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  • 351.
    Andersén, Annelie
    Högskolan i Skövde.
    Den nya yrkeslärarutbildningen - utkomster i form av yrkeskompetens2013In: Utbildning och Lärande / Education and Learning, ISSN 2001-4554, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 88-101Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article describes and discusses a group of newly trained vocational teachers’ experiences of outcomes of their teacher education in terms of professional skills. Seven students participated in focus group discussions concerning one of the professional teacher training national objectives. The results show that the newly trained vocational teachers acquired a new vision of the teaching profession and that they have strengthened both their professional identity and their self-confidence. They have new, broader and more improved tools to use in teaching, and they see the importance of having a vocational teacher education. Skills that are considered important in the new vocational teachers’ profession are for example to able to see the individual students and reach out to them with his message, and to make just assessments and set fair grades.

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  • 352.
    Andersén, Annelie
    Högskolan i Skövde.
    Temapresentation: Livslångt och livsvittlärande2014In: Utbildning och Lärande / Education and Learning, ISSN 2001-4554, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 8-11Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 353.
    Andrée, Fredrik
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Lennartsson, Lucas
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Revisorns rekommendation till mindre företag i valet mellan K2 och K32018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: January 1st 2014 a new accounting framework was introduced, known as “K-regelverket”. The framework contains four categories, K1, K2, K3, and K4. Small companies can choose to follow either the K2 or the K3 framework. When choosing between K2 and K3, small companies often request advice from auditors.Purpose: The purpose of this study is to understand and to explain what factors that are influencing the auditor´s recommendations to small companies in their choices between K2 and K3, and to explore and describe the auditor´s role in these choices.Method: The qualitative method of semi-structured interviews has been applied with auditors from PwC, Grant Thornton and LR revision. The study has had a deductive approach.Results: The study shows that the auditor plays a decisive role in the choice between K2 and K3 for small companies. The auditor’s recommendation to small companies in the choice between K2 and K3 is influenced by several factors. The factors identified are the company’s balance sheet items, company’s size, stakeholders, line of business and phase. The company’s balance sheet items and size has the greatest impact on the auditor’s recommendation.

  • 354.
    Anias Jiménez, Francisco
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Formativt arbete med digitala verktyg i ämnet spanska2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    By 2017, the Swedish Agency for Education has taken a further step towards developing students' digital skills. According to the Swedish Agency for Education, the education of the students is done through the learning of the use of digital tools. In order to facilitate learning, the Swedish Agency for Education emphasizes the need to work formatively and that the formative work should facilitate the student's development. This study shows the steps that can be taken to achieve the demands of the National Agency on Digital Competencies, based on research conducted by American writer Dylan Wiliam. This author, in practice, translates the formative work with five strategies. In order to understand how these strategies are used by digital tools, this study shows some selected computer programs and websites by a Swedish teacher and author, Patricia Díaz, related to the mentioned strategies. The study is also based on two questionnaires, one aimed at teachers and one for students, where information has been gathered on how, among other things, formal work in the subject of Spanish can be translated into practice through various digital tools. The study also shows whether the formative work in the subject of Spanish meets the new Swedish Agency for Education digital competence requirements and if it is clear for teachers and students that the digital work in Spanish is formative.

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  • 355.
    Aniliadis, Maria Sofie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Söderberg, Isabelle
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Idrott, genus och sponsring – ur ett subjektivtperspektiv: Kvinnliga elitidrottares erfarenheter av genusskillnaderinom sponsring.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to explain how professional female athletes experience gender

    differences in sponsorship, and if these differences have had any effects on their performance.

    This study is based on seven interviews with Swedish women who are active on a world class

    level in their chosen sports. The theoretical frame of this study is founded on the concepts of

    gender, social role theory, homologous reproduction theory, congruity theory and social

    identity theory, which can describe why a sponsor prefers to sponsor male athletes rather than

    female athletes.

    The results show that professional female athletes experience differences in how sponsors use

    them related to marketing. Women experience that sponsors prefer male over women

    characteristics and therefore support the male athlete more, thus resulting in a gender inequity.

    Women in general find it difficult to talk about their experiences regarding sponsorship and

    they avoid questioning sponsors regarding the differences experienced.

    The conclusion, is that the

    hegemonic masculinity, related to gender theory can be recognized

    within sponsorship and as long as athlete women are afraid to speak up and express this, the

    differences will never be acknowledged.

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  • 356.
    Anjou, Charlotta
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Vems historia skrivs och undervisas?: En studie om hur romerna beskrivs i den svenska skolan över tid.2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Då romerna har varit en marginaliserad, exkluderad och diskriminerad minoritet i majoritetssamhället Sverige, är studiens syfte att få en bild av hur romerna, beskrivs i den svenska skolan över tid. Studien utgör två olika undersökningar utifrån fenomenologi som teori och metodansats. I den läromedelsanalys som genomförts, visar resultatet att romerna som objekt knappt varit synliga, och i den mån de synts, har bilden varit statisk och homogen. I undervisningen i skolan idag, visar resultatet av de intervjuer som genomförts, att bilden av romerna till viss del har förändrats, men att de lärare som tillfrågats är osäkra på vad de ska undervisa om då information om romernas historia saknas.

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  • 357. Ankarhem, Mattias
    et al.
    Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics.
    Quoreshi, Shahiduzzaman
    Rudholm, Niklas
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics.
    Do Regional Investment Grants Improve Firm Performance?: Evidence from Sweden2010In: Technology and Investment, ISSN 2150-4059, Vol. 1, no 3, p. 221-227Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The effect of Swedish regional investment grants during 1990-1999 on firm performance, in terms of returns on equity and number of employees, were studied using a propensity-score matching-method to control for sample selection. Firms that received grants did not perform better in terms of returns on equity when compared to matched firms in the control group. In most years, recipient firms also did not hire more employees. The results thus cast doubt on the use of regional investment grants as a general policy instrument to improve firm performance.

  • 358.
    Anme, Tokie
    et al.
    University of Tsukuba, Tokyo, Japan.
    Henning, Cecilia
    Högskolan i Jönköping, HHJ, Avd. för beteendevetenskap och socialt arbete.
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    Ersta Sköndal högskola.
    Lowenstein, Ariela
    Haifa University, Israel.
    McCall, Mary
    St mary's College, San Fransisco, USA.
    Scharlach, Andrew
    University of California Berkeley, San Fransisco, USA.
    Supposting Elders in various Cultural Contexts: The Role of Governments, markets and Civil Society in israel, japan, Sweden and the United States2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 359.
    Anna, Klerby
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics.
    Osika, Ingrid
    Intersektionalitet och psykosomatik: Sociala positioners roll i relation till psykisk ohälsa2013In: Psykosomatik i teori och praktik / [ed] Walter Osika, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2013, 1, p. 59-80Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här kapitlet handlar om hur kön och andra sociala kategorier som t.ex. klass, ålder, etnicitet, religiös tillhörighet och sexualitet, påverkar processerna som skapar psykosomatiska problem, liksom för vägen till tillfrisknande. De nu mest tongivande teorierna beskrivs, liksom de specifika utmaningar forskare inom detta område möter, samt framtida forsknings- och utvecklingsområden. Exempelvis saknas konsensus för hur psykosomatiska tillstånd ska dokumenteras och klassificeras vilket medför svårigheter i att beräkna förekomsten av tillstånden, och därmed även att exempelvis göra hälsoekonomiska analyser. Vi som skriver detta kapitel är nationalekonomer och hoppas att du som läsare kan se vårt tvärvetenskapliga synsätt som en möjlighet att berika och utveckla medicinsk diagnostik, klinisk tillämpning och forskning.

  • 360.
    Anna, Klerby
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics.
    Osika, Ingrid
    Jämställdhetsintegrering av offentliga budgetar2011In: Jämställdhet i verksamhetsutveckling / [ed] Kristina Lindholm, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2011, p. 95-114Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det saknas ofta ett genusperspektiv när man ska fördela samhälleliga resurser och besluta om investeringar. En viktig fråga är därför hur vi kan integrera ett genusperspektiv när vi synar samhällsekonomin och de offentliga budgetarna. I detta kapitel kommer vi att ge exempel på hur en verksamhet kan genomföra genusmedvetna budgetanalyser. Vår budgetanalys bygger på insamlad statistik från två förvaltningar i Botkyrka kommun under 2008, 2009 och 2010. Det är omsorg- och serviceinsatser till äldre samt kultur- och fritidsverksamhet. Förutom att beskriva analysens olika steg visar vi vilka resultaten kan bli och hur man kan tänka kring förändring av den ojämställdhet som framkommer.

  • 361.
    Annaniassen, Erling
    NOVA.
    Korporatisme og boligregimer - en begreppsanalyse2004In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 41, no 4, p. 27-34Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 362.
    Annerberg, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work. Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Gymnasielärares skrivpraktiker: Skrivande som professionell handling i en digitaliserad skola2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to contribute to deeper knowledge about the writing practices of teachers in upper secondary school. Schools are under constant pressure to respond to the needs and expectations of an ever-changing society and political intentions. A major factor in this change which is taking place in schools is digitalization. Another factor is the adoption of new governing principles for schools involving management by goals and results, which brings increased demands for written documentation of teachers' work.

    In order to describe and problematize this development the thesis is based on a combination of Critical Discourse Analysis and New Literacy (Clark and Ivanič, 1997). The theoretical framework rests upon an understanding of writing as social action and the idea that texts both affect and are affected by the social environment. The empirical study focuses on twelve teachers and their writing practices, analyzed during week-long field visits over three years. The teachers' talk about their writing is used together with analyses of texts and images to investigate parts of teachers' writing which, according to the teachers, are considered complex and problematic.

    The findings indicate significant differences between the writing practices of the individual teachers, where each teacher has his or her own system of texts fulfilling different purposes. Despite these differences it is still possible to identify recurrent themes in the discursive conditions for teachers' writing: efficiency, reuse, authority, audit, relationships to addressees, and room to maneuver. The study illustrates possible dilemmas for teachers' writing at the intersection of teachers' professional responsibility and demands for accountability.

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  • 363.
    Annerberg, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Fändrik, Anna Karin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Att vetenskapligt förankra ett yrkeslärarprogram: Erfarenheter från ett utvecklingsprojekt2018In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 124-140Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Demands on the scientific foundation of Swedish Vocational Teacher Education has led to a development project on academic competence at Dalarna University in 2018. The project contained two sub-projects; the construction of a matrix, to display the progression of students’academic competence; and the implementation of a series of seminars on VET research. This article presents the point of departure and the methods used, together with the results of mappings and analysis of four different aspects of academic competence. This inventory of features of academic competence in teacher education, evokes a wide range of questions onthe meaning and consequence of scientific foundation, the research-practice relationship and concrete questions concerning course content.

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  • 364.
    Annisius, Daniel Chandrachur
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Managing Seasonality in Tourism: Challenges and Opportunities for the Tourism Industry in Húsavík, Iceland2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Seasonality is a common phenomenon in the tourism industry around the world. Húsavík, a town on the northern coast of Iceland, has experienced tremendous growth in tourism in recent years and is sometimes recognised as the „Whale Watching Capital of Europe‟. However, Húsavík faces extreme seasonality with high demand mainly during the summer months and limited or no demand at other times of the year. As is emphasised in the tourism literature and widely in practice, seasonality is frequently seen as a problem for the tourism industry which has to be tackled. Academic research has never before been done on seasonality in Húsavík and the aim of this thesis is to understand the nature of seasonality within the tourism industry in Húsavík and discover potential ways to reduce seasonality in Húsavík tourism. In order to fulfil the aim, qualitative semi-structured interviews were undertaken with six tourism managers in Húsavík to investigate their perceptions of seasonality and if and how it could be managed. The results confirmed that the peripheral location of the destination stimulates seasonality and it poses major economic challenges for tourism businesses in Húsavík. Managers would prefer a longer tourism season. Several recommendations were provided for how to reduce seasonality such as develop other attractions than whale watching, improve accessibility, focus marketing on seasons outside the summer, and offer winter packages for foreign and domestic tourists.

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  • 365.
    Anrog, Oscar
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    El Malla, Rodi
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Relationen mellan sportagent och fotbollsspelare ur en fotbollsspelares perspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate how the relationship between a football player and a sports agent function and look like in Sweden and how it possibly could be improved. The relationship between a football player and a sports agent is a central and important part in the world of football, a part which does not get the right amount of attention. Previous research in this field is also difficult to access, which is why this study is made. The study is of a qualitative nature in which semi-structured interviews were designed to obtain empirical data material. The relationship between said parties is based on a mutual trust where the sports agent’s purpose is to handle the administrative matters as contract negotiations, while the football player’s main focus is to perform in his sport/football games. The power in the relationship is relatively evenly distributed. The sports agent has a central role regarding the administrative matters, on the other hand it is the football player who makes the final decision because it can have an impact on his life and career.  Conflicts of interest are something that can arise in the relationship between the football player and the sports agent, a conflict of interest which could be based on various reasons, such as financial conflicts or conflicts based on a lack of time and availability for their client (football player) because of the number of clients that the sports agent represents. In order to possibly improve the relationship between the football player and the sports agent, relationship marketing and its basic concept can be applicable. A concept that implies that one party involves the other and has the other partner in mind in the event of situations and where it’s an even distribution of the decision making in the relationship.

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  • 366.
    Antonsson, Jenny
    et al.
    Falu kommun.
    Kaufmann, Bruno
    Falu kommun.
    Sedelius, Thomas
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Parkhouse, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Falu dialogguide: En vägledning till medborgardialog2017Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 367.
    Antonsson, Victoria
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Enberg, Terese
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Arbetsmiljö: Med fokus ur ett könsperspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To achieve a good work environment, the employer and the employee jointly cooperate under the Work Environment Act. This study has been performed in an industrial company with a view to examining the working environment and occupational injuries differs between men and women. In order to achieve a credible and reliable result, three different methods were used, such as interviews, participant observation and information from the company's IA system. The result shows that there are equally large differences between women and men today as it did a few years ago. Something else that was discovered was that there are many unreported when it comes to reporting the safety conversations, incidents and accidents in the company's IA sys-tem. After analyzing the collected empirical material was concluded that women do not get injuries easily than men, but it depends on the culture, norms and values in the industry. The company is working in the right way in terms of safety, equipment, ergonomics and more, still short right up to the employees. Culture, norms and values affect both working conditions and working environment, and for the success of their work environment, the company must be able to turn this around.

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  • 368.
    Anttila, Clint A
    Mitthögskolan.
    Paradigmkrig och fred: om argumentationsanalysen som integrerande grund inom socialvetenskap1995In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 32, no 4, p. 58-85Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Paradigm war and peace: argumentation analysis as a basis for integration

    This article shows that argumentation theory can serve as a fruitful methodological basis for empirical research in social science. Choosing this methodological perspective makes it possible to integrate criticism and methods, deriving from opposing positions in the so called paradigm wars, into a rational discourse. This is illustrated by means of an example of social work research concerning traumatic experiences and distinct phases in the process of recovery.

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  • 369.
    Anttila, Sten T
    Fjällforskningsinstitutet i Östersund.
    Att förhålla sig till tidigare forskning: ett argumentationsanalytiskt perspektiv1998In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 31-55Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The problem of how to relate to previous research in the research process is severe when normal science has not been established, e.g. as in the case of sociology and as in certain fields of inter-disciplinary research. Yet, this problem has been more or less neglected in methodological textbooks. Under non-normal circumstances the reasoning is often very complex and it may be difficult to determine which literature is relevant to relate to and how this should be done. Thus, an explicit and systematic strategy is needed to make the problem more comprehensible. It is argued that argument analysis (cf. critical thinking) can serve this purpose. In addition, a hypothesis concerning the importance of the cognitive dimension in soft sciences is outlined.

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  • 370.
    Anåker, Sara
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Bergqvist, Thomas
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    När behövs HR?: En kvalitativ studie om när HR-funktionen kan behövas inom organisationer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study has the purpose of examining if there is an answer to the question

    When is HR needed? The material in this study is based on five semi-structured interviews and two group interviews with people which are working with HR-related duties within small and medium-sized organizations in Dalarna county. The theoretical frame of reference in this study discusses the following areas: HR/HRM, strategic HRM, HR in small and medium-sized organizations, leadership, communication and Employer Brand. The reasoning behind choosing several different areas is that the main area of the study looks to be relatively unexplored, thus is the theoretical frame of reference shaped out of areas which are considered to have an impact on the question When is HR needed? The result of this study shows that there probably is no concrete answer to this question. What the results do show is that there are several areas which have an impact on the question and which are recurrent with all the interviewed organizations. These are: economics, communication, support from outside the company, stress on managers with a particular focus on labor law, and the organizations’ capacity to attract workforce. The result of the study has ultimately been compiled into a model which has the purpose of functioning as a form of checklist that organizations can use to help them appraise if they should consider establishing an HR-function.

  • 371.
    Apollonio, Marco
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Henriksson, Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Social and economic evaluation of a rural tourism event: The case of Rättvik’s Classic Car Week, Sweden2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on the evaluation of a rural event, both from a social perspective evaluating the event and the tourist and visitors it attracts and from an economic perspective. Given the modern situation of rural destinations and its shifting economy, the importance of turning towards event tourism becomes paramount. The research presents the case of the Classic Car Week, a rural festival held during week 31 in Rättvik, in the region of Dalarna, Sweden. The study is based on surveys collected during the 2016 edition. The authors analyzed the data and extrapolated statistical information to gather knowledge on the average visitor and its interests. The social focused tourism and event section of the research revolves around Crompton’s instrument of motivator measurement to establish the pull factors which attract visitors to the event. This is done by analyzing their expectation, satisfaction and decision-making. The economic analysis of the study presents the calculations made by the authors on the total estimat accomodation expenses based on guest nights in Rättvik (35000) during week leading up to the event and during CCW, week 30 and 31. A estimated max and minimum senario was made were the calculated max accomodation expenses was 7 031 793 SEK while the minimum was estimated to 4 714 177 SEK. Similarly, a max and min scenario was also calculated on the estimated total daily expenses, resulting in a max approximation of 7 087 107 and a min of 4 746 521. Together the estimated max and min accommodation and daily expenses was summed to create a max and min scenario of the total spending in the area. With a max scenario of 14 118 900 SEK and a minimum scenario of 9 460 698 SEK. Illustrating a part of the economical impact that he municipality receives as a direct result of the event.

  • 372.
    Aracil-Flügel, Frida
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Hur applicerar lärare Total Physical Response i undervisningen för att utveckla den språkliga förmågan i engelska som andraspråk?: En empiriskstudie om användning av TPR- metoden enligt engelsklärare i årskurserna 1–3.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Total Physical Response, TPR 1, är en inlärningsmetod som bygger på att läraren förmedlar instruktioner på engelska genom aktiviteter där rörelser, lekar, sång eller bilder ingår. Eleverna visar gensvar genom att uttrycka förståelse där kroppsspråket används i form av gester, miner och andra rörelser. Tidigare utländsk forskning indikerar positiv effekt vid användning av TPR i engelskundervisningen därav har ett intresse hos mig väckts för TPR som forskningsområde.

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka tillämpningen av TPR-metoden i engelskundervisning inom årskurser 1–3. Frågeställningarna är:

     Hur definierar engelsklärare i studien TPR-metoden?

     På vilket sätt appliceras TPR i undervisningen inom årskurserna 1–3 enligt engelsklärare i studien?

     I vilken omfattning beskriver studiens engelsklärare användningen av TPR-metoden i undervisningen inom årskurserna 1–3?

    Studien utgörs av sju halvstrukturerade intervjuer med verksamma engelsklärare inom årskurserna 1–3 i två kommuner i Svealand.

    I resultatet framkom det att flera av lärarna i studien saknade vetskap om TPR-metoden men trots det använder sig utav aktiviteter som innefattar rörelser, lekar, sång eller bilder i engelskundervisningen. Hur lärarna applicerar TPR i undervisningen diskuteras utifrån valda teoretiska perspektiv där bland annat filosofen John Deweys uttryckssätt learning by doing använts.

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  • 373.
    Aracil-Flügel, Frida
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Total Physical Response – TPR, en metod för att locka fram den språkliga förmågan i engelska som andraspråk.: En litteraturstudie om TPR- metoden hos elever i årskurs F-3.2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    För att barn ska kunna utveckla en språklig förmåga krävs det att läraren förser eleverna med en undervisning där tillvägagångssättet innefattar de rätta verktygen. Ett av undervisningssättet är att tillämpa TPR- metoden. TPR, står för Total Physical Response och är en metod som bygger på att läraren förmedlar instruktioner på engelska och eleverna visar förståelse genom att använda kroppsspråket i form av gester, miner och andra rörelser. Syftet med den här litteraturstudien är att undersöka vad det finns för tidigare forskning hur TPR, total physical response, kan länkas ihop med språkinlärning, lärares attityd till att använda TPR- metoden samt hur metoden kan stödja elever i lärandet i engelska som andraspråk inom årskurs F-3. Resultatet i litteraturstudien har skett systematiskt vilket innebär en tolkning av vad tidigare forskare har kommit fram till. Det som upptäckts genom analysen är indikationer om positiv effekt av tillämpning av TPR-metoden och att metoden nyttjas bäst när fler kombinationer av aktiviteter som berör TPR får utövas samtidigt. Med hänsyn till examensarbetets resultat kan förslag över vidare forskning handla om elevers reaktioner om tillämpning av TPR- metoden i engelskundervisningen.

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  • 374.
    Arderbäck, Joline
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Gundersen, Bibbi
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    "Att vilja väl och att våga fråga": En kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares arbete med barn som lever med missbruk i sin primärfamilj2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Many children in society live in families where one or both parents have drug-addiction prob- lems. Early life conditions for these children may result in a need of support, which may be a requirement for a more favourable psycho-social development. The study purpose was to in- vestigate social worker’s experience of work with children with drug addiction problems in their primary family, based on the criticism of social service assistance. The study was based on a qualitative approach with semi-structured interviews. Six social workers in central Swe- den were interviewed about their experience of structural and individual preconditions and difficulties in the work. The study shows that the majority of the difficulties are experienced on the structural level within the organization while the majority of the preconditions are ex- perienced on the individual level. The structural difficulties are not experienced to affect the respondent’s own individual preconditions in their work and neither the feeling that they in their profession are able to do a good job. In addition, all the respondents feel that the support for the children and young people meet the current needs.

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  • 375.
    Areflykt, Lucas
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics.
    Nilsson, Fredrik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics.
    Löne – och sysselsättningseffekter genererade av återinförandet av ROT-avdraget 2008: En undersökning av svenska aktiebolag med Difference-in-Difference metod2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to analyze the possible wage and employment effects generated by the reintroduction of the ROT-deduction in 2008. The reintroduction was seen as a permanent measure, and the aim was to counteract undeclared work and to stimulate and increase the building in Sweden. With this paper, we want to evaluate the wage and employment effects that the ROT-deduction contributed to in Swedish construction companies, more specifically limited companies in the ROT industry. A difference-in-difference method will be used to analyze data collected from limited companies in Sweden, aggregated to industry level. Aggregation is made for our results to be directly comparable to previous studies, and to not exclude the effect caused by new companies in the ROT-industry that may have started due to the reform. The difference-in-difference method involves that a treated group consisting of the construction industries affected by the introduction of the ROT-deduction is compared to a control group consisting of other industries before and after the reform. Our results show that the average wage per employee is not affected by the reform, while the reform has increased the average number of employees in the ROT-industry.

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  • 376.
    Arnberg, Rebecca
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Holmgren, Malin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Samverkan mellan en socialtjänst och ett HVB-hem: En kvalitativ studie om hur en socialtjänst och ett HVB-hem upplever samverkan dem emellan.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to study the cooperation between a social service and a residential care institution for unaccompanied asylum-seeking children and young people. The authors have conducted semi-structured interviews with social workers and residential care workers. The results has been analyzed from previous research and theoretical framework, which is about collaboration, communication and knowledge sharing. The result shows that they do not have an optimally functioning cooperation at the moment but they are working it out together. The result also shows that this is due to the increased number of unaccompanied asylum-seeking children who came to Sweden in 2015. This leads to both social service and residential care institution having a high workload and lack of time, which means that they have to prioritize urgent problems that arise.

  • 377.
    Arneback, Emma
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Nylund, Mattias
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Yrkeslärare som värdebalanserare - Värdekonflikter mellan skolans och arbetsplatsens läroplan i lärlingsutbildning2017In: Utbildning och Lärande / Education and Learning, ISSN 2001-4554, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 82-101Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The school and the workplace often represent two different cultures in terms of what is valued as important skills and values. The role of vocational teachers in apprenticeship education is to ensure that apprentices are embedded in both these cultures. However, because of significant differences between the school and the workplace, this task poses a professional challenge and a potential for value conflicts. In this study we analyse interviews with vocational teachers in the apprenticeship training for the building and construction programme using concepts based in Pragmatism and Curriculum theory. Our ambition is to highlight values often upheld by unreflected habits, and discuss how these condition the work of the vocational teacher. The main results indicate the importance of recognizing that two different types of curricula seems to interact in the apprenticeship education; a workplace curriculum that emphasize, “work ethics” and a school curriculum that emphasizes students´ “safety”. These different curricula interact in specific ways through the work of the vocational teachers that can be described as a ‘balancing act’. How this ‘balancing act’ is done have significant consequences for what kind of education students are offered and what value conflicts that emerge.

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  • 378.
    Arnqvist, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Avdelningen för rektorsutbildning.
    Barn i förskolan: Från ramsor till bokstäver2015In: Att bli förskollärare: mångfacetterad komplexitet / [ed] Ingrid Engdahl; Eva Ärlemalm-Hagsér, Stockholm: Liber , 2015Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 379.
    Arnqvist, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Avdelningen för rektorsutbildning.
    Barns utveckling och lärande - en kunskapsöversikt2010In: I rättan tid? Om ålder och skolstart, Stockholm: Fritze , 2010Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 380.
    Arnqvist, Anders
    Karlstads universitet.
    Forskning om de yngre barnens läs- och skrivlärande2014In: Pedagogiskt arbete: Enhet och mångfald / [ed] Monika Vinterek & Anders Arnqvist, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2014, p. 21-37Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 381.
    Arnqvist, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Avdelningen för rektorsutbildning.
    Kvantitativa data: exemplet barns läsande2014In: Förskollärarens metod och vetenskapsteori / [ed] Annica Löfdahl, Maria Hjalmarsson och Karin Franzén, Stockholm: Liber, 2014Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 382.
    Arnqvist, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Avdelningen för rektorsutbildning.
    Leadership in early childhood education: Preconditions for preschools to work based on science and according to proven experience2016In: NERA 2016: Social Justice, Equality and Solidarity in Education, Helsinki, Finland, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 383.
    Arnqvist, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Avdelningen för rektorsutbildning.
    Linguistic games as a way to introduce reading and writing in preschool groups2000In: Childhood Education, Vol. 76, no 6, p. 356-367Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 384.
    Arnqvist, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Avdelningen för rektorsutbildning.
    Läs- och skrivutveckling i förskoleklass2003In: Lagarbete och tidig läs- och skrivutveckling, Stockholm: Skolverket , 2003Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 385.
    Arnqvist, Anders
    Karlstads universitet, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Verksamhet med läsning och skrivning i förskoleklass2003In: Lagarbete och tidig läs- och skrivutveckling / [ed] Birgitta Lidholt, Stockholm: Skolverket , 2003Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 386.
    Arnqvist, Anders
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Avdelningen för rektorsutbildning.
    Blossing, Ulf
    Skolutveckling på vetenskaplig grund2012In: Forskning om undervisning och lärande, ISSN 2000-9674, E-ISSN 2001-6131, no 8, p. 19-28Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 387.
    Arnqvist, Anders
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Avdelningen för rektorsutbildning.
    Karlberg, Lena
    Söderström, Åsa
    To influence principals school improvement efforts through action learning2014In: Nordic Educational Research Association, NERA, Lillehammer, Norway, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 388.
    Aronsson, Anneli
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Multilingualism in the EFL classroom2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 389.
    Aronsson, Josefin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Utevistelse och naturupplevelse i idrott och hälsa: - lärares uppfattningar utifrån styrdokumenten2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna undersökning är att ta reda på vad idrottslärare, utifrån styrdokumenten, uppfattar som utevistelse och naturupplevelse och vad som därmed skrivs in i de två begreppen. Syftet är även att ta reda på hur lärarna uppfattar att de bedriver sin undervisning för att eleverna ska få utveckla de förmågor som ingår i kursplanen för utevistelse och naturupplevelser. För att svara på syftet gjordes sex intervjuer med behöriga gymnasielärare i idrott och hälsa. Intervjuerna analyserades med hjälp av brecolage och därmed av ad hoc-metoden som beskrivs i avsnitt 4.3.

    I resultatet framkom det att utevistelse uppfattas av lärarna som att vara utomhus, både utanför hallen/byggnader och i naturen. Det kan vara "alla aktiviteter" utomhus. Enligt lärarnas beskrivning kan utevistelse även vara friluftsliv. Naturupplevelse uppfattas som något som sker ute i naturen, där det sker en positiv upplevelse till exempel orientering utan tävling, skridskor på sjön, vandra, eller utöva friluftsliv. Utevistelse bedrivs som rörelseaktiviteter och främst dominerar idrottsaktiviteter men i utevistelse bedriver även några lärare naturupplevelser och friluftsliv. Naturupplevelse bedrivs främst som friluftsliv och därmed friluftsteknik, men även som exempelelvis rörelseaktiviteter som vandring, orientering, turskidåkning, paddling. En lärare bedriver inga naturupplevelser utan endast bollspel i en park.

    De slutsatser som studien kommit fram till är att lärare tolkar begreppen utevistelse och naturupplevelse på olika sätt, vilket bidrar till att eleverna kan få olika lektionsinnehåll.

  • 390.
    Aronsson, Linda
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Negativa förändringar på en arbetsplats: En studie i hur man hanterar införandet av en organisationsförändring som inte gillas av medarbetarna2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The background to the study is based on a demonstration by Union representatives, in Borlänge in 2013. They were demonstrating against changes in working hours in the social sector in Borlänge municipality. One of the affected groups were employees of dementia the accommodation Hessegården. The protesters were not satisfied with the decision because they considered that the working hours would be worse for them.

    The aim of the study was to find out how employees and their work is affected by such a decision and highlight the aspects which may hinder or help for this issue.

    Method: I chose to carry out the study through a case study and using a qualitative method and hence the use of interviews, semi-structured interviews from some of the employees at Hessegården. Data and theory gathered through literature and previous research.

    The results showed that the majority of people did not like the change in working hours and that they felt that their work has become a bit more difficult and stressful after the introduction of the change. It was also mixed views on how the information about the change to and how the boss handled the situation.

    Conclusion: the interviews and the study showed that employees were negatively affected by the introduction of the new working hours. Both at their workplace, in their work, and in his spare time in his everyday life. Family and friends were affected by it were working more shifts and the residents were affected by stress and insecurity in their everyday lives.

  • 391.
    Arpi Ekblom, Björn
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Göransson, Ulla
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Standardisation of the Selling Process in Franchising: A Take on Sales Funnel Management2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses the two opposing extremes of standardisation in franchising and the

    dynamics of sales in search of a juncture point in order to reduce franchisees’ uncertainties in

    sales and improve sales performance. A conceptual framework is developed based on both

    theory and practice in order to investigate the sales process of a specific franchise network. The

    research is conducted over a period of six weeks in form of a customised sales report

    considering the sales funnel concept and performance indicators along the sales process. The

    received quantitative data is analysed through descriptive statistics and logistic regressions in

    respect to what variations in the sales process can be discovered and what practices yield higher

    performance. The results indicate an advantage of a prioritisation guideline regarding the

    activities and choices to make as a salesperson over strict standardisation. Defining the sales

    funnel plus engaging in the process of monitoring sales in itself has proven to be a way of

    reducing uncertainty as the franchisor and franchisees alike inherently gain a greater

    understanding of the process. The extended knowledge gained from this research allowed for

    both practical as well as theoretical implications and expands the knowledge on standardisation

    of sales and the appropriateness of the sales funnel and its management for dealing with the

    dilemma between standardisation and flexibility of sales in franchising contexts.

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  • 392.
    Arping, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Reimer, Klara
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    “I det här yrket behöver man vara tolerant”: En triangulering om sjuksköterskors erfarenheter avsexuella trakasserier och organisatoriskt arbete.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The interest in conducting the study was raised in the autumn of 2017 when the

    #metoo

    movement spread on social media and a large number of individuals witnessed their

    vulnerability to sexual harassment at their workplaces. The movement certifies sexual

    harassment in a number of industries, where our interest was raised to investigate the nurse's

    experiences of sexual harassment.

    Past studies that constitute the research front are focused on the individual and the individual

    consequences of sexual harassment. The knowledge gap that was identified was how

    organizations are affected by the occurrence of sexual harassment as well as how they can carry

    out preventive and remedial work on the issue. The purpose of the study is therefore to highlight

    the occurrence and the consequences of sexual harassment. One purpose is to explain how the

    organization works with issues related to sexual harassment. To answer the purpose of the study

    theories describing the definition of the concept of sexual harassment, individual- and

    organization effects, power, culture of silence, organizational culture and employer

    responsibility is all brought up.

    The data collection of the study is based on a triangulation using a quantitative web-based

    survey as well as qualitative semi-structured interviews. A demarcation has been made to

    female nurses employed in an organization in central Sweden.

    The results of the study shows that sexual harassment occurs at the workplace and that there is

    a culture of silence about the subject where the asked employees do not know where to turn to

    tell their experiences. Employees also show great unknowledge about the organization's policy,

    action plan and what support they are entitled to receive. The results of the collected data have

    been analyzed using the theoretical reference framework and concentrated on four main areas

    that are also discussed. The main areas are where to drawn boundaries, culture of silence,

    organizational culture and organizational work.

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  • 393.
    Arrenius, Jill
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Hållbar utveckling och mobbning: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om lärares uppfattningar om hållbar utveckling och möjlig integrering med mobbning2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att få kunskap om vilka uppfattningar lärare har om

    undervisning för hållbar utveckling och dess tre aspekter med fokus på den sociala

    aspekten i relation till de naturorienterande ämnena. Detta konkretiseras i följande

    frågeställningar:

    1. Hur resonerar och beskriver lärare hållbar utveckling och undervisning om

    hållbar utveckling?

    2. På vilket sätt skulle mobbning kunna motiveras i undervisningen om

    hållbar utveckling inom de naturorienterande ämnena enligt lärarna?

    Denna studie är en kvalitativ intervjustudie som visar att det finns en osäkerhet om

    begreppet hållbar utveckling och en efterfrågan av mer kunskap om hållbar

    utveckling samt om vad läroplanen säger om hållbar utveckling. Lärarna ser ett

    samband mellan hållbar utveckling och mobbning. Mobbning är en fråga om

    social kompetens vilket berör den sociala aspekten av hållbar utveckling.

    Kommunikation tillsammans med konkreta exempel lyftes fram av flera lärare

    som viktiga redskap i deras undervisning om hållbar utveckling. Studiens

    slutsatser är att den undervisningen som idag bedrivs inom de naturorienterande

    ämnena är främst utifrån den traditionella miljöaspekten. Efterfrågan om mer

    kunskap om innebörden av hållbar utveckling framkom tillsammans med hur

    läroplanen lyfter den sociala aspekten och vikten av att arbeta för en god hälsa.

  • 394.
    Arsianovich-Klaiber, Katsiaryna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    There is no “bad” publicity: The case study of Kazakhstan and Borat the movie2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 395.
    Artemczyk, Emilia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Malak, Yekbun
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Pedagogers förhållningssätt till flerspråkiga barn: En intervjustudie om fem pedagogers erfarenheter av att arbeta språkutvecklande med flerspråkiga barn i förskolan2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att bidra med kunskap om fem pedagogers erfarenheter av att arbeta språkutvecklande med flerspråkiga barn i förskolan. Frågeställningarna för att besvara vårt syfte är följande: Hur beskriver pedagogerna sitt förhållningssätt till flerspråkighet i förskolan? Hur beskriver pedagogerna sitt arbete med att stötta flerspråkiga barns språkutveckling? Metoden som använts för att besvara syftet och frågeställningarna är kvalitativa intervjuer. Vi har genomfört fem intervjuer med verksamma förskollärare och barnskötare, i studien benämner vi dem som deltagare och pedagoger. Vi har analyserat det material vi samlat in utifrån det sociokulturella perspektivet med fokus på begreppen interaktion, scaffolding och mediering.  Vårt resultat visar att pedagogerna i studien har en positiv inställning till flerspråkighet i förskolan. Pedagogerna belyser vikten av kroppsspråk i kommunikationen både med barn och vårdnadshavare. Det framkommer att pedagogerna önskar att en modersmålslärare fanns att tillgå men att de har stor hjälp av de kollegor och nystartsjobbare med annat modersmål. Det framkommer även att flertalet pedagoger inte får det stöd av rektorn de behöver gällande fortbildning och tid till läsning av aktuell forskning.  Slutsatsen i vår studie är att pedagogerna är medvetna om hur viktigt det är att arbeta med flerspråkighet i förskolan. Vi kan också se att pedagogerna ser positivt på de utvecklingsmöjligheter som finns och att mer kunskap behövs för att få en ökad förståelse kring flerspråkighet.

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  • 396.
    Artursson Wissa, Ulrika
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Avdic, Anders
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Flexible study pace, mental disabilities and e-Learning: Perceived problems and opportunities2017In: Proceedings of 16th European Conference on e-Learning, Porto, Portugal, October 26-27 2017. / [ed] Anabela Mesquita & Paula Peres, Reading, UK: Academic Conferences Limited, 2017, p. 527-534Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Flexible study pace distant courses provide opportunities for students with disabilities to attend courses in higher educations as opposed to campus courses with fixed schedules. At least that is what we believe. This study investigates how mentally disabled students perceive taking distant courses with flexible pace and also how their teachers perceive opportunities and challenges. Flexible pace means here distant courses where students can start when they like and keep the pace they prefer. The courses in question are part of a two year program of eService Development at Dalarna University in Sweden. The program was launched in 2006 and admits ca 50-80 students each semester. Many of the students are unable to take campus courses of various reasons such as living far from universities, working daytime, etc. We sent out questionnaires to students with disabilities and to teachers asking them semi structured questions about perceived challenges and opportunities regarding the studies. The students had mental disabilities such as Dyslexia, ADHD, Asperger syndrome, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, and Social Phobia. The answers have been analyzed qualitatively by categorizing the answers firstly in groups of challenges and opportunities and further on in sub categories. Our finding shows that the flexible aspect is especially important to students as it gives them the opportunity to adjust their studying practices to their disabilities. Our conclusions are that the flexible study pace approach (FreeStartFreePace) is suitable for students with nonlinear work. It is also useful for students with mental disabilities who could have a problem adapting to schedules and conforming procedures.

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  • 397.
    Arvidson, Amanda
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Matematiska samtal i klassrummet: En enkät- och intervjustudie med fokus på lärares klass-rumspraktik2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här examensarbetet syftar till att undersöka hur lärare i praktiken använder sig av matematiska samtal i klassrummet. Studien undersöker frågan: vilka slags mate-matiska samtal har lärare i årskurs 1–3med sina elever? Detta undersöktes med hjälp av enkät och intervju som metod. Alla lärare som arbetar inom årskurs 1–3 i en kommun fick möjlighet att delta. Enkäten fick lärarna möjlighet att svara på via internet och intervjun skedde på de skolor där lärarna arbetar. Intervjuerna transkri-berades sedan och kategoriserades fram till ett resultat med hjälp av en innehålls- och meningsanalys. Studiens resultat visar en varierad bild av olika slags matema-tiska samtal i lärares klassrum. Matematiska samtal kan ske i helklass, mindre grup-per eller med enskilda individer, resultatet visar att matematiska samtal i helklass är det vanligaste i klassrummet. Vissa av dessa samtal leder till elevers aktiva delta-gande där fokus är på elevers processer medan vissa matematiska samtal fokuserar på elevers matematiska produkter.

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  • 398.
    Arvidson, Amanda
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Matematiska samtal i klassrummet: En enkät- och intervjustudie med fokus på lärares klass-rumspraktik2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här examensarbetet syftar till att undersöka hur lärare i praktiken använder sig av matematiska samtal i klassrummet. Studien undersöker frågan: vilka slags mate-matiska samtal har lärare i årskurs 1–3med sina elever? Detta undersöktes med hjälp av enkät och intervju som metod. Alla lärare som arbetar inom årskurs 1–3 i en kommun fick möjlighet att delta. Enkäten fick lärarna möjlighet att svara på via internet och intervjun skedde på de skolor där lärarna arbetar. Intervjuerna transkri-berades sedan och kategoriserades fram till ett resultat med hjälp av en innehålls- och meningsanalys. Studiens resultat visar en varierad bild av olika slags matema-tiska samtal i lärares klassrum. Matematiska samtal kan ske i helklass, mindre grup-per eller med enskilda individer, resultatet visar att matematiska samtal i helklass är det vanligaste i klassrummet. Vissa av dessa samtal leder till elevers aktiva delta-gande där fokus är på elevers processer medan vissa matematiska samtal fokuserar på elevers matematiska produkter.

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  • 399.
    Arvidson, Amanda
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Undervisning för elever med låga prestationer i matematik: • En litteraturstudie med fokus på allmänna matematiksvårigheter2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur lärare i F-3 kan undervisa för att stödja elever med låga prestationer i matematik. Utifrån syftet konkretiserades en frågeställning för att göra studien undersökningsbar: Hur kan lärare undervisa för att hjälpa elever i allmänna matematiksvårigheter? Metoden som valdes för att undersöka denna fråga var en systematisk litteraturstudie. Sökning av relevant litteratur har skett genom olika databaser, litteraturen har granskats och analyserats för att sedan sammanställas till ett resultat. Resultatet visar en varierande bild på hur lärare ska arbeta för att stödja elever i allmänna matematiksvårigheter. Strategiundervisning bör vara en central roll i undervisningen. Beroende på elevers individuella förutsättningar bör antingen läraren styra inlärningen av strategier eller låta elever utveckla en flexibilitet i sin egen strategiutveckling. Resultatet visar på vikten av att läraren bör ha matematiska samtal med eleverna och användning av teknologiska spel i undervisningen visades även vara positivt för elever i låga prestationer i matematik. Slutsatserna av denna studie är att lärare måste erfara elevers individuella förutsättningar för att kunna stödja dem på bästa sätt där matematiska samtal och strategiutbildning ska vara en central roll i matematikundervisningen.

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  • 400.
    Arvidson, Malin
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Johansson, Håkan
    Lunds universitet.
    Meeuwisse, Anna
    Lunds universitet.
    Scaramuzzino, Roberto
    Lunds universitet.
    A Swedish culture of advocacy?: Civil society organisations’ strategies for political influence2018In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 55, no 2-3, p. 341-364Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article sets out to identify a culture of advocacy that has come to characterise Swedish civil society, formed around a long-standing tradition of close and cordial relations between civil society organisations, popular movements, and state and government officials. We argue that Swedish civil society organisations (CSOs) have been allowed to voice critique against public actors and policies and are expected to do so. Based on a large survey of Swedish CSOs, this study contributes unique data on what type of advocacy strategies CSOs practise, and the range of advocacy strategies that organisations employ. The analysis also explores norm-breaking behaviour, such as holding back criticism of public authorities. The results reveal a complex picture of a culture of advocacy: we find patterns of intense political activity among organisations that admit they hold back in their criticism of public authorities and the use of a wide range of advocacy strategies. The article contributes to and challenges established advocacy research and analyses established patterns of organisations’ advocacy activities with the symbolic acts of breaking norms, as an analytical approach for the study of advocacy strategies in general and advocacy culture in particular.

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