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  • 2551.
    Calixte, Dominique
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, French.
    D’anciens mots français du XVIIe siècle et le parler acadien.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    French has not always been the sophisticated language that we know today. This language, which linguists and grammarians have worked hard to refine centuries after centuries, was not exported everywhere beyond the borders of France. The New France on the other side of the Atlantic Ocean was a witness to that. This Acadian dialect, spoken on the east coast of Canada and considered Old French, sparked our curiosity to study it more closely.That said, our work follows the French language exodus to Acadia and the difficulties encountered in safeguarding it. Thus, we will demonstrate, that in the Acadian Peninsula in New Brunswick, Canada, old words removed from the French dictionary are still used in the Acadians oral language. Our study focus on twenty old words by questioning 150 persons of different generations. The assumption was that the level of education would affect the percentage of use of old words.4As a result of our analysis, we found that even with the increase in education, some words are not ready to disappear from the spoken language. But openness to the world might force Acadians to adapt to a modernized language and abandon the old French words.

  • 2552. Calleberg, Caroline
    Karaktärsgestaltningen av Aria i Pretty Little Liars - en adaptionsanalys2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att analysera hur karaktäriseringen av Aria Montgomery har ändrats från den första boken ur Pretty Little Liars-serien till pilotavsnittet av TV-serien Pretty Little Liars. Med hjälp av Richard J. Hands analysredskap jämförs vad som har tagits bort, marginaliserats, lagts till, förändrats och förstärkts i adaptionen från bok till TV-serie. Samtidigt används Linda segers fyra steg för hur man analyserar relationer mellan karaktärer. Dessa och ämnena karaktärsegenskaper och handlande karaktär tar upp tre sekvenser där karaktären Aria är med sin familj och där Aria är med Ezra och hennes vänner. Analysen har kommit fram till både skillnader och likheter. Aria skildras som en mer utåtriktad karaktär som också är omtänksam mot sin familj och vänner i TV-serien, jämfört med boken. Hon är också mogen och är konstruerad som en bättre förebild som är lätt att känna igen sig i i TV-serien.

  • 2553.
    Calle-Fernández, Araceli
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    En fallstudie om genrebaserad undervisning i spanska som modersmål2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to study the practical implementation of the genre-based model known as the Curriculum Cycle (also called "The Teaching and Learning Cycle") in teaching Spanish as a mother tongue in a

    class of five students in grades 7-9 in Sweden. The study also examines students' views on this model.

    The Curriculum Cycle is a systematic didactical sequence that involves four stages, each of them with a specific purpose

    but all of them working towards the common goal of developing the students’ ability to write texts in different school genres.

    In this study, the teacher’s work using the Curriculum Cycle is described

    through direct observations in the classroom and the students’ views are examined based on their answers to a questionnaire at the end of the teaching period.

    The results of the study suggest that this model offers a good framework to organize the lessons and teach the writing process in a clear and explicit way. Beside

    s, according to the students this method helped them to write narrative texts in a systematic way. In particular, they liked the interaction and the support of peer feedback during the writing process.

  • 2554.
    Camacho Andersson, Emil
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Karlsson, Jonathan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Effekter av Internet of Things: Scenariobaserad studie som beskriver inledande effekter av Internet of Things i en verksamhet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The term "Internet of Things" refers to when an object from the real world becomes a part of the internet. Tunabyggen in Borlänge plans to implement an information system that will monitor temperature and humidity in selected facilities using a constant internet connection and different sensors. It is a simple system that doesn't seem to have a major impact on the current operations. The economic effects is often possible to calculate in advance, but the impact on staff, environment and routines may be forgotten.

    We have with this thesis examined the initial effects that may occur after the implementation of a new information system with Internet of Things functionality in a business, within the categories of economy, working environment, environmental impact and system management.

    To answer this we made a case study which is based on a scenario methodology that consists of four phases. Phase 1, where we got our case and created an understanding of the scenario field. Phase 2, identifying the key factors. It has been done through a literature study and interviews with relevant staff on Tunabyggen. Phase 3, where the analysis of these key factors were made through the situation and future analysis. Phase 4, where we generate scenarios of the analyzed key factors. Finally we have done a SWOT analysis to highlight the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats.

    The results clearly show signs that there will be many effects for Tunabyggen after the implementation of the new information system, which manifests itself in all categories. The conclusion is that even the implementation of a menial information system like this one, the impacts are many. This is something that we believe should be considered by all companies that are thinking of acquiring a new system so they do not only evaluate IT-systems in economic terms, but also other factors that play a crucial role for the implementation of an information system to be successful.

  • 2555.
    Camacho Andersson, Jonatan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Molntjänster för utvecklings- och testverksamhet i krisberedskapsmyndigheter2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Molntjänster har blivit ett intressant fenomen i IT-världen. Molntjänster har skapat möjligheter för företag och individer att effektivisera sin verksamhet för en minimal avgift istället för att driftsätta egna servrar. Detta blir möjligt genom att erbjuda flera olika tjänster på varierande distributionsmodeller. Till följd av detta fenomen förekommer serviceförfrågningar av molntjänster kontinuerligt bland svenska privata företag och myndigheter. De privata företagen har ingen skyldighet att följa lagar som begränsar dem från att använda molntjänster, i motsats till krisberedskapsmyndigheterna och deras utvecklings- och testverksamhet. Detta examensarbete kommer fokusera på att analysera de möjligheter som finns för svenska krisberedskapsmyndigheters och deras utvecklings- och testverksamheter att använda molntjänster

    Examensarbetet genomfördes som en kvalitativ studie med hjälp av intervjuer och litteraturstudier som datainsamlingsmetoder. Intervjuerna genomfördes på anställda i en krisberedskapsmyndighet för att ge en bild av hur dessa anställda med varierande befattningar tolkar molntjänster samt dess för- och nackdelar. Litteraturstudien användes för att spegla andra nationers synpunkter på molntjänster i myndigheter, samt vilka svenska lagar och regelverk som kan förhindra molntjänster i en krisberedskapsmyndighet.

    Resultatet av examensarbetet visade att det existerar möjligheter för användning av molntjänster i en krisberedskapsmyndighet. Detta görs möjligt genom att analysera informationen som skall distribueras på en molntjänst.

  • 2556.
    Camacho Padilla, Fernando
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Spanish.
    Combates entre la memoria y la historia de Chile: Conflictos sobre el pasado reciente2009In: Stockholm Review of Latin American Studies, ISSN 1654-0204, no 5Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [un]

    The reestablishment of democracy in Chile has seen an intense debate about the events of the recent past, especially on the issue of human rights. From the very beginning, the Concertacion Government has been determined to discover the truth of the repression carried out by the national security forces with a series of commissions that have gathered the testimonies of victims and their relatives. These efforts have been resisted by conservative sectors linked to the dictatorship and the Armed Forces. There has been intense conflict in the media during the past 20 years about events that occurred during the rule of Salvador Allende and the Military Regime. In this regard, a great diversity of information has been produced which, together with the debate evoked, has enabled historians not only to rigorously and thoroughly reconstruct the operation of the state terror but also to explain how a significant sector of Chile’s civil society allowed that situation. This article presents, on one hand, different methodological tools in order to study the recent past and, on the other hand, the social discussion on how to do it.

  • 2557.
    Camacho Padilla, Fernando
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Spanish.
    Historia Reciente del Pueblo Mapuche (1970-2003): Presencia y Protagonismo en la vida política de Chile2004In: Pensamiento critico: revista electrònica de historia, ISSN 0717-7224, E-ISSN 0717-7224, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [un]

    This article relates the Actual History of the Mapuche People with the different political processes that have taken place in Chile from 1970 until the present time, passing through the government of Popular Unity, the Pinochet’s Regime and the return of Democracy. The purpose of this paper is to show that the political and social conditions of the Mapuche People were directly connected with what was going on in Chile during those years, not only being part of the general Chilean History but also protagonist and mean actors of the moment.

  • 2558.
    Camacho Padilla, Fernando
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Spanish.
    La cibermovilización como estrategia de resistencia: El caso de los pueblos originarios2005In: Revista Chilena de Antropología Visual, ISSN 0718-876x, no 5Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present article an analysis is made of the use of Internet as weapon of denunciation on the part of the original towns of Latin America within the context of the actions of the calls "groups antiglobalización". In order to understand the arrival of indigenous to the cyberspace this work is framed within the emergent of Internet and the arrival of alternative organizations in opposition to the neoliberal system.

  • 2559.
    Camacho Padilla, Fernando
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Spanish.
    La diáspora chilena y su confrontación con la Embajada de Chile en Suecia, 1973- 19822006In: Emigrados, exiliados y retornados. Chilenos en América y Europa, de 1973 a 2004 / [ed] del Pozo, José, Santiago de Chile: RIL Editores , 2006Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [un]

    La presencia de chilenos en el exterior constituye un elemento importante del Chile actual. De ello da cuenta, por ejemplo, la denominación de XIV Región, para referirse a esta realidad. A pesar de esto, no existen publicaciones que aborden esta problemática con una mirada de conjunto. Este volumen espera contribuir a un mejor conocimiento del tema. En este libro se compilan ocho textos que analizan diversos aspectos del exilio, la emigración y el retorno al país. Se propone una tipología de las migraciones sudamericanas hacia Europa, así como se analiza la diáspora chilena en Suecia, Francia y Brasil. Del mismo modo, se analizan organizaciones de chilenos en el extranjero, como la Casa de Chile en México u organizaciones comunitarias de chilenos en Canadá. También se destaca un estudio sobre Osvaldo Gitano Rodríguez, a partir del análisis de su correspondencia.

  • 2560.
    Camacho Padilla, Fernando
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Spanish.
    Las relaciones entre Chile y Suecia durante el primer gobierno de Olof Palme, 1969-19762007In: Iberoamericana: América Latina, España, Portugal, ISSN 1577-3388, E-ISSN 2255-520X, Vol. VII, no 25, p. 65-85Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [un]

    Durante el primer gobierno del socialdemócrata Olof Palme, las relaciones bilaterales entre Chile y Suecia fueron las más intensas de toda su historia, tanto en cercanía como en conflictividad. La razón la encontramos en los distintos fenómenos políticos que vivió Chile en ese periodo, puesto que Palme coincidió temporalmente con tres gobiernos claramente diferenciados: la Democracia Cristiana, la Unidad Popular y el Régimen Militar. Si las relaciones sueco-chilenas tuvieron su mejor momento durante el mandato de Salvador Allende, el golpe de Estado significó todo lo contrario. El compromiso que tuvo el embajador de Suecia, Harald Edelstam, por quienes eran perseguidos en Chile le llevó a su expulsión, lo que se tradujo en un claro deterioro de las relaciones y el inicio de una nueva etapa marcada por el gran contingente de exiliados que comenzaron a llegar a Suecia. Este trabajo analiza los principales acontecimientos diplomáticos ocurridos entre Chile y Suecia así como las consecuencias que tuvieron durante el gobierno de Olof Palme.

  • 2561.
    Camacho Padilla, Fernando
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Spanish.
    Los asilados de las embajadas de Europa Occidental en Chile tras el golpe militar y sus consecuencias diplomáticas: El caso de Suecia2006In: Revista Europea de Estudios Latinoamericanos y del Caribe / European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, ISSN 0924-0608, E-ISSN 1879-4750, no 81, p. 21-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [un]

    Given the expectations that western governments had in the reforms being implemented by the Unidad Popular, the September 1973 coup d’état in Chile caused a great international outcry. The violence and repression that accompanied the military coup produced a worldwide repudiation of the military junta. Sweden stood out most consistently among the countries that declared their opposition to Chile during the period of the dictatorship by continuously denouncing the violations to human rights. In this context, Sweden’s Ambassador to Chile, Harald Edelstam, played a very important role in saving the lives of hundreds of Chilean citizens and foreign nationals who sought refuge from the regime’s bloody repression. Making use of the privileges he enjoyed as a diplomat, Edelstam confronted the military authorities to release people wrongfully sentenced to the death penalty. As a result, he was declared persona non grata and forced to leave Chile. This was the beginning of a long and controversial diplomatic relationship that lasted until the return of democracy in Chile in 1990. This article is a first attempt at understanding how human rights violations affected bilateral relations between Chile and Sweden with respect to the diplomatic efforts of Ambassador Harald Edelstam.

  • 2562.
    Camacho Padilla, Fernando
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Spanish.
    Los frutos literarios del caso Pinochet2005In: Ibero-Americana, Nordic Journal of Latin American Studies, ISSN 0046-8444, Vol. XXXV, no 2, p. 25-37Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [un]

    En este artículo se presenta una serie de publicaciones relacionadas con la detención del ex dictador Augusto Pinochet en Londres, que tuvo lugar en 1998. A lo largo del artículo se van analizando cada una de las obras y, asimismo, se revisa su valor historiográfico.

  • 2563.
    Camacho Padilla, Fernando
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Spanish.
    Memorias enfrentadas: las reacciones a los informes Nunca Más de Argentina y Chile2008In: Persona y Sociedad, ISSN 0716–730X, Vol. XXII, no 2, p. 67-99Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [un]

    This paper analyzes the most immediate responses of human rights institutions, the Armed Forces, political parties, and society following the publication of the Report of the National Commission on the Disappeared (Conadep) in Argentina and the Report of the National Commission for Truth and Reconciliation (CNVR) in Chile. The publication of these reports had a great national significance because, only one year after the reestablishment of democracy, they officially recognized the human rights violations committed during the preceding dictatorships. Each of the four sectors mentioned in this article responded to the reports in its own way, according to its demands and political ideology.

  • 2564.
    Camacho Padilla, Fernando
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Spanish.
    Sverige för Chile =Suecia por Chile: en historia i bilder om exil och solidaritet, 1970-1990 = una historia visual del exilio y la solidaridad, 1970-19902009Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [es]

    Las imágenes de este libro presentan las actividades del movimiento de solidaridad con Chile y la vida de los exiliados en Suecia. Por ello, la obra comienza con la victoria de la Unidad Popular en 1970 y termina con la restauración de la democracia en 1990, haciendo un recorrido temporal por cada año de la vida en Suecia durante el periodo del régimen militar.

  • 2565.
    Camacho Padilla, Fernando
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Spanish.
    Una memoria consensuada: El Informe Rettig2004In: Actas del V Congreso chileno de Antropología, San Felipe (Chile), 2004, Vol. II, p. 1053-1062Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [un]

    No cabe duda que hoy día la memoria de la dictadura militar (1973-1990) está presente en la vida cotidiana de Chile más que ningún otro periodo histórico. La razón se encuentra en los trágicos sucesos que se vivieron duran- te esos años en materia de derechos humanos. Don Patricio Aylwin, primer presidente electo democráticamente en tras 17 años de autoritarismo y una figura comprometida con los derechos humanos, era consciente de la necesi- dad de investigar la verdad de los crímenes de lesa humanidad ocurridos en Chile. Para ello creó la Comisión Nacional de Verdad y Reconciliación, aunque consideró menester limitar el contenido de su informe con el fin de no amedrentar a las Fuerzas Armadas, las cuales gozaban todavía de mucho poder. Asimismo, el apoyo electoral de los partidos de derecha fue un factor que logró coartar el contenido del informe de la comisión. En este trabajo se presentan aquellas cuestiones que más relevancia tuvieron en la conformación de la verdad de la represión, tales como sus objetivos, sus integrantes y su metodología.

  • 2566.
    Camacho Padilla, Fernando
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Spanish.
    Una vida para Chile = Ett liv för Chile: la solidaridad y la comunidad chilena en Suecia, 1970-2010 = solidariteten med Chiles folk och chilenare i Sverige 1970-20102011Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den största gruppen chilenare i Europa återfinns idag i Sverige. Att de kom så många chilenska flyktingar till Sverige på sjuttio- och åttiotalen har sin bakgrund i den socialdemokratiska regeringens öppna inställning till flyktingmottagning, speciellt under Olof Palmes regeringstid, och även i den starka solidaritetsrörelse som växte fram i Sverige. I boken presenteras flera faktorer som gjorde det möjligt för chilenska flyktingar att komma till Sverige. Solidaritetsrörelsen med Chile, socialdemokratins kontakter med chilenska politiska ledare och de mekanismer genom vilka flyktingarna kom till Sverige efter statskuppen 1973 är speciellt viktiga faktorer. Utmärkande drag för solidaritetsrörelsen och den chilenska kolonin i Sverige beskrivs också, bland annat hur chilenarna organiserade sig och hur deras kulturella verksamhet såg ut.

  • 2567.
    Camacho Padilla, Fernando
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Spanish.
    Masoliver, Joaquín
    Vidales, Carlos
    América Latina2009Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [un]

    América Latina es un manual de iniciación al estudio de los países hispanohablantes de América. El libro va dirigido a estudiantes universitarios de español como lengua extranjera y también de secundaria. Por ello, la exposición está presentada de manera clara y sencilla. Las numerosas imágenes, mapas y fotografías a todo color ayudan al estudiante a familiarizarse con las principales características de la región. A través de quince capítulos, el manual ofrece datos básicos de su geografía, economía, historia y arte. Las citas intercaladas en el texto pretenden poner en contacto al estudiante con algunos de los investigadores y ensayistas más representativos dedicados al estudio de América Latina. La nueva obra revisa y actualiza el contenido de ediciones anteriores. Ha sido realizada por Fernando Camacho, Joaquín Masoliver y Carlos Vidales.

  • 2568.
    Cameron, David Lansing
    et al.
    University of Agder, Norway.
    Lindqvist, Gunilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Education. Uppsala universitet.
    School district administrators’ perspectives on the professional activities and influence of special educators in Norway and Sweden2014In: International Journal of Inclusive Education, ISSN 1360-3116, E-ISSN 1464-5173, Vol. 18, no 7, p. 669-685Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate school district administrators’ perspectives concerning the professional activities and influence of special educators in Norway (n=266) and Sweden (n=290). We examine three themes drawn from a survey of practices and policies in each country: (a) the organisational arrangements in which special educators work, (b) perceived changes in special educators’ activities, and (c) ratings of special educators’ influence on the content of instruction and the availability of resources for children with special needs. Findings suggest that special educators frequently work in teams, function largely as advisors, and spend less time working with individual students than in previous years. There appears to be a more pronounced increase in special educators’ time devoted to advising and documentation in Sweden than in Norway. Swedish special educators were also more frequently described as working in multidisciplinary teams. Participants in both countries rated the influence of special educators significantly higher than that of parents and teachers on the availability and distribution of resources; and significantly higher than politicians, public officials, teachers, and parents with regard to influence over the content of instruction. We discuss these findings in relation to the goals and development of inclusive education in Scandinavia.

  • 2569.
    Cameron, David Lansing
    et al.
    University of Agder.
    Tveit, Anne Dorthe
    University of Agder.
    Jortveit, Maryann
    University of Agder.
    Lindqvist, Gunilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Education. Uppsala universitet.
    Göransson, Kerstin
    Karlstads universitet.
    Nilholm, Claes
    Uppsala universitet.
    A comparative study of special educator preparation in Norway and Sweden2018In: British Journal of Special Education, ISSN 0952-3383, E-ISSN 1467-8578, Vol. 45, no 3, p. 256-276Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to explore similarities and differences between special educator preparation in Norway and in Sweden. Graduates of special education programmes at two Norwegian (n = 320) and two Swedish universities (n = 425) who completed their training between 2001 and 2012 responded to surveys. Findings indicate that both Swedish and Norwegian graduates felt prepared for their current work and that teaching approaches employed in the different programmes were similar. However, there appears to be a stronger focus on pupils’ social goals in Sweden, as well as on advising teachers, school development and promoting inclusive environments. In contrast, Norwegian participants reported a greater focus on preparation to work with specific types of learning and behavioural difficulties. Findings are discussed in relation to differing political and social structures, such as national regulations for steering special educator preparation in Sweden, which are absent in the Norwegian context.

  • 2570.
    Campanyim, Sunitda
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Construction.
    Laine, Jenny
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Construction.
    Samband mellan vägytans textur och buller i vägfordon2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, there are several authorities in Sweden that have responsibilities toregulate noise emission levels to limits that are not too disruptive to theenvironment. Currently there are no guidelines or recommendations for interiornoise in vehicles. Since there are no clear requirements for noise levels invehicles, there is also no standard method to measure noise inside the vehicle.The aim of this thesis was to develop correlations between the road surfacetexture and noise levels in vehicles and suggest appropriate research methodswhen studying how noise generated in the contact area between tire and roadsurface affects the inside of the vehicle.

    The study was divided into two phases: a measurement of road texture ondifferent coating types and a noise examination with different vehicles atselected test sections.

    The study showed that the methods used did not work properly and gaveunreliable results. Road surface texture has to some degree influence on thenoise generated by the traffic but to find a good correlation between the roadsurface texture and noise inside vehicles, other sources of error have to beminimized.To develop a reliable method more investigations are needed.

  • 2571.
    Camsund, Johan
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Corrigox, Sara
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Patienters upplevelser av att leva med hjärtsvikt: En litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Heart failure can be a trying and distressing condition, common

    among the elderly population. Apart from the medical measures, treatment

    involves a lot of self-care. Healthcare professionals need to provide education and

    support, since this involves the patient taking a great deal of personal

    responsibility. With this in mind, healthcare needs to be person-centered.

    Aim: To describe, from a patients’ perspective, the experience of living with heart

    failure and how it affects quality of life.

    Method: A literary review, with studies collected from databases CINAHL,

    PubMed, PsycINFO and Web of Science.

    Results: The findings show that people with heart failure experienced many

    different issues, physical, social and mental, which had an impact on their daily

    life. Despite this, it was possible to come to terms with the situation and

    experience quality of life. The will to learn more about the condition was common

    although many were not aware of their diagnosis.

    Conclusion: Living with heart failure can be trying and mean forced alterations to

    physical, mental and social aspects of life. However, it is possible to live a

    satisfying life and experience good quality of life. Having access to healthcare is

    both an asset as well as a source of frustration. Nurses need to be aware of these

    experiences in order to be able to provide patient-centered care and support the

    patient’s resources and self-care abilities.

  • 2572.
    Candell, André
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Construction.
    Ehn Jansson, Oskar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Construction.
    Synsättet på förnyelsebara elkällor inom fastighetsbranschen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Between the years 1965 and 1975 one million residences in Sweden were built.

    Today the work of renovating these buildings has begun, in connection with this

    work there are many measures taken to reduce energy usage.

    The purpose of this work was to find out what is the most economical choice of

    various green power sources.

    Also the thoughts and beliefs of the property owners are set in relation to the

    conclusions of the calculations to get an idea of how different the property

    owner’s beliefs are compared to the calculations.

    To avoid making the work too large and demanding these boundaries have been

    set:

     To get appropriate conclusions the work has been limited to the region

    of Dalarna.

     The work has also been limited to examining the economic factor when

    choosing between various green power sources.

    Two surveys were conducted with several different property owners as

    participants and then two calculations of the payback period for solar power,

    wind power, and green electricity were conducted. These two results were then

    compered to each other to be able to analyze and present these conclusions.

    Conclusions:

     Wind power is not profitable at today’s electricity prices.

     Real estate owners are uncertain of what choice gives the best

    profitability of wind power, solar power or green power.

  • 2573.
    Candelmo, Amanda
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    INFLUENCER SOM MARKNADSFÖRARE: HUR TROVÄRDIGA ÄR DE?: En studie som undersöker hur influencer själva beskriver hur de kan skapa och bibehålla trovärdighet gentemot sina följare.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of the thesis is to analyze how influencer themselves describe how they do to create and maintain the credibility with their followers.

    Methodology: A qualitative study has been made with and an inductive approach. Data for the study has been collected from six semi-structured interview, literature, articles and web pages.

    Empirical foundation: The empirical data used in the thesis is the result of six interviews performed. The collected information from the interviews was used to carry out analysis and discussion with connection to the theoretical framework.

    Conclusions: The empirical data and the analysis and discussion sections have highlighted how influencers can create and maintain credibility with their followers. The analysis shows that influencers believe they can create and maintain credibility with the followers, but not control it. An interesting aspect is that influencers do not believe that paid partnerships impair their credibility, and can even to the contrary strengthen the credibility.

  • 2574.
    Cano Garcia, Jose
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy Technology.
    Damp Heat Degradation of CIGS Solar Modules2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the short period that some photovoltaic technologies have taken part on the solar energy market, it is crucial to evaluate the long term stability of solar cells belonging to those technologies in order to ensure a minimum lifetime of their performance. Accelerated degradation tests are thus carried out to achieve such goals.

    The present study analyzes the encapsulation effects on co-evaporated manufactured Copper Indium Gallium Selenide (CIGS) solar cells under damp heat conditions, consisting in 85 °C and 85 % relative humidity, during an approximated period of 1000 hours. The experimental procedure has been carried out at Solliance Solar Research facilities.

    Since the encapsulation packages play a critical role as a protection to achieve long term stability of the solar cells and modules, several packaging structures and materials has been taken into study. Thus, eighteen types of mini modules were manufactured including different combinations of encapsulants, front sheet foils, thin film protective barriers and CIGS cells from different manufacturers. The design of these mini modules and the manufacturing process to obtain them is also presented in this work. Various characterization techniques were carried out in order to acquire the required information about the solar cells and encapsulants performance along the damp heat degradation process.

    The results exposed that encapsulation packages including thin film barriers between the encapsulant and the front sheet foil allowed a longer solar cell lifetime due to their remarkable protection against moisture ingress. Moreover, the degradation of the molybdenum layer included in the CIGS cells was found as principal cause of efficiency decrement and end of performance of solar cells protected by regular encapsulant and front sheet foils. Some other findings in relation with the evaluated components are shown along the present study.

  • 2575. Canovic, Sead
    et al.
    Engkvist, Josefin
    Lai, Haiping
    Götlind, Helena
    Svensson, Jan-Erik
    Johansson, Lars-Gunnar
    Olsson, Mikael
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Material Science.
    Microstructural investigation of the water vapour effect on the oxidation of the FeCrAl alloy Kanthal AF at 600 and 800 C2008In: 214th Meeting of ECS - The Electrochemical Society, Honolulu, Hawaii, 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 2576. Canovic, Sead
    et al.
    Engkvist, Josefin
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Material Science.
    Liu, Fang
    Götlind, Helena
    Hellström, Kristina
    Svensson, Jan-Erik
    Johansson, Lars-Gunnar
    Olsson, Mikael
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Material Science.
    Halvarsson, Mats
    Microstructural investigation of the initial oxidation of the FeCrAlRE alloy Kanthal AF in dry and wet O2 at 600 and 800°C2010In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, ISSN 0013-4651, E-ISSN 1945-7111, Vol. 157, no 6, p. C223-C230Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The FeCrAlRE (where RE is reactive element) alloy Kanthal AF was exposed isothermally at 600 and 800°C for 72 h in dry O2 and in O2 with 10 vol % H2O. The mass gains were 3–5 times higher at the higher temperature. The presence of water vapor increased the oxidation rate at 800°C, while no significant effect was observed at 600°C. A thin two-layered oxide formed at 600°C: an outer (Fe,Cr)2O3 corundum-type oxide, containing some Al, and an inner, probably amorphous, Al-rich oxide. At 800°C a two-layered oxide formed in both environments. The inner layer consisted of inward grown a-Al2O3. In dry O2 the originally formed outward grown g-Al2O3 had transformed to a-Al2O3 after 72 h. Water vapor stabilized the outward grown g-Al2O3 and hence no transformation occurred after 72 h in humid environment. RE-rich oxide particles with varying composition (Y, Zr, and Ti) were distributed in the base oxide at both temperatures and in both environments. The RE-rich particles were separated from the alloy substrate by a layer of Al-rich oxide. At 800°C the Y-rich RE particles were surrounded by thick oxide patches in both dry and humid O2.

  • 2577. Cantos-Soto, María Elena
    et al.
    Fernández-García, Aránzazu
    Matteudi, Maud
    Rönnelid, Mats
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy and Environmental Technology.
    Martínez-Arcos, Lucía
    Solar Reflectors Degradation Caused by Simulated Solar Radiation2012In: Solar PACES 2012, 2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The feasibility of concentrating solar power (CSP) technologies strongly depends on the material used toachieve a suitable solar reflector. A very relevant issue nowadays is to find a cost-effective reflector materialwith appropriate optical properties, able to resist the environmental stress and, therefore, extending itslifetime. This research work is focused on evaluating the thick silvered-glass reflector’s degradation causedby solar radiation onto different solar reflector samples, exposed to both experimental settings, simulatedsunlight under accelerated conditions and solar radiation at real outdoor conditions. The experiments havebeen performed in the optical characterization and durability of solar reflectors laboratory at the PlataformaSolar de Almeria (PSA). Three different chambers were used to reproduce the entire or specifics ranges ofthe solar radiation spectrum. Samples from 6 different manufacturers were placed inside of every sunlightchamber during 2000 hours. The outdoor exposure in the PSA precincts lasted for 4000 hours.

  • 2578. Cao, x
    et al.
    Yuan, Y
    Xiang, B
    Sun, L
    Zhang, Xingxing
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy Technology.
    Numerical investigation on optimal number of longitudinal fins in horizontal annular phase change unit at different wall temperatures2018In: Energy and Buildings, ISSN 0378-7788, E-ISSN 1872-6178, Vol. 158, p. 384-392Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2579. Capiau, Sara
    et al.
    Veenhof, Herman
    Koster, Remco
    Bergqvist, Yngve
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science.
    Boettcher, Michael
    Halmingh, Otto
    Keevil, Brian
    Koch, Birgit
    Linden, Rafael
    Alffenaar, Jan-Willem
    Official International Association for Therapeutic Drug Monitoring and Toxicology guideline: Development and Validation of Dried Blood Spot-based Methods for Therapeutic Drug Monitoring2019In: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring, ISSN 0163-4356, E-ISSN 1536-3694, Vol. 41, no 4, p. 409-430Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Dried blood spot (DBS) analysis has been introduced more and more into clinical practice to facilitate Therapeutic Drug Monitoring (TDM). To assure the quality of bioanalytical methods, the design, development and validation needs to fit the intended use. Current validation requirements, described in guidelines for traditional matrices (blood, plasma, serum), do not cover all necessary aspects of method development, analytical- and clinical validation of DBS assays for TDM. Therefore, this guideline provides parameters required for the validation of quantitative determination of small molecule drugs in DBS using chromatographic methods, and to provide advice on how these can be assessed. In addition, guidance is given on the application of validated methods in a routine context. First, considerations for the method development stage are described covering sample collection procedure, type of filter paper and punch size, sample volume, drying and storage, internal standard incorporation, type of blood used, sample preparation and prevalidation. Second, common parameters regarding analytical validation are described in context of DBS analysis with the addition of DBS-specific parameters, such as volume-, volcano-and hematocrit effects. Third, clinical validation studies are described, including number of clinical samples and patients, comparison of DBS with venous blood, statistical methods and interpretation, spot quality, sampling procedure, duplicates, outliers, automated analysis methods and quality control programs. Lastly, cross-validation is discussed, covering changes made to existing sampling- and analysis methods. This guideline of the International Association of Therapeutic Drug Monitoring and Clinical Toxicology on the development, validation and evaluation of DBS-based methods for the purpose of TDM aims to contribute to high-quality micro sampling methods used in clinical practice.

  • 2580. Caprile, Maria Teresa
    et al.
    Cotroneo, Emanuela
    Giglio, Alessandra
    Lezioni di italiano. Apprendere e insegnare l’italiano L2 nella scuola dalla teoria alla pratica.2012Book (Refereed)
  • 2581.
    Carbone, Rafael
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Spanish.
    Frustración lorquiana: Metáforas y símbolos en La Casa de Bernarda Alba2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [es]

    El presente trabajo está orientado a detectar los símbolos y metáforas ambivalentes en la obraLa Casa de Bernarda Alba de Federico García Lorca. Debido a que hay pocos estudiosdedicados al simbolismo de la frustración, se ha concentrado en analizar dicha temática. Paraanalizar el concepto de frustración, primero ha sido necesario comprender cómo eraconcebida la moral de la época en que se inscribe la obra. En segundo lugar, ha sidofundamental entender cómo surge la frustración en el ser humano. Atendiendo a estascuestiones se ha aplicado la teoría del formalismo iluminista y una visión freudiana sobre lasteorías del psiquismo. En base a estas nociones se detectaron cuatro símbolos ambivalentesque connotan sentimientos de frustración: el blanco, el olivo, la maroma y el mar. Estossímbolos antitéticos contienen una fuerza negativa que se impone a la fuerza positiva, lo cualtiene como resultado la frustración. Las fuerzas contradictorias están presentes durante laobra entera. Esta característica no solo se manifiesta a través de los tropos estudiados, sinoque también se detectó que a menudo las fuerzas antitéticas se hacen presentes enprotagonistas que forman grupos ambivalentes, donde cada personaje actúa como una fuerzaopuesta, lo cual lleva hacia una tensión permanente entre una persona positiva y otranegativa.

  • 2582. Cardell, David
    Pop-sportens fält2008In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 45, no 2, p. 76-80Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2583. Cardinale, Daniele
    et al.
    Cardinale, Marco
    Nilsson, Johnny
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Comparison between single and combined data collection methods in loaded squat jump power output2017In: Gazzetta Medica Italiana, ISSN 0393-3660, E-ISSN 1827-1812, Vol. 176, no 6, p. 315-321Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare linear position transducer force plate-based methods and more complex combinations of those for calculation of power output in loaded squat jump.

    METHODS: Eight methods were used simultaneously in data collection: vertical ground reaction force (VGRF), ground reaction forces (GRF), 1 linear position transducer (1LPT), 1LPT and VGRF (1LPT+VGRF), 2 linear position transducers (2LPTs), 2LPTs and VGRF (2LPTs+VGRF), 5 linear position transducers (5LPTs), 5LPTs and GRF (5LPTs+GRF). Power output was calculated for each lift according to the sensor or sensors used and the results were compared.

    RESULTS: Power output calculated separately with LPTs and GRF method did not differ significantly from combined methods such as 1LPT+VGRF, 2LPTs+VGRF. No significant differences were found when comparing power output between 5LPTs+GRF and combined methods such as 2LPTs+VGRF.

    CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that test methodology with a simple single linear position transducer setup and or force platform suffice when recording vertical jump such as loaded squat jump.

  • 2584.
    Cardozo, Valentina
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    En komparativ studie mellan två läroböcker i spanska för åk 6 och deras lämplighet till kursplanen: En studie utifrån läroplanens centrala innehåll2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien bygger på en jämförelse mellan 2 läroböcker för årskurs 6 i ämnet spanska: Läroboken

    Mucho más åk 6 av Monika Knutagård och Amigos uno, även denna skriven av Monika Knutagård m. fl. Studiens syfte är att få svar på vilka skillnader och likheter finns mellan läroböckerna, om dessa läroböcker uppfyller kursplanens krav och om problematiken som Skolinspektionen kom fram till i sin granskning (2011) speglas i läroböckerna. Studien grundar sig i granskningen av Skolinspektionen Innehåll och användning av läromedel (2011). Metoden som användes i studien var kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Där har ämnesområdets förekomst i läroböckerna räknats, tolkats och jämförts.

  • 2585.
    Carera, Remy
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Environmental Engineering.
    Resistance Between PV Cells and Thermal Absorber in a Photovoltaic/Thermal Solar System2003Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A polyurethane PU solar heat collector was combined with polycrystalline silicon PV cells in a hybrid energy-generating unit that simultaneously produced low temperature heat and electricity. The solar radiation increases the temperature of PV modules, resulting in a drop of their electrical efficiency. By proper circulation of a fluid with low inlet temperature, heat is extracted from the PV modules keeping the electrical efficiency at satisfactory values. The extracted thermal energy can be used in several ways, increasing the total energy output of the system. Hybrid PV/T systems can be applied mainly in buildings for the production of electricity and heat and are suitable for PV applications under high values of solar radiation and ambient temperature. Because PV/T panels have higher energy output per unit surface area than a combination of separate PV panels and solar thermal collectors, they are especially useful where roof space is limited, like most of residential areas. In addition, the installation cost of a PV/T system is potentially much lower than the installation cost of separate PV and thermal systems.

  • 2586.
    Carlbrink, Bim
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Problemlösning i fokus: Grundskollärares syn på dels problemlösning och dels godtagbara lösningsförslag inom matematik2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den svenska skolan har problemlösning blivit allt mer framträdande och betydande för matematikundervisningen. Samtidigt visar forskning att rutinuppgifter och utantillinlärning är det som dominerar i klassrummen. För att få en insikt i vad det här kan bero på har den här studien undersökt hur lärare definierar problemlösning och vad de anser är en godtagbar lösning i en problemlösningsuppgift. För att undersöka det här har sociomatematiska normer och mejlintervju använts. Resultatet visar att grundskollärare är tämligen överens om forskningsdefinitionerna av problemlösning och rutinuppgifter. Samtidigt visar resultatet att lärarnas åsikter och uppfattningar om vad som är en problemlösningsuppgift och vad som är en godtagbar lösning skiljer sig åt. Ett resultat finns att urskilja utifrån mejlintervjuer där lärarna använder sig av resonemangsdiskussioner i klassrummen. Parallellt har även det kvarliggande procedurinriktade arbetssättet och den imitativa resonemangsförmågan kunnat urskiljas i lärarnas svar.

  • 2587.
    Carlbrink, Bim
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Problemlösning i fokus: Grundskollärares syn på problemlösning och godtagbara lösningsförslag i problemlösningsuppgifter2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2588.
    Carle, Jan
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Debatt: Den nya gymnasieskolan – sociologins framtid?2015In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 52, no 1, p. 104p. 81-84Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2589.
    Carlehed Kotka, Amanda
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Bilders betydelse i läroböcker för elevers förståelse av jämställdhet.: En litteraturstudie.2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Flera utredningar rapporterar att de läroböcker som används i samhällskunskap är

    ojämställda, både sett till text och bild. Detta är högst problematiskt, dels eftersom

    skolan som institution ska arbeta för jämställdhet, och dels för att eleverna i

    samhällskunskap ska utveckla en förståelse för betydelsen av detsamma. Då

    läroböcker kan ses som förmedlare av de normer som råder i samhället kan

    ojämställda läroböcker rent av ses som kontraproduktiva artefakter i relation till det

    jämställdhetsuppdrag som formuleras i läroplanen.

    Denna systematiska litteraturstudie syftar till att utifrån ett genusteoretiskt perspektiv

    kartlägga vad tidigare analyser funnit rörande bilders betydelse för elevers förståelse

    av jämställdhetsbegreppet i en skolkontext. Den syftar också till att redogöra för vilka

    teoretiska analysramar som använts vid sådan forskning. Resultatet av föreliggande

    arbetes analys visar att pojkar är överrepresenterade i läroboksbilder, och att både

    pojkar och flickor porträtteras stereotypt. Den slutsats som dras av detta resultat är att

    elever genom läroboksanalyser bör medvetandegöras om det hierarkiska genussystem

    som genomsyrar läroböcker för att därigenom genomskåda hur det påverkar dem på

    individnivå.

  • 2590.
    Carlehed Kotka, Amanda
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Jämställdhet i läroboksbilder?: En analys av hur bilder i en lärobok för de samhällsorienterade ämnena avspeglar kursplanernas jämställdhetsuppdrag2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie syftar till att med stöd av en genusteoretisk referensram undersöka hur flickor och kvinnor respektive pojkar och män porträtteras i en lärobok avsedd för SO- undervisning i årskurs 1-3. Resultatet av bildanalysen är att pojkar och män är både kvantitativt och kvalitativt överrepresenterade. Således fortlever ett genussystem med pojkar och män som norm, vilket inte är förenligt varken med vad som skrivs fram i styrdokument rörande skolans jämställdhetsuppdrag eller vad som formuleras i kursplanerna för SO- ämnena. Studien påvisar värdet av att lärare innehar en didaktisk kompetens som gör det möjligt att bemöta läroboksinnehåll för att undervisningen i SO- ämnena ska avspegla vad som formuleras i styrdokumenten om jämställdhet.

  • 2591.
    Carleheden, Mikael
    Lunds universitet.
    Alternativ eller rekonstruktion: Om Habermas kritik av Marx1994In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 79-91Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Alternative or Reconstruction? - On Haberm as criticism of Marx

    Should we understand Habermas’ works in social theory and politics as an alternative to or a reconstruction of Marx? I try in this article to present the possible arguments for both standpoints. It is shown that if we take our point of departure in Habermas’ distinction between ”labour” and ”interaction”, we must treat his writings as an alternative to Marx. If we, however, start out with his distinction between ”life world” and ”system”, then we must understand them as a reconstruction. In the first case it becomes clear that the concepts ”labour” and ”interaction” are opposites and can be used to ground opposite social scientific paradigms, but in the second case it becomes just as clear that Habermas’ criticism of the system’s colonisation of the life world is modelled after Marx’ criticism of political economy. Taken together, Habermas two forms of criticism of Marx leads him to transfer the Marxian form of criticism of modem society from the capitalistic economy to the paternalistic social state. That is, Habermas doesn’t locate reification in the capitalistic mode of production. In society of today reification is the product of the social state.

  • 2592.
    Carleheden, Mikael
    Örebro universitet.
    Debatt: Därför behövs Sociologisk Forskning2001In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 38, no 3-4, p. 202-205Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 2593. Carleheden, Mikael
    Sociologförbundet har ordet2006In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 43, no 3, p. 89-90Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 2594. Carleheden, Mikael
    Sociologförbundet har ordet2007In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 44, no 4, p. 85-86Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 2595.
    Carleheden, Mikael
    Ordförande för Sveriges Sociologförbund.
    Sociologförbundet har ordet: Om vetenskapliga allmänningar2009In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 46, no 2, p. 79-80Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 2596.
    Carlehäll, Kristian
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Blomquist, Victoria
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Det osynliga arbetsmiljöarbetet: -En studie om verksamheters arbete gällande organisatorisk arbetsmiljö2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The ways of improving organizations work environment is constantly developing and is now more than ever focused on the prevention of psychological illness related to the workplace. To help and guide organizations in improving their work environment the Swedish Work Environment Authority has issued a new provisions about organizational and social work environment (AMV, 2015:4). In this study, we’ll examine how public organizations utilize the new provisions (AMV, 2015:4) with a focus on the on the organizational environment. The theoretical perspectives in the study is based on strategic HRM, the demand- control and support-model and employee voice. We also examined contributing factors that have a positive and negative influence in the workforce wellbeing. To answer the primary purpose of this essay we conducted two parallel researches in organizations that are operative in the public sector. The organizations are operative in the township of Hofors and in the county council of Dalarna. We have used a phenomenology research approach to conduct six interviews, three from each organization, to get a thorough understanding of their efforts in improving the organizational work environment.

    What we found in the results and analysis are the benefits of common goals, common values and cooperation-groups. Our hopes with the study is to enhance the readers understanding about organizational working environment through our explanation of the practical methods the analyzed organizations work to improve their work environment and with our explained understanding of beneficial factors.

  • 2597.
    Carlgren, Ingrid
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Ahlstrand, Pernilla
    Stockholms universitet.
    Björkholm, Eva
    Stockholms universitet.
    Nyberg, Gunn
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    The meaning of knowing what is to be known2015In: Education et Didactique, ISSN 2111-4838, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 193-220Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to contribute to an articulated language of knowing, which we consider as a key aspect of teachers professional work. We describe three examples of how the meaning of knowing some specific learning objects can be studied and described. The three learning objects are: to be able to evaluate technical solutions, to be able to perform a house-hop and to be able to act with presence.

    Phenomenographic analyses of data from the pre-tests carried out within the frame of so called Learning Studies resulted in descriptions of different ways of knowing as well as different aspects of the specific knowns that must be discerned in order to develop the knowing.

  • 2598.
    Carlgren, Ingrid
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Nyberg, Gunn
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Från ord till rörelser och dans: en analys av rörelsekunnandet i en dansuppgift2015In: Forskning om undervisning och lärande, ISSN 2000-9674, E-ISSN 2001-6131, no 14, p. 24-40Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I artikeln redovisar vi ett exempel på hur kunnande, som kommer till uttryck då elever redovisar en dansuppgift, kan analyseras och bidra till vår förståelse av detta kunnande såväl som till ett artikulerat språk att använda vid utvecklingen av undervisningen. En utgångspunkt är att kunskaper om kunnande är en nödvändig grund för att förbättra undervisningen. En annan utgångspunkt är att det råder brist på sådan kunskap. Eleverna (ca 12 år gamla) var indelade i tre grupper som fick en uppgift där de med utgångspunkt i två meningar skulle skapa en dans genom att översätta varje ord till en rörelse och därefter sammanfoga ord-rörelserna. Vi presenterar resultaten av en fenomenografisk analys som grundar sig på en videoinspelning av dessa redovisningar.

  • 2599.
    Carlgren, Simon
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    ONBEAT/OFFBEAT: En ögonrörelsestudie av audiovisuell synkronisering2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Senare forskning har börjat jämföra etablerade principer inom filmklippning med rön från kognitionsforskning. Ny teknik gör det möjligt att på ett adekvatare sätt ta del av åskådarens upplevelse och interaktion med rörlig bildmedia. Tidigare studier som tas upp i texten har varit inriktade på visuella aspekter, hur brott mot videoredigerings- principer påverkar åskådarens ögonrörelser. Då film och video är ett audiovisuellt medium är det angeläget att undersöka hur ljud påverkar vår visuella bearbetning. Uppsatsens ansats är att undersöka hur varierad synkronisering mellan ljud och bild påverkar och förändrar uppmärksamheten hos åskådare av rörlig bildmedia. Två stimulifilmer har satts samman, en Onbeat version där klipp-punkter i videomaterialet och musikens taktslag ligger i synk, och en Offbeat version där klipp-punkter i videomaterialet ligger fem bildrutor efter musikens taktslag. Som underlag för experimentstudien har 15 försöksdeltagare testats i en ögonrörelsestudie. Resultaten visar på signifikanta skillnader mellan de båda stimulifilmerna, där Offbeat versionen genererade fler ögonrörelser hos försöksdeltagarna. 

  • 2600. Carling, K.
    et al.
    Jacobson, T.
    Lindé, J.
    Roszbach, K.
    The Internal Ratings Based Approach for Capital Adequacy Determination: Empirical Evidence from Sweden2001In: Workshop on applied banking research, Oslo: Sveriges Riksbank , 2001Conference paper (Refereed)
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