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  • 251.
    Fourati, Firas
    Dalarna University, School of Information and Engineering.
    Investors Segmentation and Engagement Prediction: The Case of An Investment Application in The Swedish Financial Market.2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The use of virtual advice tools in asset management is a modern topic that needs further research and development to make its adoption successful among retail investors. This study, segment investors into different groups using k-means clustering algorithm for an investment application in the Swedish financial market. Results show four well separated clusters, with each cluster characterized by a specific assets combination, risk attitudes and investment’s sophistication level. The results are going to help the company improve its efficiency in marketing campaigns and in financial advisory of investors. Besides, the need to increase engagement among users towards the application and proactively keep disengaged ones, led to model, and predict different levels of engagement reflecting the frequency and churn rates and use of sophisticated features of the application. Data mining methodology are applied including the use of logistic regression for prediction and classification of engagements levels. The results show a general high disengagement rates from the application.

  • 252. Fredman, P.
    et al.
    Wikström, Daniel
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    Income elasticity of demand for tourism at Fulufjället National Park2018In: Tourism Economics, ISSN 1354-8166, E-ISSN 2044-0375, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 51-63Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 253.
    Fredman, Peter
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Wikström, Daniel
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    Besök och besökare i Fulufjällets nationalpark sommaren 2014 (med jämförelser åren 2001 och 2003)2015Report (Other academic)
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  • 254.
    Fredriksson, Maja
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Sundström, Gustav
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Flexibelt lärande: En kvalitativ studie om flexibelt lärande i arbetslivet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based on an assignment from Trafikverket with the intention of improving the competence development within the organization. Basic education for operational services builds currently based on traditional theories of learning. The starting point for our study is that more research is required on how organizations can work to integrate flexible learning in skills development.

    The aim of this study is to describe how a government agency can work to integrate flexible learning in basic education for operational service. The theoretical part presents theories about flexible learning, learning environments, skills development, various education methods such as e-learning and flipped classroom, effects of education, how adults learn and theories about learning styles. The method is based on a qualitative method in the form of a case study. Semi-structured interviews have been conducted with six respondents from the Traffic Management Center in Gävle, including four trainers and two instructors. The result indicates that respondents generally are satisfied with the basic education for operational service, but the design lacks scope for flexible learning. We have identified factors that were considered to promote learning, such as the importance of the group and the internship. The conclusions taken based on analysis of the result are that Trafikverket should review some areas in the development of basic education for operational service and in the implementation of flexible learning. Trafikverket should create conditions for the tacit knowledge to be communicated in virtual learning environments, they should identify strengths and weaknesses with today's IT-based forms of education and consider the results of further development of basic education. Furthermore, Trafikverket should increase the use of simulators as part of achieving flexible learning and finally they should take advantage of the factors that employees appreciate in the education and implement them in IT-based education to achieve effective e-learning.

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  • 255.
    Fredriksson, Sandra
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Särnö, Annika
    Framgångsfaktorer för kvinnors karriärklättring till ledande positioner: En studie av nio kvinnliga ledare och deras väg till toppen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 256.
    Frisk, Liselotte
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Hylén, Torsten
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Stier, Jonas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies.
    Att lägga rälsen medan man kör: En utvärdering av kunskapshusens arbete i fyra pilotkommuner - Örebro, Göteborg, Borlänge och Stockholm2017Report (Other academic)
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  • 257.
    Fristedt, Robin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Toresson, Robert
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Psykosocial arbetsmiljö hos chefer inom vård och omsorg: Graden av samvetsstress hos första och andra linjens chefer2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research suggests that healthcare managers can experience stress ofconscience, which has a relationship with burnout syndrome. The aim of this studywas to examine the perceived degree of stress of conscience of first-line managersand middle managers within the healthcare in Dalarna and if the degree of stress ofconscience were reduced the further away from the core business the manager isworking. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with comparative andcorrelation-design to enable an independent t-test and to compare the mean valuefor first- and middle managers. The results showed that first-line managers rated amean value of 57 points for stress of conscience and demands and expectation ofothers caused the most troubled conscience. The results for middle managersshowed a mean value of 35,7 points for stress of conscience and the cause fortroubled conscience was others' expectations. The perceived degree of stress ofconscience was higher for first-line managers than for middle managers but notsignificant and therefore is the closeness to the core business not a sufficient factorto draw any conclusions.

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  • 258.
    Félix Baker, Caitlin
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    The Relationship between 4-Wheel Drive Tourism and Heritage Preservation in Remote Areas: A Case Study of Al Jabal Al Akhdar in the Sultanate of Oman2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this research is to examine the role, and understand the effects of, 4-Wheel-

    Drive (4WD) tourism in the preservation of heritage in remote areas of the Al Jabal Al

    Akhdar Mountain in the Sultanate of Oman, and how the communities of this remote region

    can be helped to preserve their heritage. This region can only be reached using 4WD

    vehicles, and visitors either drive themselves or join tours to become acquainted with the

    area, its abandoned mud-brick villages, its oasis farming on terraces using the ancient falaj

    irrigation system, and in particular the traditional rose water distillation process. In examining

    how communities in Al Jabal Al Akhdar can best be helped to develop new sources of

    income in order to encourage young local people to stay in the villages while at the same time

    preserving their traditions, different perspectives were sought, although a local perspective

    was the focus. For this, fieldwork was undertaken consisting of participation in guided tours

    and personal meetings held with a number of local inhabitants. Some background information

    was provided by the Omani Ministry of Tourism, but so far very little research has been done

    into heritage preservation in the region, the focus so far being on developing four and five

    star hotels to attract visitors, with little or no consultation with locals. Through the

    observations and interactions that took place, it was found that these tourist developments do

    not increase income for those who live on the mountain; rather, they take away from the

    area’s sources of income. The conclusion reached was that locals desire to be involved in

    promoting and preserving their heritage through the development of initiatives such as

    guidebooks and using local guides in order to communicate correctly. All of this could be

    developed by establishing socio-cultural initiatives that allow locals to create their own ideas

    on how to generate income through community-based tourism. Local communities must be

    actively involved in tourism projects from the initial planning stages, and eventually share the

    benefits of the projects in their areas. Hopefully this can come to fruition before the

    mountain’s traditions are lost.

  • 259.
    Gao, Yongliang
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    XXX, Xuri
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Profiling visitors to Dalarna Museum: What are the motivational factors that influence visitors' frequency of visits2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Prior studies on museum visitors are extensively centred on national museums, the studies on regional museums are scarce. To fill in the academic gap, a research is proposed concerning the visitors of Dalarna Museum, a regional museum in Sweden. With an aim to profile visitors’ demographic characteristics and investigate the motivational factors that influence visitors’ frequency of visits, a face-to-face questionnaire survey was implemented at Dalarna Museum. To get visitors’ demographic characteristics, a few closed and open questions are devised to profile visitors’ gender, age, occupation, income, education, number of children and residence place. To investigate the motivational factors that influence visitors’ frequency of visits, a seven-point Likert questionnaire is employed with 17 motivational factors included. During a 12-day data collection, 372 visitors were invited to participate in the questionnaire survey, whereof 357 had filled in the questionnaire, generating a response rate that is as high as 96 percent. After data cleansing, there are 355 completed and valid responses in total. According to the results, some of visitors’ demographic characteristics are similar including gender, age, occupation, income, and number of children. However, the characteristics regarding visitors’ residence places and educational attainments are different comparing the frequent visitors to occasional visitors. Through running a multiple regression analysis, 13 out of the 17 motivational factors are detected having significant influences on visitors’ frequency of visits to Dalarna Museum, of which the most influential one is visitors’ day-outs with their friends and relatives.

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  • 260. Gautié, Jérome
    et al.
    Ahlstrand, Roland
    Malmö universitet, Institutionen för samhälle, kultur och identitet (SKI).
    Green, Ann
    Wright, Sally
    Innovation, Job Quality and Employment Outcomes in the Aerospace industry: Evidence from France, Sweden and the UK2018In: Virtuous circles between innovations, job quality and employment in Europe? Case study evidence from the manufacturing sector, private and public service sector / [ed] Karen Jaehrling, QuInnE , 2018, p. 35-88Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 261. Gautié, Jérôme
    et al.
    Ahlstrand, Roland
    Malmö universitet, Institutionen för samhälle, kultur och identitet (SKI).
    Lean versus Learning? Work Organizations, Innovation and Job Quality in the Aerospace Industry in France and Sweden2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    To cope with fierce competition in an increasing globalized context, many companies tend to reduce wage costs and intensify work, adopting what could be labelled as social dumping strategies, with negative effects on job quality (JQ) - this term encompassing compensation, employment status, work conditions, but also training and promotion opportunities. Innovation - defined here as any significative and valuable change in product, process, marketing or organisation -is often presented as the solution to break this potential vicious circle. Still, this positive view must be assessed. To do so, we need to open the "black box" of firms, to analyse more precisely the nature, the motivation, the modes of implementation, and the outcomes of innovation, by scrutinizing all the mechanisms at play. The paper focuses here on the interplay between innovation and JQ, in a specific industry, Aerospace, which is an innovation leader, with numerous spill-over effects on other manufacturing industry. Our study relies on qualitative empirical evidence from in-depth firm case studies, carried out in two countries that are good illustrations of different varieties of capitalism, France and Sweden. The firms under study have introduced a wide range of technological process innovations, such as 3D Computer-Aided-Design and different forms of Computer Aided Manufacturing and automated processes - from Computer Numerical Control (CNC) machines to robots. If there were some common features concerning the impacts in terms of JQ, there were also differences related to organizational and managerial choices across firms - whether because organization mediated the impact of technological changes, or because these changes were highly interlinked with organisational ones. There were indeed important organizational changes in the firms of our sample, recent or still going on at the time of our study. These changes were sometimes considered even more important than technological innovations. One important change was the introduction of "lean" principles. But the way "lean" was implemented was in fact quite different across the different cases, with different consequences in terms of JQ. A quite rigid top-down "lean", dominant in France, contrasted with a more flexible form, more compatible with the "learning" type of organization witnessed in Sweden. One interesting difference between the two types of organization was the role of trade-unions in the "innovation-JQ" nexus. Still, in France, a growing concern about the limits of existing organisation was arising, as (better) work organisation was more and more identified as a key determinant of an innovative workplace - defined as a work environment that provides a fertile ground for innovations of any kind. Some organizational innovations (sometimes quite radical) were put in place to improve JQ, in particular in terms of worker's autonomy and involvement, to move from a "lean" to a more "learning" type of organization. Overall, our contribution highlights some key mechanisms of the interplay between work organization, JQ and innovation, and sheds light on some hotly debated issues concerning the impact of new technologies on the quality of jobs.

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  • 262.
    Gezelius, Amanda
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Svens Engström, Emilia
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    ”Det är hela tiden en balansgång . . .”: En kvalitativ studie om organisationers strategiska arbete gällande kvarvarande medarbetares engagemang vid neddragningsprocesser2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The previous research into the relationship between a downsizing process and the resulting employee commitment is quite comprehensive. It describes the downsizing process as a strategic plan, necessary to avoid deteriorating economic performance in organizations. The design and implementation of downsizing processes, through communication, teamwork and involvement, has also been shown to influence remaining employees’ commitment.

    During the Covid-19-pandemic organizations, especially in the hospitality industry, have been forced to carry out extensive changes to working practice including resulting in downsizing. However, the effects of pandemic downsizing are relatively unexplored. Especially lacking is a focus on the remaining employees' experience of the effects of downsizing and their subsequent commitment, arising from management’s choice and modification of strategies. This study aims to gain a deeper understanding of organizations’ strategic work to maintain the commitment of remaining employees during downsizing processes as a result of a pandemic. It is based on a qualitative method using semi-structured interviews, from a total of eight respondents, representing both management and employee levels. The study examines a specific event in an organization in the hospitality industry with focus on the shipping industry and is designed as a case study. The collected empirical data has been compiled and analyzed using a themed analysis.

    The results from this study show that the pandemic's impact on the organization's working practices has had both positive and negative effects on employee commitment. Communication is an important pillar that should permeate the organization's work at all levels to contribute to involvement and understanding. The study also highlights a number of interesting and significant considerations for future studies regarding downsizing and employee commitment. The pandemic has also resulted in a societal change that has meant that management's strategies and remaining employees’ commitment have been affected differently when compared with other downsizing processes. This in turn has led to new ways of working that can influence future events.

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  • 263.
    Gillani, Syed Muhammad Farhan
    Dalarna University, School of Information and Engineering.
    Evaluation of Games Monetization Approaches: A case study on PlayersUknown’s Battlegrounds (PUBG)2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Video games have become a great source of entertainment and emerged as a massive industry in the past few decades. Technological advancements and evolution of smartphones have made it easier for developers to develop and launch their games on different platforms mostly in digital form. Where the technology has facilitated game developers, it has also made this industry very competitive. Companies/developers need to consistently review their monetization strategies and make necessary changes to them in order to stay profitable. This study evaluates the monetization approaches of a case game by conducting a public survey. By analyzing the responses received from users from different regions of the world, this study found out how users from different regions have different attitudes towards gaming and how these can affect monetization approaches. Users from different regions spend time on gaming differently and their total number of gaming hours also vary. The findings from the thesis show that the specific hours might be a potential for gaming companies monetization investigation. In-game advertisements is one of the most popular monetization approaches and majority of the users from all age groups, regions, genders, and professions have no issues watching ads to receive some in-game benefits. Similarly, in-app purchase model of the case game proved to be very popular among its users. Subscriptions model, on the other hand, may prove to be another popular model for generating revenue, however, the company needs to address some issues to make users continue with their subscriptions. This study points out some reasons why users stop spending money on the case game. The study identifies some mitigation points as potential aspects that might have impact on monetization.

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  • 264. Giritli Nygren, Katarina
    et al.
    Johansson, Anders E.
    Nyhlén, Sara
    Söderberg, Eva
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för språkdidaktik.
    Inledande ord2016In: Ko: festskrift till Siv Fahlgren / [ed] Katarina Giritli Nygren, Sara Nyhlén, Anders Johansson, Eva Söderberg, Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University , 2016Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 265.
    Giritli Nygren, Katarina
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Johansson, AndersMittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för humaniora.Nyhlen, SaraMittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap.Söderberg, EvaMittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för humaniora.
    Ko: Festskrift till Siv Fahlgren2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 266.
    Gjulem, Hanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Kollberg, Angelica
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Tjänstepension - värdet ökar med kunskap: En fallstudie om en organisations kommunikationsprocess2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study examines the employees' view of the internal communication about occupational pensions within a service-producing company. The starting point of the investigation was through a survey investigate how the employees' pension knowledge looked, what their interest was, and how they felt that the organization provides information about occupational pensions. The survey showed that there was an interest about pension but that the knowledge was low, and that the employees felt that the organization did not inform the employees in an effective way. The aim of the study is to investigate how the internal communication about occupational pensions is experienced from an employee perspective. In order to investigate and increase the understanding of the respondents' experience, a hermeneutic approach was chosen with a qualitative method that included focus group discussions. The approach has helped us move from a pre-understanding that the knowledge is low, to providing a greater understanding of the employees' experience of the effects of the organization's communication process in occupational pension matters. The investigation showed that there were improvements to be made in the way the organization chooses to inform about occupational pensions. In order to make the employees understand the value of the occupational pension, the organization needs to continuously communicate this to its employees. Most of the respondents preferred a personal information during salary- or employee meeting, or continuous information about how much the organization pays into the occupational pension. The result showed that it would create value for the employees if they knew what the organization pays in and the individual's sense of trust and feeling valued would increase. The result also showed that a relationship between generational affiliation and pension knowledge could not be demonstrated.

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  • 267.
    Gredemyr, Elina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Hjerén, Elin
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Tillbaka till verkligheten: En kvalitativ studie om vilka förutsättningar chefer behöver för att implementera kunskaper från ett ledarskapsprogram2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research shows that there are difficulties for participants in leadership training programs to implement the knowledge they gain from training into their workplace. It could mean that both the organization and the participants lose important knowledge and development opportunities. Therefore, it is of great importance that the organizations know how to promote and ease the necessary implementation for their employees. This study is a bachelor's thesis in the program Personnel and work at Dalarna University. The study aims to create an understanding of what conditions the respondents feel that they need, to implement their knowledge from a leadership program in which they have participated. Six respondents from a selected organization participated in semi-structured telephone interviews, whose responses then were analyzed and compiled using a thematic analysis. The results show that the respondents needed their own motivation, social relationships and organizational prerequisites to implement their knowledge from the leadership program.   

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  • 268.
    Grenholm, Anton
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science.
    Grenholm, Simon
    Helhetssyn2015In: Att slakta en guldkalv: Visioner för ett hållbart samhälle / [ed] Avner E, Granath G, Hasselgren B, Herlin B, Lundqvist E, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2015, 1, p. 15-26Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 269.
    Gröndahl, Jan
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    Curbing Women’s Suffrage: Expectations, Apprehensions and Strategies2003In: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, p. 77-101Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 270.
    Grönoset, Petra
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Hampgård, Emma
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    ”Hör jag inget så förväntar jag mig att allt är som det ska”: en studie om distansledarskapets utmaningar gällande att säkerställa den psykosociala arbetsmiljön: En kvalitativ studie hos Trafikverket2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to deepen the understanding of the challenges of distance leadership in preventing and managing psychosocial illness at the Swedish Transport Administration. In order to achieve the purpose, a qualitative choice of method with semistructured interviews has been used as a data collection method where interviews have been conducted with both managers and employees. The study contributes to highlighting important factors that can be crucial for managers in order to detect and manage psychosocial illness. The result shows that relationships, communication and a high frequency of interaction are crucial for the manager's preventive work regarding the psychosocial work environment. The result also shows that physical presence is not necessary for whether the manager is perceived as present, instead, it becomes important that the managers are psychosocially present in their interactions.

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  • 271.
    Gummesson, Karl
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Effective measures to decrease air contaminants through risk and control visualization: a study of the effective use of QR codes to facilitate safety training2016In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 82, p. 120-128Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Woodworking industries still consists of wood dust problems. Young workers are especially vulnerable to safety risks. To reduce risks, it is important to change attitudes and increase knowledge about safety. Safety training have shown to establish positive attitudes towards safety among employees. The aim of current study is to analyze the effect of QR codes that link to Picture Mix EXposure (PIMEX) videos by analyzing attitudes to this safety training method and safety in student responses. Safety training videos were used in upper secondary school handicraft programs to demonstrate wood dust risks and methods to decrease exposure to wood dust. A preliminary study was conducted to investigate improvement of safety training in two schools in preparation for the main study that investigated a safety training method in three schools. In the preliminary study the PIMEX method was first used in which students were filmed while wood dust exposure was measured and subsequently displayed on a computer screen in real time. Before and after the filming, teachers, students, and researchers together analyzed wood dust risks and effective measures to reduce exposure to them. For the main study, QR codes linked to PIMEX videos were attached at wood processing machines. Subsequent interviews showed that this safety training method enables students in an early stage of their life to learn about risks and safety measures to control wood dust exposure. The new combination of methods can create awareness, change attitudes and motivation among students to work more frequently to reduce wood dust. 

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  • 272.
    Gummesson, Karl
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Short-term variation in occupational exposure to air contaminants2015In: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, ISSN 1545-9624, E-ISSN 1545-9632, Vol. 12, no 5, p. 294-301Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many industrial workers are exposed to air contaminants. A significant proportion of this exposure is found to occur as short peaks, a fact that has received limited attention in the literature. The present study focuses on short-term variation in air contaminant exposure measured at the level of seconds, linking exposure peaks to typical work situations in selected Swedish industries. The video exposure monitoring method was used to characterize this variation. Ten different videos were analyzed, from recordings varying in length between 15 and 34 minutes. Cumulative exposure for sampling intervals ranked from high to low, relative to the total exposure was calculated as a function of time. Measures of exposure variation included geometric standard deviation and maximum exposure divided by arithmetic mean. The results show that the characteristics of the variation differ between industrial situations. Samples from the stone, wood, and pharmaceutical industries generated the highest variation, implying that exposure peaks of short duration explain a large proportion of the total exposure. It can be concluded that video monitoring of exposure, combined with calculation of exposure variation as percentage of time accounting for given percentages of exposure, can help to reduce exposure to air contaminants in industrial situations by introducing more targeted control measures.

  • 273.
    Gummesson, Karl
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Safety training to reduce wood dust: a work method2015In: Proceedings of USE2015, 2015, p. 285-292Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Air contaminants remain a problem in SMEs (Karlsson et al., 2006). Research has shown that short-term exposure to air contaminants can cause health risks, and short-term exposure has received low attention compared to long-term measured mean values of different air contaminants. Yet peak exposures often explain a large part of the mean exposure. The aim of this paper is to develop a work method that can be used to control wood dust and improve the work environment of SMEs. The work method was developed by earlier research in the field of safety training and occupational health, but also through interviews with regional safety representatives in wood industries. The work method illustrates several steps, such as risk and control identification of short term exposure, safety training (creation and implementation), and evaluation of safety training, collaboration in safety training, adaptation and implementation of safety training. The work method can be used by safety representatives to control wood dust primarily through safety training, but also to create conditions for further studies on risks and safety in SMEs.

  • 274. Gunnarsson, Ewa
    et al.
    Andersson, SusanneVänje, AnnikaKTH, Stockholm.
    Where have all the structures gone?: Doing Gender in Organisations, Examples from Finland, Norway and Sweden2003Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 275.
    Gustafsson, Amanda
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Lindholm, Emilia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    "Flexibelt arbete är bra men…": En kvalitativ studie om flexibelt arbete och gränsdragningsstrategier utifrån ett chefsperspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how managers experience flexible work and how they use work balance strategies to be able to handle the balance between work and private life. The study is based on questions regarding how managers experience flexible work, how high demand-low control and balance affects managers health, how the relationship between work and private life looks like and what work balance strategies that are being used. The study shows that the managers have positive experiences with flexible work but that there are difficulties with how the flexibility should be handled. Furthermore, the results of the study show that the managers would like to have a certain balance between work and private time which they get with set limits. However, some managers lack these limits. The results also show that the managers require support from their managers, employers and work environment and that they appreciate a supporting and open work environment where they are allowed to discuss their work situation and how they handle flexible work.

    A qualitative method was chosen for the study which was done as a semistructured interviews with six managers who were chosen because of their flexible work. The answers from the interviews were analysed and compared with relevant theories and earlier studies in the subject.

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  • 276.
    Gustafsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Norling, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    HR-funktionens förändrade roll: En studie om linjechefers uppfattning av HR-funktionen i Falu och Avesta kommun2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Traditionally, HR work has not been considered sufficiently effective and value creating because of its main focus on administrative tasks. For HR work to become more strategic the function has to organize in a way that meet the new needs (Boglind et al, 2013). We believe that the success of the HR function depends on their relationships to leaders and line managers. The purpose of this essay is to examine how line managers perceive the changing role of the HR function and what kind of support they expect from them. We also want to investigate whether the perception of the HR function is related to how it’s organized. The survey is based on a multiple case study conducted in Falu and Avesta municipality. A total of thirteen in-depth interviews were conducted where five respondents represented the HR departments and eight respondents represented the line managers. Falun municipality began implementing an HR transformation at the turn of 2013/2014. Avesta municipality has an HR function divided into two teams and hasn’t performed an HR transformation.

    Our empirical data reveals that line managers in both municipalities have a rather vague idea of the HR function and its organization. Despite structural differences between the municipalities line managers in both organizations demand something more. All respondents in Avesta municipality agree to a lack of consensus regarding the duties of the HR function, due to an absence of a distinct strategy. The line managers of Avesta requests a more fundamental and strategic HR management. Empirical data from Falun municipality reveals that line managers and HR respondents disagree on whether there is a consensus regarding the tasks of the HR function. Although several line managers in Falun mentions that the HR function have improved from the transformation, they still prefer close relations to a specific HR person over contacting the HR call center.

    Although the studied HR functions differ in size and structure, we observe many similarities. We therefore conclude that the difficulties described by line managers isn’t related to the structure of the HR function, but instead relates to an imbalance in the immanent duality of the HR work that emerge from a more strategic focus. We believe that the HR function in both municipalities should have a consistent and continuous dialogue with line managers to maximize the exchange of value. In conclusion we suggest that the municipalities should focus on identifying the aspects of HR work that is most valuable and unique to their organization and build their strategies from these.

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  • 277.
    Guðmundsdóttir, Sunna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Kammerland, Emeli
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Assessing Staff Turnover: A View from Hotel Workers in Reykjavík: Causes and Impacts2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Staff turnover is an endemic issue in the hospitality industry, worldwide. Voluntary staff

    turnover has been the focus of many studies in the past decades and many researchers have

    constantly intended to connect a number of variables to it. This study deals with a human

    perspective of staff turnover and the aim was to add to the understanding of staff turnover

    within the hospitality industry. This was achieved by conducting in-depth interviews with

    hotel workers in three and four-star hotels in Reykjavík, Iceland. The causes and impacts of

    the turnover was examined with qualitative method. Investigation of the factors influencing

    employees’ intention to leave their current organization and the impact staff turnover causes

    to the remaining staff was carried out. The results revealed that professional advancement is a

    critical predictor for the employees to leave, along with factors such as work content,

    personal reasons, organizational factors and the nature of the tourism industry. Furthermore,

    the impact staff turnover causes on the staff are factors such as social connections, increased

    responsibilities and time and energy consumption.

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  • 278.
    Gómez Manotoa, Oscar Xavier
    Dalarna University, School of Information and Engineering.
    The Effect of Air Pollution, Meteorology and HumanMobility on the Mortality of COVID-19 in Ecuador2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    COVID-19 have caused a global pandemic that has taken the lives of millions. This studyexamines factors that contribute or inhibit its contagious nature. It is considered for the analysisfeatures of three groups: air pollutants, meteorological measurements and human mobilityindices. The research analyses the relationship between those features and the mortality ofCOVID-19 measured by daily excess of deaths between March 19, 2020 to July 20, 2020 (120observations). The results reveal air pollutants such as PM2.5, PM10 and CO have statisticallysignificantly positive relationship with excess of deaths. Additionally, meteorological variableslike temperature, solar radiation and relative humidity are negatively correlated to Coronavirusmortality. In consequence, it should be noted that cold and dry weather favors COVID-19lethality, while solar radiation in high degree, diminish it. Moreover, it was found that humanmobility is positively linearly correlated with excess of deaths. It is worth to mention that allthe dependencies anlysed, depicted delayed effects along 25 days lag represented by highrelative risk of excess of deaths in upper or lower extremes of the factors. Finally, the machinelearning algorithm, gradient boosting machine, reported the best accuracy on predicting theexcess of mortality shifted backwards 25 days (exposure to death period) from theaforementioned factors. The model depicted as the most important variable to google mobilityindex, explaining 75% of the variance and its marginal effect on the mean response indicatesif quarantine was maintained more than twice less people would die from COVID-19.

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  • 279.
    Güclü, Arda
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Alexandersson, Oscar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Världens bästa arbete: Attraktivt arbete enligt generation Z2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Generation Z, is the next working generation that’s about to enter the labor market. What do they expect from today's corporations and business? What do they see as an attractive workplace and what motivates them? What do companies need to do to attract and keep them? These are some interesting questions we wanted to analyze and examine. To answer these questions, we carried out seven semi-structured interviews with students from the Stockholm School of Economics. We wanted to ask students from Generation Z to examine people with many options when it comes to choosing a work.

    In conclusion we could see that our participants want a workplace where the organization worked with social and environmental questions. The company needs to have good morals and values for the participants to be willing to work there. This was seen as a demand from our students from the study. Other things they evaluated was relations with colleagues and bosses. The salary needed to be equal to the effort put into the work. The workers don’t want to be underpaid. The work also need to be meaningful and interesting, where the students feel valuable for the company or that they contribute to the welfare of society or the world as a whole.

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  • 280.
    Günes, Irem
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Tipura, Hanna
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Kurdiska kvinnors syn på äktenskap - En kvalitativ undersökning om kurdiska kvinnors syn på äktenskap2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we want to examine Kurdish women's views on marriage. We are interested to see if there are any factors that have affected Kurdish women's views on marriage after migration to Sweden. Our study consists of six semi-structured interviews that were transcribed and then analyzed using theories of the transformation of intimacy as well as individualism and holism. The results of the study show that: (1) Kurdish women who migrated to Sweden felt that they were dependent on the man's relationship before moving to Sweden. If the marriage were less good, they would not leave their husband, the opportunities to support themselves as a Kurdish woman in their home country are not great. (2) Kurdish women who have migrated to Sweden believe that Swedish culture has influenced their view of marriage, it is a completely new approach that made them rethink. The opportunities that existed in Sweden led to them not feeling as dependent on their husband.

  • 281.
    Hafiz, Saeed Mubasher
    Dalarna University, School of Information and Engineering.
    Predicting Bipolar Mood Disorder using LongShort-Term Memory Neural Networks2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bipolar mood disorder is a severe mental condition that has multiple episodesof either of two types: manic or depressive. These phases can lead patients tobecome hyperactive, hyper-sexual, lethargic, or even commit suicide — all ofwhich seriously impair the quality of life for patients. Predicting these phaseswould help patients manage their lives better and improve our ability to applymedical interventions. Traditionally, interviews are conducted in the evening topredict potential episodes in the following days. While machine learningapproaches have been used successfully before, the data was limited tomeasuring a few self-reported parameters each day. Using biometrics recordedat short intervals over many months presents a new opportunity for machinelearning approaches. However, phases of unrest and hyperactivity, which mightbe predictive signals, are not only often experienced long before the onset ofmanic or depressive phases but are also separated by several uneventful days.This delay and its aperiodic occurrence are a challenge for deep learning. In thisthesis, a fictional dataset that mimics long and irregular delays is created andused to test the effects of such long delays and rare events. LSTMs, RNNs, andGRUs are the go-to models for deep learning in this situation. However, theydiffer in their ability to be trained over a long time. As their acronym suggests,LSTMS are believed to be easier to train and to have a better ability to remember(as their name suggests) than their simpler RNN counterparts. GRUs representa compromise in complexity between RNNs and LSTMs. Here, I will show that,contrary to the common assumption, LSTMs are surprisingly forgetful and thatRNNs have a much better ability to generalize over longer delays with shortersequences. At the same time, I could confirm that LSTMs are easily trained ontasks that have more prolonged delays.

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  • 282.
    Hagarová, Dominika
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    The relationships between tourism stakeholders within the destination: A case study of the rural destination Zuberec, Slovakia2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In order to increase the development of tourism destination and provide successful marketing and management, destination management organizations are generally accepted as the leaders. Although their role in tourism destinations is significant, the created cooperation is not always successful. Seeing that a lot of different actors are involved in tourism destinations, in order to create a cooperation between them it is first necessary to understand their expectations and relations. Majority of previous researches focus on formal interactions between stakeholders whereas less is written about their connections to interpersonal relations that can have an important role in the cooperation creation.

    For the purpose of better understand the role of relations between stakeholders in a destination, this research investigates approaches of stakeholders from rural destination Zuberec located in Slovakia. It explores why the created cooperation was not effective from the stakeholders point of view as there was a low involvement of local stakeholders. First of all the key stakeholders in the destination were identified and thereafter six in depth interviews were conducted. The research investigated that the destination faces several problems that constrain from cooperation and that the interpersonal relationships between tourism actors also play a significant role. The research also showed that cooperation is desired by several stakeholders and its lack has an influence on the destination's development. Identification of weaknesses and strengths of relationships between stakeholders throughout the research could be a useful tool for the strategy creation in future planning and development of destination.

  • 283.
    Hahnelind, Sofia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Larsson, Frida
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Anställningsintervjun som urvalsmetod: Hur bedöms arbetssökande?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 284.
    Hallin, Johanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Lindberg, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    ”Man fick verkligen gå emellan alla olika kategorier i ledarskapet.”: Kommunala linjechefers upplevelser under en pandemi2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Leadership is an important part of creating successful and competitive organizations where em-ployees feel good and can develop (Granberg, 2011). The leader is the one who has the greatest influence over the employees as they can use their behavior to influence how the employees think and act (Granberg, 2011; Jacobsen & Thorsvik, 2014). Therefore, it is important that first-line managers practice a leadership style that promotes motivation and commitment as it is a leader who works closely with his employees. Managers' leadership and work situation in el-derly care have been affected by the Covid-19 pandemic and the restrictions that have been established (Coronakommissionen, 2020).The purpose of this study is to investigate how first-line managers in elderly care, feel that the pandemic has affected their ability to exercise their leadership. The study has a qualitative re-search approach, and the data collection is based on eight semi-structured interviews. The em-pirics have been analyzed with the help of previous research on different leadership styles.The results show that the line managers experience an impact on both conditions and leadership. Constantly changing guidelines and routines have required a more flexible leadership, and new tasks have led to a higher workload. The pandemic has also caused great concern among both employees and managers, which has increased the need for support from both the organization and colleagues. At the same time, the transition from physical to digital meetings has made it more difficult to communicate with employees and colleagues, which in turn has affected the ability to give and receive support.One conclusion that can be drawn from the result is that the managers had to combine different leadership styles during the pandemic. To be able to support anxious employees and ensure that the new guidelines are followed, a mixture of empathic and governing leadership is needed.

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  • 285.
    Han, Mengjie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    Håkansson, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Rebreyend, Pascal
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Computer Engineering.
    How does data quality in a network affect heuristic solutions?2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    To have good data quality with high complexity is often seen to be important. Intuition says that the higher accuracy and complexity the data have the better the analytic solutions becomes if it is possible to handle the increasing computing time. However, for most of the practical computational problems, high complexity data means that computational times become too long or that heuristics used to solve the problem have difficulties to reach good solutions. This is even further stressed when the size of the combinatorial problem increases. Consequently, we often need a simplified data to deal with complex combinatorial problems. In this study we stress the question of how the complexity and accuracy in a network affect the quality of the heuristic solutions for different sizes of the combinatorial problem. We evaluate this question by applying the commonly used

    p-median model, which is used to find optimal locations in a network of p supply points that serve n demand points. To evaluate this, we vary both the accuracy (the number of nodes) of the network and the size of the combinatorial problem (p).

    The investigation is conducted by the means of a case study in a region in Sweden with an asymmetrically distributed population (15,000 weighted demand points), Dalecarlia. To locate 5 to 50 supply points we use the national transport administrations official road network (NVDB). The road network consists of 1.5 million nodes. To find the optimal location we start with 500 candidate nodes in the network and increase the number of candidate nodes in steps up to 67,000 (which is aggregated from the 1.5 million nodes). To find the optimal solution we use a simulated annealing algorithm with adaptive tuning of the temperature. The results show that there is a limited

    improvement in the optimal solutions when the accuracy in the road network increase and the combinatorial problem (low

    p) is simple. When the combinatorial problem is complex (large p) the improvements of increasing the accuracy in the road network are much larger. The results also show that choice of the best accuracy of the network depends on the complexity of the combinatorial (varying p) problem.

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    How does data quality in a network affect heuristic solutions?
  • 286.
    Hannu, Emma
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Stålberg, Denise
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Personlighetsbedömning i samband med rekrytering: En studie om bemanningsbranschens personlighetsbedömning vid en rekrytering2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It's been long known that employees are of existential importance to an

    organization's survival. Thus, recruitment is one of the most important functions

    within HR to attract the right competence to the organization, as a failed

    recruitment usually leads to wasted time and expensive recruitment processes.

    Something that has come to play a growing role in the selection and evaluation of

    new employees is a candidate's personality. Research shows that personality traits

    play a big role when it comes to future job performance, and ability to make the

    right judgements of people are therefore essential. Theories about the perception of

    personality, competence, competency-based recruitment and selection, assessment

    methods and personality assessment are reviewed and used to analyze the results

    of this study.

    The aim of this qualitative study was to increase understanding of how recruiters

    assess a candidate's personality in a recruitment process within temporary work

    agencies. Temporary work agencies are companies which constantly works with

    recruitment and hiring of personnel, which is why a proactive work with staffing is

    needed to create a competitive advantage in the market. Prior to this case study

    three of the largest swedish temporary work agencies were contacted of whom two

    recruiters on each company participated in semi-structured interviews.

    Personality was generally considered as something important which all recruiters

    added great significance during the whole process, from the design of the

    requirements specification to the final assessment. Both tests, interview and

    references were a part of the personality assessment. The importance of always

    making an overall assessment of the candidate was emphasized and therefore

    difficult to weigh for example formal competences versus personal characteristics.

    The result shows that the temporary work agencies work with personality

    assessment when recruiting are based on structured methods of assessment. Their

    solid and proactive work with recruitment live up to the claim that the staff is an

    organization's most important resource and the importance of understanding the

    meaning of the personality significance of the expression ”right person in the right

    place”.

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  • 287.
    Hansson, Amanda
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Pettersson, Erika
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Förändring vid implementering: En kvalitativ studie om medarbetares upplevelser och reaktioner vid förändring2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The starting point for this study was to study employee experiences during organizational change, as previous research shows that a large part of all change initiatives failed. Hence, the purpose of this study is to identify factors that affect the employees' experience during chang and how these affect the outcome. The study was conducted at a department in a organization located in Sweden, which at the time of the study recently implemented the IT system Workplace. In order to answer the study's purpose and questions, a qualitative method was used in which the collection of material took place through eight semi-structured interviews. Two employees from the project group were interviewed with the aim of getting information about the implementation process of the system and six employees in the department were interviewed in order to get information linked to their experience of the implementation of Workplace. The results of the interviews were analyzed using the theoretical frame of reference and on this basis we have identified important factors that affect employees' experience in the event of changes and their outcome, and these factors will thus be important to take into account for the possibility of a successful change. The identified factors include employees' understanding of the change and the possibility of participation and information. Another important factor is good change leadership that communicates, supports and assists employees with sufficient resources during the change. In conclusion, the study shows that understanding of the change is the most important factor, hence a model has been created in order to describe how organizations through communication can create an understanding among the employees for why change takes place and how it benefits the organization and the employee in order to create a more successful change.

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  • 288.
    Hansson, Kristina
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Projected experiences of a Hallmark Sport Event on social media and its contributions to Destination Image: Case study of visitors’ projections on Instagram while attending Svenska Skidspelen 2022 in Falun, Sweden2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sport events are known to be strategically utilized to ‘sell’ the identity of its host destination. This since projections of and from the sport event can indirectly reflect elements symbolizing the destination, generating an image transfer process. And oppositely, how visitors project their lived experiences of a sport event on social media, may also have an impact on the destination image. But in research, the issue of branding outcomes from sport events has predominantly been studied from a managerial perspective and was mainly conducted 15 years ago. Since then, digital revolutions have entered the global arena and offered innovative ways to share and create the stories of our lives; causing a change in our perspectives of how we interpret experiences of the world. In the context of sport tourism, existing knowledge on the field would benefit to gain new insights following these new circumstances. And given these circumstances, there is not only a theoretical need but also an implicational need to understand visitors’ subjective experiences when attending a hallmark event and how such are being projected to the world through social media. Answers may provide new, strategical opportunities for practitioners to coordinate their branding activities to align with values that visitors places into their experiences of sport events – which in long-term lead to favorable, shared destination images. This study provides a glimpse of this perspective, by approaching a contemporary case study of the hallmark sport event Svenska Skidspelen 2022 in Falun, Sweden. Focus lies to examine visitors’ subjective experiences judged by their uploaded content on Instagram. A thematic analysis combined with online interviews of users bring light to prominent themes arising from the content; ranging from emotional to spatial experiences of the sport event and the destination of Falun. Moreover, new light is brought upon the previous studied effects of sport event leverages. Results reveal how ‘liminal’ sensations of experiencing the ‘folkfest’ contribute greatly to the overall experience and affect how visitors projects their sense of place on Instagram. This study is to the author’s note being the first one during the last decade seeing these results.

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  • 289.
    Hansson, Magnus
    et al.
    Örebro Univeristet.
    Wigblad, Rune
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Plant closures, temporary workers and a management controlled setting: further evidence on the closedown effect2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 290.
    Hansson, Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Morell, Frida
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Strategiskt arbetsmiljöarbete: En förutsättning för ett hållbart arbetsliv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based on an assignment from an organization whose intention is based on their request to review their organizational and social work environment. The aim of the study has been to increase the understanding of key components of the organizational and social work environment in order to enable a sustainable working life. We therefor chose a quantitative approach where 251 questionnaires were sent to the entire production unit. The method has enabled a general and wide-ranging aspect of the organizational and social work environment in the workplace.

    Research related to the psychosocial work environment, where our focus has been on the

    organizational and social aspect, we mainly base our analysis on the Job Demand - Resources model. An essential part of working life is that there is a balance between the job demands and resources that are provided in order to increase health and wellbeing to achieve a high performing organization.

    The result has been analysed on the basis of the theoretical framework and shows that the organization investigated is lacking in several of these components that are necessary to enable a sustainable work life where there is balance. There are areas such as leadership, heavy workload, recovery and victimization that has shown weaknesses. Research related to organizational and social work environment clearly states that there is a link between employee health and well-being and the organization's financial results. Due to this, our work environment should be a fully integrated part of the business. We have therefore proposed a number of activities for the organization to work with in order to improve the work environment and thus the health and well-being of employees which will directly affect the organization's success.

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  • 291.
    Hansson, Nina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Mazzarello, Therese
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Coachande ledarskap: En utvärdering av genomförd ledarutveckling inom Borlängekommun2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a thesis in Personal- och Arbetslivsprogrammet at Dalarna University with thepurpose of evaluating an education initiative in Borlänge kommun. The educationCoaching Leadership is an initiative for the managers in the organization to exercisegood leadership and the education also serves as an incentive for managers. Eightbusiness managers and one from the HR staff have completed the training. Out of thetotal 9 participants in the training, six of them took part in this evaluation. Based on thethesis aim and questions we wanted to explore participants' attitudes to the education,and what skills and abilities they have acquired on the basis of educational goals andcontent. To obtain results, a semi-structured interview methodology was used, this inorder to get answers to predefined questions while the participants would have theopportunity to give an as broad picture as possible.The result of this evaluation demonstrates that the participants are in favor of trainingand they've got the tools, knowledge and ability to apply coaching in their job role,which was included in the educational goals. For the CL-education to promote theorganization's development potential, the participants mentions that it takes time totrain and that employees must have the knowledge of the organization's educationaldirection.

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  • 292.
    Harkén, Hanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Milasten, Jenny
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    ”Om inte vi tar hand om varandra, vem ska då ta hand om oss?”: En kvalitativ studie om upplevelsen av den psykosociala arbetsmiljön inom klientyrket kriminalvårdare2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Prior research has shown the complex nature of the correctional service profession which involves tremendous emotional demands and poses a risk of inducing stress. This shows evidence of social support being an important factor. Furthermore, additional research has demonstrated an increased risk of correctional officers being subjected to threats and violence. Due to the majority of prior studies being conducted abroad, there are very few Swedish studies from the correctional services pertaining to employees' work environment. Additionally, there is a lack of prior research investigating the psychosocial work environment in light of the core values of the profession being interpersonal connections. As of lately, the correctional service has garnered attention due to the increasing need for more personnel as a result of high staff turnover and an increased volume of inmates. The purpose is to create a deeper understanding of the psychosocial work environment within the client-based profession of correctional officers. To gain a better understanding of this, the Human Service Organization is a point of origin for the study that highlights the interaction between the caregiver and the client as the core of the profession. To capture and understand the psychosocial work environment, the study utilizes support from the demand- control- support model. This graduation thesis is a qualitative study with an empirical, phenomenological approach where eight respondents participated in semi-structured interviews. The correctional service profession may be described as rather unpredictable because of its client focused approach. The unpredictable nature of the work creates a stress-inducing work environment due to the lack of situational control for employees. As a result of the strenuous work environment and more challenging clients, new work methods must be designed by the correctional service to accommodate these new demands and support a decrease in staff turnover. The results show that many employees lack the abilities and competencies needed in client services focused on interpersonal connections and to withstand the emotional demands of a client-based services job. Due to the inherently strict nature of the correctional service profession and the emphasis it puts on routines and rules, the profession is unpredictable, and the workers lack a sense of control. Despite this, the profession is described by the correctional officers as meaningful because of the role they play in their client’s journey to reintegrating and re-adjusting to society after serving their sentence.

  • 293.
    Harrysson, Terece
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Petré, Erika
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Att lyfta upp till ytan: En kvalitativ studie om chefers uppfattning av informella nätverk2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att ta reda på åtta chefers uppfattningar av informella nätverk och hur de kommer till uttryck i det dagliga arbetet. En kvalitativ metod har använts för att genomföra undersökningen och det empiriska materialet inhämtades med hjälp av semistrukturerade intervjuer. Resultaten visade att uppfattningen av informella nätverk både kan vara mycket positiva och problemfyllda beroende på situation. Kontexten är avgörande för hur chefen uppfattar nätverket. Flertalet av chefernas strategier för att hantera nätverket fångar upp det som sker i det informella nätverket och placerar det i en formell kontext.

  • 294.
    Haussler, Jenny
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Understanding repeat visitors ́ travel intentions: A case study of European Airbnb guests2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study provides an analysis about the repeat visitor ́s behavior of European Airbnb guests. Hereby, the author aimed to find out about how customer experience, customer loyalty and experienced quality with the host influence revisit intentions to a destination of European Airbnb guests. The research instrument of this study is an online questionnaire following a quantitative approach. The sample consists of European Airbnb guests that were gained from platforms like LinkedIn, Reddit and Instagram. The thesis gives an overview of the existing literature about revisit intention, customer experience, customer loyalty and experienced quality with the host and developed three hypotheses based on that. The results show that customer experience as well as customer loyalty influence revisiting behavior of the European Airbnb guests. Experienced quality on the other hand seems to be in contrast with former literature.

  • 295.
    Hay, Nicole
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Photographic Representation of Culture & Identity in Destination Marketing Material: A case study of Jamaica2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 296.
    Hedberg, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Lindblom, Moa
    Kompetens vs personlighet: ” Om man ser sig själv som fördomsfri tror jag att det kan vara farligt, om man inte pratar om sådant som skulle kunna vara diskriminerande så är det också farligt”2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Diskriminering i rekryteringsprocessen har visat sig vara särskilt komplext och är

    många gånger ett dolt problem på grund av att den inleds med en typ av sållning,

    där både uttalade och outtalade normer och värderingar styr processen. En

    arbetsgivare skall verka för lika möjligheter vid rekrytering och skall inte använda

    sig av obefogade och diskriminerande anställningskrav, exempel på obefogade krav

    kan vara medborgarskap, kroppslig längd eller svensk utbildning. Vi som skrivit

    detta examensarbete har ett stort intresse för rekrytering och har i detta

    examensarbete fördjupat oss inom diskriminering i rekryteringsprocessen.

    Syfte:

    Syftet är att undersöka om det finns skillnader att utläsa mellan privata företag och

    offentliga organisationer i arbetet mot diskriminering i rekryteringsprocessen.

    Vidare skall detta arbete bidra till att se hur offentliga organisationer och privata

    företag arbetar för att motverka diskriminering i rekryteringsprocessen, vad de kan

    identifiera för svårigheter med detta samt på vilket sätt arbetet för att motverka

    diskriminering i rekryteringsprocessen kommer till uttryck på de olika

    arbetsplatserna.

  • 297.
    Hedlund, Ann
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Attraktiv timmerhusutbildning2002Report (Other academic)
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  • 298.
    Hedlund, Ann
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Attraktivt arbete2004Report (Other academic)
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    fulltext
  • 299.
    Hedlund, Ann
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    The attractiveness of the work is affected when production of handcrafted log houses moves indoors2006In: Silva Fennica, ISSN 0037-5330, E-ISSN 2242-4075, Vol. 40, no 3, p. 545-558Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Viewed from a historical perspective, a shift has occurred within the forestry and wood sector towards indoor work. In Sweden, the production of handcrafted log houses has now also begun to move indoors. With a point of departure in development processes within the log house sector involving working indoors, education, work attractiveness, between 2001-2005, the aim of this study was to compare indoor work with outdoor work, based on log house builders' experience of working on handcrafted log houses. Methods used in the interactive development project involving apprentices, experienced log house builders and researchers, were participation with continuous documentation of experiences and opinions; questions; interviews; and measurement of the work environment. The Attractive Work Model has been used in order to analyse perceptions and values. The changes, 15 out of 22 areas, were perceived both negatively and positively. Therefore, it can not be said that working on traditional, handcrafted log houses becomes more attractive if it is moved indoors. The majority wanted to work both outdoors and indoors, while most of the others only wanted to work outdoors. The results indicate that there is scope for developing more attractive work indoors by utilising experiences from log house builders and closely related activities such as the forestry and wood sector. Changes made within one area of work attractiveness affect other areas. Further research is needed both with regard to comparisons between indoor and outdoor work and regarding the interaction between the areas that are identified in the Attractive Work Model.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 300.
    Hedlund, Ann
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Drivers’ opinions concerning working conditions in forest fuel production2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Forest fuel production is a sub-branch in forestry that has increased during the last decade, both in Sweden and in other parts of the European Union (EU). Forestry is a risky branch and knowledge about working environment conditions in forest fuel production is limited. The aim of this study is to raise knowledge about drivers’ opinions concerning working conditions in forest fuel production. A questionnaire was answered by 34 drivers. The drivers experience their work as risky. They use personal protective equipment to different degrees in their daily work. Cut damage and slipping are the most common accidents and incidents. Most of the drivers experience the mental and the physical workload as low or moderate. Regarding the findings in this study, two main work environmental issues can be raised: The drivers experience major problems outside the cabin compared to inside, which increases the risk that they stay in the cabin during most of the workday. The new work tasks within forest fuel production may increase the fact that forestry is one of the most risky branches.

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