Örebro University.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro University.
    Wairagala, Wakabi
    Örebro University.
    Using technology for enhancing transparency and accountability in low resource communities: experiences from Uganda2013In: ICT for Anti-Corruption, Democracy and Education In East Africa / [ed] Katja Sarajeva, Stockholm: Spider , 2013, p. 37-51Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed at investigating the user needs, practices, experiences and challenges faced in promoting transparency and accountability using ICT in low-resource communities. The research was conducted on two ICT4D (Information and Communication Technology for Development) initiatives, a call center, and a telecenter supported by two projects; (1) “Promoting Social Accountability In The Health Sector In Northern Uganda”, (2) “Catalyzing Civic Participation And Democracy Monitoring Using ICTs”. The two projects sought to fight corruption by increasing transparency and accountability using ICT to enable “whistle-blowing,” i.e., reporting misconduct in service provision. The projects are based in Uganda and are carried out by Spider (Swedish Program for ICT in Developing Regions) partner organizations: Transparency International (TI) Uganda and Collaboration International ICT Policy in East and Southern Africa (CIPESA). Using interviews, focus group discussions and observations, the study addressed three research questions: (1) How have the two projects provided citizens a trusted and effective channel for “whistle-blowing”? (2) What are the enabling factors for whistle-blowing through ICT and challenges that affect whistle-blowers and how can the challenges be overcome?

    The ICT service-delivery monitoring and reporting methods used by projects include toll free phone calls, blogs, radio talk shows, SMS and e-mail for reaching out; and processes for verification of reports and for communicating reports to government. There are results that indicate these methods are sound enough to serve the purposes of transparency and accountability, and the track record exhibits real change achieved in many instances. ICT users are optimistic and trustful of these ICT methods. Effective whistle-blowing includes efficient and effective reporting processes, convenience in reporting, actual service delivery improvements, availability and privacy, and affordability. There are also a number of challenges, including user education, gender issues, and general issues pertaining to the business model, including economic sustainability and finding the most effective scope of the operations.

  • 281.
    Asiimwe, Edgar Napoleon
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems. Örebro University.
    Khan, Sana Zubair
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems. Örebro University.
    Ubiquitous computing in education: a SWOT analysis by students and teachers2013In: QScience Proceedings: Vol. 2013, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Learning from anywhere anytime is a contemporary phenomenon in the field of education that is thought to be flexible, time and cost saving. The phenomenon is evident in the way computer technology mediates knowledge processes among learners. Computer technology is however, in some instances, faulted. There are studies that highlight drawbacks of computer technology use in learning. In this study we aimed at conducting a SWOT analysis on ubiquitous computing and computer-mediated social interaction and their affect on education. Students and teachers were interviewed on the mentioned concepts using focus group interviews. Our contribution in this study is, identifying what teachers and students perceive to be the strength, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of ubiquitous computing and computer-mediated social interaction in education. We also relate the findings with literature and present a common understanding on the SWOT of these concepts.

    Results show positive perceptions. Respondents revealed that ubiquitous computing and computer-mediated social interaction are important in their education due to advantages such as flexibility, efficiency in terms of cost and time, ability to acquire computer skills. Nevertheless disadvantages where also mentioned for example health effects, privacy and security issues, noise in the learning environment, to mention but a few. This paper gives suggestions on how to overcome threats mentioned.

  • 282.
    Asiimwe, Edgar Napoleon
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Lim, Nena
    Usability of government websites in Uganda2010In: Electronic Journal of e-Government, ISSN 1479-439X, E-ISSN 1479-439X, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Government websites offer great benefits to citizens and governments. Such benefits, however,cannot be realized if websites are unusable. This study investigates usability of government websites in Uganda.Using the feature investigation method, the study evaluated four Ugandan government websites according tothree perspectives. Results show that websites are partially usable in the design layout and navigationperspectives but are rather weak in stating legal policies. Evaluation results provide the Ugandan governmentwith a clear picture of what needs to be improved according to international website design standards. Moreover,the parsimonious evaluation framework proposed in the research is useful for any country that wants to do aquick and easy evaluation of their government websites.

  • 283.
    Asino, Wilhelmina
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Evaluating aspects of sustainability in tourism at a mountain destination: Accessibility and economic impacts assessment in Sälen: Case of Sälen in Sweden2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Travelling to, from and within the destination area accounts for a high level of tourism emissions. Yet, little has been done to improve and direct the travelling pattern at reducing carbon dioxide emissions. By encouraging visitors to use public rather private transport also limits traffic congestion and increases the use of public space by means of walking and cycling therefore enhancing destination competitiveness. Although there have a number of attempts to encourage the use of public transportation over car use, it still remains a challenge. This paper reports the findings of surveys of tourists who visited Sälen during the peak season of Easter break and projected their travel choice and spending patterns within the destination. The results shows that there is a relationship between location, accessibility and tourist expenditure.

    Therefore, understanding the pattern of visitors’ expenditures within a destination can serve as a strategic element in economic sustainability and capturing factors that have a high expenditure at a destination.

  • 284.
    Ask, Andreas
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems. Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    The Örebro City Citizen-Oriented E-Government Strategy2008In: International Journal of Electronic Government Research, ISSN 1548-3886, E-ISSN 1548-3894, Vol. 4, no 4, p. 69-88Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses practices, opportunities, and challenges in local e-government project management by means of a case study involving interviews, document studies, and an element of action research, over eight months. The analysis against e-government success factors finds seven "critical issues"; political timing, resource allocation, political mandate, distinction between administrative and political responsibilities, coordination of departments, dependence on providers, and use of standards. We found these issues open for local choice, influences of strong individuals and groups, and chance. This is a consequence of the prevailing strategic model for the public sector, New Public Management, which leaves these issues to be filled by negotiations among many actors with different roles, goals, and action space. The general lesson is that there is a need for practical ways of acting strategically to reduce the risk level and increase the ability to implement policy. 

  • 285.
    Ask, Andreas
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems. Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    The Örebro city citizen-oriented e-Government strategy2009In: Social and organizational developments through emerging e-Government applications: new principles and concepts / [ed] Vishanth Weerakkody, Hershey, PA: IGI Global , 2009, p. 233-253Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 286.
    Ask, Andreas
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems. Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    The Örebro city citizen-oriented e-Government strategy2009In: Handbook of research on strategies for local e-government adoption and implementation: comparative studies / [ed] Christopher G. Reddick, Hershey, PA: IGI Global , 2009, p. 752-772Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 287.
    Askar, Kalid
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Computer Engineering.
    Passerelle- A plugin that connects Protégé to Sesame2005In: , 8International Protégé Conference / [ed] Yella, Siril; Dougherty, Mark, Madrid, 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 288.
    Askar, Kalid
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Computer Engineering.
    Dougherty, Mark
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Computer Engineering.
    Roche, T.
    Agent Based System that support Reliability Transport Engineering2004In: 8th AATT 2004 Conference, Bejing, China, 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 289.
    Askar, Kalid
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Computer Engineering.
    Vemuri, Srinivias
    Siril, Yella
    Dougherty, Mark
    Plug-in for Protege 2000 witch supports Sesame2004In: 3 international Semantic Web Conference, Hiroshima, Japan, 2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 290. Askar, Kalid
    et al.
    Yella, Siril
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Computer Engineering.
    Dougherty, Mark
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Computer Engineering.
    Passerelle- A plugin that connects Protégé to Sesame2005In: 8th International Protégé Conference, Madrid, Spain, 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 291.
    Aspling, Josefin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Glad, Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    För mycket av det goda? – multiplamotivationsfaktorers påverkan på motivationsnivån: En litteraturstudie av motivationsfaktorer och deras påverkanpå individens motivation2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Motivation level is not constant but varies with organizational changes. During the90th century significant changes such as new organizations and job roles emerged.Because of this there is a need for research on motivation. The purpose of thispaper is to conduct a discussion around what the research results show on multiplemotivation factors impact on an individual's motivation. The purpose has been metthrough literature studies, which in turn has been done through the acquisition ofvarious scientific articles dealing with factors of motivation and their impact onindividuals. This material has then been critically examined and analyzed. Theanalysis of the collected material shows that there is no single answer to when andhow multiple factors of motivation are the most productive for the individual. Theessay has shown that multiple factors of motivation can reinforce each other andhave a positive impact on the individual's performance. At the same time,however, it has also been shown that multiple factors of motivation can workcounterproductive and instead worsen the individual's performance. This can inturn lead to the individual experiencing stress and a deterioration of satisfaction. Amodel has been presented in this paper, highlighting how multiple factors ofmotivation can relate to each other. The model is originated in goal-framingtheory, a theory that describes the image of a painting. In the main frame theindividual positions the main motivating factor. In the background frames isplaced less important factors. How factors in the main frame interact with thefactors in the background frames depends, according to the model, on the situationand the kind of factor that is in the main frame. In some cases there is a successfulcombination of factors, which will enhance motivation. In other situations, theremay be less successful combinations that have a negative effect on the motivationlevel. The conclusion of the essay, therefore, is that there is a need of moreresearch on motivational factors to determine how they interact with each other.

  • 292.
    Astrén, Johanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic/Arts Technology.
    Utvärdering av ICC-profiler och profil-inställningar för HP Indigo Press 10002003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det nystartade digitaltryckeriet Digaloo planerar att inom en snar framtid införa ICC-hantering i sitt arbetsflöde. Med anledning av detta har en studie utförts där antalet erfordrade ICC-profiler undersökts samt vilka akromatiska inställningar som bäst lämpar sig för tryckeriets HP Indigo Press 1000. Testtryckning utfördes på sex av Digaloos mest använda papperskvaliteter. Genom inläsning av testkartor har de olika papperskvaliteternas reproducerbara färgrymder åskådliggjorts. Grundat på resultatet från denna testtryckning framställdes ICC-profiler för valda papperskvaliteter. Dessa genererades med olika inställningar för akromatisk repro och TIC (Total Ink Coverage). Vid en andra testtryckning användes dessa ICC-profiler för konvertering av mellanton-, natt- och snöbilder, vilka trycktes på olika papperskvaliteter. Resultatet från den första testtryckningen visar att HP Indigo Press 1000 återger störst förgrymd på papperskvaliteten Silverblade Silk, tätt följd av Silverblade Art. De minsta färgrymderna reproduceras på Lessebo Linné Gultonat och Lessebo Linné Naturvit. Vid perceptuell bedömning av de olika bilderna blev resultatet att bäst tryckresultat uppnås med pappersspecifika ICC-profiler. Detta gäller dock endast i två av tre fall. Vid bedömning av bäst lämpad TIC ansågs den idag på Digaloo använda nivån som mycket dålig. Genom att antingen sänka eller höja denna nivå bedömdes tryckresultatet öka i kvalitet. Slutligen visar studien även att akromatik i form av UCR ger bäst bildåtergivning i mellanton- och nattbilder på de valda papperskvaliteterna. De olika graderna av GCR i snöbilder anses dock passa olika bra beroende på vilken papperskvalitet som används.

  • 293.
    Auregård, Rikard
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Ivansson, Oscar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Ökad insikt i den 3D-grafiska arbetsprocessen: Visualisering av interiörmiljöer i stillbilder2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande studie har haft för avsikt att genom enkäter undersöka likheter och

    skillnader mellan branschaktiva 3D-grafikers arbetsprocesser. Målet har varit att öka

    insikten i den 3D-grafiska arbetsprocessen för visualisering av interiörmiljöer. Studien

    är tänkt att identifiera vilka arbetsmoment som är mest tidskrävande och varför. En

    ökad insikt i denna process kan leda till förbättrad kommunikation och förståelse

    mellan kund och byrå.

    Respondenternas beskrivningar av arbetsprocessen liknade varandra och stämmer till

    stor del även med beskrivningar i litteraturen.

    De flesta av respondenterna upplevde modellering som det mest tidskrävande tekniska

    momentet. God kommunikation med kunden ansåg respondenterna vara viktigt för att

    undvika onödig korrektur, vilket beskrevs som problematiskt och tidskrävande.

    Respondenterna hade erfarenhet från referensmaterial av varierande kvalitet, vilket kan

    påverka ett projekts tidsåtgång.

  • 294.
    Avdic, Anders
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems. Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Arbetsintegrerad systemutveckling med kalkylprogram1995Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 295.
    Avdic, Anders
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems. Örebro University.
    Second order interactive end user development appropriation in the public sector: Application development using spreadsheet programs2018In: Journal of Organizational and End User Computing, ISSN 1546-2234, E-ISSN 1546-5012, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 82-107Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper seeks to respond to the research question: How does appropriation take place in the public sector in the development of end user applications by civil servants? Appropriation is defined as taking advantage of opportunities related to the development and use of applications, when the developer has in-depth knowledge of the problem domain and is also the primary user of the application. Our results showed that public servants who have deep problem domain knowledge can take advantage of end user tools (e.g. spreadsheet programs) in the problem- solving process to solve vaguely defined problems. Appropriation is manifested in the continuous development of various ICT applications. In this paper, we differentiate between first- and second-order appropriation. First-order appropriation takes place when the potential of the development tool is appropriated by the end user. Second-order appropriation takes place when an application is continuously developed and refined in parallel with the end user’s learning process and the development of organizational requirements.

  • 296.
    Avdic, Anders
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Artursson Wissa, Ulrika
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Socratic flipped classroom: What types of questions and tasks promote learning?2016In: Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on e-Learning ECEL 2016 / [ed] Jarmila Novotna & Antonin Jancarik, Reading UK, 2016, p. 41-48Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Socratic questioning stresses the importance of questioning for learning. Flipped Classroom pedagogy generates a need for effective questions and tasks in order to promote active learning. This paper describes a project aimed at finding out how different kinds of questions and tasks support students’ learning in a flipped classroom context. In this study, during the flipped courses, both the questions and tasks were distributed together with video recordings. Answers and solutions were presented and discussed in seminars, with approximately 10 participating students in each seminar. Information Systems students from three flipped classroom courses at three different levels were interviewed in focus groups about their perceptions of how different kinds of questions and tasks supported their learning process. The selected courses were organized differently, with various kinds of questions and tasks. Course one included open questions that were answered and presented at the seminar. Students also solved a task and presented the solution to the group. Course two included open questions and a task. Answers and solutions were discussed at the seminars where students also reviewed each other’s answers and solutions. Course three included online single- and multiple choice questions with real-time feedback. Answers were discussed at the seminar, with the focus on any misconceptions. In this paper we categorized the questions in accordance with Wilson (2016) as factual, convergent, divergent, evaluative, or a combination of these. In all, we found that any comprehensible question that initiates a dialogue, preferably with a set of Socratic questions, is perceived as promoting learning. This is why seminars that allow such questions and discussion are effective. We found no differences between the different kinds of Socratic questions. They were seen to promote learning so long as they made students reflect and problematize the questions. To conclude, we found that questions and tasks promote learning when they are answered and solved in a process that is characterized by comprehensibility, variation, repetition and activity.

  • 297.
    Avdic, Anders
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Grönberg, Pontus
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Olsson, Johan
    Örebro unviersitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Guerra Riveros, Francisco
    Örebro unviersitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Development of a Real-time Formative Feedback Student Response System2014In: Journal of Network and Innovative Computing, ISSN 2160-2174, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 259-268Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is focusing IT-supported real-time formative feedback in a classroom context. The development of a Student and Teacher Response System (STRS) is described. Since there are a number of obstacles for effective interaction in large classes, IT can be used to support the teachers aim to find out if students understand the lecture and accordingly adjust the content and design of the lecture. The system can be used for formative assessment before, during, and after a lecture. It is also possible for students to initiate interaction during lectures by posing questions anonymously. The main contributions of the paper are a) the description of the interactive real-time system and b) the development process behind it.

  • 298.
    Avdic, Anders
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Lambrinos, Thomas
    Impera Kommunikation; Örebro universitet.
    Modeling and illustrating requirement prioritization in public e-service development from a value-based perspective2015In: Electronic Journal of e-Government, ISSN 1479-439X, E-ISSN 1479-439X, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 1-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A major problem in e-service development is the prioritization of the requirements of different stakeholders. The main stakeholders are governments and their citizens, all of whom have different and sometimes conflicting requirements. In this paper, the prioritization problem is addressed by combining a value-based approach with an illustration technique. This paper examines the following research question: How can multiple stakeholder requirements be illustrated from a value-based perspective in order to be prioritizable? We used an e-service development case taken from a Swedish municipality to elaborate on our approach. Our contributions are: 1) a model of the relevant domains for requirement prioritization for government, citizens, technology, finances and laws and regulations; and 2) a requirement fulfillment analysis tool (RFA) that consists of a requirement-goal-value matrix (RGV), and a calculation and illustration module (CIM). The model reduces cognitive load, helps developers to focus on value fulfillment in e-service development and supports them in the formulation of requirements. It also offers an input to public policy makers, should they aim to target values in the design of e-services.

  • 299.
    Avdic, Anders
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Åkerblom, Leif
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Flipped classroom and learning strategies2015In: Proceedings of 14th European Conference on e-Learning / [ed] Jefferies, A., Cubric, M., Barton, K. & Lilley, M., Reading, UK: Academic Conferences Publishing, 2015, p. 41-49Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper seeks to answer the research question "How does the flipped classroom affect students’ learning strategies?" In e-learning research, several studies have focused on how students and teachers perceive the flipped classroom approach. In general, these studies have reported pleasing results. Nonetheless, few, if any, studies have attempted to find out the potential effects of the flipped classroom approach on how students learn.

    This study was based on two cases: 1) a business modelling course and 2) a research methodology course. In both cases, participating students were from information systems courses at Dalarna University in Sweden. Recorded lectures replaced regular lectures. The recorded lectures were followed by seminars that focused on the learning content of each lecture in various ways.

    Three weeks after the final seminar, we arranged for two focus group interviews to take place in each course, with 8 to 10 students participating in each group. We asked open questions on how the students thought they had been affected and more dedicated questions that were generated from a literature study on the effects of flipped classroom courses. These questions dealt with issues about mobility, the potential for repeating lectures, formative feedback, the role of seminars, responsibility, empowerment, lectures before seminars, and any problems encountered.

    Our results show that, in general, students thought differently about learning after the courses in relation to more traditional approaches, especially regarding the need to be more active. Most students enjoyed the mobility aspect and the accessibility of recorded lectures, although a few claimed it demanded a more disciplined attitude. Most students also expressed a feeling of increased activity and responsibility when participating in seminars. Some even felt empowered because they could influence seminar content. The length of and possibility to navigate in recorded lectures was also considered important. The arrangement of the seminar rooms should promote face-to-face discussions. Finally, the types of questions and tasks were found to affect the outcomes of the seminars.

    The overall conclusion with regard to students’ learning strategies is that to be an active, responsible, empowered, and critical student you have to be an informed student with possibilities and mandate to influence how, where and when to learn and be able to receive continuous feedback during the learning process. Flipped classroom can support such learning.

  • 300.
    Awda, Fadi
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Mechanical Engineering.
    Omkonstruktion av luftkylning för enfasreaktor2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The task of this thesis was to review the failure of three reactor units that were caused by

    moisture and dirt that entered the reactor through the cooling system. The purpose was to find

    a solution that would allow the reactor to stay on site without being affected by moisture or

    dirt.

    The company did not have resources to provide a quick solution for the project and therefore

    time and money is a big factor. The specifications from the customer strictly forbid any

    assemblies outside of the site and that nothing in their surroundings are affected by the work.

    To come to a conclusion the reactor had to be broken down to pieces and after that concepts

    were made to affect the environment around the reactor or the design.

    The safety that the customer requires is that the cooling equipment should be at least as

    efficient as the current one and that we make sure that this type of failure will not be repeated.

    The problem was solved by adding a temperature device that measures the heat in the reactor

    that controls the fan and redirects the airflow inside the reactor through redesign to make sure

    that moisture and dirt won't occur inside the reactor – to avoid internal flash over.

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