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  • 301.
    Alatalo, Tarja
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Westlund, Barbro
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för språkdidaktik.
    Preschool teachers’ perceptions about read-alouds as a means to support children’s early literacy and language development2019In: Journal of Early Childhood Literacy, ISSN 1468-7984, E-ISSN 1741-2919, p. 1-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined active Swedish preschool teachers’ thoughts and perceptions in terms of read-alouds as a tool to support children’s language and literacy development. The research question was “How and for what purpose do preschool teachers say that they organize read-alouds in preschool?” Three focus group interviews were conducted with five preschool teachers from different preschools in each group. The findings reflect traditions that influence preschool education, and the general picture is that teachers’ personal and practical knowledge informs their daily teaching. The informants try to organize read-alouds but do not always succeed as a result of logistical and practical challenges. Teachers describe external factors, such as large groups and the requirement to teach math and science, as obstacles in the planning and implementing of read-alouds. Teachers that have received in-service training and professional development say that they have daily read-alouds, followed by text talk.  The need for professional development is discussed.

  • 302.
    Alatalo, Tarja
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Westlund, Barbro
    Stockholms universitet.
    Strid, Anna
    Nacka kommun, Elevhälsan.
    Förskollärares uppfattningar om högläsningens potential som skriftspråksutvecklande pedagogik2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskning visar att läsning i olika genrer och sagoberättande anses vara ett av de bästa redskapen för att stärka barns språkliga utveckling (Svensson, 2005). Man har sett att förskollärare ofta läser främst för att skapa lugn och ro och att ha en trevlig stund tillsammans (t.ex. Eskebaek, Basse & Sehestad, 2008).

    Syftet med den här studien är att undersöka förskollärares uppfattningar om vad som är god pedagogik i samband med högläsning och vad man grundar sina uppfattningar på. Följande forskningsfrågor är centrala: Vilka pedagogiska möjligheter beskriver lärare gällande högläsning? Vilka argument används för att underbygga egna uppfattningar om god pedagogik i samband med högläsning? Med vilken medvetenhet talar förskollärare om barns (skrift)språkliga utveckling?

    Studien genomförs med fokusgruppmetod. Studiens fokus är lärarnas samtal med varandra om olika aktiviteter i förskolverksamheten. Tre fokusgrupper med fem förskollärare i varje genomfördes. Fokusgrupperna samtalade utifrån filmavsnitt från högläsning samt korta intervjuer om högläsarens val av bok och lässtrategier.

    Samtalsanalysen bygger på riktlinjer som gäller för hur man arbetar med fokusgrupper (t.ex. Wibeck, 2000). I analysen söks efter underliggande teman enligt Bernard och Ryans (2003) modell för kvalitativ analys. Tre analysenheter används: individnivå, gruppnivå och jämförd gruppnivå. För att urskilja graden av olika metaspråk i samtalen används Naeslunds (1997) analysmodell i tre steg (oreflekterat vardagsspråk, facktermer, metaspråk med förklaringsmodeller och utredande resonemang).

    Mycket preliminära resultat indikerar följande:

    • Högläsning är ett viktigt redskap för organisering av vardagen
    • Högläsning har minskat eftersom mycket annat ska få plats i verksamheten
    • Lärarens intresse är avgörande för om det läses och för kvaliteten i läshändelsen
    • Högläsning ses som särskilt viktigt för andraspråkslärande
    • Högläsning av faktatext är inte vanligt förekommande i alla förskolor
    • Mysfaktor, pedagogiskt redskap och temaarbete framkommer som läsningens syften
    • Det är inte självklart att högläsning ses som en pedagogik för språkutveckling

     

     

     

  • 303.
    Alayan, Sophia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy Technology.
    Design of a PV-Diesel Hybrid System with Unreliable Grid Connection in Lebanon2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a study on integration of photovoltaic generators into an existing diesel-unreliable grid connected system at the Lebanese village of Khiam. The main goal of implementing PV-diesel hybrid system is to reduce diesel consumption and the import of fossil fuel used in electricity power supply. Before designing the system, it is necessary to create a load profile for 120 households and pre-design the size of the PV generator, the capacity of storage system and inverter type/size selection. The load profile data is based on the average of monthly energy consumption gathered from Khiam village households.

    Detailed simulations and financial analysis are performed with HOMER to compare different systems and their viability. The simulations include four different designs starting from the existing system, diesel generator with unreliable grid, followed by PV generator and unreliable grid, PV and diesel generator and ended with the complete hybrid system. Once the Hybrid system is determined a detailed design is done to optimize the lowest cost PV-diesel hybrid system. The final simulated PV-diesel hybrid system is suggested with a PV capacity of 270 kWp, existing diesel capacity with 200 kVA, an inverter output of 115 kW and battery bank nominal capacity is 1872 kWh. The system renewable fraction is 53% and the project life cycle is 25 years. The PV-diesel hybrid system is projected to produce electricity at a cost of 0.12 USD/kWh. This cost is significantly lower than the 0.26 USD/kWh paid to the diesel operator, as well as lower than 0.13 USD/kWh paid to the utility grid.

    In addition, and according to the given information from the owner, an estimated diesel consumption of 104000 ltr/year, the simulation result shows diesel consumption at 40000 ltr/year. The reduced carbon dioxide production by 65%, from 776 to 272 tons per year, provides further justification for the PV installation in a commercial PV-diesel hybrid system.

  • 304. Albaric, Michael
    et al.
    Bales, Chris
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy and Environmental Technology.
    Drueck, Harald
    Gagnepain, B.
    Kuhness, G.
    Letz, T.
    Mette, B.
    Thür, A.
    Nielsen, J.E.
    Papillon, P.
    Solar CombiSystems Promotion and Standardisation (COMBISOL project)2008In: Eurosun 2008, Lisbon, 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Solar combisystems (SCS) are solar heating installations providing space heating as well as domestic hot water in buildings. Within a global solar thermal energy strategy, SCS are a key element to decrease the fossil energy demand for heating in existing and new buildings. This project will help to reduce the use of fossil fuels and hence also the emission of greenhouse gases. During 3 years December 2007 – December 2010), experts from research, testing institutes and industry will work in the aim to encourage an accelerated deployment of SCS market – hence a higher share of heat produced by solar energy - and promote an improved quality of the installed systems.

  • 305.
    Albatrok, Husam
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Construction.
    Våningspåbyggnad i trä på befintligt betong bostadshus2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the years 1965–1975, the politicians chose to start a large housing development, which resulted in a million homes being built in 10 years. It was called Miljonprogrammet. Tjärna Ängar is an area located in Borlänge where some of those building took place. The area has 1,179 apartments in 3-storey slab houses and the Tjärna Angar area is divided into three different blocks: Kornstigen, Klövern and Plogstigen. These are built next to Tjärna center, with good bus connections to the rest of Borlänge.

    The purpose of this work was to produce a storey building for an existing slab of concrete. the reference building is at Kornstigen 25.

    With the help of Drawings, the existing building will be studied. Information search will be done on the subject regarding floor buildings and the history of the million program and construction. Walls and ceilings will be developed and an extension for the lift. Finally, a model is made in a Cad-programe that illustrates the result.

    The result of the storey building was a wooden walkway with a total of 10 apartments. Two corner apartments became three rooms and the kitchen while the rest became two rooms and kitchens in varying surfaces. Storey building wood is a good way to be able to build on the heigt, but many aspects considered and be and checked before a storey buildig takes place.

  • 306.
    Albinsson, John
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Brorsson, Sofia
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Ryden-Ahlgren, Åsa
    Lunds universitet.
    Cinthio, Magnus
    Lunds universitet.
    Improved tracking performance of lagrangian block-matching methodologies using block expansion in the time domain: in silico, phantom and in vivo evaluations2014In: Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, ISSN 0301-5629, E-ISSN 1879-291X, Vol. 40, no 10, p. 2508-2520Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to evaluate tracking performance when an extra reference block is added to a basic block-matching method, where the two reference blocks originate from two consecutive ultrasound frames. The use of an extra reference block was evaluated for two putative benefits: (i) an increase in tracking performance while maintaining the size of the reference blocks, evaluated using in silico and phantom cine loops; (ii) a reduction in the size of the reference blocks while maintaining the tracking performance, evaluated using in vivo cine loops of the common carotid artery where the longitudinal movement of the wall was estimated. The results indicated that tracking accuracy improved (mean - 48%, p<0.005 [in silico]; mean - 43%, p<0.01 [phantom]), and there was a reduction in size of the reference blocks while maintaining tracking performance (mean - 19%, p<0.01 [in vivo]). This novel method will facilitate further exploration of the longitudinal movement of the arterial wall. 

  • 307.
    Aldea, Silvia
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Japanese.
    A comparative study of approaches to audiovisual translation2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For those who are not new to the world of Japanese animation, known mainly as anime, the debate of "dub vs. sub" is by no means anything out of the ordinary, but rather a very heated argument amongst fans. The study will focus on the differences in the US English version between the two approaches of translating audio-visual media, namely subtitling (official subtitles and fanmade subtitles) and dubbing, in a qualitative context. More precisely, which of the two approaches can store the most information from the same audiovisual segment, in order to satisfy the needs of the anime audience. In order to draw substantial conclusions, the analysis will be conducted on a corpus of 1 episode from the first season of the popular mid-nineties TV animated series, Sailor Moon. The main objective of this research is to analyze the three versions and compare the findings to what anime fans expect each of them to provide, in terms of how culture specific terms are handled, how accurate the translation is, localization, censorship, and omission. As for the fans’ opinions, the study will include a survey regarding the personal preference of fans when it comes to choosing between the official subtitled version, the fanmade subtitles and the dubbed version.

  • 308.
    Aldén, Joakim
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Hedging Rule Discussions: A study on hedging and emoticons in an online board game discussion forum2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In everyday language, people tend to speak in a non-committing fashion when making claims, either to save their own face or to save another person’s face. In linguistics, this is called hedging, with common words and expressions such as probably, assume and I don’t know often revealing that a hedging speech act has been performed. In computer-mediated communication, Skovholt et al. (2014) discovered that emoticons, rather than signaling the sender’s emotions, were used to hedge. This study aims to further investigate the matter by looking at how users on a board game forum hedge when speaking about board games’ complexity with the research question “do more complex games involve more hedge usage on the board game forum Boardgamegeek?” as the point of departure. Data was taken from forum posts tagged with rules. The results showed that complexity barely increases the likelihood of hedging, with a slight edge given to simpler games.

  • 309.
    Aleblad, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic/Arts Technology.
    Informationsbroschyr åt Brombergs Bokförlag2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 310.
    Alejandro, Sanchez
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Spanish.
    El subjuntivo en los discursos políticos (1930 -2011): Análisis comparativo de uso y frecuencia2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 311.
    Alem, Tesfaom
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Lind, William
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Organisationers utmaningar och åtgärder vidframtagandet av samtyckestexter samt dess behandling av personuppgifter i enlighet med dataskyddsförordningen (GDPR)2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The rapid development of digital technology together with new business models has

    reached new levels in recent years, which has resulted in the processing of personal data

    both increasing and changing. The problem with this development involves the violation

    of personal integrity to a greater extent. In order to harmonize the processing of personal

    data and to strengthen the protection of personal privacy, the EU has introduced a new

    data protection regulation. The regulation will enter into force on May 25, 2018 and will

    apply in national legislation, which will replace the Swedish Personal Data Act.

    The purpose of the study was to identify what measures a number of organizations have

    taken to comply with the rules of data protection regulations and the challenges that may

    arise in the conversion. The study is limited to consent texts and processing of personal

    data. The study is qualitative and we have, through interviews, taken note of a number of

    organizations' views on challenges and measures regarding formulas of consent texts and

    their personal data processing.

    The conclusion in this study shows that all organizations have problems formulating

    consent texts in an informative way, which is required for adequate data protection.

    Organizations also see challenges in the processing of personal data. These challenges

    consist of complex IT systems containing amounts of personal data that today cannot be

    managed in accordance with the Data Protection Regulation, as relevant system support is

    lacking.

  • 312.
    Alenryd, Helena
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Art Education.
    Bildundervisning i bildkommunikation och bildmedier: En litteraturstudie av didaktisk forskning kring bildämnets läroplansfokus2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta examensarbete är en systematisk litteraturstudie på kvalitativ grund.

    Resultatet bygger på forskning kring problemformuleringen som analyserats och sedan

    tolkats. Analysmetoden som valts till studien är en innehållsanalys som avser jämföra den

    utvalda forskningen för att bl.a. finna likheter och skillnader. Den pedagogiska debatten kring

    bildämnet indikerar att undervisningen inte ligger i linje med ämnesplanen. Detta blir

    problematiskt för bildämnets utveckling och innebär att undervisningen får didaktiska

    konsekvenser. Litteraturstudien har därför haft i avseende att undersöka den bilddidaktiska

    forskningens syn på den bildkommunikativa inriktningen som varit aktuell i ämnesplaner för

    bild sedan år 1980. Syftet har varit att synliggöra bildundervisningens utveckling i förhållande

    till den bildkommunikativa inriktningen samt dess didaktiska betydelse i relation till

    bildundervisningen. Genom att undersöka hur forskningen ser på bildundervisningens

    utveckling i förhållande till den bildkommunikativa inriktningen kan problematiken kring

    utvecklingen synliggöras. Genom att undersöka den bildkommunikativa inriktningens

    didaktiska betydelse för undervisningen synliggörs också vilka didaktiska konsekvenser ett

    avvikande från ämnesinriktningen kan få för samtidens bildundervisning. Utefter syftet har

    frågeställningar formulerats. Svaren på frågeställningarna ges sedan i resultatet, tolkning av

    resultatet samt de slutsatser som dras. Studien visar att det blir av stor didaktisk betydelse att

    bildundervisningen ligger i linje med den bildkommunikativa ämnesinriktningen, med hänsyn

    till elevers och samhällets samtida och framtida behov och yrkesliv, men även för lärarens

    professionalism samt bildämnets status i skolan. Studien visar också att bildundervisningen

    avviker från den bildkommunikativa ämnesinriktningen. Studien visar att denna avvikning

    sker bl. a mot bakgrund av att äldre ämneskonceptioner lever kvar bland verksamma

    bildlärare, att bildlärare saknar kunskaper som behövs för att jobba i linje med inriktningen

    samt att bildämnet har en marginaliserad roll i skolan med bristande resurser.

  • 313.
    Alexander, Jenny
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Trygghet och anknytning i förskolan: En kvalitativ intervjustudie med fyra förskollärare2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kunskapsområdet för det här examensarbetet är barns trygghet i förskolan. Uppsatsen sätter fokus på anknytningens betydelse för tryggheten och har anknytningsteori som teoretisk utgångspunkt. Syftet för studien är att synliggöra förskollärares uppfattningar om barns trygghet och anknytning till vuxna i förskolan, samt hur förskollärare ser på det egna arbetet med att tillgodose barns behov av trygghet. Frågeställningarna är följande:

    - Vilken betydelse tillskriver förskollärarna barns trygghet i förskolan?

    - Vilken betydelse tillskriver förskollärarna barns möjligheter att utveckla trygg anknytning till pedagoger?

    - Vilka strategier beskriver förskollärarna att de använder sig av i arbetet med att tillgodose barnens behov av trygghet och nära relationer?

    - Vilka svårigheter beskriver förskollärarna att de möter i arbetet med att tillgodose barnens behov av trygghet och nära relationer?

    Studiens metod är kvalitativa intervjuer med fyra förskollärare. I analysen framkommer en samstämmig syn hos de fyra informanterna gällande trygghetens betydelse i förskolan. Tryggheten beskrivs som grunden för utveckling och lärande. Betydelsen av trygg anknytning till pedagogen är ett ämne där en delvis varierande syn framkommer hos informanterna. Två förskollärare betonar anknytningens betydelse mycket tydligt, medan två inte betonar dess betydelse lika starkt. Gällande förskollärarnas beskrivningar av hur de arbetar för att tillgodose barnens behov av trygghet och nära relationer framkommer ett antal gemensamma strategier hos informanterna. Strategier som beskrivs är att bemöta barnen med närhet, lyhördhet, bekräftelse och empati, att skapa förutsägbarhet och tydliga rutiner för barnen, att dela in barnen i mindre grupper, samt att ha en god föräldrasamverkan. Förskollärarna beskriver även områden där de möter svårigheter i arbetet med att tillgodose barnens trygghetsbehov. Stora barngrupper och övergångar mellan aktiviteter är aspekter som tas upp.

  • 314. Alexanderson, Karin
    et al.
    Jess, Kari
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Stuprör, hängrännor och rännkrokar: Utvärdering av projektet Samordnat stöd till barn och föräldrar i familjer med missbruk 2013–20142015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Socialstyrelsen har initierat ett utvecklingsarbete i fem kommuner i syfte att samordna stödet till barn under 18 år och föräldrar i familjer där föräldrar har problem med riskbruk/missbruk. Arbetet skulle särskilt stärka helhetssynen och samverkan mellan enheter i kommunen som har ansvar för barn, ungdom och familj respektive missbruk och beroende. Med helhetssyn avses här att se barns och vuxnas individuella behov, men även som familj, när det gäller socialtjänstens arbete med att upptäcka missbruk bland föräldrar, utreda, ge insatser och följa upp. Utvärderingen, som om avser tiden november 2012 till september 2014., avser såväl själva utvecklingsarbetet (processen) som dess resultat. Det kan med utvärderingstermer benämnas programteoriutvärdering och som genererat tre övergripande frågeställningar: Har kommunerna genomfört vad de föresatt sig göra? Har de uppnått de mål som de satt upp? Vilka förhållanden hindrar alternativt befrämjar ett familjeperspektiv i socialtjänstens arbete med barn och vuxna? För analys och tolkning av resultaten har implementeringsteori och teorier kring organisation och samverkan använts. Två år är en kort tid för att ett utvecklingsarbete av den här omfattningen ska ge några synbara avtryck i verksamheterna och framförallt innebära något för brukarna/ klienterna. I två kommuner har arbetet fått ett sådant genomslag att även klienterna kunnat tillfrågas om upplevelsen av samordningen samt om och hur arbetet inneburit någon förändring för dem. I en kommun har arbetet inte gett några större avtryck vare sig i organisationen eller för klienterna. I två kommuner har det inneburit viss utveckling av samarbete och samordning på professions- och verksamhetsnivå. Alla fem kommuner har fullföljt projektet och har en ambition att fortsätta utvecklingsarbetet. Målsättningen att pröva de samordnande insatserna i större skala har omsatts i en av de deltagande kommunerna. Det kan konstateras att de i teorin beskrivna hindren även förekommer i detta projekt. Det gäller exempelvis brister i kommuniceringen, hur samordnandet och uppföljningen med familjen faktiskt ska gå till, hög personalomsättning, hög arbetsbelastning och brister i ledningsstöd. Att enheterna är lokaliserade på olika ställen eller organiserade i olika förvaltningar är andra hinder. Framgångsfaktorer har varit fungerande arbetsledarskap och förankring på flera nivåer. Ledare som tar aktiv del och lyssnar och lär. Att det finns mottagningsfunktioner på bägge enheterna inom respektive kommun banar vägen för samverkan när det gäller upptäckt och utredning. Att testa en samordningsmodell i några pilotärenden förefaller vara ett bra sätt att förbereda sig innan implementering sker i större skala. Att utbyta erfarenheter med andra kommuner har visat sig verkningsfullt. Det finns flera exempel på hur kommunerna av lärt varandra och även använt varandra i utvecklingsarbetet. Optimistiska, erfarna och uthålliga projektmedarbetare med tydliga mandat som leder implementeringen är en framgångsfaktor, liksom att utgå från faktiska behov av förändringar i organisationen. Tre förhållanden som identifierats som hindrande eller försvårande av ett samordnat arbetssätt kan sammankopplats med lagstiftning och organisationsformer. Utredning och insats går inte alltid i fas med varandra tidsmässigt på vuxenheten och enheten för barn och unga. Enligt socialtjänstlagen ska en barnutredning vara slutförd inom fyra månader och en förhandbedömning ska vara gjord inom 14 dagar (SOL 11:2). Sådana tidsgränser formuleras inte för vuxenärenden. Barnutredningen kan avslutas utan insats med hänvisning till att det finns en fungerande förälder och vuxenutredningen likaså, därför att den vuxne inte är motiverad att göra något åt sitt missbruk. Själva arbetets organiserande gör att det finns flera ärenden i en familj som inte synkroniseras. Slutligen diskuteras resultatet utifrån den vedertagna metaforen stuprör. De flesta kommuner i Sverige har en specialiserad organisation. I en sådan organisation flyter barnärendena i ett stuprör och vuxenärenden i ett annat. Utöver detta införs här metaforerna hängrännor och rännkrokar. Hängrännor behövs för att möjliggöra ett helhetsperspektiv på familjen, i hängrännorna blandas ärendena. Rännkrokar slutligen ses som strukturerna i organisationen som underlättar de blandade ärendeflödena. De samordningsmodeller som kommunerna prövat kan liknas vid försök att montera upp hängrännor. 

  • 315.
    Alexandersson, Christine
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education and Humanities, Social and Political Studies.
    Lindgren, Lise-Lotte
    Dalarna University, School of Education and Humanities, Social and Political Studies.
    En kommunal korttidspool i mellansverige: - en utvärdering ur tre perspektiv, år 20022002Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetets syfte är att utvärdera en korttidspools organisation och verksamhet, utifrån tre olika intressenters perspektiv, nämligen de anställda, arbetsgivaren samt den fackliga organisationen, SKAF. Utvärderingen sker från tre olika tidsaspekter; starten, nuet och framtiden. Undersökning har avgränsats till att studera; en korttidspool i en mellansvensk kommun, de anställda i korttidspoolen, dess berörda arbetsgivarrepresentanter och den fackliga organisationen. Detta medför att de anställda ute på de arbetsplatser som använder sig av poolen, berörda politiker uteslutits i undersökningen. Även de vårdtagare som nyttjar korttidspoolen har utelämnats då denna utvärdering inte syftar till att mäta vårdkvaliteten. Undersökningen inleddes med att ett brevutskick (i form av ett öppet svarsbrev) ut till samtliga berörda parter, därefter genomfördes intervjuer, med ett urval informanter. Till grund för undersökningen har en egen komponerad utvärderingsmodell använts. De variabler som modellen innefattar är; Mål och avtal, Arbetsmiljö, Ledarskap och Ekonomi. Undersökningen påvisar att korttidspoolen föranletts av flertalet brister, bland annat gällande förberedelsetid/planeringsarbete med resultat att viktiga detaljer förbisågs; upprättande av mål och avtal. Korttidspoolen är (i nuläget) inte ekonomiskt bärande, vilket tillviss del beror på att arbetsplatserna (som nyttjar poolen) inte förvaltar bokningen på ett adekvat sätt, vilket i förlängningen undergräver korttidspoolens fortsatta verksamhet.

  • 316. Alexandersson, Karin
    et al.
    Nyström Svensk, Ingrid
    Olsson, Helén
    Udo, Camilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Försörjningsstöd som leverbröd - Det ekonomiska biståndets utveckling 2007-2008, i sex kommuner i Dalarna, i relation till förändringar i det svenska välfärdssystemet.2008Report (Other academic)
  • 317.
    Alf, Viktor
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Lindberg, Linus
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Kartläggning av tillslagsprecision i fotboll2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to analyze if the precision of a shot and a pass differs between professional youth players (16-18 years) and senior players (22+ or older).

    Method

    A total of 30 elite players which were 16 males and 14 females performed tests in shooting and passing precision. The set-up on the test days were a total of 60 shots(30 lying still and 30 half volley) and 80 passes (20 lying still best foot, 20 rolling best foot, 20 lying still next best foot and 20 rolling next best foot). The test results were analyzed using Excel and Kinovea. In these programs the mean value and standard deviation for each player and test group could be calculated.

    Results

    The result shows that there were only significant differences in one of six parts regarding precision on the men's side. On the women's side, there was no significant difference in any of the six moments.

    Conclusions

    The authors of this study identified a plateau between players aged 16-18 and senior players in terms of accuracy in passing and shooting. Players between the ages of 16-18 is as good as a senior player at the individual skills passing and shooting. This plateau can be the result of too little individual training so called isolated training in terms of precision. If the club coaches follow the training SvFF educate, only two minutes per training session goes to each individual skill (SvFF names 13 skills). The lack of time for these skills can be a decisive factor for why the development of precision stands still today.

  • 318.
    Alfadel, Usama
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy Technology.
    Analysing the Peak Shaving Effect and the Increase in SelfConsumption and Self Sufficiencyof Battery Storage When Coupledto a Single Family House2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aims of the study were to investigate the increase in self-consumption and self-sufficiency and the peak shaving effect of batteries when added to a PV system dimensioned to supply the electric demand of a low energy house built in Sweden. The simulated batteries were Li-ion and the study had a 15-minutes temporal resolution. The study took only the technical aspect of batteries into account and disregarded the economic aspect. A data set of measurements from two near-zero-energy houses built by the Research Institute of Sweden (RISE) was used as inputs. The first house provided measured load profile for an automated load and measured PV production from its 3.6 kW

    p system, the second house provided a load profile for a normal human interactive load. The measured PV production from the 3.6 kWp PV system was compared to the PV production from a simulated 3.6 kWp system taken from PVsyst and System Advisor Model (SAM) and by using different weather data profiles for the simulations. The global irradiance values from the used weather profile data were compared to demonstrate the difference in its values and its effect on the simulated PV production. This comparison between the measured PV production and the simulated one was done because most of the PV simulation software does not take measured PV production as input but they simulate their own PV production based on their built-in weather data; including the software used in this study SAM. The first house with the automated load had an annual energy consumption of Ca. 3600 kWh / Year. The second house with its human interactive load had an annual energy consumption of Ca. 6000 kWh / Year. The load profile was taken as a whole and then divided to different types; heat pump, ventilation and remaining load which represents house hold services. The effect of the input load profile types and its temporal resolution was clarified; this effect came in consistency to what was concluded from the literature review. Different simulations were done varying battery sizes, voltage level, coupling method, dispatch algorithm and other parameter. Three different dispatch algorithms were used for the simulations; two are designed for peak shaving and are built-in tools in SAM while the third algorithm is called Target Zero and designed for maximizing self-consumption and self-sufficiency, it was found in a reference so it was executed in MS Excel. Each of the algorithms used was found to affect both the peaks and the self-consumption and self-sufficiency of the system after adding the batteries compared to before, one as a major effect and the other as a byproduct effect. The peak shaving results varied by varying the batteries and the dispatch algorithm used, for the peak shaving algorithms from SAM, a general decrease in peaks value was reached. For the Target Zero algorithm which optimizes on self-consumption and self-sufficiency, a decrease in the number of the peaks was reached. Both decreases happened by increasing battery sizes. For the self-consumption and self-sufficiency effect, an increase happened with its highest value for 7.2 kWh batteries and by using the three different algorithms. The effect of the load type was also demonstrated by comparing the simulations results for the heat pumps from both houses since both heat pumps were found to have the highest effect on the results. The study was concluded by emphasizing the added values of batteries when coupled to a behind-the-meter PV system. The study could have been more precise and added more information to this field if it had a 1 minute temporal resolution simulations, but patching one minute temporal resolution load profile takes a long time. Working with one minute load profile requires one minute weather profile for the PV simulation which is normally only commercial. Also, having a weather station installed at the house to measure the solar irradiance to be used in the simulation instead of using different weather profiles would have added more accuracy to this paper.

  • 319.
    Alfredsson, Anton
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Filmen, musiken och rollfiguren: En studie om hur musik påverkar uppfattningen av rollfigurer.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är en uppsats som grundar sig på en kvantitativ och kvalitativ undersökning om hur musik kan påverka uppfattningen om en rollfigurs sinnesstämning och karaktärsdrag i film. Syftet med uppsatsen är att försöka bidra med en ökad förståelse för vilken kraft musiken har i berättande sammanhang. En djupdykning i hur vi kan påverkas och tolka en berättelse olika beroende på vilket emotionellt uttryck som musiken förmedlar. Testdeltagare har fått se tre versioner av ett och samma filmklipp. En version utan musik och de andra två med två olika musikstycken. Det visade sig att man påverkades olika beroende på vilken musikversion som spelades. Resultaten gav tydliga tendenser att peka åt olika håll i de adjektivskalor som deltagarna fått svara på i enkäten. Det var tydligt att musiken i hög grad påverkade bedömningarna av rollfigurens sinnesstämning och karaktärsdrag.  

  • 320.
    Alfredsson, Clara
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Pettersson, Karin
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Sportevenemangets nyhetsbrev: Råd om utformningen av nyhetsbrev2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Society is becoming more digitized, which has led to that several companiesneed to change their marketing. Many companies promote themselves throughdigital channels, one of these are e-mail. A way to market themselves throughe-mail is with newsletters. The research on e-mail marketing is far morecomprehensive than the research specifically about newsletters, which makesnewsletters to an interesting subject to study more closely. The study aims toexamine what advice regarding the design of the newsletter covers and if theadvices is suited specifically for sports events newsletters. The study also aimsto examine if FIS Nordic World Ski Championship's public newsletters followsthe selected advices and if it prefers of the receivers.To answer the questions of this study, an identification, a comparison and asurvey has been done. The identification was done through an informationsearch and 65 advices were found. Six general advice were selected andcompared to the Nordic Ski Championship's public newsletters. New modifiedversions of parts of the newsletters were created based on whether theyfollowed the six general advices or not. The modified versions and the originalversions were put together as pairs. In the survey that was published on aFacebook page and group administered by the Nordic Ski Championships,participants selected which version they preferred. The identification resulted inthat many of the advices covered the design of the newsletters text and advicesuited specifically for sport events was rare. The Nordic Ski Championshipsnewsletters followed four of the six general advices and the version of thenewsletters that followed the advice was preferred in three of six cases.

  • 321.
    Alfredsson, Eva
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Reuterwall, Ulrika
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Beröringens betydelse i vården: en systematisk litteraturstudie2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den fysiska beröringen är en förutsättning för att vård överhuvudtaget skall kunna utföras. Varje dag sker inom hälso- och sjukvården ett oräkneligt antal beröringar i skiftande situationer. Beröringen finns där som en självklar del i den dagliga vården men kan också användas i olika fysiska behandlingsmetoder. Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att beskriva vilken betydelse beröring hade i omvårdnaden för patienten. Vetenskapliga artiklar och litteratur i ämnet användes och var publicerade efter 1995. Fysisk beröring i omvårdnaden visade sig ha flera olika betydelser som gick att dela in i begreppen: symtomlindring och återhämtning, komfort, kommunikation, obehag samt samspel. Den fysiska beröringen gav både fysiska och psykiska förbättrade tillstånd. En del patienter minskade sin läkemedelsanvändning efter behandlingar med olika fysiska beröringsformer. Detta kunde vara en väg till ökad livskvalitet för människor, framförallt när det handlade om smärta, oro, och depression. Positiva känslor som trygghet, välbefinnande och komfort upplevdes av en del patienter i beröringsögonblicket och ibland som en följd av själva beröringen. Beröring visade sig vara ett sätt att kommunicera med patienter, framförallt var det viktigt när det verbala språket sviktade eller saknades. Även om många positiva betydelser för patienterna framkom i studierna fanns det också negativa upplevelser. Beröring av stressad och hårdhänt personal, smärta och att inte känna sig delaktig i skeendet var exempel på obehagliga upplevelser. I flera studier framkom att samspelet mellan patienter och vårdare kunde förbättras med stöd av den fysiska beröringen.

  • 322.
    Alfredsson, Linda
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Lissollas, Lina
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Attrahera och Behålla Sjuksköterskor: I en Offentlig Verksamhet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 323.
    Alfvén, Valérie
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Engel, HuguesStockholms universitet.Lindgren, CharlotteDalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, French.
    Översättning för en ny generation: Nordisk barn- och ungdomslitteratur på export2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 324.
    Algodin Paulic, Linda
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social and Political Studies.
    Deliberativa samtal: Utvecklare av elevers demokratikunskap?: Samhällskunskapslärares perspektiv på deliberativa samtal2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka vad verksamma samhällskunskapslärare anser om deliberativa samtal som utvecklare av elevers demokratikompetens. Frågeställningarna som används i studien är:

    1. Hur definierar samhällskunskapslärare begreppet deliberativ demokrati?

    2. Hur definierar samhällskunskapslärare begreppet demokratikompetens?

    3. Hur definierar samhällskunskapslärare begreppet deliberativa samtal?

    4. Vad anser samhällskunskapslärare om den didaktiska modellen deliberativa samtal som utvecklare av elevers demokratikompetens?

    Tillvägagångssättet för att uppfylla syftet och besvara frågeställningarna är en kvalitativ intervjustudie. Studien visar att lärarna anser att deliberativa samtal ger en positiv effekt på elevernas demokratikompetensutveckling.

    Men även att det finns nackdelar med deliberativa samtal som metod. I diskussionen jämförs och analyseras lärarnas definitioner mot den rådande forskningen på området. Studien visar att lärarnas definitioner är positivt inställda till begreppen men att det finns många frågetecken kring hur:et.

  • 325.
    Algodin Paulic, Linda
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social and Political Studies.
    Litteratursamtalets roll i samhällskunskap: Forskning och teorier om litteratursamtal i samhällskunskapsundervisningen2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna litteraturstudie är att utifrån befintlig forskning undersöka hur litteratursamtal som metod kan användas i samhällskunskapsundervisningen i årskurs 7-9. Frågeställningarna som används i litteraturstudien är:

     Vad säger forskning om att använda litteratursamtal som didaktisk metod? Mycket forskning finns inom språkämnesforskningen: vad kan samhällskunskapen lära sig av denna forskning?

     Vilka för-och nackdelar finns det med litteratursamtal enligt forskningen?

    Tillvägagångssättet för att uppfylla syftet och besvara frågeställningarna är en systematisk litteraturstudie eller en så kallad kunskapsöversikt. Översikten visar att litteratursamtalet har övervägande positiva effekter på inlärningen. Men även att det finns en övertro till litteratursamtal som metod. I diskussionen jämförs och analyseras den funna forskningens slutsatser kring litteratursamtalens fördelar och nackdelar på elevernas lärande i en samhällskunskapskontext. Studien visar att det finns ett behov att undersöka litteratursamtalets effekter på undervisningen mer genomgående.

  • 326.
    Alhamwi, MHD Mouaz
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy Technology.
    Evaluating the Economic Feasibility for utilizing PV Power Optimizers in Large-scale PV Plants for The Cases of Soiling, Mismatching, and Degradation2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The solar PV modules are influenced by a variety of loss mechanisms by which the energy yield is affected. A PV system is the sum of individual PV modules which should ideally operate similarly, however, inhomogeneous soiling, mismatching, and degradation, which are the main focus in this study, lead to dissimilarities in PV modules operating behavior and thus, lead to losses which will be assessed intensively in terms of energy yield.

    The dissimilarities in PV modules are referred to the ambient conditions or the PV modules

    characteristics which result in different modules’ maximum power point (MPP) and thus, different currents generated by each PV modules which cause the mismatching. However, the weakest PV module current governs the string current, and the weakest string voltage governs the voltage.

    Power optimizers are electronic devices connected to the PV modules which adjust the voltages of the PV modules in order to obtain the same current as the weakest module and thus, extract

    the modules’ MPP. Hence, the overall performance of the PV plant is enhanced. On the other hand, the power optimizers add additional cost to the plant’s investment cost and thus, the extra energy yield achieved by utilizing the power optimizers must be sufficient to compensate the additional cost of the power optimizers. This is assessed by designing three systems, a reference system with SMA inverters, a system utilizes Tigo power optimizers and SMA inverters, and a system utilizes SolarEdge power optimizers and inverters. The study considers four different locations which are Borlänge, Madrid, Abu Dhabi, and New Delhi.

    An Excel model is created and validated to emulate the inhomogeneous soiling and to evaluate the economic feasibility of the power optimiz

    ers. The model’s inputs are obtained from PVsyst and the precipitation data is obtained from Meteoblue and SMHI database.

    The economic model is based on the relation between Levelized Cost of Electricity (LCOE) which will be used to derive the discount rate. Graphs representing the discounted payback period as a function of the feed-in tariff for different discount rates is created in order to obtain the discounted payback period.

    The amount of extra energy yielded by the Tigo and the SolarEdge systems is dependent on the soiling accumulated on the PV modules. Relative to the reference system, 6.5 % annual energy gain by the systems utilizing the power optimizers in soiling conditions, up to 2.1 % in the degradation conditions, and up to 9.7 % annual energy gain at 10 % mismatching rate. The extra energy yield is dependent on the location, however, the Tigo and the SolarEdge systems have yielded more energy than the reference system in all cases except one case when the mismatch losses is set to zero.

    The precipitation pattern is very influential, and a scare precipitation leads to a reduction in the energy yield, in this case, the Tigo and the SolarEdge systems overall performance is enhanced and the extra energy gain becomes greater.

    The Tigo system yield slightly more energy than the SolarEdge system in most cases,

    however, during the plant’s lifetime, the SolarEdge system could become more efficient than the Tigo system which is referred to the system’s sizing ratio. The degradation of the system or the soiling accumulation decreases the irradiation and thus, a slightly oversized PV array become suitable and deliver an optimal power to the inverters.

    The SolarEdge system is feasible in all scenarios in terms of LCOE and discounted payback period, although its slightly lower performance relative to the Tigo system, this is referred to its low initial cost in comparison to the other systems. The Tigo system is mostly infeasible although it yields more energy than the reference and the SolarEdge systems, this is referred

    iii

    to its relatively high initial cost. However, feed-

    in tariffs higher than 20 € cent / kWh make

    all systems payback within less than 10 years.

    The results have overall uncertainty within ± 6.5 % including PVsyst, Excel model, and the

    precipitation uncertainties. The uncertainty in the degradation and the mismatching

    calculations is limited to PVsyst uncertainty which is ± 5 %. The uncertainties in LCOE in

    the location of New Delhi, since it is the worst-case scenario, are 5.1 % and 4 % for the

    reference and the systems utilizing power optimizers, respectively.

    Consequently, accommodating the uncertainties to the benefits gained by utilizing power

    optimizers indicates that the energy gain would oscillate in the range of 6 % - 6.9 % for the

    soiling calculations, 2 % - 2.2 % for the degradation simulations, and 9.2 % - 10.2 % for the

    mismatching simulations at 10 % mismatchrate.

  • 327.
    Al-Hashimi, Mazin
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy Technology.
    Modelling Installation Cost for Rooftop PV Systems2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The cost of installation of photovoltaic (PV) systems is a substantial fraction of the total cost of the project and the same is increasing with reducing cost of PV modules. This study essentially deals with the cost of installation of rooftop PV systems and presents a cost model for it, based on data collected for more than 700 projects of different capacities, roof types, circumstances, and locations in Sweden. The presented cost model shall give reasonably accurate estimations about the costs associated with the main elements of the process of rooftop PV systems installation, such as labour, shipping, equipment, travel, and accommodation, for different situations as a function of few important variables such as system capacity, roof type, distance to the installation location, etc. The weighted share of cost of the different elements of the cost model out of the total cost of installation was determined. Several relationships between different elements and variables were examined to find relationships that can help to better understand the process of installation and to develop the cost model. The variations in time required per unit system capacity have been examined for several processes of rooftop PV systems installation, to investigate about potential for reduction in the time and thus the cost due to economies of scale.

  • 328.
    Alhasweh, Mohamed Abdulwahab
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Farid, Babrak
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    The effects of Ikea and external shopping centers on regional trade and retail growth: A comparative analysis of Ikea’s establishment in Kalmar and Karlstad2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the effects of Ikea store establishment in Kalmar and Karlstad on the trade and retail inside the two cities, and as well on the trade and retail in the close neighboring municipalities and in further peripheral municipalities in both regions. After the establishment of Ikea store, Kalmar and Karlstad have experienced significant growth in trade and retail. The question, however, is how big this growth is in both cities? And how different locations on different distances from Ikea have been affected? What impact there was on different segments of the retail? How different business branches have been affected? How large the catchment area for the emerging new large-scale retail locations is? These questions, in addition to few others, are investigated in this paper. The thesis starts with an introduction chapter containing a background of the topic, problem description, the investigated questions, the purpose, and the outline of the paper. The next chapter includes the frame of reference which consists of literature review and theoretical framework about the external shopping centers and their impact on retail and regional trade development. It includes also information gathered from previous studies technical reports and other available sources about the subject. The third chapter includes description for the methods used to collect the primary and secondary data needed for the purpose of this study. Then the empirical framework which demonstrates the results of the conducted research followed by analysis and concluded in discussion and conclusion. Mixed methods are used as research strategy in this thesis, and the method to conduct the research is based on telephone interviews for the primary (qualitative) data, and documents and desk research for the secondary (quantitative) data. The gathered data is analyzed and designed in a way that allows the usage of comparative analysis technique to present the findings and draw conclusions. The results showed that new established Ikea retail store outside the city boundaries results with many effects on the city center and on the neighboring municipalities as well. The city center seems not to be affected negatively, but on the contrary positive effects were witnessed in both regions, these positive effects are linked to the increase inflow of customers from the external retail area which is known as spillover effect. III On the other hand, the neighboring towns and municipalities are more negatively affected especially with the trade of con-convenience goods as the consumers in these towns and municipalities start to go to the area of Ikea and the large external retail center to do their purchasing, the substitution effect is then said to be occurred. Moreover, the further far municipalities do not seem to be significantly affected by the establishment of Ikea. These effects whether positive or negative could be monitored by looking to few trade parameters such as the turnover, the sales index, and the consumers’ expenditure, these parameters can be very useful to measure the developments and changes in the trade and retail in a given place. 

  • 329.
    Ali, Akbar
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, English.
    Concreteness in Business letters: a Corpus-based Analysis of British and Pakistani English2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Linguistic features of business letters have been a research target of both linguists and business writers. In this study, the language of British and Pakistani Business letters was compared and contrasted in terms of concreteness and abstractness. A corpus of 100 business letters from Inner Circle and Outer Circle writers were collected for analysis. The findings of the study revealed that British writers use more specific and concrete nouns, definite determiners, numeral, possessive and demonstrative adjectives, cohesive and rhetorical devices than the Pakistani Writers in order to be become concrete and vivid in their communication. The present findings are rather corpus specific since the data include only two countries; however this study may lead to further cross circle research including Expanding Circle research of business letters in terms of concreteness and abstractness. The issue of concreteness in Cross-circle business English can also be studied from psychological, sociological and anthropological perspectives in future Research.

  • 330.
    Ali, Liaqut
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Avdic, Anders
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    A framework for ICT-based knowledge sharing in sustainable rural development: the case of Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan2015In: Electronic Journal of Knowledge Management, ISSN 1479-4411, E-ISSN 1479-4411, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 103-116Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Some 50% of the people in the world live in rural areas, often under harsh conditions and in poverty. The need for knowledge of how to improve living conditions is well documented. In response to this need, new knowledge of how to improve living conditions in rural areas and elsewhere is continuously being developed by researchers and practitioners around the world. People in rural areas, in particular, would certainly benefit from being able to share relevant knowledge with each other, as well as with stakeholders (e.g. researchers) and other organizations (e.g. NGOs). Central to knowledge management is the idea of knowledge sharing. This study is based on the assumption that knowledge management can support sustainable development in rural and remote regions. It aims to present a framework for knowledge management in sustainable rural development, and an inventory of existing frameworks for that. The study is interpretive, with interviews as the primary source for the inventory of stakeholders, knowledge categories and Information and Communications Technology (ICT) infrastructure. For the inventory of frameworks, a literature study was carried out. The result is a categorization of the stakeholders who act as producers and beneficiaries of explicit and indigenous development knowledge. Stakeholders are local government, local population, academia, NGOs, civil society and donor agencies. Furthermore, the study presents a categorization of the development knowledge produced by the stakeholders together with specifications for the existing ICT infrastructure. Rural development categories found are research, funding, agriculture, ICT, gender, institutional development, local infrastructure development, and marketing & enterprise. Finally, a compiled framework is presented, and it is based on ten existing frameworks for rural development that were found in the literature study, and the empirical findings of the Gilgit-Baltistan case. Our proposed framework is divided in four levels where level one consists of the identified stakeholders, level two consists of rural development categories, level three of the knowledge management system and level four of sustainable rural development based on the levels below. In the proposed framework we claim that the sustainability of rural development can be achieved through a knowledge society in which knowledge of the rural development process is shared among all relevant stakeholders.

  • 331.
    Ali, Samir
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Construction.
    Hanna, David
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Construction.
    Hjälpmedel till resenärer i kollektivtrafiken som inte kan ta till sig vanliga skyltar på ett enkelt sätt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report aims at investigating how traffic management can help disabled and elderly. Although more than 800,000 people travel with SL every day, many elderly and disabled find it difficult to travel using public transportation. Through interviews, different associations representing different disabilities have reported that they feel a lack of information and they feel insecure. Many choose not to travel with public transportation. The investigation has resulted in two different solutions, the advantages and disadvantages of the different solutions are discussed as well. A WEFEEL bracelet that communicates with both the passenger and the bus driver via signals to facilitate the perception that the correct bus is on its way, signal if the traveller has a need for assistance, etc. The second solution proposal WEFIND is ground plates with diodes in the form of arrows that show the path when traffic disturbances occurs and redirects the passengers. Both solutions work for many different groups and also for travellers without special needs (arrows). The solutions take into consideration the environmental issue but have not been further investigated in terms of instalment and economy. The conclusion is that the suggested solutions can help travellers feel safer and thus travel more using public transport.

  • 332.
    Alijani, Hamid
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    The determinants of visitor spending: The case study of Nordic World Ski Championships in Falun- Sweden2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sporting events, which are part of broader tourism industry, bring a range of benefits to the hostcities and regions. These benefits include increase in business activity, job creation,infrastructure development and publicity. Cities and regions spend huge amount of money tohost sporting events. A number of researchers have attempted to investigate the determinants ofvisitors spending at sporting events. However, the factors that influence the visitors spendingappear to be case specific. This study examines the determinants of visitors spending at NordicWorld Ski Championships, Falun 2015. The results suggest that income, number of days spent atthe event and being foreigner are the main determinants of the spending. The results also showthat education, marital status, gender, party size, distance traveled and satisfaction level have nosignificant impact on visitors spending.

  • 333.
    Alizade, Hasrat
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Zetterberg, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Frontex, EU:s försvar mot (il)legala invandrare?: En diskursanalytisk studie om Frontex säkerhetiseringsarbete2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Frontex, som är EU:s gemensamma gränskontrollbyrå arbetar med att samordna EU:s medlemsstaters gränsbevakning för att på så sätt stoppa illegal invandring och bekämpa de illegala nätverk som organiserar denna. Detta arbete är dock någonting som resulterar i att det blir svårt, för att inte säga omöjligt för flyktingar att ta sig in i EU på ett legalt sätt för att söka asyl. Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka varför Frontex arbetar för att öka säkerheten vid EU:s yttre gränser.

    Det empiriska materialet, som består av Frontex arbetsprogram analyseras genom Köpenhamnsskolans säkerhetsteorier och vår valda metod, diskursanalys. Säkerhetiseringsteorin bidrar till en djupare förståelse av säkerhet medan diskursanalysen bidrar med analysredskap. Genom att dela upp materialet i tre diskurser fann vi att Frontex säkerhetisering riktar sig mot illegal invandring, människosmuggling/människohandel och terrorism. Utifrån vår analys kom vi fram till att Frontex inte gör någon skillnad på migranter i sin säkerhetisering av EU:s yttre gränser. De som inte har giltigt tillstånd får inte tillträde till unionens område, oavsett om de är kriminella eller flyktingar i behov av internationellt skydd.

  • 334.
    Aljebouri, Sally
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Samverkan i ärenden med våld i nära relationer: Socialsekreterares och polisers erfarenheter2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate social workers and police investigators perceptions and experiences of cooperation between the two authorities in cases of violence against women and children by men in a close relationship. The method used was qualitative with semi-structured interviews. Three social workers in the social services and two police investigators were interviewed. Cooperation was used as a theoretical frame. The result showed that cooperation is perceived as more extensive and structured when children are involved, compared to when women without children are abused. Collaboration is affected by different work methods, procedures, rules of confidentiality, lack of resources and time. Results showed further that personal relationships affect cooperation and there is knowledge and awareness of violence in close relationships in both authorities. Cooperation between social services and the police is necessary and contributes to help abused women and children to get the support they need.

  • 335.
    Alkhado, Luqman
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy Technology.
    Boussaa, Youcef
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy Technology.
    Heat transfer tests on EPS material and massive timber wall component2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Timber walls are known to be an energy efficient component in the building envelope.

    These building elements are essential in the passive design and have been pointed out to

    their ability to regulate the indoor climate and reduce energy demand. Heat transfer

    measurements of thermal transmittance value of Iso-timber wall component have been

    performed with the climate chamber at three temperature differences. The influence of

    temperature variations on the thermal conduction of the wall were investigated. The

    temperature on the warm side was kept at room temperature 20 °C while the cold side

    temperature was decreased from 0 C to -20 C during the tests. As the temperature

    difference is increased, the thermal transmittance value of the timber wall component

    decreased slightly due to decrease in the thermal conductivity value. The effect of density

    and porosity on the thermal conductivity may be related to the presence of air voids and

    cell boundaries inside the timber wall. Results have showed that the U-value of the timber

    wall component decreases at higher temperature differences which indicates the higher

    degree of insulation of the timber wall component.

  • 336.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Andersson, S Känslornas filosofi1995In: Tidskriften Folkhögskolan, no 7, p. 22-Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 337.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Berggren, Henrik, Seklets ungdom. Retorik, politik och modernitet 1900-19391997In: Tidskrift för Folkets historia, no 1, p. 54-56Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 338.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Biologismen – ett samhällsprojekt1996In: Tidskrift för Folkets historia, ISSN 0349-6279, no nr 3-4, p. 118-126Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 339.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Campinglivet påvisar socialism: recension av Varför inte socialism? av G. A. Cohen2013In: Dalademokraten, ISSN 1103-9183, no nov 2013, p. 16-17Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 340.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Cybermöte på folkhögskola1996In: Tidskriften Folkhögskolan, no 5, p. 10-11Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 341.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Dag Vidar Hanstad Fullt hus: Eventyret norsk skiskyting2006In: Idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652-7224Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 342.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    David Karen & Robert E. Washington (red) The Sport and Society Reader. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge 20102011In: Idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652–7224Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 343.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Den Europeiska fattigdomen. TLM, nr 2/951995In: Tidskriften Folkhögskolan, no 6, p. 22-23Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 344.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Den nationalistiska idrotten: (del 4 av 5)2018In: Dalademokraten, ISSN 1103-9183, no 2018-01-02, p. 2Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 345.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Den stora gruvstrejken skakade om: recension av Strejkkonsten av Ingela Johansson2014In: Dalademokraten, ISSN 1103-9183, no 140124, p. 20-21Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 346.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Dominic Malcolms Sport and Sociology: recension2013In: Idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652-7224Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 347.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Edling, R(red) Idrottshistoriskt symposium 2005. Idrottens attraktivitet. Sveriges centralförening för idrottens främjande. (2006) Carlshamn Tryck & Media AB, Karlshamn/InterGraf AB, Malmö.2007In: Idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652-7224Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 348.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Elitidrotten är en marknadsplats2015In: Dalademokraten, ISSN 1103-9183, no 28 augArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 349.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Emile Durkheim: a biography2013In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 50, no 3-4, p. 353-355Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 350.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Eriksen, T B /Tranöy, K E /Flöistad, G Filosofi och vetenskap1995In: Tidskriften Folkhögskolan, no 8, p. 25-Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
45678910 301 - 350 of 14892
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