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  • 251.
    Olsson, Helén
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Strand, Susanne
    Kristiansen, Lisbeth
    Reaching a turning point--how patients in forensic care describe trajectories of recovery.2014In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 505-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, the duration of treatment is increasing for patients admitted to forensic psychiatric care. To reduce the length of stay, it is important for the forensic rehabilitation and recovery process to be effective and safe. Not much is known about how the process of recovery and transition begins and how it is described by the forensic patients. The purpose of this study was to explore how forensic patients with a history of high risk for violence experienced the turn towards recovery. A qualitative content analysis was used to analyse interviews with 10 patients who had decreased their assessed risk for violence on the risk assessment instrument HCR-20 and who were successfully managed a lower level of security. Three themes were identified: (i) the high-risk phase: facing intense negative emotions and feelings (ii) the turning point phase: reflecting on and approaching oneself and life in a new way (iii) the recovery phase: recognising, accepting and maturing. In the high-risk phase, chaotic and overwhelming feelings were experienced. The turning point phase was experienced as a sensitive stage, and it was marked by being forced to find a new, constructive way of being. The recovery phase was characterised by recognising personal circumstances in life, including accepting the need for structure, a feeling of maturity and a sense of responsibility for their own life. In order to ensure a successful recovery, the forensic nursing staff needs to recognise and support processes related to treatment motivation and turning points. Recommendations for best nursing practice are given accordingly.

  • 252.
    Olsson, Helén
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Strand, Susanne
    Kristiansen, Lisbeth
    Sjöling, Mats
    Asplund, Kenneth
    Decreased risk for violence in patients admitted to forensic care, measured with the HCR-20.2013In: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, ISSN 0883-9417, E-ISSN 1532-8228, Vol. 27, no 4, p. 191-7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: The aim of this study was to explore if patients admitted to forensic psychiatric care decreased their assessed risk for violence over time, to identify patients who decreased their assessed risk for violence exceptionally well (30% or more) on the clinical (C) and risk management (R) scales in the (HCR-20), and to compare them in terms of demographic data.

    METHODS: The HCR-20 risk assessment instrument was used to assess the risk for violence in 267 patients admitted to a Swedish forensic psychiatric clinic between 1997 and 2010. Their assessments at admission were compared with a second, and most recent, risk assessment.

    RESULTS: The risk for violence decreased over time. Demographic criteria had no impact on differences on decreased risk. Only two factors, namely gender and psychopathy showed a difference. Risk factors associated with stress and lack of personal support were the items that turned out to be the most difficult to reduce.

    CONCLUSION: The results show that risk prevention in forensic care does work and it is important to continue to work with risk management. The study highlights the importance of a careful analysis of the patient's risk for violence in order to work with the patient's specific risk factors to reduce the risk.

  • 253.
    Olsson, Sara
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Renhuvud, Carina
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Flyktingguide: En väg till integration?: Brukarutvärdering av projektet Flyktingguide i Falun2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this qualitative user evaluation participants in the project refugee guide, Falun, was interviewed about their experience of the project and how the project contributed to their integration into society and establishment on the labor market. The collection of empirical data has been made by six interviews. The results of the evaluation indicate that participants feel that they through the project had the opportunity to meet new people, practice the language and learn about each other's culture. The results also show that participants are satisfied with the project. Some participants expressed a desire to meet with several people at once while others don´t have that need. Furthermore, the interviews shows that establishment on labor market occurred through job placement and not through participation in the project. Integration proved to be a difficult concept to define, but the interviews show that the participants have a perception that it is about learning the Swedish language and culture.

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  • 254.
    Palm, Anders
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Strobl, Susanne
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Mellan makt och stöd: En intervjustudie om enhetschefernas upplevelse om makt och stöd i rehabsamta2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka enhetschefernas upplevelser och erfarenheter av rehabsamtal utifrån ett makt- och stödperspektiv. Som referensram valdes Foucaults teorier om pastoralmakt och governmentality samt liberalism inom governmentality. Studien är en kvalitativ intervjustudie med semistrukturerade intervjuer. Population bestod av åtta enhetschefer som jobbade inom två mindre kommuner inom äldreomsorgen och LSS-verksamheter. Resultatet visar flera olika uppfattningar som genererat åtta olika utfallsrum; begränsningar, regelstyrning, ansvar för organisationen, möjligheter, yrkesidentitet, dubbla roller, att känna sig i överordnad position och att vara stödjande. Dessa kan placeras under två mer övergripande domäner: organisatoriska förutsättningar för rehabsamtal, och chefens roll i rehabsamtalet. Studien visar att det finns svårigheter i att hantera den dubbla rollen som enhetschef, eftersom de flesta först och främst vill stödja individen. Enhetscheferna är påverkade av olika sanningar och utsatta för styrning genom lagar och rutiner. Rutin och erfarenhet påverkade hur enhetscheferna agerade under rehabsamtalen.

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  • 255.
    Palmcrantz, Fatima
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Strålin, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Bristande föräldraomsorg: En kvalitativ studie om hur bristande omsorg och könsaspekter beskrivs i LVU-domslut2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this qualitative study, LVU-judgements were requested from an administrative court in central part of Sweden. The purpose of the study has been to describe how lack of care is described in LVU-judgements. The purpose was also to describe if, and in case how, differences between moth-ers and fathers appear in LVU-judgements. Qualitative content analysis was used to process the ma-terial. Three categories were identified. These were caring, behavioural and gender issues. The re-sults of the study show that descriptions of lack of care in LVU-judgements are similar. The results also show that there are differences between descriptions of mothers and fathers in LVU-judge-ments.

  • 256.
    Perers, Linda
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Sputnes Mossberg, Hanna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    "Ofta blir Barnahus ett mellanstopp på väg till polisen": En kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares upplevelser av stödet från Barnahus2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine social worker’s experience of the staff support received from Barnahus. Recent research stated that social workers are suffering due to pressurised working environments, which can lead to difficulties with sick leave and a high staff turnover. Barnahus can be summarized as a place where concerned authorities are interoperating for the benefit of children who have been subject to violence or sexual abuse. They also offer support for social workers concerning the legal handling of said children. The study consists of semi-structured interviews with six social workers from different councils in mid Sweden. KASAM was used as the theoretical frame. Results showed that a majority of the participants were satisfied with the support. However, concerns about other authorities within Barnahus were raised. According to the participants these concerns need to be addressed in order to meet the needs of the children more effectively.

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  • 257.
    Pers, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Nord, Carina
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Svaga flickor och starka pojkar? : En studie om det stöd som ges till unga kvinnor och män som utsätts för våldsbrott2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Socialarbetare kommer dagligen i kontakt med personer som befinner sig i en svår situation livet. En del av dessa människor är unga män och kvinnor som utsatts för brott och som kommer i kontakt med Stödcentrum för unga brottsoffer. Stödcentrum är en verksamhet som finns i ett trettiotal svenska städer och som möter dessa ungdomar. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka om socialarbetare gör någon skillnad på de insatser som ges beroende på om den hjälpsökande är en ung man eller kvinna. Studien är en totalundersökning som bygger på en sekundäranalys av verksamhetsstatistik. Resultatet visar att oavsett vilket brott den hjälpsökande blivit utsatt för så erhåller unga kvinnor, i jämförelse med män, mer tid och får oftare insatser som innebär känslomässigt stöd. För att förstå dessa skillnader har resultatet analyserats med hjälp av viktimologisk teori, genusteorin samt tidigare forskning på området.

  • 258.
    Persson, Carolina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Norström, Josefine
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Barn och unga med en nära anhörig som avlidit: Barn och ungas erfarenheter av att delta i stödgrupp2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this qualitative study, questionnaires were collected from children and adolescents who had

    participated in a support group in Dalarnas län for children and adolescents with a deceased

    close relative. The purpose of this study was to enhance knowledge of children and

    adolescents’ experiences of participating in support groups through their descriptions in

    qualitative questionnaires. Qualitative content analysis was conducted and three categories

    were identified; kinship, processing and the significance of structure. The result highlights the

    importance of having the opportunity to meet other children and adolescents in similar

    situations, and indicates that the participants Sense of coherence enhanced through the

    participation in the support group.

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  • 259. Ramsten, C.
    et al.
    Martin, L.
    Dag, M.
    Marmstål Hammar, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    A balance of social inclusion and risks: Staff perceptions of information and communication technology in the daily life of young adults with mild to moderate intellectual disability in a social care context2019In: Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, ISSN 1741-1122, E-ISSN 1741-1130, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 171-179Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Information and communication technology (ICT) has increased in importance and facilitates participation in several life areas throughout society. However, young adults with mild to moderate intellectual disability make less use ICT than the general population. Disability services staff play a central role in supporting and enabling service users in daily life, and their perceptions of ICT are important to their role in service provision. The aim of the study is to describe staff perceptions of the role of ICT and how it affects daily life in young adults with mild to moderate intellectual disability living in residential homes. Focus group interviews and individual interviews were conducted with staff working in residential homes in which young adults with mild to moderate intellectual disability live. All materials were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using latent content analysis. Staff perceived ICT and, more specifically, the Internet as being supportive of both daily life and social relationships of these young adults, but they also viewed ICT as posing social risks. Perceptions of and support for ICT were related to staff perceptions about what is appropriate and manageable in relation to an individual resident's functioning level. Staff members also considered the views of parents about appropriate content when providing support. Staff in residential homes for young adults with mild to moderate intellectual disability use their implicit moral judgment about the use of ICT by residents. Their enablement of and support for ICT are not primarily based on the service user's wishes or interests. This finding implies a risk that the organization of a conflict-free service provision is a higher priority than service users' participation in social life.

  • 260.
    Randell, Eva
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work. Umeå Universitet.
    Living in the shadow of political decisions: Former refugees’ experiences of supporting newly arrived minors2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Living in the shadow of political decisions: Former refugees’ experiences of supporting newly arrived minors

    Background and aim: Steady streams of refugees and unaccompanied minors, of which the great majority are boys, come to Sweden, mostly from Afghanistan, Syria and Somalia. Among the arrivals, there are boys with traumatic experiences. It is a challenging task for the society to promote health, empowerment and integration of these minors. With the intention to support their integration in the society, the organisation Save the Children formed special meeting places for unaccompanied minors in 2018 in three municipalities in Sweden. There, the minors had the opportunity to engage in different activities. In addition, psychosocial support was offered. The leaders for the activities at these meeting places were recruited among former refugees who themselves had arrived in Sweden as unaccompanied minors. Research is sparse concerning how foreign-born leaders’ experience how it is to support the integration of the newly arrived minors. Thus, the aim of the study was to explore the perceptions of the meeting place leaders, also former refugees, when supporting newly arrived minors’ integration in society.

    Methods: This is a qualitative study in which interviews were conducted with leaders, also former refugees, at the meeting places for unaccompanied minors in municipalities. Data were analysed using network analysis.

    Results: Based on the preliminary analyses of the interviews, a thematic network was developed. Basic themes were identified, which in turn generated four organising themes and one global theme. The organising themes were ‘integrating together’, ‘keep going’, ‘living in no man’s land’ and ‘being proud helping others’. The four organising themes were then clustered into the global theme of ‘living in the shadow of political decisions’. Although they all expressed a frustration concerning the migration politics, they all perceived the helping role as very important and connected to positive emotions.

    Conclusion and implications: The findings show the massive impact from the national political decisions concerning the right to stay permanently or temporary, which affected the daily lives of the newly arrived at the meeting places and demanded an attitude of never-ending hope in leaders. Despite being forced to deal with difficult emotions - such as despair - the results underscored the important role of feeling proud to help others. Furthermore, the own experiences of being a refugee were valued and shared in meeting the unaccompanied minors. The integration process is generally complex, and further studies of what is helpful in the integration process are needed.

  • 261.
    Randell, Eva
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Janeslätt, Gunnel
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Disability and Habilitation, Uppsala University, SUF Resource center, Uppsala, Center for Clinical Research in Dalarna .
    Höglund, Berit
    Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Sexual and Reproductive Health, Akademiska Hospital, Sweden.
    How can an intervention with knowledge and care-taking prepare youth with ID for future decisions to parenthood?2019In: IASSID 2019, The world congress of the international association for the scientific study of intellectual and developmental disabilities, 2019, Glasgow, Scottland, 2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction

    There is limited knowledge about how young people with intellectual disability (ID) can be facilitated in their process of deciding about parenthood in future. This study aimed to explore an intervention using the Toolkit “Children – what does it involve? and the “Real Care Baby” (RCB) simulator among pupils with ID.

    Methods

    Pupils (n=15) with ID participated in an intervention with 12 educational sessions and a three-day caring session with the RCB simulator. Data were collected with individual in-depth interviews. Content analysis was used.

    Results

    Preliminary results showed that the intervention gave knowledge and experiences, which promoted insights in parenthood among these pupils. They described both basic and more specific needs of the child and the complexity of caring a child and being a responsible parent. Parent´s relationship was emphasised as well as to be an autonomously adult. Final results are pending.

    Implications

    By receiving adapted knowledge and experiences, pupils with ID became more suited to make informed decisions about parenthood in future.

  • 262.
    Randell, Eva
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Jerdén, Lars
    Öhman, Ann
    Starrin, Bengt
    Flacking, Renée
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Tough, sensitive and sincere: how adolescent boys manage masculinities and emotions2015In: International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, ISSN 0267-3843, E-ISSN 2164-4527, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 486-498Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to explore adolescent boys’ views of masculinity and emotion management and their potential effects on well-being. Interviews with 33 adolescent boys aged 16–17 years in Sweden were analysed using grounded theory. We found two main categories of masculine conceptions in adolescent boys: gender-normative masculinity with emphasis on group-based values, and non-gender-normative masculinity based on personal values. Gender-normative masculinity comprised two seemingly opposite emotional masculinity orientations, one towards toughness and the other towards sensitivity, both of which were highly influenced by contextual and situational group norms and demands, despite their expressions contrasting each other. Non-gender-normative masculinity included an orientation towards sincerity emphasising the personal values of the boys; emotions were expressed more independently of peer group norms. Our findings suggest that different masculinities and the expression of emotions are strongly intertwined and that managing emotions is vital for well-being.

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  • 263.
    Renblad, Karin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, HHJ. Åldrande - livsvillkor och hälsa.
    Henning, Cecilia
    Högskolan i Jönköping, HHJ, Avd. för beteendevetenskap och socialt arbete.
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    Ersta Sköndal högskola.
    Framtidsverkstad som metod inom social planering och samhällsmotiverad forskning: Hur skapar vi ett åldrandevänligt samhälle?2009Report (Other academic)
  • 264.
    Renblad, Karin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, HHJ. Åldrande - livsvillkor och hälsa.
    Henning, Cecilia
    Högskolan i Jönköping, HHJ, Avd. för beteendevetenskap och socialt arbete.
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    Ersta Sköndal högskola.
    Future Workshop as a Method for Societally motivated Research and Social Planning2009In: Perspectives on Empowerment, Social Cohesion and Democracy: An international antology / [ed] Cecilia Henning & Karin Renblad, Jönköping: School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University , 2009, p. 185-211Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 265.
    Ronnheim, Fredrik
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Persson, Christoffer
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Sjukhuskuratorers erfarenheter av sympatistress: Inom den somatiska sektionen av hälso- och sjukvård2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate hospital social workers experiences of compassion fatigue as well as examine how they feel and think about their work situation based on KASAM. The purpose was also to understand the hospital social workers experiences of compassion fatigue in relation to the hospital social workers feelings and thoughts about their work situation based on KASAM. The method that was used is a qualitative interview in which six hospital social workers were separately interviewed.

    The study showed that several hospital social workers have experiences of compassion fatigue. The study also showed several indications that there were work situations where hospital social workers had some difficulties in feeling manageability, comprehensibility and meaningfulness. It also showed several indications that there were work situations where hospital social workers felt manageability, comprehensibility and meaningfulness.

    The study concluded that the hospital social workers are exposed to situations in their work that can lead to the development of symptoms for compassion fatigue.

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  • 266.
    Roos, Stina
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Barnhemsplacerade barn i Ghana: Betydelsen av personalens bemötande2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to create knowledge and obtain an understanding of the importance of the staff’s attitude and their way of meeting the emotional needs of the children who were living at the orphanage. The study also aimed to investigate how and to what extent the children receive help from the staff to achieve self-fulfillment and reach their dreams.

    Qualitative method was used and four individual (semi-structured) interviews were conducted. The analysis was done based on previous research in the area and Maslows hierarchy of needs. The result shows that the staff believes it is of great importance that there should be someone who listens to the children. If there is someone who listens to the children, they get a chance to process any traumatic events they might have experienced and develop hope of reaching their dreams.

    The conclusion of the study is that the attitude of the staff is very important for the children's well-being and development.

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  • 267.
    Rosenberg, David
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Återhämtning: Från idé till praktik2014In: Att leva med psykisk funktionsnedsättning: Livssituation och effektiva vård- och stödinsats / [ed] David Brunt och Lars Hansson, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2014, 2Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 268. Rosenberg, David
    et al.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Nyholm, Maria
    Grim, Katarina
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Svedberg, Petra
    Shared decision making in Swedish community mental health services - an evaluation of three self-reporting instruments.2017In: Journal of Mental Health, ISSN 0963-8237, E-ISSN 1360-0567, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 142-149Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Despite the potential impact of shared decision making on users satisfaction with care and quality in health care decisions, there is a lack of knowledge and skills regarding how to work with shared decision making among health care providers.

    AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of three instruments that measure varied dimensions of shared decision making, based on self-reports by clients, in a Swedish community mental health context.

    METHOD: The study sample consisted of 121 clients with experience of community mental health care, and involved in a wide range of decisions regarding both social support and treatment. The questionnaires were examined for face and content validity, internal consistency, test-retest reliability and construct validity.

    RESULTS: The instruments displayed good face and content validity, satisfactory internal consistency and a moderate to good level of stability in test-retest reliability with fair to moderate construct correlations, in a sample of clients with serious mental illness and experience of community mental health services in Sweden.

    CONCLUSIONS: The questionnaires are considered to be relevant to the decision making process, user-friendly and appropriate in a Swedish community mental health care context. They functioned well in settings where non-medical decisions, regarding social and support services, are the primary focus. The use of instruments that measure various dimensions of the self-reported experience of clients, can be a key factor in developing knowledge of how best to implement shared decision making in mental health services.

  • 269.
    Rubin, Liselotte
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Skolkuratorns roll i arbetet mot mobbning: En kvalitativ studie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine how school counselors experienced their work against bullying and how they actually work against bullying. The study was qualitative based on interviews with seven school counselors at different schools in two smaller municipalities.

    The results of the study showed that school counselors want to work more with the prevention of bullying than time allows. Their work is more about to go in and help where need and bullying problems already exist. There are no recommended programs and methods concerning how to combat bullying, so it is up to the school counselors to improvise and use a method to suit the individual student. There is a need to develop a program and method concept that corresponds to today’s problems.

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  • 270.
    Rydström, Julia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Mångs Tengström, Magdalena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Kunskap om kultur – ett bidrag till en ökad medvetenhet om sig själv och andra: Socialsekreterares syn på betydelsen av kunskap om kultur i socialt arbete2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how social workers look at the importance of

    knowledge of culture in social work. A qualitative interview study was used in which five social workers were interviewed. The results were then analyzed based on previous research and culture as a theoretical framework. The study shows that social workers believe that knowledge of culture is of great importance in their practical social work. Knowledge of culture was seen as a contribute to a further understanding of different circumstances of the clients. Social workers were found to have different views on the extent of their knowledge

    of culture as some felt that their knowledge is sufficient to be able to perform good social

    work, while others thought that they are in need of more knowledge. The social workers own

    culture were seen by some as an important part in meeting with clients, while others were

    not at all aware of their own culture and its influence on their work.

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  • 271.
    Samuelsson, Therese
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Sjödin, Viktoria
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Från ord till handling: En kvalitativ studie om värdegrund och socialt innehåll för äldre på särskilt boende2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research shows that many nursing home residents are disappointed with their level of social interaction and activity. Care of older people is argued to be underpinned by national core values such as supporting dignity and well-being, but it is not clear how such values influence nursing home staff practices or the social activities provided. Our study addressed this question.

    Five nursing homes, representing both private and public care providers, were sampled from two different municipalities. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with the homes’ respective heads of unit, transcribed, and thematically analysed.

    Our results indicate that the national values for care of older people were interpreted uniquely within each home. All heads of units emphasised the importance of person-centred care, yet similar social activities were offered by all homes, with a focus on group activities. We discuss our results with reference to activity theory and gerotranscendence.

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  • 272.
    Sanchez, Denise
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Fogelquist Hedwall, Linda
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Arbetet för en ökad KASAM och integrering.: En kvalitativ studie om ett utbildnings- och aktiveringsprograms utformning av aktiviteter.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our purpose with the study was to investigate in what way the personal at a municipal education- and activity program worked to increase the three components; comprehensibility, manageability and meaningfulness in the participants sense of coherence (SOC). The method used was a qualitative interview study in which the personal at an education- and activity program was interviewed.

    The collected material was processed by a theoretical thematic analysis. By analyzing the result, six sub-themes were crystallized, with a starting point from our three predefined main themes were: comprehensibility, meaningfulness and manageability. The result showed that the staff for example worked with teaching language, motivational work and practical training. The staff stated that teaching language contributed to the participants sense of comprehensibility, motivational work contributed to a sense of meaningfulness and practical training contributed to a sense of manageability. The study showed that the program worked to increase all three components in the participants SOC, but the staff wished to work even more with the parts that increase the sense of meaningfulness.

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  • 273.
    Sandbäck, Evelina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Selin, Jonna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sexual Reproductive Perinatal Health.
    "Det väcker fler etiska funderingar när det gäller äldre personer": En kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares upplevelser kring den etiska synen på äldre med alkoholmissbruk2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate how social workers looked at the possibility that their ethical view of elderly with alcohol abuse affects their assessments. We used semi structured interview, where we interviewed six social workers that works with addiction. The result showed that the social workers felt that the biggest difference between people over and under the age of 65 was the needs, which meant that the assessments of contribution differed. The result showed that the social workers resonated very much about LVM, since coercion in relation to older people created many ethical dilemmas. The personal values of the social workers did not affect the assessment themselves, but they were always there, both in private and working life. In order to avoid their own values affecting their assessments, this was frequently discussed between colleagues. The result showed that ageism is both in structure and jargon, but that there was no opportunity for ageism to influence the social security assessments.

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  • 274.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    How men and women in recovery make meaning to severe mental illness2009In: Journal of Mental Health, ISSN 0963-8237, E-ISSN 1360-0567, Vol. 18, no 5, p. 433-440Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Creating a new meaning of the illness, changing values and expectations due to the illness are seen as important factors in recovery from mental illness.

    Aims: In this study, conducted in Sweden, male and female meaning making of severe mental illness is explored and how these meanings compass the recovery process.

    Method: Through 30 in-depth interviews male and female meaning of mental illness are explored through a grounded theory analysis. Results: In the process of making meaning illness reason emerged as the core category. But the reasons differed both in relation to gender and within the two genders. Four patterns of response were found in the analysis of the material. These four patterns influenced how the recovery process was encompassed. Three of the four groups were restructing the meaning of the illness in a more favorable way contributing to a redirection of life towards authenticity.

    Conclusions: The results underline a demand for further research on recovery achievements connected to meaning making and changes in attitude. One such area is to create a meaning in one’s life where gender is reconsidered in relation to the individual’s capacity and life situation.

  • 275.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Kvinnors och mäns återhämtning från psykisk ohälsa2009Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim with this thesis is to describe and analyze women’s and men’s recovery processes. More specifically, the aim is to determine what women and men with experience of mental illness describe as contributing to the personal recovery process. The point of departure for the studies was 30 in-depth interviews conducted with 15 men and 15 women. The selection of interview subjects was limited to individuals who had been treated in 24-hour psychiatric care and diagnosed as having schizophrenia, psychosis, a personality disorder, or a bipolar disorder.

     

    Four studies have been carried.  Study 1 was a baseline article that examined what people in recovery from mental illness outline as facilitating factors to their recovery. The results that emerged from that study indicated areas for further analysis to condense the understanding of the recovery process. In study 2 the similarities and the differences in recovery described by women and men were examined. In Study 3 women’s and men’s meaning-making with reference to severe mental illness facilitate the recovery process were studied. The forth study explored how peer-support contribute to women’s and men’s recovery from mental illness.

     

    The results emphasize recovery from mental illness as a social process in which relationships play a key role in creating new identities beside the mental illness. For a majority of the participants meeting peers facilitated the recovery process. The participants described how peer support meant an end to isolation and became an arena for identification, connection, and being important to others. Throughout these recovery processes the impact of gender has been emphasized. The results from this thesis provide new insight into gender as an important factor in understanding the recovery processes. The results from the four studies emphasize the mental patient, the psychiatric interventions and the individual recovery strategies as being influenced by gender constructions.

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  • 276.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Psychosocial interventions; collaboration and shared decision-making?: A participatory research project to develop and implement shared decision-making in psychiatric services2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 277.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Recovery from mental illness, a gender perspective2010In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 557-564Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and research objectives: Recovery from mental illness is an individual process characterized by regaining a positive sense of self and developing a new meaning. Knowledge concerning differences between male and female recovery processes is, however, limited. The objective of this study was to determine gender diversity in what individuals described as decisive factors for their recovery.

     

    Subjects and methods:  In this qualitative study based on grounded theory 30 first-person accounts of recovery from mental illness are examined. After informed consent data were collected through in-depth interviews with people in recovery from psychosis, bipolar disorders or personality disorders.

     

    Results: The results show that in spite of structural gender inequalities, female gender norms seem to be an advantage in the recovery process. The female participants were focused on making sense and meaning in their recovery process, while the male participants were focused on control over symptoms and reinforcement of traditional roles such as occupation and independence. Another result showed psychiatric hospitalization to mainly contribute to male recovery processes.

     

    Conclusion: These results provide new insights into gender as an important factor in understanding recovery processes and in providing care to facilitate these processes.

  • 278.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Recovery in involuntary psychiatric care: is there a gender difference?2013In: Journal of Mental Health, ISSN 0963-8237, E-ISSN 1360-0567, Vol. 22, no 5, p. 420-427Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Research on recovery from mental illness and the influence of compulsory psychiatric institutional care has revealed the complexity of this concept. There is also limited knowledge regarding the impact of gender-role expectations in these contexts, and how such expectations may influence both the care and individuals’ recovery processes.

    Aim: To explore women’s and men’s perceptions of the impact of compulsory inpatient care on recovery from severe mental illness.

    Method: Grounded theory was used to analyse 30 first-person accounts of recovery from mental illness, elicited via interviews with individuals who had been compulsorily treated in hospital and diagnosed with a severe mental illness.

    Results: Inpatient care at an early stage was crucial for the informants’ recovery. However, there was ambivalence in their perceptions of the impact of compulsory inpatient care. The narratives confirmed gender differences as well as gender stereotypes.

    Conclusions: The results have implications for recovery research, in that they emphasise the importance of understanding recovery as a gender-influenced process.

  • 279.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    The power of identification: Peer support in recovery from mental illness2010In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 83-90Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: Peer support has been described as facilitating individuals’ recovery from mental illness and offer useful support, hope and encouragement. The aim of this study was to explore how individuals with experience of severe mental illness in Sweden perceived peer support facilitating their recovery.

    The results from the grounded theory analysis of 24 in depth interviews illustrated that despite diagnoses of severe mental illness, often described in terms of an inability to interact with other people, the identification when meeting others with similar experiences was powerful. The participants described how peer support meant an end to isolation and became an arena for identification, normalization, connection and being important to others. Involvement in the peer support group was related to time and recovery stage, the participants pay attention to their own achievements in relation to peers and their recovery progress, comparing their level of wellness with that of their peers.

  • 280.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    User and carer involvement in social work education: reasons for participation2016In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 154-163Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In many countries, user involvement in social work (SW) education is common practice, while in other countries, initiatives for inclusion are currently expanding. No matter how far the progress of user involvement in education has come, issues on clarity, sustainability and accountability need to be addressed. In this paper, users’ reasons for wanting to participate in SW education and the way they define their potential contribution are explored. These experiences can provide important information contributing to sustainable, meaningful, and accountable collaborations between users, university staff and students. Participants (n = 33) answered a questionnaire including demographic data and four open-ended questions about their expectations of participation in a SW programme at the University of Dalarna in Sweden. The results from the open-ended questions were analysed using qualitative content analysis. Results show that users’ main reasons for wanting to get involved were to contribute through sharing their lived experience of SW education, to help improve services and also to obtain respect for their own personal knowledge and experience. The respondents described themselves both as carriers of valuable knowledge and as accountable experts on the subject.

  • 281.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    User involvement in social work and education: a matter of participation?2016In: Journal of Evidence-Informed Social Work, ISSN 2376-1407, E-ISSN 2376-1415, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 21-33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The increase in user involvement in social work practice and education can be explained by incentives toward an evidence-based practice, such as those offered by legislation and from the user movement, and those related to professional development. Still, the clients' involvement in research and practice is highlighted as a gap that needs to be filled. The aim of the author in this article is to study the presence of user involvement in social work practice, research, and education, and the level of influence of users and carers within these activities. The results reflect an expanding user involvement in social work practice. Still, projects of user involvement in social work practice are often developed on an ad hoc and inconsistent basis, and knowledge about the effects of these efforts is still limited. User involvement is not to be understood as something that is self-evidently good. On the contrary, the results present a rather complex concept that is bound up with changing and contested understandings of the role of the social worker, academia, and the users themselves.

  • 282.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    et al.
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Denhov, Anne
    Research and Development Unit, Psychiatry, SLSO, Stockholm South, Sweden.
    Topor, Alain
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Social relationships as a decisive factor in recovering from severe mental illness2009In: International Journal of Social Psychiatry, ISSN 0020-7640, E-ISSN 1741-2854, Vol. 4, no 55, p. 336-347Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Recovery research often describes recovery from mental illness as a complex individual process. In this article a social perspective on recovery is developed.

    Aims: To ascertain which factors people regard as decisive to their own recovery and what makes them beneficial.

    Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted with 58 persons in Sweden who had recovered from severe mental illness. Interviews were qualitatively analyzed using grounded theory.

    Results: Three dimensions of contributing recovery factors were identified. Social relationships emerged as the core category throughout these dimensions.

    Conclusions: The results show that recovery processes are social processes in which social relationships play a key role.

  • 283.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    et al.
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Denhov, Anne
    Research and Development Unit, Psychiatry, SLSO, Stockholm South, Sweden.
    Topor, Alain
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Social relationships as a decisive factor in recovering from severe mental illness2009In: International Journal of Social Psychiatry, ISSN 0020-7640, E-ISSN 1741-2854, Vol. 4, no 55, p. 336-347Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Recovery research often describes recovery from mental illness as a complex individual process. In this article a social perspective on recovery is developed.

    Aims: To ascertain which factors people regard as decisive to their own recovery and what makes them beneficial.

    Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted with 58 persons in Sweden who had recovered from severe mental illness. Interviews were qualitatively analyzed using grounded theory.

    Results: Three dimensions of contributing recovery factors were identified. Social relationships emerged as the core category throughout these dimensions.

    Conclusions: The results show that recovery processes are social processes in which social relationships play a key role.

  • 284.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Rosenberg, David
    Department of Social Work, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden .
    Transplanting recovery?: Research and practice in the Nordic countries2013In: Journal of Mental Health, ISSN 0963-8237, E-ISSN 1360-0567, Vol. 22, no 6, p. 563-569Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The conceptual framework which describes recovery from mental illness is based primarily on studies conducted in English-speaking countries. Knowledge and development of recovery orientation within other cultures and mental health systems is still limited.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to compile, describe, and discuss the research on personal recovery and recovery-oriented practice within the psychiatric and social fields in the Nordic countries.   

    Method: A systematic literature review of Nordic research on recovery from mental illness.

     

    Results: The research literature is limited, and primarily replicates designs and confirms findings first presented in studies conducted in the USA and Great Britain.

    The majority of the studies are qualitative, and point to the importance of social relations, environmental factors, and peer support.

     

    Conclusions: There is a need to identify and describe factors in Nordic mental health systems that may influence the recovery process. A corresponding challenge will be to translate and further develop outcome indicators that can promote a recovery-oriented health system.

  • 285.
    Sinisalo, Johanna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    NÄR HUSSE SLÅR: En kvalitativ undersökning om socialtjänstens förutsättningar att inkludera sällskapsdjur i arbetet med våld i nära relation2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is a link between violence against animals and domestic violence. Research

    emphasizes the importance of professionals possessing knowledge about the link as

    part of preventing, identifying and counteracting domestic violence. The purpose of

    this paper was to examine the social services' organizational conditions in adopting a

    pet-inclusive approach in the work with domestic violence. With references to the

    human-animal bond and the theory of social support, I emphasized the gain found in

    an approach of this kind. As method for data collection, semi-structured interviews

    were held with six social workers active in the field of domestic violence, from six

    municipalities in the middle parts of Sweden. Qualitative content analysis was then

    conducted, and the results indicate that although some social workers strive to include

    animals, animals generally have low priority on the social services agenda. A more

    consistent and effective provision of support could be achieved through national

    guidelines.

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  • 286.
    Sjöberg, Miranda
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Wesström, Emma
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Genusperspektiv inom biståndshandläggning: En förutsättning för jämställda bedömningar?2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate if and if so in which way gender stereotyped conceptions can influence assessment work. To investigate this, qualitative interviews with seven assessment workers were conducted. The content of the interviews were analyzed based on feminist theory and intersectionality. The result of the study shows that assessment workers do not consider that gender stereotypes generally influence their work. The majority of the respondents, however, mentioned that a gender perspective is important to include in their practice. In the workplace, on the other hand, there is no mention of gender, stereotypes and their practical impact, which according to feminist theory nevertheless can be seen as a contributing factor in maintaining these stereotypes. However, all respondents believed that they have good communication and that they are focusing on the individual's needs, which we believe provides a good basis for having a more open discussion about gender in the future.

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  • 287.
    Stenvall, Johanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Örnlind, Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Den individuella återhämtningsprocessen från missbruk och kriminalitet: En kvalitativ studie av aktuella självbiografier2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Recovery is an individual process about creating hope, meaning and identity.

    Significant is access to supportive relationships and networks. This approach

    permeates and is the starting point for this study. The aim is to study the

    individual's recovery from abuse and crime.

    The recovery process was studied on the basis of seven current

    autobiographies, analyzed through thematic analysis, and linked to previous

    research and the theory The four columns of the individual recovery process. The

    columns includes redefinition of itself, the importance of support, dealing with

    symptoms and involvement in meaningful activity.

    The results show, in addition to the theory, that it is important for the

    autobiographer’s recovery to perform symbolic actions to show that a change has

    begun, and to end non-supporting relationships. The study shows that the

    autobiographer’s recovery from abuse and crime can be considered as a single

    process.

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  • 288.
    Strand, Susanne
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Olsson, Helén
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Kristiansen, Lisbeth
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    To decrease the risk for violence for patients sentenced to forensic psychiatric care: personnel and patient´s views2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 289.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Adults with acquired traumatic brain injury: a theoretical analysis from a social recognition perspective2009In: Social work in health care, ISSN 0098-1389, E-ISSN 1541-034X, Vol. 48, no 2, p. 169-191Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to illuminate the changeover process experienced by people with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and increases the understanding of social recognition occurring after injury. Fifteen persons, ageds 28-56, with TBI have been in-depth interviewed. Data were first analysed by latent-content analysis using a hermeneutic approach, and later re-contextualised within a matrix constructed from theories of social recognition. Results were initially structured into six themes and then re-described in terms of recognition, i.e. the individual dimension, the legal dimension and the value dimension. The conclusions suggest that people with TBI experience both recognition and non-recognition during the recovery process and later in life, living in society with the sequel of TBI. Such experiences are described on all dimensions.

  • 290.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Hälsovetenskapliga institutionen.
    Adults with acquired traumatic brain injury: experiences of a changeover process and consequences in everyday life2009In: Social work in health care, ISSN 0098-1389, E-ISSN 1541-034X, Vol. 48, no 3, p. 276-297Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to illuminate the changeover process, support and consequences experienced by adults who acquired traumatic brain injury (TBI). Fifteen persons were in-depth interviewed using a semi-structured interview guide. Data were analysed by latent-content analysis and structured into six themes.

    Consequences were negative as well as positive. Significant others were important as a driving force for training and life-situation. The informants were initially satisfied with social supports but in the longer term became more critical regarding accessibility to such supports. The majority had difficulties in returning to working-life after injury. The outcomes seemed to be a prolonged process, probably never-ending, which gradually became integrated as a part of life.

  • 291.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Avslutning: Begrepp, teorier och perspektiv inom social omsorg2011In: Förhållningssätt och möten: Arbetsmetoder i social omsorg / [ed] Thomas Strandberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB , 2011, p. 297-308Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 292.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Case management – relationsarbete inom rehabilitering av personer med förvärvad hjärnskada2018In: Relationer i socialt arbete: i gränslandet mellan profession och person / [ed] Anders Bruhn & Åsa Källström, Stockholm: Liber , 2018, 1, p. 233-247Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att förvärva en hjärnskada i vuxen ålder innebär en livsomställning som för de allra flesta medför behov av stöd i form av rehabiliteringsinsatser för att kunna återgå till ett fungerande vardagsliv. Rehabiliteringen kan utformas på många olika sätt och det finns ingen naturlig samordning av rehabiliteringsinsatser. På senare år har vi dock kunnat se att samhället rest krav på att rehabiliteringsaktörer måste samordna sina insatser. Det har bland annat uttryckts i Samordnad individuell plan (SIP) och i Individuell plan (IP) och är lagstadgat, samt i författningen om Samordning av insatser för habilitering och rehabilitering (SOSFS 2007:10). Inom rehabiliteringen för personer med förvärvad hjärnskada har även behovet av en samordnad vårdkedja artikulerats inom det akuta, det subakuta såväl som det sena skedet. Enligt Socialstyrelsen (2012) finns särskilda samordningsresurser endast i ett fåtal landsting/regioner. Detta kapitel kommer att fokusera på en stöd- och samordningsfunktion, case management, för personer som i vuxen ålder förvärvat en hjärnskada.

    Inom hjärnskaderehabiliteringen har det under den senaste tiden införts case managers, eller i Sverige så kallade hjärnskadekoordinatorer, i syfte att vara en oberoende stöd- och resursperson för den som förvärvat en hjärnskada och dennes anhöriga. En övergripande målsättning med denna stödform är att tillsammans med den skadade och dennes anhöriga samordna och koordinera samhällets olika vård- och omsorgsinsatser. Syftet med kapitlet är att beskriva denna stödform med särskilt fokus på relationsarbetet mellan case managern och klienten med förvärvad hjärnskada eller dennes anhöriga.

  • 293.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Case-management – rehabilitation support after Acquired Brain Injury: with the aim to strengthen empowerment2018In: FORSA/NOUSA – Nordic Social Work Conference 2018: Book of Abstracts, 2018, p. 18-18Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Approximately 70 000 acquire a brain injury yearly in Sweden which often result in disabilities. Acquired brain injury (ABI) can be caused by trauma, stroke or disease. The rehabilitation process is divided into acute and subacute phase and the late stage. Studies shows that clients with moderate and severe injuries have difficulties in coordinating rehabilitation and societal support. Rehabilitation can be a long-term process and clients with ABI are often referred to next of kin for coordinating societal support, e.g. rehabilitation and social services. Case-management have since 1980’s been a rehabilitation support in an international perspective, but in a Swedish context it is a relatively new form of support.

    The aim is to describe, based on a book chapter (Strandberg 2018), how this form of support has been developed in Sweden, as well as putting the form of support in relation to the client’s empowerment.

    The results show that there are different theoretical models for how Case-management can be organized, the support is designed differently in different countries and context. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that the support may be helpful to the client as well as the next of kin in terms of participation.

    Although, Case-management has been known since 1980s, the scientific studies are limited and there is no evidence for the clinical significance using this support. Research is therefore necessary to demonstrate its clinical significance.

  • 294.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Case-management – rehabilitation support for people with Acquired Brain Injury2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Approximately 70 000 acquire a brain injury yearly in Sweden which often result in disabilities. Acquired brain injury (ABI) can be caused by trauma, stroke or disease. The rehabilitation process is divided into acute and subacute phase and the late stage. Studies shows that clients with moderate and severe injuries have difficulties in coordinating rehabilitation and societal support. Rehabilitation can be a long-term process and clients with ABI are often referred to next of kin for coordinating societal support, e.g. rehabilitation and social services. Case-management have since 1980’s been a rehabilitation support in an international perspective, but in a Swedish context it is a relatively new form of support.

    The aim is to describe, based on a book chapter (Strandberg 2018), how this form of support has been developed in Sweden, as well as putting the form of support in relation to the client’s empowerment.

    The results show that there are different theoretical models for how Case-management can be organized, the support is designed differently in different countries and context. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that the support may be helpful to the client as well as the next of kin in terms of participation.

    Although, Case-management has been known since 1980s, the scientific studies are limited and there is no evidence for the clinical significance using this support. Research is therefore necessary to demonstrate its clinical significance.

  • 295.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Hälsovetenskapliga institutionen.
    Children in residentia lcare: a social study of orphanages in Latvia2003Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 296.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Hälsovetenskapliga institutionen.
    Föräldralösa barns uppväxtmiljö i Lettland2003In: Nordisk Østforum, ISSN 0801-7220, E-ISSN 1891-1773, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 393-406Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 297.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Inledning: Att arbeta inom social omsorg samt äldre och handikappomsorg2011In: Förhållningssätt och möten: Arbetsmetoder i social omsorg / [ed] Thomas Strandberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB , 2011, p. 19-40Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 298.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Hälsovetenskapliga institutionen.
    Orphans in Russia: policies for family-like alternatives2005In: Nordisk Østforum, ISSN 0801-7220, E-ISSN 1891-1773, no 1, p. 135-137Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 299.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Return to work after acquired brain injury: support person’s experience of supporting2017In: Disability Matters Conference, Making the Convention Real: Conference Programme, abstract book, 2017, p. 52-53Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 300.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Vertical and horizontal knowledge integration in disability research2016In: Lancaster Disability Studies Conference: Book of Abstracts, 2016, p. 180-180Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Disability research as an academic field was established in 1960s and 1970s in the Nordic countries as in the Anglo-Saxon world. Disability research was studied within the medical model, e.g. in medical and rehabilitation studies, while disability studies became a part of the social model, e.g. in social and psychological studies. According to a Nordic context disability was mainly studied within medicine, social science and special education (Roulstone, 2013).

    It has been a lack of theoretical perspective in disability research and according to that a discussion of theoretical approaches in disability studies has been raised during the recent years (see e.g. Gustavsson, 2004; Bhaskar & Danermark, 2006; Söder, 2013).

    Aim: The aim of this paper is conceptually to describe and illustrate how vertical and horizontal knowledge integration appears in disability research, with an example from a study within brain injury.

    Results: Vertical integration is an understanding between different levels on a biological, psychological and social level. Horizontal integration is an understanding across varying disabilities. The study indicates that vertical and horizontal integration in disability research are useful for a broader and deeper understanding of the phenomena. It also indicates that different theoretical perspectives has been more common in disability research during last years and fill an important need in the development of disability research as an academic field.

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