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  • 351.
    Stier, Jonas
    Mälardalens högskola, Institutionen för samhälls- och beteendevetenskap.
    Intercultural competencies as a means to manage intercultural interactions in social work2004In: Journal of Intercultural Communication, ISSN 1404-1634, E-ISSN 1404-1634, no 7Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 352.
    Stier, Jonas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies.
    Internationalisering av högre utbildning2016In: Samproduktionens retorik och praktik: inom området hälsa och välfärd, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016, 1Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 353.
    Stier, Jonas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies.
    Preface2018In: Crossing Borders / [ed] Wickford, J. & Osman, F, Dublin: Tara Press , 2018Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 354.
    Stier, Jonas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies.
    Samverkan och samskapande kräver öppenhet och integritet2018In: Universitetsläraren, ISSN 0282-4973, no 13 decArticle, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 355.
    Stier, Jonas
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies.
    Holmström, Inger
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Tillgren, Per
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Östlund, Gunnel
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Samarbete, samverkan, samproduktion2016In: Samproduktionens retorik och praktik: inom området hälsa och välfärd, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016, 1Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 356.
    Stier, Jonas
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies.
    Holmström, Inger
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Tillgren, Per
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Östlund, Gunnel
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Samproduktionens praktik och teori2016In: Samproduktionens retorik och praktik: inom området hälsa och välfärd, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016, 1Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 357.
    Stier, Jonas
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies.
    Smit, Sharon
    University of Groningen.
    De-dramatising societal impact: The nuts and bolts of co-creation and impact2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 358.
    Straszer, Boglárka
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish as Second Language.
    Att vägleda nyanlända2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 359.
    Straszer, Boglárka
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish as Second Language.
    Mörk, Lina
    Dalarna University.
    Studie- och yrkesvägledning – vägen till en lyckad integrering2018In: Lisetten, Vol. 4, p. 20-22Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 360.
    Strömberg, Linda
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Rosell, Marielle
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Att centralisera en myndighets HR-funktion: Framgångsfaktorer för en väl fungerande centraliserad HR-funktion och centraliseringens bidrag till ökad enhetlighet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 361.
    Sund, Nina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Larsson, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Wistrand, Nils
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Kinesiska affärsetableringar i Sverige: Kartläggning över områden som förbättrar chanserna att lyckas2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim and starting point: The aim of the Bachelor thesis is to examine and define the paramount knowledge Chinese businessmen need in order to succeed with their establishment in Sweden. The authors also seek to answer what incentives attract Chinese businessmen to come to Sweden, as well as how Chinese establishments in Sweden can be predicted to appear in the future.

    Results/conclusions: The study outlines key areas in which Chinese businessmen should have knowledge in order to succeed with their establishment in Sweden. The results also gives an indication on how Chinese business establishments in Sweden will appear in the future, into which areas the Chinese mainly invest/establish in, as well as why and how these are done. On the basis of this material the authors generate proposals for educational packages which among others can be sold to Chinese businessmen.

    Knowledge overview: Here relevant theory connected to the area of study is presented. The knowledge overview presents the Swedish in relation to the Chinese perspective in areas such as: culture, hierarchy, relations, Face, communication, HRM, education, CSR and labour law. The knowledge overview can itself contribute to fostering an understanding of differences between Sweden and China.

    Method: The area of research has been accessed by a combination of methods. The study is both deductive and explorative. The main channel of information and data collection are in-depth interviews which are used as a deductive starting point, an expert investigation and as a Grounded Theory. As a complement the authors have also conducted a delphi study in which an expert panel answered questions concerning the future of Chinese establishments in Sweden. The deductive and explorative parts have been analyzed individually and have each generated a conclusion. These conclusions have then been interwoven in a synthesis that highlights and creates new knowledge.

  • 362.
    Sundin, Elin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Rindestedt, Elin
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Attraktiv expatriering: Före, under och efter2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose and starting point: That based on a study with four organizations identify factors that are important to work with regarding expatriation and to use Mendenhall, Dunbar and Oddous model as inspiration to create a separate model with factors of value to an expatriation process.

     

    Research - Journey:            Based on the framework and the empirical results of the interviews identify four categories: importance of including family, mentoring and support, adaptation to culture and career planning. The empirical results and the reference frame is the base for analysis and conclusion.

     

    Conclusion                          The conclusion presents significant factors for the outcome of the study's purpose. These factors are then used in the model, which the authors created. The model shows how the need for the four categories depends on the planned length of expatriation.

     

    Method:                              The authors of the study base the study on a qualitative approach with in-depth interviews as a method. The empirical result is based on the material obtained through interviews with respondents from the four organizations.

  • 363.
    Sunesson, Måns
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    What is social responsibility?: An analysis of social responsibility in hotel SMEs in Tällberg, Dalarna2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is a lack of attention and understanding of how smaller hotel businesses understand and engage with social responsibility. The lack of understanding has led to a situation where the knowledge of how hotel corporations operate regarding Corporate social responsibility unproblematically is applied across scales onto Small and medium sized hotels behaviour regarding social responsibility. This thesis examines this lack of understanding by analysing discourses related to social responsibility that can be found in online reviews written by former guests of SME hotels in Tällberg, Sweden. The results of the discourse analysis show that SME hotels mainly perform social responsibility through the performance of hospitality and by acting as cultural brokers allowing socialisation to happen. They suggest that the notion most SMEs have of hospitality links into social responsibility without them realising it. However, the unreflective conflation of knowledge across scales regarding social responsibility and the term Corporate social responsibility risk disrupting this performance, as it makes SME hotel owners and managers act counterproductively to this. Thus, this thesis suggests that the very use of the term CSR when talking about SMEs in the hotel sector is problematic. Furthermore, the findings also suggest that the creation and performance of social responsibility in hotel SMEs are mainly dialogic, unlike previously assumed, as it is created in the interaction between two persons.

  • 364.
    Sustersic, Vladimir
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Short lived vampire: The Failure of Destination Collaboration: A case study ofValjevo, Serbia2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The importance of stakeholder collaboration within a tourism destination is widelyrecognized in the literature. However, this process seems to be very complex and challengingdue to multiple actors with interest in tourism development and fragmented nature ofdestinations. Both, influental and competent stakeholders need to be considered in tourismplanning and decision-making, in order to avoid conflicts and provide integral tourist product.This paper explores the case in which the process of collaboration was very complex,followed by many discrepancies and limitations. It is dealing with the formation andevolution of a destination collaboration and controversial promotional idea. By usingqualitative method of interviews, the paper seeks to reveal the main reasons which influencedthe failure of a major collaborative initiative supported by number of destinationstakeholders. This will be done by exploring the case of disagreement over a joint marketingidea between the official government-led DMO and industry-led cluster. For the empiricalanalysis, the case of destination Valjevo in Serbia was choosen. It is a destination that isfacing a number of problems typical for many tourist places in Serbia. The area is verydiverse, with a large number of potential tourist products, narratives, events, and alreadyexisting associations. The idea of using a figure of a vampire to promote Valjevo as a touristdestination was triggering a series of problems and criticism. In-depth interviews with a totalof seven respondents were carried out in order to collect the primary data for the research.The results have shed light on six main groups of factors that synergistically contribute to thedestination collaboration failure, namely: public pressure, lack of support and understanding,interpersonal relations and personalities, membership structure and internal factors, includingthe inactivity of the members themselves. Competitive relations among official DMO andmembers of the collaborative initiative seem to be particularly important and limiting for thesuccess of destination collaboration in this case. It shows that disagreement about the ways ofpromotion can be an important constraint and a factor of instability, which can infect thewhole collaborative process and question its further existence. The results confirm thecomplexity of relations and perspectives within a single tourism destination, made up of alarge number of stakeholders with their own system of thinking and acting.

  • 365.
    Svensson, Emelie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Isaksson, Josefine
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    ’’Rå men hjärtlig’’: En kvalitativ studie om kvinnor i ledande positioner på en mansdominerad arbetsplats2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our graduate study is based on how women in senior positions experience their prerequisites and conditions in a male-dominated organization. Furthermore, the survey aims at explaining how the organization is working with gender issues and gender equality. The interest in this subject is based on our own curiosity towards leadership. In addition, we wanted to get an understanding of what women in senior positions might experience with the assumption that they are in minority. The theoretical frame of reference consists of theories, concepts and previous research on gender and gender equality. Significant theories for the survey are Doing gender and Man as a norm. The majority of the theories were chosen before the empirical material was collected. Strategies women develop on male-dominated workplaces have been added after the data collection. A qualitative survey with semi-structured interviews was performed in a global industrial group in Sweden. Ten (10) women in senior positions from three (3) different business areas and different hierarchical levels participated. The results of the survey show that women in senior positions in a male-dominated workplace tend to face different types of resistance, because they are often judged based on the male norm. An organization can attribute gender to different stereotypical performances, which they themselves find difficult to detect because it is normalized in the context. It appears that the jargon can be very rough and a woman in a senior position is expected to withstand a little roughness. The result also shows that the women who feel accepted enjoy their workplace, that is also why being accepted is important.

  • 366.
    Swenberg, Thorbjörn
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    Editorial intentions and viewer perceptions: An audiovisual methodology for studying film editing and eye movements2016In: Visual Methodologies. A postdisciplinary journal., ISSN 2040-5456, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 13-33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents an audio-visual methodology, VOSMET, designed to address activities of the craft of film editing, with a focus on the use of perception, and its implications. The methodology employs 13 different visual aspects and five different audio aspects, starting with video-recording observations of an editor, and ending with the analysis of eye-tracking data from film viewers. Craft research needs methodologies that address craft activities and cognitive approaches. Design practices share a similar need for reaching deeper understanding. It is neither established how film editors achieve perceptual precision in continuity editing in practice. The VOSMET methodology simultaneously captures bodily actions, utterances, software events, and keystrokes, along with the audiovisual material under processing, and uses graphics to distinguish between what takes place. The methodology also contributes by grasping what a film editor attends to, how this attention functions, as well as how perceptual factors are handled by the film editor. Finally, the methodology can evaluate editorial intentions against film viewer perceptions.

  • 367.
    Swenberg, Thorbjörn
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    Kostela, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies.
    Saveljeff, Sigrid
    Dalarna University.
    Design Matters for the Role of the University in a Regional Innovation System2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of a university in an innovation system can take on various forms. The design of that role depends on how the university enters into collaboration with other parties in the innovation system, and how they all contribute to this design. Here, we apply a social system’s design perspective, and point out some key issues and aspects that should be considered if the role of universities is to be purposefully designed, rather than formed ad hoc.

    The purpose of such a design would be to support a wide scope of mutual benefits for the university and its collaborators – a “maximum output” from the engagement. The aim here is to point out concrete matters for the system’s designer(s) to consider, in order to create a role for the university in the innovation system that embraces a range of the university’s assets and capacities. Therefore, we address a number of critical issues and aspects affecting the functioning of the university in regard to an associated regional innovation system. Why these factors are critical will also be discussed.

    The paper stems from a pilot-project, where 16 semi-structured interviews from four (4) different Swedish regions were analysed, including regional innovation system executives, university innovation officers and leaders, as well as university research group leaders. We have analysed the reason why certain issues are critical for success when designing a university’s role in a regional innovation system:

    First, a university's contribution to the support of an innovation system through expertise consultancy and resources require other factors than participation in the innovation process by knowledge involvement does. Second, within the university there is a tendency to make a distinction between the ideation part and the utilisation part of the innovation process: different units at the university tend to show more engagement in different aspects of the process. Third, research commission is at heart for both university researchers and external parties. Fourth, the university comprises multifaceted capacities and potentials to sustain core functions in the innovation processes: as a meeting place; as a strategic knowledge broker; or as a driving force. Fifth, a university’s various networks  is a resource that might be underestimated by external parties. Sixth, much of collaborative innovation is accomplished in smaller units within the university, far from centralised university administration. Centralisation supports the university’s relations to external parties, whereas de-centralised and independent involvement of university units supports direct and efficient collaboration.  

    To maximise the output from the university’s engagement in the innovation system, the university’s role must be designed to distinguish between involvement in, or support of, innovation processes, between internal and external context requirements, and between what functions are suitable for innovation collaboration for different units of the university.

  • 368.
    Swenberg, Thorbjörn
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    Kostela, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies.
    Saveljeff, Sigrid
    Dalarna University.
    Disjunctive External and Internal Ideas on the University's Role in a Regional Innovation System2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Regional innovation systems are recurrently presented by model figures. The purpose of such figures is to monitor certain ideas regarding each presented system. The topic of this paper is the role of the University represented through such model figures, and what ideas such figures are created to promote. In analysing the models, a visual communication perspective is paired with network notions.

    The current objective is to discuss what politics can be found behind the idea promotion, when figures created within a university is compared to figures created outside of it. The aim is to clarify core differences between motives underlying the engagement of a university in its associated regional innovation system, by taking on the research question: How should we understand the disjunctions between model imagery on the University’s role in a regional innovation system used by people inside and outside of the University, respectively?

    The research method used in this pilot-project, focusing on the Dalarna region of Sweden, is an analysis of policy documents in combination with interviews. The policy documents come from universities, as well as from other institutions engaged in regional innovation systems. Primarily the model figure of the regional innovation system presented by Region Dalarna (http://www.regiondalarna.se/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/Mobilisera-for-tillvaxt-Innovationsarbete-och-smart-specialisering.pdf [p.18]) is compared to Dalarna University’s model figure of its regional collaboration self-understanding (https://www.du.se/sv/Samverkan/Lägesrapport och slutrapport – Förstudie Högskolan Dalarnas roll i det regionala innovationssystemet.pdf [p.11]), and analysed in regard to policy documents on the Dalarna innovation system. Semi-structured interviews are also made with regional innovation system executives, university innovation officers and leaders, as well as university research group leaders, 14 interviews in total, spread across four (4) different Swedish regions.

    The results are several: there are commonalities in the understanding of the university’s role in the Dalarna innovation system, inside and outside of Dalarna University, but also several disjunctions:

    (1)   It is a common understanding that there could be cooperation between the university and others based on research, and/or through education.

    (2)   One disjunction regard whether the university should act as one centrally organized hub for such collaboration, or function through a more scattered and self-organized set of units, in accordance with specific knowledge areas, where collaboration takes place.

    (3)   Another disjunction appears concerning the university’s role in regard to innovation, whether it should be expected to be involved in the very innovation processes, or be an external part in support of innovation by providing resources and expertise for those that innovate.

    (4)   A third disjunction concerns the university’s regional engagement, whether its prime efforts should be focused inwards the region, or if it is more important to function as a network provider and facilitator towards other regions as well as globally.

    (5)   The fourth encountered disjunction regards weather the university should take on the intermediating role as a (strategic) knowledge broker that connects and encourages parties to innovation collaboration, or, yet again, the active role as the (leading) driving force in collective innovation processes, covering entire strategic areas of intervention.

    (6)   A more delicate disjunction, the fifth, is the different views on knowledge, where the external expectations on the university is to deliver configured pieces of knowledge, from research or education, ready to exploit into innovation and business, whereas the university’s internal understanding is that knowledge should be developed during the collaborative process, jointly with the external parties.

    The implications of these results are that (1) the common attitude of the possibility for the university to be involved in the regional innovation system which constitutes the vital starting point for such involvement to be achieved in a systematic and meaningful way. The disjunctions are in that sense topics for negotiation: (2) how much the university should centralize its innovation system involvement must be balanced against the benefits of free and active collaboration with external parties on the level of units and individuals within the organization; (3) to what degree supportive functions for an innovation system should be expected from a university, or from others, and what actual innovation activities the university should be involved in, or not; (4) weather the university should have a more operative engagement within the region, or rather emphasize its capacity as a bridge towards other regions and countries through its networks; (5) in what regards it is useful that the university has a more strategic or leading role in terms of broking knowledge, or driving innovation processes; and (6) what are the goals and terms of collaboration – exploitation of existing knowledge or mutual development of new knowledge?

    We see, as the main outcomes of this study, that the outset for a university to engage in the regional innovation system is affirmative, when involvement is recognized as possible in both research and education, from within as well as from outside the university. The existing disjunctions regarding a university’s role in the innovation system, though, present a challenge for negotiation, which, if not taken seriously, risks a collapse of collaborations and a failure of the involvement.

  • 369.
    Sylvén, Annika
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Sex timmars arbetsdag: Hur påverkas personalens psykiska och fysiska hälsa?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In today's society, media is writing a lot about reduction of hours of work. Working for six hours but getting paid for eight hours workday is something that aroused many people's interest. In 1973, working hours were regulated to 40 hours per working week, since then no further statutory change has taken place. It therefore feels relevant to investigate how reduction of hours of work affects the mental and physical health of the individual in order for the staff and employers to understand the positive and negative aspects that it may lead to. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to survey the staff's impact of a reduction of hours of work, six hours working day, from workers perspective. Method: For this essay triangulation has been used as a method. Where quantitative data has been collected through an attitudes survey conducted through a survey. Qualitative data has been collected in addition to this survey through 13 telephone interviews. Other material has been collected through literature and scientific articles.

    Conclusion: The study shows that six hours workday tends to give the staff many positive gains in terms of improved quality of life by improving the respondents' health after six hours of working day. For this study, it is concluded that most respondents in this survey have a positive experience over six hours of working day.

  • 370.
    Tichá, Simona
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Social Capital in Tourism Destination: Bohemian Switzerland – Hřensko2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores social capital and potentially influencing factors in the tourism destination Bohemian Switzerland. To reach its goals the study area municipality Hřensko was chosen to conduct research. Through interviewing different types of stakeholders of the destination, the data was collected and consequently analysed with the use of thematic analysis.  The results show that hosting a special event was contributing to the sense of community and creation of both bonding and bridging social capital. As an important element was also identified trust, especially, in order to facilitate collaboration. Furthermore, there was noted positive influence of communication and local engagement in collaboration.  The findings are supporting the existing body of literature. Furthermore, they emphasised the role of the institutions and tourism organisation in creation and positive demonstration of social capital in the tourism demonstration. Therefore, there is need to see the social capital in destination as a complementary relationship of different agents.

  • 371.
    Tillgren, Per
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Stier, Jonas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies.
    Perspektivet samproduktion inom hälsa och välfärd2016In: Samproduktionens retorik och praktik: inom området hälsa och välfärd, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016, 1Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 372.
    Tobeländer, Stefanie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Destination image promotion: The case study of Hamburg and the cruise industry2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The destination image of a certain place is interfering the decision-making process of tourists. The information sources for the image are formed by different stakeholders. Due to the fact that not only the DMO of a certain destination promotes the image of the place, but also external stakeholders like the cruise line companies, the following research focuses on the induced destination image of the port destination Hamburg. Withthe help of a content analysis,the websites of the DMO of Hamburg and the relevant cruise operator have been analysed regarding the promotion of the destination image. While the cruise line industry has a specific focus on sightseeing and shopping, the DMO of Hamburg promotes the diversity of the city. However, the two induced destination images are mainly similar and only have small differences. Hence, there is one promoted destination image of Hamburg for two stakeholder groups: the DMO of the destination and the cruise industry. However, it is important to know the reality of this image.

  • 373.
    Vatetco, Alexandra
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Sweden – a New Culinary Nation: Local Food as a Marketing Tool in the Promotional Material in Tourism2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Food has become one of the most important elements used in the marketing of destinations. This study analyzes the representation of the Swedish food in the promotional material in food tourism of Try Swedish project, as well as Jämtland and Väst Sverige regional promotion. The focus of the research is on the main elements represented in the chosen sample of the marketing material, its purpose and audience to which the material is addressed. The content analysis explores the qualitative data of Try Swedish, Jämtland and West Sweden websites and information received through the interviews with three representatives of these webpages, involved in promotion of Swedish food to tourists. The qualitative data collected through semi-structured interviews and content analysis provides inside look into the members´ experience in marketing of Swedish food, as well as the outsiders’ analytical view upon the representational material. The findings of this research demonstrate what has been achieved in the food promotion of Sweden so far and what needs improvement and special attention in order to achieve a status of "Sweden – a new culinary nation" according to the Ministry of Rural Affair vision.

  • 374.
    Vesterlund, Karolina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Cromsjö, My
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Bättre idag, sämre förr: En kvalitativ studie om avtalsformen förtroendearbetstid och desspåverkan på individen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the effects of the Swedish contract form “förtroendearbetstid” on the

    individual's well-being and balance between private and working life. The study also examines

    if managers experience the contract form different from other employees. A qualitative

    approach has been applied to provide a deeper understanding of the individual's experience of

    the contract form.

    Six individuals were interviewed with the contract form “förtroendearbetstid” in this study,

    three of them were managers. The result shows that all respondents today are positive about

    the contract form and think it creates flexibility and benefits their balance between private and

    working life. On the other hand, the study shows that boundaries between the private and

    working life has not always been simple, which in earlier periods resulted in stress and reduced

    recovery. The result shows no bigger difference between the two selection groups, except that

    the managers has major opportunity to control their working hours.

    An analysis was made based on different theories, for instance the job demands, control and

    support model (Karasek & Theorell, 1990) and work Life Balance theory (Greenhaus, Collins

    & Shaw, 2003). Something that has emerged as important to the individual with the contract

    form is social support and also which expectations the organization and colleagues have on the

    individual. The person's characteristics, personality and experience of the contract form has

    prove to be of great relevance to how the person manages and is affected by the contract form.

  • 375.
    Viklund, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Waldehag, Sanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Den psykosociala arbetsmiljöns konsekvenser: En undersökning om långtidssjukfrånvaro bland personal inom hemtjänst och vård- och omsorgsboende.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine what the high long-term absence due within Falu municipality's care management home care and special housing. It also aims to examine how this audience is experiencing the psychosocial work environment. In addition, the proposed improvements to be drawn from the survey results, any measures to Falu municipality are nursing management. The investigation is based on a hermeneutic of knowledge with a qualitative research. Eight semi-structured interviews with sick or previously sick nurses at Falu municipality's care management have been implemented. The survey shows that combinations of several stress factors in the psychosocial work environment has led six of the respondents suffered from negative stress and later chronic fatigue syndrome, in which this can be seen form the basis of their sick leave. Load factors that emerged in the survey, for example, heavy workload, lack of recovery, high staff turnover, lack of support from leaders and a perceived low influence in the organization. These load factors have evoked feelings of frustration, inadequacy and time pressure. Previous research also reports that deficiencies in factors such as these can cause negative stress and burnout. From the front originated load factors, improvement proposals for Falu municipality’s care management are presented.

  • 376.
    Vinberg, Stig
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Sandberg, Karl W
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Hydén, Katarina
    Schönbäck, Catharina
    Förbättringsprocesser: vägar till arbetsglädje, hälsa och effektivitet2006Book (Other academic)
  • 377.
    von Essen, Johan
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Institutionen för socialvetenskap.
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Institutionen för socialvetenskap.
    Svedberg, Lars
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Institutionen för socialvetenskap.
    Folk i rörelse: medborgerligt engagemang 1992-20142015Report (Other academic)
  • 378.
    von Schantz Lundgren, Ina
    Dalarna University, School of Education and Humanities, Education.
    Dalarnas Kompetenscentra för arbetet mot våld i nära relationer, DKV: Ett organisationsövergripande samverkans- och kompetensutvecklingsprojekt i samverkan mellan Högskolan Dalarna och Falu kommun2011Report (Other academic)
  • 379.
    von Schantz Lundgren, Ina
    Dalarna University, School of Education and Humanities, Education.
    Det regionala Kvinnofridsprojektet i Dalarnas län: En kartläggande studie2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kartläggningen visar att samarbetet mellan olika kvinnojourer är under utveckling men att inte alla jourer är bemannade dagtid med avlönad personal. Dessa jourer är beroende av personal som arbetar på ideell basis. Därmed finns inte möjlighet till likvärdiga stöd- och hjälpformer i alla Dalarnas kommuner. Inte alla kvinno-jourer uppfattar heller att deras verksamhet anses som betydelsefull av ledande poli-tiker och tjänstemän. Socialsekreterarna beskriver ett väl fungerande samarbete med kvinnojourerna, något som också motsvaras av den bild personal- och frivilligarbetare på kvinnojourerna ger. Däremot upplever kvinnojourerna ett stort problem i den ekonomiska osäkerhet som präglar verksamheten och som i praktiken innebär att antalet anställda kan variera år från år. Detta bidrar bl.a. till att arbetet med att utveckla verksamheten försvåras. Det råder också periodvis platsbrist på kvinnojourerna. I de flesta fall löses detta ge-nom det kontaktnät som personalen/frivilligarbetarna på kvinnojourerna har och de hjälpsökande kvinnorna kan då beredas plats på en annan kvinnojour. Det får dock anses som otillfredsställande att kvinnor i behov av stöd inte med säkerhet kan er-bjudas hjälp sitt närområde. Det finns tillfällen när kvinnan, kanske på grund av en särskilt allvarlig hotbild, behöver komma till en kvinnojour på stort avstånd från hemorten, men det är ett annat problem. De brister i kunskaper och kompetens av generell karaktär som här formuleras stämmer väl överens med den problembild som finns i landet i övrigt. Kvinnofridsproblematiken är ett mycket skambelagt område. Många kvinnor polisanmäler inte kvinnofridsbrott och det stora mörkertalet, tillsammans med den skam kvinnor upplever, gör att många kvinnors och barns utsatthet aldrig blir känd utanför den egna familjekretsen. Många misshandlade kvinnor utvecklar också olika strategier för att dölja sin situation. Det gör att professionella som möter dessa kvinnor kan ha har svårt att upptäcka de ibland mycket subtila tecken som kan finnas på att de befinner sig i en misshandelsrelation. Till detta kommer att myndigheter och organisationer ofta har begränsade möjligheter att på ett konkret och mer långsiktigt sätt erbjuda hjälp och stöd. I kartläggningen såväl som i forskning framkommer att dessa förhållanden tenderar leda fram till en situation där den personal som möter dessa kvinnor undviker att ställa frågor, även om de har misstankar om att kvinnan blivit misshandlad. Ett mer eller mindre medvetet samspel mellan den misshandlade kvinnan och olika yrkesföreträdare kan uppstå som innebär att misshandeln förblir dold och att en ytterst kom-plex samhällsproblematik kan fortsätta att föra en till stor del undanskymd tillvaro.

  • 380.
    Wadensten, Barbro
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Engholm, Rosa
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Fahlström, Gunilla
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Hägglund, Doris
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Nursing staff's description of a good encounter in nursing homes2009In: International Journal of Older People Nursing, ISSN 1748-3735, E-ISSN 1748-3743, Vol. 4, no 3, p. 203-210Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. It has been stated that there is too little research on what constitutes good communication and good encounters in nursing homes.

    Aim and objectives. The aim of the present study was to examine nursing staff members’ views on what is important in caring encounters with older people living in nursing homes.

    Design. A qualitative descriptive study using focus group interviews with staff in a nursing home in Sweden.

    Method. Focus group interviews, analysed using qualitative content analysis.

    Results. Three main themes emerged describing nursing staff members’ opinions about the content of good encounters: ‘Caring encounters from the perspective of equality’, ‘Caring encounters from the perspective of integrity’ and ‘Caring encounters from the perspective of promoting security’.

    Conclusions. The nursing staff had theoretical knowledge of what constitutes a good caring encounter, but they seemed to need more supervision and training to develop their ways of encountering older people as well as to become stronger in their professional role. When performing such training with staff, the methodology of appreciative inquiry could be a powerful tool.

    Relevance to clinical practice. It is important to help staff become empowered and to help them develop and improve their encounters with older care recipients.

  • 381.
    Wagner, Jens
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Guides of the Falu Mine: Perceptions of Differences and Similarities onDomestic and International Visitors2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Industrial heritage tourism has been in focus for many academic studies and tourism is an alternative developmental tool for mines and contributes to their economic success. This thesis is about the Falu Mine in Dalarna, Sweden, which has World Heritage status since 2001 and is one of the biggest attractions in the region. Its history and cultural importance are reasons for the importance of preserving the heritage. The Falu Mine is under the management of the Great Copper Mountain Trust and one of their ambitions is to ensure the continuous popularity among domestic and international visitors. In order to gain a better understanding of the visitors and to find strategies to improve performance, a visitor survey has been conducted in the summer of 2011. It is the authors believe that the guides of the Falu Mine have the best available insight and that their perceptions help to add to the understanding about the visitors. Therefore, this thesis aims to explore the perceptions of the guides about their visitors, to investigate how the perceptions correspond to the statistical results and to study if there are any differences between domestic and international visitors. The mixed methods approach will increase the depth and accuracy of the results, by linking qualitative with quantitative data. The results show that differences between domestic and international visitors exist, both proven by interviews with the guides and the visitor survey. These differences occur in the factors, such as level of education of the visitors, group size and number of children in the group, knowledge of the visitors prior to and after the visit, sources of information and the fulfillment of the visitor expectations. The perceptions emphasize how these differences impact the guided tours. The guides of the Falu Mine have to be aware of those differences in order to adjust the tour accordingly, as well as the management of the Falu Mine can use this knowledge in order to identify strategies for improving performance.

  • 382.
    Wahab, Nor-Ul
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Microdata Analysis.
    Evaluation of Supervised Machine LearningAlgorithms for Detecting Anomalies in Vehicle’s Off-Board Sensor Data2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A diesel particulate filter (DPF) is designed to physically remove diesel particulate matter or soot from the exhaust gas of a diesel engine. Frequently replacing DPF is a waste of resource and waiting for full utilization is risky and very costly, so, what is the optimal time/milage to change DPF? Answering this question is very difficult without knowing when the DPF is changed in a vehicle.

    We are finding the answer with supervised machine learning algorithms for detecting anomalies in vehicles off-board sensor data (operational data of vehicles). Filter change is considered an anomaly because it is rare as compared to normal data.

    Non-sequential machine learning algorithms for anomaly detection like oneclass support vector machine (OC-SVM), k-nearest neighbor (K-NN), and random forest (RF) are applied for the first time on DPF dataset. The dataset is unbalanced, and accuracy is found misleading as a performance measure for the algorithms. Precision, recall, and F1-score are found good measure for the performance of the machine learning algorithms when the data is unbalanced. RF gave highest F1-score of 0.55 than K-NN (0.52) and OCSVM (0.51). It means that RF perform better than K-NN and OC-SVM but after further investigation it is concluded that the results are not satisfactory. However, a sequential approach should have been tried which could yield better result.

  • 383.
    Walldén, Michaela
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Skoglund, Linn
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Betydelsen av en genomtänkt introduktion: En kvalitativ studie om den nyexaminerade sjuksköterskans första tid i arbetslivet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 384.
    Wallén, Elisa
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Hedström, Matilda
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Accessible tourism for all: A matter of equal rights to be a tourist Degree2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The overall quality of life increases by participation in leisure activities. The accessibility of

    destinations is crucial in order for everyone to have equal opportunity to experience them.

    Approximately 560 thousand people in Sweden have some form of physical disability. As a

    result they may require different types of assistance or aid to manage everyday life, which

    includes recreational activities. Everyone has the right to enjoy the nature and Sweden has a

    large number of national parks and national reserves. In many cases, the accessibility to these

    destinations is limited for people with physical impairments or disabilities. Stockholm

    archipelago is the largest one in Sweden with a great variety of natural- and cultural values.

    This area attracts a high number of tourists, especially during the summer season. Therefore,

    have the authors aimed this thesis to study how Swedish organizations operating within

    tourism for disabled are working to improve the accessibility for people with physical

    disabilities in Stockholm archipelago. To collect the data seven in-depth interviews were

    conducted with organizations who are working with accessibility and tourism for people with

    physical disabilities and have adequate knowledge regarding the topic. The results of the study

    indicate that the progress towards an accessible archipelago had a promising start. However,

    the development is slow and there is still much need for improvement. A lot of consideration

    needs to be taken when planning for improved accessibility and four main areas of importance

    were discovered.

  • 385.
    Weiderstål, Daniel
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Källqvist, Marcuz
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Employer Branding idag: Attraktivitet genom sociala medier2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The use of social media has during the last couple of years increased and is now a

    major part of most of the organizations marketing strategies. But how does this fit

    with the Employer Branding strategies? And how does this affect the

    organizational attractiveness as an employer? These were two of the questions we

    wanted to examine and analyze. In order to answer these questions, we conducted

    interviews with six different companies divided into 3 subgroups. The intention of

    this was to get a wider perspective of how the implementation of social media in

    the Employer Branding could work. And could this change the recruitment

    process?

    What we could see afterwards is that more time is spent on taking references

    online through social media sites. Some say it is more honest than the traditional

    references that the candidate got to choose. Other conclusions that we could find

    was that it is important to use social media in todays market but it is crucial to use

    it in a proper way. Companies must form a strategy based on their Employee

    Value Proposition in order to reach the wanted receivers using social media. It is

    also important that the Employee Value Proposition is based on the companies’

    corporate values.

  • 386.
    Weiler, Katrin
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Strategies to maximise the economic and social benefits of a sport tourism event: Case study of Vasaloppet, Sweden2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Although the impacts and benefits of sport tourism events have already been sufficiently researched, knowledge about the strategies and tactics needed to be undertaken in order to maximize these benefits of sport tourism events is limited. This paper aims to investigate the leveraging strategies applied by different stakeholders at Vasaloppet, a cross-country ski event in Dalarna, Sweden. These stakeholders were chosen strategically and implied local businesses, the organization of Vasaloppet, the tourism offices, a sponsor of Vasaloppet and the municipality. In order to analyze and evaluate the strategies undertaken, Chalip´s models of general and social leveraging of sport events are adopted as a theoretical framework (Chalip 2004; Chalip 2006).

    The research is exploratory, aiming to determine and evaluate the strategies undertaken by different stakeholders in order to increase the economic and social benefits of Vasaloppet. The research methods will be qualitative, investigating the perception and success of measures undertaken by different stakeholders in order to enhance the benefits of the event.

    Twelve semi-structured interviews were conducted with the result, that although not being familiar with the models, the different stakeholders of Vasaloppet were undertaking several leveraging strategies. Nevertheless, not all parts of the model could be applied to Vasaloppet due to the fact that it was developed for mega-events as well as that Vasaloppet has some specific characteristics that did not fit with the models. There were solely a few measures undertaken to promote the destination through event advertising, due to the fact, that the brand Vasaloppet is connected with Dalarna as a region in such a high extent that it does not need to be advertised explicitly, at least in the opinion of the majority of participants.

    However, Vasaloppet was efficient in providing business relationships and in integrating local businesses, although it could be observed that this did not count for all local businesses. Regarding the social benefits, Vasaloppet succeeded to integrate the local population and generate a feeling of community, however an overall theming strategy was not applied and the possibilities for socializing could be improved. The local population, especially those persons with no interest in skiing or not being engaged in Vasaloppet, were aware of negative social impacts; neverthele

  • 387.
    Wernfeldt, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Rosengren, Ellinor
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Hälsofrämjande friskvårdsarbete: En fallstudie om friskvårdsarbete inom kommunal vård- och omsorgsförvaltning2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years the issue of a sustainable working life has become increasingly relevant. This implies that good working conditions will contribute to people being able to work until retirement. Health care has gone from being just a benefit to becoming an investment to promote health. Employee health and working environment is part of the human resources department´s overall efforts to retain staff. Physically demanding professions like care work is a major working environment problem which requires that organizations try to prevent that work-related illness occurs. The aim of this student thesis is to examine what conditions, from an employee perspective, organizations should take into consideration in order to create a successful work with health-promoting fitness activities within municipal health and care department. Further described the work is limited to staff in Ludvika municipality. Wellness can prevent illness but it can also enhance individual well-being and may thus constitute a successful strategy to create healthier workplaces. A combination of methods have been used for data collection, in the form of a quantitative questionnaire survey and a qualitative focus group interview. The results showed, among other things, that the majority of employees are positive to wellness at work and that it is a beneficial way to increase participation, even for those who are less physically active. Lack of time and social support are reasons why physical activity is reduced or absent. In addition to the employees who has an individual responsibility it is the managers, in consultation with the organization, who has overall responsibility to create favorable conditions for promoting health.

  • 388.
    Wigren, Maud
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Hållbart ledarskap: En studie av den psykosociala arbetsmiljön hos chefer. Är det någon som tänker på chefernas psykosociala arbetsmiljö?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the right conditions for conducting sustainable leadership and investigating how the managers of current company look at their psychosocial work environment.

    To investigate the purpose, a qualitative method has been used, where interviews formed the material for data collection. The interviews were conducted using a semi structured interview guide; the material was then transcribed to ease the analysis work.

    What does it mean for leaders to work with sustainable leadership? Through the leadership´s influence on motivation, dedication and achievement, it is of great importance for sustainability development efforts. In addition to their daily duties, a manager must that the staff is in place, attend meetings, take responsibility for employees having a good working environment. The demands of today´s managers and leaders are increasing, but do they have the knowledge they need to run a sustainable leadership?

    The results show that the managers of the organization I have visited to some extent work in a sustainable way, without being aware of it. Problem areas identified by respondents, however, are time shortages, stress, high workload and burnout.

  • 389.
    Wikström, Heléne
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Zakrisson, Lovisa
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Sjukfrånvaro och påverkansfaktorer: En fallstudie om sjukfrånvaro2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 390.
    Wilhelmson, Lena
    et al.
    Department of Education, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Moström Åberg, Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Backström, Tomas
    School for Innovation, Design and Technology, Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Köping Olsson, Bengt
    School for Innovation, Design and Technology, Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Enabling transformative learning in the workplace: an educative research intervention2015In: Journal of Transformative Education, ISSN 1541-3446, E-ISSN 1552-7840, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 219-238Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to discuss the potential of an educative research intervention to influence the quality of the learning outcome in the workplace as interpreted from the perspectives of adult learning theory. The research project was designed as a quasiexperimental, mixed-methods study. In this article, quantitative survey data were taken as the point of departure, and qualitative data were used for the purpose of analyzing aspects of learning. An educative research intervention may support a transformative learning quality when the manager and employees have to deal with severe difficulties, and they succeed in doing so by sharing responsibilities and having the strength to engage in the development process in the workplace. It is possible to support transformative learning in the workplace through an educative research intervention that encourages managers to educate themselves and their employees to think and act in new ways, aiming at integrated autonomy, increased interaction, and learning.

  • 391.
    Ybrahim, Rawan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Kränkande särbehandling i arbetslivet: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om hur kränkande särbehandling uppstår i organisationer med utredningsfokus2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate why victimization occurs in organizations and to create an understanding for how working groups perceive faktaundersökning (a Norwegian investigation method for victimization). The method used is a qualitative interview study in which three investigators and three clients of the investigation method faktaundersökning were individually interviewed. Three reports from the investigations has also been analysed and later used in the result. Four different cases in three different organizations has been investigated for this study in total. The study shows that all organizations had an insufficient working environment with multiple factors that were the underlying cause of the emerge of victimization, bullying and conflicts. These factors were later able to be categorized as; communication, leadership and roles, organizational structure and culture, policies, understanding and values. The study thus showed that the individuals who performed the negative interpersonal actions were the result of an insufficient organizational and social work environment. Furthermore, the study showed that the respondents experienced the faktaundersökning as dry, direct and hard to go through for both the different parties, but also the working groups and the organizations. The study showed that it is important that all parties are offered emotional support as soon as possible in order for the parties to feel fairly treated and thus become more willing to cooperate in the investigations. According to the respondents, trust and impartiality between investigators and the parties were an important aspect for the investigation to generate in such a true result as possible, where the right of reply plays a crucial role in the legal certainty of the investigation.

  • 392.
    Zager, Merle
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Rättvik – This is where it happens!?: Enhancing stakeholder collaboration for rural tourismdevelopment with the help of nearby mega sport events2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The presented study investigates how rural tourism destinations can benefit from a mega sport event that is hosted in a city nearby. This is done by examining the case study of Camp Norway, an initiative of the municipality of Rättvik, which was hosted during the FIS Nordic Ski World Championship in Falun 2015. For this purpose semi-structured interviews were conducted with several key stakeholders and members of the steering committee of the project. The research aimed to answer what the concept was actually about, what the stakeholders expected, how they collaborated and how they evaluate the project. It was explored that a main intention of the project was to bring the tourism stakeholders of the municipality together and thus enhance their collaboration for the future. Although the expectations concerning visitor numbers and economic benefits were too high and have not been met, the overall concept evaluation is still very positive. This is due to the fact that the actors have recognised the importance of close stakeholder collaborations especially in the rural tourism industry and have successfully established a common ground for future projects in Rättvik. The case of Camp Norway can be taken as an example also for other rural tourism destinations, how to improve local stakeholder collaboration by innovatively benefitting from nearby events.

  • 393.
    Zarzycka, Aleksandra
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Young tourist’s preferences in context of cultural tourism in Podlasie´s region2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present paper constitutes a review of the results of a study concerning cultural tourism conducted on a group of students from selected higher education institutions in Bialystok. The aim of this paper is to analyze young tourists' preferences in Podlasie's region in terms of cultural tourism: their choice of activities and attractions, as well as trip related characteristics in contrast to the preferences of young non-cultural tourists. Quantitative research approach has been applied in the study in order to meet the objective of this paper, as the quantitative methods allow to summarize vast sources of information and facilitate comparisons across categories and over time (Kruger, 2003, p.18-19). An online survey was used as a technique to carry out the research. The main results indicate that students, as cultural tourists, prefer a variety of activities (both cultural and non-cultural) in diverse locations and do not limit themselves to any dominant attractions. The work has its value within the cultural tourism literature, as it discusses the potential of the tourist youth market in the developing rural area of post-communist country, Poland. The paper offers suggestions on a more in-depth further research.

  • 394.
    Zeng, Wenjie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Ready to Cope with the Sharing Economy in Tourism Service: Small and Medium-Sized Travel Agencies in China2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis work investigates the response of China’s SME travel agencies to the growth of

    the sharing economy in travel and tourism services, with the aim to formulate practical

    recommendations for industry insiders. Through in-depth interviews conducted in the city of

    Shanghai, the thesis produces an outline of how the SME travel agencies perceive sharing

    economy in Chinese context. The aspects of business performance are studied for both

    incumbent travel agencies and those emerging sharing start-ups. The key concepts of sharing

    economy are focused and used to examine the sharable potential of SME travel agencies in

    order to achieve the aim of this thesis. It is revealed that SME travel agencies in Shanghai

    have adopted various new practices in response to market changes. It appears that the gradual

    development of their proactive “collaborative activities” interprets the tenets propagated by

    the sharing economy advocates. As sharing propensity becomes formidable, it is

    recommended that SME travel agencies should focus in line with key principles of the

    sharing economy on sharable potential in their products, distribution channels and sales

    personnel.

  • 395.
    Zhao, Long
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Abukadirov, Kudratilla
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Europe as Chinese Outbound Travel Market:: Analysing Travel Patterns of Chinese Tourists in Selecting EuropeanDestinations2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    While China has become one of the larger tourism destination regions in the recent years, allindications point to China establishing itself as the biggest tourist outbound market in the nearfuture. As such, numerous countries prepare to attract more Chinese travelers with a higherspending power in order to sustain or extend the current level of tourism related income. Forpotential European destinations, it is therefore essential to understand the travel motivations aswell as the obstacles Chinese travelers face when considering Europe as a travel destination.Therefore, the aim of this research is to contribute to the understanding of the Chinese outboundtourism market towards European destinations. This was achieved by analyzing the impacts oftravel obstacles and the push and pull factors of Chinese travelers. This analysis has been basedupon the development of the travel flows in the past 10 years, in terms of tourist numbers, and isexplained by economic, political and social factors (i.e. push and pull).The method used within this research consists of quantitative secondary data. The data isrecorded from the World Tourism Organization statistics and re-analyzed using the LocationQuotient.While in the past much of the outbound tourism was concentrated in several countries the resultsindicate that destination choices vary more and more while all countries in this study recorded anincrease in Chinese tourists. The analyzing-results also indicated that with the rise of the Chineseeconomy, the number of outbound tourists will relatively rise. Moreover, the findings indicatethat the flow of outbound tourists from China has risen, also owing to relaxation of major staterestrictions and change of intervening obstacles.After analysing the situation of tourism market [during the past decade] between Europe andChina, the authors are able to comment about the future trends. Furthermore, suggestions forfuture investigation are presented.

  • 396.
    Zhao, Xiaoyun
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Microdata Analysis.
    Government vs Market in Sustainable Residential Development?: Microdata analysis of car travel, CO2 emission and residence location2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Increasing car usage and travel demands between residential locations and destinations in order to fulfill the various needs of residents is a primary cause of CO2 emissions. To win the battle against climate change, a better understanding of the question relating to which urban residential form may most effectively mitigate the CO2 emissions is the key pathway.

    This dissertation is concerned with the above problem and it mainly considers three objectives in providing insights on answering the question. The first objective is to comprehensively and microscopically understand intra-urban car travel behavior. The second objective is to estimate the induced CO2 emissions from daily intra-urban car travel and to ex-ante evaluate residential plans. The third objective is to assess whether the governmental sustainable residential development objective is aligned with the objectives of the estate market actors. To explore the research questions related to the objectives, a microdata analysis process (data collection, data assessment and transformation, data storage, data analysis and decision-making) is applied and is found essential in gaining access to key variables in exploring the answer of a preferable urban form. The dissertation offers many new solutions to various technical aspects through a microdata analysis process.

    The primary contribution of this dissertation is that it outlines an operational model that comprehensively integrates the investors’ investment strategy, the residents’ choice behavior, and the governmental sustainability objective in the interest of making an ex-ante assessment of residential plans. This ex-ante assessment provides decision-support in sustainable residential development at foremost local level.

    The first finding from the implementation of the model on the case study is that the market actors’ objectives are, in general, aligned with the government’s sustainable residential development objective. The second finding indicates that re-shaping the urban form into a compact city is preferable in mitigating CO2 emissions, in spite of the fact that the case city is of a polycentric urban form. These findings provide support for those advocating the compact city as the ideal for sustainable residential development, and also provide foresight on settling the answer to the preferred re-shaping of urban forms in climate change.

  • 397.
    Åteg, Mattias
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Change processes for attractive work in small manufacturing companies2009In: Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing, ISSN 1090-8471, E-ISSN 1520-6564, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 35-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article originates from research in interaction between researchers and companies in a network, which has led to an increasing awareness among managers on issues such as reasons behind difficulties in attracting competent labor. Particularly, attention has been directed toward the importance of work environment improvements that increase the attractivity of industrial work. To deal with such challenges, for more than 5 years a number of small engineering companies, with research support, have been engaged in change processes based on the concept of attractive work. The purpose of the article is to develop knowledge and understanding for how small engineering companies can create more attractive work. One goal is to make it possible to draw conclusions about the employees’ experiences of changes in the attractivity of industrial work. Efforts in this direction have been conducted through work environment assessments (before and after the changes) and through administration of a questionnaire. The results show that it is possible to analyze how employees experience changes in the attractivity of work. This is most interesting from the perspective that the results can be used for assisting further improvements.

  • 398.
    Öhrn, Kerstin (Editor)
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    DURE15: Dalarna University Research Evaluation 20152015Report (Other academic)
  • 399.
    Palm, Kristina (Speaker)
    Karolinska Institutet; KTH.
    Öppen föreläsning: Vägar till ett hållbart digitalt arbetsliv2018Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kristina Palm kommer att samtala om konsumtionen av mänskliga resurser inom arbetslivet och hur vi kan forska om samt utveckla och stärka hållbara arbetssystem för ett mer hållbart arbetsliv.

    Kristina Palm, disputerad vid KTH, studerar i sin forskning hållbart arbete och är från 2017 projektledare för forskningsstudien "Vägar till ett hållbart digitalt arbetsliv" som finansieras av AFA Försäkring.

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