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  • 251.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    How men and women in recovery make meaning to severe mental illness2009Inngår i: Journal of Mental Health, ISSN 0963-8237, E-ISSN 1360-0567, Vol. 18, nr 5, s. 433-440Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Creating a new meaning of the illness, changing values and expectations due to the illness are seen as important factors in recovery from mental illness.

    Aims: In this study, conducted in Sweden, male and female meaning making of severe mental illness is explored and how these meanings compass the recovery process.

    Method: Through 30 in-depth interviews male and female meaning of mental illness are explored through a grounded theory analysis. Results: In the process of making meaning illness reason emerged as the core category. But the reasons differed both in relation to gender and within the two genders. Four patterns of response were found in the analysis of the material. These four patterns influenced how the recovery process was encompassed. Three of the four groups were restructing the meaning of the illness in a more favorable way contributing to a redirection of life towards authenticity.

    Conclusions: The results underline a demand for further research on recovery achievements connected to meaning making and changes in attitude. One such area is to create a meaning in one’s life where gender is reconsidered in relation to the individual’s capacity and life situation.

  • 252.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Kvinnors och mäns återhämtning från psykisk ohälsa2009Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim with this thesis is to describe and analyze women’s and men’s recovery processes. More specifically, the aim is to determine what women and men with experience of mental illness describe as contributing to the personal recovery process. The point of departure for the studies was 30 in-depth interviews conducted with 15 men and 15 women. The selection of interview subjects was limited to individuals who had been treated in 24-hour psychiatric care and diagnosed as having schizophrenia, psychosis, a personality disorder, or a bipolar disorder.

     

    Four studies have been carried.  Study 1 was a baseline article that examined what people in recovery from mental illness outline as facilitating factors to their recovery. The results that emerged from that study indicated areas for further analysis to condense the understanding of the recovery process. In study 2 the similarities and the differences in recovery described by women and men were examined. In Study 3 women’s and men’s meaning-making with reference to severe mental illness facilitate the recovery process were studied. The forth study explored how peer-support contribute to women’s and men’s recovery from mental illness.

     

    The results emphasize recovery from mental illness as a social process in which relationships play a key role in creating new identities beside the mental illness. For a majority of the participants meeting peers facilitated the recovery process. The participants described how peer support meant an end to isolation and became an arena for identification, connection, and being important to others. Throughout these recovery processes the impact of gender has been emphasized. The results from this thesis provide new insight into gender as an important factor in understanding the recovery processes. The results from the four studies emphasize the mental patient, the psychiatric interventions and the individual recovery strategies as being influenced by gender constructions.

  • 253.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    Psychosocial interventions; collaboration and shared decision-making?: A participatory research project to develop and implement shared decision-making in psychiatric services2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 254.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Recovery from mental illness, a gender perspective2010Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 24, nr 3, s. 557-564Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and research objectives: Recovery from mental illness is an individual process characterized by regaining a positive sense of self and developing a new meaning. Knowledge concerning differences between male and female recovery processes is, however, limited. The objective of this study was to determine gender diversity in what individuals described as decisive factors for their recovery.

     

    Subjects and methods:  In this qualitative study based on grounded theory 30 first-person accounts of recovery from mental illness are examined. After informed consent data were collected through in-depth interviews with people in recovery from psychosis, bipolar disorders or personality disorders.

     

    Results: The results show that in spite of structural gender inequalities, female gender norms seem to be an advantage in the recovery process. The female participants were focused on making sense and meaning in their recovery process, while the male participants were focused on control over symptoms and reinforcement of traditional roles such as occupation and independence. Another result showed psychiatric hospitalization to mainly contribute to male recovery processes.

     

    Conclusion: These results provide new insights into gender as an important factor in understanding recovery processes and in providing care to facilitate these processes.

  • 255.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    Recovery in involuntary psychiatric care: is there a gender difference?2013Inngår i: Journal of Mental Health, ISSN 0963-8237, E-ISSN 1360-0567, Vol. 22, nr 5, s. 420-427Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Research on recovery from mental illness and the influence of compulsory psychiatric institutional care has revealed the complexity of this concept. There is also limited knowledge regarding the impact of gender-role expectations in these contexts, and how such expectations may influence both the care and individuals’ recovery processes.

    Aim: To explore women’s and men’s perceptions of the impact of compulsory inpatient care on recovery from severe mental illness.

    Method: Grounded theory was used to analyse 30 first-person accounts of recovery from mental illness, elicited via interviews with individuals who had been compulsorily treated in hospital and diagnosed with a severe mental illness.

    Results: Inpatient care at an early stage was crucial for the informants’ recovery. However, there was ambivalence in their perceptions of the impact of compulsory inpatient care. The narratives confirmed gender differences as well as gender stereotypes.

    Conclusions: The results have implications for recovery research, in that they emphasise the importance of understanding recovery as a gender-influenced process.

  • 256.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    The power of identification: Peer support in recovery from mental illness2010Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 83-90Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: Peer support has been described as facilitating individuals’ recovery from mental illness and offer useful support, hope and encouragement. The aim of this study was to explore how individuals with experience of severe mental illness in Sweden perceived peer support facilitating their recovery.

    The results from the grounded theory analysis of 24 in depth interviews illustrated that despite diagnoses of severe mental illness, often described in terms of an inability to interact with other people, the identification when meeting others with similar experiences was powerful. The participants described how peer support meant an end to isolation and became an arena for identification, normalization, connection and being important to others. Involvement in the peer support group was related to time and recovery stage, the participants pay attention to their own achievements in relation to peers and their recovery progress, comparing their level of wellness with that of their peers.

  • 257.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    User and carer involvement in social work education: reasons for participation2016Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 18, nr 2, s. 154-163Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In many countries, user involvement in social work (SW) education is common practice, while in other countries, initiatives for inclusion are currently expanding. No matter how far the progress of user involvement in education has come, issues on clarity, sustainability and accountability need to be addressed. In this paper, users’ reasons for wanting to participate in SW education and the way they define their potential contribution are explored. These experiences can provide important information contributing to sustainable, meaningful, and accountable collaborations between users, university staff and students. Participants (n = 33) answered a questionnaire including demographic data and four open-ended questions about their expectations of participation in a SW programme at the University of Dalarna in Sweden. The results from the open-ended questions were analysed using qualitative content analysis. Results show that users’ main reasons for wanting to get involved were to contribute through sharing their lived experience of SW education, to help improve services and also to obtain respect for their own personal knowledge and experience. The respondents described themselves both as carriers of valuable knowledge and as accountable experts on the subject.

  • 258.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    User involvement in social work and education: a matter of participation?2016Inngår i: Journal of Evidence-Informed Social Work, ISSN 2376-1407, E-ISSN 2376-1415, Vol. 13, nr 1, s. 21-33Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The increase in user involvement in social work practice and education can be explained by incentives toward an evidence-based practice, such as those offered by legislation and from the user movement, and those related to professional development. Still, the clients' involvement in research and practice is highlighted as a gap that needs to be filled. The aim of the author in this article is to study the presence of user involvement in social work practice, research, and education, and the level of influence of users and carers within these activities. The results reflect an expanding user involvement in social work practice. Still, projects of user involvement in social work practice are often developed on an ad hoc and inconsistent basis, and knowledge about the effects of these efforts is still limited. User involvement is not to be understood as something that is self-evidently good. On the contrary, the results present a rather complex concept that is bound up with changing and contested understandings of the role of the social worker, academia, and the users themselves.

  • 259.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    et al.
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Denhov, Anne
    Research and Development Unit, Psychiatry, SLSO, Stockholm South, Sweden.
    Topor, Alain
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Social relationships as a decisive factor in recovering from severe mental illness2009Inngår i: International Journal of Social Psychiatry, ISSN 0020-7640, E-ISSN 1741-2854, Vol. 4, nr 55, s. 336-347Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Recovery research often describes recovery from mental illness as a complex individual process. In this article a social perspective on recovery is developed.

    Aims: To ascertain which factors people regard as decisive to their own recovery and what makes them beneficial.

    Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted with 58 persons in Sweden who had recovered from severe mental illness. Interviews were qualitatively analyzed using grounded theory.

    Results: Three dimensions of contributing recovery factors were identified. Social relationships emerged as the core category throughout these dimensions.

    Conclusions: The results show that recovery processes are social processes in which social relationships play a key role.

  • 260.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    et al.
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Denhov, Anne
    Research and Development Unit, Psychiatry, SLSO, Stockholm South, Sweden.
    Topor, Alain
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Social relationships as a decisive factor in recovering from severe mental illness2009Inngår i: International Journal of Social Psychiatry, ISSN 0020-7640, E-ISSN 1741-2854, Vol. 4, nr 55, s. 336-347Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Recovery research often describes recovery from mental illness as a complex individual process. In this article a social perspective on recovery is developed.

    Aims: To ascertain which factors people regard as decisive to their own recovery and what makes them beneficial.

    Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted with 58 persons in Sweden who had recovered from severe mental illness. Interviews were qualitatively analyzed using grounded theory.

    Results: Three dimensions of contributing recovery factors were identified. Social relationships emerged as the core category throughout these dimensions.

    Conclusions: The results show that recovery processes are social processes in which social relationships play a key role.

  • 261.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    Rosenberg, David
    Department of Social Work, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden .
    Transplanting recovery?: Research and practice in the Nordic countries2013Inngår i: Journal of Mental Health, ISSN 0963-8237, E-ISSN 1360-0567, Vol. 22, nr 6, s. 563-569Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The conceptual framework which describes recovery from mental illness is based primarily on studies conducted in English-speaking countries. Knowledge and development of recovery orientation within other cultures and mental health systems is still limited.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to compile, describe, and discuss the research on personal recovery and recovery-oriented practice within the psychiatric and social fields in the Nordic countries.   

    Method: A systematic literature review of Nordic research on recovery from mental illness.

     

    Results: The research literature is limited, and primarily replicates designs and confirms findings first presented in studies conducted in the USA and Great Britain.

    The majority of the studies are qualitative, and point to the importance of social relations, environmental factors, and peer support.

     

    Conclusions: There is a need to identify and describe factors in Nordic mental health systems that may influence the recovery process. A corresponding challenge will be to translate and further develop outcome indicators that can promote a recovery-oriented health system.

  • 262.
    Sinisalo, Johanna
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    NÄR HUSSE SLÅR: En kvalitativ undersökning om socialtjänstens förutsättningar att inkludera sällskapsdjur i arbetet med våld i nära relation2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett samband har påvisats mellan våld mot djur och våld i nära relation. Forskning

    betonar därför vikten av att yrkesverksamma besitter kunskap om detta samband som

    en del i att förebygga, identifiera och motverka våld i nära relation. Syftet med detta

    arbete var att undersöka socialtjänstens organisatoriska förutsättningar till att inta ett

    sällskapsdjursinkluderande förhållningsätt i arbetet med våld i nära relation. Med

    hänvisningar till bandet mellan människa och djur samt teorin om socialt stöd betonas

    den vinst som står att finna i ett förhållningssätt av detta slag. Som

    datainsamlingsmetod hölls semi-strukturerade intervjuer med sex socialarbetare

    verksamma inom området våld i nära relation i sex kommuner i Mellansverige.

    Framkommen data behandlades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys, och resultaten visar

    att om än vissa socialarbetare eftersträvar att inkludera djur, tenderar djur överlag stå

    lågt ner på socialtjänstens agenda. Genom nationella riktlinjer skulle därför ett

    enhetligare och mer metodiskt tillhandahållande av stöd kunna åstadkommas.

  • 263.
    Stenvall, Johanna
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    Örnlind, Maria
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    Den individuella återhämtningsprocessen från missbruk och kriminalitet: En kvalitativ studie av aktuella självbiografier2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Återhämtning är en individuell process som handlar om att skapa hopp, mening och

    identitet. Betydelsefullt är tillgång till stödjande relationer och nätverk. Detta

    synsätt genomsyrar och är utgångspunkt för denna studie. Studiens syfte är att

    studera den individuella återhämtningsprocessen från missbruk och kriminalitet.

    Återhämtningsprocessen studerades utifrån sju aktuella självbiografiska

    verk som analyserades med hjälp av tematisk analys och kopplades till tidigare

    forskning samt teorin Den individuella återhämtningsprocessens fyra grundpelare.

    Teorins grundpelare innefattar omdefiniering av sig själv, betydelsen av stöd,

    hantera symptom samt involvering i meningsfull aktivitet.

    Studiens resultat visar att det utöver faktorerna i teorin är viktigt för

    huvudpersonernas återhämtning att utföra symboliska handlingar som visar att en

    förändringsprocess påbörjats, samt att bryta med icke-stödjande relationer. Studien

    visar att huvudpersonernas återhämtning från missbruk och kriminalitet kan

    betraktas som en enda process.

  • 264.
    Strand, Susanne
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Olsson, Helén
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Kristiansen, Lisbeth
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    To decrease the risk for violence for patients sentenced to forensic psychiatric care: personnel and patient´s views2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 265.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Adults with acquired traumatic brain injury: a theoretical analysis from a social recognition perspective2009Inngår i: Social work in health care, ISSN 0098-1389, E-ISSN 1541-034X, Vol. 48, nr 2, s. 169-191Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to illuminate the changeover process experienced by people with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and increases the understanding of social recognition occurring after injury. Fifteen persons, ageds 28-56, with TBI have been in-depth interviewed. Data were first analysed by latent-content analysis using a hermeneutic approach, and later re-contextualised within a matrix constructed from theories of social recognition. Results were initially structured into six themes and then re-described in terms of recognition, i.e. the individual dimension, the legal dimension and the value dimension. The conclusions suggest that people with TBI experience both recognition and non-recognition during the recovery process and later in life, living in society with the sequel of TBI. Such experiences are described on all dimensions.

  • 266.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Hälsovetenskapliga institutionen.
    Adults with acquired traumatic brain injury: experiences of a changeover process and consequences in everyday life2009Inngår i: Social work in health care, ISSN 0098-1389, E-ISSN 1541-034X, Vol. 48, nr 3, s. 276-297Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to illuminate the changeover process, support and consequences experienced by adults who acquired traumatic brain injury (TBI). Fifteen persons were in-depth interviewed using a semi-structured interview guide. Data were analysed by latent-content analysis and structured into six themes.

    Consequences were negative as well as positive. Significant others were important as a driving force for training and life-situation. The informants were initially satisfied with social supports but in the longer term became more critical regarding accessibility to such supports. The majority had difficulties in returning to working-life after injury. The outcomes seemed to be a prolonged process, probably never-ending, which gradually became integrated as a part of life.

  • 267.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Avslutning: Begrepp, teorier och perspektiv inom social omsorg2011Inngår i: Förhållningssätt och möten: Arbetsmetoder i social omsorg / [ed] Thomas Strandberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB , 2011, s. 297-308Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 268.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Case management – relationsarbete inom rehabilitering av personer med förvärvad hjärnskada2018Inngår i: Relationer i socialt arbete: i gränslandet mellan profession och person / [ed] Anders Bruhn & Åsa Källström, Stockholm: Liber , 2018, 1, s. 233-247Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att förvärva en hjärnskada i vuxen ålder innebär en livsomställning som för de allra flesta medför behov av stöd i form av rehabiliteringsinsatser för att kunna återgå till ett fungerande vardagsliv. Rehabiliteringen kan utformas på många olika sätt och det finns ingen naturlig samordning av rehabiliteringsinsatser. På senare år har vi dock kunnat se att samhället rest krav på att rehabiliteringsaktörer måste samordna sina insatser. Det har bland annat uttryckts i Samordnad individuell plan (SIP) och i Individuell plan (IP) och är lagstadgat, samt i författningen om Samordning av insatser för habilitering och rehabilitering (SOSFS 2007:10). Inom rehabiliteringen för personer med förvärvad hjärnskada har även behovet av en samordnad vårdkedja artikulerats inom det akuta, det subakuta såväl som det sena skedet. Enligt Socialstyrelsen (2012) finns särskilda samordningsresurser endast i ett fåtal landsting/regioner. Detta kapitel kommer att fokusera på en stöd- och samordningsfunktion, case management, för personer som i vuxen ålder förvärvat en hjärnskada.

    Inom hjärnskaderehabiliteringen har det under den senaste tiden införts case managers, eller i Sverige så kallade hjärnskadekoordinatorer, i syfte att vara en oberoende stöd- och resursperson för den som förvärvat en hjärnskada och dennes anhöriga. En övergripande målsättning med denna stödform är att tillsammans med den skadade och dennes anhöriga samordna och koordinera samhällets olika vård- och omsorgsinsatser. Syftet med kapitlet är att beskriva denna stödform med särskilt fokus på relationsarbetet mellan case managern och klienten med förvärvad hjärnskada eller dennes anhöriga.

  • 269.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Case-management – rehabilitation support after Acquired Brain Injury: with the aim to strengthen empowerment2018Inngår i: FORSA/NOUSA – Nordic Social Work Conference 2018: Book of Abstracts, 2018, s. 18-18Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Approximately 70 000 acquire a brain injury yearly in Sweden which often result in disabilities. Acquired brain injury (ABI) can be caused by trauma, stroke or disease. The rehabilitation process is divided into acute and subacute phase and the late stage. Studies shows that clients with moderate and severe injuries have difficulties in coordinating rehabilitation and societal support. Rehabilitation can be a long-term process and clients with ABI are often referred to next of kin for coordinating societal support, e.g. rehabilitation and social services. Case-management have since 1980’s been a rehabilitation support in an international perspective, but in a Swedish context it is a relatively new form of support.

    The aim is to describe, based on a book chapter (Strandberg 2018), how this form of support has been developed in Sweden, as well as putting the form of support in relation to the client’s empowerment.

    The results show that there are different theoretical models for how Case-management can be organized, the support is designed differently in different countries and context. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that the support may be helpful to the client as well as the next of kin in terms of participation.

    Although, Case-management has been known since 1980s, the scientific studies are limited and there is no evidence for the clinical significance using this support. Research is therefore necessary to demonstrate its clinical significance.

  • 270.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Case-management – rehabilitation support for people with Acquired Brain Injury2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Approximately 70 000 acquire a brain injury yearly in Sweden which often result in disabilities. Acquired brain injury (ABI) can be caused by trauma, stroke or disease. The rehabilitation process is divided into acute and subacute phase and the late stage. Studies shows that clients with moderate and severe injuries have difficulties in coordinating rehabilitation and societal support. Rehabilitation can be a long-term process and clients with ABI are often referred to next of kin for coordinating societal support, e.g. rehabilitation and social services. Case-management have since 1980’s been a rehabilitation support in an international perspective, but in a Swedish context it is a relatively new form of support.

    The aim is to describe, based on a book chapter (Strandberg 2018), how this form of support has been developed in Sweden, as well as putting the form of support in relation to the client’s empowerment.

    The results show that there are different theoretical models for how Case-management can be organized, the support is designed differently in different countries and context. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that the support may be helpful to the client as well as the next of kin in terms of participation.

    Although, Case-management has been known since 1980s, the scientific studies are limited and there is no evidence for the clinical significance using this support. Research is therefore necessary to demonstrate its clinical significance.

  • 271.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Hälsovetenskapliga institutionen.
    Children in residentia lcare: a social study of orphanages in Latvia2003Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 272.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Hälsovetenskapliga institutionen.
    Föräldralösa barns uppväxtmiljö i Lettland2003Inngår i: Nordisk Østforum, ISSN 0801-7220, E-ISSN 1891-1773, Vol. 17, nr 3, s. 393-406Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 273.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Inledning: Att arbeta inom social omsorg samt äldre och handikappomsorg2011Inngår i: Förhållningssätt och möten: Arbetsmetoder i social omsorg / [ed] Thomas Strandberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB , 2011, s. 19-40Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 274.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Hälsovetenskapliga institutionen.
    Orphans in Russia: policies for family-like alternatives2005Inngår i: Nordisk Østforum, ISSN 0801-7220, E-ISSN 1891-1773, nr 1, s. 135-137Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 275.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Return to work after acquired brain injury: support person’s experience of supporting2017Inngår i: Disability Matters Conference, Making the Convention Real: Conference Programme, abstract book, 2017, s. 52-53Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 276.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Vertical and horizontal knowledge integration in disability research2016Inngår i: Lancaster Disability Studies Conference: Book of Abstracts, 2016, s. 180-180Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Disability research as an academic field was established in 1960s and 1970s in the Nordic countries as in the Anglo-Saxon world. Disability research was studied within the medical model, e.g. in medical and rehabilitation studies, while disability studies became a part of the social model, e.g. in social and psychological studies. According to a Nordic context disability was mainly studied within medicine, social science and special education (Roulstone, 2013).

    It has been a lack of theoretical perspective in disability research and according to that a discussion of theoretical approaches in disability studies has been raised during the recent years (see e.g. Gustavsson, 2004; Bhaskar & Danermark, 2006; Söder, 2013).

    Aim: The aim of this paper is conceptually to describe and illustrate how vertical and horizontal knowledge integration appears in disability research, with an example from a study within brain injury.

    Results: Vertical integration is an understanding between different levels on a biological, psychological and social level. Horizontal integration is an understanding across varying disabilities. The study indicates that vertical and horizontal integration in disability research are useful for a broader and deeper understanding of the phenomena. It also indicates that different theoretical perspectives has been more common in disability research during last years and fill an important need in the development of disability research as an academic field.

  • 277.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Vertical and horizontal knowledge integration in disability research2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Disability research as an academic field was established in1960s and 1970s in the Nordic countries as in the Anglo-Saxon world. Disability research was studied within the medical model, e.g. in medical and rehabilitation studies, while disability studies became a part of the social model, e.g. in social and psychological studies. According to a Nordic context disability was mainly studied within medicine, social science and special education (Roulstone, 2013).

    It has been a lack of theoretical perspective in disability research and according to that a discussion of theoretical approaches in disability studies has been raised during the recent years (see e.g. Gustavsson, 2004; Bhaskar & Danermark, 2006; Söder, 2013).

    The aim of this paper is conceptually to describe and illustrate how vertical and horizontal knowledge integration appears in disability research, with an example from a study within brain injury.

    Vertical integration is an understanding between different levels on a biological, psychological and social level. Horizontal integration is an understanding across varying disabilities. Beside those concepts a bio-psycho-social perspective is mentioned and two theoretical approaches within disability research are described: human functioning sciences and interdisciplinary research. 

    The study indicates that vertical and horizontal knowledge-integration in disability research are useful for a broader and deeper understanding of the phenomena. It also indicates that different theoretical perspectives has been more common in disability research during last years and fill an important need in the development of disability research as an academic field.

  • 278.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Vertikal och horisontell kunskapsintegrering inom handikappforskningen2015Inngår i: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 92, nr 2, s. 216-224Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med artikel är att konceptuellt beskriva och illustrera hur vertikal och horisontell kunskapsintegration använts inom handikappforskningen. Vid sidan av det omnämns även ett bio-psyko-socialt perspektiv samt två teoretiska perspektiv inom handikappforskningen: human functioning och tvärvetenskap. Vertikal integration kan förstås som en stratifiering mellan olika nivåer; biologiskt, psykologiskt och socialt. Horisontell integration kan förstås på bredden tvärsöver olika funktionsnedsättningar. Studien tyder på att vertikal och horisontell integration inom handikappforskning är användbara för en bredare och djupare förståelse av funktionsnedsättning och funktionshinder, varinom olika teoretiska perspektiv blivit allt vanligare under de senaste åren.

  • 279.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Hälsovetenskapliga institutionen.
    Vuxna med förvärvad traumatisk hjärnskada - omställningsprocesser och konsekvenser i vardagslivet: en studie av femton personers upplevelser och erfarenheter av att leva med förvärvad traumatisk hjärnskada2006Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall purpose of this study is to illuminate the changeover process experienced by individuals who as adults acquired a traumatic brain injury (TBI), to increase the knowledge and the understanding of this process, and describe the meaning of support in every day life.

    Persons who acquired a TBI as adults were administered a semi-structured interview covering six areas: consequences of TBI, family and social networks, working life and occupation, life-changes, support from society and everyday life. The interviews were qualitative and in-depth. A total of 15 informants participated, aged between 19-53 years when injured. Data were structured and underwent two phases of analysis. In the first phase, data underwent latent content analysis, underpinned by a hermeneutic approach, and in the subsequent phase, reanalysed within a framework derived from the theory of social recognition.

    Findings from the first phase of inductive analysis elicited key themes: (i) the meaning of care, a question of formal and/or informal support; (ii) the meaning of action, a question of activity versus inactivity; (iii) autonomy, a question of dependence versus independence; (iv) social interaction, a question of encounter and/or treatment; (v) the theme of changes, a question of process versus stagnation; and (vi) emotions, an oscillation between hope versus hopelessness. After the construction of the six themes each of them were, through a discursive analysis, connected with theories, earlier studies in the field of brain injuries and important interview quotations from the empirical material. During this phase, an interest developed to study the material from a new theoretical point of view. The second phase of analysis therefore involved the development of a framework derived from Honneth’s (1995) theory of social recognition. The central construct of ‘recognition’ was analysed from three different dimensions proposed by Honneth: the individual dimension, the legal dimension, the value dimension. Using this framework, the data were reanalysed. The scientific term for this process of re-contextualisation and re-description of data is abduction inference.

    Reported consequences were negative as well as positive. Significant others (e.g. next of kin) had an important function as a driving force for training and preparation for life-situation after injury. A majority of the informants were satisfied with support from society, such as hospital-care, rehabilitation and community support. Such support, initially, proceeded without problems but as time passed, the responsibility shifted to the person with TBI to take the initiative in arranging longer-term services. Long-term support which addresses physical, cognitive as well as psychosocial consequences of the TBI is important for outcomes. The majority of the informants had difficulties in returning to working life after the injury. The outcomes and recovery seemed to be a prolonged process, probably never ending, but which gradually over time becomes integrated as a part of life. The informants gave varying accounts of the extent to which they experienced social recognition.

  • 280.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Vårdkommunikation i teori och praktik: recension av en kursbok2009Inngår i: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, nr 2, s. 222-224Artikkel, omtale (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 281.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Simpson, Grahame
    Ingham Institute of Applied Medical Research, Sydney, Australia; School of Human Services and Social Work, Griffith University, Queensland, Australia.
    An Audit of Literature Reviews Published in Australian Social Work (2007-2017)2020Inngår i: Australian Social Work, ISSN 0312-407X, E-ISSN 1447-0748, Vol. 73, nr 1, s. 18-31Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined the nature of literature reviews published in Australian Social Work between 2007 and 2017. An audit was conducted to determine the number of reviews; types of reviews (systematic, meta-analysis, metasynthesis, scoping, narrative, conceptual, critical); and elements that were commonly reported (based on items drawn from the PRISMA checklist) including quality appraisal. A total of 21 reviews were identified. Results showed the overall number of reviews published remained relatively consistent across the decade. In relation to review types, systematic and scoping reviews appeared with greater frequency in more recent years. Most reviews reported significant proportions of the elements consistent with the type of review undertaken, although a minority did not report the search strategies and only one review included a quality appraisal. In conclusion, the reviews published over the last decade provide a strong foundation upon which further advances in the diversity and quality of reviews can be built.

    IMPLICATIONS

    • Literature reviews are an indispensable tool for accessingknowledge to inform social work practice.
    • This first audit of literature reviews in Australian Social Work found a growing sophistication in the reviews published over the pastdecade.
    • Continued improvements in the design, conduct, and reporting of literature reviews will be an invaluable resource in equipping the profession to respond successfully to the growing complexity of demands placed on social work practice in the 21st century.
  • 282.
    Sundberg, Jenny
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    Svensson, Emma
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    Att hantera sin förälders missbruk: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om socialarbetares förståelse av copingstrategier hos barn till missbrukande föräldrar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka vilka copingstrategier barn till missbrukande föräldrar använder sig av för att hantera detta missbruk. En kvalitativ ansats och metod har använts för att besvara syftet. Datainsamlingen gjordes genom kvalitativa semistrukturerade intervjuer med sex socialarbetare med yrkeserfarenhet av att möta barn till missbrukande föräldrar. Materialet analyserades tematiskt och därefter applicerades Lazarus och Folkmans (1984) teori om coping på resultaten. Studiens slutsats är att barn har olika typer av copingstrategier för att hantera sina föräldrars missbruk och att copingstrategierna skiljer sig åt beroende på barnens ålder och kön.

  • 283.
    Sundgren, Monia
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    Andersson, Monica
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    När banden klipps: Familjehemsföräldrars upplevelse och önskemål av stöd från socialtjänsten när en längre placering upphör2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate how foster parents experience support from social services when a long term placement of a child ceases, and to find out what kind of support the foster parents wishes from Social Services after the placement termination. Qualitative interviews with five foster parents was performed and the results showed that a clear majority wished to receive support from the social services in connection with and after the placement had ended. The reason for this seems to be the strong feelings of sadness and loss that occurs when losing contact with a beloved child. All participants were unwilling to foster again, based on their experiences. Support requested was counseling, as well as continued insight into the child's life during the transition period after the child has moved. Our study indicates that there is a need for further research regarding support to foster care parents.

  • 284.
    Talman, Lena
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Wilder, Jenny
    Stockholms universitet.
    Stier, Jonas
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Humaniora och medier.
    Christine, Gustafsson
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Staff members and managers’ views of the conditions for the participation of adults with profound intellectual disability or profound intellectual and multiple disabilities2019Inngår i: JARID: Journal of applied research in intellectual disabilities, ISSN 1360-2322, E-ISSN 1468-3148, Vol. 32, nr 1, s. 143-151Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Participation is a central aspect of quality of life, and it is indicative of high‐quality outcomes for people with intellectual disabilities. However, participation is difficult to achieve for adults with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities.

    Aim

    To describe staff members’ perceptions of what participation means for adults with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities.

    Method

    Using a phenomenographic approach, 27 interviews were analysed resulting in variations in the conditions for participation.

    Results

    The interviews revealed conditions for participation at individual, staff and organisational levels.

    Conclusion

    Participation appears to be an un‐reflected phenomenon, and several conditions must be met to achieve it. The conditions are experienced being fundamental for adults within the target group to achieve any kind of participation. The staff members and managers’ perceptions of participation as conditional can make it more difficult for adults within the target group to achieve the Swedish disability policy goal of participation.

  • 285.
    Tideman, Magnus
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Litteraturöversikt: Funktionsnedsättning och funktionshinder i välfärdssamhället2018Inngår i: Socionomen, ISSN 0283-1929, nr 4, s. 1-8Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 286.
    Tomt, Emma
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    Fältskog, Ronja
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    ”En kanna av skam” som tystar sexuella övergrepp: En kvalitativ studie om flickors känslomässiga påverkan av pappans sexuella övergrepp i barndomen2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns flickor som under sin barndom blir utsatta för sexuella övergrepp. Syftet med studien var att få kunskap om hur dessa flickor påverkas känslomässigt efter att pappan utsatt dem för sexuella övergrepp men även hur flickorna påverkats av föräldrarnas inställning till övergreppen. Materialet består av fyra självbiografier och metoden som används är kvalitativ. Teorier om skam, skuld och sociala band är studiens teoretiska utgångspunkt och det empiriska materialet har analyserats utifrån tematisk analys. Resultatet av studien visar att flickorna i självbiografierna påverkades känslomässigt negativt och upplevde svek, skuld och skam.

  • 287.
    Torrång, Elin
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    Welam, Kari
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    ”Det är jag som bestämmer om min barndom ska få hindra mig eller inte”.: En kvalitativ studie om anknytning och resiliens hos barn som vuxitupp i en miljö präglad av alkoholmissbruk och/eller psykisk sjukdom.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Tidigare forskning gällande barn som vuxit upp med föräldrar med psykisk sjukdom/ohälsa eller missbruksproblematik har till stor del fokuserat på negativa aspekter. Syftet med denna studie var att genom fyra självbiografier undersöka individuella faktorer som kan bidra till en positiv utveckling, hos barn som vuxit upp med någon vuxen med psykisk sjukdom och/eller alkoholmissbruk. Studiens frågeställningar rörde vilka individuella egenskaper som bidragit till välmående i vuxenlivet, om några av dessa är gemensamma mellan författarna samt minnen från barndomen som kan relateras till anknytning. Studiens teoretiska grund bestod av anknytningsteori samt resiliens, för att undersöka anknytningens betydelse för dessa barn samt hur motståndskraft kan utvecklas hos dessa barn enligt teori och forskning. Studiens resultat visade på flertalet individuella och gemensamma faktorer hos författarna samt de minnen som kunde relateras till anknytning. Resultatet analyserades genom tematisk analys, vilket härledde 4 teman: skyddsnät, anknytning, individens karaktär samt strategier för att överleva.

  • 288.
    Turunen, Päivi
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Marusarz, Marika
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Omvårdnad.
    Framtidsutmaningar för alternativ omsorg i glesbygder2017Inngår i: Social omsorg i socialt arbete: Grunder och fördjupningar / [ed] Stina Johansson, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2017, 1, s. 217-237Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 289.
    Tägtgren, Ann-Sofie
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    Östberg, Kamilla
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    "Man gör det man kan, och finns där…": Hemtjänstpersonals upplevelser av den psykosociala arbetsmiljön2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur hemtjänstpersonal verksamma i en kom-mun med Sveriges högsta sjukfrånvaro, upplever den psykosociala arbetsmiljön ut-ifrån aspekterna rollkonflikt, socialt stöd och samvetsstress samt upplevda hinder och möjligheter inom området. Metoden var kvalitativa enskilda semistrukturerade intervjuer med fem hemtjänstpersonal. Resultatet visade att respondenterna hade upplevelser av rollkonflikter, bristande socialt stöd och samvetsstress. Vidare visade resultaten att upplevda hinder för en god psykosocial arbetsmiljö var stress, bris-tande kommunikation och information. Möjligheter för en god psykosocial arbets-miljö upplevdes vara god kommunikation och gott samarbete med andra profess-ioner samt möjlighet att vårda relationen till brukaren för att bättre möta dennes behov. Studien visade att respondenternas upplevelser av psykosocial arbetsmiljö och de undersökta aspekterna rollkonflikt, socialt stöd och samvetsstress till stor del var orsakade av äldreomsorgens och hemtjänstens förändringar. Studien visade även att respondenterna arbetar under de psykosociala arbetsförhållanden som kan ge mest negativa hälsoeffekter.

  • 290.
    Törneman, Lena
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    Frykberg, Mimmi
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    "Jag slåss med rosa handskar, men de är fan inte fluffiga": En kvalitativ studie om verksamheten Pink Gloves Boxing2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka vilken betydelse verksamheten Pink Gloves Boxing haft för enskilda deltagares psykosociala livssituation, som öppenvårdsinsats i Borlänge kommun. Dessutom har syftet varit att undersöka vilka komponenter i verksamheten som bidragit till en eventuell förändring avseende psykosocial livssituation.

    Då studien ämnat fånga deltagares subjektiva upplevelser av Pink Gloves Boxing har det empiriska materialet insamlats genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med sex deltagare. Genom en tematisk analys av det insamlade materialet framkom centrala teman och subteman, vilka utgjort grunden i studiens resultatdel. För att analysera resultatet har en teoretisk tolkningsram tillämpats, vilken innefattat teorier om empowerment och genus.

    Samtliga informanter pekar på bättre fysik och ökad psykisk hälsa, av sitt deltagande i verksamheten. Stresshantering, aggressionskontroll och grupptillhörighet är exempel på förtjänster av ett deltagande, som informanterna framhållit. Gynnande komponenter som framträder i verksamheten är tränarnas roll, gruppen, träningsformen och verksamhetens upplägg, som exempelvis endast kvinnliga deltagare och gruppsamtal.

  • 291.
    Udo, Camilla
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    Forsman, Henrietta
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Omvårdnad.
    Jensfelt, Marcus
    Flink, Maria
    Perceptions of knowledge, research use and evidence-based practice among Swedish medical social workers – a qualitative study2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and aim: With the intention to do more good than harm, it is important to rely on practice that is rooted in evidence-based guidelines so that clients are given the exact care they need. Thus, from a client safety perspective, the social worker needs to apply evidence-based practice (EBP). Learning more about the medical social workers’ perceptions of EBP has the potential to contribute to an increased understanding of how best available knowledge can be implemented in medical social work settings to provide high quality and safe practice to clients. Therefore the aim of this study was to explore medical social workers’ perceptions of evidence-based practice (EBP), including factors relevant for the successful implementation of evidence into medical social work practice.

    Methods: This is a qualitative study. Eight focus group interviews were conducted that included 27 medical social workers. Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis.

    Results: Analysis resulted in two categories: “knowledge in practice” and “challenges in relation to the implementation of EBP” and four subcategories: “practice based on research evidence or experience”, “obtaining new evidence of practice”, “research and the social work context”, and “barriers and facilitating factors”. Participants tended to perceive EBP as theoretical and positivistic while perceiving their own knowledge as eclectic and experience-based. Although they perceived the relevance of research findings to their practice, they expressed a need for support to translate research into policy and practice. They also reported that studies about their specific work were scarce.

    Conclusion and implications: The facilitating factors suggested by the medical social workers which concerned, e.g., a specially designated person responsible for supporting the increased use of research findings, support for prioritization of time, increased opportunities for the sharing of knowledge, and time for consultations, need to be considered when promoting the implementation of EBP within medical social work settings. The medical social workers’ suggestion for the facilitation of knowledge exchange needs further investigation.

  • 292.
    Udo, Camilla
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    Forsman, Henrietta
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Omvårdnad.
    Jensfelt, Marcus
    Karolinska University Hospital.
    Flink, Maria
    Karolinska University Hospital; Karolinska Institutet.
    Research use and evidence-based practice among Swedish medical social workers: a qualitative study2019Inngår i: Clinical social work journal, ISSN 0091-1674, E-ISSN 1573-3343, Vol. 47, nr 3, s. 258-265Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 293.
    Vethanayagam, Natalie
    et al.
    Barnsley Hospital, Barnsley, United Kingdom.
    Orrell, Alison
    Bangor University, School of Social Sciences, Bangor, United Kingdom.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    McKee, Kevin
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    Orme, Susan
    Barnsley Hospital, Barnsley, United Kingdom.
    Parker, Stuart G
    Newcastle University, Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle, United Kingdom.
    Gilhooly, Mary
    Brunel University London, Department of Clinical Sciences, London, United Kingdom.
    Understanding help-seeking in older people with urinary incontinence: An interview study2017Inngår i: Health & Social Care in the Community, ISSN 0966-0410, E-ISSN 1365-2524, Vol. 25, nr 3, s. 1061-1069Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI) increases with age and can negatively affect quality of life.  However, relatively few older people with UI seek treatment.  The aim of this study was to explore the views of older people with UI on the process of seeking help.

    Older people with UI were recruited to the study from three continence services in the north of England: a geriatrician-led hospital outpatient clinic (n=18), a community based nurse-led service (n=22) and a consultant gynaecologist-led service specialising in surgical treatment (n=10). Participants took part in semi-structured interviews, which were transcribed and underwent thematic content analysis.

    Three main themes emerged: Being brushed aside, in which participants expressed the feeling that general practitioners did not prioritise or recognise their concerns; Putting up with it, in which participants delayed seeking help for their UI due to various reasons including embarrassment, the development of coping mechanisms, perceiving UI as a normal part of the ageing process, or being unaware that help was available; and Something has to be done, in which help-seeking was prompted by the recognition that their UI was a serious problem, whether as a result of experiencing UI in public, the remark of a relative, the belief that they had a serious illness, or the detection of UI during comprehensive geriatric assessment.

    Greater awareness that UI is a treatable condition and not a normal part of ageing is needed in the population and amongst health professionals. Comprehensive geriatric assessment appeared an important trigger for referral and treatment in our participants.  Screening questions by health care professionals could be a means to identify, assess and treat older people with UI.

  • 294.
    Walizadah, Hermia
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    Jansson, Kalle
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    Skolans arbete med hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck: En kvalitativ studie om hur skolpersonalen arbetar med elever som är utsatta för hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The school must work to detect, prevent and provide protection in case of emergency situations to students who are exposed to honor-related violence and oppression. The research about how schools should work with honor-related violence and oppression is lacking. The aim of the study was to investigate how school staff work with students who are subjected to honor-related violence and oppression. The study is based on six qualitive interviews with school staff: principals, school counselors and teachers. The result showed that the schools are working to create relations with students and their parents, the schools have an action plan, offering counselling from the school counselor and the school staff is organizing boy groups where they discuss masculine standards, girl groups where the school staff strengthens the girls by talking about women’s rights and parent groups where the school staff supports the parents in their parenting roles. We can see differences in the work based on the school staff's own interest and knowledge.

  • 295.
    Wallström, Caroline
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    Ensamkommande ungdomars behov: En kvalitativ intervjustudie som kartlägger ensamkommande ungdomarnas fysiska och psykiska mående utifrån boendepersonalens uppfattningar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study has been to identify how the work is conducted in five municipal homes for care and accommodation for unaccompanied refugee youths. Five qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with six respondents who work as staff in the youth accommodation for unaccompanied refugee youths. The results were analyzed based on Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. The results showed a spread among the youths where some had difficulties with the most basic needs such as eating and sleeping, while other young people had worked their way up in the hierarchy and were on the top of the stairs working for self-actualization.

  • 296.
    Wedel Allgulin, Anna
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    Lövstrand, Julia
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    Problematisk skolfrånvaro på högstadiet: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om elevhälsans förbyggande och åtgärdande arbete2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Det saknas kunskap om elevhälsans arbete med problematisk skolfrånvaro. Syftet med studien var därför att beskriva hur elevhälsoteam på högstadieskolor arbetar kring elever med problematisk skolfrånvaro. Detta är en kvalitativ studie, där vi gjort fokusgruppsintervjuer med en tematisk intervjuguide innehållande frågor som avser att besvara studiens syfte och frågeställningar. Studiens resultat visar att elevhälsans strategier för att motverka problematisk skolfrånvaro främst handlar om överlämningar, kartläggningar, tydliga rutiner, individuella och organisatoriska anpassningar samt trygghet och relationsarbete. Organisatoriska resurser är viktiga för att elevhälsan ska ha förutsättningar för att samverka externt. Studiens viktigaste slutsats är att lärandemiljöer ska inkludera alla barn med dess olika behov och förutsättningar för att barnen inte ska hamna utanför och bli stigmatiserade. Elever som utvecklar skolfrånvaro påverkas av skolmiljön, hälsofaktorer och familjefaktorer. Organisationers samverkan kring barn med olika behov blir därför av stor vikt för att fånga upp barnen med komplexa stödbehov.

  • 297.
    Wärman Rainer, Frida
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    För barn eller akademiker?: En studie om socialtjänstens webbaserade information för barn och unga.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att få en fördjupad kunskap om hur socialtjänsten i Dalarna informerar barn och unga om sina verksamheter via webben. En kombination av kvalitativ och kvantitativ metod har använts och data har samlats in med hjälp av en innehållsanalys av samtliga dalakommuners webbaserade information. Data som samlats in har analyserats med hjälp av barnperspektivet samt teorier kring strategisk kommunikation. Av resultatet har framkommit att det utifrån ett barnperspektiv råder stora brister i kommunernas webbaserade information samt att kommunerna inte tycks ha några strategier för hur kommunikationen med barn och ungdomar bör ske. Av resultaten framkommer även att rådande lagstiftning samt FNs konvention om barnets rättigheter inte tas hänsyn till.

  • 298.
    Zimmermann, Angélique
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    Vad innebär hunden för våra brukare?: Personalens erfarenheter av djurassisterade insatser medhundar inom kommunal LSS-dagverksamhet i Dalarnas län.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka hur brukare påverkas av att det finns

    hundar i form av djurassisterade insatser i den kommunala, dagliga LSSverksamheten

    i Dalarnas län. Det är en kvalitativ studie som inleddes genom en

    kvantitativ kartläggning rörande förekomsten av hundar eller andra djur i alla

    kommunala LSS-verksamheter i Dalarna. Den begränsas till personalens

    perspektiv på effekten av hundassisterade insatser gällande målgruppen och

    resultaten baseras på halvstrukturerade intervjuer med personal från samtliga

    kommunala dagverksamheter i Dalarna, där brukare erbjuds hundassisterade

    insatser. Resultaten har analyserats med hjälp av tidigare forskning, KASAM och

    social responsivitet. De visar hur och att den hundassisterade insatsen främjar

    psykiskt och fysiskt välbefinnande samt motiverar verksamhetens brukare till att

    utveckla fysiska, psykiska och sociala färdigheter. Jag fann belägg för att

    människor mår bra av att umgås med hundar och att brukare drar fördel av

    hundassisterade insatser – på många olika sätt.

  • 299.
    Åkerlund, Helena
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    Åkerlund, Sanna
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    Att arbeta med nätverksplaceringar: En kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares egna upplevelser2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Enligt svensk lagstiftning ska socialtjänsten i första hand beakta barnets nätverk såsom anhörig eller närstående om en placering blir aktuell så kallad nätverksplacering. Syftet med studien är att få en fördjupad kunskap om hur socialsekreterare upplever nätverksplaceringar. Studien är utförd med en kvalitativ ansats där sex socialsekreterare, alla med erfarenhet från nätverksplaceringar, svarade på semistrukturerade intervjufrågor. Det empiriska materialet analyserades tematiskt med hjälp av teorier som utgick från makt, sociala band och anknytning. I resultatet framkom att socialsekreterarnas upplevelser i det mesta är samstämmiga. De har en överlag positiv bild av nätverksplaceringar trots att de även tar upp flera nackdelar som väger in. De menar att man alltid ska se till varje barns bästa och utgå från vad hen har för behov. Där relationerna fungerar mellan de berörda anser de att nätverksplacering är ett bra alternativ.

  • 300.
    Åkerström, Karolina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    "Stress finns alltid med i bilden": Skolrelaterad stress hos barn – en fråga för skolkuratorn?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur skolkuratorer beskriver skolrelaterad stress hos barn samt hur de i sin yrkesroll arbetar med frågor som rör skolrelaterad stress hos barn. Metoden i studien var kvalitativ och semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med skolkuratorer arbetandes inom grundskolan. Studiens teoretiska tolkningsram var känsla av sammanhang (KASAM) och socialt stöd för att få en vidgad förståelse för barns skolrelaterade stress och skolkuratorns roll i det psykosociala arbetet med frågor som rör barns skolrelaterade stress. Studiens resultat visade att skolkuratorerna såg en hög förekomst av skolrelaterad stress hos barn och då främst relaterat till det sociala samspelet, prestationskrav och förväntningar i skolarbetet samt skolans organisatoriska struktur. Av studien framkom att skolkuratorerna ansåg att frågor gällande skolrelaterad stress är viktiga att arbeta med, på individ-, grupp- och organisationsnivå.

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